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PLANE & ANALYTIC

GEOMETRY

“Satisfaction lies in the effort, not the attainment.


Full effort is full victory.”
- Mahatma Gandhi
POLYGON

A polygon is a closed geometric figure.


Polygons are named according to the
number of sides.

A regular polygon is a polygon having


sides equal and all angles equal.
POLYGON

A convex polygon is a polygon having


each interior angle less than 180o.

A concave polygon is a polygon having


an interior angle greater than 180o.

CONVEX

CONCAVE
POLYGON
Number of sides Name
3 Triangle
4 Quadrilateral/Tetragon
5 Pentagon
6 Hexagon
7 Heptagon
8 Octagon
9 Nonagon
10 Decagon
11 Undecagon
12 Dodecagon
100 Hectagon
1,000,000 Megagon
10100 Googolgon
n N-gon
REGULAR POLYGON
REGULAR POLYGON
Item Formula

Sum of Interior angles 𝐒 = 𝐧 − 𝟐 𝟏𝟖𝟎°

𝐧 − 𝟐 𝟏𝟖𝟎°
Each Interior angle 𝛉=
𝐧
𝟑𝟔𝟎°
Exterior angle 𝛂= = 𝟏𝟖𝟎° − 𝛉
𝐧
Sum of Exterior angles 𝟑𝟔𝟎°
𝟑𝟔𝟎°
Central angle 𝛃=
𝐧
𝐧
Number of diagonals 𝐃 = 𝐧 − 𝟑 = 𝐧𝐂𝟐 − 𝐧
𝟐
REGULAR POLYGON
Areas of Regular Polygons
1. Area of an n-side regular polygon inscribed in a circle of
radius r
REGULAR POLYGON
Areas of Regular Polygons
2. Area of an n-side regular polygon circumscribing a circle
of radius r
REGULAR POLYGON
Areas of Regular Polygons
3. Area of an n-sided regular polygon with given length of
each side equal to x.
REGULAR POLYGON
Solving area of a polygon!

𝟓 𝟏

𝟒 𝟐
𝟑
𝐀𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐧𝐠𝐥𝐞

𝐀𝐓 = 𝐧 𝐀𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐧𝐠𝐥𝐞
POLYGON

ME Board Question
A decagon has how many diagonals?
A. 35 C. 15
B. 10 D. 25
POLYGON

ME Board Question
What is the number of the sides of the
polygon if the sum of the measures of
the angles of a convex polygon is
900?
A. 7 C. 6
B. 9 D. 8
POLYGON

ME Board Question
How many sides are in a polygon if
each interior angle is 165 degrees.
a. 12 sides c. 20 sides
b. 24 sides d. 48 sides
POLYGON

ME Board Question
Find the area of a regular pentagon
whose side is 25 m and apothem is
17.2 m.
a. 846 m2 c. 1090 m2
b. 1075 m2 d. 988 m2
POLYGON

25 m 25 m

25 m 25 m
17.2 m

25 m
POLYGON

ME Board Question
Find the area of a regular hexagon
inscribed in a circle of radius 1.
a. 2.698 c. 3.698
b. 2.598 d. 3.598
POLYGON

𝜽
r=1 𝟔𝟎° r=1
GENERAL QUADRILATERAL
GENERAL QUADRILATERAL
GENERAL QUADRILATERAL
GENERAL QUADRILATERAL
TRAPEZOID
PARALLELOGRAM
RHOMBUS
RECTANGLE
SQUARE
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The length of a side of a rhombus is 5
cm. If its shorter diagonal is of length
6 cm, what is the area of the rhombus
a. 15 cm2 c. 24 cm2
b. 25 cm2 d. 30 cm2
CIRCULAR SECTOR

𝐬
Length of the arc of the sector:
SECTOR 𝐬 = 𝐫𝛉

𝒓 𝛉 𝒓 Area of the sector


𝟏 𝟏 𝟐
𝐀 = 𝐫𝐬 = 𝐫 𝛉
𝟐 𝟐
CIRCULAR SEGMENT

Area of the segment


SECTOR 𝐀 = 𝐀𝐬𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐨𝐫 − 𝐀𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐧𝐠𝐥𝐞

r 𝟏 𝟐
𝐀 = 𝐫 𝛉 − 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝛉
𝟐
r 𝛉

SEGMENT
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The perimeter of a circular sector,
whose central angle is 60 degrees is
14 ft. Find the radius of the circle?
A. 5.2 ft C. 5.0 ft
B. 4.6 ft D. 4.8 ft
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The perimeter of a sector is 8 cm and
its angle is 2 radians, what is the area
of the sector in cm2?
a. 4 c. 8
b. 4 d. 8
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The front wheel of a bicycle has a
diameter of 50 cm. Approximately
how many times has the front wheel
turned if the bicycles has travelled 1
km.?
A. /50 C. 2000/
B. 1000/ D. 50/
POLYGON

ME Board Question
Which of the following is the
circumference of the circle whose
area is equal to the area of a square
whose perimeter is 49 inches.
a. 43.425 c. 34.524
b. 24.617 d. 62.417
RECTANGULAR PARALLEPIPED
TRUNCATED PRISM
PYRAMID
FRUSTUM OF A PYRAMID
PRISMATOID
POLYGON

ME Board Question
Find the length of the diagonal of a
cube of edge a.
a. 3a c. 9a
b. 3a d. 2a
CYLINDER
CONE
FRUSTUM OF A CONE
POLYGON

ME Board Question
How many square yards of canvass
will be required to make a conical tent
15 ft high and 18 ft in diameter if 10
percent of the material is wasted?
a. 61 c. 65
b. 54 d. 78
POLYGON

ME Board Question
A large 15 m diameter cylindrical tank
sits on the ground, is to be painted. If
one liter of paint covers 10 m2 , how
many liters are required if it is 10 m
high? ( include the top)
a. 65 c. 58
b. 42 d. 49
SPHERE
SPHERICAL ZONE
SPHERICAL SEGMENT
SPHERICAL LUNE and WEDGE
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The volume of water in a hemisphere
having a radius of 2 m is 2.05 m3.
Find the height of the water.
a. 0.602 c. 0.498
b. 0.782 d. 0.865
POLYGON

ME Board Question
A hemispherical bowl of radius 10 cm
is filled with water to depth of 5 cm.
Find the volume of the water.
a. 625/3 cu. cm c. 562  /3 cu. cm
b. 625  cu. cm d. 562  cu. cm
POLYGON

ME Board Question
What is the area of a lune whose
angle is 80° on a sphere of radius 60
cm?
a. 2,300 sq.cm c. 4,200 sq. cm
b. 3,200 sq. cm d. 2,400 sq. cm
POLYGON

ME Board Question
The volume of a spherical segment,
with the two bases equal to 159. If
the radii of the bases are 4 m and 5
m respectively, find the value of the
altitude h.
a. 4 m c. 5 m
b. 6 m d. 7 m
POLYGON

ME Board Question
A wedge is cut from a cylinder of radius 3
cm by two planes , one perpendicular to
the axis of cylinder and the other passing
through the diameter of the section made
by the first plane and inclined to this plane
at an angle of 45 degrees. Find the
volume of the wedge.

Ans: 18 cm2
POLYGON

Ans: 18 cm2
PARABOLOID OF REVOLUTION
POLYGON

ME Board Question
A tank is in the form of a paraboloid of
revolution. If it is filled with water to a
height of 5 cm and the diameter of the
circular section at the water surface is 3
cm, find the weight of water in the tank.

Ans: 17.7 cm2


REGULAR POLYHEDRON

A regular polyhedron (platonic solids) is


a solid bounded by planes whose faces
are congruent regular polygons.
REGULAR POLYHEDRON

Tetrahedron – a polyhedron with 4 faces


(equilateral triangles).
REGULAR POLYHEDRON

Hexahedron– a polyhedron with 6 faces


(squares).
REGULAR POLYHEDRON

Octahedron– a polyhedron with 8 faces


(equilateral triangles).
REGULAR POLYHEDRON

Dodecahedron– a polyhedron with 12


faces (pentagon).
REGULAR POLYHEDRON

Icosahedron– a polyhedron with 20 faces


(equilateral triangle).
POLYGON

ME Board Question
Find the surface area of a regular
icosahedron when each edge is of length
5.

Ans: 216.5 sq.units


SIMILAR SOLIDS

Two solids are similar if any two


corresponding sides or planes are
proportional.
POLYGON

ME Board Question
If the edge of the cube is decreased by 10
%, by what percent is the surface area
decreased?

Ans: 19%
POLYGON

ME Board Question
If the surface area of a sphere is increased
by 30 %, by what percent is the volume of
the sphere increased?

Ans: 48.2%
“The more I PRACTICE,
the Luckier I get.”
-Gary Player