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RINGKASAN

FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN
UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
NOVEMBER, 2016

Anastrinia , C11111364
Dr. dr. Sri Ramadhany, M.Kes

KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA KANKER PAYUDARA DI RS IBNU


SINA MAKASSAR PERIODE JULI-DESEMBER 2014.
(vii + 58 halaman + 1 gambar + 28 tabel + 1 lampiran)

Latar Belakang: Kanker payudara merupakan kanker terbanyak pada wanita di


sebagian besar negara di seluruh dunia (140 dari 184 negara). Data 2010
menunjukkan kanker payudara menempati urutan pertama pada pasien kanker
rawat inap di seluruh RS di Indonesia (28,7%), disusul kanker leher rahim
(12,8%). Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui karakteristik penderita kanker
payudara di RS Ibnu Sina Makassar periode juli-desember 2014.

Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif observasional dengan menggunakan


data sekunder pasien berupa data sosiodemografi, klinis dan administratif yang di
rawat inap di RS Ibnu sina Makassar periode juli-desember 2014.

Hasil: Dari penelitian ini didapatkan 160 penderita, namun hanya 106 penderita
saja yang ditemukan rekam mediknya dengan karakteristik penderita kanker
payudara terbanyak berdasarkan data sosiodemografi yakni pada usia 40-49 tahun
(40,57%), jenis kelamin perempuan (100%), beragama islam (84,91%), kawin
(97,16%), dan berdomisili di daerah Makassar (62,26%). Dari keterangan klinis
yakni, indeks massa tubuh 18,5 – 22,9 kg/m2 (41,51%), haid pertama ≥12 tahun
(61,32%), tidak memiliki riwayat yang sama dalam keluarga (50%), keluhan
utama adalah benjolan (82,07%), stadium lanjut (66,03%), letak sebelah kiri
(47,16%), menerima terapi berupa operasi dan kemoterapi (61,32%), dan tidak
memiliki metastasis (83,96%). Dan berdasarkan administratif rumah sakit yakni,
masuk melalui poliklinik (71,69%), datang dengan rujukan (79,24%), lama
perawatan <12 hari (83,01%), pembiayaan pengobatan dengan BPJS (81,13%),
dan alasan keluar rumah sakit dengan atas ijin dokter dan rumah sakit dengan
kontrol pengobatan rawat jalan (100%). Selain itu, terdapat beberapa variabel
yang datanya <50% dari total sampel yang ada yakni, paritas (53,77%), riwayat
menyusui (56,60%), hasil pemeriksaan histopatologi (62,26%), data riwayat
kontrasepsi (50,94%), data suku (74,53%), data pekerjaan (68,86%), dan data
mengenai tingkat pendidikan tidak tercantum 100 % pada sampel.

Kesimpulan: Dari hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa dari 106 kasus kanker
payudara pada juli-desember 2014 didapatkan karakteristik yang hampir sama
pada kebanyakan penelitian sebelumnya dilihat dari segi umur, keluhan utama,

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dan jenis histopatologi. Sementara itu, terdapat beberapa karakteristik yang tidak
sesuai dengan teori yaitu usia menarche, IMT dan riwayat menyusui.
Kata Kunci: Kanker payudara, karakteristik penderita, RS Ibnu Sina Makassar

Daftar Pustaka: 23 (2003-2015)

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ABSTRACT
MEDICAL SCHOOL
HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY
November, 2016
Anastrinia, C11111364
Dr. dr. Sri Ramadhany, M.Kes

CHARACTERISTICS OF BREAST CANCER PATIENTS AT IBNU SINA


HOSPITALOF MAKASSAR FROM JULY TO DECEMBER 2014
(Vii + 58 pages + 1 image + 28 tables + 1 appendix)

Background: Breast cancer is the most cancer in women that occured in most
countries around the world (140 out of 184 countries). Based on 2010’s data,
breast cancer get the first rank among hospitalizedcancer patients in all hospitals
in Indonesia (28.7%), followed by cervical cancer (12.8%). The purpose of this
study wasto investigate the characteristics of breast cancer patients at Ibnu Sina
Hospital Makassar from July to December 2014.

Methods: This study was use observational method with decriptive approach by
using secondary data of patients such as sociodemographic,
clinicalcharachteristics and administrative informationat Ibnu Sina Hospital of
Makassar from July to December 2014.

Results: Based on data from medical record of Ibnu Sina hospital Makassar in
July to December 2014, there were 160 cases of breast cancer, however 106
patients data were found with most breast cancer patients has characteristic based
on sociodemographic data: range of age were 40-49 years (40,57%), female
(100%), Moeslem (84,91%), married (97,16%), and live in Makassar (62,26%).
From the clinical findings, most breast cancer patients hasnormal body mass index
(41,51%), menarchea ≥12 years old (61,32%), there was no breast cancer history
in the family (50%),the main complaint waslump at the breast (82,07%), advanced
stage of breast cancer (66,03%), cancer at the left breast (47,16%), had received
therapy with surgery and chemotherapy (61,32%), and some patient had not
metastasis condition (83,96%). Based on the administrative information: entered
through the clinic (71,69%), came with a referral (79,24%), duration of the
treatment less than 12 days (83,01%), BPJS insurance (81,13%), and out of the
hospital with permission of doctors and with outpatient treatment control (100%).
In addition, there were several variables which data was <50% of the total sample,
such as data of parity (53,77%), history of breastfeeding (56,60%), the results of
histopathological examination (62,26%), history of contraception (50,94%), data
of ethnic group (74,53%), data of occupation (68,86%), and level of education
(100%).

Conclusion: Based on the results of research conducted at Ibnu Sina Hospital of


Makassar,there are 106 cases of breast cancer in July to December 2014 that
hassimilar characteristics with most previous studies in terms of age, the main

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complaint, and the type of histopathology. Meanwhile, there were some
inconsistentcharacteristic with the theory such as age of menarche, parity history
and the history of breastfeeding.
Keywords: Breast cancer, patient characteristics, Ibnu Sina Hospital of Makassar
Bibliography: 23 (2000-2015)