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11.1.4 Phosphate removal ...........................................................................................................

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11.1.5 Laboratory Tests ............................................................................................................... 208
11.2 METAL SALT ADDITION .......................................................................................................... 209
11.2.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................... 209
11.2.2 Enhanced Primary Sedimentation..................................................................................... 209
11.2.3 Phosphate Removal .......................................................................................................... 209
CHAPTER 12 ............................................................................................................................................ 211
12. PUMPS.......................................................................................................................................... 211
12.1 Classification of pumps ............................................................................................................. 211
12.2 Rotodynamic pumps ................................................................................................................. 211
12.3 Positive displacement pumps.................................................................................................... 214
12.4 Compressed air operated pumps .............................................................................................. 215
12.5 Archimedian screw pumps ........................................................................................................ 216
12.6 Pump Drivers............................................................................................................................. 216
12.7 Protective Devices .................................................................................................................... 217
CHAPTER 13 ............................................................................................................................................ 219
13. SAFETY ASPECTS ...................................................................................................................... 219
13.1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 219
13.2 EMPLOYEE WELFARE ............................................................................................................ 219
13.3 GENERAL SAFETY .................................................................................................................. 220
13.3.1 Fencing.............................................................................................................................. 220
13.3.2 Handrailing ........................................................................................................................ 220
13.3.3 Warning Signs ................................................................................................................... 220
13.3.4 Lighting .............................................................................................................................. 221
13.3.5 Sampling Areas ................................................................................................................. 221
13.3.6 Fire .................................................................................................................................... 221
13.3.7 Pipelines ............................................................................................................................ 221
13.3.8 Valves ................................................................................................................................ 221
13.4 GENERAL STRUCTURES ....................................................................................................... 221
13.4.1 Ventilation and Lighting ..................................................................................................... 221
13.4.2 Floors ................................................................................................................................ 221
13.4.3 Stairways and Ladders ...................................................................................................... 222
13.4.4 Doors ................................................................................................................................. 222
13.4.5 Location of Operational Equipment ................................................................................... 222
13.4.6 Walls and Ceilings ............................................................................................................. 222
13.5 LABORATORY .......................................................................................................................... 222
13.5.1 Exits ................................................................................................................................... 222
13.5.2 Interior Doors..................................................................................................................... 222
13.5.3 Fire Resistant Finishes ...................................................................................................... 222

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