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# STUDENT BOOKLET

YEAR 3

You will complete two rotational activities and then are required to work in groups to
complete a challenge.
Challenge: A company has asked you to design and engineer a food container that will
keep hot soup warm for at least one hour. Your group needs choose materials that w ill
keep the food insulated. You will test your design and record the starting temperature
and the temperature after one hour.
Rotation 1: Heat Conductors/ Heat and molecules
Activity 1: Heat conductors
Before activity: Which material spoon do you think will conduct heat the quickest to melt the
butter? (circle one)

Plastic spoon Wooden spoon Metal Spoon
In your groups use the materials and method to complete the experiment
Materials needed:
1 x Wooden spoon
1 x metal spoon
1 x plastic spoon
Hot water and mug
Butter

Method:
1. Pour hot water in into a coffee mug (ask your teacher or assistant for help if you need
it)
2. Put the spoons into the water at once, arrange them so they aren't touching,
3. Feel the difference in temperature in each spoon. The spoons will be soaking up the
heat from the water and the more conductive the material, the hotter it will feel.
4. Add butter to each of the spoons and record your observations below.

After activity:

Which spoon allowed the butter to melt the quickest?

Things I learnt from this experiment that I can use in design of my insulated food carrier:

__________________________________________________________________________

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Activity 2: Heat and molecules
Materials:

 Clear jars
 water
 food colouring
 markers
 thermometer

Method:
1. Label the jars with room temperature water, hot water and cold water.
2. Add four drops of food colouring into each of the jars of water.
3. Observe what happens
4. Compare observations with other groups.

What happens to the drop of food colouring in each of the jars in the beginning ?
(Draw a picture)

Cold water Warm water Hot Water

Did the food colouring behave the same in each of the jars? Why or why not?

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

What is different about the jars?
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What can you say about the relationship between heat and the how quickly the
food colouring mixed in the water?

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Rotation 2: Can conductor
Activity 1: Can investigation
Predict how to modify the can to make the water heat faster. Write your ideas below:
___________________________________________________________________________

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Reason — Why do you think that modification will cause the water in the can to heat faster?

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Materials needed:
2 x soft drink cans

2 x thermometers

Method:
1. Use the material or paper to change 1 of the soft drink cans.
2. Leave the other soft drink can uncovered and put a thermometer in each of the can
openings.
3. Place both cans in the same spot in the sun and leave for a short period.
4. Check the cans and the temperature of each of them.

Observe — What happened? Which can was hotter?
___________________________________________________________________________

Explain — What happened? What can you claim based on your results?

___________________________________________________________________________

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What are the advantages of heating water this way compared to other ways?
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What are the disadvantages of heating water this way compared to other ways
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Activity 2:
Materials needed:
1 x Thermometer
1 small piece of black paper
1 small piece of white paper
Method:
1. Put three thermometers in a sunny place.
2. Cover the bulb of one with black paper.
3. Cover the bulb of another with white paper.
4. Leave the third one uncovered.
5. Record your results at 1 minute, 2 minutes and 3 minutes to show which colour
conducts heat the best.
Predict: Which thermometer do you think will get the hottest?
___________________________________________________________________________

Record the temperatures of the three thermometers at the below intervals.

Minutes Black paper White paper Uncovered
1 ℃ ℃ ℃
2 ℃ ℃ ℃
3 ℃ ℃ ℃

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Can you explain the result?

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STEM challenge: In a team design something that can carry hot soup
and keep it warm for at least 1 hour.
Materials my team will use:

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

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Recording the temperature:
Time Temperature

Start ________________℃

15 minutes ________________℃

30 minutes ________________℃

1 hour ________________℃

Steps my team took to design and build the container:

How will you create a fair test?

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Did your design keep the soup warm?

____________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

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Did you change your food carrier after designing? After building? If so, what changes did

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What happened to the temperature of the soup during the testing period?

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Draw your design and label the features that help to insulate it:
Record your results in the form of a line graph