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Turner Office: 336 McClatchy Hall Office Hours: Wed. 3-5 and by appointment E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Teaching Assistant: John W. Kim Office: TBA Office Hours: TBA E-mail: email@example.com Course Goals: The last twenty years have brought us an astonishing array of digital technologies and with them, a bewildering variety of new media forms. Web pages, multi-player online games, multimedia CD-ROMs, hypertext fiction – together, many argue, these and other forms of new media are reshaping our understandings of how we live and work and of what it means to be human. In this class we will explore these claims as we survey contemporary theories of the impact of digital media on the individual, the community and the state. Do digital media fundamentally alter the nature of the human self, as many claim? How do they alter the landscape? Our notions of what it means to be “at home”? The ways we do business? The ways we govern ourselves? To answer these questions, we’ll explore the textual dynamics of digital media and at the same time, the ways in which those dynamics shape – and have been shaped by – ongoing processes of social change. By the end of the course, you should have a sense of just what is and isn’t “new” about new media. You should be able to critique and synthesize the ways others have characterized the social impact of digital media. And most important of all, you should have begun to build your own theories of how digital media and social life interact. Readings: Required readings are available at the bookstore and on line. At the Bookstore, you should buy: William Gibson, Neuromancer. New York: Ace Books, 1984. Lawrence Lessig, Code: and Other Laws of Cyberspace. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1999. 1
April 22 Second Response Paper due: At the start of class.” You could then agree with the statement. San Francisco: City Lights Books. or take a position in the middle. Your position would need to be well-supported and would need to take account of opposing points of view. Teams will also produce a 2-3 page written summary of their presentation. Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. What will determine your grade will not be the position you take so much as the sophistication and rigor with which you support it. MA: Perseus Publishing. Every member of the team will receive the same grade. Ellen Ullman. you will draw on the course readings and discussions to craft a brief. In these papers.Howard Rheingold. First Response Paper due: At the start of class. 2002. Assignments: Please note that the assignments for Communication 119 (Undergraduate students) and Communication 219 (Graduate students) are somewhat different. focused argument in response to an assigned statement. and use it to support and/or challenge theories from that week’s readings. Cambridge. You will sign up for teams and dates in the second week of class. each section meeting will feature a 15-minute presentation by a student team. Close to the Machine: Technophilia and Its Discontents. Presentations will begin in week three. Course Reader Recommended readings are just that: recommended. Tuesday. 1997. Take-Home Final Exam: 2 . For instance. The teams will choose a digital media artifact. May 6 Presentations: As a way to focus discussion and give you practice applying some of the theories we explore in class to various media. Communication 119 (Undergraduates): Response Papers: You will be asked to write two “response” papers of 2-2 _ double-spaced pages (700-750 words). you might be asked to respond to the statement: “Cyberspace is an open stage for identity play. introduce it. I’ve listed them here as a way for you to dig deeper into topics that interest you. Tuesday. disagree with it.
insights. our class meetings will in fact be quite interactive. Being “wrong” but intellectually adventurous can often help jumpstart everyone’s thinking. Writing: Your writing needs to come in on time and should represent your best work at every level. Contributions can include questions.This will be an open-book exam in which you will be asked to write approximately 8-10 double-spaced pages (2400-3000 words). One powerful comment or question is worth more than many less powerful remarks. You’ll need to come to both lecture and section with the reading done and with the ability to participate in a class discussion. the Honor Code applies to all your work. To participate effectively. grammar or spelling will be penalized. They can also include provocative mistakes. As ever. you should aim to speak in a way that moves a discussion forward and increases the learning for the whole group. Due Date: TBA Expectations: Participation: While formally a lecture course. Grades: Presentation = 10% Participation = 15% First Response Paper = 20% Second Response Paper = 20% Final Exam = 35% 3 . The questions will ask you to synthesize course readings and link them to issues and/or artifacts we have discussed in class. and responses to other comments. Papers that come in late or with errors of fact.
Tuesday. For instance. First Response Paper due: At the start of class. and where appropriate. Tuesday. your knowledge of digital media. class discussions. What will determine your grade will not be the position you take so much as the sophistication and rigor with which you support it. May 6 Take-Home Final Exam: This will be an open-book exam in which you will be asked to write approximately 8-10 double-spaced pages (2400-3000 words). The questions will ask you to synthesize course readings and link them to issues we have discussed in class. April 22 Second Response Paper due: At the start of class.” You could then agree with the statement. Discussion Sections: Optional. even if you decide to attend section. disagree with it.Communication 219 (Graduate Students): Assignments: Response Papers: You will be asked to write two “response” papers of 5-8 double-spaced pages (1500-2400 words). or take a position in the middle. Due date TBA. Grades: Participation = 10% Response Paper 1 = 30% Response Paper 2 = 30% Final Exam = 40% 4 . to craft a focused argument in response to an assigned statement. In these papers. you might be asked to respond to the statement: “Cyberspace is an open stage for identity play. you will draw on the course readings (including the recommended readings). You will not be required to give a presentation. Your position would need to be well-supported and would need to take account of opposing points of view.
Mass. London: Free Association Books. Les Levidow and Kevin Robins. “As We May Think. 98-108 in Trend. Key Questions: How are digital media different from other media? How are different digital media artifacts similar to one another? Tuesday.html Recommended Readings: • • J. Cambridge. 135-158. Ch. The Language of New Media: “What is New Media?” pp.: MIT Press.htm Kevin Kelly. 2001. April 8: Connecting Cyberspace and Social Space: Industrialism and Cold War Computing Required Readings: • Paul Edwards. 3 “Networks of Remediation. Mass.wholeearth.Course Schedule: Note: This schedule is subject to change.” George Landow. “Cybernetics in history. David Bolter and Richard Grusin. 1999: Ch. Malden.: Blackwell Publishers. Vannevar Bush.com/ArticleBin/201. (reader) Norbert Wiener. April 3: What ARE digital media? Required readings: • • • Lev Manovich. Remediation: understanding new media.1 (reader) • 5 . 1989.1961 (reader).com/unbound/flashbks/computer/bushf.” The Human Use of Human Beings.” Cyborg Worlds: The Military Information Society. Reading digital culture. David.theatlantic. “The closed world: systems discourse. Eds. Part 1: What Are Digital Media and How Do They Matter? Tuesday. Hypertext and Critical Theory. “The Computational Metaphor. military policy and postWorld War II US historical consciousness.” on line: http://www.” on line: http://www. April 1: Introductions No Readings Thursday.
html Sherry Turkle. Cybernetics and Society. Kennedy.eff. in Bell. “Postmodernism. Mass. Cambridge.Recommended Readings: • • • William Hollingsworth Whyte. 1989: Ch. April 10: Connecting Cyberspace and Social Space: Postindustrialism and Networked Computing Required Readings: • William Gibson.wired.. “Who Am We?” Online at: http://www. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 2000.01/turkle. 2 “Modernity and Modernism. Mass. USA: Blackwell. USA: Blackwell. 7 “Introduction. pp.” Ch. Oxford England . The cybercultures reader.org/Publications/John_Perry_Barlow/HTML/being_in_nothing ness. London New York: Routledge. Oxford England . The Human Use of Human Beings.” Ch.” Ch.html 6 . The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry Into The Origins of Cultural Change. New York: Simon and Schuster. 77-95 (reader) John Perry Barlow. 8 “Fordism” Key Question: How were conceptions of computing related to conceptions of social and psychological order during the Cold War? Thursday. 10 “Theorizing the Transition” Key Question: How have visions of computing and social order changed since the Cold War? And why? Part 2 Digital Media and the Self: New Bodies.” Ch. New Minds? Tuesday. 9 “From Fordism to Flexible Accumulation. 1956. “Cyberspace and the World We Live In”. 1954. The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry Into The Origins of Cultural Change. April 15: Digital Bodies Note: Team Presentations Begin Required Readings: • • • Kevin Robins. The Organization Man. Cambridge. Norbert Wiener. 3. David. David Harvey. 1989: Ch.com/wired/archive/4. Neuromancer Recommended Readings: • David Harvey. “Being in Nothingness” http://www.. and Barbara M.
New York: New York University Press.. Irene Diamond and Lee Quinby.” Feminism and Foucault. 61-86. 1999. April 17: Cyborgism and Gender: Liberating Women? Required Readings: • Donna Haraway. “Reading Cyborgs.Recommended Readings: • • N. (reader) Anne Balsamo.stanford. and Informatics. 1988. “Foucault.html Recommended Readings: • • • • Sandra Lee Bartky.1. Ill. Cyborgs. Thomas. In reader and on line at: http://www. Femininity.: University of Chicago Press. 149-181. Technologies of the gendered body: reading cyborg women. Literature. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics. David Bolter. Ch. and The Modernization of Patriarchal Power. Eds. 17-29 Key Question: How do digital media disrupt “modern” categories of “the body” and “the self” Thursday.edu/dept/HPS/Haraway/CyborgManifesto. Chicago. Writing Feminism: Reading the body in contemporary culture”). and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (New York: Routledge). 1996 (esp. “A Cyborg Manifesto. Katherine Hayles. Cybercultures Reader Key Question: Do digital media challenge the modern category of femininity? 7 . Cybercultures Reader Chela Sandoval “New sciences: cyborg feminism and the methodology of the oppressed” in Bell. Judith Squires “Fabulous feminist futures and the lure of cyberculture” in Bell. J. “Identity” in Swiss. Unspun: key concepts for understanding the World Wide Web. 2000. Durham: Duke University Press.” from Simians. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
Two Wizards.stanford. David.” At: http://www. “Computers as Theater” in Trend.pdf Chris Hables Gray.pdf • Tim Lenoir and Henry Lowood.juliandibbell.com/texts/bungle.Tuesday. a Haitian Trickster Spirit. Warrior dreams: Paramilitary Culture in Post-Vietnam America. Mark.: Blackwell Publishers. 1995: Ch. “All But War is Simulation: The Military-Entertainment Complex. “Fashioning the Military-Entertainment Complex.edu/videogames/ • Turner.html. “A Rape in Cyberspace. 43-71 (reader) Other Requirements: • Download and play around with “Army Operations” from http://www.html. National Simulation Superstructure.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/allbutwar.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/Lenoir_FashioningMEC. Clayton. Malden. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.” Online at http://www. 2001. Mass.pdf • James William Gibson. 1994.uci.humanities.stanford. and a Cast of Dozens Turned a Database into a Society” on line at: http://www. 2001. Memory. MA: Polity Press. or How an Evil Clown. Cambridge.mil/pubs/pm/pmpdf97/ms_super.americasarmy. • Tim Lenoir. April 24: Virtuality and the Performing Self Required Readings: • Brenda Laurel. (reader) • Julian Dibbel. “Postmodern Virtualities.” Online at: http://www.stanford. “How They Got Game: The History of Videogames and Interactive Simulations. 8 . Fred.109-114. • Poster. “Programming Theatres of War: Gamemakers as Soldiers. April 22: Cyborgism and Gender: Enlisting Men? Due: First Response Paper Required Readings: • • Tim Lenoir. Key Question: Do digital media challenge the modern category of masculinity? Thursday. 2. Reading digital culture.dau.” At: http://poweredge.” online at: http://www. and the Vietnam War.” At: http://www.stanford. The second media age.pdf • Tim Lenoir.edu/mposter/writings/internet. “The Cyborg Soldier: The US Military and The PostModern Warrior” in Cyborg Worlds. Echoes of Combat: Trauma.com Recommended Readings: • Kathleen M. New York: Hill and Wang.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/Lenoir_TheatresOfWar.
Rodman. 2000. Lisa. Race in cyberspace. The presentation of self in everyday life.Recommended Readings: • Byron Reeves and Clifford Nass.Y. (reader) • • • Recommended Readings: • Nakamura. and new media like real people and places Cambridge University Press. 117-131 (reader) Jonathan Sterne. Rodman. Race in Cyberspace 191-212 (reader) Daniel Tsang. The media equation: how people treat computers. New York N. (reader) Tara McPherson. 1996. and Beth E.at/0ntext/warriors.: Anchor Books/Doubleday. The Internet. New York: Routledge. Gilbert B.edu/sturkle/www/routledge_reader. 432-438. 15-26. et al. television. April 29: Virtuality and Race Required Readings: • Lisa Nakamura. Lisa. Cybercultures Reader. • Sherry Turkle. 1990. et al. “’Where do you want to go today?’ Cybernetic Tourism. 2000. May 1: Virtuality as Ideology Required Readings: • • Arthur and Marilouise Kroker.mit. Race in cyberspace. and Beth E. “Notes on queer ‘n’ asian virtual sex” in Bell. New York: Routledge. “I’ll Take My Stand in Dixie-Net” in Nakamura. Key questions: How does “race” shape on-line experience? How do various on-line experiences shape our ideas of race? Thursday.t0. “What are we thinking about when we think about computers?” Online at: http://web.” on line at http://www. Close to The Machine 9 . Kolko. • Erving Goffman. “Code Warriors.htm Ellen Ullman.html Key Questions: How do digital media shape the performance of “self”? Who or what has “agency”? Tuesday. and Transnationality” in Nakamura. Gilbert B.or. Kolko. The Computer Race Goes to Class” in Nakamura. Race in Cyberspace.
Recommended Readings: • • Fred Turner. • Get caught up on reading! Tuesday. The Condition of Postmodernity. (reader) Key Questions: How can we understand the relationship between “places” on the Web and “places” in the material world? How does identity shape place and vice versa. “A slice of my life in my virtual community. “Hypertext Links: The ethic of the index and its space-time effects” in Herman. “Postmodernism in the City.” High noon on the electronic frontier: conceptual issues in cyberspace. Cambridge. 632-643 (reader) 10 . “Cyberspace as the New Frontier?: Mapping the Shifting Boundaries of the Network Society” Red Rock Eater News Service. New York. May 13: Locating Virtual Communities Required Readings: • Howard Rheingold. 145-160 (reader) • David Harvey. 437-444. “Pandora's Vox: On Community in Cyberspace.”66-98. Cambridge. Community and State: Where Are We and What Are We Doing Here? Tuesday. 413-436. 4. No-collar: the humane workplace and its hidden costs. New York: Routledge. 1992/1996. MA: MIT Press. Peter Ludlow. May 8: No Class. and Thomas Swiss. “From Hestia to Home Page” in Bell. MA: MIT Press. NY: Basic Books. Andrew. Ch. (reader) • humdog. Key Question: How should we think about the relationship between the ways we experience digital technologies and the nature of the industries that produce them? Part 3: Place. Ed. Peter Ludlow. 1996. Andrew Ross. 2000.” High noon on the electronic frontier: conceptual issues in cyberspace. Ed. May 6: Landscapes of Information: the World Wide Web and the Post-Modern Metropolis Due: Second Response Paper Required Readings: • Rob Shields. The World Wide Web and contemporary cultural theory. Cybercultures Reader. (reader) • Susan Leigh Star. 2003. online and off? Thursday. 1999.
1998. online at: http://www.mit.69-99. “Code is Law” (3-8). 11 . Ch. “Designing Genres for New Media” in Steve Jones. “Brand community. “Virtual Commonality: Looking for India on the Internet” in Bell Introna.: Sage Publications. March (2001): 412-432. eds. New York: Simon & Schuster. Ananda Mitra. “The Daily We” The Boston Review. “The economy of cyberpromotion” in Herman and Swiss. “Shaping the web: why the politics of search engines matters. New York and London: Routledge. • • • • • • Key Questions: What are “virtual communities” and how do they connect to “material” communities? Thursday. Robert D. Communities in cyberspace.eff. “Imagined electronic community: representations of virtual community in contemporary business discourse. Smith. CyberSociety 2. Online at: http://bostonreview.0: revisiting computer-mediated communication and community. and Helen Nissenbaum. Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community. Summer. Calif. 1999 Werry.” in Thomas Swiss.com/~tex/innkeeping Greg Elmer. 2000.Recommended Readings: • Phil Agre. The world wide web and contemporary cultural theory. Peter Kollock and Marc A. O'Guinn.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.” The Information Society 16.gseis. Ch.ucla.. Muniz.” (85-99). 1999: Ch. London & New York: Routledge.. Albert M. Unspun: Key Concepts for Understanding the World Wide Web.sfgate. 1. May 15: Governing the Virtual State Required Readings: • John Perry Barlow. • Cass Sunstein. 6 “Cyberspaces” (63-84). Luke. pp. 161-170.html Recommended Readings: • • • Timothy W. 7 “What Things Regulate. and Thomas C. “Governance. Chris. NY: Basic Books.html • Lawrence Lessig. Thousand Oaks. 2001. New York: New York University Press. and online at: http://dlis.” Journal of Consumer Research 27.3/sunstein. Code: and Other Laws of Cyberspace. Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace (1996).edu/people/pagre/genre.” firstmonday 4.. Lucas D. New York. Putnam.9 (2001) (on line). Jr. 2000. 2000.html John Coate. “Cyberspace Inkeeping: Building Online Community” (19921998) on line at: http://www.edu/BR26.3 (2000): 169-186.
240-251)(Re: network labor) and “Information Technology and the Restructuring of Capital” pp.dk/issues/issue3_10/raymond/ Eric Raymond. May 20: Digital Economics: Networks of Production Required Readings: • Weber. 2000.” Social Text 18. Ed.” In Herman and Swiss. 1: “The Work Process in the Informational Paradigm” (pp.” firstmonday 3 (10): http://www. “Homesteading the Noosphere. The world wide web and contemporary cultural theory.edu/journals/social_text/toc/soc18.C. Ch. 99-126 (reader) John Perry Barlow. May 22: Digital Economics: Digital Media and the Politics of Distribution Required Readings: • Tetzlaff. The Network Society Vol.03/economy. [HAND OUT] Tiziana Terranova.” Tracking a transformation: e-commerce and the terms of competition in industries.ideas_pr.” Research in Organizational Behavior 12 (1990): 295-336. “The economy of ideas: a framework for rethinking patents and copyrights in the digital age (everything you know about intellectual copyright is wrong).html Lawrence Lessig.Key Question: How can “cyberspace” be governed? And how does the nature of cyberspace shape the organization of political power in the material world? Tuesday.jhu.” 122-141 • • 12 .03 March.” http://www. 2001.catb. D. BRIE-IGCC E-conomy Project.2 (2000): 33-58. Washington. “Neither market nor hierarchy: network forms of organization.fsf.wired. 406-434. 1994: 84-90. Available online at: http://muse. David.272-279 (re: network forms and reduction of income in US) Free Software Foundation web site: http://www. “How to Become a Hacker.com/wired/archive/2.html • Recommended Readings: • • • • Eric Raymond.org/ • Key question: What is a network form of production and what roles do digital media play in one? Thursday. “Free labor: producing culture for the digital economy. Manuel Castells. eds. Online at: http://www.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto. 126-129.firstmonday. “Yo-ho-ho and a server of warez: internet software piracy and the new global information economy. New York and London: Routledge.: Brookings Institution.html Walter Powell. Code. Steven. “The political economy of open source software.” Wired 2. “Intellectual Property. 10.2.
8 Key question: How will the increasing mobility.com http://econ. Eds.il/~sheizaf/ecommerce/cookie.” Wired 11.wired.” Critical Studies in Media Communication. Available in full text via Lexis-Nexus database. Stanford Libraries. “So much for the magic of technology and the free market: the world wide web and the corporate media system.01. June (2002): 230-248 (reader) Julian Dibbell. “The Evolution of Reputation” Recommended Readings: • Neil Swidey.” The world wide web and contemporary cultural theory.com/wired/archive/11.fsf. Andrew Herman and Thomas Swiss.html Robert McChesney. 2003.01/gaming. 2002.html • Key Questions: How do the production of identities and communities with digital media create economic value? And for whom? Thursday.haifa. 2000. “ A nation of voyeurs: how the internet search engine Google is changing what we can find out about each other -. Smart mobs: the next social revolution.ac. 5. 2002. January. “The work of being watched: interactive media and the exploitation of self-disclosure. “The Unreal Estate Boom. May 27: Digital Economics: Consuming as Producing Required Readings: • • • Mark Andrejevic.Recommended Readings: • • Richard Stallman’s GNU Public License. online at: http://www. Smart mobs: the next social revolution. The Cookie Web Sites: http://www.org/licenses/gpl. Cambridge.cookiecentral.html Howard Rheingold. 7. Ch. New York and London: Routledge.example. 5-36 Key Question: How does the nature of digital media shape how they can be distributed and regulated? Tuesday. online at: http://www. Introduction and Chapters 1.and raising questions about whether we should. Cambridge. MA: Perseus Publishing. MA: Perseus Publishing. ubiquity and integration of digital media shape the trends we’ve tracked so far in the course? 13 .” Boston Globe Magazine February 2 2003.4. May 29: The Future: Constant Mutual Surveillance? Required Reading: • Howard Rheingold.
pdf Key Question: If digital media and networked forms of social life are coevolving. 1997. “The Long Boom.org/publications/MR/MR1382/MR1382. “The Advent of Netwar (Revisited)” online at: http://www. eds. Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror. online at: http://www. RAND. Crime and Militancy. June 3: The Future: Long Boom or Netwar? Required Readings: • • Peter Schwartz.Tuesday.com/wired/5.ch1. 2001: Ch.07.wired.” Wired..rand.07/longboom. July.html John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt. where are they likely to lead us? 14 . 5.1.
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