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1

Time, Speed &


Distance

This Chapter '’Time, Speed & Distance'' is taken from our Book:

ISBN : 9789387421554
2
CHAPTER

11 Time, Speed & Distance

This chapter, deals with the following two types of questions : Quicker Method to solve the questions on
(i) Time, Speed and Distance Time, Speed and Distance
(ii) Boat and Stream
v Average speed: The average speed is given by total distance
TIME, SPEED AND DISTANCE divided by total time taken.

Speed: Total Distance


• Average Speed =
Total Time
The distance covered per unit time is called speed. Speed is
directly proportional to distance and inversely to time (d1+ d2+ d3+......dn)
• Distance = speed × time =
(t1+ t2+......... tn)
distance
• Speed = v The average speed in case of a journey from X to Y at speed
time of A m/sec and returning back to X at a speed of B m/sec, is
distance
• Time = é 2 AB ù
speed ê ú metre / second
ë ( A + B) û
Main Units
• Time : Seconds, minutes, hours 2 : Sunil travels from Delhi to Patna at the
• Distance : meter, kilometer speed of 40 km/hr and returns at the speed of 50 km/hr. What is
• Speed : km/hr, m/sec the average speed of the journey?
Sol. Using the formula,
Conversion é 2 AB ù 2 ´ 40 ´ 50
ê ú=
5 ë ( A + B) û 40 + 50
v 1 km / hr = metre / second
18 4000
18 = = 44.44 Km/hr
v 1 metre / second = km / hr 90
5
v Relative speed
5
v 1 Km/hr = mile / hr If two trains are moving in opposite directions with a speed
8
of X km/hr and Y km/hr respectively, then (X + Y) is their
22 relative speed. In the other case if two trains are moving in
v 1 mile / hr = foot / second
15 the same direction with a speed of X km/hr and Y km/hr
respectively, then (X – Y) is their relative speed.
1: A scooter travels at the speed of 45 kmph. For the first case the time taken by the trains in passing each
What is the distance covered by the scooter in 4 minutes ? other
Sol. Speed of scooter = 45 km / hr L1 + L2
45 ´1000 = hours,
(X +Y)
= = 750 metre / minute
60 where L1 and L2 are lengths of the trains.
\ Distance covered in 4 minutes For the second case the time taken by the trains in passing
each other
= 4 × 750 = 3000 metre = 3 km
3
The distance here will be same as the
L1 + L2
= hours, length of the train + the length of the platform.
(X – Y) This is 300 + 50 = 350 m
where L1 and L2 are lengths of the trains. 350
Therefore, Time = = 35 seconds
3 : Two trains, 100 m and 80 m in length aree 10
running in the same direction. The first runs at the rate of BOAT AND STREAM
51 m/s and the second at the rate of 42 m/s. How long will they
take to cross each other? When we move upstream, our speed gets deducted from the speed
Sol. Here Length of first train = 100m, of the stream. Similarly when we move downstream our speed
Length of second train = 80m gets added to the speed of the stream.
And Speed of first train = 51 m/s Let the speed of a boat in still water be A km/hr and the speed of
Speed of second train = 42 m/s the stream (or current) be B km/hr, then
Relative speed = 51 – 42 = 9 m/s • Speed of boat with the stream i.e. speed downstream
(since trains are running in the same direction) = (A + B) km/hr
L1 + L2 • Speed of boat against the stream i.e. speed upstream
As per the formula = = (A – B) km/hr
x- y
v Boat's speed in still water
100 + 80
= = 20 seconds speed downstream + speed upstream
9 =
2
4 : Two trains, 100 m and 80 m in length aree
v Speed of current
running in opposite directions. The first runs at the rate of 10
m/s and the second at the rate of 15 m/s. How long will they take Speed downstream – Speed upstream
to cross each other? =
2
Sol. Here Length of first train = 100 m
Length of second train = 80 m Quicker Method to solve the questions on
And Speed of first train = 10 m/s Boat and Stream
Speed of second train = 15 m/s
Relative speed = 10 + 15 = 25 m/s 7: A boat travels equal distances upstream
(since trains are running in opposite directions) and downstream. The upstream speed of boat was 10 km/hr,
whereas the downstream speed is 20 km/hr. What is the speed of
L1 + L2 the boat in still water?
As per the formula =
x+ y Sol. Upstream speed = 10 km/hr
100 + 80 Downstream speed = 20 km/hr
= = 7.2 seconds As per formula, Boat's speed in still water
25
speed downstream + speed upstream
v The time taken by a train X meters long to pass a signal post =
2
is the time taken for the train to cover X meters. Therefore, Boat's speed in still water
5 : A train 300 meters long has a speed of 10 10 + 20
= = 15 km/hr
m/s. How long will it take to pass an electric pole? 2
8 : A boat travels equal distance upstream and
Distance
Sol. Time = downstream. The upstream speed of boat is 10 km/hr, whereas
Speed the downstream speed is 20 km/hr. What is the speed of the
the distance here will be same as the length of the train. current?
That is 300 meters. Sol. Upstream speed = 10 km/hr
300 Downstream speed = 20 km/hr
\ Time = = 30 seconds As per formula, Speed of current
10
v The time taken by a x meters long train in passing any Speed downstream – Speed upstream
=
object which is y meters long is the time taken for the train 2
to cover the distance x + y. Therefore, Speed of current
6 : A train 300 meters long has a speed of 10 20 - 10 10
= = = 5 km/hr
m/s. How long will it take to pass a platform of 50 meters? 2 2
Distance
Sol. Time =
Speed
4

1: A 175 meters long train crosses a 35 meters Time taken to cover next 25 km of distance
platform in 12 seconds. What is the speed of the train in km/hr? 25
= = 5 hours
(a) 42 (b) 64 5

(c) 63 (d) 59 Time taken to cover last 50 km of its journey

Sol. (c) Speed of train 50


= = 2 hours
25
Distance (length of train + length of platform)
= Total distance = 75 + 25 + 50 = 150 km
Time taken
Total time taken = 3 + 5 + 2 = 10 hours
175 + 35 210 150
= = = m/s \ Average speed = = 15 kmph.
12 12 10

210 18 4: Raman drove from home to another town at the


= ´ kmph = 63 kmph. speed of 50km/hr and on his return journey, he drove at the
12 5
speed of 45km/hr and took an hour longer to reach home. What
2 : A train running at speed of 90 km per hour distance did he cover each way?
crosses a platform double its length in 36 seconds. What is the (a) 450 km (b) 225 km
length of the platform in meters ? (c) 900 km (d) 500 km
(a) 450 (b) 200 Sol. (a) Let the distance be x km.
(c) 600 (d) Cannot be determined
x x
Sol. (c) Let the length of the train be = x metres Then, - =1
45 50
\ Length of the platform = 2x metres
45 ´ 50
Speed of train = 90 kmph, or Þx= = 450 Km.
5
5 5 : A 240 - meter long train running at the speed of
= 90 ´ = 25 m/sec.
18 60 kmph will take how much time to cross another 270 - meter
long train running in the opposite direction at the speed of 48
According to the question, kmph ?
x + 2x (a) 17 seconds (b) 3 seconds
= 36 (c) 12 seconds (d) 8 seconds
25
Sol. (a) Relative speed
or, 3 x = 25 ´ 36
5
= (60 + 48) ×
25 ´ 36 18
or, x = = 300 m
3 = 30 m/sec.
\ Time taken
\ length of platform = 2x = 600 m
240 + 270
3 : A car travels a distance of 75 km at the speed of =
30
25km/ hr. It covers the next 25 km of its journey at the speed of
5 km/hr and the last 50 km of its journey at the speed of 25 km/ 510
=
hr. What is the average speed of the car? 30
(a) 40 km/hr (b) 25km/hr = 17 seconds
(c) 15 km/hr (d) 12.5km/hr
Sol. (c) Time taken to cover first 75 km of distance
75
= = 3 hours
25
5

1. The speed of a boat when travelling downstream is 32 kmph (a) 12.5 minutes (b) 15 minutes
whereas when travelling upstream it is 28 kmph. What is the (c) 10 minutes (d) 18 minutes
speed of the boat in still water ? 10. A car covers a distance of 540 km in 9 hours. Speed of a train
(a) 27 Kmph (b) 29 Kmph is double the speed of the car. Two-third the speed of the
(c) 31 Kmph (d) None of these train is equal to the speed of a bike. How much distance will
2. The average speed of a train is 3 times the average speed of the bike cover in 5 hours ?
a car. The car covers a distance of 520 kms in 8 hours. How (a) 450 km (b) 360 km
much distance will the train cover in 13 hours ?
(c) 400 km (d) 500 km
(a) 2553 km (b) 2585 km
11. The ratio between the speed of a train and a car is 18 : 13 .
(c) 2355 km (d) 2535 km
Also, a bus covered a distance of 480 kms. in 12 hours.
3. A train covers a distance of 1560 kms in 26 hours. What is
The speed of the bus is five-ninth the speed of the train.
the speed of the train?
How much distance will the car cover in 5 hours ?
(a) 72 kms/hr (b) 62 kms/hr
(a) 250 km. (b) 280 km.
(c) 68 kms/hr (d) None of these
(c) 260 km. (d) Cannot be determined
4. A, B and C start at the same time in the same direction to run
around a circular stadium. A completes a round in 252 12. A 300 meter long train moving with an average speed of 126
seconds, B in 308 seconds and C in 198 seconds, all starting km/hr crosses a platform in 24 seconds. A man crosses the
at the same point. After what time will they meet again at the same platform in 5 minutes. What is the speed of the man in
starting point? meters/second
(a) 15 minutes 15 seconds (b) 42 minutes 30 seconds (a) 1.8 m/s (b) 1.2 m/s
(c) 42 minutes (d) 46 minutes 12 seconds (c) 1.5 m/s (d) Cannot be determined
5. A car travels a distance of 45 kms at the speed of 15 kmph. 13. Train A crosses a stationary train B in 35 seconds and a
It covers the next 50 kms of its journey at the speed of 25 pole in 14 seconds with the same speed. The length of the
kmph and the last 25 kms of its journey at the speed of 10 train A is 280 meters. What is the length of the stationary
kmph. What is the average speed of the car? train B ?
(a) 40 kmph (b) 24 kmph (a) 360 meters (b) 480 meters
(c) 15 kmph (d) None of these (c) 400 meters (d) None of these
6. Nilesh goes to school from his village & returns at the speed 14. A bike covers a certain distance at the speed of 64 km/hr in
of 4 km/hr. If he takes 6 hours in all, then what is the distance 8 hours. If a bike was to cover the same distance in
between the village and the school? approximately 6 hours, at what approximate speed should
(a) 6 km (b) 5 km the bike travel?
(c) 4 km (d) None of these (a) 80 km./hr. (b) 85 km/hr.
7. A 200 meter long train crosses a platform double its length (c) 90 km./hr. (d) 75 km/hr.
in 36 seconds. What is the speed of the train in km/hr ? 15. A train running between two stations A and B arrives at its
(a) 60 (b) 48 destination 10 minutes late when its speed is 50 km/h and
(c) 64 (d) 66 50 minutes late when its speed is 30km/h. What is the
8. Wheels of diameters 7 cm and 14 cm start rolling distance between the stations A and B ?
simultaneously from X and Y, which are 1980 cm apart, towards (a) 40 km (b) 50 km
each other in opposite directions. Both of them make the (c) 60 km (d) 70 km
same number of revolutions per second. If both of them meet 16. A train covered a certain distance at a uniform speed. If the
after 10 seconds, the speed of the smaller wheel is: train had been 6 km/h faster, then it would have taken 4
(a) 22 cm / sec (b) 44 cm / sec hours less than the scheduled time. And, if the train were
(c) 66 cm / sec (d) 132 cm / sec slower by 6 km/h, then the train would have taken 6 hours
9. Excluding the stoppages, the speed of a bus is 64 km/hr and more than the scheduled time. The length of the journey is
including the stoppages the speed of the bus is 48 km/hr. (a) 700 km (b) 740 km
For how many minutes does the bus stop per hour? (c) 720 km (d) 760 km
6
17. On a journey across Bombay, a tourist bus averages 26. A monkey ascends a greased pole 12 meters high. He
10 km/h for 20% of the distance, 30 km/h for 60% of it and 20 ascends 2 meters in the first minute and slips down 1 meter
km/h for the remainder. The average speed for the whole in the next minute and so on . In which minute does it he
journey was reaches the top?
(a) 10 km/h (b) 30 km/h (a) 21st (b) 22nd
(c) 5 km/h (d) 20 km/h (c) 23rd (d) 24th
18. A train leaves station X at 5 a.m. and reaches station Y at 9 27. A man covers a certain distance on a scooter. If the scooter
a.m. Another train leaves station Y at 7 a.m. and reaches moved 4 km/h faster, it would take 30 minutes less. If it
station X at 10: 30 a.m. At what time do the two trains cross moved 2 km/h slower, it would have taken 20 minutes more.
each other ? Find the distance.
(a) 7 : 36 am (b) 7 : 56 am (a) 60 km (b) 58 km
(c) 8 : 36 am (d) 8 : 56 am (c) 55 km (d) 50 km
19. A man rides a horse at the rate of 11 miles an hour, but stops 28. A boat running downstream covers a distance of 16 km in 2
for 5 min to change horse at the end of every seventh mile. hours while for covering the same distance upstream, it
How long will he take to cover a distance of 96 miles ? takes 4 hours. What is the speed of the boat in still water?
(Approx.) (a) 4 km/h (b) 6 km/h
(a) 7 hr. 20 min. (b) 6 hr. 25 min. (c) 8 km/h (d) Data inadequate
(c) 8 hr. 42 min. (d) 9 hr. 48 min. 29. R and S start walking towards each other at 10 AM at the
20. A man starts from B to K and another from K to B at the speeds of 3 km/h and 4 km/h respectively. They were initially
same time. After passing each other they complete their 17.5 km apart. At what time do they meet?
1 4 (a) 2 : 30 PM (b) 11 : 30 AM
journeys in 3 and 4 hours, respectively. Find the speed
3 5 (c) 1 : 30 PM (d) 12 : 30 PM
of the second man if the speed of the first is 12 km/hr.
30. A river 3 m deep and 40 m wide is flowing at the rate of 2 km
(a) 12.5 kmph (b) 10 kmph
per hour. How much water (in litres) will fall into the sea in a
(c) 12.66 kmph (d) 20 kmph minute?
21. The driver of a car driving @ 36 kmph locates a bus 40 (a) 4,00,000 (b) 40,00,000
meters ahead of him. After 20 seconds the bus is 60 meters (c) 40,000 (d) 4,000
behind. The speed of the bus is : 31. The speed of a boat in still water is 15 km/h and the rate of
(a) 36 kmph (b) 20 m/sec. stream is 5 km/h. The distance travelled downstream in 24
(c) 72 m/sec. (d) 18 kmph minutes is
22. Two trains 100 meters and 120 meters long are running in (a) 4 km (b) 8 km
the same direction with speeds of 72 km/h and 54 km/h. In (c) 6 km (d) 16 km
how much time will the first train cross the second? 32. A person can swim in still water at 4 km/h. If the speed of
(a) 50 sec (b) 44 sec water is 2 km/h, how many hours will the man take to swim
(c) 38 sec (d) 42 sec back against the current for 6 km.
23. A train overtakes two persons walking along a railway track. (a) 3 (b) 4
The first one walks at 4.5 km/h. The other one walks at 5.4 1
km/h. The train needs 8.4 and 8.5 seconds respectively to (c) 4 (d) Insufficient data
2
overtake them. What is the speed of the train if both the 33. Speed of a speed-boat when moving in the direction
persons are walking in the same direction as the train? perpendicular to the direction of the current is 16 km/h.
(a) 66 km/h (b) 72 km/h Speed of the current is 3 km/h. So the speed of the boat
(c) 78 km/h (d) 81 km/h against the current will be (in km/h)
3 (a) 22 (b) 9.5
24. A train 100 metres long takes 3 seconds to cross a man
5 (c) 10 (d) None of these
walking at the rate of 6 km/h in a direction opposite to that 34. A boat running downstream covers a distance of 16 km in 2
of the train. Find the speed of the train. hours while for covering the same distance upstream, it
(a) 94 m/s (b) 100 m/s takes 4 hours. What is the speed of the boat in still water?
(c) 110 m/s (d) 108 m/s (a) 4 km/h (b) 6 km/h
25. A boat goes 24 km upstream and 28 km downstream in 6 (c) 8 km/h (d) Data inadequate
hours. It goes 30km upstream and 21 km downstream in 6 35. A man makes his upward journey at 16 km/h and downward
hours and 30 minutes. The speed of the boat in still water journey at 28 km/h. What is his average speed ?
is : (a) 32 km/h (b) 56 km/h
(a) 10 km/h (b) 4 km/h (c) 20.36 km/h (d) 22 km/h
(c) 14 km/h (d) 6km/h
7

1. (d) Speed of the boat is still water 7. (a) Speed of train


1 (200 + 400) 18
= (Rate downstream + Rate upstream) = ´
2 36 5
1 = 60 km/hr.
= (32 + 28) = 30 kmph. 8. (c) Let each wheel make x revolutions per sec. Then,
2
Distance éæ 7 ö ù
2. (d) Speed of car = êç 2p ´ 2 ´ x ÷ + (2p ´ 7 ´ x) ú ´ 10 = 1980
Time ë è ø û

520 æ 22 ö æ 22 ö
= = 65 kmph Þ ç ´ 7 ´ x ÷ + ç 2 ´ ´ 7 ´ x ÷ = 198
8 è 7 ø è 7 ø
\ Speed of train = 65 × 3 = 195 kmph Þ 66x = 198 Þ x = 3.
\ Distance covered by train in 13 hours Distance moved by smaller wheel in 3 revolutions
= 13 × 195 = 2535 km.
æ 22 7 ö
1560 = ç 2 ´ ´ ´ 3 ÷ cm/sec. = 66 cm/sec.
3. (d) Speed of train = è 7 2 ø
26
= 60 kmph. 9. (b) Stoppage minutes per hour
4. (d) L.C.M. of 252, 308 and 198 = 2772.So, A, B and C will (64 - 48) ´ 60
again meet at the starting point in 2772 see i.e., 46 min. = = 15 minutes.
12 sec 64
5. (d) Time taken to cover a distance of 45 kms 10. (c) Speed of car

Distance 45 540
= = 3 hours = = 60 kms/hr..
Speed 15 9
Time taken to cover a distance of 50 kms Speed of bike
50 2
= = 2 hours = 60 × 2 × = 80 kms/hr..
25 3
Time taken to cover distance of 25 kms Distance covered by bike
25 = 80 × 5
= = 2.5 hours = 400 kms.
10
Total distance = (45 + 50 + 25) kms = 120 kms 480
11. (c) Speed of bus = = 40 km/hr
Total time = (3 + 2 + 2.5) hours = 7.5 hours 12
120 9
\ Required average speed = = 16 kmph Speed of train = 40 ´ = 72 km/hr
7.5 5
6. (d) Let the distance between the village and the school be
xkm. 72
Speed of car = ´ 13 = 52 km/hr
According to the question, 18
Distance covered by car
x x
+ =6 = 52 × 5 = 260 km
4 2
12. (a) Length of platform
x + 2x
or, =6
4 5
= 126 ´ × 24 – 300 = 540 meter
or, 3x = 6 × 4 18

6´4 540
\x= = 8 km \ Speed of man = = 1.8 meter/second
3 5 ´ 60
8
280 x
13. (d) Speed of train A = = 20 meter/second
14
2 = x ´ 28 = 14 ´ 60 = 56 min
Length of train B = 20 × 35 – 280 meter =
15x 2 15x 15
= 700 – 280 meter 28
= 420 meter Thus, both of them meet at 7 : 56 a.m.
14. (b) Distance = 64 × 8
19. (d)
= 512 km
7 7 7 7 7 7
512 Time taken to travel 96 miles
\ Speed =
6 96
= 85 km/hr (approx.) = hrs. = 8 hrs and 43 minutes
11
15. (b) Let the distance between the two stations be x km.
During the journey of 96 miles, he has to stop for 13
x 10 x 50 times to change the horse.
Then, - = -
50 60 30 60 \ Total stoppage time
= 13 × 5 = 65 mins. = 1 hr and 5 mins.
x 1 x 5
Þ - = - Hence the total time
50 6 30 6
= 8 hrs and 43 mins + 1 hr and 5 mins.
x x 2 = 9 hrs and 48 mins.
or - = or x = 50 km
30 50 3
4
Thus distance between the station A and B = 50 km 1st man 's speed b b 4
5
16. (c) Let the length of the journey be x km. 20. (b) Ratio of speed = = = =
2nd man 's speed a a 1
Suppose speed of the train be y km/h. 3
3
x
\ Time taken to cover x km = hours
y 24 3 36 6
= ´ = =
x x x x 5 10 25 5
\ = - 4, = +6
y+6 y y-6 y
12 6
Solving these equations, we get \ 2nd man 's speed =
5
y = 30, x = 720.
\ Length of the journey = 720 km. 60
\ 2nd man’s speed = = 10 km/hr..
17. (d) Let the average speed be x km/h. 6
and Total distance = y km. Then, 21. (d) Net distance gained by car over the bus
0.2 0.6 0.2 y = 40 + 60 = 100m, in 20 sec.
y+ y+ y=
10 30 20 x Distance
Time =
1 Relative speed
Þx= = 20km / h
0.05
100
18. (b) Let the distance between X and Y be x km. Þ 20 =
æ 5ö
Then, the speed of A is ç 36 ´ ÷ - S2
è 18 ø
x 2x
km/h and that of B is km/h. Þ S2 = 5 m/s = 18 kmph.
4 7 22. (b) Relative speed of the trains
2x x km x = (72 – 54) km/h = 18 km/h
km / h km / h
7 X Y 4
Relative speeds of the trains æ 5ö
= ç 18 ´ ÷ m/sec = 5 m/sec.
è 18 ø
æ x 2x ö 15x
= ç + ÷= km / h
Time taken by the trains to cross each other
è 4 7 ø 28
Therefore the distance between the trains at 7 a.m. = Time taken to cover (100 + 120) m at 5 m/sec

x x æ 220 ö
= x- = km =ç ÷ sec = 44 sec.
2 2 è 5 ø
Hence, time taken to cross each other
9
æ 5ö æ 16 ö
23. (d) 4.5 km/h = ç 4.5 ´ ÷ m/sec = 1.25 m/sec, = ç ÷ kmph = 4 kmph.
è 18 ø è 4 ø
\ Speed in still water
æ 5ö
& 5.4 km/h = ç 5.4 ´ ÷ m/sec = 1.5 m/sec. 1
è 18 ø = (8 + 4) = 6 km/h.
Let the speed of the train be S m/sec. 2
Then, (S – 1.25) × 8.4 = (S – 1.5) × 8.5 29. (d) Let them meet after t hours, then,
Þ 8.4S – 10.5 = 8.5S – 12.75 3t + 4t = 17.5 Þ t = 2.5
Þ 0.1S = 2.25 Þ S = 22.5. \ Time = 10 am + 2.5 h = 12 : 30pm
30. (b) Volume of water flowed in an hour
\ Speed of the train = æç 22.5 ´ ö÷ km/h = 81 km/h.
18 = 2000 × 40 × 3 cubic metre = 240000 cubic metre
è 5ø \ volume of water flowed in 1 minute
24. (a) Let speed of train be S km/h. 240000
Speed of train relative to man = = 4000 cubic metre = 40,00,000 litre
60
= [S – (– 6)] km/h 31. (b) Downstream speed = 15 + 5 = 20 km/h.

= (S + 6) ×
5
m/s \ Required distance = 20 ´ 24 = 8km.
18 60
32. (a) Man's speed in upstream = 4 – 2 = 2 km/h.
5 100 6
Now (S + 6) ´ = \ Required time = = 3 km / h
18 18 / 5 2
Þ S = 94 m / s 33. (d)
16
25. (a) Let speed of the boat in still water be x km/h and speed u
of the current be y km/h.
Then, upstream speed = (x – y) km/h
and downstream speed = (x + y) km/h
24 28 q
Now, + =6 …(i)
( x - y ) ( x + y)
3
30 21 13 Let the speed of the boat be u km per hour.
and + = …(ii) \ u cos q = 3, u sin q = 16
( x - y ) ( x + y) 2
16
Solving (i) and (ii), we have Þ tan q = 16 Þ sin q =
x = 10 km/h and y = 4 km/h 3 265
26. (a) In 2 minutes, he ascends = 1 metre Since, u sin q = 16
\ 10 metres, he ascends in 20 minutes.
\ He reaches the top in 21st minute. 16
Þ u. = 16
27. (a) Let the distance be x km. Let speed of train be y km/h. 265
Then by question, we have
Þ u = 265 = 16.28 km per hour
x x 30 \ Speed of the boat against the current
= + ...(i)
y + 4 y 60 = u – 3 = 16.28 – 3 = 13.28 km per hour.
x x 20 æ 16 ö
and = + ...(ii) 34. (b) Rate downstream = ç ÷ kmph = 8 kmph;
y - 2 y 60 è2ø
On solving (i) and (ii), we get x = 3y æ 16 ö
Rate upstream = ç ÷ kmph = 4 kmph.
Put x = 3y in (i) we get è 4 ø
3y 1 1
= 3+ \ Speed in still water = (8 + 4) = 6 km/h.
Þ y = 20 2
y+4 2
35. (c) Let the distance travelled during both upward and
Hence, distance = 20 × 3 = 60 km. downward journey be x km.
28. (b) Rate downstream Total distance covered
Average speed =
æ 16 ö Total time taken
= ç ÷ kmph = 8 kmph;
è2ø x+x 2 2 ´ 28 ´16
= = = = 20.36 km / h
Rate upstream x x 28 + 16 44
+
16 28 28 ´16