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Spot Dictation 3

American scientists announced this week that genetically engineered food is generally safe for humans and the 1.______.
The National Academies of 2.______, Engineering and Medicine found that changing the genetics of what we eat does not
carry the 3. ______ risks that opponents claim.
The Associated Press noted that the 4.______ of genetically engineered crops has yet to lead to a jump in food production,
as supporters claimed. The report did not find any conclusive evidence of environmental 5.______ from such crops.
Genetic engineering is the 6.______ of changing the genes of living things. The changed gene directs the 7.______or other
organism to do things it normally does not do.
The process of changing the genetic 8.______ of food crops has been debated for some time. Such foods are
9.______called GMOs — for genetically modified organisms, or GEs – meaning genetically edited.
For nearly 30 years, biologists have 10.______ genetic engineering to modify plant characteristics like, for example,
11.______vitamin levels. They also developed GE crops to resist insects and herbicide 12.______. Farmers use herbicides
to kill unwanted plants.
The science advisory board released its 408-page report on 13. ______. The group's members said that they 14. ______ it
is difficult to measure the indirect or long-term 15.______in health or the environment. They said it is important not to
make wide, far-reaching statements about genetically engineered foods.
The report said the scientists "found no substantiated evidence of a difference in risks to human 16.______ between
currently commercialized genetically engineered crops and conventionally bred crops, nor did it find conclusive
cause-and-effect evidence of environmental problems from the GE crops."
The group, however, did note that scientists do not agree about whether the 17.______ glyphosate [农药] 草甘膦 causes
cancer. Glyphosate is a herbicide that is often used with genetically engineered 18.______.
The scientists called for more investigation into the end-product of foods made from GE crops. They said 19.____ should
spend less time worrying about how such crops are 20.______.

script
American scientists announced this week that genetically engineered food is generally safe for humans and the
environment.
The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine found that changing the genetics of what we eat does not
carry the health risks that opponents claim.
The Associated Press noted that the growth of genetically engineered crops has yet to lead to a jump in food production,
as supporters claimed. The report did not find any conclusive evidence of environmental problems from such crops.
Genetic engineering is the technology of changing the genes of living things. The changed gene directs the plant or other
organism to do things it normally does not do.
The process of changing the genetic structure of food crops has been debated for some time. Such foods are commonly
called GMOs — for genetically modified organisms, or GEs – meaning genetically edited.
For nearly 30 years, biologists have used genetic engineering to modify plant characteristics like, for example, increasing
vitamin levels. They also developed GE crops to resist insects and herbicide products. Farmers use herbicides to kill
unwanted plants.
The science advisory board released its 408-page report on Tuesday. The group's members said that they recognize it is
difficult to measure the indirect or long-term effects in health or the environment. They said it is important not to make
wide, far-reaching statements about genetically engineered foods.
The report said the scientists "found no substantiated evidence of a difference in risks to human health between
currently commercialized genetically engineered crops and conventionally bred crops, nor did it find conclusive
cause-and-effect evidence of environmental problems from the GE crops."
The group, however, did note that scientists do not agree about whether the chemical glyphosate[农药] 草甘膦 causes cancer.
Glyphosate is a herbicide that is often used with genetically engineered crops.

They said officials should spend less time worrying about how such crops are created. .The scientists called for more investigation into the end-product of foods made from GE crops.