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CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV)

PRESENTATION

AN INTRODUCTION TO
AHD TECHNOLOGY
AHD : Analogue High Definition
960H TECHNOLOGY (2011-2014)
• '960H' is the name given to a series of CCD image sensors developed by the Sony
Corporation in 2009. These CCD image sensors are capable of capturing video
images at a resolution of 976hx528v. The 960h CCD sensor is often used in
conjunction with Sony's new DSP (Digital Signal Processor) known as Effio™,
which further enhances the quality of the video image.
• Traditionally the maximum resolution obtainable from an analogue CCTV camera
was 650 TVL (TV lines). With the use of Sony's new 960h CCD in conjuction with
features from the Effio DSP, resolutions of up to 700 TVL (JEITA TTR-4602B) can be
achieved. (Note: IP started 1996 but first AVMD is at year 2005)

AHD PRESENTATION
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AHD : Analogue High Definition
• New analog modulation technology based on coaxial cable (2015-now)
• Alternative standard for HD data transmission
• Open standards
• 500m transmission
• Smooth motion (no latency)
Pro’s :
• Price at analog segment with Full HD quality
• Long Distance Transmission – 500m
• Video signal is raw & not compressed
• No delay effect
• Ideal for upgrading without additional cabling costs
• Low maintenance costs & total cost of ownership (TCO)
Con’s:
• Require separate power cable at camera
• Require higher storage space & higher capacity HDD
• No high level interface, prone to electrical interference

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AHD : Analogue High Definition
AHD TECHNOLOGY
AHD stands for analog high definition, AHD is based on AHD standard which developed
by Korean chip-set manufacturer - NextChip. AHD is able to deliver uncompressed 720p
/ 1080p high definition video over Cat 75-3 coaxial cable, and transmission distance up
to 500 meters. This technology breakthrough the current HD video transmission
limitation (<= 100 meters), it can achieve low-cost, long range, no video latency, high
efficient megapixel resolution video transmission.
HD-TVI TECHNOLOGY
HD-TVI was developed by USA company - Techpoint. This new analog HD technology has
been deployed into Hikvision's analog security products. Hikvision takes advantage of
HD-TVI technology in order to against Dahua HD-CVI. Furthermore, HD-TVI receiver is
back compatible with 960H format, which means the HD-TVI DVR can receive analog
signals from analog 960H video cameras
HD-CVI TECHNOLOGY
Dahua developed and promoted the high-definition composite video interface (HD-CVI)
which based on megapixel CMOS image sensors with its own in-house image signal
processor (ISP). Based on the transmission technology of HD images over coaxial cables,
the HD-CVI technology is a technology that captures high-definition progressive scan
images, and transmits over coaxial cable in long distance.
 HD-TVI, AHD, HD-CVI share one thing in common: different from 960H that utilizes
CCD image sensor, HD-CVI and HD-TVI, as well as AHD adopt the megapixel AHD PRESENTATION
resolution progressive scan CMOS image sensor or Sony Exmor CMOS sensor.
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AHD : Analogue High Definition
ccHDtv (High definition closed-circuit television) TECHNOLOGY
ccHDtv (High definition closed-circuit television) is a new high definition video
surveillance solution. The core concept of ccHDtv is utilizing multiple video
technologies to transmit high definition signal over coaxial cable, or even transmit
wirelessly; in real test, ccHDtv solution can support 1080p 30fps or 1080p 60fps
video over a 5C2V/RG6 coaxial cable.
ccHDtv is developed by iTE Tech, a Taiwanese semiconductor manufacturer. This
solution utilizes DTV technologies including DVB-T, ISDB-T, and ATSC standards and
solves bandwidth and storage problems faced by traditional analog CCTVs in the past.
From market share survey, ccHDtv is not a popular solution, because only few
companies adopt this solution into their analog HD products.

AHD PRESENTATION
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AHD : Analogue High Definition
HD-MDI (High definition medium dependent interface) TECHNOLOGY
HD-MDI stands for high definition medium dependent interface, which is a
completely different analog HD solution. Based on twisted pair, HD-MDI transmits
high definition audio and video using a structure that is similar to traditional analog
video surveillance system. The HD-MDI products include HD-MDI cameras, HD-MDI
repeater, HD-MDI DVR, HD-MDI Optical Device, HD-MDI matrix, and HD-MDI audio
video capture cards.
Opposite to coaxial cable, HD-MDI uses an unshielded twisted pair (UTP) to transmit
uncompressed and no latency high definition video. Currently, the HD-MDI supports
720p / 1080p 30fps high definition video formats. This transmission method also
allows HD-MDI to transmit video over Cat 5 or Cat 6 network cables without
additional cost on cabling and switches.
What are advantages of HD-MDI?
• High definition video without compression, high clarity, no video latency
• Pure physical layer, no operating system, low power consumption, stability much
better than IP camera
• Point-to-point video transmission, high stability and reliability
• HD video signal can transmit to HD-MDI encoder for video displaying, switching,
analistic
• Using the unshielded twisted pair (Cat 5 or Cat 6 Ethernet cables) to transmit
signal, no additional wiring cost
AHD : Analogue High Definition

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AHD : Analogue High Definition
FACTS
FAQ for HD-Over-Coaxial solutions
• Do HD-TVI and AHD can connect with any type of DVR?
• Answer: The answer is no. Each of analog high definition solution has its own
format and specification, it must work with its own DVRs. The only solution that's
compatible with all formats is 960H. After testing, it was confirmed that different-
brand HDTVI and AHD cameras can work with their respective DVRs, as long as
the same format is used.
• Will HD-CVI and HDTVI completely replace 960H?
• Answer: The answer is no. In terms of what the 720p HD-over-coaxial solution
can offer, it is indeed very similar to 960H image quality. However, 960H products
still stand out since they are offered and supported by most of the current
camera vendors.
• Can the HDTVI DVR and HDCVI DVR support 720p and 1080p simultaneously?
• Answer: The answer is no. Test results show that HDTVI, HDCVI and AHD each can
support 720p ad 1080p cameras and corresponding 720p and 1080p DVRs. The
issue right now is whether the same DVR can record 720P and 1080P videos at
the same time, no matter which technology is employed. This still needs to be
confirmed.
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AHD : Analogue High Definition
• What's the difference between AHD-H, AHD-NH, AHD-M, AHD-L?
• The reason is AHD DVRs provide many different recording formats which we can't fully understand. Herein, the
information about these recording formats.
• AHD-H:
• AHD version 2.0, can support 2-megapixel, 1920x1080 resolution, resolution mark 1080H
• Connection: 1080p/960p/720p AHD Cameras, 960H CCTV Cameras
• Previewing, recording&playback: 1080p/720p, 960H resolution
• AHD-NH:
• AHD 2.0 version, can support 1-megapixel/1.3-megapixel, 960x1080 resolution, that’s the half 1080p resolution,
resolution mark 1080N
• Connection: 1080p/960p/720p AHD Cameras, 960H CCTV Cameras
• Previewing: 1080p/960p/720p/ 960H resolution
• Recording&playback: 1080N/720p/960H resolution
• AHD-M:
• AHD 1.0 version, support 1-megapixel/1.3-megapixel, 1280x720 resolution, resolution mark 720P
• Connection: 960p/720p AHD Cameras, 960H CCTV Cameras
• Previewing: 960p/720p/ 960H resolution
• Recording&playback: 720p/ 960H resolution
• AHD-L:
• AHD 0.8 version, support 960H resolution, 960x576 (PAL) or 960x480 (NTSC)
• Connection: 960H CCTV Cameras (CVBS/COMET)
• Previewing: 960H resolution
• Recording&playback: 960H resolution
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Or this…….!!!
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Thank You

Special Thanks to : Slide prepared and presented by Ir. KL Loo:

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