6 views

Uploaded by Sachin Shekhawat

thi is it

thi is it

© All Rights Reserved

- Final Bfc 2073 @ Bfc21103 Hydraulics -s11112
- 123607 Eo
- 06 PIPING Design Basis.pdf
- Pages From c2TR (1)
- BARC payemnt_challan
- Elmes I Bab 9.pptx
- Corrosion 11
- Santosh Takale UPSC MPSC Competitive Exam Residential Study Center Selection Procedure
- Jee Advanced 2015 Phy i i Questions Solutions
- Current Affairs July 2014 Fourth Week
- Chapter 6 Stress Distribution in Soils Due to Surface Loads _ Elisa Atrya
- Screenshots of Pipe Stress Analysis in Action
- Eclipse
- Contact Us _ Kaddas.pdf
- theory.pdf
- ASME-AnApproachtoDerivePrimaryBendingStressfromFiniteElementAnalysisforPressureVesselsandApplicationsStructuralDesign (1)
- g Fortran
- Stress & Support
- Symmetry Boundary Conditions
- B4 Stress Analysis_ (1)

You are on page 1of 35

1N0000258 |

3

3

"ro

THE ASME CODE QUALIFICATION OF

CLASS-1 NUCLEAR PIPING SYSTEMS

by

Rajesh Mishra, C. Umashankar, R. S. Soni, H. S. Kushwaha

and

V. Venkat Raj

Health, Safety & Environment Group

1999

3 1 - 11

BARC/1999/E/037

« GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

g ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

THE ASME CODE QUALIFICATION OF

CLASS-I NUCLEAR PIPING SYSTEMS

by

RajeshMishra, C. Umashankar, R.S. Soni, H.S. Kushwaha

and

V.VenkatRaj

Health, Safely & Environment Group

MUMBAI, INDIA

1999

BARC/1999/E/037

(as per IS : 9400 -1980)

0

02 Distribution: External

08 Contract No.:

10 Title and subtitle: Development of a software for the ASME Code qualification of

class-1 nuclear piping systems

13 Project No.:

V.VenkatRaj

Research Centre, Mumbai

BARC, Mumbai

24 Sponsors) Name : Department of Atomic Energy

Type: Government

Contd... (ii)

-i-

30 Date of submission: October 1999

52 No. of references: 6 reft.

60

Abstract: In nuclear industry, the designer often comes across the requirements of Class-1 piping

systems which need to be qualified for various normal and abnormal loading conditions. In order to

have quick design changes and the design reviews at various stages of design, it is quite helpful if a

dedicated software is available for the qualification of Class-1 piping systems. BARC has already

purchased a piping analysis software CAESAR-II and has used it for the Life Extension of Heavy

Water Plant, Kota. CAESAR-II facilitates the qualification of Class-2 and Class-3 piping systems

among others. However, the present version of CAESAR-II does not have the capability to perform

stress checks for the ASME Class-1 nuclear piping systems. With this requirement in mind and the

prohibitive costs of commercially available softwares for the Class-1 piping analyses, it was decided to

develop a separate software for this class of piping in such a way that the input and output details of

the piping from the CAESAR-II software can be made use of. This report principally contains the

details regarding development of a software for codal qualification of Class-1 nuclear piping as per

ASME Code Section-in, NB-3600. The entire work was carried out in three phases. The first phase

consisted of development of the routines for reading the output files obtained from the CAESAR-H

software, and converting them into required format for further processing. In this phase, the node-

wise informations available from the CAESAR-II output file were converted into element-wise

informations. The second phase was to develop a general subroutine for reading the various input

parameters such as diameter, wall thickness, corrosion allowance, bend radius and also to recognize

the bend elements based on the bend radius, directly from the input file of CAESER-II software. The

third phase was regarding the incorporation of the required steps for performing the ASME Codal

checks as per NB-3600 for Class-1 piping systems. The developed software has been tested analytically

for verification of the results and has been found to be performing satisfactorily.

VALIDATION; C CODES; LOSS OF COOLANT; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; STRESSES;

STRESS ANALYSIS; REACTOR SAFETY; FLOWSHEETS; TESTING

99 Supplementary elements:

•it-

ABSTRACT

Class-1 piping systems which need to be qualified for various normal and abnormal

loading conditions. In order to have quick design changes and the design reviews at

various stages of design, it is quite helpful if a dedicated software is available for the

qualification of Class-1 piping systems. BARC has already purchased a piping analysis

software CAESAR-II and has used it for the Life Extension of Heavy Water Plant, Kota.

CAESAR-II facilitates the qualification of Class-2 and Class-3 piping systems among

others. However, the present version of CAESAR-II does not have the capability to

perform stress checks for the ASME Class-1 nuclear piping systems. With this

requirement in mind and the prohibitive costs of commercially available softwares for the

Class-1 piping analyses, it was decided to develop a separate software for this class of

piping in such a way that the input and output details of the piping from the CAESAR-II

software can be made use of. This report principally contains the details regarding

development of a software for codal qualification of Class-1 nuclear piping as per ASME

Code Section-Ill, NB-3600.

The entire work was carried out in three phases. The first phase consisted

of development of the routines for reading the output files obtained from the

CAESAR-II software, and converting them into required format for further processing.

In this phase, the node-wise informations available from the CAESAR-II output file were

converted into element-wise informations. The second phase was to develop a general

subroutine for reading the various input parameters such as diameter, wall thickness,

corrosion allowance, bend radius and also to recognize the bend elements based on the

bend radius, directly from the input file of CAESER-II software.

The third phase was regarding the incorporation of the required steps for

performing the ASME Codal checks as per NB-3600 for Class-1 piping systems. The

developed software has been tested analytically for verification of the results and has

been found to be performing satisfactorily.

CONTENTS

Page nos.

1.0 Introduction 3

2.0 Features of Existing Piping Analysis Software CAESAR-n 4

3.0 Need for a Separate Software for Class-1 Piping Qualification 4

4.0 Development of Post-Processor for Qualification of Class-1 Piping

4.1 Static Analysis 5

4.2 Dynamic Analysis (Inertial) 5

4.3 Missing Mass Correction 6

5.0 Procedure of Qualification for Class-1 Piping

5.1 General Requirements (As per NB-3651) 6

5.2 Consideration of Design Conditions (As per NB-3652) 7

5.3 Consideration of Level-A Service Limits (As per NB-3653) 8

5.4 Consideration of Level-B Service Limits (As per NB-3654) 11

5.5 Consideration of Level-C Service Limits (As per NB-3655) 12

5.6 Consideration of Level-D Service Limits (As per NB-3656) 12

5.6.1 As per Old Code 13

5.6.2 As per New Code( 1998 Edition) 13

6.0 Choice of FORTRAN Language for Development of the Software 13

7.0 Organisation of the Program

7.1Phase-I 14

7.2 Phase-II 15

7.3Phase-m 15

8.0 Testing 16

9.0 Conclusions 16

10.0 References 17

Tables 18

Figures 20

Appendix-A: Sample Formatted Tables for Various Files 24

1.0 Introduction

lifeline for these plants. The importance of piping systems can be realized from the fact

that in many plants, the cost of piping approaches about 50-60% of the total plant cost.

In the nuclear industry, piping systems play a major role of carrying various radioactive

liquids from one equipment to the other. The very fact that these systems carry

radioactive liquids, calls for utmost care in their design and analysis in order to safeguard

the plant personnel as well as the public at large. The most crucial piping components in a

nuclear plant are those which form the part of primary pressure boundary, the failure of

which may result in direct release of fission products into the containment atmosphere.

Therefore, the primary pressure boundary piping is assigned the highest safety class i.e.,

the Safety Class-1 for its design and qualification. The design of such piping is usually

carried out by using the ASME Code, Section-in, Subsection-NB. It is required to

qualify the Class-1 piping not only for all the normal conditions, i.e. dead weight,

pressure, temperature etc. but also for the abnormal events like earthquake, Loss of

Coolant Accident (LOCA) etc.

While a number of softwares are available in the market for the piping

analysis, there are only a few commercially available softwares which have the

capability of performing the Class-1 piping qualification, viz. PS-CAEPIPE. However,

the cost of such softwares is abnormally high and unjustifiable.

has used it for the Life Extension of Heavy Water Plant, Kota. The software CAESAR-H,

has the capabilities for the qualification of piping systems designed as per ANSI B31.1,

B31.3 and various other codes including ASME Section-in, Subsections NC (for Class-2

piping) & ND (for Class-3 piping). This software has the main limitation that it does not

have the capability for qualification of Class-1 piping. Upgrading this software was

considered as an economical means of fulfilling the need for Class-1 piping qualification.

aforementioned requirement, it was decided to develop a software which should be able

to interact with the input and output files of CEASAR-II for the generation of required

inputs for further processing. Thus, a separate software has been developed for the

qualification of Class-1 piping which uses the information obtained from static and

dynamic files of CAESAR-II software and also picks up the required input data for

qualification of the piping as per the requirements of ASME Section-in, Div.l,

Subsection-NB.

2.0 Features of Existing Piping Analysis Software CAESAR-II

package is an engineering tool used in the mechanical design and analysis of piping

systems. The CAESAR-II user creates a model of the piping system using simple straight

beam elements and curved pipe elements and defines the loading conditions imposed on

the system. With this input, CAESAR-H produces results in the form of deflections,

loads, and stresses throughout the system. Additionally, CAESAR-H also compares these

results with their codal limits and gives the stress output by expressing induced stress in

the form of percentage of allowable values.

connected fittings, equipment, various supports etc., and analyzing them for the full

range of static and dynamic loads which may be imposed on the system. Therefore,

CAESAR-H is not only a good tool for new design, but it is also quite valuable in

troubleshooting or redesigning the existing systems. Other capabilities of this software

include the codal stress checks, analyses for water hammer and relief valve discharge

loads, calculations of stresses as per WRC-107 & WRC-297, equipment related checks,

fatigue leakage calculations, analysis of buried piping, etc. In addition to these, it has a

strong database of various pipe sizes, materials, valves, flanges, bellows, hangers, etc.

Class-1 piping systems which need to be qualified for various normal and abnormal

loading conditions. In order to have quick design changes and the design reviews at

various stages of design, it is quite helpful if a dedicated software is available for the

qualification of Class-1 piping systems. With this requirement in mind and the prohibitive

costs of commercially available softwares for the Class-1 piping analyses, it was decided

to develop a separate software for this class of piping in such a way that the input and

output details of the piping from the CAESAR-D software can be made use of. The

existing modules of CAES AR-II software could not be accessed for this development

since the source code is not available. Moreover, the Class-2 and Class-3 piping analysis

capabilities of CAESAR-II could not be explored for the qualification of Class-1 piping

on account of the following reasons:

(a) The procedure for qualification of piping systems for Class-1 piping is completely

different from the procedure adopted for Class-2 and Class-3 piping.

(b) The equations used in the code NB (Class-1) and the load combination checks

suggested in it, are different from those required to be carried out for codes NC

(Class-2) & ND (Class-3).

(c) Stress Intensification Factors (SDFs) used in the equations are different for NB (Class-

1) and NC (Class-2), ND (CIass-3) codes. The primary plus secondary stress check for

Class-1 piping uses Q & C2 stress indices whereas for the Class-2 and Class-3

pipings, i is used as the SIF.

(d) For Service Levels-A & B conditions, there is no elasto-plastic discontinuity analysis

procedure defined in codes NC (Class-2) & ND (Class-3) whereas these are well

defined in NB (Class-!) code.

under normal operating conditions. However, they are also designed to withstand upset

conditions like Operating basis Earthquake(OBE) and emergency conditions like, Safe

shutdown Earthquake(SSE). All the loadings are categorized into following service

levels, as defined in ASME section-in, Sub-section : NCA (Ref.2), and pipings have to be

qualified accordingly:

B) Service level -A : Operating pressure, temperature

C) Service level -B : Pressure, temperature, OBE

D) Service level -C : Pressure, weight loading, SSE

E) Service level -D : Pressure, weight loading, SSE, Loss Of Coolant Accident

(LOCA)

Analysis of piping systems can be divided into the following three stages :

4.1 Static Analysis - This is carried out to evaluate the response of piping due to weight,

internal pressure and thermal loading.

4.2 Dynamic Analysis (Inertial) - This is carried out to evaluate the response due to

OBE and SSE. The earthquake loading is applied in two horizontal directions, i.e. North-

South, East-West and Vertical direction utilizing the respective site spectra or floor

response spectra.

The responses due to various modes are combined using any one of the

modal combination methods viz., Grouping method, 10% Square Root Sum of Squares

method (SRSS), Double Sum method (DSRSS), Absolute method & SRSS method.

Spatial combinations are carried out using SRSS method. The response due to Seismic

Anchor Movement (SAM) is also calculated and added with the inertial response in an

absolute manner.

4.3 Missing Mass Correction - In order to account for the missing mass in various

directions, which has not participated upto the floor ZPA (Zero Period Acceleration)

frequency or upto the cut-off frequency in the seismic inertial analysis, the rigid body

mode response is estimated by pseudostatic method, which uses the appropriate

acceleration value either corresponding to the floor ZPA or corresponding to the cut-off

frequency.

Analysis of piping system should be carried out for the following stresses:

(i) Primary stress check: This is carried out to evaluate the stresses due to dead weight &

pressure loading,

(ii) Primary plus Secondary stress check : This is carried out to evaluate the stresses on

the piping system due to thermal expansion, thermal anchor movements and due to

earthquake loading,

(iii) Peak stress check : This analysis is carried out to find out peak stress intensity range

which is utilised for carrying out fatigue check on the system.

levels are as follows:

(ii) Level-A service limits: primary + secondary stress intensity range check

(iii) Level-B service limits : primary stress check and primary + secondary stress

intensity range check

(iv) Level-C service limits : primary stress check

(v) Level-D service limits: primary stress check

perform several piping analyses in accordance with the requirements of NB-3672 and to

use the moments and forces obtained from these analyses as required in NB-3650. After

evaluation of the forces and moments, the stresses are calculated and it is ensured that

they are within the allowable values, as prescribed by ASME, Sec.HI, Div.l, Subsection-

NB for Class-1 Components. Following nomenclature has been adopted while performing

the stress checks:

Mi,j = Moment about i-th axis due to j-th loading (for static case)

(Mi,n)k = Moment about i-th axis for n-th loading, with excitation in k-th direction (for

dynamic case).

Where,

i = x for x-direction

= y for x-direction

= z for x-direction

= pr + th for pressure and thermal loading

= ps for pseudostatic rigid body response

= SSE for Safe Shutdown Earthquake loading

= E-W for Horizontal East-west direction

= VER for Vertical direction

requirement of Equation (9) is met. The primary stress is any normal stress or a shear

stress developed by an imposed loading which is necessary to satisfy the laws of

equilibrium of external and internal forces and moments. The basic characteristic of a

primary stress is that it is not self-limiting.

P * Do Do * Mi

+ B2* <n.5Sm (9)

2*t 2*1

where,

Bl, B2 = Primary stress indices for the specific product under investigation

(NB-3680)

P - Design pressure, Kgf/mm2

Do = outside diameter of pipe, mm (NB-3683)

t = nominal wall thickness of product, mm (NB3683)

I a Moment of Inertia (mm4)

Mi = resultant moment due to a combination of Design Mechanical

Loads, Kgf-mm. All Design Mechanical loads and combinations

thereof shall be provided in the Design specification. In the

combination of loads, all directional moment components in

the same direction shall be combined before determining the

resultant moment (i.e., resultant moments from different load

sets shall not be used in calculating the moment Mi). If the

method of analysis for earthquake or other dynamic loads is such that

only magnitudes without relative algebraic signs are obtained, the

most conservative combination shall be assumed.

X B.W = SQRT((( MX,OBE) E-W)2 + ((Mx,re) E-W)2)

X VER = SQRT((( MX, O B E) VER)2 + ((Mx,re) VER)2)

2

MX,OBE= SQRT((X N.s) + (X E -w V + ( X V E R f)

Then,

plus secondary stress intensity range is required as per NB-3653.1. Secondary stress is a

normal stress or a shear stress developed by the constraint of adjacent material or by self-

constraint of the structure. The basic character of a secondary stress is that it is self-

limiting.

mechanical or thermal loading which take place as the system goes from one load set,

such as pressure, temperature, moment, and force loading, to any other load set which

follows it in time. It is the range of pressure, temperature, and moment between two load

sets which is to be used in the calculations. For example, one of the load sets to be

included is that corresponding to zero pressure, zero moment, and room temperature.

Equation (10) shall be satisfied for all pairs of load sets:

Po* Do Do* Mi

Sn m Cl* + C2* £ 3Sm (10)

2 *t 2*1

where,

investigation (NB-3680)

from one service load set to another, Kgf-mm. Service loads

and combinations thereof shall be provided in the Design

specification. In the combination of moments from load sets, all

directional moments components in the same direction shall be

combined before determining the resultant moment (i.e. resultant

moments from different load sets shall not be used in calculating

the moment range Mi). Weight effects need not be considered in

determining the loading range since they are non-cyclic in

character. If the method of analysis is such that only magnitudes

without relative algebraic signs are obtained, the most

conservative combination shall be assumed. If a combination

includes reversing dynamic loads, Mi shall be either:

all loads considering one-half the range of the reversing

dynamic loads; or

2) The resultant range of moment due to the full range of the

reversing dynamic loads alone, whichever is greater.

Level A include pressure, weight and thermal loads only.

Thus, Mi can be defined as follows:

A= Mx.pr + tf,

B=

C=

Mi =SQRT( A 2 + B 2 + C 2 )

If the above equation (10) cannot be satisfied for all pairs of load sets, an

alternative approach, i.e. simplified elastic-plastic discontinuity analysis can be adopted

as given in NB 3653.6 which is as follows:

Only those pairs of load sets which do not satisfy Equation (10) need to

be considered. First Equation (12) shall be satisfied.

Do* Mi

C2 * £ 3Sm (12)

2*1

movements only.

Po*Do Do* Mi

Sn = Cl* + C2 * £ 3Sm (13)

2 *t 2*1

Mi = Resultant moment due to loads other than thermal bending and thermal expansion

stresses.

10

5.4 Consideration of Service Level B Limits (As per NB-3654)

Service loadings for which Level-B service limits are designated, are the same as those

given in NB-3653 for Level-A service limits.

P*Do Do* Mi

+ B2* £ min(L8Sm,1.5Sy) —(9)

2* t 2*1

where,

Pa (Allowable pressure)

= (2 Sm t)/( Do - 2yt ) where, y = 0.4

The primary plus secondary stress intensity range for each pair of load sets

is checked as per equation (10) where,

Po* Do Do* Mi

Sn = Cl* + C2 * £ 3Sm (10)

2 *t 2*1

A= !Mx, pr+ th I + Mx, OBE (Mx, OBE as defined under design condition)

11

M u =SQRT( A 2 + B 2 + C 2 )

If the above equation (10) cannot be satisfied for all pairs of load sets, an

alternative approach, i.e. simplified elastic-plastic discontinuity analysis can be adopted

as given in NB-3653.6 which is described above under Service Level-A condition.

for which Level C limits are designated which do not include reversing dynamic loads or

have reversing dynamic loads combined with .nonreversing dynamic loads, the condition

of equation (9) of NB-3652 shall be satisfied as follows:

P * Do Do * Mi

B,* + B2* £ min (2.25 Sin, 1.8 Sy) (9)

2* t 2*1

where,

moments, in place of OBE moments.

which Level D service limits are designated which do not include reversing dynamic

loads or have reversing dynamic loads combined with nonreversing dynamic loads,

equation (9) shall be satisfied as follows:

12

5.6.1 As Per Old Code

P * Do Do * Mi

B,* + B2* £ min(3Sm,2Sy) (9)

2*t 2*1

The permissible pressure shall not exceed 2.0 times the pressure Pa.

In the new code, apart from the criteria for reversing dynamic loads that

are not required to combined with non reversing dynamic loads code has permitted to go

upto 4.5 Sm value. Apart from this kind of loading, the criteria defined above should be

followed. The stress due to weight and inertial loading due to reversing dynamic loads in

combination with the Level D coincident pressure shall not exceed the following:

P * Do Do * Me

- + B2* S 4.5 Sm (9)

2*t 2*1

where,

Me = the amplitude of the resultant moment due to inertia] loading from

earthquake, other reversing type dynamic events and weight.

the most widely used, computer programming languages scientific and engineering

applications (Ref.4). Its continued success is not only due to its power and versatility in

dealing with computationally intensive problems and the availability of a wide range of

specialized mathematical and statistical library programs, but also due to its efficiency

and rapid program execution.

number of revisions, with FORTRAN-IV being the first standardized version issued in

1966, by American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The version (FORTRAN 77) is

more compatible with the principles of structured programming and various other features

such as the improved capabilities in manipulating non-numeric data and in processing

external files. A newer version (FORTRAN 90) with significant upgradation is also

13

available in the market. Here, the software development work has been carried out using

Microsoft FORTRAN (Refs,5&6).

development is shown in Fig 1. The work was carried out in the following three phases:

a) Phase - 1 : Development of module for reading the required parameters from the

output of CAESAR-H, basically the moments for both static and

dynamic load cases.

b) Phase • II: Development of module for reading the required parameters from the

input sheet of CAESAR-II, like diameter, wall thickness, corrosion

allowance, bend radius and pressure.

ASME Code Section III, Subsection NB, for various service levels

and for checking the results as per the code specified limits and to

display the results in presentable formats.

7.1 Phase-I

Phase-I, deals with reading the results from the CAESAR-H software

output neutral files. A sample dynamic output sheet obtained from CAESAR-H is shown

as Table A-l in Appendix A.

The main aim is to pick up the moments from the output files of

CAESAR-II. For picking up of the values from the format of the neutral files, the work

would have been simple if there is no random variation in the CAESAR-H output. But

this was not the case, there were variations, in the formatting of the outputs obtained from

CAESAR-II. Thus, the whole work was becoming more and more challenging and

interesting.

Phase-I work involved the development of two small modules for reading

the "STATIC" & "DYNAMIC" outputs from the CAESAR-U and subsequently to be

written in intermediate files. The working and reliability of the programs have been

14

checked for various real life problems. A sample intermediate file obtained from the

developed program is attached as Table A-2 in Appendix A.

7.2 Phase-II

from the input sheet,, such as the diameter, wall thickness, corrosion allowance, bend

radius and pressure. The aim was to incorporate element-wise data in the final output

sheet and also to specify the type, whether straight pipe or bend, corresponding to the

element number. The CAESAR-H input neutral file provides only node-wise data and

also adds complications further with variations in format, in each and every page. Hence,

significant effort was required to pick-up the required input data, node-wise and to

convert them into element-wise, with due recognition for element types. A sample input

neutral file obtained from CAESAR-II is shown in the attached Table A-3 in Appendix A.

WEIGHT' was specified in input sheet (Since CAESAR-II output files omits results for

such elements). This required special logic to be incorporated in the software, while

reading the input neutral files to recognize the rigid elements and discard them. The final

part of phase-II was to obtain the read data in a required format in an intermediate file, so

that it can be used as and when required in the main program in Phase-ID (Software

which is evolved for "ASME CODAL CHECK" for class-I piping systems as per NB-

3600). These picked-up values are to be utilized for satisfying equations 9 and 10 as

described above, as per the requirements of various service levels. A sample intermediate

file generated by developed program with the aforementioned aim in mind, is attached

as Table A-4 in Appendix A.

7.3 Phase-Ill

This phase utilizes the intermediate input & output files generated with the

help of software modules developed under Phase-I and Phase-II. Phase-Hi, is the final

part of this program. The main aim of this phase is the qualification of Class-1 piping

for various load cases, as per ASME^code NB-3600 as described in para 5.0 above.

performing various calculations as per the requirements of NB-3600) is shown as Table

A-5 (Design condition and Level-D service-level) & Table A-6 (for service levels A, B &

C) which are given in Appendix-A. These output sheets also show the final results in

comparison with the permissible limits specified by the ASME code.

15

8.0 Testing

A typical real-life plant problem has been solved using the developed

software and the comparison of results obtained from developed software to that obtained

analytically is included in this report. The piping layout as shown in Fig. 2 is connected

with three process towers. Various supporting arrangements i.e. anchors, directional

restraints and hangers on this layout is shown in Fig. 3. Mathematical model developed

using piping analysis software CAESAR-H is shown in Fig. 4.

The results were obtained as per the requirements for the different load conditions

using Equation (9) and Equation (10) using the developed software. The results obtained

from developed software for a few typical locations (both bend and straight pipe

locations) for various service levels were checked analytically as well and the

comparative results are shown in tabular forms in Tables 1-3. As evident from these

tables, the results obtained from the developed software are found to be in excellent

agreement with the analytical ones, thus ensuring that the developed software is capable

of performing the required ASME code qualification for Class-1 nuclear piping systems.

9.0 Conclusions

A software for Class-1 piping system qualification has been developed and

tested successfully. This software incorporates following capabilities to facilitate the user:

1. The software picks-up the output forces directly from the output neutral files of

CAESAR-II.

2. The software picks-up the required input parameters from CAESAR-U input neutral

file directly.

3. The software has demonstrated capability for qualifying Class-1 piping for various

service levels as per ASME Section-Ill Subsection NCA load combinations.

4. A few practical test problems were solved using the software developed. The results

obtained from the software agree well with the analytical results.

16

10.0 References

1. Piping Analysis Software CAESAR-D, Version 3.23, COADE Inc. Houston, Texas,

USA

2. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section-Ill, Div. 1, Sub-section NCA, 1998

3. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Sectiori-III, Div. 1, Sub-section NB, 1998

17

TABLE 1 : Comparison of Results obtained from the Software with the Analytical Results

for Test Problem (Figs.2-4) (Design condition Eq. 9 (Ref.3))

software

109 Bend Resultant Moment 0.38743E7 0.38743E7

(Kgf-mm)

(Kgf/mm2)

50 Straight Pipe Resultant Moment 0.73169E7 0.7316917

(Kgf-mm)

(Kgf/mm2)

TABLE 2 : Comparison of Results obtained from the Software with the Analytical Results

for Test Problem (Figs.2-4)

(Element software

type)

Design 10 Resultant Moment 1.70019E9 1.7006E9

Condition (Straight (Kgf-mm)

(eq. 9) Pipe)

Induced Stresses 4.647206 4.648

(Kgf/mm2)

Level - A 10 Resultant Moment 0.01132E9 0.01129E9

(eq. 10) (Straight (Kgf-mm)

Pipe)

Induced Stresses 0.0112 0.011

(Kgf/mm2)

Level - B 10 Resultant moment 3.38745E9 3.3878E9

(eq. 10) (Straight (Kgf-mm)

Pipe)

Induced Stresses 9.26255 9.263

(Kgf/rrlm2)

Level - C 10 Resultant Moment 2.05627E9 2.0549E9

(eq. 9) (Straight (Kgf-mm)

Pipe)

Induced Stresses 5.5245 5.521

(Kgf/mm2)

18

TABLE 3 : Comparison of Results obtained from the Software with the Analytical Results

for Test Problem (Figs.2-4)

(Element software

type)

Design 119 Induced Stresses 2.0617 2.062

Condition (Bend) (Kgf/mm2)

(eq.9)

Level - A 119 Induced Stresses 0.0031 0.003

(eq. 10) (Bend) (Kgf/mm2)

(eq. 10) (Bend) (Kgf/mm2)

(eq-9) (Bend) (Kgf/mm2)

(eq. 9) (Bend) (Kgf/mm2)

19

c CAESER-II INPUT

NEUTRAL FILE

y-L 7

READ GEOMETRICAL,

DATA

( *

CEASER-II OUTPUT

NEUTRAL FILE y-i READ FORCES

AND MOMENTS

U - |PDo/2(SE+Py)l+A

t •

CHECK FOR DESIGN CONDITION (Wt+Pr+OBE)(NB 3652. EQ.9)

- ^ SERVICE LEVEL - A ^ -

NO (Pr+TH) YES

IF CHECK FOR

-—_ CREEP REQUIRED ^*-

CHECK FOR (Pr+Th)fNB 3653. EQ.IO; CHECK FOR CREEP (NB 3653. EQ.IO)

<

''1k + Ca*$?-<3 S«

SERVICE LEVEL B EQ.9 CHECK

Cj^-« J3 S m

R PDo . R M 1.8 S,

SERVICE LEVEL - B

YES NO

(TH+OBE) NB 3654. EQ.10

(TH+0BE)>(2 OBE)

USE RESULTANT MOMENT (Mo) USE RESULTANT MOMENT (Mo)

DUE TO (TH-»-OBE)LOADINGS DUE TO 20BE LOADINGS

PDo Mo

1

SERVICE LEVEL-C (Wt+Pr+SSE)(NB 3655, EQ. 9)

r | ^ S Sm

SERVICE LEVEL - 0

(Wt+Pr+SSE+LOCA)

F CHECK REOD. AS

PER OLD CODE

AS PER NEW CODE AS PER OLD CODE

S . - 4 . 5 Sm .5 S»

CHECK AS PER NB 3656, EQ.9

FIL£NAME:RM1

20

1617TE

PROCESS

TOWERS

ro

PPELME

FLANGED VALVE

NOZZLE

1617TE

SYMBOLS

- ORECTIONM.

4E8TRAMT

1617TE 1180

Appendix-A

CAESAR II Ver 3.23 Job: N22IN Date NOV 27,1998 Time 18:25 Page: 1

Licensed To: BARC ID 15257

LOCAL FORCE REPORT, Forces on Elements

(OCC)SHOCK CASE # 1

a i

TOTALS.. .. Fa Fb Fc Ma Mb Me

MODE MAX .. Fa/Mode Fb/Mode Fc/Mode Ma /Mode Mb/Mode Me/Mode

n 37 8 41057 14792 28744

1 X(l) 1 }((1) 2 55(1) 1 X(l) 1 X(l) 1 X(l)

109 13 39 11 22004 14477 35484

9 37 7 16878 12877 29629

9 36 7 16878 12877 29629

1) 1 1Ml) 1 }Ml) 1 X(l) 1 X(l) 1 X(l)

110 10 39 13 2761 7602 22505

7 36 11 1721 6862 17849

1) 1 JC(l) 1 >C(l) 2 Z(l) 1 X(l) 2 Z(l)

** The largest modal component

*** largest modal component due to mode (1),loading direction (X)i

load component number (1)

TABLE A-1:A typical dynamic output sheet obtained from piping analysis

software CEASAR-II for the layout shown in Fig.2

25

ELEMENT NODE MOMENT (Kgf-mm)

No. No. Mx My Mz M*

108 .23800E+04 . 54258E+05 -.12050E+-05 .55631E+05

109 .10321E+05 .34133E+05 .71200E+04 .36363E+05

110 .12450E+05 .23380E+04 -.19810E+04 .12822E+05

115 .12450E+05 .14602E+05 .18480E+04 .19278E+05

5 115 -.12450E+05 .14602E+05 -.18480E+04 .19278E+05

118 .12450E+05 .26732E+05 .16560E+04 .29535E+05

6 118 -.12450E+05 .11197E+05 .24330E+05 .29535E+05

119 -.11419E+05 .12646E+05 -.30550E+05 .34980E+05

7 119 -11419E+05 .12646E+05 .30550E+05 .34980E+05

120 -.26618E+05 .10566E+05 -.33980E+04 .28839E+05

8 120 .26618E+05 .33980E+04 -.10566E+05 .28839E+05

130 -.26618E+05 .69031E+05 .88240E+04 .74509E+05

9 130 .26667E+05 .69031E+05 -.86760E+04 .74510E+05

138 -.26667E+05 .60250E+05 .85540E+04 .66441E+05

10 138 -26667E+05 .85540E+04 -.60250E+05 .66441E+05

139 .33380E+04 .87800E+03 .14939E+05 .15333E+05

11 139 -.33380E+04 .87800E+03 -.14939E+05 .15333E+05

140 -.13940E+04 .11256E+05 -.23613E+05 .26196E+05

by the module of the developed software from the

CEASAR-II static output neutral file for problem

shown in Pig.2.

26

CAESAR I I VERS 3 . 2 3 JOBNAME:N22IN NOV 271998 6:19pm Page 1

L i c e n s e d To: BARC . ID: 15257

PIPE DATA

PIPE

Dia= 168.275 mm. Wall= 10.972 mm. Insul= 40.000 mm. Cor= 6.0000 mm.

GENERAL

Tl= 25 C T2= 21 C Pl= .2040 Kg./sq.mm P2= .1620 Kg./sq.mm

Mat= (l)LOW CARBON STEEL E= 20741 Kg./sq.mm v = .292

Density= .0080 kg./cu.cm. Insul= .0001 kg./cu.cm.

Fluid= .00021280 kg./cu.cm.

BEND at "TO" end

Radius= 75.0.000 mm. (user) Bend Angle= 90.000 Angle/Node @1= 45.00 109

Angle/Node @2= .00 108

RESTRAINTS

Node 100 ANC

SIF's & TEE'S

Node 110 <No Type Specified> Sif(in)= 2.373 Sif(out)= 2.373

ALLOWABLE STRESSES

B31.1 (1992) Sc= 12 Kg./sq.mm Shl= 12 Kg./sq.mm Sh2= 12 Kg./sq.m

m

From 110 To 115 DZ= -1000.000 mm.

BEND at "TO" end

Radius= 750.000 mm. (user) Bend Angle= 90.000 Angle/Node @1= 45.00 119

Angle/Node @2= .00 118

SIF's & TEE'S

Node 120 <No Type Specified> Sif(in)= 2.373 Sif(out)= 2.373

From 120 To 130 DX= -1818.440 mm. DY= -704.110 mm.

RESTRAINTS

Node 130 Y K= 3832 Kg./mm

BEND at "TO" end

Radius= 750.000 mm. (user) Bend Angle= 90.000 Angle/Node @1= 45.00 139

Angle/Node ®2= .00 138

SIF's & TEE'S

Node 140 <No Type Specified> Sif(in)= 2.373 Sif(out)= 2.373

TABLE A-3:Input neutral file generated from piping analysis software CAESAR-II

for the problem shown in Fig.2

27

ELEMENT NODE O.D. THICK- CORROSION BEND PRESS. ELE.

No. No. NESS ALLOWANCE RADIUS (DESIGN) TYPE

(ram) (mm) (mm) (ram) (kgf/sq.mm)

108 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

2 108 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

109 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

3 109 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

110 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

115 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

5 115 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

118 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

6 118 168.27 10;97 *6.00 750.00 .204 bend

119 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

7 119 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

120 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

8 120 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

130 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

9 130 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

138 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

10 138 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

139 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

11 139 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

140 168.27 10.97 6.00 750.00 .204 bend

143 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

146 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

147 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

150 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

160 168.27 10.97 6.00 .00 .204 str

200 168.27 7.11 .00 .00 .204 str

TABLE A-4: A typical intermediate input file generated for the problem shown

in Fig.2, by the module of the developed software from the input

neutral file (TABLE A-3)

28

Stress checks for Design condition & Service Level D using code equation (9)

NO. NO. TYPE DESIGN LEVEL D DESIGN LEVEL D

kgf /tm2 Kgf/mm2 kgf/mm2 Kgf/mm2

1 100 bend 2.42 .20Sm 2.42 .20Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

108 bend 2.38 .20Sm 2.38 . 20Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

2 108 bend 2.38 ,20Sm 2.38 .20Sra 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

109 bend 2.18 .18Sm 2.18 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

3 109 bend 2.18 .18Sm 2.18 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

110 bend 1.88 .16Sm 1.88 .16Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

4 110 str 2.08 .17Sm 2.09 .17Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

115 str 2.05 .17Sm 2.06 .17Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sro

5 115 bend 1.85 .15Sm 1.85 .15Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

118 bend 1.92 .16Sm 1.92 .16Sra. 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

6 118 bend 1.92 .16Sra 1.92 .16Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

119 bend 2.06 .17Sm 2.06 ,17Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

7 119 bend 2.06 .17Sm 2.06 ,17Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

120 bend 2.17 .18Sm 2.17 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

8 120 str 2.36 .20Sm 2.36 ,20Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

130 str 2.63 .22Sm 2.63 .22Sra 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

9 130 bend 2.46 .21Sm 2.46 .21Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

138 bend 2.39 .20Sm 2.39 ,20Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

10 138 bend 2.39 .20Sm 2.39 .20Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

139 bend 1.84 .15Sm 1.84 ,15Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

11 139 bend 1.84 ,15Sm 1.84 .15Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

140 bend 1.82 .15Sm 1.82 .15Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

12 140 str 2.04 .17Sm 2.04 ,17Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

143 str 2.14 .18Sm 2.14 .18Sra 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

13 143 str 2.14 .18Sm 2.14 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3 Sin

146 str 2.28 .19Sm 2.28 .19Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

14 146 str 2.28 .19Sm 2.28 .19Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

147 str 2.15 .18Sm 2.15 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

15 147 str 2.15 .18Sm 2.15 .18Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

150 str 2.81 .23Sm 2.81 .23Sm 18.0 1.5Sm 36.0 3Sm

TABLE A-5: A sample output sheet generated by the developed software for the

Test Problem (Figs.2-4)

29

Stress checks for Service Levels A(eq.10),B(eq.10) & C(eq.9) using code

No. No. TYPE LEVEL C LEVEL A LEVEL B C A B

kgf/mm2 Kgf/mm2 kgf/mm2

1 100 bend 2.08 .17Sm .004 .OOSiti 3.74 .31Sm 2.25Sm 3 Sin 3Sm

108 bend 2.08 .17Sm .004 .OOSrn 3.59 .30Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

2 108 bend 2.08 .17Sm .004 -OOSm 3.59 .3 0Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

109 bend 1.88 .16Sm .004 .OOSro 3.07 .26Sm 2.2 5Sm 3Sm 3Sm

3 109 bend 1.88 .16Sm .004 .OOSm 3.07 .26Sm 2.2 5Sm 3 Sin 3Sm

110 bend 1.63 .14Sm .004 . OOSm 2.42 .20Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

4 110 str 1.85 .15Sm .002 .OOSm 2.04 .17Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

115 str 1.92 .16Sm .002 .OOSm 1.91 .16Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

5 115 bend 1.69 .14Sm .004 .OOSm 2.21 .18Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

118 bend 1.81 .15Sm .003 .OOSm 2.21 .18Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

6 118 bend 1.81 .15Sm .003 .OOSm 2.21 .18Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

119 bend 1.86 .16Sm .003 .OOSm 2.64 ,22Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

7 119 bend 1.86 .16Sm .003 .OOSm 2.64 .22Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

120 bend 1.79 .15Sm .003 .OOSm 2.81 .23Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

8 120 str 2.01 .17Sm .002 .OOSm 2.28 .19Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

130 str 2.46 .21Sm .003 .OOSm 2.21 .18Sm 2.2 5Sm 3Sm 3Sm

9 130 bend 2.28 .19Sm .005 .OOSm 2.69 .22Sm 2.2 5Sm 3Sm 3Sm

138 bend 2.19 .18Sm .005 .OOSm 2.69 .22Sm 2.2 5Sm 3Sm 3Sm

10 138 bend 2.19 .18Sm .005 .OOSm 2.69 .22Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

139 bend 1.65 .14Sm .003 .OOSm 2.48 .21Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

11 139 bend 1.65 .14Sm .003 .OOSm 2.48 .21Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

140 bend 1.77 .15Sm .004 .OOSm 2.16 .18Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

12 140 str 1.98 .17Sm .003 .OOSm 1.88 .16Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

143 str 2.11 .18Sm .004 .OOSm 1.84 .15Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

13 143 str 2.11 .18Sm .004 .OOSm 1.84 .15Sm 2 .25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

146 str 2.20 . 18Sm .008 .OOSm 2.08 .17Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

14 146 str 2.20 .18Sm .008 .OOSm 2.08 -17Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

147 str 1.76 .15Sm .013 .OOSm 2.38 .20Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

15 147 str 1.76 .15Sm .013 .OOSm 2.38 .20Sm 2.25Sm 3Sm 3Sm

150 str 2.68 .22Sm .017 .OOSm 2.55 .21Sm 2.2 5Sm 3 Sin 3Sm

TABLE A-6: Other sample output sheet generated by the developed software for

the Problem shown in Fig.2, showing codal checks for Service

Levels A, B & C.

30

Published by : Dr.Vijai Kumar, Head Library & Information Services Division

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai - 400 085, India.

- Final Bfc 2073 @ Bfc21103 Hydraulics -s11112Uploaded byhasshos
- 123607 EoUploaded bynagasms
- 06 PIPING Design Basis.pdfUploaded byKatamaneni Koteswararao
- Pages From c2TR (1)Uploaded bysammar_10
- BARC payemnt_challanUploaded byPonangi Babu Rao
- Elmes I Bab 9.pptxUploaded byYosafat Try Fajar
- Corrosion 11Uploaded byniqutomo
- Santosh Takale UPSC MPSC Competitive Exam Residential Study Center Selection ProcedureUploaded bySantosh Takale
- Jee Advanced 2015 Phy i i Questions SolutionsUploaded byrult007
- Current Affairs July 2014 Fourth WeekUploaded byAnOop KaUshal
- Chapter 6 Stress Distribution in Soils Due to Surface Loads _ Elisa AtryaUploaded byMohamed Kessy
- Screenshots of Pipe Stress Analysis in ActionUploaded bycepi
- EclipseUploaded byLimberg Tola Mayta
- Contact Us _ Kaddas.pdfUploaded byRosy Abraham
- theory.pdfUploaded byOmkarKocharekar
- ASME-AnApproachtoDerivePrimaryBendingStressfromFiniteElementAnalysisforPressureVesselsandApplicationsStructuralDesign (1)Uploaded byabhinav
- g FortranUploaded bySumeet Sharma
- Stress & SupportUploaded byHassan Helmy
- Symmetry Boundary ConditionsUploaded byJohn Chiv
- B4 Stress Analysis_ (1)Uploaded byNa
- Design Calculation.Uploaded byAnonymous sfkedkym
- ASME_TrainingDev-Spring2014Uploaded byPhilippe-Alexandre Bérubé
- Solution of Elasticity Problems of PotentialsUploaded bybadr am
- Pid ReviewUploaded bybouabre
- Lecture 15Uploaded byShawn Gonzales
- FUNDRA1Uploaded bykannan
- totora1.pdfUploaded byJ Armando Gastelo Roque
- Lab Walkthru NewUploaded byBaala Varunesh Elangovan
- l-33Uploaded bylawan
- StressUploaded byabaig6377373

- Max Allowable Pressure of Pipes and Pipellines CER 04022013 1 (v. S. Kumar Unprotected)Uploaded bypandiangv
- Regression AnalysisUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Simplified Mechanical AnalysisUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Analysis of PePs.pdfUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- FamilyUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Mini Project Proposal FormatUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- MECL Challan FormatUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Tender FormatUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- sdUploaded byshallabh_khera
- Cold Spring Harb Protoc-2012-DNase Footprinting vs EMSAUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Lecture 9 StudentUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Resume formatUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- DebuggerUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- EquipartUploaded bySachin Shekhawat
- Constructive AnatomyUploaded bygazorninplotz

- Use of Building Demolished Waste as Coarse AggregateUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Amplificador de Audio STA335BWSUploaded byAntonio Chavez
- Multilevel and Mixed-Effects hamilton_ch7.pdfUploaded byMatthew
- FUNCTION PRINCIPLE OF.pptxUploaded byMuhammad Naqiuddin
- Infinigent001 - CopyUploaded byJaideep Kumar Varma
- Extraversion Sociability and ImpulsivityUploaded byMădălina Sava
- Using ExcelUploaded byelcidv091
- Cired paperUploaded byVenna Karthik Reddy
- Berk 3ce Ism Ch03Uploaded byJetty
- CAU 2014Uploaded byvinay1999
- 12)14549_FULLTEXT.pdfUploaded byAyu Rosyida Zain
- The Possibility of Produce Self Compacted Polystyrene ConcreteUploaded byadegis
- EngineeringUploaded byLiz Benhamou
- bbm%3A978-94-009-8352-6%2F1Uploaded byJorge Reyes
- 024_pp 827-832.pdfUploaded bySaroj Gtm
- Fuel Gas System DescriptionUploaded byParmeshwar Nath Tripathi
- Titration Post LabUploaded byGianella Samonte
- EMark DP - 10 WattUploaded byJose Diaz
- Finalise Numerical.pptxUploaded bySiti Hanum
- Adhesive BondingUploaded byizantux
- Actionair Iris DamperUploaded byPeterOLeary
- WowzaStreamingEngine_ServerSideAPIUploaded byMarco Camacho
- bunkerUploaded byElizabeth Cunningham
- MDU B.tech Computer Science 4th Sem SyllabusUploaded byVaibhav Agochiya
- Water Softening 1Uploaded byzpraj09
- Hot Mix Asphalt Railway Trackbeds; Trackbed Materials, Performance Evaluations and Significant Implications - RoseUploaded bymkon79
- perfil aerodinamico matlabUploaded byManuel Huaman
- Judgement and PerceptionUploaded by1985 production
- Worktext in Math 4Uploaded byVon A. Damirez
- Brocade Dc Fabric Architectures Sdg Fabric Eithernet VCS CheckUploaded byaasd