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movement of goods, services, people to cooperation more economic, economic
and money, in year 1990, was also the issues in the region is becoming more
decade of two treaties: Treaty' prominent, and new institutions, foster
COLLAPSED ACROSS Maastricht 'in the European Union in economic cooperation emerged in sub-
CENTRAL AND 1993 and the Treaty of Amsterdam in regional, regional and inter-regional.
1999. People are concerned about how that are not happy with it and try- The
to protect the environment and also Communist Party of the Soviet Union's
how Europeans can act together when it Munich have lost control and was

THE EUROPEAN comes to security and prevention. In

year 1995, the European Union has
banned after the coup attempt in vain
August 1991, and led to the collapse of
UNION three new members: Austria, Finland the Soviet Union officially in December
RATIFIED and Sweden, a small village in 1991, and the collapse of communist
Luxembourg gives its name to the regimes in countries like Mongolia,
'Schengen' that gradually allow people Cambodia and South Yemen then the
European Union has extended a number
to travel without need to check their United States is the only superpower in
of times throughout history by the
passports at the border of young people the world. Meanwhile, the influence of
accession of new member states in the
study in other countries with the the economy-related government
Union to participate in EU states need to
support of the European Union. agencies and the private sector
follow economic and political conditions
increased. The actor states, non-
known as the Copenhagen criteria,
following the Copenhagen summit in THE COLD WAR traditional, such as the Ministry of
Commerce, Ministry of Industry and
June 1993, which requires a democratic OFFICIALLY Economic Development and the National
government is stable, respected the rule
of law and freedom and related ENDS Society (NESDB) has been more directly
and actively engaged in cooperation
institutions under the Treaty of
with performers of
Maastricht, in each Member State, the
The conflict was the cold war traditional. manufacturing foreign
present and the European Parliament to
dominated international relations policy effectively under the new
accept any extension of the enlargement
between Thailand with neighboring international context. The actor is not
process, sometimes referred to as
countries for several decades they have the state in connection with their
European integration, the term is used
an impact on foreign policy but also authority to decide the policies that will
to refer to the density of the cooperation
influence the domestic political affect the direction of policy in
between EU member states as national
situation, economic and social connection with their party leadership
governments allow for a gradual
outcomes of these countries. At the end and financial support in exchange union
harmonization of national laws. The
of the Cold War in year 1990, this for decisions which result in policies
collapse of communism across central
marked the end of ideological tensions that benefit their businesses.
and Eastern Europe, Europeans become
in Southeast Asia. The nature of these
closer neighbors in 1993, as the market
relationships shifted from
is already on. 'Four freedoms:
predominantly military confrontation 
“The collapse of the Soviet Union helped
to remove concerns our long about the
influence of the Communist Party of
South Africa, the ANC alliance by 1990,
the socialist classic has been discredited
throughout the world and it is not an
option even for serious revolutionary
parties like ANC”

The end of the Cold War and with the

financial support of US-led diplomacy
and major reforms within the National
Party to recognize that they cannot
- cleansing” rather than “genocide”. maintain a system of apartheid in the
THE CREATION Finally until in year 1995, the context of the post-Cold War

OF THE FEDERAL American government refused to use international norms. In favor of

democracy and free market economy this
REPUBLIC on Bosnia bring United States combat
forces and their own dispute led to the emergence of major reforms
resolution, the Security Council was within the party as the president FW de
- The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was to increase the number of UN Klerk and important negotiating
created at the end of World War II peacekeeping forces. During his significant. Finally, the end of the Cold
includes Bosnia, Serbia, Montenegro, campaign, Bill Clinton criticized the War had strong influence on key
Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia, with Bush administration for their lack of decisions within the aristocracy at the
numerous ethnic groups of the action but when he was elected in time, and had a major impact on the
population. This includes, the Orthodox 1992 to his administration followed outcome of the process of evolution and
Christian Serbs, Muslim Bosniaks, the same pattern. the lure of pleasure apartheid. This puts
Catholic Croats, and Muslim ethnic forward criticism of the ANC as
Albanians. The various ethnic groups
within the Republic of Yugoslavia and
APARTHEID IN liberators exclusive of South Africa and
highlights the influence of other
the independence and the end of the SOUTH AFRICA important factors that go some way
Cold War near the country spiraled out ENDS towards opponents narrative ANC leader
of control. Serbian nationalism is fueled Contemporary behind.
as Slobodan Milosevic's rise to power in
Under the apartheid regime in South
year 1987, Milosevic used nationalist
Africa, an authoritarian state with a
sentiment to his advantage to make
capitalist economy national party is
constitutional changes popular in REFERENCE
strongly anti-communist, and said they
Serbia, the troops received 90 percent of
faced “Rooi Gevaar” or “red threat”
Serbia and expansion. His authority over 89/
apartheid state labels, communist in
the country and the financial media,
order to justify the actions of repression
structural Security with the help of a ment_of_the_European_Union
against people who disagree with their
separatist group in Serbia, Croatia and
policies. During, the Cold War there was
Bosnia, enjoyed the tension by Serbian 8%AA%E0%B8%87%E0%B8%84%E0%
a contest for influence in Africa, the
population believes that the other B8%A3%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A1%E0
United States and the Western powers on
ethnic groups that posed a threat to %B9%80%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%B5%E
the one hand and the Soviet Union and
their rights. While the war was widely 0%B8%A2%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%99%
the Eastern Bloc, and the most of the
covered in the press and policy makers E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A1
other newly independent former
of the individual at the time of strong
colonies in Africa, received military and
stand on human rights violations in 89/
economic support one of the major
Bosnia-General, United Nations,
powers. In year 1989, President FW de
European Union, United States and union/about-eu/history/1990-
Klerk, separatist leader of the final state
Russia reduced their aggressive nature, 1999_en
repeal of prohibition of the African
conflict and struggle are considered. The
National Congress of South African
conflict between the warring parties ar
Communist Party, Communist Party and
equally seeking to avoid the moral
the Africanist Congress. He said that the
responsibility of responding to genocides/the-bosnian-war-and-
collapse of the Soviet Union was decisive
genocide, many of these countries srebrenica-genocide/
in persuading him to take steps-
referred to the conflict as “ethnic