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lú is;a WKqiqï l< r;= lúfhdaa -1

fidauùr pkaøisß lúhd


- iuka tï' ldßhlrjk
,xldfõ uq,a jfï jHdmdrh m%n, igkaldó cd;sl jHdmdrhla úh'
wêrdcHjdohg;a foaYSh Okm;s mka;sfha l%shdldÍ;ajhg;a tfrys
j uqyqKg uqyqK igkla lf<a kï ta jfï jHdmdrh hs' 1935 isg
1964 olajd ld,h ,xldfõ uq,a jfï jHdmdrfha jeo.;a u wjêh
f,i y`ÿkd.; yels h' ,xld iuiudc mlaIh" fldñhqksiaÜ
mlaIh yd ta iu`. úúO wjia:dj, iïnkaO ù l%shd l< uyck
tlai;a fmruqK yd Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIh jeks foaYmd,k
jHdmdr fmdÿfõ ,xld iudch ;=< zjuZ f,i m%p,s; j we;'

ì%;dkH md¾,sfïka;=fõ jïmi


wdik fjka fldg we;af;a
úreoaO mlaIhghs' ju hkafkys
ksjeros w¾:h úreoaO mlaIh hkakhs' tfy;a ,xldj foaYmd,k
ksoyi ,nd.;a uq,a jljdkqfõ rg md,kh l< md,l mlaIh
tlai;a cd;sl mlaIh jQ w;r th nyq;rhla cd;sl
Okm;shkaf.ka ieÿï,;a ksid;a md,k n,h oerE ksid;a
olaIskdxYh úh' ta olaYskdxYfha l%shdldÍ;ajhg tfrys j mSä;
mka;sh fjkqfjka fmkS isá ish¨ fokd jdudxYslhka f,i
y`ÿkajkq ,efí' fï jfï jHdmdrh yd iïnkaO jQ wêrdcH
úfrdaëka W.;=ka f.dúhka lïlrejka wd.ñl mQcH mQcldoSka
jeks úúO msßia jQy' tu uq,a jfï jHdmdrh idys;H l,d wdosh
úIfhyS l< n,mEu t;rï úYd, fkdfõ' Bg fya;=j wfOda jHqyh fkdfyd;a foaYmd,k
wd¾Ólh fjkia lsÍfuka idys;H l,d wdosh we;=<;a WmßjHqyh fkdfyd;a ixialD;sh bfí
fjkia jkafka h hk wdia:dkfha fï uq,a ju msysgd isàuhs' ixialD;sh wfOdajHqyh úIfhyS
lrk n,mEu ms<sn`o .%dïiaÑhdkq fyda w,a;=ißhdkq oekqu ,xldjg meñfKkqfha 1970 ;rï miq
ld,hl nj ksÍlaIKh fõ' fï uq,a ju ixialD;sh úIfhyS Rcqj ueosy;a fkd jqk o m%pdrljdoS
w¾:fhka úúO wjia:dj, ueosy;a ù we;'

r;= lùka(
wdßh rdclreKd úiska ish kQ;k isxy, ldjH -2 ys mßYsIagfha fld<U hq.fha lùka 59l
,hsia;=jla bosßm;a lrkq ,en we;s w;r ^2004(196& tys i`oyka lùkaf.ka nyq;rhla fokd
jdudYsl keUqrejla we;s wh nj i`oyka fõ' 1930-60 oYlj, m%p,s; u udOH jq m;a;r fmd;a yd
lú fld, jeks udOH fuka u /iaùï o Tjqka woyia m, l< m%p,s; udOH úh' ta udOH ;=< o
isõmo ldjHhg b;d by< ;ekla ysñ j we;s nj olakg yels h' fld<U hq.fha fo jk wjêh
jk fï ld,fha b;d u m%p,s; lúfhda /ila jQy' ta lùka w;=ßka jfï jHdmdrfha foaYmd,kh
yd ftkaøSh j iïnkaO jQ lùka lsym s fofkl= y`ÿkd .; yels h' ta w;=ßka fidauùr pkaøisß"
mshfiak u,,af.dv" mS'î w,aúia fmf¾rd" wdßhjxY m;srdc" m;srdc f;kakfldaka" ngqjkaor
.=Kj¾Ok" wk.dßl O¾um%sh chfldä" nekaáia rKùr" isß,d,a fldäldr yd à'î f;kakfldaka
hk lùka ms<sn`o fuys oS úfYaIfhka fidhd ne,Sug woyia flf¾' fï r;= lùka tod

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ljr foaYmd,k jHdmdrhla yd iïnkaO j lghq;= l< o Tjqkaf.a
l,d;aul wdfõYh úma,jjdoS tlla úh' tfyhska Tjqkaf.a lú yd l,d
Ndú;h wo ojfia whs;s jkqfha úma,jjdoS jHdmdrj,ghs' ta ksid nhs,d
.dhlhka fyda k`M ks,shka fuka u fï lùkaf.a lú o wo ojfia
úma,jjdoS jHdmdrj, fõosldfõ olskakg ,efí kï jvd;a jeo.;a fõ'
fidauùr pkaøisß ^1909'02'11 -1971'07'11&

i,amsá fldarf,a m,af, m;a;=fõ udïfma kï .%dufha ÿ.S mjq,l bmso jhi wjqreÿ 3 oS uj
ñhhdu ksid f,dl= wïudf.a yd jeäuy,a fidhqßhf.a fijfka yeoS jevqKq fidauùr uQ,sl
wOHdmkh ,enQfha udïfma ,xld iNd Yd,dfjks' 1923 oS fudrgqfõ fõ,aia l=udr úoHd,hg
we;=<;a flreKq w;r mdif,a .=rejrfhl= bj;a lsÍug tfrys j wr., lsÍu ksid 1927 ld,fha
oS mdief,ka fkrmk ,os' wk;=re j bx.%sis bf.kSug uykqjrg hjk ,os' uykqjr .egfò
mkaif,a yduqÿrejka fj;ska fï ld,fha oS ukd j isxy, NdIdj W.;af;a h' fõ,aia l=udr
úoHd,hg .sh ld,fha oS u Tyq lú ,sùug mgka .;a w;r uykqjr cSj;ajk ld,fha oS isxy,
lú lsre," isxy, cd;sh" isxy, fn!oaOhd hkdoS m;a;rj,g lú ,sùu werö h' idOq .S;sld
kñka Tyqf.a uq,a u moH ix.%yh fï wjêfha oS m%ldYhg m;a úh'

ud¾áka úl%uisxyf.a ixialdrl;ajfhka m< jQ ,lañK mqj;amf;a NdId mßj¾;l ;k;=rlg m;a
jQ Tyq wk;=re j úúO iudc foaYmd,k l%shdldrlï fj; fhduq úh' udïfma leianEj .ïiNd
fldñáfha l%shdldrlïj,g tfrys j ck;dj ixúOdkh lrñka 1931 ud¾;= 10 osk udïfma
leianEj uyck iNdj kï ixúOdkh wrUK ,os' tu iNdfõ wdrïNl /iaùfï uq,iqkg
meñKsfha tjl fõhkaf.dv rdcH uka;%S jQ tia' ví,sõ'wd¾'ã nKavdrKdhlhs' tu jif¾ u
iema;eïn¾ 12 osk ,xldfõ oi foi isá lú lsú`oshka tla fldg iuia: ,xld isxy, lú
iïfï,kh weröu isÿ úh' fvdkfuda¾ fldñifuka miq j we;s jQ rdcH uka;%K iNdfõ fmdr
l=l=,ka f,i kï ord isá nKavdrKdhl" fmdkakïn,ï yd B'ví,sõ fmf¾rd jekakka flf¾
fndfyda fofkl=f.a wjOdkh fhduq jqj o fidauùrf.a wjOdkh fhduq jQfha ;reK
uka;%Sjrfhl= jQ weta' ta úl%uisxyf.a jevms<sfj, flfrys h ^ksoyia igfka fid`ÿre fikam;s -
fidauùr pkaøisß lúirKsh" pkaøisß wrxor"r;akisß wrx.,"2005"f.dvf.a &'

,lañK mqj;amf;ka wia jQ Tyq 1932 cQ,s 24 jk osk ksoyi kñka lú m;a;rhla wrUk ,o nj
wrxor iy wrx., i`oyka lr we;s w;r tka'mS' rKisxydwrÉÑ úiska Bg fmr Tyq werUQ zzfyk
myrZZ kï mqj;am;la ms<sn`o j o úia;r olajkq ,en we;'

zzkjl:dlrKfhys fhoS isá mshodi isßfiak iQÍyq ;u kjl;dlrKh w;ayeroud tod


ke.Sf.k wd jdudxYsl jHdmdrhg myr .eiSug z isxy y~Z mqj;am; werUQy' zisxy y~Z
mqj;am; u.ska jfï jHdmdrhg myr t,a, lrk úg Bg tfrys j fidauùr pkaøisß
zfyK myrZ mqj;am; weröh' ta u.ska zisxy y~Zmqj;amf;a ier nd, lf<a h' ks¾Ok
mka;sfha ksfhdað;hl= f,i fidauùrz fyK myrZ mqj;am; fmdÿckhd w;rg f.k
.sfhah' ta mqj;am; ;=,ska f.dú" lïlre yd ks¾Ok mka;sfha ckhd ;=< msìoSula we;s
lf<a h' bka fkd kej;=Kq fidauùr zksoyiZ kue;s ldjHuh mqj;am; weröh' .oHfhka
fuka u moHfhka o mßmQ¾K jQ fuu mqj;am; rg;=< jdudxYsl jHdmdrh i|yd fuka u
foaYfm%aó wr.,h mK.ekaùu fjkqfjka o úYd, fufyhla bgqlf<a h' lúhl="
f,aLlhl= fuka u olaI lÓlhl= jQ fidauùr tod foaYmd,k fõosldfõ lemS fmkqKq
pß;hla úh' tod foaYmd,k fõosldfõ fudyq l:djla lrf.k hkúg ck;dj Tyqf.ka
ks;ru b,a,d isáfha lúhls' Tyq t;rï u ckm%idohg m;a jQ lúfhls' ksoyi mqj;amf;a
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zweia fldka Z kñka fidauùr i;sm;d bosßm;a l< ,sms fm< tl, mdGlhka w;r ckm%sh
úh' rfÜ jeros ;ekaj,g" jeros lrk whg Wmydifhka hq;=j myr t,a, lsÍu fï ,smsfha
mrud¾:h úh' thska tla ;rd iudc fYdaOkhla o úh' tfia u Tyqf.a lúj, ir, nj"
Wmydih fuka u ugisá,snj fuka u ks¾jHdc;ajh yd foaYdkqrd.h .eí j ;sîu Tyqf.a
ckm%sh;ajhg fya;=úh'zfyK myrZ fuka u zksoyiZ mqj;am;a ;=<ska isxy, NdIdj yd lúh
fmdaIKh jQjdfia u tod ck;dj w;r me;sfrñka ;snQ jdudxYsl foaYmd,khg o ta
oKavla úhZZ ^rKisxy wdrÉÑ tka' mS" lúh foaYmd,k wúhla fldg.;a fidauùr pkaøisß"
osjhsk.2015'06'22&'

ã'weia'fiakdkdhl" i¾ ã'î ch;s,l jeks OfkaYajr kdhlhkaf.a md,k l%uhg;a B'ta


.=Kisxyf.a Bkshd lïlre jHdmdrhg;a tfrys j wdpd¾h weka' weï' fmf¾rd" fodia;r weia'ta
úl%uisxy" wdpd¾h fld,aúka wd¾ o is,ajd" iy ms,sma .=Kj¾Ok hk kdhlhkaf.a m%Odk;ajfhka
,xld iuiudc mlaIh 1935 oS werô w;r fidauùr o tys wdrïNl idudcslfhl= úh ^ksoyia igfka
fid`ÿre fikam;s&' 1936 rdcH uka;%K iNdjg uka;%Ska m;a lsÍug meje;a jQ ue;sjrKfha oS
rejkaje,a, wdikhg bosßm;a jQ weka weï fmf¾rdf.a ch.%yK Wfoid Tyq lS lú ;ju;a
;=kafldr<fha ñksiqka w;r mj;S

iqkaor fygla ieÿug uq`M rg fjkqfjka


oeka fmruqKg m;a Tn yeu fok fjkqfjka
weka'weï fmf¾rd fï mska ms`v fjkqfjka
Pkaoh fkd oS fokak o fjk ld fjkqfjka

weka'weï fud,uqf¾ l=udßydñ mrojñka fï ue;sjrKfha oS rdcH uka;K


% iNdjg m;a jQ w;r
tjlg isxy, fn!oaOhd m;a;rfha jev lrñka isá fiduùr weka' weïf.a /iaùïj, l;d lsÍfï
jrog /lshdfjka fodÜg oeñK' iuiudc mlaIfhka udïfma .ïiNd fldñáhg m;a jQ fidauùr
fmdÿck fiajd /ila bgq l< kdhlfhls'

fï ld,fha isÿ jQ ms<shkao, udrflÜgq igfka oS Tyqg wfkla .egqïlrejka iu`. isrl+vqjg
hdug isÿ úh' Tjqkag wem fok ,oafoa mdKÿf¾ f,ia,s .=Kj¾Ok h'zzfï ld,fha yosisfha u
wenE¾;= jqKq iriú i`o/i m;%fha l¾;D moúhg fidauùr le`ojk ,os' i`o/i m;%fhys
ysñlrejka jQ mruú{dkd¾: iud.fï NdKavd.dßl j isá uydpd¾h .=Kmd, u,,fialr
uy;df.ka ,;a wdrdOkdj Wv yïnkaf;dg rdcH uka;%Sjrhd jQ ã'weï rdcmlaI yd wdkkao
rdclreKd fom< o legq j u,,fialr uy;df.a f.org f.dia fidauùr l¾;D moúh
ndr.;af;a hZZ^tu(17&' fn%ia.¾v,a isiaêfha oS ã'î ch;s,l iajfoaY weu;sjrhd l%shd l< wdldrh
úfõpkh lrñka Tyq ,shQ l;=jelshlg lsmqKq iud.fï f,alï ymq., uy;d ch;s,lf.ka
iudj .kakd f,i fidauùrg oeka jQ w;r Bg tl`. fkdjQ fya l¾;D moúfhka bj;a j f.dia
kej; ksoyi m;a;rh wrUk ,os'

ksoyi m;%h u.ska mlaI kdhl;ajh úfõpkh lsÍfï jrog 1937 oS fidauùr iuiudc
mlaIfhka fkrmk ,os' fï ld,fha cd;sl fmruqK kñka moH ix.%yhla fyf;u m< lrk ,os'
fï tys tk lúhls(

cd;sl úuqla;sh ,en.kq msKsi mqfrda


.dó jk whf. kug o mqo;s iqfrda
udrl úm;a fkd;ld thska fidfydhqfrda

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cd;sl fmruqKg tla ù fmrg jfrda

fï lúfmd; .ek fmd,Sish wei .idf.k isá uq;a w;a;vx.=jg .ekSula isÿ fkd úK' 1941 jk
úg f,dal hqoaO ;;ajh b;d WKqiqï ;;ajhg m;a j ;sìK' uyck;djg rcfhka isÿ jk ysßyer
ksrka;rfhka ksoyi m;%fha úfõpkhg ,la flßK' fï ld,h jk úg ,xld iuiudc
mlaIfha kdhlhka ish¨ fokd isrNdrhg f.k ;snqKs' iy,a i,dlfha jeros yd
fid,aodÿjkaf.ka ck;djg jk mSvd .ek ,shQ ,smshlg tfrys j fmd,Sisfhka fidauùr
w;a;vx.=jg .ekSug jfrka;=jla ,nd.;a w;r ta f;dr;=r l,ska oek.ekSug yels jQ ksid Tyqg
ie`.ùug yels úh' miqj fmd,Sishg yiq ù je,slv ysrf.org hjk ,os' tys oS ,enqKq m;a;r
len,sj, bv we;s ;Sre osf.a Tyq ,shQ lú miq j zisrl+vqjZ kñka fmd;la f,i m< lrk ,os'

uy isr f.hl isáfhñ ihqfrka jg jQ


wo iq`M tll fjñ ì;a;shlska jg jQ
fidfydkl ksok ;=re uyfmd<jg hg jQ
igfkys fhfoñ ksoyi fjkqfjka fig jQ

1947 iema;eïn¾ udifha mej;s uyd ue;sjrKhg fudrgqj wdikfhka iuiudc mlaIfha
ys;jdosfhl= f,i fidauùr ;r`. lsÍug kshñ; úh' fï jif¾ u cQ,s udifha oS wêlrKhg
wmydi lsÍfï fpdaokdj u; fYa%IaGdêlrKh úiska Tyqg yd ksoyi m;%fha l<ukdlreg i;s
yhl isr o`vqjula ,nd ÿKs' flfia kuq;a Pkaohg fmr oskfha Tyq ysfrka ksoyia úh' Pkao
jHdmdrh iuiudc mlaIh úiska lrf.k hk ,os' Tyqf.a m%;j s doshd jQfha ysgmq uka;%S f;dauia
wuriQßh hs' fidauùr isr.; ùu Tyqg uy;a i;=gla f.kÿka lreKla úh' Pkao fõosldfõ l;d
lrkq ,enQfha fidauùrf.a ìß`o yd kj yeúßos oshksh ud,kS h' l=vd oshksh mdvïlrf.k
/iaùïj, lshQ lú ksid uyck wkqlïmdj Tyqg ysñ úh'

ÿ.s ck;dj iu`.ska fmruqfKys .eà


u;lo uf. mshd igfkys fhÿkq yeà
wo Tyq ÿflka je,slv ysr f.or isà
Tyq .ek ifydaorhks isys lrkq jà

mSä; ñksil=g ysrf.g jqKq ì,a,


Pkaoh mqok f,i lrñka weúá,a,
Tnyg hoskafka fï ku ku fn,a,
ysrldrhf. ÿj zzud,ksZZ fl,a,

ksoyia ,xldfõ m%:u md¾,sfïka;=jg fudrgqfjka m;a jQ fidauùr pkaøisß 1952 oS o fudrgqj
ksfhdacs;hd úh' bkamiq kj wdikhla f,i leianEj wdikh we;s l< w;r 1960 ud¾;= 1960
cQ,s 1965 yd 1970 hk iEu ue;sjrKhl oS u leianEj wdikh msgmsg u ch.ekSug fya iu;a úh
^tu(28&' tjl foaYmd,k /iaùïj, ix.S; m%ix. fyda k`M ks,s kdgl fkd meje;ajqKq w;r
mdlaIsl lùkaf.a úÑ;%j;a lúj,ska iNdj rij;a flßK' 1970 isßud nKavdrkdhl wdKavqfõ
ixialD;sl ksfhdacH weue;sjrhd f,i o fidauùr lghq;= lf<a h ^.=,j;a;" nkaOq, wd¾" woska 45
jirlg fmr iuq.;a lú uka;%S fidauùr pkaøisß" osjhsk'2016'07'11&.
fidauùr olaI kdgH rplfhla o úh' Tyqf.a zmd¾,sfïka;=jZ kue;s kdgHh osjhsfka fndfyda
m<d;aj, r`. oelaúK ^tu(28&'

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zzghs fldaÜ we|s md¾,sfïka;=fõ cd;sl we÷fuka isá fidauùr md¾,sfïka;=j ;=< isxyf,ka u
l:d lf<a h' lúfhka m%Yak weiS h' lú lSu Wv lSm j;djla u md¾,sfïka;= iNd .efnka
t<shg hkakg mjd isÿúh' tx.,ka; md¾,sfïka;=fõ mjd lú lshñka isxy,hdg jeo.;a
idys;Hhla we;ehs Tyq fmkakqï lf<a hZZ^rKisxy wdrÉÑ.2015'06'22&' zz1951 iema;eïn¾ udifha oS
ì%;dkH md¾,sfïka;=fõ werhqula u; fudrgq uka;%S fidauùr pkaøisß lúhd Wvelalshla jhñka
.ehQ lú ri yçka uqim;a jQ iqÿ fkdakdjre yd uy;ajre keÕ+ w;afmd<ika y~ f;aïia kosh
yryd w;a,dka;sla id.rfha /<s msg keÕS î.î.iS..=jkaúÿ,s ;rx. Tiafia ,xldjg o
weisKZZ^.=,j;a;" nkaOq,' wd¾" 2016'07'11&.

Tyqf.a ldjH ks¾udK w;r Nla;s ldjH o cd;sldkqrd.S lú o <ud moH o we;' tu lúj,ska
nyq;rh iudc újrK yd iuld,Ska isÿùï ms<sn`o m%n, ldjHuh úfõpk fõ' úfoaY ixpdr
w,,d rpkd l< ldjH o /ils' lùkaøhd i`.rdjg zzj.;=.ZZ kñka ,shQ lú rdYshls' f,dal hqoaO
f;dr;=rej,ska mgkaf.k ,xldfõ ;;= úia;r lsÍï tajdfha we;' mS'î w,aúia fmf¾rd iu`. l<
os.= lú ixjdoh úfYaIs; h' ,kavka kqjr f;dr;=re fidauùr;a ,xldfõ f;dr;=re w,aúia
fmf¾rd;a bosßm;a lrk ,os' osKñK mqj;amf;a wdrdOkfhka fï ixjdoh flßK' tys fo jk
lú ixjdofhys ,xld .=jkaúÿ,sh lúhkag bv fkd oSu ;oska úfõpkh lr we;'

iajNdIdj,ska md¾,sfïka;=fõ;a rcfha;a lghq;= f.k hdug;a isxy, NdIdjg ksis ;ek ,nd
fokakg;a Tyq igka lf<a h' isxy, yd fou< NdId folg iu ;eka oSug jvd isxy,hd fou<;a
fou<d isxy, ni;a bf.kSu jgkd nj Tyq úYajdi lf<a h' 1956 uyck tlai;a fmruqK
f.dvke.Sug lem jQ NdId fmruqfKa kdhl;ajh .kq ,enqfõ o fidauùr h' jrla ish ñ;=rd jQ
mS'î w,aúia fmf¾rdg ,shd hjd we;af;a zzfofok u fou< W.ksuqZZ hkqfjks ^u;lfha /`os
;d;a;df.a lú" ixia' ud,kS pkaøisß"2006" fidauùr pkaøisß moku& ish oshKshkag ,shQ moHuh ,smshl Tyq
,shd we;af;a cd;sfNaoh wjqiaid n,h ,nd .ekSug fkdhd hq;= njhs ^ksoyia igfka fid`ÿre
fikam;s&'1954 oS werô úYajl,d ixialD;sl uOHia:dkh o Tyqf.a mqfrda.dó;ajfhka ks¾udKh
jQjls'

fidauùrf.a ysájk lú
fidauùr m%p,s; ysájk lúfhls' 1944 ud¾;= 12 jeksod meje;s rdcH uka;%K iNd ue;sjrKhg
ìì, Pkao fldÜGdih fjkqfjka bosßm;a jQfha .d,af,a úchdkkao oykdhl uy;d yd Tyqf.a
m%;sjdoshd jYfhka nÿ,af,a nia jHdmdßlhl= jQ tia'ta' mSßia h' fï ue;sjrKfha oS jeä Pkao 274
lska m%;sjdoshd ch.%yKh l< w;r oykdhl úiska f.dkqlrkq ,enQ Pkao fm;aiula ch.%yKh
l< ksid 1944'10'14 osk w;=re ue;sjrKhla mj;ajkakg fhÿKs' fï ue;sjrK jHdmdrfha oS
oykdhlg wdOdr lsÍu i`oyd fidauùr o ììf,ag f.dia ;snqKs' ììf,a Pkao fldÜGdifha
ueo.u oS ví,sõ' oykdhl uy;dg wdOdr msKi
s Pkao /iaùula meje;aúKs' tys oS fidauùr
pkaøisß lúhd ish wdl¾IKSh p;=r l;dj mj;ajoa oS weia' ta' mSßiaf.a iyprfhda fidauùrg yQ
lshkakg mgka .;ay' fidauùr fï yQjg ysájk lúfhka m%;spdr oelaù h' ^.=,j;a;"
nkaOq,'wd¾"2016'12'19&
bmÿk tld,g kßfhl= yg odj
ckafuka Wreu jQ odhdfols yQj
fld,af,ks fu;ek oS ug wo yQ lSj
wïud ,`.g f.dia uljd .kq yQj

5
yQj kej;sK' tjr ch oykdhlg úh' ta jeä Pkao 1108la o iys;j h'

1960 uyd ue;sjrKfha oS oeos.u wdikhg vâ,s fiakdkdhl uy;d t;ai;a cd;sl mlaIfhka
;r`. l< w;r Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIfhka ;r`. lrk ,oafoa r;ak foaYm%sh fiakdkdhlhs' fï
ue;sjrK jHdmdrfha oS hQ' ta' tia' fmf¾rd ^isß whahd& fu jeks lú m%ldYhla lrk ,os'

kxjd oeos.ñka fujr;a úch oo


w.ue;s;=ud chf.k remq n,h ì`o
h<s w.ue;s wiqk fydnjk úg os fyd`o
ue;sksg wfka ms<sirKla ;sfnkjo

foaYm%shf.a /iaùfï oS fï lúhg fidauùr ysájk lúhlska ms<s;=re ,nd ÿkafka fufia h'

hQ'weia'ta , kegqj;a mqyq mo udkd


r;afkg iyh fokq we; fmdÿ ck fiakd
fu;ek os wkdjelshla lshkg ´kd
oeos.ñkq;a w`vkj vâ,sg yQkd

1960 cQ,s uyd ue;sjrKhg oUq,a, wdikfhka Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIh i`oyd bosßm;a jQfha à'î
f;kakfldaka uy;d h' fï ;r`.hg t'cd'm fhka bosßm;a j isáfha à'î'f,kfofr uy;d
h'ue;sjrK m%pdrl /iaùïj, fndfydafihska lú o lshúK' à'î f;kakfldakaf.a m%pdrl
/,shlg meñKs fidauùr pkaøisß ysájk lúhlska wkdjelshla mejiQfõ fufia h'

w.ue;s vâ,s osjhhs we`.m; k,shd


f;uila lf<a fudkjo b`o lg n,shd
à'î oud fujr;a fyd`o lgl,shd
t<jhs oUq,af,ka hQ'tka'mS w,shd

fï ue;sjrKfhka ch.%yKh l< f;kakfldaka iu.sfmruqK wdKavqfõ m%jdyk yd rcfha jev


weu;sjrhd o úh' tjl foaYmd,k fõosldj, ix.S; ikao¾Yk fkdjQ w;r fmdÿ ckhd
wdl¾Ykh lf<da lúfhda jQy' jï bjqf¾ fuka u ol=Kq bjqf¾ o lúfhda jQy' fca'wd¾ fjkqfjka
lú lshQ j,a.u fidau;s,l" yla.,af,a mS'fla'ã' fidau;s,l" vâ,s fjkafjka lú lshQ
hQ'ta'tia'fmf¾rd fkdfyd;a isß whahd fuka u O¾uisß yßYapkaø" ñKsmqr chfiak" wdkkao
lúr;ak wdoSka ta w;r jQy ^.uf.a"fla uy;=ka" ish¨u iqmsßisÿ foaj, we;s mdg chj¾Ok ue;sf. fmÜáh iqÿ
mdg" osjhsk" 2008'12'29&'

md¾,sfïka;=fõ lúfhka fidj m< fõ


fuf,i lúhg;a jfï jHdmdrhg;a NdIdj yd idys;Hhg;a úi,a fiajhla l< fyf;u 1971 cQ,s
11 osk fld<U uyfrdayf,a oS ñh hk úg ish foayh ;eîugj;a ksjila ;kd fkd ;snqKs'

Tyqf.a wNdjh ms<sn| 1971 cQ,s 20 osk md¾,sfïka;=fõ meje;s fYdal m%ldY fhdackdfõ oS m%:u
l;dj l< iudc fiajd weue;s à.î.f;kakfldaka uy;d^oUq,a, uka;%S& my; i|yka lú folska
ish l;dj wjika lf<a h.

6
ri lú uq,ska lS fï ue;s inh ueo
leianEfõ ksohs wo ure uqjg jeo
yoj; oefjk fkdksfjk .sks l|g ;o
we,a osh oyr fjhs wm fuys lshk mo

jegqKd jf.a ysá yeáfha .yska fldf<a


Tn urKfhka wm ÿla ihqrlg fldf<a
lú neye jeäh l÷<e,s oEiskau yef,a
wvqjla fjf;d;a th mqrjhs ñyska ;f,a

wd¾'fm%auodi uy;df.ka miqj Wvqmamsä uka;%S fÊ.chfldä" ls,sfkdÉÑ uka;%S ù. wdkkao ix.ß
iy .d,a, uka;%S wdpd¾h úchdkkao oykdhl" hk uy;ajre fYdal m%ldY bosßm;a
l<y^nKavdr"cS'wd¾'ã" ue;s inh rij;a l< lúfhda" osjhsk" 2009'08'03&'

ñyska;f,a uka;%S m;srdc f;kakfldaka ish lú ñ;=rd fjkqfjka ue;s infha oS fidj m< lf<a
fuf,isKs'

b;sydifha ug fuka wh;a ksis nr


fydnjk ue;s wiqk chjvk mqr jr
ys;j;a l;dkdhl ;=ud o .re ;r
lú fidj fuysoS olajkq msKsi wj ir

fï ue;s ifí isxy, lú yf~ys ri


oelajQ uq,a jrg .eñ iqr;,l= f,i
lsú|l= .ek lshkakg ug Wreu hi
fkdoks;s fjk;a wh ñh .sh Tyqu ñi

.eñ fmfoiska kj ish ;sia .Kka j,


wrUd .eñ osúh tksid igka l<
lsúhd fld<U lú osúfha uqÿka uq,
.s,sys .shd wmf.a yo okka ;=<

m;< W;=ï lreKdfjka lúh kag


ks;r fiajhla bgq l< fkduefr kag
fidauùr pkaøisß lsú÷ kag
mmqj ñila lsisjla ke; mqo fo kag

.eñ me,am;l fyda fmd,a w;= jy, Wv


;snqKd tod isá Tyqf.a ñysß y~
ke.=Kd ck osúh yd tys kshu yev
fmdÿ ckhd iuÕ úh Tyq ish¨ jev

isxy, nig trú,s f.rú,s o lr


mej;=K lf,l wmf.a lsú÷ka ù ;r
fmruqK igka l< ta w;=frka w ;r
ch ,enq flkl= ke; osúhl ÿrl ;r

Tyqf.a ,enq kj mK isxy, lúh


;ju;a oks;s y÷kk wh lú osßh
Tyqf.a lúh Tyqf.a ;shqKqu wúh
th ìu y< miqj l=ug o ir iúh

7
Ô . tÉ . rdclreKd yd ;syd ßfha
Tyq ñh hkag fmroSuh keiS .sfha
ta mdvqj o uel+ lsú÷ka úfhda .fha
uy .sks l|la wo weúf<hs wfma <fha

uq¿ rg mqrd isá lúhka tl;= fldg


lú iuq¿j tod tl n, uq¿j lg
tla l< wfma lúhd u< oskfh isg
;du;a l÷¿ j.=rk wh isá;s rg

y;<sia yf;a oS isr n;a lld isg


ue;sjrKh osfka oS uq,a j;d jg
fudrgqj oskdf.k ck wdof¾ msg
isr l+vqfjks wdfõ fuu iNd jg

Ôjk wd;auh ù fmdÿ ñksid f.a


,enf.k iodorKSh ok i.fhda f.a
ksoyia igka lr<sfh Tyq .sh fõ f.a
ÿgqfjñ mef<k ue;s infha tl jd f.a

isrf.h os<÷ nj jdms;a lsfmk .f;a


.ek fõokdjla Tyq ;=< ;snqfKa kef;a
foi ni /ig rdjh fokq msKsi kef;a
;enq fõokd fidfydfkka ÿï j,o wef;a

lúhg l,djg fy< ienEishg rfÜ


mK ÿka úkd úrefjls lú n÷re .fÜ
irid iria j;sfhf. f., mn¿ ñfÜ
ljqreka iuÕ hkako rg y;r jfÜ

l÷fy,a lgq m÷re w;frhs ,enqK osú


fmdÿ ñksidg lem l< uq¿ osúh ysñ
lúhg l,djg kj Ôjkh foñ
Tyq Ôú;h yer fjk l=ulg o lú

úmf;os ÿflaos Tyq uqj ;Ur mE iskd


úialï l,d uok, iuÕ Ndjkd
Tyqf.a úfhdj fmdÿ úh rgg fõokd
.ufkys w;r uÕ ure l;r ?jqkd

wú .;a cd;s jdoh bj;gu oud


jev l< lsú÷ leianE Wm weu;s ;=ud
W;=rg mjd f.dia ne;s nj isri kud
ck wdorh oskqjd ;=gq l÷¿ f;ud

iuyre mdjyka ;ekqjg fou< yfuka


;kkd ùrhka jk úg isy, lfuka
fy< ni ke.= leianEfõ lsú÷ tfuka
fndre ùrfhl= jQfha ke; Tyqf. kfuka

8
Tyq ue;s ifn;a bka msgoS;a ke.=j y~
;ju;a fodaxldrh fohs folk ug
ta y~ ioygu fï ue;s wiqk Wv
r|jkq msKsi i,id osh hq;=h bv

ck;d igka ìu lú rK ìu Tiafia


Tyq fkdmerÿKq ch udj;gh neiafia
wv ish jilgla jeä ld,h ;siafia
Tyq kE lsisfjl=f. md ÿú,s msiafia

isxy,hka iy isxy, lúhd f.a


Wreuh rlskakg ìys l< lú fõf.a
Tyqf.ka miqj /l .kakg wkq rdf.a
we;s yo uvq, we;af;a fld;k o ldf.a

oyosh uq.=re l÷<e,s ysr f.or n;


wosro fmd,sia fmd¨ ks;fs h l=ßre w;
fudk mSvd l<;a mi jd fkdf.k ys;
Tyq ñi tiska ch .;a fjk flfkl= ke;

lúhg nig ijkg lúfhl= mßos


t<ô miqj ue;s wiqklg o nr oS
.re Wm weu;s moúhlg WroS
Tyq fkdfjkia jqK lúhd fuka uq,oS

ysxil l=yllu yoj; fkdÿgq bu


yeä oeä ñksia lu hq;=lu iq/lS ,eu
tlafldg .;a fiah “ i|isß ” lshk ku
ta ku wefik ieu fudfyd;l y~ñ uu

fífoka f;drj .re ue;s infh ys; oskd


isá leianEfj ue;s i| lsrK ke;s jqKd
ri uxcqidjls Tyq ñysr fuys f.kd
br i| iuÕ kduh Tyqf. kej ;=kd

leianEfõ lsú÷ oeka wm w;r ke;


l=ryx iqj| fuka Tyq .=K iqj| we;
Tyqf.a kñka lú f,dalh wmÍ ñ;
ne;s lú l=iqï ;nfkñ ue;s inh fj;
^rEmisxy Wmd,s" leianEfõ lsú÷ .ek ue;s ifí ;=<ska" fidj m< jqfKa fufyuhs lú l;d j,ska" ,xldoSm"
2018'01'02&

m;srdc f;kakfldaka lúhdf.a fï os.= ldjHdj,sh fidauùrf.a igka b;sydih ms<sn`o ukd
iudf,dapkhls'