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character=L
La Here in, at, or to this place or position
La Rhandzekaka Dear form of addressing a friend in a letter
Laha Here at this point
Lahaya There at that place
Lahla Lose fail to keep possession of; misplace; be deprived of or cease to
have or retain
Lahla Bury to cover, for example under the ground
Lahleka Lost not knowing how to get somewhere
Lahlekeriwa Lost (adv.) missing
Lakani Sheet a large piece of thin cloth used on a bed for sleeping on or
under
Lala Taper (v.) to become thinner until ending in a point
Lamula Orange a round juicy fruit with a thick, orange coloured skin
Lanci Lunch meal in the middle of the day
Landzela Follow go after; pursue; go along; drive along; to move behind
someone or something and go where he, she, or it goes
Landzelerisa Order (v.) to ask that something be brought
Langa Choose to pick one option above others
Languta Look (v.) to watch
Langutana Ni Lwandle Sea View sight of the sea

Langutela Manage to direct or supervise


Lapi Material cloth; fabric
Lapi Table Cloth piece of material to cover a table
Ro Andlalela Tafula
Lapi Ro Tsindziyela Canvas fabric that tents are made of
Lava Want to feel a desire or a need for something
Lava Demand claim, require; strongly request; to ask for something forcefully,
in a way that shows that you do not expect to be refused
Lava Mpfuno Need Help to want assistance
Laveka Needed, required Necessary
Lavha Lava melted rock from a volcano
Lawula Rule (v.) to decide on
Layiburari Library building where books are kept for lending to the public
Layini Line long straight mark
Layini Yi Lehile Queue (n.) standing line; waiting line
Leha Tall high (building); vertically long (person)
Lehisiwile Elongated stretched out in length
Lembe Year 365 days
Lembe Rintshwa New Year start of a year
Lembetlula Leap Year a year that has 366 days
Lemukisa Warn to tell someone about danger
Lengelela Suspended hanging
Lepithopo Laptop compact computer that can be carried wherever you go
Lepula Spoon an object used for eating, stirring, and serving food. One end of
it is shaped like a shallow bowl and it has a long handle
Lerha Ladder two poles with bars between them used to climb up or down

Lerhi Napkin piece of cloth to wipe one’s hands and mouth after eating
Leswi Nga Pfuviwa Pastry fine dough
Leswi Voniweke Observation something noted
Leta Late not on time
Letela Train (v.) to teach someone skills
Letela Teach instruct; educate; impart knowledge to or instruct (someone)
in how to do something, especially in a school or as part of a
recognized programme
Letere Letter one of the symbols in the alphabet
Levhele Level (n.) position from high to low e.g. ground level
Lexi This a particular thing, sometimes indicated by pointing as well
Lifiti Lift (n.) a device used to move people or goods from floor to floor
of a building
Litara Litre measurement of capacity equal to 1 000 cubic centimetres
Litheresi Literacy ability to read and write
Logo Log book for keeping record of incidents. e.g. trips by a vehicle
Lokixi Township separate built-up area of a town
Loko When at what time. how soon;
Loko Lock (n.) device used to prevent access to a container, e.g. a suitcase
Lomba Borrow take and use (something belonging to someone else) with the
intention of returning it
Longo Vertebrate animal with an internal skeleton
Longoloxa Order (v.) to ask that something be brought
Loni Loan sum of money lent to someone that has to be paid back
Lonkulu Adult grown-up
Lontsongo Young not old; youthfu
Lorha Dream have thoughts and visions while sleeping; indulge in a
daydream, imagine
Lotlela Lock (v.) to close with a lock
Lova Die to stop living
Lovile Dead not alive
Loya Bewitch to place under one’s power by or as if by magic; cast a spell
over
Loyara Lawyer professional person who is qualified to practise law
Lulama Right not wrong
Lulamile Ready prepared
Lulamisa Adjust to adapt
Luma Bite (v.) to use teeth to break off a piece of food
Lumalumiwa Stomach Ache pain in the stomach
Lumeka Log Off/Log Out to sign off from a computer or internet site
Lumpfana Chameleon small reptile that can change its colour to camouflage itself
Lunghekile Ready prepared
Lwa Fight to take part in battle or conflict
Lwana Fight to take part in battle or conflict
Lwandle Sea wide stretch of salty water between land masses
Lwango Roof the covering on top of a building that protects the people and
things inside from the weather
Lwangu Roof top cover of a building
Lwisana Fight to take part in battle or conflict
Mabalani Clerk person who does administrative work
Machokolweni Labyrinth interconnected passages in which it is difficult to find your way
Madala Old Man a man who has been around for many years; old-fashioned
person
Madyambu Evening the part of each day between the end of the afternoon and the
time when you go to bed
Madyelo Diet kind of food eaten regularly
Maendlelo Way manner of doing things
Mafambiselo Proceedings events; activities e.g. at a meeting or in court
Mafurha Oil greasy liquid (derived from animal, vegetable, and mineral
substances) that does not mix with water and is used for many
purposes
Mafurha Yo Sirhela Dy Sunscreen cream to protect the skin against sunburn
ambu Sunprotector
Magandzelelo Ritual ceremony; habit
Magandzelo Ritual ceremony, tradition; a religious service or other ceremony
which involves a series of actions performed in a fixed order.
Magazini Magazine publication with topical content, often printed in colour on
glossy paper and published weekly or monthly
Maginete Magnet metal that attracts other metal
Mahahu Lungs each of the pair of organs within the ribcage into which air is
drawn in breathing, so that oxygen can pass into the blood and
carbon dioxide be removed
Mahahu Lung internal body organ used for breathing
Mahala Free Of Charge no payment needed
Mahandza Ya Mune Four-Way Stop road intersection where cars from all four directions must stop
Mahanyelo Living condition of being alive
Mahetelelo Final last game of a competition
Mahika Asthma allergic reaction that makes breathing difficult
Mahiselo Na Temperature degree of heat or cold at a particular place and time
Matitimelelo
Mahlambandlopfu Dawn time of day shortly before and after sunrise
Mahlanhla Crumbed covered in crumbs
Mahungu News latest information about something
Majarini Margarine spread for bread
Majisitarata Magistrate person who judges cases in a lower court
Maka Produce (v.) to make
Makanelwa Minutes record of proceedings at a meeting
Makete Market place where selling and buying take place
Makhanikhi Mechanic person who fixes machines, especially vehicles
Makumekaye Ninety number between eighty- nine and ninety-one; represented by
90
Makumembirhi Twenty number between nineteen and twenty- one, represented by 20
Makumemune Forty number between thirty- nine and forty-one, represented by40
Makumenharhu Thirty number between twenty- nine and thirty-one, represented by
30
Makumenkombo Seventy number between sixty-nine and seventy-one, represen- ted by
70
Makumentlhanu Fifty number between forty-nine and fifty-one, represented by 50
Makumetsevu Sixty number between fifty-nine and sixty-one, represented by the
60
Makumu Last after all the others; final
Makwavo Cousin a child of your uncle or aunt
Makwenu Brother a boy or a man who has the same parents as you
Malahla Coal black, fossilised pieces of wood or other plant material with
which to make fire
Malakana Linen bedding

Malakatsi Trash rubbish; refuse


Malembe Ya Khume Decade ten years
Maletere Lamatsongo Lower Case small letters

Mali Money coins and notes


Mali Leyi Nga Non-Refundable of money that cannot be paid back
Tlherisiwiki
Mali Ya Tiko Currency money unit used in a country
Mali Yo Lomba Loan sum of money lent to someone that has to be paid back
Malume Uncle the brother of one’s father or mother or the husband of one’s
aunt
Mamaledi Marmalade mostly bitter-tasting jam made from the peel of citrus fruit
Mambe Foreign from a different country; unknown
Manana Mother female who has given birth to a child
Mananga Dessert sweet food after a meal
Mandza Eggs oval or round objects laid by a female bird, reptile, fish, or
invertebrate and containing an ovum which if fertilized can
develop into new organisms
Manga Nut fruit with hard woody outer shell and soft, nutritious insides
Mangava Puzzle a picture consisting of many pieces to be put together
Manghilazi Ya Dyambu Sunglasses shaded spectacles that protect the eyes from the sun

Manghilazi Ya Mahlo Eye Glasses lenses worn on the face to improve eyesight
Mangwa Zebra type of striped African animal which resembles a horse
Mangwa Ya Ntswele Mare female horse
Mani Who what or which person or people; used in questions when you
ask about the name or identity of a person or group of people.
Mani Na Mani Public open to all
Mapa Powder finely ground substance
Mapapa Clouds a visible mass of condensed watery vapour floating in the
atmosphere, typically high above the general level of the
ground
Mapapila Mail correspondence, post
Maphorisa Police public service that protects people and enforces the law
Maraka Mark points earned in a test
Maratoni Marathon long-distance road race, over 42 km
Marha Saliva watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing
lubrication for chewing and swallowing, and aiding digestion
Marhumbi Ruin (n.) remnants of buildings
Marhumbu Intestines insides of the lower part of the body from the stomach to the
anus where food is digested and absorbed into the
bloodstream, and where faeces are formed
Marito-Tinomboro Alpha-Numeric containing an alphabet letter and a number
Masamanisi Summons letter instructing the addressee to be at court on a specific date
and tim
Masi Milk white liquid produced by female mammals for feeding offspring
Masipala Municipality local authority
Masocha Ya Nyimpi Army land fighting force of a country
Masokisi Stocking long covering for the legs

Masungulo Original there from the start


Matematiki Mathematics study of numbers, figures and shapes
Matheriyali Material cloth; fabric
Mati Water of water, of H2O ; the liquid which forms the seas, lakes, rivers,
and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms
Mati Yo Titimela Cold Water water that is not heated
Matiko Country a nation with its own government, occupying a particular
territory
Matikoxikaya Rural in or of the country; not urban
Matimba Power orce, authority
Matimba Strength the quality or state of being strong : capacity for exertion or
endurance
Matimu Prehistoric before the time of written records
Ku Nga Se Tsariwa
Matirasi Mattress soft part of a bed to lie on
Matitwelo Feeling emotion
Matlangelo Yo Biha Rough Play aggressive play
Matlhari Arms weapons
Matsalani Secretary person who does administrative work for a manager or
organisation
Matsalani Wa Ntlawa Club Secretary member in charge of administration
Matsalelo Handwriting the way one shapes letters when writing
Matshopetana Poor not good quality
Matshutshu Popcorn maize kernels popped by heat
Mavizweni Synonym word with the same meaning as another word
Mavoko Ya Tentacle one of a number of long thin arms of an animal e.g. an octopus
Swihadyana
Mavoko Ya Xiambalo Sleeve piece of clothing covering the arm
Mavondo Jealous feeling or showing an unhappy or angry desire to have what
someone else has
Mavondzo Jealous envious of another
Mawusi Mouse small piece of hand-held computer hardware that moves a
(Computer) cursor (arrow) across a computer screen
Mawuwani July seventh month of the year
Maxelo Weather conditions of the outside environment, including the
temperature, strength and direction of the wind, and type and
amount of precipitation
Maxelo Weather the condition of the atmosphere in one area at a particular
time, for example if it is raining, hot, or windy
Maxindyana Squirrel small rodent with fluffy tail that lives in trees and eats nuts and
acorns
Mayikhirochipi Microchip very small part of an integrated circuit in an electronic device
e.g. a computer
Mayikhirofoni Microphone receiver for recording and transmitting sound
Mayikhirosikopu Microscope instrument that magnifies details, usually those invisible to the
naked eye
Mayikhirowevhi Microwave oven that cooks food by means of microwaves
(Oven)
Mayimekelo Position (n.) place
Mbanga Wound injury; sore
Mbangi Dagga relatively non-poisonous South African herb smoked like
tobacco having a mild sedative effect; marijuana
Mbangu Environment natural world around us
Mbava Father a male human parent
Mbholovo Quarrel argument
Mbhongolo Donkey domestic pack animal with long ears and that makes a braying
sound
Mbhonye Blister skin wound caused by touching hot objects, sunburn, or
wearing chafing shoes
Mbhonyile Overcast cloudy
Mbhovo Hole gap; empty space in a solid body
Mbhukuto Bargain (n.) something bought at a lower price then usual
Mbhukuto Wa m Today’S Special special dish of the day at a restaurant
Namuntlha
Mbhulu Tendency habit of acting or occurring in a specific way
Mbhurisano Interactive allowing two-way communication between a computer
program and a user
Mbila Pastry fine dough
Mbilu Heart the organ in your chest that pumps the blood around your body
Mbirhi Two equivalent to the sum of one and one; one less than three; 2
Mbisi Raw not cooked
Mbita Pot container for cooking
Mbolo Penis the part of the body of men and male animals that is used for
sex and through which urine leaves the body
Mboyamo Slope ground that goes up or down gradually
Mbulavurisano Interview meeting where one person asks another person questions and
records the answers
Mbumbamarito Terminology words used when writing or talking about a topic
Mbuti Goat farm animal or a wild animal that is about the size of a
sheep. with horns, and hairs on their chin which resemble a
beard
Mbuwetela Comfort state of feeling at ease
Mbuyelo Result consequence; outcome
Mbyana Dog domestic animal that barks, kept for guarding or companionship
Meche Match sports game
Megabayiti Megabyte one million bytes of computer data
Memori Memory amount of data that an electronic device can store
Meno Teeth each of a set of hard, bony enamel-coated structures in the
jaws, used for biting and chewing
Menthele Mental the working out of an answer to a mathematical problem in
Arithmetic your mind without writing it down
Menyu Menu list of dishes that can be ordered at a restaurant, usually listing
(Restaurant) their prices
Menyu Menu (Computer) list of options that appears when clicking on the start button of
(Ya Khomphyuta) a computer
Mepe Map a diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea
showing physical features, cities, roads,
Metse Mathematics study of numbers, figures and shapes
Meyara Mayor the person who has been elected to represent a town or
city for a fixed period of time or, in some places, to run its
government
Meyara Mayor elected head of a local authority
Mfambo Move movement
Mfananiso Comparison the similarities and differences between things
Mfenhe Chimpanzee small ape of tropical Africa
Mfihlulo Breakfast morning meal
Mfuku Ya Nsimbhi Cylinder tube
Mfularhela Opposite completely different
Mfumo Public open to all
Mfungho Symbol sign used to represent something or a meaning
Mfungho Wa Bindzu Brand Name manufacturing name of a specific type of sales goods
Mfutsu Tortoise slow-moving reptile with a hard shell
Mfutsu Ya Le Matini Crustacean sea animal with a brittle outer shell
Mhaka News latest information about something
Mhala Springbuck small tan and white antelope with a dark brown band along its
side — known for its jumping ability; the national animal of
South Africa
Mhalamhala Trumpet brass musical wind instrument
Mhandze Wood material from a tree used for e.g. fuel and making furniture
Mhangu Disaster event that causes wide-spread harm
Mhani Mother female who has given birth to a child
Mhaninkulu Aunt the sister of one’s father or mother
Mhanitsongo Aunt the sister of one’s father or mother
Mhawuri August eighth month of the year
Mhelembe Rhinoceros large African or Asian animal with a thick grey skin and one or
(Rhino) two horns on its nose; poached due to supposed medicinal
properties of horn
Mhula Wax substance that candles are made of
Mhungubye Jackal wild dog-like animal that howls
Mhuti Antelope wild buck
Miehleketo Thought idea
Mihupani Naughty not well behaved
Mikarhi Yin’Wana Sometimes at times
Mileniyamu Millennium period of 1 000 years
Milenze Stocking long covering for the legs
Milimitara Millimetre unit of measurement; one thousandth of a metre
Miliyoni Million one thousand thousands; 1 000 000
Miluko Knitting craft of making clothing from wool by using needles or a
machine
Mina Me word used to refer to yourself when an action is aimed at you
or you receive something
Minete Minute 60 seconds
Minya Drain to wash away liquid and keep the solid parts
Miri Body the entire physical structure of a human being or an animal
Miroho Herbs plants used to flavour food
Misava World all the land and oceans on Earth
Misavu Humour the funny side of things
Misisi Yo Lukiwa Plait hair divided into three sections and twisted over each other
Misisi Yo Ribunga Blond (adj.) light colour, e.g. of hair
Misisi Yo Tshwuka Brunette brown-haired
Mitara Meter instrument for measuring

Mithara Metre unit of length measurement (1 000 mm)


Mitsembyani Herbs plants used to flavour food
Mixo Morning of the beginning of the day, of sunrise ; the period of time
between midnight and noon, especially from sunrise to noon
Miyela Still quiet; not moving
Miyerile Silent quiet
Mizayili Missile weapon that can be aimed to destroy a target at a long distance
Modeme Modem device for transmitting communication
Molekhulu Molecule very small particle consisting of an arrangement of atoms
Mombo Forehead top front part of face
Mongo Nut fruit with hard woody outer shell and soft, nutritious insides
Mosiki Mosque Muslim place of worship
Mova Sugar-Cane a perennial tropical grass with tall, stout jointed stems from
which sugar is extracted
Movha Car motor vehicle
Movha Wa Maphorisa Police Car car used by the police
Movha Wo Hiriwa Rental Car car rented at a payment for a period
Moya Wind movement of air
Moya Wa Foni Airtime credit for time available to make calls on a cellphone
Moya Wo Pfindluka Pollution release of harmful substances into the environment
Moyatenga Oxygen gas required by animals to breathe
Mpako Package Parcel
Mpandzwa Dish part of a meal
Mpetso Fold a crease in paper or fabric
Mpfanganyiso Synthesis creation; bringing together
Mpfhuka Stretch (n.) a distance of road
Mpfindluko Wa Moya Carbon Footprint effect of carbon emissions on the environment
Mpfula Rain water drops that fall from clouds
Mpfuleko Vacancy available job opportunity
Mpfumalontirho Unemployed without a job
Mpfumawulo Sound that can be heard
Mpfumawulo Harmony melodious tune
Wo Nandziha
Mpfumelelo Approval decision that something is suitable or a good idea
Mpfundla Rabbit small mammal that lives in burrows under the ground and has
long ears
Mpfuneto Assistance help; aid
Mpfungho Wa Vaendli Trademark mark to identify a specific manufacturer of goods, for example
clothing
Mpfuno Help (n.) assistance
Mpfuvelo Digestion processing of food by mouth, stomach and intestines
Mpfuxelelo In-Service learning more about a job while already doing the job
Training
Mphakelo Distribution spreading
Mphamelo Nutrition nourishing content of food
Mphamo Dish part of a meal
Mphasano Complex not simple

Mphikizano Quarrel argument


Mphikizano Tournament series of sports matches with an ultimate winner
Wo Humesana
Mpimanyeto Budget plan for spending money
Mpimi- Siso Evaluation assessment according to specific criteria
Mpimo Range scope
Mpimo Wa Ntswalo Rate level or price at which something is charged
Mpumalanga Mpumalanga province in the northeast of South Africa; an important mining
and agricultural area
Mpunga Rice plant grown in wet fields of which the seeds are dried and used
as a staple food
Muafrika African (n.) person from Africa
Muakelani Neighbour person who lives next door
Muako Structure something that is built
Muako Skyscraper very high building
Wo Leha Ngopfu
Muanakanyo Thought idea
Mubaleki Refugee person who flees to another country
Mubasisi Cleaner person who keeps a place neat and tidy
Mubebulan- Hundzu Backpacker person who travels cheaply with only a backpack as baggage
Mubohiwa Prisoner person who is locked up as punishment for a crime and for
rehabilitation
Mubyarhi Wa Timpahl Porter person who carries luggage
a
Muchavi Refugee person who flees to another country
Muchaviseki Sir formal way to address a man
Muchayeri Driver person driving a vehicle
Muchini Machine device with mechanical parts used to perform difficult or
repetitive jobs
Muchini Wa Fekisi Fax Machine device for electronically sending a copy of a document or image
Muchongolo Dance rhythmic movement to music
Muchuchisi Prosecutor person arguing the state’s case in legal proceedings
Muchuchuti Wa Misisi Hairdresser person who cuts and styles hair

Mudada Ring circle-shaped object


Mudavula- Mpfhuka Astronaut person who travels in space
Mudyamatsavu Vegetarian person who does not eat meat
Mudyamiroho Vegetarian person who does not eat meat
Mudyaxihi May fifth month of the year
Mudyondzisi Teacher person who helps you learn about a subject
Muendzi Guest visitor; someone who stays at a hotel
Mufambisi Manager person in charge
Mufambisi Wa Masipa Municipal administrative head of a municipality
la Manager
Muganga Village small town
Mugodi Mine underground drilling operation to find valuable natural
elements e.g. gold and diamonds
Mugqivela Saturday day between Friday and Sunday
Muhahisi Pilot person trained to control an aircraft

Muhembi Liar person who tells lies


Muhlapfa Immigrant person who permanently moves to settle in your country
Muhlayisiwa Dependant person who needs someone or something to exist
Muhloti Hi Ku Yiva Poacher person who illegally hunts wild animals, fishes or strips shellfish
from the shore
Muhlovo Colour an aspect of things that results from the light they reflect or
emit, making them look red, blue, yellow, green, etc
Muhocho Hollow (adj.) with a concave space inside
Muholo Salary earnings during employment
Mujahisi Jockey person who rides a horse in a race
Mujeko Flag cloth with colours of a country
Mukeli Waiter person who serves food or drinks in a restaurant
Mukhotsiwa Prisoner person who is locked up as punishment for a crime and for
rehabilitation
Mukhukhu Shack informal house built from corrugated iron or waste material
Mukhuva Tendency habit of acting or occurring in a specific way
Mukwana Knife (n.) sharp instrument for cutting food
Mululamisi Technician person who performs a technical function
Mulunghisi Technician person who performs a technical function
Mumpfu Wax substance that candles are made of
Mundle Prawn a small shellfish prepared as seafood
Mundzuku Tomorrow the next day
Mune Four number between three and five, represented by the figure 4
Munghana Mate informal word for a friend
Munghana Wa Xinuna Boyfriend romantic male friend
Munghana Wa Xisati Girlfriend female friend
Munghenisi Wa Data : Data Capturer person who enters information into a computer or other
storage system
Munhu Sounds Person A person
like:moo-noo
Munhu Hi Yexe Individual (adj.) relating to a single case
Munhu Wa Ndhuma Celebrity a person made famous by the media
Munhu Wa Xihlawuhla Racist person who shows prejudice towards people of a different race
wu
Muntshwa Teenager young person aged about 13 to 17
Munwi Drinker person who drinks, especially someone who drinks too much
alcohol
Munyama Dark opposite of light
Munyu Salt white crystals ground to a powder used to flavour food
Munyuziyamu Museum place where art or artefacts are displayed
Muondliwa Dependant person who needs someone or something to exist
Muongori Nurse medical assistant in a hospital
Mupfhumba Tourist person who travels to foreign places
Mupulani Wa Muako Architect person who designs and draws building plans
Muqaxi Employer boss, person who employs people to do work
Murhangeri Leader a person who guides or shows the way
Murhangerin- Kulu Captain principal officer on a ship
Murhi Tree large plant usually with a trunk, branches and leaves
Murhibeyila Blackberry a kind of berry fruit
Murhumiwa Representative person chosen to act on behalf of others
Musi Smoke visible white, grey, brown or black fumes caused by burning
Musumbunuku Monday first day of the week
Musweki Cook person who prepares food in a restaurant or hotel
Muthoriwa Employee person appointed in a job
Mutinyiketi Volunteer person who works for free
Mutirheli Seal sea mammal with flippers and a doglike face
Mutirhi Seal sea mammal with flippers and a doglike face
Mutirhi Wa Casual (n.) temporary worker
Xinkadyana
Mutshwa Youth young person or people
Mutsutsumi Refugee person who flees to another country
Mutswari Parent a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or
nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of
guardian
Muvala Wa Xilamula Orange a colour
Muvhi Movie film; moving picture; cinema screening
Muviki Reporter person who records an event and compiles a report on it for
themedia
Muvulavuleri Spokesperson person who speaks on behalf of a group
Muweti Waiter person who serves food or drinks in a restaurant
Muwisisi Reserve (n.) player to replace an injured player
Muxaka Type (n.) a kind of something
Muxaka Wa Matsalwa Genre kind or style of art e.g. literature
Muxaka Wa Nkokotso Shrimp small crustacean with a soft shell and five pairs of legs — good
for eating
Muxanisiwa Victim someone who has suffered physical, emotional or financial
damage
Muxengi Traitor person who betrays his or her friend(s), cause or country
Muyeni Guest visitor; someone who stays at a hotel
Muyimeri Representative person chosen to act on behalf of others
Muyimeri Wa Xinawu Lawyer professional person who is qualified to practise law
Muyivi Burglar person who breaks into a building to steal
Mzala Cousin a child of your uncle or aunt
Na With accompanied by. in the same direction as
Nakambe Again once more
Nala Enemy an individual or group that is hostile toward another
Namarhela Sticky like glue
Namarheta Paste (v.) to glue; to spread on
Nambu River wide natural stream of water
Namibia Namibia arid country on the southwest African coast neighbouring
Namibiya SouthAfrica in the northwest
Namuneti Cool Drink sweet drink to be served cold
Namuntlha Today this day
Nandza Seal sea mammal with flippers and a doglike face
Nandzelelano Order (n.) record of what is required
Nandziha Tasty having a pleasant flavour when eaten
Nandzu Offence transgression; breaking of a rule
Nanga Trumpet brass musical wind instrument

Nanndza Servant domestic worker


Nantswa Taste (v.) to experience the flavour of food in your mouth
Nantswa Lick pass the tongue over (something) in order to taste, moisten, or
clean it
Nantswo Taste (n.) flavour of food when eaten
Navela Desire to wish for or strongly want something
Nawu Rule (n.) instruction to be followed
Nawu Law the collection of rules imposed by authority
Nayiti Needle long, thin spike for sewing
Ncakunya Chew to use teeth to divide food into smaller bits
Nchavo Fear an unpleasant emotion caused by the threat of danger, pain, or
harm
Ncheleto Irrigation distribution of water to wet the soil in which plants are growing
Nchipiso Wholesale sales in bulk quantities
Nchuluko Diarrhoea stomach illness that causes runny stools
Nchumu Thing an object
Nchumu Something an unspecified or unknown thing
Nchuveko Barricade barrier that blocks the way
Ncila Tail part at the back of an animal or aeroplane
Ncinco Amendment change
Ncinco Wa Mali Exchange Rate proportion at which currencies are exchanged
Ncino Dance rhythmic movement to music
Ndhambi Flood natural disaster caused by too much rain or overflowing river
Ndhavuko Tradition custom; the way things have been done for a long time
Ndhawu Venue place where an event takes place
Ndhawu Ya Manyunyu Luxury expensive surroundings
Ndhawu Ya Mavhenge Shopping Centre building with many shops
le
Ndhawu Ya Ndzhaka Heritage Site place of historical or cultural significance
Ndhawu Ya Nghozi Minefield area where explosives are buried beneath the surface to keep
the enemy away
Ndhawu Ya Tipala Goal Area near the place to score
Ndhawu Yaleyo Local of the surrounding area
Ndhawu Yo Dzahela Smoking Section part of a building where cigarette smoking is permitted
Ndhichi Ya Sathelayiti Satellite Dish bowl-shaped receiver
Ndhlulupu Bulb electric lamp
Ndlala Hunger condition of not having eaten for a while
Ndlandlamuko Expansion making or getting larger
Ndlela Way road to get to a place
Ndyangu Family people who are related by birth or marriage
Ndyelo Plate flat object to hold food
Ndzavisiso Research process of gathering data about a topic, analysing the data and
reaching a conclusion about the topic
Ndzawulo Department section of an organisation
Ndzemuxo Warning information about danger
Ndzetelovutivi Workshop meeting at which an issue is discussed to reach better
understanding of it, or where a new approach is practised
Ndzhaka Heritage what is inherited from previous generations
Ndzhaku After at a later time
Ndzhati September ninth month of the year

Ndzhemba Fold a crease in paper or fabric


Ndzhenga Afternoon after midday (12 o’clock) in the day
Ndzhukano Vulgar not refined; crude
Ndzhumbha Drum musical instrument that is hit to give the beat
Ndzhumbi Thigh top part of the leg
Ndzhwalo Luggage baggage used when travelling
Ndzilakano Boundary outside edge of a piece of land
Ndzimana Verse part of a poem
Ndzingananiso Moderation not an extreme amount; a mild degree
Ndzingano Equality state of being equal
Ndzinginiko Earthquake movement of the earth’s crust
Ndzisi Herd group of certain kinds of animals of the same type, e.g. cattle or
elephants
Ndzovo Fishing Rod stick with a line to catch fish
Ndzumo Byte unit of electronic data
Ndzuvo Property Rates tax payable to a municipality for owning land
Neleta Needle long, thin spike for sewing
Nelspruit Nelspruit capital city of the province of Mpumalanga; an important fruit
and timber centre (metro: Mbombela)
Nembelela Suspended hanging
Nene Fresh not old
Nese Nurse medical assistant in a hospital
Nete Net fabric with open holes, sometimes made of knotted cord
Nete Ya Tipala Goal Net net behind the score box in soccer and hockey
Netiweke Network arrangement of interconnected roads, contacts, computers, etc.
Nga Ri Xa Ntolovelo Irregular not regular
Ngati Blood red-coloured body fluid transported in veins
Nghadi Garden place outside a house where grass and other plants have been
planted to look attractive and provide a place for relaxing or
food
Nghala Lion large African wild cat that hunts in prides and can roar; one of
the Big Five
Nghandliso Hi Rintiho Fingerprint mark left by a fingertip on a smooth surface
Nghayelo Digestion processing of food by mouth, stomach and intestines
Nghena Go In enter
Nghenela Join to become part of a group or organisation
Nghenelela Interfere to meddle; to step in between
Nghenisa Insert to put in; to add
Nghenisa Swintshwa Update to bring up to date
Nghilazi Yo Kurisa Magnifying Glass glass that makes things look bigger
Nghingiriko Activity something to do; the situation of people being busy and doing
things
Nghingiriko Wo Tlurisa Hyperactive very active
Nghohe Skin outer, layered organ covering animals
Ngholovhana Ya Xintsh Cable Car cubicle suspended from a cable moving people between a low
abyana and a high point
Nghoma Song melody, usually accompanied by words
Nghozi Sounds Accident Nghozi means “accident”something bad which happens that is
like:ngho-zi not expected or intended, and which often damages something
or injures someone
Nghozi Danger unsafe situation or circumstances
Nghunghumbhana Wheelbarrow container with a front wheel and two feet that is pushed to
carry heavy goods
Nghwazi Hero person who endangers his or her own life to save those of
others
Ngoma Drum musical instrument that is hit to give the beat
Ngopfu Very much
Ngoti Yarn thread used for weaving or knitting
Nguluve Widower man whose wife has died
Nguva Season extended period of the same weather lasting several months
Ngwenya Crocodile large aquatic predatory reptile with huge jaws and teeth and a
powerful swimming tail
Nhamu Neck part of human body between the head and chest
Nhenha Hero person who endangers his or her own life to save those of
others
Nhlambha Vulgar not refined; crude
Nhlampfi Ya Thuna Tuna large deep-sea shoal fish
Nhlamulo Reaction response
Nhlamuselo Reason (n.) cause
(Xivangelo)
Nhlana Back opposite to front part of the body
Nhlangahlangano Labyrinth interconnected passages in which it is difficult to find your way
Nhlanganiso Network arrangement of interconnected roads, contacts, computers, etc.
Nhlangano Organisation institution; formal group or business
Nhlangano Wa Vatirhi Trade Union organisation representing workers
Nhlangula October 10th month of the year
Nhlaselo Mugged ambushed and robbed in the street
Nhlayiselo Reservation booking
Nhlayiso Wa Tikhasim Customer Care looking after customers and meeting their expectations
ende
Nhlayiso Wa Vana Child Care looking after and fulfilling the needs of a child
Nhlekanhi Noon 12 o’clock midday
Nhlengeletano Meeting gathering to discuss a matter
Nhlengeletano Ni Press Conference gathering where information is released to mediareporters
Vamahungu
Nhloko Head (n.) part of the body above neck
Nhloko Ya Xikolo School Principal person in charge of a school
Nhlokomhaka Topic subject under discussion
Nhlomulo Sadness condition of unhappiness; grief
Nhlomuto Projection (n.) object that sticks out
Nhlonge Skin outer, layered organ covering animals
Nhlonipho Respect (n.) feeling of high regard and admiration for someone
Nhlupheko Poverty state of barely having the means to survive
Nhluvuko Development something new that is happening
Nhompfu Nose organ on face used to smell and breathe through
Nhonga Rod stick
Nhongana Fly any of various two-winged insects like the housefly
Nhova Rainforest dense trees and other vegetation in a high- rainfall area in the
tropics
Nhundzu Property possession
Nhutlwa Giraffe all beige-coloured African wild animal with dark blotches and a
very long neck and legs
Nhwana Virgin a person, typically a woman, who has never had sexual
intercourse
Nhwanyana Girl young female
Nhwelo Delay a period of waiting for something
N’Hweti Month one of the 12 periods into which the year is divided
Nimadyambu Evening late hours of the day, just before the night
Nimixo Morning beginning of the day
Nimixo Swinene Early Morning first part of the day, around dawn
Nimpundzu Morning beginning of the day
Ninginisa Shake to move or cause to move rapidly up and down or side to side
Nivinjara New Year start of a year
Nivusiku Night few hours before and after midnight when it is dark
Njara Yarn thread used for weaving or knitting
Njhani? How? in which way?
Njhini Yo Valanga Search Engine application by means of which internet data can be searched
Njombo Lucky Fortunate
Njovela Fish to catch fish
Nkahelo Vapour gas in the air e.g. steam
Nkambelo Evaluation assessment according to specific criteria
Nkambeloxihoxo Trouble- Shooting to search for a mistake in a system or operation

Nkambisiso Experiment procedure to find out or test something


Nkampa Camp Site place in nature to camp out in a tent or caravan
Nkanandzu Not Guilty not having committed a crime
Nkanchumu Vacant not filled; open; empty
Nkandziyiso Photocopy n.) copy of a document made on a machine
Nkanerisano Discussion talking about
Nkanetano Quarrel argument
Nkaneto Paradox seeming contradiction
Nkarhi Time hours, minutes and seconds
Nkarhi Lowu Taka Future what is still to happen
Nkarhi Wa Ntlevutlevu Peak Period time at which the busiest activity is experienced
Nkarhi Wo Suka Departure Time time of leaving a place
Nkarhi Wo Wisa Leave (n.) vacation; holiday from work
Nkateko Lucky fortunate
Nkatolo- Velekangiki Unconventional out of the ordinary; not conventional
Nkatsakanyo Summary main points of a piece of writing
Nkavangaheti Whale largest sea mammal
Nkavonikelo Opaque not see-through
Nkawu Monkey agile small wild animal with a long tail that lives mostly in trees
Nkaximfumo Casual (adj.) informal; comfortable or everyday clothes
Nkele Hole gap; empty space in a solid body
Nketana Chain metal links joined together
Nkhinkhi Enthusiastic eing excited about something
Nkhukhulo Flood natural disaster caused by too much rain or overflowing river
Nkhuluko Wa Gezi Current a stream of water, air or electricity
Nkhuvu Festival organised event for celebration
Nkhwaju Tick mark
Nkoka Vital essential

Nkokotso Crab flat-shaped sea creature with an outer shell, five pairs of
segmented legs
Nkolo Throat pipe at the back of the mouth connecting mouth with digestive
system
Nkolombyana Lizard small quick-moving reptile with an elongated body and tail
Nkolonkono Dragonfly insect with a long, thin body and long, translucent wings
Nkombiso Show (n.) theatrical or musical production
Nkombo Seven number between six and eight, represented by the figure 7
Nkomiso Summary main points of a piece of writing
Nkondzo Footprint mark left on the ground by a foot
Nkova Valley low-lying area between hills or mountains
Nkucetelo Effect result of an action
Nkufumelo Wa Misava Global Warming increase in temperature around the earth
Nkulukumba Sir formal way to address a man
Nkumba Blanket soft piece of cloth to keep one’s body warm
Nkumba Wa Vutsenga Quilt blanket made by sewing small fabric pieces together
Nkungwa Mist fog
Nkunupu Button small usually round object to fasten a shirt or blouse
Nkurhe Brown usual colour of soil or wood
Nkutlunyo Score (n.) points in a game
Nkwama Handbag container in which to carry small things with you
Nkwangulatilo Rainbow semi-circle of seven colours formed in the air when sunlight is
diffracted by rain drops
Nomboro (Xik. 6) Number (E.G. 6) numeral
Nomboro Ya Riqingho Telephone number used to contact someone by telephone
Number
Nomo Mouth body opening used for eating, drinking, forming sounds,
breathing, etc
Nomu Lip flexible muscle around the mouth
Nona Fat not thin; overweight
Nongoloko Order (n.) record of what is required
Nongonoko Programme plan or set of instructions to be followed
Nongonoko Wa Swivut Questionnaire list containing questions
iso
Nonoha Difficult not easy
Nonoka Slow not fast
Nonon’Hwa Stiff rigid, inflexible
Norho Dream to experience something like a film in your mind while you
sleep

Norho Wo Chavisa Nightmare frightening dream


North West North West province of South Africa in the northwest adjacent to Botswana;
an important mining and cattle-farming area
Noto Zero nothing; nil; none
Nsalo Net fabric with open holes, sometimes made of knotted cord
Nsati Wife married female person; spouse
Nsayino Signature person’s name by his or her own hand on a document
Nseketelo Support (n.) holding up or sustaining something
Nsele Cruel purposefully hurtful and unkind
Nseve Wa Risana Ray beam of sunshine
Nsiha Nerve thin fibre that carries messages from the brain to the rest of the
body
Nsimbhi Steel hard, durable alloy that doesn’t rust, made by mixing iron and
carbon
Nsimu Field an open area of land for playing sports or planting crops
Nsimu Ya Rhayisi Rice Field field where rice grows; paddy
Nsimu Ya Vhinyo Vineyard cultivated land on which grape vines are planted in rows
Nsirhelelo Security safety
Nsivelamavabyi Hygienic clean; without germs
Nsovo Kind (adj.) caring
Nsuna Mosquito insect that bites and sucks blood
Ntalo Mass quantity of matter of an object
Ntambhu Rope thick cord made of twisted fibres
Ntambhu Ya Mahungu Aerial wire that receives or transmits radio or television signals
Ntambhu Ya USB USB Cable wire for connecting devices to a computer
Ntamu Power orce, authority
Ntanga Wo Saseka Paradise perfect place
Ntangu Shoe one of a pair of coverings shaped to be worn on a foot, with a
thicker layer under the sole of the foot
Ntikelo Valuable with a high value
Ntiko Weight a measure of the heaviness of an object
Ntila Line long straight mark
Ntila Wo Lehela Ehenh Longitude position on one of the imaginary lines that divide Earth into
la vertical segments
Ntima Black darkest colour
Ntirhiso (Wa Nawu) Application (Of putting a rule into practice; implementing a rule
Rule)
Ntirho Task piece of work to be done
Ntirho Wa Ntolovelo Routine (n.) repeated action; habit
Ntirho Wo Tlangela Ceremony formal procedure or event
Ntivomarito Vocabulary words that make up a language
Ntivomisava Geography subject in which the surface, structure, resources and human
communities of Earth are studied
Ntivovuaki Architect person who designs and draws building plans
Ntiyiso Valid applicable
Ntlambya Frog small animal that lives in water and on land
Ntlampfana Muscle human tissue that enables movement of the body
Ntlangasi Wetlands vlei; water-logged area
Ntlangu Party celebration

Ntlawa Club organisation of people sharing the same interest


Ntlhambi Herd group of certain kinds of animals of the same type, e.g. cattle or
elephants
Ntlhambi Wa Tinhlam Shoal large group of fish swimming together
pfi
Ntlhambi Wa Tinyeleti Galaxy a very large grouping of stars
Ntlhavelo Injection substance administered by needle into flesh
Ntlimbo Conflict being in opposition; non-agreement; clash
Ntohe Monkey agile small wild animal with a long tail that lives mostly in trees
Ntokoto Experience something that happened to you that you remember
Ntolovelo Tendency habit of acting or occurring in a specific way
Ntolovelo Wa Ndhavu Ritual ceremony; habit
ko
Ntonga Biltong dried meat
Ntsakiso Amusement something to do for fun
Ntsako Happiness joy
Ntsanana Small not big
Ntsandza Log piece of a tree trunk or branch
Ntsena Only one and not more
Ntsendzeleko Wa Mab Trek difficult and long journey across rough terrain
unu
Ntsengele Berry small round fruit, blue, red or black
Ntsengo Amount a certain quantity of something, for example money or work
Ntshaho Extract passage taken from a book or document
Ntshava Mountain geographic feature of land rising steeply and high above the
surrounding land
Ntsheketo Fiction story; not the truth
Ntshembo Hope (n.) expectation that something good is going to happen
Ntshoveko Wa Xikepe Shipwreck ship that has sunk or run aground
Ntshovelo Harvest gathering of the crop once it is ripe
Ntshuko Shock sudden severe physical or emotional reaction
Ntshukunyana Mole small mammal, virtually blind, with digging claws — burrows
under the ground
Ntshungu Crowd many people together at an event
Ntshwa New opposite of old
Ntsindza Capital main city of a province or country
Ntsongo Small not big
Ntsutsumo Run (n.) a point scored in cricket by running between the wickets
Ntsuvi Fog thick white mist
Ntswalo Interest earning on investment
Ntswontswa Kiss to touch with the lips
Ntukulu Niece daughter of your brother or sister
Ntukulu Wa Xinuna Nephew son of your brother or sister
Ntululu Cousin a child of your uncle or aunt
Ntumbuluko Natural occurring in nature
Ntwelavusiwana Sympathy feeling or emotion shared with someone, especially sadness
Nuna Husband married male person
Nungu Hedgehog small mammal with spikes on its back
Nwa Drink to take a liquid by mouth
N’Wala Nail sharp steel spike knocked in by a hammer
N’Walungu North direction to the left when facing the rising sun
N’Walungu North West province of South Africa in the northwest adjacent to Botswana;
Vupeladyambu an important mining and cattle-farming area
N’Wana Child young person
Nwana Drink to take a liquid by mouth
Nwana Wa Mufana Son a mother or father’s male child
N’Wana Wa Nhwanya Daughter female child
na
N’Wangulano Interactive allowing two-way communication between a computer
program and a user
N’Wan’Wasela Spray small drops of liquid
N’Warimhond- Rhinoceros large African or Asian animal with a thick grey skin and one or
Zorin’We (Rhino) two horns on its nose; poached due to supposed medicinal
properties of horn
N’Watimpepe Referee person who controls a sports game by blowing a whistle
N’Watseka Spray small drops of liquid
N’Wayitelo Smile (n.) friendly expression given with the corners of the mouth
turned upwards
N’We One a single unit, represented by the figure 1
N’Wendzamhala December last month of the year
N’Weti Moon Earth’s natural satellite
N’Wina You (Plural) used when addressing more than one person
N’Wini Owner person who owns something
Nxaniseko Poverty state of barely having the means to survive
Nxaniso Wa Vana Child Abuse mistreatment of a child
Nxaviselano Transaction business action; deal
Nxaviselo Wa Vanhu Retail sales to the general public
Nxaviso Trade skilled type of labou
Nxavo Price money value at which something is sold
Nxaxamelo List (n.) document containing names, tasks, etc.
Nxiximo Respect (n.) feeling of high regard and admiration for someone
Nxiyaxiyo Observation something noted
Nxungeto Threat situation holding the risk of causing hurt or damage
Nyama Meat flesh of an animal to be eaten
Nyama Ya Homu Beef meat of cattle
Nyama Ya Nguluve Pork meat of a pig for eating
Nyama Ya Nyimpfu Mutton sheep’s meat for eating
Nyama Ya Rhole Veal meat of a calf, for eating
Nyama Yo Gayiwa Mince ground beef
Nyama Yo Oxiwa Braaivleis barbecued meat
Nyamalala Vanish disappear
Nyanganya Sweet (adj.) that tastes like sugar
Nyangatsa Disgust strong dislike
Nyangwa Doorway opening in the wall of a building through which to enter or
leave
Nyankwave Shark large predatory fish with a characteristic dorsal fin and more
than one row of sharp teeth
Nyanyuka Enthusiastic being excited about something
Nyeleti Meteor piece of rock from space that burns out when it enters Earth’s
atmosphere; shooting star
Nyeleti Ya Ncila Comet celestial body that travels in an ellipse around the sun, part of
which vapourises into a long luminous tail as it gets closer to
the sun
Nyenga Escape to get away
Nyenyankulu March third month of the year
Nyenyanyana February second month of the year
Nyika Give to offer
Nyiko Present gift
Nyimpfu Sheep farm animal kept for its wool and meat
Nyimpfu Ya Xisati Ewe female sheep
Nyimpi War armed conflict between countries
Nyoka Snake long, thin, legless reptile that slithers along the ground
Nyonga Hip part of the body where the legs join the upper body
Nyuhwela Fat not thin; overweight
Nyuku Sweat droplets on the skin caused by hot weather or exercise;
perspiration
Nyumeresi Numeracy ability to work with numbers
Nyumisa Embarrass to make someone feel uncomfortable
O Kala Nchumu Vacant not filled; open; empty
Obiti Orbit fixed path around an object, e.g. around a planet
Oho! Okay (OK) slang expression meaning fine or good
Okhestra Orchestra group of classical musicians playing musical instruments
Okisijini Oxygen gas required by animals to breathe
Okuthagoni Octagon shape with eight angles
Okuthopasi Octopus soft sea animal (a mollusc) with eight flexible arms fitted with
suckers
Oloriwile Elongated stretched out in length
Olova Soft not hard
Olovisa Lubrication substance that makes a surface smooth and slippery
Oma Duck waterbird with a flat beak
Oma Dry free from moisture or liquid
Omile Dry not wet
Ondza Taper (v.) to become thinner until ending in a point
Onha Damage harm or breakage
Onhakile Out Of Order not working; broken
Onhekile Out Of Order not working; broken
Onhetela Destroy put an end to the existence of (something) by damaging or
attacking it
Opera Opera classical musical production telling a story by singing and acting
Ovhara Over spell of six balls bowled in cricket
Oyili Oil Any greasy substance liquid at room temperature and insoluble
in water
Ozoni Ozone layer of the atmosphere that protects the Earth from the sun’s
harmful rays
Paka Pack fill to capacity; load items into something (i.e. clothes into a
suitcase or merchandise into a container)
Paka Package parcel
Pakula Pack remove a load from. remove (goods) from a vehicle, ship, etc.
Pala Ya Mujeko Flagpost pole on which a flag is hoisted

Paluxa Show to reveal; to expose; to exhibit


Panga Bottle to put in a bottle to preserve
Panikuku Pancake batter poured into a pan, baked and often served with
cinnamon
Panorama Panorama wide view over a landscape
Papa Cloud condensed water vapour showing as a patch of white in the
air
Papila Page (n.) one side of the paper sheets bound into a book
Papila Paper material manufactured in thin sheets from the pulp of wood
or other fibrous substances, used for writing or printing on
or as wrapping material
Paradeyisi Paradise perfect place
Paseka Easter a Christian religious holiday to celebrate Jesus Christ’s
return to life after he was killed
Patlalala Flat smooth and level (of a surface)
Patu Road street
PC PC personal computer
Pela Cross to go to the other side
Peletwana Syllable part of a word
Pende Paint coloured liquid that is brushed onto a surface, e.g. a wall
Pensele Pencil writing tool containing graphite, of which the marks can be
erased
Petirolo Petrol fuel for a vehicle
Petsa Fold to bend over paper or fabric
Petseka Flexible able to bend
Pfanganile Mixed diverse; containing different types
Pfarile Closed shut; not open
Pfariwile Closed shut; not open
Pfhumba Campaign plan or programme to achieve a purpose
Pfilunganeke Complicated influenced by so many factors that it is difficult to
understand
Pfinya Rape sexual penetration of a person against their will
Pfuka Stand Up to rise
Pfula Open (v.) to clear the way
Pfuleka Open (adj.) not closed
Pfulekeke Open (adj.) not closed
Pfumala Lacking without
Pfumelela Let allow
Pfuna Help (v.) to assist
Pfuneta Assist to help
Pfurhaka Combustible that can burn
Pfuta Leak hole in a container through which liquid or gas escapes
Pfuxeleta Recycle to use again for a different purpose
Phaka Park (v.) to stop and leave a car somewhere
Phakela Distribute to spread
Phamela Nourish to feed
Phanele Panel separate piece covering a surface
Phaphamile Awake not asleep
Phaphatana Butterfly insect with colourful wings
Pharaxutu Parachute umbrella-like canopy attached to cords to ensure a safe
landing when jumping from a plane

Phasa Fish to catch fish


Phaseji Corridor passageway
Phasele Parcel Package
Phasipoto Passport document that gives one permission to leave and enter a
country
Phasiwede Password secret word or phrase to control access
Phatluka Break Away to move away from a formation
Phatsama Land (v.) to touch down an aircraft on the ground
Phaxani Sandal open shoe worn in warm weather
Phayiloto Pilot person trained to control an aircraft
Phedali Pedal (n.) part of bicycle that is pressed on by the foot to move
forward
Phede Ya Mawusi Mouse Pad smooth mat for a computer mouse
Phefumu Perfume substance put on skin to smell good
Pheji Page (n.) one side of the paper sheets bound into a book
Pheji Ya Le Home Page page on which a website usually opens
Masungulweni
Pheji Yo Amukela Home Page page on which a website usually opens
Phendulamu Pendulum part of a clock swaying from side to side to keep time
Phene Pen writing tool containing ink
Phepha Paper thin sheet of material to write on
Phepha Ra Nkandziyi Print-Out information or image printed on paper
so
Phephabege Paper Bag carrier made of paper
Phephahungu Newspaper printed information and views about current affairs, printed
on broad sheets of cheap paper, mostly sold daily
Phese Wallet holder for money; purse
Phetagoni Pentagon shape with five sides and five angles
Phethixini Petition document containing signatures to request something or to
object to something
Phika Asthma allergic reaction that makes breathing difficult
Phingwini Penguin flightless black and white seabird with flippers, found in the
cold southern oceans
Pholigoni Polygon shape with many straight lines and angles
Pholithini Polythene type of plastic
Phorisa Police public service that protects people and enforces the law
Phungela Naughty not well behaved
Phungubye Jackal wild dog-like animal that howls
Phuresidente Wa Tik State President elected person at the head of a democratic government
o
Phurogiramu Ya Kho Software programs installed on a computer
mphyuta
Phurojeke Project task
Phurosesa Process (v.) to work with; to handle; to treat or prepare by a special
method
Phurothiya Protea South Africa’s national flower
Phusumende Suitcase bag for packing clothes when travelling
Phutsela Cover to put something over something else
Phuza Drink to take liquid into the mouth for swallowing
Phya Puncture hole in a tyre

Pikiniki Picnic an occasion at which a light meal is eaten outdoors


Pima Weigh to determine the weight of something
Pimanyeta Estimate to guess a figure
Pinyuluka Somersault movement of the body going head over heels
Pitsa Pizza baked dough base with a savoury topping
Podcast Podcast audio file with content similar to a radio broad- cast that can
be down- loaded from the internet
Ponca Puncture hole in a tyre
Pongo Noise loud sound
Ponisa Rescue to save
Posikarata Postcard card on which to write a message and send by mail
Poso Post Office building where mail is received, sorted and sent out, among
other services
Poso (Mapapila) Snailmail informal term for mail sent via the post office
Poto Pot container for cooking
Printa Print publish on paper
Printara Printer device that prints documents on paper
Printara Ya Leyizara Laser Printer device that makes print-outs by using laser technology
Pulaga Plug a fitting with points that fit into a socket for an electrical
connection
Pulambara Plumber person who fixes water and sanitation pipes in buildings
Pulanete Planet large round object in space that circles around the sun or
another star
Pulanga Ro Rheta Har Skateboard narrow board with small wheels, ridden by person pushing
ona off the ground with one leg
Pulasitiki Plastic light-weight artificial substance used to make containers,
shopping bags, etc.
Purasi Farm piece of land where animals are kept and crops are grown
for profit
Purasi Ra Swiharhi Game Farm larged fenced-in piece of veld or bush on which wild animals
are kept and bred as a business
Qaxa Employ give work to (someone) and pay them for it
Qhavula Shake Hands to shake hands
Raha Kick (v.) to bring one’s foot into contact with something
Randi Rand the basic monetary unit of South Africa, equal to 100 cents
Ravumbirhi Tuesday the day of the week before Wednesday and following
Monday
Ravumune Thursday the day of the week before Friday and following Wednesday
Ravunharhu Wednesday the day of the week before Thursday and following Tuesday
Ravuntlhanu Friday the sixth day of the week; the fifth working day
Rendzo Tour sight-seeing trip
Rendzo Ra Le Matini Voyage trip; journey
Resiturente Restaurant place where one can sit down to order a meal and drinks at a
price
Rhadara Radar instrument that locates objects by bouncing wave pulses off
them
Rhadiy Radio device that transmits or receives audio signals
Rhadiyasi Radius half of the diameter of a circle
Rhagabi Rugby team sport in which an oval ball is carried and kicked
Rhakarhaka Cucumber long green vegetable with watery flesh
Rhakete Racket frame with tight strings for playing tennis, squash, etc.
Rhaku Buttock either of the two round fleshy parts of the human body that
form the bottom
Rhama Cheek the soft part of your face that is below your eye and between
your mouth and ear
Rhambalala Parallel of lines that are always the same distance apart
Rhambu Bone the hard parts inside your body which together form your
skeleton
Rhandza Love (v.) to be very fond of
Rhandza Like to be fond of; be attracted to; prefer ; to enjoy (something) :
to get pleasure from (something)
Rhandziwaka Favourite something or someone preferred above others
Rhanga Begin take the first step or steps in carrying out an action
Rhangela Lead (v.) to go in front of and show the way
Rhangelo Lead (n.) number of points or distance that someone or
something is ahead in a competition
Rhasiti Receipt proof on paper that something has been paid
Rhavi Branch section of a tree
Rhavi Ra Tidyondzo Field an open area of land for playing sports or planting crops
Rhayisi Rice plant grown in wet fields of which the seeds are dried and
used as a staple food
Rhefiri Referee person who controls a sports game by blowing a whistle
Rhekoda Record (v.) to write down
Rhekodo Record (n.) the best score ever in a competition
Rhekuthengula Rectangle shape formed by two short and two longer straight lines
meeting at right angles (90 degrees)
Rhendzeleka Rotate turn in a circle
Rhenke Ya Mathekisi Taxi-Rank station where taxis stop to pick up or offload people
Rhenta Rent to hire something, like a car or flat
Rhepe Rap music that consists of rhythmical talking
Rhetela Smooth with an even surface
Rheti Rate level or price at which something is charged
Rhoboto Robot traffic lights
Rhoko Dress piece of clothing worn by a woman; a top and a skirt
combined as one
Rholo Roll movement by a round object
Rholo Ya Vhoroso Boerewors Roll bread roll with a sausage made of (beef) mince
Rhotoro Rotor blades arranged around an axis
Rhukubya Blister skin wound caused by touching hot objects, sunburn, or
wearing chafing shoes
Rhula Still quiet; not moving
Rhuma Send to cause to go somewhere
Rhumbuka Blossom flower on a tree in spring
Rhumela Send to cause to go somewhere
Rhunga Stitch one of many links made with a needle and thread along the
seam where two pieces of material are attached
Rhurhela House (v.) to give a place to; to accommodate
Rhurho Move movement
Rhurhumela Nervous worried or afraid about something that is about to happen
Rhwaleka Portable that can be carried around
Ribungu Brown usual colour of soil or wood
Ribuwa Beach section of sand along the coastline
Ribye Stone small piece of rock
Ribye Ra Xitsundzuxo Tombstone stone with name and dates erected on someone’s grave
Ricindha Thread thin length of cotton for sewing
Riendzo Ra Bazi Bus Tour sight-seeing trip by bus
Riendzo Ra Le Safari trip in the wild
Nhoveni
Rifu Death state of not being alive
Rigovo Curve bend
Rihati Lightning electrical discharge causing a flash of light followed by a loud
noise during a thunderstorm
Rihisela Revenge wrong you do to someone in reaction to the wrong he or she
has done to you
Rihlampfu Stick wooden branch or rod
Rihlaya Jaw movable lower part of mouth
Rihuhu Mental Illness disorder of the mind that causes abnormal behaviour or
thinking
Rihunyi Wood material from a tree used for e.g. fuel and making furniture
Rikari Vane blade of a propeller
Rikhozi Eagle large bird of prey
Rikhwarha Quarry place where rock is broken into stones
Rikunyi Stick wooden branch or rod
Rila Cry to shout
Rimba Frame part around a picture or window
Rimhondzo Horn hard pointed growth on an animal’s head
Rimoyana Ro Hola Breeze a light, pleasant wind
Rimpfani Chameleon small reptile that can change its colour to camouflage itself
Rincindha Cotton fabric for making clothes
Rindzela Wait to do nothing until something happens
Ringana Equal the same in size, number or amount
Ringanana Even smooth; balanced
Ringela Fish to catch fish
Ringeta Try (v.) to attempt
Rinhi Stick wooden branch or rod
Rinhi Ra Miehleketo Memory Stick small device that can be plugged into an electronic device to
store data, video, music and images
Rintiho Finger one of the five moving extended parts on a human hand
Ripapa Feather any of the light, flat growths that form the plumage of a bird,
with which the bird flies and which helps to keep it warm
Ripiko Wing limb of a bird or insect that enables it to fly
Riqingho Telephone device used to speak to someone far away via landline or
airwaves
Riqingho Ra Sele Mobile Phone cellphone
Rirhandzu Kind (adj.) caring
Ririmi Ra Le Slang informal street language
Xitarateni
Ririmi Ra Swikoweto Sign Language language of hand and finger signals
Risema Odour bad smell
Risima Quality of a high standard
Risimu Song melody, usually accompanied by words
Risindza Bracelet piece of jewellery worn around the wrist
Risiva Trophy prize, usually a cup or plate, awarded to the winner of a
contest
Ritavala Ra Tipala Goal Net net behind the score box in soccer and hockey
Rito Word language unit of a sentence
Rito Ra Bvurumo Buzz Word new, trendy word used regularly
Rito Ro Rhanga Foreword message in the front of a book
Ritofanana Synonym word with the same meaning as another word
Rivala Ra Mitlangu Stadium place where sports and other events are held with seating for
a large crowd of spectators
Sabumarini Submarine underwater boat
Safari Safari trip in the wild
Saka Bag a strong container with one or two handles, used to carry things
in
Salani Kahle Goodbye word expressing good wishes when leaving
Salelwa Fossil remains of a dead plant or animal that have turned to stone
after thousands of years
Sambelo Basin bowl for washing
Sandhazi Sandal open shoe worn in warm weather
Sangweji Sandwich two slices of bread with a filling
Saseka Beautiful pretty; attractive
Sasekile Neat tidy
Sava Sand eroded powdered rock found on a beach
Sayense Science study of nature based on observation, experiment and
measurement, and the explanation of these studies
Sayina Sign indication of something happening
Seke Sand eroded powdered rock found on a beach
Seketela Support (v.) to help or sustain something or someone
Sekondo Second one sixtieth of a minute
Seletela Bury to cover, for example under the ground
Selifoni Cellphone mobile phone working with a cellular network
Sengisa Prosecute to argue the state’s case in criminal legal proceedings
Senthara Centre building that usually contains many different shops or
businesses
Senthara Ya Muganga Community place for the use of people living in an area
Centre
Sesi Sister a female born from the same mother as you
Sevhara Server computer that manages access to a network service
(Computer)
Sigara Cigar dried and rolled tobacco leaves rolled into a stick for smoking
Sigarete Cigarette shredded dry tobacco leaves inside a tube of paper for smoking,
usually with a filter at one end
Siku Day period when the sun is up
Siku Hinkwaro All Day the whole day long
Siku Ra Ntlangu Game-Day day on which a sports match is played
Siku Ro Hetelela Cut-Off Date time at which an opportunity ends
Siku Ro Suka Departure Date day of leaving a place
Silabulu Syllable part of a word
Silika Silk fabric made from the threads silkworms secrete to make their
cocoons
Silindara Cylinder tube
Simatifoni Smart Phone phone with a touch screen and computer functions
Simeka Launch to start; to send off
Sinagogo Synagogue Jewish place of worship; shul
Sindzisa Force to make someone do something by using power or aggression
or threats
Sindzisa Nawu Enforce apply (a rule or law)
Sinema Cinema theatre house for watching movies
Singi Stranger person who is not known or is unfamiliar
Sirapu Syrup smooth, sticky substance produced from sugar cane
Sirheleka Immunity exemption from prosecution
Sisiteme System set of connected parts that function as a whole
Sitiriyo Stereo music played with sounds coming from two sides
Siva Replace put in the place of
Siviwangi Vacant not filled; open; empty
Socha Soldier fighting member of an army
Sofa Couch comfortable seat for more than one person
Soha Twist to turn two ends of an object in opposite directions
Sonto Sunday day between Saturday and Monday
Sopi Soapie daily television drama (soap opera)
Suka Leave to depart
Sula Rub to wipe forward and backward
Suleka Dislocate wrench out of position, e.g. your shoulder joint
Sungula Start beginning
Sunguti January first month of the year
Susumeta Push shove
Suti Yo Khida Swimsuit clothes worn when swimming
Suti Yo Sivela Mati Wetsuit worn for protection against cold water and for diving
underwater
Sutikhesi Suitcase bag for packing clothes when travelling
Swa Chefu Poisonous containing a substance that has a deadly or harmful effect when
it enters the body
Swa Le Ka Tithiropiki Tropical of the tropics
Swa Le Matilweni Celestial to do with heavenly bodies or stars
Swa Le Tropical of the tropics
Vutlheladyambu
Swa Ntolovelo Normal usual
Swa Rixaka National having to do with a country
Swa Vuxungu Poisonous containing a substance that has a deadly or harmful effect when
it enters the body
Swakudya Meal food served at mealtime e.g. dinner
Swakudya Swa Siku Dinner main meal, usually eaten in the evening
Sweka Cook to prepare food
Sweswi Nut fruit with hard woody outer shell and soft, nutritious insides
Sweswinyana Recent not long ago
Swi Fanerile Necessary needed; required
Swi Kahle Okay (OK) slang expression meaning fine or good
Swi Nga Koteka Probable for which a good possibility of happening exists
Swi Nga Ri Swingani Some not all; a few
Swiambalo Clothes pieces of material cut and sewn to wear on the body
Swifambo Transport means of getting from one place to another, other than by
walking
Swifaniso Swa Le Rock Painting prehistoric artwork on a rockface, usually inside a cave
Maribyeni
Swihakarhandle- Veni Headphones earphones for listening to music
Swiharhi Game wild animals in a nature reserve
Swihari Game wild animals in a nature reserve
Swihlahla Rainforest dense trees and other vegetation in a high- rainfall area in the
tropics
Swikero Swo Hala Rotor blades arranged around an axis
Swikili Swa Vutomi Life Skills school subject in which basic personal issues are studied
Swikumiwa Swa Ntum Natural Resource source of material or energy found in nature
buluko
Swilombe Orchestra group of classical musicians playing musical instruments
Swiluva Swo Xixima Wreath ring-shaped ornament as a mark of honour
Swimbe Foreign from a different country; unknown
Swinene Very much
Swingwece Coin round piece of metal used as money
Swin’Wana Some not all; a few
Swin’We Together with others
Swinyingi Much a lot
Swiphemumbirhi Binary of a number system based on 0 and 1
Swipotso Athletics sports events on a track or field within the track
Swirha Disgust strong dislike
Swirhangiso Swo Thermal underwear that fits tightly for very cold weather
Kufumela Underwear
Swiri Lemon sour-tasting citrus fruit
Swiribyana Pebble small smooth stone
Switepisi Staircase flight of steps
Switirho Apparatus equipment
Switiviwa Data facts, information or observations, usually unprocessed
Switsari Stationery office requirements e.g. paper, pens and paper clips
Switsutsutsu Shower light fall of rain
Swivutiso Swa Ntolove FAQs frequently asked questions
lo
Swiyila Superstition belief in the supernatural
Swo Endliwa Hi Artefact artwork or tool produced by a prehistoric culture
Mavoko
Swo Tala Many a lot of
Swo Tsalela Stationery office requirements e.g. paper, pens and paper clips
Swoswa Rub to wipe forward and backward

Table Mountain Table Mountain mountain in Cape Town with a flat top
Tafula Table flat surface on legs, to eat from or work at, etc.
Tafula Ra Muphameri Chef’S Table main dining table
Tala Many a lot of
Tala Ku Tlula Mpimo Overload to load too much on a vehicle or pack animal
Tala Mati Water-Logged saturated with water
Talanyana More extra; additional
Tandza Zero nothing; nil; none
Tanihi Ntiyiso Virtual Reality realistic-looking environment on a computer with which the
user can interact
Tano Such of the sort specified; so great or much
Tapitapi Water-Logged saturated with water
Tata Fill Up make full
Tatana Father male person who has a child
Tatisa Fill Up make full
Teka Marry to take as husband or wife
Teka Mali Make Withdrawal to withdraw money from the bank
Teka Rendzo Journey (v.) to travel
Tekela Rob steal
Tekela Enhlokweni Note to notice
Tekile Married legally committed to another adult
Tekiwile Married legally committed to another adult
Tele Full not empty
Tele Ngopfu Many a lot of
Tende Tent fabric cover on a frame in which to sleep outdoors
Tengisa Prosecute to argue the state’s case in criminal legal proceedings
Teretere Tractor farm vehicle with large wheels for driving on rough terrain and
pulling implements
Thala Divorce formal separation of a married couple
Thamuka Hop jump on one leg
Thanga Thigh top part of the leg
Thangi Tank large container for storing a substance such as water
Thawula Towel piece of material for drying yourself
Thayere Ro Ponca Flat Tyre car tyre that has lost almost all air
Thayipa Type (v.) to press the keys on a keyboard
Thebulete Tablet electronic device with a touch screen that functions like a
(Computer) computer, but of a smaller size
Thege Ya Vito Name Tag note with a person’s name for identification
Thekinoloji Technology solutions to problems using human ingenuity and available
resources
Thekisi Taxi motor car or small bus used to transport passengers at a fee
Thelefoni Telephone device used to speak to someone far away via landline or
airwaves
Thelegiramu Telegram abbreviated message sent by telegraph
Thelevhixini Television device that receives video and audio content via airwaves and
displays the video content on a screen
Thelevhixini Ya Plasma Plasma Screen flat TV or computer screen that consists of gas-filled cells
through which an electric current is passed
Theme Term fixed period served in an elected position
Theminoloji Terminology words used when writing or talking about a topic
Themomitara Thermometer device with liquid in a thin glass tube to measure temperature
Thenisi Tennis game played by two or four people hitting a ball across a net
using rackets
Thenthekele Tentacle one of a number of long thin arms of an animal e.g. an octopus
Thepirhekoda Tape Recorder device for recording music and voice
Thicara Teacher person who helps you learn about a subject
Thikithi Ra Bayisikopo Movie Ticket proof of payment shown before entering a cinema
Thikithi Ra Vupakelo Parking Ticket card to allow parking
Thikithi Ra Xielekitiron E-Ticket electronic ticket
iki
Thini Tin small metal container
Thirofi Trophy prize, usually a cup or plate, awarded to the winner of a contest
Thixu Tissue material that forms the structure of living organisms
Thiyetha Theatre place where a play or show is presented
Thiyori Theory proposed explanation of an observation in nature or the result
of an experiment
Thoci Torch flashlight
Thola Employ to appoint; to give a job to
Thonamente Tournament series of sports matches with an ultimate winner
Thopo Top piece of clothing worn on the upper body
Thoyi Toy object to play with
Thundhelo Bladder (Internal organ inside the human body in which urine is stored
Organ)
Thunya Delete to remove; to scrap
Thwixama Straight direct; in a line
Thwixi Vertical position from top to bottom
Thya Name (v.) to give a name to
Thyaka Trash rubbish; refuse
Thyakile Dirty not clean
Tihakelo Fare tariff; price
Tihanyi Cruel purposefully hurtful and unkind
Tihleyeka Slope ground that goes up or down gradually
Tihofisi Ta Matiko Embassy the institution that represents a country in another country
Mambe
Tihofisi Ta Vuyimeri Embassy the institution that represents a country in another country
Tihomu Cattle bulls and cows (farm animals)
Tika Difficult not easy
Tikatsa Join to become part of a group or organisation
Tikhasimende Client someone who pays for a service
Tiko Country land; nation
Tikoko Fishing Rod stick with a line to catch fish
Tikoxikaya Country rural area far away from the cities
Tilo Thunderstorm storm with lightning and thunder
Tilo Ra Rihati Thunder (n.) loud booming noise during stormy weather
Tima Log Off/Log Out to sign off from a computer or internet site
Timali Fare tariff; price
Timali Mathikithinyingi Bulk Fare price of tickets if bought in large quantities
Timanga Peanut edible seed of pea plant family
Timbyaru Wrinkle crease in the skin produced by age
Timekile Off-Line (in computers) not connected
Timfanelo Ta Ximunhu Human Right just treatment due to all people
Tindlela Ta Vuhlangani Broadband type of digital connection
si
Tindziminyingi Multilingual using many languages
Tingana Shame feeling of guilt
Tinguvu Clothes pieces of material cut and sewn to wear on the body
Tinodulu Noodles rice or wheat flour strips; pasta
Tinomboro Ta Movha Number Plate registration number on a vehicle
Tinsiva Down soft feathers, used for stuffing pillows
Tintanghu Footwear shoes
Tintangu Ta Mavhilwa Roller Skates shoes with wheels
Tintangu Hiking Boots shoes used for walking in rough terrain
To Fambafamba
Tintsengele Strawberry red fruit that grows close to the ground
Tintswalo Kind (adj.) caring
Tinyama Tissue material that forms the structure of living organisms
Tinyiketa Surrender (v.) to hand over; to give up power
Tirheti Na Swibalo Rates And Taxes tax paid to a local authority for land owned
Tirhisa Use to take something and do something with it
Tiroli Cart trolley
Tirompita Trumpet brass musical wind instrument
Tisa Bring to take something along
Tisayense Ta Swa Vuto Life Sciences school subject in which nature is studied
mi
Tisola Regret (v.) to feel sorry; Formularbeginn
Titimela Cold (n.) illness with symptoms such as a blocked nose and fever
Titivarile Unconscious not conscious; passed out
Titlilayente Client someone who pays for a service
Titumbeta Camouflage (v.) to change colour or wear clothing to blend into the
background or surroundings
Tiva Recognise to identify something or someone seen before
Tiva Ra Vuhlambelo Swimming Pool small reservoir of water built for swimming
Tiveka Famous well known
Tiya Tight not loose
Tiyela Hard not soft
Tiyetara Theatre place where a play or show is presented
Tiyisekile Certain sure
Tiyisiwile Fixed immovable
Tlakuka Stand Up to rise
Tlakukile Elevated at a higher level
Tlakusa Upgrade improve to a higher standard
Tlanga Play (v.) to participate in a game
Tlhari Weapon object that can be used to defend or attack
Tlhariha Wise showing wisdom; sensible
Tlhelo Direction way in which movement goes
Tlhelo Lerin’Wana Opposite across or on the other side
Tlhelo Rin’Wana Across on the other side of
Tlhentlha Reverse (v.) to move backwards
Tlilabu Club organisation of people sharing the same interest
Tlilabu Ya Vusiku Night Club place where music is played, dancing takes place and alcohol is
served late into the night
Tlilabu Ya Vusiku Night Club place where music is played, dancing takes place and alcohol is
served late into the night
Tlimbeleta Force to make someone do something by using power or aggression
or threats
Tluka Page (v.) to turn a page in a book
Tlula Jump (v.) to go from one position to another in one fast movement
Tlumbana Collide to bump into
Tluta Sail (v.) to go out on the water in a wind-driven boat or yacht
Tolo Yesterday the day before today
Tontswa Sharp with a point
Torha Thirsty the need to drink liquid
Tota Spread paste put on bread
Toya Chicken (slang) coward; not brave
Tsakama Wet not dry
Tsakela Like (v.) to be fond of
Tsakeriwaka Favourite something or someone preferred above others
Tsakile Happy content
Tsakisa Please (v.) to keep someone satisfied
Tsala Write to express in words on paper or digitally
Tsalavutomi Biography book about someone’s life
Tsalela Hi Selifoni Texting typing a short message on a cellphone or other device
Tsalwa Text written words or other visual or coded representation
Tsalwa Ra Swirilo Petition document containing signatures to request something or to
object to something
Tsanyula Stretch (v.) to make longer by pulling; loosen your muscles and
ligaments before exercise
Tsema Rule (v.) to decide on
Tsevu Six number between five and seven, represented by the figure 6
Tshaku Base bottom part of a structure
Tshama Live (v.) to reside; to stay at
Tshemba Hope (v.) to expect that something good will happen
Tshika Quit to give up
Tshiveleka Combustible that can burn
Tshovekile Broken not working or out of order; cracked or in pieces
Tshukile Afraid in fear of something or someone
Tshula Name (v.) to give a name to
Tshwa Burn to set wood or other inflammable material on fire
Tshwuka Red colour of blood
Tsindziyela Tight not loose
Tsokombela Tasty having a pleasant flavour when eaten
Tsolo Knee joint of the human leg
Tsundzuka Remember not to forget
Tsutsuma Run (v.) to move fast so that both feet are off the ground during a
stride
Tsuva Unhappy not happy
Tswonga Absorbent able to take up or suck up liquid
Tuna Tuna large deep-sea shoal fish
Twa Sense (v.) to feel; to become aware of
Twelela Sense (v.) to feel; to become aware of
Twisisa Understand to know what something means
U Chayela U Famba Drive Away leave in a car
U Humile Out not home
Vaaki Society people in general
Vaakindhawu Community all the people living in an area
Vabya Sick ill; not healthy or well
Vala Mark points earned in a test
Vamahungu Media printed, radio, television and electronic press
Vamba Stretch (v.) to make longer by pulling; loosen your muscles and
ligaments before exercise
Vana Children young boys or girls
Vandla Peel (n.) outer skin of fruit
Vanga Cause (v.) to make something happen

Vangama Luminous shiny


Vantshwa Youth young person or people
Vapfuni Hi Timali Charity organisation that helps people at no cost
Vaponisi Va Lava Life-Guard person on duty at the beach or a swimming pool to save people
Nwelaka from drowning
Vavankulu Uncle brother of your mother or father
Vavantsongo Uncle brother of your mother or father
Vavasati Ladies sign on toilet for females
Vavisa Injure to hurt
Vavisekile Injured (n.) people who have been hurt
Vaxavi Client someone who pays for a service
Vaxinuna Gents word or sign on men’s toilet door
Vayeni Company guests
Veka Put to place something down
Vekela Put to place something down
Venga Hate (v.) to dislike intensely; not to like at all
Vevuka Light (adv.) 1. not heavy
Vhayirasi Virus small program usually sent by email that can cause serious
damage to a computer
Vhengele Stall (n.) booth from which something is sold
Vhengele Ra Drugstore American word for a pharmacy or chemist
Swidzidziharisi
Vhese Verse part of a poem
Vhiki Leri This Week the current week
Vhiki Leri Nga Hundza Last Week the week before this week
Vhiki Leri Taka Next Week the week after
Vhiki Na Vhiki Weekly every week
Vhikisa Feint to pretend or fake a blow or thrust with a weapon
Vhilwa Wheel round object that turns to make vehicles move
Vhilwa Ro Khomela Spare Wheel extra wheel for a vehicle to replace a flat tyre
Vhinyo Wine alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes
Vhochara Voucher prepaid note that can be used instead of payment for goods or
a service
Vholikheno Volcano area, often mountain, that spews hot lava, gas and smoke from
beneath the surface
Vhota Vote to exercise one’s right to choose a representative
Vhoti Vote to exercise one’s right to choose a representative
Vhumba Forecast prediction of what is going to happen in the future
Vhurandha Balcony platform that a door leads to, built onto an outside wall one
storey or more up
Vhuvhuzela Vuvuzela instrument shaped like a trumpet that makes a noise when
blown — often used at big soccer events
Vila Ferment of a substance, to undergo a process during which micro-
organisms react with it, like grape juice changing into wine
Vilela Complain to say that one is not satisfied with something
Virisa Boil (v.) cook until liquid reaches the point at which it turns to gas
Viriviri Pepper sharp-tasting spice
Vitana Call (v.) to draw someone’s attention with a loud voice
Vito Name what something or someone is called
Vito Ro Bomba Nickname pet name
Voko Arm one of the two upper limbs of a human
Vona They more than one
Vonakaka View everything seen in the distance, especially from an elevated
point
Vonakala Luminous shiny
Vonakelo View everything seen in the distance, especially from an elevated
point
Vondzoka Hate (v.) to dislike intensely; not to like at all
Vonikela Transparent which can be seen through
Vonisana Negotiate to hold discussions to reach an agreement or consensus
Voya Down soft feathers, used for stuffing pillows
Vuchavelahwahwa Exile state of being forced to live outside your own country
Vuenti Hambaniseka in-depth information; full particulars
Vufikelo Bya Mahungu Inbox place on a computer where incoming mail is kept
Vugevenga Crime illegal act(s)
Vugimamusi Horizon farthest line in the distance where the sky and the earth meet
Vugovekela Ehandle Convex referring to a surface that is curved outward
Vugovekela Endzeni Concave referring to a surface that is hollow
Vugulani Chronic going on for a long time
Vugwili rich Wealthy
Vuhandzuri Operation medical procedure that involves a surgeon working inside a
patient’s body
Vuheteleri Bya Rendzo Destination place at the end of a journey
Vuheveheve Topical to do with current news
Vuhlaka Junk rubbish or unwanted goods
Vuhlayiseki Safety condition of being secure
Vuhlayiselo Bya Zoo place where animals are kept for humans to see
Swiharhi
Vuhleri Assessment evaluation against a standard
Vuhlonga Addiction inability to give up something, usually drugs; dependency
Vuhluri Victory state of having won
Vuhumadyambu East (The) countries lying to the east of Europe and the Mid-East; Asia
Vukaneti Contradiction statement or idea that is the direct opposite of another
Vukanganyisi Trick skilful action that can fool someone
Vukari Violent that involves force
Vukhamba Robbery theft
Vukhandziyelo Bya Bus Terminus the end of a bus route
Mabazi
Vukheta Careful with caution
Vukona Existence state of being alive or present
Vukorhokeri Service the act of helping someone
Vukungundzwana Corruption illegal way of enrichment by abusing position or system
Vulamuri Mediation process of helping conflicting parties agree
Vulandzelerisi Strict expecting rules to be followed
Vulanguteri Supervision process of overseeing someone or an activity
Vulavula Talk speak
Vulawuri Control being in charge of something
Vulawuri Bya Rhimoti Remote Control mechanism with which a device is controlled from a distance
Vuleteri Bya Le In-Service learning more about a job while already doing the job
Ntirhweni Training
Vulongeta Long taking much time
Vulongoloxamarito Syntax structure of a sentence
Vuluki Knife (n.) sharp instrument for cutting food
Vululami Justice fairness, generally in legal matters
Vumakelo Factory place where goods are manufactured
Vumba Form shape
Vumbabva Fraud criminal action using deceiving, tricking or cheating to enrich
yourself
Vumbhoni Evidence proof
Vumbhoni Byo Tsariwa Statement declaration of opinion or of what happened
Vumbirhi Second (Numeral) after the first
Vumbuluka Roll movement by a round object
Vumundzuku Future what is still to happen
Vunavi Stretch (n.) a distance of road
Vunjoveri Fishing act of catching fish by using a fishing rod or net
Vuntlunya Foolish unwise
Vunwa Lie (n.) untruth
Vun’We Singular describing one of something, not two or more
Vun’Wini Proprietary that is the property of; that has to do with a trade name
Vun’Wini Bya Tsalwa Copyright right not to be copied
Vuonhihava Vandalism damage deliberately caused
Vupakelo Parking space for a vehicle to stand
Vupeladyambu West direction in which the sun sets
Vuphasi Fishing act of catching fish by using a fishing rod or net
Vuphukuphuku Foolish unwise
Vupumbi Suspect (n.) person thought to be guilty
Vuswa Porridge cooked breakfast cereal
Vusweti Famine prolonged state of hunger
Vuthu Army land fighting force of a country
Vutihlamuleri Responsible accountable
Vutiolori Exercise physical training; repeatedly doing something to get better at it,
e.g. calculations
Vutisa Ask to put a question
Vutiya Cotton Wool soft, fluffy ball or layer for wiping the skin or applying ointment
Vutleketli Transport means of getting from one place to another, other than by
walking
Vutomi Bya Nhova Wildlife wild animals
Vutshamo Residence home; place where one lives
Vutshila Art creations such as paintings and sculptures
Vutsongwana Youth the time when someone is young
Vutsutsumi Athletics sports events on a track or field within the track
Vutumbelo Shelter protection against rain or danger
Vutumbuluxi Original inventive
Vuvabyi Disease serious illness
Vuvabyi Bya Mbilu Heart Attack sudden malfunction of the heart muscle
Vuvekisi Investment money put into a special account or paid towards a project,
with the hope that that money will make more money in the
form of interest or profit
Vuxa East direction facing the rising sun
Vuxaka Relations people related to one another; family
Vuxisi Trick skilful action that can fool someone
Vuxiyaxiya Caution (n.) care; mindfulness; warning
Vuxokoxoko Hambaniseka in-depth information; full particulars
Vuxokoxoko Bya Tourism what travellers need to know about accommodation, places to
Vumpfhumba Information visit and travel bookings
Vuxopaxopa Strict expecting rules to be followed
Vuyimbeleri Music sounds produced on an instrument to create melodies
Vuyivi Robbery theft
Wa Komberiwa Please said when asking politely
Wa Ndhuma Famous well known
Wa Thyaka Pollution release of harmful substances into the environment
Wa Xikaya Domestic to do with the internal affairs of a country
Wa Xivindzi Brave not afraid to take difficult and dangerous action
Wadiropo Wardrobe cupboard for hanging and storing clothes
Walete Wallet holder for money; purse
Wansati Lady female person
Wanuna Man male person
Wanuna Wo Feriwa Widower man whose wife has died
Wasi Blue colour of a cloudless sky
Waxinuna Male man
Wayere Wire metal thread
Wayilese Wireless regarding the reception or transmission of
electronic data without wires
Wayini Wine alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes
Webisayiti Website address of an internet locality
Webukheme Maxelo camera on a computer that transmits video images to another
computer
Wena You (Singular) used when addressing one person
Whilichere Wheelchair chair with wheels used by people who are unable to walk
Wina Win to get the highest score in a contest
Wisa Rest relaxation
Wo Karhata Nuisance something or someone that annoys others
Wo Miyela Quiet (adj.) not noisy
Wulu Wool dense oily hair from a sheep used for making clothing
X-Rheyi Ray X-ray
Xa Chefu Toxic poisonous
Xa Gezi Electric that uses electricity
Xa Khale Old not new
Xa Khombo Dangerous that threatens your safety or is harmful; unsafe
Xa Laha Kay Domestic of a household
Xa Mati Liquid (adj.) having the ability to flow
Xa Mina Mine that belongs to me
Xa Ndhawu Yaleyo Indigenous naturally occurring in a specific area
Xa Ntikelo Vital essential
Xa Ntiyiso Genuine real
Xa Sweswi Current applying at the present time
Xa Xintu Indigenous naturally occurring in a specific area
Xakudya Nutrition nourishing content of food
Xambhulele Umbrella protective fabric cover stiffened with ribs and held on a staff —
to protect from rain — usually collapsible
Xandla Hand part of body at the end of the arm
Xanisa Harass to bother
Xanomo Oral by mouth; through the mouth
Xatlili Shuttle regular transport between places
Xava Shop (v.) to buy something
Xaveka Cheap low in price
Xavisa Marketing advertising and finding a market for a product
Xawara Shower sprinkle of water in a small enclosure, under which to wash
yourself
Xaxamela Parallel of lines that are always the same distance apart
Xaxameta List (v.) to put points one after another
Xebini Shebeen place where alcohol is sold illegally; informal pub
Xelufu Shelf supported flat piece of wood for storing books, etc.
Xewani Hallo greeting when meeting someone
Xi Humelela Hi Xoxe Spontaneous happening all of a sudden or by itself
Xiafrika African (adj.) from or about the continent of Africa
Xiakiwa Structure something that is built
Xiamukelo Server computer that manages access to a network service
(Khomphyuta) (Computer)
Xibajana Xo - Life-Jacket floating jacket to prevent one from drowning
Papamarisa
Xibakabaka Space that which exists outside Earth’s atmosphere
Xibakele Boxing sport involving two people wearing gloves and punching each
other according to rules
Xibalo VAT acronym for value-added tax, a percentage added to the price
of goods
Xibalo Xa Masipala Property Rates tax payable to a municipality for owning land
Xibamu Xa Muchini Machine Gun weapon that shoots many rounds of ammunition per second
Xibasisi Vacuum Cleaner device that sucks up dust from carpets and floors
Xo Koka Thyaka
Xibazana Minibus small bus used by taxi drivers in South Africa
Xibedhlele Hospital building where medical help is offered
Xibejwana Rhinoceros large African or Asian animal with a thick grey skin and one or
(Rhino) two horns on its nose; poached due to supposed medicinal
properties of horn
Xiboho Resolution formal decision
Xibye Utensil implement for household use, e.g. a knife or fork
Xichavo Respect (n.) feeling of high regard and admiration for someone
Xichelamalakatsa Dust Bin holder in which to throw rubbish
Xichelankuma Ashtray container for cigarette ash and butts
Xichudeni Student person who is learning or gaining knowledge
Xichukuchameno Toothbrush brush used to clean teeth
Xidajana Gnome small old man in stories, the model for the common garden
statue
Xidlayakuvava Painkiller medicine to ease pain
Xidlayaswitsong- Disinfectant chemical that kills germs
Watsongwana
Xidloko Hat shaped piece of clothing worn on the head
Xidukwani Handkerchief piece of cloth for wiping eyes or face and for blowing nose
Xidyanyama Predator animal that hunts other animals for food
Xidzedze Storm violent weather disturbance
Xidzwele Ewe female sheep
Xiendleko Act (n.) action
Xifaki Sweetcorn yellow maize variety with high sugar content
Xifaniso Xo Dirowiwa Diagram drawing
Xifaniso Xo Pendiwa Painting piece of art created by using paint
Xifanisoribye Statue three-dimensional likeness of something or someone
Xifundza Region area
Xifundzankulu Province one of the areas into which a country can be divided
Xifuva Chest part of the body between the neck and stomach
Xifuwana Pet house animal
Xigalana Tick blood-sucking arachnid
Xiganga Hill piece of land that slopes up higher than the surrounding land
Xigevenga Criminal person involved in crime
Xigwevo Sentence penalty for an offence determined by a court of law
(In Court)
Xigwitsirisi Freezer cooled electrical cupboard that keeps food frozen
Xihahampfhuka Plane aeroplane
Xihahampfhuka Xa Domestic Airline local airline
Laha Kaya
Xihahampfhuka Xo Direct Flight plane journey without a stop
Kongoma
Xihahampfhuka- Helicopter aircraft with a large horizontal propeller called a rotor — can
Phatsa take off and land vertically
Xihakarhan- Hundzu Backpacker person who travels cheaply with only a backpack as baggage
Xihalaki Liquid (n.) runny substance, not a solid or gas
Xihambukelo Toilet room with special bowl for human excretion
Xiharhi Animal living thing that is not a plant
Xiharhi Xa Nhova Wild Animal creature of the veld and bush that is not tame
Xihari Animal living thing that is not a plant
Xihatla Sudden unexpected
Xihenge Pineapple large tropical fruit with prickly green leaves and yellow skin —
has juicy yellow sour-sweet flesh
Xihikahato Punctuation reading and writing marks, e.g. comma, full stop, exclamation
mark
Xihingakanyi Diagonal a straight line crossing a figure from corner to corner
Xihlahla Forest area covered by large trees
Xihlala Island piece of land surrounded by water
Xihlamariso Surprise something unexpected
Xihlamuselama- Rito Dictionary book that contains words with translations or descriptions
Xihlanganisi Link connection
Xihlantswameno Toothbrush brush used to clean teeth
Xihlawuhlawu Discrimination unequal treatment because of someone’s sex, skin colour,
language, religion, culture, etc.
Xihlawuriwa Selection things or persons chosen from a group
Xihleko Laughter sound of laughing
Xihlotiwa Prey animal being hunted
Xihlovo Well hole in the ground from which water can be drawn
Xihlovo Xa Information place where facts can be found
Vuxokoxoko Source
Xihluvi Xa Mbulavulo Part Of Speech function of a word in a sentence, e.g. verb or noun
Xihoxo Mistake error; fault; incorrect action
Xihuhuri Storm violent weather disturbance
Xihlantswameno Toothbrush brush used to clean teeth
Xihlawuhlawu Discrimination unequal treatment because of someone’s sex, skin colour,
language, religion, culture, etc.
Xihlawuriwa Selection things or persons chosen from a group
Xihleko Laughter sound of laughing
Xihlotiwa Prey animal being hunted
Xihlovo Well hole in the ground from which water can be drawn
Xihlovo Xa Information place where facts can be found
Vuxokoxoko Source
Xihluvi Xa Mbulavulo Part Of Speech function of a word in a sentence, e.g. verb or noun
Xihoxo Mistake error; fault; incorrect action
Xihuhuri Storm violent weather disturbance
Xihuku Hat shaped piece of clothing worn on the head
Xihundla Secret information not to be revealed
Xikamba- Mapeletelo Spellchecker computer program that corrects spelling mistakes
Xikambelwana Test evaluation of knowledge and skills
Xikandza Face front part of the head
Xikandzakandza Pedal (n.) part of bicycle that is pressed on by the foot to move
forward
Xikandziyisi Printer device that prints documents on paper
Xikan’We Once one time
Xikanyakanya Bike shortened form of bicycle, a two-wheeled means of transport
that is powered by pedalling; also short for motorbike or
motorcycle
Xikarhi Ka Vusiku Midnight 12 o’clock at night