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You are on page 1of 7

9. E = correct

Multiple-choice questions may continue on 2 π ǫ0 r1

the next column or page – find all choices λ

before answering. 10. E = √

2 π ǫ0 r1

Explanation:

001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Pick a cylindrical Gaussian surface with the

A long coaxial cable consists of an inner cylin-

radius r1 and apply Gauss’s law; then

drical conductor with radius R1 and an outer

cylindrical conductor shell with inner radius Q

E · ℓ · 2 π r1 =

R2 and outer radius R3 as shown. The ca- ǫ0

ble extends out perpendicular to the plane λ

shown. The charge on the inner conductor E= .

2 π ǫ0 r1

per unit length along the cable is λ and the

corresponding charge on the outer conductor 002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

per unit length is −λ (same in magnitude but Find the capacitance of the cable for a 100 m

with opposite signs) and λ > 0. length of coaxial cable with radii 0.654305 mm

and 2.04274 mm . The permittivity of a vac-

−Q uum is 8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 .

R2

Correct answer: 4.88659 nF.

b R3 Explanation:

Q

R1

Let : ℓ = 100 m ,

R1 = 0.654305 mm , and

R2 = 2.04274 mm .

Find the magnitude of the electric field at We calculate the potential across the ca-

the point a distance r1 from the axis of the pacitor by integrating −E · ds. We may

inner conductor, where R1 < r1 < R2 . choose a path of integration along a radius;

i.e., −E · ds = −Edr.

λ R1

1. E =

4 π ǫ0 r1 2 1 q R1 dr

Z

V =−

λ2 R1 2 π ǫ0 ℓ R2 r

2. E = R1

4 π ǫ0 r1 2 1 q q R2

2λ =− ln r = ln .

3. E = √ 2 π ǫ0 ℓ R2 2 π ǫ0 ℓ R1

3 π ǫ0 r1 q

λ Since C = , the capacitance is

4. E = V

2 π ǫ0 R1

2 π ǫ0 ℓ

λ C=

5. E = √ R2

3 π ǫ0 r1 ln

λ R1 R1

6. E = 2 π (8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 )

3 π ǫ0 r1 2 =

2.04274 mm

7. None of these ln

0.654305 mm

8. E = 0 109 nF

× (100 m)

1F

= 4.88659 nF .

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 2

since Vb is grounded. The charge on the

003 10.0 points inside of the shell doesn’t affect the grounded

Given a spherical capacitor with radius of the potential. The capacitance of this spherical

inner conducting sphere a and the outer shell capacitor is

b. The outer shell is grounded. The charge

on the inner conducting sphere is +Q and the

net charge on the outer shell is −Q.

Q Q 1

C= = = .

∆V 1 1 1 1

ke Q − ke −

a b a b

−Q

+Q

a

A B

004 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Consider the circuit

b 2 µF

3 µF

c

a b

What is the capacitance of this spherical

capacitor? 5 µF

4 µF

1 100 V

1. C =

ke (a − b)

b−a

2. C =

b What is the equivalent capacitance for this

2 ke ln

a network?

1

3. C =

ke (a + b) 1. Cequivalent = 7 µF correct

a

4. C = 10

ke 2. Cequivalent = µF

b 7

5. C =

ke 3. Cequivalent = 14 µF

ke

6. C = 3

a 4. Cequivalent = µF

2

ke

7. C = 7

b 5. Cequivalent = µF

3

b2

8. C =

4 ke ( b − a) Explanation:

a+b

9. C =

ke

1

10. C = correct

1 1

ke − Let : C1 = 2 µF ,

a b

C2 = 4 µF ,

Explanation:

C3 = 3 µF ,

C4 = 5 µF , and

1 1

∆V = Va − Vb = ke Q − −0

a b EB = 100 V .

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 3

C3 as shown below.

c 84.8 µF 84.8 µF

a b c

C4

C2 a b

84.8 µF 84.8 µF

EB

97.4 V

d

C1 and C2 are connected in parallel, so

C12 = C1 + C2 = 6 µF . When the top right-hand capacitor is filled

with a material of dielectric constant κ, the

C12 and C3 are connected in series, so charge on this capacitor is increases by a fac-

1 1 1 C3 + C12 tor of 1.21.

= + = Find the dielectric constant κ of the mate-

C123 C12 C3 C12 C3

rial inserted into the top right-hand capacitor.

C12 C3 (6 µF) (3 µF)

C123 = = = 2 µF .

C3 + C12 6 µF + 3 µF Correct answer: 1.53165.

C123 and C4 are connected in parallel, so Explanation:

C = C4 + C123 = 7 µF .

Let : C1 = C = 84.8 µF ,

005 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points C2 = C = 84.8 µF ,

What is the charge stored in the 5-µF lower- C3 = C = 84.8 µF ,

right capacitor? C4 = C = 84.8 µF ,

1. Q1 = 1, 800 µC EB = 97.4 V , and

Q′ = 1.5 Q .

2. Q1 = 710 µC

C1 C2

3. Q1 = 1, 100 µC c

4. Q1 = 360 µC a b

C3 C4

5. Q1 = 500 µC correct EB

Explanation: d

EB = 100 V . do with this problems. In addition, the capac-

itances are all equal and their specific values

The charge stored in a capacitor is given by

are immaterial. Furthermore, the electric po-

Q = C V , so

tential of the battery is not required.

Q4 = C4 V = (5 µF) (100 V) = 500 µC . C1 = C2 = C3 = C4 , where Q and Q′

are the initial and final charges on C2 and

Q′

≡ α=ratio of final to initial charge on C2 .

006 10.0 points Q

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 4

c 57.

We know the charges on C1 and C2 are the

9 µF 6µ

same. Initially, 27. F

44.9 µF

a b

Vab = V1 + V2

Q Q

= + 91 V 6 µF

C1 C2 d 77.

Q Q

= +

C C Find the capacitance between points a and

Q b of the entire capacitor network.

=2 . (1)

C

Correct answer: 109.757 µF.

Therefore

1

Q= Vab C . Explanation:

2

After the dielectric material is inserted in C2 ,

the capacitance becomes C2′ = κ C. There-

fore, Let : C1 = 27.9 µF ,

C2 = 44.9 µF ,

Vab = V1′ + V2′ C3 = 57.6 µF ,

Q′ Q′ C4 = 77.6 µF , and

= + ′

C1 C2

EB = 91 V .

Q′ Q′

= +

C κC

c

κ + 1 Q′ C1 C3

= ,

κ C

a b

′ C2

and using Eq. (1) and solving for Q , we have

2Q κ + 1 Q′ EB C4

= d

C κ C

′ κ

Q = Vab C A good rule of thumb is to eliminate junc-

κ+1

κ tions connected by zero capacitance.

= 2Q C1

κ+1

Q′ 2κ C3

≡α= = 1.21 . c

Q κ+1 a b

d C4

Solving for κ, we have C2

α 1.21

κ= = = 1.53165 . Q

2−α 2 − 1.21 The definition of capacitance is C ≡ .

V

The parallel connection of C1 and C2 gives

the equivalent capacitance

keywords:

C12 = C1 + C2

007 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points

Four capacitors are connected as shown in the = 27.9 µF + 44.9 µF

figure. = 72.8 µF .

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 5

C12 C3

Correct answer: 2926.29 µC.

a b Explanation:

C4

The voltages across C12 and C3 , respec-

tively, (the voltage between a and b) is

The series connection of C12 and C3 gives

the equivalent capacitance Vab = V12 + V3

1 1

1 =Q +

C123 = C12 C3

1 1

+ Q

C12 C3 = .

C123

C12 C3

=

C12 + C3 where Q = Q12 = Q3 is the charge on either

(72.8 µF) (57.6 µF) capacitor C12 or C3 . Hence, the charge on C3

=

72.8 µF + 57.6 µF is

= 32.1571 µF . Vab

Q3 =

C123 1 + 1

C12 C3

= Vab C123

a b

C4 = (91 V) (32.1571 µF)

= 2926.29 µC .

The parallel connection of C123 and C4 gives

the equivalent capacitance

009 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points

Cab = C123 + C4 A dielectric with dielectric constant 2.54 is

= 32.1571 µF + 77.6 µF inserted into the 77.6 µF capacitor on the

lower-right while the battery is connected.

= 109.757 µF , What is the charge on the 57.6 µF upper-

right capacitor?

or combining the above steps, the equivalent

capacitance is Correct answer: 2926.29 µC.

(C1 + C2 ) C3 Explanation:

Cab = + C4

C1 + C2 + C3

(27.9 µF + 44.9 µF) (57.6 µF) Let : κ = 2.54 .

=

27.9 µF + 44.9 µF + 57.6 µF

As in part 2, the charge on C3 is given by

+ 77.6 µF

the product of C123 times the voltage Vab .

= 109.757 µF . Because the dielectric is inserted into C4 ,

the equivalent capacitance C123 is unchanged.

Cab Because the dielectric was inserted while the

a b battery was still connected, Vab is also un-

EB changed. Thus the charge on C3 is given

by,

Q3 = Vab C123

008 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points = (91 V) (32.1571 µF)

What is the charge on the upper-right 57.6 µF

capacitor? = 2926.29 µC .

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 6

The new charge on C3 is given by the new

010 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points voltage between a and b and the equivalent

If the battery is removed before the dielec- capacitance C123 . Because C12 is in series

tric in the above question is inserted, what with C3 , the charges on C3 and C12 are equal

will be the charge on the 57.6 µF upper-right amd given by the product of their equivalent

′

capacitor? series capacitance times the voltage Vab .

Q′3 = Vab

′

C123

Explanation:

Cab

After the battery is removed, as the di- = Vab ′ C123

electric is inserted into C3 , there will be a Cab

redistribution of charge, but the total charge 109.757 µF

= (91 V) (32.1571 µF)

is unchanged. 229.261 µF

The primed quantities correspond to those = 1400.94 µC .

after the insertion of the dielectric. Before the

battery was disconnected,

011 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

(C1 + C2 ) C3 A spherical capacitor consists of two concen-

= Vab + C4 .

C1 + C2 + C3 tric conducting shells. The inner shell is very

thin and has a radius a. There is a charge Q

from Part 1. After the battery was discon-

placed on this shell. The outer shell is thicker,

nected and the dielectric inserted,

with inner radius b and outer radius c. This

′ Qab outer shell is grounded.

Vab = ′ .

Cab

The equivalent capacitance of the capacitor b

C4 is now c a Q

C4′ = κ C4

= (2.54) (77.6 µF)

= 197.104 µF ,

′

so the new total equivalent capacitance Cab is

′ (C1 + C2 ) C3

Cab = + κ C4 Determine the surface charge density on the

C1 + C2 + C3

inner surface of the outer shell.

(27.9 µF + 44.9 µF) (57.6 µF)

=

27.9 µF + 44.9 µF + 57.6 µF Q

1. σ =

+ (2.54) (77.6 µF) 4 π b2

= 229.261 µF . Q

2. σ =− 2

′ b

The new voltage V between a and b is there- Q

fore 3. σ =− 2

πb

′ Qab Q

Vab = ′ 4. σ =−

Cab 4 π ǫ0 c2

C Q

= Vab ab′ . 5. σ =−

Cab 4 π ǫ0 a2

lee (dl28863) – homework 08a – turner – (90130) 7

6. σ = 0 V1 a κ

10. V2 =

b

Q Explanation:

7. σ = − correct

4 π b2 When the dielectric is present, the electric

Q 1

8. σ = − field is reduced by a factor , so the potential

4 π ǫ0 b2 κ

V1

Q is reduced by the same factor V2 = .

9. σ = − κ

4 π a2

Q

10. σ =

π b2

Explanation:

Since there is no electric field inside the

outer conducting shell, the charge on its inner

surface is equal in magnitude but with oppo-

site sign to the charge Q in the inner shell.

The surface charge density is

−Q

σ= .

4 π b2

Now fill the space between the inner and outer

shells with a material having a dielectric con-

stant κ, while keeping the charge on the inner

shell fixed at Q.

What is V2 , the potential on the inner shell

in the presence of the dielectric, in terms of V1 ,

the potential in the absence of the dielectric?

1. V2 = V1 κ

V1 a

2. V2 =

κc

V1 b

3. V2 =

κc

V1 a κ

4. V2 =

c

5. V2 = V1

V1 b κ

6. V2 =

a

V1 a

7. V2 =

κb

V1 b

8. V2 =

κa

V1

9. V2 = correct

κ

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