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Aviation Medicine Quiz 1. Toxic effects of O₂ was first reported by A. Priestly B. Beddoes and Watt C.

Lavoisier and Seguin D. Haldane 2. Father of Pressure Physiology is A. Haldane B. Paul Bert C. Davidson D. Watt 3. Father of modern Hyperbaric Medicine A. Boerema B. Paul Bert C. Illingworth D. Brummelkamp 4. In vivo marker of active oxygen products with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) A. Increased urine creatinine B. Increased serum acetylamine C. Increased urine Methyl Guanidine D. Decreased serum creatinine

5.

Uraemin toxin is

A. Urinary Cyanocobalamine B. Urinary acetyle guanidine C. Urinary creatinine D. Urinary methyl guanidine 6. John Bean Effect of HBO is

A. Irreversible respiratory mucosal damage B. Reversible neurological damage C. Irreversible neurological damage D. Toxic effects on mitochondria and cell death 7. One of the following is not an enhancer of O toxicity A. Vit A deficiency B. Aspirin C. CO₂ D. Vit E deficiency 8. Which of the following parameter in the pulmonary function tests is reduced before any irreversible changes occur in the lungs? A. FEV₁ B. VC C. PEF D. FEV₁% 9. One of the following can act as a protective agent against O₂ toxicity

A. Allopurinol B. Ammonia C. Epinephrine D. Insulin 10. The only absolute contra indication for HBOT A. Uncontrolled High Fever

HBO decreases the permeability of blood brain barrier C. None of the above 13. Malignancy C. Mafenide acetate .B. Presbyopia D. Untreated pneumothorax 11. Aspirin 15. Pharmakokinetics of the following drug is not altered with HBO A. Adriamycin B. Heparin D. Sulphonamides B. HBO does not have any effect on the permeability of blood brain barrier D. Hypermetropia C. DCS D. Seizure disorders D. HBO increases the permeability of blood brain barrier B. The following is a reversible complication of acute exposure to HBOT A. Middle ear Barotrauma B. Commonest reported complication of HBOT is A. Pulmonary Barotrauma C. HBO increases the permeability of blood brain barrier only in the inflammatory conditions 14. Digitalis C. Anxiety reactions 12. One of the following statements is true A. The toxic effects of the following drug are decreased with HBO A. Cataract B.

5-10% B. >70% 20. 200 18. A level of carboxy haemoglobin (COHb) at which the CO poisoning may be classified ad ‘Severe’ is A. Depression of ST segment B. 20 B. Extrasystole 19. Cytochrome α 2 Reductase C. Most common ECG abnormality in CO poisoning A. 40-60% D. Cytochrome α 1 Oxidase B. Cytochrome γ 3 Oxidase 17. 10-20% C. 9 C. The affinity of cyochrome oxidase to CO is-times more than that to Oxygen A. 90 D. At the cellular level. Prolongation of QT interval C. Sulphonamides D. Gentamicin 16. Cytochrome α 3 Oxidase D.C. AV Block D. Bactericidal effect of Sulphonamides is increased synergistically ten to twenty fold with HBOT . One of the following statements is true regarding the rationale for HBOT in infections A. Carbon Monoxide (CO) inhibits the following A.

The following lesions of osteoradionecrosis of the jaw are directly allocated to stage III of Miami protocol except A. Anaerobic streptococci B. Amsterdam Therapeutic regimen C. Non-healing ulcer B. Osteoradionecrosis 23. Pathological fracture C. The effect of HBOT is selective to gram negative bacteria 21. Radiological evidence of bone absorption D.Chandler’s Grading system is used in the evaluation of A. HBO detoxifies the oxygen labile exotoxin D. Epsteins protocol D.‘Amsterdam therapeutic regimen’ of HBOT is used in A. Osteo radionecrosis of both maxilla and mandible 25. C1. Rudge protocol 24. Tertialis D. HBO inhibits the endotoxin production C. Gas gangrene C. Crepitant anaerobic cellulitis D. Cutaneous fistula B. Perfringans 22. Laryngeal radionecrosis . The University of Miami protocol B.Commonest cause of gas gangrene A. C1.The Marx protocol of HBOT for osteoradionecrosis is otherwise known as A. Osteoradionecrosis of vertebrae B.B. Bacteroides C.

2-0.C. O₂ tension in the anterior chamber is higher than vitreous B.All the following changes in blood biochemistry are noticed in CO poisoning except A. Radiation myelitis 26. CRVO C. O₂ diffusion across the cornea is more inwards than outwards C. Retinal neovascularization 28. 2-5 ml/min B. Increased creatine kinase C.HBOT is indicated as a cost effective treatment in diabetic foot A. Retinal detachment D. Grade IV D. HBOT does not have any useful role in diabetic retinopathy 29. Increased serum lactate B.Rate of O₂ consumption by the lens is A. Grade III C. Hyperglycaemia . Mandibular radionecrosis D. CRAO B.Choose the correct statement A.5 ml/min C. 25-50 ml/min D. 100 ml/min 27.Most common indication of HBOT in ophthalmology is A. Grade V 30. Grade II B. Retina has the lowest rate of O₂ consumption in the body D. 0.

D. A. 2. 3. 1. 8-12 G B. FO R Bedi D. A. ACES-II 4. First Indian Air Force pilot to eject in India. Flt Lt Jamsed Dordi 2. In a safe ejection envelop the whole ejection sequence to complete takes A. The Ejection Seat fitted in SU-30 MK(I).0 Sec . 15-20 G C.65 Sec B.65 C. 20-25 G D. Decreased pyruvate The Aviation Medicine Quiz 1. K-36 MK 2.0 Sec D. The Parachute Opening Shock (POS) ranges between A.05 D. ZVESDA B. FO PK Circar C. K-36 MK 3. 18-30 G 3.65 Sec C. AVM Parker B. 2.

Following are the advantages of Rocket Catapult over Cartridge Catapult except A. Lesser Ejection Minima D. The First Zero-Zero Ejection Seat was devised during A. 1952 C. Both D. The ‘q’ Force terminology in ejection – was derived from A. F-111 B. Lesser Wind Drag Force 8. Quantity of RAM air pressure D.5. Aft Seat B. 1976 9. X-B 76 C. 1970 D. None of above . Capsule ejection is fitted in A. Lesser Ejection Thrust B. 1960 B. Quick Force B. Simultaneously in opposite direction 6. Lesser Duration C. Fore Seat C. Quantum Force C. In a Dual Ejection System the seat which fires first A. BOTH Simultaneously D. None of above 7.

250 knots C. D₁₂ D. experienced during parachute opening except A. L₅ C. Position and Attitude of the man (Ejectee) D.Following (Post-Ejection) stable spinal fracture the non-flying category awarded to a relatively asymptomatic aircrew is for a duration of about A. L₁ B. 450 knots 12. Both D. 06 month C. the maximum force per unit area is subjected to the spine at the level of A. 350 knots B. S₁ 11. RDX B.The G switch in the ejection mechanism gets activated if the aircraft speed exceeds A.Miniature Detonating Cord (MDC) contains A.During an ejection. Altitude of Ejection C. 150 knots D. 12 month . The harness system 13.All of the following variables determine the quantity of POS. RDX-75-F only 14. HMX C. 03 month B. Forward Speed of the aircraft B.10.

260 Knots C. 30 G x 0. A.03 sec 18.D. 75 ft B. 150 Knots D. 100 Knots 16. 60 lbs C.02 sec D.The minimum force required to pull a Seat-Mounted Ejection handle on an average is A. 15 lbs D. 500 ft C.Air Research and Development Command Manual (ARDCM) which is the basic guide for aircraft design. 90 lbs 17. 45 lbs B. 06 weeks 15. 16 G x 0.01 sec B. states that equivalent speed of and above requires n ejection system A.All the followings can be within the human tolerance limit of an ejection thrust except.In an underwater ejection the escape is possible from a maximum depth of A. 100 ft .03 sec C. 200 Knots B. 20 G x 0. 25 G x 0.

the Extroverts are A.In a zero-zero ejection seat. Better than Introvert because of high arousal level C.65 sec 20. 0. Worse than Introvert because of low arousal level D. Acceleration D.2 sec C. 1. 1. Under stressful situation.5 sec D. Attitude C. Cabin Resource Management . the minimum time required for a ballistically deployable parachute to open fully is A.All the following factors are considred in the design principle of a Barostatic Time Release Unit (BTRU) except A.D. Crew Resource Management B. Better than Introvert because of low arousal level B. 300 ft 19. Time delay Quizs : Aviation Psychology 1. Worse than Introvert because of high arousal level 2. as explained by Yerkes – Dodson Law. 1. Social psychology in aviation refers to A. Cockpit Resource Management C.8 sec B. Altitude B.

‘Hardiness’ .3. Which of the following areas are not addressed during CRM training? A. SRT (Situation Reaction Test) D. Group Discussion B. MMPI B. Psychological tests carried out during selection of candidate for flying branch assess which one of the following quality? A. Adaptability under aviation stress C. Problem solving and Decision making C. Psychomotor abilities B. INS-B (Instrument Comprehension Battery) B. SMA (Sensory Motor Apparatus) 4. SRT D. Which of the following tests reveal the ‘personality’ of an Aviator A. Leadership and Managerial quality D. PABT (Pilot Aptitude Battery Test) consists of A. WAT C. 16 PF E. CVT (Control Velocity Test) C. Stress management 6. Suitability as a commissioned officer D. All 5. Situation Awareness training E.

Information Processing is within physiological capacity B.7. Sensory memory store B. 11. Working memory 10. Suicidal ideas C. Vigilance C. Frequent reporting of unserviceability of aircraft 8. Extroversion-Introversion 9.Loss of Situational Awareness (LSA) is different from spatial disorientation. Peripheral sensory receptors fail due to physiological limitations. Any of the following can be a presenting features of fear of flying (FOF). One of the Scales used for personality assessment in EPI (Eyesenck’s Personality inventory) A. ‘Brink of Success’ pattern D. Decision making takes place under stress beyond human coping capacity D. in LSA A. Sensory receptor threshold potential D. Tissue repair during slow wave sleep C. Restorative and growth inducing property B. Continuous headache during a sortie B. except A. Memory storage and organization . Errors are purely of human factor origin C.All of the followings are the sleep induced physiological functions. Anxiety B. Social boldness D. except A. In cognitive psychology ‘Attention’ is a function of A. Information processing C.

Reduced performance due to low level of arousal C. it is due to A. Mood Swings C. Flooding B.Sleep deprivation and sleep loss are often associated with poor flying performance. Love need B. the highest need in the hierarchy is A.At time decreased cognitive ability occurs in a “Glass cockpit” due to…. All of the above 13.The commonly used method of Behavioral therapy to eliminate Fear of Flying is A. All of the above 15. Safety need C. All are the true 12. Bio-feed back mechanism D.According to Maslow’s personality theory. Biological need . Vigilance and calculative task are seriously impaired B.D. Dehumanization due to Automation B. Systematic Desensitizaiton C. Poor cognitive functioning D. Immune system modulation E. A. No “Joy” of flying D. Yoga 14..

2 year C. serial neuro-psychological testing reveals that most of the recovery can occur within a period of A. Macho C. except A. Self actualization 16.The application of “Pilot Personality” in Aviation are all. Flight Safety D. CRM B. Never comes back to normal 18.In the case of Head injury. Aggression D.Of the Errors identified due to LSA. 3 year B.D. Training C. except A.All of the followings are described as “hazardous attitudes” in a pilot. Failure to correctly perceive the situation D. Impulsivity E. Anti authority B. Hypoxia Tolerance . Resignation 17. 6 months D. Failure to project the situation into the future B. the most of them are A. Failure to take appropriate decisions at the right time 19. Failure to comprehend the situation C.

20.and these institutions are becoming more active and corporate affairs. Fear of Flying C. J. often suffer due to A. Agency Problems suppose you own stock in the company. What are the implications of this trend for the agency problems and corporate control? K. Another company has just announced that it want to buy your company and will pay RM 35 per share to acquire all the outstanding stock. large financial institutions such as mutual funds have become dominant owners of stock in the Unites States. Yes the management acting in the shareholder’s best interest because the management try to fight off this hostile bid to sell the share in the high price.the managers need to focus on the current stock value because the goal of the goal of the financial management is to maximize the value of stock. Based on the statement. Agency Problems and Corporate Ownership. In recent year. why isn’t the goal to maximize the future share price? . Goal of Financial Management.corporate power and wealth. 10. By doing this the management enable to maximize the shareholder’s wealth. H.Some cases of LBA with normal radiological anatomy. PIVD E. 3. By doing this the managers can avoid the problem such as there is no ambiguity in the criterion. G. Evaluate the following statement managers should not focus on the current stock value because doing so will lead to an overemphasis on short term profits at the expense of long term profits. 6. PTSD D. why is the goal of financial management to maximize the current share price of the company’s stock? In other words. MASTURA ROZALI 2008296874 ACC2205H F. Is management acting in the shareholder’s best interest? Why or why not? I. This goal will lead to an overemphasis on corporate size and growth L. and there is no short run and versus long run issue. The current price per share is RM 25. The implications of this trend agency problem and corporate control where is the managers would tend to maximize the amount resources over which they have control or more generally . it is wrong decision. Somatisation B. 8. Goal of the Firm. Your company’s management immediatly begins fighting off this hostile bid.

Another company has just announced that it want to buy your company and will pay RM 35 per share to acquire all the outstanding stock. W. avoid financial distress and bankruptcy. U. 6. 2008297358 R. 8. it is wrong decision because the managers need to focus on the current stock value because the goal of financial management is to maximize the current value of stock. The goal of financial management to maximize the current share price of the company’s stock because to maximize shareholder’s wealth. P. Yes the management act in the shareholder’s best interest because they try to fight off this hostile bid to sell the share in highest price that they can obtain and for maximizing the shareholder’s wealth. T. The current price per share is RM 25. Goal of the Firm.and maintain steady earning growth.maximize profits. Suppose you own stock in the company. 3. The goal of financial management is to make money or add value to the owners. ACC2205H S. Based on the statement.the possible goals such as for survive. The agency problem will be decreased because the conflict are less and the control of corporate ownership are more established.M.beat the competition. Is management acting in the shareholder’s best interest? Why or why not? V. Agency Problems. large financial institutions such as mutual funds have become dominant owners of stock in the Unites States. O. In recent year. Evaluate the following statement managers should not focus on the current stock value because doing so will lead to an overemphasis on short term profits at the expense of long term profits. . Your company’s management immediatly begins fighting off this hostile bid.and these institutions are becoming more active and corporate affairs. Agency Problems and Corporate Ownership. MOHD AZRUL HISHAM BIN PUTEH Q. and there is no short run and versus long run issue. N.minimize costs. There is no ambiguity in the criterion.maximize sale and market share. What are the implications of this trend for the agency problems and corporate control? X.

27 malam SABTU 4 14 5. avoid financial distress and bankruptcy.43 pagi 7. PETALING/SHAH ALAM. The financial management want to make money or add value to the owners to convince them to invest more in the company. The possible goals such as for survive.Y. AA. ZON I: DAERAH GOMBAK.SEPTEMBER 2010 M HARI HIJRIAH MILADIAH RABU *1 11 Ogos 5. why is the goal of financial management to maximize the current share price of the company’s stock? In other words. HULU LANGAT DAN SEPANG RAMADHAN 1431 H WAKTU IMSAK WAKTU BERBUKA OGOS . 10. HULU SELANGOR. BB. Goal of Financial Management. The goal of financial management to maximize the current share price and not maximize the future share price of the company’s stock is for maximizing shareholder’s wealth.43 pagi 7. why isn’t the goal to maximize the future share price? Z.43 pagi 7.27 malam AHAD 5 .28 malam JUMAAT 3 13 5.43 pagi 7. minimize costs and maximize profits.28 malam KHAMIS 2 12 5.

15 5.43 pagi 7.43 pagi 7.25 malam SABTU 11 21 5.26 malam RABU 8 18 5.26 malam SELASA 7 17 5.43 pagi 7.26 malam KHAMIS 9 19 5.43 pagi 7.24 malam ISNIN 13 23 5.43 pagi 7.43 pagi 7.25 malam JUMAAT 10 20 5.43 pagi 7.24 malam SELASA .43 pagi 7.25 malam AHAD 12 22 5.27 malam ISNIN 6 16 5.43 pagi 7.

23 malam SABTU 18 28 5.22 malam ISNIN 20 30 5.23 malam KHAMIS 16 26 5.14 24 5.42 pagi 7.42 pagi 7.21 malam SELASA 21 31 5.42 pagi 7.42 pagi 7.42 pagi 7.42 pagi 7.23 malam JUMAAT 17 27 5.22 malam AHAD 19 29 5.24 malam RABU 15 25 5.42 pagi 7.42 pagi 7.21 malam RABU 22 1 Sept 5.21 malam KHAMIS .42 pagi 7.

41 pagi 7.41 pagi 7.18 malam KHAMIS 30 9 5.41 pagi 7.18 malam RABU **29 8 5.19 malam AHAD 26 5 5.19 malam ISNIN 27 6 5.41 pagi 7.23 2 5.41 pagi 7.20 malam JUMAAT 24 3 5.17 malam Seni aikido Elfira Oleh KHADIJAH MOHAMAD NOR .41 pagi 7.20 malam SABTU 25 4 5.41 pagi 7.40 pagi 7.18 malam SELASA 28 7 5.

tetapi mengajar saya untuk mempertahankan diri daripada terlibat dengan pergaduhan. gadis ini menganggapnya sebagai medan untuk bergaul dan mengenali rakan-rakan baru.” Ikuti pandangan Elfira kepada GenK mengenai kesenian aikido yang sangat dicintainya: GenK: Apakah cabaran yang dihadapi dalam mempelajari seni aikido? Bagi saya cabaran paling besar apabila saya terpaksa berlatih bersama pelatih-pelatih yang mempunyai saiz badan yang lebih besar dan tegap. Malah. .AKSI tangkas Elfira yang kini merupakan pemegang tali pinggang hitam dalam seni aikido. Elfira Ruizna Ramlan. Ini membuatkan saya perlu bersedia mental dan fizikal untuk menghadapi mereka. Ditanya apakah keistimewaan aikido. Apabila semakin meningkat dewasa. 16. MULA terlibat dalam seni pertahanan diri aikido sejak berusia lima tahun. sewaktu menjalani sesi latihan dalam mempelajari seni aikido. anak sulung daripada enam adik-beradik ini semakin menyedari bagaimana latihan dan falsafah aikido telah banyak membantunya dalam kehidupan seharian. Elfira pantas menjawab: “Seni ini tidak mengajar saya untuk berlawan atau mencari gaduh. sudah begitu sebati dengan sukan tersebut.

Dengan mempelajarinya. satu teknik asas yang dipelajari sewaktu di peringkat tali pinggang rendah tetap mempunyai banyak perincian atau maklumat. Berapa lamakah masa yang diambil untuk menguasai teknik yang diajar? Ia bergantung kepada teknik itu sendiri. Bagaimanakah seni pertahanan diri aikido boleh membantu remaja terutama perempuan di luar sana? Dalam seni aikido. Pergerakan asas tersebut boleh menjadi senang atau susah. Shodan bererti ‘baru lahir’ dan bermaksud masih banyak lagi yang perlu dipelajari. saya harus bijak menguruskan waktu antara latihan dan akademik. Boleh terangkan pada tahap manakah Elfira berada ketika ini dalam aikido? Shodan atau Dan 1 iaitu pemegang tali pinggang hitam. ia boleh mengurangkan tekanan yang dihadapi seseorang remaja di samping mereka dapat belajar cara-cara mempertahankan diri. ia menjadikan seseorang lebih fokus dan berdisiplin sekali gus mampu membentuk keperibadian seseorang. elemen-elemen itu sangat penting untuk semua remaja perempuan kerana ia boleh membantu mereka dalam kehidupan dan juga keselamatan diri. . Contohnya. Bagi sesetengah orang.Selain itu. Apakah saranan Elfira kepada remaja di luar yang berminat mempelajari aikido? Gunakan aikido sebagai satu aktiviti riadah atau satu aktiviti kecergasan. ELFIRA dan rakan-rakannya membuat persembahan di pusat beli-belah Berjaya Times Square baru-baru ini. Shodan adalah tahap tertinggi. tetapi jika mengikut bahasa Jepun. aspek pembahagian masa juga merupakan satu cabaran utama bagi saya kerana sebagai seorang pelajar. Bagi saya.