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Section 3 - PSY325 WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT GUIDELINES: Essay due Tuesday November 23 in lecture Instructions • • Choose 1 of the 3 topics (listed

on pages 2 and 3) to answer. Write a 1,000-1,500 word written assignment (approximately 4 double-spaced text pages, plus a Title page and a References page). The word count includes the entire paper, so the total number of words included in the Title page, text pages, and References page, all taken together, must not be less than 1,000 words and must not be more than 1,500 words. No exceptions will be made. A penalty of 20% will be assigned to any paper that is either above or below the acceptable word count range. In addition, for any paper exceeding 1,500 words, the additional words will not be read. Include the word count on the Title page of your paper. Assignments MUST be submitted directly to Professor Vickers as a paper copy in class on Tuesday November 23. Attendance will be taken after papers are handed in to ensure that Professor Vickers knows who handed in a paper. Only paper copies handed in to Professor Vickers on November 23 in class will be accepted. A penalty of 20% per day will be imposed on a late assignment. No extensions will be granted on the assignment, unless there are legitimate documented extraordinary circumstances. An electronic version of your assignment (identical to the printed copy you handed in) must ALSO be submitted to Blackboard on Tuesday November 23 by 7pm. An assignment will be considered handed in only when both the printed copy and the electronic copy have been submitted. A penalty of 20% per day will be imposed on a late assignment. To upload your paper to Blackboard, log on to our course Blackboard site and select the Assignments folder. You will then to be prompted for the document (your paper) to upload. The Blackboard site is connected to the web-based plagiarism checking programme www.turnitin.com Consider this assignment to have two major grade components: Objective (1) is presenting accurate, complete answers to the issues mentioned in the chosen topic, and Objective (2) is doing so in a written form that is clear, coherent, and consistent with APA format. To address Objective (1), your paper should include reference to at least 3 empirical outside sources (in addition to textbook or lecture material or other material given to you through this course). Your task is to find answers to the issues included in the topic you choose, and then write up your answers. Professor Vickers will not tell you the answers, as one major part of this assignment is to review appropriate research on your own and make good decisions about what the research, taken together, tells us. Professor Vickers and the Teaching Assistant will help with questions you might have as you yourself find the answers, but drafts will not be read. Empirical outside sources are scientific references that were not included with this course. For example, if you choose topic 1 on the next page, which gives you an article to read, you still need to find and cite 3 more outside sources. Likewise, topic 2 and topic 3 on the next pages also give you an article to use, but you still need to have 3 more empirical outside sources. Journal articles are the best empirical outside sources to use. Books or chapters in books can sometimes be acceptable provided they are rigorously written in a scientific manner (check with Professor Vickers before using a book as one of your empirical outside sources). Websites not connected to the Ryerson library are not appropriate. This means that Wikipedia cannot be used, nor can any website that comes up via a google search. Journal articles-what you want---come up as webpages through the Ryerson library system, and these are fine. To address Objective (2), writing style is important; students are expected to write clearly, formally, and properly. APA format is required. Use of quotes is not acceptable – you should show me that you clearly understand the information presented in the articles you’ve chosen. No direct quotes should appear in your paper. Papers including a direct quote will be penalized a 20% penalty. Paraphrasing is an acceptable practice. The idea with paraphrasing is to write about the ideas presented by the original authors in the article, BUT YOU WRITE IT IN YOUR OWN WORDS (WITHOUT

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The reader is relying on you to translate information from the articles.’s (2004) study may have been methodological flawed. in two ways: • Explain the theoretical reasons why eating disorders may not be connected to enhanced panic symptoms in the carbon dioxide challenge. when they have children? • • • Page 2 of 5 . But this did not happen. Read the Perna et al. (2004) article (in the Course Information folder) tested the hypothesis that eating disorders are associated with increased panic attack symptoms in the carbon dioxide challenge. (2009) article (in the Course Information folder) carefully and supplement with detailed empirical sources to address these specific issues: • Overview the evidence that links exposure to stress during childhood (such as through child abuse) to disturbed development of the brain and the stress response system. What evidence suggests that children who are exposed to stress during childhood tend to experience difficulties in parenting. so you must write about them in clear and simple language. When you paraphrase. Topics (Choose 1 of 3): 1. such as greater parenting stress. Explain you think this did not happen. into easy-to-understand English. Justify your response by referring to empirical research. This assignment must be an original presentation of your justified thoughts.TRANSPLANTING ANY OF THEIR ORIGINAL LANGUAGE). participants with eating disorders might have shown increased panic symptoms in the Perna et al. Since serotonin abnormalities are associated with increased panic symptoms in the carbon dioxide challenge and eating disorders are linked to serotonin abnormalities. (2004) article carefully. Regard the assignment as a take-home exam. you cannot use written work you yourself did in another course. • 2. when they themselves have children later in life? What psychological interventions have shown promise in helping those who suffered stress during childhood to be better parents. • You are expected to work on this assignment independently. you must still cite the original authors appropriately. and present your own work. Panic Reactivity in Eating Disorders • • Overview the evidence that links abnormalities in serotonin to eating disorders. themselves. which will most likely contain complex scientific terms. Remember. Additionally. Professor Vickers will thoroughly investigate any instance where in which two students’ responses are extremely similar. bolstered by the empirical research. the reader of your written assignment may not have read the original articles that you read. Overview the evidence that links serotonin abnormalities to increased panic attack symptoms in the carbon dioxide challenge. (2004) study. The Perna et al. Overview the evidence that links exposure to stress during childhood to increased susceptibility to psychological issues throughout one’s life. Long-Term Effects of Early Stress Read the Miskovic et al. Then also explain the practical reasons why Perna et al.

Respond to only one question. instead of in vivo exposure. NOT newspaper or magazine reports or websites. Two major ways have been used to apply in vivo exposure treatment. Select at least 3 empirical outside sources (outside of the textbook and class notes and articles included in the Course Information folder) to cite and use in your written assignment.500 word paper. Decide which one (of the three) questions you wish to pursue. respond to more than one question. and so forth. The total word count should not be below 1. Clearly explain how cognitive exposure is used as a treatment for PTSD. the patient confronts different feared stimuli across exposure sessions. Which approach. You must use original empirical articles from academic psychology journals. If you b. since the feared stimulus is a past trauma.500 words. d. By contrast.000 words and should not be above 1. This is approximately 4 double-spaced pages of text. is more effective for treating specific phobias? Justify your response by referring to empirical research. for an example. Papers will be penalized with a 20% penalty for not conforming to the specified word count Appropriately cite all references used in your answers. The word count includes the Title page and the References page. returning to the example of a patient who is afraid of dogs. The references should indicate that you have explored the topic in greater detail than was provided in the textbook. the patient would confront the same dog in each session. A patient doing varied exposure would confront a large dog in one session. but these sources do not count towards your required 3 references. c. The disorder of PTSD is one such example. when it is extremely difficult to have the feared stimulus actually occur in the lab. In varied exposure. then a small dog in another session. another dog in the next session. consider a patient who is afraid of all types of dogs. and should be directly relevant to the topic/issue. An empirical article is one in which the authors are describing the results of studies. Write a 1. the patient sees the same feared stimulus over and over again across exposure sessions. How would a therapist apply cognitive exposure to treat the disorder of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)? Should the exposure be varied exposure or constant exposure? How well does the treatment of cognitive exposure work for GAD? Justify your response by referring to empirical research. So. In some contexts. So. Exposure Treatment for Anxiety Disorders • What are the differences between in vivo exposure and systematic desensitization? Which is a more effective treatment for specific phobia. • • • _________________________________________________________________________________________________ FAQ for Written Assignment PSY 325 (1) What do I need to do in this assignment? a. doing constant exposure. Page 3 of 5 . (2) Where do I find the 3 articles? a. Does it work? Is varied exposure or constant exposure better? Justify your response by referring to empirical research. only the first response will be read. such has journal articles.(Topic 3 is on listed on the next page) 3. included in the Course Information folder. in constant exposure. The empirical outside sources must be scientific published works.000-1. Make sure to read and cite the Rowe and Craske (1998) article. in vivo exposure or systematic desensitization? Justify your response by referring to empirical research. plus a Title page and a References page. varied exposure or constant exposure. therapists use cognitive exposure. You can use your textbook and classnotes.

through the library. You should not be paying for articles. To find appropriate articles. Many psychology journals are available either electronically or in hard copy.500 words).b. and References) and must lie between 1. search through the PsycInfo database that Ryerson University has access to. Then connect the words with the AND option.. The best way to access academic journals is not to google them. click "Articles and indexes". but you should be presenting your informed opinion that is justified based on the empirical evidence. b. text. Include a title page and reference list. Use proper within-text citations (for common questions. (3) How do I put my assignment together? a. Use APA format within the paper and for referencing.g. A good way to do this is through the Advanced Search button. Page 4 of 5 . Next. or if you want to check out whether or not your articles are appropriate for this assignment before you write it. To do this. use of quotes is not acceptable – you should show me that you clearly understand the information presented in the articles you’ve chosen.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/index. course code and section. the way to procure this is to go in person to the Ryerson library. see the APA weblink provided below) http://www. Include the word count on the Title page of your paper.000 words. (4) What format should I use? a. the title on the reference page is “References”. Papers will be penalized a 20% penalty being outside the specified word count (either too few--under 1. carbon dioxide and panic).. Here.000 and 1. If you are having problems finding articles. and the date) • • Include a reference page. This means… • Number your pages in the upper right-hand corner • Include a title page (with your name. A formal essay style should be used for each question. you will stumble across an article that Ryerson doesn’t have online. occasionally.g. rather. you can start reading through the listed articles’ summaries.500 will not be read. which gives us free internet access to hundreds of academic journals. there will be a link to "PsycInfo" . No direct quotes should appear in your paper. No. the way to access them is through the library. Quoted material will cause a loss of marks. you can download it (for free). If Ryerson does not have the article at all. In addition. any words above 1. Professor’s name. 12 point font.500 words. and thus you are expected to use the conventions for editorial style as specified by the American Psychological Association (APA) for this writing assignment. please come and see me or your TA. c. In APA style. or too many--over 1. Times New Roman font (or equivalent) with 1 inch margins all around. add other search words and do another advanced search).click there and search for topics that you are interested in. b. NOT “works cited” or “bibliography”. Double-spaced. or if you are pleased with the search. If so. Put each major term on a line (put 2-word major terms such as carbon dioxide in quotes on the same line – “carbon dioxide”) and indicate that you are looking for those words to occur in the Abstract. Most articles can be acquired this way. When you come across one that you find interesting. you will use the Inter-Library Loan service. c. Quoted material will cause a loss of marks. go to the library main page. Papers including a direct quote will be penalized a 20% penalty. then ‘search by subject area’ (which is psychology of course). You can use the word “I”. use major terms that you are interested in (e. The next step is to either refine the search further (e.aspx (5) Can I use quotes? a. The word count includes the entire paper (title page. any online request for payment is an error for enrolled students. This is a psychology course.

When you paraphrase. we are unable to accept assignments submitted by email or by fax. The Blackboard site is connected to the web-based plagiarism checking programme www.g. which offers free one-on-one tutorials on all aspects of written work (e. “writer’s block. If you have any questions.ca Professor Vickers: kvickers@ryerson. Teaching Assistant: danielle. including the Ryerson Writing Centre.” and academic referencing systems). BUT YOU WRITE IT IN YOUR OWN WORDS (WITHOUT TRANSPLANTING ANY OF THEIR ORIGINAL LANGUAGE). 7192 c. you must still cite the original authors appropriately (in APA format). c. If you do not known what this means or if you have any questions about how to write this assignment.macdonald@psych. Assignments MUST be submitted directly to Professor Vickers as a paper copy in class on Tuesday November 23. The idea with paraphrasing is to write about the ideas/concepts/findings presented by the original authors in the article.. Please note that due to the large numbers of students enrolled in Arts courses. grammar basics. Paraphrasing is an acceptable practice. please ask Danielle MacDonald. b.turnitin. Attendance will be taken after papers are handed in to ensure that Professor Vickers knows who handed in a paper. log on to our course Blackboard site and select the Assignments folder. You MUST acknowledge all sources in the paper using correct referencing.b. An electronic version of your assignment must ALSO be submitted to Blackboard on Tuesday November 23 by 7pm.com (7) Additional Information a.ryerson. You will then to be prompted for the document (your paper) to upload. Keep electronic copies of your Written Assignment! In the unlikely event that your written assignment cannot be found.ca Or please come to Professor Vickers’ office hours (Fridays 3pm-5pm in JOR832) _________________________________________________________________________________________________ Page 5 of 5 . Please do not slip the paper under the professor's office door.ryerson. please come see me during office hours before the due date. To do so. More information about the Writing Centre is available on its website: http://www. e. you will be required to produce a copy within 24 hours.ca/writingcentre/ The Writing Centre can be contacted at: 416-979-5000 EXT. There are numerous resources for writing help at Ryerson University. (6) How do I submit my assignment? d.