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National Day Rally Speech (by PM Lee Hsien Loong) – 29th August 2010

Economy 1. Economy has shaken off recession and is now booming a. b. c. 2. a. b. c. 3. a. b. 4. a. b. c. 1H GDP = 18% Y-o-Y Lots of jobs created; unemployment has gone down Singaporeans can look forward to higher wages and good bonuses But we have come through crisis much better than expected Everyone contributed – unions, workers, employers and government officials Thank you all for a job well done! Despite all our preparations and precautions, there will be future crises We should be ready for them Invited to share how Singapore coped with downturn and rebounded so quickly Presentation generated a lot of interest Delegates wanted to know: i. ii. d. 5. How did we manage to fund stimulus packages? How did we build trust and confidence between unions and employers?

Last year, Singaporeans were very worried about the future

Also important to learn from how we managed the downturn

NTUC attended the annual ILO conference in Geneva in June

In fact these two questions point to our critical advantages

First, we had built up reserves for a rainy day a. So Government was able to fund our programmes – SPUR, Resilience Package, Jobs Credit, without needing to borrow b. Unlike Europeans, US and Japan, which all ran huge Budget deficits and now face grave problems

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Second, we had built up trust over a long period, and many shared trials a. Hence in this crisis i. ii. iii. b. Workers accepted sacrifices Confident employers would play their part Both trusted Government to take right measures

Together, tripartite partners did the right thing for Singapore Others understand how our system works, and why it works But they do not find it easy to copy As an Asian unionist once told NTUC, “the day my government behaves like

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NTUC is often asked to explain the Singapore way to other countries a. b. c.

yours, is the day my union will also behave like NTUC” 8. 2010 growth forecast is 13 – 15% a. b. But cannot expect to grow like this in the long term Growth not so spectacular when taken over 3 years: i. ii. c. d. e. 9. a. b. 1% in 2008, -1% in 2009, projected up to 15% this year Average of about 5% a year

This is a realistic target of what we can sustain 3-5% will be good growth in future Hence please be careful with wage expectations To generate resources to upgrade our city and improve our lives And to enable each Singaporean to: i. ii. iii. Have a secure job Afford a good standard of living Secure a bright future for his children Workers, employers, and the government too Requires effort at all levels

We have to keep growing

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Thus need to raise productivity i. ii.

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First, individual workers a. You must upgrade your knowledge and skills, to be able to do a wider range of tasks, and become more valuable to your firms b. Example: Mr Tong Shiang Wee, 47 i. Works at Cameron, which makes equipment for the oil and gas industry ii. Tong joined the firm at age 21 with no school qualifications, starting at the bottom as a trainee fitter iii. But his attitude was “must try, no harm trying” iv. Over the years, he kept learning on the job and attended courses to upgrade himself v. Today, he is a Manufacturing Specialist, overseeing 70 technicians and 4 production supervisors

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Second, employers play a key role too a. Firms must find promising business opportunities, develop expertise, create value and grow a competitive and profitable business b. Example: our shipyards Keppel and SembCorp Marine i. ii. c. i. Have developed deep specialist knowledge and skills Together, they produce 70% of jack-up oil-rigs in the world An oil rig (Deepwater Horizon) drilling a deep water well blew up and sank

Recently a major oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico

Third. NSmen’s time saved Sense of purpose and efficiency Productivity must be the responsibility of all of us: Keep learning and upgrading Increase our value and contribution c. . but perhaps it will be fewer.000 more. Harder to measure government outcomes But still important for us to seek out efficiency gains Example: IPPT for NSmen i. i. Then Singapore can stay ahead of the competition. b. a. now 6 PTIs do 600 NSmen (2) (3) 13.000 Said this to highlight trade-off: We want higher growth to benefit our workers. d. Previously very manual process. Economy booming this year a. Better service: NSmen can check scores and status at computer terminals Result: (1) Manpower saved: In the past need 14 PTIs to conduct IPPT for 300 NSmen. Two other platforms drilling relief wells to seal the well and achieve a “bottom kill” (Development Driller II and III) – built by Keppel and SembMarine f. Will definitely need more foreign workers so that we can create more jobs in Singapore b. He said “no.4 km with RFIDs which automatically log their times ii. iii. 80. but we built the rig from which they are mounting the rescue operations e. c. Keppel built the Q4000 platform.g. from which engineers carried out the “top kill” operation iii. now highly automated (1) Static stations have sensors to count the number of chin-ups and sit-ups completed (2) NS personnel run 2. public sector must also improve productivity a. c. b. e. our firms can do well and workers can improve their lives Immigration 14. I said there could be 100. Hence two companies pay good bonuses to workers. Diagram to explain i. and several hundred million dollars in taxes to the Government every year 12.ii. Massive operation to try to plug the well ii. Causing major pollution in the sea and all along the Gulf coast I asked if we built the rig that sank I met a Keppel executive in Houston recently ii.

Switzerland. iv. b. e. d.g. I will explain why i. Australia. Result: i. US 17. ii. especially of “illegal” immigrants 18. Houston in Texas a. ii. Hence issue is hot in lots of places – e. b. i. US a. 5 million population within greater metropolitan area With many immigrants. 16. c. i. ii. Competition Crowding – housing and transport Character of society Also want to be sure that Singaporeans are more valued than foreigners Union leaders Newspaper letters Objections to workers’ dormitories near homes These are legitimate concerns Which we take seriously Concerns come through other channels as well I understand these sentiments f. ii. Texas Medical Centre – large centre (49 institutions) doing leading edge research and treatment. iii. iii. How staying open benefits Singaporeans What we can do to address the problems Singapore is not the only country grappling with this issue Many countries host significant foreign or immigrant populations. with many foreign scientists and doctors . Have held many dialogue sessions with grassroots leaders GRLs understand logically why we need immigration But they are concerned about: i. a. But we have good reasons to allow a controlled inflow of foreign workers and immigrants g. Foreign workers and immigrants are a hot topic in Singapore a. One of the most open societies in the world b. France. UK. iii. ii.but that also means accepting more foreign workers 15. But Americans have also grown uncomfortable with the influx. Netherlands. contributing to a vibrant city c. Mingling between different peoples Frictions and insecurity Political pressures against foreigners b.

The US restricts H1B visas (for professionals). Bill Gates said that globally. Microsoft researchers earning C$100. Hence hoped Texas could continue welcoming immigrants and sustain its progress 20. In US: Redmond (near Seattle). but overall staying open had been a plus d. c. We have very good people. Cambridge (New England) Overseas: Cambridge (UK). to supplement our local pool Many talented young architects in Singapore i. He could pronounce only one name (Chris Jones) without help The other winners were all foreign-born. Bangalore. b. ii. across the border from Redmond in USA. Beijing b. 22. Texas benefitted c.000 could get Canadian Green Cards (PR) easily c. he gave out awards to the top 12 Microsoft employees i. a. Majority are native Singaporeans. but never enough Hence need to draw talent from all over the world. Whereas Canada welcomed skilled workers iii.19. I also met Bill Gates of Microsoft on trip a. many of them Asian Lessons for us: Immigration and foreign talent are difficult issues everywhere They pose very real political and social challenges But if we can manage these. Met business and city leaders in Houston a. I asked him where Microsoft did research i. 21. to gain talent a. Talent make a tremendous difference for us. Recently. doing critical work in our economy and helping us to be an outstanding city b. Silicon Valley. Microsoft also had a “software development office” in Vancouver. architects a. . Why? i. Not that Texas faced no problems. Recently. 23. Whenever neighbouring states like California and Arizona tightened up and pushed out immigrants. URA held a second “20 Under 45” exhibition and publication showcasing outstanding works by 20 young architects b. They said Texan political leaders have shown political courage in keeping the state open to immigrants b. though quite a few are foreign-born 24. Canada.g. 1/3 of Microsoft researchers are Chinese and 1/3 are Indian d. e. ii. c. so not all Microsoft’s foreign researchers could work in Redmond ii. benefits are substantial Several reasons why it is important for Singapore to stay open First.

Hope all Singaporeans will cheer for them.g. these Singaporean jobs would not exist (and vice versa) iv. We are grooming our own sports talent Our young sportsmen and women have done very well at the YOG c. now a Singapore PR Belinda Huang is from Selangor. They are playing for Singapore. Without the foreign workers. benefit – better living environment. They bring a wide range of skills and experiences. including 5.g. e. sports talent a. iii. who won a silver medal at the YOG But we have too few table tennis players. the band plays Majulah Singapura vi. e. e.g. ii. so we have topped up Our women’s team has done very well (1) Won Silver at the Beijing Olympics (2) Beat China to win Gold at the World Team Table Tennis Championship in Moscow iv.000 people in Singapore. Keppel and SembCorp again ii. The shipyards employ foreign workers and professionals from many countries v. sailing. In some sports we are near the top. Singapore Sportswoman of the Year 2009) d. iii. We are very proud of Isabelle Li. and when they win. But in others we still need to draw on new citizens. They include the architects who built the Pinnacle i. flying the flag for Singapore. and may not speak good Singlish. e. They may not have been born here. table tennis i. Husband and wife team Mr Khoo Peng Beng is from Ipoh.c. we need reinforcements to grow our economy and create jobs for Singaporeans a. but they have chosen this place to be their home v. ii. v. Together employ 20. iv. now a Singapore Citizen They won a design competition Result: one of the most sought after HDB projects d. and knowledge about . especially the residents of Pinnacle. Local architects might consider this “foreign competition“ e. Women’s champion in 2008 Bowling World Cup. b.g. bowling (Jasmine YeongNathan. just as we cheer for all our national sportsmen 26. Foreign workers supplement our ranks and enable us to build successful companies i. But Singaporeans. a more beautiful city 25.000 Singaporeans iii. Second.

but also: i. 29. a. and adjusted housing. more MRT lines So please bear with the larger numbers for the time being We are very careful with whom we accept They must not only contribute economically. Keppel and SembCorp have become world-beaters 27. and PRs than nonresidents b.different markets around the world vi. d. so that in the long term we can rely less on foreign workers f. competition from foreigners . Basic principle: citizens come first a. We are pushing hard for higher productivity. we need immigrants to make up for our population shortfall a. Integrate into our society Strike roots here Numbers of immigrants are far smaller We have moved fast over the last 5 years Accepted a larger inflow of foreign workers Taken in more new citizens and PRs Will consolidate. g. hospitals. 28. With local and foreign workers working together. shipyards. a. Finally. b. c. construction projects c. d. last year we had fewer babies than 2008! Foreign workers are transients Important distinction between foreign workers and immigrants (PRs and citizens) b. Our efforts to produce more Singaporean babies have not yielded results Despite all our measures. d. We reviewed policies last year. f. But we want to build more flats. will address them Not to dismiss your qualms But to explain how we can manage the problems And enjoy the benefits of the inflow while limiting the downside 32. e. healthcare and education subsidies to sharpen the distinction c. First. banks. Our policies reflect this – citizens treated better than PRs. 30. b. ii. a. They will leave when the job is done So we can accept higher numbers temporarily e. Need them to work in factories. ii. Cannot continue to take in as many as we have been doing Give Singaporeans time to adjust But we must not close ourselves up 31. slow down pace i. But other less tangible issues too. b.

33. But protection can only go so far a. b. They understand the logic A few years ago.g. or do so poorly i. Younger foreign workers do the heavier physical tasks Both groups have become firm friends vi. and grow roots here a. But they fear that it will hurt them personally I empathise with this We do not allow uncontrolled entry. This year we will spend around $400 million giving WIS to 400. in one hotel. At the firm level. no matter how high our levy or WIS. The levies are going up. Second. and must rise further The WIS also helps low-income Singaporeans – it is only for citizens i. Supervisor and union representative even asked Management to assist in the PR application of a foreign worker! 36. the jobs will still go elsewhere b. Foreign Worker Levies make foreign workers more expensive to hire than Singaporean workers i. But now they and their members are quite convinced that their companies benefit from being able to hire foreign workers d. and communicate with our minorities Encourage them to learn English . Many Singaporeans accept the economic logic – that Singapore will benefit with foreigners working here b.a. or we would be swamped! We restrict foreign workers through dependency ratios We are protecting Singaporean jobs c. many countries can poach jobs from Singapore 35. and have different social norms Also may speak no English. Harder to fit in. identify with Singapore. Help orientate them to Singapore when they first arrive. c. they were more worried about impact on Singapore workers c. even cook and pack food for them iv. Local “aunties” treat foreign workers like their own daughters or nieces iii. v. a. Singaporeans wonder if new arrivals will integrate into our society. They speak and dress differently. d. If Singaporean workers lack the skills or are not competitive. Talked to union leaders about this a. b. b. e. local and foreign workers work well together i. ii. housekeeping department employs both local “aunties” and younger foreign workers ii.000 Singaporeans! 34. Just as Vancouver poached jobs from Seattle.

from Dalian. d. They said she is polite and caring. e. Must get along with different races Must adopt our egalitarian norms Takes time to adjust. ii.g. an SBS bus captain on Service 109 (Serangoon Interchange to Changi Village Terminal) ii. But individuals too should help new arrivals ease into community Key is not abstract arguments. b. e. Bringing young immigrants to the Army Museum. several wrote in to SBS iv. but personal ties and friendships One more example – Project Read under SINDA i. and hence be more ready for PR or citizenship c. She is well-liked by her passengers. New arrivals gradually connect and identify with Singapore b. CCs will offer basic English courses iv. and considerate to pregnant women and the elderly v. a. For one new citizen family. for an early taste of NS Part of PA’s National Education Experience programme for new citizens Some more light-hearted i. d. ii. now a Singapore citizen) 39. especially residents in Pasir Ris When she went away for a week. Almost half the volunteers are PRs and new citizens (Mrs Sonali Mazumdar. some will make the decision to commit themselves and become Singapore citizens c. Programme running since 1998. English proficiency will help them to integrate. tied up with loyalty and commitment is NS . Growing roots is a process that takes some time a. 37. 38. defining moment was when daughters started to think of India not as home but as a holiday destination 40. beyond language or social graces i. or had left SBS vi.iii. ii.000 kids Students and adults volunteer to read to kids aged 4 to 8 Encourage new citizens and PRs to give back to Singapore society iii. Third. Ms Zhao Xiaodong. But regardless they would like her back on route 109 Singaporeans too should do their part to understand and integrate new arrivals Some more serious i. benefitted over 4. 38. from India. More important. “Singapore Shiok” – a handbook about Singapore produced by SMU students for international students c. Finally. iii. They wondered if she had been transferred to another route. a. but new arrivals must make the effort Some have gotten on fine i.

sense that citizens are carrying a heavy burden 41. ii. a. Mostly a problem of the morning peak hour (7. especially on trains I understand the problem LTA and the transport operators have been studying this Let me explain i. tax reliefs.45 am). c. Will we have enough facilities for Singaporeans and foreigners? Government will also address these concerns Will ensure enough school and university places Discussed in Chinese speech Will elaborate later on plans Many complaints about congestion. paid at major milestones of an NSman’s service Into his PSEA and CPF accounts For citizens only PRs who have done NS will receive the NSRA when they take up citizenship 43. b. See Schools Transport . c. NS Unfortunately not practical to make foreign workers and adult immigrants do i. Hence we do all we can to recognise the contributions and sacrifices of our NSmen a.a. while trying to build a career and raise a family b. MINDEF will announce the details soon Finally. Help with the cost of their subsequent education Also to buy a house 42. But their children will serve Many PRs and first generation citizens have done NS Still. issue of crowding and congestion a.45 am to 8. b. A heavy demand on citizens i.000 Commanders will receive more In tranches. d. NSRA will be a meaningful sum a. f. e. 47. New initiative – the National Service Recognition Award (NSRA) i. b. d. This will be a significant token to appreciate the contributions of citizens who have served NS 44. ii. iii. allowances. SAFRA clubhouses. Two years full-time ii. In total $9. b. 45. c. Then more years as ORNS. top-ups etc. b. a. 46.

We are managing immigration to make sure we do not become too overcrowded . and also in China and Hong Kong c. People concerned about housing prices going up Some blame it on foreigners i. so must do more (4) Upgrading signalling system. and buy new trains in 4-5 years (to increase capacity by 50%) iii. NSL – some stretches quite crowded (1) Circle Line has helped (2) Will be fully completed next year. but hope Singaporeans can understand i. but next train (or the one after that) just a few minutes away 48. Jurong East station – by May next year. Downtown Line Thomson Line Eastern Region Line g. This will ease pressure on Toa Payoh – Novena (by 10-15%) (3) But expect traffic to grow. Housing a. iii. because can only work 3-4 hrs a night f. Over next decade spending $60bn to double rail network i. Bukit Gombak to Dover Toa Payoh to Novena Serangoon to Dhoby Ghaut What we are doing i. and buying more trains. MRT will always be packed during peak traffic Happens in all cities iii. Commuters can transfer lines without going through city. ii. ii. NEL – will run one extra train during peak hour by next year. so trains can run at shorter intervals. b. Persistently crowded at a few stretches (1) (2) (3) e. Takes 6 years. ii. No doubt foreigners and immigrants contribute to housing demand But also broader economic forces at work (1) In 1H last year property prices fell even though there were many foreigners here (2) This year.map: ii. property prices up. Doing everything possible to improve things. will complete modification of station and will add trains (to boost capacity by 15%) ii. Please be patient – not possible to guarantee that every passenger can get onto every first train.

Ultimately success depends not just on government policy. Emphasising home ownership: tightening rules on private property owners buying HDB resale flats f.000 Presently can buy ECs with a $30. Manage our immigration.000 to $10. e. She was a bit scared of Singapore at first. iii. MTI.g. h.000 grant but no government loan Release more land for ECs and DBSS Have acted to cool market twice Need to do more Private property: MND will announce details tomorrow We need to draw all the threads together i. 49. v. currently a medical technologist at Changi General Hospital b. and impact is well managed Ministry level. ECs and DBSS: i. Affordable Adequate supply Building more HDB flats – 16. She was one of only a few foreigners at her new school.000 CPF grant But anxious of falling in between (1) (2) iv. ii. up to 22. talent. ii.000 this year. having heard rumours that people were not allowed to drink coke or chew gum here d. and was worried about . HDB: i. i. Will set up a Population and Talent Division in PMO i. Not eligible for HDB Unable to afford private property Will do more to help them own homes Will widen choice beyond ECs. “Sandwich group” – couples earning $8. iii. but also on personal relationships a. 50. vi. to allow them to buy HDB DBSS flats (1) With $30. She came to Singapore from Hong Kong in 1996 at age 14 c. MCYS New Population and Talent Division in PMO b. a. with a Permanent Secretary Overseen by DPM Wong Kan Seng Coordinate the work of MHA. 28.d. and population policies holistically Ensure that Singaporeans benefit. ii. Ms Dahlia Ho.000 next year Expediting completion of BTO flats e. like PSD. iii. MOM. g. Commitment: will always keep HDB flats within reach of Singaporeans i. ii. ii. ii.

so that a generation from now Singapore will still be thriving and prospering Education 53. but also help students who are less academically inclined. How to keep an open door while protecting Singaporeans here? How to welcome new citizens while holding to our values? There are no ideal or permanent solutions The new measures will address some of the problems We will have to manage. She is now married to a local-born Singaporean. her supervisor. Because of the kindness shown to her by Singaporeans she came across over the years. a local Singaporean. but catering to all Each child is different We must invest in our talent. d. plus all those in between . and adjust as we go along Our ancestors came poor. 56. b. academic inclinations and aptitudes Our aim should be to provide him a good education One that suits him and enables him to achieve his potential A system not just for a few top students. Produces competent and employable graduates But we can do better With his own interests. we would not have today’s Singapore We ourselves are all descendants of immigrants c. c. she recently decided to take up Singapore citizenship i. When she started working. a. local-born or new arrivals. 52. and be effectively bilingual b. 55. especially in maths and science. We must continue to be open today. guided and mentored her. monitor. b. but we their descendants have prospered Had our ancestors not come here. Immigration will be a continuing issue for us a. c. Stretch the brilliant ones. For all Singaporeans. and she had to take time off h. and bonded with her through sharing snippets about Hong Kong stars f. e. c. and made a huge impact on her life g. a. whom she met in JC (hope for babies soon) 51. 54. Gives students strong foundation. in many dimensions b.fitting in e. b. and manage the difficulties. To give our young the best chance in life We already have a very good education system a. But local students welcomed her. a. education is one of our most important priorities a. The supervisor was understanding and supportive when her mother fell terminally ill.

c. art. doing good work a. Learning ‘anjalli’ dance in Bali as part of Malay Literature Immersion Programme (Bukit Panjang Government High) Adventure i. a sense of belonging and identity d. a Western instrument similar to xylophone) e. Nusantara Orchestra (Siglap Secondary School) (fusion – Angklung. Each has developed its own specialties – e. we should do more to nurture the whole child . 57. g. Robotics (Lian Hua Primary) (building robot for National Junior Robotics competition. Give each one a tailored. and many peaks We are realising this vision a. 58. DNA testing as part of Life Sciences programme Dunman Secondary) k. Concert musical “Mulan” (South View Primary) Hip-hop dance (Riverside Secondary) (integrated with PE) Cross-cultural dance at Hong Kong Disneyland (Zhenghua Primary) Dance h. enrichment programmes and CCAs that excite him Opportunities to go on overseas study trips or exchanges A learning environment that enables him to grow and do his best Let me show you a few of the interesting programmes in schools c. testing a challenge) 59. Wall Mural (Haig Girls’) (sketches conceptualised by students) Batik painting in Visual Arts Programme (Maha Bodhi) Subjects. NCC Exchange Programme to India (Desert Trekking Course in Rajasthan. Singapore Garden Festival 3rd prize Floral Club (Naval Base Secondary) (building the display) Music d. committed teachers b.g. band. f. Paying attention to academics too One principal said: “Give us a chance to show what we can do” But we can still do better In primary schools. 61. So a student can find in any neighbourhood school in Singapore i. physical. sports. Bonang and Kulintang from Indonesia and Bells. 60. arts. b. Aim for a mountain range: high averages. iii. moral. All our schools are equipped with modern facilities and staffed with good. Art a. robotics or uniformed groups c. Mostly neighbourhood schools. holistic education – academic. India) Science j. ii. b.

but there will be many good choices in secondary school f. So students who do not get into IP after PSLE can still do so later 65. a. We will maintain traditional strengths in Maths and Science c. And if a student does less well than he hoped in PSLE. a.First 3 batches of IP graduates did well at A-levels or IB d. PSLE is a major hurdle d. both English and mother tongue d. More practice-oriented curriculum. and rightly so PSLE results are the basis for the choice of secondary schools It is a fair and meritocratic system At primary six. Art and Music Students. Give more attention to PE. We will enhance secondary education for less academically inclined students a. Programme has been successful . Strengthen “soft skills” like oral expression. to raise language proficiency and instil confidence to speak up. Skip O-levels. and parents. Develop physical robustness. b. and hence spend more time developing their interests and capabilities c. enhance their creative capacity and shape their personal.a. industrial attachments and internships Results – students more motivated. take this very seriously. and students can switch between them ii. f. d. cultural and social identity b. All new schools will have both IP and non-IP tracks. he will have opportunities later to catch up. N(T) students often prefer the ITE approach and environment b. b. e. e. go straight to A-levels or International Baccalaureate. we will widen the range of options a. with lower absentee rates We will learn lessons from this programme and apply them to other N(T) . Will extend the IP to 7 more schools i. c. PSLE does matter. c. Art and Music We will continue to improve teacher-student ratios Also train more specialist teachers for PE. The most popular schools or courses cannot take in all those who apply But we can have more schools offering programmes that students want And we can create more pathways for students to move within the system For students confident of making it to university We will expand the Integrated Programme (IP) for express students b. 62. 64. Currently 11 schools on IP i. prove himself and enter competitive programmes 63. Hence in secondary schools. Hence trying out an enhanced N(T) programme in three schools (Bedok Town. But PSLE is not meant to be a do-or-die test that determines the whole future of a child e. Shuqun and Si Ling Secondary Schools) c.

costing $700 million b. ii. Doing a good job educating students in the arts. Government will support NAFA and LaSalle to team up with good overseas institutions to offer degree programmes 71. Students have many routes at post-secondary level a. Northlight’s guiding principle: each student is a star. 69. and upgrade the older ones. Will enable more poly diploma holders to go on to pursue degrees i. who can shine as brightly as any others b. On course to admit 30% of cohort by 2015 (currently 26%) More Singaporeans than ever are making it to university (and getting good jobs . Students respond well.classes 66. Students who do well at N-levels can opt for a one-year Foundation Programme at Poly. b. c. Important to ensure that all of them graduate with relevant skills. e. offering 500 places 70. Facilities and curriculum geared to help students do well c. Will expand the existing five polys. resilience and social and emotional skills e. Learning from the institutions’ success. iii. b. Polytechnics a. Singapore Institute of Technology started this year. NAFA and LaSalle a. c. Not just to do NDP shows Also IRs and entertainment industry Digital media industry Support new pathways for young Singaporeans with such talents d. We started Northlight School and Assumption Pathway School to cater to the small number of students who do not pass PSLE a. and can find good jobs 68. b. but I will be more than a bird. quality high Doing courses which lead to exciting careers. instead of doing the O-Levels c. we will set up two more specialised schools for N(T) students 67. Five polys are doing well More students applying to polys. Key success factor is having teachers with passion and training to build students’ self-esteem.g. in pharmaceuticals Will enhance the poly route: a. or even a plane” d. Quote: “I am not Superman. Will introduce “through-train” for N(A) students to go to poly i. design and media space Strong demand for these skills i. Universities a.

Important to offer our top students excellent local options for tertiary education a. Plans on track (1) (2) c. Update – Singapore University of Technology and Design i. our universities must provide more options and peaks within the system. to stretch the outstanding students 73. 74. i. ii. Opportunities for global exposure – 1/3 to 1/2 of each cohort get some form of overseas exposure 75. where students can come together. Collaboration with MIT and Zhejiang University Recruiting now. classes will start in 2012 iii. ageing population. Some (future) students went to a international robotics competition in Shanghai recently. Overall environment organised around learning. or Beida – admit from top 0. Currently under construction When finished will be a beautiful. a. b. b. in prestigious universities But must enable more to do their undergraduate degree in Singapore Spend their formative years in a top class local university Later they may do a post-graduate programme overseas But they will already have bonded with their peer group Multi-disciplinary programmes Exciting internships NUS.upon graduation) 72.5% of cohort b. Update – NUS University Town i. d. NTU and SMU have been doing this c. well-equipped campus Imperial College-NTU Medical School With a bigger. To excel. engage and spark off ideas iv. Top universities in the world – Harvard. ii. but have a complex job educating a broad range of students a. Cambridge. e. and won the 2nd and 3rd prize b. Many will continue to study overseas. we need more doctors (1) (2) (3) (4) Expanding the NUS school Started the Duke-NUS Medical School Topping up with overseas recruitment But we need to train more ourselves . New plans a. A “college system” like Cambridge and Oxford Residential – at least 2 years out of 4 iii. c. Our universities are very good. Stanford.

a.5-to-1 for existing universities d. Provide 3-to-1 matching to donations to endowments to new projects. for a period. but fees will have to be higher d. These new programmes will be expensive a. especially alumni They have strong alumni networks Raise funds Give expert advice Even parents are roped in. a. NUS. with Imperial College. To fund students who need financial support All three universities have instituted the class gift This year 70% of fresh NTU graduates donated to the university Government will help them to do more Committing close to $4 bn over 20 years to build up endowments i. 78. And 1.ii. bursaries and loans so that promising students can attend regardless of family circumstances e. NTU and SMU have made good starts Encourage polytechnics and ITE to engage their alumni too Many of their graduates have gone on to do well in life They too should support their alma mater . Create a Singapore Universities Trust ii. b. d. We will start a new medical school in NTU. Set aside $2 bn in the Trust. We should emulate the US example. b. Enable universities to launch new initiatives that benefit students. to ensure financial support through economic downturns c. b. One source of university funding that we should build up is donations and endowments a. But we must invest in the next generation Government spending on tertiary education will rise c. We will give generous scholarships. Keep fees affordable for everyone 77. Create more spaces for Singaporeans who want to study medicine. c. one of the leading medical schools in Britain iii. d. 79. and build the culture of alumni taking a strong interest in their alma mater a. c. b. New programmes will continue to be heavily subsidised. especially Ivy League Existing universities have built up their endowments 80. as soon as the child is admitted US universities particularly good at tapping their alumni. without depending too much on direct government funding b. and also attract good international students 76. c. Hope public will respond. d.

as well as dreams and aspirations The Singapore spirit is: i. We are proud of our Asian cultures and heritage – Chinese. The confidence that we will prevail come what may Which makes Singapore work the way it does Which makes Singaporeans special It is the spirit in each of us As Rajaratnam. Education must imbue the next generation not just with knowledge a. To help polys and ITEs to build up endowments over time. Keep an open architecture – protect the kernel. like hosting a YOG iv. It is conviction and choice. The trust that keeps us close even when external forces threaten to split us. But also the Singapore spirit What is this Singapore spirit? a.e. and respect for every talent ii. who drafted the National Pledge. as Singapore grows more cosmopolitan. f. Around this core. Shared values like multi-racialism. And have the opportunity to do well in their lives b. Question especially relevant in an increasingly globalised world.” 84. like in the recession last year ii. This is the lasting and valuable legacy we can give to each and every one of our sons and daughters The Singapore Spirit 82. and use them to build a better Singapore b. we can gather talent and resources. like when we encountered extremist terrorism iii. Our efforts ensure that students get a good education wherever they go a. but adapt and extend the . Shared loyalty and commitment to Singapore iii. stiffened by this Singapore spirit a. Shared memories. ii. and want to keep them alive and vibrant c. meritocracy. and hosts more visitors each year b. d. The competence. Malay. We must maintain a Singaporean core in our society. 83. and others. i. wrote: “Being a Singaporean is not a matter of ancestry. Indian. language or religion It is based on: i. But the Singapore spirit is not based on a common race. the matching grants will apply to them too 81. g. and pride in what we have built together iv. The determination that makes us press on when things are tough. Shared responsibility for one another. e. quiet pride and discipline that makes sure we do things right.

i. Community involvement Pursuing passionate causes Tackling daunting challenges Learning about the world Discovering their own abilities Gaining confidence and maturity Important for youth to try many new things We do our best to give our youth such exposure Encourage youth to develop a social conscience i. Support youth to pursue diverse passions i. e. Through our schools. Hearing-impaired. care for those less fortunate than they are (Young NTUC visiting a Seniors Home) ii. There for a year. Volunteering in countries all around us b. vii. even extreme sports (Xtreme SkatePark @ East Coast Park) 87. and make the right choice for themselves b. protect the environment (youths releasing horseshoe crabs from an abandoned drift net at Chek Jawa] b. iii. e. ii. This January.g.g. Active as a volunteer iii. e. but graduated from NUS and works in the publishing industry ii. e. or Singapore International Foundation (SIF) c. a. Mercy Relief. c. iii. Glad many youths are also venturing abroad a. ii. With community or religious groups.system as circumstances change 85. vi. teaching deaf children (and some adults) proper sign language plus basic numeracy and literacy v.g. So that they have the same conviction. giving tuition d. sports and social activities (cheerleading supported by YEC under People’s Association) ii. We must pass this spirit to the next generation a. providing medical care. but soon he will be off to . but also many other activities: i. building schools and houses. Timor Leste iv. he went on SIF’s Singapore Volunteers Overseas programme to Dili. Mr Alvan Yap i. Alvan is a role model and inspiration for the kids Here he is with his students Alvan is back in Singapore for a short break. the Youth Expedition Project.g. 86. e. Doing disaster relief.g.

with capable commanders and staffs and soldiers who can out-wit and out-manoeuvre adversaries d. When Dr Goh passed away in May. Dr Goh Keng Swee also worried about this a. Hope more young people will venture forth like Alvan. peaceful and prosperous as the last 50 89. The “new generation” Dr Goh was talking about was not today’s youth. he said: “A new generation is emerging. pursue their dreams and make a difference to others 88. One thing we cannot do is purposely to create hard times to toughen up our youth a. so that Singaporeans would always be reminded of what he has done c. and so will Singapore 91. defence and education a. In his speech in 1984. much of the hardware Dr Goh acquired has already been superseded by more advanced equipment . you will survive the baptism of fire and emerge stronger. They suggested naming something after him. but my generation c. I agree Dr Goh was instrumental in building up the SAF Not just hardware – tanks and fighter jets. Some of my colleagues. favourable conditions in Singapore for young people to grow up in b. Today. Nobody can say what the next 50 years will bring. In the quarter century since he spoke. Of course this is not true. This generation has never experienced hardship. but we emerged more quickly than we had expected c. when making this statement. especially in the economy. a. But a thinking SAF. and hope that the first time you encounter a real crisis. I think Singapore has coped not too badly d. or how much we owe him b. or battalions and squadrons Defence c. Many lamented that the younger generation know too little of what Dr Goh did.Timor Leste again e. or promise that it will be as stable.” b. seem to imply that the new generation has thereby committed some gross misdemeanour. We will prepare you the best we can. 92. Last year’s financial crisis might have been a major test. b. Singaporeans were reminded of his enormous contributions to Singapore. a. But the world remains a dangerous place d. We have tried our best to do the opposite: to create stable. Now my generation is similarly concerned about today’s youth There will be challenges and crises enough in your lifetimes No fault not to have experienced hard times b. 90.

iii. They were a multi-racial team. In fact the founding fathers played a key role in creating the Singapore spirit i. Made teaching systematic Introduced streaming Fostered a high quality. ii. We will rename SCSC as the “Goh Keng Swee Command and Staff College” in his honour 93. Dr Goh became Education Minister. iii. and totally revamped the education system i. They were determined to make Singapore different f. The Singapore Command and Staff College (SCSC) is the highest institution for training senior officers in the SAF g. endures f. and a symbol of the importance of education to our young and our future g. and a thinking SAF. Indonesia ii. Complex will be the “nerve centre” of Singapore Education. and building a Phase II Headquarters Building e. E W Barker. He began the process of continuous improvement that has created an education system that is admired all over the world c. to upgrade professionalism of teachers f. Othman Wok. Foundation for all the plans I described earlier d. professional teaching service b. They had experienced and fought racial politics and racial policies while in Malaysia e. though the work of building a multi-racial. a. The complex will house a new Academy of Singapore Teachers and specialist academies for English Language.e. Before their generation. PE. Hon Sui Sen. MOE is expanding its HQ at North Buona Vista Road. the peoples living in Singapore held separate loyalties to different countries – China. multireligious nation will never be complete g. Like Academy of Law. 94. India. But his emphasis on developing talent. with a vision to build a multi-racial Singapore d. they included Rajaratnam. Toh Chin Chye and others c. We will name it the “Goh Keng Swee Centre for Education” He was part of a team of founding fathers who built our nation Dr Goh did not make his contributions alone b. Many saw Singapore not as a nation. but as a place to make a living They dreamed of returning to their birthplaces to retire and die . Education a. Besides MM Lee and Dr Goh. Lim Kim San. All officers headed for senior positions in the SAF will sooner or later attend advanced courses in SCSC i. Sports and the Arts i. In this they succeeded. In 1979. It has a handsome home in SAFTI MI h.

Including one extra runner who warmed our hearts – Low Wei Jie Finally to Darren Choy. High quality HDB townships Schools. The YOG Opening and Closing ceremonies were held at Marina Bay a. Recently connected up walkways all around the bay Already a favourite destination for Singaporeans and visitors alike Getting recognised all over the world as the icon of Singapore 97. who lit the Olympic flame at Marina Bay 98. Singaporeans took part enthusiastically in the YOG a. 95. many participated and celebrated as the torch made its way through our heartlands and city iii. Spectacular shows. ii. d. and then the decades of nation building. Changi airport. In Singapore. the Singapore spirit gradually took shape h. language or religion” i. Important that the nation remembers the founding fathers properly i. teachers and students all did a magnificent job . iii. Through the fight for independence. hospitals. c. Singapore has indeed scaled many new heights since Dr Goh retired a. c. we must look forward to the future a. iv. It was the founding fathers and their generation which conceived of and championed a Malayan identity. MRT Green and blue spaces all over the island A new city centre is taking shape at Marina Bay i. led by the founding fathers. And continue striving to be “one united people. and later a Singaporean identity v. But something we should think about for the future While we remember the past. Dr Goh in the same speech called on a new generation of leaders to come forth and take Singapore forward b. regardless of race. and backdrop Congratulate the organisers and performers And the creative minds behind the show Clearly shown in response to Journey of the Olympic Flame i. Not yet time to decide how to do this i. Torch travelled from Olympia to five cities on five continents before coming to Singapore ii. b. b. Not just out of gratitude But to stay true to the ideals that they fought for iii. b. Here is what he said: “You will then regard the present condition of the Republic not as a pinnacle of achievement but as a base from which to scale new heights” 96. the battles against communists and communalists. ii.iv. SYOGOC staff and volunteers.

c. 99. Ours is a young nation a. Team Singapore e. iii. you were at ground zero. 30. and can claim greater past glories But Singapore distinguishes itself by its people 100. Kaufmann): “If. Our schools were twinned with the 204 other National Olympic Committees. We won 3-2 And went on to win the bronze medal The IOC. Congratulate SYOGOC. 101. v.” b. energetic Putting on your best for the world The Games Village was vibrant and full of life i. rain or shine. YOG journey shows what Singapore is about a. b.’ And by the way. close teamwork. iii. ii. Montenegro football game (Brandon Koh bicycle-kicking the ball which Jeffrey Lightfoot headed it into the net) i. Why? Because Singapore has fleshed out an idea into reality . I watched the first Singapore vs. and put up World Culture booths to welcome our guests warmly (Bosnia and Herzegovina booth by Choa Chu Kang Secondary School) d. I answer unfailingly and with pleasure: ‘I am a Singaporean volunteer. and all Singaporeans for a job well done Aim high Prepare well Work together Deliver results Other countries have longer histories. and fighting spirit iv. Quote a Canadian who congratulated me in the Games Village: Singapore had “cleared the bar” c. . always cheerful. Altogether Singapore won 2 silver and 5 bronze medals Bravo. whenever I am asked about my origin. youth athletes and visitors were all impressed Quote letter in ST by a German volunteer (Uwe H. c. a. b. Under 15s Our team was physically much smaller built iii.000-strong. volunteers. all fired up Mostly Singaporean. But the Singapore Cubs had good skills. courteous. d. I love the catered food. iv. like me. ii. but quite a few international volunteers At your posts. and so did many of the other athletes ii. All our swimmers achieved personal best times.i.and belief. you would not have missed the deafening din of positive reactions from representatives of the rest of the world about Singapore. Our Young Olympians put in their best (Rainer Ng) i. So.

We may be small. c. and hence for Singapore 103. a. Forward looking and idealistic Daring to transform ourselves and our city again and again Our future is bright I cannot promise you an effortless cruise – nobody can We will face storms and challenges. b. We have educated our people Reinforced our talent pool Worked closely together Delivered results Won respect for Singapore Imbued with the Singapore spirit We will seize the opportunities around us With good leadership. a. but we are in a very strong position a. d. But the next decade promises to be a golden period for Asia. ii. e. 104. and from time to time difficult choices c. and a close-knit team And take our nation to the next level . b.i. b. 102.