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01 inch crack D-Loads in units of lbs per linear foot per foot of diameter are provided numerically and the class of pipe per ASTM C76 (AASHTO M 170) meeting this requirement is designated by color of the cell. These four choices provide flexibility and versatility for the designer and contractor. Overfill Soil Category I. Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . To facilitate your selection of the proper reinforced concrete pipe using the most beneficial Standard Installation for the conditions at the site. II.) H Do (Min. Table 2 shows the equivalent soil designations per the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) and AASHTO. Figure 1 shows the basic pipe and soil terminology. all rights reserved. Section 27 or ASTM C1479. while Type 4 provides for less support allowing the use of silts and clay soils with little or no compaction.2 Standard Trench/Embankment Installation Concrete pipe should be installed in accordance with the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications. as well as performance and economy for the owner that are not available with other types of pipe. III Do/6 (Min. The soil and compaction requirements are provided in Table 1. The required 0. each with its own soil and compaction requirements. same requirements as haunch Do/3 Middle bedding loosely placed uncompacted bedding except Type 4 Foundation There are four types of Standard Installations. fill height tables are provided on the following pages.) Do Haunch Springline Lower Side Di Bedding See Tables 1 & 2 Outer bedding materials and compaction each side. © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. Type 1 bedding provides the most support using highly compacted granular material.

SC (Category III) 100 95 90 85 80 45 90 85 80 75 70 40 CH A7 100 95 90 45 90 85 80 40 Reference: ASCE 15-98. not less than 6” (150 mm) 90% Category I. See Table 2 for equivalent Modified Proctor values. all rights reserved. or 95% Category III Type 4 No bedding required No compaction except if rock required. not use 85% less than 6” (150 mm) No compaction required. SM. minimum. A3 Sand GW. not less than 6” (150 mm) 85% Category I. “Standard Practice for Direct Design of Buried Precast Concrete Pipe Using Standard Installations (SIDD)”. © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. use 95% Category II Do /12 minimum. 95% Category II. use Do /12 minimum. A6 Clay GC. Compaction and soil symbols – i. not 90% Category I less than 3” (75 mm) or If rock foundation. not less than 6” (150 mm) 85% Category I. except if Category III. Table 3: Reinforced Pipe Classes for 0. not less than 3” (75 mm) If rock foundation. or 100% Category III Type 2 Do /24 minimum. Soil in the outer bedding. “95% Category I” refers to Category I soil material with a minimum Standard Proctor compaction of 95%. MH. haunch. ML. use 85% Reference: ASCE 15-98. A4 Silt Also GC. 90% Category II.e. Table 1: Standard Installation Soils and Minimum Compaction Requirements Bedding Installation Haunch and Table 2: Equivalent USCS and AASHTO Soil Classifications for Standard Installation Soil Designations Type Thickness Outer Bedding Lower Side Type 1 95% Category I Do /24 minimum. SP. or 95% Category III Type 3 Do /24 minimum. A2. “Standard Practice for Direct Design of Buried Precast Concrete Pipe Using Standard Installations (SIDD)”. GP (Category I) 100 95 90 85 80 61 95 90 85 80 75 59 Sandy GM. 90% Category II. 90% Category II. not less than 3” (75 mm) If rock foundation. A5. except if foundation. NOTES: 1. use Do /12 minimum. use Do /12 Category III. A1. 1998. 3 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . SC (Category II) with less than 20% passing #200 sieve 100 95 90 85 80 49 95 90 85 80 75 46 Silty CL. or 95% Category III 85% Category I. and lower side zones shall be compacted to at least the same compaction as the majority of soil in the overfill zone. 2.01 inch Crack Per ASTM C 76 (lbs/ft/ft) Class I ≤ 800 Class II ≤ 1000 Class III ≤ 1350 Class IV ≤ 2000 Class V ≤ 3000 Special Design > 3000 Representative Soil Types Percent Compaction Standard Modified SIDD USCS AASHTO Proctor Proctor Gravelly SW. 1998.

Positive Projecting Embankment Condition . Live load was distributed through the pipe in accordance with Chapter 4 of the ACPA Concrete Pipe Design Manual.4. 4th Edition. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2. 14 950 925 925 925 925 925 925 925 950 950 950 950 975 975 1000 1000 1025 1025 1050 1050 1075 15 1000 975 975 950 950 975 975 975 975 1000 1000 1000 1025 1025 1050 1050 1075 1075 1100 1100 1150 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions 4. field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed. 2007 with 2008 Interim. all rights reserved. Fill Height Tables are based on: Class I Class IV D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding 1. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1 1850 1725 1550 1300 1150 1025 975 925 900 825 875 825 825 825 800 725 700 650 625 625 650 2 1100 1025 975 950 925 900 825 775 725 650 650 650 650 675 700 675 650 650 625 625 600 3 800 775 750 725 700 700 675 675 675 650 600 550 550 550 550 600 625 625 625 625 625 4 700 675 650 625 625 625 625 600 600 600 600 600 550 550 550 600 600 600 625 625 625 5 650 625 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 625 625 625 650 650 6 625 625 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 625 625 625 625 650 650 650 675 675 7 650 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 625 650 650 650 675 675 675 675 700 700 725 8 675 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 675 675 675 700 700 700 725 725 725 750 750 9 700 700 675 675 675 675 675 700 700 700 700 725 725 725 750 750 750 775 775 800 800 10 750 725 725 725 725 725 725 725 725 7505 750 750 775 775 775 800 800 825 825 825 875 11 800 775 775 750 750 750 775 775 775 775 800 800 800 825 825 875 875 875 900 900 925 12 825 825 800 800 800 800 825 825 825 825 825 875 875 900 900 900 925 925 9550 950 975 13 900 875 875 875 875 875 875 875 900 900 900 925 925 925 950 950 975 975 1000 1000 1025 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. and 4 installations. 3. AASHTO HL-93 live load Class III Special Design 3. Therefore. and is thus harder to achieve.d.3 of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specification. Fill Height (feet) Pipe i.10.4 The following Fill Height Tables have been developed by the American Concrete Pipe Association (ACPA) using the indirect design method in accordance with Section 12. gs = 120 pcf Class II Class V 2.

and is thus harder to achieve. AASHTO HL-93 live load Class III Special Design 3. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 16 1050 1025 1000 1000 1000 1000 1025 17 1100 1075 1050 1050 1050 1050 1050 18 1175 1150 1150 1150 1150 1150 1150 19 1225 1200 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 20 1275 1250 1225 1225 1225 1225 1225 21 1325 1300 1275 1275 1275 1275 1275 22 1375 1350 1325 1325 1325 1325 1325 23 1450 1425 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 24 1500 1475 1450 1450 1450 1450 1450 25 1550 1525 1525 1525 1525 1525 1525 26 1600 1575 1550 1550 1550 1550 1550 27 1650 1625 1600 1600 1575 1600 1600 28 1725 1700 1650 1650 1625 1650 1650 29 1775 1750 1725 1725 1700 1725 1725 30 1825 1800 17757 1750 1750 1775 1775 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1025 1025 1025 1050 1050 1075 1075 1100 1100 1150 1150 1175 1175 1200 1075 1075 1075 1100 1100 1150 1150 1175 1175 1200 1200 1225 1225 1250 1150 1150 1150 1175 1175 1200 1200 1225 1225 1250 1250 1275 1275 1300 1200 1200 1200 1225 1225 1250 1250 1275 1275 1300 1300 1325 1325 1350 1250 1250 1250 1275 1275 1300 1300 1325 1325 1350 1350 1375 1375 1425 1275 1300 1300 1325 1325 1325 1350 1375 1375 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 1325 1350 1350 1350 1375 1375 1425 1450 1450 1475 1475 1500 1500 1525 1375 1425 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 1500 1500 1525 1525 1550 1550 1575 1450 1475 1475 1475 1500 1500 1525 1550 1550 1575 1575 1600 1600 1625 1525 1525 1525 1525 1550 1550 1575 1600 1600 1625 1625 1650 1650 1700 1550 1575 1575 1575 1600 1600 1625 1650 1650 1700 1700 1725 1725 1750 1600 1625 1625 1625 1650 1650 1700 1725 1725 1750 1750 1775 1775 1800 1650 1700 1700 1700 1725 1750 1750 1775 1775 1800 1800 1825 1825 1850 1725 1750 1750 1750 1775 1800 1800 1825 1825 1850 1850 1875 1900 1900 1775 1800 1800 1800 1825 1850 1850 1875 1875 1900 1900 1925 1975 1975 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. Therefore. Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. and 4 installations. 5 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .d. all rights reserved. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2. 3. field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed. gs = 120 pcf Class II Class V 2. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions 4.Class I Class IV Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding 1.

Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions 4. Therefore. 3.6 Class I Class IV Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding 1. field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed. AASHTO HL-93 live load Class III Special Design 3. Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. all rights reserved. Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . and 4 installations. and is thus harder to achieve. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2.d. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 31 1900 1850 1825 1800 1800 1825 32 1975 1900 1875 1850 1850 1875 33 2025 1975 1925 1900 1900 1925 34 2075 2025 2000 1975 1975 2000 35 2125 2075 2050 2025 2025 2050 36 2175 2125 2100 2100 2075 2100 37 2250 2175 2150 2150 2125 2150 38 2300 2250 2200 2200 2175 2200 39 2375 2300 2275 2275 2250 2275 40 2425 2650 2625 2625 2600 2625 41 2475 2400 2375 2375 2350 2375 42 2550 2450 2425 2425 2400 2425 43 2600 2550 2475 2475 2450 2475 44 2650 2600 2550 2550 2525 2550 45 2700 2650 2600 2600 2575 2600 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1825 1825 1850 1850 1850 1875 1900 1900 1925 1925 1975 2000 2000 2025 2025 1875 1875 1900 1900 1900 1925 1975 1975 2000 2025 2025 2050 2050 2075 2075 1925 1925 1975 1975 1975 2000 2025 2025 2050 2075 2075 2100 2100 2125 2125 2000 2000 2025 2025 2025 2050 2075 2075 2100 2125 2125 2150 2150 2175 2200 2050 2050 2075 2075 2100 2100 2125 2125 2150 2175 2175 2200 2200 2250 2275 2100 2100 2125 2125 2150 2150 2175 2175 2200 2250 2250 2275 2275 2300 2325 2150 2150 2175 2175 2200 2200 2250 2250 2275 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2375 2200 2200 2250 2250 2275 2275 2300 2325 2325 2350 2350 2375 2400 2400 2425 2275 2275 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2375 2375 2400 2400 2425 2450 2450 2475 2625 2625 2650 2650 2675 2675 2400 2425 2425 2450 2475 2475 2525 2525 2550 2375 2375 2400 2400 2425 2425 2450 2475 2525 2525 2550 2550 2575 2575 2600 2425 2425 2450 2450 2475 2475 2525 2550 2575 2575 2600 2600 2625 2650 2650 2475 2475 2525 2525 2550 2550 2575 2600 2625 2625 2650 2650 2675 2700 2700 2550 2575 2575 2575 2600 2600 2625 2650 2675 2675 2700 2700 2725 2750 2750 2600 2625 2625 2625 2650 2650 2675 2700 2725 2725 2750 2750 2800 2825 2825 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. gs = 120 pcf Class II Class V 2.

Therefore. field verification of soil properties and compaction levels should be performed.Class I Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1 Bedding 1. AASHTO HL-93 live load Class III 3. all rights reserved. 7 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 46 2750 2700 2650 2650 2625 2650 47 2850 2750 2700 2700 2675 2700 48 2900 2825 2750 2750 2725 2750 49 2950 2875 2825 2825 2825 2825 50 3000 2925 2875 2875 2875 2875 51 3075 2975 2950 2925 2925 2925 52 3125 3025 3000 2975 2975 2975 53 3175 3100 3075 3025 3025 3025 54 3250 3150 3125 3100 3100 3100 55 3300 3200 3175 3150 3150 3150 56 3375 3250 3225 3200 3200 3200 57 3400 3350 3275 3250 3250 3250 58 3475 3400 3350 3350 33550 3350 59 3525 3450 3400 3375 3375 3375 60 3575 3500 3450 3425 3425 3425 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 2650 2675 2675 2675 2700 2700 2725 2750 2800 2800 2825 2850 2850 2875 2900 2700 2725 2725 2725 2750 2750 2800 2825 2850 2850 2875 2900 2900 2925 2950 2750 2800 2800 2800 2825 2825 2850 2875 2900 2900 2925 2950 2950 2975 3000 2825 2850 2850 2875 2875 2875 2900 2925 2950 2975 2975 3000 3000 3025 3075 2875 2900 2900 2925 2925 2950 2950 29775 3000 3025 3025 3075 3075 3100 3125 2925 2950 2950 2975 2975 3000 3000 3025 3075 3100 3100 3125 3150 3150 3175 2975 3000 3025 3025 3025 3075 3075 3100 3125 3150 3150 3175 3200 3200 3225 3025 3050 3100 3100 3100 3125 3125 3150 3175 3200 3200 3225 3250 3250 3275 3100 3125 3150 3150 3150 3175 3175 3200 3225 3250 3250 3275 3300 3350 3350 3150 3175 3200 3200 3200 3225 3225 3250 3275 3300 3350 3350 3375 3400 3400 3200 3225 3250 3250 3250 3275 3300 3300 3350 3375 3400 3400 3425 3450 3450 3250 3275 3300 3300 3300 3350 3375 3375 3425 3425 3450 3450 3475 3500 3525 3350 3350 3375 3375 3375 3400 3425 3450 3475 3475 3500 3500 3525 3550 3575 3375 3400 3425 3425 3425 3450 3475 3500 3525 3525 3550 3575 3575 3625 3650 3425 3450 3475 3475 3475 3500 3525 3550 3575 3575 3625 3650 3650 3675 3700 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions 4. and 4 installations. and is thus harder to achieve. A Type 1 installation requires greater soil stiffness from the surrounding soils than the Type 2. gs = 120 pcf Class II 2. Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. 3.d.

Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 1 1700 1575 1450 1225 1050 975 2 1050 975 950 900 875 850 3 800 775 750 725 725 700 4 725 700 675 675 650 650 5 700 675 650 650 650 650 6 700 700 675 675 675 675 7 750 725 725 725 725 725 8 800 775 775 775 775 775 9 850 825 825 825 825 825 10 900 900 875 875 900 900 11 975 950 950 950 950 950 12 1050 1025 1025 1025 1025 1025 13 1100 1075 1075 1075 1075 1075 14 1175 1150 1150 1150 1150 1150 15 1250 1225 1225 1225 1225 1225 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 925 875 850 825 825 800 800 800 775 725 675 650 625 650 650 825 750 700 650 650 650 675 700 725 700 675 650 650 650 625 700 675 675 650 625 600 600 600 600 625 650 650 650 650 675 650 650 650 650 650 650 625 625 650 650 650 675 675 700 700 650 650 650 650 650 650 675 675 675 675 700 700 700 725 725 675 675 675 675 700 700 700 725 725 725 750 750 750 775 775 725 725 725 725 750 750 750 775 775 800 800 800 825 825 825 775 775 775 775 800 800 825 825 850 850 850 875 875 875 900 825 825 850 850 850 875 875 900 900 900 925 925 950 950 950 900 900 900 900 925 925 950 950 975 975 975 1000 1000 1025 1025 950 950 975 975 975 1000 1000 1025 1025 1050 1050 1050 1075 1075 1100 1025 1025 1025 1050 1050 1050 1075 1075 1100 1100 1125 1125 1150 1150 1150 1100 1100 1100 1100 1125 1125 1150 1150 1175 1175 1175 1200 1200 1225 1225 1150 1150 1175 1175 1175 1200 1200 1225 1225 1250 1250 1275 1275 1275 1300 1225 1225 1225 1250 1250 1275 1275 1300 1300 1325 1325 1325 1350 1350 1375 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. AASHTO HL-93 live load 3.8 Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions Class I Class II Class III for Type 2 Bedding Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. gs = 120 pcf 2. all rights reserved.d.

Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions Class I Class II Class III for Type 2 Bedding Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. AASHTO HL-93 live load 3. gs = 120 pcf 2.Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1. 9 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .d. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 16 1325 1300 1275 1275 1300 1300 17 1400 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 18 1475 1425 1425 1425 1425 1425 19 1525 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 20 1600 1575 1575 1550 1575 1575 21 1675 1650 1625 1625 1650 1650 22 1750 1725 1700 1700 1700 1700 23 1825 1800 1775 1775 1800 1775 24 1900 1875 1850 1850 1850 1850 25 1975 1950 1925 1925 1925 1925 26 2050 2025 2025 2025 2025 2025 27 2125 2075 2075 2075 2075 2075 28 2200 2150 2150 2125 2150 2150 29 2275 2225 2200 2200 2225 2225 30 2350 2300 2275 2275 2300 2275 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1300 1300 1300 1300 1325 1325 1350 1350 1375 1375 1400 1400 1425 1425 1425 1375 1375 1375 1375 1400 1400 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 1475 1475 1500 1500 1425 1450 1450 1450 1450 1475 1475 1500 1525 1525 1525 1550 1550 1575 1575 1500 1500 1525 1525 1525 1550 1550 1575 1575 1600 1600 1625 1625 1625 1650 1575 1575 1600 1600 1600 1600 1625 1650 1650 1675 1675 1675 1700 1700 1725 1650 1650 1650 1675 1675 1675 1700 1725 1725 1725 1750 1750 1775 1775 1775 1725 1725 1725 1725 1750 1750 1775 1775 1800 1800 1815 1825 1825 1850 1850 1775 1800 1800 1800 1925 1825 1850 1850 1875 1875 1900 1900 1900 1925 1925 1850 1875 1875 1875 1875 1900 1900 1925 1950 1950 1950 1975 1975 1975 2000 1925 1925 1950 1950 1950 1975 1975 2000 2025 2025 2025 2050 2050 2050 2075 2025 2025 2025 2025 2025 2050 2050 2075 2100 2100 2100 2100 2125 2125 2150 2075 2075 2100 2100 21000 2100 2125 2150 2150 2175 2175 2175 2200 2200 2200 2150 2150 2150 2175 2175 2175 2200 2225 2225 2250 2250 2250 2250 2275 2275 2225 2225 2225 2225 2250 2250 2275 2275 23000 2300 2325 2325 2325 2350 2350 2300 2300 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2350 2375 2375 2400 2400 2400 2425 2425 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. all rights reserved.

gs = 120 pcf 2. Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . AASHTO HL-93 live load 3. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions for Type 2 Bedding Class I Class II Class III Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i.10 Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1. all rights reserved. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 31 2425 2375 2350 2350 2350 2350 32 2500 2450 2425 2425 2425 2425 33 2575 2525 2500 2500 2500 2500 34 2650 2600 2575 2575 2575 2575 35 2725 2675 2650 2650 2650 2650 36 2800 2750 2725 2725 2725 2725 37 2875 2725 2800 2800 2800 2800 38 2950 2900 2875 2850 2875 2875 39 3050 2975 2950 2925 2950 2950 40 3125 3050 3025 3025 3025 3025 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 2350 2375 2375 2375 2375 2400 2400 2425 2450 2450 2450 2475 2475 2475 2500 2425 2450 2450 2450 2450 2475 2475 2500 2525 2525 2525 2550 2550 2550 2575 2500 2500 2525 2525 2525 2550 2550 2575 2600 2600 2600 2600 2625 2625 2650 2575 2575 2600 2600 2600 2625 2625 2650 2675 2675 2675 2675 2700 2700 2700 2650 2650 2675 2675 2675 2675 2700 2725 2725 2750 2750 2750 2775 2775 2775 2725 2725 2750 2750 2750 2750 2775 2800 2800 2825 2825 2825 2825 2850 2850 2800 2800 2825 2800 2825 2825 2850 2850 2875 2875 2900 2900 2900 2925 2925 2875 2875 2875 2875 2900 2900 2925 2925 2950 2950 2975 2975 2975 2975 3000 2950 2950 2950 2950 2950 2975 3000 3000 3025 3025 3025 3050 3050 3050 3075 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 3050 3050 3075 3100 3100 3100 3125 3125 3125 3150 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association.d.

AASHTO HL-93 live load 3.Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1. gs = 120 pcf 2. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions Class I Class II Class III for Type 3 Bedding Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. 11 13 1400 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 1375 1400 1400 1425 1450 1475 1475 1500 1500 1525 1525 1550 14 1475 1450 1425 1425 1425 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 1475 1500 1525 1550 1550 1575 1575 1600 1600 1625 1625 15 1575 1525 1525 1500 1500 1500 1525 1525 1550 1550 1575 1575 1600 1625 1650 1650 1675 1675 1700 1700 1725 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1 1735 1600 1475 1250 1075 1000 950 925 900 850 875 850 875 875 850 800 750 725 700 725 725 2 1100 1025 1000 950 925 900 875 825 775 700 700 725 750 775 800 775 750 750 750 750 725 3 875 850 825 800 775 775 775 750 750 750 700 700 700 700 700 750 775 775 775 775 800 4 800 775 775 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 775 775 800 825 825 825 5 800 775 775 750 750 750 750 750 775 775 775 800 800 800 825 825 850 850 875 875 900 6 850 825 825 825 825 825 825 825 825 825 825 850 850 875 900 900 900 925 925 950 950 7 900 875 875 875 850 875 875 875 875 900 900 925 925 950 975 975 975 1000 1000 1025 1050 8 975 950 925 925 925 925 950 950 950 975 975 1000 1000 1025 1050 1050 1075 1075 1100 1100 1125 9 1050 1025 1025 1025 1025 1025 1025 1025 1025 1050 1050 1075 1100 1100 1125 1125 1150 1150 1175 1200 1200 10 1125 1100 1100 1075 1075 1100 1100 1100 1125 1125 1150 1150 1175 1200 1200 1225 1225 1250 1250 1275 1275 11 1225 1200 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 1200 1200 1200 1225 1250 1250 1275 1300 1300 1325 1325 1350 1350 1375 12 1300 1275 1250 1250 1250 1250 1275 1275 1275 1300 1300 1350 1350 1350 1375 1400 1400 1425 1425 1450 1450 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association.d. all rights reserved.

(inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 16 1675 1625 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1625 1625 1650 1650 1675 1700 1725 1750 1750 1750 1775 1775 1800 1825 17 1775 1725 1700 1675 1675 1700 1700 1700 1725 1725 1750 1775 1775 1800 1825 1850 1850 1875 1875 1900 1900 18 1850 1800 1775 1775 1775 1775 1775 1800 1800 1825 1825 1850 1875 1900 1925 1925 1950 1950 1975 1975 2000 19 1950 1900 1875 1875 1850 1875 1875 1875 1900 1900 1925 1950 1950 1975 2000 2025 2025 2050 2050 2075 2075 20 2050 2000 1975 1950 1950 1950 1950 1975 2000 2000 2025 2025 2050 2075 2100 2100 2125 2125 2150 2150 2175 21 2150 2075 2050 2050 2050 2050 2050 2075 2075 2100 2100 2125 2150 2175 2200 2200 2225 2225 2225 2250 2275 22 2225 2175 2150 2125 2125 2125 2150 2150 2175 2175 2200 2200 2225 2250 2275 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2350 23 2325 2275 2250 2225 2225 2225 2225 2250 2250 2275 2275 2300 2325 2350 2375 2375 2400 2400 2425 2425 2450 24 2425 2375 2325 2325 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2350 2375 2400 2425 2450 2475 2475 2475 2500 2500 2525 2525 25 2525 2450 2425 2400 2400 2400 2400 2425 2450 2450 2475 2475 2500 2525 2550 2575 2575 2600 2600 2600 2625 26 2625 2550 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2525 2525 2550 2550 2575 2600 2625 2650 2650 2675 2675 2700 2700 2725 27 2725 2650 2600 2575 2575 2575 2600 2600 2625 2625 2650 2675 2700 2725 2750 2750 2750 2775 2775 2800 2800 28 2825 2725 2700 2675 2675 2675 2675 2700 2725 2725 2725 2750 2775 2800 2825 2850 2850 2850 2875 2875 2900 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. AASHTO HL-93 live load 3. all rights reserved. 29 2900 2825 2800 2775 2750 2775 2775 2800 2800 2825 2825 2850 2875 2900 2925 2925 2950 2950 2975 2975 2975 30 3000 2925 2875 2850 2850 2850 2875 2875 2900 2900 2925 2950 2950 3000 3025 3025 3025 3050 3050 3075 3075 31 3100 3025 2975 2950 2950 2950 2950 2975 3000 3000 3000 3025 3050 3075 3100 3125 3125 3125 3150 3150 3175 32 3200 3125 3075 3050 3025 3025 3050 3050 3075 3100 3100 3125 3150 3175 3200 3200 3225 3225 3225 3250 3250 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .12 Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1.d. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions Class I Class II Class III for Type 3 Bedding Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i. gs = 120 pcf 2.

gs = 120 pcf 2. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 1 2250 2100 1925 1625 1425 1275 1150 1050 975 925 950 950 950 975 950 900 875 850 825 850 850 2 1465 1375 1325 1275 1250 1200 1175 1075 1025 925 900 875 875 900 925 925 900 900 900 900 900 3 1225 1150 1125 1075 1075 1050 1025 1025 1025 1000 950 925 925 925 925 950 950 950 950 975 975 4 1150 1100 1075 1050 1025 1025 1025 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 975 1000 1000 1025 1025 1050 1050 1050 1075 5 6 7 1150 1225 1325 1125 1200 1275 1100 11775 1250 1075 1150 1250 1075 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1125 1225 1050 1150 1250 1075 1150 1250 1075 1175 1275 1075 1175 1275 1100 1200 1300 1100 1200 1300 1125 1225 1325 1150 1250 1350 1150 1250 1350 1175 1275 1375 8 1450 1400 1375 1350 1325 1325 1325 1325 1325 1325 1325 1350 1350 1375 1375 1400 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 9 1575 1525 1475 1450 1450 1450 1425 1425 1425 1425 1450 1450 1475 1475 1500 1500 1525 1550 1550 1575 1600 10 1700 1625 1600 1575 1575 1550 1550 1550 1550 1550 1550 1575 1575 1600 1600 1625 1650 1650 1675 1700 1700 11 1825 1775 1725 1700 1675 1675 1675 1675 1675 1675 1675 1675 1700 1700 1725 1750 1750 1775 1800 1800 1825 12 1975 1900 1850 1825 1800 1800 1800 1775 1775 1775 1800 1800 1825 1825 1950 1850 1875 1900 1900 1925 1950 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. AASHTO HL-93 live load 3.d. 13 13 2100 2025 1975 1950 1925 1925 1925 1900 1900 1900 1900 1925 1925 1950 1950 1975 2000 2000 2025 2050 2050 14 2250 2175 2125 2075 2050 2050 2050 2025 2025 2025 2025 2050 2050 2075 2075 2100 2100 2125 2150 2150 2175 15 2375 2300 2250 2200 2200 2175 2175 2150 2150 2150 2150 2150 2175 2175 2200 2225 2225 2250 2250 2275 2300 Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) . all rights reserved.Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) for Type 1. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions Class I Class II Class III 4 Bedding Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i.

all rights reserved. Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .d. AASHTO HL-93 live load 3. (inches) 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 16 2525 2425 2375 2350 2325 2300 2300 2275 2275 2275 2275 2275 2300 2300 2325 2325 2350 2375 2375 2400 2425 17 2675 2575 2525 2475 2450 2425 2425 2400 2400 2400 2400 2400 2425 2425 2450 2450 2475 2475 2500 2525 2525 18 2800 2700 2650 2600 2575 2550 2550 2525 2525 2525 2525 2525 2525 2550 2550 2575 2600 2600 2625 2650 2650 19 2950 2850 2775 2750 2700 2675 2675 2650 2650 2650 2650 2650 2650 2675 2675 2700 2700 2725 2750 2750 2775 20 3100 3000 2925 2875 2725 2725 2800 2775 2775 2775 2775 2775 2775 2800 2800 2825 2825 2850 2875 2875 2900 21 3250 3125 3052 3000 2975 2950 2925 2925 2900 2900 2900 2900 2900 2925 2925 2950 2950 2975 2975 3000 3025 22 3400 3275 3200 3125 3100 3075 3050 3050 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 3050 3050 3075 3100 3100 3125 3150 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. gs = 120 pcf 2. Positive Projecting Embankment Condition this gives conservative results in comparison to trench conditions for Type 4 Bedding Class I Class II Class III Class IV Class V Special Design Fill Height (feet) Pipe i.14 Fill Height Tables are based on: D-Load (lb/ft/ft) 1.

Imperial Units Internal Diameter inches Dimensions of Circular Concrete Pipe . The required classes of pipe do not account for construction loads or any other load induced on the pipe prior to its completed installation. or live load in excess of HS 20. Pipe outside diameters were based on a wall C thickness since the larger outside diameters would represent the highest soil overburden load on the pipe.The preceding fill height tables are based on a concrete pipe installed in a positive projecting embankment installation with a soil unit weight of 120 lbs/ ft3 and HL-93 live load per the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design specifications at the surface. all rights reserved.117 10.540 Wall A 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 114 120 126 132 138 144 150 156 162 168 174 180 Wall B Minimum Wall Thickness inches Average Weight pounds per foot Minimum Wall Thickness inches Average Weight pounds per foot Minimum Wall Thickness inches Average Weight pounds per foot 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 2-5/8 2-3/4 2-7/8 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 5-1/2 6 6-1/2 7 7-1/2 8 8-1/2 9 9-1/2 10 10-1/2 11 11-1/2 12 12-1/2 13 13-1/2 14 14-1/2 15 79 103 131 171 217 255 295 336 383 520 683 864 1064 1287 1532 1797 2085 2395 2710 3078 3446 3840 4263 4690 5148 5627 6126 6647 7190 7754 8339 8945 9572 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 2-3/4 3 3-1/4 3-1/2 3-3/4 4 4-1/2 5 5-1/2 6 6-1/2 7 7-1/2 8 8-1/2 9 9-1/2 10 10-1/2 11 11-1/2 12 12-1/2 13 13-1/2 14 14-1/2 15 15-1/2 16 93 127 168 214 264 322 384 451 524 686 867 1068 1295 1542 1811 2100 2409 2740 3090 3480 3865 4278 4716 5175 5655 6156 6679 7223 7789 8375 8983 9612 10.Metric Units Wall B Designated Internal Diameter mm Actual Internal Diameter mm 305 381 457 533 610 686 762 838 914 991 1067 1219 1372 1524 1676 1829 1981 2134 2286 2438 2591 2743 3048 3658 300 375 450 525 600 675 750 825 900 975 1050 1200 1350 1500 1650 1800 1950 2100 2250 2400 2550 2700 3000 3600 Minimum Average Wall Weight Thickness kg/m mm 50 57 63 69 75 82 88 94 100 113 117 125 138 150 163 175 188 200 213 225 238 250 279 330 162 216 253 327 430 500 598 695 832 923 1057 1324 1589 1927 2295 2695 3125 3585 4078 4598 5179 5752 6344 8104 Wall C Minimum Wall Thickness mm Average Weight kg/m 69 75 82 88 94 100 107 113 119 125 132 144 157 169 182 194 207 219 232 244 257 269 298 349 197 262 335 417 505 602 708 821 940 1090 1207 1504 1829 2192 2582 2998 3457 3943 4460 5009 5595 6202 7521 10.263 2-3/4 3 3-1/4 3-1/2 3-3/4 4 4-1/4 4-1/2 4-3/4 5-1/4 5-3/4 6-1/4 6-3/4 7-1/4 7-3/4 8-1/4 8-3/4 9-1/4 9-3/4 10-1/4 10-3/4 11-1/4 11-3/4 12-1/4 12-3/4 13-1/4 13-3/4 14-1/4 14-3/4 15-1/4 15-3/4 16-1/4 16-3/4 133 177 226 281 341 406 476 552 633 811 1011 1232 1473 1735 2023 2329 2656 3004 3374 3765 4178 4611 5066 5542 6040 6558 7098 7659 8242 8846 9471 10.785 © 2009 American Concrete Pipe Association. Dimensions of Circular Concrete Pipe . 15 Wall C Resource # 16-201 (Revised 07/09) .

concrete-pipe.org www.E-mail: info@concrete-pipe.org Resource # 16-201 (07/09) .