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Chem 16 2nd Long Exam Reviewer (Prepared by OZONE: J.D. Mapas, M.P. Malgapo, J.V. Obligacion) 1.

Consider the compound below:
O H H C1 H H C2 H O C3 H H C8 C4 C5 H C7 C6 H H H H

each of the gases in the mixture. (b) Calculate the total pressure of the mixture. 8. (a) Place the following gasses inorder of increasing average molecular speed at 25°C: Ne, HBr, SO2, NF3, CO. (b) Calculate the root mean square speed of NF3 molecules at 25°C. 9. An unknown gas composed of homonuclear diatomic molecules effuses at a rate that is only 0.355 times that of O2 at the same temperature. Calculate the molar mass of the unknown, and identify it. 10. Cyanogen, a highly toxic gas, is composed of 46.2% C and 53.7% N by mass. At 25°C and 751 torr, 1.05 g of cyanogens occupies 0.500 L. (a) What is the molecular formula of cyanogen? (b) Predict its molecular structure. (c) Predict the polarity of the compound. 11. Refer to the phase diagram below:

   

What is the hybridization of all the carbon atoms? What is the predicted bond angle at the carbon atoms? How many σ and π bonds are there? How many unshared electrons?

2. Choose which best exhibits the specified property.  Stability: He2 or He2+  Paramagnetism: N2 or O2  Antibonding HOMO: F2+ or C2+  Bonding LUMO: B2 or Ne2  Highest boiling point: H2O or H2S  H-bonding: NH2–NH2 or CH3F  IMFA strength: H-bonding or ion-dipole  Doubly degenerate: π2p orbital or σ2p orbital 3. Draw the Lewis structure for Se(OH)2(CN)2Cl2 and indicate the following: number of σ and π bonds, number of unshared electrons, and hybrization of Se, the O atoms, and the C atoms. 4. Intermolecular forces of attraction that are used to bind similar molecules are called _____.  Adhesive forces  Cohesive forces  Attractive forces  van der Waals forces 5. The vapour pressure of dichloromethane at 24.1°C is 400 torr and its enthalpy of vaporization is 28.7 kJ/mol. Estimate the temperature at which its vapour pressure is 525 torr. 6. (a) Could 131 g of xenon gas in a vessel of volume 1.0L exert a pressure of 20 atm at 25°C if it behaved as a perfect gas? If not, what pressure would it exert? (b) What pressure would it exert if it behaved as a van der Waals gas? (a = 4.1333 atm·L2·mol-2, b = 0.05156 L·mol-1) 7. A mixture containing 0.477 mol He(g), 0.280 mol Ne(g), and 0.110 mol Ar(g) is confined in a 7.00-L vessel at 25°C. (a) Calculate the partial pressure of

A. What is the phase of water at point 1? B. How many phases are there at points 2, 4, and 8? C. What changes are indicated by the line from points 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5? D. What is changing as indicated by points 6, 4, 7, 8, and 9? E. What is the stable phase of H2O at points 3 and 6? F. What is the melting point of ice at exactly 1 atm? G. When it snows, the pressure is usually less than 1 atm. What is the melting point of ice according to the phase diagram?

12. Two tanks have the same volume and are kept at

the same temperature. Compare the pressure in both tanks if: A. Tank A has 2.00 mol of carbon dioxide and tank B has 2.00 mol of He B. Tank A has 2.00 g of carbon dioxide and tank B has 2.00 g of He 13. Four shiny solids are labelled A, B, C, and D. Given the following information about the solids, deduce the identity of A, B, C, and D. A. The solids are graphite rod, a silver bar, a lump of “fool’s gold” (iron sulfide), and iodine crystals B. B, C, and D are insoluble in water. A is slightly soluble C. Only C can be hammered into a sheet D. C and D conduct electricity as solids; B conducts when melted; A does not conduct as a solid, melted, or dissolved in water 14. Given
H H C1 H C2 O3 H O

a. What is the hybridization of C2 ? b. What is the geometry with respect to O3? c. What are the orbitals involved in overlap in the C1 – C2 bond? d. What is the bond angle along C1 – C2 – O3? e. How many π bonds? f. How many σ bonds? g. Polarity of the molecule? 15. What are the bond orders of the following: a. Cl2 b. B2+ c. OF+