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D1-8 Motor Control Assemblies

Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD) May 2001

General Description

Contactor-Fuse Coordination
The AMPGARD starter provides assured co-
ordination between its fuses, contactor, cur-
rent transformers, protective relays, and the
motor it is controlling.

One of the most critical coordination issues is

between the contactor and its starter fuses.
The fuses must interrupt faults greater than
the interrupting rating of the contactor. The
AMPGARD 400A contactor has an adjustable

dropout time, and will interrupt 8500 Amps.
The maximum size fuse used in a 400A starter
is a 450-24R. By comparing the fuse curve Contactor
with the contactor rating it can be observed Dropout 24R Fuse
that for faults greater than 8500 Amps the Curve
fuse will open before the contactor. With Contactor
faults less than 8500 Amps the contactor may Interrupting
clear the fault before the fuse blows, depend- Rating
ing on the settings of the protective relays.
Refer to Figure 1 for an illustration of Current
AMPGARD coordination.

Other vacuum contactors available today Figure 1. Proper Contactor Fuse Coordination Found in AMPGARD Starter.
may have lower interrupting ratings than the
AMPGARD Type SL vacuum contactors.
Dropout times also vary, and may be as short
as 2 cycles on other starter designs. Lower in-
terrupting ratings and shorter dropout times
can result in fault current levels where the
contactor may be required to interrupt a fault
greater than its rating. This can result in se-
vere equipment failure. Refer to Figure 2 for
an illustration of an improperly coordinated

AMPGARD starters also assure coordination

between other starter components. The cur-
rent transformers and protective relays are
selected to work properly with each other,
and to protect the motor. Protective relays
like the MP-3000 provide optimal motor
protection, while also rapidly opening the
contactor during fault conditions. This rapid
opening signal cannot open the contactor in
less than its published dropout time, but it
will take the motor off line in the shortest pos-
sible time. This will help minimize mechani-
cal damage to the motor and may prevent the
starter fuses from blowing by allowing the
contactor to clear the fault (only if the fault is
less than the contactor interrupting rating).
Figure 2. Contactor fuses that are not properly coordinated.
Cutler-Hammer Motor Control Assemblies D1-9
May 2001 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD)
General Description

Protection Considerations
Coordinated with the motor’s characteristics, Ultimate Trip
the protective devices in the AMPGARD Start-
er provide motor protection from overload to
full system capacity faults.

The industry standard, bi-metallic overload

relay provides motor protection against sus-
tained overloads. The relay’s inverse time
characteristic curve normally falls within the MP-3000 Motor Protection
motor’s safe allowable stall heating curve. Curve Programmed to
Follow Specific Motor
However, the particular application/motor Damage Curve –
requirements should be reviewed to insure Maximum Motor
both full utilization and proper protection of Utilization
the motor. To be considered, are excessive
accelerating time, locked rotor stalled condi-
tions, and varying load conditions. Additional
motor protection considerations are over
temperature, instantaneous overcurrent,
ground fault and phase unbalance. Also, the Controller Maximum
load protection functions should also be Interrupting Rating

Such relays as Groundgard, Resistance Tem-

perature Detector, SVM-3, MP-3000, and
IQ-Meters can easily be factory installed. The
Time In Seconds

use of multi-function relays that can be easily

adjusted for each motor application
Full Load Amps
assures maximum motor utilization.

Motor Starting Curve

Instantaneous Over

24R Fuse

Contactor Drop Out

MP-3000 Motor Protective Relay

Motor Protective Relay: The AMPGARD start- Asymmetrical

Offset Compensation
ers include as standard the state-of-the-art
MP3000 Microprocessor-based Motor Protec-
tive Relay. This new package offers many of Contactor Interrupting
the features already available for the Capacity
IQ1000-II that it replaces, as well as benefits
like a 30 cycle Voltage Sag Ride Through,
UL1053 certification for Ground Fault sensing
that is internal to the relay, Arm/Diarm capa-
Full Range Coordinated Protection Between Current Limiting Type CLS Fuses and Vacuum Contactor
bility, a Drawout Case option, Intel-I-Trip
Overload Protection for custom curve setting
to precisely match your motor’s require-
ments, and PowerNet communications
Motor Control Assemblies Cutler-Hammer
D1-10 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD) May 2001

General Description

Isolated Low Voltage Control Note Isolation Switch Handle

(Works in the Drawer) Mechanically Blocking High Voltage Door

Mounted on the right side of the enclosure,

the low voltage control panel is completely
isolated and barriered from high voltage and
has a separate low voltage access door.

⁄ Turn Door Latch
Top and Bottom

(When Specified)
Low Voltage Access
IQ Meter
(When Specified)

Indicating Lights
Push Button (When

Customer Terminal Block

for Remote Control Connections

Low Voltage and High Voltage Doors Closed

The Device Panels, IQ Meters all fit in this same size
low voltage Door Cutout

Predrilled Holes for Additional

Control Devices

Interposing Control Relay DIN – Rail

Mounted Rear of 1⁄4 Turn Fastener

MP3000 Rear View

Routing of Control Wire in Wire Channel

IQ Meter Rear View

Wiring is Protected Between Low Voltage

Panel and Hinged Low Voltage
Indicating Lights and
Push Buttons Rear View

Note: Low Voltage Door is

Hinged to Slide Out
Control Panel

Low Voltage Panel Completely Extended

Cutler-Hammer Motor Control Assemblies D1-11
May 2001 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD)
General Description

Optional Features
Top View Main Horizontal Bus

Medium Voltage Insulated Barrier to Low Voltage

Conduit Area Separate Motor Load Conduit Area
Cables from Main Bus

Vertical Bus Slice Phase A

Bus Drops Plates Phase B
Phase C

Main Bus UL and CSA Certification ● Bus and cable entrance enclosures (see
When starters are grouped together in a AMPGARD starters are designed, assembled photos)
line-up, a typical option is the main bus. The and tested to meet all applicable standards: ● Transformers
AMPGARD main bus is mounted in its own (NEMA ICS3 – Part 2, Class E2) EEMAC E14-1, ● Power factor correction capacitors
10-inch high enclosure, which isolates it from UL347, and CSA C22.2 No. 14. The major com- ● Operators and pilot devices
the starter. The connection from the main bus ponents i.e., contactor, isolating switch, fuses, ● Instruments and meters
to the starter is done with rigid vertical bus. MP3000, IQ DP4000, and IQ Analyzer are CSA ● Control relays and timers
Insulated barriers are provided for separate recognized. ● Solid state or selected electro-mechanical
top entry of power and control cables. The protection devices
main bus is top, side and front accessible, AMPGARD Starters are seismically tested,
which allows for ease of maintenance or ex- seismically qualified, and exceed
tension of line-up without disassembling the requirements of both the Uniform Building
starters. Code (UBC) and California Code Title 24.

Main bus is available for 1000, 1200, 2000, Other Optional Features
and 3000 amperes. Crossover bus, busway AMPGARD starters are available with a vari-
entry, and pull boxes are not available for the ety of accessories and modifications to satis-
3000 ampere design. fy a wide range of application requirements.
Some of the broad areas covered include:
D1-12 Motor Control Assemblies
Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD) May 2001

General Description

Optional Features
Incoming Line Draw-Out Potential Transformers and Fuses
An incoming line enclosure is recommended, The addition of incoming line metering Draw-out trunnion-mounted potential trans-
depending upon the size and number of in- requires a 36-inch wide structure in lieu former design with fuses is available to meet
coming cables. Different designs are avail- of a 26-inch wide structure. specific application requirements or code
able for incoming power for top or bottom regulations.

Typical 26-Inch Wide Incoming Line Structure

U-Shaped Copper Adapter

can be Reversed for Bottom

Draw-out Potential Transformer and Fuses Mounted

in a 36-Inch Wide Structure, Height 15 Inches

Bus and Lugs for Top

Entry Incoming Power

Type LBS Load Break Switch Shown With Safety

Screen Removed Mounted in Upper or Lower Half of
36-Inch Wide Structure, Height 45 Inches

Type LBS Loadbreak Switch

Narrow Design Ampgard The low voltage compartment is located in For application needs with loads rated 600 or
The Cutler-Hammer world-class AMPGARD the upper cell. A CT and load termination 1200 amps at 2500, 5000 and 7200 volts,
Medium Voltage Starter family has a 26-inch compartment as well as an auxiliary medium AMPGARD is available with the Type LBS
(660mm) one-high narrow design. Custom- voltage compartment are positioned behind loadbreak switch. This device, a three-pole,
ers that demand versatility can choose our and isolated with barriers. manually operated, quick-make, quick-break
26-inch (660 mm) wide offering for applica- switch, is used primarily as a disconnect
tions requiring a reduced one-high footprint. The main bus compartment is located on top switch in ac power systems. This switch is
With floor space requirements of only 780 sq. permitting ease of installation for add-ons to fixed mounted and will fit in one half of a
inches (.5 m2), the ability of adding a single existing lineups and for future extensions. standard 90-inch high, 36-inch wide vertical
starter assembly for those limited space in- structure. Power fuses up to 400E amperes
stallations becomes possible. The Narrow Design AMPGARD features the can be mounted within the half high struc-
SL400 roll-out, stab-connected contactor for ture. Mechanical interlocks are incorporated
Our medium voltage starter components ease of accessibility and maintenance. so that the door cannot be opened when the
(isolation switch, power fuses and vacuum switch is on, and when the door is open the
contactor) are located in the bottom cell. switch cannot be closed. A safety screen is
supplied behind the switch door. The Type
LBS switch can be supplied with a total of
four electrical interlocks.
Cutler-Hammer Motor Control Assemblies D1-13
May 2001 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD)
General Description – Optional Features, Main Breaker AMPGARD (MBA)

Main Breaker AMPGARD (MBA) is the indus-
try’s first truly integrated medium voltage
metal-enclosed main breaker and starter as-
sembly combination.

The MBA comprises a metal-enclosed dra-

wout vacuum circuit breaker section that is
integrally connected via main bus to the bal-
ance of the AMPGARD starter assembly it

The main bus configuration is in the same

top-mounted location as on all AMPGARD as-
semblies, allowing for ease of installation
with adjacent sections and addition for future

Front aligned, rear aligned, or front and rear

aligned with back-to-back starters available.

The main breaker is the industry -leading

Type VCP-W Drawout Vacuum Circuit Break-
er which provides the performance our cus-
tomers expect.

Dramatically reduced lead-time, typically 50

percent less that the industry norm. Our sin-
gle-source approach has cut delivery time
from months to weeks. The extended waiting
period between order placement and delivery
has been eliminated.

Incoming Line Options

● Cable: Maximum of six per phase, 750
MCM maximum, top or bottom entry.
● Bus Duct: Top only, 1200A, 2000A, or
3000A. Standard Cutler-Hammer 3-wire
designs only.
● Transformer Throat: Must be the standard
design used by Cutler-Hammer.

Main Breaker AMPGARD is service entrance
rated and is designed and built to meet these
standards where applicable:
● NEMA ICS-1 and NEMA ICS-3, Part 2.
● ANSI/IEEE C37.20.3.
● UL 347 and UL 869A.
● CSA C22.2, No. 31 and No.14.
● EEMAC G8.2 and E14.1.

● UL Listing and CSA Certification available,
depending on specific bill of material.

● 2300-6900V Ac systems (7200V Ac maxi-
mum), 3-phase.
● 60 kV BIL impulse withstand rating.
● ANSI interrupting ratings – 250 MVA, 350
MVA, 500 MVA.
● Continuous current – 1200A, 2000A,
D1-14 Motor Control Assemblies
Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD) May 2001

General Description – Optional Features, Main Breaker AMPGARD (MBA)

Requires Less Floor Space

● Only 60 inches (1524.0 mm) deep, the in-
tegrated MBA design provides a bus sys-
tem that directly connects to AMPGARD
Motor Starters without the space-con-
suming transition sections. The reduced
floor space requirements yield significant
cost savings, particularly when installa-
tion in a prefabricated electrical house is
● Back-to-back design provides for an in-
crease in the number of starters without
an increase in floor space.

Front/Side Accessible Connections

● All connections requiring maintenance
are front or side accessible.
● Rear access space is not required.
● An MBA (excluding back-to-back design) Top view of front aligned integrated MBA. From left to right: Incoming line, Main Breaker and AMPGARD
can be installed flush against the wall. Starter bus compartments. The MBA assembly employs an integrated common main bus.

Circuit Breaker Rating Chart

ANSI Standards – Type VCP-W Circuit Breaker
Rated on Symmetrical Current Rating Basis
ANSI Nominal Impulse Short Cir- Continu-
Interrupt- Voltage With- cuit Cur- ous
ing Class stand rent (at Current
Rating Rating Rated at 60Hz
kV kV Peak kA rms Amperes
250 MVA 4.16 60 kV BIL 29 1200
350 MVA 4.16 60 kV BIL 41 1200
500 MVA 7.2 60 kV BIL 33 1200

Microprocessor-based Devices
● Digitrip 3000 Overcurrent Protective
Relay. Provides programmable circuit
protection, information, and operator
conducted testing.
Low voltage equipment cell compartment for metering and protection devices.
● Traditional 50/51/87 Relays.
● Ammeter/Voltmeter (1%).

● IMPACC/PowerNet communications pro-
vides for monitoring and controlling com-
plete electrical distribution systems of
those parts of a system selected by the op-

● The MBA is available in NEMA/EEMAC 1,
12 enclosures.

Seismic Qualified
● The Main Breaker AMPGARD is seismically
tested, seismically qualified, and exceeds
requirements of both the Uniform Building
Code (UBC) and the California Building
Code (CBC).

Side panel removed to show incoming cable connections.

Cutler-Hammer Motor Control Assemblies D1-15
May 2001 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD)
General Description

Synchronous Motor, Brush Type The synchronous control board monitors the The motor windings are protected by the
Solid-State Soft Sync Field Control induced field during acceleration and ener- conventional induction motor control protec-
gizes the Dc rotor field at the optimum speed tion (thermal, MP-3000).
The synchronous motor starter includes the and rotor-stator pole relationship.
basic induction motor control in the bottom When ordering you must specify:
half of the structure. The synchronous control Solid state, brush type synchronous motor ● Dc field Amps
and protection function fit easily in the upper control includes the following protective ● Dc field Volts
compartment. features: ● Maximum induced field current RMS at
● Locked Rotor Protection start (starting and discharge resistor amps)
The step down static excitation transformer is ● Incomplete Sequence ● Starting and discharge resistor Ohms
connected to the load side of the main contac- ● Failure to Synchronize
tor and is protected by its own current-limiting ● Fuse Failure
fuses. ● Pull Out Protection
● Field Loss Protection
The static exciter is an SCR type. Its Dc voltage
output is adjustable via door mounted poten-
tiometer. Minimum setting is 50% of applied.

Screen Enclosed Starting

and Discharge Resistor

Shield Covered Heat Sinks

of Variable Static Exciter

Static Excitation and

Synchronizing Control

Adjustment for Variable Dc

Field Voltage

Static Exciter SCR Type

Step Down Transformer for

Static Excitation

Basic High Voltage Control

Synchronizing Control
and Motor Field Protection

Low Voltage Control Works

in the Drawer

Synchronous Motor Brush-Type Across-The-Line Starter

D1-16 Motor Control Assemblies
Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD) May 2001

General Description

Typical Diagram for Full Voltage Starter

Cutler-Hammer Motor Control Assemblies D1-17
May 2001 Medium Voltage Starters (AMPGARD)
General Description

Typical Diagram for Reduced Voltage Autotransformer Starter