2
CHAPTER – 1
RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS
1 . Let f: R R be defined by f(x) = x 1x1
State whether the function f(x) is onto.
2. Let∗ be the binary operations on Ζ given by a b = a + b + 1 ∀ a, b∈Ζ.Find the
identify element for on Z, if any.
3. State with reason whether the function f: X→Y have inverse,where f(x)= ∀ .
and X=Q{o}, Y=Q .
4. Let Y = {n
2
: n∈N} be a subset of N and let “f” be a function f : N Y defined as f(x) = x
2
.
Show that “f” is invertible and find inverse of “f”.
5. Show that the function f : N N given by f(x) = x –
is bijective.
6. If f be the greatest integer function and g be the absolute value function; find the value of
(fog)(3/2) + (gof)(4/3).
7.Consider the mapping f :[0,2] [0,2] defined by f(x)= . Show that f is invertible and
hence find f
1
.
8. Give examples of two functions f N→N and g :Z→Z such that gof is injective but g is not
injective
9..Give examples of two functions f:N→N and g: N→N such that gof is onto but f is not onto.
10..Let f: R {3/5}→ R be a function defined as , find the inverse of f.
11. Show that the relation R defined by (a, b) R (c, d)⇒ a + d=b + c on the set is an
equivalence relation.
12.Let Q
+
be the set of all positive rational numbers.
♦ Show that the operation
*
on
Q
+
defined by a
*
b = (a+b) is a binary operation.
♦ Show that is commutative.
♦ Show that is not associative.
13. Let A= N N. Let be a binary operation on A defined by (a,b) (c,d) = (ad +bc, bd)
∀ a,b,c,d ∈N. Show that (i) is commutative (ii) is associative
3
(iii) identity element w.r.t. does not exist.
14. Draw the graph of the function f(x) = x
2
on R and show that it is not invertible. Restrict its
domain suitably so that f
1
may exist, find f
1
and draw its graph.
15. Show that the relation “ congruence modulo 2” on the set Z is an equivalence relation.Also find the
equivalence class of 1
CHAPTER – 2
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1) Prove that tan + tan =
2) Solve + =
3) Write , x , in the simplest form.
4) Solve that + =
5) Prove that = ( (
6) Solve for x : + = 2
7) If + b + c = prove that a + b + c = abc
8) Prove that cos ( ) ) =
9) What is the principal value of
10) If = , prove that xy + yz + zx = 1
11) Show that 4
12) If =
13) If = 
4
14) If x + = 2 , find the value of
15) Find the value of sin ( 2 ).
CHAPTER  3
MATRICES
1. If
−
−
3
5 6 0
2
x x
x
is symmetric, find x.
2. If A=
− x z
y x
is such that A
2
=I, then find the value of yz x − −
2
2
3. If A =


¹

\
 −
2 3
1 4
then find f (A) when f(x) = x
2
─2x + 3.
4. If A=
i
i
0
0
.
find A
4n
,n
∈
N
5. Give an example of a square matrix which is both symmetric as well as
skew symmetric.
6. If A and B are symmetric matrices, then show that AB + BA is also a symmetric matrix but AB
BA is skew symmetric matrix.
7. Show that all the positive integral powers of Symmetric matrix are Symmetric.
8. Find the matrix A satisfying the matrix equation
=
1 0
0 1
5 3
7 4
3 2
2 1
A
9.If A=
1 0
b a
, a ≠ 1 , Prove by induction that
−
−
=
1 0
1
) 1 (
a
a b
a
A
n
n
n
for all positive
integer n.
10.Find x if   0
1
4
3 0 2
1 2 0
2 0 1
1 5 =
− −
x
x
11. By using elementary row transformation , find A
1
where A =
−
−
2 2 3
3 2 2
3 3 2
5
12. If A = . 3 ) (
1 0
0 1
0 0
1 0
2 3 3
bA a I a bA aI provethat andI + = +


¹

\

=


¹

\

13. If A and B are two matrices such that AB=B and BA=A find
14. If is a skewsymmetric matrix, what is the value of for every i ?
15. , find the matrix B such that AB = I
CHAPTER  4
DETERMINANTS
1. If a,b,c are nonzero real numbers, then find the inverse of matrix A=
c
b
a
0 0
0 0
0 0
.
2. If A=
3 0 0
0 2 0
0 0 1
then what is the adj(adjA) ?
3. If A is a sqaure matrix of order 3 such that Adj A=64, then find A
4. Find the value(s) of θ, if the matrix
θ
θ
cos 2 3
1 cos 2
is singular,
where 0 < θ < π.
5. Evaluate the determinant
a
b
b
a
log 1
1 log
6.If
λ λ λ
λ λ λ
λ λ λ λ
3 4 3
3 2 1
3 1 3
2
+ −
− − +
+ − +
=A
4
λ +B
3
λ +C
2
λ +Dλ +E , then find the value of E
7. The value of a third order determinant is 12. Find the value of the square
of the determinant formed by the cofactor
8. Let A be a skew symmetric matrix of odd order, then what will be
9. If f(x) =
−
1 0 0
0 cos sin
0 sin cos
x x
x x
,then show that ) ( )} ( {
1
x f x f − =
−
6
10. Prove the following by using the properties of determinants
3
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
) ( 2
) (
) (
) (
c b a abc
b a c c
b a c b
a a c b
+ + =
+
+
+
11. Using the properties of determinants, solve for x. 0 =
+ − −
− + −
− − +
x a x a x a
x a x a x a
x a x a x a
12. If l, m, n are in A.P. then, find value of
n x x x
m x x x
l x x x
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
10 9 7 6 4
9 8 6 4 3
8 7 5 4 2
13. If
0 c b b a
c b c b
b a b a
+ +
+
+
α α
α
α
and α is not a root of the equation 0
2
= + + c bx ax ,then
show that a,b,c are in G.P.
14. Let
3 2
3 2
3 2
+ +
+ +
+ +
k k k
k k k
k k k
z z z
y y y
x x x
=(xy) (yz) (zx) (
x
1
+
y
1
+
z
1
), then find k
15. Let , find . Hence solve the following system of equations
2x – y – z =7
3x + y ─z = 7
x + y – z = 3
16. Given that A=
− −
−
−
1 3 5
3 1 7
4 4 4
and B=
− −
−
3 1 2
2 2 1
1 1 1
Find AB and use it to solve the system of
equations x – y + z = 4, x  2y  2z = 9, 2x + y + 3z = 1.
17. Prove that 2
1 ) 4 ( ) 4 )( 3 (
1 ) 3 ( ) 3 )( 2 (
1 ) 2 ( ) 2 )( 1 (
− =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
a a a
a a a
a a a
.
18.Using the properties of the determinants, prove that
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
1
pc pc pc
nc nc nc
mc mc mc
=
7
12
m)  (p p)  (n n)  (m mpn
.
19. Evaluate
ab c
c
ca b
b
bc a
a
2
2
2
1
1
1
CHAPTER – 5
CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENIABILITY
1. Show that the function f(x) = Cosx Sinx + is continuous at x= π
2. Show that the logarithmic function is continuous.
3. Let f(x) =
a x
Cos a x
−
−
1
) ( for x ≠ a and let f(a)= 0 . Show that f is continuous at x=a but
not derivable there at.
4. Let f(x)= x. x for all x∈R. Discuss the continuity and defferentiability of f(x) at x=0.
5. Examine for continuity and differentiability of the following functions:
f(x) = x Sin 1/x x>0
0 , if x≤0 at x=0
6. Given that
If f(x) is continuous at x=0, find the values of a.
7. 3ax+b, if x>1
8
If the function f(x) = 11 if x=1
5ax  2b if x<1
is continuous at x=1, find the values of a and b
8. Discuss for continuity of the function at x=0
x
x Sin
2 tan
3
, if x<0
f(x)= 3/2 , if x=0
1
) 3 1 log(
2
−
+
x
e
x
if x>0
9. Find all points of discontinuity of f where
f(x) =
x
Sinx
, if x<0
x+1 , if x 0 ≥
10. Show that the function f(x) = 1+x , if x ≤ 2
5x , if x>2
is not differentiable at x=2
11. Is the function
f(x) =
1
1  [x]
− x
x≠ 1
1 , x =1
continuous at x=1 ?
12. Show that the function f is continuous at x=0 for all values of a. Also find the value of a for
which f is derivable at x=0 when
f(x) = x
2
, x≥ 0
ax , x<0
13. Examine the continuity of the function f(x) = tan
1
(3x
3
2x+1)
9
14. If f(x)= Sin 2x , 0<x≤ 6 / π
ax+b 6 / π <x<1
is continuous and differentiable. Find a & b
15. Find whether the function f(x) =
1
1
/ 1
/ 1
+
−
x
x
e
e
x ≠0 , is continuous.
0 x = 0
16. Find whether f(x) =
) 2 )( 1 (
4 5
2 4
− −
+ −
x x
x x
, x ≠1,2
6 , x=1
12 , x=2
is Continuous?
17). Find the value of derivative at x=2 of the function
f(x)= 1 − x + 3 − x
18). Find the derivative of the following w.r.t.x.
1) y=log (
x + 1
1
).
2) y=sin (x
x
).
3) y=xsiny.
4) x
y
=e
xy
5) y=e
x²
.
6) y= (sin
1
x)².
7) y=
8) y= sin
1
(
x a b
x b a
cos
cos
+
+
)
9) y=btan
1
[ x y
a
x
/ tan + ]
10
10) y=tan
1
x/(1+√1x
2
)
11) y=sin
1
[x²√(1x²)+x√(1x
4
) ]
12) y = Cos
x
(x
x
)
13) y = e
ax²logsinx
19). x=sin
3
x/√cos2t ,y=cos
3
x/√cos2t
20). If x
p
y
q
=(x+y)
pq
then show that
x
y
dx
dy
=
21).
.
Differentiate (sinx)
x
w.r.t.x
sinx
23). If x=asin2t(1+cos2t) & y=bcos2t(1cos2t) Show that
dx
dy
=
a
b
at t=
4
π
24). Differentiate cos
1
[
5
sin 4 cos 3 x x −
] w.r.t.x
25). Differentiate sin²x w.r.t e
cosx
.
26). Show that y=c
1
e
x
+c
2
e
x
is the general solution of
27). Prove that the solution of y = x
dx
dy
+a
dy
dx
is y=cx+a/c.
28). If y=xlog(
bx a
x
+
), Prove that
2
2
2
) (
1
bx a
a
x dx
y d
+
=
29). Differentiate y=log
7
(log x) w.r.t.x
30). Differentiate y=sin ( x cos ) w.r.t.x.
31). Differentiate y= x a a + + w.r.t.x.
32). Differentiate y=tan
1
(
ax
a x
−
+
1
), w.r.t.x.
33). Differentiate y=log {tan (Π/4+x/2)} w.r.t.x
34). Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = log ( x
2
+ 2) – log3 on [ 1 , 1 ]
35).Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = Sin
4
x + Cos
4
x in [0 ,
2
Π
]
36). Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = e
x
Sinx in [0 , Π]
11
37). Verify LMV theorem for f(x) = Sinx – Sin 2x on [0 , Π]
38).Find a point on the Parabola y = ( x – 3 )
2
where the tangent is parallel to the
chord joining ( 3 , 0 )and ( 4 , 1 )
CHAPTER – 6
APPLICATIONS OF DERIVATIVES
1) Show that the rate of change of the perimeter of a square is 4 times the rate of change the
length of its sides.
2) Using differentials ,find the approximate value of log
e 4.01 ,
given that
log
e4
=
1.3863
3)
The pressure p and the volume v of a gas are connected by the relation pv =1.4 = constant. . Find
the percentage error in p corresponding to a decrease of 1/2 % in v.
4)
If there is an error of 2 % in measuring the length of a simple pendulum ,then find the percentage
error in its time period.
5)
While measuring the side of an equilateral triangle , an error of 5% is made. Find the
percentage error in its area .
6) For what value of x is the rate of increase of x
3
5x
2
+8 is twice the rate of increase of x ?
7). If the rate of change of area of a circle is equal to the rate of change of its
diameter ,find the radius.
8). The side of an equilateral triangle is increasing at the rate of 1/3 cm/sec.
Find the rate of increase of its perimeter.
9). Find ‘a” for which f(x)=a(x + Sinx)+a is increasing
10). Let g(x) =f(x) +f(2ax) and f ’’(x)>0 for all x∈[0,2a] then g(x) increasing
or decreasing on [0,a]?
11). Let f(x)= tan
1
g(x), where g(x) is monotonically increasing for 0<x< 2 / π ,
then find f(x) is increasing or decreasing on (0, 2 / π ).
12
12). Find whether the function f(x) = tan
1
(Sin x+ Cos x) on [0, 4 / π ] is either
strictly increasing or strictly decreasing..
13). For what value of ‘ ' λ for which the function f(x)= cos x  2 x λ is
monotonic decreasing.
14).Find the value of ‘a’ for which function f(x) = log
a
x is increasing on R,
15). If the slope of tangent to curve y=x
3
+ax+b at (1,6) is 1. Find a & b .
16). If x+y=k is normal to the curve y
2
=12 x , then find the value of K.
17). Find the point at which the curves x
2
=y and y
2
=x cut orthogonally.
18).Find whether the function f(x)=
x
x
+ 1
is increasing or decreasing
19).Is the function f(x)=2
x
is strictly increasing on R?
20. Find the angle of intersection of the curves xy=a
2
and x
2
y
2
=2a
2
21. Find the condition for which the curve y=ae
x
and y=be
x
cut orthogonally.
22. Find the slope of tangent of curve y=3x
2
+4x at the point whose abscissa is 2?
23. What is the slope of Normal to curve y=2x
2
+3Sin x at x=0 ?
24. If the function f(x) =x
2
kx+5 is increasing on [2,4] then find the value of k.
25).Find the interval for which the function f(x) =x
x
is decreasing
26). A man 2 meters high, walks at a uniform speed 6 meters per minute away
from a lamppost ,5 meters high. Find the rate at which the length of its
shadow increases .
27) A kite is 120 m high and 130 m string is out. If the kite is moving away horizontally at
the rate of 52m/sec find the rate at which the string is being paid out .
28) An inverted cone has a depth of 10 cm and a base of radius 5 cm. Water is poured into it
at the rate of 3/2 cc per minute. Find the rate at which the level of water in the cone is
rising when the depth is 4 cm.
29) The time T of complete oscillation of a simple pendulum of length l is given by the
equation T = 2π ,where g is a constant.What is the percentage error in T when l is
increased by 1% ?
30) Find the approximate value of tan46۫ if it is given that 1
0
=.01745
31) A man is walking at the rate of 4.5km/hr towards the foot of the tower 120m high. At
13
what rate is he approaching the top of the tower when he is 50m away from the tower?
32) Find the rate of change of the curved surface of a right circular cone of radius r and
height h with respect to the change in radius.
33) Find the angle between the parabola y
2
=4ax and x
2
=4by at their point of intersection
other than origin.
34) If y= alogx +bx
2
+x has its extreme values at x=1 and x= 2, then find a & b.
Show that a local Minimum value of f(x)= 0 ,
1
≠ + x
x
x is greater than a local
maximum value.
35) Find the Absolute maxima and Absolute minimum values of the function
f(x)= ] 25 , 2 [ )
2
1
(
3 2
− − + − on x x
36) Determine the Maximum and Minimum Values of the function
y=2Cos 2xCos 4x, 0 π ≤ ≤ x
37) Find the local minimum value of f(x) = 3+ x , x R ∈
38) A given quantity of metal is to be cast into a solid half circular cylinder
(i.e with rectangular base and semi circular ends). Show that in order that
the total surface area may be minimum , the ratio of the length of the
cylinder to the diameter of its circular ends is
39). A window has the shape of a rectangle surrounded by an equilateral
triangle. If the perimeter of the window is 12 m, find the dimensions of the
rectangle that will produce the largest area of the window.
40). Show that the isosceles triangles of maximum area that can be inscribed in a
given circle is an equilateral triangle
14
CHAPTER 7
INTEGRALS
Indefinite Integrals
1. Evaluate
5 3 3
dx
x a x
+
∫
2. Evaluate
2sec2
2 tan 2
x
Sec x x
dx
e
∫
3. Evaluate
2
1
x
x
dx
a
a
−
∫
4. Evaluate
5
5
5
5 5
5
x
x
x
dx
∫
5. Evaluate:
1
Sec x dx
−
∫
6. Evaluate: sin(log ) x dx
∫
7. Evaluate:
( )( )
2 2
1 4
x
dx
x x + +
∫
8. Evaluate
( ) ( )
3/ 4 5/ 4
1
sin cos
dx
x x
∫
9. Evaluate
tan tan 2 tan3 I x x xdx =
∫
10. Evaluate
( )
2
sin 2
cos
x
I dx
a b x
=
∫
+
11. Evaluate sec 1 x dx −
∫
12. Evaluate
3
2
tan
2 3tan
tanx x
I dx
x
+
=
+
∫
15
13. Evaluate
sin 3 cos
dx
x x +
∫
14. Evaluate:
2 3
1 2 2
( )
x
e dx
x x x
− +
∫
15. Evaluate:
( )( )
1
sin 2cos 2sin cos
dx
x x x x − +
∫
16. Evaluate:
sin
sin 4
x
dx
x
∫
17. Evaluate:
1
sin
x
dx
a x
−
+
∫
18. Evaluate:
2 3
1
dx
x x x + + +
∫
19. Evaluate:
1 2
(tan ) x x dx
−
∫
20. Evaluate
1
sin sec
dx
x x +
∫
21. Evaluate
( )
3/ 2
2
cos 1
2 cos 1
x
I dx
x x
α
α
+
=
− +
∫
22. Evaluate
2
2
1
1
x
dx
x
+
−
∫
23. Evaluate
4 4
1
sin cos
dx
x x +
∫
24. Evaluate
( )( )
2
1
1 2 2
I dx
x x x
=
+ + +
∫
25. Evaluate
( )
2
2
sin cos
x
dx
x x x +
∫
26. Evaluate
2
4 2
1
x
dx
x x + +
∫
27. Evaluate tan xdx
∫
28. Evaluate
1
3 sin 2
dx
x +
∫
29. Evaluate
sin( )
sin( )
x
I dx
x
α
α
+
=
−
∫
30. Evaluate:
3
( 1)
x
dx
e +
∫
31. Evaluate:
( )
2 2
4
1 log 1 2log x x x
dx
x
+ + −
∫
16
32. Evaluate:
sec
1 cos
x
dx
ecx +
∫
33. .Evaluate:
1
sin sin 2
dx
x x +
∫
34. Evaluate:
2
sin
x
e x dx
∫
35. Evaluate:
2
(log ) x x dx
∫
36. Evaluate:
1
sin tan
dx
x x +
∫
Definite Integrals
37). Evaluate
1 2
2
1
1
x
dx
x
−
+
∫
38). Evaluate
2
0
2 x x dx −
∫
39) . Evaluate
1
0
1
log 1 dx
x
 
−

\ ¹
∫
40). Evaluate
2
0
sin cos
x
dx
x x
π
+
∫
41). Evaluate
4
4
4
2 cos 2
x
dx
x
π
π
π
−
+
−
∫
42). Evaluate
2 2
0
sin
1 sin cos
x
dx
x x
π
+
∫
43). Evaluate
1
log
e
e
e
x dx
∫
44).Evaluate
( )
2
3
2
3
1 cos
1 cos
x
dx
x
π
π
+
−
∫
45).Evaluate
1.5
2
0
x dx
∫
17
46).Evaluate
2
2
sin x dx
π
π −
∫
47).Evaluate
3
3
2
2
x
dx
x
−
+
+
∫
48). Evaluate
3
2
1
sin x x dx π
−
∫
49). Evaluate
( )
1
2
0
log 1
1
x
dx
x
+
+
∫
50) Evaluate
( )
4
1
1 2 3 x x x dx − + − + −
∫
51).Evaluate as a limit of sum
1
5
1
x
e dx
−
−
∫
52). Evaluate
2
1
0
1
cot
a
ax x
dx
a
−
  − +

\ ¹
∫
53). Prove that
2 2
2
2 2
0
sin
sin cos
n
n n
x x
dx
x x
π
π =
+
∫
54).Evaluate
2
0
1 1
log
1
x dx
x x
∞
 
+

+
\ ¹
∫
55). Evaluate
0
1 cos sin
x
dx
x
π
α −
∫
18
CHAPTER  8
APPLICATION OF INTEGRALS
1. Draw the graphs of the curves y = sin x and y = cos x, 0
2
x
π
≤ ≤ .Find the common area between the
above curves with the X – axis.
2. Find the area bounded by the lines x + 2 y = 2 ; y – x= 1 and 2x + y = 7
3. Find the area bounded by the line y = x and the curve y = x
3
.
4. Find the area bounded by the lines y = 1 + 1 x + , x = 2 , x = 3 and y = 0.
5. Find the area enclosed between the curve y = x and the line y = x.
6. Find the area bounded by the curve y =
x
e and the line y = 3 with X axis.
7. Find the area bounded by the curve y =
tan x
and the line y = 3.
8. Find the area included between the curve y = x 
 
x and the line x = 3 with X &Y axis.
9. Find the area enclosed between the curve y = sin x and
the line y =
1
2
within the interval 5 7
,
6 6
π π
.
10. Find the common area between the curve y =
2
5 x − and the lines y =
1 x −
.
19
CHAPTER – 9
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
1. Solve cos cos 0
dy
x y
dx
+ =
2. Find the degree and order of the differential equation
3
2/3
3
(1 3 ) (4 )
dy d y
dx dx
+ =
3. Find the differential equation of the family of curves given by
2 2
2 x y ax + =
4. Find the integrating factor of the differential equation
3
2 0
dy
x y x
dx
− − = .
5. Verify that yx = c is a solution of the differential equation 0
ydx xdy
y
−
=
6. Verify that
1
1
x
x
e
y
e
+
=
−
is solution of the differential equation
2
(1 ) 1
x
x x
dy e
dx
e e
=
− −
7. Find the equation of the family of curves whose x and y intercepts of the tangent at any
point p are respectively double the x and y coordinates of the same point p respectively..
8. The line normal to a given curve at each point (x,y) on the curve passes
through the point (2,0). If the curve contains the point (2, 3), find its
equation. Prove that the curve with the property that all its normal pass
through a constant point is a circle.
9. A population grows at the rate of 8% per year. How long does it takes for the population to
double?
10. Solve:
2 2
(1 ) (1 ) 0
x x
e dy y e dx + + + = , given that y =1 when x =0
11. Solve:
( ) ( )
2 1
1 tan y dx y x dy
−
+ = −
13. Solve the differential equation
2
1, 0
x
e y dx
x
dy x x
−
 
− = ≠


\ ¹
14 Prove that the solution of the differential equation
20
2 6
3 6 3 6
2 6
1
1 1 tan
1
dy x y
is y x x y cons t
dx y x
−
= − − − =
−
15 . Solve: x logx
2
log
dy
y x
dx x
+ =
16. Solve: (x+y+1) 1
dy
dx
=
17. Solve: x (log log 1)
dy
y y x
dx
= − +
18. Solve:
( )
2 2 2
0 x x y y dx xydy + − + =
19. A bank pays interest by continuous compounding that is by treating the interest rate
as the instantaneous rate of change of the principal. Suppose that in an account the
interest at 8% per year compounded continuously. Calculate the percentage increase
in such an account over one year. (Take e
0.08
= 1.08333 approximately)
20. Solve the differential equation
2
2
1 sin ,
d x
y
dy
= + given that x = 0 and 0
dx
dy
= when
y = 0.
21. Solve the differential equation
2
2
, 0 0 0.
x
d y dy
xe giventhat y and when x
dx dx
= = = =
22. Solve: ( ) sin ( ) cos .
y y
xdx ydx ydx xdy x
x x
   
− = +
 
\ ¹ \ ¹
23. Solve the differential equation
( )
2 1
1 sin y dx y x dy
−
− = − .
24. Show that the differential equation
(x  y)
dy
dx
= x + 2y is homogenous and solve it.
25. Find a particular solution of the differential equation
dy
dx
+ y cotx = 4x cosecx (x≠0) given that y = 0 when x =
2
π
.
21
CHAPTER – 10
VECTORS
1. Find a unit vector parallel to XY  plane and perpendicular to the vector 4i  3j + k
2. If 26, 7 35, . a b and a b find a b = = × =
r r r r
r r
3. Write number of unit vectors perpendicular to
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
. i j and j k + +
4. . 0. If G is the centroid of thetriangle ABC Showthat GA GB GC + + =
uuur uuur uuur ur
5. If a
r
is a non zero vector of magnitude a then find the value of λ if λ a
r
is a unit Vector.
6. Show that the sum of three vectors determined by the medians of a triangle directed from the
vertices is zero.
7. Prove that the lines joining the midpoints of two opposite sides and the midpoints of the
diagonals of a quadrilateral form a parallelogram.
8. Show that the straight line joining the midpoints of nonparallel sides of a trapezium is parallel to
the parallel sides and half of their sum.
9. Use the vector method to prove that the lines joining the vertices of a tetrahedron to the centroids
of the opposite faces are concurrent.
10. Find all the values of λ such that (x, y, z) ≠ (o ,o, o) and
$ $
( )
$ $ $ $ $
3 (3 3 ) ( 4 5 ) ( ) i j k x i j k y i j z xi y j zk λ + + + − + + − + = + +
$ $ $ $
11. Prove that the middle point of the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equidistant from its
vertices.
12. In a triangle AOB, angle AOB =
0
90 .If P and Q are the points of trisection of AB, show
that
2 2 2
5
9
OP OQ AB + = .
22
13. For any vector a
r
, show that
2
2 2
2
ˆ ˆ ˆ
2 . a i a j a k a × + × + × =
r r r r
14. If A, B, C, D are four points such that
( )
( )
2 6 2 , 2
6 15 3 .
AB m i j k BC i j and
CD n i j k
= − + = −
= − + −
r r r r r r r
r r r r
Find the conditions of the scalars m, n such that CD intersect AB at same point E. Also find the
area of the triangle BCE.
15. If A, B, C, D be any four points in space prove that
( ) 4 . AB CD BC AD CA BD Area ABC × + × + × = ∆
r r r r r r
16.Let , 10 2 OA a OB a band OC b whereOis = = + =
r r r r r
r r
origin . Let p denote the area of the quadrilateral
OABC and q denote the area of the parallelogram with OA and OC as adjacent sides .
Prove that p = 6q.
17. The lines joining the vertices of a tetrahedron to the centroids of opposite faces are concurrent
18. Points F and E are taken on the sides BC and CD of a parallelogram ABCD such that
: :1 BF FC u =
r r
. and : :1 DE EC λ =
r r
. The straight lines FD and AE intersect at the point O .
Find the ratio of : . FO OD
r r
19. ABCD is a quadrilateral such that , , AB b AD d AC mb pd = = = +
r r r r r r r
show that the area of
quadrilateral ABCDE is
1
2
m p b d + ×
r r
.
20. The vector
$ $
i j k − + +
$
bisects angle between the vectors
$
3 4 . c and i j +
r
$
Determine unit vector along c
r
.
23
CHAPTER – 11
THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY
1) Find the direction of angles of the line joining points. (1,5,10) and the point of intersection
of the line
2 1 2
3 4 12
x y z − + −
= =
and the plane xy+z=5 with x, y ,z axes.
2) Find the perpendicular distance of a vertex of a cube from its one of the diagonal, not passes
through the vertex.
3) Find the distance of the point (2,3,4) from the line
2 2 3 3 4
3 4 5
x y z + + +
= =
measured parallel to the plane 4x + 12y 3z + 1=0.
4) Separate the equation xy + yz = 0 into two planes and find out whether the plane are  or ┴ to
each other.
5) If A(1,2,3) and B(3,6,11) are images to each other w.r.t. a plane. Find the vector equation of
the plane mirror. Find the value of λ if the plane mirror is ┴ to 2x – 3y + λz – 5 = 0.
6) Find k, if the plane 2x – 4y + z – 7 = 0 contains the line
4 2
2
z k
x y
−
− = − =
7) Find the point on the line
2 1 3
3 2 2
x y z + + −
= = at a distance 3 2 from the point (1,2,3).
8) Find the Direction Cosines of the line joining the images of the point (1,2,3) w.r.t. xy and yz
planes.
9) A line makes the same angle θ with each of the X and Z axes. If the angle β , which it makes
with Y axis such that θ β
2 2
sin 3 sin = , then find the value of θ
10) Prove that the two planes x2y+2z=6 and 3x6y+6z=2 are parallel.
Also (i ) find the distance between the planes. (ii) find the intercept on
the line
2
1 − x
=
3
1 + y
=
1 −
z
between the two planes.
11). What is the direction cosines of a line equally inclined to the axes.?
12). What is the equation of Y axis in vector and Cartesian form in three
dimensional space?
24
13). If the projection of the line segment on X, Y, Z axes are respectively
4, ,1 find the length of the line segment.
14). Find the distance of the point (2,3,4) from the plane 3x+2y+2z+5=0
measured parallel to the line
3 2
3 6 2
x y z + −
= =
15). Find the equation of the line passing through the point (2,3,2) and
parallel to the line
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
2 3 (2 3 6 ) r i j i j k λ = − + + − +
r
r
and also find the distance
between them.
16). Show that the equation of the plane which meets the axes in A,B and C
and the centroid of triangle ABC is the point (u,v,w) is 3
x y z
u v w
+ + =
17). Find the vector equation of plane which is at a distance of 5 units from
the origin and which has 1,2, 2 as the direction ratios of a normal to it.
18). A line makes angles , , and α β γ δ with the four diagonals of a cube prove
that
2 2 2 2
8
( )
3
2
( ) cos 2
3
i Sin Sin Sin Sin
ii
α β γ δ
α
+ + + =
= −
∑
19). Show that the angle between any two diagonals of a cube is
1
sec (3)
2
Co
π
−
−
20). If a point A(1,2,3) move towards and reaches a line
6 7 7
3 2 2
x y z − − −
= =
−
in
shortest distance and the point A move towards and reaches a line
2 3
0 3 3
x y z − +
= =
−
in shortest distance. Find the distance between the two new
locations of A.
25
CHAPTER 12
LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEMS
1). Find whether the maximum value of the objective function
Z =  x+2y exists or not , subject to the following constraints.
2
5
2 6 0
x
x y
x y and y
≥
+ ≥
+ ≥ ≥
2). Find whether the minimum values of the objective function
Z =  50x+20y exists or not , subject to the following constrains
2 5
3
2 3 12
0, 0
x y
x y
x y
x y
− ≥ −
+ ≥
− ≤
≥ ≥
3) Maximize Z= 2x+3y
subject to the constraints
2
2 3
0, 0
x y
x y
x y
+ ≥
+ ≥
≥ ≥
4). Kellogg is a new cereal formed of a mixture of bran and rice that contains at
least 88 gms of protein and at least 36 mg of iron. Knowing that bran
contains 80gms of protein and 40mg of iron per kg, and that rice contains
100gms of protein and 30 mg of iron per kg, find the minimum cost of
producing this new cereal if bran costs Rs. 5/ per Kg and rice Costs Rs.4/
per Kg.
5). A brick manufacturer has two depots A and B with stock 30,000 and 20,000
bricks respectively. He receives orders from 3 buildings P,Q and R for
15,000, 20,000 and 15,000 bricks respectively. The costs of transporting
1,000 bricks to the building from the depot (in Rs.) are given below.
26
How should the manufacturer to fulfill the orders so as to keep the cost of
transportation minimum. Solve it graphically.
6). Find the constraints of the L.P.P if its graphical representation is given
below and hence maximize Z= 3x+9y
7). A manufacturer produces two products A and B during a given period of
time . These products require four different operations, viz. Grinding,
Turning, Assembly and Testing. The requirement in hours per unit of
manufacturing of the product is given below:
Operation A B
Grinding 1 2
Turning 3 1
Assembly 4 3
Testing 5 4
The available capacities of these operation in hours for the given time are:
Grinding 30 Turning 60
Assembly 200 Testing 200
Profit on each unit of A is Rs.3and Rs.2 for each unit of B. Formulate the
problem as LPP.
8). Constrains of a L.P.P. represents the graph given below. Write the
constrains and Minimize Z=6x+7y
From/To
P Q R
A 40 20 30
B 20 60 40
27
CHAPTER 13
PROBABILITY
1) Find the minimum number of tosses of a pair of dice so that the probability of getting the sum
of digits on the dice equal to 7 or at least one toss is greater than 0.95, given
2 3
10 10
log 0.3010 &log 0.4771 = =
2) The sum of mean and variance of a binomial distribution is 15 and their product is 54, find the
distribution.
3) If A and B are events such that
4
3
) ( = ∪B A p ,
4
1
) ( = ∩B A p ,
3
2
) ( = A p , find
) ( B A p ∩ .
4) Two dice are rolled one after the other. Find the probability that the number on the first is
smaller than the number on the second.
5). A man takes a step forward with probability 0.4 and backward with probability 0.6. Find the
probability that at the end of eleven steps, he is one step away from the starting point.
6).Three numbers are chosen at random without replacement 1,2,3,…,10. Find the probability that
the minimum of the chosen numbering is 3 or their maximum is 7.
7). In a bolt factory three machines A,B and C, where A produces onefourth, C produces two
fifth of the products. Production of defective products in % by A, B,C are respectively 5,4 and
2. An item is drawn at random and found to be difficult. What is the probability it was
produced by either A or C.
8). Two persons A and B throw a pair of dice alternately beginning with A. If Cosα represents
the probability that B gets a doublet and wins before A gets a total of 9 to win. Find α.
9).A bag contains 6 red and 5 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 8 blue balls. A ball is
drawn at random from the first bag and without noticing its colour is put in the second bag. A
ball is then drawn from the second bag. Find the probability that the ball drawn from the
second bag is blue in colour.
28
10). A, B and C throw a die alternatively till one of them gets any number “more than 4” and wins
the game. Find their respective probabilities of winning if A starts the game followed by B
and C.
11). One letter has to come from “LONDON” or “CLIFTON” . Only ON is seen on the post mark,
find the probability of this letter from LONDON.
12). Three stamps have been selected from 21 stamps which are marked from 1 to 21. Find the
probability the number on selected stamps are in A.P.
13).A bag contains 3 red balls bearing one of the 1,2,3 (one number on one ball) and two black
balls bearing the numbers 4 or 6. A ball is drawn and its number is noted and the ball is
replaced in the bag. Then another ball is drawn and its number is noted. Find the probability of
drawing:
(i) 2 on the first draw and 6 on the second draw.
(ii) a number ≤2 on the first draw and 4 on the second draw.
(iii) a total of 5.
14).In an examination, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer of multiple
choice questions with four choices. The probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the
probability that he copies the answer is 1/6 .The probability that his answer is correct
given that he copied it is 1/8. Find the probability that he knew the answer to the question,
given that he correctly answered it.
15). In a class having 60% boys, 5% of the boys and 10% of the girls have an I.Q more than 150.
A student is selected at random and found to have an I.Q of more than 150. Find the
probability that the selected student is a boy.
16).Find the probability distribution of the number of kings drawn when 2 cards are drawn one by
one without replacement from a pack of 52 playing cards
17).A bag contains 5 white, 7 red and 8 black balls. If 5 balls are thrown one by one with
replacement. Find the probability distribution that exactly 5 red balls drawn.
29
ANSWERS/HINTS
CHAPTER  1
1. f is not onto 2. e = 1 3. No inverse 6. 2 7. f
1
(x)=
10. 11.
CHAPTER  2
2) x = , 4) x = 1 6) x = 9) 14) 15 ) 0.96
CHAPTER  3
1. – 3 2. 0 3.


¹

\

−
−
6 12
4 30
4. Identity matrix of order 2. 6. Null matrix.
11. A
1
=
− −
−
−
2 1 2
0 1 1
3 0 2
13. A+B 14.Zero 15.
CHAPTER – 4
1). A
1 −
=
c
b
a
1
0 0
0
1
0
0 0
1
2). 1296 3). 8 ± 4).
6
π
θ =
5). Zero 6). 21 7). 20736 8). Zero 11).x = 0,3a
12). Zero 15). x = 2, y =  1, z = 2. 20). Zero
30
CHAPTER – 5
4). Continuous at x=0 Derivable only at at x = 0 5) Continuous 6) a = 8
7) . a=3, b=2 8). Continuity at x=0 9). No point of discontinuity
11). Discontinuous 12) Continuous for all values of a
13) yes continuous for all x R ∈ 14). Ans a=1, b=
2
3
,  6 / π 15). (0, ) ∞
16). Continuous at R –{1,2} 17). F
1
(2)=0
18).
a) x+1
b) [cosx
x
{x
x
(1+logx)}]
c) y/[x(1xcosy)]
d)
) log 1 ( x x
y x
+
−
e) 2x e
x²
f) 2sin
1
x/
2
1 x −
g) (2
x+1
log2)/(1+4
x
)
h) √(b
2
a
2
)/(b+acosx)
i)
2
2
2
2 2
1
y
x
x
b
y
Sec
y x
y a
+ −
+
−
j) 1/2√(1x
2
)
k) [1/√(1x
2
)]+[2x/√1x
4
]
l) )}] log 1 ( { tan [ ) ( x x x x LogCosx x Cos
x x x x x
+ −
m) e
ax²logsinx
[ax2cotx+2axlogsinx]
19). cost/sin t [(cos²t 3sin²t)/ (3cos
2
tsin
2
t)
31
21).
] [
] log cot [ ) (
sin
2
1
CosxLogx
x
Sinx
x
Sinx x x Sinx
dy
dy
x
x
+
+
=
24). 1 25). 2cosx.e
cosx
29). log
7
x
e
log
e
x
30). )
2
.(
2
1
.
x
x Sin
x Cos
x Cos Cos
−
31).
x a x a a + + +
−
. 4
1
32).1/[2√x(1+x)] 33). Secx 38). x =
2
7
∈ ( 3,4 )
CHAPTER  6
1). 1.3838 3). 0.7 4).
1 %
5). 10% 6). X = 3, 1/3
7). 1/11 8). 1cm/sec 9) a>0 10) Decreasing
11) Increasing 12). Strictly increasing13) ≥ ½ 14). a>1
15). a= 4, b= 3 16). K=9 17). (0,0) 18). Strictly Increasing
19) Yes 20) 90
o
or 2 / π 21) ab=1 22). 8 23). 1/3
24). k ) 2 , (−∞ ∈ 25) (0, 1/e) 26).4m/min 27) 20 28). 29). ½
30). 1.03490 31)
32) ( ds/dr = ∏(2r
2
+h
2
)/√r
2
+h
2
) 33). )
) ( 3
( 1 tan
3 / 2 3 / 2
3 / 1
b a
ab
+
− = θ
34) a=2, b=  ½ 35) Max value 178 at x=10 , Abs mini value 18
at x=6
36). Max value 3/2 at 6 / 5 , 6 / π π Min value 3 at 2 / π 37). minimum
value 3 38). ) 2 ( : + π π 39).
3 6
12
−
m & m
3 6
3 6 18
−
−
CHAPTER – 7
1).
( ) ( )
5/ 2 3/ 2
3 3 3 3 3
2 2
15 9
a x a a x c + − + + 2).
sec2 1
2
x
c
e
−
− + 3).
1
1
sin
log
x
a c
a
−
+
32
4).
( )
3
1
log5
5
5
5
x
+ c 5).
1 2
sec log 1 x x x x
−
− + − +C 6).
7). 8) 9).
10). ( )
2
2
log cos
cos
a
a b x c
a b x b
−  
= + + +

+
\ ¹
11).
12). 13) .
14).
2
1 1
x
e C
x x
 
− +

\ ¹
15).
1 tan 2
log
5 2tan 1
x
C
x
−
+
+
16).
1 1 2 sin 1 1 sin
log log
8 1 sin 4 2 1 2 sin
x x
C
x x
+ +
− +
− −
17).
1 1
tan tan
x x x x
a C
a a a a
− −
− + +
18).
2 1
1 1
log 1 log 1 tan
2 2
x x x C
−
+ − + + +
19).
( )
( )
( )
2
1
2
2
1 1 2
tan
tan . tan . log 1
2 2
x
x
x x x x C
−
− −
− + + + +
20).
( )
1 sin cos 3
log tan 1 sin cos
2 3 cos sin 3
x x
x x c
x x
− +
= + − + +
− +
21). ). +c
22). I = 3log 4 24log 5 30log 6 x x x x C + − − − + − +
23). 24)
25) 26) .
2 2
1
2
1 1 1 1
tan log
2 4 1 3
x x x
c
x x x
−
  − − +
= + +

+ +
\ ¹
27).
2 2
1 1
2 2
1 t a n 1 1 t a n 2 t a n 1
t a n 1 l o g
2 2 t a n 2 2 t a n 2 t a n 1
p u t t u t v
t t
d u d v
u v
x x x
c
x x x
− = + =
= +
+ −
− − +  
= − + +

+ + \ ¹
∫ ∫
28).
1
1 3tan 1
tan
2 2 2 2
x
c
−
+  
= +

\ ¹
29).
30). Let
33
( )
( )
( )
2
2
1 1
log log 1
2
1 1
log 1
1
2 1
x
x
x
t t c
t t
e x c
e
e
− + + + − +
− + + + + +
+
+
31).
3 3
2 2
2 2 2
1 1 1 4 1
log 1 1 1
3 9
C
x x x
−     
+ + − + +
  
\ ¹\ ¹ \ ¹
32). Log(1+secx) +c
33). ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
log cos 1 log cos 1 log 2cos 1
2 6 6
x x x c + + − − + +
34). ( )
2
sin 2 cos 2
5
x
e x x c + +
35). ( )
2 2 2
2
log log .
2 2 4
x x x
x x c − + +
36). log (cosecx – cotx ) +
1 1 cos 1
log( )
4 1 cos 2(1 cos )
x
C
x x
+
− +
− +
37). 38). 39). Zero 40). 41). 42).
43). 44). 1 45). 46). 2 47), 4 48)
2
1 3
π π
+
49). log2 50). 51). (1/5)(e
5
e
5
) 52). 2a tan
1
a – log(1+a
2
) 54).
55).
CHAPTER – 8
1). 2  2). 6 3). ½ 4). 13.5 5) 1/6 6). 8). 3/2 9).
10)
CHAPTER  9
1) Sinx + log(siny) = c 2).Order = 3; Degree = 3. 3).
2 2
2
dy
xy y x
dx
= − 4).
1
x
5).
dy y
dx x
=− 6)
( )
2
(1 ) 1
x
x x
e
e e − −
7). Equation of the family of curve is xy=c 8).( x – 2 )
2
+ y
2
= 9
9). 10). tan
1
y + tan
1
(e
x
) = π/2. 11).
( )
1 1
tan tan 1
tan 1
y y
xe e y c
− −
−
= − +
12).
2
2 2
x
x x
e
ye e dx c
x
−
= +
∫
= 2√x + c 13). (x – a)
2
+ (y – b)
2
= 2c
34
14).
3. 6 3 6
1 1 sin 3 y x x y c − − − = 15).
log 1
2
x
c
x x
−
= − +
16). 17).
18). + xlogcx = 0 19).
1
100 8.33%
o
o
X
p p
p
−
=
20). 21).
22). sec (y/x)=cxy 23).
25).
CHAPTER – 10
1). Vector parallel to XY plane will be of the form ai bj +
r r
.If it is perpendicular to 4 3 i j k − +
r r r
, then
( ) ( )
4 3 . 0 i j k ai bj − + + =
r r r r r
⇒ b =
4
3
a
∴ the vector is
( )
4
3 4
3 3
a a
ai j i j + = +
r
r r r
∴The unit vector =
( )
( )
( )
2 2
3 4
1
3
3 4
5
3 4
3
a
i j
i j
a
+
=± +
+
r r
r r
.
2). 35 a b × =
r
r
i.e sin 35 a b θ =
3). 2
5
26 7sin 35 sin
26
25 1
cos 1
26 26
. cos 7 a b ab
θ θ
θ
θ
× = ⇒ =
∴ = − =
= =
r
r
35
4).
3
3 0
3
GA GB GC OA OG OB OG OC OG
OA OB OC OG
a b c
a b c
+ + = − + − + −
= + + −
+ +
= + + − =
r r r r r r r r r
r r r r
r
r r
r r
r r
5).
1
1 1 a a
a
λ λ λ = ⇒ = ⇒ = ±
r r
6).Let ABC be the given triangle. Let AD, BE, CF be the medians.
Required sum of vectors =
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1 1
( ) ( )
2 2 2
1
( )
2
A B B D B C C E C A A F
A B B C C A B D C E A F
A C C A B C C A A B
A C C A O
+ + + + +
= + + + + +
= + + + +
= + =
r r r r r r
r r r r r r
r r r r r
r r r
7). Let ABCD be any quadrilateral. Let P,R be the mid points of the sides AB, CD respectively Let
Q,S be the mid points of the diagonals AC and BD respectively.
Let , , , a b c d
r r
r r
be the position vectors of A, B, C,D respectively
. . , , ,
2 2 2 2
a b a c c d b d
P v of P OQ OR OS
+ + + +
= = = =
r r r r
r r r r
r r r
, ,
2 2
c b c b
PQ SR
− −
= =
r r
r r
r r
8).
, OA a OB b OC C OD d
AB CD
= = = =
r r r r r r r
r
,
1
( ), , ,
2 2 2
a d c b m
AB m c d OE OF EF DC
+ + +
= − = = =
r r
r r
r r r r r
r
9).let ABCD be the tetrahedron . Let , , , a b c d
r r
r r
be the position vectors of the vertices A, B, C, D
respectively. Let
1 2 3 4
, , , G G G G be the centroid of the
1 2 3 4
, , ,
3 3 3 3
b c d c d a d a b a b c
OG OG OG OG
+ + + + + + + +
∴ = = = =
r r r r r r
r r r r r r
( ) 3 1
3
. .
3 1 4
b c d
a
a b c d
PV of G
 
+ +
+

+ + +
\ ¹
∴ = =
+
r r
r
r
r r
r r
The symmetry of P.V. of G shows that G also divide the lines BG
2
, CG
3
, DG
4
in the ratio 3 : 1
internally
10).
1 3 4
1 (3 ) 5 0
3 1
λ
λ
λ
− −
− + =
−
14).Let , EB p AB CE qCD = =
r r r r
36
1 1
0 ,
2 3
1 1
6.
2 2
EB BD CD p q
m n
Then area BCE EB BC
+ + = ⇒ = =
= × =
r r r r
Q
r r
20)
CHAPTER – 11
1).
1 1 1
3 4 12
, ,
13 13 13
Cos Cos Cos
− − −
     
  
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
2).
2
' '
3
a where a bethe side ,
3).
4580
15
4). y=0,x+z=0 and they are perpendicular to each other., 5). x+2y+4z38=0 & λ=1,
6). k=7, 7).
56 43 111
, ,
17 17 17
 

\ ¹
8).
1 3
. .' , 0,
10 10
DC s are
−
9).
1
3
5
COS
−
 


\ ¹
10).
16 14
( ) ( )
9 9
i ii 11).


¹

\

± ± ±
3
1
,
3
1
,
3
1
12). Equation of Yaxis
ˆ
r j λ =
r
is
vector form &
0 1 0
x y z
λ = = = is Cartesian form 13). 19.25 14). 7 Units.
15).
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
2 3 2 (2 3 6 ) r i j k i j k u = + + + − +
r r
r
&
580
7
, 17). ,
ˆ ˆ ˆ
.( 2 2 ) 15 r i j k − + + =
r
(20) 4 6
CHAPTER  12
1) Maximum value does not exist.
2) Minimum value does not exist.
3) The objective function can be made as large as possible as we please. So the problem has
unbounded solutions.
4) Minimum cost of cereal is Rs.4 & 60 paise.
5) Minimum transportation cost is Rs.1,200 when o,20,000,10,000 bricks are transported from the
depot A and 15,000, 0, 5,000 bricks are transported from the depot B to the building P, Q and R
respectively.
6) Constrains are
10
3 60
0
, 0
x y
x y
x y
x y
+ ≥
+ ≤
− ≤
≥
Maximum value of Z = 180 when x=y=15..
7). Maximize Z=3x+2y subject to x+2y ≤ 30;
3x+y≤60;4x+3y≤200;5x+4y≤200
x,y ≥ 0.
8). Minimum Value: 14.
37
CHAPTER – 13
(1) 17 (2)
27
2 1
3 3
 
+

\ ¹
(3) 5/12 (4).5/12 (5). 462
5
25
6

¹

\

(6)11/40. (7)
41/69 (8) Cos
1
(4/7) (9)93/154 (10) 9/19,6/19,4/19 ( 11)12/17 (12) 10/133
(13) (i) 1/25 (ii) 2/25 (iii) 4/25. (14) 24/29 (15) 3/7.
(16) Probability distribution is
17).
5 0 5
5
5
20
7
20
13
20
7
) 5 (

¹

\

=

¹

\


¹

\

= = c x p
x 0 1 2
P(x)
221
188
221
32
221
1
CHAPTER – 1 RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS
1 . Let f: R R be defined by f(x) = x x State whether the function f(x) is onto. 2. Let∗ be the binary operations on Ζ given by a identify element for on Z, if any. b = a + b + 1 ∀ a, b∈Ζ.Find the
3. State with reason whether the function f: X→Y have inverse,where f(x)= and X=Q{o}, Y=Q . 4. Let Y = {n 2: n∈N} be a subset of N and let “f” be a function f : N Show that “f” is invertible and find inverse of “f”. 5. Show that the function f : N N given by f(x) = x –
∀
.
Y defined as f(x) = x2.
is bijective.
6. If f be the greatest integer function and g be the absolute value function; find the value of (fog)(3/2) + (gof)(4/3). 7.Consider the mapping f :[0,2] hence find f1. [0,2] defined by f(x)= . Show that f is invertible and
8. Give examples of two functions f N→N and g :Z→Z such that gof is injective but g is not injective 9..Give examples of two functions f:N→N and g: N→N such that gof is onto but f is not onto. 10..Let f: R {3/5}→ R be a function defined as , find the inverse of f. is an
11. Show that the relation R defined by (a, b) R (c, d)⇒ a + d=b + c on the set equivalence relation. 12.Let Q+ be the set of all positive rational numbers. ♦ Show that the operation * on Q+ defined by a*b = ♦ Show that is commutative. is not associative. ♦ Show that
(a+b) is a binary operation.
13. Let A= N N. Let be a binary operation on A defined by (a,b) (c,d) = (ad +bc, bd) ∀ a,b,c,d ∈N. Show that (i) is commutative (ii) is associative
2
(iii) identity element w.r.t.
does not exist.
14. Draw the graph of the function f(x) = x2 on R and show that it is not invertible. Restrict its domain suitably so that f 1 may exist, find f 1 and draw its graph. 15. Show that the relation “ congruence modulo 2” on the set Z is an equivalence relation.Also find the equivalence class of 1
CHAPTER – 2 INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12)
Prove that tan Solve Write Solve that Prove that Solve for x : If + b+ + +
+ tan = , x +
=
, in the simplest form. = = ( = 2 c = prove that )) = a + b + c = abc (
Prove that cos ( What is the principal value of If Show that 4 If =
, prove that xy + yz + zx = 1
=
13)
If
=

3
14) 15) If x + = 2 . x−3 x y 2 2 2. By using elementary row transformation . 7. If A = 3 2 4. If A= is such that A =I. find x. 3. 1 2 4 7 1 0 8. If i . 1 0 2 x 10. If 2 x 6 − 5 x is symmetric. find the value of Find the value of sin ( 2 ). a ≠ 1 .3 MATRICES 0 1. then find the value of 2 − x − yz z − x − 4 1 then find f (A) when f(x) = x2─2x + 3. 0 A= 0 i find A4n .If A= 0 0 1 integer n. Give an example of a square matrix which is both symmetric as well as skew symmetric. Show that all the positive integral powers of Symmetric matrix are Symmetric. 6. then show that AB + BA is also a symmetric matrix but ABBA is skew symmetric matrix.Find x if [x − 5 − 1] 0 2 1 4 = 0 2 0 3 1 1 b(a n − 1) a − 1 for all positive 1 2 − 3 3 11. If A and B are symmetric matrices. CHAPTER . find A where A = 2 2 3 3 − 2 2 4 . Prove by induction that A n = a 9.n ∈ N 5. Find the matrix A satisfying the matrix equation A = 2 3 3 5 0 1 n a b .
0 1 1 0 3 3 2 andI = 12. If f(x) = sin x cos x 0 .then show that { f ( x)}−1 = f (− x) 0 0 1 5 . If A= 0 2 0 then what is the adj(adjA) ? 0 0 3 3. what is the value of . find the matrix B such that AB = I for every i ? CHAPTER . 0 0 c 1 0 0 2. 4. If A and B are two matrices such that AB=B and BA=A find 14. The value of a third order determinant is 12. then find A 1 2 cos θ is singular. Find the value of the square of the determinant formed by the cofactor 8. is a skewsymmetric matrix. then find the inverse of matrix A= 0 b 0 . Let A be a skew symmetric matrix of odd order. If a.4 DETERMINANTS a 0 0 1. then find the value of E λ − 3 λ + 4 3λ 7. if the matrix 2 cos θ 3 where 0 < θ < π. 0 0 13. If A = 0 1 provethat (aI + bA) = a I + 3a bA. Evaluate the determinant 1 log b a λ2 + 3λ λ − 1 λ + 3 6. Find the value(s) of θ. log a b 1 5.b. If A is a sqaure matrix of order 3 such that Adj A=64.c are nonzero real numbers. then what will be cos x − sin x 0 9.If λ + 1 2 − λ λ − 3 =A λ 4 +B λ3 +C λ 2 +D λ +E . If 15.
P. Prove that (a + 2)(a + 3) (a + 3) 1 = −2 . a − x a + x a − x = 0 a−x a−x a+x 2 x + 4 5x + 7 12.b. then find k x y z z k +3 xk 14. Prove the following by using the properties of determinants (b + c) 2 a2 a2 b2 (c + a ) 2 b2 = 2abc ( a + b + c ) 3 c2 c2 (a + b) 2 a+x a−x a−x 11. m. 2x + y + 3z = 1.Using the properties of the determinants. find value of 8x + l 3x + 4 6 x + 8 9 x + m 4 x + 6 7 x + 9 10 x + n a 13.2z = 9.then a α + b bα + c 0 show that a. (a + 3)(a + 4) (a + 4) 1 mc1 18. Given that A= 3 5 − 3 − 1 2 1 3 equations x – y + z = 4.P. (a + 1)(a + 2) (a + 2) 1 17.c are in G. Let y k zk 15. n are in A. If l. If b aα + b b c bα + c and α is not a root of the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 . find . prove that nc1 mc2 nc2 pc2 mc3 nc3 1 = pc3 pc1 6 . Hence solve the following system of equations 2x – y – z =7 3x + y ─z = 7 x+y–z=3 4 − 4 4 1 − 1 1 and B= 1 − 2 − 2 Find AB and use it to solve the system of − 7 1 16. Using the properties of determinants.10.2y . solve for x. then. x . Let . x k +2 y k +2 z k +2 x k +3 1 1 1 y k + 3 =(xy) (yz) (zx) ( + + ).
Examine for continuity and differentiability of the following functions:f(x) = x Sin 1/x 0 x>0 .p) (p . find the values of a. Show that the function f(x) = Sinx + Cosx is continuous at x= π Show that the logarithmic function is continuous. Discuss the continuity and defferentiability of f(x) at x=0. Let f(x) = ( x − a )Cos not derivable there at. 1 for x ≠ a and let f(a)= 0 . Given that If f(x) is continuous at x=0. 2. if x ≤ 0 at x=0 6.mpn (m .n) (n .m) . x for all x∈R. 3ax+b. 7. Evaluate b 1 c 2 ab c CHAPTER – 5 CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENIABILITY 1. 3. 5. if x>1 7 . Show that f is continuous at x=a but x−a 4. 12 1 a 2 bc a 1 b 2 ca 19. Let f(x)= x.
if x>2 11. Is the function f(x) = [x] . tan 2 x f(x)= 3/2 . x≠ 1 x =1 continuous at x=1 ? 12. Discuss for continuity of the function at x=0 Sin3 x . if x<0 if x ≥ 0 10.1 x −1 1 . . Also find the value of a for which f is derivable at x=0 when f(x) = x2 ax 13. Show that the function f(x) = is not differentiable at x=2 1+x . find the values of a and b 8. x<0 Examine the continuity of the function f(x) = tan1(3x32x+1) 8 .If the function f(x) = 11 5ax . Find all points of discontinuity of f where f(x) = Sinx x x+1 . . Show that the function f is continuous at x=0 for all values of a. if x<0 if x=0 if x>0 log(1 + 3 x) e2x − 1 9. if x ≤ 2 5x .2b if x=1 if x<1 is continuous at x=1. x≥ 0 .
Find the derivative of the following w. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) y=log ( y=sin (xx). xy=exy y=ex².2 x=1 x=2 is continuous. y=xsiny.t. Find whether f(x) = x 4 − 5x 2 + 4 ( x − 1)( x − 2) 6 12 is Continuous? 17). y= y= sin1( a + b cos x ) b + a cos x x + tan y / x ] a y=btan1 [ 9 . .r. ax+b 0<x ≤ π /6 π / 6 <x<1 is continuous and differentiable. 1+ x 18). Find the value of derivative at x=2 of the function f(x)= x −1 + x − 3 1 ).14. . y= (sin1x)². If f(x)= Sin 2x . 16.x. x=0 . Find a & b 15. Find whether the function f(x) = e1 / x − 1 e1 / x + 1 0 x≠0 . x ≠ 1.
Π ] Π ] 2 10 . If y=xlog( a + bx dx dy +a is y=cx+a/c. Differentiate (sinx)x w.t. 31).x.x 30). Prove that the solution of y = x x ). Differentiate cos1[ 3 cos x − 4 sin x ] w.t. Differentiate sin²x w.t.r. Differentiate y=sin ( cos x ) w. 26). If xpyq=(x+y)pq then show that 21). . Differentiate y=log {tan (Π/4+x/2)} w. Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = log ( x2 + 2) – log3 on [ 1 . Differentiate y=tan1( x+ a ).r.r.r.t. If x=asin2t(1+cos2t) & y=bcos2t(1cos2t) Show that 24).x.y=cos3x/√cos2t dy y = dx x 20).r. 36). 32).r. 1 − ax 33). Prove that 28).x 5 π dy b = at t= dx a 4 25). Differentiate y= a + a + x w. Show that y=c1ex +c2ex is the general solution of 27).x 34).Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = Sin4x + Cos4x in [0 .t.x. Differentiate y=log7(log x) w.r. Verify Rolle’s Theorem for f(x) = ex Sinx in [0 . w. y=tan 1 x/(1+√1x 2) y=sin 1[x²√(1x²)+x√(1x4) ] y = Cosx(xx) y=e ax²logsinx x=sin3x/√cos2t .10) 11) 12) 13) 19).t ecosx.t.t. dx dy d2y 1 a 2 = ( ) dx 2 x a + bx 29). 1 ] 35).xsinx 23).r.
given that loge4 = 1. Find the percentage error in p corresponding to a decrease of 1/2 % in v.3863 3) The pressure p and the volume v of a gas are connected by the relation pv =1. then find f(x) is increasing or decreasing on (0. Verify LMV theorem for f(x) = Sinx – Sin 2x on [0 . 5) While measuring the side of an equilateral triangle . 9). Let g(x) =f(x) +f(2ax) and f ’’(x)>0 for all x ∈ [0. Find the rate of increase of its perimeter.then find the percentage error in its time period. Π ] 38). where g(x) is monotonically increasing for 0<x< π / 2 . If the rate of change of area of a circle is equal to the rate of change of its diameter . π / 2 ). 4) If there is an error of 2 % in measuring the length of a simple pendulum . 0 )and ( 4 .Find a point on the Parabola y = ( x – 3 )2 where the tangent is parallel to the chord joining ( 3 . Find ‘a” for which f(x)=a(x + Sinx)+a is increasing 10). 6) For what value of x is the rate of increase of x35x2+8 is twice the rate of increase of x ? 7). 2) Using differentials .4 = constant.01 . Let f(x)= tan1 g(x). The side of an equilateral triangle is increasing at the rate of 1/3 cm/sec. an error of 5% is made. 11 . Find the percentage error in its area .find the radius. 1 ) CHAPTER – 6 APPLICATIONS OF DERIVATIVES 1) Show that the rate of change of the perimeter of a square is 4 times the rate of change the length of its sides.37). .2a] then g(x) increasing or decreasing on [0.find the approximate value of loge 4. 8).a]? 11).
17). If the function f(x) =x2kx+5 is increasing on [2. Find whether the function f(x) = tan1(Sin x+ Cos x) on [0. walks at a uniform speed 6 meters per minute away from a lamppost . An inverted cone has a depth of 10 cm and a base of radius 5 cm. If the slope of tangent to curve y=x3+ax+b at (1. 15).Find whether the function f(x)= .Is the function f(x)=2x is strictly increasing on R? 20.where g is a constant. x is increasing or decreasing 1+ x 19).5 meters high. Water is poured into it at the rate of 3/2 cc per minute. Find the rate at which the length of its shadow increases . Find the condition for which the curve y=aex and y=bex cut orthogonally. then find the value of K.5km/hr towards the foot of the tower 120m high. At 12 . Find the point at which the curves x2=y and y2=x cut orthogonally. If x+y=k is normal to the curve y2=12 x . If the kite is moving away horizontally at the rate of 52m/sec find the rate at which the string is being paid out . Find a & b 16). For what value of ‘ λ ' for which the function f(x)= cos x .Find the interval for which the function f(x) =xx is decreasing 26). 13). Find the slope of tangent of curve y=3x2+4x at the point whose abscissa is 2? 23.12). π / 4 ] is either strictly increasing or strictly decreasing.4] then find the value of k. Find the angle of intersection of the curves xy=a2 and x2y2=2a2 21. 18). 22. 27) 28) 29) A kite is 120 m high and 130 m string is out.Find the value of ‘a’ for which function f(x) = log ax is increasing on R.6) is 1.. A man 2 meters high. What is the slope of Normal to curve y=2x2+3Sin x at x=0 ? 24. 25). Find the rate at which the level of water in the cone is rising when the depth is 4 cm. The time T of complete oscillation of a simple pendulum of length l is given by the equation T = 2π .2 λx is monotonic decreasing. 14).01745 A man is walking at the rate of 4.What is the percentage error in T when l is increased by 1% ? 30) 31) Find the approximate value of tan46۫ if it is given that 10 =.
Find the angle between the parabola y2=4ax and x2=4by at their point of intersection other than origin.−25] 2 38) A given quantity of metal is to be cast into a solid half circular cylinder (i. 34) If y= alogx +bx2+x has its extreme values at x=1 and x= 2. then find a & b. the ratio of the length of the cylinder to the diameter of its circular ends is 39). x ≠ 0 is greater than a local x Find the Absolute maxima and Absolute minimum values of the function f(x)= 36) 37) Determine the Maximum and Minimum Values of the function y=2Cos 2xCos 4x. Show that in order that the total surface area may be minimum .what rate is he approaching the top of the tower when he is 50m away from the tower? 32) 33) Find the rate of change of the curved surface of a right circular cone of radius r and height h with respect to the change in radius.e with rectangular base and semi circular ends). 0 ≤ x ≤ π Find the local minimum value of f(x) = 3+ x . find the dimensions of the rectangle that will produce the largest area of the window. Show that a local Minimum value of f(x)= maximum value. A window has the shape of a rectangle surrounded by an equilateral triangle. 40). 35) 1 x + . x∈ R 1 ( − x ) 2 + x 3 on[ −2. Show that the isosceles triangles of maximum area that can be inscribed in a given circle is an equilateral triangle 13 . If the perimeter of the window is 12 m.
Evaluate I = ∫ tan x tan 2 x tan 3xdx 10. 3. 7. Evaluate 5. Evaluate I =∫ 14 . Evaluate I = ∫ 11.CHAPTER 7 INTEGRALS Indefinite Integrals 1. Evaluate ( a +b cos x ) tanx + tan 3 x dx 2 + 3 tan 2 x sin 2 x 2 dx ∫ sec x − 1dx 12. Evaluate ∫ ( sin x ) ( cos x ) 3/ 4 1 5/ 4 dx 9. 6. Evaluate 2. ∫ 5 5 5 dx Evaluate: ∫ Sec x dx Evaluate: ∫ sin(log x ) dx x Evaluate: ∫ dx ( x + 1)( x + 4 ) x −1 55 5 x x 2 2 8. ∫ x a + x dx Sec 2 x tan 2 x Evaluate ∫ dx e dx Evaluate ∫ a 1− a 5 3 3 2sec 2 x x 2x 4.
13. Evaluate: ∫ 1 + x + x 2 + x3 19. Evaluate: ∫ x (tan −1 x ) 2 dx 17. Evaluate ∫ ( x sin x + cos x ) x2 2 dx x2 ∫ x 4 + x 2 + 1dx 27. Evaluate: ∫ sin −1 20. Evaluate 26. Evaluate ∫ 3 + sin 2 x dx 1 sin( x + α ) dx sin( x − α ) dx 30. Evaluate ∫ 4 dx sin x + cos 4 x 1 24. Evaluate: ∫ x 2 + 1 log ( x 2 + 1) − 2 log x x4 dx 15 . Evaluate: ∫ e x ( − 2 + 3 ) dx x x x 1 15. Evaluate: ∫ sin x + dx ∫ sin 4 x dx sin x x dx a+x dx 18. Evaluate (x 2 − 2 x cos α + 1) x cos α + 1 3/ 2 dx 1 + x2 ∫ 1 − x 2 dx 1 23. Evaluate I = ∫ 22. Evaluate 3 cos x 1 2 2 14. Evaluate: ∫ dx ( sin x − 2 cos x )( 2sin x + cos x ) 16. Evaluate ∫ sin x + sec x dx 1 21. Evaluate I = ∫ 31. Evaluate I = ∫ dx 2 ( x + 1) ( x + 2 x + 2 ) 25. Evaluate: ∫ x (e + 1)3 29. Evaluate ∫ tan x dx 28.
Evaluate: ∫ 1 + cos ecx dx 1 x 2 sec x ∫ sin x + sin 2 x dx 34. Evaluate sin 2 x ∫ 1 + sin x cos x dx 0 2 43). Evaluate: ∫ sin x + tan x dx 1 Definite Integrals x2 dx ∫ 37). Evaluate: ∫ x (log x ) dx 2 36. Evaluate ∫ log − 1 dx x 0 π 40). Evaluate ∫x 0 2 2 − x dx 1 1 39) .5 (1 − cos x ) 2 3 2 dx 45). Evaluate: 33. Evaluate ∫ sin x + cos x dx 0 2 x π 4 41). Evaluate −1 1 + x 2 1 38).Evaluate ∫ x 0 dx 16 .Evaluate ∫ π 2 1 + cos x 3 1. Evaluate: ∫ e sin x dx 35. . Evaluate ∫ log 1 e e e x dx π 44). Evaluate − 4 ∫π 2 − cos42 x dx x+ π π 42).32.
Evaluate ∫ log x + x 0 1 1 dx 2 1+ x π ∫ 1 − cos α sin x dx 0 x 17 . Prove that ∫ dx = π sin 2 n x + cos 2 n x 0 ∫ cot a −1 2 2 ∞ 54). Evaluate −1 ∫e 1 −5 x dx 1 − ax + x dx a 0 2π x sin 2 n x 53).Evaluate 55). Evaluate 49).π 46).Evaluate −3 ∫ 3 x+2 x+2 3 2 dx 48). Evaluate 4 −1 ∫ x sin π x dx ∫ 1 log (1 + x ) dx 1 + x2 0 50) Evaluate ∫ ( x − 1 + x − 2 + x − 3 ) dx 1 51).Evaluate −π 2 ∫ 2 sin x dx 47).Evaluate as a limit of sum 52).
5.8 APPLICATION OF INTEGRALS π 2 1. Find the area bounded by the lines y = 1 + 1 + x . Find the area enclosed between the curve y = 6. tan x and the line y = 3. Find the area bounded by the lines x + 2 y = 2 . 18 .CHAPTER .axis. Find the area bounded by the curve y = x and the line y = x. Find the area bounded by the line y = x and the curve y = x3 . Find the area included between the curve y = x 9. e x and the line y = 3 with X. [ x] and the line x = 3 with X &Y axis. x = 3 and y = 0. Find the area enclosed between the curve y = the line y = 1 within the interval 2 5π 6 . Find the area bounded by the curve y = 7. 2. Draw the graphs of the curves y = sin x and y = cos x. Find the common area between the curve y = 5 − x 2 and the lines y = x − 1 . and . x = 2 .Find the common area between the above curves with the X – axis. y – x= 1 and 2x + y = 7 3. 8. 0 ≤ x ≤ . 4. sin x 7π 6 10.
Find the integrating factor of the differential equation x − y − 2 x3 = 0 . 9.y) on the curve passes through the point (2. given that y =1 when x =0 11. Find the degree and order of the differential equation (1 + 3 1 + ex dy ex 6. dx ydx − xdy 5.. 13. Solve: (1 + e 2 x ) dy + (1 + y 2 )e x dx = 0 . Verify that y = is solution of the differential equation = 1− ex dx (1 − e x ) 1 − e2 x 7. Verify that yx = c is a solution of the differential equation =0 y 2.CHAPTER – 9 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 1. 3). 8. How long does it takes for the population to double? 10. x ≠ 0 x x dy Prove that the solution of the differential equation 19 .0). If the curve contains the point (2. 14 Solve: (1 + y 2 ) dx = ( tan −1 y − x ) dy e −2 x y dx Solve the differential equation − = 1. The line normal to a given curve at each point (x. Prove that the curve with the property that all its normal pass through a constant point is a circle. A population grows at the rate of 8% per year. Find the differential equation of the family of curves given by x + y = 2ax dy 4. Solve dy + cos x cos y = 0 dx dy 2/3 d3y ) = (4 3 ) dx dx 2 2 3. Find the equation of the family of curves whose x and y intercepts of the tangent at any point p are respectively double the x and y coordinates of the same point p respectively. find its equation.
given that x = 0 and 20. (x . Solve: (x x 2 + y 2 − y 2 dx + xydy = 0 ) 19. Calculate the percentage increase in such an account over one year. 2 dx dx y y 22. Solve: x logx + y = log x dx x dy 16.dy x 2 1 − y 6 = 2 is y 3 1 − x 6 − x 3 1 − y 6 = cons tan t 6 dx y 1 − x dy 2 15 .y) dx 25. (Take e0. Solve the differential equation = xe x . Solve: ( xdx − ydx ) sin = ( ydx + xdy ) x cos . A bank pays interest by continuous compounding that is by treating the interest rate as the instantaneous rate of change of the principal. d2x dx =1 + sin y. Solve: x = y (log y − log x + 1) dx 18. Show that the differential equation dy = x + 2y is homogenous and solve it. Solve the differential equation = 0 when 2 dy dy y = 0. Solve: (x+y+1) = 1 dx dy 17. Find a particular solution of the differential equation dy π + y cotx = 4x cosecx (x≠0) given that y = 0 when x = .08333 approximately) 23. giventhat y = 0 and = 0 when x = 0. Suppose that in an account the interest at 8% per year compounded continuously. dx 2 20 . Solve the differential equation 1 − y 2 dx = ( sin −1 y − x )dy . d2y dy 21.08 = 1. x x 24.
Find a unit vector parallel to XY . 8. Use the vector method to prove that the lines joining the vertices of a tetrahedron to the centroids of the opposite faces are concurrent. 12.3j + k r r r r r r 2. o) and $ + $ + 3k x + (3$ − 3 $ + k ) y + (−4$ + 5 $ ) z = λ ( xi + y $ + zk ) $ $ i j i j $ i j j $ ( ) 11. y. 6.plane and perpendicular to the vector 4i . If G is the centroid of thetriangle ABC. Write number of unit vectors perpendicular to i + ˆ and ˆ + k . r r 5. j ˆ uuu uuu uuur u r r r 4. 9 21 . Prove that the lines joining the midpoints of two opposite sides and the midpoints of the diagonals of a quadrilateral form a parallelogram.o.CHAPTER – 10 VECTORS 1. Show that the straight line joining the midpoints of nonparallel sides of a trapezium is parallel to the parallel sides and half of their sum. Show that the sum of three vectors determined by the medians of a triangle directed from the vertices is zero. find a . In a triangle AOB.If P and Q are the points of trisection of AB. If a is a non zero vector of magnitude a then find the value of λ if λ a is a unit Vector. Find all the values of λ such that (x. Prove that the middle point of the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equidistant from its vertices. 7. show 5 that OP 2 + OQ 2 = AB 2 . If a = 26.b ˆ j 3. angle AOB = 900 . 9. 10. z) ≠ (o . b = 7 and a × b = 35. Showthat GA+ GB + GC = 0.
The lines joining the vertices of a tetrahedron to the centroids of opposite faces are concurrent 18. D are four points such that r r r r r r r AB = m 2i − 6 j + 2k . 15. 2 r $ j $ i j 20. r Determine unit vector along c . r r Find the ratio of FO : OD . D be any four points in space prove that r r r r r r AB × CD + BC × AD + CA × BD = 4 ( Area ∆ ABC ) . j 14. If A. and DE : EC =λ :1 . The straight lines FD and AE intersect at the point O . If A. AC = mb + pd show that the area of r r 1 quadrilateral ABCDE is m + p b × d . 22 . Prove that p = 6q. r r r r r r r 16. C. The vector −i + $ + k bisects angle between the vectors c and 3$ + 4 $. r r r r r r r 19. show that a × i + a × ˆ + a × k = 2 a . For any vector a .2 r r ˆ2 r r ˆ2 r2 13. B. ABCD is a quadrilateral such that AB = b . ( ( ) ) Find the conditions of the scalars m. 17. C. Also find the area of the triangle BCE. OB = 10a + 2b and OC = b whereO is origin . AD = d . B. Points F and E are taken on the sides BC and CD of a parallelogram ABCD such that r r r r BF : FC = µ :1 . BC = i − 2 j and r r r r CD = n −6i + 15 j − 3k .Let OA = a . n such that CD intersect AB at same point E. Let p denote the area of the quadrilateral OABC and q denote the area of the parallelogram with OA and OC as adjacent sides .
4) from the line x + 2 2 y + 3 3z + 4 = = 3 4 5 measured parallel to the plane 4x + 12y 3z + 1=0.2.11) are images to each other w. y .3) w.10) and the point of intersection of the line x − 2 y +1 z − 2 = = 3 4 12 and the plane xy+z=5 with x. 2) Find the perpendicular distance of a vertex of a cube from its one of the diagonal. Find the value of λ if the plane mirror is ┴ to 2x – 3y + λz – 5 = 0. not passes through the vertex. if the plane 2x – 4y + z – 7 = 0 contains the line z−k x−4= y−2= 2 x + 2 y +1 z − 3 7) Find the point on the line at a distance 3 2 from the point (1.? 12). What is the equation of Y axis in vector and Cartesian form in three dimensional space? 23 . a plane. 5) If A(1. 4) Separate the equation xy + yz = 0 into two planes and find out whether the plane are  or ┴ to each other.r. the line 2 3 −1 11). What is the direction cosines of a line equally inclined to the axes. (ii) find the intercept on z x −1 y +1 = = between the two planes.3) and B(3. which it makes with Y axis such that sin 2 β = 3 sin 2 θ . xy and yz planes. If the angle β .2.r. 6) Find k.6. 3) Find the distance of the point (2.CHAPTER – 11 THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 1) Find the direction of angles of the line joining points.3. (1. Also (i ) find the distance between the planes. then find the value of θ 10) Prove that the two planes x2y+2z=6 and 3x6y+6z=2 are parallel. 9) A line makes the same angle θ with each of the X and Z axes.t.5.t.2. Find the vector equation of the plane mirror.3).z axes. = = 3 2 2 8) Find the Direction Cosines of the line joining the images of the point (1.
β . 16). 19).B and C x y z and the centroid of triangle ABC is the point (u. Show that the equation of the plane which meets the axes in A.13). If a point A(1. Find the vector equation of plane which is at a distance of 5 units from the origin and which has 1. Find the distance between the two new = = −3 0 3 locations of A. A line makes angles α . Y.3) move towards and reaches a line in = = 3 2 −2 shortest distance and the point A move towards and reaches a line x y −2 z +3 in shortest distance. Z axes are respectively 4. 2 as the direction ratios of a normal to it.w) is + + = 3 u v w 17).3. 14). . 18).2) and r r ˆ ˆ parallel to the line r = −2i + 3 ˆ + λ (2i − 3 ˆ + 6k ) and also find the distance j j between them.4) from the plane 3x+2y+2z+5=0 x+3 y −2 z measured parallel to the line = = 3 6 2 15).3.2.2. Find the distance of the point (2.1 find the length of the line segment.v. Find the equation of the line passing through the point (2. If the projection of the line segment on X. Show that the angle between any two diagonals of a cube is π − Co sec −1 (3) 24 . γ and δ with the four diagonals of a cube prove that 8 (i ) Sin 2α + Sin 2 β + Sin 2γ + Sin 2δ = 3 2 (ii )∑ cos 2α = − 3 2 x−6 y−7 z −7 20).
y ≥ 0 3) Maximize Z= 2x+3y subject to the constraints x+ y ≥ 2 x + 2y ≥ 3 x ≥ 0.000 bricks respectively.000 and 15. 5). and that rice contains 100gms of protein and 30 mg of iron per kg. Find whether the minimum values of the objective function Z = . subject to the following constraints. The costs of transporting 1. 20.) are given below.50x+20y exists or not .Q and R for 15. 5/. 25 .000 bricks respectively.x+2y exists or not . A brick manufacturer has two depots A and B with stock 30.000 bricks to the building from the depot (in Rs. y ≥ 0 4).000 and 20. Knowing that bran contains 80gms of protein and 40mg of iron per kg.per Kg and rice Costs Rs.000.CHAPTER 12 LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEMS 1). Find whether the maximum value of the objective function Z = . Kellogg is a new cereal formed of a mixture of bran and rice that contains at least 88 gms of protein and at least 36 mg of iron. He receives orders from 3 buildings P. x≥2 x+ y ≥5 x + 2 y ≥ 6 and y ≥ 0 2). subject to the following constrains 2 x − y ≥ −5 x+ y ≥3 2 x − 3 y ≤ 12 x ≥ 0.4/per Kg. find the minimum cost of producing this new cereal if bran costs Rs.
From/To A B P 40 20 Q 20 60 R 30 40 How should the manufacturer to fulfill the orders so as to keep the cost of transportation minimum.2 for each unit of B.P.P if its graphical representation is given below and hence maximize Z= 3x+9y 7). Formulate the problem as LPP. A manufacturer produces two products A and B during a given period of time . Constrains of a L. 8).P. 6).3and Rs. Find the constraints of the L. viz. The requirement in hours per unit of manufacturing of the product is given below: A B Operation Grinding 1 2 Turning 3 1 Assembly 4 3 Testing 5 4 The available capacities of these operation in hours for the given time are: Grinding 30 Turning 60 Assembly 200 Testing 200 Profit on each unit of A is Rs. Assembly and Testing. represents the graph given below.P. Grinding. Turning. These products require four different operations. Write the constrains and Minimize Z=6x+7y 26 . Solve it graphically.
C are respectively 5.CHAPTER 13 PROBABILITY 1) Find the minimum number of tosses of a pair of dice so that the probability of getting the sum of digits on the dice equal to 7 or at least one toss is greater than 0.…. 5). An item is drawn at random and found to be difficult. 27 . Find the probability that the ball drawn from the second bag is blue in colour. 8). 4 4 3 find 4) Two dice are rolled one after the other.6. Find the probability that the minimum of the chosen numbering is 3 or their maximum is 7.4 and backward with probability 0. Find the probability that at the end of eleven steps.10. p( A ) = . What is the probability it was produced by either A or C. In a bolt factory three machines A. Find α.4 and 2. If Cosα represents the probability that B gets a doublet and wins before A gets a total of 9 to win. A ball is drawn at random from the first bag and without noticing its colour is put in the second bag.2. A ball is then drawn from the second bag. 3 1 2 . Find the probability that the number on the first is smaller than the number on the second.Three numbers are chosen at random without replacement 1. Production of defective products in % by A.95. he is one step away from the starting point. 7). A man takes a step forward with probability 0. 9). Two persons A and B throw a pair of dice alternately beginning with A. find the distribution. C produces twofifth of the products. 6).4771 2) The sum of mean and variance of a binomial distribution is 15 and their product is 54.3010 & log10 = 0. B.B and C.3. where A produces onefourth.A bag contains 6 red and 5 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 8 blue balls. 3) If A and B are events such that p ( A ∪ B ) = p ( A ∩ B) . p( A ∩ B) = . given 2 3 log10 = 0.
Only ON is seen on the post mark. (iii) a total of 5.A bag contains 3 red balls bearing one of the 1. A student is selected at random and found to have an I. find the probability of this letter from LONDON. Find the probability the number on selected stamps are in A. 11).Q more than 150. 5% of the boys and 10% of the girls have an I.Q of more than 150.P.2. If 5 balls are thrown one by one with replacement. (ii) a number ≤ 2 on the first draw and 4 on the second draw. Find the probability of drawing: (i) 2 on the first draw and 6 on the second draw. Find the probability distribution that exactly 5 red balls drawn. 14). Find their respective probabilities of winning if A starts the game followed by B and C. A ball is drawn and its number is noted and the ball is replaced in the bag. Three stamps have been selected from 21 stamps which are marked from 1 to 21. The probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the probability that he copies the answer is 1/6 . One letter has to come from “LONDON” or “CLIFTON” . 13). Find the probability that the selected student is a boy. 28 . B and C throw a die alternatively till one of them gets any number “more than 4” and wins the game.A bag contains 5 white.3 (one number on one ball) and two black balls bearing the numbers 4 or 6. In a class having 60% boys. 16). Then another ball is drawn and its number is noted. 7 red and 8 black balls.The probability that his answer is correct given that he copied it is 1/8.Find the probability distribution of the number of kings drawn when 2 cards are drawn one by one without replacement from a pack of 52 playing cards 17). 12). 15).10). given that he correctly answered it. an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer of multiple choice questions with four choices.In an examination. A. Find the probability that he knew the answer to the question.
ANSWERS/HINTS CHAPTER .x = 0. − 12 6 4. No inverse 6. 20736 0 15). A1 = 0 − 3 2 1 −1 0 − 2 − 1 2 13. Zero 0 1 0 2). b 1 0 c 6). e = 1 11. f is not onto 10. f 1 (x)= CHAPTER .2 2) x = . x = 2. 2 7. 1296 3). Zero 12). Zero 20). 2. ±8 4). Null matrix. 3. 11.3a 29 . 6. A+B 14.96 CHAPTER .Zero 15.1 1. θ= π 6 8). A −1 = 0 0 5). 0 30 − 4 3. 21 7). CHAPTER – 4 1 a 1). Zero 11). Identity matrix of order 2.1. z = 2.3 1. 4) x = 1 6) x= 9) 14) 15 ) 0. y = . – 3 2.
No point of discontinuity Discontinuous 12) Continuous for all values of a 14). a) x+1 b) [cosxx{xx(1+logx)}] c) d) e) 3 . 5) Continuous 6) a = 8 9). (0. π / 6 2 15). F1 (2)=0 y/[x(1xcosy)] x− y x (1 + log x ) 2x ex² f) 2sin1x/ 1 − x 2 g) (2x+1log2)/(1+4x) h) √(b2a2)/(b+acosx) i) 1 a− y x2 + y2 y x Sec 2 − 2 + y 2 b x 1/2√(1x2) [1/√(1x2)]+[2x/√1x4] j) k) l) Cos x ( x) x [ LogCosx x − x tan x x {x x (1 + log x)}] m) eax²logsinx[ax2cotx+2axlogsinx] 19). cost/sin t [(cos²t. Continuity at x=0 11). a=3. ∞) 17). Continuous at R –{1. Continuous at x=0 Derivable only at at x = 0 7) .CHAPTER – 5 4).2} 18).3sin²t)/ (3cos2tsin2t) 30 . b=2 8). b= 13) yes continuous for all x∈ R 16). Ans a=1.
Secx 38). minimum π : (π + 2) 12 18 − 6 3 m& m 6− 3 6− 3 CHAPTER – 7 1). π / 6. 5/ 2 3/ 2 2 3 2 ( a + x3 ) − 9 a3 ( a3 + x3 ) + c 2). Max value 3/2 at value 3 38). b= . 30). Strictly increasing13) 17).03490 31) 2 2 2 2 26). 1. − Sin x ) 2 x 2 Cos x 1 . 1cm/sec 9) a>0 ≥½ 10) Decreasing 14). 1 e loge x x 31).1/[2√x(1+x)] 7 ∈ ( 3. a + x 32). 1 % 5). 2cosx. x = −1 4 a + a + x. X = 3. − 1 e −sec2 x + c 15 2 3).ecosx 29). 1/e) 30).0) 21) 15).4m/min 27) 20 28). 10% 6). 29). 1/3 7).½ 35) Max value 178 at x=10 . a>1 11) Increasing 12). 1/11 8). 34) a=2. b= 3 16).6 1). K=9 19) Yes 18). 1 sin −1 a x + c log a 31 . a= 4. (0. k ∈ (−∞.4 ) 2 CHAPTER . 1. Abs mini value 18 at x=6 3(ab)1 / 3 θ = tan − 1( 2 / 3 ) a + b2/3 36). Strictly Increasing ab=1 22).7 4). ½ 32) ( ds/dr = ∏(2r +h )/√r +h ) 33). 37). 0. log7 24). 1/3 20) 90o or π / 2 24). Cos Cos x . 8 23). dy1 ( Sinx ) x [ x cot x + log Sinx] = Sinx dy 2 + CosxLogx ] x sin x [ x 25).21).3838 3).( 33).5π / 6 Min value 3 at π / 2 39).2) 25) (0.
= x2 − 1 1 1 x2 − x + 1 tan −1 + log 2 +c x + x +1 2 x 3 4 1 = u t t + 2 1 = v t ∫ du + u + 2 1 ∫ dv v − 2 2 ta n x + 1 2 ta n x + 1 + c 1 ta n x − ta n x − 1 ta n − 1 lo g + 2 2 2 ta n x + 2 ta n x 1 29). = 3 tan x + 1 tan −1 +c 2 2 2 2 30). I = x + 3log x − 4 − 24 log x − 5 + 30 log x − 6 + C 23). − tan x. xsec −1 x − log x + x 2 − 1 +C 6). = 1 2 3 log sin x − cos x + 3 + tan − 1( sin x + cos x ) + c cos x − sin x + 3 +c 21). 2 log ( a + b cos x ) + a + b cos x b 13) . 1 ( log 5) 3 5 55 + c x 5). Let 32 . 1 tan x − 2 log +C 5 2 tan x + 1 x x x x 17). 1 4 2 log 1 + 2 sin x 1 1 + sin x − log +C 1 − sin x 1 − 2 sin x 8 1 1 log 1 + x − log 1 + x 2 + tan −1 x + C 2 2 −1 2 x2 −1 19). 7). 25) 27). 15). ( tan x ) . = 12). 1 1 14). a tan −1 − + tan −1 +C a a a a 16). 10). 28). 18).x + log 2 ( 1+ x 2 ) ( tan x ) + −1 2 2 +C 20).4). put = = t − 2 24) 26) . 22). a −2 + c 11). ). e x − 2 + C x x 8) 9).
2 47). Log(1+secx) +c 1 1 1 2 34).9 1) Sinx + log(siny) = c 5). 44). 2a tan1a – log(1+a2) 54). log2 55). ½ 4). 38). 6) 3).( x – 2 ) 2 + y2 = 9 11). 2 xy dy = y2 − x2 dx 4). 12).1 1 − log t + + 2 + log ( t − 1) + c t 2t 1 1 − log ( e x + 1) + x + + x+c e + 1 2 ( e x + 1)2 −1 1 1 2 4 1 2 31). 43). 1 50). 3 log 1 + x 2 1 + x 2 − 9 1 + x 2 + C 33). ye 2 x 10). (1/5)(e5e5) 52). CHAPTER . 49). 3/2 9). 1 3 48) 2 + 42). 6 3). Zero 45).5 5) 1/6 6). Equation of the family of curve is xy=c 9). e x ( sin 2 x + cos 2 x ) + c log ( cos x + 1) + log ( cos x − 1) − log ( 2 cos x + 1) + c 2 6 6 5 2 2 2 x x 1 1 + cos x 1 2 x )− 35). 2 10) 2). ( log x ) − log x. 13. tan1y + tan1(ex) = π/2. 3 3 32). CHAPTER – 8 1). π π 51). 40). Degree = 3. =∫ e −2 x x y = e tan −1 y ( tan −1 y − 1) + c e 2 x dx + c = 2√x + c 13). (x – a)2 + (y – b)2 = 2c 33 .Order = 3. 1 x (1 − e 2 x ) (1 − e x ) 8). 46). xe tan −1 ex 7). 39). 4 41). 8). dy y =− dx x 2). log (cosecx – cotx ) + log( +C 4 1 − cos x 2(1 + cos x ) 2 2 4 37). + + c 36).
If it is perpendicular to 4i − 3 j + k .33% 20). 1 − x 6 − x 3 1 − y 6 = sin 3c 16).e a b sin θ =35 ( ) 26 × 7 sin θ = 35 ⇒ sin θ = 25 ∴ cos θ = 1 − = 26 rr a. Vector parallel to XY. 23).b = ab cos θ = 7 3). 19). ( ai + bj )= 0 ( ) ⇒ b= 4a 3 r 4a r a r r ∴ the vector is ai + j = ( 3i + 4 j ) 3 3 r a r ( 3i + 4 j ) 1 r r = ± ( 3i + 4 j ) . sec (y/x)=cxy 25). then r r r r r 4i − 3 j + k . y 3. + xlogcx = 0 17). = 2 − +c x x p−p p 1 o o X 100 = 8. 18). a × b = 35 i. CHAPTER – 10 r r r r r 1). 22). 2 1 26 5 26 34 .plane will be of the form ai + bj . ∴ The unit vector = 3 a 5 32 + 42 3 r r 2). − log x 1 15).14). 21).
OE = DC 2 2 2 . OQ = .R be the mid points of the sides AB. of G = = 3 +1 4 The symmetry of P.D respectively r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r c −b r c −b a +b a+c c+d b +d P. 1 3 35 . G3 . G4 be the centroid of the r r r r r r r r r r r r b +c +d c+d +a d +a+b a +b +c ∴ OG1 = . OR = . d be the position vectors of the vertices A. r r r r 9). OG3 = . EF = AB = m(c − d ). of G shows that G also divide the lines BG2.V . λ a = 1 ⇒ λ a = 1 ⇒ λ = ± a 6).v.of P = .S be the mid points of the diagonals AC and BD respectively.V. 7).OB =b OC = C OD = d 8). Let AD. OS = . BE. PQ = . d be the position vectors of A. Let G1 . c . CF be the medians. CG3. G2 .let ABCD be the tetrahedron . Let ABCD be any quadrilateral. Let P.Let ABC be the given triangle. OF = . b . B. SR = 2 2 2 2 2 2 r r r r r r r a+d c +b m +1 r r r . CE = q CD 10). DG4 in the ratio 3 : 1 internally 1− λ 3 −4 r r r r r r r r OA = a . b . c . OG2 = .r r r r r r r r r GA + GB + GC = OA − OG + OB − OG + OC − OG r r r r = OA + OB + OC − 3OG r r r a +b +c r r r r = a +b +c −3 =0 3 1 r r 5). Required sum of vectors = r r r r r r ( A B + B D ) + ( B C + C E ) + (C A + A F ) r r r r r r = ( AB + BC + CA) + (BD + CE + AF ) r r r 1 r 1 r 1 = ( AC + CA) + ( BC + CA + AB) 2 2 2 r r r 1 = ( AC + CA) = O 2 4). B. C.Let EB = p AB . OG4 = 3 3 3 3 r r r b +c +d r 3 + 1( a ) r r r r 3 a +b +c +d ∴ P. AB CD − (3 + λ ) 5 = 0 1 −λ r r r r 14). C. D respectively. Let a . CD respectively Let Q. r r r r Let a .
7 Units. Q and R respectively. 2 2 20) CHAPTER – 11 2 3 4 12 1). 3x+y ≤ 60. D.000.y ≥ 0. r . y ≥ 0 Maximum value of Z = 180 when x=y=15. 8).( −i + 2 ˆ + 2k ) = 15 (20) 4 6 j j j 7 10). Cos −1 .r r r r 1 1 Q EB + BD + CD = 0 ⇒ p = . 7).5x+4y ≤ 200 x.000.. 17).4x+3y ≤ 200. 4). x+2y+4z38=0 & λ=1.± . 5). 3 13 13 13 4580 3). 5. 6) Constrains are x + y ≥ 10 x + 3 y ≤ 60 x− y ≤0 x. 0. . (i ) CHAPTER .12 1) Maximum value does not exist. 36 .' s are . 3) The objective function can be made as large as possible as we please. a where ' a ' be the side . Equation of Yaxis r = λ ˆ is . 4) Minimum cost of cereal is Rs. 9).q = 2m 3n r 1 1 r Then area BCE = EB × BC = 6. Maximize Z=3x+2y subject to x+2y ≤ 30. So the problem has unbounded solutions. r = 2i + 3 ˆ + 2k + µ (2i − 3 ˆ + 6k ) & . 15 3 1 −3 56 43 111 8).4 & 60 paise.10. COS −1 6). 0. 5) Minimum transportation cost is Rs. Minimum Value: 14.1.200 when o. .x+z=0 and they are perpendicular to each other. 5 10 10 17 17 17 1 1 1 16 14 r 12).25 14). 2) Minimum value does not exist. 7). Cos −1 2). 19.20.000 bricks are transported from the depot A and 15. Cos −1 . .± 11). k=7.000 bricks are transported from the depot B to the building P.C. 0 1 0 r r 580 r r ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ 15). ± (ii ) j 9 9 3 3 3 x y z vector form & = = = λ is Cartesian form 13). y=0..
3 3 25 41/69 (8) Cos1(4/7) (9)93/154 (10) 9/19.4/19 ( 11)12/17 (12) 10/133 (13) (i) 1/25 (ii) 2/25 (iii) 4/25.5/12 (5). 462 (7) (6)11/40. 27 5 (16) Probability distribution is x P(x) 0 5 0 1 2 1 221 188 221 32 221 7 13 7 17). p ( x = 5) = c5 = 20 20 20 5 5 37 . (14) 24/29 (15) 3/7.6/19.CHAPTER – 13 6 2 1 (1) 17 (2) + (3) 5/12 (4).