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Chapter IV

Data presentation, Analysis, and Discussion

4.1 Data presentation In this part data collected under direct observation and by using Secondary data source. As well as, each dimension is presented. (Appendix) Normally VTM starts their working activities at 7.00am. In week days they work from 7.00am to 5.00pm and Saturday at 7.00am to 2.15pm. Usually 1h they waste for their breaking time within week days and 0.45h in Saturday. Table 4.1 Breaking time of the VTM Section L/ 01 L/02 L/03 L/04 L/05 L/ 06 L/07 L/08 Tea Time (Morning) Lunch Time Tea Time ( Evening)

Production Floor 01

8.15-8.30 am

12.00-12.30 pm

4.00-4.15 pm

Production Floor 02

8.30-8.45 am

12.30-1.00 pm

4.15-4.30 pm

L/09 L/10 Cutting Section 4.2 Data Analysis This part is aim to analyzed data that collected through direct observation and secondary data sources. This collected data have been analyzed by using quantitative measures. Tables, chats. Graphs as well as statistic tools such as mean, mode, Standard Deviation and Normal distribution are used for analysis the data. 4.3. Direct Observation Data Analysis 4.3.1Which reasons are effect for reduce budgeted Electricity cost than actual Electricity? 8.45-9.00 am 1.00-1.30 pm 4.30-4.45 pm

76 79.41 mean 72. Of Bulbs 28 28 28 28 28 140 Morning Tea Time 23 24 24 mean 24 24 119 Percentage Lunch Time Percentage Evening Tea Time Percentage L/01 L/02 L/03 L/04 L/05 Total 82.55 96.31 75. Frequency distribution of unnecessary light consumption in breaking time of VTM Table 4.43 mean 96. all of those bulbs are actually switch off.43 71.3 Production Floor 02 Section Total No.55 96.71 85.41 72.55 .71 mean 85.76 24 21 21 21 mean 21 108 82.2 Production Floor 01 Section Total No.31 mean 82.55 mean 96.86 82. According to this. researcher selected one month for direct observation.57 75 27 27 27 mean 27 28 136 96.71 85. Always can see a gap between their budgeted Electricity cost and actual Electricity cost.43 96.76 72. Of Bulbs 29 29 29 29 29 145 Morning Tea Time Percentage Lunch Time Percentage Evening Tea Time Percentage L/06 L/07 L/08 L/09 L/10 Total 23 22 24 23 mean 24 116 79.55 96.43 100 Table 4.14 85. Within this time they assume all section of the company is switch off their lighting system.41 28 28 28 mean 28 28 140 96.43 75 mean 78.Normally VTM prepares their monthly financial budget. Through informal discussion and direct observation researcher select three sections for observe that.71 20 20 21mean 22 21 104 71. Following tables are show result of the observation.43 96. According to their budget they allocate 1h for braking time.41 72.

Total number of bulbs in one production line in production floor 01 is 28. production floor 02.41% and cutting section 60. and 84 in evening tea time. 85. 21 in lunch time and 28 in evening tea time.1 Percentage Unnecessary light consumption in Breaking time 120 100 80 60 40 production floor 01 production floo02 cutting section 20 0 Morning tea time % Lunch time % Evening tea time % The above figures illustrated that all of sections are waste over 72% electricity power within their breaking time. of bulbs is 24 in morning tea time.31% and cutting section 91% within morning tea time.71%. All production lines in production floor 01 are use unnecessary average no.67% within lunch time. 96. Figures 4.Table 4.43%. production floor 02. 72.38% within evening tea time. 79. of 81 average bulbs are switch on in morning tea time 54 in lunch time. production floor 02. As well as total no. of bulbs 89 Morning Percentage Tea Time Lunch Time Percentage Evening Tea Time Percentage Cutting section 81 91 54 60. Production floor 01. Production floor 01. of bulbs is 23 in morning tea time. of bulbs is 89 in Cutting section. 75%.67 84 94. 96.38 The above tables illustrated that an all of sections are not switch off their lighting systems in breaking time. All production lines in production floor 02 are use unnecessary average no. . among those bulbs no. Production floor 01. 21 in lunch time and28 in evening tea time.4 Cutting Section Section Total No. Total number of bulbs in one production line in production floor 02 is 29. According to this.55% and cutting section 94.

47 Normal Di tri tion = 20 .40 24.8173 20 40 0.81 0 .47 = .0.M t ti t t t i it i t i t t ti i i ll t it t t i li ti ti l i t ti t it i i t ti t i li ti t t Stranded Deviati n = = 24.

5 + 0.2910 =0. Cost calculation of unnecessary light consumption in breaking time of VTM.40Rs = 21 126 Rs = 21 000Rs Average No.40 Rs = 2 515kwh * 8.5 + 0.8173 =0.791 =79% According to Normal distribution normally all section of VTM use more than 20 tube lights over 79% within their breaking time. of unnecessary used single feet tube light per day = 75 * 79% = 60 Monthly unnecessary used single feet tube light = 60* 1h *26 =1560 Capacity of bulb Total single feet tube light consumption per month =115w =1560 * 115w =1 79 400wh . Average No. of unnecessary used double feet tube light per day = 544 * 79% = 430 Monthly unnecessary used double feet tube light = 430* 1h *26 =11 180 Capacity of bulb Total double feet tube light consumption per month =225w =11 180 * 225w =2 515 500wh =2 515kwh Rate per hour in off peak time Unnecessary light consumption cost of double feet tube light =8.=0.

But they are not allocating money for they are breaking hours through their budget. As a result of this their actual electricity cost is increase over their budgeted electricity cost.40Rs = 1 512Rs = 1 500Rs Total Unnecessary light consumption cost within breaking hours = 21 000Rs + 1 500Rs = 22 500Rs According to above calculation normally VTM waste 22 500Rs for light consumption per month within their breaking hours.=180kwh Rate per hour in off peak time Unnecessary light consumption cost of single feet tube light =8. Monthly light consumption hours within the overtime period Peak hours Production Floor 01 Section January peak off peak 12h 9h 5h 4h 12h 9h 6h 5h 9h 7h 44h 34h February peak off peak 7h 14h 10h 20h 8h 59h 3h 12h 9h 19h 7h 50h March peak off peak 7h 10h 8h 5h 5h 35h 8h 13h 12h 7h 6h 46h April Peak off peak 9h 16h 15h 18h 12h 70h 8h 13h 12h 16h 9h 58h May Peak off peak 9h 12h 10h 10h 11h 52h 7h 10h 6h 8h 9h 40h Jun Peak off peak 13h 11h 18h 15h 12h 69h 14h 12h 17h 15h 11h 69h Total Peak off peak 57h 68h 73h 74h 57h 329h 49h 65h 70h 49h 64h 297h L/01 L/02 L/03 L/04 L/05 Total .40 Rs = 180kwh * 8.

Flo.01 Pro.Production Floor 02 Section January peak off peak 3h 5h 5h 5h 12h 30h February peak off peak 8h 12h 21h 8h 13h 62h March peak off peak 5h 5h 8h 7h 6h 31h April peak off peak 12h 6h 17h 7h 12h 54h May peak off peak 6h 7h 7h 11h 8h 39h Jun peak off peak 9h 16h 13h 10h 16h 64h Total peak off peak 43h 52h 72h 49h 70h 286h L/06 3h L/07 6h L/08 6h L/09 6h L/10 15h Total 36h Off Peak hours Production Floor 02 SectionJanuary L/06 L/07 L/08 L/09 L/10 Total 7h 7h 19h 8h 12h 53h February 9h 6h 9h 8h 6h 38h 10h 5h 15h 7h 12h 49h March April May 6h 6h 6h 10h 6h 34h 7h 15h 12h 9h 15h 58h 42h 44h 66h 47h 63h 262h Jun Total Total peak hours Section Pro.02 Sample January 44h 36h 14h February 59h 62h 7h March 35h 31h 5h April 70h 54h 8h May 52h 39h 6h Jun 69h 64h 8h Total 329h 286h 48h .Flo.

Finishing 20h Total 114h percentage 15 24h 152h 20 10h 81h 10.97 10h 107h 14.26 96h 759h 100 Mean of this six month peak hours = =759h /24 =31.67 12h 144h 18.63h =32h = =n Total values of the peak hours Number of items Monthly light consumption hours within the over time period Off Peak hours Production Floor 02 Section L/06 L/07 L/08 L/09 L/10 Total January 3h 5h 5h 5h 12h 30h February 7h 7h 19h 8h 12h 53h March 9h 6h 9h 8h 6h 38h April 10h 5h 15h 7h 12h 49h May 6h 6h 6h 10h 6h 34h Jun 7h 15h 12h 9h 15h 58h Total 42h 44h 66h 47h 63h 262h .10 20h 161h 21.

5kwh * 8.Total Off Peak hours Section Pro.40Rs =2173.39 May 40h 34h 5h 8h 87h 12.01 Pro.5 Jun 69h 58h 6h 18h 151h 21.66 April 58h 49h 9h 12h 128h 18.69 Total 297h 262h 50h 87h 696h 100 Month of June light consumption cost calculation within the off peak hours Production Floor 01 Total No.Flo.5kwh Rate per hour Cost of light consumption =8.93 February 50h 53h 12h 23h 138h 19.02 Sample Finishing Total percentage January 34h 30h 11h 15h 90h 12.83 March 46h 38h 7h 11h 102h 14.Flo. of bulbs Capacity of a bulb Total hours Total light consumption (28 *5) = 140 =225w = 69h =140 * 225w *69h = 2173500wh =2173.40Rs =18200Rs Production Floor 02 .40 Rs =18257.

of bulbs Capacity of a bulb Total hours Total light consumption = 20 =225w =1 8h =20 * 225w *18h . of bulbs Capacity of a bulb Total hours (29 * 5) = 145 =225w = 58h =145 * 225w *58h = 1892250wh =1892.40Rs =13.40 Rs =113.5kwh Rate per hour Cost of light consumption =8.Total No. of bulbs Capacity of a bulb Total hours Total light consumption = 10 =225w = 6h =10 * 225w *6h = 13500wh =13.40 Rs =15894.25kwh * 8.40Rs =1892.90Rs =15900Rs Sample Section Total No.25kwh Total light consumption Rate per hour Cost of light consumption =8.40Rs =100Rs Finishing Section Total No.5kwh * 8.

There are 115w in a Single feet Fluorescent tube light and 225w in a Double feet Fluorescent tube light. Light consumption of Single feet bulb =75 *115w = 8625wh Light consumption of Double feet bulb = 544 * 225w =122400w Total light consumption per day = (8625wh +122400wh) = 131025wh .40 Rs =680. Normally they use number of 75 Single feet Fluorescent tube light and 544 Double feet Fluorescent tube light. Single feet Fluorescent tube light as well as Double feet Fluorescent tube light.40Rs =81kwh * 8. Generally they use 10 hours per day and 26 days per month. their actual light consumption cost per month.= 81000wh =81kwh Rate per hour Cost of light consumption =8. According to this.40Rs =700Rs Total cost of month of January = (18200Rs + 15900Rs + 100Rs + 700Rs) =34900Rs Mean of this six month off peak hours = =696h /24 =29h Total value of the off peak hours n= Number of items The VTM use two types of T8 Fluorescent tube light.

if VTM use T5 Lumilux lighting system they can reduce their unnecessary light consumption cost.=131kwh Calculate light consumption cost per month in VTM = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (131kwh * 8.osram. The T5 lamp is a Fluorescent lamp with tube diameter is reduce to 16mm with compare to conventional Fluorescent lamp (T8) having 26mm diameter. Through replace the existing T8 Fluorescent lighting systems. VTM can reduce their high light consumption cost. This existing lighting system is directly effect for their high light consumption cost. (Reference www. T5 system provides an excellent quality of light and the economy. Capacity of T5 Lumilux tube light = 28w Calculate the light saving of T5 Lumilux tube light Actual light consumption for Single feet tube light = (28w * 2) = 56 Actual light consumption for Double feet tube light = (28w * 4) =112w Light saving of Single feet tube light = 115w ± 56w =59w Light saving of Double feet tube light =225w ± 112w = 113w Calculate the total light consumption of T5 Lumilux tube light Need total T5 Lumilux tube lights = (75 * 2 + 544 * 4) = 2326 . VTM use T8 Fluorescent lighting systems for their activities.40 Rs * 10h * 26) =2 86 104 Rs Normally VTM spend approximately 300 000 Rs per month for their light consumption. It is higher than other Electricity cost.com) According to this calculation.

40 Rs * 10h * 26) =1 42 244 Rs Power saving per month = (Light consumption cost of T8 Fluorescent tube light system = (286104 Rs ± 142244Rs) = 143860 Rs .13kwh * 24.13kwh Calculate the light consumption cost of T5 Lumilux tube light per month = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (65.13kwh * 8. Normally VTM do monthly 32h over time within peak time period. = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (65.60Rs * 32h) =103123Rs Under T5 Lumilux Fluorescent tube lights system. if VTM use T5 Lumilux Fluorescent tube lights they can reduce 143869Rs light consumption cost per month.Light consumption cost of T5 Fluorescent tube light system) According to this calculation. Under existing lighting system their light consumption cost is. their light consumption cost within over time period in peak hours.60Rs *32h) =51270Rs . = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (131kwh * 24.Capacity of a bulb Total light consumption per hour = 28w = 2326 * 28w = 65 128wh =65.

According to this calculation their monthly light consumption cost saving within over time period in peak hours. Under existing lighting system their light consumption cost is. = (Light consumption cost of T8 Fluorescent tube light system = (31912Rs ± 15866Rs) =16046Rs Through T5 Lumilux Fluorescent tube lights system normally VTM can reduce monthly their light consumption cost.40Rs *29h) =31912Rs Under T5 Lumilux Fluorescent tube lights system their light consumption cost within over time in off peak time period. = (Normal time saving + Over time saving within + Over time saving within Peak hours = (143860Rs + 51853Rs + 16046Rs) =211489Rs off Peak hours) .13kwh *8. = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (131kwh * 8. = (Unit per hour * Rate per hour * Hours per day * Days per month) = (65.Light consumption cost of T5 Fluorescent tube light system) = (103123Rs ± 51270Rs) =51853Rs Normally they do monthly 29h over time within off peak time period. = (Light consumption cost of T8 Fluorescent tube light system .Light consumption cost of T5 Fluorescent tube light system) .40Rs * 29h) =15866Rs According to this calculation their monthly light consumption cost saving within over time period in off peak hours.

If VTM changing their existing lighting system their replacement cost calculation is. After that they can get net serving through their changing light system. Cost for a bulb No. According to this calculation VTM can cover their initial cost within one month. But their light consumption cost saving is 211489Rs. of bulbs VTM need Initial cost for bulbs = 72Rs =2326 =72Rs * 2326 = 167472Rs Other cost (167472 * 105) Total cost =16747Rs = (167472Rs + 16747Rs) =184219Rs Their replacement cost is 184219Rs. .