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We have two types of alternators

:
SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATOR:
A generator that produces a single, continuously alternating voltage is known as a SINGLE-
PHASE alternator. All the alternators that have been discussed so far fit this definition. The
stator (armature)windings are connected in series. The individual voltages, therefore, add to
produce a single-phase AC voltage

a figure of a single-phase alternator

A TWO-PHASE ALTERNATOR:
Two phase implies two voltages if we apply our new definition of phase. And, it’s that simple.
A two-phase alternator is designed to produce two completely separate voltages. Each
voltage, by itself, may be considered as a single-phase voltage. Each is generated completely
independent of the other.

a figure of a two-phase alternator

destroys the insulation. large and small. in large units it is kilovolt-amperes. water. Prime movers are divided into two classes for generators-high-speed and low-speed. ALTERNATOR COMPONENTS ROTOR PRIME MOVERS: All generators. and electric motors are considered low-speed prime movers. Steam and gas turbines are high- speed prime movers. while internal-combustion engines. This source of mechanical energy is called a prime mover. The type of prime mover plays an important part in the . and if excessive. ALTERNATOR CHARACTERISTICS AND LIMITATIONS Alternators are rated according to the voltage they are designed to produce and the maximum current they are capable of providing. alternators are rated in terms of this current and in terms of the voltage output — the alternator rating in small units is in volt-amperes. This heating loss (which is an I2R powerless) acts to heat the conductors. Thus. require a source of mechanical power to turn their rotors. The maximum current that can be supplied by an alternator depends upon the maximum heating loss that can be sustained in the armature. ac and dc.

They are called the turbine- driven and salient-pole rotor . There are two types of rotors used in rotating-field alternators.design of alternators since the speed at which the rotor is turned determines certain characteristics of alternator construction and operation.

is used in low-speed alternators. what a Rectifier does it converts the Alternating Current that is made by the Alternator and covert it to Direct Current using diodes which a semiconductor in a one-way gate. view A.The turbine-driven rotor shown in figure above. The salient-pole rotor often consists of several separately wound pole pieces. RECTIFIER Basically. bolted to the frame of the rotor. One very important note when it comes to high output alternators and bridge rectifiers . The windings in the turbine-driven rotor are arranged to form two or four distinct poles. it has a greater centrifugal force than does the turbine-driven rotor. the salient-pole rotor would have a greater diameter. the salient pole is used only in low-speed designs. is used when the prime mover is a high-speed turbine. reduce this force to a safe level so that the windings will not be thrown out of the machine. At the same number of revolutions per minute. Comparing the physical size of the two types of rotors with the same electrical characteristics. The windings are firmly embedded in slots to withstand the tremendous centrifugal forces encountered at high speeds The salient-pole rotor shown in view B. Diodes allow current to flow in only one direction making alternating current into direct current.

but not allow system voltage to rise to a harmful level. voltage limiting is the means of controlling output.. With regulators for the alternator system. SLIP RINGS . REGULATOR The voltage regulator will allow the alternator to make enough power to maintain proper voltage level.

This enables the stationary power source to transmit electrical power to the rotating component.Slip rings are used in rotating electrical assemblies to make a continuous electrical connection between stationary and moving conductors. Although insulated from the shaft itself. a slip ring is a band of electrically conductive material mounted on a shaft. the slip ring is connected to the rotor or rotating assembly through windings or other electrical connections. The outer part of the slip ring is in continuous sliding contact with stationary brushes or other stationary conductors. Basically. .