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2011 Census of India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 12 th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House
listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings. Information
15th Census
for National Population Register was also collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit of India
unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of General information
India(UIDAI). The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Country India
Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was
Date taken 2010-2011
collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to
121 crore with a decadal growth of 17.64%.[2] Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth Total population 1,210,193,422
of 9.21%. The motto of census 2011 was 'Our Census, Our future'. Percent change 17.70%[1]
Spread across 29 states and 7 union territories, the census covered 640 districts, 5,767 tehsils, 7,933 towns and Most populous state Uttar Pradesh (199,812,341)
more than 6 lakh villages. A total of 27 lakh officials visited households in 7,933 towns and 6 lakh villages, Least populous state Sikkim (610,577)
classifying the population according to gender, religion, education and occupation.[3] The cost of the exercise
was approximately ₹2,200 crore (US$340 million)[4] – this comes to less than $0.50 per person, well below the estimated world average of $4.60 per person.[3]
Conducted every 10 years, this census faced big challenges considering India's vast area and diversity of cultures and opposition from the manpower involved.

Information on castes was included in the census following demands from several ruling coalition leaders including Lalu Prasad Yadav, Sharad Yadav and SP
suprimo Mulayam Singh Yadav supported by opposition parties Bharatiya Janata Party, Akali Dal, Shiv Sena and Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.[5]
Information on caste was last collected during the British Raj in 1931. During the early census, people often exaggerated their caste status to garner social status
and it is expected that people downgrade it now in the expectation of gaining government benefits.[6] Earlier, there was speculation of conduction caste-based
census in 2011, first time after 80 years since 1931, to find the exact population of Other Backward Class (OBCs) in India,[7][8][9][10] which was later accepted
and Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.[11] Mandal
Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%, though National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at
41%[12]

There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India. It was conducted in Kerala in 1968 by the Communist government under E M S
Namboodiripad to assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes. The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results
were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971.[13]

Contents
1 Census
2 Information
2.1 House-listings
2.2 Population enumeration
2.3 National Population Register
3 Census report
4 Population
5 Religious demographics
6 Literacy
7 See also
8 Notes
9 References
10 External links

Census
C Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census. Census data was collected in 16 languages and the
training manual was prepared in 18 languages. In 2011, India and Bangladesh also conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border.[14][15] The
census was conducted in two phases. The first, the house-listing phase, began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of data about all the buildings and census
houses.[16] Information for the National Population Register was also collected in the first phase. The second, the population enumeration phase, was conducted
from 9 – 28 February 2011 all over the country. The eradication of epidemics, the availability of more effective medicines for the treatment of various types of
diseases and the improvement in the standard of living were the main reasons for the high decadal growth of population in India.

Information
House-listings

The House-listing schedule contained 35 questions.[17]

Building number Ownership status of the house Availability of kitchen
Census house number Number of dwelling rooms Fuel used for cooking
Predominant material of floor, wall and roof of the census house Number of married couple the household Radio/Transistor
Ascertain use of actual house Main source of drinking water Television
Condition of the census house Availability of drinking water source Computer/Laptop
Household number Main source of lighting Telephone/Mobile phone
Total number of persons in the household Latrine within the premises Bicycle
Name of the head of the household Type of latrine facility Scooter/Motor cycle/Moped
Sex of the head Waste water outlet connection Car/Jeep/Van
Caste status (SC or ST or others) Bathing facility within the premises Availing Banking services.

Population enumeration
The Population enumeration schedule contained 30 questions.[18][19]

422.210.174 Literacy Total 74% Males 82. Population The population of India as per 2011 census was 1.193. Sikhism and Jainism.[24][25][26][27][28] Transgender population was counted in population census in India for first time in 2011. Unique Identification Authority of India was to issue a 12-digit identification number to all individuals and the first ID was to have been issued in 2011. Buddhism.[18][19] Name of the person Other languages known Seeking or available for work Relationship to head Literacy status Travel to place of work Sex Status of attendance (Education) Birthplace Date of birth and age Highest educational level attained Place of last residence Current marital status Working any time during last year Reason for migration Age at marriage Category of economic activity Duration of stay in the place of migration Religion Occupation Nature of industry Children surviving Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Trade or service Children ever born Disability Class of worker Number of children born alive during last one year Mother tongue Non economic activity National Population Register The National Population Register household schedule contained 9 questions. population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population.[32] India added 181.[20] Name of the person and resident status Name of the person as should appear in the population register Relationship to head gender Date of birth Marital status Educational qualification Occupation/Activity Names of father. accounts for 17. while also being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries.7 crore stay in urban areas.469.10% Females 65. In fact.The Population enumeration schedule contained 30 questions.977 Males 623.4% of the world's surface area.[21][22][23] Census report Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March 2011 (and was updated on 20 May 2013).[34][35] 45.[29][30] The official count of the third gender in India is 4.724. which is 37. with 2. fingerprints were taken and photos collected. Ever since its inception.8% of total population.50% Density of population per km2 382 Sex ratio per 1000 males 940 females Child sex ratio (0–6 age group) per 1000 males 919 Decadal growth of Indian population (1901–201 1).5% of its population. mother and spouse Once the information was collected and digitised. A little over 5 out of 10 Indians live in the six states of Uttar Pradesh. 83. slightly lower than the population of Brazil. the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India.5 million to its population since 2001. . Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.[36][37][38] India is the homeland of major belief systems such as Hinduism. West Bengal.3 crore (68.854. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly 200 million people. Bihar.84%) live in rural areas while 37. Maharashtra.248 Females 586.9 lakh[31] Population Total 1.210.[33] Of the 121 crore Indians. India.36 crore people in India are migrants.

812.63 244.9% 18 Delhi UT 16.01 33.7% 10 Gujarat State 60.491.236 17.519 963 79.133 958 72.440 928 66.1% 2 Maharashtra State 112.663 474.529 23.7% Islands Dadra and 33 UT 343.815 938 65.578.236 56 23.486 350 14.951. Jains make up over 99.777 6.5 104.871 177.99 31.445.583 3.406.946 618 87.712.8% (966.727 12.905.776 342.00 833. Buddhists and Parsis.503 931 69.338 2.[59][60] Sunnis.721.72 16.887.4% of India’s 121 crore population.446 83.756 78.05 323.80 6.996.702 28.899.30 1.414.949 774 76.2 million) in India.245 236 20.169 53.962 151.76 16.3% 14 Assam State 31.682 114 9.368.080.243.12 739.205.953 0.4% 9 Karnataka State 61.640 889 67.309 3.290.928 828 20.727 0.63 7.760 149.7% 23 Meghalaya State 2.87 million were classified as people belonging to "No Religion" in India in the 2011 census.728 879 75.362 550 13.34 61.988.412 17.134.470.494.673 123 12.579 119 -0. Sanamahi (2.949.752 1.11 12.124 155.39 8.075 275.820 3.045 308 11.577 0.57 lakh-strong Sarna.022 44. Doni Polo (3.2% Himachal 21 State 6.189.932.09 37.550.004 1.729 130.341 16.70 551.091.831 930 67.219.339 541.800.383.483 189 19.861 573.4% Andaman 32 and Nicobar UT 380.[47][47][48][49]and Christians are 2.3 million).666 308.025.136 20.260 28.6% 8 Rajasthan State 68.432 919 78.212.121 50.210.726 7.2% Arunachal 27 State 1.331 182.057 989 74.545.809.475.081 52 22.966.234 6.351. six faiths.229 34.780.856.3% Pradesh 7 Tamil Nadu State 72.626.111.854.1% 4 West Bengal State 91. a "No religion" category was added in the 2011 census.442.191 189 22.68 155.411 135.615 868 86. Muslims.22 2.276. Sikhs.10 60.540.070 287.912 669.649 1.545 0.[50][51] 2.41 25.437 5.709 0.134.123 31.997 32.278.458. Christians.297 21% Jammu and 19 State 12.171 1.729.387. while Muslims are 14.832 1.00 17.16 9.248 586.[54][55] Given below is the decade-by-decade religious composition of India till the 2011 census.5% Diu 35 Lakshadweep UT 64.900.452 8.7 million).80 92.03 34.974.088 950 76.805 688.799. Christians.037 561.Muslims.743 17 25.19 26.027 44.2% TOTAL India 35 1.552.00 37.47 21.301 92.069.873 895 75.036.11 51.036 22.5% 26 Goa State 1.729 972 82.734 11.106 222. followed by Meghalaya (9.817 25.175 191.24 183.28 19.692 4.030 13.602 0. while “other religions.598 27.02 lakh) in Arunachal Pradesh.7% 16 Chhattisgarh State 25.009.791 319 15.157 49.966. Among the ORP faiths.741 16.22 lakh) in Manipur.712.24% of India's population of 1.252 17.481.917 0.406.055 996 80.213. 10. Buddhists.473 0.9% 15 Punjab State 27.96 36.493 8.873 3.382.713 365 16.218 3.280.787 818 86.510 95.832. Sikhs.174 943 73.292 79.292 0.42 455.640 973 75.1% 31 Sikkim State 610.469.21 1.137.55 1.662 377.378.874.8% 30 Chandigarh UT 1.103.33 529.Hindus.388.1% Pradesh Madhya 6 State 72.576 2.025.756 0.331.024.140 719.30 % (28.099.480.889 0.082 979 72.376 1.05 30.249 46 6.977 100 623.506 15.146 42.03 193.086.811 196.670.10 612.096 86 12.662 5.467.316.26 62.361.895 12.147.061 2.0% 12 Kerala State 33.38 1.36 37.99 42.54 46.442 1.710.946 7.819 948 66. persuasions” (ORP) count is 82.095.075.809 6.297 5.57 3.240 382 17. Agakhanis and Ahmadiyyas were identified as sects of Islam in India.724.8% 24 Manipur State 2.38 lakh) in Meghalaya dominate.760 3.09 580.247.997.438 397 16.02 56.85 394.28 58.899 20.333 9.743.531 307.059.013 6. Khasi (1.531.057.6 54.541 960 87.[44][45][46] Hindus are 79.32 52.132 22.058 555 15.266.024 308 19.05 29.247 0.060 88.089) and Kerala.939.702 394 8.455 240.821.028 11.171 38.123 479 2.09 13.[64] Maharashtra is having the highest number of atheists in the country with 9.484 11.929.652 such people.212 573 19.26 lakh- strong Gond. 5.581 0.287.06 lakh-strong Sari.29 14.16 1.867 976 91.303 991 70.511 635.580 112 2.649 953.051 960.762.9% 13 Jharkhand State 32.341 850.056 54.2% 11 Odisha State 41.673.03 202.308 32 2.612.084 94.350 946 91.975 36.83 5.827.198 2.787.9% Pradesh 28 Puducherry UT 1.436 50.115 7.443 15. Population distribution in India by states State / Decadal Sex Literacy Union % of total Rural[42] Urban[42] Area[43] Density Growth% Rank Type Population[39] Males Females Ratio rate Territory population[40] [41] Population Population (km²) (/km²) (2001- (%) (UT) 2011) 1 Uttar Pradesh State 199.821.526 4.23% (172.66 35.948.429 132 27.7% Kashmir 20 Uttarakhand State 10. 2015.548.537.580.545.657 30.014.853 931 79.165 313.0% 3 Bihar State 104.863 859 4.[56][57][58] There are six religions in India that have been awarded "National Minority" status .21 billion.097.773 4.055.465 13.441 50.374.414 906.930.21 944.55 16.640.169 53.037 85.206 0.603. For the first time. six major faiths.134 2.609 94.49.137.6% 17 Haryana State 25.85 14.163 1.971 595.658 5. Shias.639.624 822.295 918 61.277 929 82.43 2.997 21.864.[65] Population trends for major religious groups in India (1951–2011) .502 0.780 1.462 2.87 34.326 7.704 55.978.239 201 21.102 25.167.302 1.8% Pradesh 22 Tripura State 3.7% 25 Nagaland State 1.04 6.491.327 122 18.21 1.538 135.128.105.25 1.541.58 15.[52][53] .829 491 698 55.948.405 973 88. Jains.7% 29 Mizoram State 1.710 876 86.936.11 713.09 555. Bohras.5% Nagar Haveli Daman and 34 UT 243.9% Andhra 5 State 84.138.714 414 22.507 890 81.024 159.219 992 79.030 5.707 269 14.087.941 1.631 993 67.315 16.439.131.981 10.84 17.450 0.676 29.306 35.588 44.64% Religious demographics The religious data on India Census 2011 was released by the Government of India on 25 August.800 10.027.02 150.533 8.0.[61][62][63] As per 2011 census.

Census 2011" (PDF).10 24.04 82.32% 2.06% n/a Other religions / No religion 0.87% 1.in" (http://www.timesofindia. 1 September com/et-commentary/do-we-really-need-the-census/). pulation-nsso-survey-scs-and-sts).gov.70% 0.42% 0. In censuses before 1991.asp 6.1% 83.43% 0. icles.8% 10. 12.69% 11.44% 2.46% 79. 10.74% 0.59 2. "Do we really need the census?" (http://blogs.com/india/Indias-population-1274239769-and-growing/article 9.34% 2.37% Zoroastrianism 0.79% 1.9% Literacy Any one above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered a literate. The Times Of India.41% 0.09% 0. "OBc count: 52 or 41%? – The Times of India" (http://articles. Census Year Total (%) Male (%) Female (%) 1 1901 5. C Chandramouli (23 August 2011).95 8 1971 29.30% Sikhism 1. Indian ers-nsso).timesofindia. 2007. Innovations" (http://pib. See also Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 Demographics of India Other Backward Class Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes List of Other Backward Classes Notes "Cities having population 1 lakh and above.b bc. Religious Population Population Population Population Population Population Population group % 1951 % 1961 % 1971 % 1981 % 1991 % 2001 % 2011[66] Hinduism 84.indiatimes.44% 2.21% 11. Retrieved 24 July 2016.c dia.indiatimes.17 11 2001 64.67 24.02 34. Census of India. The Times 2.pdf) Times of India" (http://articles.in show/48033866.com/2010-05-28/news/27587821_1_caste-census-caste-system- 3. 18 December 2009.46% of the females being literate. says Moily" (http://www.92% 1.com/2010-03-11/i (PDF).73% 82. diatimes. Government of India.co.40% 0.45 7 1961 24. 13. "Decadal Growth :www. Express. "India's population — 127.13% 0.com/india-news/govt-releases-soci emand-for-caste-census-decennial-census) o-economic-caste-census-for-better-policy-making/article1-1365434.69 9 1981 36.timesofin 7.indiatimes.censusindia.92 10. The Times Of India.47% 0. G.46 The table lists the "crude literacy rate" in India from 1901 to 2011.48% 0.43% 14.82 10 1991 42.769 and growing" (http://timesofindia. The Times Of India.i Of India.K 1971: Appendix XVIII 14.44% 0.in 11.45 18.94% 1.42.39.30 6 1951 16.89 24.60% 2. References 1.05 3 1921 7.09% 0. 28 May 2010. .uk/tol/news/world/asia/article71222 x).53% 80. "OBCs form 41% of population: Survey – The Times of India" (http://art Press Information Bureau.nic.45% 82. and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as "effective literacy rate".95 9.16 12.77% 0.3% 2.74% 0. 36. "Census of India 2011 – A Story of affirmative-action).35 9.81 4 1931 9.93 5 1941 16.indianexpress. 11 March 2010.43% 0.21 1.46% 0.56 1.83 75. "Caste in Census 2011: Is it necessary?" (http://articles.in/2011census/PCA/A-2_Data_Tables/00%20A%202-India.90 7.74 32.cms).83 0.08% 0.in/newsite/efeatures. ndia/28125455_1_caste-wise-census-caste-wise-obc-census).indiatimes.41% 0.com/news/world-south-asia-14149042). "No data since 1931.61% 13.80% Islam 9.ece). 1 November 2006.timesonline.No.75% 12. The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as "crude literacy rate".45 39.timesofindia. 5.23 46.70% Jainism 0.70% 0.aspx?relid=74556). 2011. "Govt releases socio-economic and caste census for better policy- diatimes.79% 1. "OBC data not in 2011 Census. "Login" (http://www. will 2011 Census be all-caste inclusive? – The v.go 8.[67] S.72% 0.economictimes.com/2006-11-01/india/27792478_1_obc-count-obc-numb om/news/obc-data-not-in-2011-census-says-moily/555760/).censusindia. Effective literacy rate increased to a total of 74.44 12.67 12 2011 74.77% 0.26 53.09% 0.72% Buddhism 0.hindustantimes.economictimes.23% Christianity 2.com/2010-05-04/india/28307572_1_caste-based-enumeration-d making" (http://www.O. "Bangladesh and India begin joint census of border areas" (http://www.60 2 1911 5.89% 1. ndiatimes.com/2007-09-01/india/27954417_1_obc-po 4.14% of the males and 65. children below the age 5 were treated as illiterates.30% 81.04% with 82.14 65. Demand for caste census rocks Lok Sabha (http://articles.50 15.84 52.46% 0.

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