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# Intoduction to modeling

Ingenierı́a de Sistemas Automotrices

San Mateo Cuanalá, Puebla, a 21 de mayo de 2018

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The content of the next slides were taken of book:

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The content of the next slides were taken of book:
”Vehicle Propulsion Systems : Introduction to Modeling and
Optimization”
Lino Guzzella, Antonio Sciarretta
Springer, 2007.

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The main objectives are to introduce mathematical models and
optimization methods that permit a systematic minimization of the
energy consumption of vehicle propulsion systems.

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In USA 400 to 800 cars per 1000 inhabitants. Countries such as
China (1.3 billion inhabitants) or India (1.1 billion inhabitants ) in
the year 2007 have car densities of around 30 cars per 1000
inhabitants.

”The demand for personal transportation increases with the
economic possibilities of a society.”

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The energy is converted to an
energy carrier that is suitable for
on-board storage. This ”fuel” is
then converted by the propulsion
system to mechanical energy
that, in part, may be stored as
kinetic or potential energy in
the vehicle. The third energy
transformation is determined by
the vehicle parameters and the
driving profile. In this step, the
mechanical energy produced in
the second conversion step is
ultimately dissipated to thermal
energy that is deposited to the
ambient.

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CNG = compressed natural gas. Conversion of ”fuel” to
mechanical energy.

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Materials with a high carbon/hydrogen ratio (e.g., coal) are solid.
The ratio is useful as a preliminary indication of the hydrogen
quantity needed to convert the hydrocarbon to a gas and/or liquid.

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Propulsion ICE

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Battery-electric propulsion

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Fuel Cell

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Energy density

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