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(2) The AC voltage test utilizes an osiloscope to compare the instantaneous values of
voltage on the primary and secondary of a C.T while an AC voltage is impressed on the
(3) The current method compares the polarity of the CT under test with that of a C.T.
whose polarity is known by circulating current through both and measuring the

The first method is discussed in detail.

Excitation Test:

Excitation Tests are made to assure the CT is capable of developing its published
secondary terminal voltage without excessive excitation current. An excitation curve is plotted
by applying various values of an AC voltage below saturation level to the secondary with the
primary open circuited. While measuring secondary current and voltage substantial deviations
from published curves should be investigated (or from the curves obtained during
commissioning) and may indicate a turn to turn short circuit or a completed magnetic path
around the CT core.

Inter-core coupling:

In many instances several secondary cores are mounted in close proximity on the same
primary lead. It is possible, through failure of grading shields or CT support structures, to have
coupling between cores which is not detectible by excitation tests, but it is still substantial
enough to improperly operate bus differential relays. The presence of abnormal coupling can
be detected by reading open circuit voltage on CT’s adjacent to a CT being excitation tested.

In present day power system, increased concentration of generation has caused
considerable increase in the ratio of the fault current to the normal load currents. Also in EHV
networks increased reactance to resistance ratio causes slow decay of the d. c. component in the
short circuit current. The time constants of the decay of d. c. transients. Can be as high as 300
m secs. The D. C. component in the magnetizing in rush current of a large power transformer
have still longer time constants. For a fault close to a generator the fault current may not touch
the zero current axis for several cycles. Saturation of a conventional current transformer under
such situation can be avoided only by choosing the cross sectional area of their cores to be
several times larger than that needed for the transformation of symmetrical current of the same
peak value.