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Educ 200 |Advanced Statistics | LSPU-SPCC | 12 February 2018 | Hypothesis Testing

In each item,
a. identify the claim and state the 𝐻0 and 𝐻𝑎 ;
b. specify the type of test to be used, test statistic, and the level of significance;
c. run the test on Microsoft excel and create an ANOVA table;
d. decide whether to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis, and
e. interpret the decision in the context of the original claim.

1. Twenty third graders were randomly separated into four equal groups, and each
group was taught a mathematical concept using a different teaching method. At the
end of the teaching period, progress was measured by a unit test. The scores are shown
below (one child in group 3 was absent on the day that the test was administered). Do
the data present sufficient evidence to indicate a difference in the average scores for
the four teaching methods?
Group
1 2 3 4
112 111 140 101
92 119 121 106
124 102 130 105
89 136 106 126
97 99 119
2. A local school board was interested in comparing test scores on a standardized reading
test for fourth-grade students in their district. They selected a random sample of five
male and five female fourth grade students at each of four different elementary schools
in the district and recorded the test scores. The results are shown in the table below.
Gender School 1 School 2 School 3 School 4
Male 631 642 651 350
566 710 611 565
620 649 755 543
542 596 693 509
560 660 620 494
Female 669 722 709 505
644 769 545 498
600 723 657 474
610 649 722 470
559 766 711 463

3. The pie chart shows the distribution of the opinions of a group of parents on whether
a college education is worth the expense. An economist believes that the distribution
of the opinions of teenagers is different from the distribution for parents. The
economist randomly selects 200 teenagers and asks each whether a college education
is worth the expense. The results are shown in the table. At are the distributions
different?
4. Is achieving a basic skill level in a subject related to the location of the school? The
results of a random sample of students by the location of school and the number of
those students achieving basic skill levels in three subjects is shown in the contingency
table. At 𝛼 = 0.05, test the hypothesis that the variables are independent.
Subject
Location of School Reading Math Science
Urban 43 42 38
Suburban 63 66 65