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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway

V900R013C00
Feature Description (PCC
Optional Feature)
List optinal features according to Viettel technical
requirement

Issue 01

Date 2015-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential i
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Contents

1 Service Awareness (SA) ............................................................................................................... 4
1.1 GWFD-110010 SA Software Entry Feature ................................................................................................................. 8
1.1.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic .......................................................................................................................................... 9
1.1.2 GWFD-110017 SA-Web Browsing ......................................................................................................................... 15
1.1.3 GWFD-110027 SA-Others ...................................................................................................................................... 18
1.2 SA Software Enhanced Optional Feature ................................................................................................................... 20
1.2.1 GWFD-110013 SA-P2P........................................................................................................................................... 20
1.2.2 GWFD-110014 SA-VOIP ........................................................................................................................................ 22
1.2.3 GWFD-110016 SA-IM ............................................................................................................................................ 24
1.2.4 GWFD-110019 SA-Streaming ................................................................................................................................. 26
1.2.5 GWFD-110021 SA-Game ....................................................................................................................................... 28

2 Smart Policy Control .................................................................................................................. 31
2.1 Policy Control Software Entry Feature ....................................................................................................................... 31
2.1.1 GWFD-110206 PCC Basic Function ....................................................................................................................... 31
2.1.2 GWFD-110205 Policy Control Based on Traffic ..................................................................................................... 42
2.1.3 GWFD-110223 Gx Enhanced for ADC Function .................................................................................................... 45
2.2 Bandwidth Optimization Based on Service ................................................................................................................ 50
2.2.1 GWFD-110204 Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness ................................................................................. 50
2.2.2 GWFD-110916 Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation ..................................................................... 55
2.2.3 GWFD-110229 Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic ................................................ 62
2.3 Bandwidth Optimization Based on Location .............................................................................................................. 66
2.3.1 GWFD-110220 Policy Control Based on Initial Access Location ........................................................................... 67
2.3.2 GWFD-110203 Policy Control Based on Real-time location .................................................................................. 69
2.4 Header Enrichment ..................................................................................................................................................... 73
2.4.1 GWFD-110216 HTTP Header Enrichment .............................................................................................................. 73
2.1 Online Charging Entry Feature ................................................................................................................................... 80
2.1.1 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Service-based DCC Sessions) ............................................ 80
2.1.2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions) ....................................... 91
2.2 Service Based Charging Entry Feature ..................................................................................................................... 103
2.2.1 GWFD-110302 Basic Content Based Charging ..................................................................................................... 103
2.3 Volume Based Charging of Service .......................................................................................................................... 112
2.3.1 GWFD-110315 Volume Based Charging of Service .............................................................................................. 112

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential ii
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

............................ 137 3..................................................................................................................................................2..................................2 Anti-Spoofing .1 GWFD-110403 IPv6 SA ................................................................................1 GWFD-110304 Time Based Charging of Service ............................ 156 4........................2.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................1...............................................................................................................................3...5.............................................................................5 Event Based Charging of Service .....................................................1 GWFD-110217 Service Triggered QOS Enforcement .......2 GWFD-110228 Smart HTTP Redirection........... 116 2.......... 144 4.......................................1....................................... 133 3..........1 GWFD-110319 IPv6 Management .... Ltd...............................2...............................................................................................4 Time Based Charging of Service ............................................................................ 160 4..............1 GWFD-111002 Call History Record........................................................... 160 Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential iii Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co...............................................................................................1............ 140 4 Optional Feature Section Two ....................... 128 3.........................................................................................1 GWFD-110028 GWFD-110314 Real-time Charging Information Notification ......................... ........... 116 2...................................................................4...................................1 Smart Policy Control ....2 Smart Charging ..........................1 GWFD-110221 HTTP Header Anti-Spoofing .................................................................. 144 4.......................................HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 2........................................................................................................................ 128 3........................... 156 4......................................................................................... 123 3 Optional Feature Section One ...........1 GWFD-110305 Event Based Charging of Service... 144 4......................1................... 123 2.......... 128 3.......................... 137 3.................................................................................1 SA .............2 GWFD-110222 Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting.........................................................................................3 MBB Visibility.................. 128 3...............

service report. These statistics can be used by carriers as a reference when they are analyzing subscriber behavior. which may be caused by malicious attacks or unintended misoperations by mobile subscribers or users on the network side. popular applications. This ability also ensures the quality of P2P and VoIP services and allows carriers to develop more service modes and provide rich services for subscribers.. such as P2P file sharing and online video. and subscriber behavior analysis. This ensures that services are properly provided and charging are properly performed for subscribers. The SA technique has wide applications in areas such as flow-based charging (FBC). the number of subscribers. Bandwidth-hungry applications. This ability ensures that bandwidth resources are fairly allocated to services and subscribers use services properly. and are consuming an ever increasing amount of bandwidth.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 1 Service Awareness (SA) About This Chapter Overview As the broadband Internet expands rapidly. variety of applications. and planning and managing their networks. A technique is needed urgently to handle these bandwidth-hungry P2P applications to prevent them from causing network congestion and affecting the service experience of subscribers using other applications. developing target-oriented value-added services. The UGW9811 enabled with the SA function can filter and manage the user-plane traffic to prevent performance deterioration or faults on the communication network. bandwidth control. and subscriber distribution) about the packet data network (PDN).  Collecting service-specific information (such as detailed service usage. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 4 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and demand for bandwidth are increasing explosively.  Providing various security functions. popular websites. It provides the following capabilities:  Helping carriers to implement refined FBC. contribute to over two thirds of the total traffic on the Internet. service bandwidth distribution.  Performing service control and bandwidth management on P2P and voice over IP (VoIP) services to prevent the traffic generated by these services from unfairly occupying a large number of network resources. Ltd. Service awareness (SA) is such a technique that helps carriers to solve the preceding problems by effectively managing and utilizing bandwidth resources and implementing flexible charging policies. security protection.

event-based and free-of-charge policies by the charging mode. which requires coordinated detection of multiple channels. HTTP. Packet signatures are constantly changing with applications and versions on live networks. if only port identification is used. and header enrichment. This technology. contact the local Huawei office to purchase the corresponding professional service support. analyzes only the contents below layer 4 in the IP header and identifies applications based on TCP/UDP port numbers. Media. Huawei SA The key of the SA technology is high-efficient identification of various applications on the Internet. generally transport voice. the SA technology focuses on Layer 7 (application layer) parsing in addition to Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. . and associated identification. and files cannot be identified except for the initial control channel of the communication. however. and protocol type) at the Layer 3/Layer 4 to determine the basic information about the current traffic. the data transport channel of the voice. is known as associated identification. Different from the SPI technology that performs only Layer 3/Layer 4 (bearer layer) parsing. One is the identification of known protocols. − Associated identification As network applications. such as FTP. QoS marking. source and destination port numbers. redirection. the negotiation packets of such protocols need to be parsed. charging policies can be categorized into traffic-based. especially VoIP. Charging policies include online charging policies and offline charging policies. A traditional IP router. source and destination port numbers of the dynamic negotiation channel need to be extracted. packet characteristic identification. IM. video. DNS. and VoIP protocols. video. The traffic needs to be marked with the corresponding type. special messages. − Packet characteristic identification Application layer feature identification falls into two types. and state transition mechanisms. The traffic of these protocols needs to be identified through the characteristic fields in the packet streams. time-based. Huawei allows the signature database to be separately upgraded to follow protocol changes and ensure SA correctness.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The SA function identifies requested services and contents and applies different charging and control policies to different service flows. and FTP. for example. and files through dynamically negotiated ports. The other type is the identification of unopened protocols. There are three protocol identification technologies:  Shallow packet inspection (SPI) analyzes only the quintuple information (source and destination IP addresses. and SMTP. To ensure SA accuracy. As shown in Figure 1-1. the source and destination IP addresses. traffic shaping. Huawei provides the signature database of the latest version every month. A traditional IP router also performs traffic identification and QoS guarantee to some extent by using the same information. which does not affect software stability on live networks. quality of service (QoS) update. Control policies include policies on gating control.. the statistics about the network traffic on the channel need to be collected. With standards. and FTP. Alternatively. traffic policing. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 5 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. most P2P. these protocols can be identified accurately and reliably through an analysis of these special fields at the application layer. P2P. such as VoIP. commands. SA involves protocol identification. Therefore. The UGW9811 supports automatic signature database upgrade and allows you to manually upgrade the signature database. protocol identification and Layer 7 parsing are performed after Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing.  SA is introduced in contrast to SPI. Ltd.

During the preliminary detection of an encryption protocol. to provide a reference for functions including service resolution and security protection. the UGW9811 performs protocol identification and Layer 7 parsing. the UGW9811 parses data packets in the following sequence: 1. protocol identification. Ltd. port range. the eDonkey protocol can be identified through the detection of Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 6 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . SA extracts information. such as statistical distribution of the binary values in the packets. packet sending interval. Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing is an SPI technology. After Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing and protocol identification.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 1-1 SA By implementing packet parsing. 2. After Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing.  Heuristic Analysis SA (H-SA) is applicable to complex protocols and encrypted protocols. such as a Layer 7 protocol type or a destination URL. As shown in Figure 1-1. no difference can be seen between the encrypted packet and any other encrypted packet. These packets. For example. 3.. Protocol identification Protocol identification is the basis of SA and a precondition for Layer 7 parsing. destination address decentralization. however. can be distinguished from each other through a combination of behavior characteristic analysis. information. packet length range. Layer 7 parsing Layer 7 parsing is a SA technology. These protocols have no characteristics used for protocol identification and need to be identified through specific behavior analysis. and existence of some identifiable packets. such as the destination uniform resource locator (URL). can be extracted from a packet through Layer 7 parsing. and content identification of data packets. which serves as the basis for SA.

the number of connections to a single IP address is large with each connection having a different port number. The UGW9811 searches the policy DB for the desired rules. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 7 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Layer 7 protocol numbers. The UGW9811 can identify protocols and parse packets based on the Layer 3 and Layer 4 port numbers and IP addresses.  Rule matching The UGW9811 matches the protocol or application and key fields of a packet with the rules defined on it to determine which policy to execute. These techniques apply to different protocols. The UGW9811 uses all the three techniques to achieve the optimal identification efficiency and flexibility in resource control and to implement refined charging. Huawei SA combines all the three packet inspection techniques. the length of the voice data is stable and the sending frequency relatively invariable. There are three types of packet inspection techniques: shallow packet inspection (SPI). Figure 1-2 shows the service control process of the UGW9811 enabled with the SA function. Huawei SA is referred to as SA. the UGW9811 parses the packets of the identified protocol or application and extracts the key fields from these packets.  Policy database (DB) searching The policy DB stores policies configured on the UGW9811 and policies delivered by the Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server and the policy and charging rules function (PCRF). . or uniform resource locators (URLs). and the file sharing data packets are large and stable.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents the packet length and packet sending frequency. For a network phone application.. In the later parts of the document. For a P2P network application. Then. and heuristic analysis SA (H-SA). Figure 1-2 Service control process of the UGW9811 enabled with the SA function  Protocol identification and packet parsing The UGW9811 identifies the protocol or application that a service is using. Ltd. SA.

redirection. If protocol identification is required.  High-performance parsing capability − Supporting multithreaded processing − The SA processes can be flexibly allocated based on the SA traffic requirements. and SA from each other to minimize the impact of SA on the UGW9811 performance.1 GWFD-110010 SA Software Entry Feature The SA Software Entry feature consists of the following features: Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 8 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . bandwidth management. The SA signature database can be updated to identify more protocols. the protocol identification engine obtains the protocol signature inside a packet's content and checks the obtained protocol signature against the signature database to identify the protocol of the packet.  Diverse protocol types SA can identify diverse protocols and major applications of these protocols. and URL filtering. delivering seamless service experiences to subscribers.  Flexible signature database upgrade The SA signature database is independent of the host software and stores the signatures that are specific to various application-layer protocols and applications. a signature database needs to be loaded or the existing signature database needs to be upgraded. − Carriers are free to define protocol signatures in the SA signature database for identifying new protocols. − Carriers can choose to update only the SA signature database for identifying a new protocol or service. − Specific protocol identification capabilities can be added as requested by carriers. 1. forwarding. which help carriers maximize their revenues:  Advanced architecture − The architecture separates control. − The signature database is automatically updated. simplifying upgrade operations and shortening an upgrade period. contact Huawei local technical support. The SA signature database allows flexibility in database upgrade.. − The upgrade of the SA signature database does not require the power-off and restart of the UGW9811. The action can be charging. header enrichment. For details on how to load or upgrade a signature database.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  Policy execution The UGW9811 performs the action specified in the policy. avoiding service interruptions and improving user experience. QoS control. SA Characteristics The SA function has the following characteristics. The advantages of the independent SA signature database are as follows: − A new SA signature database with the up-to-date SA capabilities is released regularly. The UGW9811 supports the automatic signature database upgrade function. During protocol identification. − This architecture enables flexible SA by performing only protocol identification or both protocol identification and URL parsing on packets. Ltd.

S-GW.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 1. the UGW9811 can perform SA for packets. √ √ Table 1-3 NEs involved in implementing the automatic signature database upgrade function Security LUS SGSN/S-GW GGSN/P-GW U2000 Center Platform √ √ . √ indicates that the NE is required. allowing the UGW9811 to automatically detect signature database updates. Through service awareness. download and upgrade the signature database of the latest version and loading the latest version. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 1-1 NE involved in implementing the SA-Basic feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN . . and .indicates that the NE is not required. With the SA-Basic feature. identifies and parses data packets. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 9 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The SA-Basic feature supports automatic signature database upgrade.. √ √ In the preceding table(s). .1. Ltd. The license control items for this feature is "82202971 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-Basic. √ Table 1-2 NEs involved in implementing the SA-Basic feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . including Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing." Summary The SA-Basic feature is the basic function of service awareness (SA). the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access. . and then performs charging and control policies. . protocol identification and Layer 7 parsing. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic Applicable NEs GGSN. .

. Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services such as increasing network access speed and ensuring the VIP user experience. During this period.. The feature is applicable to the following scenarios:  Policy control based on time periods Policy control based on the time period enables carriers to set different policies for different time periods based on user habits and network congestion conditions.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Before the automatic signature database upgrade function is deployed for a customer. and then performs bandwidth management or service control. reduces the risk to identify the protocl which facilitates the implementation of value-added services using existing resources. optimizing network resource usage. the customer must sign a disclaimer statement on possible cyber security risks brought by the UGW9811's access to the public network from the upgrade server on the intranet. . carriers can implement bandwidth management for gymnasiums.  Policy control based on user categories Policy control based on the user category enables carriers to set different policies for different categories of users. Carriers can restrict the bandwidths for these services during this period to prevent network congestion.. Benefits For. and schools where the population density is high. or collects service statistics.  The automatic signature database upgrade function shortens the upgrade interval of the signature database.  Policy control based on service types Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 10 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  Policy control based on locations Policy control based on the location enables carriers to set different policies for different locations. carriers can set different policies for different user categories classified based on the mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN). network traffic peaks from 20:00 to 22:00. Ltd. For example. Benefits Carriers  This feature enables carriers to gain profits and improve customer satisfaction by implementing effective control and refined management on subscriber services. For example. and Huawei does not assume any responsibility for the consequences of any virus or hacker attack. such as VPN separation of interfaces and matrix monitoring for ports. Description Application Scenario When a subscriber accesses a service. theaters. Huawei UGW9811 provides only basic cyber security measures. the bandwidths for peer to peer (P2P) and download services consume a lot of bandwidths and affect other data services. the UGW9811 identifies the protocol of the subscriber's uplink and downlink packets. according to users' habits. For example.

At the transport layer. P2P. Ltd. and ICMP  Source port number range. Refer to Table 1-4. many proprietary protocols use the well-known HTTP port 80. For example. The UGW9811 can filter and parse Layer 3/Layer 4 information to obtain the following packet information:  Source IP address  Destination IP address or the host name  IP protocol type such as TCP.. UDP.  Layer 4 parsing Layer 4 is the transport layer that provides end-to-end services for applications between two hosts.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Policy control based on service types enables carriers to set different policies for different services. Table 1-4 Well-known port numbers for application layer protocols Port Number Application Layer Protocol 20 FTP (data) 21 FTP (control) 23 Telnet 25 SMTP 53 DNS 69 TFTP (TFTP server monitoring port) 80 HTTP 110 POP3 143 IMAP4 554 RTSP (control) 1755 MMSP 9200 or 9201 WAP1. different application layer protocols are defined by different port numbers.X To avoid being identified. The source and destination IP addresses of an IP packet can be obtained through Layer 3 parsing. and File Transfer Protocol (FTP) services. carriers can set different policies for voice over IP (VoIP). System Implementation Layer 3/Layer 4 Parsing  Layer 3 parsing Layer 3 is the network layer that routes IP packets. The protocol port number of a packet can be obtained through Layer 4 parsing. . beginning from the start source port number to the end source port number Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 11 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Then the Layer 7 rule of the matching rule is matched. to a specific protocol.X by port 9200 or 9201. If the same Layer 3/Layer 4 filter but different Layer 7 rules are configured for multiple rules. Since UGW9811 V900R010C01. Layer 7 Parsing The UGW9811 parses packets. the Layer 3/Layer 4 filter configured for the rule with the next highest priority is matched. The data plane port for TFTP is a random port number on a TFTP server. WAP1. Some protocols are identified by well-known port numbers because their signatures are unclear or identification processes are complicated. you can associate a host name. You can configure well-known ports on the UGW9811 so that the UGW9811 can identify protocols by the configured well-known ports. or recommended port numbers. If Layer 7 rule matching fails. which is the monitoring port of a TFTP server. The UGW9811 performs rule multi-match based on the following principles:  The UGW9811 matches service flows with rules in descending order of rule priorities.. If the UGW9811 cannot identify packet protocols by the configured well-known ports. HTTP is identified by port 80 or 8080. after Layer 7 rule matching fails. Ltd. rule matching stops. achieving Layer 7 rule based policy control. carrier-defined port numbers.  Protocol identification by well-known port numbers Many standard protocols can be identified accurately by standard port numbers. which quickens protocol identification. IP addresses. You can configure different control and charging policies for services using this specific protocol so as to implement differentiated service control and charging on service flows that have different host names. rule multi-match needs to be performed for these rules. this requirement is met by enabling rule multi-match. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) by port 25.  Protocol identification by signatures The UGW9811 identifies protocols based on a signature database and obtains Layer 7 protocols and sub-protocols. This procedure continues until the matching succeeds.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  Destination port number range. If the matching fails. For example. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) by port 20 or 21. Using the host function provided by a signature database. The Layer 3/Layer 4 filter configured for the rule with the highest priority is first matched. and Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) by port 69. an IP address. or IP addresses + port numbers. Domain Name Server (DNS) by port 53. and then performs charging and control policies. Interactive Mail Access Protocol version 4 (IMAP4) by port 143. it can use signatures to identify protocols and then perform Layer 7 parsing for the packets based on the protocol identification results. . rules are matched in descending order by priority. matches the packets with a Layer 7 rule. Rule Matching MechanismRule Multi-Match Principle (Standard Configuration Architecture) In versions earlier than UGW9811 V900R010C01. host names + port numbers. beginning from the start destination port number to the end destination port number Protocol Identification Protocols can be identified accurately by well-known port numbers and signatures. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 12 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Post Office Protocol revision 3 (POP3) by port 110. Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) by port 554. or a combination of IP address and port number. a combination of host name and port number.

 The UGW9811 supports URL matching only for the URL keywords not exceeding 512 bytes of a request packet. This procedure is the same as the procedure in versions earlier than UGW9811 V900R010C01. Then. − If the UGW9811 fails to match the service flow with the Layer 7 rule. Rule matching is performed in descending order by priority for a single action group. the UGW9811 stops matching the service flow with rules when a specified condition is met. a Layer 7 rule fails to be matched. Ltd. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 13 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If parsing is complete but the protocol is changed.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  The UGW9811 stops matching a service flow with any other rules if the first rule (in which the Layer 3/Layer 4 filter is successfully matched with the service flow) does not support the multi-match function.  After the UGW9811 matches a service flow with a rule.  The UGW9811 matches a service flow against all rules that support the multi-match function and fails to match the service flows with a Layer 7 rule. if the UGW9811 succeeds in matching the service flow with the Layer 7 rule.  If the first rule (in which the Layer 3/Layer 4 filter is successfully matched by the UGW9811 with a service flow) supports the multi-match function. the highest-priority rule with the matching Layer 3/Layer 4 filter and supporting rule multi-match is used for Layer 7 rule matching..1. The UGW9811 applies this matching rule to the service flow. Rule Matching Principle (Simplified Configuration Architecture) Figure 1-3 shows the rule matching procedure. either of the following situation occurs: − The UGW9811 stops matching the service flow with any other rules and applies this rule to the service flow. The UGW9811 groups simplified rules based on action types. it applies the matched rule to the service flow constantly. The UGW9811 uses the rule that has the highest priority of all matched rules that support the multi-match function.3 GWFD-110223 Gx Enhanced for ADC Function.  For matching principles of PCC rules with the ADC function. If a URL fails to be matched. The UGW9811 stops multi-match for a service flow if any of the following conditions is met:  The UGW9811 succeeds in matching a service flow with the Layer 7 rule in a rule that supports the multi-match function and applies the matched rule to the service flow.  A Layer 7 rule can be matched only when both a protocol and a URL are matched. and this may result in a service policy matching failure on the UGW9811.  If the UGW9811 matches a service flow with a Layer 3/Layer 4 filter but the rule does not support rule multi-match. A policy keyword with over 512 bytes is not used for matching. . the policy may be adjusted based on configurations. see 3. the UGW9811 continues to match the service flow with other rules in descending order of rule priorities. and only a Layer 3/Layer 4 filter is matched.

If yes. Ltd. and then stores the signature database in the directory that the LUS functioning as an HTTPS server shares with the UGW9811. 2.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 1-3 Rule matching procedure Automatic Signature Database Upgrade Function Figure 1-4 Networking diagram for the automatic signature database upgrade function The detailed service flow is as follows: 1. The UGW9811 obtains the latest signature database from the LUS. The UGW9811 checks the signature database to determine whether it can be loaded. Enhancement Table 1-5 Release history of the SA-Basic feature Feature Version Product Version Details 3 UGW9811 V900R013C00 This version supports SA configuration in the simplified configuration architecture. . 3. The UGW9811 detects that updates are available for the signature database. The LUS downloads the latest signature database from the security center platform.. checks the integrity of the signature database. 2 UGW9811 V900R012C00 This version supports the automatic signature database upgrade function. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 14 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the UGW9811 loads the signature database.

. Ltd. . . Filtering 1.6. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R009C01 First release. Interaction with Other Features Table 1-6 Interaction with other features Feature Interaction 5. .1 GWFD-111301 URL Filtering Base Function cannot be URL Filtering Base used together with the multi-matching function. √ Table 1-8 NEs involved in implementing the SA-web browsing feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW .6. a signature database cannot be automatically loaded during an automatic signature database upgrade.2 GWFD-111302 Time Based URL Filtering cannot be Time Based URL used together with the multi-matching function. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 1-7 NE involved in implementing the SA-web browsing feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN .2 GWFD-111302 5.1 GWFD-111301 5.1. . Function 5. S-GW.6. Dependency Application Limitations If the category of a protocol is changed. √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 15 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. You must manually load the signature database.6.2 GWFD-110017 SA-Web Browsing Applicable NEs GGSN.

The license control items for this feature is "82202959 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-Web Browsing" and "82202973 Session Numbers of Supporting SA-Web Browsing".. Google Earth and Facebook by using a browser. which complies with the standards of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). Benefits For. enables carriers to view the traffic distribution on the network and then implement appropriate charging and control policies based on the report analysis result. Through service awareness.indicates that the NE is not required. Summary With the SA-web browsing feature. together with the service report feature. Number of web browsing sub-protocols that can be identified. and . You can use the display protocol-group web_browsing command to view protocols in the protocol group managed by the license.. between servers and clients. and then performs charging and control policies. HTTP can also be used to carry data of other protocols such as the Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) and data of stream media. . HTTP is used to transmit hypertext files.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents In the preceding table(s). √ indicates that the NE is required.. enables carriers to view the traffic distribution on the network and then implement appropriate charging and control policies based on the report analysis result. the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for web-browsing packets.It is determined by the loaded signature database. Description Related Concepts  Web browsing: Web page browsing protocols. together with the service report feature. identifies and parses data packets. the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access. System Implementation Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 16 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This type of protocols is used to browse specific web pages such as Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Benefits Carriers This feature. Application Scenario This feature. Ltd. Subscribers Subscribers are unaware of this feature. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.

Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 17 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. protocol. host. path. or x-online-host.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. Response packets are parsed Content-type (MMS. the connect-type is a bearer Content-length. Layer 7 Parsing If the UGW9811 identifies the HTTP protocol of a packet. Post. Dependency Application Limitations The SA-web browsing feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify web browsing packets. Table 1-9 Layer 7 parsing Protocol Uplink/Down Key Information Description link HTTP UP Method: Get. and obtains the keywords. If RTSP). and the service procedure. Enhancement Table 1-10 Release history of the SA-web browsing feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C05 First release. Post.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.1. the message body Chunked of a non-MMS or non-RTSP packet does not need to be parsed. to obtain the response type. Connect). A packet is parsed to obtain Connect. Refer to Table 1-13. . There are many web browsing applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new web browsing protocols. protocol identification. Whether a response packet is complete needs to be determined based on Content-length and Chunked. and fields such as user-agent the host. Then. the Method (Get. path. the UGW9811 matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule and performs the corresponding charging and control policy. DOWN Response code.. Ltd. Packets of other types are processed as other-method packets. and user-agent. see 1. such as the uniform resource locator (URL) and method. parses the packet according to HTTP.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Table 1-11 Interaction between this feature and other features

Feature Interaction
1.1.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled.
SA-Basic

1.1.3 GWFD-110027 SA-Others
Applicable NEs
GGSN, S-GW, and P-GW

Availability
Involved NEs

Table 1-12 NE involved in implementing the SA-Others feature on the GPRS/UMTS network

MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN
- - - √

Table 1-13 NEs involved in implementing the SA-Others feature on the EPC network

UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW
- - - √ √

In the preceding table(s), √ indicates that the NE is required, and - indicates that the NE is not required.

Requirement for the License
This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this
feature is "82202970 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-Others".

Summary
With the SA-Others feature, the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for Others
packets. Through service awareness, the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber
intends to access, identifies and parses data packets, and then performs charging and control
policies.

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 18
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Benefits
For... Benefits

Carriers This feature, together with the service report feature,
enables carriers to view the traffic of other protocols on the
live network and then implement appropriate charging and
control policies based on the report analysis result.
Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services.

Description
Related Concepts
 Others: Others protocols.
This type of protocols contains protocols other than preceding types of protocols, for
example, NNTP and WindowsUpdate.
Number of Others sub-protocols that can be identified,It is determined by the loaded
signature database.
Application Scenario
This feature, together with the service report feature, enables carriers to view the traffic of
other protocols on the live network and then implement appropriate charging and control
policies based on the report analysis result.
System Implementation
For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing, protocol identification, and the service procedure,
see 1.1.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.
Layer 7 Parsing
The UGW9811 identifies the protocol of a packet, matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule, and
performs the bandwidth management.

Enhancement

Table 1-14 Release history of the SA-Others feature

Feature Version Product Version Details

1 UGW9811 V900R001C05 First release.

Dependency
Application Limitations
The SA-Others feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify Others packets.
There are many Others applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature
database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new Others
protocols.

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 19
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Interaction with Other Features

Table 1-15 Interaction between this feature and other features

Feature Interaction
1.1.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled.
SA-Basic

1.2 SA Software Enhanced Optional Feature
1.2.1 GWFD-110013 SA-P2P
Applicable NEs
GGSN, S-GW, and P-GW

Availability
Involved NEs

Table 1-16 NE involved in implementing the SA-P2P feature on the GPRS/UMTS network

MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN
- - - √

Table 1-17 NEs involved in implementing the SA-P2P feature on the EPC network

UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW
- - - √ √

In the preceding table(s), √ indicates that the NE is required, and - indicates that the NE is not required.

Requirement for the License
This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this
feature is "82202122 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-P2P".
You can use the display protocol-group P2P command to view protocols in the protocol
group managed by the license.

Summary
With the SA-P2P feature, the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for peer-to-peer
(P2P) packets. Through service awareness, the UGW9811 determines the contents that a

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 20
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

protocol identification. such as computing. storage. and then performs charging and control policies.It is determined by the loaded signature database. Ltd.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic. Layer 7 Parsing The UGW9811 identifies the protocol of a packet. For example. increasing profits and providing differentiated services. System Implementation For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing.. identifies and parses data packets. Subscribers This feature optimizes network access experience and reduces the impact of P2P services on non-P2P services. see 1. Benefits For. increasing profits and providing differentiated services. matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to address the problem that P2P services consume significant bandwidths and cause network congestion. Application Scenario This feature enables carriers to address the problem that P2P services consume significant bandwidths and cause network congestion.1. P2P can be used for stream media communication. and communicating.. Enhancement Table 1-18 Release history of the SA-P2P feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. such as voice. and performs the bandwidth management. BitTorrent for multi-point file download and Skype VoIP communication applications. and data files. . or instant messaging interaction or for transmitting signaling.. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 21 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Number of P2P sub-protocols that can be identified.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents subscriber intends to access. Description Related Concepts  P2P P2P defines a network architecture for allocation and sharing of resources. video. managing information. and the service procedure.

Interaction with Other Features Table 1-19 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 1. . √ √ In the preceding table(s). You can use the display protocol-group VoIP command to view protocols in the protocol group managed by the license. √ Table 1-21 NEs involved in implementing the SA-VOIP feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . . . and .2 GWFD-110014 SA-VOIP Applicable NEs GGSN. SA-Basic 1. S-GW. There are many P2P applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new P2P protocols. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 22 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled.1.2.indicates that the NE is not required. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 1-20 NE involved in implementing the SA-VOIP feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN .. Ltd. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Dependency Application Limitations The SA-P2P feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify P2P packets. The license control items for this feature is "82202123 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-VOIP". . √ indicates that the NE is required.

protocol identification. Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services. . and performs the bandwidth management. In addition. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 23 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Description Related Concepts  VoIP VoIP allows voice communication between subscribers by using IP. matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule. reducing the impact of VoIP services on traditional voice services. Benefits Carriers This feature restricts the usage of VoIP software. In addition. It is determined by the loaded signature database.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary With the SA-VOIP feature. Benefits For. System Implementation For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. and then performs charging and control policies. Ltd. this feature enables carriers to provide large bandwidths for VoIP services and ensure the VoIP voice quality if carriers provide VoIP services for subscribers. Through service awareness. reducing the impact of VoIP services on traditional voice services.1. the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access. see 1.. this feature enables carriers to provide large bandwidths for VoIP services and ensure the VoIP voice quality if carriers provide VoIP services for subscribers. Number of VoIP sub-protocols that can be identified. and the service procedure. the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for Voice over IP (VoIP) packets.. Enhancement Table 1-22 Release history of the SA-VOIP feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. Application Scenario This feature restricts the usage of VoIP software.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.. Layer 7 Parsing The UGW9811 identifies the protocol of a packet. identifies and parses data packets.

√ Table 1-25 NEs involved in implementing the SA-IM feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . The license control items for this feature is "82202125 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-IM.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Dependency Application Limitations The SA-VoIP feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify VoIP packets. and .1. √ √ In the preceding table(s). . Interaction with Other Features Table 1-23 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 1." You can use the display protocol-group IM command to view protocols in the protocol group managed by the license. SA-Basic 1. .2. Ltd. S-GW. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 1-24 NE involved in implementing the SA-IM feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN .indicates that the NE is not required. √ indicates that the NE is required. .1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 24 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. There are many VoIP applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new VoIP protocols. .3 GWFD-110016 SA-IM Applicable NEs GGSN. . Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license..

and the service procedure. the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic. The number of IM sub-protocols that can be identified is determined by the loaded signature database. Due to the service complexity. matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule. Protocol types of applications accessed are related to the service software version. and picture transfer correspond to the IM protocol.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary With the SA-IM feature. Description Related Concepts  IM IM is a real-time communication system that allows two or more subscribers to exchange texts and files. For example. Application Scenario This feature restricts the usage of IM software. identifies and parses data packets. . and identification by the UGW9811. Through service awareness. and then performs charging and control policies. type of service accessed by a subscriber. Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services. login. see 1. file transfer. reducing the impact of IM services on traditional services. such as the SMS. Benefits For. the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for instant messaging (IM) packets. such as the SMS. reducing the impact of IM services on traditional services. and voice calls and video calls correspond to the VoIP protocol. System Implementation For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. text transfer.. Layer 7 Parsing The UGW9811 identifies the protocol of a packet.1.. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 25 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. protocol identification. when a subscriber accesses the Skype service. when a subscriber accesses a service. Ltd.. and performs the bandwidth management. different applications may correspond to different protocol types. Benefits Carriers This feature restricts the usage of IM software.

√ √ In the preceding table(s). . S-GW. √ Table 1-29 NEs involved in implementing the SA-streaming on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 1-28 NE involved in implementing the SA-streaming feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN . and . . Dependency Application Limitations No application limitation is involved.2. √ indicates that the NE is required. .4 GWFD-110019 SA-Streaming Applicable NEs GGSN.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Enhancement Table 1-26 Release history of the SA-IM feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. .1. Ltd.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled. SA-Basic 1.indicates that the NE is not required.. Interaction with Other Features Table 1-27 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 1. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 26 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Layer 7 Parsing Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 27 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access. Ltd. It can be used to transmit both signaling and data. RTSP is a client/server application level protocol for controlling real-time data transmission. Application Scenario This feature enables carriers to provide large bandwidths for streaming services. Benefits For. identifies and parses data packets. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to provide large bandwidths for streaming services. see 1.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic. This type of protocol is used to play video or audio by using a browser or a specific media play tool. Subscribers Subscribers are unaware of this feature. and then performs charging and control policies.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. protocol identification. Summary With the SA-streaming feature. The license control items for this feature is "82202962 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-Streaming". You can use the display protocol-group streaming command to view protocols in the protocol group managed by the license.. improving video watching experience and attracting more subscribers. improving video watching experience and attracting more subscribers. MMSP is application layer protocol based on the transport layer protocols such as the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). . MMSP is the default method for a device to access the unicast contents on a Windows media server and has a narrow application scope. for example. and the service procedure. System Implementation For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing.. Description Related Concepts  Streaming: streaming media protocols.. the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for streaming packets.1. Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) and Microsoft Media Server Protocol (MMSP). Through service awareness.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  If the UGW9811 identifies the RTSP protocol of a packet. SA-Basic 1. . Dependency Application Limitations The SA-streaming feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify streaming packets. and obtains the keywords such as the uniform resource locator (URL) and method (Describe. Play.1.2. Setup.  If the UGW9811 identifies the MMSP protocol of a packet.5 GWFD-110021 SA-Game Applicable NEs GGSN. parses the packet according to RTSP. Interaction with Other Features Table 1-31 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 1.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled. and port number − IpAddr and Port: IP address and port number Then. S-GW. parses the packet according to MMSP. and P-GW Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 28 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and obtains the following information: − TransportMode: TCP or UDP − FileName: name of the file to be accessed − S2CPlayIncarnation: whether the PACKET-PAIR testing method (UDP or TCP) is allowed − FileAttributes: file attributes − SubScriberName: request session information. or Pause). the UGW9811 matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule and performs the corresponding charging and control policy.. Ltd. There are many streaming applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new streaming protocols. Enhancement Table 1-30 Release history of the SA-streaming feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C05 First release. host name.

You can use the display protocol-group Game command to view protocols in the protocol group managed by the license..indicates that the NE is not required. Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services. The license control items for this feature is "82202158 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting SA-Game". together with the service report feature.. √ √ In the preceding table(s).. . . Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 29 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. identifies and parses data packets.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Availability Involved NEs Table 1-32 NE involved in implementing the SA-game feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN . Summary With the SA-game feature. and then performs charging and control policies. √ indicates that the NE is required. Through service awareness. Benefits For. √ Table 1-33 NEs involved in implementing the SA-game feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . . . the UGW9811 can perform service awareness (SA) for game packets. enables carriers to view the traffic resulted from gaming software on the live network and then implement appropriate charging and control policies based on the report analysis result. Ltd. Benefits Carriers This feature. Description Related Concepts  Game: online game protocols. the UGW9811 determines the contents that a subscriber intends to access. . and .

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents This type of protocol is used to play online games. SA-Basic Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 30 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. together with the service report feature. PaoPaoKart. enables carriers to view the traffic resulted from gaming software on the live network and then implement appropriate charging and control policies based on the report analysis result. and performs the bandwidth management. Interaction with Other Features Table 1-35 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 1. There are many game applications that are updated frequently and therefore the SA signature database must be upgraded periodically for the UGW9811 to identify packets of new game protocols. Application Scenario This feature. protocol identification. and the service procedure. see 1.. matches the packet with a Layer 7 rule. Layer 7 Parsing The UGW9811 identifies the protocol of a packet. .1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled. Enhancement Table 1-34 Release history of the SA-game feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C05 First release. Dependency Application Limitations The SA-game feature is available only when the UGW9811 can identify game packets. System Implementation For details about Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing.1. Ltd. Number of game sub-protocols that can be identified.1.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.It is determined by the loaded signature database. for example.

. Ltd. . √ √ √ √ √ √ Table 2-3 NEs involved in implementing the PCC Basic Function feature on eHRPD networks UE eAN/ePC HSGW P-GW PCRF SPR AF F . .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 2 Smart Policy Control 2. These services provide a basis for carriers to implement MBB commercial traffic steering.1 GWFD-110206 PCC Basic Function Applicable NEs GGSN.1 Policy Control Software Entry Feature Traffic steering services based on the standard PCC architecture help implement network operation on the basis of network resources and user experience. . √ √ √ √ √ Table 2-2 NEs involved in implementing the PCC Basic Function feature on EPC networks UE eNode MME S-GW P-GW AAA PCR SPR AF B Server F .. . . √ √ √ √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 31 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-1 NEs involved in implementing the PCC Basic Function feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/ BSS/RA SGSN GGSN AAA PCRF SPR AF UE N Server . The deployment and usage of these functions must comply with local laws to protect end users' freedom of communications and rights to know their services.1. 2. S-GW.

redirection. PCC policies can be dynamically delivered by the PCRF to the UGW9811 through the Gx interface during an IP-connectivity access network (IP-CAN) session establishment or modification procedure. and application function (AF) are required if the UGW9811 uses policies delivered by the PCRF. When no PCRF is deployed.. PCC policies can be predefined on the UGW9811 and activated by the PCRF." Summary The PCC Basic Function feature enables the UGW9811 that functions as a policy and charging enforcement function (PCEF) to implement policy and charging control (PCC) based on the PCC policies delivered by the policy and charging rules function (PCRF) through the Gx interface. √ √ √ √ √ The AAA server is required if the UGW9811 uses policies delivered by the AAA server. Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models. contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support. charging policies. The PCRF.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-4 NEs involved in implementing the PCC Basic Function feature on WLANs UE AP/AC ePDG P-GW PCRF SPR AF . and .. Ltd. Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks.indicates that the NE is not required. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to perform uniform and multi-dimensional policy deployment and control. In the preceding table(s). Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. Subscribers This feature enables subscribers to use more diverse and tailored charging schemes and improves user experience for Internet services. thereby improving user experience and enhancing their competitiveness. the UGW9811 performs PCC based on local static rules or PCC policies delivered from the AAA server.. The license control item for this feature is "82202989 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting PCC Basic Function. the UGW9811 can implement dedicated bearer establishment (triggered by Layer 3/Layer 4 services) based on the local static rules or predefined rules delivered by the PCRF. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 32 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. subscription profile repository (SPR). Benefits For. including service-class quality of service (QoS) control and charging. and dynamic policy adjustment. √ indicates that the NE is required. With this feature. carriers can optimize their network resource utilization. Alternatively. . For 3GPP access subscribers. . and resource usage.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Description Application Scenario Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 33 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. ..

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-1 Application scenario of the PCC Basic Function feature Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 34 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. ..

WLAN. Ltd. and eHRPD networks. The exchanged messages contain EPC Gx AVPs and EPC Gx triggers defined in PCC standards. the UGW9811 must function as an integrated gateway and the UGW9811 uses the unified EPC Gx interface to interwork with the PCRF (which means that the messages over the Gx interface must comply with the standard EPC Gx interface formats regardless of whether the subscribers access the UGW9811 through a Gn/Gp SGSN or an MME/S4-SGSN). LTE. To enable handovers of PCC subscribers between EPC and GPRS/UMTS networks. and exchanges messages with the PCRF.. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 35 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The UGW9811 supports PCC for subscribers from GPRS/UMTS. . the UGW9811 reports to the PCRF the UE-requested information in AVPs defined by the PCC standards. the UGW9811 needs to map the Pre-R8 QoS to the EPC QoS based on the mapping rules described in QoS Mapping Mechanism for Gn/Gp SGSN Access.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Networking Structure Figure 3-2 shows the networking and interfaces for the PCC Basic Function feature. At the same time. When a Gn/Gp SGSN connects to the UGW9811.

the UGW9811 uses the SA function to parse subscriber packets. carriers can use policies to restrict P2P services during peak hours to reduce or eliminate overloads on a packet switched (PS) network. AAA server. or local configuration based on the subscriber information. Ltd.. and services based on carrier configurations. As shown in Figure 3-3. When the subscriber accesses packet data services. . networks. Policy control and charging control are two basic PCC functions.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-2 Networking diagram for the PCC Basic Function feature System Implementation The UGW9811 implements policy control. For example. the UGW9811 obtains PCC-related information about the subscriber from the PCRF. A policy refers to control measures that are implemented on specific subscribers. during the activation or/and information update for a subscriber. match Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 36 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Assume that three PCRFs. fourth. and PCRF C processes data for the third. . load-sharing percentages are not required for the PCRFs. If the active PCRF fails. APN. Figure 2-3 Basic functions of the PCC Basic Function feature Networking Reliability . PCRF B processes data for the second. A faulty PCRF does not participate in load sharing. PCRF A processes data for the first. respectively. and PCRF C process data for three.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents subscriber packets against rules. three. By default. and messages exchanged between the UGW9811 and a faulty PCRF are evenly load balanced among available PCRFs. and seventh subscribers. Ltd. fifth. and four subscribers. each PCRF in the group processes the same percentage of messages that are exchanged on the Gx interface. and their load sharing percentages are 30%. and 40%.PCRF Active/Standby Mode and Load-Sharing Mode The UGW9811 can select a PCRF group based on the entire system. PCRFs in a group may work in any of the following modes:  Active/standby mode When PCRFs in a PCRF group work in active/standby mode. the UGW9811 selects an available standby PCRF to process messages that are exchanged over the Gx interface. If a PCRF becomes faulty. PCRF A. If load sharing percentages are configured only for some PCRFs in a PCRF group but the total percentage is below 100%. and eighth subscribers. the UGW9811 skips this faulty PCRF and selects the next available PCRF.  Load-sharing polling mode When PCRFs in a PCRF group are selected in polling mode for load sharing. and the other PCRFs function as standby PCRFs. PCRF B. A. B..  Percentage-based load-sharing mode PCRFs in a PCRF group process messages exchanged on the Gx interface based on their configured load-sharing percentages. and obtain and implement charging control and QoS control rules. When 10 PCC subscribers are activated. or IMSI/MSISDN segment. sixth. respectively. the traffic is first load balanced among these PCRFs Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 37 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 30%. are available. The sum of subscriber percentages for all PCRFs in a PCRF group must not exceed 100%. and tenth subscribers. and C. one PCRF functions as the active PCRF. ninth.

the UGW9811 fails to to set the time period in which response from receive a CCA message from the PCC subscribers are kept the PCRF within PCRF before the Tx timer expires.. if a PCRF fails. Otherwise. The UGW9811 can run the Diameter protocol over TCP or SCTP and supports establishment of multiple Diameter links.  If TCP transmission is used. traffic on the faulty PCRF cannot be offloaded to other PCRFs in the group. Diameter links in the Diameter link group work in active/standby or load-sharing mode (a link selection mode can be configured by setting the connection-select-mode parameter in the pcrf command). Abnormality Handling Table 2-5 Abnormal scenarios and handling methods Abnormal Scenario Description UGW9811's Handling Scenario Method The UGW9811 The UGW9811 cannot find the The UGW9811 performs the fails to select a PCRF bound to an IMSI/MSISDN action specified in the PCRF group segment when activating a pcc-failure-action command. During network planning. The SCTP associations work in active/standby or load-sharing mode. however. The UGW9811 After sending a CCR message to run the holding-time command fails to receive a the PCRF. based on the subscriber using an IMSI/MSISDN Then the UGW9811 cannot use IMSI/MSISDN in this segment. multiple TCP links are established between the UGW9811 and multiple IP endpoints on the PCRF. This is usually dynamic polices from the PCRF segment. If a Diameter link in the Diameter link group fails. the UGW9811 selects the other available Diameter link in the Diameter link group for message exchange. activated after a rollback the specified This is because the PCRF fails to procedure. return a CCA message due to expires. If a DRA has been deployed. The UGW9811 supports load-sharing among PCRFs in a PCRF group to fully utilize the overall PCRF processing capacity of the PCRF group. . Then. The TCP links work in active/standby or load-sharing mode.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents based on the configured percentages. faults. thereby improving the signaling networking reliability. because no PCRF group has been to control PCC subscribers. carriers need to take disaster tolerance into consideration and prevent the PCRFs in a PCRF group from being fully loaded. subscribers. Link Reliability . Ltd. the UGW9811 congestion or application-layer deactivates the PCC subscribers. see GWFD-110620 SCTP. and these Diameter links form a Diameter link group. To bound to this segment on the restore dynamic control by the UGW9811. For details about the SCTP function. multiple SCTP associations are established between the UGW9811 and multiple SCTP endpoints on the PCRF. the UGW9811 uses Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 38 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  If SCTP transmission is used. After these subscribers are the CCA message may be lost due activated again as PCC to DRA related faults. PCRF and prevent bill shocks. After the period period. the remaining traffic is evenly distributed to the PCRFs in this PCRF group that are not configured with load sharing percentages.Multiple Diameter Links Multiple directly connected Diameter links can be established between multiple IP or SCTP endpoints on the PCRF and the UGW9811.

In this case. rectify the fault based on the result code definition. carrying PCC rules. an account but has not subscribed to any services.. any PCC rules. . In this scenario. The UGW9811 According to protocol This is usually caused by fails to install requirements. This is because Diameter heartbeat messages (DWR/DWA messages) cannot be normally maintained due to physical link failures or peer PCRF/DRA link-layer faults. a service fault occurs. Ltd. This is usually softpara bit 1207 and softpara does not carry because the subscriber has opened bit 1492 commands. the UGW9811 fails to activate the CCA-I message PCRF returns a CCA-I message subscriber. the PCRF-delivered predefined rules have not been configured on the UGW9811. from the PCRF. the delivered by a rule is installed. the PCRF returns a The UGW9811 performs the PCRF-returned CCA-I message that does not carry operations specified in the CCA-I message any PCC rules. the PCC rules fail the validity check and cannot be installed. to the PCRF/DRA. (DIAMETER_LIMITED_SUCCES S). dynamic policies from the PCRF link fails. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 39 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. leading to interworking failures.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Abnormal Scenario Description UGW9811's Handling Scenario Method The Gx interface The UGW9811 cannot set up links. however. For example. a PCC subscriber can incorrect subscription data on the any PCC rules be activated only after a valid PCC PCRF. The PCRF If a PCRF-returned CCA message The UGW9811 performs the returns a CCA carries a Result-Code or action specified in the message Experimental-Result-Code AVP result-code-control command. The In this scenario. including transport-layer TCP links to control them. In this case. carrying a result with a value other than 2001 code indicating (DIAMETER_SUCCESS) or 2002 an abnormality. and Diameter links.

Table 3-6 list the features that the UGW9811 supports. BIT175. R9 supported features. the enable in the pcrf-group UGW9811 sends a CCR message to command. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 40 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. the UGW9811 the PCRF and starts the Tx timer. If the standby response before the Tx timer PCRF does not respond. NetLoc Optional Indicates whether the PCEF supports the reporting of access network information. subscribers to non-PCC subscribers or local PCC subscribers so that the subscribers can still use services or deactivate subscribers based on the pcc-failure-action command settings. the UGW9811 does not negotiate with the PCRF about features. the UGW9811 and PCRF perform dynamic negotiation to determine a protocol version to be used in the message exchange between them or indicate whether the UGW9811 and PCRF support specific features. If the UGW9811 functions as a GGSN. Rel10 Mandatory Indicates whether the R10 protocol version is supported.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Abnormal Scenario Description UGW9811's Handling Scenario Method A Gx failover During initial activation or when If failover-support is set to occurs. The software parameters BIT174. ADC Optional Indicates whether the PCEF supports the Gx interface enhanced ADC function. ProvAFsignalFlow Optional Indicates whether the PCEF supports AF signaling flows in the IMS restoration scenario. the expires. Instead. Dynamic Negotiation of Supported Features Dynamic negotiation of supported features enables the UGW9811 to interwork with PCRFs of different protocol versions and with different capabilities. it considers the PCRF UGW9811 changes PCC abnormal. Rel9 Mandatory Indicates whether the R9 protocol version is supported. . If retransmits the message to the the UGW9811 does not receive a standby PCRF. Table 2-6 Supported features of the UGW9811 Name Attribute Description Rel8 Mandatory Indicates whether the R8 protocol version is supported. and optional supported features respectively. During the IP-CAN session establishment procedure. and BYTE735 control whether the Gx interface messages carry R8 supported features. Ltd. services are ongoing. the UGW9811 and PCRF exchange session messages based on the R7 protocol.

SGW-Rest Optional Indicates whether the PCEF supports S-GW restoration. For more information about dynamic negotiation. The IP-CAN session establishment fails. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 41 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the PCRF returns a Result-Code AVP that is set to DIAMETER_AVP_UNSUPPORTED and a Failed-AVP AVP indicating that the UGW9811 cannot identify the Supported-Features AVP. This feature is enhanced to support the load-sharing mechanism of the PCRF and unified EPC Gx interface function.. . If the PCRF is configured to support Rel8 and Rel9 on the UGW9811 and the peer PCRF supports Rel8 and Rel9. the UGW9811 and PCRF exchange messages using Rel9. This feature is enhanced to support dynamic negotiation of supported features. If the dynamic negotiation function is enabled on the UGW9811 and the PCRF does not support the Supported-Features AVP. see 3GPP TS 29. 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. Feature Enhancement Table 2-7 Release history of the PCC Basic Function feature Feature Version Product Version Details 03 UGW9811 V900R010C00 Third release. Ltd. If the dynamic negotiation function is disabled on the UGW9811.212. 02 UGW9811 V900R009C01 Second release. the UGW9811 and PCRF exchange messages using the latest protocol version that is supported by both the UGW9811 and PCRF.229 and 3GPP TS 29.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Name Attribute Description UMCH Optional Indicates whether the PCEF supports Usage Monitoring Congestion Handling (UMCH). Dependency Application Limitations There is no limitation to the use of the PCC Basic Function feature.

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 42 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. √ √ In the preceding table(s). the PMIP function needs to be enabled on the UGW9811. . Otherwise. In this case. . the Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) function needs to be enabled on the UGW9811. .1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-8 Interaction between the PCC Basic Function feature and other features Feature Interaction GWFD-110311 Radius If the UGW9811 is configured to implement PCC based on the policies delivered by the AAA server.2 GWFD-110205 Policy Control Based on Traffic Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-9 NEs involved in implementing the Policy Control Based on Traffic feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF .indicates that the NE is not required. . Ltd. GWFD-110409 IPv6 The IPv6 Networking on Logic Interface feature must be Networking on Logic activated if IPv6 bearers are required for the PCC basic Interface function. √ indicates that the NE is required. GWFD-110602 PMIP When trusted non-3GPP subscribers access the P-GW through the HSGW. √ √ Table 2-10 NEs involved in implementing the Policy Control Based on Traffic feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF . the UGW9811 cannot implement policy control on these subscribers. 2. . . Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this feature is "82202127 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Policy control based on traffic". the AAA server delivers policies during subscriber authentication and authorization. and .

Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 43 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Description Application Scenario The Policy Control Based on Traffic feature applies to the following scenarios:  The total volume of a subscriber of a specific type in a specified period of time needs to be restricted to a specified level... Benefits For. and resource usage. Ltd. carriers can restrict service usages within a specified period of time and lower the access rate when a subscriber's volume exceeds the quota value. the UGW9811 gradually decreases the subscriber's bandwidths and even blocks the service as the accumulated traffic volume for the subscriber increases. For a subscriber who has subscribed to a monthly package with a 10 GB quota. .  An FUP is used. contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support. In this manner. See Figure 3-4. when the subscriber-level accumulated volume reaches a preset threshold. charging policies. fair network usage is achieved and subscribers accessing the same service can enjoy the same network experience. the subscriber is charged a higher tariff. Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks. Subscribers This feature provides a fair usage policy (FUP) for all subscribers. Benefits Carriers This feature provides a flexible traffic control solution. services are blocked. or the subscriber's bandwidth is reduced.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary The Policy Control Based on Traffic feature enables the UGW9811 to implement different traffic control policies based on a subscriber-level accumulated volume in a specified period of time.. helping to optimize network resource allocation. the total volume of a common subscriber in a week should be less than or equal to 50 MB. For example. For example. By using the FUP. improving quality of experience.

. signaling loads over the Gx interface increase significantly. To solve this problem. This function is controlled by the feature parameter in the pcrf command. volume reporting for some subscribers is delayed.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-4 Policy control based on accumulated volume For monthly-package subscribers. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 44 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In this manner. Policy control based on V900R001C05 accumulated volume can be implemented by using three approaches. and reported volumes are inaccurate. and signaling congestion occurs. the Usage Monitoring Congestion Handling (UMCH) mechanism is introduced. for example. usage monitoring signaling congestion over the Gx interface can be prevented. quotas need to be reset at a specific time point. Ltd. 1 UGW9811 First release. If the PCRF instructs the UGW9811 to report the volumes of all online subscribers at the same time. V900R001C03 Dependency Application Limitations Only the threshold of total volumes is supported for the UMCH function. The PCRF uses the Monitoring-Time AVP to specify the quota reset time in advance. at the end of a month. If the PCRF instructs the UGW9811 to report the volumes of online subscribers in batches. Enhancement Table 2-11 Release history of the Policy Control Based on Traffic feature Feature Version Product Version Details 2 UGW9811 Second release. The PCEF counts the volumes before and after the quota reset time and reports them to the PCRF in the first volume reporting procedure after the quota reset time.

the PCRF delivers a policy to the UGW9811. √ √ In the preceding table(s). √ √ Table 2-14 NEs involved in implementing the Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF . and the policy and Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 45 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the policy control based on traffic feature is available only after the PCC basic function is enabled. Therefore. . .1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Interaction with Other Features Table 2-12 Interaction between the Policy Control Based on Traffic feature and other features Feature Interaction 3. √ indicates that the NE is required. . When the accumulated traffic reaches a specified threshold. 2.1.indicates that the NE is not required.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The UGW9811 needs to report the accumulated Basic Function subscriber-based volume of a specified period to the PCRF. .. and .3 GWFD-110223 Gx Enhanced for ADC Function Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-13 NEs involved in implementing the Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF . The license control item for this feature is "82203599 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Gx Enhanced for ADC Function. Ltd." Summary The current policy and charging control (PCC) function can help the UGW9811 implement dynamic control on Layer 3/Layer 4 services but not on Layer 7 services. . Requirement for the License This feature is optional and requires a license. .

. such as phone music download and phone video browsing. These services have far fewer subscribers than other similar Internet applications. Then the UGW9811 performs service control. Application is a new concept defined for ADC. and application start or stop events to the PCRF. and bearer management (bearer creation. and RTSP services. Subscribers Subscribers can access application-based differentiated services and experience less delay.  Deducible service A deducible service has identifiable application flow information. A deducible service can hardly be identified simply by the protocol name. and deletion) based on delivered PCC policies. You can identify whether flow information of an application can be effectively used only based on complete understanding and analysis of protocols.203. Benefits Carriers  Carriers can enhance the service detection and management capabilities of their networks and provide fine-grained service management to Internet service providers (ISPs). The application meaning is the same as the service meaning in 3. lasts for 3 minutes or longer.1. and has less than or equal to 16 concurrent service flows. The Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature is introduced to solve this problem. Based on subscription data. The ADC function enables the UGW9811 to detect applications and reports application identifiers. update. Description Related Concepts  Application ADC is a new function that is defined in 3GPP R11 23.. network status. Skype. For example.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents charging rules function (PCRF) cannot detect service changes. Differentiated QoS guarantee for these services can provide better service experience for subscribers and improve competitiveness of the carriers.  Carriers can deploy various service scenarios to help increase the income of volume related services because the PCRF knows the services used by subscribers and can deliver flexible PCC policies.  Carriers' own services Services.1 GWFD-110206 PCC Basic Function.. and the UGW9811 reported information. provided by carriers.  Carriers can allocate resources based on services to improve the network resource usage efficiency. FTP. charging. Ltd. flow information (deducible service). This implementation cannot meet carriers' refined operation requirements.  Non-deducible service Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 46 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Benefits For.  Carriers can provide different control policies for service applications and increase their subscriber base and revenues. the PCRF delivers PCC policies..

The UGW9811 identifies premium services and reports service information to the PCRF. video sharing. the quintuples age faster. Based on subscription data. After the UGW9811 performs the PCRF instructed ADC detection and reporting. improving service experience. Based on subscription data. the PCRF authorizes the subscriber to access the service in real time. and the UGW9811 reported information. Mobile TV System Implementation The UGW9811 has two implementation modes for the Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature. See Figure 3-5. The UGW9811 then performs application-based policy control based on the PCRF delivered PCC policy. such as high-quality Skype VoIP voice services and YouTube video services for subscribers who have subscribed to these services − Carrier-operated video services that run on the Internet. and chatting − Subscribed services..HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Compared with a deducible service. Application Scenario The Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature applies to the following usage scenarios:  Page redirection If a subscriber requests a service to which the subscriber has not subscribed. triggering dedicated bearer creation. the UGW9811 redirects the subscriber to a page informing that the service is unavailable and instructing the subscriber to subscribe to the service. file transfer. and the UGW9811 reported information. such as VoIP. and the UGW9811 performs bandwidth control on the services (such as the VoIP service) accordingly. the PCRF delivers flow control policies for specific services to the UGW9811. such as the Peer to Peer (P2P) or Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) service. the PCRF determines a PCC policy based on the UGW9811 reported application ID and application start/stop event and delivers the PCC policy to the UGW9811. In this manner.  QoS guarantee for premium services The UGW9811 creates dedicated bearers to provide QoS guarantee for premium services. and more service flows are involved. . the UGW9811 provides differentiated QoS guarantee for premium services. Ltd. network status. network status (cell congestion situation). the PCRF delivers PCC policies with different QoS class identifiers (QCIs)/allocation/retention priorities (ARPs) to the UGW9811. During subscriber activation.  In compliance with 3GPP R11 b50 The Gx interface extends ADC rules. in a non-deducible service. Carriers can use this feature to provide differentiated QoS guarantee for the following premium services: − Carrier-operated services.  Service flow control The UGW9811 detects and reports information about services used by subscribers in real time. This ADC rule does not contain any application control actions. for example. After the subscriber subscribes to the service. and then the subscriber can use the service. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 47 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the PCRF delivers an ADC rule and application start/stop event trigger to the UGW9811.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Figure 2-5 Service principle (in compliance with 3GPP R11 b50)

 In compliance with 3GPP R12 c50
The Gx interface extends PCC rules to support the ADC function. See Figure 3-6. During
subscriber activation, the PCRF delivers a PCC rule with an application ID and
application start/stop event trigger to the UGW9811. The UGW9811 then performs
either of the following operations:
− The UGW9811 identifies the service used by the subscriber and then performs the
PCC rule with the application ID that the PCRF delivers during subscriber activation.
− The UGW9811 identifies the service used by the subscriber and reported application
information and application start/stop event to the PCRF. The PCC determines a new
PCC policy based on the UGW9811 reported information and then delivers the new
PCC policy to the UGW9811. The UGW9811 enforces the new PCC policy.

Figure 2-6 Service principle (in compliance with 3GPP R12 c50)

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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Feature Enhancement

Table 2-15 Release history of the Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature

Feature Version Product Version Details
2 UGW9811 V900R012C10 This feature is released for
the second time and complies
with 3GPP R12 c50.
1 UGW9811 V900R010C00 This feature is released for
the first time and complies
with 3GPP R11 b50.

Dependency
Application Limitations
 The UGW9811's ADC function in compliance with 3GPP R11 b50 is controlled by the
license and adc-switch command setting, not by the negotiation using the
supported-features AVP between the UGW9811 and PCRF.
 The PCRF must correctly respond to the messages from the UGW9811 in the following
situations that occur due to signaling control on the Gx interface or link faults:
1. The PCRF does not receive the stop event of an application from the UGW9811 but
receives another start event of the same application.
2. The PCRF receives only the stop event of an application but no start event of the
application.
 The PCRF-delivered application identifier, ADC rule name, or ADC rule group name
must not exceed 31 bytes.
 Priorities of ADC rules are not defined in 3GPP R11. Therefore, the PCRF must ensure
that an application identifier is used by only one ADC rule in an IP-CAN session.
 If application-based policy control and bearer guarantee are required based on the
UGW9811 reported information, the PCRF must generate a dynamic rule based on the
UGW9811 reported all flow information specific to an application and use this dynamic
rule to deliver the QoS for the application.
Interaction with Other Features

Table 2-16 Interaction between the Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature and other features

Feature Interaction
1 Service Awareness (SA) The Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature is available only
after the SA feature is activated because the UGW9811 needs
to use the SA feature to identify services.
3.1.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The Gx Enhanced for ADC Function feature is available only
Basic Function after the PCC Basic Function feature is activated because the
PCRF needs to deliver ADC rules or PCC rules with
application IDs to the UGW9811.

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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

2.2 Bandwidth Optimization Based on Service
2.2.1 GWFD-110204 Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness
Applicable NEs
GGSN and P-GW

Availability
Involved NEs

Table 2-17 NEs involved in implementing the Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature
on GPRS/UMTS networks

MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF
- - - √ √

Table 2-18 NEs involved in implementing the Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature
on EPC networks

UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF
- - - - √ √

In the preceding table(s), √ indicates that the NE is required, and - indicates that the NE is not required.

Requirement for the License
This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this
feature is "82202988 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Traffic Control Based on Service
Awareness."

Summary
The Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature enables carriers to control the
bandwidths used by Peer-to-Peer (P2P) services, online games, and Voice over IP (VoIP)
services, preventing theses services or applications from using too many bandwidths and
ensuring that other subscriber service requests are properly processed.

Traffic steering services based on the standard PCC architecture help implement network operation on
the basis of network resources and user experience. These services provide a basis for carriers to
implement MBB commercial traffic steering. The deployment and usage of these functions must comply
with local laws to protect end users' freedom of communications and rights to know their services.
Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of PS networks requires evaluation of the existing
service models, charging policies, and resource usage. To perform the corresponding deployment based
on the evaluation results, contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration
service support.

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For example.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For. Description Related Concepts  Global bandwidth management: The service transmission rate for all subscribers is controlled globally on the UGW9811. 1=Low Delay − Bit 4: 0=Normal Throughput. ToS uses bits 3-6. and high-throughput... 1=High Reliability − Bits 6-7: Explicit Congestion Notification 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+ | | | | | | | | PRECEDENCE | D | T | R | 0 | 0 | | | | | | | | +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 51 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The level of service is determined by a set of service parameters which provide a three-way trade-off between low-delay. if a traffic control rule specifies that the total traffic rate of subscribers on the UGW9811 must not exceed 20 Mbit/s. ToS can be used by applications to indicate priority and Quality of Service (QoS) for each frame. Ltd. ensuring that carriers have sufficient bandwidths to provide diversified services to subscribers. Bandwidth management policies are implemented on excess packets above the allowed traffic rate.  User-group-based bandwidth management: A user group consists of subscribers of an access point name (APN)/user profile or several APNs/user profiles. bit 7 is reserved.  Subscriber-specific bandwidth management: The subscriber-specific bandwidth management controls the traffic rate of individual subscribers in a user group. . The user-group-based bandwidth management controls the total traffic rate of all subscribers belonging to the same user group. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to prevent P2P and VoIP services from using too many bandwidths. the total traffic rate of subscribers enabled with this traffic control feature on the UGW9811 at any time will be controlled to be lower than 20 Mbit/s.. 1=High Throughput − Bit 5: 0=Normal Reliability. IP precedence uses bits 0-2. high-reliability. Subscribers This feature improves the user experience and ensures that subscribers' normal service requests are not affected by P2P and VoIP services.  ToS value: The Type of Service (ToS) value is defined by an 8-bit hexadecimal number between 0 and FF. The 8-bit hexadecimal number is described as follows: − Bits 0-2: Precedence − Bit 3: 0=Normal Delay.

 ToS services are distinguished based on ToS values. Ltd. P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Subscribers control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP bandwidth traffic of individual subscribers. which cannot be used simultaneously to implement the same level of bandwidth management.. Application Scenario Table 3-23 lists the typical application scenarios of traffic control based on service awareness. VoIP. management based on the APN P2P/VoIP traffic Service control and bandwidth APN/User group policing based on management are performed on P2P/VoIP the user group traffic of a group of subscribers with the same attribute (for example. . on the ToS value P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth APN/User group control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP bandwidth traffic of an APN. and Layer 7 protocol group. and Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) services. Layer 7 protocol. P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Time segment (busy control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP hour/idle hour) bandwidth traffic based on the time segment as management based configured in policies.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents User-group-based or subscriber-specific bandwidth management is categorized into ToS-based bandwidth management and non-ToS-based bandwidth management. Table 2-19 Typical application scenarios of traffic control based on service awareness Typical Scenario Description Application Application Dimension Scenario Global bandwidth Bandwidth management is performed on Entire UGW9811 management based the services of the same type on a UGW. on the time segment Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 52 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. P2P. subscribers with the platinum level of QoS).  Non-ToS services are distinguished based on non-ToS values such as the category property. for example. management based on the subscriber Bandwidth Bandwidth management is performed Service/Service group management based based on the service that can be on the service identified by the UGW9811.

. traffic direction. P2P/VoIP service After the RAT is changed. and time segment. on the subscriber P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Roaming subscribers control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP bandwidth traffic based on the roaming attribute as management based configured in policies. Ltd. on the subscriber's roaming attribute P2P/VoIP service  Service control and bandwidth Combination of control and management are performed on dimensions bandwidth P2P/VoIP traffic based on the management based combination of the roaming attribute. a user group. the new policies for service changes based on control and bandwidth management take the RAT change effect with both current traffic and subsequent traffic.. an APN. on accumulated NOTE traffic The PCRF is required for implementing this function. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 53 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Accumulated traffic control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP bandwidth traffic based on accumulated traffic as management based configured in policies. radio access technology dimensions (RAT). or a subscriber. if the service RAT control and control and bandwidth management (UTRAN/GERAN/WL bandwidth policies for P2P/VoIP traffic change AN/GAN) management policy accordingly. on multiple location. P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Location (local control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP subscriber/roaming bandwidth traffic based on the subscriber's location subscriber/visitor) management based as configured in policies.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Typical Scenario Description Application Application Dimension Scenario P2P/VoIP service Service control and bandwidth Traffic direction control and management are performed on P2P/VoIP (uplink/downlink) bandwidth traffic based on the traffic direction.  Service control and bandwidth management based on one of the preceding dimensions or any combination of the preceding dimensions are applicable to the entire UGW9811. management based using the same or different policies for on the traffic traffic in the two directions direction (uplink/downlink).

run the bwm-statistic-period command to configure a period so that the UGW9811 collects service statistics of each SPU in each period and dynamically adjusts resources. to prevent traffic of subscriber A in the subscriber group from preempting subscriber B's traffic marked in green. on each SPU. − The UGW9811 identifies packets of non-ToS services based on Layer 3/Layer 4 filters. To perform user-level/user-group-level/UGW9811-level bandwidth management. − User-group-level (user profile or APN): Service control and bandwidth management are supported. run the bwm-rule service-level command to configure different priorities for different services so that high-priority services can use all bandwidths and low-priority services can use only remaining bandwidths of high-priority services.. To perform user-level/user-group-level/UGW9811-level bandwidth management. Ltd. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 54 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the user-group-level service bandwidth and number of quintuple connections are effective for the UGW9811. The user-group-level service bandwidth and number of quintuple connections can be effective for the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Bandwidth Management Implementation on the UGW9811 1. 3. for example. − UGW9811-level: Global service control and bandwidth management are supported. run the bwm-car-algorithm color-aware command to preferentially guarantee subscribers' traffic marked in green in a subscriber group. . Enhancement Table 2-20 Release history of the Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. The UGW9811 identifies packets of various service types. Layer 7 protocol type. − The UGW9811 identifies packets of ToS services based on the ToS value in packets. 2 UGW9811 V900R010C01 Second release. The UGW9811 supports hierarchical service control in the following dimensions: − User-level: Service control and bandwidth management are supported. − Subscriber attributes include the RAT and roaming attribute. The UGW9811 performs service control and bandwidth management for P2P/VoIP service traffic according to the matching bandwidth management rule. 2. or Layer 7 protocol characteristics. such as the CAR bucket parameters and connection threshold. − Traffic attributes include the uplink/downlink direction and time segment. You can run the bwm-range command to specify whether the user-group-level service bandwidth and number of quintuple connections are effective on a per-SPU basis or for the UGW9811. The UGW9811 matches a P2P/VoIP service packet with a bandwidth management rule based on subscriber and traffic attributes.

contact Huawei marketing support department.2. Enable the basic policy and charging control (PCC) function so that the UGW9811 can obtain rules from the PCRF. 3.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The UGW9811 can use the rules delivered by the policy Basic Function and charging rules function (PCRF) to control bandwidths.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 controls bandwidths based on services. √ √ √ √ Table 2-23 NEs involved in implementing the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF AF/P-CSCF √ √ √ . The number of bandwidth management types is controlled by the license. Ltd. Interaction with Other Features Table 2-21 Interaction between the Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature and other features Feature Interaction 1.1.1. √ √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 55 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .. SA-Basic Therefore.2 GWFD-110916 Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-22 NEs involved in implementing the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF AF/P-CSCF √ .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Dependency Application Limitations The Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature applies to bandwidth control on P2P and VoIP service packets. For bandwidth control on other types of service packets. 2. the Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness feature is available only after SA is enabled.

In the CN PS domain that was defined before the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 7 (R7). Summary In the core network (CN) packet switched (PS) domain. Benefits For.indicates that the NE is not required. 3GPP R8 enables the network to initiate dedicated bearer activation.. especially voice services. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 56 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. which shortens the waiting time of subscribers in voice calls. If a secondary PDP context/dedicated bearer is required. 3GPP R7 enables the network to initiate PDP context/bearer operations. improving QoS and user experience of VoIP services. . The network delivers the QoS for media services based on the UE's signaling negotiation and the network's capacity. After this license is purchased. each packet data network (PDN) connection supports a maximum of 11 Packet Data Protocol (PDP) contexts/bearers.. The license control items for this feature is "82202180 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Network Initiated Dedicated PDP/ Bearer Activation". To meet carrier requirements for refined management of network resources. The network delivers the QoS based on the media stream information negotiated by Session Initiation Protocol/Session Description Protocol (SIP/SDP). Benefits Carriers  Implement network-based control of subscribers' PDP context/bearer operations and allocate network resources efficiently.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents In the preceding table(s). Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The network uses these resources to implement IMS call control and policy and charging control (PCC) and allocate PDP context/bearer resources for IMS services. and .  Achieve end-to-end quality of service (QoS) authorization and guarantee for voice over IP (VoIP) services. the UGW9811 allows a UE to establish one dedicated bearer initiated by the network side. only the user equipment (UE) had the right to manage PDP contexts/bearers. the UE must initiate a secondary PDP context/dedicated bearer activation procedure. √ indicates that the NE is required. 3GPP R8 also enables the network to reserve IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) session resources. Subscribers  This feature enables IMS resource reservation without UE initiated secondary PDP context/dedicated bearer activation.  This feature ensures end-to-end QoS for media services. 3GPP R7 enables the network to initiate PDP context/bearer operations. Ltd.

both communication parties exchange SIP signaling messages. only the UE can install and modify flow filters for data matching and forwarding. For example.  SIP/SDP The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) defines the SIP and SDP. For example. the activated primary PDP context/default bearer is usually used to transmit SIP signaling messages for registration. location management. A new media PDP context is also required to transmit media streams when the callee receives an INVITE message and returns a response message. Note that the UE and CN devices must all support UE/NW. Resource reservation for the caller is independent of that for the callee.  Resource reservation After the attach and primary PDP context/default bearer activation procedures are complete for an IMS UE. This procedure is called IMS resource reservation. the PCO in network-initiated request messages always indicates the BCM of UE_NW.  Differences in network-initiated and UE-initiated secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation procedures Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 57 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. which carry the media information supported by multimedia calls and the required bandwidths. only the UE can perform operations on PDP context/bearer resources. and call control in VoIP services.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Description This section contains the following contents:  Related Concepts  Application Scenario Application Scenario  Networking Structure Related Concepts  BCM BCM controls the right of the UE and the CN to manage the PDP context/bearer. and calls. SIP manages the sessions. The AF.. SDP runs over SIP. Ltd. and it negotiates media information. . A call can be connected only after resource reservation is complete for both the caller and callee. the CN can dynamically modify or create resources based on media streams that the AF obtains by SDP. and it provides subscriber registration. A new flow filter cannot trigger a Network Initiated Dedicated PDP/ Bearer Activation procedure. When a UE attempts to start a call.  PCC PCC is defined in 3GPP. and UGW9811 functioning as the policy and charging enforcement function (PCEF) interwork with each other to associate SIP-based upper-layer applications with resources and QoS management in CN PS. a new media primary PDP context/default bearer is required to transmit the media streams. therefore providing QoS guarantee to subscribers. If the BCM is UE_NW. These NEs use rule authorization and the binding relationship between PDP contexts/bearers and the rules to dynamically adjust subscribers' PDP contexts/bearers and network resources. the CN can dynamically modify PDP context/bearer resources or create new PDP contexts/bearers as needed. PCRF. The IMS CN uses SDP to parse messages and obtain Rx rules delivered to the CN PS. Standard protocols that were released after 3GPP R7 define the following BCM modes: − UE_Only In this mode. subscriber location. − UE/NW In this mode. In a typical SIP VoIP session.

In this manner. the UE initiates the secondary PDP context activation procedure so that the UGW9811 establishes the secondary PDP context. In addition. Ltd. − During network-initiated secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation procedures. and the QoS for UE-initiated secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation procedures is specified by the UE. This mechanism enables telecommunications carriers to work together with service providers (SPs) to provide dedicated channels for secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation with specific QoS guarantee. An AF in the IMS triggers the network to initiate secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation. UEs do not need to be aware of the secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation. channel management and control capabilities for telecommunications carriers are improved.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents − Network-initiated secondary PDP context/dedicated bearer activation procedures are implemented in the same manner. The IMS-based VoIP service is deployed on the network. The QoS negotiations increase the waiting time before a call is established. After receiving the secondary PDP context activation request. which minimizes the impact on the NEs and UE. − The QoS for network-initiated secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation procedures is specified by the network. the caller and the callee implemented resource reservation separately by initiating secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation on their networks. During the resource reservation process. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 58 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the network sends a secondary PDP context activation request to the UE through the SGSN. 3GPP R7 introduced the network-initiated secondary PDP context activation procedure. Application Scenario Before the Network Initiated secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation feature. The secondary PDP context activation request carries the QoS and TFT parameters for the secondary PDP context to be activated. Figure 3-7 and Figure 3-8 shows the service flow in the typical scenario. and 3GPP R8 introduced the network-initiated dedicated bearer creation procedure. several Quality of Service (QoS) negotiations are required during activation because only the UE can initiate resource and bandwidth requests in the GPRS/UMTS networks. the CN can only wait for the UE to initiate secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation. The CN allocates bandwidths for multimedia streams and creates PDP contexts/bearers to transmit media streams. and therefore provide higher QoS for high-ARPU services.. During the network-initiated secondary PDP context activation procedure. .

direction.. Ltd. and required Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 59 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the AF in the IMS CN obtains the codec format. By resolving the SDP messages during the UE's call. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-7 Service flow in the typical scenario in the GPRS/UMTS networks Figure 2-8 Service flow in the typical scenario in the EPC networks Networking Structure The IMS CN and PS CN are connected through the PCRF.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

bandwidth of media streams. The AF sends the information to the PCRF. The PCRF converts
the information into QoS parameters and rules that the PS CN can identify, and authorizes the
QoS parameters and rules to the UGW9811. The UGW9811 initiates network-initiated
secondary PDP context activation/dedicated bearer creation procedures based on the UE's
bearer status and the network status.
Figure 3-9 and Figure 3-10 shows the networking architecture for the Network Initiated
Dedicated PDP/ Bearer Activation feature.

Figure 2-9 Networking architecture for the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation
feature in the GPRS/UMTS networks

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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Figure 2-10 Networking architecture for the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation
feature in the EPC networks

UGW9811 connects to the PCRF and the SGSN. To implement the Network Initiated
Dedicated PDP/Bearer Activation feature, the UGW9811 must:
 Support the UE/NW BCM.
 Support PCC interaction over the 3GPP-EPS Gx interface.
 Be able to bind PCRF-authorized QoS parameters and rules to PDP contexts/bearers.
 Send a secondary PDP context activation request to the SGSN or a dedicated bearer
creation request to the MME based on the bearer binding relationship.
USN9810 connects to the RNC/eNodeB and the UGW9811. To implement the Network
Initiated Secondary PDP feature, the USN9810 must:
 Support the UE/NW BCM.
 Support Network Initiated Dedicated PDP/Bearer Activation triggered by the UGW9811.

Enhancement

Table 2-24 Release history of the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation feature

Feature Version Product Version Details
2 UGW9811 V900R010C00 This feature is released for
the second time. The P-GW
USN9810 V900R011C01 is supported.
1 UGW9811 V900R009C02 First release.

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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Feature Version Product Version Details
USN9810 V900R011C01

Dependency
Application Limitations
 The Network Initiated Dedicated PDP/Bearer Activation feature is implemented on the
UGW9811 when it functions as an integrated gateway. This feature does not apply when
the UGW9811 functions only as a Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN). The
interaction between the UGW9811 and UPCC complies with the standard for the Gx
interface in 3GPP evolved packet system (EPS).
 The UE must support the UE/NW (Network) BCM.
Interaction with Other Features

Table 2-25 Interaction between the Network Initiated Dedicated Bearer/PDP Activation feature
and other features

Feature Interaction
3.1.1 The PCC Basic Function feature must be enabled before the Network
GWFD-110206 Initiated Secondary PDP Activation feature can be used.
PCC Basic
Function
GWFD-110601 The IMS Access feature must be enabled if the IMS service is required.
IMS Access

2.2.3 GWFD-110229 Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service
Accumulated Traffic
Applicable NEs
GGSN and P-GW

Availability
Involved NEs

Table 2-26 NEs involved in implementing the fair usage policy control based on service
accumulated traffic feature on the GPRS/UMTS network

MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF

- - - √ √

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or the service data rate is reduced. Benefits Carriers This feature provides a flexible traffic control solution. Carriers used to use the monthly flat fee strategy to attract subscribers. the subscriber is charged a higher tariff for using the service. The introduction of P2P services. charging policies. The license control items for this feature is "82204348 PDP Context Numbers of Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulate Traffic". the total usage of a peer-to-peer (P2P) service in a week should be less than or equal to 50 MB. Benefits For. however. and . the service is blocked. For example. Description Application Scenario The Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature applies to the following scenarios:  The total usage of a specific type of service in a specified period of time needs to be restricted to a specified level. Summary The Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature enables the UGW9811 to implement different traffic control policies based on a subscriber's accumulated service usage in a specified period of time. . √ √ In the preceding table(s). For example. .indicates that the NE is not required. providing unlimited service access for subscribers. improving quality of experience.. √ indicates that the NE is required. Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks. Subscribers This feature provides a fair usage policy (FUP) for all subscribers. .. . shifts the balance in the traditional network traffic model. and resource usage. contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-27 NEs involved in implementing the Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF .. Ltd. when a subscriber's usage of a service reaches a preset threshold. P2P service Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 63 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models.  An FUP is used. helping to optimize network resource allocation.

For a flat-rate subscriber.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents subscribers. In this manner. Figure 2-11 Fair usage policy control based on accumulated service usage Networking Structure Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 64 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . for example. fair network usage is achieved and subscribers accessing the same service can enjoy the same network experience. the UGW9811 gradually decreases service bandwidths and even blocks the service as the accumulated traffic volume for the specific service increases. cover 20% of all subscribers but use 80% of the network traffic. Ltd. By using the FUP. This degrades quality of experience for most subscribers and hinders new service development for carriers.. See Figure 3-11. carriers can restrict the usage of a specific service within a specified period of time and lower the access rate when a subscriber's usage of this service exceeds the quota value.

.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-12 Networking for the Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature on the GPRS/UMTS network Figure 2-13 Networking for the Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature on the EPC network Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 65 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. .

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 66 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The UGW9811 needs to report the accumulated service-based Basic Function traffic of a specified period to the PCRF.1. When the accumulated service usage reaches a specified threshold. the PCRF delivers a policy to the UGW9811. Ltd. Service Awareness 2.2 GWFD-110204 The bandwidth management feature needs to be enabled if Traffic Control Based on you configure QoS rules on the UGW9811. These services provide a basis for carriers to implement MBB commercial traffic steering. the fair usage policy control based on service accumulated traffic feature is available only after the PCC basic function is enabled. 1 Service Awareness (SA) The service awareness (SA) feature must be enabled before fair usage policy control based on service accumulated traffic can be implemented. The deployment and usage of these functions must comply with local laws to protect end users' freedom of communications and rights to know their services.2. 3.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Enhancement Table 2-28 Release history of the Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 First release..3 Bandwidth Optimization Based on Location Traffic steering services based on the standard PCC architecture help implement network operation on the basis of network resources and user experience. V900R010C00 Dependency Application Limitations Interaction with Other Features Table 2-29 Interaction between the Fair Usage Policy Control Based on Service Accumulated Traffic feature and other features Feature Interaction 3. . Therefore.

.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 2. contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. Summary Policy control based on initial access location is a Huawei proprietary solution. Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models. Table 2-30 NEs involved in implementing policy control based on initial access location MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN PCRF CG OCS U2000 Server √ . For example. the UGW9811 can perform flow control and service restriction. √ indicates that the NE is required. such as restricting the total Peer-to-Peer (P2P) service traffic in a cell. Policy control based on initial access location enables the UGW9811 to divide users into user groups based on their initial access locations and to implement user-group-specific bandwidth management for solving the cell congestion problem. Ltd. √ √ . and resource usage. The license control items for this feature is "82202752 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Policy Control based on Initial Access Location ". .indicates that the NE is not required.3. . Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 67 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. - In the preceding table(s).. charging policies.1 GWFD-110220 Policy Control Based on Initial Access Location Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 3-34 lists the network elements (NEs) involved in implementing policy control based on initial access location. which aims to manage bandwidth resources for congested cells. and .

cells with heavy traffic load are easily congested due to wireless bandwidth resource shortage. Ltd. After policy control based on initial access location is enabled. Benefits Carriers  This feature enables carriers to implement differentiated bandwidth management policies for services in cells with heavy traffic load in different periods.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For. the UGW9811 prevents overuse of bandwidth resources by P2P/VoIP services and improve the user experience of most subscribers by implementing bandwidth management for congested cells during peak hours.  This feature enables carriers to implement bandwidth management for cells with heavy traffic load on the GGSN.. V900R009C01 Dependency Application Limitations There is no limit to the use of this feature.. preventing inaccurate charging caused by packet loss during bandwidth management on the radio access network (RAN) side. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 68 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Subscribers This feature improves the user experience for most subscribers and ensures fair usage of network resources among subscribers. For example. Table 2-31 Release history of the policy control based on initial access location feature Feature Product Version Details Version 1 UGW9811 First release. the UGW9811 can perform cell-specific bandwidth control for P2P services in central business district (CBD) between 9:00 a.. and 11:00 a.m. .m. improving the wireless resource usage. Description Application Scenario On the general packet radio service (GPRS) network. Enhancement Table 3-35 describes the release history of the policy control based on initial access location feature.

. 2. The license control item is "Cell Location Information Report (S11)" on the EPC network.2 The UGW9811 needs to perform bandwidth control and service GWFD-110204 restriction based on the initial access locations of subscribers. √ √ √ √ √ In the preceding table(s).. This feature is an optional function of the USN9810. Traffic Control Therefore. . and .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-32 Interaction between policy control based on initial access location and other features Feature Interaction 3. The license control item is "Real-time Location-based Policy Control" on the GPRS/UMTS network. This feature is optional for the UPCC and requires a license.2 GWFD-110203 Policy Control Based on Real-time location Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-33 NEs involved in implementing the Policy Control Based on Real-time Location feature on General Packet Radio System (GPRS)/Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) networks MS/UE BSS NodeB RNC SGSN GGSN PCRF . the policy control based on initial access location feature is Based on Service available only after traffic control based on service awareness is Awareness enabled.3. Ltd. . The license control item for this feature on the UPCC is "Service Zone-based Dynamic Policy Control". A license is required for this feature.2. √ √ √ √ Table 2-34 NEs involved in implementing the Policy Control Based on Real-time Location feature on evolved packet core (EPC) networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF . The license control items for this feature is "82202486 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Policy control based on real-time location".indicates that the NE is not required. √ indicates that the NE is required. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 69 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.

Benefits Carriers  This feature helps carriers improve user experience and reduce congestion and bandwidth wastes in specified areas. charging policies. ECGI.. and network status and initiates a policy update procedure. Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks. serving gateway (S-GW). When subscribers are in the coverage of Wi-Fi hotspots.  This feature enables carriers to provide value-added services. E-UTRAN cell global identifier (ECGI). service area identity (SAI) or routing area identity (RAI) of a subscriber changes. and mobility management entity (MME)/serving GPRS support node (SGSN).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary In policy control based on real-time locations. SAI or RAI.  This feature enables carriers to provide low-cost location-based wireless broadband applications in areas where fixed network construction costs are high.  This feature enables carriers to offload traffic to Wireless Fidelity Alliance (Wi-Fi) hotspots in areas with heavy traffic. Benefits For. The PCRF stores subscription data. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 70 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models. For example. including the real-time location reporting setting for a subscriber. When a subscriber is activated. . By implementing differentiated charging and quality of service (QoS) control on subscribers in these areas based on subscriber or service types. and resource usage. effectively reducing the loads of the mobile networks. such as advertisement push services. they will be informed of the available Wi-Fi access. The PCRF decides on a policy based on the subscribers' location. carriers can push discount and promotion advertisements to the subscriber. traffic volume. contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support.. Subscribers  This feature provides subscribers with value-added services.. the PCRF delivers the subscription data to the RAN through the GGSN/P-GW. carriers can ensure the overall service access rate of subscribers in these areas. Ltd. the radio access network (RAN) sends the subscriber's real-time location information to the gateway GPRS support node (GGSN)/PDN gateway (P-GW). Location updates can be reported based on the CGI. when a subscriber is traveling near a shopping center. based on real-time locations. such as advertisement push. when the cell global identification (CGI). The Policy Control Based on Real-time Location feature enables the GGSN/P-GW to report the subscriber's real-time location information (sent by the RAN) to the policy and charging rules function (PCRF) in real time.  This feature enables subscribers to access location-based preferential service packages and use different charging and QoS policies based on their locations.

A service zone may cover one or more sectors or cities.  RAI Identifies a routing area and is used for paging and registration. . When subscribers move from their home zones to other zones. An LAI consists of the mobile network code (MNC) and mobile country code (MCC) of a PLMN and a location area code (LAC). Ltd. SAI. and SGSN/MME IP address. CI/ECI: uniquely identifies a cell within a location area. subscribers can be assigned to different areas. A CGI consists of an LAI and a cell identity (CI). SAC: identifies a service area within a location area. A network can be divided into service zones that provide basic services. Application Scenario This feature enables the UGW9811 to control the traffic in specified areas in real time. Home zones are used to provide customized services for specific subscribers or subscriber groups.  SAI Identifies a service area that covers one or more cells belonging to the same location area. ECGI: identifies a cell on evolved packet system (EPS) networks. the tariff policies of the home zones do not apply and only basic services are available to the subscribers. The UGW9811 can implement Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 71 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The SGSN initiates page calls to UEs that are in the idle state in a routing area so that the UEs can access packet switched (PS) services. A subscriber's home zone is a fixed area. TA is a concept that the EPS system introduces for UE location management. Carriers assign a home zone to subscribers during subscription.  TAI Identifies a tracking area (TA) and consists of the mobile network code (MNC) and mobile country code (MCC) of a PLMN and a tracking area code (TAC). LAI: identifies a location area within a specified public land mobile network (PLMN). Home zones are associated with subscriber attributes. An ECGI consists of an LAI and an E-UTRAN cell identity (ECI). such as the area where the subscriber lives or works. Subscribers' QoS parameters and tariffs vary with service zones. An RAI consists of an LAI and a routing area code (RAC). An SAI consists of a location area identifier (LAI) and a service area code (SAC). Service zones are identified by the following items in ascending order of size: CGI (ECGI in the LTE system).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Description Related Concepts  ServiceZone A mobile service zone in which a carrier provides specific services or QoS policies for local subscribers. RAI (TAI in the LTE system). Carriers provide stable and diversified mobile broadband (MBB) services for subscribers in home zones.  HomeZone A special service zone to which subscribers belong.. RAC: uniquely identifies a routing area within a location area. With this feature.  CGI/ECGI CGI: identifies a cell on GPRS/UMTS networks.

When a tracking area update (TAU)/routing area update (RAU). or S1-based handover procedure starts. The UGW9811 triggers the location report event and reports the real-time location information to the PCRF.. X2-based handover. in cells with high subscriber density. The SGSN/MME sends the UE's real-time location information (reported by the RAN) to the UGW9811 through the Gn/S11 interface. The PCRF determines and updates policies and then provisions policies to the UGW9811 through the Gx interface. the eNodeB reports the UE's cell-specific location update information in an S1 Application Protocol (S1AP) signaling message to the SGSN/MME. This feature can also restrict the mobility of home wireless routers so that when a subscriber moves out of the specified area.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents differentiated traffic control inside and outside the specified areas based on the subscriber types and service types in real time. Figure 2-14 Networking scheme for implementing the Policy Control Based on Real-time Location feature Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 72 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the UE moves to another cell served by the same eNodeB. the RAN reports the UE's current location to the SGSN/MME. For example. The UE initiates a bearer update procedure to send the location information to the core network (CN). Point to Point (P2P) services can be prohibited to ensure bandwidths for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) services and prevent cell congestion. System Implementation The user location information (ULI) in default bearer creation messages carries the initial location from which a UE accesses a network. Figure 3-14 shows the networking for implementing the Policy Control Based on Real-time Location feature. effectively improving user experience in these areas. Ltd. a different control policy applies to this subscriber or services are blocked for this subscriber. .

1.. the PCC Basic Function feature must be enabled before the Policy Control Based on Real-Time Location feature is available. ServiceZone based Gx The Policy Control Based on Real-Time Location feature Dynamic Policy Control must be enabled on the UPCC. . The PCRF provisions policies to the UGW9811 based on the location update event trigger. 1 USN9810 V900R011C01 First release. Ltd.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Enhancement Table 2-35 Release history of policy control based on real-time location Feature Version Product Version Details 02 USN9810 V900R012C00 This feature supports the policy control UGW9811 based on real-time locations on LTE V900R010C00 networks. released after 2010 Q3). 2.9 "Interactions with other services" in 3GPP TS 23.4 Header Enrichment 2.401 (3GPP Release 9. Interaction with Other Features Table 2-36 Interaction between this feature and other features Feature Interaction 3. Therefore.1 GWFD-110216 HTTP Header Enrichment Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 73 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The UGW9811 needs to report location update information Basic Function to the PCRF in real time. UGW9811 V900R009C01 Dependency Application Limitations The eNodeB complies with the specifications in section 5.4. when the UPCC needs to provision policies to the UGW9811 in real time based on the location information reported by the UGW9811 to implement the ServiceZone based Gx Dynamic Policy Control feature.

Subscribers  This feature enables subscribers to customize the service contents they are willing to receive. international mobile equipment identity (IMEI) and so on. HTTP Header Enrichment inserts specific subscriber identifier information in extension fields of HTTP headers. . without changing subscribers' communications content or communications paths. and . Benefits Carriers  This feature enables carriers to authenticate subscriber services. increasing the revenues of carriers. The deployment and usage of HTTP header enrichment must comply with local laws to protect end users' freedom of communications. .  This feature enables subscribers to manage and check their account Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 74 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. to headers of HTTP packets destined for a web server.. Benefits For. . √ indicates that the NE is required. The subscriber information enables carriers and service providers (SPs) to deploy services with more flexibility and implement more effective service control. .. √ √ In the preceding table(s).  This feature enables carriers to push differentiated advertisements and services to different subscribers with the help of SPs.. Ltd.indicates that the NE is not required." Summary The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Header Enrichment feature enables the UGW9811 to add subscriber information. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Availability Involved NEs Table 2-37 NEs involved in implementing the HTTP Header Enrichment feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN Web Server . Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. √ √ Table 2-38 NEs involved in implementing the HTTP Header Enrichment feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW Web Server . The license control item for this feature is "82202133 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting HTTP Header Enrichment. such as access point name (APN). .

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 75 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents For. the UGW9811 can insert following fields into the header of an HTTP request packet:  APN: APN used for activating the subscriber.  RC4-IMEI: IMEI that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm. If the SGSN/MME/S-GW does not send this field.  Field value The field value is determined by the subscriber information and is variable. When implementing HTTP header enrichment.  MD5-Hashed-IMEI: IMEI that is hashed using the standard Message Digest 5 (MD5) algorithm..  MD5-Hashed-SGSN-IP: SGSN/S-GW IP address that is hashed using the standard MD5 algorithm. The APN can be actual APN or requested APN. Every field added is in the format of <field prefix name:field value>.HTTP/1. which is described as follows:  Field prefix name The field prefix name is pre-configured on the UGW9811 based on carriers' requirements. the UGW9811 cannot insert it into the header of an HTTP request packet.  MD5-Hashed-IMSI: IMSI that is hashed using the standard Message Digest 5 (MD5) algorithm.  IMEI: IMEI sent from the SGSN/MME/S-GW.  MS IP Address: IP address of the MS.  RC4-IMSI: IMSI that is encrypted using the standard Rivest Cipher 4 (RC4) algorithm.  RC4-MSISDN: MSISDN that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm.1". Using the HTTP Header Enrichment feature. the UGW9811 adds information about the subscriber to the header of an HTTP packet destined for the web server. the header in an HTTP packet can be extended flexibly.. The IP address can be an IPv4 or IPv6 address. Ltd. Description Related Concepts As is defined by RFC 2616: "Hypertext Transfer Protocol . Benefits information conveniently in real time. The HTTP Header Enrichment feature enables the UGW9811 to add carrier-defined fields to headers of HTTP request packets.  SGSN-IP: SGSN/S-GW signaling plane IP address carried in the PDP activation or update request.  MD5-Hashed-MSISDN: MSISDN that is MD5-Hashed by using the standard MD5 algorithm.  RC4-SGSN-IP: SGSN/S-GW signaling plane IP address that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm.. When a subscriber uses a data service that will trigger HTTP header enrichment. the UGW9811 obtains the predefined content as the field prefix name. .  IMSI: IMSI carried in the activation request.  MSISDN: MSISDN carried in the activation request. The IP address can be an IPv4 or IPv6 address.

 Roaming: roaming attribute. the MME carries a CC to the UGW9811. that is encrypted using the RC4 algorithm.  MD5-Hashed-ULI: ULI that is hashed using the standard Message Digest 5 (MD5) algorithm. to which the SGSN used for subscriber access belongs. that is hashed using the standard MD5 algorithm. This information can be delivered in a private extension AVP.  MD5-Hashed-CC: CC that is hashed using the standard Message Digest 5 (MD5) algorithm. .  MD5-Hashed-RAT: RAT that is hashed using the standard Message Digest 5 (MD5) algorithm.  RC4-ULI: ULI that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  CC: CC sent from the SGSN/MME/S-GW. If the SGSN/MME/S-GW carries a CC. When the S-GW and the P-GW are integrated.  Subscriber Profile: subscriber information. the SGSN sends a CC to the UGW9811.  ULI: user location information. the UGW9811 inserts the CC into the header of an HTTP request packet.  RC4-CC: CC that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm. If the SGSN/MME/S-GW does not carry a CC.  RAT: RAT used by a subscriber. about dynamic PCC subscribers defined on the Huawei PCRF. All the CDRs of a PDP context/bearer have the same charging ID.  Charging ID: identifies a CDR.  RC4-RAT: RAT that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm.  Zone ID: current home zone ID of a subscriber of a home zone. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 76 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the S-GW carries a CC to the UGW9811.  Billing Type: charging information about the subscriber. X-Header-Enrichment.  On the GPRS/UMTS network. by the PCRF to the UGW9811 through a Gx interface. the UGW9811 inserts the CC that is configured on the UGW9811 into the header of an HTTP request packet. which can be home. including the SAI/CGI (applies to a GPRS/UMTS network) or the ECGI/TAI (applies to an EPC network). when the S-GW and the P-GW are deployed separately.  MD5-Hashed-Subscriber-Profile: subscriber profile that is hashed using the standard MD5 algorithm. roaming.  Error Flag: indicates that the error information will be inserted into the header of an HTTP request packet when the subscriber has subscription information on the home zone and the home zone server is abnormal.  RC4-Roaming: subscriber roaming attribute that is encrypted using the RC4 algorithm. or visiting.. The UGW9811 supports a maximum of four user-defined fields.  User Defined Value: specifies a field that is customized by a carrier. to which the SGSN used for subscriber access belongs.  MD5-Hashed-SGSN-MCC-MNC: PLMN.  MD5-Hashed-Roaming: subscriber roaming attribute that is hashed using the standard MD5 algorithm. The charging ID and the GGSN/P-GW address uniquely identify all CDRs generated for one PDP context/bearer.  RC4-SGSN-MCC-MNC: PLMN.  RC4-Subscriber-Profile: subscriber profile that is encrypted using the standard RC4 algorithm. such as the gender and age.  On the EPC network.  SGSN-MCC-MNC: PLMN to which the SGSN used for subscriber access belongs. Ltd.

to the headers of HTTP packets destined for a web server. Table 3-43 describes the configurations to trigger HTTP header enrichment in this mode in different configuration architectures. there are three conditions for triggering the HTTP header enrichment: by specific IP addresses or uniform resource locators (URLs).  HTTP header enrichment triggered by specific IP addresses The UGW9811 performs HTTP header enrichment on subscribers who access a web server by using specific source IP addresses. such as the APN. IMEI and so on. System Implementation Currently. In addition to service access authentication. . web servers can provide customized management and query pages based on subscriber information. Carriers can then implement service access authentication based on the subscriber information. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 77 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Table 2-39 Configurations in different configuration architectures Configurati Configuration Method on Architectur e Standard To trigger HTTP header enrichment by specific IP addresses.  HTTP header enrichment triggered by specific URLs The UGW9811 performs HTTP header enrichment on subscribers who access a web server by using specific URLs. architecture Header enrichment is applicable to only HTTP packets. web servers are unaware of subscriber information. The UGW9811 does not perform HTTP header enrichment on non-HTTP service flows that match the Layer 3/Layer 4 charging rule containing the header enrichment action. Ltd. and carriers cannot implement service control over these subscribers. Application Scenario Web servers are usually deployed on data communications networks. After the HTTP Header Enrichment feature is enabled on the UGW9811. If HTTP header enrichment is not enabled.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents MD5 has security risks. configure a configuration Layer 3/Layer 4 charging rule and set header enrichment actions in the architecture Layer 3/Layer 4 action list. Simplified Configure Layer 3/Layer 4 filtering conditions and specify the header configuration enrichment action in rules on the UGW9811.. you are advised not to use MD5. Layer 7 information group does not need to be configured. Therefore. the UGW9811 can add subscriber information.

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 78 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The procedure for processing an HTTP POST or Connect packet is similar to the procedure for processing an HTTP Get packet. configure a Layer 7 configuration charging rule. In this case. architecture An HTTP Get packet is used as an example to describe the service processing procedure of the UGW9811. you do not need to configure a Layer 7 information group. specify HTTP as the Layer 7 protocol.. . Table 3-45 describes the configurations to trigger HTTP header enrichment in this mode in different configuration architectures. and set header enrichment architecture actions in the Layer 7 action list. Table 2-40 Configurations in different configuration architectures Configurati Configuration Method on Architectur e Standard To trigger HTTP header enrichment by specific URLs. architecture  HTTP header enrichment triggered by HTTP HTTP header enrichment is triggered when a subscriber accesses a web server using HTTP GET or POST packets. Ltd. Simplified Configure Layer 7 URL filtering conditions and specify the header configuration enrichment action in rules on the UGW9811. Table 2-41 Configurations in different configuration architectures Configurati Configuration Method on Architectur e Standard To trigger HTTP header enrichment by HTTP. Simplified Configure Layer 7 filtering conditions with the protocol being HTTP and configuration specify the header enrichment action in rules on the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 3-44 describes the configurations to trigger HTTP header enrichment in this mode in different configuration architectures. and add the header architecture enrichment action to the Layer 7 action list on the UGW9811. configure a Layer 7 configuration charging rule and a Layer 7 information group.

IPv6 header length (40 bytes) . As a result.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Enhancement Table 2-42 Release history of the HTTP Header Enrichment feature Feature Version Product Version Details 2 UGW9811 V900R010C01 Second release. Ltd. If the header enrichment field is too long.0. As a result.  If both the external PCEF and built-in PCEF are deployed and the external PCEF implements charging.  The subscriber profile delivered by PCRF can be inserted in HTTP headers. the length of IPv6 packets may exceed the PMTU. there is a limit on the length of fields that can be inserted in IPv6 packets for HTTP header enrichment.  The UGW9811 supports HTTP header enrichment for only Get. Information inserted in HTTP header enrichment increases the packet length. It is recommended that the header enrichment field length meets the following requirement: TCP MSS ≤ PMTU . you are not advised to deploy HTTP header enrichment on the built-in PCEF. subscribers cannot access IPv6 services.  This feature supports only HTTP1.. You are advised to deploy HTTP header enrichment and charging on the same NE or deploy charging on the built-in PCEF and HTTP header enrichment on the external PCEF. The HTTP Header Enrichment feature is enhanced as follows:  The number of User Defined Value fields is increased to four. . Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 79 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.TCP header length (20 bytes) - header enrichment field length.  This feature does not support host-based charging and control in encryption scenarios. 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. causing IPv6 packets to be dropped.x and does not support HTTP2. Post and Connect request packets. Dependency Application Limitations  As intermediate routers do not fragment IPv6 packets.  The RC4 algorithm is added for encrypting header enrichment content. the charging by the external PCEF is inaccurate.

activate the SA-Mobile feature. . SA-Mobile activate the SA feature of the corresponding protocol on the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-43 Interaction between the HTTP Header Enrichment feature and other features Feature Interaction 1. Therefore. √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 80 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Service-based DCC Sessions) Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-44 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN OCS Server . SA-Web Browsing NOTE 1.1. . some services. . 2. . √ √ Table 2-45 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW OCS Server . are carried over HTTP. the HTTP Header Enrichment 1.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to parse HTTP packets to perform the header SA-Basic enrichment action.3 GWFD-110017 feature is available only after the SA function is enabled. such as MMS and media streaming. When HTTP header enrichment is performed on these services. .1..1 Online Charging Entry Feature 2.5 GWFD-110026 For example.1. Ltd. . to perform HTTP header enrichment on MMS services carried over HTTP.1. For example.

The UGW9811 performs online charging for a subscriber-based DCC session that is established over the Gy interface once a subscriber (PDP context/EPS bearer) is activated.1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-46 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on eHRPD networks UE eHRPD BTS eAN/ePCF HSGW P-GW OCS Server . . . . The UGW9811 performs online charging for the service-based DCC session that is established over the Gy interface once a service (RG+SID) is activated. see 4. √ √ In the preceding table(s). The license control items for this feature is "82202108 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Gy Interface Online Charging. √ √ Table 2-47 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on WLANs UE AP/AC TWAN ePDG P-GW OCS Server . √ indicates that the NE is required. the online charging system (OCS) server determines whether to provision quotas (volume. the OCS server monitors the usage of resources prepurchased by the subscriber and deducts used quotas from the subscriber's account in real time. . . For details about online charging. License Requirements This feature is an optional feature and requires a license." Summary The Gy Interface Online Charging feature enables the UGW9811 to implement real-time charging on mobile subscribers for packet data network (PDN) resource usage. Ltd. . and . Both DCC session setup modes comply with 3GPP specifications. When an online charging subscriber requests access to data services. When the subscriber is using data services. time. services are terminated.2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions). ..indicates that the NE is not required. The UGW9811 functioning as a P-GW supports online charging for E-UTRAN subscribers and also supports online charging for eHRPD and WLAN subscribers. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 81 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When the account balance is exhausted. or number of events) to the UGW9811 for the subscriber based on the subscriber's subscription data and account balance.

The traffic percentages are calculated based on the accumulated number of times that an OCS server is selected. hardware and flow control. When a running OCS server in the primary OCS server group fails. DCC sessions on this OCS server are dynamically migrated to an available OCS server in the secondary OCS server group.  Enables carriers to obtain accurate charging information about data service usage and provides reference data for settlements between carriers or between a carrier and an Internet service provider (ISP). Each OCS server group includes one or more OCS servers.. subscribers' online charging messages are evenly balanced between all the OCS servers in the same group. 1 Networking Reliability The UGW9811 supports OCS server groups that work in primary/secondary mode.  IMSI/MSISDN-segment-group-specific load-sharing All the OCS servers in the same group are bound to IMSI/MSISDN segment groups.  Enables charging information exchange between the UGW9811 and OCS server and helps carriers analyze subscriber consumption behaviors and habits and work out appropriate operational strategies. Primary and secondary OCS server groups support hot backup.. Ltd. Description  Reliability  Service Flow  Optional Functions Reliability The UGW9811 achieves high reliability for online charging from three aspects: networking. . All OCS servers in the same group serve subscribers in the following load-sharing modes:  Even load-sharing When subscribers are activated. When subscribers are activated. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 82 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The OCS server in the secondary OCS server group performs credit control to ensure service continuity. Subscribers Subscribers are unaware of this feature. Benefits Carriers This feature provides the following benefits for carriers:  Enables carriers to implement real-time charging for network resource usage and reduces the risks of unpaid bills.  Traffic-percentage-specific load sharing Service loads are balanced between OCS servers in the same group based on the preset traffic percentages.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For. the UGW9811 selects OCS servers based on IMSI/MSISDN segments and implements load sharing among the selected OCS servers..

If the CDRs to be processed by an OCS server exceed a specified WAL. 2 Hardware Reliability For details about SPU and physical interface networking reliability. Ltd..HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The traffic-percentage-specific load sharing mode and the IMSI/MSISDN-segment-group-specific load-sharing mode cannot take effect simultaneously. the UGW9811 sets the status of the OCS server to unavailable and sends subsequent CDRs to other OCS servers. see GWFD-011000 Reliability. 3 Flow Control Reliability The UGW9811 uses the Windows access limit (WAL) algorithm to provide overload protection. . Service Flow Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 83 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-15 Service flow of online charging Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 84 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. .. Ltd.

update. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 85 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and the OCS server returns a CCA-I message. and termination. The DCC session is terminated only after the corresponding service ends. the UGW9811 sends a CCR-I message to the OCS server for session setup. DCC session update Either the UGW9811 or the OCS server can initiate a DCC session update. the UGW9811 sends a CCR-I message to the OCS server.. and creates a DCC session for online charging.5. Service push is not supported during this process.4. The UGW9811 performs credit control over specified services (RGs+SIDs) after DCC sessions are established. b. the OCS does not use the CCA-I/CCA-U message to deliver any quotas of credit instances that the UGW9811 does not apply for. Whether the CCR-U message is triggered by an access condition update is controlled by a trigger AVP. selects an OCS server as specified in OCS selection mode.1 GWFD-110305 Event Based Charging of Service. The UGW9811 initiates a DCC session update by sending a CCR-U message to the OCS server. The UGW9811 determines how the DCC session is established over the Gy interface based on the session mode specified by running the session-mode command. A credit instance supports one or more types of quotas. RAT change. A subscriber initiates a request for service 1. and service sessions are not affected by each other. service-based DCC session setup increases signaling traffic on the Gy interface. c. which can be SGSN/S-GW address change. Quotas are classified as volume quotas. If session-mode is set to multiple. Another DCC session is established. For service-based (RG+SID-based) DCC sessions. To reduce signaling traffic on the Gy interface during subscriber activation. and URI change (including MCC or MNC change or MS/UE time zone change. a. Quota application and reporting occur during DCC sessions and are independent for each credit instance. For details about event-based charging. The ocs-init disable command must be executed so that the UGW9811 does not interwork with the OCS server during subscriber activation. see 4.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents A DCC session is a session set up between the UGW9811 and OCS server using the Diameter protocol. The UGW9811 updates DCC sessions by updating RGs or RGs+SIDs. This AVP can be delivered by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. DCC session setup a. The service flow of online charging involves DCC session setup. The OCS server returns a CCA-I message. Compared with subscriber-based DCC session setup. the UGW9811 establishes a DCC session for each service. The subscriber initiates a request for service 2. the UGW9811 performs credit control over DCC sessions based on services (RGs+SIDs). The AVP delivered by the OCS server takes precedence over that configured on the UGW9811. use service-based DCC session setup. Ltd. When a GTP session is activated. QoS change. 2. see 4. the UGW9811 determines online charging based on the configured charging mode. The UGW9811 initiates a CCR-U message if one of the following conditions is met:  PDP context/EPS bearer update triggered by an access condition update. For details about time-based charging. time quotas. . The service-trigger enable command must also be executed so that DCC session setup is triggered by each new service. That is. or event quotas.1 GWFD-110304 Time Based Charging of Service. 1.

the UGW9811 sends a CCR-T message to the OCS server to terminate the DCC session specific to the service (RG+SID). For details about UGW9811 configurations. The OCS server includes the TQT. see Configuring the UGW9811 to send a CCR message when PDP context/EPS bearer update. or UQT in the CCA message.or service-based Validity-Time (VT) expires.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The OCS server includes the trigger AVP (bearer update) that triggers a CCR message in a CCA message. The TQT. The remaining quotas can still be used while the UGW9811 is applying for quotas for the subscriber. For details about UGW9811 configurations. or UQT can be delivered by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. On the UGW9811. The RAR message is used to update DCC sessions specific to services (RGs+SIDs). − When a subscriber does not use a service within the QHT. see Configuring the quota validity time. The OCS server can initiate DCC session termination in synchronous or asynchronous mode. or UQT delivered by the OCS server takes precedence over that configured on the UGW9811. − When the PDP context/EPS bearer is deactivated. which improves quota usage efficiency. the UGW9811 sends a positive deactivation response to the SGSN/S-GW.. b. The VT can be delivered by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. VQT. the UGW9811 returns an RAA message and then sends a CCR-U message that carries the RG+SID specified by the RAR message. the UGW9811 sends CCR-T messages to the OCS server to terminate all DCC sessions specific to services (RGs+SIDs). . VQT. The TQT. The OCS server can initiate DCC session update by sending an RAR message to the UGW9811. For details about UGW9811 configurations. b. the UGW9811 sends a final report to the OCS server before terminating the credit instance. The VT delivered by the OCS server takes precedence over that configured on the UGW9811. Ltd. or UQT while delivering quotas to the UGW9811. After receiving the final CCA-T message. the OCS server delivers a TQT. c. The UGW9811 supports only service-based VT. After receiving the RAR message from the OCS server. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 86 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When the number of remaining quotas falls below the TQT. In the process of DCC session termination. VQT. DCC session termination Either the UGW9811 or the OCS server can terminate a DCC session. volume quota threshold (VQT).  The quota is exhausted or the number of remaining quotas reaches the time quota threshold (TQT). or unit quota threshold (UQT). VQT. see Configure the QHT. For details about UGW9811 configurations. Table 4-5 describes the troubleshooting of online charging. a. the subscriber is triggered to apply for quotas again. To ensure service continuity.  The subscriber. and the OCS server returns CCA-T messages. The QHT can be delivered by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. VQT. The OCS server includes the VT in the CCA message. The OCS server includes the QHT in the CCA message. or UQT. The UGW9811 considers the first CCA-U message to be the PDP context/EPS bearer update result and forwards this message to the SGSN/S-GW. The QHT delivered by the OCS server takes precedence over that configured on the UGW9811. 3. DCC session termination can be triggered by PDP context/EPS bearer deactivation and quota holding time (QHT) expiration. see Configuring the quota threshold. If the RAR message does not specify any RG+SID. the UGW9811 processes the CCR-U message based on the rar-no-rg-action command setting.

subscriber activation. expires. the UGW9811 e is sent processes the DCC  Retry and during session based on the subscrib terminate: CCFH configuration.. Link ccfh The credit control failure Each time the Down handling (CCFH) action UGW9811 sends a when can be any of the DCC request message. the following: it starts a Tx timer. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-48 Online charging troubleshooting for the UGW9811 Exception Action Taken by the UGW9811 Description Command Action Setting for Troubleshooti ng OCS Link ocs-down-actio Actions: The link to the OCS link Down n  permit: Subscriber server is detected to be Down during activation is Down during subscrib permitted. Ltd. When server or configured Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 87 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. CCR  terminate: terminates When the Tx timer messag the DCC session. er retransmits the request to the standby The CCFH can be activati delivered by the OCS on OCS server. er  forbidden: activati on Subscriber activation is forbidden.

If the standby OCS server is functioning properly.. The expiration server is functioning OCS server-delivered properly. Services are free of charge whatever the holding-time command is configured. the CCFH has a higher UGW9811 retains the priority. the UGW9811 terminates the DCC session without sending a CCR-T message. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 88 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Exception Action Taken by the UGW9811 Description Command Action Setting for Troubleshooti ng Tx timer ccfh the standby OCS on the UGW9811. the UGW9811 terminates the DCC session.  continue: retransmits the request to the standby OCS server. the UGW9811 retains the PDP context/EPS bearer context and DCC session. Ltd. When the standby OCS server fails. . DCC session. If the standby OCS server fails.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Exception Action Taken by the UGW9811 Description Command Action Setting for Troubleshooti ng Abnormal result mscc-result-co On the UGW9811. redirection. Ltd. in the CCA message. − In dual-quota mode. and offline such as 3XXX. or 5XXX. Optional Functions  Tariff switch The UGW9811 can use the tariff switch points delivered by the OCS server and implements independent credit control and accounting statistics before and after the tariff switch points. After receiving a command-level or an MSCC-level result code from the OCS server. the OCS server carries both the pre-tariff-switch-point and post-tariff-switch-point quotas in a CCA message. the OCS server carries only the pre-tariff-switch-point quota in a CCA message. unsubscription) occurs The actions can be during DCC. . the UGW9811 takes an action specified in the mscc-result-code-acti on command rather than the command-result-cod e-action command. 4XXX. DCC server includes session termination. abnormal result codes. − In single-quota mode. This prevents signaling storms that may occur if the UGW9811 requests quotas from the OCS server at the tariff switch points. Tariff switch credit control can be implemented in single-quota or dual-quota mode. packets are blocked and user experience is affected. charging. The result codes in CCA messages can be command-level or MSCC-level codes. no quota is available until the OCS server delivers a quota. you If an exception (such codes de-action can configure actions as quota exhaustion or taken when abnormal service result codes are received.  Default quota When the UGW9811 requests a quota. depending how the OCS server delivers quotas. The default quota function enables subscribers to use a default quota before the OCS server delivers Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 89 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. As a result. the OCS service block.

− Return-code-triggered redirection You can set a redirection action on the UGW9811 for specific result codes from the OCS server. A Gy interface redirection can be triggered by a final unit indication (FUI) or result code.x/WAP2.. The FUA AVP may contain a redirection uniform resource locator (URL) or IP address. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 90 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. That is.  The interconnected OCS server must be able to perform DCC session-based online charging once a service (RG+SID) is activated. the UGW9811 deducts the used default quota from the received quota. the UGW9811 can redirect the subscriber to a specified page. − The quota for every credit instance has been exhausted. Enhancement Table 2-49 Release history of the Gy Interface Online Charging feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R012C10 First release.  Redirection The UGW9811 Gy interface supports redirection. When the UGW9811 receives a result code. − The OCS server sends an RAR message. the UGW9811 redirects service packets based on the configured redirection action. which ensures service continuity. Dependency Application Limitations  This feature applies only to the SPUf and SPUf1. After the OCS server delivers a quota.0 browsing service. When a subscriber accesses an HTTP/WAP1. When the subscriber's quota is exhausted. Ltd.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents a quota. − Charging conditions change.  This feature does not apply to multi-service DCC instances. − The number of envelopes used by a subscriber reaches the limit. . − The quota validity time has expired. the UGW9811 performs the FUA-specified redirection action. the UGW9811 does not allow the Multiple-Service-Credit-Control (MSCC) AVP to carry information about multiple services (RGs+SIDs). − FUI-triggered redirection The OCS server delivers a CCA message that carries a FUI AVP and a final unit action (FUA) AVP. The default quota applies to the following quota application scenarios: − A subscriber requests access to a new service.

. . If Service other modes are used for event-based charging. . the Gy Interface Online Charging feature ceases to take effect. √ √ Table 2-52 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW OCS Server . √ √ Table 2-53 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on eHRPD networks UE eHRPD eAN/ePCF HSGW P-GW OCS BTS Server . .5. and the UGW9811 uses Gy Interface Online Charging (for Service-based DCC Session). Ltd. 2. .2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions) Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-51 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN OCS Server .1.. . . .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-50 Interaction between the Gy Interface Online Charging feature and other features Feature Interaction 6. 4.1 GWFD-110305 The Gy Interface Online Charging feature supports Event Based Charging of event-based charging only in ECUR and SCUR modes.5 GWFD-110312 The Credit Pooling feature is unavailable after the Gy Credit Pooling Interface Online Charging feature is enabled. . √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 91 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3.

the OCS server monitors the usage of resources prepurchased by the subscriber and deducts used quotas from the subscriber's account in real time. . . services are terminated. When an online charging subscriber requests access to data services.. or number of events) to the UGW9811 for the subscriber based on the subscriber's subscription data and account balance. √ √ In the preceding table(s). When the account balance is exhausted.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-54 NEs involved in implementing the Gy Interface Online Charging feature on WLANs UE AP/AC TWAN ePDG P-GW OCS Server .  Enables charging information exchange between the UGW9811 and OCS server and helps carriers analyze subscriber consumption behaviors and habits and work out appropriate operational strategies. . Subscribers Subscribers are unaware of this feature.  Enables carriers to obtain accurate charging information about data service usage and provides reference data for settlements between carriers or between a carrier and an Internet service provider (ISP). time. and . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 92 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..indicates that the NE is not required. Benefits Carriers This feature provides the following benefits for carriers:  Enables carriers to implement real-time charging for network resource usage and reduces the risks of unpaid bills." Summary The Gy Interface Online Charging feature enables the UGW9811 to implement real-time charging on mobile subscribers for packet data network (PDN) resource usage. √ indicates that the NE is required. . Ltd. When the subscriber is using data services. The UGW9811 functioning as a P-GW supports online charging for E-UTRAN subscribers and also supports online charging for eHRPD and WLAN subscribers. You are advised to deploy the CG if the Automatic Switch to Online Charging feature is required. the online charging system (OCS) server determines whether to provision quotas (volume. Benefits For.. License Requirements This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this feature is "82202108 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Gy Interface Online Charging.

subscribers' online charging messages are evenly balanced between all the OCS servers in the same group. When a running OCS server in the primary OCS server group fails. the UGW9811 selects OCS servers based on IMSI/MSISDN segments and implements load sharing among the selected OCS servers.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Description  Protocol Overview  Reliability  Service Flow  Optional Functions Protocol Overview The Gy Interface Online Charging feature of the UGW9811 implements the policy and charging enforcement function (PCEF) defined in 3GPP specifications. Each OCS server group includes one or more OCS servers. The OCS server in the secondary OCS server group performs credit control to ensure service continuity. DCC sessions on this OCS server are dynamically migrated to an available OCS server in the secondary OCS server group.. hardware and flow control.  IMSI/MSISDN-segment-group-specific load-sharing All the OCS servers in the same group are bound to IMSI/MSISDN segment groups.299. . Ltd. 3GPP TS 32. All OCS servers in the same group serve subscribers in the following load-sharing modes:  Even load-sharing When subscribers are activated. and IETF RFC 4006. IETF RFC 3588. When subscribers are activated. The UGW9811 enabled with this feature exchanges Diameter messages with the OCS server over the Gy interface to perform online charging credit control.  Traffic-percentage-specific load sharing Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 93 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This feature complies with 3GPP TS 32. Primary and secondary OCS server groups support hot backup.251. 1 Networking Reliability The UGW9811 supports OCS server groups that work in primary/secondary mode. Figure 2-16 Networking diagram of the Gy Interface Online Charging feature Reliability The UGW9811 achieves high reliability for online charging from three aspects: networking.

3 Flow Control Reliability The UGW9811 uses the Windows access limit (WAL) algorithm to provide overload protection. The traffic-percentage-specific load sharing mode and the IMSI/MSISDN-segment-group-specific load-sharing mode cannot take effect simultaneously. see GWFD-011000 Reliability. Service Flow Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 94 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the CDRs to be processed by an OCS server exceed a specified WAL. Ltd. The traffic percentages are calculated based on the accumulated number of times that an OCS server is selected. 2 Hardware Reliability For details about SPU and physical interface networking reliability. the UGW9811 sets the status of the OCS server to unavailable and sends subsequent CDRs to other OCS servers..HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Service loads are balanced between OCS servers in the same group based on the preset traffic percentages. .

time quotas. Ltd. the UGW9811 determines to perform online charging based on the charging mode and selects an OCS server based on the OCS server selection mode to start the setup of an online charging DCC session. The service flow of online charging involves DCC session setup. b. For details about event-based charging. or event quotas. DCC session setup a.4. During GTP session activation. see 4.1 GWFD-110304 Time Based Charging of Service. For details about time-based charging. and termination. Quota application and reporting occur during DCC sessions and are independent for each credit instance. If the UGW9811 sets up a DCC session during a subscriber Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 95 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. see 4. 1.5.1 GWFD-110305 Event Based Charging of Service.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-17 Service flow of online charging A DCC session is a session set up between the UGW9811 and OCS server using the Diameter protocol.. A credit instance supports one or more types of quotas. . update. Quotas are classified as volume quotas. The UGW9811 can set up a DCC session during a subscriber activation procedure or when a PDP context/EPS bearer starts to access a service based on the ocs-init command settings.

the UGW9811 determines whether to wait for a CCA-I message from the OCS server before the UGW9811 sends an activation response to the SGSN/S-GW based on the ocs-init command settings. If the UGW9811 requests quotas for subscribers when the subscribers access services. modification. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 96 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. see configure the UGW9811 to send a CCR message to the OCS server if an update procedure is initiated. The trigger can be specified by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. For details about how to configure these conditions on the UGW9811. there may be a delay before the subscribers can use services. . The UGW9811 initiates a DCC session setup request by sending a CCR-I message to the OCS server. The trigger specified by the OCS server has a higher priority. DCC session setup during context activation may result in a situation in which quotas are preempted but not used. if a large number of unsolicited quotas are provided. DCC session update Either the UGW9811 or OCS server can initiate a DCC session update. causing quota wastes. To avoid this situation. there may be too many preempted quotas in subscribers' accounts and available quotas are reduced. which improves user experience and reduces the signaling exchange between the OCS server and UGW9811. This function applies when the OCS server is aware of subscribers' service behaviors. quality of service (QoS). The unsolicited quota function eliminates this delay. or a UE's time zone causes a PDP context/EPS bearer update. DCC session updates can be triggered by the creation. the UGW9811 or OCS server terminates this session. The UGW9811 initiates a DCC session update by sending a CCR-U message to the OCS server. a. If the UGW9811 applies for quotas when the subscribers request access to services. Ltd. which improves user experience and reduces signaling exchanges between the UGW9811 and OCS server. the UGW9811 applies for quotas during a subscriber activation procedure. The OCS server carries the trigger that triggers a CCR message for a PDP context/EPS bearer update in a CCA message. If the UGW9811 sets up a DCC session during a subscriber activation procedure.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents activation procedure. configure the UGW9811 to set up DCC sessions only when such PDP contexts/EPS bearers start accessing services. or user location information (ULI) (including a subscriber's MCC or MNC change).. When the PDP context/EPS bearer is deactivated. there may be a delay before the subscribers can use services. the UGW9811 can carry the service RG of quotas that need to be applied for in a CCR-I message based on the ctx-start-requested-rating and ccr-init-rg-num command settings. The OCS server accepts the DCC session setup request and returns a CCA-I message. 2. Whether a condition triggers a CCR-U message is controlled by a trigger.  A new service triggers a credit instance update. After a DCC session is set up. and termination of credit instances (a credit instance can be identified by an RG or an RG+SID). The UGW9811 sends a CCR-U message to the OCS server to update credit instances in any of the following conditions:  The change of the SGSN/S-GW address. To eliminate this delay. However. For PDP contexts/EPS bearers that are always online but have no traffic or only a small amount of traffic. c. the UGW9811 implements credit control on all services during this session. radio access technology (RAT). The OCS server can provide unsolicited quotas in CCA-I/CCA-U messages even if the UGW9811 does not apply for credit instances' quotas in CCR-I messages.

To ensure service continuity. The quota validity time can be specified by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. For details about how to configure these conditions on the UGW9811. the subscriber's quota reapplication is triggered. The OCS server initiates a DCC session update by sending an RAR message to the UGW9811. Table 4-12 describes the troubleshooting of online charging. The trigger can be specified by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. The OCS server carries the QHT in a CCA message. DCC session termination Either the UGW9811 or OCS server can terminate a DCC session. The quota validity time specified by the OCS server has a higher priority. the UGW9811 sends a CCR-U message to reapply for quotas. a. This can prevent the situation in which idle services preempt quotas and as a result no quotas are available for other services. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 97 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The OCS server carries the quota threshold in a CCA message. Whether a new service triggers a CCR-U message is controlled by a trigger. The UGW9811 sends an RAA message and then a CCR-U message to the OCS server. depending on the reauthorization target in the RAR message. the UGW9811 initiates the termination of an ongoing DCC session by sending a CCR-T message to the OCS server. Ltd. If a subscriber does not access services for a long period of time and the duration in which no packets are forwarded exceeds the QHT. For details about how to configure the quota validity time on the UGW9811. the OCS server delivers a quota threshold (TQT. or UQT. VQT. The QHT specified by the OCS server has a higher priority. The trigger specified by the OCS server has a higher priority. For details about how to configure the QHT on the UGW9811.or service-level quota validity time has expired. the subscriber can continue using the quota specified by the TQT. During quota reapplication. The OCS server returns a CCA-T message and terminates the DCC session.  The quota holding time (QHT) has expired. The OCS server carries the trigger that triggers a CCR message for a new service in a CCA message. b.. . see configure the quota validity time. see configure the UGW9811 to send a CCR message to the OCS server when a subscriber attempts to access a new service. The OCS server can initiate DCC session termination in synchronous or asynchronous mode. The QHT can be specified by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811.  The user. During a deactivation procedure. The OCS server carries the quota validity time in a CCA message. a credit instance completes the last reporting and is terminated. This RAR message requests reauthorization of the ongoing DCC session or a specific credit instance in the DCC session. The CCR-U message carries quota requests for one or all credit instances in the DCC session. see configure the quota threshold. or UQT) when the OCS server delivers quotas to a subscriber. or the quota usage reaches the time quota threshold (TQT). b.  The quota is exhausted. or unit quota threshold (UQT). see configure the QHT. If the unused quota of the subscriber is smaller than the quota threshold. VQT.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents A new service represents a new credit instance. 3. volume quota threshold (VQT). The quota threshold specified by the OCS server has a higher priority. When a DCC session is terminated. The quota threshold can be specified by the OCS server or configured on the UGW9811. For details about how to configure the quota threshold on the UGW9811.

e. The UGW9 retransmits the UGW9811 handles the 811 request to the standby failed request based on sends a OCS server. Ltd. . activati following: it starts a Tx timer. DCC session. If the the CCFH action CCR standby OCS server is configured for the messag functioning properly. during subscriber OCS Down activation. the UGW9811 retains the PDP context/EPS The CCFH action can bearer and DCC be delivered by the OCS server or Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 98 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. OCS server. the  Terminate: terminates the Tx timer expires link to a DCC session and but the UGW9811 the deactivates the does not receive any OCS corresponding PDP response from the server is context/EPS bearer.. activati on. During ccfh The credit control failure Each time the subscrib handling (CCFH) action UGW9811 sends a er can be any of the DCC request message.  forbidden: Subscriber server during subscrib activation is not er allowed.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-55 Troubleshooting of online charging Abnormal Troubleshooting by the UGW9811 Description Scenario Troubleshooti Action Type ng Action Failure The link ocs-down-actio The action can be either The UGW9811 detects in the to the n of the following: that the link to the link to OCS  permit: Subscriber OCS server is Down the server is activation is allowed. a Down communication failure  Retry and terminate: after the occurs. If on.

UGW9811. the UGW9811 retains the PDP context/EPS bearer and DCC session.. the UGW9811 terminates the DCC session without sending a CCR-T message. . deactivates the corresponding PDP context/EPS bearer.  Continue: retransmits the request to the standby OCS server. The OCS the UGW9811 server-delivered terminates the DCC CCFH action has a session and higher priority. and changes the charging mode to offline charging. If the standby OCS server is faulty. If the standby OCS server is functioning properly.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Abnormal Troubleshooting by the UGW9811 Description Scenario Troubleshooti Action Type ng Action Expiration of the ccfh session. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 99 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the standby configured on the Tx timer OCS server is faulty. retains the corresponding PDP context/EPS bearer. Ltd.

Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 100 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . the UGW9811 deducts the used default quota from the received quota.. message. This prevents signaling storms that may occur if the UGW9811 requests quotas from the OCS server at the tariff switch points. and codes: command level switching to offline and MSCC level. the OCS server carries both the pre-tariff-switch-point and post-tariff-switch-point quotas in a CCA message. command-level result code is used for PDP contexts/EPS bearers. An MSCC-level result code is used for services identified by an RG or the combination of an RG and a service ID. The default quota function enables subscribers to use a default quota before the OCS server delivers a quota. The process.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Abnormal Troubleshooting by the UGW9811 Description Scenario Troubleshooti Action Type ng Action Abnormal result command-resu You can configure the If an exception (such codes lt-code-action UGW9811's actions for as quota exhaustion or mscc-result-co abnormal MSCC-level service not subscribed) de-action and command-level occurs during the DCC result codes. no quota is available until the OCS server delivers a quota. two levels of result redirection. the OCS server carries only the pre-tariff-switch-point quota in a CCA message. packets are blocked and user experience is affected. The default quota applies to the following quota application scenarios: − A subscriber requests access to a new service. Tariff switch credit control can be implemented in single-quota or dual-quota mode. depending how the OCS server delivers quotas.  Default quota When the UGW9811 requests a quota. 4XXX. After the OCS server delivers a quota. which ensures service continuity. − In dual-quota mode. As a result. the OCS command-level actions server carries a 3XXX. Ltd. − In single-quota mode. or 5XXX These actions include result code in a CCA blocking services. Optional Functions  Tariff switch The UGW9811 can use the tariff switch points delivered by the OCS server and implements independent credit control and accounting statistics before and after the tariff switch points. A charging. − The quota for every credit instance has been exhausted. have a higher priority. deactivating PDP A CCA message has contexts/EPS bearers.

− The OCS server sends an RAR message. The Automatic Switch to Online Charging feature enables the UGW9811 to automatically restore online charging for the subscribers after the OCS server recovers. − When another reason causes the charging type of an online charging subscriber to change to offline charging. The FUA AVP may contain a redirection uniform resource locator (URL) or IP address. Ltd. the UGW9811 can redirect the subscriber to a specified page. Enhancement Table 2-56 Release history of the Gy Interface Online Charging feature Feature Version Product Version Details 6 UGW9811 V900R013C00 Sixth release. − FUI-triggered redirection The OCS server delivers a CCA message that carries a FUI AVP and a final unit action (FUA) AVP. This feature is enhanced to support automatic switch to online Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 101 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents − Charging conditions change. . When the UGW9811 receives a result code. The scenario and service flow of the Automatic Switch to Online Charging feature are as follows: − When the failure in the link between the UGW9811 and OCS server causes the charging type of an online charging subscriber to change to offline charging. but the UGW9811 does not receive any CCA message from the OCS server in a specified period of time after sending a CCR message. − Return-code-triggered redirection You can set a redirection action on the UGW9811 for specific result codes from the OCS server. − The link between the UGW9811 and OCS server is functioning properly.  Automatic switch to online charging When an exception occurs on the online charging system (OCS) server. When the subscriber's quota is exhausted.  Redirection The UGW9811 Gy interface supports redirection.0 browsing service.x/WAP2. − The quota validity time has expired. the UGW9811 redirects service packets based on the configured redirection action. the UGW9811 regularly sends CCR-I messages to the OCS server to create sessions for online charging restoration. A Gy interface redirection can be triggered by a final unit indication (FUI) or result code. when the link recovers. the UGW9811 immediately sends CCR-I messages to the OCS server to create sessions for online charging restoration. when the link recovers. When a subscriber accesses an HTTP/WAP1. Other scenarios include: − The link between the UGW9811 and OCS server is functioning properly. the charging method for subscribers is forcibly changed to offline charging. and the UGW9811 receives a CCA message that carries a result code indicating OCS server overload or failure. − The number of envelopes used by a subscriber reaches the limit. the UGW9811 performs the FUA-specified redirection action..

4 UGW9811 V900R011C00 Fourth release.  The automatic switch to online charging function cannot take effect if the Gy Interface Online Charging (using service-based DCC sessions) function is enabled. 2 UGW9811 V900R009C01 Second release. the default quota function does not take effect. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 102 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Dependency Application Limitations  The automatic switch to online charging function cannot take effect if the tight online/offline charging interworking function is enabled. . Interaction with Other Features Table 2-57 Interaction between the Gy Interface Online Charging feature and other features Feature Interaction 6.. or immediate event charging (IEC) is enabled.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Feature Version Product Version Details charging. 3 UGW9811 V900R010C01 Third release.3.  The automatic switch to online charging function cannot take effect if the standard event charging with unit reservation (ECUR). 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. If the credit pooling function is globally enabled. This feature is enhanced to support online charging for WLAN subscribers who access the UGW9811 functioning as a P-GW. This feature is enhanced to comply with the R11 protocol. Ltd. enhanced ECUR. 5 UGW9811 V900R012C10 Fifth release. This feature is enhanced to support online charging for eHRPD subscribers. This feature is enhanced to support the dual-quota function.5 GWFD-110312 The default quota function of the Gy Interface Online Credit Pooling Charging feature and the credit pooling function are mutually exclusive.

Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license..2. In the preceding table(s)." Summary Basic Content Based Charging. √ √ √ Table 2-59 NEs involved in implementing the Basic Content Based Charging feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW CG OCS Server . The UGW9811 filters and analyzes subscribers' uplink and downlink packets to identify the service types of packets and sends the corresponding charging information to an online charging system (OCS) server or charging gateway (CG). . and . an OCS server must be deployed. √ indicates that the NE is required. specifically. The license control items for this feature is "82202141 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Basic Content Based Charging. If flow-based offline charging is required. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 103 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . Ltd. . . If online charging and offline charging are both required.2 Service Based Charging Entry Feature 2. √ √ √ If flow-based online charging is required.1 GWFD-110302 Basic Content Based Charging Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-58 NEs involved in implementing the Basic Content Based Charging feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN CG OCS Server .indicates that the NE is not required. flow-based charging (FBC). is a feature that enables carriers to apply specified tariffs to services. a CG must be deployed. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 2. both the OCS server and CG must be deployed.

such as multimedia messaging service (MMS). For carriers with additional requirements. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 104 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This is because if the Basic Content Based Charging feature is not deployed on mobile networks. the UGW9811 uses the Multiple-Service-Credit-Control (MSCC) AVP group to assign an independent credit instance for each service on a bearer.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For.251 defines two types of CDRs for flow-based charging: enhanced GGSN charging data records (eG-CDRs) and PDN gateway charging data records (PGW-CDRs).. Credit Control Session in FBC During flow-based online charging. which can use the same SID or different SIDs as specified in predefined policy and charging control (PCC) rules. Subscribers This feature provides service-specific charging information in bills so that subscribers can check their service usage in detail. . the UGW9811 supports the extension of G-CDRs and can be configured to record FBC information in the recordExtensions extension field.  Avoids repetitive charging of certain mobile network services. these services will be charged by both the service gateway and mobile gateway. Ltd. Description  FBC CDRs  Credit Control Session in FBC  FBC Granularities  System Implementation (Standard Configuration Architecture)  System Implementation (Simplified Configuration Architecture)  Optional Functions FBC CDRs 3GPP TS 32. The uplink and downlink SIDs are contained in the recordExtensions extension field. Benefits Carriers This feature provides the following benefits for carriers:  Enables carriers to provide differentiated charging based on service types..  Helps carriers learn about subscribers' interests by analyzing the most frequently requested services based on charging data records (CDRs).  Enables carriers to enlarge their subscriber base by providing more service options for various applications. Serving gateway charging data records (SGW-CDRs) apply only to bearer-level charging. the UGW9811 allows FBC for both uplink and downlink packets. The rating group (RG) and service identifier (SID) in a service container identify the FBC instance represented by the service container. For carriers with additional requirements. Service-specific statistics for FBC are recorded in the service container (ListofServiceData field) of eG-CDRs and PGW-CDRs..

see 4. see 4. is counted in bearer-specific traffic. (For details about Layer 7 traffic volume statistics. A credit instance can be identified by an RG or an RG+SID. An offline charging service template can be configured based on an RG or an RG+SID. The charging information granularity can be an RG or an RG+SID. duration. The SA feature enables the UGW9811 to analyze characteristics of data flows. and dynamic PCC rules support only Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. The charging information includes traffic volume. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 105 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. RG+SID have a finer granularity. As shown in Figure 4-4. and record charging information about the data flows based on the charging characteristics (RGs and SIDs) defined in the PCC rules.4. The RG and SID in an MSCC AVP group identify a credit instance.2. including IP headers. or a user profile. An offline charging template can be configured globally. . FBC Granularities The SA feature is the prerequisite for FBC..)  Time statistics granularities The UGW9811 supports four time-based charging modes: continuous charging. Carriers can define the charging characteristics and granularities in PCC rules as needed. Currently. continuous time period-based (CTP-based) charging.  Volume statistics granularities The UGW9811 can measure bearer-specific or Layer 7 application-specific traffic.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The charging and credit control information for each credit instance is contained in an MSCC AVP group and sent to the OCS server. whereas only application layer traffic is counted in Layer 7 application-specific traffic. match the data flows to PCC rules based on the characteristics of the data flows. PCC rules are classified into dynamic PCC rules. and discrete time period-based (DTP-based) charging. Ltd. System Implementation (Standard Configuration Architecture) When data flows arrive at the UGW9811. predefined PCC rule groups and predefined PCC rules support Layer 3/Layer 4 and Layer 7 parsing. or based on a charging characteristic. quota consumption time-based (QCT-based) charging. the UGW9811 implements FBC for the data flows based on the charging characteristics defined in PCC rules.  Charging information statistics granularities The UGW9811 records the charging information of packets that have the same charging characteristics under the same FBC instance. predefined PCC rule groups. FBC properties are mainly configured on the UGW9811. and predefined PCC rules. and events. volume measurement is bearer-specific. For details about these charging modes.1 GWFD-110304 Time Based Charging of Service. an APN. FBC properties are configured on the UGW9811 at various levels to implement flexible charging.  CDR parameter setting granularities FBC CDR parameters can be configured in an offline charging template or offline charging service template on the UGW9811. All traffic. By default.2 GWFD-110029 Layer 7 Traffic Discrimination.

the signaling charging property and service charging property bound to a user profile take effect. Ltd.. Layer 7 protocol/protocol group. and user profile. In a narrow sense. . there are four levels of FBC on the UGW9811: Layer 7. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 106 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Layer 3/Layer 4.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-18 FBC property configurations at various levels In a broad sense. and Layer 3/Layer 4. If no charging properties are configured or no rules are matched for these three levels of FBC. there are three levels of FBC on the UGW9811: Layer 7. Layer 7 protocol/protocol group.

the UGW9811 uses the SA technique to perform Layer 3/Layer 4 or Layer 7 parsing and matches the parsing result with a rule in the user profile for the subscriber. the UGW9811 matches the APN and the subscriber information against user profiles to find the subscriber's user profile. each of which contains Layer 3/Layer 4. If a data flow matches a Layer 3/Layer 4 rule but does not match any Layer 7 protocol/protocol group rules. 1. or if a data flow matches a Layer 7 rule but service charging properties are not configured for the Layer 7 rule.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-19 FBC matching procedure During the activation of a subscriber. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 107 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. or if a signaling flow matches a Layer 7 protocol/protocol group rule but signaling charging properties are not configured for the Layer 7 protocol/protocol group. and charging characteristics. mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN). 4.. or if a data flow matches a Layer 7 protocol/protocol group rule but service charging properties are not configured for the Layer 7 protocol/protocol group. If a data flow does not match any rules or if a data flow matches a rule but service charging properties are not configured for the rule. the UGW9811 does not charge the packets. Different rules have different priorities. If a signaling flow matches a Layer 3/Layer 4 rule but does not match any Layer 7 protocol/protocol group rules. Layer 7 protocol/protocol group. . If the user profile is not configured with service charging properties. you must configure a default charging property in the user profile. the signaling charging property at the user profile level is used. the service charging property of the Layer 7 protocol/protocol group is used. 3. Based on the user profile binding configurations. The user profile is bound with a group of rules. If a data flow matches a Layer 7 protocol/protocol group rule but does not match any Layer 7 rules. If a data flow matches a Layer 7 rule. the service charging property at Layer 3/Layer 4 is used. radio access technology (RAT). and Layer 7 information. Therefore. Ltd. The UGW9811 matches the data flow with Layer 3/Layer 4 information to obtain a rule and then matches the data flow with the Layer 7 information that is bound to the rule. The subscriber information includes the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI). When a data packet arrives at the UGW9811. the default service charging property that is bound to the user profile is used. the service charging property configured using the command is used. the UGW9811 checks the access point name (APN) used in the Create PDP Context Request or Create Session Request message to identify the user profile group to which the subscriber belongs.

√ . √ √ √ . . Ltd.1. √ √ Layer Layer 3/Layer 3/Layer 4 4 charging charging property property Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 108 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. √ × √ . . Service Signalin charging g property charging for a property Layer 7 for a rule Layer 7 rule × .. × . see Rule Matching Mechanism in 1. Table 2-60 UGW9811 FBC matching and its charging properties Layer 7 Layer 7 Rule Layer 3/Layer 4 Charging Information Properties for Packets Layer 7 Chargi Layer 7 Chargi Layer Layer Service Signali Inform ng Rule ng 3/Layer 3/Layer Packet ng ation Propert Filter Propert 4 Filter 4 Packet Filter y for y for a Chargi Layer 7 Layer 7 ng Inform Rule Propert ation y √ √ √ . Service Signalin charging g property charging for a property Layer 7 for a rule Layer 7 rule × . √ .1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents For rule matching mechanism details. Chargin N/A g property for Layer 7 informat ion √ × √ . Layer Signalin 3/Layer g 4 charging charging property property for a user profile .

PCC rules are classified into dynamic PCC rules. and dynamic PCC rules support only Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. . If the data flow matches the rule with the highest priority. the RG configured for the rule is used for charging. × . Currently. and predefined PCC rules. System Implementation (Simplified Configuration Architecture) When data flows arrive at the UGW9811. and . During the activation of a subscriber.. Layer 7 protocol/protocol group. The subscriber information includes the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI). mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Layer 7 Layer 7 Rule Layer 3/Layer 4 Charging Information Properties for Packets Layer 7 Chargi Layer 7 Chargi Layer Layer Service Signali Inform ng Rule ng 3/Layer 3/Layer Packet ng ation Propert Filter Propert 4 Filter 4 Packet Filter y for y for a Chargi Layer 7 Layer 7 ng Inform Rule Propert ation y . the UGW9811 implements FBC for the data flows based on the charging characteristics defined in PCC rules. × indicates that the corresponding filter is not matched or the corresponding charging property is not configured. FBC properties are mainly configured on the UGW9811.indicates that the corresponding condition does not need to be considered. . . Ltd. and Layer 7 information. predefined PCC rule groups and predefined PCC rules support Layer 3/Layer 4 and Layer 7 parsing. radio access technology (RAT). . the UGW9811 uses SA to perform Layer 3/Layer 4 and/or Layer 7 parsing on the packet and matches the parsing result with a rule in the user profile to which the subscriber belongs. √ indicates that the corresponding filter is matched or the corresponding charging property is configured. predefined PCC rule groups. Different rules have different priorities. the UGW9811 matches the APN and the subscriber information against user profiles to find the subscriber's user profile. When a subscriber's data packet arrives at the UGW9811. each of which contains Layer 3/Layer 4. the UGW9811 matches the data flow with the second Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 109 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The UGW9811 matches a data flow with rules in descending order of rule priorities. . the UGW9811 checks the access point name (APN) used in the Create PDP Context Request or Create Session Request message to identify the user profile group to which the subscriber belongs. √ × Service Signalin charging g property charging for a property user for a profile user profile . Matchin Matchin g the g the next rule next rule In Table 4-17. The user profile is bound with a group of rules. Based on the user profile binding configurations. × . If the data flow does not match the rule with the highest priority. and charging characteristics.

the UGW9811 does not charge the packets. you must configure a default charging property in the user profile. If the user profile is not configured with service charging properties. If the data flow does not match any rules or if the data flow matches a rule but service charging properties are not configured for the matched rule.. Figure 2-20 UGW9811 FBC matching procedure Optional Functions  Signaling-associated Charging Signaling-associated charging enables the UGW9811 to count signaling packets involved in Transmission Control Protocol/Wireless Session Protocol (TCP/WSP) connection setup and release into Layer 7 service traffic and apply a unified tariff to the Layer 7 service traffic. The UGW9811 forwards TCP/WSP connection setup packets upon the receipt of these packets and records the traffic volume of these packets but does not associate the traffic volume with an FBC instance. the default service charging property that is bound to the user profile is used. see Rule Matching Mechanism in 1.1. Therefore. After the UGW9811 receives subsequent service packets Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 110 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. .1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents highest priority. For rule matching mechanism details.

uniform resource locator (URL) redirection.. set protocol to ftp. Identification by well-known ports does not meet service requirements because FTP data packets use random port numbers. including TCP signaling packets and service packets. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 111 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. All these redirection scenarios involve Layer 3/Layer 4 or Layer 7 redirection. Enhancement Table 2-61 Release history of the Basic Content Based Charging feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 First release. Then the UGW9811 records the traffic volume of the TCP/WSP connection setup packets and service packets to the FBC instance. The UGW9811 supports two signaling-service association modes: real-time association and delayed association. For details about these charging modes. Signaling-associated charging is incompatible with 4.  Referer URL Charging A Referer field is contained in the HTTP request sent from a browser to a web server. the UGW9811 implements SA and matches the service packets to an FBC instance. the UGW9811 applies the signaling tariff to this part of traffic or does not charge these packets. are transmitted when network congestion or a long delay occurs. IP redirection. if subscribers click advertisement links on a portal page.3.  Redirection Charging Five typical scenarios of redirection are available on the UGW9811: web proxy redirection. The UGW9811 applies a unified tariff to the requested page and the source page based on this information. Contact Huawei frontline engineers to obtain the latest signature database. V900R001C03 Dependency Application Limitations  The signature database must be upgraded regularly to enable the UGW9811 to identify services that use the latest protocols. If the signaling packets are not matched to any Layer 7 applications before a configured timer expires. so that the UGW9811 can identify FTP packets based on the configured rule. and final unit indication (FUI) redirection in online charging. see 6.  FBC of FTP Traffic If File Transfer Protocol (FTP) traffic needs to be charged separately.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents of the TCP/WSP bearer.2.1 GWFD-110028 TCP Retransmission Identification.2 GWFD-110029 Layer 7 Traffic Discrimination. . the UGW9811 charges the advertisement traffic using the same RG that applies to the traffic generated for accessing the portal page. Ltd.  TCP Retransmission Charging TCP packets. captive portal redirection. The Referer field informs the web server of the source page from which the requested page is linked. For example.

the Basic Content Based Charging feature is available only after the SA function is enabled.2 GWFD-110303 Gy If flow-based online charging is used.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  Currently. .1. (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions) GWFD-010501 Offline If flow-based offline charging is used.3 Volume Based Charging of Service 2. .. the UGW9811 cannot match the service packets to RGs that are locally configured for the original data flows. 4. the UGW9811 does not support the parsing of encrypted packets. and the UGW9811 cannot obtain the original URLs and destination IP addresses in service packets.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to identify service types before SA-Basic being able to apply different tariffs to services to implement flow-based charging.1.  If an iCache is deployed and the bypass scheme is used. which results in the inaccuracy of FBC (including Layer 7 FBC and Layer 3/Layer 4 FBC). such as Security Socket Layer (SSL) and File Transfer Protocol Secure (FTPS) packets. the Offline Charging Charging feature must be activated.1 GWFD-110315 Volume Based Charging of Service Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-63 NEs involved in implementing the Volume Based Charging of Service feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN CG OCS . Interaction with Other Features Table 2-62 Interaction between the Basic Content Based Charging feature and other features Feature Interaction 1.3. √ √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 112 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . Ltd. the Gy Interface Interface Online Charging Online Charging feature must be activated. data flows are redirected to the iCache. 2. As a result. Therefore.

If service-specific volume-based online charging and service-specific volume-based offline charging are both required. . . deploy a charging gateway (CG). √ √ √ If only service-specific volume-based online charging is required. License Requirement This feature is optional and requires a license. and .  This feature enables carriers to better meet subscribers' service needs. Benefits Carriers  This feature provides a charging method that increases the flexibility of charging for carriers. deploy both the OCS server and CG. √ indicates that the NE is required.indicates that the NE is not required. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-64 NEs involved in implementing the Volume Based Charging of Service feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW CG OCS . This section only describes the Volume Based Charging of Service feature on the UGW9811. The license control items for this feature is "82204351 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Volume Based Charging of Service". In the preceding table(s). Description  Protocol Overview  Volume-based CDRs  Credit Control Session in Volume-based Charging  System Implementation Protocol Overview Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 113 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If only service-specific volume-based offline charging is required. For details about the SA feature. Summary The Volume Based Charging of Service feature (service-specific volume-based charging) enables the UGW9811 to implement service-specific charging on subscribers based on the accumulated traffic volume.. see 1 Service Awareness (SA)... Ltd. The Service Awareness (SA) feature is a prerequisite to implementing service-specific volume-based charging. . deploy an online charging system (OCS) server. Benefits For. Subscribers This feature enables subscribers to obtain more detailed volume information about the services they have used than subscriber-specific volume-based charging.

251. If the OCS server delivers volume quotas in Credit Control Answer (CCA) messages to subscribers..or service-specific volume is carried in the CC-Input-Octets AVP in the USU AVP of the MSCC AVP group. For details about the OCS. CDRs contain subscriber-specific volume information.or service-specific. the UGW9811 performs volume-based charging on the subscribers. By default. and the downlink subscriber- or service-specific volume is carried in the CC-Output-Octets AVP in the USU AVP of the MSCC AVP group. . For details about the offline charging system (OFCS). Credit Control Session in Volume-based Charging In subscriber-specific or service-specific volume-based charging. 3GPP TS 32. It collects service-specific charging information and implements flow-based charging in compliance with 3GPP TS 32. Each service is identified by a rating group (RG) or the combination of an RG and a service ID. The UGW9811 uses CCR messages to report subscriber.1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The Volume Based Charging of Service feature is based on online charging and offline charging functions. System Implementation The UGW9811 can measure subscriber-specific and service-specific uplink and downlink traffic. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 114 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the UGW9811 uses a credit control session to deduct fees from an account in real time.  In subscriber-specific volume-based charging.298.2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions). the datavolumeFBCUplink and datavolumeFBCDownlink fields in the service container (the List of Service Data field) of CDRs respectively indicate the uplink and downlink service-specific volumes. The uplink subscriber.or service-specific volumes to the OCS server. the OCS server delivers volume quotas in CCA messages. The billing center determines whether to charge subscribers based on the traffic volume.  In online charging. For CDR examples. Volume-based CDRs Volume-based charging can be subscriber. the UGW9811 sends CDRs carrying charging data to the billing center. and 3GPP TS 32.299. see 4.  In service-specific volume-based charging. see GWFD-010501 Offline Charging.  In offline charging. Each service is identified by an RG or the combination of an RG and a service ID. Ltd. See Figure 4-7. Volume quotas are carried in the CC-Total-Octets attribute-value pair (AVP) in the GSU AVP of the multiple services credit control (MSCC) AVP group. The OCS server determines whether to charge subscribers based on the traffic volume. see FBC CDRs. the VolUpLk and VolDnLk fields in the volume container (the list Of Traffic Volumes field) of CDRs respectively indicate the uplink and downlink subscriber-specific volumes.

For details about Layer 7 application-specific traffic measurement.. including traffic of IP headers.and service-specific traffic measurement on the UGW9811 The UGW9811 can measure bearer-specific traffic or Layer 7 application-specific traffic in service-specific charging. see 4.2 GWFD-110029 Layer 7 Traffic Discrimination. Ltd. See Figure 4-8.2.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-21 Subscriber. The traffic measurement granularity can be configured using the command on the UGW9811. Figure 2-22 Bearer-specific and Layer 7 application-specific traffic measurement on the UGW9811 Feature Enhancement Table 2-65 Release history of the Volume Based Charging of Service feature Feature Version Product Version Details Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 115 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. By default. . is measured. bearer-specific traffic.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R010C00 First release. the Volume Based Charging Charging of Service feature is available only after the flow-based charging function is enabled.1 GWFD-110304 Time Based Charging of Service Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-67 NEs involved in implementing the Time Based Charging of Service feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN CG OCS . Ltd.1 GWFD-110302 Service-specific volume-based charging is an enhancement to Basic Content Based flow-based charging. . Interaction with Other Features Table 2-66 Interaction between the Volume Based Charging of Service feature and other features Feature Interaction 4.4 Time Based Charging of Service 2. Therefore.. .4. 1.2. √ √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 116 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore. Dependency Application Limitations None.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to identify service types before being SA-Basic able to apply different tariffs to services to implement flow-based charging. the Basic Content Based Charging feature is available only after the SA function is enabled. .1. 2.

The Service Awareness (SA) feature is a prerequisite to implementing time-based charging. Description  Protocol Overview  Time-based CDR  Credit Control Session in Time-based Charging  Time-based Charging Modes  System Implementation Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 117 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. √ indicates that the NE is required. Subscribers This feature provides a charging method that is clearer than volume-based charging to subscribers and enables subscribers to have better understanding of and control on their service usage.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-68 NEs involved in implementing the Time Based Charging of Service feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW CG OCS . Benefits Carriers  This feature increases the charging flexibility for carriers by combining time-based charging with existing volume-based and event-based charging. This section describes only the Time Based Charging of Service feature on the UGW9811. . Summary Time Based Charging of Service is a feature that enables the UGW9811 to charge subscribers for the amount of time they use services. The license control items for this feature is "82202100 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Time Based Charging of Service". deploy an online charging system (OCS) server. see 1 Service Awareness (SA). For details about the SA feature. . If both time-based online charging and offline charging are required. Benefits For. and .indicates that the NE is not required. √ √ √ If only time-based online charging is required..  This feature provides a variety of service duration measurement methods that enable carriers to better meet subscribers' service needs. . If only time-based offline charging is required. . Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. deploy both the OCS server and CG. deploy a charging gateway (CG). Ltd. The UGW9811 uses a number of methods to measure the service usage duration of subscribers. In the preceding table(s)..

299. the service duration is carried in the Duration field of a CDR. If the OCS server delivers time quotas for a subscriber through Credit Control Answer (CCA) messages. In offline charging. The charging mode is carried in the GSU AVP in the MSCC AVP group and can be continuous charging.  In online charging. which defines both offline and online charging. QCT-based charging has the second highest charging accuracy.  Continuous charging In continuous charging. and continuous charging has the lowest charging accuracy. the QCT is specified Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 118 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. the charging mode can be delivered by the OCS server through a DCC message.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Protocol Overview The UGW9811's implementation of time-based charging complies with the 3GPP TS 32. the UGW9811 sends CDRs carrying charging data to the billing center. The billing center determines whether to charge subscribers by the amount of time they use the service. Ltd. and DTP-based charging.  In offline charging. the UGW9811 uses a credit control session to deduct fees from an account in real time. CTP-based charging and DTP-based charging have the highest charging accuracy. see GWFD-010501 Offline Charging. and envelope. the QCT is set to 0. The OCS server determines whether to charge subscribers by the amount of time they use the service. The UGW9811 also uses DCC message to report quota usage to the OCS server. Credit Control Session in Time-based Charging In time-based charging. By default CDRs contain time information. The List of Service Data field also records the information about service time-based charging modes (i. Time quotas are carried in the CC-Time attribute-value pair (AVP) in the granted service unit (GSU) of the multiple services credit control (MSCC) AVP group. QCT-based charging. the time-based charging mode is specified using the command. TQM ). These modes use different service duration measurement methods. For details about the OFCS. the service duration is carried in the Time Usage field in the service container (List of Service Data) of a CDR.e. the QCT is specified using the time-quota-mechanism command. the OCS server delivers time quotas in Diameter credit control (DCC) messages. CTP-based charging.2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions). QHT.  In online charging. The quota usage is carried in the CC-Time AVP in the used service unit (USU) of the MSCC AVP group.or service-specific.1. Alternatively. In online charging. the UGW9811 performs time-based charging for the subscriber. QCT-based charging. Time-based CDR Time-based charging can be subscriber. In the case of service-specific time-based charging. For details about the OCS. . which is specified using the command. System Implementation The four charging modes use different service duration measurement methods. Time-based Charging Modes The UGW9811 supports four time-based charging modes: continuous charging. CTP-based charging. The charging mode delivered by the OCS server has a higher priority than the locally configured charging mode.  In offline charging. the default time-based charging mode can be continuous charging or QCT-based charging. see 4. In the case of subscriber-specific time-based charging. or DTP-based charging.

in Figure 4-11. The QCT delivered by the OCS server has a higher priority than the locally configured QCT. For example. the service duration is the time counted in the Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 119 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 4-10 shows service duration measurement in continuous charging when online charging is performed. Ltd. regardless of whether the subscriber is using services of this credit control instance. the service duration starts when the UGW9811 receives the first service packet and ends when the service is terminated..HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents using the qct command or delivered by the OCS server through the Quota-Consumption-Time AVP in the GSU of the MSCC AVP group. if the charging is service-specific. . Figure 2-24 Continuous charging in offline charging In offline continuous charging. Figure 2-23 Continuous charging in online charging In online continuous charging. the service duration starts when the UGW9811 receives the first quota for a subscriber from the OCS server and ends when the subscriber is deactivated or the credit control instance is terminated. Figure 4-11 shows service duration measurement in continuous charging when offline charging is performed.

whether CTP-based or DTP-based charging is used is determined by the Time-Quota-Type AVP in the Time-Quota-Mechanism of the MSCC AVP group. the third idle period is not counted in the service duration. After packet forwarding is suspended. . as shown in "User Time Consumed" in Figure 4-11. the QCT is not 0. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 120 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 4-12 shows service duration measurement in QCT-based charging. in Figure 4-12. If the idle time is longer than the QCT. regardless of whether the subscriber is using any services. Then the UGW9811 check if the time exceeds QCT.. the UGW9811 calculates time through the duration between two data packets. the idle time is counted in the service duration. the service duration starts when a subscriber is activated and ends when the subscriber is deactivated. In the offline charging system. For example. which means that the excess idle time is not counted in the service duration.based charging starts when the UGW9811 receives the first service packet. Ltd. In offline charging. the service duration of QCT. If the charging is subscriber-specific. the UGW9811 stops service duration measurement when the QCT timer expires. the UGW9811 resets the QCT timer. If the idle time is shorter than or equal to the QCT. After service duration measurement stops due to QCT timer expiration. For example. and the BTI value is determined by the Base-Time-Interval AVP in the Time-Quota-Mechanism of the MSCC AVP group in a DCC message from the OCS server.  QCT-based charging In QCT-based charging. whether CTP-based or DTP-based charging is used and the base time interval (BTI) value are specified using the command. in Figure 4-12. the UGW9811 continues with service duration measurement.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents rating groups (RGs) 1 and 2. In the online charging system. In subscriber-specific time-based charging. the Duration field in a CDR carries the online duration of a subscriber.  CTP-based charging Figure 4-13 shows service duration measurement in CTP-based charging. the time of the fourth packet is counted in the service duration. Figure 2-25 QCT-based charging In both online and offline charging. the service duration is related to the service duration measurement method that is used. For example. This duration is irrelevant to service duration measurement methods. if packet forwarding resumes. the UGW9811 starts the timer. the first two idle periods are counted in the service duration. In online charging. In service-specific time-based charging. If packet forwarding resumes before the QCT timer expires. the UGW9811 calculates time through the QCT timer.

the first two BTIs are counted in the service duration.. in Figure 4-13. . the charging mode specified in the Time-Quota-Mechanism AVP is used. If no packet is forwarded after an idle BTI. the BTI is an idle BTI. Ltd. − In modified CTP-based charging. idle BTIs are counted in the service duration. the service duration starts when the UGW9811 receives the first service packet and is measured by BTIs. the BTI is counted in the service duration. the BTI is delivered from the OCS server. Figure 2-26 CTP-based charging In CTP-based charging. regardless of whether online or offline charging is performed.  DTP-based charging Figure 4-14 shows service duration measurement in DTP-based charging. the service duration measurement restarts from the moment the UGW9811 starts forwarding packets. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 121 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. BTI. that is. For example. the third BTI in Figure 4-13 is an idle BTI. DTP-based charging uses the same parameters as CTP-based charging. − In 3GPP CTP-based charging. the BTI is configured on the UGW9811. If the UGW9811 forwards packets in a BTI. If the UGW9811 does not forward packets in a BTI. for example. In CTP-based charging.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents If a DCC message carries both the Quota-Consumption-Time and Time-Quota-Mechanism AVPs. the UGW9811 measures the service duration based on a fixed time unit. the UGW9811 stops measuring the service duration. idle BTIs are not counted in the service duration. In online charging. If the UGW9811 starts to forward packets after an idle BTI. In offline charging. The service that lasts less than one BTI is charged as one BTI.

Ltd. Dependency Application Limitations  During an online charging session. The UGW9811 starts another BTI only when it starts to forward subsequent packets. the UGW9811 supports DTP-based charging in offline charging. However.. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 122 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the UGW9811 cannot switch between continuous time period (CTP)-based charging and quota consumption time (QCT)-based charging. You can customize your online charging system to implement DTP-based charging. . Currently.  Discrete time period (DTP)-based charging is supported only after offline charging is enabled. in DTP-based charging.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 2-27 DTP-based charging DTP-based charging also uses BTI as the minimum measurement unit. In online charging. Enhancement Table 2-69 Release history of the Time Based Charging of Service feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release. a BTI is an independent charging period. Each BTI starts when the UGW9811 receives the first service packet and ends when the BTI time is complete. and BTIs are discrete. the UGW9811 does not support DTP-based charging specified by the 3GPP but supports customized DTP-based charging.

. Basic Content Based Therefore.1. 6. CTP-based charging is available only after the envelope reporting function is enabled.5. the Time Based Charging of Service feature is Charging available only after the flow-based charging function is enabled.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-70 Interaction between the Time Based Charging of Service feature and other features Feature Interaction 4. .3. the Basic Content Based Charging feature is available only after the SA function is enabled. 1. . √ √ √ Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 123 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore. . . 2.5 Event Based Charging of Service 2.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to identify service types before being SA-Basic able to apply different tariffs to services to implement flow-based charging.4 GWFD-110310 CTP-based charging and envelope reporting are implemented Envelope Reporting together.1 GWFD-110305 Event Based Charging of Service Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 2-71 NEs involved in implementing the Event Based Charging of Service feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN CG OCS Server .1 GWFD-110302 Time-based charging is a type of flow-based charging. √ √ √ Table 2-72 NEs involved in implementing the Event Based Charging of Service feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW CG OCS Server .2. . Ltd. Therefore. .

Summary Event Based Charging of Service is a feature that enables the UGW9811 to charge subscribers based on the number of times they use each data service.. an online charging system (OCS) server must be deployed. . Ltd. The license control items for this feature is "82202135 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Event Based Charging of Service".298. and .2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Subscriber-based DCC Sessions) features.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  If event-based online charging is required. when a subscriber accesses a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) service.. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 124 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. both an OCS server and a CG must be deployed. Benefits Carriers  This feature enables carriers to charge subscribers based on the number of times subscribers use a service and helps meet charging requirements of various services. which are defined in 3GPP TS 32.or volume-based charging to subscribers and gives subscribers better understanding of and more control on their service usage.indicates that the NE is not required. Event-based charging is implemented on the basis of the GWFD-010501 Offline Charging and 4. the subscriber is charged based on the number of uniform resource locator (URL) that are accessed during the HTTP service. In the preceding table(s)..  If event-based offline charging is required. a charging gateway (CG) must be deployed.  This feature enables carriers to collect event statistics based on service types and helps carriers learn the service usage of subscribers. For example.  If both event-based online charging and offline charging are required. Benefits For.299 and 32. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. Subscribers This feature provides a charging method that is more specific than time. Description  Protocol Overview  Event-based CDR  Credit Control in Event-based Charging  Services Supporting Event-based Charging  Charging Points Allowed in Event-based Charging Protocol Overview The Event Based Charging of Service feature of the UGW9811 implements the charging trigger function (CTF) and charging data function (CDF).1. √ indicates that the NE is required.

Event-based CDR Only enhanced GGSN charging data records (eG-CDRs) or PDN gateway charging data records (PGW-CDRs) of version R7 or later can be used for event-based charging. Credit Control in Event-based Charging IETF RFC 4006 defines two credit control modes: session-based credit control and event-based credit control. One online charging session is used for volume-. If the command is executed to enable event-based charging on the UGW9811 and the OCS server has provisioned event quotas through Credit Control Answer (CCA) messages.299 defines three Diameter credit control (DCC) modes for event-based charging: immediate event charging (IEC). the number of events and timestamps are carried in the CC-Service-Specific-Units and Event-Charging-TimeStamp AVPs. Standard ECUR supports only one-time quota reservation and involves only CCR-I/CCA-I and CCR-T/CCA-T messages. In IEC mode. the UGW9811 implements credit control and deducts fees from the subscriber's account in real time. the UGW9811 reports the quota usage to the OCS server for fee deduction. the UGW9811 reports the event to the OCS server and the OCS server performs fee deduction immediately. respectively. In addition to these credit control modes. Services Supporting Event-based Charging The UGW9811 supports event-based charging for the following services: Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 125 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In other modes.. If the command is executed to enable event-based charging on the UGW9811. If the service attempt fails. the UGW9811 sends a Credit Control Request (CCR) message to the OCS server.  IEC: When the UGW9811 detects that an event has occurred.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  In offline charging. the UGW9811 adds event-based charging information to CDRs. for example. the number of events is carried in the CC-Service-Specific-Unit attribute-value pair (AVP) in the Requested-Service-Unit AVP of the multiple services credit control (MSCC) AVP group and reported to the OCS server. requesting the OCS server to refund the unused quota.  In online charging. the UGW9811 sends CDRs carrying charging information to the billing system (BS). event charging with unit reservation (ECUR). time-. The specific event-based charging mode is determined by the interworking OCS server and is specified by a command (event-based-charging) on the UGW9811. When the UGW9811 detects that the service is complete or that the number of events has reached the upper limit of the assigned quota. the UGW9811 applies to the OCS server for event quotas. the UGW9811 performs event-based online charging. . the UGW9811 receives an HTTP Get packet. in the used service unit (USU) of the MSCC AVP group. Ltd.  Standard ECUR: When the UGW9811 detects that an event has occurred. An ECUR session may involve one or multiple pairs of CCR-U/CCA-U messages or does not involve any CCR-U/CCA-U messages.  Enhanced ECUR: One ECUR session supports multiple quota reservation operations. and session charging with unit reservation (SCUR). Based on RFC 4006. and event-based charging. The OCS server grants an event quota to the UGW9811. 3GPP TS 32. The number of events and corresponding timestamps are carried in the eventBasedChargingInformation field in the service container (listOfServiceData) of a CDR. Other processing is the same as the processing of ECUR. the UGW9811 also supports enhanced ECUR.  SCUR: No exclusive session is created for event-based charging during the Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context/evolved packet system (EPS) bearer activation procedure.

not the number of link clicks. the UGW9811 determines that an event is successful and performs charging after receiving one of the following types of packets:  Service request packet from a subscriber  Response packet containing a result code that indicates success from a server  Complete response packet from a server Enhancement Table 2-73 Release history of the Event Based Charging of Service feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release.  The UGW9811 does not support the credit pooling function for event quotas. there are two MMS service types: single MMS messaging and MMS group messaging. and then to the server.  MMS service: Charging is based on the number of times the MMS service is used. The MMS service involves two applications: receiving and sending MMS messages. connect packets are used to establish a secure tunnel from the MS/UE. not by the duration for which the subscriber watches the video. first to the proxy. the subscriber is charged by the number of events in this procedure. . the number of HTTP Get/Post requests. and the UGW9811 charges the subscriber based on the number of events. As defined in the HTTP protocol. When a subscriber clicks a link to access a page. when a subscriber watches a video. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 126 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. not on time or volume. You can configure event-based charging points based on protocol types on the UGW9811. Therefore. connect packets do not trigger event-based charging. Therefore.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  HTTP service: Charging is based on the number of times a service is accessed. Dependency Application Limitations  Resumable.  RTSP service: Charging is based on the number of times a streaming media service is used.  This feature does not support host-based charging and control in encryption scenarios.  WAP service: Charging is based on the number of times a service is accessed. specifically. Connect packets are not used for accessing services. In group messaging.. multi-thread. In event-based charging. or multi-source HTTP download is regarded as multiple events in charging. Furthermore. the number of HTTP Get/Post requests triggered.0. Charging Points Allowed in Event-based Charging The charging points may be different for services using different protocols. MMS messages may be charged by the number of times an MMS message is transmitted or the number of recipients.x and does not support HTTP2. specifically. For example. Ltd.  This feature supports only HTTP1. events are counted based on the number of recipients. multiple HTTP Get/Post requests may be triggered.

.1. Ltd.5 GWFD-110026 The event-based charging feature is available for Wireless SA-Mobile Application Protocol (WAP) or multimedia messaging service (MMS) services only after the SA-Mobile feature is activated. 1.1. Therefore.1 GWFD-110302 Basic Event-based charging is an enhanced flow-based charging Content Based Charging feature. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 127 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the event-based charging feature is available only after the flow-based charging feature is activated.1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 2-74 Interaction between the Event Based Charging of Service feature and other features Feature Interaction 4.4 GWFD-110019 The event-based charging feature is available for SA-Streaming Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) services only after the SA-Streaming feature is activated.3 GWFD-110017 The event-based charging feature is available for HTTP SA-Web Browsing services only after the service awareness (SA)-Web Browsing feature is activated.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to identify service types before being SA-Basic able to apply different tariffs to services to implement flow-based charging. 1. 1.2. Therefore..2. 1. the Basic Content Based Charging feature is available only after the SA function is enabled.

. The license control item for this feature is "82202731 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting IPv6 SA. . √ √ √ √ √ In the preceding table(s). Ltd.1 Smart Policy Control 3. and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 3-1 NEs involved in implementing the IPv6 SA feature on the GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RA SGSN GGSN PCRF CG OCS N . . S-GW.1. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 3 Optional Feature Section One 3.1 GWFD-110403 IPv6 SA Applicable NEs GGSN. .1.. . √ indicates that the NE is required.indicates that the NE is not required.1 GWFD-110319 IPv6 Management 3." Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 128 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and . √ √ √ √ Table 3-2 NEs involved in implementing the IPv6 SA feature on the EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF CG OCS .

and then performs charging and control policies.1. to provide a reference for functions including bandwidth management and security protection. Layer 3/Layer 4 matching uses the IP layer and TCP/UDP layer characteristics. Subscribers This feature provides subscribers with improved services such as increasing network access speed and ensuring the VIP user experience. Ltd. the UGW9811 may need to parse the URL to identify the IPv6 service type. IPv6 SA is applicable to the following services:  IPv6 Content-based Charging  IPv6 URL Redirection  IPv6 Web Proxy  IPv6 Captive Portal  IPv6 P2P Traffic Control Benefits For.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary IPv6 service awareness (SA) is a feature that allows the UGW9811 to perform SA for IPv6 subscribers' uplink and downlink packets. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to gain profits and improve subscriber satisfaction by identifying. IPv6 SA has the same principles as described in 1.. protocol identification. it is closely related to the IP version. Layer 7 matching uses characteristics of layers over the transport layer. and perform different charging and control policies for different IPv6 services and contents accordingly.  After IPv6 subscribers' packets reach the UGW9811. With this feature. the UGW9811 performs Layer 7 parsing. IPv6 SA extracts information. URLs are usually irrelevant to the IP Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 129 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and precisely managing IPv6 services accessed by subscribers. and then performs charging and control policies.. MS IP addresses and server IP addresses in quintuple nodes must be IPv6 addresses and only IPv6 filters are used for matching. If an HTTP or a WAP packet carries a URL. and content identification of data packets for IPv6 subscribers. the UGW9811 performs Layer 3/Layer 4 filtering. In the case of IPv6. Therefore. identifies the IPv6 service. effectively controlling. after identifying the protocol type. such as the destination URL.1 GWFD-110030 SA-Basic but has the following requirements for IPv6:  After IPv6 subscribers' packets reach the UGW9811.. carrier can meet new requirements for IPv6 services on their networks and improve their network competitiveness. Description IPv6 SA By implementing packet parsing. identify requested IPv6 services and contents. . identifies the IPv6 service.

1 GWFD-110302 Basic Content Based Charging but has the following requirements for IPv6:  The UGW9811 sends a Credit Control Request (CCR) message to the OCS server applying for a quota for an IPv6 subscriber. and implements volume.or time-based charging accordingly. IPv6 URL Redirection The UGW9811 can redirect IPv6 subscribers' packets to an IPv6 redirection server for obtaining URLs. the UGW9811 must be able to parse this type of URLs.2. a device filters and analyzes IPv6 subscribers' uplink and downlink packets to identify IPv6 service types of packets. the UGW9811 performs Layer 3/Layer 4 filtering and Layer 7 parsing.2. IPv6 content-based offline charging has the same principles as described in 4. the URL redirection action is specified in a rule. and the Served PDP Address field in the CDRs must support IPv6 addresses. the UGW9811 can construct IPv6 redirection packets. the UGW9811 generates CDRs for IPv6 subscribers and sends the CDRs to the charging gateway (CG). − In the simplified configuration architecture. the host field may be in text format. This CCR message contains the PDP-Address information element (IE) which carries the IPv6 subscriber's address. IPv6 content-based online charging has the same principles as described in 4.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents version.  After IPv6 subscribers' packets reach the UGW9811. . and can construct redirection packets in IPv6 format.or time-based charging accordingly. identify service types. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 130 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. identifies the IPv6 service. If the redirection server address that the UGW9811 obtains after packet parsing and rule matching is an IPv4 address.  The CG parses and displays IPv6 addresses in CDRs sent from the UGW9811.  The UGW9811 generates CDRs for IPv6 subscribers. Ltd. Layer 7 parsing.. however. the UGW9811 will discard the IPv6 subscribers' packets. and implements volume.1 GWFD-110302 Basic Content Based Charging but has the following requirements for IPv6:  After IPv6 subscribers' packets reach the UGW9811. The OCS server returns a Credit Control Answer (CCA) message carrying a quota to the UGW9811. In addition. In content-based charging. The UGW9811 can trigger URL redirection after performing Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing. the UGW9811 performs Layer 3/Layer 4 filtering and Layer 7 parsing. identifies the IPv6 service. and sends the charging information to the online charging system (OCS) or offline charging system (OFCS). The UGW9811 can take the URL redirection action after Layer 3/Layer 4 or Layer 7 parsing and rule matching for IPv6 subscribers' packets are implemented. a URL may carry an IP address in text format. Therefore. For example. IPv6 Content-based Charging IPv6 content-based charging is a charging mode for carriers to apply different metering tariffs to different IPv6 services. and implement different control policies for different types of IPv6 services. or both and matching packets with a rule. There are two scenarios of IPv6 URL redirection:  UGW9811-triggered IPv6 URL redirection − In the standard configuration architecture.  When CDR generation conditions are met. a URL redirection action can be configured in either a Layer 3/Layer 4 rule or a Layer 7 rule.

Ltd. which pushes advertisements or subscribed news to the subscriber. and performs traffic control accordingly.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  PCRF-instructed IPv6 URL redirection When an IPv6 subscriber's quota is exhausted. An IPv6 subscriber in non-captive mode can use services normally and the UGW9811 will not redirect the subscriber's packets.5. IPv6 captive portal has the same principles as described in 3. the PCRF delivers the IPv6 address of a redirection page for recharge.2. For an IPv6 subscriber in captive mode.1 GWFD-110208 Web Proxy but has the following requirements for IPv6:  The IPv6 web proxy action can be configured on the UGW9811. The UGW9811 implements bandwidth management for controlling IPv6 P2P traffic so that subscribers can use IPv6 services normally.  If the proxy server address that the UGW9811 obtains after packet parsing and rule matching is an IPv4 address. the UGW9811 sends a CCR message requesting a rule to the PCRF.  The UGW9811 can perform network address translation (NAT) between IPv6 address of the IPv6 subscriber requested server and IPv6 address of the proxy server.. IPv6 web proxy has the same principles as described in 3. IPv6 Web Proxy The UGW9811 can redirect an IPv6 subscriber's request for a web page to a specific IPv6 proxy server for network acceleration or virus protection. the UGW9811 follows the common procedure to forward the packets. the access request is redirected automatically to an IPv6 portal server. the UGW9811 will discard the IPv6 subscribers' packets.  The UGW9811 can take the captive portal action after Layer 7 parsing and rule matching are successful for IPv6 subscribers' packets.5. the UGW9811 records the exception but it will not redirect the IPv6 subscriber's packets.  If the portal server address that the UGW9811 obtains after packet parsing and rule matching is an IPv4 address. After receiving the CCR message carrying an IPv6 address from the UGW9811. IPv6 P2P Traffic Control With the popularity of the P2P technology.2 GWFD-110209 Captive Portal but has the following requirements for IPv6:  The IPv6 captive portal action can be configured on the UGW9811. causing network congestion. the UGW9811 will discard the IPv6 subscribers' packets. IPv6 P2P traffic control has the same principles as described in 3. When an IPv6 subscriber requests a web page.2 GWFD-110204 Traffic Control Based on Service Awareness but has the following requirements for IPv6: Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 131 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . If the PCRF delivers the IPv4 address of a redirection page for recharge.  The UGW9811 can take the web proxy action after Layer 3/Layer 4 parsing and rule matching are successful for IPv6 subscribers' packets. IPv6 Captive Portal Captive portal is used to push advertisements or subscribed news. P2P applications consume and even maliciously use a large number of bandwidth resources. the UGW9811 redirects the subscriber's Get or Post request packets to an IPv6 portal server. The UGW9811 identifies IPv6 services by the Layer 3/Layer 4 and Layer 7 protocol signatures or packets' type of service (ToS) values. After that the subscriber can access the requested IPv6 services. Instead.

 The UGW9811 supports IPv6 P2P bandwidth management based on the Layer 3/Layer 4 and Layer 7 parsing. the IPv6 SA feature is available only after the IPv6 PDP/bearer context feature is enabled. obtain latest related documents from local Huawei project contact persons.. POP3. which requires IPv6 SA.  The UGW9811 supports IPv6 P2P bandwidth management based on the ToS value. IMAP4. Interaction with other features Table 3-4 Interaction between the IPv6 SA feature and other features Feature Interaction 1. File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Facebook. ToS in IPv4 corresponds to Traffic Class in IPv6. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 132 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. qqdownload.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic is a basic feature and must be enabled. for a specific subscriber group. domain name system (DNS). GWFD-110402 IPv6 The UGW9811 supports IPv6 services by interworking with Networking on Gi/SGi other network elements (NEs) over Gi or SGi interfaces. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). Therefore. the IPv6 SA feature is available only after the IPv6 networking on Gi/SGi feature is enabled. It can also implement different bandwidth management policies based on the user attribute (RAT and roaming type) and traffic attribute (traffic direction and time segment). Therefore. multimedia messaging service (MMS). Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents  The UGW9811 can implement bandwidth management for IPv6 P2P traffic for the entire system. Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP). Routing Table Maintenance Protocol (RTMP). YouTube. For protocols that can be parsed by the SA feature.1. Wireless Session Protocol (WSP). flash_streaming. Enhancement Table 3-3 Release history of the IPv6 SA feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R009C01 First release. SA-Basic GWFD-110401 IPv6 The UGW9811 needs to establish IPv6 bearer contexts when PDP/Bearer Context the IPv6 SA feature is used. . Ltd.  The maximum IPv6 Peer to Peer (P2P) traffic volume is under license control. the UGW9811 supports IPv6 content-based charging for the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP). and Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). The number of protocols that can be parsed by the SA feature of the UGW keeps increasing. Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP). or for a specific subscriber. BT. Dependency Application Limitations  Currently. MMSP.

√ indicates that the NE is required." Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 133 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Requirement for the License This feature is optional and requires a license. √ (required only √ √ √ when this feature is deployed based on the cell load status detected by the RAN side) Table 3-6 NEs involved in implementing the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF . √ √ √ only when this feature is deployed based on the cell load status detected by the RAN side) In the preceding table(s).indicates that the NE is not required.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 3. The license control items for this feature are "82203607 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting" and "82203608 Session Numbers of Supporting Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting.. and . √ (required .2 GWFD-110222 Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Table 3-5 NEs involved in implementing the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature on UMTS networks MS/UE RNC SGSN GGSN PCRF . . Ltd.1.

.  Subscribers can have better service experience by using high bandwidth services in off-peak hours. Benefits Carriers This feature enables carriers to restrict specific types of services. Description Network Structure The Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature can be deployed on GPRS. such as Peer to Peer (P2P) services. UMTS.. and LTE networks. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 134 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and improve the RAN resource usage efficiency. preventing or alleviating cell congestion. The PCRF determines policies based on the subscriber information. Subscribers  This feature allows quality service experience for high-ARPU subscribers.. Benefits For. This feature also helps prevent congestion. and provisions updated policies to the UGW9811. Then the UGW9811 implements bandwidth control on particular subscribers or services.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Summary The Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature enables the UGW9811 to send the cell load status reported by the radio access network (RAN) side or detected by the UGW9811 to a policy and charging rules function (PCRF). such as heavy-load subscribers. or restrict bandwidths of specific subscribers. and accumulated service usage. Ltd. This feature can be deployed based on either the cell load status detected by the RAN side or the cell-specific user experience on the core network (CN).. preferentially provide resources for high-average revenue per user (high-ARPU) subscribers and services. Figure 5-3 shows the network diagram for this feature. subscription information.

The PCRF determines policies based on relevant information and provisions the policies to the UGW9811. Ltd. The difference between the two application scenarios is that RAN NEs must be Huawei devices if this feature is deployed based on the cell load status detected by the RAN side.  If the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is deployed based on the cell load status detected by the RAN side: The RAN side monitors cell load status and reports the cell load status in real time to the UGW9811 by carrying GTP-U extension headers in data packets. Feature Enhancement Table 3-7 Release history of the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature Feature Version Product Version Details 02 UGW9811 V900R012C00 Second release. The PCRF determines policies based on relevant information and provisions the policies to the UGW9811..  If the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is deployed based on the cell-specific user experience on the CN: The UGW9811 collects subscriber packets' RTTs in specific cells. The UGW9811 reports the cell load status to the PCRF through Gx extension information elements (IEs).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 3-1 Network diagram for the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature Application Scenarios The Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature can be deployed based on either the cell load status detected by the RAN side or the cell-specific user experience on the CN. The Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature can be deployed based on the Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 135 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . determines the cell load status based on the collected RTTs. and reports the cell load status to a PCRF through Gx extension IEs. whereas the other application scenario does not have this requirement.

 If the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is deployed based on the cell-specific user experience on the CN. the limitations in the first deployment scenario apply.3. it takes effect immediately for new subscribers.1 GWFD-110206 PCC The PCC Basic Function feature must be activated so that the Basic Function UGW9811 can obtain policies from a PCRF.  If the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is deployed based on both the cell load status detected by the RAN side and the cell-specific user experience on the CN. this feature has the following limitations: − The RAN NEs (RNC and eNodeB) must detect cell load status and report the cell load status to the UGW9811. Interaction with Other Features Table 3-8 Interaction between the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature and other features Feature Interaction 3. Dependency Application Limitations  If the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is deployed based on the cell load status detected by the RAN side. 01 UGW9811 V900R010C00 First release. − Visitor or roaming subscribers are not supported. − Only local policy and charging control (PCC) subscribers are supported.2 GWFD-110203 The UGW9811 cannot precisely detect cell load status based Policy Control Based on on subscribers' initial locations and real-time locations unless Real-time location the Real-Time Subscriber Location Reporting feature is activated. For subscribers who have been activated before this feature is activated. this feature takes effect only after these subscribers' contexts are updated. 3. . − The PCRF must support the cell load reporting function. − The UGW9811 can collect subscriber packets' RTTs only for cells whose radio access technology (RAT) is universal terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) or evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN). − The SGSN/S-GW must be able to transparently transmit uplink and downlink packets carrying GTP-U extension headers. − After the Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load Reporting feature is activated.1.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Feature Version Product Version Details cell-specific user experience on the CN.. this feature has the following limitations: − The UGW9811 cannot precisely detect cell load status based on subscribers' initial locations and real-time locations unless the Real-Time Subscriber Location Reporting feature is activated. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 136 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

License Requirements This feature is an optional feature and requires a license.2. .1 GWFD-110221 HTTP Header Anti-Spoofing Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 3-9 NEs involved in implementing this feature on a GPRS/UMTS network MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN . . √ indicates that the NE is required. Benefits For… Benefits Carriers This feature enables the UGW9811 to correct the values of header enrichment fields in HTTP headers. and . which prevents subscribers from using fraud header enrichment information to use services. .2 Anti-Spoofing 3.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 3. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 137 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.." Summary The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) header anti-spoofing feature enables the UGW9811 to check and correct during the HTTP header enrichment procedure to ensure that the HTTP header enrichment content is correct. . Ltd. .indicates that the NE is not required. preventing subscriber complaints caused by service processing errors due to incorrect header enrichment fields in HTTP headers. √ In the preceding table(s). . √ Table 3-10 NEs involved in implementing this feature on an EPC network UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW . The license control items for this feature is "82203237 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting HTTP Header Anti-Spoofing.

IMSI. MS IP address. SGSN IP address. hashed SGSN IP address. When the service flow of a subscriber who is accessing the HTTP server matches a Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 138 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the MSISDN is incorrect. which implement effective service control. MSISDN.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents For… Benefits Subscribers This feature helps prevent charging and service control failures or errors caused by incorrect header enrichment information. protecting subscribers' interests.  If no. hashed MSISDN. the UGW9811 corrects the value of this field before proceeding to subsequent services. If the value of this field is correct. hashed IMSI. System Implementation Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) header anti-spoofing feature allows the UGW9811 to check whether the value of a header enrichment field carried in an HTTP header is correct before performing an HTTP header enrichment action. Billing Type. or other MSISDN subscribers are charged by mistake. As a result. the UGW9811 proceeds to subsequent services. . The UGW9811 supports the following types of HTTP header anti-spoofing:  HTTP header anti-spoofing based on Layer 3/Layer 4 characteristics − Standard configuration architecture On the UGW9811. this subscriber fails to be charged. only Layer 3/Layer 4 filters are configured using the filter command and header enrichment actions are added to the Layer 3/Layer 4 action list. the UGW9811 immediately performs an HTTP header enrichment action. the UGW9811 first checks whether the HTTP header in a subscriber's data packet carries a header enrichment field. Ltd. the HTTP header may contain multiple header enrichment fields. differentiated advertisements and services pushes. The HTTP header anti-spoofing feature enables the UGW9811 to correct the values of header enrichment fields in HTTP headers. regardless of whether the MSISDN is correct. When a subscriber uses web services. leading to service control failures. Error Flag or user defined value to the end of headers of HTTP packets destined for a Web server. carriers and service providers (SPs) can implement service access authentication. If this feature is disabled. regardless of whether a subscriber's HTTP header carries this field. If the value of this field is incorrect. Zone ID. When this feature is enabled.. customized management and query pages. Description Application Scenario  Some web servers can identify a subscriber using the mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN) extension field in an HTTP header. In this manner. IMEI. CC.  The HTTP header enrichment feature enables the UGW9811 to add subscriber information such as the APN. the UGW9811 checks whether the value of this field is correct. This identification helps service providers (SPs) or content providers (CPs) to perform expense accounting and enhance services for the subscriber. the UGW9811 adds a locally configured header enrichment field to an HTTP header.  If yes. This problem can be resolved by using the HTTP header anti-spoofing feature. This mechanism prevents fraudulent use of services by subscribers. some browsers add the subscriber's MSISDN to an HTTP header.

the UGW9811 performs HTTP header anti-spoofing based on the Layer 7 characteristics. .x and does not support HTTP2. For example.0 upload (involving POST packets). Layer 7 rules are configured using the l7-rule command and header enrichment actions are added to the Layer 7 action list. download. and the header enrichment action is configured using the rule command.. Layer 3/Layer 4 filters are configured using the filter command. Layer 7 filters are configured using the l7-filter and protocol-binding commands. According to its usage scenario. if the word host is used as the prefix of the access point name (APN) extension field. this feature takes effect with uplink HTTP or WAP2.0 packets. Enhancement Table 3-11 Release history of this feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R009C02 First release.  This feature does not support host-based charging and control in encryption scenarios.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents configured Layer 3/Layer 4 filter. − Simplified Configuration Architecture On the UGW9811. and browsing (involving GET packets) services.  This feature is applicable only to non-standard header enrichment fields in HTTP headers.  HTTP header anti-spoofing based on Layer 7 characteristics − Standard Configuration Architecture On the UGW9811. the UGW9811 performs HTTP header anti-spoofing based on the Layer 3/Layer 4 characteristics. When the service flow of a subscriber who is accessing the HTTP server matches a Layer 7 filter configured using the l7-filter or protocol-binding command. no Layer 7 filters are configured using the l7-filter or protocol-binding command. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 139 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.0. the UGW9811 performs HTTP header anti-spoofing based on the Layer 7 characteristics. When the service flow of a subscriber who is accessing the HTTP server matches a configured Layer 7 filter. Dependency Application Limitations  This feature is applicable only to HTTP and WAP2. the UGW9811 may be unable to perform HTTP header anti-spoofing. the UGW9811 performs HTTP header anti-spoofing based on the Layer 3/Layer 4 characteristics. When the service flow of a subscriber who is accessing the HTTP server matches a configured Layer 3/Layer 4 filter. and the header enrichment action is configured using the rule command. This feature does not take effect with HTTP headers carrying standard header enrichment fields. − Simplified configuration architecture On the UGW9811.  This feature supports only HTTP1. Ltd.

Ltd.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 3-12 Interaction with other features Feature Interaction 1. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 140 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. activate the SA-basic and SA-Basic SA-web browsing features so that the UGW9811 can identify 1. √ In the preceding table(s).1 GWFD-110030 Before activating this feature.1.2. Otherwise.1. √ Table 3-14 NEs involved in implementing the Smart HTTP Redirection feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME P-GW . the UGW9811 does not perform service awareness. 3. and . SA-Web Browsing NOTE The SA-basic feature must be activated. .indicates that the NE is not required.3 GWFD-110017 and parse HTTP packets. Requirement for the License This feature is an optional feature and requires a license." Summary The Smart HTTP Redirection feature enables the UGW9811 to redirect access requests that match an intelligent HTTP redirection rule to a third-party platform by modifying the HTTP Response messages. . .. . .2 GWFD-110228 Smart HTTP Redirection Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 3-13 NEs involved in implementing the Smart HTTP Redirection feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN . √ indicates that the NE is required. The license control item for this feature is "82204553 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Smart HTTP Redirection.

When no filter is configured on the UGW9811.. If the HTTP content of a specified type needs to be filtered. thereby helping carriers provide intelligent HTTP redirection. configure user agents as filters on the UGW9811.. If MSs/UEs' user agents need to be filtered.  A URL extension needs to be filtered. the UGW9811 performs the Smart HTTP Redirection feature to redirect the access requests of MSs/UEs to a third-party platform.  MSs/UEs' user agents need to be filtered. such as the error code.  The HTTP content of a specified type needs to be filtered. content type. Ltd. . Subscribers Subscribers who have requested access to incorrect URLs are redirected to a third-party platform that provides suggested URLs.  Particular URLs need to be filtered. the UGW9811 also performs intelligent HTTP redirection if the HTTP service response code belongs to 400 to 1000. which improves customer satisfaction. Service Procedure Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 141 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If a URL extension needs to be filtered. URL..  This feature enables the UGW9811 to correct error uniform resource locators (URLs). the UGW9811 performs the Smart HTTP Redirection feature to redirect the access requests to a third-party platform. The UGW9811 performs the Smart HTTP Redirection feature to redirect packets from the specified types of user agents to a third-party platform. If the initial URL requested by an MS/UE is incorrect. user agent. When MSs/UEs request access to particular URLs that need to be filtered. which helps subscribers obtain the desired services. and URL extension. Benefits Carriers  This feature helps encourage the use of customized services provided by carriers. Description Usage Scenario  The initial URL requested by an MS/UE is incorrect. the UGW9811 performs the Smart HTTP Redirection feature to redirect the access requests of MSs/UEs to a third-party platform.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For. the UGW9811 performs the Smart HTTP Redirection feature to redirect the access request of the MS/UE to the correct URL or a third-party platform.  This feature enables the UGW9811 to perform filtering based on a combination of conditions.

The UGW9811 forwards the HTTP Get Request message to the HTTP server. . 3. The UGW9811 performs Layer 7 parsing and rule matching. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 142 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4. URL.. If yes. If the UGW9811 finds that the service flow containing the HTTP Get Request message uses the HTTP protocol and the GET method and matches the URL in an intelligent HTTP redirection rule configured on the UGW9811. 2. content type. the UGW9811 constructs a redirection packet containing the URL of a third-party platform and determines whether to carry the initial requested URL. mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN). international mobile equipment identity (IMEI). The UGW9811 parses the HTTP Response message and checks whether the error code. user-agent or url-postfix and so on carried in the HTTP Response message match the configurations on the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 3-2 Service procedure of the Smart HTTP Redirection feature The service procedure is as follows: 1. The HTTP server finds that the initial requested URL is incorrect or does not exist and sends a negative HTTP Response message carrying an error code and content type to the UGW9811. Ltd. An MS/UE sends an HTTP Get Request message carrying the initial requested URL to the UGW9811. the UGW9811 caches the initial requested URL of the MS/UE.

1.1 GWFD-110030 The UGW9811 needs to perform parsing and rule matching SA-Basic on HTTP packets.0. Therefore. and MS/UE IP address to the UGW9811. the SA-Basic and SA-Web 1. IMSI. The MS/UE sends an HTTP Get Request message carrying the URL of the third-party platform.x and does not support HTTP2. 7.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI).. IMEI. The UGW9811 sends an HTTP Response message to the MS/UE. The MS/UE can then access the third-party platform. MSISDN.3 GWFD-110017 Browsing features must be activated before the Smart HTTP SA-Web Browsing Redirection feature can be used. Interaction with Other Features Table 3-16 Interaction between the Smart HTTP Redirection feature with other features Feature Interaction 1. based on the configurations on the UGW9811. The UGW9811 forwards the HTTP Get Request message to the third-party platform. 6. . Feature Enhancement Table 3-15 Release history of the Smart HTTP Redirection feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R010C01 First release. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 143 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and MS/UE IP address. initial requested URL.  This feature does not support host-based charging and control in encryption scenarios. Ltd. The third-party platform sends an HTTP Response message to the MS/UE. 5. Dependency Application Limitations  This feature supports only HTTP1.1.

Before deploying intelligent services on PS networks or reconstructing PS networks.1 GWFD-110217 Service Triggered QOS Enforcement Applicable NEs P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 4-1 NEs involved in implementing the Service Triggered QoS Enforcement feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW PCRF . contact the local Huawei office to obtain professional system integration service support.1 SA 4. ." Summary Service Triggered QoS Enforcement is a feature designed to set up dedicated bearers for UEs. this feature allows the UGW9811 to set up a dedicated bearer based on a Policy Charging and Control (PCC) rule delivered by the policy charging rule function (PCRF) or a static rule configured on the UGW9811. . The license control items for this feature are "82202972 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Service Triggered QoS Enforcement. Ltd. √ indicates that the NE is required. Requirement for the License This feature is optional and requires a license.1. After user equipment (UE) requests a service that requires specific Quality of Service (QoS) guarantee. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 144 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. charging policies.. and . Intelligent service deployment or reconstruction of packet switched (PS) networks requires evaluation of the existing service models. √ √ In the preceding table(s).HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 4 Optional Feature Section Two 4.indicates that the NE is not required. . and resource usage.

 Predefined rule Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 145 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Description  Default bearer A default Evolved Packet System (EPS) bearer is set up when the UE initiates an attach procedure or requests a connection to a Packet Data Network (PDN). the UGW9811 reserves resources for the traffic and forwards all the traffic.  Concurrent connections Concurrent connections refer to point-to-point connections (for example.  Dedicated bearer Dedicated bearers are bearers other than the default bearer of a PDN connection. and provide differentiated QoS treatments for different services. meet the transmission requirements of various services. the UGW9811 forwards the traffic at a rate higher than the GBR but lower than the maximum bit rate (MBR). The default EPS bearer is not released until the UE is detached to ensure always-on IP connectivity for Long Term Evolution (LTE) access. Ltd. They can be installed. Subscribers Improves user experience. the UGW9811 processes the traffic differently. If congestion has not occurred. the UGW9811 can set up dedicated bearers to provide service-level QoS guarantee:  Dynamic PCC rule Dynamic PCC rules are configured or dynamically generated on the PCRF and delivered to the PDN gateway (P-GW) through the Gx interface. service flows mapped to the same EPS bearer use packet forwarding mechanisms (such as the scheduling policy. . That is. Other bearers are called non-GBR bearers. A bearer with GBR resources is called a GBR bearer. queue management policy. QoS is implemented at the EPS bearer level. Application Scenario On the EPC and Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN). Based on the following types of rule.. and traffic shaping policy) at the same level. TCP or UCP connections) that are simultaneously created within a specified period when a UE is accessing a service or an application.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Benefits For… Benefits Carriers Facilitates carriers' future service expansion and enables carriers to provide differentiated QoS treatments for different services. If congestion has occurred. the UGW9811 forwards the traffic at the GBR and discards the excess traffic. If the bit rate exceeds the GBR. Packet forwarding mechanisms at different levels require different EPS bearers. updated. depending on whether congestion has occurred. Dedicated bearers provide QoS that is different from the QoS provided by the default bearer.  GBR bearer When the traffic bit rate does not exceed the GBR. and removed at any time.

Ltd. Bearer Deactivation Bearer deactivation is initiated by the MME or P-GW to deactivate bearers. GoogleTalk_Stun. RTP. Skype_PctoPhone. dynamic PCC rules apply only to dedicated bearer updates triggered by Layer 3/ Layer 4 services. b. the UE cannot use data services over the bearer. Quicktime_Streaming and RTSP. BBC_iPlayer_Data. the UGW9811 activates the static rule. Skype_PCtoPC. source and destination ports. When a data flow matches the 5-tuple (source and destination IP addresses. Figure 6-2 shows a P-GW initiated bearer deactivation procedure. FTP. The PCRF can send a message over the Gx interface to the UGW9811 to activate a predefined rule. flow-triggered dedicated bearer creation (supported by default) using Layer 7 protocols. the downlink-triggered dedicated bearer creation mode is recommended.  The PCC function must be enabled for an APN using the pcc-switch command so that dynamic PCC rules. The PCRF can activate or deactivate predefined rules at any time. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 146 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. predefined PCC rules.  If the QoS class identifier (QCI) and allocation/retention priority (ARP) of a requested service flow are different from those of any existing dedicated bearers.  Currently. BBC_iPlayer_HTTP. but the uplink runs on the original bearer. a dedicated bearer setup is triggered. After a bearer is deactivated. . Skype_Sip. If the QCI and ARP of a requested service flow is the same as those of an existing dedicated bearer.  Dedicated bearer creation can be triggered by Layer 7 services in two modes: a. Predefined and static rules apply to dedicated bearer setups triggered by both Layer 3/Layer 4 and Layer 7 services. You can configure a dedicated bearer creation mode for each protocol or protocol group. and the MBR and GBR of the existing dedicated bearer apply to the existing service flow and newly requested service flow in an accumulative manner. The downlink of a Layer 7 service can trigger the creation of a dedicated bearer. and protocol over IP) corresponding to a static rule. Flow-triggered dedicated bearer creation is not applicable if the number of concurrent connection flows exceeds eight. and local policies can be configured. including GoogleTalk_Video. In this situation. the requested service flow is bound to the existing dedicated bearer. GoogleTalk_Audio.  Static rule Static rules are configured on the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Predefined rules are configured on the UGW9811 in advance. downlink-triggered dedicated bearer creation. Dedicated Bearer Activation Dedicated bearer activation is triggered by the P-GW to implement authority control and QoS guarantee for UE-requested services..

notifying the eNodeB to deactivate bearers. associated with the PDN connection will be deleted. the PCRF initiates an IP-CAN session termination procedure.) 2. Ltd. The eNodeB sends a Radio Bearer Release Request message. the P-GW determines to initiate a bearer deactivation procedure because of the local QoS policy or a request from the MME. including the default bearer and all dedicated bearers.. or when a 3GPP-to-non-3GPP handover without optimization occurs. If dynamic PCC is not enabled. The S-GW sends a Delete Bearer Request message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to the MME. instructing the UE to release radio bearers. If dynamic PCC is enabled. (When a 3GPP-to-non-3GPP handover without optimization occurs. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 147 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4. If the deactivation procedure is triggered because a 3GPP-to-non-3GPP handover without optimization occurs. 5.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-1 P-GW initiated bearer deactivation procedure The service flow is as follows: 1. The eNodeB also forwards the Deactivate EPS Bearer Context Request message to the UE. . The P-GW sends a Delete Bearer Request message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to the S-GW. 3. all the bearers. the P-GW sets Cause to RAT changed from 3GPP to Non-3GPP and instructs the S-GW to delete all bearers associated with the PDN address. The MME sends an E-Rab Release Command message (EPS Bearer Identity) that contains a NAS message (Deactivate EPS Bearer Context Request).

If the procedure is triggered by the IP-CAN session termination initiated by the PCRF. The eNodeB sends an E-Rab Release Response (including EPS Bearer Identity) message to the MME. 10. The MME deletes relevant dedicated bearer contexts and sends a Delete Bearer Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to notify the S-GW that the bearers have been deactivated. The UE then sends the message to the eNodeB. Figure 4-2 eNodeB/MME initiated bearer deactivation procedure The service flow is as follows: 1. After the radio bearers are released. 9. 2. notifying the eNodeB that radio bearers have been released. Figure 6-3 shows an eNodeB/MME initiated bearer deactivation procedure. the P-GW returns a response message to the PCRF. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 148 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. After receiving the Delete Bearer Response message from the MME. the eNodeB sends an E-Rab Release Indication message to the MME. the S-GW deletes all contexts relevant to the EPS dedicated bearer and sends a Delete Bearer Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to the P-GW. the UE deletes the bearer contexts associated with the released radio bearers.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 6. The UE NAS layer generates a Deactivate EPS Bearer Context Accept message that carries the EPS Bearer Identity. Ltd.. 8. The eNodeB forwards the Deactivate EPS Bearer Context Accept message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to notify the MME that the bearers have been deactivated. The UE returns a Radio Bearer Release Response message. . When the radio bearers for a UE in the ECM-CONNECTED state need to be released because of UE-side causes. 7.

The UGW9811 initiates a procedure for updating an existing dedicated bearer only when the UGW9811 cannot set up other bearers for the desired QCI. Bearer Modification Bearer modification is initiated by the HSS or P-GW to update bearers upon changes in subscription data.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 3. The MME sends a Delete Bearer Command message (including EPS Bearer Identity). When the P-GW initiates bearer modification. If dynamic PCC is enabled. Ltd. instructing the S-GW to deactivate dedicated bearers. and the PCRF sends an updated PCC decision to the P-GW. The MME deletes the dedicated bearer contexts and sends a Deactivate Bearer Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to notify the S-GW that the bearers have been deactivated. and TFT. instructing the MME to delete the bearers. the MME sends bearer update requests to the eNodeB and UE. MBR. 8. the P-GW initiates a PCEF-initiated IP-CAN session modification procedure to the PCRF. . APN aggregate maximum bit rate (APN-AMBR). The S-GW sends the Delete Bearer Command message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to the P-GW. 4. such as the QCI. 10. ARP. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 149 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. instructing the S-GW to delete the bearers. GBR. The P-GW sends a Delete Bearer Request message (including EPS Bearer Identity). 5. The operations are the same as steps 4 to 7 in a P-GW initiated bearer deactivation procedure. 9. The S-GW deletes all relevant bearer contexts and sends a Delete Bearer Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity) to the P-GW. 7. 6.. The S-GW sends the Delete Bearer Request message (including EPS Bearer Identity and Causes). Figure 6-4 shows a P-GW initiated dedicated bearer modification with QoS update.

EPS Bearer QoS. TFT. notifying the eNodeB that the radio bearers have been modified. The P-GW uses the QoS policy to determine that the authorized QoS of a service flow has changed or that a service flow must be aggregated to or removed from an active bearer. instructing the eNodeB to update bearers. The P-GW initiates a dedicated bearer modification with QoS update. EPS Bearer QoS. the P-GW performs the subsequent procedure based on the local QoS policy. 4. APN-AMBR. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 150 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3. 5. and APN-AMBR). and then sends an RRC Connection Reconfiguration message to the UE. instructing the MME to update bearers. The UE sends an RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete message. 2. the P-GW receives a PCC decision provision (QoS policy) message from the PCRF. the S-GW sends an Update Bearer Request message (including EPS Bearer Identity. The P-GW then sends an Update Bearer Request message (including PTI.. Ltd. If dynamic PCC is enabled. The eNodeB maps the modified EPS Bearer QoS to the Radio Bearer QoS. The eNodeB also forwards the Modify EPS Bearer Context Request message to the UE. The MME sends an E-Rab Modify Request message that contains a NAS message (Modify EPS Bearer Context Request). and TFT) to the S-GW. .HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-3 P-GW initiated dedicated bearer modification with QoS update The service flow is as follows: 1. If dynamic PCC is not enabled. 6. After receiving the message. EPS Bearer Identity.

the UGW9811 supports this function. the UGW9811 changes a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer to implement bandwidth management. notifying the S-GW that bearers have been updated. notifying the P-GW that the bearer has been updated. The S-GW sends an Update Bearer Response message (EPS Bearer Identity). 12. the P-GW returns a response message to the PCRF. the P-GW initiates a PDP context update procedure and changes the primary PDP context to a GBR bearer based on QoS requirements. The P-GW uses SPI/SA to identify the service and matches the service with a rule. 9. Then. 8. After receiving the E-Rab Modify Response message sent in step 7 and the Modify EPS bearer context accept message sent in step 9. If the bearer control mode (BCM) is UE_Only. In this situation. The default value is 0. The GBR service guarantee function is controlled by the software parameter BIT1345. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 151 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If this dedicated bearer update procedure is triggered by the PCC Decision Provision message from the PCRF. the UGW9811 does not support this function. If BIT1345 is set to 1.. based on 3GPP the UGW9811 does not change a default bearer to a GBR bearer. the UE sends the Modify EPS Bearer Context Accept message to the eNodeB. When UEs access a UGW9811 through an S4 SGSN/MME. the UGW9811 does not support network-initiated secondary PDP context activation. Figure 6-5 shows the procedure in which a service triggers the UGW9811 to change a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer. 11. GBR Service Guarantee The GBR service guarantee function applies only to scenarios in which UEs access a UGW9811 through a Gn/Gp SGSN. The UE NAS layer generates a Modify EPS Bearer Context Accept message that carries the EPS Bearer Identity. The message also indicates whether the requested EPS Bearer QoS can be allocated. the MME sends an Updated Bearer Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity). The eNodeB forwards the Modify EPS Bearer Context Accept message to the MME. The eNodeB sends an E-Rab Modify Response message (including EPS Bearer Identity). 10. If BIT1345 is set to 0.  A service triggers the UGW9811 to change a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer. notifying the MME that bearers have been modified.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 7. Ltd. . The UE-requested primary PDP context is a non-GBR bearer. If the QoS in the matching local policy or predefined rule is different from the QoS of the primary PDP context.

As a result.. The P-GW Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 152 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. A primary PDP context is activated as a non-GBR bearer. a GBR update request is triggered. . Ltd. The P-GW identifies and parses the service flow and matches the service to a local or predefined rule.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-4 Service-triggered procedure of updating a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer The service flow is as follows: 1. The GBR in the matching rule is GBR1. and the negotiated QoS is QoS1. 2. A UE initiates a service flow named Service Flow1.

The UE-requested primary PDP context is a non-GBR bearer. The idle timer for Service Flow2 expires. and Service Flow1 is aged. The service-level GBR is downgraded to 0. In QoS5. The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. This message carries QoS4 (GBR2). The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. the primary PDP context is updated to a GBR bearer. and the GBR is GBR1. The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN. and the GBR is updated to GBR2. the P-GW initiates a procedure to change the primary PDP context to a GBR bearer. and the GBR is updated to GBR1+GBR2. The P-GW identifies that the BCM is UE_Only.. 6. The QoS is updated to QoS3. and Service Flow2 is aged. As a result. Figure 6-6 shows the procedure in which the PCRF triggers the UGW9811 to change a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer. and the QoS is updated to QoS5. 8. Based on service requirements from application detection and control (ADC) reporting or the Rx interface. The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN to change the GBR bearer to a non-GBR bearer. Therefore. The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. 9.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents identifies that the BCM is UE_Only. Then only Service Flow2 is present. This message carries QoS5 of a non-GBR bearer. The P-GW initiates a procedure to change the primary PDP context to a GBR bearer.  MBR: The aggregate MBR is the larger value between the APN-AMBR and sum of all rule-level MBRs. Then the P-GW initiates a procedure to change the primary PDP context to a GBR bearer based on QoS requirements. The following rules determine the aggregate QoS:  ARP and QCI: The highest QoS value applies. which means that network-initiated dedicated bearer establishment is not allowed. 7. The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN. This message carries QoS2 (GBR1). the MBR is the APN-AMBR. The idle timer for Service Flow1 expires. Ltd. . The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN. the QCI is the QCI of QoS1. a GBR update request is triggered.  GBR: The aggregate GBR is the sum of all rule-level GBRs. At this point. The GBR in the matching rule is GBR2. 4. the QoS is updated to QoS2. The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. 3. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 153 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The service-level GBR is downgraded to GBR2. The UE initiates a service flow named Service Flow2. the PCRF provisions a QoS carrying a GBR. and the ARP is the ARP of QoS1. 5. The primary PDP context is restored to a non-GBR bearer. This message carries QoS3 (GBR1+GBR2). which means that network-initiated dedicated bearer establishment is not allowed.  The PCRF triggers the UGW9811 to change a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer. The QoS is updated to QoS4. The P-GW identifies and parses the service flow and matches the service to a local or predefined rule.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-5 PCRF-triggered procedure of updating a primary PDP context to a GBR bearer The service flow is as follows: 1. 5. the GBR is GBR1. In this rule. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 154 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 3. and the negotiated QoS is QoS1.. installs the rule on the primary PDP context. the primary PDP context is updated to a GBR bearer. and the GBR is GBR1. The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. A primary PDP context is activated as a non-GBR bearer. . This message carries QoS2 (GBR1). The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN. the QoS is updated to QoS2. 2. The P-GW identifies that the BCM is UE_Only. and returns a Re-Auth-Answer (RAA) message to the PCRF. 4. The PCRF sends a Re-Auth-Request (RAR) message that carries a dynamic rule to the P-GW. At this point.

 This feature does not support host-based charging and control in encryption scenarios. Ltd.x and does not support HTTP2. the QCI is the QCI of QoS3. and the ARP is the ARP of QoS3. V900R001C03 Dependency Application Limitations  The GBR service guarantee function applies only to scenarios in which UEs access a UGW9811 through a Gn/Gp SGSN. 9. The primary PDP context is restored to a non-GBR bearer. instructing the P-GW to delete the dynamic rule (downgrading the GBR to 0). and the QoS is updated to QoS3. 6. 1 UGW9811 First release. . When UEs access a UGW9811 through an S4 SGSN/MME. The P-GW sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the Gn/Gp SGSN. based on 3GPP the UGW9811 does not change a default bearer to a GBR bearer.  This feature supports only HTTP1. Enhancement Table 4-2 Release history of the Service Triggered QoS Enforcement feature Feature Version Product Version Details 2 UGW9811 Second release. signaling storms may occur. Interaction with Other Features Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 155 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore. The Gn/Gp SGSN updates the bearer and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. flow-triggered dedicated bearer establishment applies only to protocols or protocol groups with less than eight concurrent link flows.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents The following rules determine the aggregate QoS:  ARP and QCI: The highest QoS value applies. The PCRF sends an RAR message.  If Layer 7 services trigger the creation of a large number of dedicated bearers. The P-GW deletes the dynamic rule and returns an RAA message to the PCRF. 7.. The MBR is the APN-AMBR.  GBR: The aggregate GBR is the sum of all rule-level GBRs. 8.0.  MBR: The aggregate MBR is the larger value between the APN-AMBR and sum of all rule-level MBRs. This message carries QoS3 of a non-GBR bearer. Layer 7 service-triggered V900R011C00 dedicated bearer creation mode can be configured for each protocol or protocol group.

Requirement for the License Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 156 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1. √ √ √ Table 4-5 NEs involved in implementing the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature on EPC networks UE eNodeB MME S-GW P-GW OCS Portal Server . √ indicates that the NE is required. .1 GWFD-110028 GWFD-110314 Real-time Charging Information Notification Applicable NEs GGSN and P-GW Availability Involved NEs Table 4-4 NEs involved in implementing the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature on GPRS/UMTS networks MS/UE BSS/RAN SGSN GGSN OCS Portal Server . .indicates that the NE is not required.. Ltd. . √ √ √ In the preceding table(s).1 GWFD-110206 The PCC Basic Function feature must be enabled on the PCC Basic Function UGW9811 so that the UGW9811 can obtain PCC rules from the PCRF to set up dedicated bearers. 3.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Table 4-3 Interaction between the Service Triggered QoS Enforcement feature and other features Feature Interaction 1.2 Smart Charging 4.1.1 GWFD-110030 The SA-Basic function must be enabled on the UGW9811 so SA-Basic that the UGW9811 can determine whether to set up dedicated bearers based on UE-requested services. . and . .2. 4. .

and promotion information.  Get a clearer understanding of their service usage. when a subscriber has reached the traffic limit of a service package. and recharge page (triggered by any insufficient balance) for online charging subscribers. tariffs for excess data usage. Subscribers  Meet subscriber requirements to obtain real-time charging information. notification items. which improves user experience. or monthly welcome web pages on the OCS server. Feature Description  Application Scenario  System Implementation Application Scenario The Real-time Charging Information Notification feature is used to provide subscribers with individualized functions. Summary The Real-time Charging Information Notification feature enables the UGW9811 to provide charging service in real time by means of a series of user-friendly web pages. can obtain real-time charging information using web pages.. .. service package usage information. traffic information notification page. basic service packages. which contributes to higher margins.  Have access to customized notification web pages. Ltd. The license control items for this feature is "PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Real-time Charging Information Notification". carriers can provide the subscriber with information about an add-on service package.  Push promotion information to subscribers to encourage them to choose individualized services. Benefits Carriers  Help deploy diversified value-added services and attract more subscribers to increase revenue. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 157 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. balance-insufficiency-triggered recharge. and recommended add-on service packages.  Welcome web page A welcome web page includes subscriber information. and carrier-recommended services. For example. who cannot use the short-message-based notification service.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. data plan used by the subscriber. add-on service packages. remaining data. including a welcome page. Benefits For. including the notification subscription.  Real-time traffic information notification web page A real-time traffic information notification web page includes accumulated data usage. weekly..  Data card subscribers. Subscribers can choose daily.

or month). or 100% of the data plan) that is specified on the OCS server. 80%. the OCS server delivers a redirection policy to the UGW9811. and a recharge button. The subscriber can choose to purchase an add-on service package or continue web browsing services. When the data usage reaches the threshold (for example. After the subscriber's balance is exhausted. . has been exhausted. the subscriber can continue web browsing services. System Implementation Figure 6-36 shows the networking of the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature. You can use either the Gy interface one-shot redirection function or the online charging FUI redirection function to implement balance-insufficiency-triggered recharge redirection. the OCS server delivers a balance insufficiency redirection policy to the UGW9811 and the UGW9811 redirects the subscriber to the recharge web page. After recharging the account. a day. Ltd. The UGW9811 can implement the preceding procedure using the Gy interface one-shot redirection function. (Thresholds can be set on the OCS server. The OCS server delivers a one-shot redirection policy over the Gy interface to the UGW9811 using Diameter credit control. Gy Interface One-Shot Redirection Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 158 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the OCS server delivers a redirection policy to the UGW9811 and the UGW9811 redirects the subscriber to the welcome web page. 50%.)  Balance-insufficiency-triggered recharge web page A balance-insufficiency-triggered recharge web page includes accumulated data usage.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Subscribers can customize notification thresholds when the data plan is about to be exhausted. Figure 4-6 Networking of the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature When a subscriber accesses the Internet for the first time within a specified period (for example. The two functions use different AVPs. The system automatically redirects the subscriber to the requested service web page after the quotas allocated for the welcome web page are exhausted. week. The UGW9811 redirects the subscriber to a real-time traffic information notification web page. zero balance. The UGW9811 then implements the one-shot redirection policy and redirects the subscriber to a portal server.. or has been overused. 20%.

Subscriber-based This is because of the following reasons: DCC Sessions)  The Real-time Charging Information Notification feature is implemented using the one-shot redirection policies delivered from the OCS server over the extended Gy interface. run the extended-filter command to configure a URL whitelist on the UGW9811.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents One-shot redirection enables the UGW9811 to redirect only the first HTTP Get/Post Request message of the MS/UE to a redirection URL under the instructions of the OCS server. Feature Enhancement Table 4-6 Release history of the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature Feature Version Product Version Details 1 UGW9811 V900R009C02 First release.  The balance-insufficiency-triggered recharge function in the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature uses the Final Unit Indication (FUI) function over the standard Gy interface. Ltd. The Gy interface one-shot redirection function applies to HTTP requests that are initiated by both subscribers and MSs/UEs. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 159 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . The Redirect-Server AVP group contains the Redirect-Address-Type AVP (indicating the type of a redirection address: IP address or URL) and Redirect-Server-Address AVP (indicating the name of a redirection server)..1. Dependency Application Limitations  The Real-time Charging Information Notification feature applies only to HTTP or Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) browsing services of online charging subscribers.  The interconnected OCS must be capable of supporting Gy Interface One-Shot Redirection function. Interaction with Other Features Table 4-7 Interaction between the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature and other features Feature Interaction 4.2 GWFD-110303 4. The Deactivate-By-Redirect AVP indicates whether redirection is enabled or disabled. which does not affect data services of the MS/UE. The UE-/MS-initiated HTTP requests may not be the required HTTP requests.2 GWFD-110303 Gy Interface Online Charging (Using Gy Interface Online Subscriber-based DCC Sessions) must be enabled before the Charging (Using Real-time Charging Information Notification feature can be used. To enable the UGW9811 to perform the Gy interface one-shot redirection function only on subscriber-initiated HTTP requests.1. The Gy interface one-shot redirection function is implemented by adding the Redirect-Server AVP group and the Deactivate-By-Redirect AVP to the PS-Information AVP in CCA messages.

HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

Feature Interaction
1.1.3 GWFD-110017 1.1.3 GWFD-110017 SA-Web Browsing must be enabled before
SA-Web Browsing the Real-time Charging Information Notification feature can be
used. This is because the Real-time Charging Information
Notification feature applies only to whitelisted URLs and rating
groups (RGs) to which redirection web pages belong must be
specified.
Gx Interface Gx interface one-shot redirection is similar to Gy interface one-shot
One-Shot redirection. However, Gy interface one-shot redirection is
Redirection recommended for real-time traffic information notification and
recharge notification. This is because real-time traffic information
notification and recharge notification are based on the extended Gy
interface.

4.3 MBB Visibility
4.3.1 GWFD-111002 Call History Record
Applicable NEs
GGSN, S-GW, and P-GW

Availability
Involved NEs

Table 4-8 NEs involved in implementing the Call History Record feature on GPRS/UMTS
networks

MS/U BSS/R SGSN GGSN LMT U2000 GENEX Nastar
E AN

- - - √ - - √

Table 4-9 NEs involved in implementing the Call History Record feature on EPC networks

UE eNode MM HSS S-GW P-G LMT U2000 GENEX
B E W Nastar

- - - - √ √ - - √

In the preceding table(s), √ indicates that the NE is required, and - indicates that the NE is not required.

Requirement for the License

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HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway
Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents

This feature is an optional feature and requires a license. The license control items for this
feature is "82201244 PDP Context Numbers of Supporting Call History Record".

Summary
The UGW9811 must be able to locate and rectify service faults, such as call setup failure and
poor voice quality.
The call history record (CHR) feature allows the UGW9811 to upload the collected CHRs to
the GENEX Nastar server. With this feature, carriers can use the GENEX Nastar client on the
PC to query CHRs so that they can handle subscribers' complaints, monitor network status in
real time, analyze network status, and locate faults.
The SRUX/MPUX provides the CHR storage function. At the site where no GENEX Nastar
server is deployed, when the CHR storage function is enabled, this function enables the
UGW9811 to store the CHRs generated in abnormal procedures on the hard disk of the
SRUX/MPUX. The maintenance personnel use the information collection tool to download
CHR files to the local client and then use the parsing tool to parse and query the CHRs.
CHRs provide information about activation, authentication, online charging, rule acquisition,
deactivation, update, redirection, and data transmission. CHRs are an effective supplement to
logs and traffic statistics and have the following advantages:
 Collecting only a small amount of data
 Suitable for centralized storage and analysis
 Consuming only a small amount of bandwidth

This feature can be used to quickly locate and resolve problems. Normally there is no way to avoid that
some user data such as International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) or IP will be used during the
troubleshooting. However, this function provides an anonymous data processing method. You are
obligated to take considerable measures, in compliance with the laws of the countries concerned and the
user privacy policies of your company, to ensure that the personal data of users is fully protected. For
example, you can enable the anonymization function on the U2000, use the LogCheck tool to anonymize
the files stored when the anonymization function is disabled, and then remove the folder for saving the
tracing results after the anonymization.
The CHR reporting and the CHR storage functions cannot be enabled simultaneously. After the CHR
storage function is enabled, the UGW9811 will not report CHRs to the GENEX Nastar server. Therefore,
at the site where the GENEX Nastar server is deployed, enable the CHR storage function only when
necessary.

Benefits
For... Benefits
Carriers This feature enables carriers to:
 Conciliate complaints from subscribers.
 Locate and isolate faults.
 Monitor network performance.
 Improve operation and maintenance (OM) efficiency with
automatic tools and reduce OM costs.
Subscribers Subscribers are unaware of this feature.

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Description
Application Scenario
The UGW9811 collects subscribers' CHRs and saves them to the GENEX Nastar server.
Carriers can analyze and locate network faults by viewing the CHRs on the CHR client. Using
the CHR feature, carriers can perform the following operations:
 Handle subscriber complaints.
Carriers can view CHRs to check whether subscriber complaints are caused by network
faults or subscribers' own behaviors.
 Monitor network status in real time.
Carriers can define CHR-related functions to monitor network status and fault
information in real time.
 Analyze network status.
The GENEX Nastar server can sort out the information provided by CHRs, and display
network status analysis results in the forms of daily, weekly, and monthly reports.
 Locate faults.
Maintenance personnel can use the information provided by CHRs to isolate and locate
faults.
To reduce the number and size of CHR messages, the CHR interface stores one record for a
pair of request and response messages, filters IEs, and reports only IEs valuable for fault
location, KPI monitoring, and VIP monitoring.
 Top cause analysis
The Nastar classifies CHR messages based on internal and external CHR report causes
and analyzes failure causes based on cause values and objects (including APNs and
subscribers).
 KPI monitoring
The Nastar collects the numbers of requests and request failures based on the number of
CHR records and calculates the success rate.
 VIP monitoring
The Nastar can effectively manage VIP and enterprise subscribers, including:
− Evaluating performance statistics of VIP subscribers and customizing KPIs
− Performing in-depth analysis and locating faults in interworking between VIP
subscribers and AAA servers
System Implementation
CHR reporting

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One UGW9811 can be connected to only one GENEX Nastar server at a time. CHR storage Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 163 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ..  GENEX Nastar server The GENEX Nastar server is directly connected to the UGW9811 to receive call records exported by the UGW9811 and store CHRs. Alternatively. Ltd. Then.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-7 General CHR solution The CHR system consists of the following:  UGW9811 The UGW9811 collects information about call logs at each CHR information collection point for service procedures on SPUs. You can specify the query conditions of the client software installed on a PC for fault diagnosis and performance analysis. you can subscribe to CHR data and monitoring information will be provided in real time.  GENEX Nastar client GENEX Nastar client is a performance analysis software. the UGW9811 converts the information into call records that comply with CHR specifications and uploads the call records to the GENEX Nastar server by using the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). GENEX Nastar client can be remotely connected to the GENEX Nastar server.

Then. The UGW9811 ensures information security using the following functions: Anonymity function: You can enable or disable this function on the UGW9811 by delivering a command from the U2000. . Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 164 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When this function is enabled. mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN). Ltd. the UGW9811 converts the information into the CHRs that comply with CHR specifications and stores the CHRs on the hard disk of the SRUX/MPUX.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-8 General CHR solution The CHR system on the UGW9811 consists of the following:  UGW9811 The UGW9811 collects the CHR information at each CHR information collection point for service procedures on SPUs. and send them to the GENEX Nastar CHR server or the hard disk of the SRUX/MPUX.  The agent modules are located on the SPUs.  Client Use the information collection tool to download CHR files to the local client and use the parsing tool to parse and query the CHRs for fault analysis. When the anonymity function is disabled. and IP address in the CHRs sent to the CHR server. generate CHRs. They collect service information. use the LogCheck tool to anonymize CHR files.  The service modules are located on the SPUs. international mobile equipment identity (IMEI). the UGW9811 encrypts the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI).. Service Flow The UGW9811 implements the CHR function using agent modules and service modules. They collect information reported by the service modules. the subscribers' sensitive information and data in CHRs are protected by a command on the U2000. CHR reporting Figure 6-39 shows the CHR communication service flow. CHRs contain subscribers' private information and service information. When the CHR storage function is enabled.

2. − If yes. Heartbeat messages are transmitted between the UGW9811 and the local CHR server to check whether the local CHR server is functioning properly and start or stop the CHR function on the UGW9811. − The UGW9811 starts the CHR function when it learns that the local CHR server is functioning.. Ltd.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Figure 4-9 Service flow for CHR reporting 1. The agent module checks whether the call record meets the user-specified query conditions based on the basic information reported from the service module. the agent module sends the call record to the local CHR server. the agent module discards the call record. − The UGW9811 stops the CHR function when it learns that the local CHR server is not functioning. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 165 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. . When the link between the UGW9811 and the CHR server is normal and when a service procedures is complete. the service module informs the agent module of the basic information about the call. − If not.

Then. CHR storage Figure 4-10 Service flow for CHR storage When the CHR storage function is enabled. . Ltd. The UGW9811 checks whether the local CHR server is functioning. the agent module checks whether the call record meets the filtering condition specified for the subscriber based on the basic information. the service module reports the basic information about the call to the agent module. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 166 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  If no. after a subscriber ends a service procedure. If the UGW9811 does not receive a handshake response message from the local CHR server within a specified period. it stops the CHR function. the agent module discards the CHR.  If yes. the agent module sends the CHR to the hard disk of the SRUX/MPUX..HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents 3.

 The Gy. Interaction with Other Features There is no interaction between this feature and other features. an external GENEX server and a CHR client must be installed. 1 UGW9811 V900R001C03 First release.HUAWEI UGW9811 Unified Gateway Feature Description (PCC Optional Feature) Contents Enhancement Table 4-10 Release history of the CHR feature History Version Details 3 UGW9811 V900R013C00 Third release. If the number of CHRs that need to be sent exceeds this specification. and Gi interfaces are enhanced. and Gi interfaces are enhanced.  A CHR of a Gx message can carry a maximum of eight charging rule base names. Issue 01 (2015-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 167 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and rule acquisition is added. Gx. . The function of storing CHRs on the hard disk of the SRUX/MPUX is added. 2 UGW9811 V900R012C00 Second release. Ltd. Nastar must be upgraded to V600R015 or later. The Gy. Gx. online charging. the CHR client analyzes logs and provides the analysis result. Dependency Application Limitations The application limitations of the CHR reporting function are as follows:  Each CPU can send a maximum of 500 CHRs per second.  To implement the CHR feature.. The GENEX server stores all the CHRs reported by the UGW9811. CHR loss occurs. The reporting of information about authentication.