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SPECIFICATION NUMBER

STD-6102-A03
STEEL COLUMN DESIGN
Aker Kvaerner Powergas (AS PER IS 800:1984)

REV : 0
CLIENT: SHEET NO : 1 OF 6

STEEL COLUMN DESIGN (AS PER IS 800:1984)


WORKBOOK

REVISION 0
ISSUED FOR DESIGN
PREPD. BY/DATE VVT/30.06.06
CHKD. BY/DATE SNB/30.06.06
APPD. BY/DATE CFS/30.06.06
C930034 R3
V
N SPECIFICATION NUMBER
STD-6102-A03
REVISION RECORD SHEET
Aker Kvaerner Powergas R
E
C
DESCRIPTION : Steel Column Design (As per IS:800) SHEET NO. 2 OF 6
PROJECT: O
CLIENT: JOB NUMBER:
R
D
DATE DETAILS OF REVISION REV
30.06.06 Original issue S 0
H
E
E
T

REVISION 0
0
PREPD. BY/DATE VVT/30.06.06
CHKD. BY/DATE SNB/30.06.06

C930033 R3
SPECIFICATION NUMBER
STD-6102-A03

DESIGN STANDARD NO. - STD - 6102 - A03


STEEL COLUMN DESIGN: (as per IS 800:1984)
REV: 0
Notes: SHEET NO : 3 OF 6

1 This workbook has been developed in Microsoft Office Excel-2003 on Microsoft Windows XP Operating System.
This workbook may be used for the design of steel column subjected to combined axial compression & bi-axial bending as per the IS 800:1984,
2
which uses Allowable Stress Design.
3 Major axis for the column section is x-x and Minor axis for the column is y-y
4 This workbook is not applicable for design of built-up steel columns i.e. columns built out of either section+plates or entirely with plates.
5 This workbook is applicable for sections ISMB 100 to ISMB 600 & ISMC 75 to ISMC 400
Property table ( as per IS 808 : 1989 ) for the column section listed under point no. 5, is attached to the spreadsheet, therefore user is advised not to
6
input properties for the same.
Table for Maximum Permissible Bending stresses as per IS 800 Table 6.1-B Page no. 58, is linked to this workbook. Therefore user does not have to
7
input the same.
8 This workbook does not perform deflection check, however user is advised to check the deflection manually especially under heavy lateral loads.
9 User must verify the availability of sections before using, especially section MB350, MB550, MC350 & MC400.
10 User is advised to make a trial section first, to check the requirement of minimum area and section modulus.

Following colour key is used.

(Yellow shade) Input Required

XX (Blue Text) Message for Safe Design

XX (Red Text) Message for Unsafe Design


1 Sheet No:
2 A] DESIGN DATA : y
3 Mx
Axial load in the beam, P = 4000.000 kN
4
5 Shear force in x-x direction = Vx = 0.000 kN
6 Shear force in y-y direction = Vy = 0.000 kN x x
7
Moment about x-x axis, Mx = 0.000 kNm
8
9 Moment about y-y axis, My = 0.000 kNm
10 Unsupported length of column about x-x axis = L x =
11 4.800 m
12 Unsupported length of column about y-y axis = L y = 4.800 m
13 Effective length factor for comp. buckling about x-x = K x = 1.200 (As per Table 5.2 of IS:800)
14
15 Effective length factor for comp. buckling about y-y = K y = 1.200 (As per Table 5.2 of IS:800)
16 Yield Stress of the steel, fy = 250 N/mm2 My
17 Effective length about x-x axis = Lex = Lx . Kx =
18 5.760 m y
19 Effective length about y-y axis = Ley = Ly . Ky = 5.760 m
20 P TRIAL SECTION :
21
Initially assuming s bc as 0.66 fy and
22
23 s ac as 0.60 fy
24 We have, s bc = 165 N/mm2
25
26 and s ac = 150 N/mm2
27 Minimum area, A
28 = P / s ac
29
30 Height = 4.800 m = 4000x1000/(150x100)
31 = 266.667 cm2
32 Minimum section modulus, Zxx
33
34 = Mx / s bc
35 = 0x10^6/(165x10^3)
36 B] SECTIONAL PROPERTIES OF BEAM as per IS 808 (1989) : = 0.000 cm3
37 Beam section = ISMB600 Select the section
38 Depth of column section, D = 600 mm whose Area is
39
40 Breadth of flange, Bf = 210 mm greater than
41 Thickness of web, tw = 12 mm ### cm2 and
42 Thickness of flange, T = 20.3 mm section modulus is
43
Moment of inertia about major axis, Ixx = 91800 cm4 greater than
44
45 Moment of inertia about minor axis, Iyy = 2650 cm 4
0.0 cm3
46 Area of section, A = 156.0 cm2
47
48 Modulus of section( about major axis ), Zxx = 3060.0 cm3
49 Modulus of section( about minor axis ), Zyy = 252.0 cm3
50 Radius of gyration about y-y, ry = 41.2 mm
Radius of gyration about x-x, rx = 242.0 mm
Slenderness Ratio about y-y = ly = Ley / ry = 5760 / 41.2 = 139.81
Slenderness Ratio about x-x = lx = Lex / rx = 5760 / 242 = 23.80
Maximum Slenderness Ratio = lmax = 139.81 <= 180.0 Hence Safe
JOB NO CALCULATION NUMBER EQPT. NO.

Aker Kvaerner Powergas 2090- STD-6102-A03


REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
CLIENT: 3 . . . .
VALIDATION : DESIGN OF
PROJECT: 2 . . . .
SUBJECT: 1 .
.
30.06.06 . .
STEEL COLUMN ( AS PER IS : 800 ) 0 VVT SNB 30.06.06 SH 4 OF 6
- 17/03/04
C940001 R3
C940001 R3

1
2
3 C] CALCULATION OF PERMISSIBLE AXIAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS :
4 From IS 800 , Table 5.1.1 page 38
5
6 s ac per. = 0.6 x fcc x fy
7 [ ( fcc)n + ( fy )n ]1/n where n = 1.4
8
9
10 fcc = 3.14^2 x E / (lmax)^2 = 100.888 N/mm2
11
12 s ac per. = 0.6*(100.89*250)/(((100.89^1.4)+(250^1.4))^(1/1.4)) = 50.730 N/mm2
13
14
15 D] CALCULATION OF ACTUAL AXIAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS :
16 Actual Compressive stress , sac cal = P/A = 4000000/15600 256.410 N/mm2
17
18
19 E] CHECK FOR AXIAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS RATIO :
20 Ratio, sac cal / sac per. = 5.054
21 ( From IS 800 , Cl - 7.1 page 90 )
22 F] CALCULATION OF PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESS ABOUT MAJOR AXIS :
23 D/T = 600 / (20.3) = 29.56
24
25
26 T/tw = ( 20.3 ) / 12 = 1.69 d1/tw = (600-2x20.3) / 12 = 46.62
27 ly = 139.81
28 ( From IS 800, Table 6.1B )
29
For l= 130 & D/T = 25 s bc = 108 N/sq.mm
30
31 For l= 130 & D/T = 30 s bc = 103 N/sq.mm
32 s bc
For l= 140 & D/T = 25 = 103 N/sq.mm
33
34 For l= 140 & D/T = 30 s bc = 103 N/sq.mm
35
36 Interpolating the above values for the available ly = 139.81 and D/T = 29.56
37
38
39 For ly = 139.81 & D/T = 25
40 s bc = 108 - (108 - 103)x(139.81 - 130)/(140-130) = 103.097 N/mm2
41
42
43 For ly = 139.81 & D/T = 30
44 s bc = 103 - (103 - 103)x(139.81 - 130)/(140-130) = 103.000 N/mm2
45
46
47 For ly = 139.81 & D/T = 29.56
48 s bc 103.1 - (103.1 - 103)x(29.56 - 25)/(30-25) = 103.009 N/mm2
49
50
Permissible bending stress about x-x axis = s bcx per. = 103.009 N/mm2

Cmx = 0.85 ( From IS 800 , Cl - 7.1.3 page 91 )

For ly = 139.81

JOB NO CALCULATION NUMBER EQPT. NO.

Aker Kvaerner Powergas 2090- STD-6102-A03


REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
CLIENT: 3 . . . .
VALIDATION : DESIGN OF
PROJECT: 2 . . . .
VALIDATION : DESIGN OF
PROJECT: 2 . . . .
SUBJECT: 1 .
.
30.06.06 . .
STEEL COLUMN ( AS PER IS : 800 ) 0 VVT SNB 30.06.06 SH 5 OF
2 6
- 17/03/04
C940001 R3

1
2
3 fccx = 3.14^2 x E / (ly)^2 = 100.888 N/mm2
4
5 s bcx modified = [ 1 - ( s ac cal. / ( 0.6* fccx ) ) ] * s bcx, per.
6 = [ 1 - ( 256.42 / [ 0.6 * 100.89 ] ) ] * 103.01 = -333.325 N/mm2
7
8
9 G] CALCULATION OF ACTUAL BENDING STRESS ABOUT MAJOR AXIS:
10 Actual bending stress, s bcx cal = Mx/ Zxx = 0 / 3060 = 0.000 N/mm2
11
12
H] PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESS ABOUT MINOR AXIS: (From IS 800,Cl-6.2.5 page 68)
13
14 Allowable bending stress, s bcy per. = 165.00 N/mm2
15
16 Cmy = 0.85 ( From IS 800 , Cl - 7.1.3 page 91 )
17
18 For lx = 23.80
19
20 fccy = 3.14^2 x E / (lx)^2 = 3480.768 N/mm2
21
22 s bcy modified = [ 1 - ( s ac cal. / ( 0.6* fccy ) ) ] * s bcy, per.
23 = [ 1 - ( 256.42 / [ 0.6 * 3480.77 ] ) ] * 165 = 144.742 N/mm2
24
25
26 I] CALCULATION OF ACTUAL BENDING STRESS ABOUT MINOR AXIS:
27 Actual bending stress, s bcy cal = My / Zyy = 0 / 252 = 0.000 N/mm2
28
29 J] COMBINATION OF STRESSES:
30 As per Clause 7.1.1 of IS:800,
31 When (sac, cal. / sac, per.) > 0.15
32
33 (sac, cal. / sac, per.) + (Cmx . sbcx, cal. / sbcx, modified) + (Cmy . sbcy, cal. / sbcy, modified) <= 1.0 . . . Equation I
34 However When (sac, cal. / sac, per.) <= 0.15
35
36 (sac, cal. / sac, per.) + (sbcx, cal. / sbcx, per.) + (sbcy, cal. / sbcy, per.) <= 1.0 . . . Equation II
37
38 As per step E above, sac cal / sac per. = 5.054 > 0.15
39
Hence Equation I will govern
40
41 We have
42 Combined Stress Ratio = 5.054 + (0.85 x 0 / -333.325 ) + (0.85 x 0 / 144.742)
43
44 = 5.054 > 1.000 Hence Unsafe
45 K] CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS:
46
Resultant shear force = V = Sqrt ( Vx2 + Vy2) = Sqrt (0^2 + 0^2) = 0.000 kN
47
48
49 Actual Shear Stress = V / (D . tw) = 0 x 1000 / (600 x 12 ) = 0.000 N/mm2
50 0.4 fy =
Permissible Shear Stress = 100.00 N/mm2 > 0.00 N/mm2
Hence Safe
1

Member ISMB600 is Unsafe for the given loading and end conditions

JOB NO CALCULATION NUMBER EQPT. NO.

Aker Kvaerner Powergas 2090- STD-6102-A03


Aker Kvaerner Powergas 2090- STD-6102-A03
REV PREPD. BY DATE CHKD BY DATE
CLIENT: 3 . . . .
VALIDATION : DESIGN OF
PROJECT: 2 . . . .
SUBJECT: 1 .
.
30.06.06 . .
STEEL COLUMN ( AS PER IS : 800 ) 0 VVT SNB 30.06.06 SH 6 OF 6
- 17/03/04
C940001 R3
STD-6102-A03
STD-6102-A03
STD-6102-A03
PROPERTIES AS PER IS 808-1989

Designatio weight per weight per sectional Depth of Width of Thk of Thk of Moment of inetia Radii of gyration Moduli of section
meter meter area section flange flange web
w w A h b tf tw' Ixx Iyy rxx ryy Zxx Zyy
kg KN cm2 mm mm mm mm cm4 cm4 cm cm cm3 cm3
ISMB100 8.9 0.087 11.4 100 50 7 4.7 183 12.9 4 1.05 36.6 5.16
ISMB125 13.3 0.130 17 125 70 8 5 445 38.5 5.16 1.51 71.2 11
ISMB150 15 0.147 19.1 150 75 8 5 718 46.8 6.13 1.57 95.7 12.5
ISMB175 19.6 0.192 25 175 85 9 5.8 1260 76.7 7.13 1.76 144 18
ISMB200 24.2 0.237 30.8 200 100 10 5.7 2120 137 8.29 2.11 212 27.4
ISMB225 31.1 0.305 39.7 225 110 11.8 6.5 3440 218 9.31 2.34 306 9.7
ISMB250 37.3 0.366 47.5 250 125 12.5 6.9 5130 335 10.4 2.65 410 53.5
ISMB300 46 0.451 58.6 300 140 13.1 7.7 8990 486 12.4 2.86 599 69.5
ISMB350 52.4 0.514 66.7 350 140 14.2 8.1 13600 538 14.3 2.84 779 76.8
ISMB400 61.5 0.603 78.4 400 140 16 8.9 20500 622 16.2 2.82 1020 88.9
ISMB450 72.4 0.710 92.2 450 150 17.4 9.4 30400 834 18.2 3.01 1350 111
ISMB500 86.9 0.852 111 500 180 17.2 10.2 45200 1370 20.2 3.52 1810 152
ISMB550 104 1.020 132 550 190 19.3 11.2 64900 1830 22.2 3.73 2360 193
ISMB600 123 1.207 156 600 210 20.3 12 91800 2650 24.2 4.12 3060 252

ISMC75 7.14 0.070 9.1 75 40 7.5 4.8 78.5 12.9 2.94 1.19 20.9 4.81
ISMC100 9.56 0.094 12.2 100 50 7.7 5 192 26.7 3.97 1.48 33.5 7.71
ISMC125 13.1 0.129 16.7 125 65 8.2 5.3 425 61.1 5.05 1.91 68.1 13.4
ISMC150 16.8 0.165 21.3 150 75 9 5.7 788 103 6.08 2.2 105 19.5
ISMC175 19.6 0.192 24.9 175 75 10.2 6 1240 122 7.04 2.21 141 23
ISMC200 22.3 0.219 28.5 200 75 11.4 6.2 1830 141 8.02 2.22 181 26.4
ISMC225 26.1 0.256 33.3 225 80 12.4 6.5 2710 188 9.02 2.37 241 33
ISMC250 30.6 0.300 39 250 80 14.1 7.2 3880 211 9.92 2.37 307 38.5
ISMC300 36.3 0.356 46.3 300 90 13.6 7.8 6420 313 11.8 2.6 428 47.1
ISMC350 42.7 0.419 54.4 350 100 13.5 8.3 10000 434 13.6 2.82 576 57.3
ISMC400 50.1 0.491 63.8 400 100 15.3 8.8 15200 508 15.4 2.82 760 67
Max. Permissible Bending Stresses as per IS 800 - 1984 TABLE 6.1-B Page No. 58
with fy = 250 mpa, T/t < 2.0 and d 1/t < 85

L/ry D/T
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 100
40 161 161 160 160 160 160 160 159 159 159 159 159 159 159 159
45 161 160 159 159 158 158 158 157 157 57 157 157 157 157 157
50 160 158 158 157 156 156 156 155 155 155 154 154 154 154 154
55 159 157 156 155 154 154 153 153 152 152 152 151 151 151 151
60 158 156 154 153 152 152 151 150 149 149 149 148 148 148 148
65 156 154 153 151 150 149 148 147 146 146 145 145 144 144 144
70 155 153 151 149 149 147 146 144 143 142 142 141 141 141 140
75 154 152 149 147 146 144 143 141 140 139 138 137 137 137 136
80 153 150 148 145 143 142 140 138 136 135 134 133 132 132 132
85 152 149 146 143 141 139 138 135 133 131 130 129 128 128 127
90 151 147 144 141 138 137 135 131 129 127 126 125 124 124 123
95 150 146 142 139 137 134 132 128 126 124 122 121 120 120 118
100 149 145 141 137 134 132 129 125 122 120 118 116 115 115 113
110 147 142 137 133 130 127 124 119 115 113 111 108 107 107 105
120 144 139 134 129 126 122 119 113 109 106 104 101 99 99 96
130 142 136 131 126 121 118 114 108 103 99 97 94 91 91 88
140 140 133 128 122 118 113 110 103 97 94 91 87 85 85 81
150 138 131 124 119 114 109 105 98 92 88 85 81 78 78 74
160 136 128 121 115 110 106 101 93 87 83 80 75 73 73 68
170 134 126 119 112 107 102 98 89 83 79 75 70 68 68 63
180 131 123 116 109 104 99 94 85 79 74 71 66 63 63 58
190 129 121 113 106 101 95 91 82 75 71 67 62 59 59 54
200 127 118 111 104 98 92 88 79 72 67 63 58 55 55 50
210 125 116 108 101 95 90 85 76 69 64 60 55 52 52 46
220 123 114 106 99 92 87 82 73 66 61 57 52 49 49 43
230 122 112 103 96 90 84 80 70 63 58 55 49 46 46 40
240 120 110 101 94 87 82 77 68 61 56 52 47 43 43 38
250 118 108 99 92 85 80 75 65 59 54 50 44 41 41 35
260 116 106 97 89 83 77 73 63 57 52 48 42 39 39 33
270 114 104 95 87 81 75 71 61 55 50 46 41 37 37 31
280 113 102 93 85 79 73 69 59 53 48 44 39 35 35 30
290 111 100 91 84 77 72 67 58 51 46 42 37 34 34 28
300 109 98 89 82 75 70 65 56 49 45 41 36 32 32 27