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1. ‘Lead is heavier than water’.

Criticise this statement, and

write down the correct version.

2. What capacity container (in cubic metres) would you

need in order to hold 2000 kg of (a) water, (b) alcohol?

3. How many kilograms of air must there be in a room 5 m

long, 4 m wide and 2 m high?

4. Calculate (a) the density of a substance of volume 3 m3

and mass 18 kg, (b) the mass of a solid of density 14 g cm-3
and volume 7 cm3, (c) the volume of a liquid of density 2 g
cm-3 and mass 72 g.

Longman Physics for CSEC Chapter 3

5. 7000 kg of a substance take up a space of 2.0 m3. Work
out its relative density.

6. The relative density of sea water is 1.03. A tank holds

20 m3 of sea water. Calculate the mass of the liquid in it.

7. You are provided with a cube of solid rubber of side

about 20 mm, and also a ball made from the same rubber.
Describe and explain how you would try to decide whether
the ball is hollow in the middle or not.

8. When 1 cm3 of water is boiled, 1600 cm3 of steam is

produced. Starting from the density of water, use this
information to calculate the density of steam.

Longman Physics for CSEC Chapter 3

9. The density of a lump of metal is found by the
displacement can method (as in Fig 3.4 above). Using a
balance, the mass of the metal was found to be 170 g.
(a) The metal was lowered into the can, and the volume of
water which spilled over into the measuring cylinder was
read to be 25 ml. Two check measurements were taken:
these two readings were 21 ml and 23 ml. Use this
information to decide on the most likely value for the
volume of the piece of metal in cm3.
(b) Work out a value for the density of the metal in g cm-3,
expressing it to a suitable number of significant figures.
(c) Convert this answer into a density in kg m-3.
(d) State the metal’s relative density.

Longman Physics for CSEC Chapter 3


The drawing shows part of a measuring cylinder marked in

millilitres. What is its reading?

11. How could you best arrive at the precise mass of

roughly 50 g of water – by using a balance reading to 0.01
g, or by using a 100 ml measuring cylinder and knowing
that each millilitre of water has a mass of 1.00 g? Explain.

12. A digital balance has an uncertainty of ± 1 g. You

weigh a marble, and from its reading you can quote its
mass as 5 g ± 1 g. You now weigh ten identical marbles on
the same balance, and this time obtain a reading of 48 g ±
1 g. What quote can you now give for the mass of a single

Longman Physics for CSEC Chapter 3