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Seminar on Climate Change and Energy Issues Climate Change Research Center, Sejong University

8 June 2018 Room 613, Gwanggaeto Hall

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RENEWABLE ENERGY LAW AND POLICY IN THAILAND:


RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Chacrit Sitdhiwej
Thammasat University Faculty of Law, Thailand

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CONTENTS:

Overview and recent developments

Next steps and challenges

Discussion

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OVERVIEW AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Overview

National Development Plans

Laws on National Energy Policies and Plans

Energy Industry Law

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OVERVIEW

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OVERVIEW

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OVERVIEW

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OVERVIEW

Rich
biomass biogas
solar wind

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OVERVIEW

Rich
biomass biogas
solar wind
50%
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OVERVIEW

Rich
biomass biogas
solar wind
50% abundant

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OVERVIEW

12%
Rich
biomass biogas
88%
solar wind
50% abundant
renewable energy
conventional energy
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NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS

12th National Economics and Social


Development Plans (2017-2021)

2017 National Strategies Preparation Act

due July 2018

2017 National Reform Plans and Procedures


Act

2018 National Reform Plan on Energy


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12TH NATIONAL ECONOMICS AND SOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT PLANS (2017-2021)
Recognises the importance of R&D in science &
technologies, including energy storage & renewable
energy technologies

Reduces fossil fuels while promoting renewable energy

17.34% by 2021, eg

database

incentives

biofuels, rooftop solar & energy storage

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2018 NATIONAL REFORM PLAN ON ENERGY
Recognises the importance of a smart grid,
solar technologies, energy storage
technologies, electric vehicles & prosumer
concept

Short term (2018-2019): further promotes


independent power producers from renewable
energy sources, eg biomass, waste-to-energy,
biogas from agriculture

Medium term (2020-2022): further promotes


renewable energy, electric vehicle, energy
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LAWS ON NATIONAL ENERGY POLICIES
AND PLANS
1992 National Energy Policy Council Act

Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint (TIEB)

Power Development Plan 2015-2036 (PDP2015)

20-Year Energy Efficiency Development Plan


2011-2030 (EEDP2011)

Alternative Energy Development Plan


2015(AEDP2015)

Gas Plan 2015-2036

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PDP2015

increases 30% of generating capacity from


renewable energy sources by 2036

increases roles of independent power


producers (IPPs), small power producers
(SPPs), very small power producers (VSPPs)
and from Lao PDR

lessens dependency on natural gas power


generation
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EEDP2011 AND THE PROMOTION OF
ENERGY CONSERVATION LAW
EEDP2011

promotes more renewable energy uses

promotes zero energy building (ZEB)


standards due to onsite energy generation
from renewable energy sources

1992 Promotion of Energy Conservation Act

allows substitution of electricity purchased


from diesel power plants by that purchased
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AEDP2015 AND THE ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION LAW
AEDP2015

sets targets to increase the country’s final


energy consumption produced from
renewable energy sources from 12% in 2014
up to 30% by 2036

1992 Energy Development and Promotion Act

promotes R&D and regulation of energy


production, transmission and distribution
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ENERGY INDUSTRY LAW

2007 Energy Industry Act

promotes purchasing electricity from SPPs


or VSPPs that generate electricity from
various renewable energy sources

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NEXT STEPS AND CHALLENGES (1)
INDC, however:

limitation of grid connection;

lack of investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy;

lack of domestic technological and technical resources;

negative public perception against waste-to-energy and biomass


power plants;

lack of effective coordination across different sectoral agencies;

lack of incentives to achieve rapid renewable energy deployment;

lack of technology transfer on a large scale;

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NEXT STEPS AND CHALLENGES (1)
20-25%BAU by 2030
INDC, however:

limitation of grid connection;

lack of investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy;

lack of domestic technological and technical resources;

negative public perception against waste-to-energy and biomass


power plants;

lack of effective coordination across different sectoral agencies;

lack of incentives to achieve rapid renewable energy deployment;

lack of technology transfer on a large scale;

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ambitious but doable

NEXT STEPS AND CHALLENGES (1)


20-25%BAU by 2030
INDC, however:

limitation of grid connection;

lack of investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy;

lack of domestic technological and technical resources;

negative public perception against waste-to-energy and biomass


power plants;

lack of effective coordination across different sectoral agencies;

lack of incentives to achieve rapid renewable energy deployment;

lack of technology transfer on a large scale;

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NEXT STEPS AND CHALLENGES (2)

Circular economy concept

Role of local governments

Role of the public

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CIRCULAR ECONOMY

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CIRCULAR ECONOMY

Yet to be widely educated and communicated


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LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THAILAND
various forms:

municipalities, provincial administration organisations, subdistrict


administration organisations, Pattaya City, Bangkok Metropolitan
Administration

numerous laws involved:

1953 Municipality Act

1997 Provincial Administration Organisation Act

1994 Subdistrict Council and Subdistrict Administration


Organization Act

1992 Public Health Act

1999 Act Prescribing Plans and Procedures of Decentralisation to


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LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THAILAND

To be more actively
various forms:

municipalities, provincial administration organisations, subdistrict


decentralised
administration organisations, Pattaya City, Bangkok Metropolitan
Administration

numerous laws involved:

1953 Municipality Act

1997 Provincial Administration Organisation Act

1994 Subdistrict Council and Subdistrict Administration


Organization Act

1992 Public Health Act

1999 Act Prescribing Plans and Procedures of Decentralisation to


Image courtesy: goo.gl/bU1p6s the Local Governments

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LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THAILAND

To be more actively
various forms:

municipalities, provincial administration organisations, subdistrict


decentralised
administration organisations, Pattaya City, Bangkok Metropolitan
Administration

numerous laws involved:

Yet to be widely educated and


1953 Municipality Act

communicated
1997 Provincial Administration Organisation Act

1994 Subdistrict Council and Subdistrict Administration


Organization Act

1992 Public Health Act

1999 Act Prescribing Plans and Procedures of Decentralisation to


Image courtesy: goo.gl/bU1p6s the Local Governments

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law.tu.ac.th chacrit.wordpress.com
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THAILAND

To be more actively
various forms:

municipalities, provincial administration organisations, subdistrict


decentralised
administration organisations, Pattaya City, Bangkok Metropolitan
Administration

numerous laws involved:

Yet to be widely educated and


1953 Municipality Act

communicated
1997 Provincial Administration Organisation Act

1994 Subdistrict Council and Subdistrict Administration


Organization Act

Low water-mark jurisdiction


1992 Public Health Act

limits are also a challenge


1999 Act Prescribing Plans and Procedures of Decentralisation to
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THE PUBLIC

Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand


‘tends’ to promote public involvement

However, due to certain attitudes, it is often


inappropriately implemented

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THE PUBLIC
To be widely educated and
more appropriately
implemented
Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand
‘tends’ to promote public involvement

However, due to certain attitudes, it is often


inappropriately implemented

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NEXT STEPS AND CHALLENGES (2)

Circular economy concept

Role of local governments

Role of the public

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DISCUSSION
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고맙습니다
Chacrit Sitdhiwej
Thammasat University Faculty of Law, Thailand
schacrit@tu.ac.th
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