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ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 1 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
1
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﻪﻣﺪﻘﻣ

Standard Manufacture spare parts and Metal Pieces:ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ

ﻪﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ـﮕﻧﺭ ﺕﺍﺰـﻠﻓ ﻭ ﻲـﻨﻫﺁ ﺕﺍﺰـﻠﻓ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻴﻧﺩ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﻱﺰﻠﻓ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﻲﻠﮐ ﺭﻮﻄﺑ ﺲﻠﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻱﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺎﻫﺞﻨﻠﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺯﺎﮔ ﺖﻔﻧ ﻊﻳﺎﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﺮﺜﮐﺍ .ﺩﻮﺷﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ

ﻢـﻫ ﻭ ﻱﺮـﮕﻨﻫﺁ ﻪـﻘﺮﻄﺑ ﻢﻫ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﺍ ﻦﻴﻨﭽﻤﻫ ﺰﻧﺮﺑ ﺞﻧﺮﺑ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﻲﮕﻧﺭ ﺕﺍﺰﻠﻓ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﻞﻴﺘﺳﺍ API BSI ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﻡﺎﻤﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﻮﺷﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺩﺭﻮﻧ ﻪﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ

Norm AFNOR DIN ASTM

ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻭ ﻲـﻨﺑﺮﮐ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻒـﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺎـﻫﻞﺼﻓ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻟﺎﺘﻳﺍ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻪـﮐ ﺕﺍﺰﻠﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﺮﻴﮔﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﮕﻧﺭ ﺕﺍﺰﻠﻓ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﻪﺻﻼﺧ ﺲﭙﺳ ﻭ ﻱﮊﺎﻟﺁ ﺕﺍﺰـﻠﻓ (Ferrous Metals) ـﻨﻫﺁ ﺕﺍﺰـﻠﻓ ﻪـﺑ ﺪﻧﻮـﺷﻲـﻣ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻒـﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺕﺍﺰـﻴﻬﺠﺗ ﺕﺎـﻌﻄﻗ ﻊﻳﺎﻨﺻ ﺯﺎﮔ ﺖﻔﻧ ﻊﻳﺎﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺍﺰﻠﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ .ﺪﻧﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ (Non Ferrous Metals) ﻨﻫﺁﺮﻴﻏ ﺯﺍ .ﺩﺮـﻴﮔﻲـﻣ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﺯﺎﺳﺬﻏﺎﮐ ﺕﺎﺠﻧﺎﺧﺭﺎﮐ ﺕﻻﺁﻦﻴﺷﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻤﻴﺷﻭﺮﺘﭘ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﻭﺮﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﮑﺑ ﺎﻫﭗﻤﭘ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻞﻴﺘﮐﺍﺩ ﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ ﻭ ﻱﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﺎﻫﻥﺪﭼ ﻨﻫﺁ ﺕﺍﺰﻠﻓ ﻩﺩﺍﻮﻧﺎﺧ ﺪـﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﺮﮐﺬـﻟﺍﻕﻮـﻓ ﻊﻳﺎﻨـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺕﺍﺰﻬﺠﺗ .ﺩﻮﺷﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ASTM ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻖﺒﻃ ﻻﻮﺻﺍﹰ ﻲـﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻱﺎـﻫﭗـﻴﺗ ﺭﺩ ـﻠﻠﻤﻟﺍﻦﻴﺑ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻖﺒﻃ ﻪﮐ ﻥﻮﮔﺎﻧﻮﮔ ﺎﻫﺮﻴﺷ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻨﻴﻤﻃﺍ ﺎﻫﺮﻴﺷ ﺎـﺗ ﻪـﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺖـﻟﻮﺑ ﻭ ﻩﺮـﻬﻣ ﻭ ﭻﻴـﭘ ﺯﺍ ﺕﺍﺰـﻴﻬﺠﺗ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻞﺼـﻓ ﺪﻨﭼ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻪﺿﺮﻋ ﺭﺍﺯﺎﺑ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﺮﺧﺁ ﺭﺩ .ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺪﻨﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﺑﺎﻳﺯﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻥﺩﻮﺑ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺯﺎﺨﻣ ﺰـﮐﺮﻣ) ﺮﻬﺸـﻫﺎﻣ ﻲﻤﻴـﺷﻭﺮﺘﭘ ﺭﺩ ﺵﺯﻮـﻣﺁ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻩﻭﺰـﺟ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻲﻨﻤﻳﺍ ﻱﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻥﻻﻮﺌﺴـﻣ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺪﻴﻣﺍ ،ﻩﺪﺩﺮﮔ ﻦﻳﻭﺪﺗ ﻭ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ (ﻲﻤﻴﺷﻭﺮﺘﭘ ﻥﻮﻨﻓ ﻥﺍﺭﻭﺁﻩﺭ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ ﺵﺯﻮﻣﺁ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ ﺮﻤﺛ ﺮﻤﺜﻣ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ ﺲﻧﺎﺴﻴﻟ ﻕﻮﻓ ﺎﻳ ﺲﻧﺎﺴﻴﻟ ﺢﻄﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺍﺯﻮﻣﺁﺭﺎﮐ ﻭ ﻡﺮﺘﺤﻣ

ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘــﺳﺍ ANSI ASME

(ISO)ﻭﺰــﻳﺍ ﻭ Euro

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 2 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
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هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

:ﻝﻭﺍ ﻞﺼﻓ

ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 3 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
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ﯽﺷﺯﻮﻣﺁ ﻑﺍﺪﻫﺍ نﺪﭼ عاﻮﻧا ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ-1

راﻮﺧ ﺶﻜﭼ نﺪﭼ ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ-2

يوﺮﻛ ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ نﺪﭼ ﺎﺑ ﻲﻳﺎﻨﺷآ-3

دﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ نﺪﭼ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ-4

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 4 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
4
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

:ﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ :١-١

ﻥﺪـﭼ ﮊﺭﺎـﺷ ﺯﺍ ﻲـﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻭ ﻞﭘﻮﮐ ﻱﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ (Grey Cast Iron) ﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺮـﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮏﮐ ﻭ ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺎﻫﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ (Blast Furnace PIG Iron) ﺪﻨﻠﺑ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﺢﻴـﻘﻠﺗ ﺭﻮﮐﺬـﻣ ﺎـﻫﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺲﻴﻠﻴﺳﻭﺮﻓ ﻱﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻳﺁﻲﻣ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﺏﻭﺫ ٣ ﺎـﺗ ٢ ﺯﺍ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﻪـﺑ (Grey Cast Iron) ﺮﺘﺴـﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﺭﺩ (Si) ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﺢﻄﺳ Mn=١٪ ﻭ Si=٢-٣٪ ﻢﻴﺴـﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻭ C=٢-٤,٢٪ ﻥﺁ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ ﺰﻴﻟﺎـﻧﺁ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ ﺲﭘ .ﺪﺳﺮﻴﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺍﺮـﺑ ﮓﻧﺭ ﻪﮐ ﻱﺭﺎﮑﺷﺍﺮﺗ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻥﺩﻮﺑ ﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ S=٠,٠٥٠٪ ﻭ P=٠,٢٤٥٪ ﻱﺎـﻫﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺰـﻴﻧ ﻥﺁ ﭘﻮﮑـﺳﻭﺮﮑﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺺﻴﺨﺸﺗ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﮓﻧﺮﻫﺎﻴﺳ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﻥﺁ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺍﻪﺧﺎﺷ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻫﻪـﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻪـﮐ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻱﺮـﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻲﺸﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﺎﻫﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﻩﺍﺮﻤﻫ ﻩﺮـﻴﺗ ﻱﺎـﻫﻂﺧ ﻞﮑﺸﺑ ﻲﺘﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻪﺑ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻥﻮﭼ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻲﻠﺻﺍ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﮏـﭼﻮﮐ ﻪـﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺸـﺸﮐ ﻱﺎـﻫﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻭ ﻩﺩﺮﮐ ﺍﺪﻴﭘ ﺵﺍﺮﺗ ﺖﻴﻠﺑﺎﻗ ﺭﻮﺑﺰﻣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ ﺪﻫﺪﻴﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺶﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺶﺸﮐ ﻩﺎﮕﺘﺳﺩ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻲﺸﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺎﻣﺁ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ .ﺩﻮﺷﻲﻣ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﻱﺮﮔ ﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻢﻤﻴـﻧﻲـﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ ﺶﺸﮐ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻲﺸﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ .ﺩﺮﻴﮔﻲﻣ ﺮـﺑ ﻭﺮـﻴﻧ ﻡﺮﮔﻮـﻠﻴﮐ ٣٠ ﺮـﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﺮﺜﮐﺍﺪـﺣ ﻩﺩﻮـﺑ ﻊـﺑﺮﻣ ﺮـﺘﻣ ﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻭﺮﻴﻧ ﻡﺮﮔﻮﻠﻴﮐ ١٥ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻭ ﺩﻮـﺑ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻫﺭﻮﺗﻮﻣ ﺎﻫﻪﺘﺳﻮﭘ ﻻﻮﻤﻌﻣﹰ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪـﺷ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺕﺎـﺷﺎﻌﺗﺭﺍ ﺯﺍ ـﺷﺎﻧ ﺎﻫﺍﺪـﺻ ﻥﺪﺷ ﺍﺮﻴﻣ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﺎﺑ A٤٨ ﮎﺭﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ (American Society for Testing Materials) ASTM ﺪـﻳﺮﮔ ﻭ ﻊـﺑﺮﻣ ﭻﻨـﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﺪﻧﻮﭘ ٢٥٠٠٠ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ٢٥ ﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﺎﺑ A٢٥ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﭻﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﺪﻧﻮﭘ ٢٠٠٠٠ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ٢٠ ﺎﺑ (DIN) ﻲﻧﺎﻤﻟﺁ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻲﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﭻﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﺪﻧﻮﭘ ٣٠٠٠٠ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ٣٠ ﻱﺮــﮔﻪــﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻥﺪــﭼ BS ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘــﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺸــﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸــﻧ GG١٥-٣٠ ﻥﺪــﭼ ﻦــﻳﺍ G ﻑﺮــﺣ ﻭﺩ ﻢﻤﻴــﻧﻲــﻣ ﻖﺑﺎــﻄﻣ ﻪــﮐ ٢٦ ﻭ ٢٣ ، ٢٠ ، ١٢، ١٠ ﻖﺑﺎــﻄﻣ ﺋﺎﻫﺪــﻳﺮﮔ BS١٤٥٢ ﻖﺑﺎــﻄﻣ ﻱﺮﺘﺴــﮐﺎﺧ ﺮـﺑ ﻦﺗﻮـﻴﻧ ١٥٤ ﺕﺭﻮﺼـﺑ ﮏـﻳﺮﺘﻣ ﻢﺘﺴﻴﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻫﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺖﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻲﺸﺸﮐ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻊـﺑﺮﻣ ﺮـﺘﻣﻲـﻠﻴﻣ ﺮـﺑ ﻦﺗﻮـﻴﻧ ٤٠٢ ﻭ ٣٠٩ ﻭ ٢١٦ ﻭ ﻊـﺑﺮﻣ ﺮـﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻦﺗﻮﻴﻧ ١٨٥ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻤﻴﻠﻴﻣ ﻂﺧ ﻞﮑﺸﺑ ﻝﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻪﮐ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻞﮑﺷ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺖﺧﺎـﺳ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻪﺧﺎـﺷ ﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎـﻫﻥﺪـﭼ ﺪﺷ ﺪﻴﻗ ﻻﺎﺑ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻩﻭﻼﻋ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻱﺍﻪﺘﺷﺭ ﺎﻳ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 5 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
5
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺎـﻫﻪﺘـﺳﻮﭘ ﻭ ﻲﺟﺎﺴـﻧ ﺖﻌﻨـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﺹﻮﺼـﺨﺑ ﻲﺟﺎﺴـﻧ ﻱﺎـﻫﻦﻴﺷﺎﻣ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ ﻭ ﺵﺍﺮﺗ ﻦﻴﺷﺎﻣ ﺕﺎﻌﻄﻗ .ﺩﻭﺮﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﮑﺑ ﺖﻔﻧ ﺎﻫﭗﻤﭘ ﻭ ﺏﺁ ﻱﺎﻫﭗﻤﭘ ﻭ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻮﺗﻮﻣ

ﻪﻧاد ﺎﻳ لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ زﺮﻣ

ﻪﻧاد ﺎﻳ لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ زﺮﻣ يا ﻪﺘﺷر ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ ﺎﻳ يا

ياﻪﺘﺷر ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ ﺎﻳ ياﻪﺧﺎﺷ ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ

.ﺖﺳﺍ ﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻝﺎﺘﺴﺮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ : ١-١ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺎـﺑ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻥﺍﺪﺑ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ (Flaky) ﻪﺘﺷﺭ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺍﺪﺟ ﺎﻫﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻪـﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﻝﺎﺘﺴـﻳﺮﮐ ﻞـﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻗﺭﻭ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﻮﭼ ،ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ (Flaky Iron) ﻪﺘﺷﺭ ﺕﺭﺍﺮـﺣ ﻝﺎـﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﻡﺪـﻋ ﺐﺒﺳ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻭ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺕﺎﺷﺎﻌﺗﺭﺍ ﻥﺪﺷ ﺍﺮﻴﻣ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ .ﺖﺳﺍ (American Water Work ﺎﮑﻳﺮﻣﺁ ﺏﺁ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻨﻌAWWAﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻖﺒﻃ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﺰﻴﻧ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻱﺍﻪﺧﺎﺷ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻪﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺞﻨﻠﻓ ﻪﻟﻮﻟ Association)

: Malleable Cast Iron ﺭﺍﻮﺶﮑﭼ ﻥﺪﭼ :٢-١

White Cast Iron ﺍﺭ ﺪﻴﻔـﺳ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻳﺁﻲﻣ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﺪﻴﻔﺳ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻥﺪﺷ ﻪﻠﻴﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺭﺍﻮﺧ ﺶﮑﭼ ﻥﺪﭼ S=٠,٠٥٠ ﻭ P=٠,٢٤٥٪ ﻭ Mn=١ ﻭ Si=١-٢٪ ﻭ C=٢-٣٪ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ ﺐﻴﮐﺮﺗ .ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﻩﺪـﻳﺩ ﺪﻴﻔﺳ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺩﻮﺷ ﻪﺘﺴﮑﺷ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﮔﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻭ ﻩﺩﻮـﺑ ﻩﺪﻨﻨﮑـﺷ ﺖﺨـﺳ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻪـﮐ ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻔﺳ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺍﺮﻧﺁ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻥﺍﺪﺑ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻥﺍﺪـﺑ ﺩﺯﺎﺳﻲﻤﻧ ﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻥﺎﮑﻣﺍ ﺭﺎﮑﺷﺍﺮﺗ ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺵﺍﺮﺗ ﺖﻴﻠﺑﺎﻗ .ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﺖﺨﺳ ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ Fe٣C ﻝﻮـﻣﺮﻔﺑ ﻦـﻫﺁ ﺪﻴﺑﺭﺎﮐ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺖﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ ﻪﮐ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺮﻫﺎﻇ ﺖﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺪﻴﺑﺭﺎﮐ ﺭﻮﺑﺰﻣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺘﺨﺳ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﻪﮐ ﻦـﻫﺁ ﺪـﻴﺑﺭﺎﮐ ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺪـﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲـﻣ ﻡﺮﻧ ﻲﻨﻌ(Annealing) ﻪﻠﻴﻧﺁ ﺯﻭﺭ ﻪﻧﺎﺒﺷ ﺪﻨﭼ ﺕﺪﻤﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻥﺪﺷ ﺭﺍﻮﺧ ﺶﮑﭼ ﺐﺒﺳ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﺭﻮﻬﻇ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﻳﺰﺠﺗ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺏﺁ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻨﻫﺪﻴﻣ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ A٤٧ ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﮑﻳﺮﻣﺁ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ W٢٤١٨ ﻭ W٢٢١٤ ﺕﺭﻮﺼـﺑ ﻥﺁ ﺎﻫﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﺲﻴﻠﮕﻧﺍ BSI ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺞﻨﻠﻓ ﺮﺘﺸﻴﺑ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 6 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
6
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺕﻻﺁ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺍ ﺮـﺜﮐﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺮـﺘﻣﻲـﻠﻴﻣ ﺮـﺑ ﻦﺗﻮـﻴﻧ ٣٧٠ ﻭ ٣٤٠ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺘﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺎﻫﺞﻨﻠﻓ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺖﻬﺟ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﻭ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻪﻧﻮﮔ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺯﺭﻭﺎﺸﮐ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺍﻮﺧ ﺶﮑﭼ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺯﺍ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺏﺁ

Nodular geraphite cast Iron :ﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻧﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﺪﭼ :٣-١

ﺪـﻨﻠﺑ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﻞﭘﻮﮐ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺎﻳ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻡﺎﺧ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺏﻭﺫ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﻢﻳﺰـﻴﻨﻣﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﺲﻴﻠﻴﺳﻭﺮﻓ ﺢﻴﻘﻠﺗ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺎﺑ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﮊﺭﺎﻥﺪﭼ ﺎﻫﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﻪـﺑ ﻢﻳﺪـﺳ .ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ Mg=٠/٠٤ ﻢﻳﺰـﻴﻨﻣ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٣ ﺎﺗ ٢ ﺯﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻦﺘـﻓﺭ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﺚـﻋﺎﺑ ﻥﺩﻮـﺑ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﺎﻫﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ Spheroidise graphite cast Iron ﻡﺎـﻧ ﺎـﺑ S.G ﺎـﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺎـﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻦﺗﻮﻴﻧ ٣٧٠ ﺩﻭﺪﺣ ﺭﺩ ﺚﺤﺑ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻦﺗﻮـﻴﻧ ٧٠٠ ﺎـﺗ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻪﭽﻧﺎﻨﭼ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ١٧ ﺩﻭﺪﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺁ ﻝﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٢ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻝﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﻌﺿﻭ ﺪﻳﺎﻤﻧ ﺍﺪﻴﭘ ﺶﻳﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻲﺘﻴﻠﻴﺘﮐﺍﺩ ﺖﻴﺻﺎﺧ ﻪﮐ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺎﻫﻥﺪﭼ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺩﺮـﻴﮔﻲـﻣ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﺰـﻴﻧ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ASTM ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺯﺍ A١٩٧ ﻭ A٢٧٨ ﻊﻳﺎﻨـﺻ ﺮﻳﺎـﺳ ﻭ ﻲﻤﻴـﺷﻭﺮﺘﭘ ﺯﺎـﮔ ﺖـﻔﻧ ﺖﻌﻨـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻫﺞﻨﻠﻓ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﺪﭼ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻥﺁ ﻝﺎﺘﺴـﻳﺮﮐ ﻪـﮐ ﺖـﺳﺍ ﺮـﻳﺯ ﺡﺮﺸـﺑ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻧﺍﻭﺍﺮﻓ ﺎﻫﺩﺮﺑﺭﺎﮐ ﻪﻨﻴﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﮐ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻝﺎﻧﻮﮔﺍﺰﮕﻫ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻝﺎﺘﺴـﻳﺮﮐ ﻞﮑـﺷ ﺮـﻳﺯ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻥﺁ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺶﻳﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﺐﺒﺳ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻝﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ .ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﻱﺎﻫﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻝﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ

Crystal Grain bondry لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ زﺮﻣ

Crystal Grain bondry لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ زﺮﻣ يوﺮﻛ ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ ﺏﺪﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻱ

يوﺮﻛ ﺖﻴﻓاﺮﮔ

ﺏﺪﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ :٢-١ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﻱﻭﺮـﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻞﺻﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺮﮐﺬﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻓ ﺎﻫﻝﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻱﺩﺎـﻳﺯ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻮـﻣ ﻊﻳﺎﻨـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺖﻬﺠﻧﺍﺪﺑ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺸﺨﺑ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 7 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
7
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ .ﺖـﺳﺍﺯ ﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺮـﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻭﺰـﺟ ﻢﻳﺰﻴﻨﻣ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻢﻳﺰﻴﻨﻣ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺖﻳﻭﺮﮐ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻱﺪـﻨﺑﻪـﺳﻼﮐ ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﻪـﮐ ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺏﺁ ﺖﻌﻨـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺏﺁ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ ﻥﺪﭼ

ﺍﺭ ﺭﻮﺑﺰﻣ ﻱﺎﻫﻥﺪﭼ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ A٢٧٨ ﻭ A٣٩٥ ﻭ A١٩٧ ASTM ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ

ﻲﻳﺎـﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘـﺳﺍ BS٢٧٨٩ ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺸـﺑ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸـﻧ ﻝﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺎﺑ BS ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎـﺑ ﻥﺁ ﺮـﮕﻳﺩ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ١٧٪ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻝﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣ ﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻦﺗﻮﻴﻧ ٣٧٠ ١٢ ﺮـﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﻟﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻦﺗﻮﻴﻧ ٤١٧ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ SNG ﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻱﻭﺮـﮐ ﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ (Toughness) ﺲﻨﻓﺎﺗ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﭘﻮﮑﺳﻭﺮﮑﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﺘﻳﺮﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺰﻴﻟﺎـﻧﺁ BS ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ .ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺮﺘﻤﮐ ﻥﺁ ﻝﻮﻃ ﻲﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻲﻟﻭ ﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﻭﺪـﺣ ﻥﺁ ﻢﻴﺴـﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻭ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ٣/٦ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺎـﺑ SG Iron ﺖـﻣﻼﻋ ﺎﺑ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ ﺯﺍ ﻲﮑﻳ ﻭ ٠,٠٧ ﺮـﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﺮﻔﺴﻓ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ S=٠,٠١٥ ﻲﻨﻌﺩﺮﮔﻮﮔ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٣ ﺯﺍ ﺮﺘﻤﮐ ﻥﺁ ﺰﻨﮕﻨﻣ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ٢/٦ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻱﻭﺮـﮐ ﺖـﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎـﻫﻥﺪﭼ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺮﮐﺬﺑ ﻡﺯﻻ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٠٦ ﺎﺗ ٠,٠٤ ﺯﺍ ﻢﻳﺰﻴﻨﻣ ﻡﺮـﻧ ﻱﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺶﺸـﮐ ﻱﺎـﻫـﻨﺤﻨﻣ ﺭﺍﺩﻮـﻤﻧ ﻪﻴﺒـﺷ ﻥﺁ ﺶﺸـﮐ ﺭﺍﺩﻮـﻤﻧ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻲﻤﻴﻠﺴﺗ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺍﻮـﺗﻲـﻣ ﺩﻮـﺷ ﻪـﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻞﺼـﻓ ﺭﺩ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻡﺍﺮﮔﺎﻳﺩ ﺎﻳ ﺭﺍﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﭽﻧﺎﻨﭼ .(Mildsteel) ﻧﺪـﭼ ﺎـﻫﻪـﻟﻮﻟ ﻪﻠﻴـﺳﻮﺑ ﺏﺁ ﻝﺎـﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﻲﺑﺎـﻳﺯﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻲﻠﮐ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ـﺠﻨﻠﻓ ﺕﺭﻮﺼـﺑ ﻪـﻟﻮﻟ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻱﺎـﻬﺘﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺩﻮﺒﻧ ﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﺏﺁ ﺎﻫﺮﺘﻣﻮﻠﻴﮐ ﻥﺪﭼ) ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻦﻴﮕﻨﺳ ﻊﻳﺎﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻧﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻱﺪﻨﺑ ﺏﺁ ﻲﮑﻴﺘﺳﻻ ﺎﻫﺮﺷﺍﻭ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻥﺪـﭼ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻫﭗـﻤﭘ ﻲﻤﻴﺷﻭﺮﺘﭘ ﺯﺎﮔ ﺖﻔﻧ ﻊﻳﺎﻨﺻ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻱﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ (ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻮـﺧ ﺶـﮑﭼ ﺎﻬﻧﺪـﭼ ﻭ ﻱﺍﻪﺧﺎﺷ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ ﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻱﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺯﺍ ﺎــﻳ ﻭ (Monel ٧٠٪ Ni, ٣٠ Cu) ﻲﻠﻧﻮــﻣ ﻱﺎــﻫﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻻﻮـﹰ ـﻤﻌﻣ ﻱﻭﺮــﮐ ﺖــﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﻱﺎﻬﻧﺪــﭼ (٩٣٪Cu,٧٪Sn) ـﻌﻠﻗ ﺰﻧﺮﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻭ (٦٠٪ Cu , ٤٠٪ Zn) ٦٠/٤٠ ﻲﺠﻧﺮﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﻲﺘﻴﻨﺘـــﺳﻭﺍ ﻞﻴﺘـــﺳﺍ ﺲﻠﻨﺘـــﺳﺍ ﻱﺎـــﻫﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺎـــﻳ ﻭ (٩٥٪Cu,٥٪Al) ﻣﻮـــﻴﻧ ﻲﻣﻮـــﻟﺁ ﺰـــﻧﺮﺑ ﻭ ﻱﺭﺎﮑـﺷﻮﺟ ﻲﻠﺻﺍ ﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻠﮐﹼ ﺭﻮﻄﺑ ﺎﻳ ﻭ (٨٠٪Ni,١٤٪Cr,٦٪Fe) ﻞﻧﻮﮑﻨﻳﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻭ (S.S.Austentic) .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ١ ﻭ ﻞﮑﻴﻧ ٩٩٪ ﻲﻨﻌENi-C ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻞﮑﻴﻧ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺪﭼ

ﻻﻮـﻤﻌﻣﹰ

١

:لوا ﻞﺼﻓ تﻻاﻮﺳ

؟ﺪﻴﻫﺩ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﺍﺭ ﯼﺮﺘﺴﮐﺎﺧ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﺯﺮﻃ-1

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 8 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
8
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

؟ﺪﻴﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺍﻮﺧ ﺶﮑﭼ ﻥﺪﭼ ﯼﺎﻬﻴﮔﮋﻳﻭ-٢ ؟ﺩﻮﺷ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ ﯼﻭﺮﮐ ﺖﻴﻧﺍﺮﮔ ﻥﺪﭼ-٣

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 9 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
9
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

:مود ﻞﺼﻓ

دﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗﺪﻨآﺮﻓ

Steel Making Process

:ﯽﺷﺯﻮﻣﺁ ﻑﺍﺪﻫﺍ ﺩﻮﺷ ﺢﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﯼﺎﻬﺷﻭﺭ-1 ﺩﻮﺷ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﮊﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﻢﮐ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺎی ﯼﺎﻫ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﯼﺎﻬﻴﮔﮋﻳﻭ-٢

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 10 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
10
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺩﻮﺷ ﺢﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﯼﺪﻨﺑ ﻪﻘﺒﻃ-٣

:ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ :١-٢

ﻡﺎـﻨﺑ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﺯﺍ ﻥﮋﺴـﮐﺍ ﺶـﻣﺩ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻭ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺱﻮﻗ ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﻡﺎـﺠﻧﺍ (Induction Furnace) ﺋﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻭ L.D ﺵﻭﺭ ﺎﻳ (Basic Oxygen Process) BOS

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 11 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
11
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺖـﻴﻔﻴﮐ ﻪـﺑ ﻥﺪﺸﺨﺑ ﺩﻮﺒﻬﺑ ﺖﻬﺟ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﺮﻳﺬﭘ

ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ (Vacuum Oxygen Degassing) VOD ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﺹﻮﺼﺨﻣ

.ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺡﺮﺷ ﺭﺎﺼﺘﺧﺍ ﺭﻮﻄﺑ ﺎﻫﺪﻨﻳﺍﺮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﮐ ﺮﻫ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻲﺼﻟﺎﺧﺎﻧ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ

ﺎـﻫﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻻﻮـﻤﻌﻣﹰ

L.D هرﻮﻛ رد دﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺪﻨﻳاﺮﻓ :1-1-2

.ﺪـﺳﺮﻴﻣ ﺩﻮـﺧ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﻞﻗﺍﺪـﺤﺑ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮـﺟﻮﻣ ﻥﮊﻭﺮـﺘﻴﻧ ﻭ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﻥﮊﻭﺭﺪﻴﺋ ﺵﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ

ﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﺰـﺑﺍ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ (Steel Structures) ﻥﺎﻤﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻻﻮﻤﻌﻣﹰ

ﻪـﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﺪـﻨﻠﺑ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﻥﺪﭼ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﮊﺭﺎﺷ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻨﻌ.ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ

ﻪﻠﻴـﺳﻮﺑ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻡﺯﻻ ﻱﺮـﻣﺍ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻪـﻧﺎﻫﺩ ﺎـﻳ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﺯﺍ ﻥﮋﺴـﮐﺍ ﺶـﻣﺩ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﮏﻫﺁ ﻭ

ﻪـﮐ ـﺑﻭﺫ ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﺩﺮﮔﻮﮔ ﻭ ﺮﻔﺴﻓ ﻭ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻭ ﺰﻨﮕﻨﻣ ﻭ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﻱﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻥﻮﺳﺍﺪﺴﮐﺍ

ﺩﻭﺪـﺣ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ،ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻭ ﻦﻳﺪﺑ

ﺕﺭﻮﺼـﺑ ﻥﮋﺴـﮐﺍ ﺎـﺑ ﺐﻴﮐﺮﺗ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻩﺪﺳﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻒﺼﻧ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻨﮕﻨﻣ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٠٧

ﺕﻻﺎـﻌﻔﻧﺍ ﻞﻌﻓ ﻩﺪﻣﺁﺭﺩ Co ﺯﺎﮔ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ١٠ ﻭ Co ﺯﺎﮔ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٩٠ ﻲﻨﻌCo Co ﺯﺎﮔ

ﺯﺍ So ﺯﺎـﮔ ﺎـﺑ ﻩﺍﺮﻤﻫ Co ﺯﺎﮔ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻳﺁﻲﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﺖﺧﻮﺳ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺶﻣﺩ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ

ـﺗﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﺵﺯﺭﺍ ﻥﻮـﭼ Co ﺯﺎـﮔ ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﺝﺭﺎـﺧ ﺶﮐﺩﻭﺩ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻩﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺖﮐﺮﺣ ﻻﺎﺑ ﻑﺮﻄﺑ ﻪﻧﺎﻫﺩ

ﻞـﺧﺍﺩ ﺕﻻﺎـﻌﻔﻧﺍ ﻞـﻌﻓ .ﺩﺮﻴﮔﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺭﺎﺨﺑ ﺎﻫﮓﻳﺩ ﻥﺩﺮﮐ ﻡﺮﮔ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻱﺩﺎﻳﺯ

:ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ

٢

٢

٢

٢

Si O

+

٢

SiO

٢

ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺮﺳ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ

١

Mn + O

٢

٢ Mno ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺮﺳ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ

C + O CO

٢

٢

ﺯﺎﮔ ,

١

C + O

٢

٢

Co ﺯﺎﮔ

P

+

۵

٢

O

٢

P O

٢

۵

ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺮﺳ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ

S O

+

٢

So

٢

ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﺝﺭﺎﺧ ﺯﺎﮔ ﺕﺭﻮﺼﺑ

ﺏﺍﺬـﻣ ﺕﺭﺍﺮـﺣ ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ﺶﻳﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﮏﻴﻣﺮﺗﻭﺰﮔﺍ ﺎﻳ ﺍﺯ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﺕﻻﺎﻌﻔﻧﺍ ﻞﻌﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺗ

ﺏﺍﺬـﻣ ﺕﺭﺍﺮـﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﻥﺪﻣﺁ ﻦﻴﺋﺎﭘ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﮊﺭﺎﺷ ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻨﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺏﻭﺫ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ

ﻱﺪﻴـﺳﺍ ﺎـﻬﻧﺎﻨﺑ S ﻲـﻨﻌﻳ ﺩﺮﮔﻮـﮔ Sio P O ٥ ﻥﻮـﭼ ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ L.D ﻩﺭﻮﮐ

ﺖﻴـﺻﺎﺧ ﻥﺩﻮـﻤﻧ ﻲـﺜﻨﺧ ﻱﺍﺮـﺑ .ﺪـﺷ ﺪﻨﻫﺍﻮﺧ (Convertor) ﺮﺗﺭﻮﻨﮐﺮﺘﺳﺁ ﮔﺩﺭﻮﺧ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ

ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﻴﮔﻮـﻠﺟ ﻱﺍﺮـﺑ .ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻪﻓﺎـﺿﺍ ﺮﺗﺭﻮـﻨﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺪـﺑ ﮏـﻫﺁ ﻩﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﮏﻫﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻱﺪﻴﺳﺍ

٢

٢

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 12 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
12
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﻩﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺖﮐﺮﺣ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻻﺎﺑ ﻑﺮﻃ ﻪﺑ So٢ ﻭ Co٢ ﺯﺎﮔ .ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺎﻫﺯﻮﺴﻧ ﮔﺩﺭﻮﺧ ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪـﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲـﻣ ﺖـﻌﻧﺎﻤﻣ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺪـﺑ ﺍﻮـﻫ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺲـﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻻﺎﺑ ﺍﻮﻫ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮـﺟﻮﻣ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﺖـﻓﺎﺭﺩ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻊﻳﺮﺳ ﺎﻳ ﺱﺮﭙﺴﮐﺍ ﺎﻫﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﺖﻴﻌـﺿﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺢﻴﺤـﺻ ﺏﺍﻮـﺟ ﺖﻓﺎﻳﺭﺩ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻩﺎﮕﺸﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﻪﺑ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻭ ﺮﻔﺴﻓ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻩﺪﻴﺸﮐ (Ladle) ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ L.D ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻥﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺞﮐ ﺎﺑ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﺢﻄـﺳ ﻩﺩﻮـﻤﻧ ﻢﻴﻨﻴﻣﻮـﻟﺁ ﻭ ﺲﻴﻠﻴﺳﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﺰﻨﮕﻨﻣﻭﺮﻓ ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﺍﺩﺯ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﺶﻳﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﻪﺑ ﻉﻭﺮﺷ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺪﻨﻧﺎـﺳﺮﻴﻣ ﺩﻮـﺟﻮﻣ ﻥﮋﺴـﮐﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻞﻗﺍﺪﺤﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﺎـﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺲـﭘ ﻥﺁ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻪـﮐ ﻩﺪـﻴﻣﺎﻧ Al Killed Carbon Steelﺎـﻳ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪـﻨﻨﮑﻧ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ (ﻢﻴﻨﻴﻣﻮـﻟﺁ) Al ﺯﺍ ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪﭽﻧﺎﻨﭼ .ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺰﻳﺭ ﻱﺎﻫﻪﻧﺍﺩ ﺎﻳ ﻝﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻪـﻧﺍﺩ ﺰﻳﺭ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ Si-Killed Carbon steel ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﺮﻔﺻ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻢﻴﻨﻴﻣﻮﻟﺁ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻡﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻡﺍﺭﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ .ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺩﺍﺮـﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ٤٥٠ ﺎﺗ ﻨﻌﻻﺎﺑ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻂﻴﺤﻣ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ (Continuous ﻡﻭﺍﺪـﻣ ﻱﺮـﮔﻪـﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻪـﺑ ﺖﻤﺴـﻗ ﻥﺁﺯﺍ ﻞـﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻥﺎـﻤﻫ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﻱﺎﻫﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﺭﻮﺗﺍﺰﻟﺎﺘﺴـﻳﺮﮐ ﻡﺎـﻨﺑ ﺎـﻫﺐـﻟﺎﻗ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ (Tundish) ﻲﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧCasting) ٢۵٠× ٣۶٠ ﺎـﻫﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺵﻮﮔﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺩﺎﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ Bloom ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﺵﻮﮔﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﺖﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ٢٠٠× ٢٠٠ ﺶـﺿﺮﻋ ﻱﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺮﮔﺍ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ Rolling Mill ﺩﺭﻮﻧ ﺭﺩ ﻊﻃﺎﻘﻣ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺐﻠـﺳﺍ ﺎـﻳ ﻝﺎـﺘﺨﺗ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ (Slab) ﺐﻠﺳﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻝﺎﺘﺨﺗ ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺮﺘﺸﻴﺑ ﺖﻣﺎﺨﺿ ﻪﺑ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ﺭﺎﺸـﻓ ﺖـﺤﺗ ﻥﺯﺎـﺨﻣ ﺎـﻳ ﻩﺮﺧﺫ ﻥﺯﺎﺨﻣ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺖﻬﺟ (Plate) ﺖﻴﻠﭘ ﺎﻳ ﻭ (Sheet) ﻕﺭﻭ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺞﻨـﻠﻓ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﺍ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ (Forging) ﻱﺮﮕﻨﻫﺁ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺵﻮﮔﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﺎﻳ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺖـﺳﺍ ﻱﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺯﻻ .ﺪﻣﺁ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻩﺪﻨﻳﺁ ﻞﺼﻓ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺡﺮﺷ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻱﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺕﻻﻮﺼـﺤﻣ ﺎـﻣﻮﻤﻋﹰ .ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ٠,١٥-٠,٣٥ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻢﻴﺴـﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ

: Electric Arc Furnace ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ :٢-١-٢

ﻦــﻫﺁ ﻪــﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﺮﺘﺸــﻴﺑ (Steel Production) ﺩﻻﻮــﻓ ﺪــﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖــﻬﺟ ﻩﺭﻮــﮐ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﻱﮊﺭﺎــﺷ ﺩﺍﻮــﻣ ـﻨﻫﺁ ﺠﻨﻔـﺳﺍ ﻦـﻫﺁ .ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻲﺠﻨﻔﺳﺍ ﻦﻫﺁ (Scrap) ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﺯﺍ ﻃﻮﻠﺨﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻭ (Scrap Steel)

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 13 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
13
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

(Direct Reduction Iron) ﻲـﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﺯﺎـﮔ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﻪﻠﻴـﺳﻮﺑ ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﺀﺎﻴﺣﺍ ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ١٤ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٨٦ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ (Spongy Iron) ﺠﻨﻔﺳﺍ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻦـﻫﺁ ﮓﻨـﺳ ﺎﻤﹰ ﻴﻘﺘﺴـﻣ ﻲـﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﺯﺎﮔ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺖﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻨﻌ(Feo) ﻦﻫﺁ ﺪﻴﺴﮐﺍ +CaO ﻥﺁ (Basic Oxygen ﺎـﻫﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻢﺘﺴـﻴﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺵﻭﺭ .ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻲﺠﻨﻔﺳﺍ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺕﺭﻮـﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖـﺳﺍ ﺰـﻴﻧ BOS ﺵﻭﺭ ﻡﺎـﻨﺑ ﻪﮐ Furnace) L.D ﺮـﺜﮐﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ DIN ﺎﻳ BS ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ASTM ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻱﻭﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻫﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ ﺩﺍﻮـﻣ ﺖﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺺﺘﺨﻣ ﻂﻘﻓ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺱﻮﻗ ﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﻪـﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺲﻨﺟ ﺯﺍ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺱﻮﻗ ﻩﺭﻮﮐ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻥﻮﭼ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﮊﺭﺎﺷ ﺼـﻟﺎﺧﺎﻧ ﻪﻠـﺻﺎﺣ ﺏﺍﺬـﻣ ﺖـﺳﻩﺮـﻴﻏ ﻭ ﮏﻴﺘـﺳﻻ ﻭ ﮓـﻧﺯ ﻭ ﮓﻧﺭ ﻭ ﻲﻟﺁ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﺷ ﻪﺿﺍﺮﻗ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻪﻠﻴـﺳﻮﺑ ﻱﺮـﻴﮔ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺮـﺳ ﺭﺎـﺑﻭﺩ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺩﺮﺑ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺯﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺮـﺘﻤﮐ ﺩﺮﮔﻮـﮔ ﻪﻠـﺻﺎﺣ ﺏﺍﺬـﻣ ﺖﻬﺠﻧﺍﺪـﺑ .ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻡﺎـﺠﻧﺍ (Cao) ﮏـﻫﺁ ﻭ ﮏﮐ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻪـﺳ ﻲـﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﺱﻮـﻗ ﺩﺎـﺠﻳﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﮊﺮﻧﺍ ﺪﻨﻳﺁﺮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮊﺮﻧﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻲـﮑﻳﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﺖﻤﺴـﻗ ﻭ ﻒﻘـﺳ .ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘـﺳﺍ ﺱﻮـﻗ ﻱﺭﺍﺮﻗﺮﺑ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻲﺘﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺩﻭﺮﺘﮑﻟﺍ ﻲﺘﻴﻣﻮـﻟﻭﺩ ﺯﻮﺴـﻧ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺯﻮﺴﻧ ﺎﻫﺮﺟﺁ ﺲﻨﺟ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺖﻤﺴﻗ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﮏﻨﺧ ﺏﺁ ﺶﺧﺮﭼ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﺰﻴﻟﺎـﻧﺁ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﺱﺮﭙﺴـﮐﺍ ﺎﻳ ﻊﻳﺮﺳ ﺶﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺰﻠﻓ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ (Cao. Mgo) ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻩﺭﻮـﮐ ﻪـﺑ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻭ ﻡﻭﺰﻟ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﻨﻴﻤﻃﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻡﺎــﻨﺑ ﻩﺭﻮــﮐ ﻞﺧﺍﺪــﺑ ﺲﻴﻠﻴــﺳﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﺰــﻨﮕﻨﻣﻭﺮﻓ ﺪــﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﺩﺍﻮــﻣ ﺶﻳﺍﺰــﻓﺍ ﻲــﻨﻌﻳ ﻱﺪــﻌﺑ ﺕﺎــﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻞﺧﺍﺪـﺑ ﺏﻭﺫ ﺭﺎـﮐﺰﻴﻤﺗ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﺰـﻴﻧ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ (Ladle Furnace) ﻖـﻳﺮﻃ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﻲﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻞﻤﻌﺑ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﺲﭙﺳ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺪﻣﺩ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﻩﺪـﻣﺁﺭﺩ ﺎـﻫﺐـﻟﺎﻗ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺯﺍ ﺕﺎﮕﻨﻳﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺷ (Ingot) ﺕﺎﮕﻨﻳﺍ ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﻲﺋﺎﻫﺶﻤﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻲﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻞـﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ ASTM ٠١,٠١ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖـﺒﻃ ﺎـﻫﺶﻤـﺷ ﻩﺭﺎـﺑﻭﺩ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲـﭘ .ﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻊﻤﺟ ﺭﺎﺒﻧﺍ ﺭﺩ (Ingot = ﺕﺎـﮕﻨﻳﺍ) ﺎـﻫﺶﻤـﺷ ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻡﺮـﮔ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﻲﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ١٢٥٠ ﺎﺗ ﺗﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻱﺎﻫﻩﺭﻮﮐ .ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ASTM ٠١,٠١ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖـﺒﻃ ﮓـﻴﻨﻴﺘﻓ ﺎـﻳ ﺞﻨـﻠﻓ ﻪـﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻱﺮﮕﻨﻫﺁ ﻱﺎﻫﺵﻭﺭ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻖـﺒﻃ ﺎـﻫﻪـﻟﻮﻟ ﺎـﻳ ﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﻊﻃﺎـﻘﻣ ﺮﻳﺎـﺳ ﻦـﻫﺁ ﺮـﻴﺗ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺵﻮﮔﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻱﺎﻫﺶﻤﺷ ﺕﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﻴﻔﻴﮐ ﻝﺮﺘﻨﮐ ﺖﻬﺟ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ASTM ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﻫﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺸــﻴﻣ ﻝﺎــﺳﺭﺍ ﻲﮑﻳﮊﺭﻮﻟﺎــﺘﻣ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﮕﺸــﻳﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﻪــﺑ ﺶــﻤﺧ ﺶﺸــﮐ ﺎــﻫﻪــﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻉﻮــﻧ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻪﺑﺮـﺿ ﻭ ﻲﺘﺨﺳ ﺎﻫﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺕﺭﻮﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺶﻤﺧ ﻭ ﺶﺸﮐ ﺮﻴﻈﻧ ﻲﮑﻴﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﺕﺎﺸﺎﻣﺯﺁ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﮕﺸﺎﻣﺯﺁ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 14 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
14
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺰﻴﻟﺎـﻧﺁ ﻭ ﻲﮑﻴﻧﺎـﮑﻣ ﺖﻤﺴﻗ A٣٧٠ ، ASTM ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﻲﻓﺍﺮﮔﻮﻟﺎﺘﻣ ﺎﻫﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻠـﺻﺎﺣ ﺞﻳﺎـﺘﻧ .ﺪـﺷ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻡﺎـﺠﻧﺍ ﺮﺘﻣﻮـﺘﻧﺍﻮﮐ ﺖﻤﺴـﻗ ﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ ﺖـﻴﻔﻴﮐ ﻦﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺕﺭﻮﺻ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻱﺰﻠﻓ ﺕﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ﻩﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺩﺭﻮﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺋﺎﻫﻡﺮﻓ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ ﺕﺭﻮﭙﺳﺎﭘ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺏﻮﺧ

(High strength low Alloy) ﮊﺎﻟﺁ ﻢﮐ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ :٣-١-٢

ﻞﺧﺍﺪــﺑ ﺩﻻﻮــﻓ ﻪــﮐ ﻲﺘﻟﺎــﺣ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻧﻮﺸــﻴﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸــﻧ HSLA ﺭﺎﺼــﺘﺧﺍ ﺖــﻣﻼﻋ ﺎــﺑ ﺎــﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﻭﺮـﻓ ﻭ ﻡﺮـﮐ ﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻴﻧ ﻲﻣﻮﻟﺁ ﺰﻨﮕﻨﻣﻭﺮﻓ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻩﺪﻴﺸﮐ (Ladle Furnace) L.F

ﻭ ﻡﺮـﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ Mo=٠,٥ ﻭ Cr=١٪ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻡﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻪﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﺭﻮﻃ ﻥﺪﺒﻟﻮﻣ

ﻻﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﺰﻴﻟﺎﻧﺁ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻥﺪﺒﻟﻮﻣ ﻭﺮـﻓ ﻭ ﺲﻣ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻣ (L,F) ﺏﻭﺫ ﻞﻴﺗﺎﭘ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﺑ ﻪﮐ ﻱﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻥﺁ ﻉﻮﻧ ﮏﻳ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ ﻢﮐ

ﻭ ٠,٧٩ ﻞـﮑﻴﻧ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٧ ﻡﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻪﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﺭﻮﻃ ﻥﺪﺒﻟﻮﻣ ﻞﮑﻴﻧ ﻭ ﻡﺮﮐ

ﻮـﺟ ﮔﺩﺭﻮـﺧ ﻞـﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ Cu=٠,٥ ﺶﻤﺷ ﺭﺩ ﺲﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺪـﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﺩﺍﻮـﻣ ﻱﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺏﺍﺬـﻣ ﻪـﺑ ﻪﮑﻴﺗﺭﻮـﺻ ﺭﺩ .ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺶﻳﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻡﻭﺎﻘﻣ ﺩﺮﮔﻮـﮔ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺍﺩﺯﺮﻔﺴﻓ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺍﺩﺯﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ﻪﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﺭﻮﻃ ﻡﻮﻳﺩﺎﻧﺍﻭ ﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻴﻧﺎﺘﻴﺗﻭﺮﻓ ﺰـﻴﻧ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ V=٠,٠٤٪ ﻭ Ti=٠,٠٤٪ ﻲﻨﻌﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻲﺋﺍﺩﺯ ﺖـﺳﺍ ﮊﺎـﻴﻟﺁ ﻢـﮐ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺮﺘﻬﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺮﭘ ﻭ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ ﻢﮐ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻭﺰﺟ .ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻡﻭﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺎﻴﺴﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﻮﺟ ﮔﺩﺭﻮﺧ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﻡﻮـﻴﻧﻲﻣﻮـﻟﺁ ﺰـﻨﮕﻨﻣﻭﺮﻓ ﺶﻳﺍﺰـﻓﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻡﻮﻴﻧﺎﺘﻴﺗ ﻭﺮﻓ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻳﺩﺎﻧﺍﻭ ﻭﺮﻓ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺭﻭﺁﺩﺎﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺯﻻ ﺖـﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻲـﻨﻌﻳ ﺪـﺷﺎﺑ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٠١ ﺎﺗ ٠,٠٧ ﻥﺁ ﻢﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﺳ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮑﻴﺋﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻨﻌ.ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻧﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻪﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﺖﺳﺍ (Semi Killed Carbon Steel) ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﻪﻤﻴﻧ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ

ﻭﺮـﻓ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻴﻧﺎـﺘﺗﻭﺮﻓ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﻡﺍﺭﺁ ﻪﻤﻴﻧ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺪﻧﺎﻣ ﻗﺎﺑ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺍﺮﻳﺯ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ

ﻭ ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻱﺰـﻠﻓ ﺎﻫﺪﺴـﮐﺍ ﻪـﺑ ﻞﻳﺪـﺒﺗ ﺩﺍﻮـﻣ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻮﺑ ﺖﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻨﻌﻳ ﺖﻓﺭ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺯﺍ ﻡﻮﻳﺩﺎﻧﺍﻭ

ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺯﺍ ﺲـﭘ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ .ﺪـﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻞﻳﺍﺯ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻦﻳﺪﺑ ﻥﮋﺴﮐﺍ ﺎـــﮑﻳﺮﻣﺁ ﻞـــﻴﺒﻣﻮﺗﺍ ﻲـــﺳﺪﻨﻬﻣ ﻦـــﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﻭ (American Iron & Steel Institute) AISI

ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﻱﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻪﭽﻧﺎﻨﭼ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻨﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻱﺪﻨﺑﻪﺳﻼﮐ (Society Automotive Engineering) ﺪﻨﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﻖﺒﻃ ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ﻱﺪﻨﺑﻪﺳﻼﮐ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﻟﺁ ﻭ ﻲﺴﻴﻠﮕﻧﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﻱﺪﻨﺑﻪﺳﻼﮐ ﻻﻮﻤﻌﻣﹰ ﺪﻧﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻱﺪﻨﺑﻪﺳﻼﮐ ﺎﻳ ﻱﺪﻨﺑﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﻡﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﻱﺮﮔﻪﺘﺨﻳﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻡﺎﻤﺗ .ﺪﺷ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 15 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
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هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﻖـﺒﻃ ﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﮐ St٥٢ ﺎﻳ St٣٧ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻲﮑﻴﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﺹﺍﻮﺧ ﻖﺒﻃ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺖـﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻪـﮐ ﺪﻧﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻱﺪـﻨﺑﻪـﻘﺒﻃ ﺋﺎـﭘﻭﺭﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﺎـﻳ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻤﻟﺁ ﻦﻳﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ

ﺮـﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻭﺮﻴﻧ ﻡﺮﮔﻮﻠﻴﮐ ٥٢ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻭﺮﻴﻧ ﻡﺮﮔﻮﻠﻴﮐ ٣٧ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ

ﻖﺑﺎـﻄﻣ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻱﺪـﻨﺑ ﻪـﺳﻼﮐ ﺎـﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﺖﻬﺟ ASTM ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ

ﻦـﻳﺍ .ﺪـﻳﺩﺮﮔ ﺪـﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺪـﻴﻗ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘـﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﻞﻣﺎﮐ ﺕﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ASTM ٠١-٠١ ﻥﺍﻮـﻨﻌﺑ ﻪـﮐ ﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺭﺎﺸﻓ ﺖﺴﺗ ﻭ ﻲﺘﺨﺳ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ ﺰﻴﻟﺎﻧﺁ ﻭ ﻲﮑﻴﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﺹﺍﻮﺧ ﻞﻣﺎﺷ ﺕﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ﺯﺍδ B ﺋﺎـﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ B A ﺪﻳﺮﮔ ﺎﺑ A١٠٦ ﻭ ﺯﺭﺩ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﺭﺍﺩﺯﺭﺩ ﺎﻫﻪﻟﻮﻟ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ A٥٣ ﻝﺎﺜﻣ A٣٣٤ ﻭ A٣٣٣ ﻭ A١٣١ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺎـﻫﻪـﻟﻮﻟ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﭻﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﺪﻧﻮﭘ ٦٠٠٠٠ ﺎﺗ ٤٨٠٠٠ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻝﻮـﻃ ﻲﺒﺴـﻧ ﺩﺎـﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻲﻤﻴﻠﺴـﺗ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻞﺻﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻩﺮﻴﻏ

.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺪﻴﻗ ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍ

ﻊﺑﺮﻣ

(kgf/mm

٢

)

Plain Carbon Steels :ﻲﻨﺑﺮﮐ ﻱﺎﻫﻻﻮﻓ :٢-٢

ﻪـﮐ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺲﭙـﺳ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻡﺍﺮﮔﺎﻳﺩ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻨﺑﺮﮐ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺯﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ .ﺩﺮـﻴﮔﻲـﻣ ﺭﺍﺮـﻗ ﻲﺑﺎـﻳﺯﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺯﺍ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ .ﺪـﺷﺎﺑ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ١,٧ ﺎـﺗ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٠٧ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻪـﮑﺭﻮﻄﺑ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺯﺍ ﺖﺳﺍ ﮊﺎﻟﺁ .ﺩﺮﻴﮔﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺮﻳﺯ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻡﺍﺮﮔﺎﻳﺩ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 16 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
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هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا
داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا ١ , ٧ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻭ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺍﺩﻮﻤﻧ :

١,٧ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻭ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺍﺩﻮﻤﻧ :١-٢ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺖـﻘﻘﺣ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﺏﻭﺫ ١٥٣٥ºc ﺕﺭﺍﺮـﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺍﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ب ﺩﺎـﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺮﺗﻻﺎﺑ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺩﺎﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ ﻄﻘﻧ (Liquidus) ﻊﻳﺎﻣ ﺪﻣﺎﺟ ﻂﺧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ BE ﻂﺧ .ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ (Solid) ﺪﻣﺎﺟ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺏﺍﺬﻣ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﺯﺍ (δ Iron) δ ـﻫﺁ ﻪـﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻥﺍﻮـﻨﻌﺑ CDS ﺚـﻠﺜﻣ ﻩﺩﻮـﺑ δ + ﻊﻳﺎـﻣ ﻪـﻘﻄﻨﻣ CDA ﺚﻠﺜﻣ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ (Body Centered Cubic) B.C.C ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻲﻌﻠـــﺿ ﺪـــﻨﭼ ﺩﺎـــﻤﺠﻧﺍ ﺮـــﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲـــﭘ ﺪـــﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺪـــﺻﺭﺩ ٠,١٦ ﺮـــﺑﺍﺮﺑ A ﻪـــﻄﻘﻧ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﻨﺘـﺳﻭﺍ ﻡﺎـﻨﺑ ﻪـﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ( γ - Iron) ﺎﻣﺎﮔ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﮐ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻞﺻﺎﺣ SA GPR FCC ﺖـﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ .ﺪﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻤﻧ ﺏﺬﺟ ﺎﺑﺭ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺍﺭ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ ٣-٢ ﻭ ٢-٢ﻩﺭﺎﻤـﺷ ﺎـﻫﻞﮑﺷ ﺭﺩ BCC FCC ﻞﮑﺷ ﻪﮐ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑﻲﻣ Face Centered Cubic ﻨﻌ.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺘﺑ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 17 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
17
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا
داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا F.C.C ﻲ ﻟﺎﺘﺴ ﻳ ﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ

F.C.C ﻟﺎﺘﺴﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ٢-٢ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ٢ - ٢ ﻞﮑﺷ B.C.C ﻲ ﻟﺎﺘﺴ ﻳ ﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ

B.C.C ﻟﺎﺘﺴﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ :٣-٢ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 18 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
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هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﺶـﺷ FCC ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺰﮐﺮﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻢﺗﺍ ١ ﻭ ﺱﺃﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻢﺗﺍ ٨ ، BCC ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻧﺍﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻥﺁ ﺱﻮﺋﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻢﺗﺍ ٨ ﻭ ﺐﻌﮑﻣ ﻱﺎﻫﻪﺟﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻢﺗﺍ ﻲﻌﻠـﺿ ﺪـﻨﭼ ﺭﺩ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺭﺍﺪـﻘﻣ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﻡﺎـﻤﺗ ﻪـﮐ ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ١,٧ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺮﺜﮐﺍﺪﺣ γ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻦﻴﻨﭽﻤﻫ ﻭ ﻲﺗﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻥﺩﺮﮐ ﻡﺮﮔ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻪﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻞﺣ SABGPR ﻪـﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲـﭘ .ﺪـﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲـﻣ α + γ ﻪـﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﺍﺭ RPF ﺚﻠﺜﻣ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺖﻴﻤﻫﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﺴﺑ ﻱﺮﮕﻨﻫﺁ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻮﻧ ﺎﻔﻟﺁ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺎﻔﻟﺁ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ٠,٠٣ ﺎﺗ ٠,٠٠٦ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺎﺠﻨﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ROF ﻩﺪـﺷ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﺸـﻧ ٣-٢ ﻞﮑـﺷ ﺭﺩ ﻪـﮐ ﺖـﺳﺍ B.C.C ﻟﺎﺘﺴـﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻡﺮﻧ ﺭﺎﻴﺴﺑ .ﺖﺳﺍ ـﻨﺑﺮﮐ ﻪﮐ ﻲﺋﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٨ ﻥﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﺋﻮﺘﮑﺗﻮﻳ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﺍﺭ P ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻭ ﺖـﻳﺮﻓ ﻥﺎـﻴﻣ ﺭﺩ ﮏﻳ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ .ﺪﻨﻓﻭﺮﻌﻣ ﻲﺘﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻡﺎﻨﺑ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠/٨ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ٤-٢ﻞﮑﺷ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ

ﺖﺳا ﻲﺘﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻪﻛ لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ ﻪﻨﻴﻣز

لﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ

ﻪﻨﻴﻣز ل ﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﻛ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﺖﻳﺮﻓ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻲ ﭘﻮﮑﺳﻭﺮﮑ

ﺖﻳﺮﻓ

ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ

ﭘﻮﮑﺳﻭﺮﮑﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻩﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ ٤-٢ ﻞﮑﺷ

ﺎﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﻠﻌـﺿ ﺶـﺷ ﻞـﺧﺍﺩ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﻞﮑـﺷ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﻩﺪﻳﺩ ﺪﻴﻔﺳ ﭖﻮﮑﺳﻭﺮﮑﻴﻣ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺖﻳﺮﻓ ﺖـﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻥﻮﭼ .ﺖﺳﺍ α ﻦﻫﺁ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ (grain boundry) ﻪﻧﺍﺩﺯﺮﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻉﻼﺿﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺘﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻦﺘـﻓﺭ ﻻﺎـﺑ ﺚـﻋﺎﺑ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﻲـﻨﻌﻳ ﺪـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺩﺎـﻳﺯ ﻥﺁ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘﺳﺍ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﺭﺩ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٨ ﻱﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎــﺳ ﻉﻮــﻧ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﻪــﮐ ﻲﺋﺎــﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ .ﺪــﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲــﻣ ﻞﮑﺸــﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺎﮑــﺷﻮﺟ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻲﺘﺨــﺳ ﻭ ﻡﺎﮑﺤﺘــﺳﺍ .ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻔﻴﻌﺿ ﻱﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﺖﻴﻠﺑﺎﻗ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﮑﺳﻭﺮﮑﻴﻣ ﺪﻴﺑﺭﺎﮐ ﻨﻌﻳ ﺖﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑﻲﻣ γ + ﺖﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ ﺯﺎﻓ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺮﺜﮐﺍﺪﺣ G ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ GNP ﺚﻠﺜﻣ .ﺖﺳﺍ Fe٣C ﻝﻮﻣﺮﻔﺑ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﮏﻴﺘﮑﺗﻮﻳ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﺍﺭ E ﻪﻄﻘﻧ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٦,٦٧ ﺖﻴﻓﺍﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺖﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻳﺭﻮﺑﺪـﻟ ﻩﺪـﻴﻣﺎﻧ ﺖﻳﺭﻮﺑﺪـﻟ ﮊﺭﻮﻟﺎﺘﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ٤,٢ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻪـﮐ ﺖـﺳﺍ ﺰـﻠﻓ ﻥﺪـﭼ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٤,٢ ﺮﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻧﺪﭼ ـﻧﺍﺮﺤﺑ ﻂـﺧ ﺎـﻫﺯﺎﻓ ﻞﻳﺪـﺒﺗ ﻂـﺧ ﺎـﻳ ﻝﺎـﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﻂـﺧ ﺍﺭ FM ﻂﺧ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ٤,٢ ﺎﺗ ٢ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ

ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ 19 هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ
ﻲﻤﻴﺷوﺮﺘﭘ نﻮﻨﻓ ناروآهر ﺖﻛﺮﺷ
19
هﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ داﻮﻣ و تﺎﻌﻄﻗ دراﺪﻧﺎﺘﺳا

ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻲـﻨﻌﻳ ﺩﻮﺸـﻴﻣ ﺖﻴﻟﺮﭘ ﻭ ﺖﻳﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺖﻴﻨﺘﺳﻭﺍ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﻲﺴـﻴﻠﮕﻧﺍ ﻪـﺑ ﻪـﮐ ﻩﺪﻣﺎﻧ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻲﻧﺍﺮﺤﺑ ﻂﺧ ﺍﺭ ﻂﺧ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺑﺎﻳﻲﻣ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻼﻣﺎﮐﹰ ﻦﻴﺋﺎﭘ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﺩﺍﺮﮕﻴﺘﻧﺎـﺳ ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ٧٢٣ ﺮـﺑﺍﺮﺑ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺕﺭﺍﺮﺣ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ Transformation line

٩١٠ ﺎـﺗ (٢٥ºc) ﻂﻴـﺤﻣ ﺕﺭﺍﺮـﺣ ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ﺯﺍ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻩﺭﺎـﺑﻭﺩ ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧ ﻡﺮﮔ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺍﺩﺪﺠﻣﹰ

ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ١٤٠٠ ﺎﺗ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ٩١٠ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ B.C.C ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺮﮕﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻉﻮـﻧ ﻦـﻳﺍ ﺎﺑﺭ ﻦﻫﺁ ﻪﮐ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ FCC ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ B.C.C ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻪـﺑ ﺪـﻨﻳﺎﻤﻨﻧ ﺏﺬـﺟ ﺍﺭ ﻦـﻫﺁ ﻪـﮐ ﺋﺎـﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺖﻬﺠﻧﺍﺪـﺑ ﺪﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻤﻧ ﺏﺬﺟ ﻪﻴﺣﺎﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﺩﺍﺮـﮔﺘﻧﺎـﺳ ﻪـﺟﺭﺩ ١٥٣٥ ﺎـﺗ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ١٤٠٠ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﻲﺘﻴﻨﺘﺳﻭﺍ ﻥﺪـﺷ ﻡﺮـﮔ ﻡﺎـﮕﻨﻫ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺮﮐﺬﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻓ ﺡﺮﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ B.C.C ﺯﺎﺑ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﺩﺍﻮـﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﻮـﻣ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻥﺪﺷ ﺩﺮﺳ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻪﮐ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﺴﻳﺮﮐ ﻱﺎﻫﺭﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻥﺪـﺷ ﻪـﻧﺍﺩﺰﻳﺭ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﭖﻭﺮـﺘﻟﺁ ﺖﻴﺻﺎﺧ ﺯﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﮏﻴﭘﻭﺮﺘﻟﺁ ﺖﻴﺻﺎﺧ ﻦﻫﺁ ﺲﭘ ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧﻲﻣ ﭖﻭﺮﺘﻟﺁ ﻥﺁ ﻥﺪـﺷ ﻪﻠﻴﻧﺁ ﻭ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻥﺪﺷ ﻩﺰﻟﺎﻣﺮﻧ ﻥﺩﺮﮐ ﺖﺨﺳ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺭﺍﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲﻣ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ـﺋﺍﺩﺯﺶﻨﺗ ﻪﺑ ﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﻱﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﮐ ﻲﺋﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺮﻴﮔﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ .ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﺩﺍﺮﮔﺘﻧﺎﺳ ﻪﺟﺭﺩ ٧٢٣ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺋﺍﺩﺯ ﺶﻨﺗ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ

ﺮﮔﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ

:ﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺪﻨﺑ ﻪﻘﺒﻃ :١-٢-٢

.ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺮﻳﺯﺡﺮﺸﺑﺭﻮﺑﺰﻣ ﻩﻭﺮﮔ ﻪﺳ ﻪﮐ ﺩﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﻩﻭﺮﮔ ﻪﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻦﺑﺮﮐﺭﺍﺪﻘﻣﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ(Steel)ﺩﻻﻮﻓ

(Low Carbon Steel) ﻦﺑﺮﻛ ﻢﻛ دﻻﻮﻓ :1-1-2-2

ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٢٥ ﺎـﺗ ٠,٠٧ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻦﺑﺮـﮐ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﻮﺸﻴﻣ ﻕﻼﻃﺍ ﺋﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﻢﮐ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﺖﻴـﺻﺎﺧ ﺪﻨـﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺑﻮـﺧ Ductility ﻱﺮﻳﺬـﭘ ﻑﺎﻄﻌﻧﺍ ﺖﻴﺻﺎﺧ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ .ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺍﺭ ﻲﺑﻮﺧ (Weld ability) ﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ ﺖﻴﻠﺑﺎﻗ ﺎﻳ ﻱﺮﻳﺬﭘﺵﻮﺟ

(Medium Carbon Steels) ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﻛ ﺎﺑ يﺎﻫدﻻﻮﻓ :2-1-2-2

ﻩﺩﻮـﺑ ﺪـﺻﺭﺩ ٠,٧ ﺎـﺗ ٠,٢٥ ﺯﺍ ﺎـﻬﻧﺁ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ ﻲﺋﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻡﻭﺰـﻟ ﺩﺭﻮـﻣ ﺎـﻫﺖـﺒﻗﺍﺮﻣ ﺎـﺑ ﻫﺎـﮔﺭﺎﮐ ﻂﻳﺍﺮـﺷ ﺖﺤﺗ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻱﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺵﻮﺟ ﺖﻴﺻﺎﺧ ﺲﻨـﺟ ﻭ ﺪـﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧﻲـﻣ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺖﻓﺎـﺷ ﺖـﻟﻮﺑ ﻭ ﭻﻴـﭘ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺰـﺑﺍ ﺩﻻﻮـﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺪﻧﻮﺷﻲﻣ ﻱﺭﺎﮑﺷﻮﺟ .ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻴﻣ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﻦﺑﺮﮐ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ ﻉﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻦﻫﺁﻩﺍﺭ ﻞﻳﺭ ﻭ ﻞﻴﻘﺛﺮﺟ ﻱﺎﻬﺑﻼﻗ ﻞﺴﮑﺑ ﻢﻴﺳ ﻱﺎﻫﺩﻻﻮﻓ

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