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Document 348

Document 348 A.P.A.C. Ltd. Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill,

A.P.A.C. Ltd.

Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy

Ltd. Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire Final

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire

Final Report

July 2017

EX/THC/17

Oasis ID: apacltd1-280852

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 Title Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill. Interim

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

Title

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill. Interim Assessment Report

Author

Dr Iestyn Jones

Draft Dates

03 July 2017; 08 July 2017

Revisers

Dr Neil Phillips

Project Manager

Dr Neil Phillips (APAC Ltd)

APAC Ltd Site Code

EX/THC/17

Oasis ID

apacltd1-280852

Circulation

Charles Parry (GCC) Tom Parry (Butler Wall Homes) Dr Tudur Davies

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill 1. Summary EX/THC/17 This assessment report details the

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

1. Summary

EX/THC/17

This assessment report details the findings of an archaeological excavation on land adjacent to Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire; (centred on NGR:

ST 54452 94500). The work was carried out in advance of a proposed housing development.

An Archaeological Evaluation, conducted by Headland Archaeology (HA) in November 2015, discovered a single, potentially significant feature, which was partly excavated in the field’s southern zone. In light of this discovery, further work was recommended by Gloucestershire County Council (GCA) prior to granting planning permission for a residential development.

A 50m by 50m area of land was excavated to encompass the feature discovered

by HA in order to fully understand its extent, date and nature, and also to determine the possibility of other surviving features within this area. The HA linear feature was located and fully excavated to its full (3m long extent). Late Iron Age or Roman pottery sherds were identified within charcoal dumps from the HA backfill. Post-excavation analysis of the contents of the undisturbed linear basal fill of the excavated feature, identified iron slag fragments and possible hammer-scale, together with charred seeds. A radiocarbon date

obtained from the seeds (1216 +/- 25 BP) suggest an early medieval date for this feature, possibly indicative of an agricultural settlement nearby. It is likely that the pottery sherds and flint are residual and relate to much earlier activity

in the area. A late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age flint piercer was discovered in

subsoil close to, but outside, the HA trench, lending credence to this

interpretation.

Copyright Notice: A.P.A.C. Ltd. retains copyright of this report under the Copyright, Designs and Patents

Act,1988.

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) to reproduce map information; Copyright remains otherwise with the Ordnance Survey.

Cover photo: Aerial image of site mid-excavation (© APAC Ltd 2017)

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill 2. Contents Index EX/THC/17 1.

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2. Contents Index

EX/THC/17

1. Summary………………………………………………………………………… 3

2. Contents Index………………………………………………………………….

4

3. Figures Index…………………………………………………………………….

4

4. Plates Index………………………………………………………………………

5

5. Introduction……………………………………………………………………

6

6. Project Aims ……………………………………………………………………

6

7. Historical and Archaeological Background…………………………………….

7

8. Results of Fieldwork …………………………………………………………

8

9. Conclusion and Discussion……………………………………………………

11

10. Acknowledgements…………………………………

12

11. References………………………………………………………………………. 12

Appendix 1: Context Register Appendix 2: Digital Photograph Register Appendix 3: Samples Register Appendix 4: Site Finds Register Appendix 5: Site Finds: 5-1 to 5-9 Appendix 6: Pottery and Lithic Reports Appendix 7: Archaeobotanical Report Appendix 8: AMS dating report (C14 date)

3. Figures Index

Fig. 01

Location Map

Fig. 02

Site Plan

Fig. 03

Sections through feature [1008]/[1022]

Fig. 04

Sections and plans of features [1013] and [1016]

Fig. 05

Sections through features [1005] and [1003]

Fig. 06

Sections and plans of stone drain [1018] and [1027]

Fig. 07

Post-excavation plan of linear feature [1009]

Fig. 08

Sections through linear feature [1009]

Fig. 09

Representative section drawings

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill 4. Plates Index EX/THC/17 01 View of topsoil

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4. Plates Index

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01 View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1

02 View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1

03 North facing representative section (RS 01) on south-eastern edge of site

04 North facing representative section (RS 02) on south-western edge of site

05 South facing representative section (RS 03) on north-eastern edge of site

06 South facing representative section (RS 04) on north-western edge of site

07 East facing representative section (RS 05) on western edge of site

08 Machine dug sondage through natural (1007) in north-west corner of site

09 West facing section of E- W gulley [1008] at E end of excavated area

10 East facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022]

11 East facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022]

12 View of east facing section through feature [1003]

13 Plan view of section through [1003]

14 View of south facing section through east side of feature [1005]

15 View of south facing section through west side of feature [1005]

16 Plan of half sectioned [1005]

17 South-east facing section of feature [1013]

18 E facing section through feature [1016]

19 Plan of section of stone drain [1018]

20 East facing section through stone drain [1018] – east end

21 Plan of section through stone drain [1027]

22 E facing section through stone drain [1027]- central section

23 Elevated post-excavation view of feature [1009]

24 Post excavation image of feature [1009]

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 5. Introduction This final report describes work

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EX/THC/17

5. Introduction

This final report describes work carried out during an archaeological excavation by APAC Ltd, between 22/02/17 and 10/03/17 and the subsequent post-excavation analysis, on land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill (NGR: ST544 946; fig. 01). The work was carried out in order to satisfy Forest of Dean District Council (FDDC) planning conditions associated with the proposed construction of 45 dwellings with ancillary works (Planning Application Number: FOD/P1911/15/OUT).

The site lies on the eastern edge of Tutshill, a village located close to the Monmouthshire town of Chepstow. Tutshill, on the eastern bank of the river Wye, is within the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire. The site lies within a gently sloping south-facing field, 1.1km north-east of Chepstow town centre, on the western edge of the modern A48 and on the southern side of Gloucester Road, the B4228, (NGR ST 54474 94591; 46m AOD; fig. 1).

Prior to the APAC Interim Assessment Report (Jones 2017), previous work associated with the site included a Built Heritage Statement (Copp 2015), Borehole Survey (Wilkinson 2015), Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment (Delaney 2015), Geophysical Survey (Schmidt and Webb 2015) and an Archaeological Evaluation, HA (Blackburn 2015). The geophysical survey concluded that the site had low archaeological potential (Schmidt and Webb 2015, 4). HA’s subsequent evaluation, in November 2015, consisted of ten trenches throughout the field confirmed that the geophysical anomalies detected were geological in origin. One significant archaeological feature was detected, at the northern limit of Trench 9; a pit in the southern area of the field. Analysis of the pit contents detected a Neolithic or Early Bronze Age flint flake, fired clay and charred cereal grain, likely to relate to Iron Age or later activity (Blackburn 2015, 5). The feature continued beyond HA trench 9 and was therefore not entirely excavated.

The possibility of further prehistoric discoveries in the area of HA trench 9 triggered a condition within the GCC planning condition, advocating further work in order record and understand potential heritage assets prior to development.

In response to a request by the developer, a Written Scheme of Investigation (WSI) for a 50m by 50m archaeological excavation in the southern area of the field was prepared by Dr Neil of Phillips of APAC Ltd (Phillips 2017). The excavated area was to include, towards its centre, the HA discovery in Trench 9. The WSI was revised and subsequently approved by Mr Charles Parry (GCC). The archaeological excavation was directed by Dr Iestyn Jones assisted by Chris Griffiths, Kieran Phillips, Simon Reames, Gareth Johns and Richard Simpson in late February and early March, 2017. The project manager was Dr Neil Phillips MCIfA (APAC Ltd). All excavation work was conducted in accordance with the CIfA Standards and Guidance for Archaeological Excavation (CIfA 2014).

Following excavation work an Interim Report (Jones 2017) was produced including provisional interpretation of features and finds, together with details of the site archive, samples taken and recommendations for further specialist work. Following approval of this timetable, specialist work was carried out by Dr Tudur Davies and Dr Catherine Longford (Environmental analysis), Dr Amelia Pannett (Lithics), Dr David Mullins (Pottery) and Chrono Laboratory, Queens University, Belfast (AMS dating).

6. Project Aims

The main aims of the excavation were to:-

a)

Elucidate the character, distribution, dating, extent and importance of the archaeological remains within a 50m by 50m excavated area located within the proposed development area.

b)

To provide an information base from which to formulate mitigation strategies, in the event of further significant archaeological resources being impacted upon within the development area.

c)

Ensure that excavation and sampling maximise the potential to capture vital information during post-excavation work.

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 d) Produce an accurate measured record of

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d) Produce an accurate measured record of the site at time of excavation to facilitate future analysis.

e) Provide a detailed record of the work to allow for a report to be produced to satisfy the planning condition and allow for publication in a suitable academic journal.

7. Historical and Archaeological Background

The village of Tutshill lies within the parish of Tidenham, which lies on the boundary of Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire between the Wye and Severn rivers. This strategic location on a peninsula near to the crossing points of these two major rivers, together with its setting near to Offa’s Dyke has been instrumental in its development from the earliest times.

The discovery of a Bronze Age palstave (HER 16600), together with the later discovery of flint tools during field-walking in three separate areas to the south of the site (HER 20047, 20047, 21603) attest to prehistoric activity within the area (Delaney 2015, 10). Romano-British activity include the Caerleon to Gloucester Roman road (HER 6212) on the northern edge of the site, together with two coin hoards (HER 5011 and 5057) (Delaney 2015, 10).

The significant Early Medieval earthwork known as Offa’s Dyke is located approximately 900m west of the site, whilst Bishton deserted medieval village (HER 6034), 0.7km to the north, is the nearest known, recorded example, of medieval settlement.

In terms of post-medieval activity, a farmhouse at a crossroads in Tutshill is recorded as present during the mid-seventeenth century. The building of the Wye Valley Railway (HER 6084) and the South Wales Railway together with the construction of dwellings during the mid-nineteenth-century, appear to have transformed much of the area’s character.

The immediate area of the development was subject to very recent archaeological investigation when an Iron Age or later feature containing charred cereal and burnt clay and prehistoric flint were discovered (Blackburn 2015). A linear feature (HER 22508) classified as a possible ‘earthwork’ was identified as a tithe map field boundary (Delaney 2015, 12), but produced no archaeological material during the recent HA evaluation (Blackburn 2015, 5).

8. Results of Fieldwork

The 50 by 50m area was marked out with the southern base of the square area located 50m from the field’s southeastern corner and 8 and 9m respectively from the field’s western and eastern boundaries (Fig. 2). The gentle north to south slope across the site was more easily observed on the western edge of the excavated site where a drop in height of 2.2m was observed (Fig. 2). The excavated area included the majority of HA’s trench 9, with only the southernmost 8m located beyond the southern limit. The area also included the west-northwest to east-southeast aligned linear earthwork labeled as HER 22508 and the unexcavated section of HA feature 0906. The area was excavated to subsoil and superficial geology level.

The machine excavated topsoil (1000), consisted of a 0.3m to 0.4m deep soft mid-brown clayey silt with little stone content which was machine excavated (Fig. 09, Plates 3-7). Identifiable finds included 19 th and 20 th century artefacts comprising sherds of pottery, glass fragments, clay pipe stem, an iron bar and horse-shoe (Appendix 5-2 to 5-4). The subsoil (1001) was a firm red-brown silty clay, containing some fragments of decaying limestone and, where present, was 0.4m deep. Within linear feature [1022]/[1008], the subsoil was 1.22m and 0.96m deep respectively. The subsoil (1001) was noticeably absent in the south-eastern corner of the trench, where topsoil (1000) gave way to limestone bedrock (1002). Finds

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 from the site subsoil include 6 fragments

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from the site subsoil include 6 fragments of ferrous slag, 1 possible fragment of earthen ware tile and, adjacent to linear feature [1009], a late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age flint piercer (SF01) (see Appendix 5-1 and Appendix 6).

A

plane of degrading white limestone (1002) was most visible in the south-eastern corner of the site where

it

covered an area of approximately 21m by 14m. When examined it became apparent that the limestone

was present in shallow fragmenting horizontal bands with red clay located under the rock. In the north- western corner the natural consisted of a firm red-brown clay with fragments of degrading limestone (1007). In order to see if any limestone was present under this clay a sondage was excavated by machine up to a depth of 1m, which demonstrated that the limestone, if present, was considerably deeper in this area (Plate 8).

To the north of linear [1008]/[1022] the limestone continued up the slope but appeared to be banded with red clay natural, as it approached the northern limit of the site (Plates 1 and 2).

8.1 Linear Feature [1008]/[1022]

Once the central area of the site had been stripped of top-soil, a 5 to 6m wide band of subsoil, aligned west-northwest to east-southeast, was visible; defined either side by degrading laminated limestone geology. Superficially, this band had the appearance of a wide ditch or gulley running across the site, although it was more clearly seen where it had limestone either side towards the eastern end (see cover

image). The HA evaluation had sectioned this feature (HA 0905), within their trench 9, and interpreted it

as possible ditch cut or natural hollow. A decision was made to section the possible gulley at its eastern [1008] and western extent [1022], in order to determine if it was anthropogenic in origin (Fig. 3).

Following initial machining of topsoil, the western, upper (43m AOD) section of this feature, labeled [1022], was hand excavated down to a very firm red-brown clay natural with fragments of degrading limestone natural (1007) (Fig. 3a; Plates 10-11). The curved base was 1.6m below existing ground level towards the centre, 0.8m at the northern end and 0.64m at the southern end. The subsoil fill (1001) consisting of firm red-brown silty clay was 1.20m deep within the central area, 0.34m on the southern edge and 0.5m deep on the northern edge. The subsoil was sampled (<5>) in the central area of the feature and found to contain some abraded grain, vitrified charcoal and charred weed seeds together with minute fragments of ferrous material (<1g/40L). Also included were a 10mm x 10mm fragment of ferrous slag and a 9mm x 5mm fragment of non-diagnostic orange earthenware (see Appendix 7). Cut through the subsoil, 0.9m from the southern edge of the feature was a 0.40m wide V shaped cut [1020] containing packed stone (1021) and a 7.6cm (3 inch) diameter ceramic drain-pipe at its base (No. 3). This feature, 0.44m-0.84m below current ground level, was the third of six such pipes running west-southwest to east- southeast across the site. The top end of stone filled feature [1029], another drain, was located at the northern edge of [1022] 0.5m below ground level. Two further sections of this drain were also excavated further east (see [1027] and [1018]). Overlying the above features and deposits was topsoil (1000), a 0.30m deep, mid-brown clayey silt.

The eastern, lower (40m AOD) section of feature [1008] was excavated to a total width of 5.6m (north to south) (Fig. 3b; Plate 9). A flat base of firm red-brown clay natural with fragments of degrading limestone (1007) was encountered at the base of the trench. The maximum depth, within the central area, of the feature was 1.20m and this flooded relatively quickly. On both sides of the gulley the natural (1007) gently rose 0.3m from the base up to a band of decaying limestone bedrock (1002). The limestone was straight sided and deeper (0.28m) on the southern edge of the gulley and narrower and tapering on the northern edge, with a maximum depth 0.12m. On both sides of the trench, and located 5.5m apart, two

ceramic drain pipes (No. 3 and 4), which had previously run east to west across the site, were located 0.45

to 0.50m below ground level and within the main firm red-brown silty clay subsoil, the main fill of feature

[1008]. The depth of subsoil varied between 0.36 on the southern side, 0.38m on the northern side and 0.96m within the centre with some fragments of degrading stones located within the fill. The majority of

the stones appeared to be the result of weathering and disturbance of the bedrock on both sides of [1008].

A sample (<6>) taken within the centre of the subsoil contained minute fragments of magnetic ferrous

material and stone, similar to the sample taken from [1022], along with fragments of highly vitrified charcoal and few abraded grains (See Appendix 7). The topsoil (1000) encountered within the top of the

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 feature appeared to be approximately 0.3m deep

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feature appeared to be approximately 0.3m deep and level throughout the trench. No datable artefacts were encountered within any of these deposits.

8.2 Natural features [1003], [1005], [1013] and [1016]

Two shallow features were located and sectioned near the central area of excavation. Feature [1003] consisted of an irregular sub-circular elongated cut that was 1.2m by 0.6m and 0.2m (maximum) deep

(Fig. 5a; Plates 12-13). The sides of the feature and base were uneven and sloping, its single fill (1004)

can be described as medium firm dark brown silty clay with vertically aligned lenses of red clay, root

material and some degrading limestone. This fill contained vitrified charcoal fragments, fibrous root material, uncharred wild plant seed and 2 small (<10mm) fragments of possible ferrous slag. The irregular

form and bioturbated fill suggest it is a shrub bowl.

Feature [1005], located 8.3m west of [1003], was an irregular elongated cut measuring 1.25m by 0.63m

(maximum) and an uneven base that was between 0.2m and 0.25m deep (Fig. 5b; Plates 14-16). The single

fill (1006) contained a 0.25m deep, firm mid-brown silty clay with narrow vertical bands of red clay,

degrading sandstone fragments, roots and patches of manganese. Again it was interpreted as a shrub bowl.

Two relatively shallow features located within the subsoil and superficial geology in the north-western sector of the excavated area appeared to be natural but were sectioned and partly sampled to be certain. Feature [1013] was a 2.23m by 0.64m sub- rectangular, steep, concave sided feature with 0.2m deep undulating base containing two fills (1014) and (1015) (Fig. 4a; Plate 17). The basal fill (1014) was a firm mid-brown silty clay containing some root material, fragments of animal bone, charcoal and, visible after sample flotation, some (<1g/10L) grit like magnetic ferrous material. The very shallow upper fill (1015), located on the south-western side of the feaure, was a loose red-brown silty clay measuring 1.06m by 0.36m and 0.05m deep. The feature was interpreted as the bioturbated remains of a shrub bowl.

In the northwestern corner of the site and 9.5m north of shrub bowl [1013], feature [1016] was also sectioned (Fig. 4b; Plate 18). This oval steep sided cut was 4.48m by 1.55m and 0.84m deep and contained four fills. The main basal fill (1024) was a 0.84m deep firm reddish-brown silty clay with moderately sorted stone inclusions (0.01-0.09m). On the southern side of the feature a loose brown-black silty clay tapering deposit (1026) measured 1.44m by 0.4 by 0.26m. Bordering this deposit was (1025) a 0.38m deep by 0.68m loose light green clayey silty sand; interpreted as disturbed superficial geology. Northern fill (1023) was a loose dark grey silty clay with loose stone measuring 3.94m by 1.55m. The feature was interpreted as a tree throw where (1026) and (1023) represent top soil and subsoil slippage following the up-cast of superficial geology, (1024) and (1025), caused by the tree falling towards the south.

8.3 Ceramic pipes (1-6) and Stone Drain ([1029]/[1018]/[1027]

The remains of six west-northwest to east-southeast aligned clay drain pipes (CP 1-6) were discovered

cutting through subsoil and superficial geology (See Fig. 2). These appeared to be identical in design (7.6

cm diameter) and were partly destroyed in some areas by the machine during stripping. They continued

beyond the limit of trench on both sides. They are numbered 1 to 6 in ascending order beginning at the southern end of the excavated area. CP 1 was recorded 2.5m to the north of the southern area limit and was recorded at a height of 42.58 m at the west end descending to 39.42m at the eastern end of the area.

CP 2 was located 6.5m to the north and partly destroyed by the machine at the western and eastern end

and, in the central area, by HA trench 09 [1017]. CP 2 height was recorded at 41.84m, 12.5m from the western edge of site, and 38.82m at the eastern end of the site. CP 3 was located 7m north of CP 2 and was recorded at a height of 42.64 at the western end and 39.49m at the eastern end. CP 4 was 5.5m north of CP

3 and was recorded at a height of 42.78m at the west end, and 39.70m at the east end. CP 5 was located 16.6m north of CP 4 and was recorded at a height of 44.22m at the west end and 41.46m approximately 5.2m west of the east end. The most northerly pipe was CP 6, located 5.8m north of CP 5 and was mainly destroyed. It was recorded at a height of 41.15m near the eastern end and 43.31m towards the centre of the site. No other pipes were observed during the machine stripping process. No dating evidence was

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 recovered in association with the pipes but

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recovered in association with the pipes but they are likely to date from the early to mid-twentieth century.

In the central eastern area of the site a dark narrow linear feature was observed, located on the northern side of feature [1008]. Sections were excavated across the feature 14.51m [1018] and 26.69m [1027] from the eastern edge of the site (Figs 6a, b). It became apparent that this was a linear stone filled drain running across the site east-southeast to west-northwest and parallel with the ceramic drains. It appeared to be the same feature as [1029] observed in the western section of linear [1008] (Fig. 3a). The eastern most section across the drain showed it to be a narrow stepped 0.23m deep cut [1018] that was 0.45m wide at the top and 0.12m at the flat base and cut through the limestone (Fig. 6b; Plates 19-20). It was filled by a soft and friable red-brown silty clay with some loose stone infill and charcoal flecks. The stones were less than 0.12m in length and appeared to be flat limestone fragments from the surrounding field. The same feature 12.28m further west-northwest was a 0.75m wide and 0.3m deep steep sided bowl shaped cut [1027] with a relatively flat base (Fig. 6a; Plates 21-22). The fill consisted of a 0.3m deep moderately firm, dark- brown silty-clay (1028) with small fragments of animal bone, charcoal flecks and frequent angular stones (between 0.05 to 0.25m in length). Most of the stone appeared to be locally derived limestone with a number appearing to be pinky red. No dating evidence was derived from the drain sections.

8.4 HA trench 09: APAC [1017] and HA Feature [0906]: APAC [1009].

During the HA Evaluation (Blackburn 2015), a linear feature [0906], was partly excavated at the northern limit of their 40m long and 1.6m wide trench 09. The archaeological feature [0906] was interpreted as a 0.9m wide and 0.2m deep and 1.3m long elongated pit or linear, and was partly excavated and sampled, as far as the northern end of trench 09 (Blackburn 2015, 4). It was found to contain two fills, a primary charcoal rich deposit (0907) with charred cereal grains, prehistoric flint, lumps of fired clay and a late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age flint flake, and an upper secondary fill (0908) which was a sandy orange silty clay (Blackburn 2015, 4). The seeds recovered were interpreted as representing an Iron Age or later assemblage.

All but the southernmost 7m of the 40 long north-northeast to south-southwest aligned Headland Trench 09 was incorporated into the 50m by 50m area during this excavation. The 1.6m wide trench cut was identified during this excavation as [1017]. When machining towards the northern end of [1017] several large spreads of charcoal and charred seeds were observed. Machine excavation was halted in this area and the remainder of the terminus was hand excavated. Six small abraded body sherds of late prehistoric or Romano-British pottery, the largest being 25mm by 30mm by 4mm thick, were recovered from the charcoal spreads (Appendix 5, Finds 7). The pottery appeared to be associated with more than one vessel and from distinctly different periods. For this reason Mullin asserts that they cannot be used to date the context from which they were recovered (See Mullin, Appendix 6). During the excavation process it was noticed that modern material and recently buried green vegetation was also located in some areas under subsoil suggesting that this was re-deposited and within the HA trench 09, 2015 backfill (1012).

The Headland trench terminus was eventually located and the remainder of the linear feature identified by HA in 2015 [1009] was excavated and sampled to its full extent (Figs. 7-8; Plates 23-24). The full feature was 3m long and 0.9 to 1.0m wide, 0.2 to 0.3m deep with a flat base on to limestone rock with a raised stepped terminus at the northern limit cut through degrading superficial geology. The only surface indication of the linear feature’s presence at the northern end was occasional flecks of charcoal within the upper fill, a 0.2m to 0.35m deep deposit of soft brown silty clay (1010) equivalent to HA’s upper fill (0908). Underlying this was 0.03 to 0.05m deep black charcoal rich silty-clay (1011) with charred seeds that appeared identical to HA’s corresponding (0907) deposit. A sample from the basal fill (1011) of the newly excavated northern section of the linear, produced charred grain and wood charcoal together with a small quantity of ferrous gritty material including macroscopic fragments of stone, iron slag, possible hammerscale and a dull spheroid, possibly indicative of coal rather than charcoal fired technology (Appendix 5-9) (Tim Young: personal communication 2017). Five Barley grains were sent from sample <2> (1011) to be dated by AMS (UBA-34759) and produced a date of 1216+/- 25 BP; Cal AD 764-887 at 2 sigma (Appendix 8).

Based on the limited evidence available in terms of comparanda, the seed assemblage does not appear to contradict this dating evidence (see Appendix 7). The pot sherds recovered from the upper HA backfill,

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 however, are clearly earlier and abraded, suggesting

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however, are clearly earlier and abraded, suggesting that they may be residual. Although further machining around [1009] did not reveal any other further evidence of activity near to the feature, a late Neolithic or early Bronze Age flint piercer (SF1) was discovered during hand excavation on the edge; but outside, of the eastern limit of Headland trench 9. Arguably the Neolithic flint flake recovered within the basal deposit of the HA excavated section may also have been within the remnant subsoil and incorporated during excavation of this early medieval feature.

9. Conclusions and Discussion

The finds within the topsoil suggest agricultural activity here during the nineteenth and twentieth-century, with field drainage being a consideration. A previous cartographic regression study suggests the present field was once part of at least two separate fields, and that an east to west field boundary has been removed during the second half of the nineteenth-century.

Subsoil evidence suggests that iron smelting has occurred in the local area with as number of larger slag fragments discovered, together with macroscopic fragments in most subsoil samples. Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age flint discovered within the central area of the field together with abraded sherds of late Prehistoric and Romano-British pottery is also indicative of activity and settlement nearby.

The [1008]/[1022] gulley running directly across the site, viewed from above, has the superficial appearance of a man made ditch. Excavation, however, suggested otherwise. There was no stratigraphic evidence within the sections to suggest that feature [1008]/[1022] was anthropogenic in origin or had a base that had been exposed and refilled at any time. The insertion of ceramic and stone drains parallel to the feature would suggest that the natural drainage course for water is along this axis. It is possible that softer limestone beds were either absent or were weathered along this line. It is likely that the minute quantities of charcoal, seeds and ferrous material contained within the subsoil were also the result of natural formation processes. A field boundary located along the same axis and in approximately the same

location as the gulley can be seen on the Tidenham Parish Tithe Map (1845) but is seemingly gone by 1889 (revised in 1902) (Delaney 2015, Illustrations 2 and 3). If this feature represents a ditch excavated as

a pre-19 th century field boundary there is no stratigraphic or artefactual evidence to support this from either the HA evaluation or this present excavation. It is possible, however, that a linear earthwork (HER 22508) referred to in previous studies (Delaney 2015, 12) marks the location of the field boundary. If this

is the case the negative gulley below is the result of ground water weathering of limestone as it flowed

south down the slope from the linear boundary and also down the slope east to west, in the same direction as the ceramic and stone drains. The pooling of water along this line from two directions may have been enough to erode the limestone forming this linear negative feature.

Many of the features excavated suggest that some shrubs and trees were growing within the north-western and central excavated area, but have since been cleared possibly for agricultural purposes.

The linear feature discovered by HA in 2015 can now be shown to be a 3m long and 0.9m wide linear feature, excavated and used to dump charred crop products and other burnt material derived from an agricultural settlement nearby. It is likely that this feature and settlement date to the AD 8 th or 9 th C (early medieval/ Middle Saxon period).

Although no significant archaeological remains were discovered in other areas of the field during the HA evaluation (2015), it is possible that remains of the early medieval settlement lie nearby; possibly on the level ground to the north of the excavated area. It is recommended that an Archaeological Watching Brief be conducted during work on the northern area during any possible development work.

Archive and finds

It is intended that, permissions pending, the site archive and finds will be deposited with Gloucester

Museum as outlined in the APAC Ltd WSI and described in Gloucestershire Archaeological Archive

Standards 2017 (Version 1, 2017).

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 10 . Acknowledgements APAC Ltd would like

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

10. Acknowledgements

APAC Ltd would like to thank Mr. S. Merrett, Mr. Tom Parry and the ground working team for their cooperation and assistance during this work.

11. References

Blackburn, R. 2015. Land off Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire. Archaeological Evaluation.

Headland Archaeology (GRTG/02).

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17

CIfA. 2014. Code of Conduct and the Code of Approved Practice for the Regulation of Contractual Arrangements in Field Archaeology 2014.

Copp, T. 2015 Built Heritage Statement. Land off Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire. CGMS Consulting.

Delaney, L. 2015. Land Off Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire: Archaeological Desk-Based

Assessment. Headland Archaeology (GRTG/01).

GBV (BGS) 2016: Geology of Britain Viewer.

http://www.bgs.ac.uk/discoveringGeology/geologyOfBritain/viewer.html (Accessed 03/17)

Phillips, N. 2017. Written Scheme of Investigation for an Archaeological Excavation (WSI: EX/THC/17).

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill. APAC Ltd.

Schmidt, A. and Webb, A. 2015. Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill, Gloucestershire. Geophysical

Survey. Headland Archaeology (GLTG/01).

Soilscapes 2017. http://www.landis.org.uk/soilscapes/ (Accessed 03/17)

Wilkinson, S.A. 2015. Preliminary Ground Investigation Report For Land Off Gloucester Road Tutshill.

Wilson Associates.

Young, Tim. 2017. Pers. Comm. Email communication (April 06/2017) Re. Hammerscale.

A48

SEDBURY

Dismantled Railway

Tunnel

Buffer

Wharf

OS Copyright Licence 100046577

Wirewoods Green

Manor

Tutshill

High

Ridge

Wye Valley

Junction

Grif Ref: ST 544945

Fig. 01: Location

Meads

Farm

Meads

Farm

LA

Snipehill

Bridge

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Tump

Farm

n Meads Farm Meads Farm LA Snipehill Bridge Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Tump Farm A.P.A.C
n Meads Farm Meads Farm LA Snipehill Bridge Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Tump Farm A.P.A.C

A.P.A.C Ltd: EX/THC/1

50m E: 354434.7738 N: 194536.0037 + 45.111m AOD RS 04 44.62m [1013] 42.73m RS 03
50m
E: 354434.7738
N: 194536.0037
+
45.111m AOD
RS 04
44.62m
[1013]
42.73m
RS 03
RS 05
E: 354483.1331
N: 194524.1613
+
41.393 m AOD
41.93m
CP6
CP 5
Stone Drain
44.40m
[1016}
42.35m
42.73m
]1029]
[1009]
CP5
x SF1
[1005]
[1003]
40.66m
CP3
[1017]
41.14m
[1027]
[1022]
42.67m
42.21m
]1018]
41.36m
Feature [1008]/[1022]
40.98m
[1017]
CP4
Sondage
A48
CP2
50m
42.33m
[1008]
CP3
+
41.70m
E: 354422.8312
CP1
N: 194487.9565
40.36m
42.91mAOD
RS 02
39.49m
E: 354471.1515
RS 01
+
N: 194475.6766
39.668m AOD
50m
50m

OS copyright licence 100046577

CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1: Flint tool

39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:
39.668m AOD 50m 50m OS copyright licence 100046577 CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1:

Fig. 02.

Fig. 02. Site Plan

CP: Ceramic Pipe RS: Representative Section SF 1: Flint tool Fig. 02. Fig. 02. Site Plan

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

3a

3b

N S (1000) (1030) [1029] Step Disturbed [1022] (1001) (1021) [1020] <5> (1007) (1007)
N
S
(1000)
(1030)
[1029]
Step
Disturbed
[1022]
(1001)
(1021)
[1020]
<5>
(1007)
(1007)

43.33m

(1001) (1021) [1020] <5> (1007) (1007) 43.33m Step Ceramic pipe No. 3 0 1.0m (1000) (1001)

Step

Ceramic pipe No. 3

0

1.0m

(1007) (1007) 43.33m Step Ceramic pipe No. 3 0 1.0m (1000) (1001) [1022] (1007) (1021) [1020]
(1007) (1007) 43.33m Step Ceramic pipe No. 3 0 1.0m (1000) (1001) [1022] (1007) (1021) [1020]
(1007) (1007) 43.33m Step Ceramic pipe No. 3 0 1.0m (1000) (1001) [1022] (1007) (1021) [1020]
(1000) (1001) [1022]
(1000)
(1001)
[1022]

(1007)

(1021)

[1020]

(1030)

[1029]

East facing section through gulley [1022] at west end of site

East facing section through natural gulley at west end of site

[1022]

Ceramic pipe

No. 4

N S 40.01m (1000) Ceramic pipe (1001) <6> No. 3 (1002) (1002) (1007) (1007) [
N
S
40.01m
(1000)
Ceramic pipe
(1001)
<6>
No. 3
(1002)
(1002)
(1007)
(1007)
[
]1008]
[1008]
(1000)
0
1.0m
[CP3]
[CP4]
West facing section through east to west gulley at east end of excavated area
West facing section through gulley [1008] at east end of site
(1001)
[1008]
(1002)
(1007)

<5> & <6> - Sample locations

Fig. 02.

Fig. 03. Sections through feature [1008]/[1022]

& <6> - Sample locations Fig. 02. Fig. 03. Sections through feature [1008]/[1022] A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

4a.

SW

NE

[1013]
[1013]

43.58m

(1007)

0

(1015) (1014)
(1015)
(1014)

0.5m

4a. SW NE [1013] 43.58m (1007) 0 (1015) (1014) 0.5m (1001) (1015) (1014) [1013] (1007) South-east
(1001) (1015) (1014) [1013] (1007)
(1001)
(1015)
(1014)
[1013]
(1007)

South-east facing section of bioturbation feature [1013]

South-east facing section of [1013]

43.58m [1013] 0 1.0m Post-excavation plan of bioturbation feature [1013] Post-excavation plan of [1013]
43.58m
[1013]
0
1.0m
Post-excavation plan of bioturbation feature [1013]
Post-excavation plan of [1013]

4b.

S N (1023) (1025) 44.12m (1026) (1024) [1016] (1007) 0 1.0m East facing section of
S
N
(1023)
(1025)
44.12m
(1026)
(1024)
[1016]
(1007)
0
1.0m
East facing section of [1016]
East facing section of tree-throw [1016]

Key

Worm castsKey Stones Roots Degrading superficial geology

Stones

Roots

Degrading superficial geologyKey Worm casts Stones Roots

(1001) (1026) (1025) (1024) (1023) [1016] (1007)
(1001)
(1026)
(1025)
(1024)
(1023)
[1016]
(1007)
44.12m [1016] 0 1.0m
44.12m
[1016]
0
1.0m

Post-excavation plan of tree-throw [1016]

Post-excavation plan of [1016]

Fig. 04. Tree-throw

Sections and plans of features [1013] and [1016]

plan of [1016] Fig. 04. Tree-throw Sections and plans of features [1013] and [1016] A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

5a

SE

5a SE 41.85m NW (1004) [1003] (1007) East-northeast facing section of feature [1003] 0 0.5m (1001)

41.85m

5a SE 41.85m NW (1004) [1003] (1007) East-northeast facing section of feature [1003] 0 0.5m (1001)

NW

(1004) [1003]
(1004)
[1003]

(1007)

East-northeast facing section of feature [1003]

0

0.5m

East-northeast facing section of feature [1003] 0 0.5m (1001) (1004) [1003] (1007) N W SE 5b

(1001)

(1004)

[1003]

(1007)

NW

SE

5b

0 0.5m (1001) (1004) [1003] (1007) N W SE 5b 42.26m (1006) [1005] (1001) (1007) South-west

42.26m

(1001) (1004) [1003] (1007) N W SE 5b 42.26m (1006) [1005] (1001) (1007) South-west facing section
(1001) (1004) [1003] (1007) N W SE 5b 42.26m (1006) [1005] (1001) (1007) South-west facing section
(1006) [1005] (1001) (1007)
(1006)
[1005]
(1001)
(1007)

South-west facing section of feature [1005]

0

0.5m

(1007) South-west facing section of feature [1005] 0 0.5m (1006) [1005] (1007) Key Roots Degrading

(1006)

[1005]

(1007)

Key

Roots Degrading
Roots
Degrading

Mudstone/sandstone

Degrading LimestoneKey Roots Degrading Mudstone/sandstone

Fi

05

Sections throu

h features [1005] and [1003]

Mudstone/sandstone Degrading Limestone F i 0 5 Sections throu h features [1005] and [1003] A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

6a. E: 354448.60 S [1027] [1027] N:194499.62 N Section Dr 41.80m 41.80m (1028) (1001) (1028)
6a.
E: 354448.60
S [1027]
[1027]
N:194499.62
N
Section Dr
41.80m
41.80m
(1028)
(1001)
(1028)
(1001)
(1001)
(1001)
(1007)
(1028)
[1027]
(1007)
0
0.5m
Plan and east facing section of Stone Drain section [1027]
6b.
(1019)
N
S
(1001)
41.80m
(1002)
(1002)
(1002)
(1019)
(1019)
(1002)
[1018]
[1018]
[1018]
(1002)
(1019)
0
0.5m
Plan and east facing section of Stone Drain section [1018]

Fig. 06. Sections and plans of stone drain [1018]/ [1027]

section of Stone Drain section [1018] Fig. 06. Sections and plans of stone drain [1018]/ [1027]

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

Degrading

(1002)

42.40m (1001) Fig. 8c 42.21m Fig. 8b Limestone [1009] ]1009] 41.97m Degrading (1002) [1017] Limestone
42.40m
(1001)
Fig.
8c
42.21m
Fig.
8b
Limestone
[1009]
]1009]
41.97m
Degrading
(1002)
[1017]
Limestone
Degrading
41.90m
(1002)
Fig.
8a
X
(Bioturbation)

Projected end of

[1017]

[1017]

Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906)

SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)

0

1.0m

end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)

0

20m

end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)
end of [1017] [1017] Previously excavated by Headland ( feature 0906) SF1 (Late Neo/EBA Flint Tool)

Fig. 07. Post-excavation plan of linear feature [1009]

Neo/EBA Flint Tool) 0 1.0m 0 20m Fig. 07. Post-excavation plan of linear feature [1009] A.P.A.C.

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

N S [1009] (1012) [1009] (1002) 41.90m
N
S
[1009]
(1012)
[1009]
(1002)
41.90m

8a

0

N S [1009] (1012) [1009] (1002) 41.90m 8a 0 0.5m West facing section through eastern side

0.5m

N S [1009] (1012) [1009] (1002) 41.90m 8a 0 0.5m West facing section through eastern side

West facing section through eastern side of excavated linear [1009]

8c.

42.21m

through eastern side of excavated linear [1009] 8c. 42.21m N (1010) S (1007) [1009] <2> (1011)

N

(1010) S (1007) [1009] <2> (1011) 0 0.5m
(1010)
S
(1007)
[1009]
<2>
(1011)
0
0.5m
N (1010) S (1007) [1009] <2> (1011) 0 0.5m West facing section through terminus of linear

West facing section through terminus of linear feature [1009].

8b

(1012) (1001) (1010) (1011) [1009] (1007) (1002)
(1012)
(1001)
(1010)
(1011)
[1009]
(1007)
(1002)

S

N (1010) (1002) [1009] (1011) 0 0.5m 41.97m
N
(1010)
(1002)
[1009]
(1011)
0
0.5m
41.97m

East facing section through unexcavated centre of linear [1009]

Fig. 8. Sections through linear feature [1009]

section through unexcavated centre of linear [1009] Fig. 8. Sections through linear feature [1009] A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

E

W

S

39.93m (1000) (1002) 0 0.5m
39.93m
(1000)
(1002)
0
0.5m
E W S 39.93m (1000) (1002) 0 0.5m Representative Section 01: North Facing W 42.29m E

Representative Section 01: North Facing

W

42.29m

0 0.5m Representative Section 01: North Facing W 42.29m E (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m 44. 55m
E (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m
E
(1000)
(1001)
0
0.5m
Section 01: North Facing W 42.29m E (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m 44. 55m Representative Section 03:

44. 55m

North Facing W 42.29m E (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m 44. 55m Representative Section 03: South Facing
Representative Section 03: South Facing (1000) (1001) (1002) 0 0.5m
Representative Section 03: South Facing
(1000)
(1001)
(1002)
0
0.5m
Section 03: South Facing (1000) (1001) (1002) 0 0.5m N E W 41.85m (1000) (1001) 0

N

E

W 41.85m (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m
W
41.85m
(1000)
(1001)
0
0.5m

W 44.45m

0 0.5m N E W 41.85m (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m W 44.45m Representative Section 02: North
0 0.5m N E W 41.85m (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m W 44.45m Representative Section 02: North
Representative Section 02: North Facing (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m
Representative Section 02: North Facing
(1000)
(1001)
0
0.5m
Section 02: North Facing (1000) (1001) 0 0.5m Representative Section 04: South Facing E Representative

Representative Section 04: South Facing

E

Representative Section 05: East Facing

0

20m

Fig. 9. Representative Section drawings

E Representative Section 05: East Facing 0 20m Fig. 9. Representative Section drawings A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 1 FINDS EX/THC/17 (1001) SF1 IMG_0838.jpg (1001) SF1 IMG_0839.jpg Find

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 1

FINDS

EX/THC/17

(1001) SF1 IMG_0838.jpg
(1001)
SF1
IMG_0838.jpg
(1001) SF1 IMG_0839.jpg
(1001)
SF1
IMG_0839.jpg
Find no SF1 Area Context Description Period Date Late Central (1000) 1 Flint piercer 08/03/17
Find no SF1 Area Context Description Period Date Late Central (1000) 1 Flint piercer 08/03/17

Find no

SF1

Area Context Description Period Date Late Central (1000) 1 Flint piercer 08/03/17 Neolithic/ Early Bronze
Area
Context
Description
Period
Date
Late
Central
(1000)
1 Flint piercer
08/03/17
Neolithic/
Early Bronze
Age
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 -2 FINDS EX/THC/17 3 301 1 (1000) IMG_0923.jpg Find no 1

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 -2

FINDS

EX/THC/17

3 301 1 (1000) IMG_0923.jpg
3
301
1
(1000)
IMG_0923.jpg
Find no 1 Area Context Description Period Date North-west (1000) Horse shoe (iron) Corroded iron
Find no 1 Area Context Description Period Date North-west (1000) Horse shoe (iron) Corroded iron

Find no

1

Area Context Description Period Date North-west (1000) Horse shoe (iron) Corroded iron bar 19th /20th
Area
Context
Description
Period
Date
North-west
(1000)
Horse shoe (iron)
Corroded iron bar
19th /20th C
23/02/17
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 -3 FINDS EX/THC/17 2 (1000) IMG_0916.jpg Find no Area Context Description

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 -3

FINDS

EX/THC/17

2 (1000) IMG_0916.jpg
2
(1000)
IMG_0916.jpg

Find no

Area

Context

Description

Period

Date

2 East

2 East (1000) 1 sherd blue and white white willow pattern 1 sherd blue and white

(1000)

1

sherd blue and white white willow pattern

1

sherd blue and white transfer ware

3

shards green glass

1

shard brown glass

1

sherd glazed stoneware

1

sherd cream ware

1

slate fragment

19th C 19th/ 20th C

brown glass 1 sherd glazed stoneware 1 sherd cream ware 1 slate fragment 19th C 19th/

23/02/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 4 FINDS EX/THC/17 3 (1000) IMG_0917.jpg Find no Area Context

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 4

FINDS

EX/THC/17

3 (1000) IMG_0917.jpg
3
(1000)
IMG_0917.jpg

Find no

Area

Context

Description

 

Period

3

Central

(1000)

1

heavy duty iron machine spring (agricultural)

20th C

2

sherds of earthenware, glazed internally

19th C

1

fragment of white glazed jar rim

19th/20th C

1

ferrous hand made nail

1 ferrous hand made nail 18th/19th C

18th/19th C

4

sherds blue and white white willow pattern

19th C

1

sherd local earthenware

18th/19th C

18th/19th C 4 sherds blue and white white willow pattern 19th C 1 sherd local earthenware
4 sherds blue and white white willow pattern 19th C 1 sherd local earthenware 18th/19th C

Date

24/02/17

4 sherds blue and white white willow pattern 19th C 1 sherd local earthenware 18th/19th C
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 5 FINDS EX/THC/17 (1000) 4 IMG_0920.jpg Find no 4 Area

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 5

FINDS

EX/THC/17

(1000) 4 IMG_0920.jpg
(1000)
4
IMG_0920.jpg

Find no

4

Find no 4 Area Context Description Period Date West (1000) 1 clay pipe stem 19th/20th C

Area

Context

Description

Period

Date

West

(1000)

1 clay pipe stem

19th/20th C

27/02/17

1 shard of green glass

 
Period Date West (1000) 1 clay pipe stem 19th/20th C 27/02/17 1 shard of green glass
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 -6 FINDS EX/THC/17 5 (1001) IMG_0918.jpg Find no 5 Area Context

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 -6

FINDS

EX/THC/17

5 (1001) IMG_0918.jpg
5
(1001)
IMG_0918.jpg
Find no 5 Area Context Description Period Date Central (1001) 2 fragments of possible ferrous
Find no 5 Area Context Description Period Date Central (1001) 2 fragments of possible ferrous

Find no

5

Area Context Description Period Date Central (1001) 2 fragments of possible ferrous slag 19th C
Area
Context
Description
Period
Date
Central
(1001)
2 fragments of possible ferrous slag
19th C
27/02/17
1 possible earthenware tile fragment
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 7 FINDS EX/THC/17 (1001) 6 IMG_0919.jpg Find no 6 Area

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 7

FINDS

EX/THC/17

(1001) 6 IMG_0919.jpg
(1001)
6
IMG_0919.jpg
Find no 6 Area Context Description Period Date West (1001) 4 fragments of ferrous slag
Find no 6 Area Context Description Period Date West (1001) 4 fragments of ferrous slag

Find no

6

Area Context Description Period Date West (1001) 4 fragments of ferrous slag ? 02/03/17
Area
Context
Description
Period
Date
West
(1001)
4 fragments of ferrous slag
? 02/03/17
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 8 FINDS EX/THC/17 (1012) 7 IMG_0922.jpg Find no 7 Area

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 8

FINDS

EX/THC/17

(1012) 7 IMG_0922.jpg
(1012)
7
IMG_0922.jpg

Find no

7

Find no 7 Area Context Description Period Date Central (1012) 6 sherds pottery - body sherds

Area

Context

Description

Period

Date

Central

(1012)

6 sherds pottery - body sherds

Iron Age-

08/03/17

 

Roman

Period Date Central (1012) 6 sherds pottery - body sherds Iron Age- 08/03/17   Roman
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix 5 - 9 FINDS EX/THC/17 Spheroid Possible hammerscale 2 (1011) mm IMG_2281jpeg

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Appendix 5 - 9

FINDS

EX/THC/17

Spheroid

Possible hammerscale 2 (1011) mm IMG_2281jpeg
Possible
hammerscale
2
(1011)
mm
IMG_2281jpeg

Sample 2: Macro image of magnetic heavy residue from context (1011) - basal f ll of feature [1009]

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17
A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

Plate 01: View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1 (looking west )

showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1 (looking west ) Plate 02: View of topsoil stripping

Plate 02: View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1 (looking east )

stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1 (looking east

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 03: North facing representative section (RS01) on south-eastern edge of

Plate 03: North facing representative section (RS01) on south-eastern edge of site (looking south)

section (RS01) on south-eastern edge of site (looking south) Plate 04: North facing representative section (RS02)

Plate 04: North facing representative section (RS02) on south-western edge of site (looking south)

Plate 04: North facing representative section (RS02) on south-western edge of site (looking south) A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 05: South facing representative section (RS03) on north-eastern edge of

Plate 05: South facing representative section (RS03) on north-eastern edge of site (looking north)

section (RS03) on north-eastern edge of site (looking north) Plate 06: South facing representative section (RS04)

Plate 06: South facing representative section (RS04) on north-western edge of site (looking north)

Plate 06: South facing representative section (RS04) on north-western edge of site (looking north) A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 07: East facing representative section (RS05) on western edge of

Plate 07: East facing representative section (RS05) on western edge of site (looking west)

section (RS05) on western edge of site (looking west) Plate 08: Machine dug sondage through natural

Plate 08: Machine dug sondage through natural (1007) in north-west corner of site

(looking west) Plate 08: Machine dug sondage through natural (1007) in north-west corner of site A.P.A.C.

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 09: West facing section of E- W gulley [1008] at

Plate 09: West facing section of E- W gulley [1008] at east end of excavated area (looking east)

W gulley [1008] at east end of excavated area (looking east) Plate 10: East facing stepped

Plate 10: East facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022] (looking south-west)

east) Plate 10: East facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022] (looking south-west) A.P.A.C.

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 11: East facing stepped section through west end of gulley

Plate 11: East facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022] (looking north-west)

through west end of gulley [1022] (looking north-west) Plate 12: View of east facing section through

Plate 12: View of east facing section through feature [1003] (looking west)

(looking north-west) Plate 12: View of east facing section through feature [1003] (looking west) A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 13: Plan view of section through [1003] (looking north) Plate

Plate 13: Plan view of section through [1003] (looking north)

13: Plan view of section through [1003] (looking north) Plate 14: View of south facing section

Plate 14: View of south facing section through east side of feature [1005] (looking north)

north) Plate 14: View of south facing section through east side of feature [1005] (looking north)

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 15: View of south facing section through west side of

Plate 15: View of south facing section through west side of feature [1005] (looking north-northeast)

west side of feature [1005] (looking north-northeast) Plate 16: Plan of half-sectioned [1005] (looking north)

Plate 16: Plan of half-sectioned [1005] (looking north)

of feature [1005] (looking north-northeast) Plate 16: Plan of half-sectioned [1005] (looking north) A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 17: South-east facing section of feature [1013] (looking north-west) Plate

Plate 17: South-east facing section of feature [1013] (looking north-west)

facing section of feature [1013] (looking north-west) Plate 18: East facing section through feature [1016]

Plate 18: East facing section through feature [1016] (looking west)

[1013] (looking north-west) Plate 18: East facing section through feature [1016] (looking west) A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 19: Plan of section of stone drain [1018] Plate 20:

Plate 19: Plan of section of stone drain [1018]

Tutshill Plate 19: Plan of section of stone drain [1018] Plate 20: East facing section through

Plate 20: East facing section through stone drain [1018]- east end (looking west)

drain [1018] Plate 20: East facing section through stone drain [1018]- east end (looking west) A.P.A.C.

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 21: Plan of section of stone drain [1027] Plate 22:

Plate 21: Plan of section of stone drain [1027]

Tutshill Plate 21: Plan of section of stone drain [1027] Plate 22: East facing section through

Plate 22: East facing section through stone drain [1027]- central section (looking west)

[1027] Plate 22: East facing section through stone drain [1027]- central section (looking west) A.P.A.C. Ltd

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Plate 23: Elevated post- excavation view of feature [1009] (looking north-northwest)

Plate 23: Elevated post- excavation view of feature [1009] (looking north-northwest)

excavation view of feature [1009] (looking north-northwest) Plate 24: Post-excavation image of feature [1009] (looking

Plate 24: Post-excavation image of feature [1009] (looking south-southeast]

north-northwest) Plate 24: Post-excavation image of feature [1009] (looking south-southeast] A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix 1 Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Context Register EX/THC/17 Site: Tutshill,  

A.P.A.C. Ltd.

Appendix 1

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Context Register

EX/THC/17

Site: Tutshill,

 

Grid Ref Centred:

Site Code:

Alternate No:

 

Plan App No.

Chepstow

ST 54452 94500

EX/THC/17

 

FOD/P1911/15/OUT

CONTEXT

 

AREA

FEATURE

DESCRIPTION

 

FINDS

PHOTOGRAPHS

(1000)

 

Site

Deposit

Soft mid-brown clayey silt (topsoil). 0.3- 0.4m deep

19

th /20 th

 
 

C glass

   

& pot

(1001)

 

Site

Deposit

Firm red-brown silty clay (subsoil). 0.4m deep. Not present in SE corner.

Neo/EBA

 
 

flint/

   

ferrous

 

slag

(1002)

 

Site

Deposit

Laminated limestone geology; degraded in areas.

   

Not SW

[1003]

 

Central

Cut

Irregular sub-circular elongated cut with uneven sloping sides and base caused by root action 1.2m x 0.6m x 0.2m (max)

 

IMG_0784

 

IMG_0785

(1004)

 

Central

Fill

Medium-firm dark-brown silty clay with vertically aligned lenses of red clay and root material. 0.02m-0.2m deep

 

IMG_0784

 

IMG_0785

[1005]

 

Central

Cut

Irregular elongated cut with uneven sloping sides and base probably caused by root action 1.4m x 0.63 x 0.25m

   

(1006)

 

Central

Fill

Firm mid-brown silty clay with vertical bands of red clay and root material -max depth 0.25m. Degrading sandstone frags & manganese patches.

   

(1007)

 

East &

Deposit

Firm red-brown clay with fragments of degrading limestone (natural)

   

West

[1008]

 

East

Cut

Possible cut/ Natural erosion of limestone (1002) as seen on eastern edge of excavated gulley. Northern side slopes gradually, southern side vertical. 1.22m deep; 5.62m wide

 

IMG_0789,

 

IMG_0790

IMG_0791

IMG_0792

IMG_0793

[1009]

 

Central

Cut

Cut of linear gulley with steep sides and rounded northern terminus. 2.96m long and 0.9 to 1.0m wide and 0.2m to 0.35m deep. S end previously excavated by Headland (2015).

Charred

 
 

seeds

(1010)

 

Central

Fill

Soft brown silty clay with charcoal flecks throughout. Surviving secondary fill of surviving N end of cut [1009]. 0.2m to 0.35m deep, 0.9m to 1.0m wide and 1.5m long.

Charcoal

 

(1011)

 

Central

Fill

Black silty clay with charcoal (90%). Basal (primary) fill of linear [1009]. 0.03 to 0.05m deep by 1.5m x 0.9m.

   

(1012)

 

Central

Fill

Mixed red clay, charcoal spreads and brown silty clay with root material. Highly disturbed back fill of Headland Trench 09 [1017] found around and above southern end of feature [1009]. Max depth- 0.6m.

Late-

 
 

prehist/Ro

 

man

Pottery

sherds,

Charcoal/

Seeds

[1013]

 

West

Cut

Sub-rectangular, steep concave sided with undulating base. Cut of shrub bowl feature: 2.23m by 0.64m by 0.2m deep.

 

IMG_0804

(1014)

 

West

Fill

Firm mid brown silty clay with root born charcoal. Basal fill of bioturbation [1013]. 2.23m by 0.64m by 0.2m deep.

 

IMG_0804

(1015)

 

West

Fill

Loose red-brown silty clay. Upper fill of [1013]. 1.06m by 0.36m by 0.05m deep.

 

IMG_0804

A.P.A.C. Ltd. Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 [1016] North- Cut Oval steep sided cut

A.P.A.C. Ltd.

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

[1016]

North-

Cut

Oval steep sided cut with concave sides. Probable tree throw. 4.48m by 1.55m (excavated) by 0.84m deep.

 

West

[1017]

North-

Cut

Cut of Headland Trench 09 (2015). Originally 40m long, 0.6m deep and aligned NNW to SSW. Southernmost 32.3m visible within the excavated area.

 

West

[1018]

East

Cut

Eastern end of east to west aligned stone Drain. Narrow and stepped cut with flat rock cut base. Cut through limestone bedrock. Designed to drain groundwater downslope (west to east). No dating but probably post-med. Upper cut 0.45m wide but 0.12m at base.; 0.23m deep below bedrock depth. Drain runs 43m west to east within excavated area.

IMG_0826

IMG_0827

IMG_0828

(1019)

East

Fill

Soft, friable red-brown silty clay with loose stone infill and charcoal flecks. Stones (<0.12m width). Fill of Stone drain [1018].

 

[1020]

West

Cut

Triangular cut for ceramic pipe back filled with stone. 0.45m wide at top, 0.15m at base, 0.45m deep. Cut into subsoil (1001).

 

(1021)

West

Fill

Loose red-brown silty clay with large stones (0.10m-0.20m) used as backfill for ceramic pipe insertion trench [1020].

 

[1022]

West

Cut

Cut of natural gulley at west end of site. Sloping sides with rounded base. 5.5m wide and 1.6m deep. = [1008]

IMG_0830

IMG_0831

(1023)

North-

Fill

Loose dark grey/black silty clay. Top soil and subsoil mix deposited as a result of tree-throw. 0.68m by 1.2m by 0.5m deep.

IMG_0826

west

IMG_0829

(1024)

North-

Fill

Firm reddish brown silty clay with moderately sorted stone inclusions (0.01- 0.09m). Loose components located to the north of feature. 3.96m by 1.55m (excavated) by 0.84m deep

IMG_0826

west

IMG_0829

(1025)

North-

Fill

Loose light green-yellow clayey silty sand. Southern end of feature. O.68 by 0.6m (excavated) by 0.38m deep.

IMG_0826

west

IMG_0829

(1026)

North-

Fill

Loose brown-black silty clay. Southern end of feature. 1.44m by 0.4m by 0.26m.

IMG_0826

west

IMG_0829

[1027]

Central

Cut

Cut of east to west stone drain located in the central area of the site. This is the same drain as [1018] but the west and upslope . 0.73m wide and 0.3m deep. =

IMG_ 0832

IMG_ 0833

IMG_ 0834

IMG_ 0835

[1018].

(1028)

Central

Fill

Moderately firm dark-brown silty clay with charcoal flecks and large (0.05 to 0.25m) stone infill. Fill of stone drain

IMG_ 0832

IMG_ 0833

IMG_ 0834

[1027].

IMG_ 0835

[1029]

West

Cut

Cut of stone drain at its westernmost observed extent within excavated area. 0.25m wide and 0.22m deep. = [1018] =

[1027].

IMG_0830

IMG_0831

(1030)

West

Fill

Moderately firm dark brown silty clay with large stone (0.10m to 0.25m) infill. Fill of drain [1029].

IMG_0830

IMG_0831

A.P.A.C. Ltd. Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd.

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Appendix 2 Digital Photographic Register EX/THC/17 Img Ref

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Appendix 2

Digital Photographic Register

EX/THC/17

Img Ref

Date

Camera

L/P

View

 

Description

Plate

IMG 0779

22/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1

2

IMG 0780

22/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

View of W- E top soil strip showing ceramic drain pipe

 

IMG 0781

22/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

C/up of superficial limestone geology and ceramic pipe SE end of excavation area

 

IMG 0782

22/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

C/up of superficial limestone geology and ceramic pipe SE end of excavation area

 

IMG 0783

22/02/17

EOS 350

L

W

View of topsoil stripping at southern end of site – showing remains of ceramic drain pipe CP1

1

IMG 0784

27/02/17

EOS 350

L

W

View of east facing section through feature [1003]

12

IMG 0785

27/02/17

EOS 350

L

NNE

Plan view of section through [1003]

13

IMG 0786

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

NNE

View of south facing section through east side of feature [1005]

14

IMG 0787

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

NE

View of south facing section through west side of feature [1005]

15

IMG 0788

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

NNE

Plan of half sectioned [1005]

16

IMG 0789

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing section of E- W gulley [1008] at E end of excavated area

9

IMG 0790

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing section of E- W gulley at E end of excavated area showing 2 x ceramic pipes

 

IMG 0792

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing section of E- W gulley at E end of excavated area showing 2 x ceramic pipes

 

IMG 0793

28/02/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing section of E- W gulley at E end of excavated area showing 2 x ceramic pipes

 

IMG 0794

01/03/17

EOS 350

L

SW

Machine dug sondage through natural (1007) in north-west corner of site

8

IMG 0795

01/03/17

EOS 350

L

SW

Machine dug sondage in NW corner

 

IMG 0797

02/03/17

EOS 350

L

E

NW Quad: W facing section through terminus of [1017] showing backfill (1012) and longitudinal profile of linear feature

 
 

[1009].

IMG 0798

02/03/17

EOS 350

L

S

NW Quad: N facing, E to W, section through N end of [1017] showing back fill (1012) *initially labelled 1009.

 

IMG 0799

02/03/17

EOS 350

L

N

SE Quad: S facing E-W section through [1017] showing back fill (1012) and charcoal dump *initially labelled 1009.

 

IMG 0800

02/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

SE Quad: E facing longitudinal section through N end of [1017] showing back fill (1012) *initially labelled 1009.

 

IMG 0801

07/03/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing longitudinal section through terminus of undisturbed linear [1009]

 

IMG 0802

07/03/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing longitudinal section through terminus of undisturbed linear [1009]

 

IMG 0803

07/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing longitudinal section through linear [1009] N of [1017]

 

IMG 0804

08/03/17

EOS 350

L

NW

SE facing section of feature [1013]

17

IMG 0805

08/03/17

EOS 350

L

S

N

facing Rep Sec (RS 01) on SE edge of site

3

IMG 0806

08/03/17

EOS 350

L

NW

Pre-ex image of probable Tree Throw [1016]

 

IMG 0807

09/03/17

EOS 350

P

E

Pre Ex plan of section through [1009] with back fill (1012)

 

IMG 0808

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

E

W

facing longitudinal section ‘working shot’ through surviving feature within (1012)

 

IMG 0809

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

S

N

facing Rep Sec (RS 02) on SW edge of site

4

IMG 0810

09/03/17

EOS 350

P

N

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

 

IMG 0811

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

NW

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

 

IMG 0812

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

SE

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

24

IMG 0813

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

SE

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

 
A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill EX/THC/17 IMG 0814 09/03/17 EOS 350 L N

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

EX/THC/17

IMG 0814

09/03/17

EOS 350

L

N

South facing representative section (RS 03) on north-eastern edge of site

5

IMG 0815

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

N

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009] (blurring)

 

IMG 0816

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

N

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009] (blurring)

 

IMG 0817

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

 

IMG 0818

10/03/17

EOS 350

P

S

Post-ex image of complete linear [1009]

 

IMG 0819

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

Subsoil strip sondage W of [1009]

8

IMG 0820

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

Subsoil strip sondage NW of [1009]

 

IMG 0821

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

SW end of site end of excavation

 

IMG 0822

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

S

end of site, end of excavation

 

IMG 0823

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

S

end of site, end of excavation

 

IMG 0824

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

N

South facing representative section (RS 04) on north western edge of site

6

IMG 0825

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

East facing representative section (RS 05) on western edge of site

7

IMG 0826

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through stone drain [1018): E end

20

IMG 0827

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

Plan of section of stone drain [1018]

19

IMG 0828

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through stone drain [1018): E end

 

IMG 0829

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through feature [1016]

18

IMG 0830

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

SW

E

facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022]

10

IMG 0831

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

NW

E

facing stepped section through west end of gulley [1022]

11

IMG 0832

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

Plan of section through stone drain [1027] = [1018]: central

21

IMG 0833

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through stone drain [1027] = [1018]: central

22

IMG 0834

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through stone drain [1027] = [1018]: central

 

IMG 0835

10/03/17

EOS 350

L

W

E

facing section through stone drain [1027] = [1018]: central

 

DSC00258

11/03/17

Sony DSC

L

Plan

Elevated post-excavation image of feature [1009]

 

DSC00259

11/03/17

Sony DSC

L

Plan

Elevated post-excavation image of feature [1009]

 

DSC00260

11/03/17

Sony DSC

P

Plan

Elevated post-excavation image of feature [1009]

23

A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17
A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17
A.P.A.C. Ltd EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd

EX/THC/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Appendix 3 Samples Register EX/THC/17 Sample Area Context

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Appendix 3

Samples Register

EX/THC/17

Sample

Area

Context

Description

(Amount: litres)

 

initial

Date

001

Central

(1012)

Fill of [1017] – Headland backfill

DISTURBED/CONTAMINATED CONTEXT

IJ

02/03/17

002

Central

(1011)

Basal fill of [1009] – charcoal rich

(20L)

IJ

07/03/17

003

Central

(1010)

Fill of northern terminus of [1009]

(30L)

KP

07/03/17

004

NW

(1014)

Fill of Bioturbation [1013]. Flecks of charcoal present (10L)

SR

08/03/17

005

West

(1001)

Subsoil from centre of gulley [1022] at W end of site (40L)

RS

08/03/17

006

East

(1001)

Subsoil from centre of gulley [1008] at E end of site (40L)

CG

08/03/17

007

NW

(1004)

Fill of [1003] (10L)

CG

08/03/17

A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Appendix 4 Site Finds Register EX/THC/17 Find no

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Appendix 4

Site Finds Register

EX/THC/17

Find no

Area

Context

Description

Period

 

Date

1

North-west

(1000)

Horse Shoe (iron) Corroded iron bar

19 th /20 th

23/02/17

2

East

(1000)

1

sherd blue and white white willow pattern

19 19 th th /20 th

23/02/17

1

sherd blue and white transfer ware

3

shards green glass

 

1

shard brown glass

1

sherd glazed stoneware

1

sherd cream ware

1

slate fragment

3

Central

(1000)

1

heavy duty iron machine spring (agricultural)

20

th

24/02/17

2

sherds of earthenware, glazed internally

19

th

1

fragment of white glazed jar rim

19 th

/20

th

1

ferrous hand made nail

18 th

/19

th

4

sherds blue and white white willow pattern

th

18 19 th /19 th

1

sherd local earthenware

4

West

(1000)

1

clay pipe stem

19

th

27/02/17

1

shard of green glass

19

th

5

Central

(1001)

2

fragments of possible ferrous slag

?

27/02/17

1

possible earthenware tile fragment

6

West

(1001)

4

fragments of ferrous slag

?

02/03/17

SF1

E: 354577.85

(1001)

1 Flint piercer

Late

 

08/03/17

N: 194505.68

Neolithic/

42.21m AOD

Early

 

Bronze Age

7

Central

(1012)

6

sherds pottery - body sherds

Iron Age-

08/03/17

 

Roman

 
A.P.A.C. Ltd Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill Appendix 5 Site Finds Register EX/THC/17 Find no

A.P.A.C. Ltd

Land at Gloucester Road, Tutshill

Appendix 5

Site Finds Register

EX/THC/17

Find no

Area

Context

Description

Period

 

Date

1

East

(1000)

1

sherd blue and white white willow pattern

19 th 19 th /20 th

23/02/17

1

sherd blue and white transfer ware

3

shards green glass

 

1

shard brown glass

1

sherd glazed stoneware

1

sherd cream ware

1

slate fragment

2

Central

(1000)

1

heavy duty iron machine spring (agricultural)

20

th

24/02/17

2

sherds of earthenware, glazed internally

19

th

1

fragment of white glazed jar rim

19 th

/20

th

1

ferrous hand made nail

18 th

/19

th

4

sherds blue and white white willow pattern

th

18 19 th /19 th

1

sherd local earthenware

3

West

(1000)

1

clay pipe stem

19

th

27/02/17

1

shard of green glass

19

th

4

Central

(1001)

2

fragments of possible ferrous slag

?

27/02/17

1

shed of earthenware tile

?

5

West

(1001)

4

fragments of ferrous slag

?

02/03/17

SF1