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Professional Practice Reviewer

ARCHITECT’S NATIONAL CODE

THE ARCHITECT’S CODE OF ETHICS

“GISRIP”, “BBCC”

G-eneral Objectives B-usiness

I-deals B-ehavior

S-uccess C-riticism

R-emuneration C-reative Endeavor

I-nterest of the Client

P-rofessional Prerogative

SPECTRUM OF THE ARCHITECTS SERVICES

The Spectrum of the Architect’s Services

UAP Doc 201 Pre-Design Services

“EPASSSSP” - NON CREATIVE – no design and construction


1. E-conomic Feasibility Studies

2. P-roject Financing

3. A-rchitectural Programming

4. S-ite Selection and Analysis*

5. S-ite Utilization and Land-Use Studies*

6. S-pace/Management Studies

7. P-romotional Services

* Must be EnP, Environmental Planner

MDPE – compensation method

Methods of Compensation

1. Percentage of Construction

2. Multiple Direct Personnel Expense MDPE

Architect = NTRMf

Consultant = NTRMf

Staff = NTRMf

------------------------------

E = Direct Cost
E + MP + RE = Project Cost; where MP (Marginal Cost = 30%), RE
(Reimbursable Expense)

Project Cost + AE = Professional Fee: where AE = Architect &


Engineer Fee

N–

T–

R–

Mf – Min. Fee = 2.0 – 2.5 as Multiplier

3. Lump Sum/ Fixed Fee

4. Per Diem Plus Reimbursable Expense

5. Combination

6. Professional Fee and Expenses

7. Turn Key

Reimbursable Expenses

Conditions:

1. Pertinent to the Project

2. Must occur within 100 K = radius

3. Mutual agreement

Schedule of Payments
CONTRACTOR

1. Downpayment - 20 – 50% of Project Cost

2. Progressive Billing – base on percentage of completion (not more


than 1 month)

3. Final Billing/Payment - 98% Complete

4. Guarantee Bond – enforced for 1 year

ARCHITECT

1. Proposal Fee – 5%

2. Schematic Design – 15%

3. Design Dev’t - 15%

4. Contract Docs - 50%

5. Retention - 15% = Liability 10%, Supervision 5%

SPECIALIZED ALLIED SERVICES SAS

1. Proposal Fee – 5%

2. Prelim Drawings - 25%

3. Final Drawings - 50%

4. Retention - 20% = 3 months after the acceptance of the


Architect

UAP Doc 202 Design Services: Regular Architectural Services


“PWSP” “SDCC” - Sequential

1. P-reliminary Design/S-chematic Design

2. W-orking Drawings/D-esign Dev’t Phase

3. S-pecifications and Other Contract Documents/C-ontract


Documents*

4. P-art-Time Supervision/C-onstruction Phase*

*Under Contract Doc. Phase (Refer to UAP Doc 301 General Conditions
of a Contract)

“GASSD”

1. G-eneral Conditions – Execution, Intent – satisfaction to finish the


proj., Correlation

2. A-greement

3. S-pecifications

4. S-pecial Provisions

5. D-rawings

*Under Construction Phase

Important Milestones of Construction

“RERCF”
1. R-eference – Horizontal, Vertical

2. E-xcavation – min. depth .60m until stable – w/ signature of the


Architect, must have a permit

3. R-ebars

4. C-oncreting

5. F-inishes – Mock up (samples)

5 M’s of Construction

1. M-achines

2. M-oney

3. M-anpower

4. M-aterial

5. M-inutes

PROJECT CLASSIFICATION

UAP – degree of difficulty/complexity of design

FCP – risk of occurrence of Fire

NCP – use and occupancy

ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS (SCHEDULE OF MINIMUM BASIC


FEE)

“SMERM” “RHEAC”
GROUP DEFINITION MINIMUM BASIC FEE
S-imple (Hangars) Without partitions P50M & less 6%
M-oderate (Art With partitions P50M & less 7%
Galleries)
E-xceptional Requires Consultants P50M & less 8%
(Aquariums)
R-esidences Single Detached or 10% of Proj. Const. Cost
Duplex
M-onumental Requires Concepts 12% of Proj. Const. Cost
Buildings
(Expositions,
Mausoleums,
Memorials)
R-epetitive Buildings Construction of 1st Structure – MBF
Similar Structures
2nd Structure – 80% of
BF

3rd Structure – 60% of BF

Succeeding – 40% of
BF
H-ousing Projects Construction of 1st Unit = 10% MBF = A
several residential
units 2 to 10 Units = A + (60%
of MBF x N) = B

11 and above = B +
(30% of MBF x N) ;
where N = no. of units
E-xtensive Detailing Design of detailed 15% of Proj. Const. Cost
Parts of
appurtenances,
special fittings, etc.
A-lterations and Structures belonging
Additions to Groups 1 to 5 MBF + 50% of MBF
C-onsultations and Technical matters, P200, P500
Arbitration service as an expert
witness
UAP Doc 203 Specialized Allied Services SAS

“PILAC”

SERVICES PARTICULARS PAYMENTS/SCHEDULE OF FEES


P-hysical Must be an EnP Type I Site Dev’t Planning
Planning
50 HAS – P5000/HAS = A

50-100 – A + P4500/HAS = B

100-200 – B + P4000/HAS = C

over 200 – C + P3000

Type II Subdivision Planning (Urban) MM,


Cities, Regional Centers, Provincial Capitals

100 HAS – P3000/HAS = A

100-200 – A + P2300/HAS = B

over-200 – B + P2000/HAS = C

Type II Subdivision Planning (Rural) other


localities

100 HAS – P2000/HAS = A

100-200 – A + P1500/HAS = B

over-200 – B + P1000/HAS = C
I-nterior Design Licensed IND 12 – 20% cost of work
L-andscape Landscape 10 – 15% cost of work
Design Architect
A-coustic, Engineer ECE 10 – 15% cost of work
Communication
and Electronic
Engineering
Services
C-omprehensive Must be an EnP a. Same w/ Physical Planning
Planning b. MDPE
1. Physical
Component

2. Economic
Planning

3. Socio-Cultural

4. Transport

5. Legal &
Administrative

Civil works (preparation of detailed engineering drawings and


specifications, roads, drainage, sewerage, power and communication)
– 4% cost of the development

STANDARDS OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE

UAP DOC 204 Construction Services

“FC”
1. F-ull Time Supervision – Team or Individual, Quality Control,
Evaluation, Records – Basic Salary if Architect 1- 1.5%

2. C-onstruction Management – CM - Team or Individual, Time and


Cost Control, Coordination and Supervision – 1.5 – 3% of
Construction Cost

3*. P-roject Management – PM – 2 – 5% (Refer to UAP Doc 206


Comprehensive Architectural Services)

Before During After


Construction
Present
CM
PM Present – Present Present –
Identifies, Advertising,
accredits, Promotional
recommends Services, Building
potential Administrator
contractors &
suppliers

UAP Doc 205 Post-Construction Services (Maintenance and Administration)

1. BE – Building and Equipment Maintenance

If the building is Safe and habitable – will issue – Certificate of


Occupancy

Good working condition and properly maintained


2. BG – Building & Grounds Administration

a. Billing of Tenants
b. Security and Janitorial Services (Monitoring)
c. Local Ordinances

Method of Compensation (BG)

a. Fixed Salary Basis – monthly


b. Percentage of Gross Rentals – 4-6%

UAP 206 Comprehensive Architectural Services (Scope from UAP Doc 201 to 205)

The Project Manager – PM – 2 - 5% of Estimated Project Cost,


Combination Methods if performs in regular Architectural Services
for the same project – will compensate separately.

Basic Functions

a. Operates as a member of Owner-Architect-Engineer-Contractor

b. Contractor – men and equipment, project delivery as per contract,


Owner – funds are available to complete project w/in budget
estimates

c. Plan, Program, Monitor activities, Adviser of material cost and


Construction methods, Exercise Overall cost control.

Detailed Functions

a. Pre-Construction Phase
b. Construction Phase

UAP 207 Design-Build Services

Method of Project Delivery

1. DBA Design-Build Services by Administration - 7% of Proj.


Const. Cost

Proj. Const. Cost. in addition to Architects fee for Regular Design


Services (UAP 202) 10% (if residential proj.) + 7% = 17%

2. DBGMC Design Build by Guaranteed Maximum Cost

a. Lump Sum

b. If the cost is exceeded by not more than 10% it is divided = bet.


Architect and Client. However if the excess is more than 10%
the Architect pays for all extra cost of the 10%

UAP Doc 208 Selection of the Architect & Methods of Compensation

1. Direct Selection

2. Indirect

a. Referral from satisfied client


b. Recommendation form another Architect
c. Comparative Selection
3. Design Competition

Methods of Compensations (Refer to UAP Doc 201 Pre-Design


Services)

UAP Doc 301 General Conditions of a Contract

1. Establishes the relationship bet:

a. Architect and Client


b. Contractor and Client
c. Architect and Contractor

2. Establishes the norms of conduct

a. must have an Architect


b. must have an Engineer
c. its “Conditions”

3. Current Standards of the Practice whether in DESIGN and


CONSTRUCTION

Section 1 – Definition of Documents (Glossary of Terms)

Section 2 – Laws Regulation

a. Site Conditions

b. Permits

c. Taxes

d. Royalties
e. Patents

f. Surveys

Section 3 – Equipment Materials “Quality and Quantity”

Section 4 – Premises Temporary Facilities

“TEMPACIL”*

a. Office – bedroom for Architect

b. Quarters – for staying workers

c. Warehouse – storage

d. Accessway – road ways, bridge, hoist (elevator)

e. Enclosure

f. Signage

g. Trial usage

*contractors expense

Section 5 – Protection

a. Property (work area)

b. Adjacent Property and Existing Utilities

c. Life, work, and Property during emergencies

Section 6 – Labor, Work, and Payments


Labor – characteristics/quality

No. /quality, no. of workers signed by YOU

Work – duration and deadlines; if delay P20,000 per day. Liquidated


Damages = 0.01 of the Contract Sum “by the government”

Payments

Contractor

1. Progressive Billing – partial % of Completion

2. Request for inspection

Architect will issue (if accept)

a. Certificate of Acceptance <

b. Certificate of Payment – Owner for payment – pay or not pay

c. If 65% completion – the contractor will issue of non-financial


obligation (certificate)

Section 7 Relationship bet. Architect and Sub-Contractor

5 copies of Drawings to:


a. Contractor

b. Owner

c. Office of the Building Official (OBO)

d. Fire Dept.

e. Site

Laws Affecting Real Estate Housing,


General Design, Construction, etc.
1. PD 1096 – The National Building Code

2. PD 1185 – The Fire Code of the Philippines – Enforced by PNP Gen.


Hermohenes Ebdane

3. PD 957 – The Condominium & Subdivision Buyers Protective Law

4. BP 220 – Socialized Housing Law

5. BP 344 – Law Enhancing the Mobility of the Disabled (Accessibility


Law)

Laws that regulate the Practice of


Architecture
1. RA 545/RA9266 – the Architecture Law

2. EO 164 – Regulating the Hiring of Foreign Consultants

3. PD 49 – Intellectual Property Law

4. PD 223 - PRC Law


5. LOI 1000 – Letter of Instructions, mandating government support
only to APO (Accredited Professional Organization) See print out of
PRC

6. RA 9283 – Copyright Law

PD – Presidential Decree

BP – Batas Pambansa

EO - Executive Order

LOI – Letter of Instruction

RA – Republic Act

Additional Terms:

1. According to RA9266 – all projects either big or small must have


a contract. LAWYER – NOTARY – REGISTER OF CONTRACT

2. Contractor – pays for the Building Permit (cannot be


reimbursed, not included in Estimates)

3. Architect cannot be a Contractor at the same time.

4. Contractor is profit motivated; Builder is completion motivated;


Contractor holds the money; Builder doesn’t hold the money. 15
days can a contractor, atter giving due notice to the
owner/architect suspend work or terminate a contract.
Responsible for the payment of insurance for personal injury
and to property; Responsible for the As-Built Plans of the
Project

5. 2% per annum – Interest (if money is not fully collected)

6. TOR – Terms of Reference


7. Building Permit – validity 120 days, valid 12 months if
constructed has not commenced; exception government structure;
excepted if P15,000 proj. cost

8. Notary – to legalize document with series no., document no.,


etc.

9. Arbitration – can file a case after 30 days

10. Specifications – are printed documents stipulating the


procedural aspects of the contract

11. Variance – is the minimum possible deviation from standards


which is permitted to make a highly beneficial housing project.

12. Project duration is computed immediately from the receipt date


of the NTP

13. Design of any religious structures is assessed professional


fees

14. Competitive bidding is mandatory for public work projects

15. 7 Days – affectivity of a Construction contract from receipt of


Notice of Final Payment

16. Civil Code – liability of Architect for Regular Design of


structures – 15 years

17. PERT – Prog. Evaluation Review Technique

18. CPM – Critical Path Method