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JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.

Project: Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Shafik 9-Jun-18

Ref. CALCULATION Output


Sediment Basin Designed to:

1.) Overland flow time of concentration

Length of overland flow = 70 m

Average surface slope = 2 %

Design Chart For bare soil surface


14.1 Time of Travel Over Surface t0 = 10 min.

Average velocity in open drain, assume v = 3m/s td = 1 min

Time Concerntration tc = to + td tc = 11 min

2.) Sizing of sediment basin


Table 39.4 The soil type is categorised as type C

Catchment area of development = 1.745 ha

Table 39.5 Required surface area = 325 m2/ha


= 567 m2

Table 39.5 Required total volume = 390 m2/ha


= 681 m2

2a.) Settling Zone:

The required volume for settling zone, V1 = 340.5 m3

Settling zone depth y1 = 0.6 m

Try a settling zone average width, W1 = 13 m

Required settling zone average length, L1 = 44 m

Average surface area = 572 m2


> 567 m2
O.K

Check settling zone dimensions:


L1/y1 = 73.3
< 200; O.K!

L1/W1 = 3.38
>2; O.K!
JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.2

Project: Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design Shafik

Ref. CALCULATION Output

2b.) Sediment Storage Zone:

Required sediment storage zone volume, V2 = 340.5 m3

For a side slope Z = 2.0(H):1(V), the dimensions at the top of sediment


zone,
W2 = 11.8 m

L2 = 42.8 m

V2 = Z2y23 - Zy22(W2 + L2) + y2(W2 L2)

Try a depth for sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.9 m


> 0.3 m

V2 = 369 m3
> 340.5 m3
O.K!

2c.) Overall Basin Dimensions:

At top water level: WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 = 14.2 m

LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 = 45.2 m

Base: WB = W1 + 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) = 8.2 m

LB = L1 + 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) = 39.2 m

Depth: Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

Sediment Storage Zone, y2 = 0.9 m

Side Slope Z = 2.0(H):1(V)


JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.3

Project: Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design - A Shafik

Ref. CALCULATION Output

3.) Sizing of Outlet Pipe

Outlet riser: Diameter of perforated M.S. pipe 600 mm

Average surface area of basin, Aav = 482 m2

Orifice area = 2Aavy1/2/(tCd(2g)1/2) = Atotal = 0.005 m2

Using orifice size, Do = 20 mm

The area of each orifice is Ao = 0.000314 m2

Total number of orifices required, Atotal/Ao = 16 no.

At height increments of 250mm c/c, starting at the bottom of the pipe, put 4 rows

For horizontal , number per row 4 no.

Spaced horitzontally at 471 mm c/c

4.) Sizing of Emergency Spillway

Assume: 1) riser pipe flow is orifice flow through the top of the pipe only
2) riser pipe head (H0) is 300mm
Qspillway = Q10 - Qriser

Eqn. 14.7 Q10 = C 10I10 A/ 360 10


I60 = 83.88 mm/h
10
I30 = 130.35 mm/h
Eqn. 13.2 For a 10 minute duration, F = 1.28

Eqn. 13.3 & Therefore,


10
I10 = 247 mm/hr
Eqn. 13.4

Chart 14.3 Category 4, C = 0.9


Eqn. 14.7 Q10 = 1.079 m3/s

Eqn. 20.2 Qriser = C0Ao(2gHo)1/2 ; assume Co = 0.60 Qriser = 0.412 m3/s

Therefore, required Qspillway = 0.668 m3/s


JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.4

Project: Bkt. Mahkota Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design Lokman

Ref. CALCULATION Output

Eqn. 20.2 Qspillway = CspBHp1.5

Trial dimensions: base width, B = 1.5 m


effective head, Hp = 0.6 m
Chart 20.2 Csp = 1.00

provided Qspillway = 0.697 m3/s


> 0.668
O.K!
JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.1

Project: Bukit Mahkota - Ph5 Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design - B S.Y.Ng 9-Jun-18

Ref. CALCULATION Output

Sediment Basin Designed to: Urban Stromwater Management Manual For


Malaysia (Manual Saliran Mesra Alam M'sia)

1.) Overland flow time of concentration

Length of overland flow = 500 m

Average surface slope = 10 %

Design Chart for Bare soil surface


14.1 Time of Travel Over Surface t0 = 16 min.

2.) Sizing of sediment basin

Table 39.4 The soil type is categorised as type C

Catchment area of development = 9.2 ha

Table 39.5 Required surface area = 283 m2/ha


= 2604 m2

Table 39.5 Required total volume = 340 m2/ha


= 3128 m2

2a.) Settling Zone:

The required volume for settling zone, V1 = 1564 m3

Settling zone depth y1 = 0.6 m

Try a settling zone average width, W1 = 34 m

Required settling zone average length, L1 = 77 m

Average surface area = 2618 m2


> 2604 m2
O.K

Check settling zone dimensions:


L1/y1 = 128.3
< 200; O.K!

L1/W1 = 2.26
>2; O.K!
JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.2

Project: Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design - B S.Y.Ng

Ref. CALCULATION Output

2b.) Sediment Storage Zone:

Required sediment storage zone volume, V2 = 1564 m3

For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V), the dimensions at the top of sediment


zone,
W2 = 32.8 m

L2 = 75.8 m

V2 = Z2y23 - Zy22(W2 + L2) + y2(W2 L2)

Try a depth for sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m


> 0.3 m

V2 = 1635 m3
> 1564 m3
O.K!

2c.) Overall Basin Dimensions:

At top water level: WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 = 35.2 m

LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 = 78.2 m

Base: WB = W1 + 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) = 30.0 m

LB = L1 + 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) = 73.0 m

Depth: Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

Sediment Storage Zone, y2 = 0.7 m

Side Slope Z = 2(H):1(V)


JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.3

Project: Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design - B

Ref. CALCULATION Output

3.) Sizing of Outlet Pipe

Outlet riser: Diameter of perforated M.S. pipe 1300 mm

Average surface area of basin, Aav = 2471 m2

Orifice area = 2Aavy1/2/(tCd(2g)1/2) = Atotal = 0.025 m2

Using orifice size, Do = 12 mm

The area of each orifice is Ao = 0.000113 m2

Total number of orifices required, Aav/Ao = 217 no.

At height increments of 200mm c/c, starting at the bottom of the pipe, put 6 rows

For horizontal , number per row 36 no.

Spaced horitzontally at 114 mm c/c

4.) Sizing of Emergency Spillway

Assume: 1) riser pipe flow is orifice flow through the top of the pipe only
2) riser pipe head (H0) is 300mm
Qspillway = Q10 - Qriser

Eqn. 14.7 Q10 = C 10I10 A/ 360

Eqn. 13.2 For a 10 minute duration,


10
I60 = 83.88 mm/h
10
I30 = 130.35 mm/h
Table 13.3 F = 1.28

Eqn. 13.3 & Therefore,


10
I10 = 247 mm/hr
Eqn. 13.4

Chart 14.3 Category 4, C = 0.78


Eqn. 14.7 Q10 = 4.931 m3/s

Eqn. 20.2 Qriser = C0Ao(2gHo)1/2 ; assume Co = 0.60 Qriser = 1.932 m3/s

Therefore, required Qspillway = 2.999 m3/s


JURUTERA PERUNDING TEGAP SDN. BHD. Sheet No.4

Project: Bkt. Mahkota Designed Date Checked Job. No.


Sediment Basin Design - B S.Y.Ng

Ref. CALCULATION Output

Eqn. 20.2 Qspillway = CspBHp1.5

Trial dimensions: base width, B = 1 m


effective head, H p
1.5
= 0.6 m
Chart 20.2 Csp = 1.57

provided Qspillway = 0.730 m3/s


< 2.999
Not O.K!