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Create Native Ethernet CCT

What are Ethernet types?

Ethernet Over PDH: by convert Ethernet frame IEEE 802.3 to G703 (E1 frame standard) Protocol and
send it.

In this case we assign group from E1 at one PDH-IME (PDH Inverse Multiplex Ethernet Frame) by use
NPU3 and ETU cards

Native Ethernet frame: we send Ethernet frame IEEE 802.3 on air but it support by MMU2D and
MMU2H with NPU 1C, 3C, 3B by use RL-IME (Radio Link Inverse Multiplex Ethernet)

Different between Ethernet over PDH and Native Ethernet:

Parameter Ethernet Over PDH Native Ethernet

Frame Size Support frame 2048 byte Support frame 9 Kbyte (Jumbo frame)
Mapping PDH-IME (n*E1) RL-IME framing and segment
Throughput 95 Mb/Sec per PDH-IME with ETU card The following maximum bit rate over
30 Mb/Sec for total PDH-IME with NPU3 card the radio hop is supported by MMU2

 406 Mbps in a 56 MHz

 812 Mbps in a 56 MHz
channel with XPIC and
Adaptive Modulation

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Latency end to end latency contribution between two Typical end to end latency
Ethernet ports on two nodes connected with contribution between two Ethernet
Ethernet over PDH mapping with 95 Mbps link ports on two nodes connected with
capacity is: Ethernet over packet Link with 135
Mbps link capacity is:
 0,2 ms for 64 Byte frame size
 0,6 ms for 2048 Byte frame size 0,15 ms for 64 Byte frame size
0,35 ms for 2048 Byte frame size
NPU3 has an average latency contribution of 1,5
ms for all frame sizes.

Ethernet frame Increased 6 % Increased 0.5 ,0.6 %


Today we use Native Ethernet and try arriving to IPRAN in next step

What is meaning VLAN?

VLAN (Virtual LAN) it means divided one physical Broadcast domain into sub logical domain

Broad cast domain: mean any frame send and has address FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF (MAC address) all PC
member inside this domain will received this frame

Any Switch is one physical Broadcast Domain

Advantages of VLAN:

1. Performance: increase performance by reduce members in one Broadcast domain (Reduce

Percentage of Broadcast traffic)
2. Formation and Virtual workstation : easy to assign any port at any VLAN according to it’s
requirements only change configuration and user change his place or port on another switch
inside LAN he still inside the same VLAN (not depend on physical port)
3. Security and reduce cost: more than one user at the same switch and no one can access other,
only users in the same VLAN can access, also it save cost because it achieve partial security with
no cost

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VLAN types determine according to classification of Memberships

VLAN Types

Layer 1 VLAN
layer 2 VLAN
Memberships according layer3 Memberships by
Memberships by MAC Higher layer VLAN
to Ports assign in VLAN IP subnet address
as used in TN

VLAN use IEEE 802.1Q as standard to define tag with Layer1 VLAN and Layer2 VLAN

2 bytes 2 bytes


User Priority CFI VID

TPID: tag Protocol identifier

TCI: tag Control Identifier

User Priority: 3 Bits, so we have 8 levels from QOS

CFI (Canonical format identifier): 1 Bit, that is compatibility bit between Ethernet and other network
structure such as Token Ring, Ethernet set Zero

VID (VLAN ID): 12 Bits so we can create 4096 VLANs but VLAN number 0, 1, 4096 reserved

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Due to existing VLAN tag (4 bytes) inside IEEE 802.3 Ethernet frame Old switches will discarded frame
because normal IEEE 802.3 frame 1518byte and when use 4 bytes frame will be 1522 bytes so, IEEE find
another standard for this frame IEEE 802.1ac with size 1522 bytes, and Cisco use another protocol to
support this frame called ISL (inter Switch Link)

And Switched that connected with FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface) use Protocol 802.10 to
identify that frame with Tag

Different between UNI and NNI Protocol that used with Switch ports inside TN Eriksson?

UNI (User Network Interface) and you assign this protocol for LAN because customer will access
internet from it but I-NNI (internal Network to network) this Protocol assign on RL-IME (Radio Link-
Inverse Multiplex Ethernet) between TN on MMU Radio (WAN Port), this protocol design to transfer
data and Voice and call on the same frame According to new network apply now in all world called ATM

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(Asynchronous Transfer Mode) that support by using SDH frame in this network, but general this photo
show part of this idea and small information in this technology

Creation Native Ethernet on Traffic Node

1. Assign Packet on Radio Link:

Right Click on MMU (that you need create packet for it) and choose configure Radio Link as shown in

Reduce number of E1 until achieve required packet as show in fig

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Number of E1 = 20 and Max Packet Link capacity 31 Mb/sec

2. Now create WAN:

Open NPU tree as show in fig.

Choose one RL-IME that not configured before, and press

right click on it and choose configure the following fig will

Assign packet here

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Inside Available Packet Links Box, we find all Radio Link Packet available

MMU Position Link capacity

Determine packet that you need assign it to RL-IME and move it to Assigned Packet Links

Now determine RL-IME types:

Single Mode: Single-link mode is used when only one Packet Link is assigned to an RL-IME

No inverse multiplexing of Native Ethernet is performed in Single-link mode and due to that, no extra
overhead is added. By default, RL-IMEs with only one Packet Link assigned are configured to run in
Single-link mode.

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Radio Bonding Mode: A technique for Ethernet that enables the use of multiple links to increase the Radio Link
capacity, provides protection for high priority traffic, and ensures low latency. Ethernet frames are segmented into
smaller parts, sent over parallel radio links, and reassembled at the other side of the hop, creating one link on layer 1.

At normal creation we use Single mode and select mark on notifications  then press save, Now
you have WAN

Second Step, Allow Virtual Switch embedded in TN use IEEE 802.1Q to support VLAN

Open Ethernet tree and right click on Ethernet Switch and choose Configure then General

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Choose Switch Mode: Customer Mode (802.1 Q) as shown in fig

3. Create LAN:

Open NPU tree and press right click on LAN 1/7/3 at TN 6P or TN 2P and LAN 1/11/6 with TN 20P and
choose configure then General

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Assign LAN Port on Virtual Ethernet Switch from part Connect to and Make Admin status UP
and Write Description as show in fig

Assign WAN port on Ethernet Switch, open Ethernet tree then WAN interface tree; if you
created RL-IME 1/7/100 before, you press right click on it and choose configure then General

Set Port from Connect to and write description

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Now you have two ports separated for WAN and LAN and you will connect them together by use

Open Ethernet tree then Ethernet Switch tree and press right click on LAN port (assume Switch
Port1) and choose Configure and choose Port Mode UNI as show in fig

Final Step: press right click on Ethernet Switch and Choose Configure then VLAN

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VLAN ID that used in Switch Port Assigned in Multicast address status,

Tagging same VLAN with HSPA use Filter

ID: The unique ID number for the VLAN.

Name: Specifies a defined name for the VLAN.

Learned MAC: Displays the number of learned MAC addresses for the VLAN
Unregistered Multicast — Specifies if multicast group-addressed frames for which there is no
more specific forwarding information are to be forwarded to all member ports of the VLAN or
not. Possible values are:

• Forward: Frames will be forwarded to all member ports of the VLAN.

• Filter: Frames till not be forwarded to all member ports of the VLAN. This is the
default value for the parameter.
Final Step, create WAN Port on TN at facing for MMU that you connected on it and assign it’s port
with Main WAN come from HUB in the same VLAN you created in site

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