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ME 422 Fluid Mechanics II (3 CH)

Pre-Requisite: ME321
Instructor: Dr. M.G. Bannikov
Office # G04 FME, GIK Institute, Ext. 2249
Email: bannikov@giki.edu.pk
Office Hours: 15:00 – 17:00

Course Introduction
The general objective is to provide students with a basic understanding of fluid element kinematics; differential forms of continuity and
equations of motion; Euler’s and Navier-Stokes equations and their methods of solutions; flow over immersed bodies, boundary layer,
drag and lift; introduction to Gas Dynamics; one-dimensional isentropic flow of gases; introduction to turbomachinery; basic energy and
angular momentum considerations; affinity laws of pumps and turbines; wind turbines.
Course Contents
1. Differential analysis of fluid flow:
Fluid element Kinematics. Conservation of Mass. Conservation of Linear Momentum. Inviscid Flow. Some Basic Plane
Potential Flows. Superposition of Basic, Plane Potential Flows. Viscous Flow. Some Simple Solutions for Viscous
Incompressible Fluids.
2. Flow over immersed bodies:
General External Flow Characteristics. Boundary Layer Characteristics. Drag. Lift.
3. Compressible flow:
Ideal Gas Relationships. Mach Number and Speed of Sound. Categories of Compressible Flow. Isentropic Flow of an Ideal
Gas. Nonisentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas.
4. Turbomachinery:
Introduction. Basic Energy Considerations. Basic Angular Momentum Considerations. The Centrifugal Pump. Dimensionless
Parameters and Similarity Laws. Axial-Flow and Mixed-Flow Pumps. Fans. Turbines.
Mapping of CLOs and PLOs
Sr. No Course Learning Outcomes PLOs Blooms Taxonomy
Be able to understand Fluid Mechanics concepts necessary for the
CLO_1 PLO1 C 2 (understanding)
analysis of fluid flow systems.

Be able to apply the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics to solve the


CLO_2 PLO1 C 3 (applying)
fluid flow problems.
Be able to analyze the physical fluid-flow system, produce a
CLO_3 mathematical model, solve the problem and analyze solution at PLO2 C 4 (analyzing)
basic level.
Course is evaluated at a level of C4 (analyzing)
CLO Assessment Mechanism
Assessment tools CLO_1 CLO_2 CLO_3
Quizzes 15% 15% 15%
Assignments 15% 15% 15%
Midterm Exam 25% 25% 25%
Final Exam 45% 45% 45%
Overall Grading Policy
Assessment Items Percentage
Announced Quizzes 15%
Assignments 15%
Midterm Exam 25%
Final Exam 45%
Text and Reference Books
Text books:
 Bruce R. Munson, Theodore H. Okiishi, Wade W. Huebsch, Alric P. Rothmayer. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 7th edition,
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2013)

Reference books:
 Frank M. White. Fluid Mechanics, 4th edition, McGraw-Hill

Administrative Instruction
 According to institute policy, 80% attendance is mandatory to appear in the final examination.
 Assignment sessions and quizzes will be scheduled on Wednesday from 12:30 to 13:3 weekly in FME examination hall.
 There will be no retake quizzes and assignment sessions.
 Attendance will be checked within 5 min from start of lecture, and then door will be locked.
 For queries, kindly follow the office hours in order to avoid any inconvenience.

Computer Usage
 Students are encouraged to solve some assigned homework problems using the available engineering software

Lecture Breakdown
Lecture No Content
1 Course Introduction
2 Fluid Mechanics I review
3 Fluid Mechanics I review
4 Differential analysis of fluid flow. Fluid element kinematics
5 Conservation of mass
6 Conservation of linear momentum
7 Inviscid flow
8 Some basic potential flows. Uniform flow, source and sink
9 Vortex. Doublet
10 Superposition of basic potential flows. Half body
11 Rankine ovals. Flow over circular cylinder
12 Viscous flow. Navier-Stokes equation. Flow between fixed parallel plates
13 Couette flow
14 Steady, laminar flow in circular tubes. Flow in annulus
15 Flow over immersed bodies. General flow characteristics
16 Boundary layer characteristics
17 Prandtl/Blasius solution
18 Momentum integral boudary layer equation
19 Turbulent boundary layer flow
20 Effects of pressure gradient
21 Drag. Friction drag
22 Pressure drag
23 Drag coefficient data and examples
24 Lift
25 Compressible flow. Ideal gas relationships
26 Mach number and speed of sound
27 Categories of Compressible Flow
28 Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas. Effect of variations in flow cross-sectional area
29 Converging-diverging duct flow
30 Converging-diverging duct flow cntd.
31 Nonisentropic flow of ideal gas. Fanno flow
32 Rayleigh flow
33 Normal shock waves
34 Turbomacnines. Basic energy consideration
35 Basic angular momentum consideration
36 Centrifugal pumps. Theoretical considerations
37 Pump performance charateristics
38 System characteristics and pump selection
39 Dimensional parameters and similarity laws
40 Impulse turbines
41 Reactive turbines
42 Compressible flow turbomachines. Compressors
43 Compressible flow turbines
44 Wind mills
45 Course review