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You are on page 1of 16

Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

* 4 8 3 5 7 2 7 6 4 1 *

PHYSICS 9702/22

Paper 2 AS Structured Questions May/June 2013

1 hour

Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

No Additional Materials are required.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.

You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use

appropriate units. For Examiner’s Use

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

1

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part

question.

2

Total

DC (LEO/CGW) 57982/4

© UCLES 2013 [Turn over

2

Data

1

( = 8.99 × 10 9 m F–1 )

4πε0

elementary charge, e = 1.60 × 10 –19 C

3

Formulae

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

Gm

gravitational potential, φ =–

r

hydrostatic pressure, p = ρgh

Nm 2

pressure of an ideal gas, p = V

<c >

v = ± ω √⎯(x⎯ 0⎯ 2 ⎯ –⎯ x⎯ ⎯ 2⎯ )

Q

electric potential, V =

4πε0r

capacitors in series, 1/C = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel, C = C1 + C2 + . . .

resistors in series, R = R1 + R2 + . . .

0.693

decay constant, λ =

t

4

Examiner’s

1 (a) Determine the SI base units of power. Use

(b) Fig. 1.1 shows a turbine that is used to generate electrical power from the wind.

L

wind turbine

speed v

Fig. 1.1

P = CL2ρv 3

ρ is the density of air,

v is the wind speed,

C is a constant.

[3]

5

(ii) The length L of each blade of the turbine is 25.0 m and the density ρ of air is 1.30 in For

SI units. The constant C is 0.931. Examiner’s

The efficiency of the turbine is 55% and the electric power output P is 3.50 × 105 W. Use

(iii) Suggest two reasons why the electrical power output of the turbine is less than the

power available from the wind.

1. ...............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................

2. ...............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................

[2]

6

Examiner’s

..................................................................................................................................... [1] Use

(b) A resultant force F acts on an object of mass 2.4 kg. The variation with time t of F is

shown in Fig. 2.1.

10.0

8.0

F/N

6.0

4.0

2.0

0

0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0

t /s

Fig. 2.1

7

(i) On Fig. 2.2, show quantitatively the variation with t of the acceleration a of the For

object. Include appropriate values on the y-axis. Examiner’s

Use

a / m s–2

0

0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0

t /s

Fig. 2.2

[4]

(ii) On Fig. 2.3, show quantitatively the variation with t of the momentum p of the object.

Include appropriate values on the y-axis.

p/Ns

0

0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0

t /s

Fig. 2.3

[5]

© UCLES 2013 9702/22/M/J/13 [Turn over

8

Examiner’s

.......................................................................................................................................... Use

...................................................................................................................................... [2]

(b) A uniform rod AB is attached to a vertical wall at A. The rod is held horizontally by a

string attached at B and to point C, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

string

T

wall

1.2 m

50°

A B

O

8.5 N mass M

Fig. 3.1

The angle between the rod and the string at B is 50°. The rod has length 1.2 m and

weight 8.5 N. An object O of mass M is hung from the rod at B. The tension T in the

string is 30 N.

..................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................. [1]

9

(iii) Use the principle of moments and take moments about A to show that the weight of For

the object O is 19 N. Examiner’s

Use

[3]

M = ............................................ kg [1]

(c) Use the concept of equilibrium to explain why a force must act on the rod at A.

..........................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... [2]

10

BLANK PAGE

11

4 (a) Describe apparatus that demonstrates Brownian motion. Include a diagram. For

Examiner’s

Use

..........................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... [2]

(c) State and explain two conclusions about the properties of molecules of a gas that follow

from the observations in (b).

1. ......................................................................................................................................

2. ......................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

[2]

12

5 Fig. 5.1 shows a string stretched between two fixed points P and Q. For

Examiner’s

Use

string

P Q

vibrator wall

Fig. 5.1

A vibrator is attached near end P of the string. End Q is fixed to a wall. The vibrator has a

frequency of 50 Hz and causes a transverse wave to travel along the string at a speed of

40 m s–1.

(a) (i) Calculate the wavelength of the transverse wave on the string.

(ii) Explain how this arrangement may produce a stationary wave on the string.

..................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................. [2]

(b) The stationary wave produced on PQ at one instant of time t is shown on Fig. 5.2.

Each point on the string is at its maximum displacement.

P Q

(i) On Fig. 5.2, label all the nodes with the letter N and all the antinodes with the

letter A. [2]

13

(ii) Use your answer in (a)(i) to calculate the length of string PQ. For

Examiner’s

Use

(iii) On Fig. 5.2, draw the stationary wave at time (t + 5.0 ms). Explain your answer.

.............................................................................................................................. [3]

14

Examiner’s

...................................................................................................................................... [1] Use

(b) A heater is made from a wire of resistance 18.0 Ω and is connected to a power supply of

240 V. The heater is switched on for 2.60 Ms.

Calculate

(iv) the number of electrons per second passing a given point in the heater.

15

7 A polonium nucleus 210 84Po is radioactive and decays with the emission of an α-particle. The For

nuclear reaction for this decay is given by Examiner’s

Use

210 W Y

84Po XQ + Z α.

X ...............

Y ...............

Z ...............

[2]

.............................................................................................................................. [2]

...................................................................................................................................... [1]

16

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every

reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the

publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

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