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!MBina!Construction!Sdn!

Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&:&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Excavation
1 Excavator!with!operator!and!fuel RM13,000.00!/!26!days
2 Total!cycle!of!excavator!for!reduced!level!and!trench 17!secs/m3
3 Total!cycle!of!excavator!for!pit 24!secs/m3

Removal&of&surplus
5 8!wheelsYlorry!rental!(Including!driver!and!petrol) RM400!/!day!(8hrs)
6 8!wheelsYlorry!capacity 14m3
7 Unloading!time!according!to!lorry's!specification 15mins!/!m3
8 Return!trip 30!mins

Concrete
Material!cost:
1 Ready!mix!concrete!Grade!15! RM!168/!m3
2 Ready!mix!concrete!Grade!25! RM!190/!m3
3 Ready!mix!concrete!Grade!25! RM!199/!m3

Labour&cost&:&
Labour!cost!:!
1 Additional!labour!for!spreading!and!level: 0.60hr/m3!@!RM3.50/hr
2 Additional!labour!working!around!reinforcement: 0.55hr/m3!@!RM3.50/hr
3 Cost!of!vibrator RM!6.30/!1.50m3

Formwork
1 4'!x!8'!x!12mm!@!RM!36.50/!pc RM!36.50/pc
2 Cutting!waste! 15%
3 0.03m3!of!struts!per!m2!for!
sides!of!pad!footing!/!column!stump!/!ground!beam RM!400.00/!m3
4 Allow!4!uses!for!timber!formwork
5 Waste!on!each!use! 10%
6 Nails,!bolts!and!mould!oil! RM!1.50!per!m2
7 4!joiners!and!8!labourers!take!4!hours! Joiners!@!RM!10.63/!hr
to!erect!and!fixing!ALL!formwork Labourer!@!RM!7.50/!hr

Hardcore
1 Hardcore RM!50/!m3
2 Excavator!with!operator!and!fuel RM13,000.00!/!26!days
3 Rate!of!excavator!to!spread!and!level 0.05hr/!m3
4 Unskilled!labour!for!roller! RM!55/!day!(8hrs)
5 Allow!10%!for!compaction

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_WBLFL
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

Reinforcement&Bar
Material!cost:
Mild!steel!reinforcement!bar:
1 10mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site! RM!2,730.00/!tonne

High!tensile!reinforcement!bar:
2 12mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site,!1m@!0.89kg! RM!2,750.00/!tonne
3 16mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site,!1m@!1.58kg! RM!2,600.00/!tonne
4 Allow!for!labour!stacking!&!loading! RM!5.00/!tonne
5 Allow!0.66kg!tie!wire!for!each!100kg!of!reinforcement!bar RM!4.50/kg
6 Allow!spacers!@!RM!4.00/!tonne!of!rebar
7 Allow!wastage! 7%
8 Allow!for!rolling!margin! RM!22.00/!tonne

Labour!cost:
1 Team!Y!1!skilled!labourer!and!1!unskilled!labourer! Skilled!labour@!RM82!/day
Unskilled!labour@!RM55!/day
2 Time!analysis!for!100kg!of!reinforcement!bar!
Select 28!mins
Cut 32!mins
Bend 35!mins
Fix 23!mins!
Hoist!twice 7!mins
3 Allow!idling!time! 10%

Fabric&Reinforcement&
Material!cost:
1 A6:!2.61kg/m2!wire!mesh!delivered!to!site RM!75.24!per!pc
(2.20m!x!6.0m)
2 A8:!3.01kg/m2!wire!mesh!delivered!to!site RM!352.44!per!pc
(2.20m!x!6.0m)
3 Allow!spacers,!tie!wire!and!lapping 5%
4 Allow!wastage 5%

Labour!cost:
1 Team!Y!1!skilled!labourer!and!1!unskilled!labourer! Skilled!labour@!RM82!/day
Unskilled!labour@!RM55!/day
2 Unrolling!and!place!over!regular!area 0.25hr!/!100sf
3 Allow!idling!time! 10%
4 Allow!10%!for!profit!and!overhead

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_WBLFL
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)1/A&:&EXCAVATE&TO&REDUCED&LEVEL&

Part&1&:&Excavation
(1) Material&quantity&for&reduced&level = 10m3

(2) &Time&Required
(Total'cycle'of'excavator'is'17'seconds'per'cubic'meter.'Refer'to'Appendix)
Excavation&<1.50m&deep = 10m3&x&(17/60)&hrs/m3
TOTAL = 10m3&x&0.28&hr/m3 2.8 hrs

(3) Labour&and&Plant&Cost
(Combined'cost'as'quotation'given'by'contractor.'Refer'to'Appendix)
Hourly&rate&for&labour&and&plant = RM13,000.00&/&26&days
= RM500.00 per&day
= RM500/8hr RM62.50 /hr

Hourly&required&x&rate = 2.8hr&x&RM62.50& RM175.00

(4) Total&cost&excavation&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM175.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM175.00&x&1.1 RM192.50

Part&2&:&Removal&of&surplus
(No'bulking'factor.'Assuming'site'is'ordinary'soil'and'sand.)

(1) Material&quantity&to&cart&away = 10m3

(2) &No.&of&trips = 1&trip

Time&required&(Loading'time'is'factor'into'excavator)
(Return&trip&+&Unloading&time)&x&Idle&Factor = (30&+&15)&x&1.15mins 51.75 mins

(3) Estimate&cost&(Incl.'driver'and'diesel)
RM400&per&day&(8&hrs) = (RM400/(8&x&60))&x&51.75 RM43.13

(4) Total&cost&of&removing&surplus&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM43.13
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM43.13&x&1.1 RM47.44

Summary
(1) Total&cost&
Excavation&and&removal&of&surplus = RM192.50&+&RM47.44 RM239.94

(2) Unit&rate&(RM/m3)
Total&cost&/&total&qty = RM239.94&/&10m3 RM23.99 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)1/B&:&EXCAVATE&PITS&

Part&1&:&Excavation
(1) Material&quantity&for&reduced&level = 4m3

(2) &Time&Required
(Total'cycle'of'excavator'is'24'seconds'per'cubic'meter.
Longer'time'accounted'for'excavating'pit.'Refer'to'Appendix)

Excavation&<3m&deep = 4m3&x&(24/60)&hrs/m3 1.6 &hrs

(3) Labour&and&Plant&Cost
(Combined'cost'as'quotation'given'by'contractor.'Refer'to'Appendix)
Hourly&rate&for&labour&and&plant = RM13,000.00&/&26&days RM500.00 /day
= RM500/8hr RM62.50 /hr

Hourly&required&x&rate = 1.6hr&x&RM62.50& RM100.00

(4) Total&cost&excavation&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM100.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM100.00&x&1.1 RM110.00

Part&2&:&Removal&of&surplus&
(No'bulking'factor.'Assuming'site'is'ordinary'soil'and'sand.)

(1) Material&quantity&to&cart&away = 4m3

(2) &No.&of&trips = 1&trip


(Truck'capacity'is'14m3'hence'only'account'for'one'trip'for'both'removal)
10m3'(Reduced'level's'removal)'+'4m3'(Pits''removal)'='14m3'

Time&required&
(Loading'time'is'factor'into'excavator,'no'need'to'account'for'return'trip)
Unloading&time&x&Idle&Factor = 15&x&1.15 17.25 mins

(3) Estimate&cost
RM400&rental&per&day&(8&hrs) = (RM400&/&(8&x&60))&x&17.25 RM14.38
(Incl.'driver'and'diesel)

(4) Total&cost&of&removing&surplus&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM14.38
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM14.38&x&1.1 RM15.82

Summary
(1) Total&cost&
Excavation&and&removal&of&surplus = RM110.00+&RM14.38 RM124.38

(2) Unit&rate&(RM/m3)
Total&cost&/&total&qty = RM124.38&/&4m3 RM31.10 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)1/C&:&EXCAVATE&TRENCH

Part&1&:&Excavation
(1)& Material&quantity&for&reduced&level = 9m3

(2)& &Time&Required
(Total'cycle'of'excavator'is'17'seconds'per'cubic'meter.
Excavation&<1.5m&deep = 9m3&x&(17/60)&hrs/m3
TOTAL = 9m3&x&0.28 2.5 &hrs

(3)& Labour&and&Plant&Cost
(Combined'cost'as'quotation'given'by'contractor.'Refer'to'Appendix)
Hourly&rate&for&labour&and&plant = RM13,000.00&/&26&days RM500.00 /day
= RM500/8hr RM62.50 /hr

Hourly&required&x&rate = 2.5hr&x&RM62.50& RM156.25

(4)& Total&cost&excavation&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM156.25
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM156.25&x&1.1 RM171.88

Part&2&:&Removal&of&surplus
(1) Material&quantity&to&cart&away = 9m3

(2) &No.&of&trips = 1&trip

Time&required&(Loading'time'is'factor'into'excavator)
(Return&trip&+&Unloading&time)&x&Idle&Factor = (30&+&15)&x&1.15 51.75 mins

(3) Estimate&cost = (RM400&/&(8&x&60))&x&51.75


(Incl.'driver'and'diesel) = RM0.83&x&51.75 RM43.13

(4) Total&cost&of&removing&surplus&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost& = RM43.13
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM43.13&x&1.1 RM47.44

Summary
(5) Total&cost&
Excavation&and&removal&of&surplus = RM171.88&+&RM47.44 RM219.32

(5) &Unit&rate&(RM/m3)
Total&cost&/&total&qty = RM219.32&/&9m3
= RM24.37 RM24.40 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)/2/O&:&SAWN&FORMWORK&TO&SIDES&OF&PAD&FOOTING&
B4(1)/2/P&:&SAWN&FORMWORK&TO&SIDES&OF&COLUMN&STUMP
B4(1)/2/Q&:&SAWN&FORMWORK&TO&SIDES&OF&GROUND&BEAM

(1) Material&cost (RM)


1m2&of&12mm&sawn&formwork& = RM&36.50&/&(1.22&x&2.44) 12.25
4'&x&8'&x&12mm&@&RM&36.50/&pc
Allow&allowance&for&cutting&(15%) = RM&12.25&x&15% 1.84
For&sides&of&pad&footing&0.03m3&of&struts&required
= RM&400.00/&m3&x&0.03m3 12
Cost&of&timber& RM26.09

Allowing&4&uses&cost&per&use& = RM26.09/&4& RM6.52


Allow&waste&on&each&use&(10%) = RM6.52&x&10% RM0.65
Nails,&bolts&and&mould&oil&@&RM&1.50/&m2 = RM1.50 1.5
Cost&of&reuse&formwork RM8.67

(2) Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&carpenter&(joiner)&@&RM&78/day = 78/8 9.75
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/8 6.88

4&joiners&assisted&by&8&labourers&required&4&hours&to&erect&and&dismantle&all&formwork&to&the&frame&
All&formworks& = (5+14+7)&m2 26
4&hours&are&required&to&fix&and&dismantle&26.00m2&formwork&
Therefore&1&m2&requires&0.15&hr = 4&hr&/&26.00&m2 0.15&hr

4&joiners,&4&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&10.50/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&9.75&x&4 RM5.85


8&labourers,&8&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&7.50/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&6.88&x&8 RM8.26
Total&labour RM14.11

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Material&+&Labour = RM8.67&+&RM14.11 RM22.78
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM&22.78&x&10% RM2.28
RM25.06

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/m2) = RM25.10

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)/1/G&:&Hardcore

(1) Material&cost = RM&50&/m3&


10%&Compaction& = RM50&x&1.1 RM55.00 /m3

(2)& Plant&Cost&(with&Operator)
Hourly&rate&for&plant&with&operator = RM13,000.00&/&26&days RM500.00 /day
= RM500/8hr RM62.50 /hr

Hourly&required&x&rate = Hour&x&Rate
Unloading&and&spread&hardcore&at&0.05hr/m3 = 0.05hr/m3&x&RM62.50& RM3.13 /m3
(Refer'to'Appendix)

(3)& Unskilled&labour
Hourly&rate&for&labour = RM55.00&/&8&hr RM6.88 /hr
Spreading&with&roller&at&0.10&hr/m3& = 0.10&hr/m3&x&RM6.88 RM0.69 /m3

(4)& Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Material&+&Plant+&Labour = RM&(55&+&3.13&+&0.69) RM58.82
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM64.70 /m3

(5)& Convert&cost&in&m3&to&m2
Area&for&1m3 = RM64.70&/m3&x&0.15&m RM9.71 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/5
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)/1/D&:&Reinforced&concrete&work&Grade&15

Concrete&Grade&15&
(1) Material&cost
1m3&of&ready&mix&concrete&Grade&15 = RM168.00 /m3

(2) Place&*&Labour&and&vibrator&
Additional&labour&spreading&and&level = 0.60&x&RM&3.50 RM2.10 /m3
Cost&of&vibrator&per&m3&=&RM&6.30/1.50 = RM&6.30/&1.50 RM4.20 /m3
Total&labour&cost RM8.23 /m3

(3) Total&cost&(RM&/&m3)
Material&+&Labour = RM168.30&+&RM8.23 RM176.53 /m3

Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM&176.53&x&1.1 RM194.18 /m3

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
(Convert'cost'per'm3'to'm2) = RM&194.18&x&0.05 RM9.71 /m2

B4(1)/1/J&:&Reinforced&concrete&work&Grade&25

Concrete&Grade&25&
(1) Material&Cost
1m3&of&ready&mix&concrete&Grade&25 = RM190.00 /m3

(2) Place&*&Labour&and&vibrator&
Additional&labour&spreading&and&level = 0.60&x&RM&3.50 RM2.10 /m3
Additional&labour&working&around&rebar& = 0.55&x&RM&3.50 RM1.93
Cost&of&vibrator&per&m3&=&RM&6.30/1.50 = RM&6.30/&1.50 RM4.20 /m3
Total&labour&cost RM8.23 /m3

(3) Total&cost&(RM&/&m3)
Material&+&Labour = RM190.00&+&RM8.23 RM198.23 /m3

Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM&198.23&x&1.1 RM218.05 /m3

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/m3) = RM218.05 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/6
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(1)/2/A&:&Reinforced&concrete&work&Grade&30

Concrete&Grade&30
(1) Material&cost
1m3&of&ready&mix&concrete&Grade&30 = RM199.00 /m3

(2) Place&*&Labour&and&vibrator&
Additional&labour&spreading&and&level = 0.60&x&RM&3.50 RM2.10 /m3
Cost&of&vibrator&per&m3&=&RM&6.30/1.50 = RM&6.30/&1.50 RM4.20 /m3
Total&labour&cost RM8.23 /m3

(3) Total&cost&(RM&/&m3)
Material&+&Labour = RM199&+&RM8.23 RM207.23 /m3
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM&207.23&x&1.1 RM227.95 /m3

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
(Convert'cost'per'm3'to'm2) = RM227.95&x0.125&thk RM28.49 /m2

B4(1)/2/B&:&Reinforced&concrete&work&Grade&30

Step'1O3'as'above,'only'differs'in'unit'rate'due'to'thickness'of'bed

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
(Convert'cost'per'm3'to'm2) = RM227.95&x&0.175m&thk RM39.89 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/7
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)/2/G&*&L&:&&8MM&DIAMETER&HIGH&TENSILE&BAR&REINFORCEMENT

(1) Material&cost
8mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar& = RM&2,800/tonne 2,800.00 /tonne
delivered&to&site
add:labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,800&x&7% 196 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100kg&x1000kg&xRM4.50 29.7 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4 /tonne
RM3,056.70 /tonne
(2) Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82/&8 10.25 /hr
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/&8 6.88 /hr
Gross&total 17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
Cost&of&labour& RM18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
Cost&of&labour = 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100&kg
RM392.50 /tonne

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&rate&(RM/tonne)
Material&cost& = RM3,056.70 /tonne
Labour&cost
Concretor = RM392.50 /tonne
RM3,449.20 /tonne

Total&cost&(RM) = RM3,449.20 /tonne


Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM3,449.20&x&10% RM344.92
TOTAL&COST RM3,794.12 /tonne
Convert'the'rates'to'RM/kg = RM3,735.27/1000 RM3.79 /kg

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/kg)
Unit&rate& = RM3.80 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/8
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(1)/2/C&*&F&:&10MM/12MM&DIAMETER&MILD&STEEL&REINFORCEMENT

(1) Material&cost
10mm/12mm&diameter&mild&steel&rebar&delivered&to&site
= RM&2,750/tonne 2,750.00 /tonne
add:labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,750&x&7% 192.5 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100kg&x&1000kg&x&RM&4.50 29.7 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4 /tonne
RM3,003.20 /tonne
(2) Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82/&8 10.25 /hr
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/&8 6.88 /hr
Gross&total 17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
Cost&of&labour& RM18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
Cost&of&labour = 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100&kg
RM392.50 /tonne

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&rate&(RM/tonne)
Material&cost& = RM3,003.20 /tonne
Labour&cost
Concretor = RM392.50 /tonne
RM3,395.70 /tonne

Total&cost&(RM) = RM3,395.70 /tonne


Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM3,395.70&x&10% 339.57
TOTAL&COST RM3,735.27 /tonne
Convert'the'rates'to'RM/kg = RM3,735.27/1000 RM3.74 /kg

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/kg)
Unit&rate& = RM3.74 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/9
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(1)/2/G&*&L&:&&16MM&DIAMETER&HIGH&TENSILE&BAR&REINFORCEMENT

(1) MATERIAL&COST
16mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar&delivered&to&site
= RM&2,600/tonne 2,600.00 /tonne
add:labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,600&x&7% 182 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100kg&x&1000kg&x&RM&4.50 29.7 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4 /tonne
RM2,842.70 /tonne
(2) LABOUR&COST
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82/&8 10.25 /hr
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/&8 6.88 /hr
Gross&total 17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
Cost&of&labour& RM18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
Cost&of&labour = 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100&kg
RM392.50 /tonne

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&rate&(RM/tonne)
Material&cost& = RM2,842.70 /tonne
Labour&cost
Concretor = RM392.50 /tonne
RM3,235.20 /tonne

Total&cost&(RM) = RM3,235.20 /tonne


Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM3,235.20&x&10% 323.52
TOTAL&COST RM3,558.72 /tonne
Convert'the'rates'to'RM/kg = RM3,558.72/1000 RM3.56 /kg

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/kg)
Unit&rate& = RM3.56 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/10
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&1&*&WORK&BELOW&LOWEST&FLOOR&LEVEL

B4(1)/2/M&:&A6:&2.61kg/m2&to&125mm&SLAB

(1)&MATERIAL&COST
A6:&2.61kg/m2&wire&mesh&delivered&to&site = RM&75.24&per&piece&/&(2.20m&x&6.0m) 5.70 /m2
add:wastage&(5%) = RM&5.70&x&5% 0.285 /m2
allow&spacers,&tie&wire&and&lapping&(5%) = RM&5.70&x&5% 0.285 /m2
RM6.27 /m2
(2) LABOUR&COST

Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&skilled&labour&@&RM&82/day = 82/&8 10.25 /hr
1&general&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55/&8 6.88 /hr
Gross&total 17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
Cost&of&labour& RM18.84 /hr

Time&required&per&m2&(Fabric&reinforcement) = 0.25&hr&/&100&sqft
= 0.25&hr&/&9.3m2
= 0.03&hr&/&m2
Cost&of&labour&per&m2 = Hourly&labour&cost&x&rate
= RM18.84&x&0.03hr/m2 RM0.57 /m2

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead

Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity& = RM6.27&+&RM0.57 RM6.84
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM6.84&x&10% RM2.99
TOTAL&COST RM9.83 /m2

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/kg)
Unit&rate& = RM9.83 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/11
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(1)/2/N&:&A8:&3.01kg/m2&to&175mm&SLAB

(1)&MATERIAL&COST
A8:&3.01kg/m2&wire&mesh&delivered&to&site = RM&352.44&per&piece&/&(2.20m&x&6.0m) 26.70 /m2
add:wastage&(5%) = RM&26.70&x&5% 1.335 /m2
allow&spacers,&tie&wire&and&lapping&(5%) = RM&26.70&x&5% 1.335 /m2
RM29.37 /m2
(2) LABOUR&COST
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&skilled&labour&@&RM&82/day = 82/&8 10.25 /hr
1&general&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55/&8 6.88 /hr
Gross&total 17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71 /hr
Cost&of&labour& RM18.84 /hr

Time&required&per&m2&(Fabric&reinforcement) = 0.25&hr&/&100&sqft
= 0.25&hr&/&9.3m2
= 0.03&hr&/&m2
Cost&of&labour&per&m2 = Hourly&labour&cost&x&rate
= RM18.84&x&0.03hr/m2 RM0.57 /m2

(3) Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity& = RM29.37&+&RM0.57 RM29.94
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = RM29.94&x&10% RM2.99
TOTAL&COST RM32.93 /m2

(4) Unit&rate&(RM/kg)
Unit&rate& = RM32.93 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(1)/12
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&2:&FRAME

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Concrete
1 ReadyRmixed!concrete!Grade!25 RM!190/m3
2 ReadyRmixed!concrete!Grade!30 RM!200/m3
3 Additional!labour!for!placing!of!concrete!into!beam 0.60hr/m3!@!RM3.50/hr
4 Additional!labour!working!around!reinforcement 0.55hr/m3!@!RM3.50/hr
5 Cost!of!vibrator RM!6.30/!1.50m3

Formwork

1 Plywood!WBP!4'!x!8'!x!12mm!5!ply!(2nd!grade) RM!36.50/pc
2 Allow!for!cutting!waste! 15%
3 0.03m3!of!struts!per!m2!for!the!beams RM!400.00/!m3
4 Allow!4!uses!for!timber!formwork:
5 Waste!on!each!use! 10%
6 Nails,!bolts!and!mould!oil! RM!1.50!per!m2
7 4!joiners!and!8!labourers!take!9.5!hours!to!erect!and!fixing!BEAM! Joiners!@!RM!78/!day
4!joiners!and!8!labourers!to!take!4!hours!to!erect!and!fixing!COLUMN! Labourer!@!RM!55/day

Reinforcement&
Mild!steel!reinforcement!bar:
1 8mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site! RM!2,800.00/!tonne
2 10mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site! RM!2,750.00/!tonne
High!tensile!reinforcement!bar:
3 10mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site! RM!2,750.00/!tonne
4 12mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site RM!2,750.00/!tonne
5 16mm!diameter!bar!delivered!to!site RM!2,600.00/!tonne
6 Allow!for!labour!stacking!&!loading! RM!5.00/!tonne
7 Allow!0.66kg!tie!wire!for!each!100kg!of!reinforcement!bar RM!4.50/kg
8 Allow!spacers!@!RM!4.00/!tonne!of!rebar
9 Allow!waste 7%
10 Allow!for!rolling!margin! RM!22.00/!tonne

Labour!cost:
11 Team!R!1!skilled!labourer!(barbender)!and!1!unskilled!labourer!
1!skilled!labour RM82/!day
1!unskilled!labour RM55/!day
12 Allow!idling!time! 10%
13 Time!analysis!for!100kg!of!reinforcement!bar!
Select 28!mins
Cut 32!mins
Bend 35!mins
Fix 23!mins!
Hoist!twice 7!mins

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_Frame
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&2:&CONCRETE&WORK&CALCULATION

B4(2)/1/A:&Concrete&for&beam

(1)&Material&cost RM
Concrete&Gr.25
1m3&of&readyOmixed&concrete&Grade&25 190.00 /m3

(2)&Labour&cost
Place&I&Labour&and&vibrator&
Additional&labour&placing&into&frame& = 0.60&x&RM&3.50 2.10
Additional&labour&working&around&rebar& = 0.55&x&RM&3.50 1.93
Cost&of&vibrator&per&m3&@&RM&6.30/1.50 = RM&6.30/&1.50 4.20
8.23 /m3
(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m3)
Material&cost 190.00 /m3
Labour&cost 8.23 /m3
TOTAL&RATE 198.23 /m3

b.&Total&quantity&(m3) TOTAL&QUANTITY 6.00 m3

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 198.23&x&6 1,189.38
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 1,189.38&x&10% 118.94
TOTAL&COST 1,308.32

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m3)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 1,308.32/6 218.05 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/D:&8mm&diameter&mild&steel&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
8mm&diameter&mild&steel&
8mm&diameter&mild&steel&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,800/tonne 2,800.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,800&x&7% 196.00 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,056.70 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(8mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,056.70 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,449.20 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,449.20/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.45 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 73.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.45&x&73 251.85
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 251.85&x&10% 25.19
TOTAL&COST 277.04

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 277.04/73 3.80 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/E:&10mm&diameter&mild&steel&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
10mm&diameter&mild&steel&
10mm&diameter&mild&steel&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,750/tonne 2,750.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,750&x&7% 192.50 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,003.20 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,003.20 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,395.70 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,395.70/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.40 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 100.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.40&x&100 340.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 340.00&x&10% 34.00
TOTAL&COST 374.00

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 374.00/100 3.74 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/H:&10mm&diameter&high&tensile&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
10mm&diameter&high&tensile
10mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,750/tonne 2,750.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,750&x&7% 192.50 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,003.20 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,003.20 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,395.70 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,395.70/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.40 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 250.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.40&x&250 850.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 850.00&x&10% 85.00
TOTAL&COST 935.00

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 935.00/250 3.74 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/I:&12mm&diameter&high&tensile&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
12mm&diameter&high&tensile
12mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,750/tonne 2,750.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,750&x&7% 192.50 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,003.20 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(12mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,003.20 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,395.70 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,395.70/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.40 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 270.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.40&x&270 918.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 918.00&x&10% 91.80
TOTAL&COST 1,009.80

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 1,009.80/270 3.74 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/5
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/K&:&FORMWORK&FOR&BEAM

1)&Material&cost
1m2&of&12mm&sawn&formwork& = RM&36.50&/&(1.22&x&2.44) 12.26 /m2
4'&x&8'&x&12mm&@&RM&36.50/pc
Allow&allowance&for&cutting&(15%) = RM&12.26&x&15% 1.84 /m2
For&sides&of&ground&beam&0.03m3&of&struts&required = RM&400.00/&m3&x&0.03m3 12.00 /m2
Cost&of&timber 26.10 /m2
Allowing&4&uses&cost&per&use& = RM&26.10/&4& 6.53 /m2
Allow&waste&on&each&use&(10%) = RM&6.53&x&10% 0.65 /m2
Nails,&bolts&and&mould&oil&@&RM&1.50/&m2 = RM&1.50 1.50 /m2
Cost&of&reuse&formwork 8.68 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&carpenter&@&RM&78/day = 78/8 9.75 /hr
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/8 6.88 /hr

One&gang&consists&of&4&joiners&assisted&by&8&labourers&required&9.5&hours&to&erect&and&dismantle&
all&formwork&to&beam

All&formworks&
9.5&hours&are&required&to&fix&and&dismantle&63.00m2&formwork&
Therefore&1&m2&requires&0.15&hr = 9.5/&63.00&m2 0.15&hr /m2

4&joiners,&4&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&9.75/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&9.75&x&4 5.85


8&labourers,&8&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&6.88/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&6.88&x&8 8.26
14.11 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost 8.68 /m2
Labour&cost 14.11 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 22.79 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 63.00 /m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 22.79&x&63 1,435.77
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 1,435.77&x&10% 143.58
TOTAL&COST 1,579.35

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2) = 1,579.35/63 25.07 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/6
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&2:&CONCRETE&WORK&CALCULATION

B4(2)/1/B:&Concrete&for&column

(1)&Material&cost RM
Concrete&Gr.30
1m3&of&readyOmixed&concrete&Grade&25 200.00 /m3

(2)&Labour&cost
Place&I&Labour&and&vibrator&
Additional&labour&placing&into&frame& = 0.60&x&RM&3.50 2.10
Additional&labour&working&around&rebar& = 0.55&x&RM&3.50 1.93
Cost&of&vibrator&per&m3&@&RM&6.30/1.50 = RM&6.30/&1.50 4.20
8.23 /m3

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m3)
Material&cost 200.00 /m3
Labour&cost 8.23 /m3
TOTAL&RATE 208.23 /m3

b.&Total&quantity&(m3) TOTAL&QUANTITY 2.00 m3

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 208.23&x&2 416.46
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 416.46&x&10% 41.65
TOTAL&COST 458.11

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m3)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 458.11/2 229.05 /m3

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/7
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/C:&8mm&diameter&mild&steel&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
8mm&diameter&mild&steel&
8mm&diameter&mild&steel&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,800/tonne 2,800.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,800&x&7% 196.00 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,056.70 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(8mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,056.70 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,449.20 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,449.20/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.45 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 76.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.45&x&76 262.20
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 262.20&x&10% 26.22
TOTAL&COST 288.42

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 288.42/76 3.80 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/8
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/F:&12mm&diameter&high&tensile&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
12mm&diameter&high&tensile
12mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,750/tonne 2,750.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,750&x&7% 192.50 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
3,003.20 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(12mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 3,003.20 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,395.70 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,395.70/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.40 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 208.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.40&x&208 707.20
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 707.20&x&10% 70.72
TOTAL&COST 777.92

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 777.92/208 3.74 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/9
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/G:&16mm&diameter&high&tensile&reinforcement&

(1)&Material&cost RM
16mm&diameter&high&tensile
16mm&diameter&high&tensile&rebar&delivered&to&site = RM&2,600/tonne 2,600.00 /tonne
labour&unloading&&&stacking& = RM&5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage&on&rebar&(7%) = RM&2,600&x&7% 182.00 /tonne
tie&wire&0.66kg/100kg&@&RM&4.50/kg = 0.66/100x1000xRM&4.50 29.70 /tonne
rolling&margin& = RM&22.00/&tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow&spacers&at&RM&4.00&per&tonne&of&rebar = RM&4.00/&tonne 4.00 /tonne
2,842.70 /tonne

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&barbender&@&RM&82/day = 82&/&8 10.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
17.13 /hr
add:&idling&time&(10%) 1.71
18.84 /hr

Time&analysis&per&100kg&(10mm&dia.reinforcement)
Select = 28&mins
Cut = 32&mins
Bend = 35&mins
Fix = 23&mins
Hoist&twice& = 7&mins
125&mins
= 125&/&60&x&RM&18.84 39.25 /100kg
392.50 /tonne

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/kg)
Material&cost 2,842.70 /t
Labour&cost 392.50 /t
3,235.20 /t
Convert&the&rates&to&RM/kg = 3,235.20&/1000
TOTAL&RATE 3.24 /kg

b.&Total&quantity&(kg) TOTAL&QUANTITY 222.00 /kg

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.24&x&222 719.28
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 719.28&x&10% 71.93
TOTAL&COST 791.21

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/kg) = 791.21/222 3.56 /kg

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/10
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(2)/1/J&:&FORMWORK&FOR&COLUMN

1)&Material&cost
1m2&of&12mm&sawn&formwork& = RM&36.50&/&(1.22&x&2.44) 12.26 /m2
4'&x&8'&x&12mm&@&RM&36.50/pc
Allow&allowance&for&cutting&(15%) = RM&12.26&x&15% 1.84 /m2
For&sides&of&ground&beam&0.03m3&of&struts&required = RM&400.00/&m3&x&0.03m3 12.00 /m2
Cost&of&timber 26.10 /m2
Allowing&4&uses&cost&per&use& = RM&26.10/&4& 6.53 /m2
Allow&waste&on&each&use&(10%) = RM&6.53&x&10% 0.65 /m2
Nails,&bolts&and&mould&oil&@&RM&1.50/&m2 = RM&1.50 1.50 /m2
Cost&of&reuse&formwork 8.68 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&carpenter&@&RM&78/day = 78/8 9.75 /hr
1&labourer&@&RM&55/day = 55/8 6.88 /hr

One&gang&consists&of&4&joiners&assisted&by&8&labourers&required&4&hours&to&erect&and&dismantle&
all&formwork&to&column

All&formworks&
4&hours&are&required&to&fix&and&dismantle&27.00m2&formwork&
Therefore&1&m2&requires&0.15&hr = 4/&27.00&m2 0.15&hr /m2

4&joiners,&4&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&9.75/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&9.75&x&4 5.85


8&labourers,&8&x&0.15&hr&at&RM&6.88/&hr = 0.15&x&RM&6.88&x&8 8.26
14.11 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost 8.68 /m2
Labour&cost 14.11 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 22.79 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 27.00 /m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 22.79&x&27 615.33
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 615.33&X&10% 61.53
TOTAL&COST 676.86

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2) = 676.86&/&27 25.07 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(Frame)/11
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 3 - ROOF CONSTRUCTION AND FINISHES

Note: Allow 10% profit and overhead.

Roof Frame
Material Cost
1 1m3 of timber roof beam including load and stancked on site RM 3360/m3
2 1m3 of timber roof trusses and frame including load and stancked RM 3281/m3
on site
3 1m3 of timber purlin including load and stancked on site RM 3159/m3
4 1m3 of timber fascia board including load and stancked on site RM 3937/m3
5 1m3 of timber battens including load and stancked on site RM 3454/m3
6 Allow cutting wastage 10%
7 Nails required for general construction work 1.5kg/m3 RM 5.00/kg
8 Transportation costs are included in all material cost stated above.

Labour Cost
11 1 gang of carpenter consist of 2 carpenters and 1 unskilled 8 hours/day
labourer.
12 1 carpenter RM90/day
13 1 unskilled labour RM 55/day

Labourer output
14 Output of 1 gang of carpenters including cutting to length, setting 20 hours
out and fixing 1 m3 of timber in roof
15 Scaffolding - unnecessary (3m high can easily reach using stool or
ladder)

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_Roof


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 3 - ROOF CONSTRUCTION AND FINISHES

Note: Allow 10% profit and overhead.


Roof tiles are to be over lapped at least 75mm for bottom and top at least 25 mm for sides.
No underlay or insulation required

Rainwater Goods
Material Cost
1 We proposed to use 420mm x 330mm interlocking coloured roof RM 2.00/pcs
tiles to replace 380mm x 230mm roof tiles.
2 We proposed to use 420mm x 250mm coloured concrete ridge tiles RM 5.00/pcs
to replace 200mm x 200mm ridge tiles.
3 1 No. of Eaves cap (420mm x 250mm) RM 13.00/pcs
4 Wastage for broken tiles 3%
5 Nails (500 nos per bucket) RM 25/bucket
6 Wastage for nails 20%
7 Transportation costs are included in all material cost stated above.

Labour Cost
8 1 gang of roofer consist of 2 roofers and 2 unskilled labourer for 8 hours/day
concrete roof tiles
9 1 gang of roofer consist of 1 roofer and 1 unskilled labourer for 8 hours/day
ridge tiles, hip starter, gutter and flashing
10 1 Roofer RM 83/day
11 1 unskilled labour RM 55/day

Output Data
12 Time required to unload 1000 pieces of tile 15 minutes
13 Time required to lay 1000 pieces of tile 6 hours
14 Time required to fix every 10m of eaves cap 1 hour
15 Time required to fix every 8 meters of half round gutter 1 hour
16 Time required to fix every 8 meters of flashing 1 hour

Tools Cost
17 Allow material cost for small tools (material cost includes roof tiles, 3%
nails and wastage)
18 Scaffolding - unnecessary (3m high can easily reach using stool or
ladder)

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_Roof


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 3 - ROOF CONSTRUCTION AND FINISHES CALCULATION

ROOF FRAME
B4(3)/1/A: 125mmx250mm ROOF BEAM

(1) Material cost RM


Timber per m3 = RM3,360 3,360.00 /m3
Wastage (10%) = RM 3360 x 0.10 336.00 /m3
Allow nails at 1.5kg/m3 at RM5.00/kg = 1.5 x RM 5.00 7.50 /m3
Total material cost 3,703.50 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


hourly rate
2 carpenter at RM90/day = 2x90/8 22.50
1 labourer at RM55/day = 1x55/8 6.88
Total hourly rate 29.38 RM/hr
Time required
1m3 requires 20 hours to cut, set and fix

Labour cost
Time required to set 1m3 x hourly rate = 20 x 29.38 587.60 RM/m3

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a Total Cost/m3
material cost/m3 +labour cost/m3 = 3703.50 + 587.60 4,291.10 RM/m3

b. Total quantity
125 x 250mm x 161 m = (0.125 x 0.25 x 161) 5.031 m3

c. Total Cost
Total cost = qty (m3) x rate (RM/m3) = 5.031 x 4291.10 21588.52
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 21588.52 x 0.10 2,158.85
TOTAL COST 23,747.37

(4) Unit cost (m)


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 23747.37/161 147.50 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/1


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/B 100mmx200mm ROOF TRUSSES AND FRAME

(1) Material cost RM


Timber per m3 = RM3,281 3,281.00 /m3
Wastage (10%) = RM 3281 x 0.10 328.10 /m3
Allow nails at 1.5kg/m3 at RM5.00/kg = 1.5 x RM 5.00 7.50 /m3
Total material cost 3,616.60 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


hourly rate
2 carpenter at RM90/day = 2x90/8 22.50
1 labourer at RM55/day = 1x55/8 6.88
Total hourly rate 29.38 RM/hr
Time required
1m3 requires 20 hours to cut, set and fix

Labour cost
Time required to set 1m3 x hourly rate = 20 x 29.38 587.60 RM/m3

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a Total Cost/m3
material cost/m3 +labour cost/m3 = 3616.60 + 587.60 4,204.20 RM/m3

b. Total quantity
100 x 200mm x 238m = (0.10 x 0.20 x 238) 4.76 m3

c. Total Cost
Total cost = qty (m3) x rate (RM/m3) = 4.76 x 4204.20 20,011.99
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 20011.99 x 0.10 2,001.20
TOTAL COST 22,013.19

(4) Unit cost (m)


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 22013.19/238 92.49 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/2


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/C 90mmx75mm PURLIN

(1) Material cost RM


Timber per m3 = RM3,159 3,159.00 /m3
Wastage (10%) = RM 3159 x 0.10 315.90 /m3
Allow nails at 1.5kg/m3 at RM5.00/kg = 1.5 x RM 5.00 7.50 /m3
Total material cost 3,482.40 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


hourly rate
2 carpenter at RM90/day = 2x90/8 22.50
1 labourer at RM55/day = 1x55/8 6.88
Total hourly rate 29.38 RM/hr
Time required
1m3 requires 20 hours to cut, set and fix

Labour cost
Time required to set 1m3 x hourly rate = 20 x 29.38 587.60 RM/m3

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a Total Cost/m3
material cost/m3 +labour cost/m3 = 3482.40 + 587.60 4,070.00 RM/m3

b. Total quantity
90 x 75mm x 225m = (0.09 x 0.075 x 225) 1.52 m3

c. Total Cost
Total cost = qty (m3) x rate (RM/m3) = 1.52 x 4070.00 6,186.40
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 6186.40 x 0.10 618.64
TOTAL COST 6,805.04

(4) Unit cost (m)


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 6805.04/225 30.24 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/3


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/D 150mmx25mm FASCIA BOARD

(1) Material cost RM


Timber per m3 = RM3,937 3,937.00 /m3
Wastage (10%) = RM 3937 x 0.10 393.70 /m3
Allow nails at 1.5kg/m3 at RM5.00/kg = 1.5 x RM 5.00 7.50 /m3
Total material cost 4,338.20 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


hourly rate
2 carpenter at RM90/day = 2x90/8 22.50
1 labourer at RM55/day = 1x55/8 6.88
Total hourly rate 29.38 RM/hr
Time required
1m3 requires 20 hours to cut, set and fix

Labour cost
Time required to set 1m3 x hourly rate = 20 x 29.38 587.60 RM/m3

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a Total Cost/m3
material cost/m3 +labour cost/m3 = 4338.20 + 587.60 4,925.80 RM/m3

b. Total quantity
150 x 25mm x 46m = (0.150 x 0.025 x 46) 0.17 m3

c. Total Cost
Total cost = qty (m3) x rate (RM/m3) = 0.17 x 4925.80 837.39
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 837.39 x 0.10 83.74
TOTAL COST 921.13

(4) Unit cost (m)


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 921.13/46 20.02 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/4


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/E 38mmx75mm BATTENS

(1) Material cost RM


Timber per m3 = RM3,454 3,454.00 /m3
Wastage (10%) = RM 3454 x 0.10 345.40 /m3
Allow nails at 1.5kg/m3 at RM5.00/kg = 1.5 x RM 5.00 7.50 /m3
Total material cost 3,806.90 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


hourly rate
2 carpenter at RM90/day = 2x90/8 22.50
1 labourer at RM55/day = 1x55/8 6.88
Total hourly rate 29.38 RM/hr
Time required
1m3 requires 20 hours to cut, set and fix

Labour cost
Time required to set 1m3 x hourly rate = 20 x 29.38 587.60 RM/m3

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a Total Cost/m3
material cost/m3 +labour cost/m3 = 3806.90 + 587.60 4,394.50 RM/m3

b. Total quantity
38 x 75mm x 672m = (0.038 x 0.075 x 672) 1.92 m3

c. Total Cost
Total cost = qty (m3) x rate (RM/m3) = 1.92 x 4394.50 8,437.44
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 8437.44 x 0.10 843.74
TOTAL COST 9,281.18

(4) Unit cost (m)


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 9281.18/672 13.81 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/5


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

RAINWATER GOODS
B4(3)/1/F COLOURED INTERLOCKING CONCRETE ROOF TILES

(1) Material cost RM


a. Cost/m2
Cost per tile = 2.00 /no
Cost per nail = 25/500 0.05 /no

No. of tiles/m2 = 1 / (0.42-0.075) x (0.33-0.025) 9.50 no/m2


No. of nails/m2 = half of tiles required 4.75 no/m2

Cost of tiles/m2 incl wastage = RM 2.00 x 9.50 x 1.03 19.57 RM/m2


Cost of nails/m2 incl wastage = RM 0.05 x 4.75 x 1.20 0.29 RM/m2
19.86 RM/m2

b. TOTAL MATERIAL COST


Material cost / m2 x Qty required = 19.86 x 185m2 3,674.10

(2) Labour cost


a. Hourly rate
2 x Roofer at RM83/day = 2 x 83/8 20.75
2 x Labourer at RM55/day = 2 x 55/8 13.75
Roofer gang hourly rate 34.50 hr

b. Time analysis
Unload 1000 pieces of tiles = 15/60 (minutes) 0.25 hr
Lay 1000 pieces of tiles = 6.00 hr
6.25 hr

Time required to lay 185 m2 of tiles = 6.25/1000 x 9.5 x 185m2 10.98 hr

Labour cost to lay 185m2 = 10.98 x 34.50 378.81

(3) Tools cost


Allow 3% of material cost for small tools = 3674.10 x 0.03 110.22

(4) Total cost including profit and overhead


material + labour + tools = 3674.10 + 378.81 + 110.22 4163.13
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 4163.13 X 0.10 416.31
TOTAL COST 4,579.44

(5) Unit cost


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m2) = 4579.44/185 24.75 /m2

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/6


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/G 420mm x 250mm COLOURED RIDGE TILE

(1) Material cost RM


a. Cost/m
Cost per tile = 5.00 /no
Cost per nail = 25/500 0.05 /no

No. of tiles/m = 1 /0.42 2.38 no/m


No. of nails/m = half of tiles required 1.19 no/m

Cost of tiles/m incl wastage = RM 5.00 x 2.38 x 1.03 12.26 RM/m


Cost of nails/m incl wastage = RM 0.05 x 1.19 x 1.20 0.07 RM/m
12.33 RM/m

b. TOTAL MATERIAL COST


Material cost / m x Qty required = 12.33 x 14m 172.62

(2) Labour cost


a. Hourly rate
1 x Roofer at RM83/day = 1 x 83/8 10.38
1 x Labourer at RM55/day = 1 x 55/8 6.88
Roofer gang hourly rate 17.26 hr

b. Time analysis
Unload 1000 pieces of tiles = 15/60 (minutes) 0.25 hr
Lay 1000 pieces of tiles = 6.00 hr
6.25 hr

Time required to lay 14 m of tiles = 6.25/1000 x 2.38 x 14 0.21 hr

Labour cost to lay 14m = 0.21 x 17.26 3.62

(3) Tools cost


Allow 3% of material cost for small tools = 172.62 x 0.03 5.18

(4) Total cost including profit and overhead


material + labour + tools = 172.62 + 3.62 + 5.18 181.42
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 181.42 x 0.10 18.14
TOTAL COST 199.56

(5) Unit cost


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 199.56/14 14.25 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/7


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/H 420mm x 250mm COLOURED HIP STARTER

(1) Material cost RM


a. Cost/m
Cost per tile = 13.00 /no
Cost per nail = 25/500 0.05 /no

No. of tiles/m = 1 /0.42 2.38 no/m


No. of nails/m = half of tiles required 1.19 no/m

Cost of tiles/m incl wastage = RM 13.00 x 2.38 x 1.03 31.87 RM/m


Cost of nails/m incl wastage = RM 0.05 x 1.19 x 1.20 0.07 RM/m
31.94 RM/m

b. TOTAL MATERIAL COST


Material cost / m x Qty required = 31.94 x 30m 958.20

(2) Labour cost


a. Hourly rate
1 x Roofer at RM83/day = 1 x 83/8 10.38
1 x Labourer at RM55/day = 1 x 55/8 6.88
Roofer gang hourly rate 17.26 hr

b. Time analysis
Unload 1000 pieces of tiles = 15/60 (minutes) 0.25 hr
Lay 1000 pieces of tiles = 6.00 hr
6.25 hr

Time required to lay 30 m of tiles = 6.25/1000 x 2.38 x 30 0.45 hr

Labour cost to lay 30m = 0.45 x 17.26 7.77

(3) Tools cost


Allow 3% of material cost for small tools = 958.20 x 0.03 28.75

(4) Total cost including profit and overhead


material + labour + tools = 958.20 + 7.77 + 28.75 994.72
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 994.72 x 0.10 99.47
TOTAL COST 1,094.19

(5) Unit cost


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 1094.19/30 36.47 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/8


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/I COLOURBOND "BLUE SCOPE" HALF ROUND GUTTER

(1) Material cost RM


a. Cost/m
Cost of gutter at RM120 per 5.8 feet
Cost of gutter per m = 120/5.8/0.3048 67.88 RM/m
Cost of gutter/m incl wastage = 67.88 x 0.03 2.04 RM/m
69.92 RM/m

b. TOTAL MATERIAL COST


Material cost / m x Qty required = 69.92 x 28m 1957.76 RM/m

(2) Labour cost


a. Hourly rate
1 x Roofer at RM83/day = 1 x 83/8 10.38
1 x Labourer at RM55/day = 1 x 55/8 6.88
Roofer gang hourly rate 17.26 hr

b. Time analysis
1 hour for every 8 m of half round gutter
Time required to fix 28 m gutter = 28/8 3.50 hr
Labour cost to fix 28m = 3.5 x 17.26 60.41

(3) Tools cost


Allow 3% of material cost for small tools and nails = 1957.76 x 0.03 58.73

(4) Total cost including profit and overhead


material + labour + tools = 1957.76+ 60.41 + 58.73 2076.90
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 2076.90 x 0.10 207.69
TOTAL COST 2,284.59

(5) Unit cost


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 2284.59/28 81.59 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/9


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(3)/1/J FLASHING

(1) Material cost RM


a. Cost/m
Cost of flashing at RM15 per 8 feet
Cost of flashing per m = 15/8/0.3048 6.15 RM/m
Cost of flashing/m incl wastage = 6.15 x 0.03 0.18 RM/m
6.33 RM/m

b. TOTAL MATERIAL COST


Material cost / m x Qty required = 6.33 x 56m 354.48 RM/m

(2) Labour cost


a. Hourly rate
1 x Roofer at RM83/day = 1 x 83/8 10.38
1 x Labourer at RM55/day = 1 x 55/8 6.88
Roofer gang hourly rate 17.26 hr

b. Time analysis
1 hour for every 8 m of flashing
Time required to fix 56 m flashing = 56/8 7.00 hr
Labour cost to fix 56m = 7.0 x 17.26 120.82

(3) Tools cost


Allow 3% of material cost for small tools and nails = 354.48 x 0.03 10.63

(4) Total cost including profit and overhead


material + labour + tools = 354.48 + 120.82 + 10.63 485.93
Add: profit and overhead (10%) = 485.93 X 0.10 48.59
TOTAL COST 534.52

(5) Unit cost


Total cost (RM)/ total qty (m) = 534.52/56 9.55 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(3)/10


!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&4:&EXTERNAL&BRICKWALL&DATA

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Brickwall
1 1m2!Half!brick!thick!wall!requires!59!pieces!of!bricks
2 1m2!One!brick!thick!requires!118!pieces!of!bricks
3 Material!cost!for!cement!and!sand!bricks RM120/600pcs
4 Allow!wastage!for!bricks 5%

5 1m2!Half!brick!thick!wall!requires!0.07m3!mortar
6 1m2!One!brick!thick!wall!requires!0.15m3!mortar
7 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM14/50kg
8 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
9 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
10 1m3!of!Sand!=!1600kg
11 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!for!mortar 33.33%

12 Material!cost!for!Exmet! RM5/roll!@!36m
13 Allow!for!wastage!and!overlap!for!Exmet 5%
14 Assume!brickwall!is!3m!high

15 1!gang!of!bricklayers!consist!of!1!bricklayer!and!1!unskilled!labour! 8!hours/day
16 1!bricklayer RM75/day
17 1!unskilled!labour RM55/day
18 Output!of!1!gang!of!bricklayers!including!fixing!Exmet,!DPC!&!Bonding! 120pc/hr
Ties!

DPC
1 Material!cost!for!115mm!wide!DPC RM31/roll!@!53m
2 Material!cost!for!225mm!wide!DPC RM31/roll!@!27m
3 Allow!for!wastage!for!DPC 5%
4 Allow!for!overlapping!for!DPC 15%

Bonding&Ties
1 Material!cost!for!6mm!Diameter!M.S.!Bonding!Ties RM9.50/12m

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_External!walls
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&4:&EXTERNAL&BRICKWALL&CALCULATION

B4(4)/1/A:&HALF&BRICKWALL

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&Brick
Cement&and&sand&brick:
RM&120/600&pcs = 120&/&600 0.20 /pcs
1m2&Half&brick&thick&wall&requires&59&pieces&of&bricks
RM&0.20/pc&x&59&pcs = 0.20&x&59 11.80 /m2

Allow&wastage&for&bricks&(5%) = 11.80&x&5% 0.59


12.39 /m2

Cement&Mortar&Mix&(1:6)
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
6m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 6&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 336.00 /6m3
Gross&total 733.60 /7m3
Allow&shrinkage&for&mortar&(33.33%) = 733.60&x&33.33% 244.51

Net&total&for&7m3 978.11 /7m3


Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:6) = 990.36&/&7 139.73 /m3

1m2&Half&brick&thick&wall&requires&0.07m3&of
mortar&@&RM&139.73 = 0.07&x&139.73 9.78 /m2

Exmet
36m&long,&64mm&wide&coil&of&Exmet&
RM&5/roll&@&36m& = 5&/&36 0.14 /m

Quantity&of&Exmet&required&to&be&placed&at&every&4th&course&of&3m&high&wall
3m&high&/&((0.065m&+&0.010m&)&x&4)& = 3&/&((0.065+0.010)&x&4) 10.00 nos.

Assume&brickwall&is&3m&high.
Total&girth&of&half&brickwall:
55m2&brickwall&/&3m&high& = 55&/&3 18.33 m

18.33m&long&wall&(Half&brick&thick&wall)
18.33m&long&&x&10&nos.&x&RM0.14/m = 18.33&x&10&x&0.14 25.46

Allow&wastage&and&overlap&(5%) = 25.46&x&5% 1.27


Total&cost&of&Exmet&for&half&brick&thick&wall 26.74 /55m2

Convert&to&m2&(Total&cost&/&Total&area&of&wall) = 26.74&/&55 0.49 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

(2)&Labour&cost RM
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&bricklayer&@&RM&75/day = 75&/&8 9.38 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
16.25 /hr
1&gang&can&lay&120&bricks&per&hours&including&bonding&ties,&exmet&and&dpc
Cost&of&laying&59&bricks&(1m2)&
RM&16.25&/&120&x&59 = 16.25&x&120&/&59 7.99 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&bricks 12.39 /m2
Cement&mortar&mix&(1:6) 9.78 /m2
Exmet 0.49 /m2
22.66 /m2
Labour&cost
Bricklayer 7.99 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 30.65 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 55.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 30.65&x&55 1685.57
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 1685.57&x&10% 168.56
TOTAL&COST 1854.13

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 1854.13&/&55 33.71 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(4)/1/B:&ONE&BRICKWALL

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&Brick
Cement&and&sand&brick:
RM&120/600&pcs = 120&/&600 0.20 /pcs
1m2&Half&brick&thick&wall&requires&118&pieces&of&bricks
RM&0.20/pc&x&118&pcs = 0.20&x&118 23.60 /m2

Allow&wastage&for&bricks&(5%) = 11.80&x&5% 1.18


24.78 /m2

Cement&Mortar&Mix&(1:6)
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
6m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 6&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 336.00 /6m3
Gross&total 733.60 /7m3
Allow&shrinkage&for&mortar&(33.33%) = 733.60&x&33.33% 244.51

Net&total&for&7m3 978.11 /7m3


Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:6) = 978.11&/&7 139.73 /m3

1m2&One&brick&thick&wall&requires&0.15m3&of
mortar&@&RM&139.73 = 0.15&x&139.73 20.96 /m2

Exmet
36m&long,&64mm&wide&coil&of&Exmet&
RM&5/roll&@&36m& = 5&/&36 0.14 /m

Quantity&of&Exmet&required&to&be&placed&at&every&4th&course&of&3m&high&wall
3m&high&/&((0.065m&+&0.010m&)&x&4)& = 3&/&((0.065+0.010)&x&4) 10.00 nos.

Assume&brickwall&is&3m&high.
Total&girth&of&one&brickwall:
46m2&brickwall&/&3m&high& = 46&/&3 15.33 m

15.33m&long&wall&(One&brick&thick&wall)
15.33m&long&&x&10&nos.&x&RM0.14/m = 15.33&x&10&x&0.14 21.30

Allow&wastage&and&overlap&(5%) = 25.46&x&5% 1.06


Total&cost&of&Exmet&for&one&brick&thick&wall 22.36 /46m2

Convert&to&m2&(Total&cost&/&Total&area&of&wall) = 22.36&/&46 0.49 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

(2)&Labour&cost RM
Cost&of&gang&per&hour&
1&bricklayer&@&RM&75/day = 75&/&8 9.38 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM&55/day = 55&/&8 6.88 /hr
16.26 /hr
1&gang&can&lay&120&bricks&per&hours&including&bonding&ties,&exmet&and&dpc
Cost&of&laying&118&bricks&(1m2)&
RM&16.26&/&120&x&118 = 16.25&x&120&/&118 15.99 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&bricks 24.78 /m2
Cement&mortar&mix&(1:3) 20.96 /m2
Exmet 0.49 /m2
46.23 /m2
Labour&cost
Bricklayer 15.99 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 62.22 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 46.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 62.22&x&46 2862.12
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 2862.12&x&10% 286.21
TOTAL&COST 3148.33

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 3148.33&/&46 68.44 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(4)1/C:&115mm&DPC

(1)&Material&cost RM
115mm&wide&DPC&for&half&brick&thick&wall
RM&31/roll&@&53m = 31&/&53 0.58 /m

Allow&wastage&for&DPC&(5%) = 0.58&x&5% 0.03


Allow&overlapping&for&DPC&(15%) = 0.58&x&15% 0.09
0.70 /m
(2)&Labour&cost
Included&in&brickwork&labour.&

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost TOTAL&RATE 0.70 /m

b.&Total&quantity&(m) TOTAL&QUANTITY 24.00 m

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 0.70&x&24 16.80
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 16.80&x&10% 1.68
TOTAL&COST 18.48

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 18.48&/&24 0.77 /m

B4(4)/1/D:&225mm&DPC

(1)&Material&cost
225mm&wide&DPC&for&half&brick&thick&wall
RM&31/roll&@&27m = 31&/&27 1.15 /m

Allow&wastage&for&DPC&(5%) = 1.15&x&5% 0.06


Allow&overlapping&for&DPC&(15%) = 1.15&x&15% 0.17
1.38 /m
(2)&Labour&cost
Included&in&brickwork&labour.&

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost TOTAL&RATE 1.38 /m

b.&Total&quantity&(m) TOTAL&QUANTITY 22.00 m

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 1.38&x&22 30.36
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 30.36&x&10% 3.04
TOTAL&COST 33.40

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 33.40&/&22 1.52 /m

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/5
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

B4(4)/1/E:&Bonding&Ties

(1)&Material&cost RM
6mm&Diameter&at&450mm&girth
RM&9.50/roll&@&12m& = 9.50&/&12 0.79 /m
450mm&girth = 0.79&x&0.450 0.36 /pc

(2)&Labour&cost
Included&in&brickwork&labour.&

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/nos.)
Material&cost TOTAL&RATE 0.36 /pc

b.&Total&quantity&(nos.) TOTAL&QUANTITY 162.00 nos

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 0.36&x&160 58.32
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 58.32&x&10% 5.83
TOTAL&COST 64.15

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/nos.)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 64.15&/&162 0.40 /nos

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III/(4)/6
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 5: INTERNAL BRICKWALL DATA

Note: Allow 10% profit and overhead.

Brickwall
1 1m2 Half brick thick wall requires 59 pieces of bricks
2 Material cost for cement and sand bricks RM120/600pcs
3 Allow wastage for bricks 5%

4 2 3
1m Half brick thick wall requires 0.07m mortar
5 Material cost for Ordinary Portland Cement including unloading RM14/50kg
6 Material cost for Sand including unloading RM35/tonne
3
7 1m of OPC = 1420kg
3
8 1m of Sand = 1600kg
9 Allow shrinkage and wastage for mortar 33.33%

10 Material cost for Exmet RM5/roll @ 36m


11 Allow for wastage and overlap for Exmet 5%
12 Assume brickwall is 3m high

13 1 gang of bricklayers consist of 1 bricklayer and 1 unskilled labour 8 hours/day


14 1 bricklayer RM75/day
15 1 unskilled labour RM55/day
16 Output of 1 gang of bricklayers including fixing Exmet, DPC & 120pc/hr
Bonding Ties

DPC
1 Material cost for 115mm wide DPC RM31/roll @ 53m
2 Allow for wastage for DPC 5%
3 Allow for overlapping for DPC 15%

Bonding Ties
1 Material cost for 6mm Diameter M.S. Bonding Ties RM9.50/12m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_Internal walls


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 5: INTERNAL BRICKWALL CALCULATION

B4(5)/1/A: HALF BRICKWALL

(1) Material cost RM


Cement and Sand Brick
Cement and sand brick:
RM 120/600 pcs = 120 / 600 0.20 /pcs
2
1m Half brick thick wall requires 59 pieces of bricks
RM 0.20/pc x 59 pcs = 0.20 x 59 11.80 /m2

Allow wastage for bricks (5%) = 11.80 x 5% 0.59 /m2


12.39 /m2

Cement Mortar Mix (1:3)


Ordinary Portland Cement including unloading:
1m3 at 1420kg/m3 at RM14/50kg = 1420 / 50 x 14 397.60 /m3
Sand including unloading:
3m3 at 1600kg/m3 at RM35/tonne = 3 x 1600 / 1000 x 35 168.00 /3m3
Gross total 565.60 /4m3
Allow shrinkage for mortar (33.33%) = 565.60 x 33.33% 188.51

Net total for 4m3 754.11 /4m3


Divide by parts of mix (1:3) = 754.11 / 4 188.53 /m3

2 3
1m Half brick thick wall requires 0.07m of
mortar @ RM 188.53 = 0.07 x 188.53 13.20 /m2

Exmet
36m long, 64mm wide coil of Exmet
RM 5/roll @ 36m = 5 / 36 0.14 /m

Quantity of Exmet required to be placed at every 4th course of 3m high wall


3m high / ((0.065m + 0.010m ) x 4) = 3 / ((0.065+0.010) x 4) 10.00 nos.

Assume brickwall is 3m high.


Total girth of half brickwall:
78m2 brickwall / 3m high = 78 / 3 26.00 m

26m long wall (Half brick thick wall)


26m long x 10 nos. x RM0.14/m = 26 x 10 x 0.14 36.40

Allow wastage and overlap (5%) = 36.40 x 5% 1.82


Total cost of Exmet for half brick thick wall 38.22 /78m2

Convert to m2 (Total cost / Total area of wall) = 38.22 / 78 0.49 /m2

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(5)/1


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

(2) Labour cost RM


Cost of gang per hour
1 bricklayer @ RM 75/day = 75 / 8 9.38 /hr
1 unskilled labour @ RM 55/day = 55 / 8 6.88 /hr
16.25 /hr
1 gang can lay 120 bricks per hours including bonding ties, exmet and dpc
Cost of laying 59 bricks (1m2)
RM 16.25 / 120 x 59 = 16.25 x 120 / 59 7.99 /m2

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/m2)
Material cost
Cement and sand bricks 12.39 /m2
Cement mortar mix (1:3) 13.20 /m2
Exmet 0.49 /m2
26.08 /m2
Labour cost
Bricklayer 7.99 /m2
TOTAL RATE 34.07 /m2

b. Total quantity (m2) TOTAL QUANTITY 78.00 m2

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 34.07 x 78 2657.46
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 2657.46 x 10% 265.75
TOTAL COST 2923.21

(4) Unit rate (RM/m2)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 2923.21 / 78 37.48 /m2

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(5)/2


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

B4(5)/1/B: Bonding Ties

(1) Material cost RM


6mm Diameter at 450mm girth
RM 9.50/roll @ 12m = 9.50 / 12 0.79 /m
450mm girth = 0.79 x 0.450 0.36 /pc

(2) Labour cost


Included in brickwork labour.

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/nos.)
Material cost TOTAL RATE 0.36 /pc

b. Total quantity (nos.) TOTAL QUANTITY 36.00 nos

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 0.36 x 36 12.96
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 12.96 x 10% 1.30
TOTAL COST 14.26

(4) Unit rate (RM/nos.)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 14.26 / 36 0.40 /nos

B4(5)1/C: 115mm DPC

(1) Material cost RM


115mm wide DPC for half brick thick wall
RM 31/roll @ 53m = 31 / 53 0.58 /m

Allow wastage for DPC (5%) = 0.58 x 5% 0.03


Allow overlapping for DPC (15%) = 0.58 x 15% 0.09
0.70 /m
(2) Labour cost
Included in brickwork labour.

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/m)
Material cost TOTAL RATE 0.70 /m

b. Total quantity (m) TOTAL QUANTITY 26.00 m

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 0.70 x 26 18.20
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 18.2 x 10% 1.82
TOTAL COST 20.02

(4) Unit rate (RM/m)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 20.02 / 26 0.77 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(5)/3


MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION

Note: Allow 10% profit and overhead.

Precast Concrete Lintols


Contractor will precast door lintols onsite before fixing.
Concrete
1 Premix concrete Grade 25 RM190/m3
2 Additional labour for placing of concrete into lintols 0.60hr/m3 @ RM3.50/hr
3 Additional labour working around reinforcement 0.55hr/m3 @ RM3.50/hr
4 Cost of vibrator RM6.30/ 1.50m3

Reinforcement Bar
5 6mm diameter mild steel bar delivered to site RM2650/tonne
6 Allow for labour stacking & loading RM 5.00/ tonne
7 Allow 0.66kg tie wire for each 100kg of reinforcement bar RM 4.50/kg
8 Allow spacers @ RM 4.00/ tonne of rebar
9 Allow waste 7%
10 Allow for rolling margin RM 22.00/ tonne
11 1 barbender is required RM82/day
13 Allow idling time 10%
Time analysis for 100kg of reinforcement bar :
14 Select 28 mins
15 Cut 32 mins
16 Bend 35 mins
17 Fix 23 mins
18 Hoist twice 7 mins

Formwork
19 Formwork RM16/m2
20 Cutting waste 15%
21 0.03m3 of struts per m2 for the lintols RM400/m3
22 Allow 4 uses for timber formwork
23 Waste on each use 10%
24 Nails, bolts and mould oil RM1.50 per m2
25 1 joiner takes 0.5 hours to erect and fixing all formworks RM78/day

Door Frame
1 900mm x 2400mm x 1.2mm thick electro galvanized metal door
frame RM86/no
2 800mm x 2100mm x 1.2mm thick electro galvanized metal door
frame RM77/no
3 Daily rate for one joiner (8 hours/day) RM90/day
4 Framing a door 3mins/m
5 Hanging a door 3mins/m
6 Screwing bolts and nuts 2mins/m
7 Fixing door frame 2mins/m
8 Allow material cost 5%

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_Door & Ironmongery
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION

Note: Allow 10% profit and overhead.

Door Leaf
1 900mm x 2400mm x 38mm thick flush door with laminated RM280/no
2 800mm x 2100mm x 38mm thick flush door with laminated RM140/no
3 Daily rate for one joiner (8 hours/day) RM90/day
4 Framing a door 7mins/no
5 Hanging a door 7mins/no
6 Mortising the door for hinges 10mins/no
7 Install cylinder lock 6mins/no
8 Allow for tools 5%

Ironmongeries
1 Solid stainless steel leve handle, mortise lock complete with 6pin
thumbturn cylinder RM35/no
2 102mm x 76mm x 2.0mm thick stainless steel butt hinges RM6.50/no
3 Daily rate for one joiner (8 hours/day) RM90/day
4 Handling for steel butt hinges 6mins/no
5 Fastening bolts and nuts for hinges 6mins/no
6 Handling all ironmongeries 6mins/no
7 Fixing the ironmongeries 6mins/no
8 Allow for tools 5%

Painting
1 One Dulux Maxilite Plus undercoat RM35/7L
2 Two Dulux Gloss Finish finishing coats RM116/5L
3 One undercoast apply on wood surfaces 9.52L/100m2
4 Two finishing coats apply on wood surfaces 5.88L/100m2
5 Allow for wastage 5%
6 Painter rate (8 hours/day) RM76/day
7 Paint undercoat on wood surface 2.5hours/100m2
8 Paint finishing coats on wood surface 2hours/100m2
9 Allow for tools 5%

Door Roller
1 3500mm x 2000mm colourbond roller door RM1400/no
2 Daily rate for one joiner (8 hours/day) RM90/day
3 Handling the roller door 7mins/no
4 Connector roller door 9mins/no
5 Fastened the bolts and nuts 7mins/no
6 Fixing roller door 7mins/no
7 Allow for tools and ladder 5%

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_Door & Ironmongery
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION

B4(6)/1/A: 225mm x 125mm HIGH PRECAST REINFORCED CONCRETE GRADE 25 LINTOLS

REINFORCED CONCRETE
(1) Material cost RM
Concrete Gr.25
1m3 of pre-mixed concrete Grade 25 190.00 /m3

(2) Labour Cost


Place - Labour and vibrator
Additional labour placing into frame = 0.60 x RM 3.50 2.10
Additional labour working around rebar = 0.55 x RM 3.50 1.93
Cost of vibrator per m3 = RM 6.30/1.50 = RM 6.30 / 1.50 4.20
8.23 /m3
(3) Total cost including profit and overhead
a. Total rate (RM/m)
Material cost = 190 x 0.225 x 0.125 5.34 /m
Labour cost = 8.23 x 0.225 x 0.125 0.23 /m
TOTAL RATE 5.58 /m

b. Total quantity (m) TOTAL QUANTITY 9.00 /m

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 5.58 x 9 50.22
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 50.22 x 10% 5.02
TOTAL COST 55.24

(4) Unit rate (RM/m)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 55.24 / 9 6.14 /m

REINFORCEMENT BAR
(1) Material cost
6mm Diameter mild steel
6mm diamter mild steel rebar delivered to site = RM2650/tonne 2,650.00 /tonne
Add:labour unloading & stacking = RM 5.00/tonne 5.00 /tonne
wastage on rebar (7%) = RM 2,650 x 7% 185.50 /tonne
tie wire 0.66kg/100kg @ RM4.50/kg = 0.66/100kg x 1000kg x RM 4.50
29.70 /tonne
rolling margin = RM 22.00/ tonne 22.00 /tonne
Allow spacers at Rm4.00 per tonne of rebar RM 4.00/ tonne 4.00 /tonne
2896.20 /tonne

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/1
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

(2) Labour cost


1 Barbender @ RM82/day = 82 / 8 10.25 /hr
Add:idling time (10%) = 10.25 x 10% 1.03
11.28 /hr
Time analysis per 100kg (6mm dia. Reinforcement)
Select = 28 mins
Cut = 32 mins
Bend = 35 mins
Fix = 23 mins
Hoist twice = 7 mins
125 mins
Cost of labour = 125 / 60 x RM 11.28 23.49 /100kg
234.90 /tonne

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/m)
Material cost 2,896.20 /tonne
Labour cost 234.90 /tonne
3131.10 /tonne
Convert the rates to RM/m = 3,131.10 / (1000/0.222) 0.70 /m

b. Total quantity (m) TOTAL QUANTITY 9.00 /m

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 0.70 x 9 6.30
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 6.30 x 10% 0.63
TOTAL COST 6.93

(4) Unit rate (RM/m)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 6.93 / 9 0.77 /m

FORMWORK
(1) Material cost
1m2 of 12mm sawn formwork
4' x 8' x 12mm @ RM 36.50/pc = RM 36.50 / (1.22 x 2.44) 12.26 /m2
Allow allowance for cutting (15%) = RM 12.26 x 15% 1.84 /m2
For sides of lintol 0.03m3 of struts required = RM 400.00/ m3 x 0.03m3 12.00 /m2
Cost of timber 26.10 /m2
Allowing 4 uses cost per use = RM 26.10/ 4 6.53 /m2
Allow waste on each use (10%) = RM 6.53 x 10% 0.65 /m2
Nails, bolts and mould oil @ RM 1.50/ m2 = RM1.50 1.50 /m2
Cost of reuse formwork 8.68 /m2

(2) Labour cost


1 carpenter @ RM 78/day = 78/8 9.75 /hr
1 Joiner required 0.5 hours to erect and dismantle all formwork to lintol
All formworks 34.64 m2
5.2 hours are required to fix and dismantle 34.64m2 formwork
Therefore 1 m2 requires 0.01 hr = 5.2 / 34.64m2 0.15 hr /m2

1 joiner, 1 x 0.15 hr at RM 9.75/ hr = 0.15 x RM 9.75 x1 1.46 /m2

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/2
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

(3) Total cost including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/m2)
Material cost m2 8.68 /m2
Labour cost m2 1.46 /m2
10.14 /m2

b. Total quantity (m) = (9 x 0.125) + (9 x 0.225 x 2) 5.18 m2

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 10.14 x 5.18 52.53
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 52.53 x 10% 5.25
TOTAL COST 57.78

(4) Unit rate (RM/m)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 57.78 / 9 6.42 /m

SUMMARY
Unit rate for precast concrete lintel
Concrete + reinforcement + formwork = 6.14 + 0.77 + 6.42 13.33 /m

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/3
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/B: 900mm x 2400mm x 1.2mm THICK ELECTRO GALVANIZED METAL DOOR FRAME

(1) Material Cost RM


1 metal door frame @ RM86 86.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Framing a door 3mins/no = 11.25 x 0.05 0.56 /no
Hanging a door 3mins/no = 11.25 x 0.05 0.56 /no
Screwing a door 2mins/no = 11.25 x 0.04 0.45 /no
Fixing door frame 2mins/no = 11.25 x 0.04 0.45 /no
2.03 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 86.00 /no
Labour cost 2.03 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 86 x 5% 4.30 /no
TOTAL RATE 92.33 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 2.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 92.33 x 2.00 184.65
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 184.65 x 10% 18.47
TOTAL COST 203.12

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 203.12 / 2 101.56 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/4
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/C: 800mm x 2100mm x 1.2mm THICK ELECTRO GALVANIZED METAL DOOR FRAME

(1) Material Cost RM


1 metal door frame @ RM77 77.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Framing a door 3mins/no = 11.25 x 0.05 0.56 /no
Hanging a door 3mins/no = 11.25 x 0.05 0.56 /no
Screwing a door 2mins/no = 11.25 x 0.04 0.45 /no
Fixing door frame 2mins/no = 11.25 x 0.04 0.45 /no
2.02 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 77.00 /no
Labour cost 2.02 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 77 x 5% 3.85 /no
TOTAL RATE 82.87 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 6.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 82.87 x 6.00 497.22
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 497.22 x 10% 49.72
TOTAL COST 546.94

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 546.94 / 6 91.16 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/5
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/D: 900mmx2400mmx38mm THICK ENGINEERED FLUSH DOOR WITH LAMINATED FINISH

(1) Material Cost RM


1 flush door @ RM280 280.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Framing a door 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Hanging a door 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Mortising the door for hinges 10mins/no = 11.25 x 0.17 1.91 /no
Install cylinder lock 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
5.29 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 280 /no
Labour cost 5.29 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 280 x 5% 14.00 /no
TOTAL RATE 299.29 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 2.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 299.29 x 2.00 598.58
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 598.58 x 10% 59.86
TOTAL COST 658.43

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 658.43 / 2 329.22 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/6
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/E: 800mmx2100mmx38mm THICK ENGINEERED FLUSH DOOR WITH LAMINATED FINISH

(1) Material Cost RM


1 flush door @ RM140 140.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Framing a door 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Hanging a door 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Mortising the door for hinges 10mins/no = 11.25 x 0.17 1.91 /no
Install cylinder lock 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
5.29 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 140.00 /no
Labour cost 5.29 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 140 x 5% 7.00 /no
TOTAL RATE 152.29 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 6.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 152.29 x 6.00 913.73
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 913.73 x 10% 91.37
TOTAL COST 1005.10

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 1005.10 / 6 167.52 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/7
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/F: SOLID STAINLESS STEEL LEVE HANDLE, MORTISE LOCK COMPLETE WITH 6 PIN
THUMBTURN CYLINDER

(1) Material Cost RM


1 Solid stainless steel leve handle @ RM35 35.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Handling all ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Fixing the ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
2.25 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 35.00 /no
Labour cost 2.25 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 35 x 5% 1.75 /no
TOTAL RATE 39.00 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 2.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 39 x 2 78.00
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 78 X 10% 7.80
TOTAL COST 85.80

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 85.80 / 2 42.9 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/8
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/G: SOLID STAINLESS STEEL LEVE HANDLE, MORTISE LOCK COMPLETE WITH 6 PIN
THUMBTURN CYLINDER

(1) Material Cost RM


1 Solid stainless steel leve handle @ RM35 35.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Handling all ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Fixing the ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
2.25 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 35.00 /no
Labour cost 2.25 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 35 x 5% 1.75 /no
TOTAL RATE 39.00 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 6.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 39 x 6 234.00
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 234 X 10% 23.40
TOTAL COST 257.40

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 257.40 / 2 42.90 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/9
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/1/H: STAINLESS STEEL BUTT HINGES 102mm x 76mm x 2.0mm

(1) Material Cost RM


1 stainless steel butt hinges @ RM6.50 6.50 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Handling all ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
Fixing the ironmongeries 6mins/no = 11.25 x 0.10 1.13 /no
2.25 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 6.50 /no
Labour cost 2.25 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 6.50 x 5% 0.33 /no
TOTAL RATE 9.08 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 18.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 9.08 x 18 163.44
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 163.44 x 10% 16.34
TOTAL COST 179.78

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 179.78 / 18 9.99 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/10
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/2/A: PAINT TO GENERAL SURFACES: TIMBER PANEL

(1) Material Cost RM


Cost/100m2
1 undercoat = 35/7 x 9.52 47.6 /100m2
2 final coats = 116/5 x 5.88 x 2 272.83 /100m2
320.43 /100m2
Allow for wastage (5%) = 320.43 x 5% 16.02 /100m2
COST PER 100m2 336.45 /100m2

Cost per m2 = 336.45/ 100 3.36 /m2

(2) Labour Cost


a. Hourly rate
Painter at RM76/day = 76/8 9.50

b. Time required to paint 100m2


1 undercoat = 2.5 2.5 hr/100m2
2 final coats = 2x2 4 hr/100m2
6.5 hr/100m2

c. Total labour cost per 100m2


Hourly rate x time required = 9.5x 6.5 61.75 /100m2

Total labour cost per m2 = 61.75/100 0.62 /m2

(3) Total cost per 1m2 including profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/m2)
Material cost 3.36 /m2
Allow for tools (5%) = 3.36 x 5 % 0.17 /m2
Labour cost 0.62 /m2
TOTAL RATE 4.15 /m2

b. Total quantity (m2) TOTAL QUANTITY 32 /m2

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 4.15 x 32 132.8
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 132.80 x 10% 13.28
TOTAL COST 146.08

(4) Unit rate (RM/m2)


Unit rate = total cost/ total quantity = 146.08 / 32 4.57 /m2

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/11
MBina Construction Sdn Bhd

ELEMENT NO. 6: DOOR AND IRONMONGERIES CALCULATION


B4(6)/2/B: 3500mm x 2000mm COLOURBOND ROLLER DOOR

(1) Material Cost RM


1 roller door @ RM1400 1400.00 /no

(2) Labour Cost


1 Joiner @ RM 90/day = 90/8 11.25 /hr
Handling the roller door 7mins/no = 11.25 x 0.12 1.35 /no
Connection roller door 9mins/no = 11.25 x 0.15 1.69 /no
Fastened the bolts and nuts 7mins/no = 11.25 x 0.12 1.35 /no
Fixing roller door 7mins/no = 11.25 x 0.12 1.35 /no
5.74 /no

(3) Total cost including tool cost, profit and overhead


a. Total rate (RM/no)
Material cost 1400.00 /no
Labour cost 5.74 /no
Tool cost (5%) = 1400 x 5% 70.00 /no
TOTAL RATE 1475.74 /no

b. Total quantity (No) TOTAL QUANTITY 1.00 /no

c. Total cost (RM)


Total cost = total rate x total quantity = 1475.74 x 1 1475.74
Add: Profit and overhead (10%) = 1475.74 x 10% 147.57
TOTAL COST 1623.31

(4) Unit rate (RM/no)


Unit rate = total cost / total quantity = 1623.31 x 1 1623.31 /no

Estimating (QSB 60504) Coursework 2: Project Tendering Appendix III_(6) Door & Ironmon/12
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&DATA

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&backings
1 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
2 1m3!of!Sand!=!1600kg
3 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM14/50kg
4 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
5 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!for!mortar 33.33%

Ceramic&tiles
6 Size!of!ceramic!tiles!=!200mm!x!300mm!x!7mm!thick
7 Material!cost!for!200mm!x!300mm!x!7mm!thick!ceramic!tiles RM2.30/!piece
8 Allow!wastage!for!tiles 10%

9 Assume!material!cost!for!white!cement!mortar RM2/!m2

10 1!gang!consists!of!1!unskilled!labour!and!1!tiler! 8!hours/day
11 1!unskilled!labour RM55/day
12 1!tiler RM96/day

13 To!mix!1m3!of!cement!mortar!requires!1!hour
14 To!lay!1m2!of!ceramic!tiles!requires!2.5!hours
15 To!do!1m2!of!pointing!requires!1!hour

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_Int.!Wall!Finishes
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&DATA

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&+&plastering
1 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
2 1m3!of!Sand!=!1600kg
3 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM14/50kg
4 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
5 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!for!mortar 33.33%
6 Plasticizer!used!=!0.10kg/!50kg!of!cement RM10/!1kg

7 1!gang!consists!of!2!skilled!labours!and!1!unskilled!labour 8hours/!day
8 1!skilled!labour RM87/!day
9 1!unskilled!labour RM55/!day
10 Coverage!for!20mm!thick!plaster!=!75m2!per!1000kg
Assume!1000kg!refers!to!cement!only
11 To!deliver!and!stack!cement!@!20!numbers!of!50kg!bag!per
hour
12 To!mix!and!apply!100m2!requires!18!hours

Painting
1 One!coat!of!Dulux!Interior!Basecoat!Sealer!at!plaster!surfaces!@!10! RM135.00/!18!litres
litres!per!100m2
2 Two!finishing!coats!of!Dulux!ICI!Maxilite!Trade!Emulsion!paint!at! RM65.00/!18!litres
plaster!surfaces!@!9.52!litres!per!100m2
3 Allow!wastage!for!all!works 5.00%

4 1!painter!(8hours/!day) RM76/!day
5 One!coat!of!basecoat!sealer!at!plaster!surfaces! 6.6!hour!per!100m2
6 Two!finishing!coats!of!emulsion!paint!at!plaster!surfaces 4.5!hour!per!100m2

7 Allow!of!material!cost!for!paint!brush,!accessories!and!other!small! 5%
tools

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_Int.!Wall!Finishes
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(7)/1/A:&BACKINGS

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&(1:4)&Backings
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
4m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 4&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 224.00 /4m3
Gross&total 621.60 /5m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar(33.33%) = 621.60&x&33.33% 207.18

Net&total&for&5m3 828.78 /5m3


Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:4) = 828.78&/&5 165.76 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 165.76&x&0.020 3.32 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Included(in(tiles(labour

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&backings = 3.32 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 3.32 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 95.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.32&x&95 315.40
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 315.40&x&10% 31.54
TOTAL&COST 346.94

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 346.94&/&95 3.65 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(7)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(7)/1/C:&TILES&FINISHING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Ceramic&Tiles
Number&of&tiles&per&m2 = 1/&(0.20&x&0.30) 17.00 piece
Gross&cost&per&m2&@&RM2.30/&piece = 17&x&2.30 39.10 /m2

Allow&wastage&(10%) = 39.10&x&10% 3.91 /m2


Net&cost&per&m2 = 39.10&+&3.91 43.01 /m2

White&Cement&Mortar = RM2 2.00 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
1&gang&of&labour&consists&of&1&unskilled&labour&and&1&tiler
To&mix&cement&mortar
Unskilled&labour&@&RM55/&day = 55/8 6.88 /hr
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88&x&1&x&0.020 0.14 /m2

To&lay&ceramic&tiles&and&pointing
Tiler&@&RM96/&day = 96/8 12.00 /hr
Cost&to&lay&and&point&1m2 = 12&x&(2.5&+&1) 42.00 /m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 0.14&+&42.00 42.14 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Ceramic&tiles = 43.01
White&cement&mortar = 2.00
Labour&cost = 42.14
TOTAL&RATE 87.15 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 95.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 87.15&x&95 8279.25
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 8,279.25&x&10% 827.93
TOTAL&COST 9107.18

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 9,107.18&/&95 95.87 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(7)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(7)/1/B:&INSITU&FINISHING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&(1:4)&+&Plasticizer
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
4m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 4&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 224.00 /4m3
Gross&total 621.60 /5m3

Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:4) = 621.60&/&5 124.32 /m3

Plasticizer&0.10kg/&50kg&cement&@&RM10/kg = (0.10/&50)&x&(1420/&5) 5.68


&x&(RM10/&1kg)
130.00 /m3

Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar(33.33%) = 130.00&x&33.33% 43.33


173.33 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 173.33&x&0.020 3.47 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
1&gang&of&labour&consists&of&2&skilled&labour
and&1&unskilled&labour
2&skilled&labour&@&RM87/&person/&day = 87/&8&x&2 21.75 /hour
1&skilled&labour&@&RM55/&person/&day = 55/8&x&1 6.88 /hour
Labour&gang&hourly&rate 28.63 /hour

Coverage&for&20mm&thick&plaster&=&75m2&per&1000kg
Assume&1000kg&refers&to&cement&only
Cement&per&1m2 = 1000/&75 13.33 kg

Time&required&by&labour
To&deliver&and&stack&13.33kg&cement
20&numbers&of&50kg&bag&per&hour = [&13.33/&(20x50)&x1] 0.013 hour

To&mix&and&apply&1m2 = 18hrs/&100m2 0.180


Total&time&required 0.193 hour

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 28.63&x&0.193 5.53 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(7)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead RM
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&and&plasticizer = 3.47 /m2
Labour&cost = 5.53 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 9.00 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 132.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 9.00&x&132 1188.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 1,188.00&x&10% 118.80
TOTAL&COST 1306.80

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 1,306.80&/&&132 9.90 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(7)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&7:&INTERNAL&WALL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(7)/1/D:&PAINTING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Paint
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = (135.00/&18)&x&10 75.00 /100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = (65.00/&18)&x&9.52&x&2 68.76 /100m2
143.76 /100m2
Allow&wastage&for&all&works&(5%) = 143.76&x&5% 7.19 /100m2
Cost&per&100m2 = 150.95 /100m2

Cost&per&m2 = 150.95/&100 1.51 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Hourly&rate
Painter&@&RM76/&day = 76/8 9.50

Time&required&to&paint&100m2
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = 6.6 6.6 hour/
100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = 4.5&x&2 9.00 hour/
Total&time&required&to&paint&100m2 15.60 100m2
Total&labour&cost&per&100m2
Hourly&rate&x&Total&time&required = 9.50&x&15.60 148.20 /100m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 148.20/&100 1.48 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&per&1m2&including&profit&and&overhead RM
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Paint = 1.51 /m2
Allow&for&tools&(5%) = 1.51&x&5% 0.08 /m2
Labour&cost = 1.48 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 3.07 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 132.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.07&x&132 405.24
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 405.24&x&10% 40.52
TOTAL&COST 445.76

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 445.76&/&132 3.38 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(7)/5
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&8:&Internal&Floor&Finishes

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Floor&Finishes
Material&Cost:&Cement&and&sand&(1:3)&
1 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
2 1m3!of!sand!=!1600kg
3 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM!14/50kg
4 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
5 Allow!shrinkage!and!waste!for!mortar 33.33%

Material&Cost:&Ceramic&Tiles
6 300mmX300mmX7.5mm!thk!Ceramic!tiles RM2.60/pieces
7 Allow!wastage!for!ceramic!tiles 10%
8 White!Cement RM2.00

Labour&Cost&(m2)
9 1!unskilled!labour!for!cement!&!sand!screed! RM!55/day
10 One$gang$of$labour$consist$of$1$unskilled$and$1$skilled$tiler:
($to$floor)$(8hours/day)
1!unskilled!labour RM55/day
1!skilled!tiler!labour RM96/day
11 One$gang$of$labour$consist$of$1$semi$skilled$and$1$skilled$tiler:
($to$floor$n.e$15$from$horizontal)$(8hours/day)
1!semiskilled!labour RM60/day
1!skilled!tiler!labour RM96/day
12 One$gang$of$labour$consist$of$1$unskilled$and$1$skilled$tiler:
($to$skirting$and$drop)
1!unskilled!labour!each RM55/day
1!skilled!tiler!labour!each RM96/day

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_Int!Floor!Finishes
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/A<'20mm'thk'C&S(1:3)'screedH'to'floor

(1)'Material'cost RM
Cement'and'Sand'(1:3)'Screed'(M2)
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50kg&x&RM&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
3m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 3&x&1600&/&1000&x&RM&35 168.00 /3m3
Gross&Total 565.60 /4m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar&(33.3%) = 565.60x&33.33% 188.51
Net&total&for&4m3& 754.11 /4m3

Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:3) = 754.11/&4 188.53 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 188.53&x&0.020 3.77 /m2

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
To&mix&cement&mortar&
1&Unskilled&labour&@&RM55/day = RM55/8 6.88 /hr

Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88x&1&x&0.020 0.14 /m2


Total&Labour&Cost 0.14 /m2

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed = 3.77 /m2
Labour&cost = 0.14 /m2
TOTAL'RATE 3.91 /m2
b.'Total'quantity'(m2)
Quantity = TOTAL'QUANTITY 18.00 /m2

c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.91&x&18 70.38 RM
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 70.38x10% 7.04 RM
TOTAL 77.42 RM

(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m2)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity = RM77.42/18 4.30&RM/m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/B<C&S(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshiveH'to'floor

(1)'Material'cost RM
'Cement'and'Sand'(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshive'
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50kg&x&RM&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
3m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 3&x&1600&/&1000&x&RM&35 168.00 /3m3
Gross&Total 565.60 /4m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar&(33.3%) = 565.60x&33.33% 188.51
Net&total&for&4m3& 754.11 /4m3

Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:3) = 754.11/&4 188.53 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 188.53&x&0.020 3.77 /m2

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
Included(in(tiles(labour

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed = 3.77 /m2
TOTAL'RATE 3.77 /m2
b.'Total'quantity'(m2)
Quantity = TOTAL'QUANTITY 86.00 /m2

c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.77x86 324.22 RM
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 324.22x10% 32.42 RM
TOTAL 356.64 RM

(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m2)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity = RM356.64/86 4.15&RM/m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/C<C&S(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshiveH'to'floor:'laid'to'fall'not'exceeding''
15º'from'horizontal

(1)'Material'cost RM
'Cement'and'Sand'(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshive'
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50kg&x&RM&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
3m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 3&x&1600&/&1000&x&RM&35 168.00 /3m3
Gross&Total 565.60 /4m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar&(33.3%) = 565.60x&33.33% 188.51
Net&total&for&4m3& 754.11 /4m3

Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:3) = 754.11/&4 188.53 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 188.53&x&0.020 3.77 /m2

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
Included(in(tiles(labour

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed = 3.77 /m2
TOTAL'RATE 3.77 /m2
b.'Total'quantity'(m2)
Quantity = TOTAL'QUANTITY 4.00 /m2

c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.77x4 15.08 RM
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 15.08x10% 32.42 RM
TOTAL 16.59 RM

(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m2)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity = RM16.59/4 4.15&RM/m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/D<C&S(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshiveH'to'drop:'100mm'high

(1)'Material'cost
'Cement'and'Sand'(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshive' RM
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg
Sand&including&unloading:& = 1420&/&50kg&x&RM&14 397.60 /m3
3m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne
= 3&x&1600&/&1000&x&RM&35 168.00 /3m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar&(33.3%) Gross&Total 565.60 /4m3
= 565.60x&33.33% 188.51
Net&total&for&4m3& 754.11 /4m3
Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:3)
= 754.11/&4 188.53 /m3
Cost&per&m2
= 188.53&x&0.020x0.100 0.38 /m
(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
Included(in(tiles(labour

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
= 0.38 /m
b.'Total'quantity'(m) TOTAL'RATE 0.38 /m
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 7.00 /m
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 0.38x7 2.66 RM
= 2.66x10% 0.27 RM
TOTAL 2.93 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM2.93/7 0.42&RM/m

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/E<C&S(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshiveH'to'skirting:'150mm'high

(1)'Material'cost
'Cement'and'Sand'(1:3)'as'Backings'screed'with'adshive' RM
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg
Sand&including&unloading:& = 1420&/&50kg&x&RM&14 397.60 /m3
3m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne
= 3&x&1600&/&1000&x&RM&35 168.00 /3m3
Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar&(33.3%) Gross&Total 565.60 /4m3
= 565.60x&33.33% 188.51
Net&total&for&4m3& 754.11 /4m3
Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:3)
= 754.11/&4 188.53 /m3
Cost&per&m2
= 188.53&x&0.020x0.150 0.57 /m
(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
Included(in(tiles(labour

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
= 0.57 /m
b.'Total'quantity'(m) TOTAL'RATE 0.57 /m
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 70.00 /m
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 0.57&x&70 39.90 RM
= 39.90x10% 3.99 RM
TOTAL 43.89 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM43.89/70 0.63&RM/m

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/5
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/F<Ceramic'TilesH'to'floor

(1)'Material'cost
Ceramic'Tiles
No.&of&tiles&per&m2 = 1/(0.3x0.3) 11.11 pieces
Gross&cost&per&m2&@RM2.60/&piece = 11.11&x&2.60& 28.89 /m2
add&10%&wastage = RM28.89 2.89 /m2
Net&cost&per/m2 = RM28.89&+&RM2.89 31.78 /m2

White'Cement'(m2) = RM2.00 2.00 /m2

TOTAL'MATERIAL'COST = 33.78 /m2

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
1(gang(of(labour(consits(of(1(unskilled(and(1(skilled(tiler
To&mix&cement&mortar
Unskilled&labour@RM55/day = RM55/8 6.88 /hour
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88x1x0.020 0.14 /m2

To&lay&ceramic&tiles&and&pointing 12.00 /hour


Skilled&Tiler&@&RM96/day = RM96/8 42.00 /m2
Cost&to&lay&and&point&1m2 = 12.00&x&(2.5+1)

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 0.14+42.00 42.14 /m2

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
Labour&Cost 33.78 /m2
= 42.14 /m2
b.'Total'quantity'(m2) TOTAL'RATE 75.92 /m2
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 86.00 /m2
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 75.92&x&86 6,529.12 RM
= 6529.12&x&10% 652.91 RM
TOTAL 7,182.03 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m2)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM7182.03/86 83.51&RM/m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/6
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/G<'Ceramic'TilesH'to'floor:'laid'to'fall'not'exceeding''15º'from'horinzontal

(1)'Material'cost
Ceramic'Tiles
No.&of&tiles&per&m2 = 1/(0.3x0.3) 11.11 pieces
Gross&cost&per&m2&@RM2.60/&piece = 11.11&x&2.60& 28.89 /m2
add&10%&wastage = RM28.89 2.89 /m2
Net&cost&per/m2 = RM28.89&+&RM2.89 31.78 /m2

White'Cement'(m2) = RM2.00 2.00 /m2

TOTAL'MATERIAL'COST = 33.78 /m2

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
1(gang(of(labour(consits(of(1(unskilled(and(1(skilled(tiler
To&mix&cement&mortar
Semi&skilled&labour@RM60/day = RM60/8 7.50 /hour
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 7.50x1x0.020 0.15 /m2

To&lay&ceramic&tiles&and&pointing = RM96/8 12.00 /hour


Skilled&Tiler&@&RM96/day = 12.00&x&(2.5+1) 42.00 /m2
Cost&to&lay&and&point&1m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 0.15+42.00 42.15

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
Labour&Cost 33.78 /m2
= 42.15 /m2
b.'Total'quantity'(m2) TOTAL'RATE 75.93 /m2
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 4.00 /m2
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 75.93&x&4 303.72 RM
= 303.72x10% 30.37 RM
TOTAL 334.09 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m2)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM334.09/4 83.52&RM/m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/7
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/H<'Ceramic'TilesHto'drop:'100mm'high

(1)'Material'cost
Ceramic'Tiles
No.&of&tiles&per&m2 = 1/(0.3x0.3) 11.11 pieces
Gross&cost&per&m2&@RM2.60/&piece = 11.11&x&2.60& 28.89 /m2
add&10%&wastage = RM28.89 2.89 /m2
Net&cost&per/m2 = RM28.89&+&RM2.89 31.78 /m2

White'Cement'(m2) = RM2.00 2.00 /m2


33.78 /m2

TOTAL'MATERIAL'COST = RM33.78x0.10 3.38 /m

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
1(gang(of(labour(consits(of(1(unskilled(and(1(skilled(tiler
To&mix&cement&mortar
Unskilled&labour@RM55/day = RM55/8 6.88 /hr
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88x1x0.020x0.100 0.01 /m

To&lay&ceramic&tiles&and&pointing = RM96/8 12.00 /hr


Skilled&Tiler&@&RM96/day = 12.00&x&(2.5+1)&x&0.10 4.20 /m
Cost&to&lay&and&point&1m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 0.01+4.20 4.21 /m

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
Labour&Cost 3.38 /m
= 4.21 /m
b.'Total'quantity'(m) TOTAL'RATE 7.59 /m
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 7.00 /m
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 7.59&x&4.21 53.13 RM
= 53.13x10% 5.31 RM
TOTAL 58.44 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM58.44/7 8.35&RM/m

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/8
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

Element'NO.8'INTERNAL'FLOOR'FINISHES'CALCULATION

B4(8)/1/I<'Ceramic'TilesHto'skirting:'150mm'high

(1)'Material'cost
Ceramic'Tiles
No.&of&tiles&per&m2 = 1/(0.3x0.3) 11.11 pieces
Gross&cost&per&m2&@RM2.60/&piece = 11.11&x&2.60& 28.89 /m2
add&10%&wastage = RM28.89 2.89 /m2
Net&cost&per/m2 = RM28.89&+&RM2.89 31.78 /m2

White'Cement'(m2) = RM2.00 2.00 /m2


33.78 /m2

TOTAL'MATERIAL'COST = RM33.78x0.15 5.07 /m

(2)'Labour'Cost
Labour'Cost
1(gang(of(labour(consits(of(1(unskilled(and(1(skilled(tiler
To&mix&cement&mortar
Unskilled&labour@RM55/day = RM55/8 6.88 /hr
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88x1x0.020x0.15 0.02 /m

To&lay&ceramic&tiles&and&pointing = RM96/8 12.00 /hr


Skilled&Tiler&@&RM96/day = 12.00&x&(2.5+1)&x&0.15 6.30 /m
Cost&to&lay&and&point&1m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 0.02+6.30 6.32 /m

(3)'Total'cost'including'profit'and'overhead
a.'Total'rate'(RM/m)
Material&cost
Cement&and&Sand&(1:3)Screed
Labour&Cost 5.07 /m
= 6.32 /m
b.'Total'quantity'(m) TOTAL'RATE 11.39 /m
Quantity
= TOTAL'QUANTITY 70.00 /m
c.'Total'cost'(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 11.39&x&70 797.30 RM
= 797.30x10% 79.730 RM
TOTAL 877.03 RM
(4)'Unit'rate'(RM/m)
Unit&Rate=&Total&Cost/&Total&Quantity
= RM877.03/70 12.53&RM/m

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III(8)/9
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&9:&INTERNAL&CEILING&FINISHES&DATA

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Fibrous&Plaster&Ceiling
1 1220mm!x!1830mm!x!12mm!thk!fibrous!ceiling!plasterboard! RM18.50/piece
including!unloading
2 Allow!wastage!for!fibrous!ceiling!plasterboard 10%
3 34mm!metal!furring!including!unloading RM2.40/piece
4 Allow!wastage!for!metal!furring 10%

5 1!gang!consists!of!2!skilled!labours!and!1!unskilled!labours! (8!hours!/day)
6 1!Skilled!labour! RM!90/day
7 1!Unskilled!labour!! RM!55/day

8 Allow!RM5!for!screw RM!5

ASSUMPTION
1 Assume!1!piece!of!plasterboard!require!4!nos!of!metal!furring! (by!supplier)
2 Assume!to!lay!1m2!of!ceiling!plasterboard!requires!0.65!hours (by!book)
3 Assume!to!lay!1m2!of!metal!furring!requires!0.27!hours (by!book)

Paint
1 One!coat!of!basecoat!sealer!at!plaster!surfaces! RM135.00/!18Litres
@!10!litres!per!100m2
2 Two!finishing!coats!of!emulsion!paint!at!plaster!surfaces! RM65.00/!18Litres
@!9.52!litres!per!100m2
3 Allow!wastage!for!all!works 5%

4 1!painter!(8hours/!day) RM76/!day
5 One!coat!of!basecoat!sealer!at!plaster!surfaces!
@!6.6!hour!per!100m2
6 Two!finishing!coats!of!emulsion!paint!at!plaster!surfaces!
@!4.5!hour!per!100m2

7 Allow!of!material!cost!for!paint!brush,!accessories!and 5%
other!small!tools

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_Int.!Ceiling!Fin.
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&9:&INTERNAL&CEILING&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(9)/1/A:&FIBROUS&PLASTER&CEILING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Fibrous&Ceiling&Plasterboard&including&unloading
No.&of&1220mm&x&1830mm&x&12mm&thk&plasterboard&per&m2:
= 1&/&(1.22x1.83) 0.45pieces/m2
Gross&cost&per&m2&@&RM18.50/piece:&
= 0.45x18.50 8.33 /m2

Allow&wastage&for&Fibrous&Ceiling&Plasterboard&(10%)
= 8.33&x&10% 0.83 /m2
9.16 /m2

Metal&Furring&including&unloading
No.&of&34mm&metal&furring:&(assume&1&piece&of&plasterboard&require&4&nos&of&metal&furring
= 4&/&(1.22x1.83) 1.79pieces/m2
Gross&cost&per&m2&@&RM2.40/piece:
= 1.79x2.40 4.30 /m2
Allow&wastage&for&metal&furring&(10%)
= 4.30&x&10% 0.43 /m2
4.73 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Labour&gang
1&skilled&labour&@&RM90/person/day = RM90/8&x&1 11.25 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM55/person/day = RM55/8&x&1 6.88 /hr
Labour&gang&hourly&rate 18.13 /hr
Time&required&by&labour
Assumed&to&lay&1m2&of&ceiling&plasterboard&requires&0.65&hours
= 0.65&x&18.13 11.78 /m2
Assumed&to&lay&1m2&of&metal&furring&requires&0.27&hours
= 0.27&x&18.13 4.90 /m2
16.68 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Fibrous&Ceiling&Plasterboard = 9.16 /m2
Metal&Furring = 4.73 /m2
13.89 /m2
Labour&cost
1&skilled&labour&&&1&unskilled&labour = 16.68 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 30.57 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 104.00 m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(9)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 30.57&x&104 3179.28
Allow&sum&of&RM5&for&screw = 5 5.00
Gross&total 3184.28

Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 3,184.28&x&10% 318.43


TOTAL&COST 3502.71

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 3,502.71&/&104 33.68 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(9)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&9:&INTERNAL&CEILING&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(9)/1/B:&PAINTING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Paint
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = (135.00/&18)&x&10 75.00 /100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = (65.00/&18)&x&9.52&x&2 68.76 /100m2
143.76 /100m2
Allow&wastage&for&all&works&(5%) = 143.76&x&5% 7.19 /100m2
Cost&per&100m2 = 150.95 /100m2

Cost&per&m2 = 150.95/&100 1.51 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Hourly&rate
Painter&@&RM76/&day = 76/8 9.50

Time&required&to&paint&100m2
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = 6.6 6.6 hour/
100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = 4.5&x&2 9.00 hour/
Total&time&required&to&paint&100m2 15.60 100m2
Total&labour&cost&per&100m2
Hourly&rate&x&Total&time&required = 9.50&x&15.60 148.20 /100m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 148.20/&100 1.48 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&per&1m2&including&profit&and&overhead RM
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Paint = 1.51 /m2
Allow&for&tools&(5%) = 1.51&x&5% 0.08 /m2
Labour&cost = 1.48 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 3.07 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 104.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.07&x&104 319.28
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 319.28&x&10% 31.93
TOTAL&COST 351.21

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 351.21&/&104 3.38 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(9)/3
!MBina!Construction!Sdn!Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&10:&EXTERNAL&FINISHES&DATA

Note:!Allow!10%!profit!and!overhead.

Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&+&plastering
1 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
2 1m3!of!Sand!=!1600kg
3 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM14/50kg
4 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
5 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!for!mortar 33.33%
6 Plasticizer!used!=!0.10kg/!50kg!of!cement RM10/!1kg

7 1!gang!consists!of!2!skilled!labours!and!1!unskilled!labour 8hours/!day
8 1!skilled!labour RM87/!day
9 1!unskilled!labour RM55/!day
10 Coverage!for!20mm!thick!plaster!=!75m2!per!1000kg
Assume!1000kg!refers!to!cement!only
11 To!deliver!and!stack!cement!@!20!numbers!of!50kg!bag!per
hour
12 To!mix!and!apply!100m2!requires!18!hours

Painting
1 One!coat!of!Dulux!Interior!Basecoat!Sealer!at!plaster!surfaces!@!10! RM135.00/!18!litres
litres!per!100m2
2 Two!finishing!coats!of!Dulux!ICI!Maxilite!Trade!Emulsion!paint!at! RM65.00/!18!litres
plaster!surfaces!@!9.52!litres!per!100m2
3 Allow!wastage!for!all!works 5.00%

4 1!painter!(8hours/!day) RM76/!day
5 One!coat!of!basecoat!sealer!at!plaster!surfaces! 6.6!hour!per!100m2
6 Two!finishing!coats!of!emulsion!paint!at!plaster!surfaces 4.5!hour!per!100m2

7 Allow!of!material!cost!for!paint!brush,!accessories!and!other!small! 5%
tools
Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&screed
1 1m3!of!OPC!=!1420kg
2 1m3!of!Sand!=!1600kg
3 Material!cost!for!Ordinary!Portland!Cement!including!unloading! RM14/50kg
4 Material!cost!for!Sand!including!unloading RM35/tonne
5 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!for!mortar 33.33%

6 1!unskilled!labour RM55/!day
7 To!mix!1m3!of!cement!mortar!requires!1!hour

Skim&coat
1 ASG!800!Base!Grey!Skim!Coat!(25kg/!bag)!(Density!1650kg/m3) RM13/!bag
2 Allow!shrinkage!and!wastage!factor 10%

3 1!gang!consists!of!2!skilled!labours!and!1!unskilled!labour (8!hours/!day)
4 1!skilled!labour RM87/!day
5 1!unskilled!labour RM55/!day

6 Assume!1m2!requires!0.24!hour (by!book)

Estimating!(QSB!60504)!Coursework!2:!Project!Tendering Appendix!III_External!Finishes
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&10:&EXTERNAL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(10)/1/A:&INSITU&FINISHING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&(1:4)&+&Plasticizer
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
4m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 4&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 224.00 /4m3
Gross&total 621.60 /5m3

Divide&by&parts&of&mix&(1:4) = 621.60&/&5 124.32 /m3

Plasticizer&0.10kg/&50kg&cement&@&RM10/kg = (0.10/&50)&x&(1420/&5) 5.68


&x&(RM10/&1kg)
130.00 /m3

Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar(33.33%) = 130.00&x&33.33% 43.33


173.33 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 173.33&x&0.020 3.47 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Labour&gang
2&skilled&labour&@&RM87/&person/&day = 87/&8&x&2 21.75 /hour
1&skilled&labour&@&RM55/&person/&day = 55/8&x&1 6.88 /hour
Labour&gang&hourly&rate 28.63 /hour

Coverage&for&20mm&thick&plaster&=&75m2&per&1000kg
Assume&1000kg&refers&to&cement&only
Cement&per&1m2 = 1000/&75 13.33 kg

Time&required&by&labour
To&deliver&and&stack&13.33kg&cement
20&numbers&of&50kg&bag&per&hour = [&13.33/&(20x50)&x1] 0.013 hour

To&mix&and&apply&1m2 = 18hrs/&100m2 0.180


Total&time&required 0.193 hour

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 28.63&x&0.193 5.53 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(10)/1
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead RM
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&and&plasticizer = 3.47 /m2
Labour&cost = 5.53 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 9.00 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 91.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 9.00&x&91 819.00
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 819.00&x&10% 81.90
TOTAL&COST 900.90

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 900.90&/&&91 9.90 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(10)/2
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&10:&EXTERNAL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(10)/1/D:&PAINTING

(1)&Material&cost RM
Paint
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = (135.00/&18)&x&10 75.00 /100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = (65.00/&18)&x&9.52&x&2 68.76 /100m2
143.76 /100m2
Allow&wastage&for&all&works&(5%) = 143.76&x&5% 7.19 /100m2
Cost&per&100m2 = 150.95 /100m2

Cost&per&m2 = 150.95/&100 1.51 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Hourly&rate
Painter&@&RM76/&day = 76/8 9.50

Time&required&to&paint&100m2
1&coat&basecoat&sealer = 6.6 6.6 hour/
100m2
2&finishing&coats&emulsion&paint = 4.5&x&2 9.00 hour/
100m2
Total&time&required&to&paint&100m2 15.60 hour/
100m2

Total&labour&cost&per&100m2
Hourly&rate&x&Total&time&required = 9.50&x&15.60 148.20 /100m2

Total&labour&cost&per&m2 = 148.20/&100 1.48 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&per&1m2&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Paint = 1.51 /m2
Allow&for&tools&(5%) = 1.52&x&5% 0.08 /m2
Labour&cost = 1.48 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 3.07 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 91.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.07&x&91 279.37
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 279.37&x&10% 27.94
TOTAL&COST 307.31

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 307.31&/&91 3.38 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(10)/3
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&10:&EXTERNAL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(10)/1/B:&INSITU&FINISHINGS

(1)&Material&cost RM
Cement&and&Sand&(1:4)&Screed
Ordinary&Portland&Cement&including&unloading:&
1m3&at&1420kg/m3&at&RM14/50kg = 1420&/&50&x&14 397.60 /m3
Sand&including&unloading:&
4m3&at&1600kg/m3&at&RM35/tonne = 4&x&1600&/&1000&x&35 224.00 /4m3
Gross&total 621.60 /5m3

Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&mortar(33.33%) = 621.60&x&33.33% 207.18


Net&total&for&5m3 828.78 /5m3

Divide&parts&of&mix&(1:4) = 828.78&/&5 165.76 /m3

Cost&per&m2 = 165.76&/&0.020 3.32 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
To&mix&cement&mortar
Unskilled&labour&@&RM55/&day = 55/8 6.88 /hr
Cost&to&mix&1m2 = 6.88&x&1&x&0.020 0.14 /m2
0.14 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&per&1m2&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Cement&and&sand&(1:4)&screed = 3.32 /m2
Labour&cost = 0.14 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 3.46 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 18.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 3.46&x&18 62.28
Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 62.28&x&10% 6.23
TOTAL&COST 68.51

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 68.51&/&18 3.81 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(10)/4
MBina&Construction&Sdn&Bhd

ELEMENT&NO.&10:&EXTERNAL&FINISHES&CALCULATION

B4(10)/1/C:&SKIM&COAT

(1)&Material&cost RM
Skim&coat
3mm&thk&ASG&800&Base&Grey&Skim&Coat&(25kg/bag)
Density&1650kg/m3 = 1650&/&25&x&RM13 858.00
Gross&Total 858.00

Allow&shrinkage&and&wastage&for&skim&coat&(10%)
= RM&858.00&X&10% 85.80 /m2
Net&Gross&Total 943.80 /m2

Cost&per&m2 = RM&943.80&x&0.003 2.83 /m2

(2)&Labour&cost
Labour&gang
1&skilled&labour&@&RM87/person/day = RM87/8&x&1 10.88 /hr
1&unskilled&labour&@&RM55/person/day = RM55/8&x&1 6.88 /hr
Labour&gang&hourly&rate 17.76 /hr
Time&required&by&labour
Assume&1m2&require&0.24&hour
= 17.76&x&0.24 4.26 /m2

(3)&Total&cost&including&profit&and&overhead
a.&Total&rate&(RM/m2)
Material&cost
Skim&Coat m2 2.83 /m2
Labour&cost
1&skilled&labour&&&1&unskilled&labour 4.26 /m2
TOTAL&RATE 7.09 /m2

b.&Total&quantity&(m2) TOTAL&QUANTITY 36.00 m2

c.&Total&cost&(RM)
Total&cost&=&total&rate&x&total&quantity = 7.09&x&36.00 255.24

Add:&Profit&and&overhead&(10%) = 255.24&x&10% 25.52


TOTAL&COST 280.76

(4)&Unit&rate&(RM/m2)
Unit&rate&=&total&cost&/&total&quantity = 280.76&/&36 7.80 /m2

Estimating&(QSB&60504)&Coursework&2:&Project&Tendering Appendix&III_(10)/5