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DOCUMENT NO 349 March 2017

A.P.A.C. Ltd.
Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy

ARCHAEOLOGICAL

REPORT

New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny

Level III, BUILDING RECORDING SURVEY

Monmouthshire County Council

Planning Application No: 2016/01481

Initial preparation: MR A.O. PHILLIPS


07/03/17
Final: DR N PHILLIPS
15/March/2017
A.P.A.C. Ltd New House Barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17

Summary

APAC Ltd was contacted by the client in order to undertake a Level III building recording
survey of an existing grade II listed barn and later edition outbuildings.

The buildings in question are to be renovated and converted to provide a new


building/dwelling.

The client was instructed to arrange for a building recording survey by Monmouthshire
County Council (MCC).

APAC Ltd produced a Written Scheme of Investigation, which was approved and the
survey was undertaken.

This document comprises the Level III building recording survey as required.

The earliest documented date for the barn is 17th century with the associated barn being
later 19th century editions.

The survey was able to identify a relative phasing chronology for the barn and
associated buildings.

Copyright Notice:
A.P.A.C. Ltd. retains copyright of this report under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) to reproduce map information; Copyright remains
otherwise with the Ordnance Survey.

Cover Plate: DSCN1136 External Building, west view

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Contents

Summary .......................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents ........................................................................................................................................... 2
Figures .............................................................................................................................................. 2
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 5
Location of the Site .......................................................................................................................... 5
Geology & Topography ................................................................................................................... 5
Brief archaeological and historical background............................................................................... 6
Aims and Objectives ........................................................................................................................ 7
Archive ........................................................................................................................................... 12
Health & Safety:............................................................................................................................. 13
Acknowledgments:......................................................................................................................... 13
Copyright ....................................................................................................................................... 13
Bibliography and References: ........................................................................................................ 14

Figures

01 Site Location map


02 HER, Core map
03 Map progressions
a) Vision of Britain map, First series, sheet 42, 1832
b) Tithe map 1839
c) Monmouthshire VII. Surveyed 1882, Published 1886
d) Monmouthshire VII.SW. Revised 1899, Published 1902
e) Monmouthshire VII. Revised 1918, Published 1922
f) Magic map 2017
04 Annotated plan view
05 Plan view phasing

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Survey photo cards

01 Cover Plate: DSCN1136 External Building, west view


02 South western elevation, two stone vent slits to west of barn (1) entrance.
03 Barn 1 north eastern elevation, original opening now clearly blocked up mirrors that of the opening in
the south-western elevation.
04 North corner barn 1 north eastern elevation, showing later edition byre not tied in with original barn,
but built abutting it.
05 Later edition north western gable of barn (1), byre added later some time in 19th century. With steps
and brick dome top recess possibly being added later. Western corner of barn 1, quoined stone.
06 External batter of barn 1, south western elevation.
07 Barn 1, Shows extent of repair. Entire eastern gable end taken away and repaired with new coursed
stone.
08 Barn 1 south western elevation. Coursed stonework wall rendered upward after a metre from ground
level. 2 internally splayed slit vents. Left splay .512mm right splay .523mm. right slit vent has lintel.
09 Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed slit vents. left of blocked in
door. Left slit vent .544mm right slit vent 601mm.
10 Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed slit vents right of blocked in
door, left slit vent .525mm, right slit vent .509mm. both vents have lintels.
11 Modern doorway edition in barn 1 to building 2 south west elevation. Made from same coursed stone
the new south eastern gable. 2 owl holes either side of entrance are decorative later editions.
12 Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework, evident cuts shows were original
threshing central barn door was situated opposite that of the southern western door.
13 Barn 1 north western gable. 2 entrances in ground floor and 1 in first floor. Access to later edition byre.
14 Collared Yoke, blades and central ridged purlin.
15 Barn 1’s roughhewn timber tie beam set upon wall plate with blade and entrenched purlins. Wooden
pegged, South east.
16 Barn 1’s roughhewn timber tie beam set upon wall plate with blades and entrenched purlins. The tie
beam has failed and has been repaired with iron bolts. Central 4.
17 General view of roof.
18 Central timber roof frame, differs from others in that it is a box truss construction of tie beam from wall
plates with two queen and one crown posts supporting a collar. From the collar are two raked struts to
the blades with a simple collared yoke. All the elements have been reused. Central 3.
19 North eastern elevation outbuilding 2 between main barn (1) and building 3 extension. Open faced
barn, large central opening. Modern breeze block repairs.
20 North eastern elevation outbuilding 3 and extension. Open faced barns with constant structural phases
from original coursed stone to modern concrete blocks and brick repairs. Slate roof over repurposed
timbers.
21 Dilapidated building put up between outbuilding 2 and outbuilding 3. Building extends outbuilding 3.
Built of coursed stone without being tied to buildings either side of it. Evidence of original height of
south western gable wall of outbuilding 2 in the form of original rendered wall and gable end roof
beam.
22 Extended wall between building 3 extension and building 2. The wall has been extended north west,
and forms a flat top above the ridges of buildings 2 & 3.
23 Dilapidated south eastern elevation outbuilding 3. Timber frame top window with modern breeze block
repair. Small internally splayed bottom window. Parts of the wall have begun to fall away. Slate roof
under timber beams.
24 North eastern gable, building 4 (See DSC09881) known now as the bull house. Small coursed stone
building with major structural repairs to south western gable.
25 Outbuilding 3 south western gable, recently ivy covered evidenced from partially weathered stone.
South corner of hitched roof built upon modern bricks. bricks replace original stone. Out building 4
eastern corner ties into this with a mirroring the feature suggesting a possible arch between the two
builds. However, feature on building 4 still made of original stone. (see DSC09893).
26 North eastern gable, building 4, timber frame door with later edition/repair bricked segmental arch
lintel. Central timber framed opening in loft with wooden iron latched hatch.

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27 Western elevation, building 4, coursed stone and lime mortared wall, moderate repairs however, and
southern corner has begun to suffer from wall cracks and slippage. Central wooden hatched window
under wooden lintel.
28 (Detail) outbuilding 4 northern corner slight hip in wall 70cm up suggests building built to
accommodate the passing of coaches. Also, suggests concrete floor has been built up around outside of
buildings.
29 North western elevation, south western gable end join. Walls don’t appear to be tied in with the gable
wall being built upon the elevation. Gable also much deeper than rest of building suggesting possible
use as a buttress to stop rest of building falling down bank. Also, not tied into south western elevation
but extending past it, (see DSCN1157).
30 North western elevation with timber lintelled door frame. Slate roof shows evidence of slippage. Parts
of wall missing above door.
31 South western gable of building 2, two openings. North western wall has recent repairs. Top of wall
shows scar of original height of building. sloping new ceiling with machine made timbers rafters and
purlins under corrugated steel sheeting. Debris.
32 South western area of building 3, passageway on eastern side of building continues into building 2,
concrete troughs built into floor. Roofing comprises of repurposed roughhewn chamfered timber in a
simple collard truss. The collars are set upon repurposed timber wall plates and held up on timber post
along the north-western entrance. Building filled with building debris.
33 Passage way continuation from building 3 extension into building 2. Doorway possible later edition or
partially blocked to reduce original width; evidenced by new course of stone to the left of the doorway.
34 North eastern exit from building 3 extension into building 2. Opening has had later edition concrete
steps added and has been rendered. Chamfered tie beam in forefront.
35 Building 4, western corner not tied in with gable wall being built against elevation.
36 Building 4 south western gable, red brick, and cement blocks show wall to be a later edition. Machine
made timber rafters under slate are a modern.
37 Modern machine made timer roof, barn 4. Tie beam on wall plate with blades with entrenched purlins
under central ridged purling. Central ridged purling set under gable end rafters but over truss. Western
corner modern brick gable surpasses coursed stone 19th century build. owing to now skewed build. (see
DSCO9897).
38 North corner building 2 shows building not tied into barn 1 but rather built against it.
39 Upper part of north western gable. 2 splayed slit vents, 1 owl and 1st floor entrance into 19th century
addition byre. Coursed stone rendered wall show possible evidence of timber loft structure under slit
vents with possibly later edition lintels.
40 North western elevation, south western gable end join. Walls don’t appear to be tied in with the gable
wall being built upon the elevation. Gable also much deeper than rest of building suggesting possible
use as a buttress to stop rest of building falling down bank. Also, not tied into south western elevation
but extending past it, (see DSCN1157)

Appendices

Appendix I – HER Core


Appendix II - Complete photograph list & contact sheet

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Introduction

This report results from a planning application for the proposed Renovation and Conversion of Existing Listed
Building to Provide New Dwelling, Planning. Pl App. No: 2016/01481.

The planning application was applied for by Mr P Brice, Agent for Mr & Mrs Addis, (Clients) and was given approval
by Monmouthshire County Council planning (MCC), with conditions; advised by Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological
Trust (GGAT), requiring: a listed Building Recording Survey.

The existing buildings are listed Cadw ref: 2863 and are believed to be of post-medieval origin (MON2257/JB) hence
the advice for an archaeological restraint.

The restraint advised a level 3 building recording survey as set out in Historic England’s 2016 publication
‘Understanding Historic Buildings: a Guide to Good Practice’ and worded in a similar manner to model condition 73,
Welsh Government Circular 016/2014, (ibid.).

No works to which this consent relates shall commence until an appropriate programme of
historic building recording and analysis, has been secured and implemented, in accordance
with a Written Scheme of Investigation, which has been submitted to and approved in writing
by the Local Planning Authority.

Reason: To allow an accurate analytical record of the buildings to be made, before they are
demolished, to ensure that the buildings origins, use and development are understood and the
main features, character and state of preservation are recorded.
(MON2257/JB)

APAC Ltd, was contracted to produce the Written Scheme of Investigation (WSI) for a programme of archaeological
work which was compiled; (WSI:BS/LV/17), based on information provided by the client’s agent and MCC Planning
portal, Planning Application 2016/01481.

The WSI was approved as “fit for purpose” and the subsequent building survey took place on 1st March 2017.

This document, initially prepared by Mr A O Phillips, and checked by Dr N Phillips, APAC Ltd, is the report of the
building survey.

Location of the Site

The location of the site, New House Barn, Llanvetherine, NP7 8RH, NGR 336669 216381, is to the south of the
village of Llanvetherine and can be reached from the B4521, Old Ross Road; east of Abergavenny, fig 01.

On leaving Abergavenny, travel east on the B4521 for approximately 3½ miles, and just after a sharp right bend
followed by a crossroads is a turn to the right; just before the village.

Take the right turn and continue for approximately ¾ mile and the property is on the right.

Geology & Topography

The geology at the site is:

St Maughans Formation - Interbedded purple, brown and green sandstones, and red mudstones
with intraformational conglomerates containing calcrete clasts. Age ranging early Devonian
Epoch, with geographical limits of the welsh borderlands.
(BGS 2017)

Topographically, the site sits to the southwest of a lane, which runs along a gently rising spur of agricultural land.

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To the east is the Trothy stream, which separates the site from the higher ground dominated by White Castle; whilst
some 700m to the north is the heart of the village of Llanvetherine.

Brief archaeological and historical background

Llanvetherine village has ties to the medieval period; the local church of St James the Elder; first mentioned in
Liber Llandavensis, (Rees, p 487. 1840) as the church of Gueithirin; Ecclesia guethirin 1136-54, (Owen &
Morgan, p 284, 2007).

Owen & Morgan present the recorded derivation as Linwerthin 1254, Lanwytheryn c,1348, Lanvetherin 1348, Ll
y ffyryn c. 1566, Llanvetherynge 1576-77, Llanaferyng 1577, LL. Fetherin 1590-1, Llanffyrin 1995, Llanveryn
1763.

Llanvetherine is described in “Kelly’s Directory of Monmouthshire, 1901” as:

“a parish and village on the road from Abergavenny to Ross, and bounded on the east by the
river Trothy, 5 miles north-east from Abergavenny station on the Great Western railway and
21 north-east from Newport, in the Northern division of the county, hundred, petty sessional
division, union and county court district of Abergavenny, rural deanery of Abergavenny,
archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.”

Other ties to the medieval period lie to the north east: the 11th century castle, known as “White castle” ( CADW
Ref: 2079), is one of three castles that triangulate the area, originally built to defend the newly won lands in the
12th century Norman occupation in Wales.

The barns themselves, form part of the collective Newhouse identified clearly on the 1832 First Series Ordnance
Survey map fig 03a.

The 1841 parish census for Llanvetherine lists 8 people residing and working on the property known as Newhouse.
http://www.charsbrokenbranches.com/miscellaneous/1841-Monmouthshire-Census/1841_llanvetherine.html

“Kelly”, also goes on to mention that in 1891 the population of the village was 193. He also lists several properties
and their owners around the area including that of one “Thomas Williams”, a farmer residing at “Newhouse.”
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~familyalbum/kethrine.htm

The HER core report 5464, references 3 areas of interest within the 500m search area based on the central point
of NGR:336669 216381

The first of the references PRN:01395g, “PANT GLAS” relates the “near destroyed, tumbled remains of a
rectangular stone building to the south west; of note are 16th century type wooden framed mullion windows that
indicate a possibly medieval association.

The other two reference PRN: 01394g “NEWHOUSE FARMHOUSE” and PRN: 04536G “NEWHOUSE FARM”
relate to the buildings within the report., with the latter being the barn for which this building survey is based.

Further information on these building was found from CADW listed building search.

The building mentioned in the HER record as PRN: 01394g “Newhouse farm” is a grade II
listed building. The house, possibly a cruck framed, three-unit, hall-house has had further
editions added through time however, the RCAHM (Wales) “have suggested this timber
framed house may have been rebuilt in two stages c1575 and 1600, at which time the crucks
were removed and used to construct the nearby farm buildings”
CADW ref: 2862

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The nearby farm buildings mentioned above are possibly 16th century builds, built
repurposing the cruck frames used in the original “Newhouse farm” the buildings are
originally thought to have been made of timber frames and rebuilt in stone late in the 16th
century.
CADW Ref: 2864, 2865

The barn mentioned in the HER report PRN: 04536g “NEWHOUSE FARM” on which the
building survey is placed is a grade II listed building, noted as “A probably late C17 corn
barn with C19 byre added to W gable”
CADW Ref: 2863.

Map progression has been undertaken to resource any further information on the localised area, in an effort to
establish phasing of the buildings.

Map progressions can be accessed via fig 03a to f.

Fig 03a first series Ordnance Survey map shows the area in 1832.

The land use would appear to be an orchard with a few small buildings; unfortunately, maps of this era are very
difficult to examine in any great detail; more suited to confirmation of a location that examination of detail.

On the later Tithe map; fig 03b, 1839, the barn and associated farm buildings can be more clearly seen, of
particular interest is the lack of the eastern range, fig 04 buildings 2, 3 & 4.

In the 1886 first series Ordnance Survey map, fig 03c buildings 2, 3 & 4 have been added, thereby establishing a
rough time frame for their origin.

The 1902 map, fig 03d differs only slightly from the 1886 map, with the exclusion of the small isolated south
western structure, 4, fig 04. There is also a change of configuration in the central buildings; originally shown as
two separate structures but coalescing into one large mass.

Structure 4; missing in 1902 is then re-established in the 1922 map fig 03e possibly when it first became the bull
house.

Fig 03f shows the buildings as they stand today.

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the level III survey was to preserve by record the structure of the buildings, prior to renovation and
conversion and in so doing, provide a facility for understanding the building’s historic development.

The record produced can then be used to guide the determination of the planning condition as to the final design of
refurbishment.
Methodology

The building survey followed the methodology defined in 5.2, Understanding Historic Buildings: a guide to good
recording practise (English heritage 2006). The methodology employed was also guided by the: Standards and
Guidance for the Archaeological Investigation and Recording of Standing Buildings or Structures (IFA 1996, revised
edition 2013).

All photographs were taken using tripod mounted digital cameras: a Sony DSC F828 and a Nikkon AW130 with data
recorded in both RAW and Jpeg format.

The photographic record of the site includes general views of the exterior, the overall appearance of principle structure
and circulation areas, external and internal detail relevant to the properties design and development.

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All photographs include a scale rod where possible or practical.

Photographs illustrative of the survey are produced as annotated “photo cards” in the report.

All photographs from the survey are included as a contact sheet in appendix II.

The elevation and plan drawings supplied by the architect were adapted and annotated, purely as an aide to locate
features as described in the text.

This report also comprises a written element as defined in 4.5, Understanding Historic Buildings, A Guide to Good
Recording Practise (English Heritage 2006).

Data Presentation

Data referred to within the text is included in the Figures (fig##), Photo cards. (PH##).

All buildings are listed in the location plan, fig 04.

General description for Newhouse barn and associated out buildings.

The structures consist of a series of four buildings: the main barn, two later edition out-buildings to the south west of
main barn, and a small building to the south west of them called the “bull house” fig 04, PL01.

The buildings are all situated within the area known as “Newhouse farm” with other buildings to the west not covered
by this building survey, but all once part of the same complex.

External barn.

The main barn, (1), under a modern corrugated tin roof, presents as a threshing barn, with slit vents and full doors to
the eaves; the north western one blocked in whilst the south eastern one remains and retains some partial wood frame,
PL02.

The barn features three sets of two slit vents; one set features to the left of the central entrance in the south-western
elevation, PL02,

The north-eastern elevation, nearest the main road, features an opposing wide central entrance, now partially blocked
in from ground level with coursed stone: the top half blocked in with corrugated tin, PL03.

The north-eastern elevation features the other two sets of slit vents, one set either side of the blocked-in central
entrance.

The north-west gable of the building has been built upon with a later edition byre (Not covered in survey).

Evidence of it being a later edition can be seen through its butt joint against the gable end with no tie-in, PL04.

The south-western elevation of the byre also supports what would appear to be a later addition set of external stone
stairs with brick repairs, PL05.

The south-western elevation of barn 1 has a prominent external wall batter, suggesting an earlier build period, PL06.

The original south- eastern gable no longer exits, structurally unstable it has been consolidated to prevent further
deterioration, PL07.

Internal

The inside of the barn has been extensively changed to suit its changes of purpose; currently there is no evidence of
flooring associated with threshing activities, the whole is surfaced in concrete.

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The coursed stone walls have been rendered and the slit vents mentioned above are all internally splayed with an
average measurement of 55 cm wide splay.

These have been modified over time with five of the six vents retaining lintels; of which 4 are wood with the others
made of stone, PL08, PL09 & PL10.

In the south-east corner of the south-western elevation, a portion of the wall has been removed presumably during
the gable renovation and this has now been replaced by an access into outbuilding 2.

The replacement may have removed the original slit vents, symmetry would have suggested were present before
rebuilding.

The new access has two decorative owl holes that are placed either side of it, PL11.

In the north-eastern elevation, the blocked doorway mirrors that of the external wall, showing clearly that the barn
once had 2 wide large doors in the centre of each elevation, typical of a post medieval threshing barn, PL12.

The north-western gable shows the extent of the changes made with the edition of the byre; two ground level access
ways inserted at ground level with a third insertion at first floor level.

The gable also features two original splayed slit vents near the roof with possible replacement lintel and a central
owl hole just under the gable end, PL13.

The roof structure consists of 4 timber trusses; nos: 1,2 4 & 5 and 1 central box truss, no:3, all of which are assumed
to be modern replacements, some reused, fig 04.

The timber trusses; 1,2 3, & 4, are constructed with sawn timber tie beams set upon wall plates with blades and
entrenched purlins.

The blades support a central ridge purlin with a collared yoke, PL14.

Diagonal braces also shore the blades to the tie beams, however, one is missing in the last truss, 5, PL15.

In fact, trusses, 5 it, 4, have both suffered some degree of deterioration, the second to last tie beam, 4, has failed and
has been secured with wooden planks held with iron bolts, PL16 and pegged fishplates to the braces.

Towards the north-western gable, rafter braces have been inserted to further secured the roof, PL17.

The central box truss, 3, consists of a tie beam from wall plates with two queen posts and one crown post supporting
a collar from which rise two raked struts to the blades; finished with a simple collared yoke under the central ridged
purlin, PL18.

All the elements have been reused and there is a distinct possibility that this box truss was originally part of a gable
end, designed to be infilled with wattle and daube, a typical 16th century design.

External of Out buildings 2, 3 and bull house 4

All the out buildings have been built with coursed stone and lime mortar, and all are suffering with varying degrees
of dilapidation and makeshift repairs.

Lean-to building 2 has been butt jointed to the south-western elevation (corner) of barn 1 and has a single ridge roof
of corrugated tin, supported at the west elevation from a breeze block infill walls raised from a low wall, PL19.

The north-western elevation of both building 2 and 3 are open faced shelters of multiple phases of coursed stone,
brick, cement blocks and repurposed timbers, PL20.

Building 3 has at some point been extended to join to with building 2, however, due to poor construction and
incompatibility of heights, it has succumbed to dilapidation on its south-eastern elevation, PL21.

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A large wall, built upon the south-eastern gable of building 2, and used as the failed wall of buildings 3’s north
western gable, has also been extended at some point, PL22.

The higher wall suggests that building 2 originally stood much higher than present and that building 3, a much lower
design, was built against, PL22.

The south-eastern elevation of building 3, houses a small timber frame window, its frame repaired with modern
blockwork, PL23.

There is also a small splayed window directly underneath it. The majority of the elevation is beginning to fall away
and the extended roof has caved in, PL23.

Building 4 the “Bull house” is a small coursed stone and mortar building with a south-eastern elevation featuring a
hipped roof, with the south-eastern wall being built up to meet it, PL24.

A similar feature happens in the south corner of building 3, (although now replaced in brick) suggesting that the two
building once joined under a possible overhead entrance frame. PL24 & PL25

The south-western gable of building 4 has a timber framed doorway to the right and a central timber framed wooden
hatch door in the top under the eaves, PL26.

The south-eastern elevation features a central wooden hatch window in a timber frame and the wall shows signs of
cracking and disrepair, PL27.

The north corner is slightly rounded about 70cm off the current ground level; a commonplace detail in buildings in
contact with cartwheels; this chamfer would be purpose built so not to catch the wheel’s hubs, PL28.

The position of the chamfer is quite low however, possibly an indication of the raised height of the current concrete
surface.

The north-western gable end of building 4 is a modern repair, built of brick, it out extends beyond the height of the
other walls; being built outside the boundary of the rest of the building, into a side bank to provide a much-needed
buttress, PL29.

The wall starts at the western corner; however not tied in, and extends at a roughly 35-degree angle to the eastern
corner of the south-eastern elevation, also not tied in.

From either elevation, the building can be seen to crack and bend against the south-western gable in an effort to
collapse, PL30.

Internal

Out buildings 2 and 3 have been converted to cow sheds, with concrete troughs constructed in to the open-faced
outbuildings.

At the time of survey that use had been replaced, the building themselves were filled with a great deal of building
materials and the very fabric of the structures were suffering neglect.

In building 2, as discussed above, the south-eastern gable has been raised, as can be clearly seen by the original
ceiling scar in the wall showing its original height, PL31.

The roof now comprises a mixture modern machine made, and repurposed timber forming rafters and purlins that
support a corrugated tin roof.

As mentioned above, an opening has been built in barn 1 allowing a new access into building 2.

In building 3, due to dilapidation and debris most of the south end of the room could not be accessed.

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The roof structure is a mixture of repurposed, chamfered roughhewn and machine made timbers, constructed to form
simple collard trusses and finished with slate, PL32.

The trusses are set upon timber wall plates with timber posts holding them up along the north western open faced
elevations.

Two entrances from the building 3 extension have been built accessing building 2 through the south-eastern gable,
although the entrance to the southern corner has been partially blocked up at some point to reduce the width of the
door, PL33.

The entrance in the western corner has had concrete steps added for the change in height between the 2 builds, PL34.

Internally, outbuilding 4 suffers much in the same way as the other buildings; being full of building materials, PL35.

The south west gable can be seen to be of a completely different build than the rest of the building evident in the
brick to stone ratio, PL 35 & PL36.

The roof is a simple truss frame of tie beam and blades, with entrenched purlins and rafters, and a central ridged
purlin under slate, PL37.

Phasing

The information gathered from the building survey is more than adequate to provide a relative phasing tor the properties
whilst other research can broadly place the chronology of the phases, Fig 05.

The main barn (1) first appears on the 1839 Tithe map, fig03b. which dates its existence to at the very least early 19th
century.

The outbuildings, however, do not appear till at least 1882, fig 03c, thereby confirming a late 19th century construction
date and agreeing with the structural phasing: barn 2 is built upon the south-western elevation of barn 1 and not only
not tied in but also tapered to accommodate the pre-existing batter, PL19 and PL38.

Information gathered by Cadw’s listed building report on the grade level II barn, 2863, suggests the barn to be a
probable 17th century corn barn with later 19th additions, (The byre).

There was little information retained in the barn at the time of the survey to confirm such an early date, however the
building had undergone considerable recent renovations such as the demolishing and rebuilding of the entire south
eastern gable, PL07.

The entire metal roof is an obvious new phase but also the roof structure lacks a symmetry in planning; uneven
placement of the trusses for no obvious structural purpose, fig04.

The central box truss, 3, consists of a tie beam from wall plates with two queen and one crown posts supporting a collar
from which extend two raked struts to the blades with a simple collared yoke under the central ridged purlin. PL17

The box construction suggests the possibility of an early timber framed gable end origin for the truss, possibly designed
for boxed wattle and daub panels and therefore unlikely to have been used in its current setting.

It is worth considering the Cadw interpretation of the complex; thought to have been of 16th century construction with
parts of the original farm building going on to later erect other farm buildings on the complex, Cadw 2862.

The barn (1) itself follows the basic design of many threshing barns with 2 large central doors; one is now blocked off,
splayed slit vents for much needed air flow, PL02, an one surviving owl hole in the north west gable end, PL39.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd New House Barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17

The barn has however been modified over the years to accommodate its further use for different functions which will
now include a change to residential use.

The outbuildings 2, 3, and 4 as discussed above are 19th century constructs; developed and adapted from necessity
rather than design, and in need of constant repairs, therefore what is left of the original structures is somewhat hard
to ascertain.

The original structures appear to be a mixture of repurposed materials from other buildings, with later repairs.

Building 2, is directly butt jointed to barn, PL19 and PL38, whilst building 3 may have originally been separate from
building 2 with the intervening gap later filled in with an extension, PL21.

Both buildings, (2 and 3) have open faced north western elevations that have been under constant repair.

They also have stone troughs built into the floor inside suggesting there use as animal feeding areas.

Building 4 the “Bull house” is present on the 1882 map 03c, missing in the 1902 fig 03d and then reappears in 1922,
fig 03e.

This could just be an omission or it could mark the collapse to the south west gable when the building must have
been rendered useless and probably dangerous.

Building 4 follows the same alignment as the aforementioned outbuildings, 2 & 3; however, the southwest gable has
been rebuilt with an obvious misalignment with both elevations.

The wall is not tied in to either elevation and extends past the south-eastern elevation, PL 35, PL40.

The whole building is built above a small bank, and the replacement gable extends down the bank form a much-
needed buttress for the rest of the building, PL29 & PL40

The gable hasn’t however been sufficient in its cause as is evident in both elevations of wall cracking and
subsidence. PL27 & PL30.

Archive

The completed archive will be deposited in the Gwent Records Office with the original copy retained by A.P.A.C. ltd.

The project archives will consist of all original records, artefacts, ecofacts/samples and all documentation that relates
to the evaluation.

Copies of the Design Brief and any relevant correspondence will be included.

The archives will be prepared according to the Management of Archaeological Projects, English Heritage, Second
Edition, (1991) so the records will be fully ordered and indexed.

The archive will comply with the United Kingdom Institute for Conservation (Archaeology Section) Guidelines for
the Preparation of Excavation Archives for Long-Term Storage (1990) the Society of Museum Archaeologists
Towards An Accessible Archive (1995) and to the reasonable requirements of the designated Museum.

The archives will be deposited within twelve months of the completion of the evaluation and with the agreement of
the landowner.

A synopsis of the project will be submitted to CBA Wales.

12
A.P.A.C. Ltd New House Barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17

Health & Safety:

The Project Team operated in accordance with the health and safety procedures as set out in:-

 The Health and Safety Work Act (1974) and related legislation.
 The Standing Conference of Archaeology Unit Managers Health and Safety Manual 2002).
 The Council for British Archaeology Handbook no. 6, Safety in Archaeological Fieldwork (1989).
 In accordance with the CDM Regulation, The Project Team will prepare a Risk Assessment in relation to
the archaeological works prior to the commencement of the evaluation.

All necessary protective clothing and equipment was used.

A First-Aid kit and Accident Book was kept on site at all times, with a Health and Safety file.

Acknowledgments:

APAC. Ltd would like to thank Mr & Mrs Addis for the opportunity of working on their buildings and allowing the
fieldwork team full access.

I would also like to like to thank them for the opportunity of allowing the work to be used as a training session.

Copyright

A.P.A.C. Ltd will retain full copyright of any reports and specialist reports, under the Copyright, Designs and Patents
Act of 1988 with all rights reserved.

A.P.A.C. Ltd hereby grants permission for the monitoring authority to use any documentation directly relating to the
project as described in this Project Design.

13
A.P.A.C. Ltd New House Barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17

Bibliography and References:

Cadw Full Report for Listed Buildings:


2862 Newhouse Farm Farmhouse
2863 Barn and attached Byre at Newhouse Farm
2865 Former Stable at Newhouse Farm

Chartered Institute of
Archaeologists. Code of Conduct and the Code of Approved Practice for the regulation of
Contractual Arrangements in Field Archaeology. 2014.

Standards and Guidance for the collection, documentation, conservation and


research of archaeological materials. 2014.

Standards and Guidance for the Archaeological Investigation And Recording of


Standing Buildings or Structures. 2014.

English Heritage Management of Archaeological Projects (1991).

GGAT MON2257/JB. Proposed Repair, Renovation and Conversion of Existing Barn, to


provide New Dwelling: New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny. NP7 8RH.

HER search 5464. 500m diameter 336669 216381

Historic England Understanding Historic Buildings A guide to good Recording Practice. 2016.

MCC Application for Listed Building Consent for alterations, extension or demolition of
a listed building.

Owen, H, W., &


Morgan, R., 2008. Dictionary of the Place Names of Wales. Gomer Press; Cerredigion.
Paul Brice
Architect Proposed Repair, Renovation and Conversion of Existing Barn, to provide New
Dwelling: New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny. NP7 8RH.

Application for Listed Building Consent, 04/12/2016.

Plans:

Location Plan:
Site Plan, existing: P03 Dec 16
Ground Floor Plan, existing: P04 Dec 16
First Floor Plan, existing: P05 Dec 16
Elevations, existing NE: P06 Dec 16
Elevations, existing NW: P07 Dec 16
Elevations, existing SW: P08 Dec 16
Elevations, existing SE: P09 Dec 16

Rees, W.J. 1840. Liber Landavensis. The Welsh MSS Society

The Society of Museum


Archaeologists Towards An Accessible Archive (1995)

United Kingdom Institute


for Conservation.
(Archaeology Section) Guidelines for the Preparation of Excavation Archives for Long-Term

14
A.P.A.C. Ltd New House Barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17
Storage (1990)

Online sources consulted:

http://www.bgs.ac.uk
http://www.googlemaps.co.uk
http://www.magic.gov.uk
http://www.nls.ac.uk
http://www.old-maps.co.uk
http://www.promap.ac.uk
http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk
http://cadw.gov.wales/historicenvironment/recordsv1/cof-cymru/
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~familyalbum/kellys.htm
http://www.charsbrokenbranches.com/miscellaneous/1841-Monmouthshire-Census/1841_llanvetherine.html
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~familyalbum/kethrine.htm

A.P.A.C. Registered Address: 36 Hatherleigh Rd, Abergavenny Monmouthshire NP7 7RG.


Tel: 07734962919. Mobile: 07734962919 Email: apac.philips@btinternet.com
Company Registration No 5041541 VAT Reg No 826 3628 19
Director: Dr. N. Phillips D.Phil. BA (Hons).Cert Ed/FE. MCIFA.

15
A.P.A.C. Ltd WSI: BS/Lv/17

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
New House Barn, Llanvetherine

Fig 01: Location


1 KM
New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny

Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
N

Fig 02: HER CORE, map


A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/LV/17
New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Fig 03a: Vision of Britain map, Fig 03b: Tithe map 1839
First series, sheet 42
1832.

Fig 03c: Monmouthshire VII Fig 03d: Monmouthshire VII.SW


Surveyed 1882 Revised 1899
Published 1886 Published 1902

Fig 03e: Monmouthshire VII Fig 03f: Magic map 2017


Revised 1918
Published 1922
A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/LV/17
New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny

N
B1

B2

B3

1 B4

B5

Fig 04: Annotated plan view A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/LV/17


New House Barn, Llanvetherine, Abergavenny

Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

Fig 05: Plan view, phasing. A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/LV/17


Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Nikkon AW130 Digital DSCN1136 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
West

Reason for image Cover Plate: DSCN1136 External Building, west view

Plate No: 01

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09890 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image South western elevation, two stone vent slits to west of barn (1) entrance.

Plate No: 02

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09899 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Barn 1 north eastern elevation, original opening now clearly blocked up
mirrors that of the opening in the south-western elevation.

Plate No: 03

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09900 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west Reason for image North corner barn 1 north eastern elevation, showing later edition byre not
tied in with original barn, but built abutting it.

Plate No: 04

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09891 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image Later edition north western gable of barn (1), byre added later some time in
North east
19th century. With steps and brick dome top recess possibly being added later.
Western corner of barn 1, quoined stone
N

Plate No: 05

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09892 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image External batter of barn 1, south western elevation.
South east

Plate No: 06

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09902 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
West

Reason for image Barn 1, Shows extent of repair. Entire eastern gable end taken away and
repaired with new coursed stone.

Plate No: 07

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09924 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Barn 1 south western elevation. Coursed stonework wall rendered upward
after a metre from ground level. 2 internally splayed slit vents. Left splay
.512mm right splay .523mm. right slit vent has lintel.

Plate No: 08

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09926 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed
slit vents. left of blocked in door. Left slit vent .544mm right slit vent .601mm.

Plate No: 09

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09928 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed
slit vents right of blocked in door, left slit vent .525mm, right slit vent .509mm.
both vents have lintels

Plate No: 10

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09929 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Modern doorway edition in barn 1 to building 2 south west elevation.
Made from same coursed stone the new south eastern gable. 2 owl holes
either side of entrance are decorative later editions

Plate No: 11

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1163 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North

Reason for image Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework, evident cuts
shows were original threshing central barn door was situated opposite that of
the south western door

Plate No: 12

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1165 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Barn 1 north western gable. 2 entrances in ground floor and 1 in first floor.
Access to later edition byre.

Plate No: 13

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 SONY-F828 Digital DSC09919 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Collared Yoke, blades and central ridged purlin.

Plate No: 14

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1172 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Barn 1’s roughhewn timber tie beam set upon wall plate with blade and
entrenched purlins. Wooden pegged, South east

Plate No: 15

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1171 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Barn 1’s roughhewn timber tie beam set upon wall plate with blades and
entrenched purlins. The tie beam has failed and has been repaired with iron
bolts. Central 4

Plate No: 16

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1175 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image General view of roof

Plate No: 17

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1170 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Central timber roof frame, differs from others in that it is a box truss
construction of tie beam from wall plates with two queen and one crown
posts supporting a collar. From the collar are two raked struts to the blades
with a simple collared yoke. All the elements have been reused. Central 3

Plate No: 18

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1143 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image North eastern elevation outbuilding 2 between main barn (1) and building 3
extension. Open faced barn, large central opening. Modern breeze block
repairs

Plate No: 19

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1141 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
East

Reason for image North eastern elevation outbuilding 3 and extension. Open faced barns with
constant structural phases from original coursed stone to modern concrete
blocks and brick repairs. Slate roof over repurposed timbers

Plate No: 20

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09876 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Dilapidated building put up between outbuilding 2 and outbuilding 3. Building
extends outbuilding 3. Built of coursed stone without being tied to buildings
either side of it. Evidence of original height of south western gable wall of
outbuilding 2 in the form of original rendered wall and gable end roof beam.

Plate No: 21

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09885 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image Extended wall between building 3 extension and building 2. The wall has
South east
been extended north west, and forms a flat top above the ridges of buildings
2 & 3.
N

Plate No: 22

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09879 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Dilapidated south eastern elevation outbuilding 3. Timber frame top window
with modern breeze block repair. Small internally splayed bottom window.
Parts of the wall have begun to fall away. Slate roof under timber beams.

Plate No: 23

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09893 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image North eastern gable, building 4 (See DSC09881) known now as the bull house.
South west
Small coursed stone building with major structural repairs to south western
gable
N

Plate No: 24

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09881 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Outbuilding 3 south western gable, recently ivy covered evidenced from partially
weathered stone. South corner of hitched roof built upon modern bricks. bricks
replace original stone. Out building 4 eastern corner ties into this with a
mirroring the feature suggesting a possible arch between the two builds.
However, feature on building 4 still made of original stone. (see DSC09893)

Plate No: 25

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09894 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image North eastern gable, building 4, timber frame door with later edition/repair
South west bricked segmental arch lintel. Central timber framed opening in loft with
wooden iron latched hatch.
N

Plate No: 26

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09895 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Western elevation, building 4, coursed stone and lime mortared wall, moderate
repairs however, and southern corner has begun to suffer from wall cracks and
slippage. Central wooden hatched window under wooden lintel.

Plate No: 27

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09896 EXTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image (Detail) outbuilding 4 northern corner slight hip in wall 70cm up suggests
South east building built to accommodate the passing of coaches. Also, suggests concrete
floor has been built up around outside of buildings.
N

Plate No: 28

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09897 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image North western elevation, south western gable end join. Walls don’t appear to be
tied in with the gable wall being built upon the elevation. Gable also much
deeper than rest of building suggesting possible use as a buttress to stop rest
of building falling down bank. Also, not tied into south western elevation but
extending past it, (see DSCN1157)

Plate No: 29

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09898 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image North western elevation with timber lintelled door frame. Slate roof shows
evidence of slippage. Parts of wall missing above door.

Plate No: 30

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09912 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image South western gable of building 2, two openings. North western wall has recent
repairs. Top of wall shows scar of original height of building. sloping new ceiling
with machine made timbers rafters and purling’s under corrugated steel
sheeting. Debris

Plate No: 31

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09907 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image South western area of building 3, passageway on eastern side of building
continues into building 2, concrete troughs built into floor. Roofing comprises of
repurposed roughhewn chamfered timber in a simple collard truss. The collars
are set upon repurposed timber wall plates and held up on timber post along the
north-western entrance. Building filled with building debris.

Plate No: 32

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09909 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Passage way continuation from building 3 extension into building 2. Doorway
possible later edition or partially blocked to reduce original width; evidenced by
new course of stone to the left of the doorway.

Plate No: 33

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09908 INTERNAL
Direction of view: Reason for image North eastern exit from building 3 extension into building 2. Opening has had
North east
later edition concrete steps added and has been rendered. Chamfered tie beam
in forefront.
N

Plate No: 34

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1156 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Building 4, western corner not tied in with gable wall being built against
elevation

Plate No: 35

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09904 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Building 4 south western gable, red brick, and cement blocks show wall to be a
later edition. Machine made timber rafters under slate are a modern.

Plate No: 36

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 NIKKON AW130 Digital DSCN1157 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

Reason for image Modern machine made timer roof, barn 4. Tie beam on wall plate with blades
with entrenched purlins under central ridged purlin. Central ridged purlin set
under gable end rafters but over truss. Western corner modern brick gable
surpasses coursed stone 19th century build. owing to now skewed build.
(see DSCO9897)

Plate No: 37

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09914 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east Reason for image North corner building 2 shows building not tied into barn 1 but rather built
against it.

Plate No: 38

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09922 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Upper part of north western gable. 2 splayed slit vents, 1 owl and 1st floor
entrance into 19th century addition byre. Coursed stone rendered wall show
possible evidence of timber loft structure under slit vents with possibly later
edition lintels.

Plate No: 39

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
Newhouse barn, Llanvetherine BS/LV/17 336669 216381 Sony-F828 Digital DSC09897 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North East

Reason for image North western elevation, south western gable end join. Walls don’t appear to be
tied in with the gable wall being built upon the elevation. Gable also much
deeper than rest of building suggesting possible use as a buttress to stop rest
of building falling down bank. Also, not tied into south western elevation but
extending past it, (see DSCN1157)

Plate No: 40

A.P.A.C. Ltd
www.apac.ltd.uk
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I BS/LV/17

HER Report 5464. Core Record

PRN NAME Period Site type Status NGR


GGAT01394g NEWHOUSE Post-Medieval Farmhouse registered parks and SO3662716422
FARMHOUSE gardens,listed
building
GGAT01395g PANT GLAS Post-Medieval House - SO36511608
GGAT04536g NEWHOUSE FARM Post-Medieval Barn listed building SO3667516392
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list BS/LV/17

Photo no Date Camera L or P View Description Plate


DSCO9874 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW South eastern elevation 19th century outbuilding. Original build lime mortared from ground to 2m. the final 2m height added at a later date to raise
roof level, coursed stone.
DSCO9875 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW South eastern elevation 19th century outbuilding, brick repairs to south corner
DSCO9876 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Dilapidated building put up between outbuilding 2 and outbuilding 3. Building extends outbuilding 3. Built of coursed stone without being tied to
buildings either side of it. Evidence of original height of south western gable wall of outbuilding 2 in the form of original rendered wall and gable end
roof beam.
DSCO9877 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NW Out building 3 dilapidated extension. Built higher than original building. corrugated steel roofing on repurposed beams
DSCO9878 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L N Southern corner of outbuilding 3 extension. Possible evidence of south eastern elevation originally extending to south east.
DSCO9879 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Dilapidated south eastern elevation outbuilding 3. Timber frame top window with modern breeze block repair. Small internally splayed bottom
window. Parts of the wall have begun to fall away. Slate roof under timber beams.
DSCO9880 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NW Detail south eastern elevation of building 3 windows.
DSCO9881 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Outbuilding 3 south western gable, recently ivy covered evidenced from partially weathered stone. South corner of hitched roof built upon modern
bricks. bricks replace original stone. Out building 4 eastern corner ties into this with a mirroring the feature suggesting a possible arch between the
two builds. However, feature on building 4 still made of original stone. (see DSC09893)
DSCO9882 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NE Same as above (detail)
DSCO9883 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Outbuilding 3, western corner gable end. Concrete kerb built in front of wall. Later edition concrete construct outhouse.
DSCO9884 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SE North eastern elevation outbuilding 3 and extension. Open faced barns with constant structural phases from original coursed stone to modern concrete
blocks and brick repairs. Slate roof over repurposed timbers
DSCO9885 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SE Extended wall between building 3 extension and building 2. The wall has been extended both to the north west, overtaking building 2 and in height
surpassing the heights of its own building (2) and the building 3 extension.
DSCO9886 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L E (Detail above) repurposed timber roof plate also acts as door lintel.
DSCO9887 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SE North eastern elevation outbuilding 2 between main barn (1) and building 3 extension. Open faced barn, large central opening. Modern breeze block
repairs
DSCO9888 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P E Untied join between building 2 and barn 1. Evidence shows building 2 built against main barn.
DSCO9889 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Entrance into barn 1, south western elevation. A coursed stone construct with quoin stone marked entrance around remnants of timber door frame.
Later edition repair corrugated steel roof.
DSCO9890 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE South western elevation, two stone vent slits to west of barn (1) entrance
DSCO9891 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NE Later edition north western gable of barn (1), byre added later some time in 19th century. With steps and brick arch possibly being added later.
Western corner of barn 1 quoined stone
DSCO9892 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SE External batter of barn 1, south western elevation.
DSCO9893 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SW North eastern gable, building 4 (See DSC09881) known now as the bull house. Small coursed stone building with major structural repairs to south
western gable.
DSCO9894 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SW North eastern gable, building 4, timber frame door with later edition/repair bricked arch lintel. Central timber framed opening in roof with wooden
iron latched hatch.
DSCO9895 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SE North western elevation, building 4, coursed stone and lime mortared wall, moderate repairs however southern corner has begun to suffer from wall
cracks and slippage. Central wooden hatched window under wooden lintel.
DSCO9896 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SE (Detail) outbuilding 4 northern corner slight hip in wall 70cm up suggests building built to accommodate the passing of coaches. Also, suggests
concrete floor has been built up around outside of buildings.
DSCO9897 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE North western elevation, south western gable end join. Walls don’t appear to be tied in with the gable wall being built upon the elevation. Gable also
much deeper than rest of building suggesting possible use as a buttress to stop rest of building falling down bank. Also, not tied into south western
elevation but extending past it, (see DSCN1157)
DSCO9898 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW North western elevation with timber lintelled door frame. Slate roof shows evidence of slippage. Parts of wall missing above door.
DSCO9899 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW Barn 1 north eastern elevation, original opening now clearly blocked up mirrors that of the opening in the south-western elevation.
DSCO9900 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SW North corner barn 1 north eastern elevation, showing later edition byre not tied in with original barn, but built abutting it.
DSCO9901 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P SW Recent repair to south eastern gable end barn 1
DSCO9902 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L W Barn 1, Shows extent of repair. Entire eastern gable end taken away and repaired with new coursed stone.
DSCO9903 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P W Building 4 internal north western elevation. Splayed window placement, with timber latch and lintel (no scale)
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list BS/LV/17

DSCO9904 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW Building 4 south western gable, red brick, and cement blocks show wall to be a later edition. Machine made timber rafters under slate are a modern.
DSCO9905 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L W Building 4 internal north western elevation. Splayed window placement, with timber latch and lintel (repeat of DSC09903 with scale)
DSCO9906 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L S Building debris in building 4 restricts, further photographic evidence
DSCO9907 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW South western area of building 3, passageway on eastern side of building continues into building 2, concrete troughs built into floor. Roofing
comprises of repurposed handmade chamfered timbers in a simple collard truss. The collars are set upon repurposed timber wall plates and held up on
timber post along the north-eastern entrance. Building filled with building debris.
DSCO9908 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NE North eastern exit from building 3 extension into building 2. Opening has had later edition concrete steps added and has been rendered. Chamfered
truss in forefront
DSCO9909 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Passage way continuation from building 3 extension into building 2. Doorway possible later edition or partially blocked to reduce original with.
Evidenced by new course of stone to the left of the doorway.
DSCO9910 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Shared Gable wall between buildings 2 and 3. Clear evidence of roofs original height remains with in wall, as does central roofing beam further down.
DSCO9911 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L W Chamfered handmade timber collar under a mixture of repurposed and machine made purlins and rafters, slate roof. Building 3
DSCO9912 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW South western gable of building 2, too openings. North western wall has recent repairs. Top of wall shows scar of original height of building. sloping
new ceiling with machine made timbers rafters and purling’s under corrugated steel sheeting. Debris
DSCO9913 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P S South corner building 2 height from doorway.
DSCO9914 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P NE North corner building 2 shows building not tied into barn 1 but rather built against it.
DSCO9915 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Modern doorway edition in barn 1 from building 2 north eastern gable. Made from same coursed stone the new south eastern gable is made of in Barn
1.
DSCO9916 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SE Barn 1, south eastern gable repair. Cemented concrete block interior walls underlying modern coursed stonework exterior. Barn 1 floor partially
concreted
DSCO9917 01/03/17 SONY-F828 P S South corner barn 1 where modern repair meets original coursed stonework wall.
DSCO9918 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins.
DSCO9919 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Yoke, cruck blades and central ridged purling
DSCO9920 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Chamfered tie beam.
DSCO9921 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Central timber roof frame, differs from others. Tie beam frame on timber wall plate. Under 3 queen posts, under collared truss with diagonal braces
connecting to principle purlins with a cruck supported central ridged purling tied together with a yoke.
DSCO9922 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Upper part of north western gable. 2 splayed slit vents, 1 owl and 1st floor entrance into 19th century addition byre. Coursed stone rendered wall show
possible evidence of earlier timber roof structure under slit vents.
DSCO9923 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW (Detail) see above.
DSCO9924 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW Barn 1 south western elevation. Coursed stonework wall rendered upward after a metre from ground level. 2 splayed slit vents.
DSCO9925 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NW Barn 1 north western gable. 2 entrances in ground floor and 1 in first floor. Access to later edition byre.
DSCO9926 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed slit vents left of blocked in door
DSCO9927 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework, evident cuts shows were original threshing central barn door was situated opposite that of
the southern western door
DSCO9928 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NE Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed slit vents right of blocked in door
DSCO9929 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW Modern doorway edition in barn 1 to building 2 south west elevation. Made from same coursed stone the new south eastern gable is made of. 2 owlets
either side of entrance are decorative later editions
DSCO9930 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L SW General, south western view from barn 1 entrance. Timber door frame remnants.
DSCO9931 01/03/17 SONY-F828 L NA ERROR
DSCN1135 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW General, repaired south eastern gable barn 1, outbuilding 2, and delipidated extension of building 3
DSCN1136 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L W Cover photo, general site view.
DSCN1137 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW South eastern elevation 19th century outbuilding. Original build lime mortared from ground to 2m. the final 2m height added at a later date to raise
roof level, coursed stone.
DSCN1138 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L N General, building 3 south eastern elevation, building 2 south eastern elevation, and renovated south eastern gable of barn 1
DSCN1139 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Dilapidated south eastern elevation outbuilding 3. Timber frame top window with modern breeze block repair. Small internally splayed bottom
window. Parts of the wall have begun to fall away. Slate roof under timber beams.
DSCN1140 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE Outbuilding 3, western corner gable end. Concrete kerb built in front of wall. Later edition concrete construct outhouse.
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list BS/LV/17

DSCN1141 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L E North eastern elevation outbuilding 3 and extension. Open faced barns with constant structural phases from original coursed stone to modern concrete
blocks and brick repairs. Slate roof over repurposed timbers
DSCN1142 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE Extended wall between building 3 extension and building 2. The wall has been extended both to the north west, overtaking building 2 and in height
surpassing the heights of its own building (2) and the building 3 extension.
DSCN1143 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE North eastern elevation outbuilding 2 between main barn (1) and building 3 extension. Open faced barn, large central opening. Modern breeze block
repairs
DSCN1144 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE Entrance into barn 1, south western elevation. A coursed stone construct with quoin stone marked entrance around remnants of timber door frame.
Later edition repair corrugated steel roof.
DSCN1145 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE Later edition north western gable of barn (1), byre added later some time in 19th century. With steps and brick arch possibly being added later.
Western corner of barn 1 quoined stone
DSCN1146 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE External batter of barn 1, south western elevation.
DSCN1147 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE North corner barn 1 north eastern elevation, showing later edition byre not tied in with original barn, but built abutting it.
DSCN1148 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW North corner barn 1 north eastern elevation, showing later edition byre not tied in with original barn, but built abutting it.
DSCN1149 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW Barn 1 north eastern elevation, original opening now clearly blocked up mirrors that of the opening in the south-western elevation.
DSCN1150 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L W General, barn 1 and later edition byre.
DSCN1151 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L S North eastern gable, building 4, timber frame door with later edition/repair bricked arch lintel. Central timber framed opening in roof with wooden
iron latched hatch
DSCN1152 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE North western elevation with timber lintelled door frame. Slate roof shows evidence of slippage. Parts of wall missing above door.
DSCN1153 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L N South west gable, Walls don’t appear to be tied in with the gable wall being built upon the elevations. Gable also much deeper than rest of building
suggesting possible use as a buttress to stop rest of building falling down bank
DSCN1154 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE North western elevation, building 4, coursed stone and lime mortared wall, moderate repairs however southern corner has begun to suffer from wall
cracks and slippage. Central wooden hatched window under wooden lintel
DSCN1155 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L N General of building in area of building survey
DSCN1156 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW Building 4, western corner not tied in with gable wall being built against elevation
DSCN1157 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L S Modern machine made time roof, barn 4. Tie beam on wall plate with principal purling and central ridged purling. Central ridged purling set under
gable end purling’s but over principal purling. Western corner modern brick gable surpasses coursed stone 19th century build. owing to now skewed
build. (see DSCO9897)
DSCN1158 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L S Modern timber frame repaired ceiling.
DSCN1159 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW Building 3, Roofing comprises of repurposed handmade chamfered timbers and machine made timber repairs. in a simple collard truss. The collars are
set upon repurposed timber wall plates and held up on timber posts along the north-eastern entrance. Building filled with building debris.
DSCN1160 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW See above
DSCN1161 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW South western gable of building 2, too openings. North western wall has recent repairs. Top of wall shows scar of original height of building. sloping
new ceiling with machine made timbers rafters and purling’s under corrugated steel sheeting. Debris
DSCN1162 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE Modern doorway edition in barn 1 from building 2 north eastern gable. Made from same coursed stone the new south eastern gable is made of in Barn
1
DSCN1163 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L N Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework, evident cuts shows were original threshing central barn door was situated opposite that of
the southern western door
DSCN1164 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NE Barn 1 north eastern elevation. Coursed rendered stonework 2 of 4 splayed slit vents left of blocked in door
DSCN1165 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Barn 1 north western gable. 2 entrances in ground floor and 1 in first floor. Access to later edition byre.
DSCN1166 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW Barn 1 south western elevation. Coursed stonework wall rendered upward after a metre from ground level. 2 splayed slit vents.
DSCN1167 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SW Modern doorway edition in barn 1 to building 2 south west elevation. Made from same coursed stone the new south eastern gable is made of. 2 owlets
either side of entrance are decorative later editions
DSCN1168 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins.
DSCN1169 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins.
DSCN1170 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE Central timber roof frame, differs from others. Tie beam frame on timber wall plate. Under 3 queen posts, under collared truss with diagonal braces
connecting to principle purlins with a cruck supported central ridged purling tied together with a yoke.
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list BS/LV/17

DSCN1171 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins.
DSCN1172 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins. With some timber degraded more than others.
DSCN1173 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L W Tie beam, principal purling join to wall plate south west
DSCN1174 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L N Tie beam, principal purling join to wall plate north east
DSCN1175 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L SE Barn 1’s handmade timber roof comprises tie beams set upon wall plates with trenched purlins and central yoke raised crucks. The crucks support a
central ridged purling. Braces also support the tie beams to principal purlins.
DSCN1176 01/03/17 COOLPIXAW130 L NW North corner exit into north western byre from barn 1.