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Tishreen University Journal. Eng.

Sciences Series 2005 (2)  (27)        


2005 (2)  (27)   


  _ 

   
Tishreen University Journal for Studies and Scientific Research- Engineering Sciences Series Vol. (27) No (2) 2005

   

   
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2005 (2)  (27)   


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Tishreen University Journal for Studies and Scientific Research- Engineering Sciences Series Vol. (27) No (2) 2005

Seismic Evaluation & Rehabilitation


Requirements of Existing Buildings in
Seismic Zones Rehabilitation Techniques
Dr. Bassam Hwaija*

(Accepted 22/8/2005)

ABSTRACT

Past earthquakes have emphasized the vulnerability of existing structures which


did not satisfy modern seismic design requirements and current engineering standards
even though they may have been properly designed and constructed according to earlier
codes. Many existing buildings may be inadequate and pose severe risk during seismic
events.
To mitigate the seismic hazard, existing building should be rehabilitated. The
rehabilitation measures to upgrade the capacity of these structures can be performed at
some point in their useful lives.
The evaluation of the seismic capacity of existing buildings and their deficiencies is
essential for the design of a rehabilitation technique.
The aim of the evaluation and rehabilitation systems is either for collapse prevention
to ensure safety of the occupants or to control the damage to ensure the continuity of
operation during and after earthquakes.
In this paper, the seismic design, as well as evaluation and rehabilitation process are
presented, and the suitability of different techniques for various evaluation systems and
rehabilitation strategies are reviewed.

*
Associate Professor, Structural Engineering Department, Faculty Of Civil Engineering, Tishreen
University, Lattakia, Syria

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:8
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3 Ambrose, J. & Vergun, D. - Simplified Building Design for Wind and Earthquake
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5 Polyakov, S. V.- Design of Earthquake Resitant Structures- Mir Publishers,
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6 Règles Parasismiques PS 92 – Edite et diffusée par AFNOR- France, 1995 .
7 GENIE PARASISMIQUE et REPONSE DYNAMIGUE des OUVRAGES –
Cinquiéme Colloque National – ENS de Cachan & AFPS, France-19-21 Octobre
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8 Règles Parasismiques 1969, Revisées 1982 et Annexes, Editions EYROLLES,1984.
9 Earthquake Spectra - Repair and Rehabilitation Research for Seismic Resistance of
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10 Tena-Colunga, A. et all. - Issues on the Seismic Retrofit of a Building near Resonant
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11 ATC-14(1987) ; ATC-22(1989) ; FEMA 178-273I &274I , USA.
12 Earthquake Spectra- Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of 230-kv Pocelain
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13 Earthquake Spectra, Seismic Performance of a Base-Isolated Demonstration
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14 Gajanan, M. et all.1996-Seismic Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures- ACI, SP-
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15 Farzad Naeim 2003-The Seismic Design Handbook-2nd Edition
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