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DOCUMENT NO 315 June 2016

A.P.A.C. Ltd.
Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy

ARCHAEOLOGICAL

REPORT

43 Drybridge street, Monmouth

Level II, BUILDING RECORDING SURVEY

Monmouthshire County Council

Planning Application DC/2014/00904

Prepared by: Mr. Adam Phillips


Checked by Dr N Phillips
A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Summary

A planning application and an application for listed building consent, for


renovation of a building were submitted to Monmouthshire County Council
(MCC).

As part of the planning process, Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust


(GGAT) advised the planning department that the proposed work at the site
could likely impact on archaeological resources.

GGAT therefore advised that conditions should be imposed upon any planning
approval in order to address the possible impact to any archaeological
resources.

The conditions imposed required a level II building recording survey prior to


work being undertaken followed by a watching brief during development.

APAC Ltd was contacted by the client in order to undertake the program of
archaeological work which was outlined in an approved written scheme of
investigation.

This document is the result of the programme of archaeological work for the
building recording condition undertaken prior to the alterations and extension
to No 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth.

The survey consists of a photographic and documentary record of the building


with interpretation of features, in an attempt to understand phasing.

The survey confirms the potential for the survival of archaeological resources
that will be impacted upon during the proposed work.

Copyright Notice:
A.P.A.C. Ltd. retains copyright of this report under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) to reproduce map information; Copyright remains
otherwise with the Ordnance Survey.

Cover Photograph DSC09937, Property, south west elevation.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Contents

Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents........................................................................................................................................... 2
Figures ............................................................................................................................................. 2
Appendix ......................................................................................................................................... 4
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 5
Site location ..................................................................................................................................... 6
Geology & Topography .................................................................................................................. 6
Brief archaeological and historical background .............................................................................. 6
Aims and Objectives ....................................................................................................................... 7
Methodology ................................................................................................................................... 8
Data Presentation............................................................................................................................. 8
External description......................................................................................................................... 8
Interpretation ................................................................................................................................. 12
Phasing .......................................................................................................................................... 13
Archive .......................................................................................................................................... 13
Acknowledgements: ...................................................................................................................... 13
Bibliography and References: ....................................................................................................... 14
Copyright ....................................................................................................................................... 15

Figures

01. Site Location Map.


02. HER CORE map (a & b)
03. HER Event map (a & b)
04. Map progressions
05. Annotated plans (a & b)
06. Phase plan and elevation (a and b)

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Survey Photo cards 1-45

01 General view, north east elevation


02 Back of property, north east elevation
03 North west gable end, now main entrance to property through modern lean-to
04 Divide between buildings, north east elevation
05 Back of property, north east elevation, multiple editions evident from changes to brick work and
slope of roof.
06 Room 1. Latest lean-to currently used as storeroom
07 Room 1 to room 2. Cart door entrance
08 Room 3 modern roofing above that of the original.
09 Room 2 to room 1 cart house door
10 Ceiling of room 2. Machined timbers holding corrugated sheet metal
11 General view room 2 to room 5
12 Original roof line, on the outside of the original 1st story building. North west gable end. Roofing
line runs throughout original build
13 Opposite end of possible bread oven in room 2
14 Recess in north western wall of room 5, possible timber framed window. Runs behind back of
rendered wall
15 Detail, timber framed window with diamond shaped holes for iron bars
16 Room 3 to room 4 and room 5 entrances. Fixed modern wooden fixture obscuring view of south
western wall
17 Room 2 height of 2m wall mounted timber
18 Room 4 window in north east elevation of original building, and entrance from room 4 to room 3
19 Room 4, original height of roof to original house
20 Room 5 to room 2, wall batter to main (original) entrance
21 Room 5, doorway to room 3
22 Room 5, blocked entrance to south western elevation.
23 Room 5, possible original window, boarded up, with stone window seat
24 Room 5, general view, south west elevation, blocked up door, bricked in window with stone seat,
and unknown wall recess
25 Room 5 possible original fire place
26 Detail, Room 5 north west gable end, line of original fireplace and possible bread oven. Made
with Monmouth bricks.
27 Room 6 south west elevation, wooden door to staircase and early window and lintels
28 Room 6 general view, concrete and brick fireplace.
29 Room 6, wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase up to room 7 (1st floor)
30 Wooden partition fixed into place with what seem to be an old wooden barrel pallet
31 Wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase
32 Room 5 replaced ceiling (modern) and storage
33 1st floor principle truss
34 North east elevation wall plate variation
35 North west gable, internal brick fireplace, slightly collapsed
36 North west gable, internal brick chimney
37 Recess behind later edition chimney and fireplace
38 Brick chimney on second fireplace
39 Collard truss
40 Earlier roofing, made from hand shaved wooden timber. Wooden trusses fixed with plated yoke,
under central ridge purlin.
41 Wooden beams have had lots of repairs over time, including wooden pegs being replaced with
metal fastenings
42 1st floor north west gable end. Original roofing line
43 1st floor north west gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with opposite south east gable
end, 45° angle.
44 1st floor south east gable end, original roof line, and chimney.
45 1st floor south east gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with opposite north west gable
end, 45° angle.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Appendix

I. HER CORE
II. HER EVENTS
III. HER NMR
IV. Complete photograph list with contact sheet

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Introduction

This building recording survey report has been prepared by Mr A. Phillips, A.P.A.C. Ltd, in response to a proposed
renovation of an existing building with rear extension for commercial use: 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth,
(MON2146/JB)

The building; 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth, NP25 5AD, is listed: Grade II:

Drybridge street itself is known to have existed since medieval times, and the building itself is
thought to of been of 17th century origin with later 19th century editions in the form of
outbuildings. The building is considered to retain much of its original character and is
designated listed building status due to it forming part of the important group of historic
buildings in the suburb of Overmonnow.
(Cadw 81009)

Applications for both planning approval and listed building consent for the proposed work were applied for by B.
S. Technical Services acting as agents for Mr K Graham client.

Monmouthshire County Council (MCC) were advised in this instance by Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust
(GGAT) Archaeological Planning Services (APS) who suggested that the planning approval should include
conditions requiring a program of archaeological work.

The reasoning behind the advice was that the proposed alteration and renovation work will involve changes to the
standing fabric of existing buildings as well as excavation of internal ground floors and trenches for footings and
services; all of which may impact on any archaeological resources present.

GGAT therefore suggested conditions requiring a level II building recording survey prior to any development
work being undertaken and an intensive watching brief during development.

The wording of the conditions was to be similar in manner to that suggested in Welsh Office Circular 60/69,
Section 23:

No development shall take place until the applicant, or their agents or successors in title, has
secured the implementation of a programme of archaeological work in accordance with a
written scheme of investigation which has been submitted by the applicant and approved in
writing by the local planning authority

Reason: To identify and record any features of archaeological interest discovered during the
works, in order to mitigate the impact of the works on the archaeological resource.

No site works shall be undertaken until the implementation of an appropriate programme of


building recording and analysis has been agreed with the local Planning Authority, to be
carried out by a specialist acceptable to the Local Planning Authority and in accordance with
an agreed written brief and specification.

Reason: As the building is of architectural and cultural significance the specified records are
required to mitigate impact

(MON2146/JB).

The conditions as suggested were included in Approval of Planning Permission, DC/2014/00949, section 3 & 4 and
Approval of Listed Building Consent DC/2014/00904, 4 & 5.

APAC Ltd was contracted by the client, to undertake the programme of archaeological recording work and in
accordance with the suggested model drew up a Written Scheme of Investigation, WSI:BSWB/M2/16
.
The written scheme of investigation was approved by GGAT as ‘fit for purpose’ allowing the survey work to
proceed.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Site location

The property, 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth, NP25 5AD, NGR 350301 212575, occupies an area of land between
Drybridge Street to the south west and the river Monnow to the north east.

Set back from a roundabout, to the west is an access gate to the rear with further commercial buildings, whilst to the
south east, properties continue along the street, PL01.

If travelling north on the A40, just before Monmouth the road passes under a tunnel after which is an immediate left
turn onto the B4293.

At the roundabout, take the second turn onto Cinderhill Street and pass straight on at the traffic lights to a second
roundabout from which, the second turn leads onto Drybridge Street.

Geology & Topography

The geology at the site consists of superficial Alluvium deposits: normally soft to firm consolidated, compressible
clay, but can contain layers of silt, sand, peat and basal gravel above a solid geology of St Maughan’s sandstone.

(BGS 2016)

Brief archaeological and historical background

The archaeological record for the Monmouth area is well represented from prehistory to present; indeed, a 5km
diameter search centred on the town yields archaeological resources from Prehistory through to, Roman, Early
Medieval, Medieval, Norman, Post medieval and even Modern WWII.

The first documented record of Monmouth comes in the British section of the Itinerarium Provinciarum Antonini
Augusti, (RIVIT, 57. 1970).

On a Roman road between ISCA SILVRVM (Caerleon) and CALLEVA AREBATVM


(Silchester); mid way at 11 miles between BVRRIVM (Usk) and ARICONIVM (Weston Under
Penyard is Monmouth).

The Antonine Itinerary has BLESTIO equidistant between BVRRIVM and ARICONIVM.

Accepting the interpretation for Roman BLESTIO (Blestium) as Monmouth, the location would have been for a site
of Roman interest on a boundary between the Iron Age tribes of the Silures and the Dobunni.

Primarily a military site, it is likely that later development in the 2nd to 4th centuries changed Blestio into a civilian
settlement, (Marvell 2001); a civilian site undertaking a great deal of Iron working, (Newman, 394. 2000) &
(Clarke, 99. 2008).

Little is known of the period between the departure of the Romans and the coming of the Normans but it is
inconceivable that such an important site, with defences, infrastructure and possibly industry would have ceased to
exist.

Norman presence in Monmouth was established when William Fitz Osbern built a motte at Monmouth dated pre
AD 1071, for that is when he died.

The position of such a defence would be typical of the sites selected by Fitz Osbern as he strengthened a border
along the Wye, (Phillips, p74 2006).

AD. 1297-1320 saw the construction of defences with the erection of town walls with fortified gates and gated
bridges encircling the town. Including that of Monnow bridge and gate house HER 5268, (GGAT01256g) and
(GGAT01257g). Built AD. 1297-1315 roughly 0.1miles from site.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
A later visitor, John Leland, c 1538, described Monmouth as ‘enclosed by a wall on that part which is not defended
by rivers…through age, the wall is broken and much of the defence is down… nevertheless extensive ruins remain
along with a deep ditch.’ (in) (Clarke, 69. 2008).

The ditch in question being the medieval ditch “Clawdd Ddu,” HER 5268, (GGAT01262g) scheduled ancient
monument, which the boundary circumference of, is thought to go underneath 43 Drybridge street.

The search maps, fig 02a, 02b and fig 03a, 03b, show the concentration of both Core, Event and National
Monuments records around the site as provided by HER 5268
.
The search produced 97 National Monuments, 63 archaeological events and a core list of 108 archaeological
resources which included:

 3 x Grade I structures
 25 x Grade II structures
 4 x SAM (Scheduled Ancient Monuments)
 3 x Grade II Parks & Gardens

Other medieval features within the area of the detailed HER 5268 CORE map include (GGAT01258g) and
(GGAT01259g) referencing St Thomas Beckets church and churchyard with cross.

Originally a chapel built in 1186, (Brook 1988, 82); later raised to parish church status in 1832 and greatly restored
in the 19th century, it still retains some of its original Norman features.

Of the HER 5268 EVENT listings within the direct vicinity of the site are:

In 2001 during a watching brief for the commission of a sewer reclamation by Monmouth Archaeology, Pre historic
flints and an assortment of Medieval finds were collected. (E002531).

2012 Monmouth Archaeology were commissioned for a watching brief during gas reinforcement works. This
produced some medieval finds including that of a 15th century locally produced Malvern style floor tile. Other finds
found in the area of Roman origin were found, however the source remains unestablished. (E004524).

In 2002 Monmouth Archaeology carried out an Archaeological evaluation to determine to presence of the “Clawdd
Ddu” town defence ditch at 43 Drybridge Street. Although no evidence for this was excavated, kiln waste was found
in the trial trenches which could lead to that of a local kiln in the area. So a watching brief was recommended.
(E004698).

To complete the brief archaeological background for the site, map progressions were undertaken in order to assess
changes and indicators of previous land use, figs 05a, 05b, 05c & 05d.

The earliest readily available map of the location 1831 first edition Ordnance Survey map, sheet 43, fig 05a, shows a
building in the roughly the same position as the current property, although there is a space to the south east, rather
than the continuous line of buildings currently standing.

Of course any omission with this edition of map must be considered as likely due to an error in recording.

By the late 19th century, fig 5b, the building is more accurately represented as part of a continuous line of buildings
fronting Drybridge Street and lacking additional structure to the rear or north west gable.

Some 14 years later, fig 5c, the property has expanded with the addition of a long building (2) at the north west
gable.

The addition of the lean-to s (1, 3 & 4) can therefore be assigned to the 20th century, Fig 05 d.

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the level II survey is to preserve by record the structure of the building, prior to refurbishment and in so
doing’ provide a facility for understanding the building’s historic development.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
The record produced can then be used to guide the determination of the planning condition as to the final design of
refurbishment.

Methodology

The building recording survey followed the methodology defined in 5.2, Understanding Historic Buildings; A Guide
to Good Recording Practice (English Heritage 2006). The methodology employed was also guided by the Standard
and Guidance for the Archaeological Investigation and Recording of Standing Buildings or Structures (CIFA
2014,).

Photographs were taking using tripod mounted, digital cameras: Sony DSC F828 & a Canon EOS 500D and these
were supplemented with hi-resolution smart phone cameras.

Images were recorded in both high resolution JPEG & RAW formats.

The photographic record of the site includes general views of the exterior, the overall appearance of principle
structure and circulation areas, external and internal detail relevant to the property’s design and development.

All photographs include a scale rod where possible or practical.

Photographs illustrative of the survey are produced as annotated ‘photo cards’ in the report.

All photographs from the survey are included as a list with contact sheets in appendix IV.

This report comprises a written element as defined in 4.5 Understanding Historic Buildings; A Guide to Good
Recording Practice (English Heritage 2006).

In order to provide a brief background to the property the following sources of information were used:

Gwent Records Office.


GGAT HER.
Cadw,
Various online sources.
Local knowledge.

Data Presentation

Annotated plans showing numbered layout of rooms are given in figs 04a and 04b.

External description.

The building, in plan view, consists of a main rectangular structure to the south west of the plot (room nos: 5,6,7)
which is aligned roughly to the present road.

To the north west is an added single squared block (2) with a further added extension to the north (1), whilst the
north east elevation of the main building has a further, full length lean-to, (3,4).

The entire structure has a pitched roof, in two sections, PL01; the main roof on the front aspect is slate and
incorporates two gable dormer windows, whilst the north west extension is covered with tile and tarpauling.

The rear aspect has a longer pitch at the south east section and is covered with corrugated asbestos, PL02, whilst the
north western section has a two pitch configuration to accommodate (1), currently roofed with corrugated tin sheet,
PL03.

The difference in pitch clearly identifies some phasing of the various additions to the main building; (this will be
further discussed below, interpretation), but also serves to identify the relationship with the later, adjacent property
to the south east, PL02 & PL04.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
The main building is a one and a half story structure of masonry construction, rendered on external exposed areas
with various brick and ‘breeze block’, additions/alterations/repairs, PL01 & PL02.

Additional structure (2) is of random rubble construction as is addition (3,4), PL03, however structure (1) is entirely
20th century brick, PL05.

Internal

Room 1

Entry to the property is through the rear extension, room 1; a utility structure entirely of relatively modern machine
processed brick and of little architectural value.

Currently used for storage, the limited space available does not allow for any particularly informative photographic
recording, PL06.

Room 1 does give access to room 2 through a wide portal with wooden lintel, PL07, and room 3, PL08, through a
single door, (bottom right).

Room 2

As stated above, room 2 is accessed from room 1 by a wide opening, PL07 and PL09, probably originally fitted with
double doors, now missing.

The room is a single space under a modern softwood roof, PL10, consisting of three whitewashed, random rubble
walls abutting the original gable end of the main building, room 5, to the south east, PL11.

The south west elevation has a pair of wooden doors extending to the eaves, PL01.

Apart from the doorway and the blocked window, PL11, the original external gable of the main building; now
internal to room 2, has some less clear features of interest which will no doubt be revealed during the renovation
process.

Beginning at roof level, a 45° roof pitch scar is visible; top right of the photograph PL12, extending below the wall
plate of the current front elevation.

There is a similar 45° roof pitch scar to the rear elevation, although this is less visible due to surface render; which is
either more recent or just better preserved, (this will be further discussed below, interpretation).

Between the two roof pitch scars, the apex of the gable has been completely rebuilt in brick as a chimney stack but
the extent of the repair is hidden under the render.

The render itself however, does seem to be restricted to only one half of the wall, ending at an almost vertical crack
which meets a vertical recess, which remains unexplained, PL11 & PL12: detail view PL13.

To the left of the vertical recess, PL11, is another brick infill and a discernible area of rebuilding, reaching to 2m in
height and extending almost to the blocked window, left.

Using a thin metal probe through a small hole in the wall, a void exceeding 450mm in depth was noted behind the
area of rebuilding and a similar measurement was taken from inside room 5, (this will be further discussed below,
room 5).

To the left of the photograph PL11, is a small bricked in window with an interesting peg jointed wooden frame,
PL14 which was originally fitted with two diamond mullion bars PL15.

This window was identified in the Cadw listing:

In the far wall of the left hand room is a very small opening with chamfered oak frame
suggesting earlier origins to the building, this wall being formerly external before the addition
of the outbuilding.
(Cadw 81009)

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
The left upright of the window frame has been cut off leaving a Tenon within the Mortice joint and the whole recess
has been blocked with brick from the inside, (room 5).

Still surviving, is a layer of lime plaster pre dating the brick infill and two wooden lintels/beams; the purpose of the
window/recess is not understood, its date could typologically suggest 16th/17th century.

Room 3

Lean-to, room 3 abuts a wall with the main building; to the left in PL08, unfortunately, the majority of the wall is
clad in plywood which would hide any potential features.

It is however, worth noting the supporting upright for the present roof which is inserted into the original outside wall
of the main building, (this will be further discussed below, interpretation).

Viewing room 3 towards the south east, PL16, shows a partition with access into room 3 (central) and room 5, main
building, to the right.

The partition is rendered lime plaster over masonry and has an oak brace to a truss support, for an earlier pitch roof
than the one which is current, (this will be further discussed below, interpretation).

The floor is covered with engineering brick.

Room 4

Room 4 is the south eastern end of the lean-to, constructed of rubble coursed masonry, it shares a party wall with an
extension to the next door property, no 42, PL17.

As with room 3 it also abuts the rear elevation of the main building and also, has beams which fit into the wall of the
main building, PL18; however, in this case the current roof is not supported from these, PL17.

An earlier roof for the main building ends at the current wall plate, PL19 with a new roof span supported at a
shallower pitch from uprights standing on the wall plate of the main building, PL17 & PL19 and also PL08; as in
room 3.

One final feature of room 3 is the window leading into room 6, now blocked internally, it retains an external wooden
frame and the splay which reveals it was originally an external window from room 6, PL18.

Room 5

Current access to room 5 is gained from either room 2, PL20 or room 3, PL21, although there is a blocked external
door in the front elevation, PL01 & PL22.

The floor is laid with regular flagstone and the ceiling joists are of sawn softwood, PL20.

It is noted that the door to room 3 and the external door in the front elevation are roughly aligned as in cross passage
configuration but this does not seem to be a practical arrangement and there is some doubt as to the origin of the
front elevation door, (this will be further discussed below, interpretation).

In addition to the doors, the room has one casement window with a shallow splay and recessed seat to the front
elevation, PL23; a possible blocked window may have existed opposite in the rear elevation but this cannot be
confirmed or dismissed until renovation commences.

Other features in room 5 are: a recess of unknown origin or purpose between the front door and the window, PL22,
a relatively modern wooden panel partition with door leading to room 6, PL22 and a small fire grate to the north
west original gable, PL25.

The small fire grate at the base of the gable wall that deserves some further appraisal; it was explained, (above,
room 2), that the original northwest gable in room 2 had an internal void just under 450mm deep which is slightly
less than the thickness of the wall at 560mm.

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
In PL25, at 1.5m high, just to the left of the ranging rod is a small brown patch of exposed brick infill which has
been photographed in detail in PL26.

The close up, PL26 reveals the brick infill of a void above the current fireplace, reaching 1.5m above floor level,
with a measured depth of just over 450mm, that retains a plastered inner surface.

The 1.5 height, 500mm depth of the void is suggestive of a large fireplace and could account for the structural
repairs to the gable described in room 2.

Room 6

South east of room 5, a door in the wooden partition leads to room 6, featuring a single front elevation window
PL27, with an opposite but blocked rear elevation window, a wooden stair in a recess and a large fire place façade,
PL28.

The fireplace façade consists of a brick infill with a moulded cement fireplace surround topped by a warped wooden
mantel all of which probably hides an original fireplace.

Towards the south west of the fireplace is a recess which contains a wooden ‘squared spiral’ stair to the first floor
and an under stair cupboard, PL29.

Both the fireplace, and the recess for the stairwell seem disproportionate to the size of room 6, which suggests that
the room as it is currently has been greatly modified from the original, (this will be further discussed below,
interpretation).

The wooden partition is a relatively recent insertion being constructed of sawn softwood timber and held with a 2” x
2” floor batten; notice the re-used barrel stand on the right, PL30.

The panel was probably inserted at the same time as the original large fireplace was reduced to its modern
dimension, otherwise the room would have been too hot for comfort.

Room 7

Room 7 on the 1st floor is accessed from the single wooden stair that leads from room 6, PL31.

At the time of the survey, the first floor consisted of a single room, resting on recently renewed flooring and open to
the roof beams, PL32.

The plan supplied by the architect shows a partition with central door was in position in 2011, BS BP-2206/01, fig
5a, but little remains to confirm its existence other than a partial lath and plaster panel above a principle truss, PL33
or a difference in wall plate height, PL34.

The room does however have a fireplace at each gable end which would confirm that an upper separation must have
been present at some point.

PL35 & PL36 show the fireplace and chimney stack at the north west gable, whilst PL37 & PL38 show another
reduced example at the south east gable end.

Considering the two dormer windows on the front elevation, PL01, it is also probable that each lit separate rooms.

The roof construction is instructive consisting of various phases and materials, the latest being of squared sawn
timbers which supplement the front aspect of pitched roof, PL39 whilst reducing the pitch of the rear roof in order to
span both the main building and the lean-to, (see PL08 & PL17).

An earlier roof, springing from the current wall plates of the main building, PL34, PL37 & PL39, was much more
substantial, constructed in rough timber based on two principle collared trusses with plated yokes, and trenched
purlins, PL40 & PL41.

However, there is evidence to show that the roof springing as it does from the wall plates was a later addition.

An earlier ridge scar denoting a pitch of 45° is evident on each gable end:

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A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
PL33, north east gable end pitch scar, comparable pitch scar PL12 left.
PL42, north west gable end pitch scar, comparable pitch scar PL12 right and measured PL43
PL44, south west gable end and measured PL45.

Interpretation

Interpretation of the property begins with information gleaned from the roof structure, although conversely, this is
not the oldest part of the property but merely a redevelopment that has been dictated by it.

The earlier roof pitch observed in PL33, PL42, PL43, PL44 & PL45 and reduced wall plate height suggested by the
beams in lean-to rooms 3 & 4, PL08, PL16 & PL18, would not provide a comfortably useable first floor area for the
main house.

Room 7 would be reduced to a rather a simple attic or sleeping area; Fox and Raglan in relation to small Regional
Style houses of c1550-1610, speculated: ‘It is not to be supposed that farming families in less convenient homes we
have studied would long be content with their attic bedrooms of triangular section…in which no freestanding
furniture, for one thing, could be placed’, (Fox & Raglan, p45. 1952).

A common solution to the problem of attic space in small Regional Style houses was to raise the side walls, insert
tall 18th century windows and the reconstruction of the roof, (Fox & Raglan, p45. 1952).

Evidence of reconstruction to the upper section and the roof is there but far from clear.

The original building was a single story, and the potential period c1550-1610 agrees with the small window in room
2, (see above) and drawn attention to by Cadw in their listing report, (Cadw 81009).

As the building was originally a single storey, then there would be no need for a fixed stairwell which leaves the
current recess for the stairwell in 6 in need of explanation.

Certainly the chimney stack positions are original although there is evidence of modification above the first floor
level, PL37, PL38 & PL45.

The current stairwell to the side of the chimney stack in room 6 would therefore have been for another use, possibly
a gable entry as in room 5, but this would have predated the later construction of No 42 Drybridge Street.

The addition of number 42 or at least alterations to the abutment of both buildings is suggested by the un matched
chimney stacks PL38 and external roofs, PL04.

As a single storey building, the front external elevation, PL01, shows a symmetry with both ground floor windows
and gable ends which is spoilt by the offset front door.

Returning again to Fox & Raglan, they noted that entry other than gable end had a severe disadvantage in creating
draughts into the living areas, and that this was not a fashion adopted until the renaissance with the addition of
porches, (ibid, p46).

The current front door therefore could be a later insertion, which would lend weight to the gable entry proposition
above; unfortunately, there is no way to confirm this.

As discussed above with the later 1st floor, the building is unlikely to have been a single room construction with a
fireplace at each gable and the difference between the inner windows, one with seat and the other without would
suggest they did not occupy the same room.

Alternatively, the building may have originally been two separate single storey houses with gable entries and gable
end fireplaces.

The rebuilt central part of the gable between the barred window and the door of room 2 is large enough to have
housed a bread oven; similarly, the gable end to room 6 is also quite thick and could have also had similar features.

Unfortunately, the later adjoining property has removed any features that could confirm this but unexplained
features of a much larger fireplace remain in the attic, PL37, PL38, PL45 & PL04, at the chimney.

12
A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Phasing

There is very little of the original fabric of the building left for any close examination, nor are there any records
available to confirm any absolute sequence of events; therefore, the phasing interpretation can only be relative.

The close presence of known medieval defences, burgage plots and a kiln may have a bearing on the origin and
location of the property if not the surviving structure itself.

A similarity of construction features and trends can be recognised with Fox and Raglan’s Regional Style c1550 –
1610, but at best the link is subjective.

The listing for the building suggests a 17th century origin, as part of an important group of historic buildings, (Cadw
81009) and presumably offers a date based mostly on the oak framed window described in room 2 above.

There are however, an arrangement of modified features that suggest a sequence of development; some objective
some subjective; those offered below and figs 06 a & 06b, are the result of reasoned interpretation.

The building was originally a single storey structure which is clearly evident from the roof pitch scars left on the
gable ends.

The next phase of development began with raising the wall plates of the main building to create a 1st floor and
modification of both gable chimney stacks to provide upper fire places and an access stair.

This is potentially a late 17 century event in line with social and commercial trends heralded by the advent of the
Gentleman traveller.

If the interpretation of the front door to the street is correct then this would also be the time for its construction.

At some point during the latter part of the 19th century the building to the north (room 2) was added, ostensibly as a
cart shed judging by the door sizes.

Further construction then took place with lean-to 4 and possibly 3 being added to the rear under a single pitch roof.

A further extension room 1 was then added again with its own single pitch roof.

The final phase of building, possibly to combat a failing roof, saw an entire raised roof being constructed to the rear
of the building incorporating the earlier roof frame within its cover.

Archive

The original archive will be retained by APAC. Ltd

Secondary archives consisting of a hard copy of the report with a digital copy of the complete data and photographs
be deposited with the County Records Office in Ebbw Vale and with The Royal Commission on Ancient and
Historical Monuments Aberystwyth.

Digital copies of the report will be forwarded to the client, planning and the HER, held by Glamorgan Gwent
Archaeological Trust.

Acknowledgements:

I would like to thank the client Mr K Graham for the details supplied and for all the help and information.

13
A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16

Bibliography and References:

A.P.A.C. Ltd. WSI.BSWB/M2/16 Written scheme of investigation

B S Technical Services Structural Appraisal of 43, Drybridge Street, Monmouth for Mr K Graham. 2011.

Proposed Alterations and Extension to Dwelling at 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth.

BP-2206/01 Existing Floor Plans 17/06/2011.


BP-2206/02 Existing Elevations and section 17/06/2011.
BP-2206/03 Proposed plans and Elevations & Block Plan 02/07/12

Clarke, S., 2008. Down the Dig Monmouth an Adventure in Archaeology. Monmouth Archaeological
Society.

Chartered Institute for


Archaeologists. Standard and Guidance for an archaeological watching brief. 2014.

Code of Conduct and the Code of Approved Practice for the regulation of
Contractual Arrangements in Field Archaeology. 2008.

Standard and Guidance for the collection, documentation, conservation and


research of archaeological materials. 2014.

Standards and Guidance for the archaeological investigation and recording of


standing buildings and structures, 2014

English Heritage Management of Archaeological Projects (1991).


(Historic England)
Understanding Historic Buildings A guide to good Recording Practice. 2006

GGAT. 2014. MON2146/JB. Renovation of existing building with rear extension all for
commercial use: 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth. PL.App.No.:2014/00949.

Fox, Sir C., &

Raglan, Lord., 1952. Monmouthshire Houses. Part II, Sub- Medieval Houses, c 1550-1610. Merton Priory
Press, National museum of Wales.

Marvell, A. G. (ed.), 2001. BAR British Series 320: Investigations along Monnow Street, Monmouth, Oxford

Monmouthshire County
Council Approval of Listed Building Consent. DC/2014/00904.

Approval of Planning Permission. DC/2014/00949.

Newman, J., 2000. The Building of Wales Gwent and Monmouthshire. Penguin Books. University of
Wales Press.

Phillips, N., 2006. Earthwork Castles of Gwent & Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250. BAR Series 420.

RIVIT, A.L.F., 1970. The British Section of the Antonine Itinerary (in) Britannia. I. 34-82.

Shoesmith, R., 1973. Excavations in Monmouth. The Monmouthshire Antiquary, 10-15, VI. 1990.

14
A.P.A.C. Ltd 43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth BS/M2/16
Soulsby, I., 1983. The Towns of Medieval Wales. Phillimore.

The Society of Museum


Archaeologists Towards An Accessible Archive (1995)

United Kingdom Institute


for Conservation. Guidelines for the Preparation of Excavation Archives for Long-Term
(Archaeology Section) Storage (1990)

WOC 60/96 Planning and the Historic Environment: Archaeology. Welsh Office Circular
60/96. Section 23.

Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

British Geological Survey http://www.bgs.ac.uk/GeoIndex/


British Listed Buildings http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/
Google Earth http://www.google.co.uk/
Magic http://magic.defra.gov.uk/
Cadw http://cadw.gov.wales/historicenvironment/recordsv1/cof-cymru/

Copyright

A.P.A.C. Ltd will retain full copyright of any reports and specialist reports, under the Copyright, Designs and
Patents Act of 1988 with all rights reserved.
A.P.A.C. Ltd hereby gives permission for the monitoring authority to use any documentation directly relating to the
project as described in this Project Design.

A.P.A.C. Registered Address: 36 Hatherleigh Rd, Abergavenny Monmouthshire NP7 7RG.


Tel: 07734962919. Mobile: 07734962919 Email: apac.philips@btinternet.com
Company Registration No 5041541 VAT Reg No 826 3628 19
Director: Dr. N. Phillips D.Phil.BA (Hons).Cert Ed/FE. MCIfA.

15
43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Glyn Smith RIBA.Architect
“Ty-Lllawen”
Pen-yr-ale Lane Llangynidr
Powys. NP8 1NE

Fig 01: Location A.P.A.C. Ltd: BS/M2/16


43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Fig 2a: HER CORE, Map overview

Fig 2b: HER CORE, Map detail A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/M2/16


43 Drybridge Street, Monmouth

Fig 3a: HER EVENT, Map overview

Fig 3b: HER EVENT, Map detail A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/M2/16


43 Drybridge street, Monmouth

N
1

3
4

2
5 6

Fig 04A : Annotated from :BS Technical services, existing floor plans. Drawing No: BP-2206/01

Possible original fireplace Unknown wall recess

Fig 04B : Annotated from :BS Technical services, existing floor plans. A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/M2/16
Drawing No: BP-2206/01
43 Drybridge Street Monmouth

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577)
Fig 5A: First edition, ordinance survey map 1831, sheet 43. Fig 5B: Monmouthshire XIV, surveyed 1880-1881,
Vision of Britain published 1886, NLS

Fig 5C: Monmmouthshire XIV.NE, Revised 1900, Fig 5D: Magic maps 2016
A.P.A.C. Ltd BS/M2/16
Published 1902. NLS
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09937 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
NORTH

Reason for image General view, south west elevation

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09942 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Back of property, north east elevation

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09944 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image North west gable end, now main entrance to property through modern lean-to

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09938 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Divide between buildings, south west elevation

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09943 EXTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Back of property, north east elevation, multiple editions evident from
changes to brick work and slope of roof.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC00001 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Room 1. Latest lean-to currently used as storeroom

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC00002 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Room 1 to room 2. Cart door entrance

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09999 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
West

Reason for image Room 3 modern roofing above that of the original.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09989 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North

Reason for image Room 2 to room 1 cart house door

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09988 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
Vertical

Reason for image Ceiling of room 2. Machined timbers holding corrugated sheet metal.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09983 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

Reason for image General view room 2 to room 5.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09986 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Original roof line, on the outside of the original 1st story building.
North west gable end. Roofing line runs throughout original build

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09992 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east Reason for image Opposite end of possible bread oven in room 2

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09984 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Recess in north western wall of room 5, possible timber framed window.
Runs behind back of rendered wall

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09985 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Detail, timber framed window with diamond shaped holes for iron bars.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09997 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Room 3 to room 4 and room 5 entrances. Fixed modern wooden fixture
obscuring view of south western wall

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09994 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Room 2 height of 2m wall mounted timber

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09996 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Room 4 window in north east elevation of original building, and entrance
from room 4 to room 3

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09995 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

Reason for image Room 4, original height of roof to original house

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09976 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Room 5 to room 2, wall batter to main (original) entrance

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09980 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Room 5, doorway to room 3

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09974 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

Reason for image Room 5, blocked entrance to south western elevation.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09982 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South Reason for image Room 5, possible original window, boarded up, with stone window seat.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09975 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Room 5, general view, south west elevation, blocked up door, bricked in
window with stone seat, and unknown wall recess.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09978 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Room 5 possible original fire place

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09990 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Detail, Room 5 north west gable end, line of original fireplace and
possible bread oven. Made with Monmouth bricks.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09969 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South

Reason for image Room 6 south west elevation, wooden door to staircase and early window
and lintels

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09973 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
East

Reason for image Room 6 general view, concrete and brick fireplace.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09878 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east Reason for image Room 6, wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase up to room 7 (1st floor)

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09970 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North Reason for image Wooden partition fixed into place with what seem to be an old wooden barrel
pallet
N

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09964 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
Vertical

Reason for image Wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09879 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North east

Reason for image Room 5 replaced ceiling (modern) and storage

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09948 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image 1st floor principle truss

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09962 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image North east elevation wall plate variation

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09946 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image North west gable, internal brick fireplace, slightly collapsed

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09945 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image North west gable, internal brick chimney

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09963 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Recess behind later edition chimney and fireplace

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09960 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image Brick chimney on second fireplace

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09958 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South west

Reason for image Collard truss

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09951 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
Vertical

Reason for image Earlier roofing, made from hand shaved wooden timber. Wooden trusses
fixed with plated yoke, under central ridge purlin.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09955 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image Wooden beams have had lots of repairs over time, including wooden pegs
being replaced with metal fastenings

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09947 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
West

Reason for image 1st floor north west gable end. Original roofing line

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC00004 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
North west

Reason for image 1st floor north west gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with
opposite south east gable end, 45° angle.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC09949 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image 1st floor south east gable end, original roof line, and chimney.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
Site Site code Grid ref: Camera Format Image no: Area
43 Drybridge St, Monmouth BS/M2/16 350301 212575 SONY - F828 Digital DSC00003 INTERNAL
Direction of view:
South east

Reason for image 1st floor south east gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with
opposite north west gable end, 45° angle.

Object

Material

Period A.P.A.C. Ltd


www.apac.ltd.uk
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I BS/M2/16

HER Report 5268. Event Record

PRN NAME Event Contractor Year NGR


GGATE000329 MONNOW STREET NO 48 Excavation 1987 SO506127
& 50, SALVAGE
EXCAVATION, 1987
GGATE000330 MONNOW STREET NO 95, Excavation 1987 SO505126
SALVAGE EXCAVATION,
1987
GGATE000331 MONNOW STREET NO 41, Trial excavation (GGAT) 1989 SO506127
TRIAL EXCAVATION,
1989
GGATE000334 MONNOW STREET NO 41, Trial excavation (GGAT) 1988 SO506127
TRIAL EXCAVATION,
1988
GGATE001010 MONNOW ST NO 98 - 104 Desk Based 1996? SO505126
Assessment
GGATE001011 OVERMONNOW SCHOOL Excavation 1987 SO503123
GGATE001012 MONNOW STREET NO 75 Excavation 1987 SO505126
& 77
GGATE001013 MONNOW STREET NO 71 Excavation (MAS) 1986 SO50571268
GGATE001016 EXCAVATION AT 83-85 Excavation (GGAT) 1987 SO5054412645
MONNOW STRET
(KWIKSAVE), 1987
GGATE001017 MONNOW STREET NO 41 Evaluation (GGAT) 1988 SO506127
GGATE001018 EXCAVATION AT 43-47 Excavation (GGAT) 1989 SO50631273
MONNOW STREET
(PEACOCKS), 1989
GGATE001022 MONMOUTH TOWN Evaluation (GGAT) 1992 SO50651255
PUMPING STATION
GGATE001023 MONNOW STREET NO 22 Excavation (MAS) 1990 SO50701275
- 24
GGATE001410 Rockfield Road, Monmouth Desk Based (GGAT) 2009 SO5038812758
DBA Assessment
GGATE001565 The Monmouth Cellar survey Building Survey Monmouth 1988 SO5071412800
Association
GGATE002030 20-24 Monnow Street, Building Survey 2009 SO5069412770
Monmouth
GGATE002229 Waitrose Development Site Evaluation (GGAT) 1993 SO50571254
Queens Building, Monnow
Street
GGATE002345 Monnow Bridge Caravan Evaluation (GGAT) 1995 SO50361253
Park, EVAL
GGATE002350 102 Monnow St, Monmouth Desk Based (BaRAS) 1995 SO506125
Assessment
GGATE002292 Overmonnow Garage, Watching brief MA 1998 SO50671217
Cinderhill Sreet WB
GGATE002190 Borough Arms, Monmouth Watching Brief (GGAT) 1996 SO595126
WB
GGATE004356 Little Castle House, Watching Brief (GGAT) 1998 SO509129
Monmouth Castle WB
GGATE002290 Land adjacent to Nailers Evaluation (GGAT) 1998 SO516128
Lane, Monmouth EVAL
GGATE003892 Land off Rockfield Road, Desk Based (MAS) 1994 SO4947513037
Monmouth Assessment
GGATE000328 MONNOW STREET NO 79 Excavation 1987 SO505126
& 81, SALVAGE
EXCAVATION, 1987
GGATE000327 MONNOW STREET NO 49 Excavation 1987 SO506127
& 51, SALVAGE
EXCAVATION, 1987
GGATE000301 MONNOW BRIDGE, Excavation (GGAT) 1988 SO50451249
PARTIAL EXCAVATION,
1988
GGATE002360 Cattle Market and Cinderhill Watching Brief (DAT) 1996 SO5049612406
Street Car Parks, Monmouth,
AWB
GGATE002360 Cattle Market and Cinderhill Watching Brief (DAT) 1996 SO5057912449
Street Car Parks, Monmouth,
AWB
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I BS/M2/16

GGATE004811 Watching Brief: Nailers Lane, WATCHING BRIEF MA 2003 SO5060012840


Monmouth
GGATE004698 Evaluation at 43 Drybridge EVALUATION MA 2002 SO50321259
Street, Monmouth
GGATE004654 Watching brief at former WATCHING BRIEF FA 2002 SO50191245
Victoria Dairy, Monmouth
GGATE004653 Excavation at Victoria Dairy, EXCAVATION FA 2002 SO5021412439
Wonastow Road, Monmouth
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5026012647
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5026912636
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5027012632
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5026412614
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5027012632
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5027012632
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5028712580
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO4927113240
WB
GGATE004524 Rockfield Road, Monmouth WATCHING BRIEF MA 2012 SO5025912677
WB
GGATE004488 1-3 Monnow Bridge, EVALUATION MA 2000 SO5043612502
Monmouth EVAL
GGATE004461 Walled Garden of Drybridge EVALUATION (BaRAS) 2000 SO5018212624
House, Monmouth EVAL
GGATE004438 Monouth Town SPS WB Watching Brief DC 1996 SO5066412604
GGATE004425 The Green Dragon Inn, Evaluation MA 1998 SO50361242
Monmouth Eval
GGATE004415 61-63 Monnow Street, Excavation MA 1988 SO5059412693
Monmouth
GGATE004390 61-63 Monnow Street, Desk Based MA 1998 SO5059412693
Monmouth Assessment
GGATE004389 Monnow Street 80-82, Evaluation (MAS) 1997 SO50591264
Monmouth
GGATE003893 37 Monnow St, Monmouth Watching Brief (GGAT) 1994 SO5064412744
WB
GGATE003843 Waitrose Development Site, Evaluation (GGAT) 1993 March SO5053012572
110-118 Monnow Street,
Monmouth
GGATE003842 Waitrose Development Site, Evaluation (GGAT) 1993 SO5053012572
110-118 Monnow Street,
Monmouth
GGATE003840 Waitrose Development Site, Watching Brief (GGAT) 1994 SO5053012572
Monnow Street, Monmouth
GGATE003734 Goldwire Lane, Evaluation MAS & BaRAS 1992 SO5030012300
Overmonnow, Monmouth
GGATE003597 20 Monnow Street, Evaluation MA 2010 SO5072512762
Monmouth Evaluation
GGATE003537 Building recording for rear of Building Survey Graham 2010 SO5069512756
20-36 Monnow Street, Frecknall
Monmouth Architecture
and Design
GGATE003365 Excavation at 110-120 Excavation (GGAT) 1993 SO5052512568
Monnow Street (Waitrose),
1993
GGATE002532 66-68 Monnow Street, EVALUATION MA 2001 SO5060712669
Monmouth EVAL
GGATE002385 Cattle Market & Cinderhill Watching Brief MBC 1995 SO50551235
Street Car Parks, Monmouth
WB
GGATE002428 No. 3 Glendower Street, Watching Brief MA 1999 SO50781269
Monmouth WB
GGATE002492 The Victoria Dairy. EVAL Evaluation MA 1999 SO50191245
GGATE002531 Rockfield Road, Monmouth, Watching Brief MA 2001 SO50131286
Gwent WB
GGATE000329 MONNOW STREET NO 48 Excavation 1987 SO506127
& 50, SALVAGE
EXCAVATION, 1987
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I BS/M2/16

GGATE000330 MONNOW STREET NO 95, Excavation 1987 SO505126


SALVAGE EXCAVATION,
1987

Contractors:

GGAT Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust


MAS Monmouth Archaeological society
MA Monmouth Archaeology
(BaRAS) Bristol and Region Archaeological Services
DAT Dyfed Archaeological Trust
FA Foundations Archaeology
MBC Monmouth Borough Council
DC Dwr Cymru
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix II BS/M2/16

HER Report 5268. Core Record

PRN NAME Period Site type Status NGR


- - - SO3324512341
GGAT01228g FFYNNON EURDIL Medieval Holy well - SO50411290
GGAT01232g BAPTISM CHURCH Medieval Priory - SO50471302
GGAT01234g MONMOUTH Medieval Castle scheduled SO5067512872
CASTLE ancient
monument,listed
building
GGAT01246g PRIORY MILL Medieval Water mill - SO50581288
GGAT01252g SITE NAME NOT Medieval Water mill - SO504126
KNOWN
GGAT01253g CINDER HILL Medieval Bloomery - SO50501229
GGAT01254g DRYBRIDGE Post-Medieval Country house registered parks SO50251256
HOUSE and
gardens,listed
building
GGAT01255g SITE NAME NOT Roman Findspot - SO50181243
KNOWN
GGAT01256g MONNOW BRIDGE Medieval Bridge scheduled SO5046012508
ancient
monument,listed
building
GGAT01257g MONNOW BRIDGE Medieval Gatehouse scheduled SO5046012508
ancient
monument,listed
building
GGAT01258g ST THOMAS Medieval Church listed building SO50441245
BECKET'S CHURCH
AT OVERMONNOW
GGAT01259g OVERMONNOW Medieval Churchyard cross listed building SO5040712460
CHURCHYARD
CROSS
GGAT01260g Findspot, Carthaginian Iron Age Findspot - SO50371231
coin, Monmouth
GGAT01261g Findspot, pottery, Unknown Findspot - SO502122
Monmouth
GGAT01262g CLAWDD DU Medieval Town defences scheduled SO5024912339
ancient
monument,listed
building
GGAT02198g The Vine Tree P.H. Post-Medieval Inn listed building SO5060112706
GGAT03136g WEST GATE Medieval Gate - SO50691278
GGAT03765g CORNWALL HOUSE Post-Medieval House listed building SO5063512682
GGAT03843g ELSTOB WAY Roman Findspot - SO50201231
GGAT04041g ROBIN HOOD INN Post-Medieval Inn listed building SO5051212562
GGAT04104g CLAWDD DU Medieval Bridge listed building SO5024912339
BRIDGE
GGAT04113g 98 -104 Monnow - - - SO505126
Street
GGAT04114g THE KING HENRY V Post-Medieval Inn listed building SO5068212787
INN
GGAT04115g MONNOW STREET Post-Medieval Building listed building SO5070612774
NO 18
GGAT04116g MONNOW STREET Post-Medieval Building listed building SO5066312727
NO 40 - 44
GGAT04117g MONNOW STREET Post-Medieval House listed building SO5058812688
NO 65 and 67
GGAT04118g MONNOW STREET Post-Medieval Building - SO5054412645
NO 83 - 85
GGAT04124g DRYBRIDGE Post-Medieval House listed building SO5037412462
STREET (The
Laurels)
GGAT04125g DRYBRIDGE Post-Medieval Building listed building SO5034912489
STREET NO 4 - 8
GGAT04126g DRYBRIDGE Post-Medieval Building listed building SO5032912513
STREET NO 16 - 30
GGAT04127g THE THREE Post-Medieval Inn listed building SO5035512480
HORSESHOE INN
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix II BS/M2/16

GGAT04128g DRYBRIDGE Post-Medieval House listed building SO5029912519


TERRACE NO 1 - 10
GGAT04129g DRYBRIDGE ST NO Post-Medieval Inn listed building SO5032812554
37 - 41
GGAT04151g WONASTOW ROAD Post-Medieval Building listed building SO5020912478
NO 1 and 3
GGAT04188g ST THOMAS Post-Medieval Building listed building SO50441243
SQUARE NO 12
GGAT04191g ST THOMAS OLD Post-Medieval Vicarage listed building SO5040812430
VICARAGE
GGAT04192g DIAMOND JUBILEE Post-Medieval Commemorative listed building SO5042212456
FOUNTAIN monument
GGAT04255g Event record - - - SO503123
GGAT04329g Event record - - - SO505126
GGAT04330g MONNOW STREET Medieval Findspot - SO506127
NO 49 and 51
GGAT04331g MONNOW STREET Medieval Findspot - SO505126
NO 79 and 81
GGAT04332g MONNOW STREET Medieval Findspot listed building SO5065112713
NO 48 and 50
GGAT04333g MONNOW STREET Medieval Findspot - SO505126
NO 95
GGAT04350g MONNOW STREET Post-Medieval House listed building SO5063612738
NO 41
GGAT04373g Event record - - - SO50571268
GGAT04493g Duplicate PRN - - - SO505126
GGAT04494g Event record - - - SO506127
GGAT04495g Event record - - - SO506127
GGAT04520g Event record - - - SO50651255
GGAT04521g Event record - - - SO50701275
GGAT04772.1g ROMAN ROAD ROMAN road - SO5028912556
RR612b
(MONMOUTH -
USK) SUGGESTED
NORTHERN ROUTE
OUT OF
MONMOUTH
GGAT04772.2g ROMAN ROAD - - - SO5054312315
RR612b
(MONMOUTH -
USK) SUGGESTED
NORTHERN ROUTE
OUT OF
MONMOUTH
GGAT05285g MONNOW BRIDGE Not Applicable Natural feature - SO50361253
CARAVAN PARK
GGAT05385g CLAWDD DU Medieval Earthwork - SO50321232
GGAT05386g GOLDWIRE LANE Post-Medieval Building - SO50321232
GGAT05451g GLOUCESTERSHIRE Roman Findspot - SO505126
HOUSE
GGAT05485g 37 MONNOW ST. Post-Medieval Cess pit - SO50631273
GGAT05621g 102 MONNOW ST Medieval Building - SO50591257
GGAT05627g CINDERHILL ST. Post-Medieval Well - SO50551235
CAR PARK
GGAT05642g 80-82 MONNOW ST. Post-Medieval Building - SO50591264
GGAT05661g WAITROSE 110-120 Roman Building - SO50571254
MONNOW ST,
MONMOUTH
GGAT05671g 3 GLENDOWER ST Roman Findspot - SO50781269
MONMOUTH
GGAT06113g Chippenham Park, Post-Medieval Garden registered parks SO507125
Monmouth and gardens
GGAT06114g ST JOHN'S GARDEN Post-Medieval Garden registered parks SO507127
and
gardens,listed
building
GGAT07981g GLOUCESTERSHIRE Medieval House - SO505126
HOUSE
GGAT07982g GLOUCESTERSHIRE Post-Medieval Findspot - SO505126
HOUSE
GGAT07985g WAITROSE 110-120 Multiperiod Building - SO50571254
MONNOW ST,
MONMOUTH
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix II BS/M2/16

GGAT08235g OVERMONNOW Medieval Churchyard - SO50441245


CHURCHYARD
GGAT08939g Tannery in Garden of Post-Medieval Tannery - SO5053612601
101 Monnow Street
GGAT09380g Vauxhall race course Post-Medieval racecourse - SO5037212807
GGAT09382g Structure Post-Medieval structure - SO5033912744
GGAT09384g Structure Post-Medieval structure - SO5019612886
GGAT09385g Lodge Post-Medieval structure - SO5013512815
GGAT09386g Finds Medieval finds - SO5014012902
GGAT09597g Series of Buildings to Modern dwelling - SO5069512756
Rear of Monnow
Street, Monmouth
GGAT09864g 61-63 Monnow Street Medieval burgage plot - SO5059412693
GGAT10254g No 6 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5073712810
GGAT10255g No 26-28 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5069112753
Street
GGAT10256g No 52 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5064712697
GGAT10257g No 54 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5064312695
GGAT10258g No 64 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5061812673
GGAT10259g No 5 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5071612813
GGAT10260g No 7-11 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5070812808
Street
GGAT10261g No 25 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5067212775
GGAT10262g No15-17 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5069812795
Street
GGAT10263g No 19 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5069312790
GGAT10264g No 27-29 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5066512763
Street
GGAT10297g Lodge House - - -
GGAT10323g No 14 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5071612783
GGAT10324g No 16 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5071212778
GGAT10325g No 106-108 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5053412589
Street
GGAT10326g No 13 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5070312801
GGAT10327g No 31 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5065912758
GGAT10328g No 33 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5065212753
GGAT10329g No 53 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5061412713
GGAT10330g No 55 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5061012710
GGAT10331g No 69 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5058112682
GGAT10332g No 73 Monnow Street Post-Medieval building - SO5057412675
GGAT10333g No 95-99 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5052712621
Street
GGAT10334g No 107 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5050212586
Street
GGAT10335g No 109 Monnow Post-Medieval building - SO5049612579
Street
GGAT10670g Drill Hall, 85 Monnow Modern Drill hall - SO5050712673
Street, Monmouth
GGAT10776g 66-68 Monnow Street, Post-Medieval HOUSE - SO50161266
Monmouth
GGAT10897g Medieval Building MEDIEVAL BUILDING - SO5043612502
near Monnow Bridge
GGAT10898g Bloomery, Monnow MEDIEVAL IRON WORKING SITE - SO5043612502
Bridge
GGAT11002g Possible kiln, MEDIEVAL POTTERY KILN - SO5030912590
Drybridge Street
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix III BS/M2/16

HER Report 5268. National Monuments Record

NPRN NMRWNAME TYPE PERIOD NGR


408283 10 DRYBRIDGE TERRACE, MONMOUTH TERRACED Post Medieval SO50251248
HOUSE
419622 MONMOUTH CASTLE WAR MEMORIAL WAR MEMORIAL 20th Century SO5071412855
20411 MONNOW STREET, 75-77, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621271
36942 GLOUCESTERSHIRE HOUSE, MONNOW HOUSE Post Medieval SO50671278
STREET, MONMOUTH; GLOUCESTERSHIRE
ARMS; GLOUCESTER HOUSE
20410 MONNOW STREET, 71, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621271
31970 HOWELL'S PLACE, WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSE Post Medieval SO50661262
20406 MONNOW STREET, 61-63, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO506126
413853 DRYBRIDGE STREET NO. 41 TERRACED 19th Century SO5031012563
HOUSE
41235 MONNOW STREET TANNERY, MONMOUTH TANNERY Post Medieval SO505126
20829 ST. THOMAS' SQUARE, 14 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50451242
41133 GOLDWIRE LN. TURNING(WOOD)SHOP TURNING SHOP Post Medieval SO504123
41136 MONNOW ST. COACHBUILDING SHOP COACH WORKS Post Medieval SO505126
41138 ST.THOMAS SQ. WHEELWRIGHT SHOP WHEELWRIGHTS Post Medieval SO504124
WORKSHOP
32003 ST THOMAS' CHURCH HALL CHURCH HALL Post Medieval SO50441245
41194 DRYBRIDGE SMITHY BLACKSMITHS Post Medieval SO503125
WORKSHOP
295 DODD'S SHED LIVESTOCK Post Medieval SO50561252
MARKET
41132 GOLDWIRE LN. HOOP SHAVING FACTORY SAW MILL Post Medieval SO504122
308443 CATTLE MARKET, MONMOUTH MARKET Post Medieval SO5051012500
414981 BAGOT LODGE, GOLDWIRE LANE, HOUSE Post Medieval SO5038412294
MONMOUTH
410069 MONNOW STREET, NO 94 SHOP 18th Century SO50561262
408905 MONNOW STREET, 61 WORKSHOP Modern SO50551272
407606 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO 35 HOUSE Post Medieval SO50331255
408371 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO 21;THREE PUBLIC HOUSE Post Medieval SO50361251
HORSESHOES PUBLIC HOUSE, MONMOUTH
306510 CLAWDD DU, OVER MONNOW TOWN Post Medieval SO50301222
DEFENCES
419537 SEWAGE PUMPING STATION, CHIPPENHAM SEWAGE WORKS Post Medieval SO5061012532
COMMON, MONMOUTH
31965 COUNCIL DEPOT (FORMER) LOCAL Post Medieval SO50621251
GOVERNMENT
OFFICE
41199 NAILERS LANE SMITHY BLACKSMITHS Post Medieval SO506128
WORKSHOP
20401 MONNOW STREET, 37, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50641275
415526 MONNOW STREET, 48, MONMOUTH SHOP Post Medieval SO5065112704
20409 MONNOW STREET, 69-73, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO506127
20400 MONNOW STREET, 33 & 35, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50661276
297 MONNOW STREET, 12, MONMOUTH SHOP Post Medieval SO506127
411552 MONNOW STREET, NO.1 SHOP 19th Century SO50731282
20397 MONNOW STREET, 20-22, MONMOUTH DWELLING 18th Century SO50691276
409216 MONNOW STREET, 1A SHOP 19th Century SO5072612825
20404 MONNOW STREET, 57, MONMOUTH;VINE PUBLIC HOUSE Post Medieval SO50621270
TREE HOTEL
408060 NELSON GARDEN, MONMOUTH GARDEN Post Medieval SO507127
20395 MONNOW STREET, 1-19, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO507128
40077 NAILERS LANE MILL; PRIORY MILL; CASTLE CORN MILL Post Medieval SO50581288
MILL, MONMOUTH
308401 MONNOW STREET, 14, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO50711278
36655 CHURCH STREET, NO 5 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621291
36659 CHURCH STREET, NOS 12,14,16 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621291
266091 CHIPPENHAM COMMON, MONMOUTH RECREATION Post Medieval SO5078012450
GROUND
296 THE BOROUGH PHARMACY, MONNOW PUBLIC HOUSE Post Medieval SO5053912594
STREET, MONMOUTH
405876 CANCELLED RECORD SA00000000
221560 ST THOMAS'S CHURCH;CHURCH OF ST CHURCH Post Medieval SO50441245
THOMAS THE MARTYR, OVERMONNOW
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix III BS/M2/16

20578 PATRIA; ST THOMAS' HOUSE, 12 ST THOMAS' DWELLING Post Medieval SO5044212432


SQUARE, MONMOUTH
32865 DIAMOND JUBILEE FOUNTAIN DRINKING Post Medieval SO50431245
FOUNTAIN
251 ROBIN HOOD INN, 126 MONNOW STREET, INN Medieval SO50511256
MONMOUTH
54145 WAREHOUSE BEHIND THE BOROUGH ARMS, WAREHOUSE Post Medieval SO50591256
MONNOW STREET
54146 MONNOW STREET, 120 AND 122, MONMOUTH SHOP Post Medieval SO505125
12999 HEBRON HALL (PENTECOSTAL), MONNOW CHAPEL Post Medieval SO50591262
STREET, MONMOUTH,
54135 MONNOW STREET, 116 AND 118, MONMOUTH SHOP Post Medieval SO50511257
54136 MONNOW STREET, OUTBUILDING BEHIND 116 OUTBUILDING Post Medieval SO50551255
AND 118, MONMOUTH
54137 QUEEN'S BUILDINGS, MONNOW STREET, DWELLING Post Medieval SO50541255
MONMOUTH
54138 CHIPPENHAM VILLAS, 1 AND 2, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50581252
24219 MONNOW BRIDGE AND GATE; WESTERN BRIDGE Post Medieval SO50461251
GATE, MONMOUTH
20414 MONNOW STREET, 102, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO5055112602
403408 MONNOW STREET, 62, MONMOUTH DWELLING, Post Medieval SO5062212672
RESTAURANT
420477 57, MONNOW STREET,THE VINE TREE PH, HOUSE, PUBLIC 19th Century SO5060012706
MONMOUTH HOUSE
406186 MONNOW STREET, 36, MONMOUTH SHOP Post Medieval SO50681273
403363 MONNOW STREET, NO 18; LLOYDS TSB BANK, BANK Post Medieval SO5070912770
MONMOUTH (FINANCIAL),
HOUSE
20402 MONNOW STREET, 40-44, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO50621270
20403 MONNOW STREET, 41, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO50641275
266092 ST JOHNS GARDEN, MONMOUTH GARDEN Post Medieval SO507127
20396 MONNOW STREET, 18, MONMOUTH BUILDING 18th Century SO50621270
20398 MONNOW STREET, 21, MONMOUTH;KING PUBLIC HOUSE Post Medieval SO50621270
HENRY V PUBLIC HOUSE
20399 MONNOW STREET, 22 & 24, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO506127
36949 GOWERS SHOP DWELLING Post Medieval SO50681278
20405 MONNOW STREET, 56 & 58, MONMOUTH; HOUSE Post Medieval SO5064012690
CORNWALL HOUSE
20407 MONNOW STREET, 65, CAFE Post Medieval SO50621270
MONMOUTH;FOXHUNTER CAFE
20408 MONNOW STREET, 67, DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621270
MONMOUTH;SHAFTESBURY HOUSE
41198 MONNOW STREET SMITHY BLACKSMITHS Post Medieval SO50621271
WORKSHOP
308431 THE OLD BREWERY, REAR OF 31-33 MONNOW BREWERY Post Medieval SO50631276
STREET, MONMOUTH
20412 MONNOW STREET, 83-85, MONMOUTH;KWIK DWELLING Post Medieval SO50621270
SAVE SUPERMARKET
20413 MONNOW STREET, 96, 98 & 100, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO50621270
36823 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NOS 25-35 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50331256
32883 ST THOMAS' SQUARE, MARKET CROSS CROSS Post Medieval SO50401246
(RESTORED)
265952 DRYBRIDGE HOUSE WALLED GARDEN, COUNTRY Post Medieval SO5022412611
ROCKFIELD ROAD, MONMOUTH HOUSE GARDEN
43229 DRYBRIDGE HOUSE, OUTBUILDINGS, STABLE Post Medieval SO5024012530
MONMOUTH
36824 DRYBRIDGE STREET NOS 24, 26, 28 AND 30, HOUSE Post Medieval SO5031112534
MONMOUTH
36825 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO. 43, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO5030512570
36826 DRYBRIDGE STREET NOS 37, 39 MONMOUTH; PUBLIC HOUSE, Post Medieval SO5032112559
BRITANNIA INN (NO 39) TERRACE
36528 BROOK COTTAGES, NO 1 HOUSE Post Medieval SO50231254
36530 BROOK HOUSE, 3 WONASTON ROAD, HOUSE 19th Century SO50201248
MONMOUTH
24214 CLAWDD DU BRIDGE BRIDGE Post Medieval SO50181247
21153 WONASTON ROAD, 3 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50231254
36819 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NOS 4, 6, 8 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50331251
36820 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO 16 DWELLING Post Medieval SO50331251
36821 20-22 DRYBRIDGE STREET, MONMOUTH HOUSE Post Medieval SO5031712523
36822 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO 21;THREE HORSE PUBLIC HOUSE Post Medieval SO50341250
SHOES INN
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix III BS/M2/16

36816 DRYBRIDGE HOUSE;BRIDGES COMMUNITY HOUSE Post Medieval SO5025012560


CENTRE
36818 DRYBRIDGE STREET, NO 2;THE LAURELS DWELLING Post Medieval SO50351250
20830 ST. THOMAS' VICARAGE VICARAGE Post Medieval SO50391244
405644 PROSPECT HOUSE;COACH HOUSE STABLE Post Medieval SO5073212781
RESTAURANT;FORMER STABLES TO THE
COACH HOUSE, ST JOHNS STREET,
MONMOUTH
20801 ST. JOHN'S STREET, 3, MONMOUTH DWELLING Post Medieval SO50751277
20883 TAYLOR JONES, AGRIC. DEPT. BUILDING Post Medieval SO50731275
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix IV Digital photograph list BS/M2/16

Photo no Date Camera L or P View Description Plate


DSC09876 11/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE General view of north west gable end of original building. From room 2 into room 5
DSC09877 11/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE General view, room 5 into room 6
DSC09878 11/05/16 SONY- F828 P SE Room 6, wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase up to room 7 (1st floor) PL29
DSC09879 11/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Room 5 replaced ceiling (modern) and storage PL32
DSC09937 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L N General view, north east elevation PL01
DSC09938 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Divide between buildings, north east elevation PL04
DSC09939 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P NW North east elevation, front of property, shown curve of wall batter, and possible split in phasing from original to later editions.
DSC09940 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Blocked in windows, wooden lintel.
DSC09941 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Blocked in windows, wooden lintel.
DSC09942 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Back of property, north east elevation PL02
DSC00043 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Back of property, north east elevation, multiple editions evident from changes to brick work and slope of roof. PL05
DSC09944 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE North west gable end, now main entrance to property through modern lean-to PL03
DSC09945 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW North west gable, internal brick chimney PL36
DSC09946 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW North west gable, internal brick fireplace, slightly collapsed PL35
DSC09947 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L W 1st floor north west gable end. Original roofing line PL42
DSC09948 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE 1st floor principle truss PL33
DSC09949 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE 1st floor south east gable end, original roof line, and chimney. PL44
DSC09950 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE 1st floor south east gable end, original roof line. 2nd phase Chimney can be seen set behind a future chimney.
DSC09951 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L V Earlier roofing, made from hand shaved wooden timber. Wooden trusses fixed with plated yoke, under central ridge purlin. PL40
DSC09952 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Earlier roofing made from hand shaved timbers and cleaned up tree branches.
DSC09953 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Earlier roofing set under later edition second roofing, sheet metal
DSC09954 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Collared trusses
DSC09955 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Wooden beams have had lots of repairs over time, including wooden pegs being replaced with metal fastenings PL41
DSC09956 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Collared truss on wall plate with trenched purlins
DSC09957 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Mixture of original wooden timbers, and modern factory made timbers holding up the sheet metal roof
DSC09958 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Collared truss PL39
DSC09959 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Collared truss
DSC09960 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Brick chimney on second fireplace PL38
DSC09961 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Wall plate for original building roof. North east elevation, Showing height of original building.
DSC09962 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW North east elevation wall plate variation PL34
DSC09963 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Recess behind later edition chimney and fireplace PL37
DSC09964 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L V Wooden ‘squared’ spiral staircase PL31
DSC09965 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P SE Detailed view of original roof line in south east gable end
DSC09966 15/05/16 SONY- F828 L E Obscured view of south gable end. Room 6, later addition fireplace and wooden spiral staircase.
DSC09967 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L E Obscured view, room 6, later fireplace made of ‘breeze’ block and brick.
DSC09968 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L N Wooden partition from room 6 to room 5. Machined timber,
DSC09969 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L S Room 6 south west elevation, wooden door to staircase and early window and lintels PL27
DSC09970 15/05/16 SONY- F828 P N Wooden partition fixed into place with what seem to be an old wooden barrel pallet PL30
DSC09971 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Wooden partition, note no “munting” fixture commonly associated with wooden partitions
DSC09972 15/05/16 SONY- F828 L S General view, room 6 features.
DSC09973 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L E Room 6 general view, concrete and brick fireplace. PL28
DSC09974 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L S Room 5, blocked entrance to south western elevation. PL22
DSC09975 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Room 5, general view, south west elevation, blocked up door, bricked in window with stone seat, and unknown wall recess PL24
DSC09976 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Room 5 to room 2, wall batter to main (original) entrance PL20
DSC09977 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P NW Detail room batter
DSC09978 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Room 5 possible original fire place PL25
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix IV Digital photograph list BS/M2/16

DSC09979 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L N North eastern wall of room 5, general clutter
DSC09980 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Room 5, doorway to room 3 PL21
DSC09981 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Room 5, entrance to room 6 through wooden partition
DSC09982 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P S Room 5, possible original window, boarded up, with stone window seat PL23
DSC09983 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L S General view room 2 to room 5. PL11
DSC09984 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Recess in north western wall of room 5, possible timber framed window. Runs behind back of rendered wall PL14
DSC09985 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Detail, timber framed window with diamond shaped holes for iron bars PL15
DSC09986 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Original roof line, on the outside of the original 1st story building. North west gable end. Roofing line runs throughout original build PL12
DSC09987 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Rendered wall room 2
DSC09988 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L V Ceiling of room 2. Machined timbers holding corrugated sheet metal. PL10
DSC09989 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L N Room 2 to room 1 cart house door PL09
DSC09990 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Detail, Room 5 north west gable end, line of original fireplace and possible bread oven. Made with Monmouth bricks. PL26
DSC09991 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Room 5 north west gable end, line of original fireplace and possible bread oven. Made with Monmouth bricks. Recess runs throughout wall
DSC09992 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P NW Opposite end of possible bread oven in room 2 PL13
DSC09993 14/05/16 SONY- F828 P NW Opposite end of possible bread oven in room 2
DSC09994 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NE Room 2 height of 2m wall mounted timber PL17
DSC09995 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L S Room 4, original height of roof to original house PL19
DSC09996 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Room 4 window in north east elevation of original building, and entrance from room 4 to room 3 PL18
DSC09997 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE Room 3 to room 4 and room 5 entrances. Fixed modern wooden fixture obscuring view of south western wall PL16
DSC09998 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW General view of stone flooring
DSC09999 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L W Room 3 modern roofing above that of the original. PL08
DSC00001 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Room 1. Latest lean-to currently used as storeroom PL06
DSC00002 14/05/16 SONY- F828 L SW Room 1 to room 2. Cart door entrance PL07
DSC00003 16/05/16 SONY- F828 L SE 1st floor south east gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with opposite north west gable end, 45° angle. PL45
DSC00004 16/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW 1st floor north west gable end. Original roof line. Strong correlation with opposite south east gable end, 45° angle. PL43
DSC00005 16/05/16 SONY- F828 L NW Angle of later phase roof.
DSC00006 16/05/16 SONY- F828 L