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BRITISH STANDARD BS EN

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British Standards
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

National foreword

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This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007. It
supersedes BS 7937:2000 and BS EN 3-7:2004 which are withdrawn.
The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in
the text by tags. Tags indicating changes to CEN text carry the number of the
CEN amendment. For example, text altered by CEN amendment Al is
indicated by 19
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted by Technical Committee
FSH/2. Fire extinguishers. to Subcommittee FSH/2/11. Portable fire
extinguishers.
A list of organizations represented on this subcommittee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.

Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication


Thy, British Standard
published Under the authority
of the Standards Policy and Date Comments
Strategy Committee
on 12 February 200-I 30 April 2003 Implementation of CEN amendment .A1:2007 and
revision of supersession details

© BSI 2008

ISBN 978 0 580 61019 9


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 3-7:2004+A1
NORME EUROPEENNE

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EUROPAISCHE NORM August 2007

ICS 13.220.10 Supersedes EN 3-7:2004

English Version

Portable fire extinguishers - Part 7: Characteristics, performance


requirements and test methods

Extincteurs d'incendie portatifs - Partie T Caractenstrgues. Tragbare Feuerlbscher - Teil 7. Eigenschaften,


performances et methodes d'essai Leistungsanforderungen and PrOfungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 March 2003 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 30 June 2007.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria. Belgium. Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark. Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary. Iceland. Ireland, Italy. Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta. Netherlands.. Norway. Poland, Portugal.
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


CUMIlit 1:UROPEEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPA ISCIIES KOMITEL: FUR NORMIJ NC

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 5-1050 Brussels

© 2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 3-7.2004+A1:2007' E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
I

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Contents

Foreword 4
1 Scope 5
2 Normative references 5
3 Terms and definitions 5
4 General 7
4.1 Description of a portable fire extinguisher 7
4.2 Control of discharge 8
4.3 Operating position 8
4.4 Hose assembly 8
4.5 Propellants 8
4.6 Stored pressure extinguishers 8
5 Testing of portable fire extinguishers 9
6 Nominal charges, filling tolerances and minimum fire performance 9
6.1 Nominal charges 9
6.2 Filling tolerances 9
6.3 ID Design of the filling opening, excluding carbon dioxide fire extinguishers 9
6.4 Minimum fire ratings 9
7 Duration of operation, residual charge and operating temperatures 12
7.1 Duration of operation 12
7.2 Residual charge 13
7.3 Commencement of discharge 13
7.4 Effective range of operating temperature 13
8 Retention of propellant 14
8.1 Verification 14
8.2 Acceptance levels 14
8.3 Production leak tests 14
9 Dielectric test for water based extinguishers 15
9.1 General 15
9.2 Required performance 15
10 Requirements for components 15
10.1 General 15
10.2 Operation and emission control mechanisms/devices 15
10.3 Safety devices 16
10.4 Filter for water based portable fire extinguishers 16
10.5 Hose and coupling systems 16
10.6 Control valve 16
11 Means of pressure indication 17
11.1 Pressure gauge 17
11.2 Pressure indicator 18
12 Horns for carbon dioxide portable fire extinguishers 18
13 Portable fire extinguisher mounting bracket 19
14 Resistance to corrosion 19
14.1 Resistance to external corrosion 19
14.2 Resistance to extinguishing medium of extinguishers using water based media 19
15 Fire performance 20
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

15.1 General 20
15.2 Class A fire rating 20

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15.3 Class B fire rating 20
15.4 B Class F fire rating 20
16 Portable fire extinguisher identification 20
16.1 Colour 20
16.2 Marking 20
17 Maintenance 24
Annex A (normative) Duration of operation, residual charge tests 25
Annex B (normative) Range of operating temperature 26
Annex C (normative) Dielectric test 27
Annex D (normative) Operation and emission control mechanisms/devices 29
Annex E (normative) Test for performance of the hose 30
Annex F (normative) Control valve test 31
Annex G (normative) Tests on the horn 32
Annex H (normative) Resistance to corrosion 33
Annex I (normative) Fire tests 34
Annex J (normative) Measurement of moisture content of wood 42
Annex K (normative) Compaction procedure 43
Annex L (normative) Specific requirements for Class F fire extinguisher 45
Annex M (normative) E Polar solvents 50
Bibliography 52

a
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

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Foreword

This document (EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 70 "Manual means of
firefighting equipment", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This document shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by
endorsement, at the latest by February 2008 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
February 2008.

This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2007-06-30.

This document supersedes EN 3-7:2004.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags CP CL
EN 3 consists of the following parts, under the general title "Portable fire extinguishers".

ID deleted text CI
— Part 61 /: Provisions for the attestation of conformity of portable fire extinguishers in accordance with EN 3 part
1 to part 5

Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

Pad 8: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for the construction, resistance to pressure and mechanical tests for
extinguishers with a maximum allowable pressure equal or lower than 30 bar

— Part 9: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for pressure resistance of CO 2 extinguishers

— Part 102): Provisions valuating the conformity of a portable fire extinguisher to EN 3 part 7

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark. Estonia, Finland, France, Germany. Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia. Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway. Poland. Portugal, Romania. Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland and United Kingdom.

1) EN 3-6 will be superseded by EN 3-10.


2) EN 3-10 will update and amend EN 3-6. EN 3-10 will supersede EN 3-6.
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
4

1 Scope

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This standard specifies the characteristics, performance requirements and test methods for portable fire
extinguishers.

Reference to the suitability of an extinguisher for use on gaseous fires (class C fires) are at the manufacturer's
discretion. but are applied only to powder type extinguishers which have gained a class B or class A and class B
rating.

Suitability of extinguishers for use on class D fires (fires involving flammable metals) is outside the scope of this
standard in respect of test fires. However, extinguishers claiming class D suitability are covered in all other respects
by the requirements in this standard for powder extinguishers.

ER) Itis considered hazardous for powder and carbon dioxide fire extinguishers to be used on Class F fires. For
this reason powder and carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are excluded for conformance with regard to Class F in
this European Standard. CI

NOTE The extinction of a metal fire presents a situation so specific (in terms of the metal itself, its form, the configuration of
the fire etc.) that it is not possible to define a representative standard fire for the purposes of testing. The efficiency of
extinguishers on class D fires needs to be established on a case by case basis.

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European
Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the
publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 2, Classification of fires

ISO 9227. Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres— Salt spray tests

ISO 657-1, Hot-rolled steel sections— Part 1: Equal-leg angles— Dimensions

ISO 4470, Sawn timber— Determination of the average moisture content of a lot

Farbregister RAL-841-GL,

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.

3.1
fire extinguisher
appliance containing an extinguishing medium which can be expelled by the action of internal pressure and be
directed on to a fire

NOTE This pressure can be stored pressure or pressure produced by the release of an auxiliary gas from a cartridge.

4
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

3.2
portable fire extinguisher
fire extinguisher which is designed to be carried and operated by hand and which in working order has a mass of

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not more than 20 kg

NOTE Throughout this standard it is referred to as an "extinguisher"

3.3
clean agent
electrically non-conducting, volatile, or gaseous fire extinguishing medium that does not leave a residue upon
evaporation

NOTE Examples are fluorocarbons (FCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and fluoroiodocarbons (FICs).

3.4
halon
agent that contains as primary components one or more organic compounds containing one or more of the
elements fluorine. chlorine, bromine, or iodine

3.5
body
shell of the extinguisher not fitted with its accessories but fitted with all its welded/brazed parts

3.6
extinguishing medium
substance contained in the extinguisher which causes extinction of a fire

3.7
charge
mass or volume of the extinguishing medium contained in the extinguisher, expressed as a volume (in litres) for
water based extinguishers and as a mass (in kilograms) for other extinguishers

3.8
water based extinguisher
D extinguisher containing water, water with additive or wet chemical

NOTE This also includes foam. a

3.9
powder extinguisher
extinguisher containing fire extinguishing powder

not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.
3.10
carbon dioxide extinguisher
extinguisher containing carbon dioxide

3.11
halon extinguisher
extinguisher containing halon

3.12
clean agent extinguisher
extinguisher containing a clean agent

3.13
duration of operation
time during which the extinguishing medium is discharged, without any interruption in the discharge and with the
valve fully opened not including discharge of the residual propellant gas
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
A

3.14
residual charge
mass of medium remaining after continuous complete discharge including all propellant gas

3.15
maximum pressure at maximum operating temperature, P (Tmn)(Pressure experimentally measured)
0
pressure measured in the extinguisher after stabilisation during at least 24 h at maximum operating temperature
(which is 60 °C) and for cartridge operated extinguishers, the maximum pressure is the maximum pressure 3
recorded for 0,5 s during a period of three minutes, excluding the first second after release of the propellant gas. CD
7
3.16
Tmax
maximum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer (see 7.4.1)
•••Z
3.17 0
Tmin 5. .
minimum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer (see 7.4,1) co

4 General 0
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4.1 Description of a portable fire extinguisher
ru
4.1.1 A portable fire extinguisher is described by the type of extinguishing medium it contains. At present, there 7
are: ru
ru
water based, including foam E and wet chemical a extinguishers (see Note 1);

powder type extinguishers;


C/)
carbon dioxide type extinguishers;
/ 16

halon type extinguishers (see Note 2); d

clean agent extinguishers.

NOTE 1 Water based extinguishers can be produced with or without a low freeze depressant.

Water based extinguishers, including foam, containing different proportions of low freeze depressant shall be
treated as separate and distinct models for the purposes of testing the range of operating temperatures (see 7.4.2) 0
and electrical conductivity (see clause 9), and fire rating tests. All other requirements relating to the design and
construction of water based extinguishers are applicable to all models irrespective of content. ro
4:
NOTE 2 Attention is drawn to European Council Regulation 2037/2000 concerning the use of halons.

4.1.2 A portable fire extinguisher consists of the following components:


Fri
a) body (see 3.5); a
O
b) body fittings, which are fixed to or screwed onto the body, and include at least the following:
%.<
— control device(s) (see 4.2, 4.3 and 10.1): 0

— hose assembly (see 4.4) and/or horns and/or nozzles: ro


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— head assembly. This also constitutes the main closure (see 6.3); co
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BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
4
— operating device (see 4.3).

NOTE The head assembly, operating device and control device(s) can be separate or may be incorporated in a single unit.

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c) media (see 4.1.1).

4.2 Control of discharge

Portable fire extinguishers shall be fitted with a self-closing control valve to enable the discharge to be interrupted
temporarily (see 10.6).

4.3 Operating position

Extinguishers shall operate without being turned over to an inverted position. The operating device of an
extinguisher shall be located on the top of the extinguisher. A control device at the end of the hose shall be
permitted. Hand wheel controls of the valve on external propellant cartridges shall be located on the top 60 % of the
extinguisher body.

4.4 Hose assembly

Extinguishers having a mass of extinguishing medium greater than 3 kg, or a volume of extinguishing medium
greater than 3 I shall be provided with a discharge hose.

The length of the flexible section of the hose assembly shall be 400 mm or greater.

When an extinguisher having a mass of extinguishing medium less than or equal to 3 kg, or a volume of
extinguishing medium less than or equal to 3 I is fitted with a discharge hose, the hose assembly shall have a
minimum overall length of 250 mm.

4.5 Propellants

Only propellants listed in Table 1 or mixtures thereof, shall be used. The maximum water content shall be as
specified in Table 1, except when used in stored pressure water based extinguishers. Tracers may be added to the
propellant to facilitate leakage detection, but the tracer need not be indicated in the marking.

Table 1 — Permitted propellants


Propellant Maximum water content
mass fraction, %
Air 0.006
Argon 0,006
Carbon dioxide 0.015
Helium 0,006
Nitrogen 0.006

4.6 Stored pressure extinguishers

Stored pressure extinguishers, except carbon dioxide, shall have a means of checking the presence of pressure,
see clause 8 and clause 11.
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
4

5 Testing of portable fire extinguishers

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Extinguishers for testing shall be stored for at least 24 h at a temperature of (20 ± 5) °C before the tests are carried
out and shall be maintained within this temperature range until tested. Tests shall be carried out within 5 min of its
removal from storage.

Powder extinguishers shall be subjected to the compaction procedure given in Annex K before the storage period
preceding the duration of operation test and the control valve test, and before the fire performance test. Water
based extinguishers shall be subjected to the compaction procedure according to Annex K only before the storage
period preceding the duration of operation test.

6 Nominal charges, filling tolerances and minimum fire performance

6.1 Nominal charges

Nominal charges of portable fire extinguishers shall be equal to one of the values given in Tables 3 to 8 according
to the nature of the extinguishing medium.

6.2 Filling tolerances

The actual charge of the extinguisher shall be equal to the nominal charge within the tolerances given in Table 2.

Table 2 — Filling tolerances

Extinguishing medium Relative tolerance

Powder
1 kg +5
2 kg ±3
3kg ±2
All other media 0
-5

6.3 ED Design of the filling opening, excluding carbon dioxide fire extinguishers

The filling opening shall have a minimum diameter of:

20 mm for extinguishers with a charge of less than or equal to 3kg or 3 I;

25 mm for extinguishers with a charge of more than 3kg or 3 I.

The main closure of the filling opening, intended to be removed during service or maintenance, shall be provided
with an automatic means of venting any residual pressure from the extinguisher. The initial venting of any residual
pressure shall occur when the means of securing the closure, or pressure retaining part, is disengaged by not more
than one third of full engagement. CI

6.4 Minimum fire ratings

6.4.1 General

Fire classes are defined in EN 2.

9
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007
4
The minimum fire ratings are specified in ID Tables 3 to 8 and L.2 according to the type of extinguishing
medium and the charge.

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Fire performance shall be tested in accordance with clause 15, and the extinguisher shall attain a class A rating, a
class B rating or both as specified in the relevant table, in accordance with the rating claimed by the
manufacturer, Class F extinguishers shall attain a class F rating and may optionally have a class A and/or class
B rating. CI

EXAMPLE A powder extinguisher for which the manufacturer shes to claim class A and class B ratings achieves, for the
size with a 9 kg charge, a minimum fire rating of 27A and 144B.

Clean agent extinguishers shall have a minimum fire rating of 5A and/or 21 B for extinguishers with charges in the
range 1 kg, 2 kg, 3 kg, 4 kg, 6 kg, 9 kg and 12 kg.

6.4.2 Ratings for class A fires

Fire ratings of extinguishers for class A fires are given in Tables 3 and 4.

NOTE The numbers in the first column of each table refer to the size of the test fire (see Annex I).

Table 3 - Fire ratings, minimum duration of operation and nominal charges


for powder extinguishers
Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges
duration of
operation
s kg
5A 6
8A 6 1.2
13A 9 1, 2, 3, 4

• 21A 9 1, 2, 3, 4, 6
27A 9 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9
34A 12 1. 2, 3, 4, 6, 9
43A 15 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9. 12
55A 15 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12

Table 4 - Fire ratings, minimum duration of operation and nominal charges for water
based extinguishers, including foam extinguishers
Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges
duration of
operation
s I
5A 6 2, 3
8A 9 2, 3, 6
13A 9 2, 3. 6, 9
21A 9 2, 3, 6, 9
27A 12 2, 3, 6, 9
34A 15 2, 3. 6, 9
43A 15 2, 3. 6, 9
55A 15 2, 3. 6, 9

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BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

6.4.3 Ratings for class B fires

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Minimum fire ratings of extinguishers for class B fires are given in Tables 5, 6, 7 and 8.

ID Water based fire extinguishers claiming suitability for use on polar solvent shall additionally pass the tests
specified in Annex M and shall be marked accordingly,

NOTE The numbers in the first column of each table refer to the size of the test fire (see Annex N.

Table 6 - Fire ratings minimum duration of operation and nominal charges


for powder extinguishers

Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges


duration of
operation
s kg
21B 6
346 6 1, 2
556 9 1, 2, 3
70B 9 1, 2, 3, 4
898 9 1, 2, 3, 4
113B 12 1. 2, 3, 4, 6
1446 15 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9
1836 15 1, 2, 3. 4, 6, 9, 12
2338 15 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12

Table 6 - Fire ratings, minimum duration of operation and nominal charges for water based
extinguishers, including foam extinguishers

Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges


duration of
operation
s I
34B 6 2
55B 9 2, 3
708 9 2. 3
89B 9 2,3

113B 12 2, 3, 6
144B 15 2, 3, 6
1636 15 2, 3, 6, 9
233B 15 2, 3, 6, 9

11
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Table 7 — Fire ratings, minimum duration of operation and nominal charges for CO2 extinguishers

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Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges
duration of
operation

s kg

21B 6 2

34B 6 2

556 9 2, 5

70B 9 2.5

89B 9 2. 5

1136 12 2.5

1446 15 2, 5

1836 15 2,5

2338 15 2, 5

Table 8 — Fire ratings, minimum duration of ope ation and nominal charges for halon extinguishers

Fire rating Minimum Nominal permitted charges


duration of
operation

s kg

21B 6 1

34B 6 1. 2

55B 9 1, 2. 4

70B 9 1, 2, 4, 6

89B 9 1, 2. 4. 6

113B 12 1, 2, 4, 6

1448 15 1, 2, 4. 6

1836 15 1, 2, 4. 6

233B 15 1. 2, 4, 6

7 Duration of operation, residual charge and operating temperatures

7.1 Duration of operation

7.1.1 Minimum duration

The duration of operation shall be greater than or equal to the appropriate value given in E) Tables 3 to 8 and
L.2 when the portable fire extinguisher is tested according to Annex A after being subjected to the compaction
procedure in accordance with Annex K (see clause 5).

7.1.2 Spread of measurements

When three extinguishers are tested in accordance with Annex A, after being subjected to the compaction
procedure in accordance with Annex K (see clause 5), the duration of operation of each extinguisher shall be within
15 % of the average value.

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BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

7.2 Residual charge

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The residual charge (see 3.14) of extinguishing medium shall not be more than 10 % of the nominal charge when
the extinguisher is tested in accordance with Annex A after being subjected to the compaction procedure in
accordance with Annex K (see clause 5).

7.3 Commencement of discharge

When tested in accordance with Annex A, after being subjected to the compaction procedure in accordance with
Annex K, all extinguishers shall operate within 4 s of the control valve being opened. When testing extinguishers
pressurised by a separate action, the control valve shall be operated within 6 s after activation.

7.4 Effective range of operating temperature

7.4.1 "max and "min claimed by the manufacturer shall be used for the tests in 7.4.2 and Annex B.

7.4.2 Extinguishers shall be able to operate between 'max and Trnin:

- "max for all extinguishers shall be 60 °C or higher;

/Min excluding water based extinguisher, shall be - 20 °C, - 30 °C or lower.

for water based extinguishers shall be + 5 'C, 0 °C, - 5 °C, - 10 °C, - 15 `C, - 20 °C. - 25 °C,
- 30 °C or lower. For water based extinguishers without any protection against freezing 'min shall
be + 5 °C.

When tested at Tmax and Tmin temperature limits, in accordance with Annex B, extinguishers shall conform to the
following requirements:

— the discharge shall commence within 10 s of the opening of the control valve;

— except for CO2 extinguishers, the duration of operation shall be not more than twice the value established at a
temperature of 20 °C. CO2 extinguishers shall conform to 7.4.3:

the duration of operation shall be not less than 6 s;

— the residual charge shall be not more than 15 % of the nominal charge for extinguishers containing BC type
powder, and not more than 10 % of the nominal charge for extinguishers containing other media.

7.4.3 The duration of operation of CO2 extinguishers shall be as follows.

At Tni „ the duration of operation shall be not more than the value established at a temperature of 20 °C.

At the minimum operating temperature, Trnin, the duration of operation shall be not more than 2,5 times the value
established at 20 °C.

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BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

8 Retention of propellant

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8.1 Verification

8.1.1 General

All extinguishers and propellant cartridges shall be designed in such a way as to permit their retention of propellant
to be checked at regular intervals.

8.1.2 Weighing

The following shall be capable of being checked by weight:

propellant cartridges:

CO2 extinguishers.

8.1.3 Pressure measuring methods

8.1.3.1 It shall be possible to check the retention of pressure of a stored pressure extinguisher, with the
exception of carbon dioxide extinguishers, as specified in 8.1.3.2, 8.1.3.3 or 8.1.3.4.

8.1.3.2 The extinguisher shall be fitted with a connection to enable the internal pressure to be checked directly
by an independent apparatus. Such a connection shall be fitted with a pressure retaining cap (see 8.1.3.1) and
shall communicate directly to the contents under pressure. Such a pressure retaining cap can be a cap, pressure
gauge or pressure indicator.

8.1.3.3 Alternatively, the extinguisher shall be fitted with a pressure gauge conforming to 11.1.

8.1.3.4 Alternatively the extinguisher shall be fitted with a pressure indicator which conforms to 11.2. In
addition to this device the extinguisher shall also be fitted with a connection which conforms to 8.1.3.2 in order that
the pressure indicator can be checked.

8.2 Acceptance levels

Leakage from an extinguisher, or propellant cartridge, shall not exceed the following:

a) for stored pressure extinguishers a rate less than or equal to 6 % OM of the expanded gas at 20 °C per year;

NOTE The volume of the expanded gas is the free volume of the gas at 20 t;

b) for extinguishers and propellant cartridges tested by weighing, a rate of 5 % of the nominal charge per year:

c) for extinguishers. pressurised only at the moment of operation, after pressurisation a leak exceeding 5 cm3 of
gas per minute, per kilogram or litre of charge of the extinguisher.

8.3 Production leak tests

To test for conformity to 8.2a) and 8.2b), all extinguishers and propellant cartridges shall be tested. A rate of
leakage greater than the limit specified in 8.2a) or 8.2b) shall result in the rejection of the extinguisher.

To test for conformity to 8.2c), samples shall be tested to an appropriate sampling plan. A rate of leakage greater
than the limit specified in 8.2c) shall result in the rejection of the batch of extinguishers.

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BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

9 Dielectric test for water based extinguishers

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9.1 General

The dielectric test is designed to establish the suitability of water based extinguishers for use on live electrical
equipment by measurement of the electrical conductivity of the discharge stream.

In order to be usable on live electrical equipment, water based extinguishers shall conform to 9.2.

NOTE For the marking requirement see clause 16

9.2 Required performance

When the extinguisher is in operation and the metallic plate is live, the current between the handle and earth, and
between the nozzle and earth, shall be not more than 0,5 mA at any time during the complete discharge of the
portable fire extinguisher. The test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex C.

10 Requirements for components

10.1 General

With the exception of the safety device specified in 10.3 no component of the fire extinguisher shall require to be
mounted, removed or modified before or during use.

10.2 Operation and emission control mechanisms/devices

The activation of the extinguisher shall not depend upon the repetition of a given action on the same device. For
extinguishers other than CO2 extinguishers, the force or the energy required to activate the operating device(s)
shall be no greater than those given in Table 9 for temperatures up to Tmax

For CO2 extinguishers, this force shall be no greater than 200 N at temperatures up to 40 °C and no greater than
300 N at the maximum temperature (Tmax).

Activation means the totality of actions required for pressurisation (if the extinguisher is not permanently under
pressure) and the initial release of the extinguishing agent. If a single device can activate the unit without repetition
of movement, it is permissible for the same device to be re-used in order to control the output (see Annex D).

Table 9 — Force or energy required to activate the operating device

Type of device Maximum force or energy


Force Energy
N J

Finger trigger 100

Squeeze grip lever 200 —

Screw down hand wheel a b 100 —

Strike knob — 2

a The force shall be measured at the outside edge of the wheel.

b The maximum rotation of wheel to be 360' to achieve fully opening position.

15
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

10.3 Safety devices

The operating mechanism of the extinguisher shall be provided with a safety device to prevent inadvertent
operation. The release of the safety device shall involve an operation distinct from that of the operating mechanism
and shall require a force between the limits of 20 N and 100 N.
(7).
0
E) deleted text a
The safety device shall be so constructed that any unaided manual attempt, using a force or impact equal to twice CD
the relevant value given in Table 9 to initiate discharge, without first operating this device, does not deform or break
any part of the mechanism in such a way as to prevent the subsequent discharge of the extinguisher.
0
The extinguisher shall be fitted with a safety element. The safety element shall be provided with means to show
whether the extinguisher may have been operated. This may be in the form of a wire and seal or a mechanism
which prevents re-insertion of the safety element. It shall be possible to see if the safety element has been 0
removed.

10.4 Filter for water based portable fire extinguishers


CD
The discharge from water based portable fire extinguishers shall be through a filter, in order to retain foreign matter. 0
This filter shall be placed upstream of the smallest section of the discharge passage. Each orifice of the filter shall
have an area smaller than that of the smallest cross-section of the discharge passage. The total area of the
combined filter orifices shall be at least equal to 8 times the smallest cross-section of the discharge passage. This
filter shall be accessible to facilitate maintenance operations on the portable fire extinguisher.
cu

10.5 Hose and coupling systems


4.‹
The hose and coupling system shall function throughout the operating temperature range, and coupling systems a •
shall be designed and fitted in such a way that they cannot damage the hose.

When tested in accordance Annex E, the performance of the hose shall conform to a) or b) as appropriate.
(n

a) For all types except CO2 portable fire extinguishers:


tu

three times P1. ,,,,), the test being carried out at (20 ± 5) °C;
Q.
twice P(Tme,), the test being carried out at (Tmax ± 2) T and at ('spin ± 2)°C; w

b) for CO2 extinguishers:


5).
1,5 times P(Tma,), the test being carried out at (20 ± 5) °C;

1,25 times P( Tmax). the test being carried out at (7'max ± 2) °C and at the minimum claimed temperature.

10.6 Control valve


EDP
10.6.1 Extinguishers shall be fitted with a self closing control valve allowing the discharge of the extinguishing
media to be discontinued, furthermore, the valve shall be resistant to leakage following the cessation of the O
emission as specified in 10.6.2, 10.6.3 or 10.6.4, as applicable. Testing shall be carried out in accordance with co
Annex F. 1
O
10.6.2 For extinguishers other than 1 kg and 2 kg powder extinguishers and all CO2 extinguishers the second
co
value of pressure shall be either, not less than 80 % of the first measured value or not less than 50 % of the
pressure measured before opening the control valve.
uawpedepiuosio

16
l
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

10.6.3 For 1 kg and 2 kg powder extinguishers the second pressure value shall be not less than 80 % of the
first measured value.

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallno


10.6.4 For CO2 extinguishers the second value of the mass shall be not less than 80 % of the first measured
value.

11 Means of pressure indication

11.1 Pressure gauge

11.1.1 The pressure gauge shall be capable of being checked to ensure that it is in good working order by an
independent apparatus which uses the application of an external pressure for checking the pressure.

11.1.2 The scale of the pressure gauge (see Figure 1) shall have:

a zero zone (to indicate zero pressure). If there is an end stop for the moving pointer, this shall be on the
negative pressure side of the zero zone. The pointer shall not contact the end stop at zero pressure:

a green zone (working zone), corresponding to the pressures between operating temperatures (see 7.4) with
the following tolerances:

— -15 % at / mi n

76 % at Tmax

The derived pressures are rounded off to the nearest full or half bar.

The zones either side of the green zone shall be red.

The permitted errors in indication are:

— 1 bar max at the low pressure end of the green zone;

± 6 % at the high pressure end of the green zone;

— the (P + 20 °C) point shall be indicated and the maximum permitted error is ± 0,5 bar.

To ensure that the pressure indication is visible, the pressure gauge shall conform to the following:

— the gauge shall have a moving pointer extending radially into the indicating green zone with a length of
CD
between 50 % and 80 % of the green zone height; a

— the position of the pointer at both ends of the green zone and at P (+ 20 °C) shall be such that it is clearly
visible; iS

CD
— the gauge shall have a total scale length equal to or greater than 1,5 times the length from zero to the high a
pressure end of the green zone.
O

h.<
0
5-
51
.
-o
CD

17 CD
V

a
CD
7
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Key
1 Rounded to the nearest 0.5 bar
2 Green
3 Red

Figure 1 —Scale on pressure gauge

11.1.3 When tested at a temperature of (20 1 5) T, the pressure gauge shall operate within the range of error
permitted by 11.1.2 after having been subjected to 1 000 pressure cycles from zero to P (Tmax ) and back to zero at
an average rate of pressure change of (20 ± 5) bar/min.

11.1.4 The materials of construction of the pressure gauge which may be in contact with the extinguishing
medium and propellant gas shall be compatible with these or protected from them.

11.1.5 All tests shall be carried out at (20 1 5) T.

11.2 Pressure indicator

11.2.1 The pressure indicator shall indicate whether the extinguisher is in an operable condition.

11.2.2 The change in indication between an operable and an inoperable condition shall occur at a pressure
corresponding to the pressure at the minimum operating temperature. The error in this indication shall not exceed
1 bar.

12 Horns for carbon dioxide portable fire extinguishers


12.1 If the horn is not incorporated in the extinguisher (e.g. when it is connected by a hose) it shall be fitted with a
handle to protect the hand of the operator against cooling during use.

12.2 After being subjected to the test described in G.1, the horn shall show no damage, and no deformation which
alters the diameter of the end of the horn by more than 10 %.

12.3 All connections between the valve and the horn and nozzle shall be such as to prevent loosening or
detachment. Where this is provided by mechanical means such as lock-nuts, lock-washers, or spring washers, the
torque required to loosen the assembly shall be equal to or greater than 20 N.m. When adhesives, or other
methods of assembly, are used the torque required to loosen the assembly shall be equal to or greater than 10 Nm.

18

BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

12.4 After being subjected to the test described in G.2 the horn shall show no damage, and no deformation which
alters the diameter of the end of the horn by more than 10 %.
—I
13 Portable fire extinguisher mounting bracket
0
The test is carried out on one specimen. C
3
If a mounting bracket is provided with the extinguisher it shall conform to the following requirements: CD

removal of the extinguisher from the bracket shall be easy and its method of removal shall be obvious: 63 .
0
the bracket, when mounted on a wall in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions shall be capable of (.7
supporting without permanent deformation a load of at least twice the total mass of the portable fire
extinguisher. Eis

NOTE Special brackets to be used for extinguishers in vehicles, on vessels and on aircraft can be subject to national or tD
international regulations. C
CD
0
14 Resistance to corrosion

14.1 Resistance to external corrosion Fir

After having been subjected to the test procedure described in H.1 the two extinguishers both shall conform to the
following requirements: C

the force, or energy, as applicable, required to activate the extinguisher shall be as specified in 10.2;

the force required to release the safety device shall be as specified in 10.3; cE)
r
when the extinguisher is tested in accordance with Annex A the duration of operation at (20 ± 10) °C shall be
within 1- 25 % of the average value given in 7.1.2:

after operation the pressure gauge, or pressure indicator, if one is fitted, shall return to the indication of no
pressure; 0-
to
— when tested in accordance with Annex E, the performance of the hose shall be as specified in 10.5. The test
being carried out at (20 ± 5) e'C:
0
— there shall be no corrosion of the metal of the extinguisher likely to impair its operation or safety.
o-
O
co
14.2 Resistance to extinguishing medium of extinguishers using water based media
(7)
After having been subjected to the test procedure described in H.2 the two extinguishers both shall conform to the
following requirements. C
Fir
There shall be no visible signs of corrosion of the metal, nor detachment, cracking or bubbling of any protective
coating of the body. There shall be no visible change in the colour of the extinguishing medium other than that O
resulting from the thermal cycling.

NOTE Allowance should be made for the change of colour that occurs naturally due to the temperature changes. It is O
recommended that two samples of the extinguishing medium are stored in closed glass containers for reference purposes
whereby one of the samples is exposed to the same temperature cycling as the extinguisher and compared to the medium in ED
the extinguisher after the test. co
co
(7)
O
O.
19 co

3
ro-

BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

15 Fire performance

15.1 General
ZS*
15.1.1 Fire performance shall be tested in accordance with Annex I D . Annex L and Annex M CI. Before testing,
powder extinguishers shall be subjected to the compaction procedure described in Annex K.
0
0
c
15.1.2 A portable fire extinguisher shall be deemed to satisfy the relevant fire performance requirements when
two test fires of a series of three are extinguished. A test series is complete after three fires, or when the co
first two fires have both been extinguished or have both not been extinguished. Each test series shall be completed
before the next is commenced. There is no restriction on the number of series that may be carried out on the same
type of portable fire extinguisher without modifications, but a series shall consist of consecutive fires and results O
shall not be ignored.

15.1.3 If only one test fire from a series of 3 is extinguished, this successful result may be used once only as the O
initial result in the next set of fire tests on this extinguisher model at a lower fire test rating.

15.2 Class A fire rating N !


fD
The class A fire rating shall be determined in accordance with 1.2. 0

fa)
15.3 Class B fire rating

The class B fire rating shall be determined in accordance with 1.3 B and suitability for polar solvents, if applicable,
in accordance with Annex M
07

15.4 19 Class F fire rating

The Class F fire rating shall be determined in accordance with L.S. CI

r-
iT
16 Portable fire extinguisher identification to

16.1 Colour co
a
The colour of the body shall be red RAL 3000 as specified in Farbregister RAL-841-GL. w
szu
National regulations may require a zone of colour with an area of up to 10 % of the surface area of the extinguisher
body to be used to identify the extinguishing agent. z
O
cr
16.2 Marking

The marking on the extinguisher shall be in contrasting colour(s) to the background. The marking shall be divided
into five parts as shown in Figure 2.
cr
The marking required for Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5 shall be contained on the same label or in the same frame. The label
(or frame) shall be in such a position that it can be clearly read when the extinguisher is on its mounting bracket. o.
The marking required for Part 4 may be placed elsewhere on the extinguisher.

The value of H, for calculating the height of the lettering (which shall be determined by reference to an upper case
letter E), except when the marking is in more than one language, shall be not less than:
fD
— 3 mm for extinguishers having a charge 5 3 kg or 3 I;

1/1
— 5 mm for extinguishers having a charge > 3 kg or 3 I. 0
ra.
20 co

3
CD
7
--- .

BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

If the marking is in more than one language, the minimum value of /I shall be 2 mm.

The height of the lettering in Parts 1, 2, 3 and 4 shall be as follows subject to a tolerance of 1 10 %.

— Part 1: 1,5 x /I for the words 'fire extinguisher';


0
0,75 x H for the other information; C

— Part 2: 1 A //: co
— Part 3: 1 x II: N
O
— Part 4: 0,5x /1.

O
The height of the frame containing Part 5 shall not exceed 1/3 of the total height of Parts 1, 2 and 3.
r.
CD
NOTE The circled numbers indicate the parts of the marking and the numbers to the right of each part indicate the height CD
of the lettering as a proportion of // (see 16.2). C
CD
O
1:1
CO
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rl
rl.

CD

DI
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a

a
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CD

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4
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

FIRE EXTINGUISHER 1.5

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryandshall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


12 KG ABC POWDER 0.75
55A 233B C 0.75
Ili
k

1. REMOVE SAFETY CLIP

li4
in
2. STRIKE KNOB
1

ilea 3. SQUEEZE NOZZLE LEVER

)?,A tsse s (s C
,=...; ••"

Caution
1

REFILL AFTER ANY USE. CHECK PERIODICALLY.


CHECK CARTRIDGE WEIGHT ANNUALLY.

USE ONLY PRODUCTS AND SPARE PARTS IN CONFORMITY WITH


THE AGREED MODEL 0.5
EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM: 12 kg ABC APPROVAL No 413A
PROPELLANT 225 g CO2 TYPE: X25H

TEMPERATURE RANGE: - 20 °C TO +60 °C

MANUFACTURER

NOTE The circled numbers indicate the parts of the marking and the numbers to the right of each part indicate the height
of the lettering as a proportion of H (see 16.2).

Figure 2 — Example of marking of an extinguisher

22
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Part 1 shall contain the following information in sequence:

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


— the words 'FIRE EXTINGUISHER'; or 'EXTINGUISHER' plus medium, or 'FIRE EXTINGUISHER' plus
medium:

— the type of extinguishing medium and the nominal charge,

the fire rating or ratings of the extinguisher (see 6,4, Clause 15. Annex I and Annex L)

Part 2 shall contain the following information:

— the instructions for use, which shall include one or more pictograms each with an explanation;

The text of the instructions for use shall be in the language or languages of the country where the extinguisher is to
be used, the different actions to be carried out being shown one after another vertically from top to bottom.

The pictograms shall all be located in the same position with regard to the relevant texts and the direction of the
movements to be carried out shall be indicated by arrows.

pictograms representing the type of fires are shown in 19


Figure 3 and Figure L.1. Class A, Class B and
Class F pictograms a
shall only be used where the corresponding fire rating is shown on the marking. Class
C pictogram shall only be shown on powder extinguishers where Class C suitability is shown on the marking.
These pictograms shall be arranged horizontally on one line under the instructions for use;

E) for extinguishers having additionally passed the requirements of Annex M the words:
"also suitable for use on polar solvents." immediately under the pictograms representing the types of fire. CI

The pictograms representing the types of fire shall appear in square boxes of side 20 mm minimum for portable fire
extinguishers with a charge of less than or equal to 3 kg or 3 I and 25 mm minimum for portable fire extinguishers
with a charge of more than 3 kg or 3 I. A square containing a code letter shall appear at the corner of each
pictogram as shown in Figure 3.

Extinguishers claiming class D suitability shall not be marked for suitability of any other fire class.

Part 3 shall contain information relating to any restrictions or dangers of use, in particular in relation to toxicity
and electrical risk.

NOTE Attention is drawn to national regulations.

Portable fire extinguishers using water or foam and not tested to, or not meeting the requirements of, clause 9 shall
be marked with the following warning: "WARNING: Do not use on live electrical equipment".

Portable fire extinguishers using other agents and water based extinguishers meeting the requirements of clause 9
shall be marked to indicate that they are suitable for use on live electrical equipment e.g. "suitable for use on live
electrical equipment up to 1 000 Vat a distance of 1 m".

NOTE Attention is drawn to national regulations or practice.

Part 4 shall contain at least the following:

— an instruction to refill after any operation,

-- an instruction to check periodically and to use only products and spare parts in conformity with the agreed
model foi refilling and maintenance,

— the identification of the extinguishing medium and, in particular, identification and percentage of additives for
water based media:

23
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

if applicable, the identification of the propellant gas:

the number(s) or reference(s) relating to the approval of the extinguisher:

the manufacturer's model designation:


0
0
the operating temperature range: CI
C
3
a warning against the risk of freezing for water based extinguishers: co

a reference to the European Standard EN 3. rn


Part 5 shall contain:

— the name and address of the portable fire extinguisher manufacturer and/or supplier.

In addition, the year of manufacture shall be marked somewhere on the portable fire extinguisher.
c
O
w
co
O
-o
(7)

Figure 3 — Pictograms
a)
SZ
17 Maintenance

It shall be possible to perform periodic maintenance on each portable fire extinguisher.


O
NOTE 1 The periodic maintenance interval can be included in the marking given in Part 4 (see 16.2). 0
co
NOTE 2 Attention is drawn to national regulations.
7)

C
Fir
Et
03

fD

co
co
Tn.
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a
24 fD
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133

er)
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex A
(normative)

Duration of operation, residual charge tests


0
0
3
NOTE See 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3.

The test shall be carried out on 3 specimens.


O
Weigh the extinguisher.

O
Hold the extinguisher in its normal working position (i.e. hand-held) and keep it immobile for the duration of the test.

For those extinguishers supplied with a final control valve and an independent activation system, (see 7.3) o I
pressurise when the final control valve is closed. Open this control valve 6 s after the commencement of
cn
pressurisation of the extinguisher. CD
0
For extinguishers which are activated by a single operation of the control valve (see 7.3), open the control valve
and leave open for the duration of the test.

Measure and record the time between the opening of the control valve and the commencement of discharge.
Measure and record the duration of operation. 7
For gaseous extinguishers: reweigh, calculate and record the residual charge.

For all other extinguishers: reweigh. empty the residual extinguishant, reweigh or measure and record it.

co
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cu
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41
ti
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tz
C
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O.
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25 co
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3
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex B
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseofPakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Range of operating temperature

NOTE See 7.4.

B.1 Carry out testing on four extinguishers. Before testing. weigh each extinguisher, then subject
two extinguishers to temperature cycle A as given in B.2 and subject the other two extinguishers to temperature
cycle B as given in B.3. Storage at the temperatures given in B.2 and B.3 shall be carried out in conditioning
chambers. Liquid baths shall not be used. Extinguishers shall remain upright during temperature cycling.

B.2 Temperature cycle A. Store the extinguisher, at each of the following temperatures in succession for
(24 ± 1) h:

± 2) °C, as specified in 7.4.2;

— (+ 20 ± 5) 'C:

— (1.max ± 2) °C.

8.3 Temperature cycle B. Store the extinguisher, at each of the following temperatures in succession for
24 h ± 1 h.

— (Tuna,'- 2) QC,

— (+ 20 ± 5) °C;

— (Trni„ z 2) °C, as specified in 7.4.2.

B.4 Operate the extinguisher within 1 min of its removal from the conditioning chamber. The extinguisher shall be
operated in accordance with 7.3, except for cartridge type extinguishers where activation is by a single action. In
this case the cartridge shall be opened and the control valve closed immediately for a period of 6 s after which the
control valve shall be reopened.

6.5 Measure and record the time between the opening of the final control valve and the commencement of
discharge. Measure and record the duration of operation.

6.6 For gaseous extinguishers: reweigh, calculate and record the residual charge. For all other extinguishers:
reweigh, empty the residual extinguishant, reweigh or measure and record it.

26
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex C
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseofPakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbe distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Dielectric test

NOTE See clause 9.

C.1 Apparatus

C.1.1 A metallic plate, the target, (1 x 1) m, hung vertically by insulators and with no object or structure closer
than:

— 1 m below the bottom of the plate;

— 1 m either side of the edges of the plate;

1 m from either face of the plate;

— 0,5 m above the top of the plate.

C.1.2 A trough or other container, arranged below the target plate to collect any liquid run off from the plate
and insulated from earth.

C.1.3 A high voltage transformer, enabling an alternating voltage of 35 kV to be established between the
metallic plate and earth.

The impedance of the circuit shall be such that, when the secondary is short circuited and the primary supplied by a
• voltage equal to 10 % of its normal supply voltage, the secondary current is not less than 0,1 mA.

C.1.4 An insulating support, (for fixed nozzle extinguishers).

C.1.5 An insulating tray, (for extinguishers fitted with a hose).

C.2 Test procedure

The apparatus shall be set up according to the arrangement shown in Figure C.1.

A fixed nozzle type extinguisher shall be fixed onto the insulating support and so arranged that the discharge outlet,
situated at 1 m from the metallic plate, the target, is directed towards its centre.

An extinguisher with a hose shall be placed on the insulating tray and so arranged that the discharge outlet is 1 m
from the target plate and directed towards its centre.

The current shall be measured by an ammeter connected in turn between the handle of the extinguisher and earth
and between the nozzle and earth. If no complete metallic path exists between the extinguishing media and at least
one of the above connection points to the measuring device, such a path shall be created for the purpose of the
test.

Discharge the extinguisher. ensuring that the discharged medium contacts the target. and measure and record the
current.

27
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Dimensions in meters

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryand shallnot bedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


1

Key
1 Test transformer
2 Low voltage supply
3 Metallic plate
4 Ammeter
5 Extinguisher under test
6 Collecting trough (insulated from earth)
7 Earth

Figure C.1 — Schematic arrangement of apparatus for dielectric test

28


BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex D
(normative)
(7).
Operation and emission control mechanisms/devices

a
a
0
3
CD
NOTE See clause 10.

(7).
O
D.1 Measurement of the forces
1/4Z
41
The forces, which shall be measured with the use of a dynameter, shall be applied statically and perpendicularly at O
the normal point where force is used to render the extinguisher operable.
CD
CD

D.2 Measurement of energy rn


CD
0
ET) The energy of 2 J is obtained by allowing a 4 kg weight (see D.3) to fall from a height of 50 mm. The impact
shall be applied in the direction of the operating mode.
-o

NOTE The maximum forces required to operate the extinguisher and release the safety device are specified in Clause N
10.61

D.3 ID Apparatus •<

The weight (see D.2) shall consist of a cylindrical steel weight with flat surfaces measuring 75 mm in diameter and z
weighing 4 kg. The weight shall be capable of falling freely. a cn
r
is
i
ct
0.)
7
a

0
O
0
CD

a
a
1
CD
a
re;

0P
CD
CD

CD
CD
(.1)
0

a
29 CD

3
CD
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex E
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryandshall not bedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Test for performance of the hose

NOTE See 10.5

Where testing is to be carried out at a temperature other than 20 T, condition the hose and attached components
at the relevant temperature for a period of between 12 h and 24 h:

test at (20 ± 5) °C 1 specimen :

test at (Tmax ± 2) °C 2 specimens,

test at (1,„,a ± 2) °C 2 specimens.

The hose shall be fitted to a means of providing the required pressure and the open end blanked off by suitable
means

Increase the pressure in the hose to the minimum applicable value as specified in 10.5, in a time of not less than
30 s and maintain the pressure for a further 30 s. If the hose does not burst, increase the pressure until the hose
does burst and record the pressure at which this occurs.

NOTE Attached components include pistols.

30
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex F
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.


Control valve test

NOTE See 10.6.

F.1 General

This test shall be carried out at (20 ± 10) °C (see 10.6).

The test is carried out on 2 specimens.

F.2 All extinguishers excluding 1 kg and 2 kg powder extinguishers


Operate the extinguisher and allow the medium to discharge for between 5 % and 15 % of the average discharge
duration given in 7.1.2.

For extinguishers with a (propellant) gas cartridge, open the control valve in accordance with a) orb) as applicable:

a) if the extinguisher is fitted with a pressurization device independent of the device which opens the control valve,
operate the pressurization device and 3 min later open the control valve to initiate discharge;

b) if a single action pressurizes the extinguisher and releases the first emission of gas, pressurize the
extinguisher initially and 3 min later open the control valve again to permit discharge of the extinguishing
medium.

Then close the control valve.

Measure the internal pressure, or in the case of CO2 the mass, of the extinguisher within 10 s of the control valve
having been closed and again after 5 min: the control valve having remained closed for the duration of this period.

F.3 1 kg and 2 kg powder extinguishers


Operate the extinguisher and allow the medium to discharge for between 1 s and 1,5 s.

Then close the control valve.

Measure the internal pressure within 10 s of the control valve having been closed and again after 2 min: the control
valve having remained closed for the duration of this period.

31


S.

.•
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex G
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall


Tests on the horn

NOTE See clause 12.

G.1 Static load test


The test is carried out on one specimen.

Place the horn on its side on a rigid surface. Measure the diameter of the wide end of the horn in the vertical plane.

Apply a static load of 25 kg to the wide end of the horn in the vertical plane, using a circular contact surface of
50 mm diameter. Apply the load for 5 min. (48 ± 2) h after removal of the load re-measure the diameter of the wide
end of the horn in the vertical plane and examine the horn for damage.

G.2 Temperature test


The test is carried out on two specimens

Measure the diameter of the wide end of the horn. Bring the horn to a temperature of (Tmax ± 2) °C and discharge
the extinguisher. Re-measure the diameter of the wide end of the horn in the same plane as the first measurement,
and examine the horn for damage.

notbedistributed toanyotherperson/department.

32
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex H
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Resistance to corrosion

NOTE See 14.

HA External corrosion
Complete sample extinguishers shall be subjected to a salt spray test in accordance with ISO 9227 type NSS for a
period of 480 h, and then shall immediately be washed carefully to remove any salt deposits. Two extinguishers
shall be tested, either two of the same size or one extinguisher each of two different sizes from the same family
which use the same material and method of construction.

H.2 Resistance to water based extinguishing medium


Two extinguishers charged in accordance with the manufacturers filling instructions, shall be subjected 8 times to
the temperature cycle given in Table H.1. Storage at the temperatures specified in Table H.1 shall be carried out in
conditioning chambers. Liquid baths shall not be used. The duration of any one complete cycle shall not exceed
120 h.

Table H.1 — Temperature cycle

Stage Duration Temperature


h °C
1 24 ± 1 Tmin ±- 2

2 224 + 20 ± 5
3 24 ± 1 / max ± 2

4 224 + 20 ± 5

On completion of the eight temperature cycles, the extinguishing medium shall be drained off and examined for
colour change, and each extinguisher body shall be cut into two sections in a manner which permits internal
examination. Detachment of any protective coating local to the plane of section shall be disregarded.

33
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex I
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall not bedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Fire tests

NOTE See clause 15.

1.1 General
To carry out these tests the operator shall be dressed in clothing suitable for the purpose. The use of a helmet,
gloves and approved non-reflective visor shall be permitted. The operator shall not wear an aluminium-faced suit.

Cartridge type extinguishers shall be pressurised prior to the end of the pre-combustion period.

The compaction procedure described in Annex K shall be carried out on each powder extinguisher immediately
before submission to the fire test.

1.2 Class A fire test


NOTE See 15.2.

1.2.1 Characteristics of test fires

Class A test fires shall consist of a crib of wooden sticks supported on a metal frame 250 mm high, 900 mm wide
and of a length equal to that of the test fire (see Figure 1.1). The metal frame shall be constructed from angle
sections (L x W) (50 x 50) mm as specified in ISO 657-1.

Each test fire is designated by a number (which indicates the fire size) followed by the letter A. The designating
number of the test fire represents the following two parameters as shown in Table IA:

the length of the test fire in decimetres, i.e., the length of the wooden sticks arranged in the longitudinal
direction of the test fire;

the number of 500 mm wooden sticks for each layer arranged in the transverse direction of the test fire.

NOTE Each test fire is designated by a number in a series in which each term is equal to the sum of the two preceding
terms, i.e. this series is equivalent to a geometrical progression having a common ratio of about 1.62. The additional fires 27A
and 43A represent the product of the preceding term and 11.62

34
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Table 1.1 — Characteristics of class A test fires


Designation of test fire Number of 500 mm wooden Length of test fire
sticks in each transverse layer
m (7).
a
5A 5 0,5
°
o
C
8A 8 0,8
I3A 13 1.3 co
21A 21 2.1
27A 27 2,7 O
34A 34 3,4 %.7
43A 43 4,3 O
55A 55 5.5

Test fi es greater than 27A shall be constructed using fires of smaller sizes (fires, frames and trays) see Table 1.2.
The ends of the longitudinal sticks shall touch. Ca9
O

Table 1.2 — Construction of class A test fires


z:
Fire size Fire construction

5A 5A
8A 8A

13A 13A
21A 21A

27A 27A co
34A 21A+ 13A r
43A 8A + 27A + 8A

55A 21A+ 13A + 21A

To provide adequate support for the wooden sticks for fi es larger than 13A. metal cross members shall be added a.
to the frame positioned as for 8A and 13A fires. to
119-
For example a 21A frame shall have cross members positioned 800 mm from each end.

The wooden sticks shall be of Pinus silvestris containing 10 % to 15 % of moisture by mass when determined in
o-
O
accordance with Annex J. They shall be sawn and of square section of side (39 ± 2) mm. The density of the wood CD
shall be 0.40 kg/dm3 to 0.65 kg/dm3. a
The wooden sticks shall be stacked in fourteen layers on the metal frame, as shown in Figures 1.1 and 1.2.
C
5
"'
a
ct.
P.
O
).<
0
D
CD
0
0
a
35 tD

B
(D
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Dimensions in millimetres

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbe distri butedtoanyotherperson/department.
500

440

100

39

14

>1 X XI VI 13
12

!XI IX' N 1>1 11

10

DI N 1>1 9

VI VINCI 5

3
2

>1 VI DI IN 1

1 1
1 1

7 1 g 7
■ i L _ J
600

50 800 50

Figure 1.1 — Example of class A fire (13 A fire) - Front view (identical for all fires)

36
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Dimensions in millimetres

39 100 3 —I

M XRINIRIMNIX1R 0

DI Di VI IX1 Di DI DI Da DI DI DI DI DI 3
CD

DI Di DI DI DI DI DI DI DI DI Di D1 DI rn
0
( 64 D4 Di DI DI DI DI DI VI Da Di DI DI 1/4Z

NI DI DI D1 Di DI DI DI !XI VI DI DI DI
5
DI DI DI Di DI Dl DI Da Di DI IX Da DI
rD
NI DC DI DI [XI DI DI DI Di DI DI DI DI O

‘<

Figure 1.2 — Example of class A fire (13 A fire) - Side view (variable according to size of fire)
r
The sticks in each layer shall be spaced at regular intervals with gaps of 6 cm between the sticks. 1

The sticks laid transversely (layers 2, 4, 6. 8, 10, 12 and 14) shall have a fixed length of (500 ± 10) mm.

The sticks laid longitudinally (layers 1. 3, 5. 7, 9. 11 and 13) shall have fixed lengths which vary according to the 0.
test fire as given in Table 1.1, with a tolerance of r 10 mm.

NOTE When the test fire is constructed using smaller fires, the tolerance applies to the length of the individual sticks.
0
A fire size beyond 55A shall not be used (see Table 1.1),
0
ro
1.2.2 Test conditions a
The test fire shall be located indoors in a test chamber and shall be sheltered from draughts. The ambient
temperature shall be between 0 °C and 30 °C.

The test chamber shall have the following characteristics:


O
minimum height of the house (internal): 8 m:

area: Around the class A frame there shall be a minimum distance of 3 m to the test house wall. (For example: O
In the case of a 55A, the room shall have a minimum length of 11,5 m and a minimum breadth of 6,5 m):
rD

air and surrounding conditions: a) Minimum 02 concentration throughout the test at a height of between 0,8 m -o
CD
and 1.5 m shall be 19 %. The measuring device shall be attached to the operator,
0

37 co
-o
w
P. •
3
ro
7
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

— the maximum air speed before ignition shall be 0,2 m/s measured above the centre of the frame at a height of
0,2 m for horizontal airspeed and at a height of 1 m above the uppermost stick in the crib. The measurement
has to be taken before the crib is ignited. During the test and for 3 min after the test no characteristics of
ventilation or airflow are allowed to change. The test starts by measurement of the air speed.
C
A metal lighting tray with a width of 600 mm and a depth of 100 mm shall be used. The length of the tray shall be O
100 mm greater than the fire size.
a
3
In the case of multiple frames being used to construct the fire, it shall be permissible for the overall length to be
increased by 200 mm to 300 mm . O

The lighting tray shall be placed symmetrically beneath the crib forming the test fire. O

Water shall be added to the tray to a depth of 30 mm. Heptane of a quality identical to that used for the Class B
fires (in accordance with 1.3.2) shall then be added. the quantity being sufficient to give a burning time of 2 min 30 s. 5"
1.2.3 Test procedure tD

CA
The heptane shall be ignited. CD
0
After the fire has burnt for 2 min. the tray shall be withdrawn from beneath the crib. -D
The crib shall then be permitted to burn for a further 6 min, making a total pre-test time of 8 min, at which point the
N
test fire can be considered to be established and extinction shall be commenced. ET
The operator shall then bring the extinguisher into use, and direct the jet onto the test fire while moving round it at
his own discretion in order to obtain the best result. The entire contents of the extinguisher may be discharged
either continuously or in successive bursts.

The maximum extinguishing time shall not exceed 5 min for fires up to and including 21A and 7 min for fires of a
greater size. The operator shall indicate when the extinguisher is fully discharged or when the fire is extinguished in
within the permitted time. r

In both cases the fire shall be observed for 3 min from that point. A new period of 3 min starts in the case of a 1:71
re-operation within the permitted time.
0.1
For the test to be deemed successful, all flames shall be extinguished and there shall be no recurrence of flames
during the 3 min observation period. rn

1.3 Class B fire tests


a.
1.3.1 Characteristics of test fires o_ 1
Class B test fires shall be made in a range of welded sheet steel circular trays, the dimensions of which are given in
Table 1.3. The base shall be the same nominal thickness as the walls and the thickness tolerance of the base and
wall material shall conform to the relevant national standard. Stiffening bars or sections may be welded to the
underside of the base with a minimum distance of 200 mm between substantially parallel stiffeners. All tolerances o.
specified relate to the tray at its time of manufacture.

The trays shall contain water, overlaid with a layer of fuel (see 1.3.2) in the following proportion: 1/3 water, 2/3 fuel.
The total volume of liquid in the tray shall be as specified in Table 1.3, which will give a depth of water of
approximately 10 mm, and a depth of fuel approximately 20 mm, O
0
5
The test fires are designated by a number (which indicates the fire size) followed by the letter B. The number
represents the volume of liquid, in litres, contained in the tray. CD
CD
0
a
38 VV

3
co
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

NOTE Each test fire is designated by a number in a series in which term is equal to the sum of the two preceding terms, i.e.
this is equivalent to a geometrical progression having a common ratio of about 1.62. The additional fires 70B, 113B, and 183B

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-GINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


represent the product of the preceding term and

The surface area of the tray in square decimetres is equal to the product of the test fire size and it.

A fire size beyond 2338 shall not be used (see Table 1.3).

Table 1.3 — Construction of class B test fires

Designation Volume of Dimensions of tray


of test fire liquid
(1/3 water + Internal Depth Thickness Approximate Minimum
2/3 fuel) diameter at of walls area of fire duration of
rim operation
I mm mm mm m2 s
218 21 920 ± 10 150 ± 5 2,0 0,66 6
34B 34 1 170 ± 10 150 ± 5 2,5 1.07 6

55B 55 1 480 ± 15 150 ± 5 2,5 1,73 9

70B 70 1 670 ± 15 150 ± 5 2.5 2.20 9

89B 89 1 890 ± 20 200 ± 5 2,5 2,80 9


1138 113 2 130 1- 20 200 ± 5 2,5 3.55 12
14413 144 2 400 ± 25 200 ± 5 2.5 4,52 15
1838 183 2 710 ± 25 200 ± 5 2,5 5.75 15

2338 233 3 000 ± 30 200 ± 5 2,5 7,32 15

The minimum height from the surface of the fuel to the rim of the tray shall be 100 mm for fires up and including
70B and 140 mm for fires of larger sizes.

The height from the ground to the rim of the tray shall not exceed 350 mm, The construction of the tray shall
prevent the flow of air under the tray. or sand or earth shall be built around the tray up to but not above the level of
the base.

After each test, a minimum of 5 mm of fuel shall remain.

For powder extinguishers, at least one fire in each series shall be successfully extinguished on a fresh water/fuel
filling for the rating to be accepted.

For successive tests with CO2 type extinguishers only, fuel may be added to the existing test fire.

For water based extinguishers. fresh fuel and water shall be used for each test.

1.3.2 Test conditions


The ambient temperature shall be between 0 °C and 30 °C.

Class B Fire tests can be carried out indoors or outdoors.

39
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

For indoor fire tests the conditions shall be:

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.


the height of the test chamber (internal) shall be equal to or greater than 5 times the diameter of the test fire
tray;

the area of the test chamber in square metres (m2 ) shall be equal to or greater that the test fire designation;

each side of the test chamber shall be equal to or greater than 4 times the diameter of the test tray with a
minimum length of 7.5 m (see Table 1.4).

air and surrounding conditions shall be as defined for Class A fires.

Table 1.4— Minimum dimensions of test chambers

Minimum height Minimum side length Minimum ground area


(tray x 5) (tray x 4) and 7,5 m
Fire test 13 whichever is the
greatest

(m) (m) (m2)


233 15,2 12,2 233
183 13,5 10,8 183
144 12,0 9,6 144
113 10,6 8.5 113
89 9,4 7,5 89
70 8,3 7,5 70
55 7,4 7,5 56
34 5,8 7,5 56
21 4.6 7,5 56

For outdoor fire tests the wind speed shall not be greater than 3m/s.

The fuel for the class B test fires shall be industrial heptane which shall have the following characteristics:

— distillation curve: 84 °C to 105 °C:

— difference between initial and final points of distillation: 5 10 °C:

— aromatic content (1'1): < 1 Vo:

density at 15 t 0,680 to 0,720.

1.3.3 Test procedure

The heptane shall be ignited and then be permitted to burn for 1 min, at which point the test fire can be considered
to be established and extinction shall commence within 10 s.

The operator shall then bring the extinguisher into use, and direct the jet onto the test fire while moving round at his
own discretion in order to obtain the best result. The entire contents of the extinguisher may be discharged either
continuously or in successive bursts.

40
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

The operator shall indicate when the extinguisher is fully discharged or when the fire is extinguished.

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall


For the test to be deemed successful, all flames shall be extinguished.

notbedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.

41
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex J
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseofPakistanNavy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbe distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Measurement of moisture content of wood

NOTE See 1.2.1,

The moisture content of wood shall be determined in accordance with ISO 4470. The measurements shall be made
on at least 5 samples each (500 ± 10) mm long.

42
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex K
(normative)

Compaction procedure
rn

ED
NOTE See clause 5.
(.7).
O
K.1 Apparatus
sZa
The compaction machine shall be designed to accept only one extinguisher at a time. which shall be raised by a EP

rod and guided by castors. The plate supporting the extinguisher shall be steel. (300 ± 5) mm square and
5
(60 -± 1) mm thick. to
c
The compaction machine shall conform to the following: CD
O
the rod shall he adjustable to adjust to the extinguisher base;
1:1
co
the rod shall be able to move freely; 21/74
c.73
GI
the extinguisher shall be guided without constraint in the guide castors;

the impact shall take place on the steel plate and not on the rod;

the cam to be used is shown in Figure K.1.

rn
K.2 Procedure
IT)
The extinguisher, in the condition in which it is put into service, i.e. filled and charged according to the
manufacturer's instructions with the extinguishing agent specified by the manufacturer for use in that extinguisher,
and conditioned (20 ± 5) °C shall be subjected to the compaction procedure. a
w
The extinguisher shall be held in the vertical position in the compaction machine and dropped vertically 500 times,
from a height of 15 mm. at a frequency of 1 Hz, onto a rigid horizontal steel plate.

co
O.
,(V1.

rt
fD
a.
C
ti
O
G1
•.<
O
m
-o
N
O
a.
43

co

BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

ID Dimensions in millimetres

This Document isonly fortheuseofPakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Thickness cam 20 mm

Key
1 center of rotation (Al

Figure K.1 — Cam design for compaction machine

44
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex L
(normative)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-GINS Libraryandshall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Al Specific requirements for Class F fire extinguisher

L.1 General
Portable fire extinguishers for use on cooking oil fires shall have a class F test fire rating.

Powder and carbon dioxide fire extinguishers should not be used on Class F fires as their use on this type of fire is
considered hazardous. For this reason powder and carbon dioxide fire extinguishers shall neither be tested
according to this annex or marked with the "F" pictogram,

NOTE Extinguishers may also have class A and/or B fire ratings.

L.2 Class F test fire ratings

L.2.1 Class F fire rating


Extinguishers shall have a class F fire rating in accordance with Table L.1 when tested in accordance with L.5.

Table L.1 — Fire rating minimum duration of operation and nominal charges for class F extinguishers
Rating Volume of cooking Test apparatus Nominal Minimum
oil in test fire permitted duration of
charges operations

(I) mm (I) s

5F 5 (+1 —0) See Figure L.2 23 6

25F 25 (+1 —0) See Figure L.3: X = 578 1/ = 289 2, 3, 6 9

40F 40 (+1 —0) See Figure L.3: X = 600 Y = 450 2. 3, 6, 9 12

75F 75 (+1 —0) See Figure L.3: X = 1 000 Y = 500 2, 3, 6, 9 15

45
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

L.3 Dielectric test

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


All extinguishers usable on class F purposes shall conform to the requirements of the dielectric test in Clause 9.

L.4 Pictogram
See Figure L1 .

L.5 Class F fire test

L.5.1 General

To carry out these tests, the operator shall be dressed in clothing suitable for the purpose. The use of a helmet.
gloves and approved non reflective visor shall be permitted. The operator shall not wear an aluminium-faced suit.

The ambient temperature of the test facility prior to ignition shall be between 0 °C and 30 °C.

Cartridge type extinguishers shall be pressurized prior to the end of the pre-combustion period.

L.5.2 Class F test fire

L.5.2.1 General

Method of fire fighting

The operator shall discharge the entire contents without interruption from a minimum distance as recommended by
the manufacturer on the label after the pre-burn time.

The attack shall take place from only one direction or side of the fire tray.

L.5.2.2 Apparatus

L.5.2.2.1 General

The cooking oil test fires shall be conducted using a steel tray to simulate a deep fat fryer.

L.5.2.2.2 5F Fire tray

SF fire test tray constructed of steel sheet. (2,0 ± 0.25) mm thick and (170 ± 10) mm deep and mounted on a
support structure (see Figure L.2).

L.5.2.2.3 25F, 40F and 75F fire test tray

25F, 40F and 75F fire test tray, constructed of steel sheet (2,0 ± 0,25) mm thick and (250 ± 10) mm deep (see
Figure L.3 and Table L.2). The tray shall have liquid-tight joints, and the reinforcing angle shall be continuous
around the perimeter of the tray to produce a turned-out edge level with the top of the tray. The width of the top
edge shall be 45 mm. The tray shall be mounted on a supporting structure which raises the top of the tray to a
height of (1 000 ± 12) mm above the floor.

L.5.2.2.4 Thermocouple

In order to monitor the oil temperature, a thermocouple shall be located (25 ± 5) mm below the oil surface (before
heating), but not closer than 75 mm to the test fire tray's walls.

46
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

L.5.3 Combustible oil

This Document isonly fortheuseofPakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbe distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Pure edible vegetable oil. with an auto-ignition temperature range of between 330 T and 380 °C.

L.5.4 Procedure

The test chamber shall have the following characteristics:

minimum height of the house (internal): 8 m;

area: Around the tray there shall be a minimum distance of 3 m to the test house wall. (For example: In the
case of a 75F, the room shall have a minimum length of 4,5 m and a minimum breadth of 3,5 m).

Heat the oil in the fire test tray using a suitable heating arrangement until non-piloted auto-ignition occurs.

Auto-ignition shall occur in a maximum time of 3,5 h from the start of heating of the apparatus.

When auto-ignition occurs

Turn off the heat source and allow to burn freely for (120 010 ) s before commencement of fire fighting.

After each test, clean the apparatus thoroughly and renew with fresh oil prior to subsequent fire testing.

NOTE Care should be taken to avoid the fuel vapours being ignited by the heat source before auto ignition occurs.

L.5.5 Fire test requirements/measurements

Portable fire extinguishers shall conform to the following requirements.

a) Burning material shall not be ejected.

b) The fire shall be extinguished and there shall be no re-ignition of the test fire, or any overflow of fuel during a
20 min period following the complete discharge of the extinguisher.

c) Oil shall remain in the tray at the end of the test to prove that extinguishment has occurred by application of the
extinguishant and not by oil starvation.

d) The oil temperature shall be monitored at auto-ignition.

e) Application of the media shall not cause enlargement of the flames.

NOTE Flames over 2 m in height constitute enlargement. Short tern) (lame peaks (< 2 sin duration) above 2 m are
acceptable.

Video recording of the fire tests shall be carried to establish compliance with this requirement.

47
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.


Figure L.1 — Class F pictogram

Dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 pan diameter
2 nominal wall thickness
3 skirt to suit burner type
4 burner

Figure L.2 — Fire test apparatus — 5F

48
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Dimensions in millimetres

a
0
C
3
Co

0
ki7
O

CD
CD

rD
0
C
-•)

D)

0)
‘c

to
r

Key
la)
a
1 tray to support gas burners (alternatively electric heating may be used) a
2 skirts to contain flames for gas heating (to prevent pilot ignition)
3 distance to floor level O
X internal length (see Table 1.1)
V internal width (see Table L.1) 0
a-
Figure L.3 — Fire test apparatus — 25F, 40F and 75F CI
a

cr
C
P*
fD
c2

z-
O
CD
CD
CD

0
7
a
49 CD

3
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Annex M
(normative)

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.
19 Polar solvents

MA General
This annex is to be used to provide the assurance that extinguishers have the capability of extinguishing fires
involving polar solvents.

Powder and CO2 extinguishers are considered suitable for this purpose and need not be subjected to the
requirements of this annex.

M.2 Characteristics of test fires (polar solvents)


Polar solvent test fire shall be made in a welded sheet steel circular tray, the dimensions of which are as follows:

Internal diameter mm 1 170 ± 10

Depth mm 150 ± 5

Thickness of walls mm 2,5

Approximate area of fire m2 1,07

(NOTE The above dimensions are of a 34B Fire Tray.)

The height from the ground to the rim of the tray shall not exceed 350 mm. The construction of the tray shall
prevent the flow of air under the tray or sand or earth shall be built around the tray up to but not above the level of
the base.

Fresh fuel shall be used for each test and the tray shall be cleaned and dried between tests.

M.3 Test conditions


The ambient temperature shall be between 10 °C and 20 °C.

The fuel temperature shall be (17,5 ± 2,5) °C.

The test fire shall be carried out indoors.

For indoor fire tests the conditions shall be:

the height of the test chamber (internal) shall be equal to or greater than 5,8 m;

the area of the test chamber in square metres (m2) shall be equal to or greater than 56 m2:

each side of the test chamber shall be equal to or greater than 7,5 m.

Fuel shall be acetone minimum 99 % pure.

50
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

To carry out these tests the operator shall be dressed in clothing suitable for the purpose. The use of a helmet,
gloves and approved non-reflective visor shall be permitted. The operator shall not wear an aluminium-faced suit.

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Cartridge type extinguishers shall be pressurised prior to the end of the pre-burn period.

M.4 Test procedure


The forty five litres (45 I) of fuel, with no water in the tray, shall be ignited and then permitted to burn for 2 min, at
which point the test fire can be considered to be established and extinction shall commence within 10 s.

The operator shall then bring the extinguisher into use and direct the discharge onto the test fire while moving
round at his own discretion in order to obtain the best result. The entire contents of the extinguisher may be
discharged either continuously or in successive bursts.

The operator shall indicate when the extinguisher is fully discharged or when the fire is extinguished.

M.5 Requirements
a) A portable fire extinguisher shall be deemed to satisfy these requirements when two test fires of a series of
three are extinguished. A test series is complete after three fires or when the first two fires have both been
extinguished or have both not been extinguished. Each test series shall be completed before the next is
commenced. There is no restriction on the number of series that may be carried out on the same type of
portable fire extinguisher without modifications, but a series shall consist of consecutive fires and results shall
not be ignored.

b) The fire shall be extinguished within 3 min of the end of the pre-burn time.

c) For the test to be deemed successful, all flames shall be extinguished. a

51
BS EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007

Bibliography

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


EN 615. Fire protection — Fire extinguishing media — Specifications for powders (other than Class D powders)

EN 25923, Fire protection?— Fire extinguishing media — Carbon Dioxide (ISO 5923)

European Council Regulation 2037/2000

Olt

52
3
BS EN
1 3-7:2004
+A1:2007 BSI — British Standards Institution
BSI is the independent national body responsible for preparing
British Standards. It presents the UK view on standards in Europe and at the

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-GINS Lib raryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.
international level. II is incorporated by Royal Charter.

Revisions
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W4 4AL
BRITISH STANDARD BS EN
3-8:2006
Incoiporating
corrigendum
October 2007

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Portable fire 0

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British Standards
BS EN 3-8:2006

National foreword

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.


This British Standard is the UK implemental ion of EN 3-8:2006, incorporating
corrigendum October 2007. It partially supersedes 135 EN 3-3:1996.
BS EN 3-8:2006, together with BS EN 3-9:2006, updates and amends the
requirements that were previously contained in BS EN 3-3:1996. which is now
withdrawn.
The l71( participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
FS14/2. Fire extinguishers.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users are responsible for its correct. application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.

This British Standard was Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication


published under the authority
:tithe Standards Policy :aid
Strategy Committee Date Comments
on :31 January 2007
31 March 2008 Implementation of CEN corrigendum October 2007
(footnote 2) deleted and footnotes 3). 4) and 5)
11131 2008 renumbered as footnotes 2), 3) and 4)]

ISBN 978 0 580 60916 9


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 3-8
NORME EUROPEENNE

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


EUROPAISCHE NORM December 2006

ICS 13.220.10 Incorporating corrigendum October 2007

English Version

Portable fire extinguishers - Part 8: Additional requirements to


EN 3-7 for the construction, resistance to pressure and
mechanical tests for extinguishers with a maximum allowable
pressure equal to or lower than 30 bar

Extincteurs d'incendie portatifs - Partie 8: Exigences Tragbare FeuerlOscher - Teil 8: Zusatzliche Anforderungen
additionnelles a l'EN 3-7 pour la construction, la resistance zu EN 3-7 an die konstruktive AusfUhrung, Druckfestigkeit,
a la pression et les essais meoanigues pour extincteurs mechanische PrOlungen fur tragbare FeuerlOscher mit
dont la pression maximale admissible est inferieure ou einem maximal zulassigen Druck kleiner gleich 30 bar
agate a 30 bar

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 November 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany. Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland. Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg. Malta, Netherlands. Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITE EUROPEEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPAISCHES KOMITEE FUR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Biassed, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 3-8:2006: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINSLibraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Contents

Page
Foreword 4
1 Scope 5
2 Normative references 5
3 Terms and definitions 6
4 Symbols and abbreviations 6
5 Materials 7
5.1 Materials for bodies 7
5.2 Materials for the bodies of operating devices and filling caps 7
5.3 Materials for other components 7
6 Experimental design method and prototype testing 7
6.1 General 7
• 6.2 Experimental design 8
6.3 Prototype testing 9
6.4 Overfill pressure test (for water based media cartridge operated extinguishers only) 13
6.5 Resistance to impact 13
7 Manufacturing 13
7.1 General requirements 13
7.2 Welded and brazed parts 13
7.3 Traceability 14
8 Inspection and testing during production 14
8.1 Final examination 14
8.2 Burst test 15
9 Marking 16
9.1 General 16
9.2 Body 16
9.3 Extinguisher 16
Annex A (informative) Classification of the different parts of an extinguisher subject to internal
pressure 17
Annex B (normative) Pressures 18
Annex C (normative) Impact test 19

C.1 Resistance to impact by falling weight) 19
Annex D (normative) Specification for plastics components (except hoses, pistols and nozzles) 20
D.1 General 20
D.2 Requirements for plastics components subject to pressure 20
Annex E (normative) Propellant gas cartridges volume less than 0,12 I 24
E.1 Refillable cartridge 24
E.2 Non-refillable cartridges 25
E.3 Marking 25
Annex F (informative) Propellant gas cartridges volume equal to or greater than 0,12 I but less than 0,5
I 26
F.1 Construction 26
F.2 Pressure test 26
F.3 Marking 26

2

BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex G (normative) Overfill pressure test 28


Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements (7)
of EU Directive 97/23/EC 29
O
C
O
O
2
Figure 1 — Crushing test for long bodies 10 co
Figure 2 — Crushing test for short bodies 11
rn
Table 1 — Number of bodies to be sampled 15 0

Table 2 — Batch sampling plan following failure 16


Table A.1 — Classification 17 0
rl
r.
Figure BA — Scheme of pressure 18 CD
CD
Table D.1 — Drop height for hammer test 22
fD
Figure D.1 — Example of thread profile 23 C
0
Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC 29
cu
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3
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot e distributed toanyotherperson/department.


Foreword

This document (EN 3-8:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 70 "Manual means of fire
fighting equipment", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement, at the latest by June 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
June 2007.

1 his document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European
Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC,

For relationship with EU Directive 97/23/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This document is included in a series of European Standards planned to cover:

a) classification of fires (EN 2)

b) mobile fire extinguishers (EN 1866)

EN 3 consists of the following parts, under the general title "Portable fire extinguishers"

— Part 1V: Description, duration of operation, class A and B fire test

— Part 21): Tightness, dielectric test, tamping test, special provisions

— Part 3: Construction, resistance to pressure, mechanical tests

— Part 4' ). Charges. minimum required fire

— Part 51): Specification and supplementary tests

— Part 6: Provisions for the attestation of conformity of portable fire extinguishers in accordance with EN 3 part 1
to part 5

— Pad 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

— Part 8: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for the construction, resistance to pressure and mechanical tests
for extinguishers with a maximum allowable pressure equal to or lower than 30 bar

— Part 9: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for pressure resistance of CO2 extinguishers

— Part 10 2 ): Provisions for evaluating the conformity of a portable fire extinguisher to EN 3 part 7

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland. France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden. Switzerland and United
Kingdom.

Withdrawn and replaced by EN 3-7.


2) In preparation. EN 3-10 updates and amends EN 3-6. On publication of EN 3-10 EN 3-6 will be withdrawn,

4
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

This Document isonly fortheuseof PakistanNavy-CINS Libraryand shall notbedistributed toanyotherperson/department.


'I Scope

This European Standard specifies the rules of design, type testing, fabrication and inspection control of portable fire
extinguishers manufactured with metallic bodies as far as pressure risk is concerned.

This part applies to portable fire extinguishers of which the maximum allowable pressure PS is lower than or equal
to 30 bar and containing non-explosive, non-flammable, non-toxic and non-oxidising fluids.

This European Standard also applies to the metallic gas cartridge of a volume less than 0,12 I (see Annex E) and
gives guidance for sound engineering practice for metallic gas cartridges equal to or greater than 0,12 I and less
than 0,5 I, see Annex F.

This European Standard does not apply to carbon dioxide fire extinguishers.

NOTE Annex A gives the classification of the different parts forming the portable fire extinguisher.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references,
only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

EN 3-7:2004. Portable fire extinguishers — Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

EN 287-1:2004, Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding— Part 1: Steels

EN 1320:1996, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Fracture test

EN 1418:1997, Welding personnel — Approval testing of welding operators for fusion welding and resistance weld
setters for fully mechanized and automatic welding of metallic materials

EN 10204:20043). Metallic products — Types of inspection documents

EN 13133:2000. Brazing — Brazer approval

EN 13134:2000, Brazing — Procedure approval

EN ISO 4892-2:1999, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps (ISO
4892-2:2006)

EN ISO 9606-2:2004, Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding — Part 2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys
(ISO 9606-2:2004)

EN ISO 15614-1:2004, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding
procedure test — Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys (ISO 15614-
1:2004)

EN ISO 15614-2:2005, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding
procedure test - Part 2: Arc welding of aluminium and its alloys (ISO 15614-2:2005)

EN ISO 15614-12:2004, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding
procedure test— Part 12: Spot, seam and projection welding (ISO 15614-12:2004)

3) This standard is also applicable to non-metallic products (see EN 10204:2004, 1.2).


5
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

3 Terms and definitions

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 3-7:2004 and the following apply.

NOTE A scheme illustrating the different pressures is given in Annex B.

3.1
maximum pressure at maximum operating temperature, P (7'max ) (pressure experimentally measured)
pressure measured in the extinguisher after stabilisation during at least 24 hat maximum operating temperature (Tmax) and for
cartridge operated extinguishers, the maximum pressure is the maximum pressure recorded for 0,5 s during a period of three
minutes, excluding the first second after release of the propellant gas

3.2
maximum allowable pressure, PS (maximum declared pressure)
maximum pressure for which the equipment is designed. as specified by the manufacturer and which is in any case
greater than or equal to P (Tmax )

NOTE The value of PS for components should be equal to or greater than the value of PS for the extinguisher assembly.

3.3
bursting pressure P,
maximum pressure measured during a bursting test
I
3.4
portable fire extinguisher assembly
assembly of parts to comprise the pressure retaining part of a fire extinguisher which can include a body, operating
device, filling cap, closure and may include a propellant gas cartridge, hose and other components under pressure,
if fitted.

3.5
maximum operating temperature
7 ma x
maximum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer equal to or less than TSma,

3.6
minimum operating temperature

minimum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer equal to or higher than TS m,

3.7
propellant gas cartridge
refillable or non-refillable pressure receptacle made of metal containing a propellant gas with a capacity less than
0,5 I

• NOTE In the ADR these are classified as cylinders (definition 1.2).

3.8
fittings
pressure accessories which include operating devices, filling caps and hose assemblies

4 Symbols and abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the following symbols and abbreviations apply.

PS Maximum allowable pressure in bar

PT Test pressure in bar

6
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Bursting pressure in bar

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Lib raryandshall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.
Nominal external diameter of the body, or the largest external value of the perpendicular section to
the axis, in mm

Diameter in mm for circular products submitted to pressure or the diameter in mm of the equivalent
flow section for non circular parts

Diameter of the mandrel used during the crushing test in mm

P (T11152t Pressure at maximum operating temperature, in bar

Tmax Maximum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer, in °C

Tmm Minimum operating temperature declared by the manufacturer, in °C

Minimum wall thickness in mm

IrCmm Minimum allowable temperature in °C

TSfllaN
Maximum allowable temperature in °C

5 Materials

5.1 Materials for bodies

An inspection certificate based on specific inspection in accordance with EN 10204 is required.

5.2 Materials for the bodies of operating devices and filling caps

The body material (metallic or plastics) of any operating device and filling cap shall be compatible with other
products and shall have an appropriate certificate such as EN 10204:2004 test report 2.2.

5.3 Materials for other components


The materials used for other parts of extinguishers shall be suitable for the intended use and be compatible with
the materials used for the pressure parts.

In the case of plastic materials. components shall comply with the requirements of Annex D.

6 Experimental design method and prototype testing

6.1 General

The minimum allowable temperature range declared of the body 71'min to TSmax shall be — 30 °C to + 60 °C. A
wider temperature range may be declared by the manufacturer. Where this is the case, the temperatures and
pressures used in this European Standard shall be amended to reflect this new temperature range.

7
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)
0

6.2 Experimental design

6.2.1 Bodies – Minimum wall thickness (7) .


6.2.1.1 General 0
C
0

In no case shall the value of the wall thickness be below that given by the equations below. co

6.2.1.2 Metallic bodies except austenitic steel bodies


cro.
O

The body shall have a measured wall thickness greater than the minimum wall thickness calculated using the 1<
following equation: O

I)
S-= +A
300 C
0
co
where O
1:1
A is a coefficient with a value of:
71/47
0,45 for I) < 80 mm;
S
0.50 for > 80 mm and 5 100 mm;

0,70 for /) > 100 mm


2
6.2.1.3 Austenitic steel bodies
r
For austenitic steel bodies, the wall thickness measured shall be greater than the minimum wall thickness
calculated using the following equation:
cc>
I)
= — + 0.3
600

This is subject to an absolute minimum thickness of 0.64 mm, including all tolerances. 0

6.2.2 Bodies – Requirements for the base


CDa
o-
O


a
The portable extinguisher shall be constructed so that it may be:

— free-standing on a horizontal surface; CC.


CT
a
-- and/or fixed to a vertical surface.

The shape of the base of the body is optional.

Bodies for extinguishers that may be free-standing shall either be fitted with a means to raise the pressure retaining O '
part of the body at least 5 mm above the horizontal surface or the thickness of metal in the pressure retaining part al
of the body in contact with the horizontal surface shall be at least 1,5 times the minimum wall thickness(es) (see
6.2.1). -C
CD
All parts less than 5 mm from the horizontal surface which are under pressure, shall be at 1,5 times the minimum 01fl
CDa
wall thickness(es) (see 6.2.1).

6.2.3 Bodies – Requirements for use with plastics components DJ


The threads shall be of the form as specified in D.2.6. co

8
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

6.3 Prototype testing

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


6.3.1 General

Tests shall be carried out at (20 ± 5) °C) in accordance with 6.3.2 and 6.3.3.

The number of specimens tested shall be at least:

for 6.3.2: 5 specimens;

for 6.3.3: 5 specimens.

The tests described in 6.3.2 and 6.3.3 shall be carried out on a minimum of 10 bodies and fittings.

All the bodies used for the tests shall bear all normal markings indicated in Clause 9 and shall be in their finished
state (e.g. painted).

Fittings include operating devices, filling caps and hose assemblies. The fittings need not be tested as part of the


complete extinguisher but the test equipment connection and blanking features shall replicate the adjacent
components.

6.3.2 Burst test under pressure

6.3.2.1 Test conditions

The burst test under hydraulic pressure shall be carried out using an installation which permits a regular increase of
pressure at not more than 2 bar/s until the body bursts and also permits the variation of pressure to be recorded as
a function of time.

6.3.2.2 Requirements — Bodies

The bursting pressure Pr shall not be less than 2,7 times the maximum allowable pressure PS subject to a minimum
of 55 bar.

The burst test shall not cause the body to fragment

The main break shall show no signs of brittleness, for example the edges of the break shall not be radial, but shall
be inclined relative to a diametral plane and shall have a reduction in area over their entire thickness.

The break shall not show any obvious defects in the material.

The break shall not originate in the body marking area or weld.

6.3.2.3 Requirements — Fittings

The bursting pressure Pr shall not be less than 2,7 times the maximum allowable pressure PS.

The burst test shall not cause the fitting to fragment.

The break shall not show any obvious defects in the material.

The break shall not originate in the marking area.

9
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

6.3.3 Mechanical strength test (crushing test)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot bedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


6.3.3.1 General

The mechanical strength test shall be carried out n the form of a crushing test used to confirm the ductility of the
body.

In carrying out the test the mandrel shall be positioned as stated, but such as to minimise the risk of damage to
connection points which allow pressurisation of the body. Damage to these points does not constitute failure and
alternative means of pressurising the body may be established. A closure shall be fitted prior to the test. Any
connection shall not add to the strength of the body during the test.

The length of the body is the maximum distance between the ends of the pressure envelope, excluding any skirt or
connection.

6.3.3.2 Long bodies

The method following shall be used when the length of the body is greater than 1,5 D.

• The body shall be crushed perpendicularly to its longitudinal axis and approximately in the middle of the body by
means of a non-deformable cylindrical mandrel of diameter Du = (D ± 20) mm and of a length sufficient for each
end to overlap the crushed body (see Figure 1).


Key
I) nominal external diameter of the body
DB diameter of the mandrel

Figure 1 — Crushing test for long bodies

The body shall be crushed to (10 ± 1) % of its external diameter. The duration of the movement of the mandrel shall
be within a period of 30 s to 60 s.

For bodies with a longitudinal weld, the weld seam shall be at 90° to the support line.

For bodies with a transverse weld, the crushing shall be carried out at an angle of 45° to the weld.

Following the crushing test, the body shall be subjected to the test pressure PT. The body shall not have any
cracks or leaks.

10
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

6.3.3.3 Short bodies

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CI NS Libraryandshall not be distri butedtoanyotherperson/department.
The following method shall be used when the body length is equal to or less than 1,5 1).

The body is crushed perpendicularly to its longitudinal axis and its mid-point using two 25 mm thick mandrels. The
mandrels shall be radiused for a half cylinder R = 12,5 mm and be of sufficient length to extend beyond the sides of
the crushed body.

Crushing shall be made to the dimensions shown in Figure 2. The duration of the movement of the mandrel shall
be within a period of 30 s to 60 s.

For bodies having a longitudinal weld, the weld seam shall be at 90° to the mandrels.

For bodies having a transverse weld or welds within the zone of deformation, the mandrels shall be at an angle
least likely to result in test failure and within 45° to 90° of the longitudinal axis of the body.

Following the crushing test, the body shall be subjected to the test pressure PT The body shall not have any cracks
or leaks.

Dimensions in millimetres


I

Key
R (12,5 ± 1) mm
1)13 ± 1 % = distance between mandrels at completion of crushing
actual outside diameter of cylinder

Figure 2 — Crushing test for short bodies

6.3.4 Pressure test (test pressure PT) — Bodies, fittings and assemblies
6.3.4.1 Test conditions

Bodies. fittings and assemblies shall be submitted to the pressure test which shall be carried out using apparatus
that permits a regular increase of pressure at a maximum of 2 bar/s up to the moment the test pressure is reached.

Five samples of bodies and fittings and one assembly shall be tested.
11
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

6.3.4.2 Requirements — Bodies

The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS with a minimum of rn
20 bar.

The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the body shall remain tight.

After the test, the volume of the body shall not increase by more than 1 %.

6.3.4.3 Requirements — Fittings 0

The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS with a minimum of ••Z
20 bar.

The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the fittings shall remain tight and show no co
dangerous defect.
(.4


6.3.4.4 Requirements — Assembly 2,
1

The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS with a minimum of 7
20 bar. ti

The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the assembly shall remain tight and show no
dangerous defect.

6.3.5 Pressure test — Pressure gauges and pressure indicators 6


6.3.5.1 Test conditions r-
Five samples shall be submitted to the pressure test which shall be carried out using apparatus that permits a
regular increase of pressure at a maximum of 2 bar/s until 2,5 times P (Tmax ) is reached. Maintain this pressure for
30 s.
Co
6.3.5.2 Requirements

When tested at a temperature of (20 ± 5) °C, the sample shall not leak at a pressure less than 2,5 times P (Tmax ).

Failure shall occur at a pressure greater than 2,5 times P (Tmax ) and when the gauge fails there shall be no ejection co
of any components.
to
NOTE This test should be considered to be a destructive test.
C
6.3.6 Macroscopic examination of the body a
On five bodies each weld subject to pressure shall be examined, the macroscopic examination of a transverse
section of the weld, in accordance with EN 1320. shall show complete fusion over the area treated with a
preparation acid and any defects shall be revealed.

If there is any doubt, a microscopic examination of the suspect area shall be carried out. co

co
6.3.7 Plastics components
0
Plastics components shall comply with the requirements of Annex D.

CD

12
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

6.4 Overfill pressure test (for water based media cartridge operated extinguishers only)

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributed toanyotherperson/department.


To make sure the extinguishers will remain safe even in case of overfilling, the extinguishers shall be tested in
accordance with Annex G and shall not eject any components in a dangerous manner. This test shall be
performed on two samples.

6.5 Resistance to impact

6.5.1 Test conditions

IS and 1:Y n„„ claimed by the manufacturer shall be used for the tests in 6.5.2 and Annex C.

6.5.2 Requirements

When tested in accordance with Annex C, extinguishers shall not show evidence of bursting, breakage or ejection
of components. Non-dangerous leaks are acceptable.

7 Manufacturing

7.1 General requirements


S
The manufacturer shall ensure that he has available the manufacturing means and processes suitable for
I fabricating the bodies in accordance with this European Standard.

The manufacturer shall ensure that the materials and components used in the fabrication of the body are free from
any defect likely to impair the safe use of the extinguisher.

7.2 Welded and brazed parts

7.2.1 General

Pressure bearing welds shall be formed using an automatic welding procedure.

Welds and brazed joints shall be free from defects which may impair the safe use of the body.

7.2.2 Welding procedures

The welding procedures shall be based on a welding procedure specification in accordance with EN ISO 15614-1
or EN ISO 15614-12 and shall be qualified in accordance with EN ISO 15614-1 or EN ISO 15614-12 or
EN ISO 15614-2.
0
Other recognised welding EN standards are acceptable.

7.2.3 Welding personnel

The welders shall be qualified in accordance with EN 287-1 or EN ISO 9606-2 and the operators in accordance
with EN 1418.

7.2.4 Brazing procedures

The brazing design and brazing procedure shall be described in a brazing procedure specification in accordance
with EN 13134.

7.2.5 Brazing personnel

The brazer shall be qualified in accordance with EN 13133.


13
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

7.3 Traceability

7.3.1 Pressure retaining parts Co.


a
The identification and the control of the materials for all pressure retaining parts shall be such as to ensure that the 0
0
materials used in manufacture meets the specification of the design. C
3
co
This is realised by application of adequate procedures internal to the manufacturer such as batch control.
Co
7.3.2 Operating devices, filling caps and hose assemblies 0
1<
The operating devices, filling caps and hose assemblies which are or may be subjected to pressure during normal
use shall be indelibly marked to permit subsequent identification and traceability. 0

CD
C
8 Inspection and testing during production Co
CD
0
8.1 Final examination
al
71/47
8.1.1 Final examination personnel
11)
The examination personnel shall be competent to carry out the processes involved.

8.1.2 Proof testing

8.1.2.1 General
r
All extinguisher bodies shall be tested for resistance to test pressure and shall meet the requirements of 8.1.2.2.
DJ
DJ
Fittings shall be tested for resistance to test pressure and shall meet the requirements of 8.1.2.3.

All fittings in Category II or higher of the New Approach Directive 97/23/EC Pressure Equipment, shall be subjected a
to a pressure test, other fittings shall be pressure tested using an adequate sampling plan. Co
a)
8.1.2.2 Requirements for bodies 0
O
The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS with a minimum of 0
20 bar. CD
a
Co
The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the body shall not leak.
iT
C
After the test, the body shall not show any visible signs of permanent deformation.
cer,
8.1.2.3 Requirements for fittings (excluding pressure relief devices and fittings to be ruptured on over 0
pressure)

The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS with a minimum of 0
r.
20 bar. r
co
The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the fittings shall remain tight and show no
dangerous defect. Co
0
8.1.2.3 Requirements for assemblies

Compliance of assemblies (bodies + fittings) to the requirements of 8.1.2.2 and 8.1.2.3 shall be demonstrated using
an adequate sampling plan.

14
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Checks shall include an internal and an external examination of the assembly.

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall notbe distributed toanyotherperson/department.
8.2 Burst test

8.2.1 Bodies

8.2.1.1 Number of bodies for tests

Table 1 — Number of bodies to be sampled

Number of Total (see note) Crushing test (as Bursting test (as
extinguishers per defined in 6.3.3) defined in 8.2.1.3 and
batch 6.3.2.2)

N s 500 3 (2) 1 2

500< N 5 1 500 5 (3) 2 3

1 500< N< 3 000 7 (4) 3 4

Every additional 1 000 2 (1)


or part of 1 000

A body that has successfully passed the crushing test may be utilised for one of the bursting tests. If this body fails
the burst test it shall not be considered a failure but the full number of bodies shown in the table for the bursting
test shall be tested.

8.2.1.2 Test conditions

The test equipment shall permit a regular increase in pressure. The increase in pressure shall not exceed an
average of 2 bar/s and the burst pressure shall be recorded.

8.2.1.3 Requirements

The bursting pressure Pr shall not be less than 2,7 times the maximum allowable pressure PS subject to a minimum
of 55 bar.

The burst test shall not cause the body to fragment.

The main break shall show no signs of brittleness, for example the edges of the break shall not be radial, but shall
be inclined relative to a diametral plane and shall have a reduction in area over their entire thickness.

The break shall not show any obvious defects in the material.

The break shall not originate in the body marking area or weld.

8.2.2 Fittings

One of each fitting subject to pressure excluding pressure relief devices and fittings designed to be ruptured by
pressure on operation, from each production batch of not more than 500 pieces, or one in each 500 from each
production batch of more than 500 pieces, shall be tested for minimum burst pressure and shall comply with the
requirements of 8.2.1.3.

8.2.3 Failure

If any item fails to meet the minimum requirements, further samples shall be taken in accordance with the Table 2
and the test against which failure was recorded shall be repeated.

If one or more of the samples fails to meet the minimum requirements. the whole batch shall be rejected.

15
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Table 2 — Batch sampling plan following failure N.


a
Batch size sample size 0
N
C
2
N < 500 13 rD

500 < N S 1 500 20


O
1 500 < Ns 3000 30 z
1<
Every additional 1 000 or part of 1 000 10
0
I.

9 Marking ce

9.1 General -u
w
7
The marking of the extinguisher shall comprise at least the following in addition to the markings of EN 3-7:2004, -I.
16.2:

9.2 Body co

Mark of the body manufacturer as registered, for identification;


cft
serial or batch number; r—
year of manufacture, which can be represented by using four digits, e.g. 2002; sir
test pressure in bar, with the letters PT before and followed by "BAR" or "bar". 0)
a.
The marks specified above shall be applied to the metal of the body by hard stamping or engraving.
cp
9.3 Extinguisher 0
0
— Mark of manufacturer as registered, for identification;
(D
a
— serial or batch number; (7).
-t
year of manufacture, using four digits, e.g. 2003; a"
C
I Fir
working pressure at 20 °C (stored pressure extinguishers only); a
rt
O
— capacity/size of gas cartridge. e.g. 55 g (gas cartridge extinguishers only); 0)
k<
— identification of the propellant gas; O
st
co
— operating temperature range of the extinguisher assembly (Tr,,,n/T,„„);
-c
tv
maximum allowable pressure of the extinguisher assembly, with the letters PS before and followed by "BAR" or in`
0
"bar".
o.
CD
The marks specified above shall be permanently marked on the extinguisher.

16
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex A
(informative) V/

Classification of the different parts of an extinguisher subject to internal


C
0
pressure 3
CD
7

FTC
0
In the framework of the New Approach Directive 97/23/EC Pressure Equipment, the different parts under pressure 7
forming the assembly of an extinguisher can be classified as indicated in Table Al,
0
Table A.1 — Classification
CD
EN 3 Pressure Equipment Directive C
V)
CD
Part Type of equipment Category Table from Annex II
0
Body Vessel Category III Table 2
er
Operating device Pressure accessory Art. 3 § 3 or category I in Table 7
function of DN or category
III when fitted with a safety
accessory
S
Hose Piping Art. 3 § 3 Table 7
Art. 3 § 3 or category I in Table 7 6
Pressure gauge or indicator Pressure accessory
function of DN
Table 7
fn
Filling cap Pressure accessory Art. 3 § 3 or category I in
function of DN or category
r
III when fitted with a safety
0
accessory
Pressure limiting device Safety accessory In at least category Ill
a
11)
0

0
o-
o_
.1
1).

C
co
S
,

0
rt
CD
–t !
V
0
0
tn
0
a
CD
-0

CD

17
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex B

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


(normative)

Pressures

The scheme given in Figure B.1 illustrate the definitions of pressure given in Clause 3.

Name Symbol Requirement


Increasing

pressure

Bursting pressure Pr Pr 2,7 PS minimum 55 bar

Test pressure PT PT 1,43 PS minimum 20 bar

Maximum allowable pressure PS PS 2 P (Tmax) and PS < 30 bar

Pressure at maximum operating temperature P Tr„„„)

Figure 8.1 — Scheme of pressure

18
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex C
(normative)
0
Impact test
3

FA'
CA Resistance to impact by falling weight°

C.1.1 General

The test shall be carried out on four charged extinguishers fitted with all accessories that are subject to pressure
during normal operation. cn
co
NOTE A low freeze depressant may be added to prevent the freezing of water based extinguishing agents. 0

Two extinguishers shall be conditioned for a period of 24 h at (TS,,,,„± 2) °C and the other two at (TS„,,,,± 2) °C. 7
Within 1 min of the removal of the extinguisher from the conditioning chamber it shall be subjected to the impact
test.

One extinguisher at each temperature shall be tested horizontally and the other vertically.

For cartridge operated extinguishers, the extinguishers at 71STmin shall be tested un-pressurized and with the safety
device in position and the extinguishers at tested after pressurization, with the control device closed and the
safety device removed. A charged cartridge shall be used in each extinguisher.
iS
For stored pressure extinguishers, all four extinguishers shall be tested with the safety device in position.

C.1.2 Apparatus fr.


A cylindrical steel weight, with flat surfaces, measuring 75 mm in diameter and weighing 4 kg, placed in a structure
is)
which will allow it to free-fall vertically from a height h (in metres) calculated by the following equation, with a
minimum of 150 mm:
0
h = M/20 o-

where M is the numerical value of the total mass, in kilograms, of the filled fire extinguisher ready for operation.

C.1.3 Procedure
o.
Place the extinguishers on a flat and rigid surface, one in each of the following positions:

vertically, in its normal position;

horizontally, in such a position that the device which seals the unit is pressing against the surface.
co
-t
For each extinguisher, allow the weight to fall freely from height h, onto the device which seals the unit, the point of
impact being determined by the authority carrying out the test. co
cc)
0

0
3
w
4' See 6.5. rok
19
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex D

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-GINS Libraryandshallnot be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


(normative)

Specification for plastics components


(except hoses, pistols and nozzles)

D.1 General
All tests and verifications shall be carried out on components conforming at every point to mass produced
components with regard to the material used, the shape and the manufacturing process. The plastic material used
shall always be identifiable. Any modification of the material, shape or manufacturing process shall necessitate a
new test.

The components shall be verified in the as-delivered condition with regard to their conformity with the
manufacturing plan, their appearance, dimensions and weight.

The manufacturer shall prove by means of regular inspection of the manufacturing process that the requirements of
this European Standard are met in mass production.
0

D.2 Requirements for plastics components subject to pressure

D.2.1 General
For components subject to pressure, the specifications of D.2.2 to D.2.6 are applicable. The manufacturer of
components subjected to pressure shall make available data sheets relating to the product and to its processing.

0.2.2 Burst under pressure


Three components shall be subjected to the burst pressure by means of suitable liquid at temperatures of
(20 ± 3) °C ± 3) °C and (iSmin ± 3) °C The rate of increase of pressure shall not exceed 2 bar/s.

The burst pressure shall be at least equal to 3,4 times the maximum allowable pressure PS and shall not be less
than 55 bar.

D.2.3 Temperature conditioning at TS„,„,

111 Three plastics components normally subject to pressure in operating condition shall be conditioned at a
temperature of (7S„1 „, ± 3) °C for 500 h.

Then they shall be conditioned in an atmosphere of 50 % relative humidity and at a temperature of (20 ± 3) °C until
their weight stabilises.

Then they shall be checked to see that they comply with the manufacturing plans, appearances, dimensions and
weight.

The plastics components shall then be subjected to the burst pressure by means of suitable liquid at a temperature
of (20 ± 3) C. The rate of increase of pressure shall not exceed 2 bar/s.

The burst pressure shall be at least equal to 3,4 times PS but not less than 55 bar.

20
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

D.2.4 Ageing test — Xenon arc

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbe distributedtoanyotherperson/department.


Six components shall be subjected to an artificial ageing test as described in EN ISO 4892-2, Method A, for a
period of 500 h under the following conditions:

a) (65 ± 3) °C black panel temperature;

b) (50 ± 5) % relative humidity;

c) spray cycle (102 ± 0,5) min dry interval; (18 ± 0,5) min water spraying;

d) total dose of exposure 1 GJ/m3 (500 h at 550 W/m2).

Then they shall be conditioned in an atmosphere with a relative humidity of 50 % and at a temperature of
(20 ± 3) °C until their weight stabilises.

Then they shall be checked to see that they comply with the manufacturing plans. appearances, dimensions and
weight. A change in colour is permitted.

Three of these plastics components shall then be subjected to a burst pressure test using a suitable liquid at a
temperature of (20 ± 3) °C. The rate of increase of pressure shall not exceed 2 bar/s.

0 Three components shall be subjected to the burst pressure using a suitable liquid at a temperature of
("Lc,. ± 3) °C. The rate of increase of pressure shall not exceed 2 bar/s.

The burst pressure shall be at least equal to 3,4 times PS but not less than 55 bar.

D.2.5 Impact test after ageing at 20 °C

Five components shall be subjected to an artificial ageing test as described in EN ISO 4892-2, Method A, for a
period of 500 h under the following conditions:

a) (65 ± 3) °C black panel temperature;

b) (50 ± 5) % relative humidity;

c) spray cycle (102 ± 0,5) min dry interval; (18 ± 0.5) min water spraying;

d) total dose of exposure 1 GJ/m3 (500 h at 550 W/m2).

• They shall then be stored in an atmosphere with a relative humidity of 50 % and a temperature of (20 ± 3) °C until
their weight stabilises.

Then the plastics components shall be fitted to the extinguishers which are 95 % filled with water and pressurised
with nitrogen up to the maximum allowable pressure PS. The extinguishers shall then be subjected to the impact
test with an impact on the top and the four sides of the apparatus.

In the impact test, the hammer shall be made of steel, be cylindrical with a diameter of 75 mm and have a total
mass of 4 kg, its bottom surface flat and it shall be capable of falling free.

The drop height is given in Table D.1.

21
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Table D.1 — Drop height for hammer test

Extinguisher charge Drop height


kg or I mm 0
0
<6 300 3
6 500

One new plastics component may be used for each test. 3


0

During the test, no change which is capable of affecting safety shall appear in the component e.g. (scaling,
fracture, crack).
r.
Non-dangerous leaks are acceptable.

rD
D.2.6 Plastic/metal thread design O
0
-h

Plastic/metal threaded connections between the cylinder and the operating device and/or filling cap shall be -D
designed so as to avoid the possibility of the plastic thread becoming damaged when coming into contact with the 7
metal thread.
(7)

111 When the operating device or filling cap is retained by a screw thread or threads produced in a non-metallic
material, all threads not having the characteristics defined below shall be prohibited:
3

the thread pitch shall be 2,9 mm minimum and the width of the thread crest of both components, when
measured normal to the helix angle shall be 0,6 mm;

the included angle of the thread form when measured normal to the helix angle shall be 18° (see Figure D.1);

the length of incomplete thread at the start of the non-metallic thread shall be no greater than the actual depth
of the thread.

The start of the thread is that part which is first engaged with the mating component as the two are assembled.

Prior to carrying out the tests in accordance with D.2.2; D.2.3 and D.2.4. each sample shall be prepared in the
following manner:
r
S
a
o-
S
O
co
— screw and unscrew the closure 100 times with its mating part, tightening each time in accordance with the
manufacturer's maintenance instructions: a
(7i
test samples in accordance with the requirements of D.2.2; D.2.3 and D.2.4.

If the closure seals are of the replaceable type, then new seals shall be fitted immediately, prior to carrying out the co
a
burst tests and at any time during the screwing/unscrewing cycle when deterioration is evident. r.
O
S
O
r.
co

co
1
O
as

V
9

22
This Document is only for the use of Pakistan Navy-GINS Library and shall not be distributed to any other person/department.

V')
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)
CNI

Figure D.1 — Example of thread profile


-4 screw direction

S
3 I
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex E

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshall


(normative)

Propellant gas cartridges volume less than 0,12 I

E.1 Refillable cartridge

E.1.1 Construction

The cartridge body shall be made of a steel or aluminium or aluminium alloy intended for the construction of
pressure vessels.

The mechanical properties of the steel, aluminium or aluminium alloy used shall ensure that the minimum burst
pressure requirement is met.

For all refillable cartridges the connection between the adapter and the body shall be designed to withstand at least
the minimum bursting pressure of the cartridge body.
S
The carbon dioxide cartridge body shall have a filling density < 0,750 kg/I.

The filling tolerance shall be for cartridges < 30 g (+ 0 -15) % and > 30 g (+ 0 - 10) %.

E.1.2 Pressure test

Gas (compressed and liquefied) cartridge bodies shall be designed for a test pressure greater than or equal to 1,3
times the service pressure at the temperature of [may Carbon dioxide propellant gas cartridges shall have a
minimum test pressure of 250 bar.

The minimum burst pressure shall be 1,5 times the test pressure

Each cartridge body shall be subjected to the pressure test. This pressure shall be applied for an adequate

not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.
duration to ensure that it is leak tight.

No deformation visible to the naked eye shall occur.

One gas cartridge in every 1 000 or one in each batch, whichever is the smaller number, shall be tested for
• minimum burst pressure and shall comply with the requirements according to 6.3.2.

If any item fails to meet the minimum requirements, further samples shall be taken in accordance with the Table 2
and the test against which failure was recorded shall be repeated. If one or more of the samples fails to meet the
minimum requirements, the whole batch shall be rejected.

The cartridge body shall remain leak tight up to the burst pressure.

Any burst shall only occur in the cylindrical part of the cartridge body as a ductile burst.

If the cartridge body does not meet the requirements. 5 more cartridge bodies from the same batch shall be
subjected to the same burst pressure. If one of the cartridge bodies is defective, the remainder of the batch shall be
rejected.

24
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

E.2 Non-refillable cartridges

E.2.1 Construction
0
Non-refillable cartridges > 0,05 I shall meet the requirement of E.1.

co
Non-refillable cartridges tc 0,05 I shall be made of steel, aluminium or aluminium alloy.

Carbon dioxide cartridges shall have a filling density '< 0,750 kg/I.
(7'

E.2.2 Pressure test

This clause applies to cartridges with an internal volume 5 0,05 I. 0o


5
Carbon dioxide propellant gas cartridges shall have a test pressure of 250 bar. c
CD
Those containing other gases shall have a test pressure of at least 1,3 times the service pressure at the 0
temperature of Tim,. -0

The minimum burst pressure shall be 450 bar, N


iv
S One cartridge per 1 000 shall be subjected to the burst pressure test. If the manufacturers batch is < 1 000 pieces:
one cartridge per batch shall be subjected to the test.

Any burst shall only occur in the cylindrical part of the cartridge as a ductile burst. C)

ti)
r
E.3 Marking

All cartridges shall have at least the following markings:


co
— actual empty mass. in g or kg (to three decimal places); a
rn
— theoretical full mass, in g or kg (to three decimal places); so

— nature of content, e.g. 002, N2 ;


a-
O
— mass of CO2 or content, in g or kg (to three decimal places), and/or charging pressure of the compressed gas, co
in bar;
a
— year of manufacture;

S — mark or name of the manufacturer. a


The marking shall not become damaged during normal handling in manufacture and use and shall remain clearly
0
01
legible. 1-4
O
5
tD
0
CD

0
7
a
co
t

3
(D

25
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex F

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-GINS Libraryand shall not be distributedtoanyotherperson/department.
(informative)

Propellant gas cartridges volume equal to or greater than 0,12 I but less
than 0,5 I

F.1 Construction

t The cartridge body shall be made of a steel or aluminium or aluminium alloy intended for the construction of
pressure vessels.

The mechanical properties of the steel, aluminium or aluminium alloy used shall ensure that the minimum burst
pressure requirement is met.

For all refillable cartridges the connection between the adapter and the body shall be designed to withstand at least
the minimum bursting pressure of the cartridge body.

The carbon dioxide cartridge body shall have a filling density < 0,750 kg/I.
S
The filling tolerance shall be for cartridges 5 30 g (+ 0 - 15) % and > 30g (+ 0 - 10) %.

r. F.2 Pressure test

Gas (compressed and liquefied) cartridge bodies shall be designed for a test pressure greater than or equal to
1,3 times the service pressure at the temperature of Tina,. Carbon dioxide propellant gas cartridges shall have a
minimum test pressure of 250 bar.

The minimum burst pressure shall be 1,5 times the test pressure

Each cartridge body shall be subjected to the pressure test. This pressure shall be applied for an adequate
duration to ensure that it is leak tight.

No deformation visible to the naked eye shall occur.

One gas cartridge in every 1 000 or one in each batch, whichever is the smaller number, shall be tested for
minimum burst pressure and shall comply with the requirements according to 6.3.2.

I If any item fails to meet the minimum requirements, further samples shall be taken in accordance with the Table 2
and the test against which failure was recorded shall be repeated. If one or more of the samples fails to meet the
minimum requirements, the whole batch shall be rejected.

The cartridge body shall remain leak tight up to the burst pressure.

Any burst shall only occur in the cylindrical part of the cartridge body as a ductile burst.

If the cartridge body does not meet the requirements, 5 more cartridge bodies from the same batch shall be
subjected to the same burst pressure. If one of the cartridge bodies is defective, the remainder of the batch shall be
rejected.

F.3 Marking

All cartridges shall have at least the following markings:


26
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

actual empty mass. in g or kg (to three decimal places);

theoretical full mass, in g or kg (to three decimal places); Vl


a
0
nature of content, e.g., 002, N2;
C
3
mass of CO2 or content, in g or kg (to three decimal places) and or charging pressure of the compressed gas, tD
in bar; ro-

year of manufacture; 0

1•Z
mark or name of the manufacturer.
O
The marking shall not become damaged during normal handling in manufacture and use and shall remain clearly
co
legible.
C
fD
2,
-a
0,

c7i
DI

c.n
r
a)

a
o ,
CD
a
I.
a:
C
co
a

Dt

0
st
co
-a
co
0

a
O
CD
-Er

co

27
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex G

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnotbedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


(normative)

Overfill pressure test

NOTE See 6.4.

• A cartridge operated water based media extinguisher with all its associated fittings shall be filled to 95 % of brimful
capacity and fitted with the correct cartridge. The extinguisher shall be conditioned at Tam for 24 h. The
extinguisher shall then be operated in the correct manner and the results recorded. Where there is a jet control
device fitted at the end of the hose it shall remain closed during the test.

28
BS EN 3-8:2006 (E)

Annex ZA

This Document isonly for theuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot bedistributedtoanyotherperson/department.


(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential


Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission to
provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach Directive.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has been
implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the clauses of this standard
given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the
corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC
Clause(s) in EN 3-8 Essential Requirements of Qualifying Remarks/Notes
Directive 97/23/EC

S 6, Annex G 2.2.4 Experimental design method

fi 6.3.4.4 2.8 Assembly

7.2 3.1.2 Permanent joining

7.3 3.1.5 Traceability

8.1 3.2.1 Final inspection

8.1.1, 8.1.2, 8.1.2.3, 8.2 3.2.2 Proof test

9 3.3 a,b,c Marking and labelling

6.3.4, 8.1.2 7.4 Hydrostatic test pressure

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the
scope of this standard.

29
BS EN
3-8:2006
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BRITISH STANDARD BS EN
3-9:2006
Incorporating
corrigendum no. 1

This Document isonly fortheuseof Pakistan Navy-CINS Libraryandshallnot bedistributedtoanyof


Portable fire
extinguishers —
Part 9: Additional requirements to
EN 3-7 for pressure resistance of CO2
extinguishers

luatupedapiuosied is

ICS 13.220.10

Illrelk ay. 41)

NO COPYING WITHOUT 1351 PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW


aIN
British Standards

S
BS EN 3-9:2006

National foreword
-1
This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 3-9:2006, incorporating
corrigendum October 2007. It partially supersedes BS EN :3-3:1996.
BS EN 3-9:2006, together with BS EN 3-8:2006, updates and amends the 0
requirements that were previously contained in BS EN 3-3:1996. which is now C)
C
withdrawn. CD
CD
The UK participation in its preparatim vas entr us fed to Technical Com mittee rt.
FSH/2, Fire extinguishers.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on 0
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a O
contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from CD
CD
legal obligations. C
CD
2,
DI

a.
(.0
fD

0
CD
fD
a

cr
a
CD
C.
O
El)
Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication
O
This British Standard was Dale Comments
published under the authority
of the Standards Policy and
Strategy Canna 'Bee :31 January 2008 Implementation of CEN corrigendum October 2007
CD
on 31 January 2007 [Footnote 21 deleted and footnote 31 renumbered as Zn
't
footnote 21]

© BSI 2008

ISBN 978 0 580 60917 6


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 3-9
NORME EUROPEENNE

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EUROPAISCHE NORM December 2006

ICS 13.220,10 Incorporating corrigendum October 2007

English Version

Portable fire extinguishers - Part 9: Additional requirements to


EN 3-7 for pressure resistance of CO2 extinguishers

Extincteurs d'incendie portalifs - Fade 9 : Exigences Tragbare FeuerlOscher - Teil 9: Zusatzliche Anforderungen
additionnelles a l'EN 3-7 relatives a la resistance a la zu EN 3-7 an die Druckfestigkeit von Kohlendioxid-
pression des extincteurs au dioxyde de carbone Feuerlbscher

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 October 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretarial has the same status as the official
versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece. Hungary, Iceland, Ireland. Italy, Latvia. Lithuania, Luxembourg. Malta, Netherlands. Norway. Poland. Portugal, Romania,
Slovakia. Slovenia, Spain, Sweden. Switzerland and United Kingdom,

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITE EUROPEEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPAISCIIES KOMITEE FOR NOR MUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 13-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 3-9:2006: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

a
0
Contents C
3
co
C
Page
N.
Foreword 3 0
1 Scope 4
z
2 Normative references 4 Eph
3 Terms and definitions 4
4 Materials 4
4.1 General 4
4.2 Material compatibility 4 0
5 Design 5 1:1
5.1 Cylinder and operating devices 5
i 5.2
5.3
Filling ratio
Operating device
5
5 C
5.4 Bursting disc 5
5.5 Hose and nozzle couplings — Prototype testing 5 C
5.6 Resistance to impact 6 1.‹
6 Manufacturing of the assembled extinguisher 6
co
7 Final assessment of the assembled extinguisher 6 co
7.1 General 6 r—
7.2 Validation of accessories 6
7.3 Validation of the design maximum filling mass 7
8 Marking 7
8.1 Operating device 7 z
a
8.2 Cylinder 7
8.3 Extinguisher assembly 7
Annex A (informative) Classification of the different parts of an extinguisher 8 C
Annex B (informative) Filling ratio for CO2 9
o-
O
co


Annex C (normative) Portable CO2 fire extinguisher thread sizes 10
a
Annex D (normative) Impact tests 11
D.1 General 11
0.2 Test at 7Smin 11 a
Fel
D.3 Test at 1-Smax 11 a
D.4 Apparatus 12
D.5 Procedure 12
z
O
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements
0
of EU Directive 97/23/EC 13
S
-o
Table A.1 — Classification of the different parts of portable fire extinguisher 8
O
Table B.1 — Filling ratio for CO2 9 C

Table C.1 — Cylinder neck thread dimensions 10


0)
Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC 13
3

2
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

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Foreword

This document (EN 3-9:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 70 "Manual means of fire
fighting equipment", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard. either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement. at the latest by June 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
June 2007.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European
Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 97/23/CE.

For relationship with EU Directive 97/23/CE, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This document is included in a series of European Standards planned to cover:

a) classification of fires (EN 2)

b) mobile fire extinguishers (EN 1866)

EN 3 consists of the following parts, under the general title "Portable fire extinguishers"

Part 11': Description, duration of operation, class A and B fire test

Part 2 ): Tightness, dielectric test, tamping test, special provisions

Part 3: Construction, resistance to pressure, mechanical tests

Part 41): Charges, minimum required fire

Part 51): Specification and supplementary tests

Part 6: Provisions for the attestation of conformity of portable fire extinguishers in accordance with EN 3 part 1
to part 5

Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

Part 6: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for the construction, resistance to pressure and mechanical tests
for extinguishers with a maximum allowable pressure equal to or lower than 30 bar

Part 9: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for pressure resistance of CO2 extinguishers

— Part 10 2) : Provisions for evaluating of conformity of a portable fire extinguisher to EN 3 part 7

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations. the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound
to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic. Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France. Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland. Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia. Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

1)Withdrawn and replaced by EN 3-7.

2) In preparation. EN 3-10 updates and amends EN 3-6. On publication of EN 3-10 EN 3-6 will be withdrawn.

3
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

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1 Scope
This European Standard specifies the rules of design, assembling, inspection and testing of CO2 portable fire
extinguishers as far as the pressure risk is concerned.

NOTE Annex A gives the classification of the different parts forming the assembly of the portable extinguisher.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references,
only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

EN 3-7:2004, Portable fire extinguishers — Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

EN 3-8:2006, Portable fire extinguishers — Part 8: Additional requirements to EN 3-7 for the construction,
resistance to pressure and mechanical tests for extinguishers with a maximum allowable pressure equal to or lower
than 30 bar

EN 629-1:1996. Transportable gas cylinders — 25E taper thread for connection of valves to gas cylinders — Part
1: Specification

EN ISO 11116-1:1999, Gas cylinders — 17E taper thread for connection of valves to gas cylinders — Part 1:
Specifications (ISO 11116-1:1999)

EN ISO 15245-1:2001, Gas cylinders — Parallel threads for connection of valves to gas cylinders — Part 1:
Specification (ISO 15245-1:2001)

ISO 6718:1991, Bursting discs and bursting disc devices

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 3-7:2004, EN 3-8:2006 and the following
apply.

3.1
filling ratio
maximum allowable fill measured in kg/I

4 Materials

4.1 General
Non metallic materials for bodies of operating devices are not permitted by this European Standard.

4.2 Material compatibility


Materials of components that may be in contact with the contents shall be compatible with both the contents and
the material of other components.

4
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

5 Design

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5.1 Cylinder and operating devices

The thread of the cylinder and operating device shall be in accordance with and marked with the appropriate code,
see Annex C.

Operating devices with parallel threads shall include a means of automatically venting any pressure from the
extinguisher before complete disengagement.

NOTE By nature of their shape taper threads naturally vent before complete disengagement.

5.2 Filling ratio

There is a relationship between the filling ratio, the maximum allowable pressure and the maximum allowable
temperature depending on the pressure-temperature curves of carbon dioxide. Commonly used filling ratios are
0,667, 0,675 and 0,750, and the corresponding maximum allowable pressures at 60 °C are shown in Annex B.

5.3 Operating device

The operating device is a pressure accessory that can be fitted with the bursting disc.

The thread of the operating device shall be in accordance with Annex C and shall be stamped, engraved or
embossed with the specified code.

5.4 Bursting disc

Extinguishers shall be fitted with a bursting disc, which shall comply with ISO 6718

The bursting disc at ± 2) °C shall operate at a pressure between 1,1 PS and the test pressure of the
extinguisher PT. including all manufacturing tolerances.

NOTE PS of the extinguisher assembly cannot exceed the PS of any component of the extinguisher assembly.

5.5 Hose and nozzle couplings — Prototype testing

5.5.1 Requirements

The coupling systems given below shall function throughout the operating temperature range of the fire
extinguisher. Coupling systems shall be designed and fitted in such a way that they cannot damage the hose. The
burst pressure shall be equal to or greater than the appropriate value below when tested in accordance with 5.5.2.

1,5 times the pressure developed at I;„„,, the test being carried out at (20 ± 5) °C — one specimen.

1,25 times the pressure developed at Tmax, the test being carried out at (7',,„, ± 5) °C — two specimens:

operating device/horn — operating device/hose;

operating device hose/horn — operating device horn/nozzle.

5.5.2 Test conditions

The burst pressure shall be established by increasing the pressure to the minimum allowable burst pressure in a
time not less than 30 s maintaining that pressure for a further 30 s during which failure shall not occur and then
increasing the pressure at a maximum average rate of 10 bar/s until the point of failure.

5
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

5.6 Resistance to impact

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5.6.1 Test Conditions

75,„,j, and TS'„,,a claimed by the manufacturer shall be used for the tests in 5.6.2 and Annex D.

5.6.2 Requirements

When tested in accordance with D.1, extinguishers shall not show evidence of bursting, breakage or ejection of
components.

6 Manufacturing of the assembled extinguisher

The compatibility between the thread of the cylinder and the thread of the operating device shall be checked.

The manufacturer's declared torque between the operating device and the cylinder and the operating device and
the bursting disc shall be utilised.

Manufacturing process shall be defined and controlled and shall not adversely affect the design characteristics.
1110
The identification and the traceability of the materials for all pressure retaining parts shall be ensured by the
manufacturer after reception of these materials. This is realised by application of adequate procedures, internal to
the manufacturer, such as batch control traceability.

7 Final assessment of the assembled extinguisher

7.1 General

The evaluation of the integration of the different parts of the extinguisher shall be checked by:

— document basis at the design stage:

the duration of operation shall be as follows:

a) at duration of operation shall not be more than the value established at a temperature of + 20 °C:

b) at 7,th, duration of operation shall not be more than 2,5 times the value established at + 20 °C.

Compliance shall be demonstrated using an appropriate sampling plan.

7.2 Validation of accessories


Fittings (excluding bursting disc subject to pressure shall meet the following requirements. For fittings in Category I
or article 3 § 3 of Directive 97/23/EC, compliance shall be demonstrated by pressure testing components selected
from production using an adequate sampling plan.

All fittings (excluding bursting disc) in Category II or higher shall be submitted to a pressure test.

The test pressure PT shall not be less than 1,43 times the maximum allowable pressure PS.

The test pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of 30 s and the fittings shall remain tight and show no
dangerous defect.

Fittings include operating devices, hose assemblies. The fittings need not be tested as part of the complete
extinguisher but the test equipment connection and blanking features shall replicate the adjacent components.

6
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

7.3 Validation of the design maximum filling mass

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Check the content of each extinguisher by weight to ensure it is not overfilled.

8 Marking

8.1 Operating device

- The thread code shall be marked (Annex C).

8.2 Cylinder

- The thread code shall be marked (Annex C);

- test pressure in bar, with the letters "PT" before and followed by "BAR" or "bar". This marking shall be stamped,
engraved or embossed.

8.3 Extinguisher assembly

The extinguisher assembly shall be marked with:

mark of the extinguisher manufacturer as registered, for identification;

serial or batch number of the extinguisher;

year of manufacture of the extinguisher, which can be represented by the four digits, e.g. 2002;

tare in kg, including permanently attached accessories (necessary for refilling);

volume of the body – L;

maximum allowable pressure of the extinguisher assembly with the letters "PS" before and followed by "BAR"
or "bar";

— maximum filling mass – kg;

contained gas.

operating temperature range of the extinguisher assembly (Tmin/

The markings specified above shall be permanently marked.

See also marking requirements specified in EN 3-7.

7
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

Annex A

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(informative)

Classification of the different parts of an extinguisher

In the framework of New Approach Directive 97/23/EC Pressure Equipment, the different parts forming the
assembly of an extinguisher can be classified as indicated in Table A.1.

Table A.1 — Classification of the different parts of a portable fire extinguisher

EN 3 Pressure Equipment Directive

Part Type of equipment Category Table

Cylinder Vessel Category Ill Table 2

• Operating device

Hose
Pressure accessory

Piping
Art. 3 § 3 or category I in Table 7
function of DN or category
Ill when fitted with a safety
accessory

Art. 3 § 3 Table 7

Nozzle Pressure accessory Art. 3 § 3 Table 7

Bursting disc Safety accessory In at least category III

8
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

Annex B
(informative)
N.

Filling ratio for CO2 0


C
3
co

Table B.1 — Filling ratio for CO2


0
Filling ratio Tnia PS

kg/I "C bar 5"


st
0,667 60 169,3 cp
0,675 60 173,8
C
(I)
ID
0,750 60 216.1 O

11)

fn
7

i<

2
to

R
a
S

tD
a
ci.
a-
a
co
a
0
0)

co
0
ii
co
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

Annex C

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(normative)

Portable CO2 fire extinguisher thread sizes

Thread code (to be stamped, engraved or embossed on the body and the operating device).

The thread shall correspond to Table C.1.

Table C.1 — Cylinder neck thread dimensions

Thread code 251' 25E 17E

Standard EN ISO 15245-1 EN 629-1 EN ISO 11116-1

10
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

Annex D
-1
(normative)
(7)

Impact tests
0
a
C
3
CD
7

0
D.1 General
CZ
0
Resistance to impact by falling weight.

NOTE See 5.6.


co
a
The test shall be carried out on four portable fire extinguishers fitted with all accessories that are subject to
CD
pressure during normal operation. 0
1:1
Fill the extinguishers with water or a suitable liquid to between 88 % and 92 % by volume, as fitted for use, i.e.
complete with valve and internal fittings.
rn

D.2 Test at TSnnn cl)

NOTE A low freeze depressant may be added to prevent the freezing of the contained liquid.

Adjust with nitrogen the pressure of two extinguishers to such a pressure, that at the attained pressure
corresponds to the pressure of CO2 at this temperature in an extinguisher normally filled with CO2 at its intended fill r
0
ratio. -
co`
Then condition these two extinguishers for a period of 24 h at (ISmin ± 2) °C. co
Within 1 min of the removal of each extinguisher from the conditioning chamber it shall be subjected to the impact rn
test. a)

One extinguisher shall be tested horizontally and the other vertically.


r.
0

Both extinguishers shall be tested with the safety device in position.


C-
CD
a
(7)

D.3 Test at TSmax C.


Adjust with nitrogen the pressure of two extinguishers to such a pressure that, at 7Sn. the attained pressure Fr)
a
corresponds to the pressure of CO2 at this temperature in an extinguisher normally filled with CO 2 at its intended fill
ratio.

Then condition these two extinguishers for a period of 24 h at 71Smax ± 2 °C 0


r.
CD
CD
Within 1 min of the removal of the extinguisher from the conditioning chamber it shall be subjected to the impact
-a
test.

One extinguisher shall be tested horizontally and the other vertically.


O
a
CD
Both extinguishers shall be tested with the safety device in position.

9
CD
7
11
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

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D.4 Apparatus

A cylindrical steel weight, with flat surfaces, measuring 75 mm in diameter and weighing 4 kg, placed in a structure
which will allow it to free-fall vertically from a height h (in metres) calculated by the following equation, with a
minimum of 150 mm:

/7=A1120

where *1 is the total mass, in kilograms, of the full extinguisher in complete working order.

D.5 Procedure

Place the extinguishers on a flat and rigid surface, one in each of the following positions:

vertically, in its normal position;

— horizontally, in such a position that the device which seals the unit is pressing against the surface

For each extinguisher, allow the weight to fall freely from height /7, onto the device which seals the unit, the point of
impact being determined by the authority carrying out the test.

12
BS EN 3-9:2006 (E)

Annex ZA

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(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential


Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission to
provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach Directive.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has been
implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the clauses of this standard
given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the
corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC
Clause(s) in EN 3-9 Essential Requirements of Qualifying Remarks/Notes
S Directive 97/23/EC

5.1 2.3 Safe handling and operation

6 2.8 Assembly

5.2 2.9 Safe filling

7 3.2.1 Final inspection

8 3.3 Marking and labelling

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the
scope of this standard.

13
BS EN
3-9:2006
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W4 4AL
Inurrsii STA N DA R D BS EN
615: 1995

v/
iJF
— •-•-•

Fire protection — 4(
-1

( CMS
Fire extinguishing media. — )
L.
LISP
' /My: ) "

Specifications for powders


(other than class D powders)
tItlAI

WO R COP?
rfNot to v,2c1 front

L C•
....•••■•■■••
• 5"
■•••-■

61 - ,•,[iit,p4s:;1.----; F.\.! 1!!!!.: 11,?f,

r7akiTiaciZEMS9

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BS EN 615: U195
fierIMPOINIMIII10111111110 1MIPIIPOr

Comiuittees responsible for this


Standard

The preparation of Ihis British Si :milord was mil rusted to nichnical Committee
FSI\ I IS. Fixed firefighling sysl ems, upon which the billowing bodies were
itipmsentedi

1 Prig ish Automatic Sprinkler Associal ion


British File Prot ection Systems Association Lid.
ti it ish Fire Services Association
Brit ish Nuclear Fuels plc
t'hart ered hist itut ion of Building Services Engineers
Iwitlical Industries Association
(:niel- and Assistant Chief Fire Officers' Association
1 lonventiori of Scottish Local Authorities
I !apartment of fteami
I !et tart incnt of the Environment (Central) (I iCSS Fire Branch)
Depart ment of the Environment (Building Research Establishment)
Depari mein of Transport (Marine Directoraf e)
i.11ecfricity Association
Fire Brigades Union
Fire Extinguishing Trades Asocial ion
I lean h and Safety Executive
I levac Associat iou
0
I tome Office
hiroi pirated Association of Aollitect and Surveyors
1 est if !He of Pei rolehto
InstilWhin of Fire
Lloyds SyniliCal es SOTTO), DepartIllelli
London Fire and Civil Defence Authority
Loss Prevent ion Council
1linisl r, of I tefeore
at ionad Association Fire )f lirt :s
U"Y•d lii1il cle of ni A ivhilecis
,cioyiet v of File Proiret ion Engineers

OP"'

natint

(IP (.1 I I I , ' Ilr, lith ;Ind

1.:11‘Jtnrilt)( tut 1'.n:1;(I


11,.•
Amendments; issued publical
iii!t ■ • Ifi.1 (o,
1!1!t:, \ Nil. I inn. 'Ihx1 !forted

1 ,}111 ,•I f. I

1/1111111.1 J(". .• I

if ,11(

ISBN ■SO 2.11935

L
BS EN 615: 1995

Contents

Page
:r) mit ees responsible Inside front cover
Nal lima! foreword ii
Thxt of EN 615 2

••

CINS LIBRARY
Access
No . .......

C) 6: . Q.

utre-Itaiiree? trp-rn dad.


BS EN 615: 1995

National foreword

This British Standard has been prepared by "Thrlutical Committee FSM/18 and is
I lie English language version of EN 615 : 1994 Fiirproterlimi -- Fire
cr imp, ish i nil nicilia Specific(' t fin• no ti deos (other than class D powders),
published by the European Commit' (p For Si andardization (CEN). EN 615 was
produced as a result of international discussions in which the United Kingdom
I (5)1( an active pad.
EN 615 supersedes 115 6585: Pad 3 : 1989, which is withdrawn.

Gross-references AEO ilea


Bo I, Heal ion ref e rrefl to Corresio aril O411 Standard


EN 2 : 1002 BS EN 2 : 1992 Class/Fru/ion aftires
1,11 (1788 : 1980 135 6(14: 1982 iciper•ifint(ionfia. graduated glass
measuring call 11(1(05

(ionipliante with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from
legal obligations. •


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 615
NORME E t ROPEENNE
EUROPAISCIIE NORM December 1994

ICS

lioscriplor:: Fin• fighting. fire proleclion. exlingilishing agents, powdery materials, specifications, physical properties, density .
toms,: volume), grain size analysis, chemical properties, chemical composition, fire tests, marking, packing

English version

Fire protection — Fire extinguishing media —


Specifications for powders (other than class D powders)

• Protection coupe l'incendie — Agent Brandschutz — Loschmittel — Anforderungen


an Loschpulver (nicht ftir Loschpulver der
exlincleurs Prescriptions pour les potalres
(mitres nue les pt ill( I l'eS wan- classy I)) 13randklasse D)

This European Standard was approve(! by CEN on 1994-12-05. CEN members


are 1101111(i to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a
national standard without. any alteration.
l'p-lo-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any
('EN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French,
German). A version in any other language made by translation under the
responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the
( rat Secretariat. has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Iixeminturg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
I nited Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
(lomat'. Etinmeen de Normalisation
Eatropitisches Kontitee fur Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels

o-, I 5061 Copyright reserved to ('EN members


Ref. No. EN 615: 1994 E
Page 2
EN 615: 1994

Foreword Contents
This European Standard has been prepared by I 't):;t•
'technical Committee CEN/TC 191, Fixed
I Scope :t
firefighting systems, the secretariat of which is
held by 1351. 2 Normative rcCrrc (- ms :1
This European Standard shall be given the status of 3 Dentin ions
a national standard, either by pubhcation of an
4 Sampling
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by
June 1995, and conflicting national standards shall 5 Bulk density :1
be withdrawn at the latest by June 1995. Sire analysis
This European Standard is one of a series giving Chemical content
7
specifications for fire extinguishing media in
common use and which are in need of specification 8 Fire test performance 1
for firefighting purposes. The other standards, 9 Residual mass after ills: 1 (
published or in preparation, are:
10 Hesistsm to cal:ing al I wing
EN 25923 Fire protection. Eire edinguishing 11 Water repellency
media — Carbon dioxide
12 Moisture content
EN 27201 Fire protectign — Fire lay
13 Mailing and packaging
media — Halogenated hgdrocarbons
Part 1: Specdficaiions4hr baton 1211 1-1 Supplier's data short
and habit 1301 Ikumexes
Part 2: Code of prat/ icedbi• sate
handling and !yawin - PI( n- rlarr<s A (normative) lesi metPimul 1
determinalion of Milt dem,ii ■
prEN 1568 Fire extinguishing media - thaw
It (normal lye) lbsi mei lads
concentrates
analysis
Part 1: Medium.ctpansion loam
Part 2: High eapansign .fbain C (ran:mat lye) 'lest 111011114(1 I:11
Part 3: Lou eriktusimt .tgain ,tor E(ttibitillICO u, Caking and
s-urface application to 1) (1101111:10V0 list. meiInd 1, 1( tvaler
water-immiscible liquids rel)(11eFICY
Part. 4: Lou' expansion pair .for
sarftwe application to water-wise ibb• (1101111aill'e) TeSi 111011k/it kJ/
liquids moisture content
ive) Mui of
The specifications are designed to establish that the sampling
medium in question has at least a minimum useful
fire extinguishing capability and can therefore be (inforriiiitive) baser difir
reasonably used for fire extinguishing purposes. particle size analysis
Annexes A, B, C, D and E are normative. If (informatiNei Voropiaibilni
Annexes 4', G, II, J and K provide important oxtingoishing potvJec, Hal ',hill's
information on, and give recommendations relating I \V) Sill Ltifriii!!.
to the use and testing of extinguishing powders ant etILIR'idl'litt' ■ 'Xii113.:1!i.,;‘)11g
are informative. 1)(1W(It'l:, 111 111111)111C1/1
Product certification. Users of this European E Hoggesitii
Standard are advised to consider tlie desirability or For otTiai‘c
independent certification of product conformity
with this European Standard based on test ing and
continuing surveillance, which may be coupled
with assessment of a supplier's quality system
against EN 29001, EN 29002, and •or EN 211003 as
appropriate.
According to the GENII:NEI:Et' Internal
Regulations, the following countries are luau I l o
implement this European Standard: Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, tlerniany,
Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxeutheitig,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, :•lv.edll,
Switzerland, lInited Kingdom.
Page 3
EN 615: 1994

NI rry, 2. When it is useful to indicate the class of fire for which


1 Scope
a powder is designed, capital letters may be added before the
This European Standard is applicable to fire term. The letters used in this European Standard are those
extinguishing powders for fire classes A, 13 and G. defined in EN 2.
It spe('ifies, by means of deftly(' test, methods, Ettoop/c: powder is designed to extinguish class 13 (liquids
minimum requirements for the chemical and OFliquefiable solids) and elass C (gases) fires; ABC powder is
designed to extinguish class A (solids which form glowing
physical p roperties and minimum extinguishing embers), doss 13 and class C fires.
capabilities. Requirements are also specified for the
information and data to be given by the supplier. 3.2 batch
This European Standard is not applicable to Single charge of powder in the processing
powders for class I) liras. equipment that has been made homogeneous by
Nt TEE The classification of fires is given in EN 2.
subjection to the same unit and physical
NtlfE 2. Some countries have national standards for class D
pnwessing.


powders. 3.3 lot.
One or more batches, but not more than 25 t. of
2 Normative references powder, manufactured to the same formulation by
This European Standard incorporat es by elated or (lie same manufacturing process and under the
Ci undated reference, provisions from other
publications. These normative references are cited
same environmental conditions.
NI tm. Any substantial change in manufacturing process, source
of raw materials. or change in environmental conditions may
at the appropriate places in the text. and (he
justify identifying the material as a different lot.
publications are listed hereafter For dated
references, subsequent amendments to or revisions 3.4 characteristic values
of any of these publications apply to this European Values declared by the supplier for the chemical
Standard only when incorporated in it, by and physical properties for the powder.
amendment. or revision. For undated references the
latest edition of the publication referred to applies. 3.5 supplier
Party, e.g. manufacturer, distributor, importer,
EN 2 : 1992 ( lass/flea/fog offileS responsible for (he powder and able to ensure that
EN' :3- : 1993 Ibl'Iable extinguishers — quality assurance is exercised.
Part I: Description, duration of
operation; Mst.firesfin . (lasses A 4 Sampling
and B
4.1 Samples for testing shall be taken using a
Portable fire extinguishers —
method which will provide a representative
/hrt Charges — Minimum pre
sample, In Order to avoid any risk of condensal
nut R11111/1-titr.c
I"., (. Idiot t hat tb. temporal me of the pow'lei
.
71 ,ch err', in 115 ()pignut' cold ltVuor is not lower than the
F rc(luin'i,ie its and testing — Dirt I: ambient air temperature when the sample is being
'Psi, sieves of metal wire cloth taken.
(Sc) 4188 : Laboratory glassivan, -- Graduated 4.2 Samples shall be stored in individual, clean,
111811 measuring cylinders dry. airtight, non-reactive and suitably identified
containers.
3 Definitions 4.3 Sample containers should not be opened until
Fi re the purposes of t his European Standard the etnperat ore equilibrium with the laboratory has
following definitions :111111y. been rea c hed.
Mtn: I. im•• suitable mei hod of sampling is suggested in
3.1 (extinguishing) polvtler annex E
Extinguishing medium composed of finely divided MYIE 2. I 'ffiess ol limy's° specified, all tests on samples arc
solid chemical products consisting of one or 11101-0 carried mil al (211 ± 5) °('.
principal components, which ;11'() combined with
additives to improve its charnel eristics. 5 Bulk density
Nf tl'E I. hi North America and some other c ountries. the term
dry powder is used to denote special metal fire extinguishing The bulk density shall be within ±0,07 g/ml of the
agents and the term 'dry chemical extinguishing :went . is used characteristic value when tested in accordance
to denote the extinguishing medium specified in this European with ;11111eX A.
St a ndard
Page 5
EN 615: 1994

13 Marking and packaging 14 Supplier's data sheet


vrt.
SI Exlinpuishing pipvilers Arnold he parl<ageil in ronlainers If requested by the purchaser the supplier shall
which are essentially Midi-411P' IrSii 9•hp SI11111111
provide a data sheet giving precautions in
ensure fiVery rorsianineol is pa III such n ly ax lu
prrsctyi iiS hi!: pvhli11
handling, a declaration of conformity with this
%%Jill I hi' Diropeon SI mutant, the characteristic value for
bulk density and, with descriptions of the test
End' sc ) rtralc OF a
to the package, shall be 11111.1::(‘Ii in a language
methods used, the characteristic values for sieve
requested by the purchaser NVilll the following analysis and chemical content (see clauses 5, 6
and 7),
information:
al the commercial mime of the product follietsied
by the words 'Fire extinguishing powder':
10 the classes of Fire for which the powder is
claimed to he suitable;
et the year of manufacture, and the hatch or lot
number;
(I) any essential recommendations regarding
comfit ions of storage;
e) theII:1111(' and a d dress of Ihu supplier;
I.) die \\taming statement • Ensurti compatibility
between this product and 1111' equipment in use':
g) the \voids . Sce supputtr's d a ta sheet k w
prevail' ions ill handling':
lit the number and date of this European
t•41tuulitril, i.e. EN till") : 199.11 1.

I 'M:irking EN hi:, Ell/i on or in eel; I ',pull et repiesools a supplier: lerlaral ion or conformity, i.e. a claim by or on behalf
or the supplier I lint the product ince( pliremenis or the Ntindard. Tip urney or the Haim is therefore solely the
responsibility or the person making. II brim. Sorb a declaration inn noi In fused with third party certification of conformity,
which may Aso ho ilesiiable
Page 6
EN 615: 1994

Annex A (normative) B.1.1.2 Sieve-shaking device, capable of moving


the nest in a horizontal ellipse with an impact from
Test method for determination of bulk the lag tom to the top of the nest at every ninth
density pass.
Ni irk. See clause 5 11.1.2 Procedure
A.1 Apparatus Ar .cumIely weigh to ±0,02 g approximately 20 g of
Clean dry 250 ad slnyyered glass measuring the powder into the top sieve. Assemble on the
cylinder, conforming to ISO 4788, having an shaking device and shake for (10 ± 0,2) min.
approximate height of 320 nun and an approximate Weigh the quantity of powder retained on each
internal diameter of 10 111111. sieve and in the collecting pan. Check that the sum
of all weights equals the initial weight of powder
A.2 Procedure taken, to within ±2 %: if not, repeat the test.
Place (100 ± 0.1) g 01 the powder in the cylinder. Calculate the cumulative weights retained on the
Secure the stopper in the cylinder. Rotate the 6:3 pin and 4(1 pin sieves, and report as cumulative


cylinder end over end for 10 complete revolutions, percentage oversize.
at approximately I revolution every '2 s. B.2 Method 2
Immediately after the 10 revolutions have been
completed, set the cylinder upright on a level B.2.1 Apparatus
surface and allow the powder to settle for
13.2.1.1 77tire sieves, as described in 11.1.1.1.
(180 ± 10) s. Read off the volume occupied by the
powder Calculate the bulk density. Qh, from the B.2.1.2 A i/jet sieving deviee21, which provides an
equation: air flow from above to below the sieve with a
nt reverse air-jet from a rotating arm beneath the
Ql1 sieve (see figure B.1).
where 8.2.2 Procedure
Carry out three tests using the 125 pm, 63 pm and
rn is the mass of the powder (in g); 40 gm sieves in turn.
is the V0101%111 occupied by the powder Follow the air-,jet sieving device manufacturer's
(in nil). instructions. Accurately weigh to ±0,02 g
approximately 20 g of powder and sieve for
10 RE I Electrostalii phenomena may cause difficulty in (5 ± 0,1) min. Report the percentage retained on
testing powders cunt:Minn! steal-ales. Tile problem is reduced b>
each sieve as cumulative percentage oversize.
prior testing of a siliconiyed poeder.
MIFF, 2. After long-torte storage the hulk density may increase_


Annex B (normative)
'lest methods for sieve analysis
1‘arIE 1. See clause U.
N1 VIE 2. "Me two owl hod' described in 11.1 and 11.2 may give
dightly differing results

8.1 Method 1
11.1.1 Apparatus
B.1.1.1 Nest siercs, having a nominal diameter
of 200 111.111 and aperlinie sizes of 125 inn, 63 tun
and 40 pm, conforming to ISO 3:310-1, a lid and a
collecting pan with the 125 gm sieve as the top
sieve \gill] the lid placed on top and the 10 inn
sieve as the ladlulu ,:tove with the collecting iglu
placed underneath.

11 A suitable imparanis, ailable commercially. is Model /12011LS manufactured by Alpine AG, Peter-Derfler-Strasse 13-25,
I. Box 111110S, 89011 Aims/mpg, Germany. This information is given for the convenience of the users of this European Standard
dies nut constitute :in endorsement of this apparatus by ('.EN.
Page 7
EN 615: 1994

• /// /7

\ Si

11 11. , 1V, mdial:inn will 1

1' Air 11

Ii Air :mil pattich.s i iii

Figure B.1 Air-jet sieving device


Page 8
EN 615: 1994

Annex C (normative) Annex E (normative)


Test method for resistance to caking Test method for moisture content
and lumping NU MT. Ser clause 12.

surE. See chuffs• 111. E.1 Apparatus


C.1 Apparatus E. l.1 Petri dish, as described in C.1.1.
0.1.1 Petri dish, approximately 70 rum diameter. E.1.2 Desiccator; with concentrated sulfuric acid.
0.1.2 NMI krri. /e. E.2 Procedure
C.1.3 Desiccator. with saturated sodium chloride Accurately weigh (to ±0,001 g) approximately 20 g
solution giving ripproximately 75 % relative of the powder into the Petri dish. Store the
humidity. uncovered dish for (48 ± 2) h at a temperature of
(20 ± °C, in the desiccator. Reweigh and
C.1.1 Own controlled to (48 ± 3) °C.
G1.5 4213 um sire'', conforming to ISO 3310-1.
C.2 Procedure
Place an excess of powder in the Petri dish and
calculate weight. loss. Report the weight loss as
percentage of original sample weight.

Annex F (informative)

smooth the surface flush with the rim using the Suggested method of sampling
pallet knife. Place the Petri dish in the desiccator When sampling a lot, not less than 12 kg of
at (20 ± a) Or for (24 ± 1) It, then place the Petri material should be taken at random from batches.
dish in the oven htr (24 ± 1) It. Cover the Petri For batch testing, not less than 2,5 kg should be
dish and allow (() cool at (20 ± c'C for taken at random from a container.
(60 ± IO) min, then tennowe the cover and For relatively small quantities, a 25 mm metal
overturn the Petri dish on to a clean sheet of
sampling tube should be inserted to the full depth
paper. Gently pour the powder into the sieve, and
of the container at no fewer than five locations.
gently shake the sieve to separate any lumps that
may have formed.
rising a spatula to lift the lumps, drop them from a
Annex G (informative)
height of (200 ± In) runt on to a hard surface. Laser diffraction particle size analysis
Carefully collect the powder and place gently into In order to obtain more detailed information about
the sieve. Gently shake as before for (20 ± 2) s and the particle size distribution in the range 0 um to
cheek to see whether any lumps are retained. 11)0 pm, equipment other than that specified in
clause 6 should be used.
Annex IT (normative) One instrument that can give such information is
lest method for water repellency the laser diffraction particle size analyser.
M1'fl:. See clause It. Using the technique of laser diffraction particle size
analysis, particles frmn approximately 0,5 pm to
D.1 Apparatus 500 um can be analysed. In principle, the
Petri dish, !wile! 1(101' urrd deS /Crab n as described equipment consists of a laser transmitter and
in C.1.1, C.1.2 and C.1.3. receiver 111111 usually mounted about 500 mm apart.
The powder is sprayed with a dry powder feeder or
0.2 Procedure
hi saturated solution through the laser beam.
Place an excess of powder in the Petri dish. Particles passing through the laser beam scatter the
Smooth the surface flush with the rim using the light, which is focused on to a special detector.
pallet knife. On three different areas of the powder Suitable electronic equipment. detects the various
surface, place a drip (approximately 0,3 ml) of outputs and digitizes them. They are then
distilled water. Plate the Petri dish in the converted into a particle size distribution by an
desiccator for (GO t id min at C20 ± 5) °C. integral computer.
Remove the Petri dish from the desiccator and
examitm the drops. Any (reformat ion indicat es
absorption.
Page 9
EN 615: 1994

At II- (3a tan iriat.ive) effective discharge time of an extinguisher, for the
pin-poses of this test, may be defined as the time
bet wc.eil from the moment of actuation until the rate of
puAVdhry :Arid Annus discharge from the extinguisher per time has
t -aller solar circumstance-, hiccup:it ibilitY declined to 40 of the starting value, which is
hetivetin powders and foams may determined as the mean value of extinguishing
exist. The usel should ensure, that any combination powder discharge between (2 ± 0,5) s after the

Ilotvderand foam which may be instant of actuation.


I:401 I flutk:, Mil If ;MI In all unarrcpl ahl, loSS if K.2 Apparatusrn
f';111Sefl by (Ill unfavourable int,ractiin 311
he chosen When applied sinluhaucollslY 01' 11.2.I toad sousing systom such that the recoil
CSSic, forces from the jet of extinguishing media and the
hose do nig. affect, the measurement.


A inie-s ‘I K.2.2 Weight recorder, accurate to ± 10 g for
extinguishers with a gross weight. of 1 kg to 3 kg
Suitability 1A111.(1 equivale.rice of and ±25 g for other extinguishers which will
extinguishing powders i1/ hllriitrIIIe U. record weight hiss at not less than 1 s intervals.
this Europe:3s suuldfloi does not provide an K. 2.3 Automatic operating 'means for the
0 assessment of the performance of an extinguishing extinguisher.
taro der in a particular piece of N11111)1110111, nor
does it attempt to rompate the performance of K.3 Procedure
different t.xl ingiiiihing powders, Mount the extinguisher vertically on the test
Tim lire perfol mance tests specified in clause 8 equipment so that the nozzle forms a 90° ± 2°
only establish ivlitt her or not the powder is above angle with the longitudinal axis of the extinguisher
a minimum it:rept:dile quality, and it is not Fit the automatic actuating mechanism to the
suggested t h at the tests can be used to compare ext nom isher's actuating device. Start the recording
the potential lire extinguishing perhinlialin , eq uipment and discharge the extinguisher.
poivinati K.4 Expression of results
Ii is impel I ant thal powder compli ing wit I this Prepare a (alive of weight loss against time.
European Standard should also lie tested for
r 'aimIlate and report the effective discharge time
comic( function in tlie partiettlar equipment in
For the extinguisher. Examine the discharge curve
which ii i5 to be used. as specified in Ihe
for variations in the discharge rate during the
Apia °prink , eat ional nr nlhcr standard.
discharge sequence. Large variations are a sign of
iitior flow properties.
Annex K itoialiative)
Measure the powder residue in the extinguisher
Suggs steeltest, icietliticl for effeelive after t he lest and calculate the percentage residue.

iliF;e11;11-ii,v t.i e

If. 1 print' /1111'


A pm liculat lit Mifflin:Wit% way of conducting
dist Italia, pciformara e tests is to measure the
weight from the extinguisher throughout the
dischnige feta This git es information tcgarding the
talc ot dist halve as a hint tion of time and
fat ililalc5 (.ti m tarition of the el frets of change,: in
llic !km plop-it les of the powder, the
pitt:-,tatte, nozzle iiize '[he

dr rim 1111 I .11%. H the EIPFI undo, lured by SP (S■yedisli National llesting and
IA Ii:A' ;HAUL:WU l '11,111t :VI I bl This into' Illation is given for the cniwentelice of
1(1.311111H' 111"11,11/1 . 101.11,11 ,tumatir;
BS EN
615: 1995

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