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Sec 1 Maths
1. Define the following terms 2x + 3 x+7
(d) =
4 3
(a) Variable √
(e) x−5−3=0
(b) Constant √
(f) 3 x−1=5
(c) Positive index √3
(g) 2x − 1 = 4
(d) Negative index 3
(h) √ −5=0
(e) Equation x+1
√ √
(f) Expression (i) 2 x− 7−x=0
(j) (4x2 )1/3 = 2
2. Simplify the following, leaving your answers
in positive indexes. 5. Simplify the following complex algebraic
2
a (2ab )3 2 fractions
(a) 1
6b4 (a)
x(6x3 )−1 1 1
(b) +
4x−5 a b
3 4
12u3 +
(c) x x+1
3(uv 2 w4 )−1 (b)
2 3
2
x −x x+2 −
(d) × x+1 x
2x + 4 x 5 2
3 −
8x 6x 1 y−3 y
(e) 2 ÷ × (c)
1 2
y y xy +
y y−3
3. Expand and simply the following expres-
sions. 1 − 9x−2
(d)
1 − 6x−1 + 9x−2
(a) (2a + 3)(a + 1) 9
1+
(b) (a + b)2 (e) 2x
5x2
(c) (a − b)2
6. Abigail is 6 years older than Jonathan. Six
(d) (a + b)(a − b)
years ago she was twice as old as he. How
1 3 old is Abigail and Jonathan?
(e) ( x + 2)( y − x)
2 4
√ √
(f) (6 + x)(6 − x) 7. There are two numbers whose sum is 72.
2 2 One number is twice the other. What are
(g) {x + 2[4x − 2y + (9x − 1)]} the numbers?
3 3
4. Solve the following: 8. A freight train starts from Singapore and
heads for Thailand at 60km/h. Two hours
(a) x + 6 = 10 later a passenger train leaves the same sta-
(b) 2x − 6 = −3 tion for Thailand traveling at 80km/h. How
5x + 2 long before the passenger train overtakes
(c) =2 the freight train?
6

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9. A mixture containing 6% sugar solution is outlet. How long does it take to fill the
to be mixed with 0.5 l of a mixture which reservoir since opening the inlet pipe?
is 15% sugar solution to obtain a solution
which is 12% sugar solution. How much of 18. A half filled reservoir can be filled by an
the 6% sugar solution must be used? inlet pipe in 24 hours and emptied by an
outlet pipe in 20 hours. A foreman starts to
10. Helen has some coins in her pocket consist- fill the reservoir but forgets to close the out-
ing of 20cent, 10cent and 5 cent denomi- let pipe. Six hours later he remembers and
nated coins. She has two more 20 cent coins closes the outlet. How long does it take to
then 10 cent coins, and three times as many fill the pipe since he starts filling the reser-
10 cent coins as 5 cent coins. How many of voir.
each coins does she have if the total value
is $3.25? 19. Vanessa and Valerie in opposite directions
sprints from the starting point of a circular
11. Think of a number. Double the number. 400m track. Vanessa is 1m/s faster than
Subtract 6 from the result and divide the Valerie. Find the position on the track that
answer by 2. The quotient is 20. What is they will meet.
the number?
20. Jeremy is running along a 4km straight
12. There are three consecutive numbers such route from Serangoon to Hougang at
that twice thee first is 20 more than the 10km/h. Felicia runs from Hougang to
second. Find the numbers. Serangoon along the same route at a con-
stant speed of 8km/h. After 12 mins Feli-
13. Jay’s father is twice as old as Jay. In 20 cia sees Jeremy and she decides to run back
years Jay will be two-thirds as old as his home to Hougang. How long does it takes
father. How old are they now? for Jeremy to catch up to Felicia after she
u-turns.
14. Nicole worked as an accountant while Elliot
worked as a road sweeper earning $15 and 21. Given x + y = 3 and xy = 2, find the value
$5 per hour respectively. One month, El- 1 1
of +
liot worked 10 hours more than Nicole. If x y
their total income for the month was $3570,
how many hours did they work during the 22. Given that x2 + y 2 = 34 and xy = 17, find
month? the value of (x + y)2

15. The length of a rectangle is 2cm longer than 23. Given that x3 + x2 = 100 and x2 + x = 50,
its breadth. The perimeter is 44cm. Find find the value of 2x3 + 3x2 + x
the length and breadth of the rectangle. 1 1 1
Hence find the area. 24. Given that + = and a, b and c are
a b c
consecutive integers, find a, b and c.
16. The area and perimeter of a rectangle are
50 cm2 and 30 cm respectively. Find the
length and breath of the rectangle.

17. A reservoir can be filled by an inlet pipe 24


hours and emptied by an outlet pipe in 28
hours. A foreman starts to fill the reser-
voir, but forgets to close the outlet pipe.
Six hours later he remembers and closes the

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25. Write down the equation of a straight line. (b) y = x + 3


Define the following terms in the equation: x -3 0 3
y
(a) y
(b) x
(c) m
(d) c

26. State whether each equation is vertical,


horizontal or diagonal sloping up or down.

(a) x = 4
(b) y = −2
(c) y = 5 − x
(d) x = y − 3
(e) x + y = 1 (c) 2y = 3 − 4x
y 3 x -3 0 3
(f) =2−
x x
(g) xy = x2 + 10x
(h) y 2 = x2 + 2x + 1

27. Complete the boxes below and draw the


corresponding lines.

(a) y = −x
x -3 0 3
y

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1 3
(d) y =x+
2 4
x -3 0 3
y

(b) x = −y + 1

(e) x = y − 5
x -3 0 3
y

28. Draw the straight line of the following equa-


tions by drawing your own table.

(a) y = 7 − x

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29. Sketch the following straight line on the


axis. (b) y = −2x + 1

(a) y = x + 1
y

(b) y = x − 1
y

30. Sketch the straight lines on the empty space


provided.

(a) y = 2x − 1

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