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is called for all degrees of freedom listed in the associated boundary condition; In Other Guides

allows user to specify values for either the degree of freedom or its time Boundary conditions in

derivatives such as velocity and acceleration; Abaqus/Standard and

releases the boundary condition by default if the user does not specify a value Abaqus/Explicit

for the boundary condition;

*BOUNDARY

can be used to apply a concentrated load, instead, by adjusting the default

motion of the node; VDISP

can be called for blocks of nodes for which the boundary conditions are defined

in the subroutine.

Initial velocity

Acceleration

User subroutine interface

Variables to be defined

Variables passed in for information

Example: Imposition of acceleration on a rigid body with nonzero initial velocity

Products: Abaqus/Explicit

Initial velocity

At the beginning of each step user subroutine VDISP is called once to establish the initial velocity; and then, it is called once

on each configuration, including the initial configuration, to establish the nodal acceleration.

The first call to user subroutine VDISP is made to establish the initial velocity, which is indicated by the passing of a step

time value of into the subroutine, where is the current time increment. If displacement is prescribed, the returned

variable, rval, corresponds to , where and are the initial displacement and velocity respectively. If velocity

is prescribed, the returned variable corresponds to the initial velocity . If acceleration is prescribed, the returned variable

corresponds to , where is the initial velocity.

The default value of rval is consistent with the velocity at the end of previous step or that specified as an initial condition in

case of the first step. You only need to reset the rval if a different initial velocity is desired. The arrays u and v stand for the

default initial displacement and velocity, respectively. The array a contains a zero value.

Acceleration

During time incrementation user subroutine VDISP is called once for each configuration, including the initial configuration, to

establish the nodal acceleration.

If displacement is prescribed, the returned variable should be set equal to the displacement at stepTime+dtNext, where

stepTime is the step time and dtNext is the next time increment. If velocity is prescribed, the returned variable should be

set equal to the mean velocity at stepTime+dtNext/2. If acceleration is prescribed, the returned variable should be set equal

to the acceleration at stepTime. Note that stepTime is zero for the initial configuration.

The variable rval has a default value that is computed with the constraints not yet applied. You can leave rval at this value,

if desired. The variable u contains values at stepTime. Whereas, the variable v contains initial velocity when stepTime is

zero and, otherwise, velocity at stepTime—dt/2. The variable a contains values at stepTime computed with the constraints

not yet applied.

Tip: If the node does not participate in any other conflicting constraints or connector elements, leaving rval at

the incoming value would amount to leaving the node unconstrained. Alternatively, if you want to apply a

concentrated load at such a node (instead of the boundary condition), you can compute the change in

acceleration due to this load and modify the rval value to account for that change. The nodal mass and the

rotary inertia are available in VDISP for computing the change in acceleration. In addition, the default value of

rval at the node already reflects the forces from any contact, user-defined load, and elements (except for

connectors) at that node.

1 of 4 7/6/2018, 10:12 PM

VDISP http://bobcat.nus.edu.sg:2080/English/SIMACAESUBRefMap/simasub-...

subroutine vdisp(

c Read only variables -

1 nblock, nDof, nCoord, kstep, kinc,

2 stepTime, totalTime, dtNext, dt,

3 cbname, jBCType, jDof, jNodeUid, amp,

4 coordNp, u, v, a, rf, rmass, rotaryI,

c Write only variable -

5 rval )

c

include 'vaba_param.inc'

c

character*80 cbname

dimension jDof(nDof), jNodeUid(nblock),

1 amp(nblock), coordNp(nCoord,nblock),

2 u(nDof,nblock), v(nDof,nblock), a(nDof,nblock),

3 rf(nDof,nblock), rmass(nblock), rotaryI(3,3,nblock),

4 rval(nDof,nblock)

c

do 100 k = 1, nblock

do 100 j = 1, nDof

if( jDof(j) .gt. 0 ) then

user coding to define rval(j, k)

end if

100 continue

c

return

end

Variables to be defined

rval(nDof, nblock)

Values of the prescribed variable for degrees of freedom 1–6 (translation and rotation) at the nodes. The variable

can be displacement, velocity, or acceleration, depending on the type specified in the associated boundary

condition. The variable type is indicated by jBCType. The variable rval has a default value that is computed

without taking the constraints into account. You may reset the rval.

nblock

Number of nodal points to be processed in this call to VDISP.

nDof

Number of degrees of freedom (equals 6).

nCoord

Number of coordinate components (equals 3).

kstep

Step number.

kinc

Increment number.

stepTime

Value of time since the step began.

totalTime

Value of total time. The time at the beginning of the step is given by totalTime-stepTime.

dtNext

Next time increment size.

dt

Current time increment size.

cbname

User-specified name corresponding to the associated boundary condition.

jBCType

Indicator for type of prescribed variable: 0 for displacement, 1 for velocity, and 2 for acceleration.

2 of 4 7/6/2018, 10:12 PM

VDISP http://bobcat.nus.edu.sg:2080/English/SIMACAESUBRefMap/simasub-...

jDof(nDof)

Indicator for prescribed degrees of freedom. The values given by rval(j,k) are prescribed only if jDof(j) equals

1.

jNodeUid(nblock)

Node numbers.

amp(nblock)

Amplitude values corresponding to the associated amplitude functions. These values are passed in for information

only and will not contribute to the values of the prescribed variable automatically.

coordNp(nCoord, nblock)

Nodal point coordinates.

u(nDof, nblock)

Initial displacements when stepTime is negative, and, otherwise, displacement at stepTime. All translations are

included if one or more translational degrees of freedom are prescribed. All rotations are included if one or more

rotational degrees of freedom are prescribed.

v(nDof, nblock)

Initial nodal velocities when stepTime is non-positive and, otherwise, mean velocities at stepTime-dt/2 during

time incrementation. All translational velocities are included if one or more translational degrees of freedom are

prescribed. All angular velocities are included if one or more rotational degrees of freedom are prescribed.

a(nDof, nblock)

Contains a zero value when stepTime is negative and, otherwise, the accelerations, computed without accounting

for the boundary condition, at stepTime. All translational accelerations are included if one or more translational

degrees of freedom are prescribed. All angular accelerations are included if one or more rotational degrees of

freedom are prescribed.

rf(nDof, nblock)

Nodal point reaction at stepTime-dt. All reaction forces are included if one or more translational degrees of

freedom are prescribed. All reaction moments are included if one or more rotational degrees of freedom are

prescribed.

rmass(nblock)

Nodal point masses.

rotaryI(3, 3, nblock)

Nodal point rotary inertia.

In this example a sinusoidal acceleration is imposed on the reference node of a rigid body. Nonzero initial velocity is also

specified for the rigid body. User subroutine VDISP given below illustrates how the return value array is to be computed for

different phases of the solution. The analysis results show that both the initial velocity and acceleration are correctly

specified.

Input file

*HEADING

Test VDISP with S4R element

*NODE, NSET=NALL

1,

2, 2., 0.

3, 0., 2.

4, 2., 2.

9, 1., 1., 0.

*ELEMENT, TYPE=S4R, ELSET=SHELL

10, 1,2,4,3

*SHELL SECTION, ELSET=SHELL, MATERIAL=ELSHELL

2.0000000e-02, 3

*MATERIAL, NAME=ELSHELL

*DENSITY

7850.0,

*ELASTIC

2.5000000e+11, 3.0000000e-01

*RIGID BODY, REF NODE=9, ELSET=SHELL

*INITIAL CONDITIONS, Type=VELOCITY

9, 1, 0.4

*STEP

*DYNAMIC, EXPLICIT, DIRECT USER CONTROL

0.01, 0.8

*BOUNDARY, USER, TYPE=ACCELERATION

3 of 4 7/6/2018, 10:12 PM

VDISP http://bobcat.nus.edu.sg:2080/English/SIMACAESUBRefMap/simasub-...

9, 1

*OUTPUT, HISTORY, TIME INTERVAL=0.01, OP=NEW

*NODE OUTPUT, NSET=NALL

U, V, A

*END STEP

User subroutine

subroutine vdisp(

c Read only variables -

* nblock, nDof, nCoord, kstep, kinc,

* stepTime, totalTime, dtNext, dt,

* cbname, jBCType, jDof, jNodeUid, amp,

* coordNp, u, v, a, rf, rmass, rotaryI,

c Write only variable -

* rval )

c

include 'vaba_param.inc'

parameter( zero = 0.d0, half = 0.5d0, one = 1.d0 )

c

character*80 cbname

dimension jDof(nDof), jNodeUid(nblock),

* amp(nblock), coordNp(nCoord,nblock),

* u(nDof,nblock), v(nDof,nblock), a(nDof,nblock),

* rf(nDof,nblock), rmass(nblock),

* rotaryI(3,3,nblock), rval(nDof,nblock)

c

c Impose acceleration

c

if( jBCType .eq. 2 ) then

c

if( stepTime .lt. zero ) then

c

c Initialization 1

c

do 310 k=1, nblock

do 310 j=1, nDof

if ( jDof(j) .gt. 0 ) then

v0 = v(j,k)

rval(j,k) = v0/dt

end if

310 continue

c

else

c

c Time incrementation

c

amplitude = 2.0

period = 0.8

twopi = 6.2831853d0

c

do 350 k=1, nblock

do 350 j=1, nDof

if ( jDof(j) .gt. 0 ) then

rval(j,k) = amplitude*

* sin( twopi*stepTime / period )

end if

350 continue

end if

end if

c

return

end

4 of 4 7/6/2018, 10:12 PM

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