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Hazel Wright Organ

The Hazel Wright Organ located in the former Crystal Cathedral in


Garden Grove, California – scheduled to be reconsecrated as the
Roman Catholic "Christ Cathedral" in 2019[1] – is one of the world's
largest pipe organs. As of 2008, it had 270 ranks and 16,061 pipes,
fully playable from two 5-manual consoles.[2]

Funded by a $2 million gift from Hazel Wright, a viewer of the


church's Hour of Power telecast, the organ was constructed by
Fratelli Ruffatti, based on specifications by Virgil Fox and expanded
by Frederick Swann. It incorporates the large Aeolian-Skinner pipe
organ originally built in 1962 for New York's Avery Fisher Hall, and
the Ruffatti organ which had been installed in the church's previous
sanctuary in 1977.[3]

Beginning in 1982, the year of the present organ's dedication,


Frederick Swann was organist and music director at the cathedral.
The main casework and console of the Hazel
During his 16-year tenure (1982–1998), he was widely regarded as
Wright Organ
the most visible organist in the world as people in more than
165 countries worldwide saw and heard him playing this or
gan on the
weekly Hour of Power televised episodes.[4]

Following the Crystal Cathedral's final Hour of Power in June 2013, the organ was scheduled to be dismantled for a $2 million
refurbishing, led by Fratelli Ruffatti, and then to be re-installed for the building's planned re-opening as Christ Cathedral.[5] After
three decades of use and exposure to heat, sunlight and water damage, the organ was in need of extensive repair. The organ was
removed in February 2014 over the course of a week and shipped to Padua, Italy for restoration. The organ was returned to California
[6]
in May 2016, and re-installation is scheduled for late 2018.

Contents
Stoplist
Recordings
References

Stoplist
The organ has the following pipe ranks:[7]

I Choir (Second III Swell(First Level, V Celestial (Swell) Pedal (Second


Level, East T ower) West and East T ower) (Gallery, East Side) Level, W est Tower;
Fourth Level East
Gemshorn 16′ Flûte Courte 16′ Bourdon Doux 16′ Tower)
Viola Pomposa 8′ Quintadena 16′ Flauto Dolce 16′
Viola Céleste 8′ Gambe (digital) 16′ Principal 8′ La Force 64′
(Ext.
Cor de Nuit 8′ Gambe (digital) 8′ Viola Pomposa 8′ Double
Flauto Dolce 8′ Montre 8′ Viola Céleste 8′ Diapason
Flauto Céleste 8′ Principal 8′ Flauto Dolce 8′ 32′)
Prinzipal 4′ Viole de Gambe 8′ Flauto Céleste 8′ Diapason 32′
Koppelflöte 4′ Viole Céleste 8′ Flûte à Cheminée 8′ Kontra
32′
Geigen
Rohrnasat 22/3′ Erzahler 8′ Principal 4′
(Ext. Great:
Prinzipal 2′ Erzahler Céleste 8′ Italian Principal 4′ Kontra
Zauberflöte 2′ Flûte Couverte 8′ Flûte Traversière 4′ Geigen 16′)
Tierce 13/5′ Bourdon 8′ Sesquialtera II Contre
Flauto Dolce 8′ Doublette 2′ Gambe 32′
Larigot 11/3′ (Swell)
Prestant 4′ Octavin 2′
Scharff IV Diapente
Octave 4′ Plein jeu V 211/3′
Fagotto 16′ Grave
Flûte à Pavillon 4′ Cymbale IV
Petite Diapason 16′
8′ Cor de Nuit 4′ Jeu de Clochette
Trompette Contre
Nazard 22/3′ II 16′
Clarinet 8′ Basse
Contre Trompette 16′
Fagotto Doublette 2′ Contra
4′ Ranquette 16′ 16′
(Fagotto 16′) Flûte à Bec 2′ Basso
Trompette 8′
Tremulant Tierce 13/5′ Principal
16′
Cor Anglais 8′ (Great)
Millennial Larigot 11/3′ Cromorne 8′ Geigen
Trumpet 8′ Piccolo 1′ 16′
Voix Humaine 8′ (Great)
(Gallery Great)
None 8/9′ Cor de Schuller 4′ Montre
Harp 8′ 16′
Plein jeu III Chalumeau 4′ (Great)
Harp (Harp 8′) 4′
Ripieno V Principal 16′
Tremulant
Cymbale III Bourdon 16′
Bombarde 16′ Subbasso 16′
II Great (Third Level,
Contre V Positiv (Fourth Gemshorn
West Tower) 16′ 16′
Trompette Level, East T ower) (Choir)
Montre 16′ Basson 16′ Flûte
Première Bourdon (Great) 16′ Courte 16′
Kontra Geigen 16′ 8′
Trompette (Swell)
Bourdon 16′ Principal 16′
Deuxième Quintadena
Diapason 8′ 8′ Rohrflöte 8′ 16′
Trompette (Swell)
Principal Major 8′ Prinzipal 8′
Hautbois Quint 102/3′
Principal 8′ 8′ Spillflöte 4′
d’Orchestre Octave 8′
Flûte Hautbois 8′ Oktav 4′
8′ Principal 8′
harmonique Voix Humaine 8′ Larigot 2′
Violone 8′
Spitzflöte 8′ Première Sifflöte 11/3′
4′ Geigen 8′
Spitz Céleste 8′ Clairon Scharff IV
(Ext.
Gross Quinte 51/3′ Deuxième Terz Zimbel III Geigen 16′)
4′
Oktave 4′ Clairon Fagotto (Choir) 16′ Spitzflöte 8′
Oktav 4′ Cornet V Krummhorn 8′ Principal
Tremulant 8′
Flûte Ouverte 4′ Rohr Schalmei 4′ (Positiv)
Flûte a Tremulant Bourdon 8′
4′
Cheminée (Bourdon
Tuba Mirabilis
Gross Tierce 31/5′ III Borstwerk (First
(Solo)
8′ 16′)
Level, W est Tower) Bordone 8′
Quinte 22/3′
Sesquialtera II (Ext.
Pörfluit 8′ Subbasso
Jeu de Tierce II Speelfluit 4′ String (Swell) 16′)
Super Octave 2′ Gemshoorn 2′ (Floating, Gallery , Gemshorn 8′
West Side)
Fifteenth 2′ Tertiaan II (Ext. Choir:
Blockflöte 2′ Terzcymbel III Gemshorn
Viola 16′ 16′)
Grand Buntcymbel III
Viola Céleste 16′ Flûte
Fourniture II-VII Baarpijp 16′ 8′
Dulciana 8′ Courte
Ripieno IV
Tremulant Unda Maris 8′ (Ext. Swell:
Mixture IV-VI
Salicional 8′ Flûte
Cimbalo IV Courte 16′)
Zimbel III-V Voix Céleste 8′
IV Solo (Second Octave
Contre Dulcett 8′ 51/3′
16′ Level, W est Tower) Quinte
Trompette Dulcett Céleste 8′
Choralbass 4′
Posaune 16′ Enclosed: Dulciana Céleste 8′
Octave 4′
Fagotto (Choir) 16′ Gambe 8′ Muted Viole 1 8′
Principal
Trompette 8′ Viole 1 Céleste 8′ 4′
Gambe Celeste 8′ (Positiv)
Trompete 8′ Flauto Heroique Muted Viole 2 8′ Spillflöte 4′
8′ Viole 2 Céleste 8′
Clairon 4′ (Celestial) Spireflöte 4′
Chimes Doppelflöte 8′ Violoncello 8′ Octave 2′
Cembalo Major Octave 4′ Violoncello Spindleflöte 2′
8′
Orchestral Flute 4′ Céleste
(Ext.
Rohrpfeife 8′
Quinte Flûte 22/3′ Spindleflöte
II Gallery Great Nachthorn 4′ 4′)
Octave 2′
(Gallery Organ, W est Tremulant Fourniture
Harmonics VI
Side) IV
Gross
Fourniture III Ripieno VI
Grande Montre Gospel (Floating, Acuta II
16′ Cymbel IV
(Gallery Pedal) East Gallery) Grand
Holz Principal 8′ English Post
16′ Cornet IV
Horn
Holzgedeckt 8′ Principal 8′ Kontra
(from English 32′
Octave 4′ Octave 4′ Posaune
Post Horn 8′)
Koppelflöte 4′ Super Octave 2′ Contra
Trompette 32′
Fifteenth 2′ 8′ Fagotto
Harmonique Mixture IV
Nineteenth 11/3′ Trompette en Posaune 16′
English Post
8′ 16′ Contre
Twenty-Second 1′ Horn Chamade
Trompette en Trompette 16′
Fourniture V English Horn 8′
8′ (Great)
French Horn 8′ Chamade
Zimbel IV Bombarde
Clairon Trompette en 16′
Contra 4′ 4′ (Swell)
16′ Harmonique Chamade
Trompette Basson
Trompette 8′ Not enclosed: 16′
(Swell)
Clairon 4′ Flûte d’Arvella English
8′ Epistle (Floating,
Millennial (Pedal) Post Horn 16′
West Gallery)
Trumpet (en 8′ Tuba Magna 16′ (Solo)
chamade) Herald Trumpet 8′ Fagotto
Principal 8′ 16′
Herald Trumpet Millennial (Choir)
8′ Octave 4′
(Solo) Trumpet (Gallery 8′ Trompette 8′
Mounted Cornet
Great) Trompette 8′
V
Tuba Mirabilis 8′ Fagotto 8′
Mixture V
II Hoofdwerk (First Tuba Clairon 4′ (Ext. Choir:
Level, East T ower) Trompette en
Tremulant 16′ Fagotto 16′)
Chamade
Praestant 8′ Trompette en Krummhorn 8′
8′
Chamade (Positiv)
Holpijp 8′
Trompette en Klarine 4′
Quintadeen 8′ 4′
Chamade (Ext.
Octaaf 4′
Trompette en Trompette
Fluit 4′ 2′
Chamade 8′)
Super Octaaf 2′ Trompete 4′
Mixtuur V (Ext.
Scherp IV Echo (Swell) Trompette
Bazuin 16′ (catwalk 40 m) 8′)
Trompet 8′ Rohr
Fern Flute 8′ Schalmei 4′
Vox Amorosa 8′ (Positiv)
Voix Séraphique 8′ Zink
2′
(Positiv)
Chœur des
8′ Contra
Violes
Bourdon 32′
Divinare 4′
(Electronic)
Rohr Nasat 22/3′ Gallery Pedal
Oboe d’Amore 8′ (Gallery, East side
Anthropoglossa 8′ and Center)

Tremulant
Untersatz 32′
Montre le Tour 16′
Percussion C– Open Wood 16′
Bourdon 16′
Tower Carillon Bourdon Doux
16′
Harp (Choir) 8′ (Celestial)
Celesta (Choir) 4′ Viola (String) 16′
Glockenstern Viola Céleste
16′
(Positiv) (String)
Etoile de Grand Prestant 8′
Martin (Gallery) Bourdon 8′
Chancel Chimes Viola Céleste
8′
(Choir, Great) II
Gallery Chimes (Ext. String:
(Celestial) Violo Céleste
Rosignol on Pedal 16′)
I (Gallery) Bas de Choral 4′
Mixture 2′
Grand
32′
Harmoniques
Contra
32′
Bombarde
Bombarde 16′
Contra
Trompette 16′
(Celestial)
Trumpet 8′
Millennial 8′
Trumpet
(Great)
(Great)
Clarion 4′

Recordings
Frederick Swann has recorded twocompact discs playing the Crystal Cathedral organ:

Four Organ Masterworkssee here


Hymns on the Crystal Cathedral Organsee here
Peter Baicchi has recorded one CD:

Organ Under Glass : The Crystal Cathedral Organsee here


In addition, the Crystal Cathedral Choir and organ are heard on the CD We Sing the Power.

References
1. Baharath, Deepa (May 19, 2017)."Diocese picks contractor for Christ Cathedral's $72 million reconstruction project"
(http://www.ocregister.com/2017/05/19/diocese-picks-contractor-for-christ-cathedrals-72-m
illion-reconstruction-projec
t/). Orange County Register. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
2. "The World's Largest Pipe Organs"(http://TheatreOrgans.com/laird/top.pipe.organs.html)
. TheatreOrgans.com.
Retrieved November 28, 2013.
3. "The Hazel Wright Pipe Organ" (https://web.archive.org/web/20131104050757/http://www .shepherdsgrove.org/visitor
s/organ.php). ShepherdsGrove.org. Archived fromthe original (http://ShepherdsGrove.org/visitors/organ.php)on
November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
4. Vivien Schweitzer (August 4, 2006)."Frederick Swann at Riverside Church: A Master of the Organ, With the Curtain
Pulled Back" (https://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/04/arts/music/04swan.html?_r=1&scp). The New York Times.
Retrieved April 15, 2008.
5. Tom Berg (May 17, 2013)."How will church fix Cathedral's organ?"(http://www.ocregister.com/articles/organ-508981
-says-cathedral.html). Orange County Register. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
6. "Organ Restoration" (https://www.forchristforever.org/organ-restoration/). The Orange Catholic Foundation. Retrieved
25 September 2017.
7. E.M.Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List, Compiled by Allen Kinzey and Sand Lawn, published: Organ Historical
Society, Richmond, VA. 1st Edition, 1992, page 124.

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This page was last edited on 31 October 2017, at 16:03.

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