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List of heads of state of Yugoslavia

This article lists the heads of state of Yugoslavia from the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia)
in 1918 until the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a monarchy ruled by the House of Karađorđevićfrom 1918 up until World War II. The SFR Yugoslavia was
headed first by Ivan Ribar, the President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly (president of the parliament), and then by President Josip
Broz Tito until his death in 1980, when the collective federal presidiumrotated the presidency among the republic representatives. However,
until 1990 the position of President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia was usually the most powerful position (the position often
coincided with the position of President). With the reforms in 1990, individual republics elected their own heads of state, but the country's
head of state continued to rotate among appointed representatives of the republics until the country's dissolution.

Contents
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
SFR Yugoslavia
See also
References

Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was created by the unification of the Kingdom
King of Yugoslavia
of Serbia (the Kingdom of Montenegro had united with Serbia five days previously, while
the regions of Kosovo, Vojvodina and Vardar Macedonia were parts of Serbia prior to the
unification) and the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from
territories of the formerAustro-Hungarian Empire) on 1 December 1918.

Until 6 January 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was a parliamentary
monarchy. On that day, King Alexander I abolished the Vidovdan Constitution (adopted in Royal Standard
1921), prorogued the National Assembly and introduced a personal dictatorship (so-called 6
January Dictatorship). He officially renamed the country Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3
October 1929, and continued to rule as a de facto absolute monarch until his assassination
on 9 October 1934, during a state visit to France. After his assassination, parliamentary
monarchy was put back in place.

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was defeated and occupied on 17 April 1941 after the German
invasion. The monarchy was formally abolished on 29 November 1945.

All monarchs were members of the House of Karađorđević. Peter I, previously King of
Serbia (since 1903), was proclaimed King by representatives of South Slav states. The royal
family continued through his son A
( lexander I) and his grandson (Peter II).

Peter II
Details
Style His Majesty
First monarch Peter I
Last monarch Peter II
Formation 1 December 1918
Abolition 29 November 1945
Residence Royal Compound,
Belgrade
Appointer Hereditary
Pretender(s) Crown Prince
Alexander of
Yugoslavia

Succession
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death Note
right
Held the title
"King of
29 June 1844 previously King
Serbs,
Peter I Belgrade Princess of Serbia,
16 August Croats and
1 December son of Alexander Zorka of proclaimed
1921 Slovenes".
1918– Karađorđević, Montenegro King by
Belgrade Prince
16 August Prince of Serbia 1883 representatives
aged 77 Alexander
1921 and Persida 5 children of South Slav
served as
Nenadović states
regent in his
final years.

16 December Changed title


Alexander I
1888 Maria of 9 October to "King of
16 August
Cetinje Yugoslavia 1934 son of the Yugoslavia"
1921–
son of Peter I and 8 June 1922 Marseilles preceding in 1929.
9 October
Princess Zorka of 3 children aged 45 Assassinated
1934
Montenegro in Marseilles.

27 April 1893
Olga of
Paul Saint Petersburg 14
Greece and
9 October son of Prince September Prince
Denmark cousin of the
1934– Arsen of 1976 Regent for
22 October preceding
27 March Yugoslavia and Paris Peter II.
1923
1941 Aurora Pavlovna aged 83
3 children
Demidova

Prince Paul
acted as
regent until
Alexandra of
Peter II 6 September 1923 ousted on 27
Greece and 3 November
9 October Belgrade March 1941;
Denmark 1970 son of the
1934– son of Alexander I exiled on 17
20 March Denver preceding
29 November and Maria of April 1941
1944 aged 47
1945 Yugoslavia and deposed
1 child
on 29
November
1945.

SFR Yugoslavia
After the German invasion and fragmentation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, partisans
President of Yugoslavia
formed the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) in
1942. On 29 November 1943 a AVNOJ conference proclaimed the Democratic Federal
Yugoslavia, while negotiations with the royal government in exile continued. After the
liberation of Belgrade on 20 October 1944, the Communist-led government on 29
November 1945 declared King Peter II deposed and proclaimed the Federal People's
Republic of Yugoslavia.

From 1945 to 1953, the President of the Presidium of the National Assembly was the office
of the Yugoslav head of state. The post was held by Ivan Ribar.
Standard of the President
From 1953 to 1963, Josip Broz Tito simultaneously held the offices of the President of the
Republic (head of state) and the President of the Federal Executive Council (head of
government). In 1963, the new Constitution renamed the state as Socialist Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia, and divided the office of the President of the Republic from the Presidency of
the Federal Council, even if the President of the Republic retained the power to preside over
[1]
the Government when it met, on the French model.

In 1974, the new Constitution provided for a collective federal presidency, consisting of
representatives of the six republics, the two autonomous provinces within Serbia and (until
1988) the President of the League of Communists, with a Chairman in rotation. Stjepan Mesić
Notwithstanding, this constitutional provision was suspended because Tito was declared
President for Life, thus chaired the collective presidency on a permanent basis. After his
Formation 29 December 1945
death in 1980, one member was annually elected President of the Presidency and acted as First holder Ivan Ribar
head of state. Final holder Stjepan Mesić
Abolished 5 December 1991
Succession Franjo Tuđman
Dobrica Ćosić
Alija Izetbegović
Kiro Gligorov
Republic
Milan Kučan

League of Communists of Yugoslavia Socialist Party of Serbia Croatian Democratic Union


Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
Took Left
No. Head of State Lifespan Party Representing Note
office office
President of the Presidium of the National Assembly
1945–1953

The office of
the
President of
the
Presidium of
Communist
the
Party of
Yugoslav
Yugoslavia
National
(party
Assembly
renamed)
(the
Parliament)
was the
office of the
head of
29 14 state 1945–
N/A Ivan Ribar 1881–1968 December January N/A 1953. The
1945 1953 Communist
Party of
Yugoslavia
was
League of reorganized
Communists and
of renamed
Yugoslavia into the
(party League of
renamed) Communists
of
Yugoslavia
on
November
2, 1952.

President
1953–1980

Office of the
President of
Yugoslavia
instituted in
1953. Josip
Broz Tito
declared
League of
14 president for
Josip Broz 4 May Communists
1 1892–1980 January N/A life in 1974.
Tito 1980 of
1953 Office of
Yugoslavia
President of
the
Presidency
instituted to
take effect
upon Broz's
death.

Presidents of the Presidency


1980–1992

1 Lazar 1914–2000 4 May 15 May League of Macedonia Chairman of


Koliševski 1980 1980 Communists the
of collective
Yugoslavia head of
state.
Succeeded
Broz after
his death as
the then
sitting Vice
President of
the
Presidency.

Chairman of
League of
the
Cvijetin 15 May 15 May Communists Bosnia and
2 1913–1993 collective
Mijatović 1980 1981 of Herzegovina
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Sergej 15 May 15 May Communists
3 1914–2001 Slovenia collective
Kraigher 1981 1982 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Petar 15 May 15 May Communists
4 1912–2007 Serbia collective
Stambolić 1982 1983 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Mika 15 May 15 May Communists
5 1916–2007 Croatia collective
Špiljak 1983 1984 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Veselin 15 May 15 May Communists
6 1925–1997 Montenegro collective
Đuranović 1984 1985 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Radovan 15 May 15 May Communists SAP
7 1922–2001 collective
Vlajković 1985 1986 of Vojvodina
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Sinan 15 May 15 May Communists
8 1922–2010 SAP Kosovo collective
Hasani 1986 1987 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

9 Lazar 1920–2011 15 May 15 May League of Macedonia Chairman of


Mojsov 1987 1988 Communists the
of collective
Yugoslavia head of
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Raif 15 May 15 May Communists Bosnia and
10 1926– collective
Dizdarević 1988 1989 of Herzegovina
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
League of
the
Janez 15 May 15 May Communists
11 1950–2008 Slovenia collective
Drnovšek 1989 1990 of
head of
Yugoslavia
state.

Chairman of
the
League of collective
Communists head of
of state.
12 League of
Yugoslavia
(until January Communists
1990) of
Yugoslavia
Borisav 15 May 15 May dissolved
1928– Serbia
Jović 1990 1991 into six
separate
parties. In
Socialist Serbia the
Party of party was
Serbia succeeded
(from January by the
1990) Socialist
Party of
Serbia.

Sejdo Socialist
16 May 30 June Acting
N/A Bajramović 1927–1993 Party of AP Kosovo
1991 1991 president.
(acting) Serbia

Chairman of
the
5 Croatian collective
Stjepan 30 June
13 1934– December Democratic Croatia head of
Mesić 1991
1991 Union state. Last
President of
Yugoslavia.

Acting
Democratic
Branko 5 president.
15 June Party of
N/A Kostić 1939– December Montenegro Installed by
1992 Socialists of
(acting) 1991 Serbia and
Montenegro
Montenegro.
See also
List of Deputy Heads of State of Yugoslavia
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Chairmen of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina


President of Croatia

List of Presidents of Croatia


President of Serbia and Montenegro
President of the Republic of Macedonia
President of Montenegro

List of Presidents of Montenegro


President of Serbia

List of Presidents of Serbia


President of Slovenia

References
1. Constitution of 1963 (http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Yugoslavia_1963.doc)

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ugoslavia&oldid=836152810"

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