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# Sum of Product of integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr.

## Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02

1998 FG5.1

If 123 + 234 + 345 +…+ 101112 = a, find the value of a.

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Sum of Product of integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1998 FG5.1
4290

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Sum of Cube of integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
2010 FGS.2
 k k  1 
2

3 3 3 3 3 3

 2 
 k k  1 
2

Given that 1 + 2 +  + k = 
3 3 3
 .
 2 
Find the value of 113 + 123 +  + 243.

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Sum of Cube of integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
2010 FGS.2
86975

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Sum_of_square_of_integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-01-27
1989 HG3 1996 HG10
n(n  1)(2n  1) 求總數 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 +  + 1234567892 的個位數。

6
Find the units digit of the sum 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 +  + 1234567892.

2 2 2
2012 HI1
n(n  1)(2n  1)
2 2
It is known that 1 + 2 +  + n = 2
for all positive integers n. 求 22 + 32 + 42 +  + 201220122 的個位數的值。
6
Find the value of the units digit of 22 + 32 + 42 +  + 201220122 .
Find the value of 212 + 222 +  + 302.
1991 HI16
It is known that 已知
23  13  3  12  3  1  1 23  13  3  12  3  1  1
33  23  3  22  3  2  1 33  23  3  22  3  2  1
43  33  3  32  3  3  1 43  33  3  32  3  3  1
   
1013  1003  3  1002  3  100  1 1013  1003  3  1002  3  100  1
2 2 2 2
Find the value of 1 +2 +3 ++ 100 . 求 12  22  32    100 2 的值。
1993 HI6
n(n  1)(2n  1)

6

n(n  1)(2n  1)
For any positive integer n , it is known that 12 + 22 +  + n2 = .
6
Find the value of 122 + 142 + 162 +  + 402.
1995 HG6

n
n  12n  1 ，
6

Given that 12 + 22 + 32 +  + n2 =
n
n  12n  1 ,
6
find the value of 1921 + 1822 + 1723 +  + 139.

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Sum_of_square_of_integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-01-27
1989 HG3 1991 HI16 1993 HI6 1995 HG6 1996 HG10
6585 338350 11260 5130 5
2012 HI1
9

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Telescope (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1990 HI19 1996 FI5.3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2  3 3 4 4  5 19  20 2 1 4 1 6 1 20  1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Find the value of    . Let c = 2  2  2  2 , find the value of c.
2  3 3 4 4  5 19  20 2 1 4 1 6 1 20  1
1991 HG2 1 1 1 1 
Hint 提示： 2    
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 x x 1 2  x 1 x  1 
若        ，求 x。
2 6 12 20 30 42 2450 100 2000 HI2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 x 解下列方程：
If        , find x.
2 6 12 20 30 42 2450 100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
     
1994 HG10 x  12 x  1x  2 x  2 x  3 x  3x  4 x  10x  11 x  11x  12 4
1 1 2 1 1 1 1

n n  2 n(n  2) 1 3 3  5 5  7 111113
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 2      
Given that   . x  12 x  1x  2 x  2 x  3 x  3x  4 x  10x  11 x  11x  12 4
n n  2 n(n  2)
1 1 1 1 1 2001 HG4
Find the value of a if a      .
1 3 3  5 5  7 n(n  2) 111 113 如果
4a

2

2

4

8

16
，求 a 的值。
1994 FG6.2 1 x 16
1 x 1 x 1 x 2
1 x 4
1  x8
若 b = log3[2(3 + 1)(32 + 1)(34 + 1)(38 + 1) + 1]，求 b。 If
4a

2

2

4

8

16
, find the value of a.
If b = log3[2(3 + 1)(32 + 1)(34 + 1)(38 + 1) + 1], find b. 1 x 16
1 x 1 x 1 x 2
1 x 4
1  x8
1996 HG5 2001 FG1.2
 12 

1 1 1 22 1000 2
1 1 1 1 1 1    2   ，

nn  1 n n  1 2  3 3 4 99  100
1 1 1 求 b 的值。
1 1 1
Given that   , find the value of   .  12 
nn  1 n n  1 2  3 3 4 99  100 Given that b 
1

1

1  22 1000 2
  2   1  3  3  5    1999  2001  ,
 1  3 3  5 1999  2001   
1996 FI4.4
find the value of b.
1 1 1

1 2 2  3 9  10 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 已知 P =    ，求 P 的值。
If d =   , find the value of d. 1 2 2  3 3  4 99  100
1 2 2  3 9  10 1 1 1 1
Given that P =    , find the value of P.
1 2 2  3 3  4 99  100

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Telescope (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
2003 HG1 2012 FI4.1
1 1 1 1

1

1

1 12
= ，求 A 的值。
4  5 6 5 6 7 6  7  8 99 100 101 1 3 3  5  A  1 A  3 25
1 1 1 1
If k =    , find the value of k. 1 1 1 12
4  5 6 5 6 7 6  7  8 99  100  101 If A is a positive integer such that   = , find the
1 3 3  5  A  1 A  3 25
2005 HI6
value of A.

2014 FG3.2

  
Let n be a natural number, the area of the triangle bounded by the line 若    11 ，求  的值。
1 2  3 2  3  4 8  9 10
nx + (n + 1)y = 2 and the two ordinate axes is Sn.
  
If K = S1 + S2 +  + S2005, find the value of K. Determine the value of  if    11 .
2005 FI3.4 1 2  3 2  3  4 8  9 10
1 1 1 8 2015 HI8
1

2 (c  1)(c  2) (c  2)(c  3) (c  d )(c  d  1) 15 求    的值。
1 1 1 1 8 4029 2014 2  2015 2 2014 4  2015 4 20148  20158
If c = and    ,
2 (c  1)(c  2) (c  2)(c  3) (c  d )(c  d  1) 15 1 2  2014 4  2014 3 8  2014 7
Find the value of    .
find the value of d. 4029 2014 2  2015 2 2014 4  2015 4 20148  20158
2015 HG1
2009 HG1
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 272 求    的值。

a(a  1) (a  1)(a  2) 2008  2009 30135 1 1 1 1

1860 1865 1865 1870 1870 1875 2010  2015
1 1 1 272 2015 HG10
If a is a positive integer and    ,
aa  1 a  1a  2 2008  2009 30135 設 an 及 bn 為二次函數 y = n(n – 1)x2 – (2n – 1)x + 1 的截距，其中 n 為一
find the value of a. 個大於 1 的整數。求 a2b2 + a3b3 +  + a2015b2015 的值。
2010 HI3 Let an and bn be the x-intercepts of the quadratic function
1 1 1 1 y = n(n – 1)x2 – (2n – 1)x + 1, where n is an integer greater than 1.

5  10 10  15 15  20 100  105
2016 FG1.4
    

1 1 1 1
If a =    , find the value of a. 求 T = 32  1  32  1  32  1    32  1 的值。(答案以指數表示。)
0 1 2 10

5  10 10  15 15  20 100  105
Determine the value of T = 3  1 3  1 3  
 1    32  1 .
0 1
2011 FI2.4 2 2 22 10

1 1 1 5

S S  1 S  1S S  20S  19 6
1 1 1 5
If S > 0 and    , find the value of S.
S S  1 S  1S S  20S  19 6
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Telescope (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1990 HI19 1994 HG10 1996 HG5
9 1991 HG2 56 1994 FG6.2 49
98 16
20 113 100
1996 FI4.4 1996 FI5.3
9 10 2000 HI2 2001 HG4 2001 FG1.2
3 8 1001
10 21
2002 FI2.1 2003 HG1 2005 HI6
99 63 2005 2005 FI3.4 2009 HG1
6 105
100 2525 2006
2010 HI3 2011 FI2.4
2012 FI4.1 2014 FG3.2 2015 HI8
4  95  3 1505
22 45 1
105 10
2015 HG1 2015 HG10 2016 FG1.4
1
120900
2014
2015

1 2048
2
3 1 

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Series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1983 FG7.4 2014 FI3.4
n
1 1 1 1 1 考慮數列 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, ，求首 45 項的和 。

y 1 y 1 2 3 n For the sequence 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2,  , determine the sum
10 10  of the first 45 terms.
1 1

y 3 y 3 若 Sn = 1 – 2 + 3 – 4 +  + (–1)n–1 n，當中 n 是正整數，求 S17 + S33 + S50 的值。
n
1 1 1 1 1 If Sn = 1 – 2 + 3 – 4 +  + (–1)n–1 n, where n is a positive integer,
Given that  y  1  2  3  n . determine the value of S17 + S33 + S50.
y 1
10 10
1 1
Find  y  2   y  1 . (Express your answer in fraction.)
y 3 y 3
1985 FG7.4
若 S = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 1985，求 S。
If S = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 1985, find S.
1988 FG6.4
若 K = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 1001 + 1002，求 K。
If K = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 1001 + 1002, find K.
1990 FG10.1

If A = 1 + 2 – 3 + 4 + 5 – 6 + 7 + 8 – 9 +  + 97 + 98 – 99, find A.
1991 FSI.1
若 a = –1 + 2 – 3 + 4 – 5 + 6 –  + 100，求 a。
If a = –1 + 2 – 3 + 4 – 5 + 6 –  + 100, find a.
1991 FSG.2
n 10 10
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 b

x 1 x 1 2 3 n x4 x  2 x4 x  1 18
n 10 10
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 b
Given that 
x 1 x
      , and
1 2 3 n

x4 x  2

x4 x  1
 . Find b.
18
1992 FI1.4
若 S = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 205，求 S。
If S = 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 + 6 – 7 – 8 +  + 205, find S.
1998 FI2.4

If d = 1  2 + 3  4 +   100, find the value of d.

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Series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1983 FG7.4
8 1985 FG7.4 1988 FG6.4 1990 FG10.1 1991 FSI.1
1 1003 1584 50
9
1991 FSG.2 1992 FI1.4 1998 FI2.4 2014 FI3.4 2014 FG2.2
7 1 50 81 1

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Repeating decimals (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-10-24
1987 FI5.1
a

99
a
Let x = 19.8 7 . If 19.8 7 = , find a. (Hint: 99x = 100 x – x)
99
1988 FI5.1
177 177
若 0.35 7  ，求 a。If 0.35 7  , find a.
a a
1990 FG9.2
K K

99 99
1996 HI8

1998 FG2.1
137 137

a a
1998 FG4.1

If 0.1 + 0.02 + 0.003 +…+ 0.000000009 = a, find the value of a.
1999 FG4.3
c4

m5
c4
Given that m, c are positive integers less than 10. If m = 2c and 0.m c  ,
m5
find the value of c.
2000 HI1
     

     
Let x  0.17 0.017 0.0017 ... , find the value of x .
2009 HI1
       

       
Let x = 0. 2 3 0.00 2 3 0.0000 2 3 0.000000 2 3 ... , find the value of x .

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Recurrence sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1990 HI10 1999 FI2.4

2
Given that a0 = 1, a1 = 3 and a – an–1an+1 = (–1)n for positive integers n. cx
n
Find a4. 若 f2000(2000) = d，求 d 之值。
1991 FG8.1-2 1

cx
If f2000(2000) = d, find the value of d.
1999 FI3.4

The sequence {an} is defined as a1 = 2, an+1 = an + 2n (n  1). If a100 = d, find
the value of d.
H1 = 1 H2 = 7 H3 = 19 1999 FI5.4
G8.1 求 H5。Find H5. 設 f (1) = 1 及 f (n) = (n – 1) f (n – 1)，其中 n > 1。若 d = f (4)，求 d 之值。
G8.2 若 Hn = an2 + bn + c，其中 n 為正整數，求 a。 Let f (1) = 1 and f (n) = (n – 1) f (n – 1), where n > 1. If d = f (4), find d.
If Hn = an2 + bn + c, where n is any positive integer, find a. 1999 FG3.2
1992 FG9.3-4 數列{ak}定義如下：a1 = 1, a2 = 1 及 ak = ak–1 + ak–2 (k > 2)。

The sequence {ak} is defined as: a1 = 1, a2 = 1 and ak = ak–1 + ak–2 (k > 2)
If a1 + a2 +  + a10 = 11 ab , find the value of b.
2000 FI3.4

Let f (0) = 0; f (n) = f (n – 1) + 3 when n = 1, 2, 3, 4, … .
T1 = 2 T2 = 8 T4 = 32 If 2f (S) = 3996, find the value of S.
T3 = 18
G9.3 求 T10。Find T10. 2001 FG4.1
n
G9.4 若 Tn = 722，求 n。If Tn = 722, find n. x1 = 2001。當 n > 1， x n  。已知 x1x2x3x10 = a，求 a 的值。
x n 1
1995 FI4.3 n

x n 1
It is given that F1 = F2 = 1 and Fn = Fn–1 + Fn–2, where n  3. If Ft = 5, find t. 2004 FGS.1
1997 HG2 對任意整數 n，Fn 的定義如下：Fn = Fn–1 + Fn–2，F0 = 0 及 F1 = 1。
2x

x2 For all integers n, Fn is defined by Fn = Fn–1 + Fn–2, F0 = 0 and F1 = 1.
2x
If f(x) = and x1 = 1, xn = f(xn–1), find x99 . If a = F–5 + F–4 +  + F4 + F5, find the value of a.
x2

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Recurrence sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
2005 FG4.4 2013 HG10

Given that f1 = 0, f2 = 1, and for any positive integer n  3, fn = fn–1 + 2fn–2. (ii) f (1) + f (2) +  + f (n – 1) + f (n) = n2 f (n)，n > 1
If d = f10, find the value of d. 求 f (2012) 的值。
2009 HI6
For all positive integers n, define a function f as
1 (i) f (1) = 2012,

1 x (ii) f (1) + f (2) +  + f (n – 1) + f (n) = n2 f (n)，n > 1.
1 Find the value of f (2012).
Let f1(x) = and fn(x) = f1(fn–1(x)), where n  2, 3, 4,  . Find the value of
1 x 2013 FI2.3
f2009(2008). 設f (1) = 3，f (2) = 5且對所有正整數n，f (n + 2) = f (n + 1) + f (n)。
2009 FI1.4 當f (600)除以3的餘數是c，求c的值。

f 11 If c is the remainder of f (600) divided by 3, find the value of c.

10f  8  2013 FI4.2
F n   F n  1  1
Let f(x) be a function such that f(n) = (n – 1)f(n – 1) and f(n)  0 hold for all integers 設函數 F(n)滿足 F(1) = F(2) =F(3) = 1 及 F(n+1) = ，
f 11 F n  2
n  6. If U = , find the value of U. 其中 n  3 為正整數。求 b = F(6)的值。
10f  8 
Let F(n) be a function with F(1) = F(2) = F(3) = 1 and
2012 FG3.3
F n   F n  1  1
k 1 F(n + 1) = for positive integer n  3,

k find the value of b = F(6).
3 1 2014 HG8
例如 f(3) = 666 因為 = 0.666，求 D = f(f(f(f(f(112)))))的值。
3 設 a1 = 215，a2 = 2014 及 an+2 = 3an+1 – 2an，其中 n 為一正整數。
k 1 求 a2014 – 2a2013 的值。
Let k be positive integer and f(k) a function that if = 0.k1k2k3,
k Let a1 = 215, a2 = 2014 and an+2 = 3an+1 – 2an, where n is a positive integer.
3 1 Find the value of a2014 – 2a2013.
then f(k) = k1k 2 k 3 , for example, f(3) = 666 because = 0.666,
3 2014 FG1.4
find the value of D = f(f(f(f(f(112))))). 給定一實數數列 a1, a2, a3,  ，它滿足
2012 FG3.4 1
(1) a1 = ，及 (2) 對 k  2，有 a1 + a2 +  + ak = k2ak。
若 Fn 為一整數值函數，其定義為 Fn(k) = F1(Fn–1(k))，n  2 且 F1(k)是 k 的所 2

If Fn is an integral valued function defined recursively by Fn(k) = F1(Fn–1(k)) for Given a sequence of real numbers a1, a2, a3,  that satisfy
n  2 where F1(k) is the sum of squares of the digits of k, find the value of 1
(1) a1 = , and (2) a1 + a2 +  + ak = k2ak, for k  2.
F2012(7). 2
Determine the value of a100.
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Recurrence sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
2015 HI5 2017 HI6
1 已知 a0 = 2，a1 = –1 及 an+1 = 2an – an–1，其中 n  1，求 a2017 的值。

4 Given that a0 = 2, a1 = –1 and an+1 = 2an – an–1, where n  1, determine the

It is given that a1, a2,  , an,  is a sequence of positive real numbers such that 2018 HI14
1 x
a1 = 1 and an+1 = an + an  . Find the value of a2015. 對任意實數 x (x  1)，定義函數 f(x) = 及 ff(x) = f(f(x))。
4 1 x
2016 HI15

 
2018 個f
Given a sequence {an}, where an+2 = an+1 – an. If a2 = –1 and a3 = 1, find the
value of a2016. x
2016 HG3 For any real number x (x  1), define a function f(x) = and ff(x) = f(f(x)).
1 x

Find the value of 2017 f  f f f  2018  .
 
1 2018 copies of f

2
Consider a sequence of numbers a1, a2, a3,  . Define Sn = a1 + a2 +  + an for
1
any positive integer n. Find the value of a2016 if Sn = 2 – an – .
2 n 1
2016 FG1.3
 f n  3 若 n 是雙數

 f n  2 若 n 是單數
若 f1 = 60，求 n 的最少可能值，令當 m  n 時，滿足 fm  63。
 f n  3 if n is even
Let f n1   .
 f n  2 if n is odd
If f1 =0, determine the smallest possible value of n satisfying fm  63 for all mn.
2016 FG2.2
 f n1  3 若 n 是3的倍數

 f n-1  1 若 n 不是3的倍數
若 B 為 k 的值的可能數量，使得 fk < 11，求 B 的值。
 f n1  3 if n is a multiple of 3
Let f1 = 9 and f n   .
 f n-1  1 if n is not a multiple of 3
If B is the number of possible values of k such that fk < 11, determine the value
of B.
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Recurrence sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1997 HG2
1990 HI10 1991 FG8.1-2 1992 FG9.3-4 1995 FI4.3 1
109 H5 = 61, a = 3 T10 = 200, n = 19 5
50
1999 FI2.4 1999 FI3.4 1999 FI5.4 1999 FG3.2 2000 FI3.4
2000 9902 6 7 666
2009 HI6
2001 FG4.1 2004 FGS.1 2005 FG4.4 2007 2009 FI1.4
3840 16 171 72
2008
2013 HG10
2012 FG3.3 2012 FG3.4 2 2013 FI2.3 2013 FI4.2
998 1 2 7
2013
2014 FG1.4 2016 HG3
2014 HG8 1 2015 HI5 2016 HI15 63
1584 1016064 –1
10100 2 2011
2018 HI14
2016 FG1.3 2016 FG2.2 2017 HI6
2018
127 5 –6049 
2019

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Product of 4 consecutive integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1993 HG5 2018 HG2

The product of 4 consecutive positive integers is 3024. Find the largest integer Evaluate 2018  2012 1988 1982  8100 .
among the four.
1993 HG6

Find the sum of all real roots of the equation (x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4)(x + 5) = 3.
1995 FI4.4
若 u = 5  6  7  8  1 ，求 u。
If u = 5  6  7  8  1 , find u.
1996 FG10.1

4567 = 292 – 1 4567 = 292 – 1
5678 = 412 – 1 5678 = 412 – 1
6789 = 552 – 1 6789 = 552 – 1
2

2000 FG3.1

Let a = 1997 1998  1999  2000  1 , find the value of a.
2004 FG3.1

If a is the smallest real root of the equation x x  1 x  2  x  3  1  71 , find
the value of a.
2012 FI2.3
若 X = 100 102 103105   9 是整數及 R 是 X 的個位數，求 R 的值。
If X = 100 102 103105  9 is an integer and R is the units digit of X, find
the value of R.
2013 HI5

Given that y = (x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4) + 2013, find the minimum value of y.
2017 HI11

Given that x is real, find the least value of x  x  3 x  6  x  9   2017 .

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Product of 4 consecutive integers (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1993 HG5 1993 HG6 1995 FI4.4 1996 FG10.1 2000 FG3.1
9 –7 41 1003001 3994001
2004 FG3.1 2012 FI2.3 2013 HI5 2017 HI11 2018 HG2
–10 3 2012 44 39999766

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Number patterns (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1982 FI3.1 2000 FI4.3

Find a in the figure. 的值。
Given that there are R odd numbers in the digits of the product of the two
4 4 1 2 12-digit numbers 1111…11 and 9999…99, find the value of R.
2004 FI4.4

a 10 21 32 Given that 241462 + 214 = d2, find the positive value of d.
1 5 2 3 4 5 5 6 2006 FI4.3

1982 FI3.3 1 1

2 16
3 7 c 15 In Figure 1, there are eight positive numbers in series. Starting from the 3rd
Find c from the sequence: , , , .
12 34 56 78 number, each number is the product of the previous two numbers. Given that the
1982 FG9.1 1 1
5th number is and the 8th number is . If the first number is s, find the

Find A from the sequence: 0, 3, 8, A, 24, 35,  value of s.
1985 FI2.1 1 1

2 16
Find a in the following sequence: 1, 8, 27, 64, a, 216, ……
1995 HI1 2015 FI1.2

  99 所有數位的數字之和，求  的值。
10個1 10個 9
Find the square root of 1234567654321. If  is the sum of all digits of the product 11111 11 99999
 
99 , determine
 
1997 FI2.1 10 1's 10 9's

12 12  2 2 5 12  2 2  32 7 12  2 2  32  4 2 the value of .

1 1 2 3 1 2  3 3 1 2  3  4
12  2 2    a 2 25

1 2  a 3
12 12  2 2 5 12  2 2  32 7 12  2 2  32  4 2
By considering:  1 ,  ,  , 3,
1 1 2 3 1 2  3 3 1 2  3  4
12  2 2    a 2 25
find a such that  .
1 2  a 3

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Number patterns (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1982 FI3.1 1982 FI3.3 1982 FG9.1 1985 FI2.1 1995 HI1
9 11 15 125 1111111
2006 FI4.3
1997 FI2.1 2000 FI4.4 2004 FI4.4 1 2015 FI1.3
12 12 334 90
2

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G.S. (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1991 HI2 2001 FI3.3

A scientist found that the population of a bacteria culture doubled every hour. At
2002 FI2.2
4:00 pm, he found that the number of bacteria was 3.2108. If the number of
bacteria in that culture at noon on the same day was N107, find N. 99 99 99 2 99 3

1994 HI1 100 100 100 2 100 3
1 1 1 99 99 99 2 99 3

2 4 8 100 100 100 2 100 3
1 1 1 2005 FG2.4
Suppose log3 p  1      to an infinite number of terms. Find p.
2 4 8 1 2 3 4 10

1997 FG1.3 2 4 8 16 2
3 c
 1 3 c
 1 1 2 3 4 10

2 2 2 4 8 16 2
1998 HI2 2006 HG3

θ    。若 y  tan θ ，求 y 的值。
2
Given that 8, a, b form an A.P. and a, b, 36 form a G.P. If a and b are both positive 3
numbers, find the sum of a and b. Given that 0 <  < 90 and 1 + sin  + sin2  + ..... = . If y = tan , find the
1998 FG4.3 2
value of y.

2007 FG2.1

S1 的四條組成綫段，每段的中間三分之一取去，得到 S2，S3、S4 等用類
If R = 12 + 222 + 323 +  + 10210, find the value of R.

A sequence of figures S0, S1, S2,  are constructed as follows. S0 is obtained by
removing the middle third of [0,1] interval; S1 by removing the middle third of each of 設 F = 1 + 2 + 22 + 23 +  + 2120 及 T =
log1  F 
，求 T 的值。
the two intervals in S0; S2 by removing the middle third of each of the four intervals in log 2
S1; S3, S4,  are obtained similarly. Find the total length c of the intervals removed in log1  F 
the construction of S5 (Give your answer in fraction). Let F = 1 + 2 + 22 + 23 +  + 2120 and T = , find the value of T.
|———————( )———————| S0 log 2
1 2 2010 FG2.1
0 1 若 p = 2 – 22 – 23 – 24 –  – 29 – 210 + 211，求 p 的值。
3 3
|——( )——( )——( )——| S1 If p = 2 – 22 – 23 – 24 –  – 29 – 210 + 211, find the value of p.
1 2 1 2 7 8
0 1
9 9 3 3 9 9
|–( )–( )–( ) –( )–( )–( )–( )–| S2

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G.S. (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
2012 HI5
1 1 1

3 9 27
1 1 1
Given that log4 N = 1      , find the value of N.
3 9 27
2015 FI1.4
若 n 為正整數及 f (n) = 2n + 2n–1 + 2n–2 +  + 22 + 21 + 1，求 = f ()的最值。
If n is a positive integer and f (n) = 2n + 2n–1 + 2n–2 +  + 22 + 21 + 1,
determine the value of  = f (10).
2017 FI3.4
若 f(x) = 20 + 21 + 22 +  + 2x–2 + 2x–1，求 d = f(10) 的值。
If f(x) = 20 + 21 + 22 +  + 2x–2 + 2x–1, determine the value of d = f(10).

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G.S. (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-05-02
1998 FG4.3
1991 HI2 1994 HI1 1997 FG1.4 1998 HI2 665
2 9 9 40
729
2005 FG2.4 2006 HG3
2001 FI3.3 2002 FI2.2 509 2007 FG2.1
2
14 1 18434
256 4
2009 FI1.3 2010 FG2.1 2012 HI5 2015 FI1.4 2017 FI3.4
11 6 8 2047 1023

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Arithmetic series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1982 FI1.1 SG.3 若第 50 組的數字之和為 50P，求 P。

1983 FG7.1 SG.4 若第 100 組的數字之和為 100Q，求 Q。
Find Q if the sum of the numbers in the 100th group is 100Q.

1993 FG8.3-4
1984 FG9.3 設 n 為由 1 至 2000 內被 3 或 7 除時，餘數都為 1 的整數的總數。
若 m 為 1、2、3、、1001 之平均數，求 m。 Let n be the total number of integers between 1 and 2000 such that each of them
The average of the integers 1, 2, 3,  , 1001 is m. Find m. gives a remainder of 1 when it is divided by 3 or 7.
G8.3 Find the value of n. 求 n 的值。
1985 FI5.1
G8.4 If s is the sum of all these n integers, find the value of s.
若 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +  + t = 36，求 t。If 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +  + t = 36, find t. 若 s 為上述 n 個整數的總和，求 s 的值。
1986 FI4.1 1994 FI2.4
1  12 30 個連續偶數之和為 1170。若 D 為其中最大之偶數，求 D。
1  3  2 2 The sum of 30 consecutive even numbers is 1170. If D is the largest of them,
It is known that  . If 1 + 3 + 5 +  + n = 202, find n.
 1  3  5  3 2 find D.
1  3  5  7  4 2 1995 HG3
1 2 3 n 1 n 1
1  12 已知       ，
1  3  2 2 n n n n 2

1  3  5  3 2 求                  的值。
 2 3 3 4 4 4  10 10 
1  3  5  7  4 2
1 2 3 n 1 n  1
1987 FI1.1 Given that      = ,
n n n n 2
若 A = 11 + 12 + 13 +  + 29，求 A。If A = 11 + 12 + 13 +  + 29, find A. 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 9
find the value of +    +     ++      .
1991 FSI.2 2 3 3 4 4 4  10 10 

The sum of the first b positive odd numbers is 100. Find b. 長度同為 1 的火柴被排成下列圖案。
1992 FSG 若以 c 表示用去火柴枝的總長，求 c。

}

Identical matches of length l are used to
(2) arrange the following pattern, if c 25
(4, 6) denotes the total length of matches
(8, 10, 12) . Rows
used, find c.
(14, 16, 18, 20) . 25 行
(22, 24, 26, 28, 30) .

. . .
SG.1 求第 50 組的最後一個數字。Find the last number of the 50th group.
SG.2 求第 50 組的第一個數字。Find the first number of the 50th group.
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Arithmetic series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1996 FG9.4 1999 FI1.1

1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 3   58 58  59
                ，
2 3 60   3 4 60   4 5 60   59 60  60 及 160，求 P 之值。

Find the sum d where the smallest and the largest angles are 20 and 160 respectively. Find the value
d =     
1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 3   58 58  59 of P.
               
2 3 60   3 4 60   4 5 60   59 60  60 2000 FI4.4
1997 HI5 設 a1、a2、、a12 為正整數，其中 a1< a2 < a3 < < a11 < a12。已知這 12 個

Find the value of 12 – 22 + 32 – 42 +  + 992 – 1002. Let a1, a2, … , a12 be positive integers such that a1 < a2 < a3 <  < a11 < a12.
Given that the sum of these 12 integers is 90 and the maximum value of a1 is S,
1997 HG1
find the value of S.

+ b100 = 100。求數列 a1 + b1、a2 + b2、 的前 100 項的和。 已知 20022 – 20012 + 20002 – 19992 +  + 42 – 32 + 22 – 12 = c，求 c 的值。
If a1, a2, a3,  and b1, b2, b3,  are arithmetic sequences, where a1 = 25, Given that 20022 – 20012 + 20002 – 19992 +  + 42 – 32 + 22 – 12 = c, find the
b1 = 75 and a100 + b100 = 100. Find the sum of the first 100 terms of the sequence value of c.
a1 + b1, a2 + b2,  . 2003 FI1.4

1997 FG5.4
2003。若 S 是 K 的最大可能的值，求 S。

Let x1, x2,  , xK (K > 1) be K distinct positive integers and x1 + x2 ++ xK =

2003. If S is the maximum possible value of K, find the value of S.
Let S1, S2, , S10 be the first 10 terms of an A.P., which are positive integers. 2003 FG1.1

If S1 + S2 ++ S10 = 55 and (S10 – S8) + (S9 – S7) ++ (S3 – S1) = d, find d.

1  2  3    n   k  10 及 n + k = a，求 a 的值。
1998 FI4.3
n 1

Given that the sum of 4 consecutive numbers is 222, and the largest of these
If
1  2  3    n   k  10 and n + k = a, find the value of a.
consecutive numbers is r, find the value of r. n 1
1999 HI9 2004 HI1

Let A = 12 – 22 + 32 – 42 + .... + 20032 – 20042, find the value of A.
Given that the denominator of the 1001th term of the following sequence is 46,
1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4
find the numerator of this term. , , , , , , , , , , 
2 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5
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Arithmetic series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
2004 HI4 2006 HG5

Given that the sum of k consecutive positive integers is 2006, find the maximum
Arrange the natural numbers in the following order. In this arrangement, 9 is in
the row 3 and the column 2. If the number 2003 is in the row x and the column y, possible value of k.
find the value of xy. 2006 FG4.4
1 2 4 7 11 16 ...
3 5 8 12 17 ... 若 W = 20062 – 20052 + 20042 – 20032 +  + 42 – 32 + 22 – 12，求 W 的值。
6 9 13 18 ...
10 14 19 ...
15 20 ... If W = 20062 – 20052 +20042 – 20032 ++ 42 – 32 + 22 – 12, find the value of W
21 ...
2004 HG1 2010 FI1.4
1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4  1 2 99  在一個有 31 行的演奏廳中，每一行都比前一行多兩個座位。

2 3 3  4 4 4 5 5 5 5  100 100 100  若中間的行有 64 個座位，這演奏廳共有多少個座位？

1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4  1 2 99  than the previous row. If the middle row has 64 seats, how many seats does the
If x                       ,
2 3 3  4 4 4 5 5 5 5  100 100 100  concert have?
find the value of x. 2012 FG1.2
2004 HG5

If the sum of R consecutive positive integers is 1000 (where R > 1), find the 如果 P = a2 + a4 + a6 +  + a100，求 P 的值。
least value of R. Let a1, a2, a3,  be an arithmetic sequence with common difference 1 and
2004 FI2.3

2014 FI3.1
If 1 + (1 + 2) + (1 + 2 + 3) +  + (1 + 2 + 3 +  + 6) = R, find the value of R. 1 2 3 

2004 FG1.3 若數列 1011 、 1011 、 1011 、、 1011 中所有數字的乘積為 1 000 000，求正

If there are c multiples of 7 between 200 and 500, find the value of c. 1 2 3 
2005 HG1 If the product of numbers in the sequence 1011 , 1011 , 1011 ,  , 1011 is
19 19 19 19 1 000 000, determine the value of the positive integer .

97 97 97 97 2015 FI3.2
19 19 19 19
If x = + 2+ 3++ 10 and a is the integer that is the closest to x, 求  = 12 – 22 + 32 – 42 +  + 6852 – 6862 + 6872 的值。
97 97 97 97
Determine the value of  = 12 – 22 + 32 – 42 +  + 6852 – 6862 + 6872.
find the value of a.
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Arithmetic series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
2015 FG2.2
若 25 個連續正整數之和剛好等於三個質數的積，這三個質數之和最小是多少？
If the sum of 25 consecutive positive integers is the product of 3 prime numbers,
what is the minimum sum of these 3 prime numbers?
2015 FG4.1

Let b = 12 – 22 + 32 – 42 + 52 – – 20122 + 20132.
Determine the remainder of b divided by 2015.
2018 HG9

1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 4   98 98  99
             的值。
2 3 100   3 4 100   4 5 100   99 100  100
Find the value of
1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 4   98 98  99
 2  3    100    3  4    100    4  5    100      99  100   100 .
       

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Arithmetic series (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2018-06-11
1982 FI1.1 1983 FG7.1 1984 FG9.3 1985 FI5.1 1986 FI4.1
258 360 501 8 39
1987 FI1.1 1991 FSI.2 1992 FSG.1 1992 FSG.2 1992 FSG.3
380 10 2550 2452 2501
1995 HG4
1992 FSG.4 1993 FG8.3 1993 FG8.4 1994 FI2.4 45
10001 96 95856 68
2
1995 FG7.3 1996 FG9.4 1997 HI5 1997 HG1 1997 FG5.4
700 885 –5050 10000 16
1998 FI4.4 1999 HI9 1999 FI1.1 2000 FI4.4 2002 FG2.3
57 11 4 2 2005003
2003 FI1.4 2003 FG1.1 2004 HI1 2004 HI4 2004 HG1
62 29 –2009010 700 2475
2004 HG5 2004 FI2.3 2004 FG1.3 2005 HG1 2006 HG5
5 56 43 11 59
2006 FG4.4 2010 FI1.4 2012 FG1.2 2014 FI3.1 2015 FI3.2
2013021 1984 1031 11 236328
2015 FG2.2 2015 FG4.1 2018 HG9
23 1 2475

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Arithmetic sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-12-15
1983FI3.3 x 0
2010 FG2.4

In the expression shown, what is c when it is 2  x2 求第 95 個圖形的白色格子的數目。
expanded to the term with x8 as the numerator? 6 Figure 1 shows the sequence of figures that are made of squares of white and
x3
10  black. Find the number of white squares in the 95th figure.

14 

x8
c

1991 FI5.2
若算術級數 80, 130, 180, 230, 280, … 之第 n 項是 1080，求 n。 1st figure 2nd figure 3rd figure
If the nth term of the arithmetic progression 80, 130, 180, 230, 280, … is 1080, 2014 FI1.3
find n. 考慮兩組由正整數組成的有限數列：1, 3, 5, 7,  , 55 和 1, 6, 11, 16,,56。
1994 FG8.1 求它們之間相同數字的數目 。

From 1 to 121, there are a numbers which are multiplies of 3 or 5. Find a. positive integers. Determine , the numbers of positive integers common to both
1994 FG8.2 sequences.

From 1 to 121, there are b numbers which are not divisible by 5 nor 7. Find b. 由 1 至 1000 的正整數中包括 1 及 1000，有  個不能被 5 或 7 整除。
1997 HG8

Of the positive integers from 1 to 1000, including 1 and 1000, there are  of
32。求 5 個數中之最小值。
them that are not divisible by 5 or 7. Determine the value of  .
Five numbers are in arithmetic progression. If the largest number is 7 times the
smallest one and the average of the five numbers is 32, find the smallest number.
1997 FG2.1

If the sequence 1, 6 + 2a, 10 + 5a,  forms an A.P., find a.
1998 HI6

Given that n is a positive integer which is less than 1000. If n is divisible by 3 or
5, find the number of possible values of n.
1998 FI3.2
37

2
37
If 10, , b is an arithmetic progression, find the value of b.
2
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Arithmetic sequence (HKMO Classified Questions by topics) Created by Mr. Francis Hung Last updated: 2017-12-15