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Brought death into the World, and all our woe, With loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful seat, Sing, Heavenly Muse, that, on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the heavens and earth Rose out of Chaos: or, if Sion hill Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flowed Fast by the oracle of God, I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventurous song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme. And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for thou know'st; thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast Abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark Illumine, what is low raise and support; That, to the height of this great argument, I may assert Eternal Providence, And justify the ways of God to men. Say first--for Heaven hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of Hell--say first what cause Moved our grand parents, in that happy state, Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off From their Creator, and transgress his will For one restraint, lords of the World besides. Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? Th' infernal Serpent; he it was whose guile, Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from Heaven, with all his host Of rebel Angels, by whose aid, aspiring To set himself in glory above his peers, He trusted to have equalled the Most High, If he opposed, and with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy of God, Raised impious war in Heaven and battle proud, With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurled headlong flaming from th' ethereal sky, 1
With hideous ruin and combustion, down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In adamantine chains and penal fire, Who durst defy th' Omnipotent to arms. Nine times the space that measures day and night To mortal men, he, with his horrid crew, Lay vanquished, rolling in the fiery gulf, Confounded, though immortal. But his doom Reserved him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and lasting pain Torments him: round he throws his baleful eyes, That witnessed huge affliction and dismay, Mixed with obdurate pride and steadfast hate. At once, as far as Angels ken, he views The dismal situation waste and wild. A dungeon horrible, on all sides round, As one great furnace flamed; yet from those flames No light; but rather darkness visible Served only to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all, but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed. Such place Eternal Justice has prepared For those rebellious; here their prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set, As far removed from God and light of Heaven As from the centre thrice to th' utmost pole. Oh how unlike the place from whence they fell! There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelmed With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, He soon discerns; and, weltering by his side, One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and named Beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heaven called Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence, thus began:-"If thou beest he--but O how fallen! how changed From him who, in the happy realms of light Clothed with transcendent brightness, didst outshine Myriads, though bright!--if he whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprise Joined with me once, now misery hath joined In equal ruin; into what pit thou seest From what height fallen: so much the stronger proved He with his thunder; and till then who knew The force of those dire arms? Yet not for those, Nor what the potent Victor in his rage Can else inflict, do I repent, or change, 2
Though changed in outward lustre, that fixed mind, And high disdain from sense of injured merit, That with the Mightiest raised me to contend, And to the fierce contentions brought along Innumerable force of Spirits armed, That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power opposed In dubious battle on the plains of Heaven, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? All is not lost--the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: And what is else not to be overcome? That glory never shall his wrath or might Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace With suppliant knee, and deify his power Who, from the terror of this arm, so late Doubted his empire--that were low indeed; That were an ignominy and shame beneath This downfall; since, by fate, the strength of Gods, And this empyreal sybstance, cannot fail; Since, through experience of this great event, In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced, We may with more successful hope resolve To wage by force or guile eternal war, Irreconcilable to our grand Foe, Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven." So spake th' apostate Angel, though in pain, Vaunting aloud, but racked with deep despair; And him thus answered soon his bold compeer:-"O Prince, O Chief of many throned Powers That led th' embattled Seraphim to war Under thy conduct, and, in dreadful deeds Fearless, endangered Heaven's perpetual King, And put to proof his high supremacy, Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event That, with sad overthrow and foul defeat, Hath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and heavenly Essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, Though all our glory extinct, and happy state Here swallowed up in endless misery. But what if he our Conqueror (whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less Than such could have o'erpowered such force as ours) Have left us this our spirit and strength entire, Strongly to suffer and support our pains, 3
That we may so suffice his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right of war, whate'er his business be, Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire, Or do his errands in the gloomy Deep? What can it the avail though yet we feel Strength undiminished, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment?" Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-Fiend replied:-"Fallen Cherub, to be weak is miserable, Doing or suffering: but of this be sure-To do aught good never will be our task, But ever to do ill our sole delight, As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist. If then his providence Out of our evil seek to bring forth good, Our labour must be to pervert that end, And out of good still to find means of evil; Which ofttimes may succeed so as perhaps Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb His inmost counsels from their destined aim. But see! the angry Victor hath recalled His ministers of vengeance and pursuit Back to the gates of Heaven: the sulphurous hail, Shot after us in storm, o'erblown hath laid The fiery surge that from the precipice Of Heaven received us falling; and the thunder, Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage, Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe. Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, The seat of desolation, void of light, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves; There rest, if any rest can harbour there; And, re-assembling our afflicted powers, Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our enemy, our own loss how repair, How overcome this dire calamity, What reinforcement we may gain from hope, If not, what resolution from despair." Thus Satan, talking to his nearest mate, With head uplift above the wave, and eyes That sparkling blazed; his other parts besides Prone on the flood, extended long and large, Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian or Earth-born, that warred on Jove, 4
or heaved his head. "this the seat That we must change for Heaven?--this mournful gloom For that celestial light? Be it so. which God of all his works Created hugest that swim th' ocean-stream. leave i' th' midst a horrid vale. but on himself Treble confusion. Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. And such appeared in hue as when the force Of subterranean wind transprots a hill Torn from Pelorus. aid the winds. and enraged might see How all his malice served but to bring forth Infinite goodness. as the lake with liquid fire. Both glorying to have scaped the Stygian flood As gods. and vengeance poured. And leave a singed bottom all involved With stench and smoke. Farewell. whose combustible And fuelled entrails. With fixed anchor in his scaly rind. haply slumbering on the Norway foam. whom the den By ancient Tarsus held. or the shattered side Of thundering Etna. while night Invests the sea. Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet. as seamen tell. Chained on the burning lake. wrath. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft. That with reiterated crimes he might Heap on himself damnation. and mercy. since he Who now is sovereign can dispose and bid What shall be right: farthest from him is best Whom reason hath equalled. happy fields.rolled In billows. or that sea-beast Leviathan. and by their own recovered strength. Sublimed with mineral fury. shewn On Man by him seduced." Said then the lost Archangel. Moors by his side under the lee. while he sought Evil to others. thence conceiving fire. till on dry land He lights--if it were land that ever burned With solid. 5 . That felt unusual weight. grace. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature. So stretched out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay. nor ever thence Had risen.Briareos or Typhon. but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs. The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff. incumbent on the dusky air. Him. and. and wished morn delays. "Is this the region. on each hand the flames Driven backward slope their pointing spires. Him followed his next mate. the clime. oft. Deeming some island. this the soil. force hath made supreme Above his equals.
from the top of Fesole. Lie thus astonished on th' oblivious pool. though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven. Ethereal temper. vaulted with fire. in all assaults Their surest signal--they will soon resume New courage and revive. and called 6 . and him Beelzebub Thus answered:--"Leader of those armies bright Which. and on the perilous edge Of battle. Infernal world! and thou. No wonder. As we erewhile. will not drive us hence: Here we may reigh secure. To reign is worth ambition. Rivers. not like those steps On Heaven's azure. The broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the moon. in her spotty globe. a Hell of Heaven. or once more With rallied arms to try what may be yet Regained in Heaven. when it raged. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends. fallen such a pernicious height!" He scare had ceased when the superior Fiend Was moving toward the shore. or mountains. his ponderous shield. And what I should be. Behind him cast. Nathless he so endured. And call them not to share with us their part In this unhappy mansion. horrors! hail. whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views At evening. What matter where. to descry new lands. all but less than he Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at least We shall be free. massy. to support uneasy steps Over the burning marl. if I be still the same. to be the mast Of some great ammiral. and the torrid clime Smote on him sore besides. Th' associates and co-partners of our loss. His spear--to equal which the tallest pine Hewn on Norwegian hills. their liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers--heard so oft In worst extremes. were but a wand-He walked with. profoundest Hell. though now they lie Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire.Where joy for ever dwells! Hail. or what more lost in Hell?" So Satan spake. till on the beach Of that inflamed sea he stood. astounded and amazed. none could have foiled! If once they hear that voice. and round. and. The mind is its own place. in my choice. Receive thy new possessor--one who brings A mind not to be changed by place or time. large. and in itself Can make a Heaven of Hell. Or in Valdarno. th' Almighty hath not built Here for his envy. but th' Omnipotent.
when with fierce winds Orion armed Hath vexed the Red-Sea coast. tread us down Thus drooping. now lost. and surrounding fires. th' uplifted spear Of their great Sultan waving to direct Their course. While with perfidious hatred they pursued The sojourners of Goshen. Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Nor did they not perceive the evil plight In which they were. Waved round the coast. lay these. and were abashed. That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like Night. As when the potent rod Of Amram's son. and darkened all the land of Nile. Abject and lost. or the fierce pains not feel. till anon His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates discern Th' advantage. Under amazement of their hideous change.His legions--Angel Forms. who now beholds Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood With scattered arms and ensigns. the Flower of Heaven--once yours. 'Twixt upper. or be for ever fallen!" They heard. So thick bestrown. warping on the eastern wind. sleeping found by whom they dread. as in the vales of Heaven? Or in this abject posture have ye sworn To adore the Conqueror. who beheld From the safe shore their floating carcases And broken chariot-wheels. or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Awake. Yet to their General's voice they soon obeyed Innumerable. for the ease you find To slumber here. He called so loud that all the hollow deep Of Hell resounded:--"Princes. Till. up-called a pitchy cloud Of locusts. or scattered sedge Afloat. descending. and up they sprung Upon the wing. covering the flood. Warriors. as a signal given. in even balance down they light On the firm brimstone. whose waves o'erthrew Busiris and his Memphian chivalry. who lay entranced Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa. arise. where th' Etrurian shades High over-arched embower. in Egypt's evil day. and fill all the plain: A multitude like which the populous North 7 . If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal Spirits! Or have ye chosen this place After the toil of battle to repose Your wearied virtue. So numberless were those bad Angels seen Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell. as when men wont to watch On duty. nether. Potentates. and.
And devils to adore for deities: Then were they known to men by various names. Their children's cries unheard that passed through fire To his grim idol. horrid king. and Forms Excelling human. princely Dignities. Through God's high sufferance for the trial of man. and spread Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands. Say. Muse. And Powers that erst in Heaven sat on thrones. Though on their names in Heavenly records now Be no memorial. And various idols through the heathen world. long after. till. While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof? The chief were those who.Poured never from her frozen loins to pass Rhene or the Danaw. In Argob and in Basan. gods adored Among the nations round. Their altars by his altar. besmeared with blood Of human sacrifice. blotted out and rased By their rebellion from the Books of Life. Though. Nor content with such Audacious neighbourhood. the wisest heart Of Solomon he led by fraoud to build His temple right against the temple of God 8 . from the pit of Hell Roaming to seek their prey on Earth. as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand. wandering o'er the earth. to the stream Of utmost Arnon. who first. durst fix Their seats. And with their darkness durst affront his light. yea. their names then known. First. for the noise of drums and timbrels loud. Forthwith. Abominations. At their great Emperor's call. who last. throned Between the Cherubim. and durst abide Jehovah thundering out of Sion. adorned With gay religions full of pomp and gold. form every squadron and each band. and th' invisible Glory of him that made them to transform Oft to the image of a brute. and parents' tears. Him the Ammonite Worshiped in Rabba and her watery plain. when her barbarous sons Came like a deluge on the South. Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve Got them new names. Roused from the slumber on that fiery couch. and with cursed things His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. often placed Within his sanctuary itself their shrines. Moloch. By falsities and lies the greatest part Of mankind they corrupted to forsake God their Creator. next the seat of God. The heads and leaders thither haste where stood Their great Commander--godlike Shapes.
with crescent horns. Beguiled by fair idolatresses. by the grove Of Moloch homicide. fell To idols foul. These feminine. For Spirits. While smooth Adonis from his native rock Ran purple to the sea. Like cumbrous flesh. from the bordering flood Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground. when they please. With these in troop Came Astoreth. on their march from Nile. lust hard by hate. which cost them woe. but. 9 . Can execute their airy purposes. or both. Thammuz came next behind. in what shape they choose. From Aroar to Nebo and the wild Of southmost Abarim. supposed with blood Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion's daughters with like heat. Dilated or condensed. Not tried or manacled with joint or limb. th' obscene dread of Moab's sons. Seon's real. Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged Even to that hill of scandal. and unfrequented left His righteous altar. built By that uxorious king whose heart.On that opprobrious hill. bright or obscure. In Sion also not unsung. when he enticed Israel in Sittim. Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones. And works of love or enmity fulfil. beyond The flowery dale of Sibma clad with vines. whom the Phoenicians called Astarte. bowing lowly down To bestial gods. For those the race of Israel oft forsook Their Living Strength. though large. With these came they who. To whose bright image nigntly by the moon Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs. the type of Hell. To do him wanton rites. so soft And uncompounded is their essence pure. Next Chemos. sunk before the spear Of despicable foes. Can either sex assume. Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate In amorous ditties all a summer's day. And Eleale to th' Asphaltic Pool: Peor his other name. for which their heads as low Bowed down in battle. Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. Tophet thence And black Gehenna called. in Hesebon And Horonaim. had general names Of Baalim and Ashtaroth--those male. and made his grove The pleasant valley of Hinnom. where stood Her temple on th' offensive mountain. queen of heaven.
who filled With lust and violence the house of God? In courts and palaces he also reigns. head and hands lopt off. and gained a king-Ahaz. To him no temple stood Or altar smoked. sea-monster. Nor did Israel scape Th' infection. Next came one Who mourned in earnest. then wander forth the sons Of Belial. In his own temple. whereon to burn His odious offerings. when the captive ark Maimed his brute image. yet who more oft than he In temples and at altars. in one night. who. Belial came last. by the vision led. lucid streams. his sottish conqueror.Whose wanton passions in the sacred proch Ezekiel saw. and. on the grunsel-edge. Him followed Rimmon. and adore the gods Whom he had vanquished. under names of old renown-Osiris. whom he drew God's altar to disparage and displace For one of Syrian mode. when. Where he fell flat and shamed his worshippers: Dagon his name.upward man And downward fish. whose delightful seat Was fair Damascus. and the rebel king Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan. when he passed From Egypt marching. than whom a Spirit more lewd Fell not from Heaven. on the fertile banks Of Abbana and Pharphar. when night Darkens the streets. After these appeared A crew who. when the priest Turns atheist. Likening his Maker to the grazed ox-Jehovah. yet had his temple high Reared in Azotus. in Gath and Ascalon. And in luxurious cities. Isis. And injury and outrage. or more gross to love Vice for itself. when the hospitable door 10 . as did Eli's sons. dreaded through the coast Of Palestine. and that night In Gibeah. when their borrowed gold composed The calf in Oreb. where the noise Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers. He also against the house of God was bold: A leper once he lost. His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. Orus. and their train-With monstrous shapes and sorceries abused Fanatic Egypt and her priests to seek Their wandering gods disguised in brutish forms Rather than human. flown with insolence and wine. Witness the streets of Sodom. equalled with one stroke Both her first-born and all her bleating gods.
Heaven's first-born. which. with high words. or on the Delphian cliff. Their boasted parents. gently raised Their fainting courage. His own and Rhea's son.--Titan. and through all the bounds Of Doric land. thence on the snowy top Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air. All in a moment through the gloom were seen Ten thousand banners rise into the air. which on his countenance cast Like doubtful hue. his wonted pride Soon recollecting. Seraphic arms and trophies. 11 . or who with Saturn old Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields. These were the prime in order and in might: The rest were long to tell. yet confessed later than Heaven and Earth. but with looks Downcast and damp. though far renowned Th' Ionian gods--of Javan's issue held Gods. yet such wherein appeared Obscure some glimpse of joy to have found their Chief Not in despair. at the warlike sound Of trumpets loud and clarions. and serried shields in thick array Of depth immeasurable. that bore Semblance of worth. That proud honour claimed Azazel as his right. and beyond Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. Then straight commands that. So Jove usurping reigned. and unmoved With dread of death to flight or foul retreat. firm. With his enormous brood. All these and more came flocking. These. Or in Dodona. Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind. With orient colours waving: with them rose A forest huge of spears. But he. With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed. to have found themselves not lost In loss itself. and dispelled their fears. a Cherub tall: Who forthwith from the glittering staff unfurled Th' imperial ensign. and birthright seized By younger Saturn: he from mightier Jove. and instead of rage Deliberate valour breathed. be upreared His mighty standard. all the while Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds: At which the universal host up-sent A shout that tore Hell's concave. like measure found. And o'er the Celtic roamed the utmost Isles. full high advanced. Their highest heaven. Anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and soft recorders--such as raised To height of noblest temper heroes old Arming to battle. to avoid worse rape. first in Crete And Ida known. and thronging helms Appeared.Exposed a matron. not substance.
since created Man. and soon traverse The whole battalion views--their order due. and with fear of change Perplexes monarchs. named with these. Stood like a tower.Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage With solemn touches troubled thoughts. but cast Signs of remorse and passion. Darkened so. yet shone Above them all th' Archangel: but his face Deep scars of thunder had intrenched. Their visages and stature as of gods. or Montalban. and what resounds In fable or romance of Uther's son. or Trebisond. He. In dim eclipse. Moved on in silence to soft pipes that charmed Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil. and care Sat on his faded cheek. He through the armed files Darts his experienced eye. and. Glories: for never. Could merit more than that small infantry Warred on by cranes--though all the giant brood Of Phlegra with th' heroic race were joined That fought at Thebes and Ilium. And now Advanced in view they stand--a horrid front Of dreadful length and dazzling arms. Their number last he sums. and th' excess Of glory obscured: as when the sun new-risen Looks through the horizontal misty air Shorn of his beams. Jousted in Aspramont. or Marocco. Thus far these beyond Compare of mortal prowess. and considerate pride Waiting revenge. and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal or immortal minds. above the rest In shape and gesture proudly eminent. Cruel his eye. on each side Mixed with auxiliar gods. His form had yet not lost All her original brightness. And now his heart Distends with pride. to behold The fellows of his crime. hardening in his strength. Damasco. with ordered spear and shield. from behind the moon. in guise Of warriors old. the followers rather 12 . Thus they. Begirt with British and Armoric knights. or. yet observed Their dread Commander. Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore When Charlemain with all his peerage fell By Fontarabbia. Met such embodied force as. And all who since. Breathing united force with fixed thought. but under brows Of dauntless courage. Awaiting what command their mighty Chief Had to impose. disastrous twilight sheds On half the nations. nor appeared Less than Archangel ruined. baptized or infidel.
in spite of scorn. But what power of mind. condemned For ever now to have their lot in pain-Millions of Spirits for his fault amerced Of Heaven. shall fail to re-ascend. and his regal state Put forth at full. shall be perhaps Our first eruption--thither. as. He now prepared To speak. whereof so rife There went a fame in Heaven that he ere long Intended to create. whereat their doubled ranks they bend From wing to wing. and repossess their native seat? For me. That all these puissant legions. have lost our hopes. or dread New war provoked: our better part remains To work in close design. from the depth Of knowledge past or present. though bare. For this infernal pit shall never hold 13 . such as Angels weep. Consent or custom. and know our own. how such As stood like these. But he who reigns Monarch in Heaven till then as one secure Sat on his throne. though after loss.(Far other once beheld in bliss). If counsels different. burst forth: at last Words interwove with sighs found out their way:-"O myriads of immortal Spirits! O Powers Matchless. by fraud or guile. and half enclose him round With all his peers: attention held them mute. when heaven's fire Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines. could have feared How such united force of gods. What force effected not. With singed top their stately growth. who overcomes By force hath overcome but half his foe. and wrought our fall. could ever know repulse? For who can yet believe. Henceforth his might we know. but still his strength concealed-Which tempted our attempt. Tears. if but to pry. that he no less At length from us may find. Hateful to utter. whose exile Hath emptied Heaven. So as not either to provoke. Thrice he assayed. though th' event was dire. and therein plant A generation whom his choice regard Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven. upheld by old repute. As this place testifies. or elsewhere. Their glory withered. and thrice. Forseeing or presaging. but with th' Almighth!--and that strife Was not inglorious. and from eteranl splendours flung For his revolt--yet faithful how they stood. Thither. be witness all the host of Heaven. or danger shunned By me. and this dire change. Space may produce new Worlds. Stands on the blasted heath. Self-raised.
to trench a field. must be resolved. and fierce with grasped arms Clashed on their sounding shields the din of war. a second multitude With wondrous art founded the massy ore. to confirm his words. A third as soon had formed within the ground A various mould. But these thoughts Full counsel must mature. and wondering tell Of Babel. whose grisly top Belched fire and rolling smoke. And here let those Who boast in mortal things. Nigh on the plain. and the works of Memphian kings. with spade and pickaxe armed. There stood a hill not far. the sudden blaze Far round illumined Hell. the rest entire Shone with a glossy scurf--undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic ore. drawn from the thighs Of mighty Cherubim. admiring more The riches of heaven's pavement. For who can think submission? War. Forerun the royal camp. nor th' Abyss Long under darkness cover. And digged out ribs of gold. Thither. As in an organ. Mammon led them on-Mammon. scarce perform. and with impious hands Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth For treasures better hid. in many cells prepared. The work of sulphur. and. outflew Millions of flaming swords. Learn how their greatest monuments of fame And strength. and from the boiling cells By strange conveyance filled each hollow nook. A numerous brigade hastened: as when bands Of pioneers. and in an hour What in an age they. then. Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heaven. are easily outdone By Spirits reprobate. Soon had his crew Opened into the hill a spacious wound. That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluiced from the lake.Celestial Spirits in bondage. that soil may best Deserve the precious bane. Ransacked the centre. By him first Men also. Severing each kind. Peace is despaired. and scummed the bullion-dross. Highly they raged Against the Highest. with incessant toil And hands innumerable. winged with speed. and by his suggestion taught. from one blast of wind. 14 . Or cast a rampart. war Open or understood. Let none admire That riches grow in Hell. and art. the least erected Spirit that fell From Heaven." He spake. Than aught divine or holy else enjoyed In vision beatific. for even in Heaven his looks and thoughts Were always downward bent. trodden gold.
and gave to rule. many a row Of starry lamps and blazing cressets. with the sound Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet-Built like a temple. Pendent by subtle magic.To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. Nor was his name unheard or unadored In ancient Greece. On Lemnos. and with the setting sun Dropt from the zenith. the high capital Of Satan and his peers. like a falling star. by command Of sovereign power. and in Ausonian land Men called him Mulciber. and Doric pillars overlaid With golden architrave. The hasty multitude Admiring entered. to build in Hell. th' Aegaean isle. Th' ascending pile Stood fixed her stately height. her ample spaces o'er the smooth And level pavement: from the arched roof. thrown by angry Jove Sheer o'er the crystal battlements: from morn To noon he fell. His hand was known In Heaven by many a towered structure high. when Egypt with Assyria strove In wealth and luxury. Erring. Not Babylon Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Equalled in all their glories. Anon out of the earth a fabric huge Rose like an exhalation. Meanwhile the winged Heralds. discover. whom the supreme King Exalted to such power. nor did there want Cornice or frieze. and straight the doors. nor aught aviled him now To have built in Heaven high towers. And some the architect. And sat as Princes. Thus they relate. The roof was fretted gold. with awful ceremony And trumpet's sound. with bossy sculptures graven. where pilasters round Were set. or seat Their kings. throughout the host proclaim A solemn council forthwith to be held At Pandemonium. nor did he scape By all his engines. and how he fell From Heaven they fabled. With his industrious crew. but was headlong sent. from noon to dewy eve. Where sceptred Angels held their residence. to enshrine Belus or Serapis their gods. wide Within. Each in his Hierarchy. Their summons called From every band and squared regiment By place or choice the worthiest: they anon 15 . A summer's day. Opening their brazen folds. the Orders bright. for he with this rebellious rout Fell long before. fed With naptha and asphaltus. yielded light As from a sky. and the work some praise.
with jocund music charm his ear. and were at large. or career with lance). Now less than smallest dwarfs. Frequent and full. the gates And porches wide. A thousand demi-gods on golden seats. they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro. Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms Reduced their shapes immense. till. by a forest-side Or fountain. and. some belated peasant sees. insatiate to pursue 16 . As bees In spring-time. expatiate. but chief the spacious hall (Though like a covered field. while overhead the Moon Sits arbitress. Or dreams he sees. And summons read. New rubbed with balm. when the Sun with Taurus rides. or faery elves. amidst the hall Of that infernal court. and at the Soldan's chair Defied the best of Paynim chivalry To mortal combat. Pour forth their populous youth about the hive In clusters. and nearer to the Earth Wheels her pale course: they. aspires Beyond thus high. the signal given. And in their own dimensions like themselves. from despair Thus high uplifted beyond hope. All access was thronged. But far within. Thick swarmed. the great consult began. Whose midnight revels. Behold a wonder! They but now who seemed In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons. where champions bold Wont ride in armed. Though without number still. which far Outshone the wealth or Ormus and of Ind. The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim In close recess and secret conclave sat. both on the ground and in the air. or on the smoothed plank. by merit raised To that bad eminence. At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. and confer Their state-affairs: so thick the airy crowd Swarmed and were straitened. Brushed with the hiss of rustling wings. on their mirth and dance Intent.With hundreds and with thousands trooping came Attended. Book II High on a throne of royal state. The suburb of their straw-built citadel. Satan exalted sat. Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold. in narrow room Throng numberless--like that pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount. After short silence then.
and next him Moloch. I give not Heaven for lost: from this descent Celestial Virtues rising will appear More glorious and more dread than from no fall. with that care lost Went all his fear: of God. and for their dwelling-place Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame. and firm accord. For. though oppressed and fallen. and these words thereafter spake:-"My sentence is for open war. and rather than be less Cared not to be at all. or Hell. Who can advise may speak. Did first create your leader--next. Of wiles. Thus far at least recovered. shall the rest-Millions that stand in arms. Whether of open war or covert guile. The happier state In Heaven. and by what best way. by success untaught. More than can be in Heaven. might draw Envy from each inferior. or worse. which follows dignity." He ceased. not now. since no deep within her gulf can hold Immortal vigour. I boast not: them let those Contrive who need. and firm faith. To union. We now debate. Heaven's fugitives. free choice With what besides in council or in fight Hath been achieved of merit--yet this loss. hath much more Established in a safe. now fiercer by despair. Yielded with full consent. or when they need. Stood up--the strongest and the fiercest Spirit That fought in Heaven. unenvied throne. His trust was with th' Eternal to be deemed Equal in strength. but who here Will envy whom the highest place exposes Foremost to stand against the Thunderer's aim Your bulwark. and. none whose portion is so small Of present pain that with ambitious mind Will covet more! With this advantage. More unexpert. and longing wait The signal to ascend--sit lingering here. Surer to prosper than prosperity Could have assured us. then. The prison of his ryranny who reigns 17 . His proud imaginations thus displayed:-"Powers and Dominions. and the fixed laws of Heaven. sceptred king. He recked not. we now return To claim our just inheritance of old. and condemns to greatest share Of endless pain? Where there is. then. no strife can grow up there From faction: for none sure will claim in Hell Precedence. while they sit contriving. And trust themselves to fear no second fate!-Me though just right.Vain war with Heaven. no good For which to strive. Deities of Heaven!-For.
That in our porper motion we ascend Up to our native seat. to the height enraged. and battle dangerous To less than gods. see Black fire and horror shot with equal rage Among his Angels. and expire. driven out from bliss. Calls us to penance? More destroyed than thus. if our substance be indeed divine. Though inaccessible. when. Th' event is feared! Should we again provoke Our stronger. to meet the noise Of his almighty engine. we are at worst On this side nothing. What fear we then? what doubt we to incense His utmost ire? which. Who but felt of late. and by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his Heaven. descent and fall To us is adverse. is yet revenge. all at once O'er Heaven's high towers to force resistless way. We should be quite abolished. On th' other side up rose Belial. And cannot cease to be. he shall hear Infernal thunder. and steep to scale With upright wing against a higher foe! Let such bethink them. A fairer person lost not Heaven. With what compulsion and laborious flight We sunk thus low? Th' ascent is easy. His own invented torments. and the torturing hour. and pursued us through the Deep. Turning our tortures into horrid arms Against the Torturer. And with perpetual inroads to alarm. and. if not victory. and reduce To nothing this essential--happier far Than miserable to have eternal being!-Or. for lightning. if the sleepy drench Of that forgetful lake benumb not still. when the scourge Inexorably. When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear Insulting. and his look denounced Desperate revenge. Will either quite consume us." He ended frowning. some worse way his wrath may find To our destruction. he seemed 18 . his fatal throne: Which. Armed with Hell-flames and fury. and his throne itself Mixed with Tartarean sulphur and strange fire. then. condemned In this abhorred deep to utter woe! Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope of end The vassals of his anger.By our delay? No! let us rather choose. if there be in Hell Fear to be worse destroyed! What can be worse Than to dwell here. But perhaps The way seems difficult. in act more graceful and humane.
and seem to cast Ominous conjecture on the whole success. Scorning surprise. And with persuasive accent thus began:-"I should be much for open war. what revenge? The towers of Heaven are filled With armed watch. as the scope Of all his aim. if what was urged Main reason to persuade immediate war Did not dissuade me most. Thus repulsed.For dignity composed. To give his enemies their wish. 19 . and th' ethereal mould. 'we are decreed. and could make the worse appear The better reason. Yet he pleased the ear. When he who most excels in fact of arms. Belike through impotence or unaware. grounds his courage on despair And utter dissolution. and purge off the baser fire. Let this be good. so wise. or with obscure wing Scout far and wide into the realm of Night. that render all access Impregnable: oft on the bodering Deep Encamp their legions. As not behind in hate. could we break our way By force. and at our heels all Hell should rise With blackest insurrection to confound Heaven's purest light. whether our angry Foe Can give it. would on his throne Sit unpolluted. though his tongue Dropped manna. after some dire revenge. and end Them in his anger whom his anger saves To punish endless? 'Wherefore cease we. Incapable of stain. Victorious. And that must end us. Sad cure! for who would lose. that he never will is sure. Though full of pain. but to nobler deeds Timorous and slothful. or will ever? How he can Is doubtful. Or. First. Devoid of sense and motion? And who knows. and high exploit. to perplex and dash Maturest counsels: for his thoughts were low-To vice industrious. that must be our cure-To be no more. Those thoughts that wander through eternity. would soon expel Her mischief. let loose at once his ire. O Peers. this intellectual being. and destined to eternal woe. then?' Say they who counsel war. To perish rather. Reserved. swallowed up and lost In the wide womb of uncreated Night. yet our great Enemy. In what he counsels and in what excels Mistrustful. our final hope Is flat despair: we must exasperate Th' Almighty Victor to spend all his rage. Will he. All incorruptible. But all was false and hollow.
What if the breath that kindled those grim fires. or for ever sunk Under yon boiling ocean. I laugh when those who at the spear are bold And venturous. or from above Should intermitted vengeance arm again His red right hand to plague us? What if all Her stores were opened. Unrespited. nor the law unjust That so ordains. the sport and prey Or racking whirlwinds. and fear What yet they know must follow--to endure Exile. satisfied 20 . Our strength is equal. open or concealed. There to converse with everlasting groans. therefore. or bonds. Or when we lay Chained on the burning lake? That sure was worse. If we were wise. Ages of hopeless end? This would be worse. Each on his rock transfixed. What can we suffer worse?' Is this. pursued and struck With Heaven's afflicting thunder. thus expelled.Whatever doing. shall be hurled. as to do. thus far removed. This was at first resolved. or who deceive his mind. unpitied. The sentence of their Conqueror. worst-Thus sitting. wrapt in chains. Shall we. and omnipotent decree. War. Designing or exhorting glorious war. To suffer. shrink. unreprieved. and this firmament Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire. to suffer here Chains and these torments? Better these than worse. should blow them into sevenfold rage. thus consulting. Awaked. what can we suffer more. and besought The Deep to shelter us? This Hell then seemed A refuge from those wounds. And plunge us in the flames. By my advice. then. Not more almighty to resist our might Than wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles. then. or pain. This is now Our doom. while we perhaps. thus in arms? What when we fled amain. since fate inevitable Subdues us. Caught in a fiery tempest. Impendent horrors. whose eye Views all things at one view? He from Heaven's height All these our motions vain sees and derides. threatening hideous fall One day upon our heads. for what can force or guile With him. against so great a foe Contending. and perhaps. live thus vile--the race of Heaven Thus trampled. if that fail them. or igominy. alike My voice dissuades. Our Supreme Foe in time may much remit His anger. and so doubtful what might fall. Not mind us not offending. The Victor's will. which if we can sustain and bear.
preferring Hard liberty before the easy yoke Of servile pomp.With what is punished. Our greatness will appear Then most conspicuous when great things of small. The former. this our delight. and from our own Live to ourselves. when everlasting Fate shall yield To fickle Chance. to celebrate his throne With warbled hyms. for ill not worst. By force impossible. Not peace. and in what place soe'er Thrive under evil. though in this vast recess." Thus Belial. if his breath stir not their flames. or to regain Our own right lost. for what place can be for us Within Heaven's bound. what chance. vain to hope. and receive Strict laws imposed. or. This deep world Of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst 21 . whence these raging fires Will slacken. our state Of splendid vassalage. This horror will grow mild. void of pain. but rather seek Our own good from ourselves. changed at length. Free and to none accountable. by leave obtained Unacceptable. with words clothed in reason's garb. and work ease out of pain Through labour and endurance. We can create. If we procure not to ourselves more woe. argues as vain The latter. not feel. and. though in Heaven. and Chaos judge the strife. Our servile offerings? This must be our task In Heaven. Our purer essence then will overcome Their noxious vapour. and his altar breathes Ambrosial odours and ambrosial flowers. and to the place conformed In temper and in nature. Besides what hope the never-ending flight Of future days may bring. Or. prosperous of adverse. Him to unthrone we then May hope. what change Worth waiting--since our present lot appears For happy though but ill. inured. will receive Familiar the fierce heat. unless Heaven's Lord supreme We overpower? Suppose he should relent And publish grace to all. on promise made Of new subjection. How wearisome Eternity so spent in worship paid To whom we hate! Let us not then pursue. Counselled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth. if war be best. while he lordly sits Our envied sovereign. Useful of hurtful. and to his Godhead sing Forced hallelujahs. this darkness light. and after him thus Mammon spake:-"Either to disenthrone the King of Heaven We war. with what eyes could we Stand in his presence humble.
his look Drew audience and attention still as night Or summer's noontide air. Sage he stood With Atlantean shoulders. which must needs remove The sensible of pain. how in safety best we may Compose our present evils. Majestic. Satan except. Mustering their rage. and build up here 22 . with regard Of what we are and where. now with hoarse cadence lull Seafaring men o'erwatched. so much the fear Of thunder and the sword of Michael Wrought still within them. and. fit to bear The weight of mightiest monarchies. and in his rising seemed A pillar of state. and what can Heaven show more? Our torments also may. none higher sat--with grave Aspect he rose. Offspring of Heaven. and no less desire To found this nether empire. Advising peace: for such another field They dreaded worse than Hell. and Heaven resembles Hell! As he our darkness. these piercing fires As soft as now severe. Become our elements. By policy and long process of time.Thick clouds and dark doth Heaven's all-ruling Sire Choose to reside. be called Princes of Hell? for so the popular vote Inclines--here to continue. when such murmur filled Th' assembly as when hollow rocks retain The sound of blustering winds. Ethereal Virtues! or these titles now Must we renounce. All things invite To peaceful counsels. Which when Beelzebub perceived--than whom. while thus he spake:-"Thrones and Imperial Powers. gems and gold. cannot we his light Imitate when we please? This desert soil Wants not her hidden lustre. in length of time. which all night long Had roused the sea. Ye have what I advise. And princely counsel in his face yet shone. which might rise. changing style. Deep on his front engraven Deliberation sat. whose bark by chance Or pinnace. and the settled state Of order. Such applause was heard As Mammon ended. from whence deep thunders roar. Nor want we skill or art from whence to raise Magnificence. though in ruin. And with the majesty of darkness round Covers his throne. his glory unobscured. dismissing quite All thoughts of war. anchors in a craggy bay After the tempest. and public care." He scarce had finished. our temper changed Into their temper. In emulation opposite to Heaven. and his sentence pleased.
to be sure. and by an oath That shook Heaven's whole circumference confirmed. left To their defence who hold it: here. this place may lie exposed. Yet ever plotting how the Conqueror least May reap his conquest. What sit we then projecting peace and war? War hath determined us and foiled with loss Irreparable. Untamed reluctance. the happy seat Of some new race. Some advantageous act may be achieved By sudden onset--either with Hell-fire To waste his whole creation. though slow. Under th' inevitable curb. And Heaven's high Arbitrator sit secure In his own strength. nor shall we need With dangerous expedition to invade Heaven. called Man. and may least rejoice In doing what we most in suffering feel? Nor will occasion want. to live exempt From Heaven's high jurisdiction. for what peace will be given To us enslaved. not our safe retreat Beyond his potent arm. terms of peace yet none Vouchsafed or sought. though thus far removed. but over Hell extend His empire. reserved His captive multitude. And know not that the King of Heaven hath doomed This place our dungeon. to learn What creatures there inhabit. By force of subtlety.A growing empire. Or ambush from the Deep. or possess 23 . and with iron sceptre rule Us here. whose high walls fear no assault or siege. And stripes and arbitrary punishment Inflicted? and what peace can we return. about this time To be created like to us. and of his kingdom lose no part By our revolt. to our power. and what their power And where their weakness: how attempted best. though less In power and excellence. perhaps. in new league Banded against his throne. doubtless! while we dream. so was his will Pronounced among the Gods. The utmost border of his kingdom. hostility and hate. how endued. and revenge. but custody severe. But. In height or depth. as with his golden those in Heaven. but to remain In strictest bondage. For he. Thither let us bend all our thoughts. Though Heaven be shut. but favoured more Of him who rules above. of what mould Or substance. still first and last will reign Sole king. What if we find Some easier enterprise? There is a place (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heaven Err not)--another World.
whom shall we send In search of this new World? whom shall we find Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandering feet The dark. or what evasion bear him safe. Great things resolved. ere he arrive The happy Isle? What strength. and joy Sparkled in all their eyes: with full assent They vote: whereat his speech he thus renews:-"Well have ye judged. unbottomed. Synod of Gods. that their God May prove their foe. and at the brightening orient beam Purge off this gloom: the soft delicious air. The puny habitants. infinite Abyss. To heal the scar of these corrosive fires. Secure. The bold design Pleased highly those infernal States. if not drive. This would surpass Common revenge. when his darling sons." Thus beelzebub Pleaded his devilish counsel--first devised By Satan. which from the lowest deep Will once more lift us up. and with repenting hand Abolish his own works. we may chance Re-enter Heaven. not unvisited of Heaven's fair light. whence. Seduce them to our party. and faded bliss-Faded so soon! Advise if this be worth Attempting. done all to spite The great Creator? But their spite still serves His glory to augment. and Earth with Hell To mingle and involve. or else in some mild zone Dwell. in spite of fate. and. like to what ye are. for on whom we send The weight of all. or to sit in darkness here Hatching vain empires. first. shall curse Their frail original. or spread his airy flight. But from the author of all ill.All as our own. or. could spring So deep a malice. can then Suffice. with neighbouring arms. to confound the race Of mankind in one root. Shall breathe her balm." 24 . and our last hope. Through the strict senteries and stations thick Of Angels watching round? Here he had need All circumspection: and we now no less Choice in our suffrage. Nearer our ancient seat--perhaps in view Of those bright confines. what art. as we were driven. Upborne with indefatigable wings Over the vast abrupt. relies. and drive. Hurled headlong to partake with us. and our joy upraise In his disturbance. and in part proposed: for whence. And through the palpable obscure find out His uncouth way. and interrupt his joy In our confusion. And opportune excursion. But. well ended long debate.
Pondering the danger with deep thoughts. awaiting who appeared To second. the void profound Of unessential Night receives him next. mighty Powers. if aught proposed And judged of public moment in the shape Of difficulty or danger. or oppose. or deceive.This said. at last. and not refuse to reign. unmoved thus spake:-"O Progeny of Heaven! Empyreal Thrones! With reason hath deep silence and demur Seized us. and each In other's countenance read his own dismay. and with utter loss of being Threatens him. Wherefore do I assume These royalties. Or unknown region. armed with power. Alone. could deter Me from attempting. These passed. But all sat mute. with monarchal pride Conscious of highest worth. and expectation held His look suspense. Our prison strong. Terror of Heaven. Satan. intend at home. what remains him less Than unknown dangers. Barred over us. O Peers. therefore. 25 . this huge convex of fire. the dreadful voyage. plunged in that abortive gulf. Long is the way And hard. whom now transcendent glory raised Above his fellows. prohibit all egress. and as hard escape? But I should ill become this throne. And this imperial sovereignty. due alike To him who reigns. that out of Hell leads up to light. he sat. Outrageous to devour. Wide-gaping. if there be cure or charm To respite." Thus saying. while I abroad Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek Deliverance for us all. though undismayed. and render Hell More tolerable. and prevented all reply. or slack the pain Of this ill mansion: intermit no watch Against a wakeful foe. and gates of burning adamant. or undertake The perilous attempt. rose The Monarch. immures us round Ninefold. though fallen. if any pass. into whatever world. While here shall be our home. Refusing to accept as great a share Of hazard as of honour. till. and so much to him due Of hazard more as he above the rest High honoured sits? Go. This enterprise None shall partake with me. If thence he scape. what best may ease The present misery. adorned With splendour. None among the choice and prime Of those Heaven-warring champions could be found So hardy as to proffer or accept. Astonished.
winning cheap the high repute Which he through hazard huge must earn. nor less Than Hell's dread Emperor. and horrent arms. Towards him they bend With awful reverence prone. what erst they feared. Nor failed they to express how much they praised That for the general safety he despised His own: for neither do the Spirits damned Lose all their virtue. lest bad men should boast Their specious deeds on earth. Extend his evening beam. the louring element Scowls o'er the darkened landscape snow or shower. If chance the radiant sun. Then of their session ended they bid cry With trumpet's regal sound the great result: Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy. that hill and valley rings. the fields revive. while the north wind sleeps. O shame to men! Devil with devil damned Firm concord holds. from his resolution raised. God proclaiming peace. That day and night for his destruction wait! The Stygian council thus dissolved. and as a God Extol him equal to the Highest in Heaven. o'erspread Heaven's cheerful face. Certain to be refused. and at once with him they rose. Their rising all at once was as the sound Of thunder heard remote. By herald's voice explained. might in opinion stand His rivals. Others among the chief might offer now. and. with pomp supreme. when from mountain-tops the dusky clouds Ascending. But they Dreaded not more th' adventure than his voice Forbidding. and seemed Alone th' antagonist of Heaven. which glory excites. and strife Among themselves. though under hope Of heavenly grace.Prudent lest. rejoicing in their matchless Chief: As. Or close ambition varnished o'er with zeal. The birds their notes renew. with farewell sweet. enmity. the hollow Abyss 26 . each other to destroy: As if (which might induce us to accord) Man had not hellish foes enow besides. and forth In order came the grand infernal Peers: Midst came their mighty Paramount. and bleating herds Attest their joy. Yet live in hatred. and levy cruel wars Wasting the earth. And. Thus they their doubtful consultations dark Ended. men only disagree Of creatures rational. And god-like imitated state: him round A globe of fiery Seraphim enclosed With bright emblazonry. so refused.
or in the air sublime. and ride the air In whirlwind. Retreated in a silent valley. Part on the plain. and tore Through pain up by the roots Thessalian pines. Others. in wandering mazes lost. and entertain The irksome hours. Others. and somewhat raised By false presumptuous hope. but the harmony (What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?) Suspended Hell. Thence more at ease their minds. In thoughts more elevate. Part curb their fiery steeds. Foreknowledge. with vast Typhoean rage. more mild. foreknowledge absolute. with feats of arms From either end of heaven the welkin burns. Passion and apathy. more fell. and reasoned high Of Providence. Upon the wing or in swift race contend. In discourse more sweet (For Eloquence the Soul. free will. and. Rend up both rocks and hills. as inclination or sad choice Leads him perplexed. or fronted brigades form: As when. each his several way Pursues. or arm th' obdured breast With stubborn patience as with triple steel. and complain that Fate Free Virtue should enthrall to Force or Chance. felt th' envenomed robe. war appears Waged in the troubled sky. Of happiness and final misery. before each van Prick forth the airy knights. Song charms the Sense) Others apart sat on a hill retired. and couch their spears. and armies rush To battle in the clouds. Will.Heard far adn wide. and glory and shame: Vain wisdom all. As at th' Olympian games or Pythian fields. Their song was partial. the ranged Powers Disband. till his great Chief return. Of good and evil much they argued then. and all the host of Hell With deafening shout returned them loud acclaim. And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw Into th' Euboic sea. where he may likeliest find Truce to his restless thoughts. and false philosophy!-Yet. Hell scarce holds the wild uproar:-As when Alcides. with a pleasing sorcery. and hapless fall By doom of battle. could charm Pain for a while or anguish. wandering. from Oechalia crowned With conquest. 27 . and took with ravishment The thronging audience. sing With notes angelical to many a harp Their own heroic deeds. Till thickest legions close. and Fate-Fixed fate. or shun the goal With rapid wheels. to warn proud cities. And found no end. and excite Fallacious hope.
O'er many a frozen. And wish and struggle. At certain revolutions all the damned Are brought. Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage. and. With shuddering horror pale. by harpy-footed Furies haled. All in one moment. to oppose th' attempt. the river of oblivion.--thence hurried back to fire. many a fiery alp. Where armies whole have sunk: the parching air Burns frore. They ferry over this Lethean sound Both to and fro. Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards The ford. but gathers heap. with one small drop to lose In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe. A gulf profound as that Serbonian bog Betwixt Damiata and Mount Casius old. Viewed first their lamentable lot. to reach The tempting stream. their sorrow to augment. fierce Phlegeton. bend Four ways their flying march. 28 . and found No rest. On bold adventure to discover wide That dismal world. as they pass. extremes by change more fierce. Thus roving on In confused march forlorn. and cold performs th' effect of fire. and feel by turns the bitter change Of fierce extremes. pleasure and pain. and eyes aghast. th' adventurous bands. beat with perpetual storms Of whirlwind and dire hail. in squadrons and gross bands. Far off from these. Sad Acheron of sorrow. rolls Her watery labyrinth. Cocytus. and frozen round Periods of time. Through many a dark and dreary vale They passed. But Fate withstands. if any clime perhaps Might yield them easier habitation. and there to pine Immovable. and many a region dolorous. infixed. black and deep. Thither. as once it fled The lip of Tantalus. the flood of deadly hate. a slow and silent stream.Another part. Beyond this flood a frozen continent Lies dark and wild. and so near the brink. and of itself the water flies All taste of living wight. which on firm land Thaws not. named of lamentation loud Heard on the rueful stream. whereof who drinks Forthwith his former state and being forgets-Forgets both joy and grief. along the banks Of four infernal rivers. From beds of raging fire to starve in ice Their soft ethereal warmth. that disgorge Into the burning lake their baleful streams-Abhorred Styx. and ruin seems Of ancient pile. Lethe. all else deep snow and ice.
Meanwhile the Adversary of God and Man. If aught disturbed their noise. which God by curse Created evil.Rocks. then soars Up to the fiery concave towering high. and toward the gates of Hell Explores his solitary flight: sometimes He scours the right hand coast. inutterable. Puts on swift wings. terrible as Hell. Obominable. death lives. 29 . and fair. Fierce as ten Furies. all prodigious things. Before the gates there sat On either side a formidable Shape. and Chimeras dire. dens. yet. to dance With Lapland witches. joint. And kennel there. And thrice threefold the gates. Voluminous and vast--a serpent armed With mortal sting. called In secret. lakes. and rung A hideous peal. impaled with circling fire. yet there still barked and howled Within unseen. Yet unconsumed. Perverse. Now shaves with level wing the deep. For each seemed either--black it stood as Night. sometimes the left. when they list. At last appear Hell-bounds. Three iron. Ply stemming nightly toward the pole: so seemed Far off the flying Fiend. Nor uglier follow the night-hag. fens. Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape. Gorgons. and shades of death-A universe of death. into her womb. caves. would creep. The other Shape-If shape it might be called that shape had none Distinguishable in member. while the labouring moon Eclipses at their charms. with thoughts inflamed of highest design. As when far off at sea a fleet descried Hangs in the clouds. when. or the isles Of Ternate and Tidore. and Hydras. Or substance might be called that shadow seemed. high reaching to the horrid roof. bogs. all monstrous. or limb. they on the trading flood. Impenetrable. for evil only good. But ended foul in many a scaly fold. three folds were brass. bathing in the sea that parts Calabria from the hoarse Trinacrian shore. About her middle round A cry of Hell-hounds never-ceasing barked With wide Cerberean mouths full loud. and worse Than fables yet have feigned or fear conceived. Far less abhorred than these Vexed Scylla. Lured with the smell of infant blood. three of adamantine rock. and Nature breeds. The one seemed woman to the waist. riding through the air she comes. Where all life dies. Satan. whence merchants bring Their spicy drugs. by equinoctial winds Close sailing from Bengala.
Retire. Each at the head Levelled his deadly aim. are here condemned To waste eternal days in woe and pain? And reckon'st thou thyself with Spirits of Heaven Hell-doomed. not to contend with Spirits of Heaven. till winds the signal blow To join their dark encounter in mid-air. Who first broke peace in Heaven and faith. and breath'st defiance here and scorn. so matched they stood. So speaking and so threatening." To whom the Goblin. full of wrath. Hell trembled as he strode. and like a comet burned. not feared (God and his Son except. And now great deeds 30 . though grim and terrible. came rattling on Over the Caspian. That dar'st. and from his horrid hair Shakes pestilence and war. Where I reign king. With heaven's artillery fraught. and from his seat The monster moving onward came as fast With horrid strides. So frowned the mighty combatants that Hell Grew darker at their frown. grew tenfold. That be assured. Th' undaunted Fiend what this might be admired-Admired. And with disdainful look thus first began:-"Whence and what art thou. and in proud rebellious arms Drew after him the third part of Heaven's sons. without leave asked of thee. More dreadful and deform. On th' other side.--then stand front to front Hovering a space. Created thing naught valued he nor shunned). to enrage thee more. outcast from God. and in shape. replied:-"Art thou that traitor Angel? art thou he. Satan was now at hand. and to thy speed add wings. their fatal hands No second stroke intend. Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue Thy lingering." So spake the grisly Terror. till then Unbroken. execrable Shape. advance Thy miscreated front athwart my way To yonder gates? Through them I mean to pass. Conjured against the Highest--for which both thou And they. Incensed with indignation. Hell-born. and such a frown Each cast at th' other as when two black clouds. For never but once more was wither like To meet so great a foe. Satan stood Unterrified. and pangs unfelt before. That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge In th' arctic sky.And shook a dreadful dart: what seemed his head The likeness of a kingly crown had on. Thy king and lord? Back to thy punishment. and learn by proof. or taste thy folly. and. False fugitive. or with one stroke of this dart Strange horror seize thee.
and in the general fall 31 . and with hideous outcry rushed between. and laughs the while At thee. and for a sign Portentous held me." she cried. what intends thy hand. Becam'st enamoured. whereof all Hell had rung. In this infernal vale first met. Possesses thee to bend that mortal dart Against thy father's head? And know'st for whom? For him who sits above. then. All on a sudden miserable pain Surprised thee. till on the left side opening wide. Amazement seized All th' host of Heaven. Likest to thee in shape and countenance bright. that my sudden hand. bids-His wrath. O son. which one day will destroy ye both!" She spake. Meanwhile war arose. while thy head flames thick and fast Threw forth. I pleased. and at her words the hellish Pest Forbore: then these to her Satan returned:-"So strange thy outcry. full oft Thyself in me thy perfect image viewing. and why. and in sight Of all the Seraphim with thee combined In bold conspiracy against Heaven's King. Had not the snaky Sorceress. Out of thy head I sprung. and that phantasm call'st my son. Prevented. "Against thy only son? What fury. Then shining heavenly fair.Had been achieved. "O father. nor ever saw till now Sight more detestable than him and thee. which he calls justice. and thy words so strange Thou interposest. who." T' whom thus the Portress of Hell-gate replied:-"Hast thou forgot me. but. and do I seem Now in thine eye so foul?--once deemed so fair In Heaven. to our part loss and rout Through all the Empyrean. ordained his drudge to execute Whate'er his wrath. Risen. Driven headlong from the pitch of Heaven. thou call'st Me father. spares to tell thee yet by deeds What it intends. and called me Sin. a goddess armed. down Into this Deep. Down they fell. familiar grown. I know thee not. when at th' assembly. till first I know of thee What thing thou art. dim thine eyes and dizzy swum In darkness. that sat Fast by Hell-gate and kept the fatal key. and such joy thou took'st With me in secret that my womb conceived A growing burden. and with attractive graces won The most averse--thee chiefly. thus double-formed. back they recoiled afraid At first. And fields were fought in Heaven: wherein remained (For what could else?) to our Almighty Foe Clear victory.
I also: at which time this powerful key Into my hands was given. And me. and cried out Death! Hell trembled at the hideous name. would full soon devour For want of other prey. with fear and pain Distorted. Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. and all the heavenly host 32 . his parent. which none can pass Without my opening. Inflamed with lust than rage). brandishing his fatal dart. but he pursued (though more. for. I forewarn thee. neither vainly hope To be invulnerable in those bright arms. Tore through my entrails. but to set free From out this dark and dismal house of pain Both him and thee. And my fair son here show'st me. and gnaw My bowels. Pensive here I sat Alone. unthought-of--know." She finished. with sorrow infinite To me. into the womb That bred them they return. his mother. my son and foe. Me overtook. and. it seems. and his bane. in embraces forcible and foul Engendering with me. breaking violent way. and now excessive grown. with charge to keep These gates for ever shut. Pregnant by thee. now milder. none can resist. swifter far. I fled. but that he knows His end with mine involved. till my womb. Whenever that shall be: so Fate pronounced. That rest or intermission none I find. and thus answered smooth:-"Dear daughter--since thou claim'st me for thy sire. that with ceaseless cry Surround me. and joys Then sweet. and the subtle Fiend his lore Soon learned. And. of that rape begot These yelling monsters. But thou. that. and knows that I Should prove a bitter morsel. who set them on. At last this odious offspring whom thou seest. and howl. and sighed From all her caves. for that mortal dint. now sad to mention. their repast. then. I come no enemy. and back resounded Death! I fled. Made to destroy. Before mine eyes in opposition sits Grim Death. Save he who reigns above. all my nether shape thus grew Transformed: but he my inbred enemy Forth issued. bursting forth Afresh. the dear pledge Of dalliance had with thee in Heaven. Through tempered heavenly. through dire change Befallen us unforeseen. Thine own begotten. all dismayed. when they list. as thou saw'st--hourly conceived And hourly born. with conscious terrors vex me round. shun His deadly arrow. O father. but long I sat not.
Be this. embalmed With odours. without end. against all force Death ready stands to interpose his dart. and through the void immense To search. thou My being gav'st me. all things shall be your prey. and hath hither thrust me down Into this gloom of Tartarus profound. for both seemed highly pleased. by concurring signs. among The gods who live at ease. as beseems Thy daughter and thy darling. And bring ye to the place where thou and Death Shall dwell at ease. in our just pretences armed. by him forbidden to unlock These adamantine gates. by due And by command of Heaven's all-powerful King. Might hap to move new broils.Of Spirits that. From them I go This uncouth errand sole." He ceased. Fearless to be o'ermatched by living might. Which. Lest Heaven. from her side the fatal key. a place foretold Should be--and. to hear His famine should be filled. With terrors and with clamours compassed round Of mine own brood. surcharged with potent multitude. and blessed his maw Destined to that good hour. and therein placed A race of upstart creatures. and Death Grinned horrible a ghastly smile. this once known. she took. where I shall reign At thy right hand voluptuous. I haste To know. But what owe I to his commands above. with wandering quest. whom should I obey But thee? whom follow? Thou wilt bring me soon To that new world of light and bliss. and one for all Myself expose. now designed. though more removed. and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom air. to supply Perhaps our vacant room. I keep. shall soon return. not all the Stygian Powers 33 . ere now Created vast and round--a place of bliss In the purlieus of Heaven." Thus saying. or aught Than this more secret. Forthwith the huge portcullis high up-drew. Inhabitant of Heaven and heavenly born-Here in perpetual agony and pain. with lonely steps to tread Th' unfounded Deep. thou my author. Who hates me. To sit in hateful office here confined. and. There ye shall be fed and filled Immeasurably. No less rejoiced His mother bad. And. and thus bespake her sire:-"The key of this infernal Pit. that on my bowels feed? Thou art my father. towards the gate rolling her bestial train. Sad instrument of all our woe. but herself. Fell with us from on high.
breadth. where length. smooth. and perhaps her grave. sharp. nor air.Could once have moved. And time. are lost. for no narrow frith He had to cross. Unless th' Almighty Maker them ordain His dark materials to create more worlds-Into this wild Abyss the wary Fiend Stood on the brink of Hell and looked a while. and by confusion stand. nor shore. unnumbered as the sands Of Barca or Cyrene's torrid soil. four champions fierce. nor fire. hold Eternal anarchy. and poise Their lighter wings. bent to rase Some capital city. and place. Into this wild Abyss. Light-armed or heavy. high arbiter. or slow. Nor was his ear less pealed With noises loud and ruinous (to compare Great things with small) than when Bellona storms With all her battering engines. Moist. and like a furnace-mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame. Pondering his voyage. and every bolt and bar Of massy iron or solid rock with ease Unfastens. Strive here for mastery. and on their hinges grate Harsh thunder. She opened. Chance governs all. With impetuous recoil and jarring sound. where eldest Night And Chaos. and which thus must ever fight. but to shut Excelled her power: the gates wide open stood. in their several clans. That with extended wings a bannered host. On a sudden open fly. Levied to side with warring winds. Of neither sea. But all these in their pregnant causes mixed Confusedly. that the lowest bottom shook Of Erebus. For Hot. then in the key-hole turns Th' intricate wards. without bound. Without dimension. amidst the noise Of endless wars. Th' infernal doors. Under spread ensigns marching. mibht pass through With horse and chariots ranked in loose array. and height. The womb of Nature. and to battle bring Their embryon atoms: they around the flag Of each his faction. And by decision more embroils the fray By which he reigns: next him. So wide they stood. and these elements In mutiny had from her axle torn 34 . swift. or less than if this frame Of Heaven were falling. To whom these most adhere He rules a moment: Chaos umpire sits. ancestors of Nature. Before their eyes in sudden view appear The secrets of the hoary Deep--a dark Illimitable ocean. and Dry. Cold. Swarm populous.
eldest of things. neither sea. that seat soon failing. and voices all confused. behoves him now both oar and sail. on he fares. The consort of his reign. Instinct with fire and nitre. and Chance. T' whom Satan. through strait. Pursues the Arimaspian. and. and his dark pavilion spread Wide on the wasteful Deep! With him enthroned Sat sable-vested Night. when straight behold the throne Of Chaos. thus:--"Ye Powers And Spirtis of this nethermost Abyss. 35 . pursues his way. At length a universal hubbub wild Of stunning sounds. by ill chance. if some other place. but. o'er hill or moory dale. or wades. And swims. so eagerly the Fiend O'er bog or steep. As in a cloudy chair. of whom to ask Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies Bordering on light. I seek. all embroiled. Fluttering his pennons vain. half lost. spurns the ground. And Discord with a thousand various mouths. by constraint Wandering this darksome desert. and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon. Nor good dry land--nigh foundered. As when a gryphon through the wilderness With winged course. or feet. And Tumult. or rare.The steadfast Earth. to meet there whatever Power Or Spirit of the nethermost Abyss Might in that noise reside. turning boldly. The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud. or flies. or creeps. but. assaults his ear With loudest vehemence. Borne through the hollow dark. half on foot. rough. and to this hour Down had been falling. as my way Lies through your spacious empire up to light. All unawares. I come no spy With purpose to explore or to disturb The secrets of your realm. Chaos and ancient Night. or sinks. or. hurried him As many miles aloft. wings. and by them stood Orcus and Ades. With head. dense. thence many a league. hands. in the surging smoke Uplifted. plumb-down he drops Ten thousand fathom deep. Thither he plies Undaunted. Half flying. who by stealth Had from his wakeful custody purloined The guarded gold. What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds Confine with Heaven. Treading the crude consistence. had not. ascending rides Audacious. Alone and without guide. That fury stayed-Quenched in a boggy Syrtis. and Confusion. meets A vast vacuity. Rumour next. At last his sail-broad vans He spread for flight.
who thou art-. and Heaven-gates Poured out by millions her victorious bands. Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunned Charybdis. With fresh alacrity and force renewed Springs upward. So he with difficulty and labour hard Moved on. But. th' Ethereal King Possesses lately. mine the revenge!" Thus Satan. on all sides round Environed. Now lately Heaven and Earth.*** That mighty leading Angel. and ruin. linked in a golden chain To that side Heaven from whence your legions fell! If that way be your walk. soon after. another world Hung o'er my realm. 36 . and him thus the Anarch old. for such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted Deep. harder beset And more endangered than when Argo passed Through Bosporus betwixt the justling rocks. stretching far and wide beneath. and once more Erect the standard there of ancient Night. you have not far. But. reduce To her original darkness and your sway (Which is my present journey). Strange alteration! Sin and Death amain. Following his track (such was the will of Heaven) Paved after him a broad and beaten way Over the dark Abyss. whose boiling gulf Tamely endured a bridge of wondrous length. Pursuing. With faltering speech and visage incomposed. I upon my frontiers here Keep residence. Hell. stranger. glad that now his sea should find a shore. Encroached on still through our intestine broils Weakening the sceptre of old Night: first. no mean recompense it brings To your behoof. thither to arrive I travel this profound. Into the wild expanse. With ruin upon ruin. and speed. and by th' other whirlpool steered. Answered: "I know thee. All usurpation thence expelled. though overthrown. if I that region lost. So much the nearer danger." He ceased. are my gain. Direct my course: Directed. Go. he once passed. rout on rout. and spoil. and Satan stayed not to reply. wins his way. Havoc. when Man fell. like a pyramid of fire. Confusion worse confounded. Yours be th' advantage all. Your dungeon. with difficulty and labour he. I saw and heard. who of late Made head against Heaven's King.From your dominion won. if all I can will serve That little which is left so to defend. and through the shock Of fighting elements.
hanging in a golden chain. like a weather-beaten vessel. in bigness as a star Of smallest magnitude close by the moon. reaching th' utmost orb Of this frail World. Book III Hail. by which the Spirits perverse With easy intercourse pass to and fro To tempt or punish mortals.From Hell continued. though long detain'd In that obscure sojourn. and at the voice Of God. extended wide In circuit. With other notes than to the Orphean lyre I sung of Chaos and eternal Night. a broken foe. though shrouds and tackle torn. With opal towers and battlements adorned Of living sapphire. resembling air. and from the walls of Heaven Shoots far into the bosom of dim Night A glimmering dawn. This pendent World. With tumult less and with less hostile din. 37 . fast by. Or hear"st thou rather pure ethereal stream. And. full fraught with mischievous revenge. That Satan with less toil. Or of the Eternal coeternal beam May I express thee unblam'd? since God is light. and in a cursed hour. Taught by the heavenly Muse to venture down The dark descent. holds Gladly the port. Won from the void and formless infinite. and Chaos to retire. Weighs his spread wings. at leisure to behold Far off th' empyreal Heaven. undetermined square or round. and now with ease. Thither. didst invest *** The rising world of waters dark and deep. Before the Heavens thou wert. And. except whom God and good Angels guard by special grace. as with a mantle. Escap'd the Stygian pool. Here Nature first begins Her farthest verge. and up to re-ascend. once his native seat. Or in the emptier waste. offspring of Heaven firstborn. But now at last the sacred influence Of light appears. holy Light. Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light. As from her outmost works. Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing. Accursed. he hies. dwelt then in thee Bright effluence of bright essence increate. And never but in unapproached light Dwelt from eternity. while in my flight Through utter and through middle darkness borne. Whose fountain who shall tell? before the sun.
Blind Thamyris. And Tiresias. But cloud instead. he then survey'd Hell and the gulf between. Clear spring. celestial Light. on earth he first beheld Our two first parents. Thy sovran command. In blissful solitude. but not to me returns Day. And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. but chief Thee. and the flowery brooks beneath. on his right The radiant image of his glory sat. and blind Maeonides. prophets old: Then feed on thoughts. Shine inward. there plant eyes. His only son. yet the only two Of mankind in the happy garden plac'd Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love. where the Muses haunt. from the cheerful ways of men Cut off. So much the rather thou. or sunny hill. or the sweet approach of even or morn. or human face divine. Thus with the year Seasons return. and warbling flow. And feel thy sovran vital lamp. Or dim suffusion veil'd. as the wakeful bird Sings darkling.Though hard and rare: Thee I revisit safe. that I may see and tell Of things invisible to mortal sight. Smit with the love of sacred song. all mist from thence Purge and disperse. So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their orbs. and ever-during dark Surrounds me. or summer's rose. and Satan there Coasting the wall of Heaven on this side Night 38 . That wash thy hallow'd feet. that roll in vain To find thy piercing ray. that voluntary move Harmonious numbers. and the mind through all her powers Irradiate. and Phineus. but thou Revisit'st not these eyes. Now had the Almighty Father from above. and in shadiest covert hid Tunes her nocturnal note. or herds. Nightly I visit: nor sometimes forget So were I equall'd with them in renown. and for the book of knowledge fair Presented with a universal blank Of nature's works to me expung'd and ras'd. that Man should find grace. Or sight of vernal bloom. Or flocks. and from his sight receiv'd Beatitude past utterance. Yet not the more Cease I to wander. bent down his eye His own works and their works at once to view: About him all the Sanctities of Heaven Stood thick as stars. From the pure empyrean where he sits High thron'd above all highth. or shady grove. Uninterrupted joy. and find no dawn. unrivall'd love. Sion.
When will and reason (reason also is choice) Useless and vain. Only begotten Son. he wings his way Not far off Heaven. and them who fail'd. Freely they stood who stood. Or aught by me immutably foreseen. though free to fall. with purpose to assay If him by force he can destroy. And now. and ready now To stoop with wearied wings.In the dun air sublime. constant faith or love. Sole pledge of his obedience: So will fall He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault? Whose but his own? ingrate. if I foreknew. Not free. So without least impulse or shadow of fate. and willing feet. and fell who fell. or their fate. of freedom both despoil'd. what proof could they have given sincere Of true allegiance. Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault. Not me? they therefore. seest thou what rage Transports our Adversary? whom no bounds Prescrib'd no bars of Hell. They trespass. or their making. authors to themselves in all 39 . nor all the chains Heap'd on him there. that seem'd Firm land imbosom'd. he had of me All he could have. nor yet the main abyss Wide interrupt. By some false guile pervert. Wherein past. For man will hearken to his glozing lies. Such I created all the ethereal Powers And Spirits. On the bare outside of this world. Uncertain which. So were created. As if predestination over-rul'd Their will dispos'd by absolute decree Or high foreknowledge they themselves decreed Their own revolt. that shall redound Upon his own rebellious head. or. had serv'd necessity. he beholds. Through all restraint broke loose. nor can justly accuse Their Maker. so bent he seems On desperate revenge. both them who stood. Where only what they needs must do appear'd. Not what they would? what praise could they receive? What pleasure I from such obedience paid. not I. I made him just and right. Sufficient to have stood. worse. And man there plac'd. Directly towards the new created world. future. Made passive both. Him God beholding from his prospect high. can hold. without firmament. and shall pervert. present. Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake. Which had no less proved certain unforeknown. as to right belong$ 'd. in ocean or in air. And easily transgress the sole command. in the precincts of light.
Self-tempted. and unmake For him. The other none: In mercy and justice both.Both what they judge. and thy goodness bring to nought. should Man. Son who art alone. wherewith thy throne Encompass'd shall resound thee ever blest. with the innumerable sound Of hymns and sacred songs. self-deprav'd: Man falls. so shall my glory excel. O son. Or shall the Adversary thus obtain His end. deceiv'd By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace. Thus while God spake. For which both Heaven and earth shall high extol Thy praises. what for thy glory thou hast made? So should thy goodness and thy greatness both Be question'd and blasphem'd without defence. Son of my bosom. Which uttering. shall brightest shine. 40 . That far be from thee. in whom my soul hath chief delight. and to Hell Draw after him the whole race of mankind. in him all his Father shone Substantially express'd. Beyond compare the Son of God was seen Most glorious. Thy creature late so lov'd. and frustrate thine? shall he fulfill His malice. Till they enthrall themselves. Fall circumvented thus by fraud. thus he to his Father spake. that Man should find grace. and without measure grace. and effectual might. ambrosial fragrance fill'd All Heaven. All hast thou spoken as my thoughts are. My word. The first sort by their own suggestion fell. and what they choose. To whom the great Creator thus replied. my wisdom. I else must change Their nature. and revoke the high decree Unchangeable. O Father. that Man should find grace. and in the blessed Spirits elect Sense of new joy ineffable diffus'd. though to his heavier doom. By him corrupted? or wilt thou thyself Abolish thy creation. For should Man finally be lost. Love without end. and judgest only right. Through Heaven and Earth. all As my eternal purpose hath decreed. thy youngest son. though join'd With his own folly? that be from thee far. But Mercy. first and last. and in his face Divine compassion visibly appear'd. eternal. which ordain'd $THeir freedom: they themselves ordain'd their fall. . Father. for so I form'd them free: and free they must remain. who art judge Of all things made. Yet with revenge accomplish'd. gracious was that word which clos'd Thy sovran command. Or proud return.
whom if they will hear. and my day of grace. Man disobeying. Disloyal. heavenly Powers. blind be blinded more. for I will clear their senses dark. Upheld by me. And none but such from mercy I exclude. persisting. That they may stumble on. And now without redemption all mankind Must have been lost. and bring obedience due. Some I have chosen of peculiar grace. death for death. that he may know how frail His fallen condition is. Though but endeavour'd with sincere intent. Say.Man shall not quite be lost. and to appease betimes The incensed Deity. My umpire Conscience. though forfeit. But yet all is not done. and just the unjust to save? Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? And silence was in Heaven: $ on Man's behalf He ask'd. Die he or justice must. where shall we find such love? Which of you will be mortal. Light after light. and obedience due. He. and to none but me. adjudg'd to Death and Hell 41 . well us'd. safe arrive. and enthrall'd By sin to foul exorbitant desires. so is my will: The rest shall hear me call. Affecting God-head. and ransom set. To prayer. unless for him Some other able. and to me owe All his deliverance. so losing all. but grace in me Freely vouchsaf'd. Yet not of will in him. and oft be warn'd Their sinful state. And to the end. repentance. they shall attain. and as willing. pay The rigid satisfaction. This my long sufferance. By me upheld. but sav'd who will. and soften stony hearts To pray. But hard be harden'd. And I will place within them as a guide. shall never taste. while offer'd grace Invites. to redeem Man's mortal crime. once more I will renew His lapsed powers. must die. To expiate his treason hath nought left. and sins Against the high supremacy of Heaven. Much less that durst upon his own head draw The deadly forfeiture. repent. mine eye not shut. Mine ear shall not be slow. What may suffice. breaks his fealty. but all the heavenly quire stood mute. Elect above the rest. But to destruction sacred and devote. Patron or intercessour none appear'd. and. and deeper fall. with his whole posterity. They who neglect and scorn. yet once more he shall stand On even ground against his mortal foe.
yet. Shall enter Heaven. at the sight Pleased. what this might mean. but peace assured And reconcilement: wrath shall be no more Thenceforth. Indebted and undone. Wondering. In whom the fulness dwells of love divine. out of Heaven shalt look down and smile. life for life I offer: on me let thine anger fall. Thou. long absent. and breathed immortal love To mortal men. $ thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome grave His prey. I ruin all my foes. Father. and subdue My vanquisher. Under his gloomy power I shall not long Lie vanquished. His words here ended. that debt paid. Then. he attends the will Of his great Father. unimplor'd. spoiled of his vaunted spoil. While. above which only shone Filial obedience: as a sacrifice Glad to be offered. O thou in Heaven and Earth the only peace 42 . To visit all thy creatures. and stoop Inglorious. The speediest of thy winged messengers. Admiration seized All Heaven. he her aid Can never seek. thy word is past.By doom severe. but in thy presence joy entire. Though now to Death I yield. with the multitude of my redeemed. and am his due. Man shall find grace. His dearest mediation thus renew'd. and this glory next to thee Freely put off. and lost. I through the ample air in triumph high Shall lead Hell captive maugre Hell. nor suffer my unspotted soul For ever with corruption there to dwell. to see thy face. on me let Death wreak all his rage. and for him lastly die Well pleased. of his mortal sting disarmed. Atonement for himself. Father. Account me Man. And shall grace not find means. or offering meet. Behold me then: me for him. and return. that finds her way. had not the Son of God. Death his death's wound shall then receive. Death last. and to all Comes unprevented. and whither tend. Thou hast given me to possess Life in myself for ever. once dead in sins. and show The powers of darkness bound. wherein no cloud Of anger shall remain. All that of me can die. by thee raised. hath none to bring. by thee I live. but soon th' Almighty thus replied. unsought? Happy for Man. but his meek aspect Silent yet spake. and with his carcase glut the grave. so coming. I for his sake will leave Thy bosom. But I shall rise victorious.
Imputed. 00021053 Thou. of virgin seed. Shall satisfy for Man. As from a second root. because in thee Love hath abounded more than glory abounds. or Earth. attended gloriously from Heaven. quitted all. so in thee. of them that bide In Heaven. So heavenly love shall outdo hellish hate. be judged and die. Because thou hast. Giving to death. without thee none. shall be restored As many as are restored. And be thyself Man among men on Earth. when they may. As in him perish all men. to save A world from utter loss. So Man.Found out for mankind under wrath. and dying to redeem. Powers. thy merit. shall absolve them who renounce Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds. lessen or degrade thine own. Dominions. and assume Thy merits. 43 . all power I give thee. the whole race lost. Therefore thy humiliation shall exalt With thee thy manhood also to this throne: Here shalt thou sit incarnate. accept not grace. O thou My sole complacence! Well thou know'st how dear To me are all my works. by descending to assume Man's nature. and rising with him raise His brethren. When thou. and equally enjoying God-like fruition. and from thee Receive new life. By losing thee a while. that for him I spare Thee from my bosom and right hand. as is most just. Their nature also to thy nature join. Nor shalt thou. to save. So dearly to redeem what hellish hate So easily destroyed. Thrones. His crime makes guilty all his sons. I reduce: All knees to thee shall bow. here shalt reign Both God and Man. Son both of God and Man. nor Man the least. under thee. therefore. though Adam's son. reign for ever. when time shall be. whom thou only canst redeem. Though last created. and hast been found By merit more than birthright Son of God. and still destroys In those who. Princedoms. be thou in Adam's room The head of all mankind. ransomed with his own dear life. Anointed universal King. or under Earth in Hell. Made flesh. Found worthiest to be so by being good. Far more than great or high. as head supreme. though throned in highest bliss Equal to God. And live in thee transplanted. By wondrous birth. And dying rise.
and to the ground With solemn adoration down they cast Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold. shall sink Beneath thy sentence. there grows. Heaven rung With jubilee. Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. but all The multitude of Angels. Father. No sooner had the Almighty ceased. thou shalt judge Bad Men and Angels. and with preamble sweet Of charming symphony they introduce Their sacred song. and from thee send The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaim Thy dread tribunal. and honour him as me. and forthwith the cited dead Of all past ages. all thy saints assembled. wherein the just shall dwell. that glittering by their side Like quivers hung. Adore him. the Author of all being. Hell. such a peal shall rouse their sleep. they. For regal scepter then no more shall need. forthwith from all winds. all ye Gods. Infinite. And. that like a sea of jasper shone. Now in loose garlands thick thrown off. Began to bloom. Immortal amarant. no voice but well could join Melodious part. Then thou thy regal scepter shalt lay by. uttering joy. Then. Immutable. See golden days. but soon for man's offence To Heaven removed. But. 44 . fast by the tree of life. with a shout Loud as from numbers without number. their golden harps they took. Adore the Son. With joy and peace triumphing. sweet As from blest voices. Impurpled with celestial roses smiled. after all their tribulations long. No voice exempt. The living. where first it grew. her numbers full.Shalt in the sky appear. God shall be all in all. the bright Pavement. Then. who to compass all this dies. and fair truth. fruitful of golden deeds. With these that never fade the Spirits elect Bind their resplendent locks inwreathed with beams. Thee. crowned again. arraigned. and loud Hosannas filled The eternal regions: Lowly reverent Towards either throne they bow. and from her ashes spring New Heaven and Earth. such concord is in Heaven. Mean while The world shall burn. Eternal King. And flowers aloft shading the fount of life. Immortal. a flower which once In Paradise. to the general doom Shall hasten. Harps ever tuned. first they sung Omnipotent. and waken raptures high. And where the river of bliss through midst of Heaven Rolls o'er Elysian flowers her amber stream.
under the frown of Night Starless exposed. thou didst not doom So strictly. Father of mercy and grace. Thus they in Heaven. and by thee threw down The aspiring Dominations: Thou that day Thy Father's dreadful thunder didst not spare. but much more to pity inclined. O unexampled love. above the starry sphere. In whose conspicuous countenance. while o'er the necks Thou drovest of warring Angels disarrayed. Regardless of the bliss wherein he sat Second to thee. that shook Heaven's everlasting frame. and end the strife Of mercy and justice in thy face discerned. Back from pursuit thy Powers with loud acclaim Thee only extolled. Yet dazzle Heaven. now seems a boundless continent Dark. through a cloud Drawn round about thee like a radiant shrine. Nor stop thy flaming chariot-wheels. Son of thy Father's might. Begotten Son. without cloud Made visible. To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. but much more to pity incline: No sooner did thy dear and only Son Perceive thee purposed not to doom frail Man So strictly. offered himself to die For Man's offence. Thee next they sang of all creation first. on thee Impressed the effulgence of his glory abides. and the inroad of Darkness old. and ever-threatening storms 45 . that brightest Seraphim Approach not. thyself invisible Amidst the glorious brightness where thou sit'st Throned inaccessible. but with both wings veil their eyes. the Almighty Father shines. Son of God. He Heaven of Heavens and all the Powers therein By thee created. Not so on Man: Him through their malice fallen. but when thou shadest The full blaze of thy beams. and wild. enclosed From Chaos. Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appear. whose first convex divides The luminous inferiour orbs. Satan alighted walks: A globe far off It seemed. Transfused on thee his ample Spirit rests. Their happy hours in joy and hymning spent. and never shall my heart thy praise Forget. nor from thy Father's praise disjoin. Whom else no creature can behold.Fonntain of light. He to appease thy wrath. Divine Similitude. and. waste. Mean while upon the firm opacous globe Of this round world. Love no where to be found less than Divine! Hail. Saviour of Men! Thy name Shall be the copious matter of my song Henceforth.
to be found was none. Translated Saints. eremites. leaped into the sea. leaped fondly into Aetna flames. when sin With vanity had filled the works of men: Both all things vain. and gray. bent on his prey. inclement sky. and he. to enjoy Plato's Elysium. Nought seeking but the praise of men. As when a vultur on Imaus bred. some small reflection gains Of glimmering air less vexed with tempest loud: Here walked the Fiend at large in spacious field. Those argent fields more likely habitants. Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds. Indian streams. black. would build: Others came single. with all their trumpery. On hills where flocks are fed. Here pilgrims roam.Of Chaos blustering round. but store hereafter from the earth Up hither like aereal vapours flew Of all things transitory and vain. New Babels. All the unaccomplished works of Nature's hand. empty as their deeds. monstrous. Empedocles. All who have their reward on earth. where Chineses drive With sails and wind their cany waggons light: So. Till final dissolution. that strayed so far to seek 46 . Or happiness in this or the other life. Abortive. had they wherewithal. Hither of ill-joined sons and daughters born First from the ancient world those giants came With many a vain exploit. the Fiend Walked up and down alone. and all who in vain things Built their fond hopes of glory or lasting fame. the fruits Of painful superstition and blind zeal. or unkindly mixed. and still with vain design. Dissolved on earth. for other creature in this place. here find Fit retribution. though then renowned: The builders next of Babel on the plain Of Sennaar. and friars White. Embryos. and in vain. he. But in his way lights on the barren plains Of Sericana. fleet hither. Dislodging from a region scarce of prey To gorge the flesh of lambs or yeanling kids. Save on that side which from the wall of Heaven. to be deemed A God. and many more too long. flies toward the springs Of Ganges or Hydaspes. Though distant far. and idiots. on this windy sea of land. who. or middle Spirits hold Betwixt the angelical and human kind. who. None yet. Living or lifeless. Cleombrotus. Alone. wander here. Not in the neighbouring moon as some have dreamed.
who to be sure of Paradise. ten thousand leagues awry Into the devious air: Then might ye see Cowls. These stairs were such as whereon Jacob saw Angels ascending and descending. This is the gate of Heaven. or flew o'er the lake Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. hoods. and untrod. Dying. dispenses. and underneath a bright sea flowed Of jasper. beads. nor stood There always. tost And fluttered into rags. The sport of winds: All these. whether to dare The Fiend by easy ascent. upwhirled aloft. or aggravate His sad exclusion from the doors of bliss: Direct against which opened from beneath. when he from Esau fled To Padan-Aram. With frontispiece of diamond and gold Embellished. Fly o'er the backside of the world far off Into a Limbo large and broad. bulls. At top whereof. They pass the planets seven. and now at foot Of Heaven's ascent they lift their feet. Indulgences. appeared The work as of a kingly palace-gate. And now Saint Peter at Heaven's wicket seems To wait them with his keys. and that first moved. drawn. till at last a gleam Of dawning light turned thither-ward in haste His travelled steps: far distant he descries Ascending by degrees magnificent Up to the wall of Heaven a structure high. The stairs were then let down. who lives in Heaven. when lo A violent cross wind from either coast Blows them transverse. Or in Franciscan think to pass disguised. whereon Who after came from earth. Just o'er the blissful seat of Paradise. in the field of Luz Dreaming by night under the open sky And waking cried. 47 . but far more rich. and habits.In Golgotha him dead. inimitable on earth By model. Each stair mysteriously was meant. since called The Paradise of Fools. and pass the fixed. to few unknown Long after. thick with sparkling orient gems The portal shone. bands Of guardians bright. or of liquid pearl. And long he wandered. now unpeopled. but drawn up to Heaven sometimes Viewless. And they. or by shading pencil. And that crystalling sphere whose balance weighs The trepidation talked. All this dark globe the Fiend found as he passed. put on the weeds of Dominick. then reliques. pardons. with their wearers. failing arrived Wafted by Angels.
Or longitude. That from his lordly eye keep distance due. On high behests his angels to and fro Passed frequent.nd desart ways with?oeril gone All?might. where he stood So high above the circling canopy Of night's extended shade. that shone Stars distant. and groves. and without longer pause Down right into the world's first region throws His flight precipitant.) where the great luminary Aloof the vulgar constellations thick. Looks down with wonder at the sudden view Of all this world at once. 48 . or some renowned metropolis With glistering spires and pinnacles adorned. but nigh hand seemed other worlds. Or other worlds they seemed. Which to his eye discovers unaware The goodly prospect of some foreign land First seen. At sight of all this world beheld so fair. Allured his eye. Like those Hesperian gardens famed of old. or happy isles.A passage down to the Earth. now on the lower stair. Over the Promised Land to God so dear. The Spirit malign. hard to tell. and flowery vales. Round he surveys (and well might. Satan from hence. As when a scout. and winds with ease Through the pure marble air his oblique way Amongst innumerable stars. and his eye with choice regard From Paneas. but much more envy seised. where the Holy Land Borders on Egypt and the Arabian shore. in splendour likest Heaven. then from pole to pole He views in breadth. where bounds were set To darkness. to visit oft those happy tribes. but who dwelt happy there He staid not to inquire: Above them all The golden sun. Thrice happy isles.) from eastern point Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears Andromeda far off Atlantick seas Beyond the horizon.t?kast by break of cheerful dawn Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill. the fount of Jordan's flood. To Beersaba. So wide the opening seemed. That scaled by steps of gold to Heaven-gate. such as bound the ocean wave. Wider by far than that of after-times Over mount Sion. though after Heaven seen. or eccentrick. (but up or down.?. though that were large. and. By center. Fortunate fields. Through dark?. a passage wide. Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams: Such wonder seised. By which. thither his course he bends Through the calm firmament.
they. with terrestrial humour mixed. so far from us remote. whence no way round Shadow from body opaque can fall. Drained through a limbeck to his native form. or like to that which here below Philosophers in vain so long have sought. as they move Their starry dance in numbers that compute Days. carbuncle most or chrysolite. when with one virtuous touch The arch-chemick sun. as glowing iron with fire. nor less his locks behind Illustrious on his shoulders fledge with wings Lay waving round. Not all parts like. and call up unbound In various shapes old Proteus from the sea. What wonder then if fields and regions here Breathe forth Elixir pure. a spot like which perhaps Astronomer in the sun's lucent orb Through his glazed optick tube yet never saw.Dispenses light from far. Compared with aught on earth. or fixed in cogitation deep. Shoots invisible virtue even to the deep. metal or stone. nor shade. to the twelve that shone In Aaron's breast-plate. and a stone besides Imagined rather oft than elsewhere seen. If stone. though by their powerful art they bind Volatile Hermes. There lands the Fiend. That stone. and effect so rare? Here matter new to gaze the Devil met Undazzled. Ruby or topaz. and rivers run Potable gold. far and wide his eye commands. that gently warms The universe. 49 . or are turned By his magnetick beam. and years. months. as they now Shot upward still direct. So wonderously was set his station bright. and the air. No where so clear. But all sun-shine. as when his beams at noon Culminate from the equator. towards his all-cheering lamp Turn swift their various motions. Of beaming sunny rays a golden tiar Circled his head. In vain. The place he found beyond expression bright. on some great charge employed He seemed. and to each inward part With gentle penetration. If metal. For sight no obstacle found here. sharpened his visual ray To objects distant far. though unseen. part seemed gold. but all alike informed With radiant light. Produces. The same whom John saw also in the sun: His back was turned. Here in the dark so many precious things Of colour glorious. whereby he soon Saw within ken a glorious Angel stand. part silver clear. but not his brightness hid.
for thou of those seven Spirits that stand In sight of God's high throne. His habit fit for speed succinct. and. so well he feigned: Under a coronet his flowing hair In curls on either cheek played. On whom the great Creator hath bestowed Worlds. The universal Maker we may praise. sprinkled with gold. Uriel. or fixed seat hath none. That both in him and all things. his radiant visage turned. but chiefly Man. or down to the Earth Bear his swift errands over moist and dry. Where all his sons thy embassy attend. and are his eyes That run through all the Heavens. Brightest Seraph. O'er sea and land: him Satan thus accosts. and held Before his decent steps a silver wand. as now in hope To find who might direct his wandering flight To Paradise. the Angel bright. His chief delight and favour. Ere he drew nigh. and straight was known The Arch-Angel Uriel. And here art likeliest by supreme decree Like honour to obtain. Admonished by his ear. His journey's end and our beginning woe. Unspeakable desire to see. nearest to his throne. Which else might work him danger or delay: And now a stripling Cherub he appears. and on whom hath all these graces poured. wings he wore Of many a coloured plume. That I may find him. He drew not nigh unheard. Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim Alone thus wandering. Not of the prime. the happy seat of Man. Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes To deepest Hell. tell In which of all these shining orbs hath Man His fixed seat. yet such as in his face Youth smiled celestial. and know All these his wonderous works. as is meet. 50 . But first he casts to change his proper shape. and as his eye To visit oft this new creation round. one of the seven Who in God's presence. But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell. Stand ready at command. Created this new happy race of Men To serve him better: Wise are all his ways. to repair that loss.Glad was the Spirit impure. him for whom All these his works so wonderous he ordained. The first art wont his great authentick will Interpreter through highest Heaven to bring. gloriously bright. and to every limb Suitable grace diffused. and with secret gaze Or open admiration him behold.
Pleasant to know. And this ethereal quintessence of Heaven Flew upward. Contented with report. but there the neighbouring moon So call that opposite fair star) her aid Timely interposes. as thou seest. 51 . Till at his second bidding Darkness fled. Fair Angel. and to simplicity Resigns her charge. the seat of Man. through Heaven and Earth: And oft. flood. spirited with various forms. shines. By his permissive will. To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps. Look downward on that globe. and turned to stars Numberless. and her monthly round Still ending. and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight. Night would invade. or the wisdom infinite That brought them forth. air. whose hither side With light from hence. though wisdom wake. through mid Heaven. The rest in circuit walls this universe. That place is Earth. fire. Each had his place appointed. Light shone. that led thee hither From thy empyreal mansion thus alone. each his course. the only evil that walks Invisible. hear only in Heaven: For wonderful indeed are all his works. suspicion sleeps At wisdom's gate. That rolled orbicular. as the other hemisphere. though but reflected. still renewing. But what created mind can comprehend Their number. In his uprightness. This world's material mould. that light His day. while goodness thinks no ill Where no ill seems: Which now for once beguiled Uriel. and held The sharpest-sighted Spirit of all in Heaven. but rather merits praise The more it seems excess. thereby to glorify The great Work-master. For neither Man nor Angel can discern Hypocrisy.So spake the false dissembler unperceived. answer thus returned. and how they move. which else. Who to the fraudulent impostor foul. leads to no excess That reaches blame. and order from disorder sprung: Swift to their several quarters hasted then The cumbrous elements. came to a heap: Confusion heard his voice. which tends to know The works of God. but hid their causes deep? I saw when at his word the formless mass. stood vast infinitude confined. thy desire. except to God alone. and wild uproar Stood ruled. though regent of the sun. earth. With borrowed light her countenance triform Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth.
came down. and what must be Worse. much revolving. and round about him. While time was. Came furious down to be revenged on men. for that warning voice. to thee I call. nor from Hell One step. To wreak on innocent frail Man his loss Of that first battle. wakes the bitter memory Of what he was. Thus said. Adam's abode. Haply so 'scaped his mortal snare: For now Satan. is Paradise. As to superiour Spirits is wont in Heaven. Nor staid. those lofty shades. and from the bottom stir The Hell within him. Begins his dire attempt. his bower. Book IV O. O thou. And like a devilish engine back recoils Upon himself. thus in sighs began. now first inflamed with rage. 52 . of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue. till on Niphates' top he lights. can fly By change of place: Now conscience wakes despair. and Satan. what is. Thy way thou canst not miss.And in her pale dominion checks the night. to which I point. which now in his view Lay pleasant. me mine requires. Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel. Lookest from thy sole dominion like the God Of this new world. with surpassing glory crowned. horrour and doubt distract His troubled thoughts. though bold Far off and fearless. Where honour due and reverence none neglects. put to second rout. bowing low. no more than from himself. at whose sight all the stars Hide their diminished heads. which nigh the birth Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast. Sometimes towards Heaven. nor with cause to boast. not rejoicing in his speed. Then when the Dragon. and the full-blazing sun. and 'scaped. Down from the ecliptick. That spot. his grieved look he fixes sad. and add thy name. Took leave. for within him Hell He brings. Sometimes towards Eden. heard cry in Heaven aloud. and toward the coast of earth beneath. our first parents had been warned The coming of their secret foe. That slumbered. which he. that. But with no friendly voice. who saw The Apocalypse. sped with hoped success. and his flight to Hell: Yet. Which now sat high in his meridian tower: Then. he turned. Woe to the inhabitants on earth! that now. The tempter ere the accuser of mankind.
The easiest recompence. but stand unshaken. at last relent: Is there no place Left for repentance. cursed be thou. And. myself am Hell. And understood not that a grateful mind By owing owes not. still to owe. none for pardon left? None left but by submission. and with his good Upbraided none. it deals eternal woe. To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heaven. Ay me! they little know How dearly I abide that boast so vain. That bring to my remembrance from what state I fell. how glorious once above thy sphere. Me miserable! which way shall I fly Infinite wrath. and infinite despair? Which way I fly is Hell. and in a moment quit The debt immense of endless gratitude. But Heaven's free love dealt equally to all? Be then his love accursed. wherefore! he deserved no such return From me. Drawn to his part. since against his thy will Chose freely what it now so justly rues. To me alike. had his powerful destiny ordained Me some inferiour Angel. then. lifted up so high I sdeined subjection. boasting I could subdue The Omnipotent. and that word Disdain forbids me. what burden then O. I had stood Then happy. And wrought but malice. How due! yet all his good proved ill in me. What could be less than to afford him praise. Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand? Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse. but other Powers as great Fell not. nor was his service hard. 53 . at once Indebted and discharged. to all temptations armed. from within Or from without. Forgetful what from him I still received. though mean. O. and thought one step higher Would set me highest. but still pays. a lower deep Still threatening to devour me opens wide. whom he created what I was In that bright eminence. in the lowest deep. Till pride and worse ambition threw me down Warring in Heaven against Heaven's matchless King: Ah. So burdensome still paying. whom I seduced With other promises and other vaunts Than to submit. Nay. and my dread of shame Among the Spirits beneath.Of Sun! to tell thee how I hate thy beams. since love or hate. no unbounded hope had raised Ambition! Yet why not some other Power As great might have aspired. and pay him thanks. and me.
and. For heavenly minds from such distempers foul Are ever clear. how soon Would highth recall high thoughts. unseen. and despair. as violent and void. For never can true reconcilement grow. Evil. 54 . This knows my Punisher. So farewell. and to the border comes Of Eden. and fir. The lower still I fall. and pine. Where wounds of deadly hate have pierced so deep: Which would but lead me to a worse relapse And heavier fall: so should I purchase dear Short intermission bought with double smart. Farewell. and for him this world. be thou my good. shall know. as the ranks ascend. therefore as far From granting he. behold. So on he fares. Artificer of fraud. By act of grace. how soon unsay What feigned submission swore? Ease would recant Vows made in pain. and on the Assyrian mount Saw him disfigured. All hope excluded thus. As with a rural mound. But say I could repent. remorse! all good to me is lost. fear. As he supposed. Deep malice to conceal. the champaign head Of a steep wilderness. and betrayed Him counterfeit. my former state. more than could befall Spirit of happy sort. then alone. if any eye beheld. and with hope farewell. and branching palm. and more than half perhaps will reign. as I from begging. and could obtain. his gestures fierce He marked and mad demeanour. As Man ere long. in stead Mankind created. While they adore me on the throne of Hell. by thee at least Divided empire with Heaven's King I hold.Under what torments inwardly I groan. crowns with her enclosure green. Thus while he spake. where delicious Paradise. only supreme In misery: Such joy ambition finds. whose eye pursued him down The way he went. all unobserved. Which marred his borrowed visage. With diadem and scepter high advanced. each passion dimmed his face Thrice changed with pale. and this new world. Whereof he soon aware. By thee. whose hairy sides Access denied. peace. and was the first That practised falsehood under saintly show. envy. couched with revenge: Yet not enough had practised to deceive Uriel once warned. Each perturbation smoothed with outward calm. A sylvan scene. Now nearer. hope. Cedar. and overhead upgrew Insuperable height of loftiest shade. ire.
As when a prowling wolf. Appeared. or humid bow. bent to unhoard the cash Of some rich burgher. Now to the ascent of that steep savage hill Satan had journeyed on. and now are past Mozambick. But further way found none. Who came their bane. with such delay Well pleased they slack their course. 55 . As when to them who fail Beyond the Cape of Hope. Blossoms and fruits at once of golden hue. whose substantial doors. and. and sheer within Lights on his feet. and many a league Cheered with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles: So entertained those odorous sweets the Fiend. so lovely seemed That landskip: And of pure now purer air Meets his approach. and with a vengeance sent From Media post to Egypt. loaden with fairest fruit. there fast bound. from the spouse Of Tobit's son. with gay enamelled colours mixed: On which the sun more glad impressed his beams Than in fair evening cloud. pensive and slow. Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve In hurdled cotes amid the field secure. Fanning their odoriferous wings. able to drive All sadness but despair: Now gentle gales. Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. the undergrowth Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplexed All path of man or beast that passed that way. Yet higher than their tops The verdurous wall of Paradise upsprung. At one flight bound high over-leaped all bound Of hill or highest wall. 00081429 Which to our general sire gave prospect large Into his nether empire neighbouring round. As one continued brake. Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold: Or as a thief. dispense Native perfumes. And higher than that wall a circling row Of goodliest trees. in contempt. off at sea north-east winds blow Sabean odours from the spicy shore Of Araby the blest. and that looked east On the other side: which when the arch-felon saw. so thick entwined. and whisper whence they stole Those balmy spoils. though enamoured. One gate there only was. When God hath showered the earth. and to the heart inspires Vernal delight and joy. Due entrance he disdained. a woody theatre Of stateliest view.Shade above shade. though with them better pleased Than Asmodeus with the fishy fume That drove him.
by him in the east Of Eden planted. nor on the virtue thought Of that life-giving plant. Southward through Eden went a river large. thence united fell Down the steep glade. To all delight of human sense exposed. Of where the sons of Eden long before Dwelt in Telassar: In this pleasant soil His far more pleasant garden God ordained. So since into his church lewd hirelings climb. Beneath him with new wonder now he views. but only used For prospect. Thence up he flew. But rather to tell how. Knowledge of good bought dear by knowing ill. yea more. but sat devising death To them who lived. The middle tree and highest there that grew. smell. visiting each plant. if Art could tell. and next to life. divided into four main streams. How from that sapphire fount the crisped brooks. Nature's whole wealth. fear no assault. A Heaven on Earth: For blissful Paradise Of God the garden was. wandering many a famous realm And country. And all amid them stood the tree of life. Our death. Eden stretched her line From Auran eastward to the royal towers Of great Seleucia. grew fast by. With mazy errour under pendant shades Ran nectar. Out of the fertile ground he caused to grow All trees of noblest kind for sight. and on the tree of life. but through the shaggy hill Passed underneath ingulfed. built by Grecian kings. Which from his darksome passage now appears. to value right The good before him. through veins Of porous earth with kindly thirst up-drawn. whereof here needs no account. In narrow room.Cross-barred and bolted fast. Runs diverse. and fed 56 . High eminent. In at the window climbs. for God had thrown That mountain as his garden-mould high raised Upon the rapid current. Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold. blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. the tree of knowledge. taste. but God alone. but perverts best things To worst abuse. or to their meanest use. what well used had been the pledge Of immortality. Sat like a cormorant. and met the nether flood. Nor changed his course. and with many a rill Watered the garden. And now. which. yet not true life Thereby regained. or o'er the tiles: So clomb this first grand thief into God's fold. So little knows Any. Rose a fresh fountain.
and her florid son Young Bacchus. erect and tall. Not that fair field Of Enna. vernal airs. but wide remote From this Assyrian garden. all delight. or level downs. The birds their quire apply. undelighted. Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. nor that Nyseian isle Girt with the river Triton. attune The trembling leaves. and without thorn the rose: Another side. burnished with golden rind. and gently creeps Luxuriant. which cost Ceres all that pain To seek her through the world. That to the fringed bank with myrtle crowned Her crystal mirrour holds. Mount Amara. though this by some supposed True Paradise under the Ethiop line By Nilus' head. where old Cham. and strange Two of far nobler shape. and where the unpierced shade Imbrowned the noontide bowers: Thus was this place A happy rural seat of various view. Flowers of all hue. umbrageous grots and caves Of cool recess. Or palmy hillock. Hid Amalthea. Others whose fruit.Flowers worthy of Paradise. A whole day's journey high. where Proserpine gathering flowers. Hung amiable. with native honour clad In naked majesty seemed lords of all: And worthy seemed. airs. while universal Pan. unite their streams. and plain. were interposed. If true. or in a lake. might with this Paradise Of Eden strive. which not nice Art In beds and curious knots. Both where the morning sun first warmly smote The open field. for in their looks divine 57 . dispersed. and of delicious taste: Betwixt them lawns. where the Fiend Saw. new to sight. and flocks Grazing the tender herb. and dale. Nor where Abassin kings their issue guard. here only. all kind Of living creatures. Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance. Godlike erect. Whom Gentiles Ammon call and Libyan Jove. and the inspired Castalian spring. Breathing the smell of field and grove. enclosed with shining rock. or the flowery lap Of some irriguous valley spread her store. Hesperian fables true. Led on the eternal Spring. mean while murmuring waters fall Down the slope hills. nor that sweet grove Of Daphne by Orontes. Herself a fairer flower by gloomy Dis Was gathered. from his stepdame Rhea's eye. o'er which the mantling vine Lays forth her purple grape. but Nature boon Poured forth profuse on hill.
the loveliest pair. Nor gentle purpose. but not beneath his shoulders broad: She. honour dishonourable. as their sex not equal seemed. amorous delay. That ever since in love's embraces met. which implied Subjection. forest or den.) Whence true authority in men. nor shunned the sight Of God or Angel. For contemplation he and valour formed. nor endearing smiles Wanted. the fairest of her daughters Eve. she for God in him: His fair large front and eye sublime declared Absolute rule. And by her yielded. (Severe. Still as they thirsted. mere shows of seeming pure. Alone as they. scoop the brimming stream. Nectarine fruits which the compliant boughs Yielded them. by him best received. as a veil. how have ye troubled all mankind With shows instead. and made ease More easy. and in the rind. sanctitude severe and pure. and hyacinthine locks Round from his parted forelock manly hung Clustering. and. 58 . and of all chase In wood or wilderness. since wild. side-long as they sat recline On the soft downy bank damasked with flowers: The savoury pulp they chew. down to the slender waist Her unadorned golden tresses wore Dishevelled. Nor those mysterious parts were then concealed. by a fresh fountain side They sat them down. About them frisking played All beasts of the earth. as beseems Fair couple. after no more toil Of their sweet gardening labour than sufficed To recommend cool Zephyr. Sin-bred. For softness she and sweet attractive grace. Truth. reluctant. Under a tuft of shade that on a green Stood whispering soft. wholesome thirst and appetite More grateful. He for God only. for they thought no ill: So hand in hand they passed. to their supper-fruits they fell.The image of their glorious Maker shone. but required with gentle sway. but in wanton ringlets waved As the vine curls her tendrils. modest pride. And sweet. Yielded with coy submission. dishonest shame Of nature's works. wisdom. And banished from man's life his happiest life. nor youthful dalliance. Adam the goodliest man of men since born His sons. Simplicity and spotless innocence! So passed they naked on. linked in happy nuptial league. though both Not equal. but in true filial freedom placed. Then was not guilty shame.
wove with Gordian twine His braided train. whom I could pity thus forlorn. or you with me Henceforth. That I with you must dwell. O Hell! what do mine eyes with grief behold! Into our room of bliss thus high advanced Creatures of other mould. to receive Your numerous offspring. and now filled with pasture gazing sat. Scarce thus at length failed speech recovered sad. I should abhor. for the sun. he gave it me. Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge On you who wrong me not for him who wronged. compels me now To do what else. and in the ascending scale Of Heaven the stars that usher evening rose: When Satan still in gaze. And send forth all her kings. but for so happy ill secured Long to continue. as first he stood. and deliver ye to woe. Ah! gentle pair. so close. though damned. Happy. yet such Accept your Maker's work. Insinuating. if no better place. so strait. Not Spirits. used all his might. Declined. Not like these narrow limits. More woe. others on the grass Couched. earth-born perhaps. yet to heavenly Spirits bright Little inferiour. and could love. Gambolled before them. And mutual amity. whom my thoughts pursue With wonder. and such grace The hand that formed them on their shape hath poured. Which I as freely give: Hell shall unfold. and with necessity. and wreathed His?kithetmroboscis. the more your taste is now of joy. her widest gates. and of his fatal guile Gave proof unheeded. bears. yet no purposed foe To you. the unwieldy elephant. and this high seat your Heaven Ill fenced for Heaven to keep out such a foe As now is entered. was hasting now with prone career To the ocean isles. and in his paw Dandled the kid. ye little think how nigh Your change approaches. Though I unpitied: League with you I seek. To make them mirth. as I do. there will be room. By conquering this new world. when all these delights Will vanish. your sense. Like this fair Paradise. And should I at your harmless innocence Melt.Sporting the lion ramped. ounces. 59 . So spake the Fiend. close the serpent sly. so lively shines In them divine resemblance. tigers. my dwelling haply may not please. To entertain you two. Or bedward ruminating. pards. yet publick reason just. Honour and empire with revenge enlarged.
unespied. rising. Adam first of men To first of women Eve thus moving speech. Then as a tiger. 60 . By word or action marked. For we to him indeed all praises owe. Straight couches close. himself now one. who at his hand Have nothing merited. Now other. he might surest seize them both. Which were it toilsome. flesh of thy flesh. To whom thus Eve replied. About them round A lion now he stalks with fiery glare. all ear to hear new utterance flow. Then let us not think hard One easy prohibition. The only sign of our obedience left. for well thou knowest God hath pronounced it death to taste that tree. and extol His bounty. air. and choice Unlimited of manifold delights: But let us ever praise him. O thou for whom And from whom I was formed. Sole partner. changes oft His couchant watch. And without whom am to no end. planted by the tree of life. and dominion given Over all other creatures that possess Earth.The tyrant's plea. Griped in each paw: when. as their shape served best his end Nearer to view his prey. not to taste that only tree Of knowledge. and for us this ample world. who by chance hath spied In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play. Turned him. following our delightful task. this easy charge. and tend these flowers. excused his devilish deeds. and sea. So near grows death to life. as one who chose his ground. who enjoy Free leave so large to all things else. whate'er death is. then. To prune these growing plants. my guide And head! what thou hast said is just and right. and of his good As liberal and free as infinite. Dearer thyself than all. That raised us from the dust. of all these joys. of all the trees In Paradise that bear delicious fruit So various. nor can perform Aught whereof he hath need. and placed us here In all this happiness. and. Whence rushing. he who requires From us no other service than to keep This one. and sole part. To mark what of their state he more might learn. Then from his lofty stand on that high tree Down he alights among the sportful herd Of those four-footed kinds. Some dreadful thing no doubt. Be infinitely good. needs must the Power That made us. yet with thee were sweet. Among so many signs of power and rule Conferred upon us.
But follow straight. then stood unmoved Pure as the expanse of Heaven. to have thee by my side 'Henceforth an individual solace dear. 'What thou seest. and thee claim 'My other half:' With that thy gentle hand Seised mine: I yielded. and found myself reposed Under a shade on flowers. and with eyes Of conjugal attraction unreproved. Less winning soft. And wisdom. Than that smooth watery image: Back I turned. 'Return. to give thee being I lent 'Out of my side to thee. Under a platane. who enjoy So far the happier lot. when from sleep I first awaked. invisibly thus led? Till I espied thee. So spake our general mother. and pined with vain desire. that to me seemed another sky.And daily thanks.and from that time see How beauty is excelled by manly grace. nearest my heart. 'With thee it came and goes: but follow me. 'What there thou seest. to look into the clear Smooth lake. 'Substantial life. 'Whom flyest thou? whom thou flyest. enjoying thee Pre-eminent by so much odds. I thither went With unexperienced thought.' What could I do. Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound Of waters issued from a cave. As I bent down to look. half-embracing leaned On our first father. I chiefly. but pleased I soon returned. just opposite A shape within the watery gleam appeared. and spread Into a liquid plain. he 'Whose image thou art. and how. much wondering where And what I was. yet methought less fair. is thyself. his bone. fair Creature. of him thou art. 'His flesh. And meek surrender. while thou Like consort to thyself canst no where find. and laid me down On the green bank. Had not a voice thus warned me. Thou following cryedst aloud. half her swelling breast 61 . Pleased it returned as soon with answering looks Of sympathy and love: There I had fixed Mine eyes till now. less amiably mild. That day I oft remember. and thence be called 'Mother of human race. Bending to look on me: I started back. whence thither brought. 'Part of my soul I seek thee. to him shalt bear 'Multitudes like thyself. and thy soft embraces. him thou shalt enjoy 'Inseparably thine. which alone is truly fair. 'And I will bring thee where no shadow stays 'Thy coming. It started back. fair indeed and tall. fair Eve.
A chance but chance may lead where I may meet Some wandering Spirit of Heaven by fountain side. whom knowledge might exalt Equal with Gods: aspiring to be such. it seems. when he impregns the clouds That shed Mayflowers. where Heaven With earth and ocean meets. and began Through wood. reasonless. for long woes are to succeed! So saying. yet with jealous leer malign Eyed them askance. but fierce desire. from him to draw What further would be learned. and submissive charms. winding with one ascent Accessible from earth. invented with design To keep them low. sight tormenting! thus these two. The proof of their obedience and their faith? O fair foundation laid whereon to build Their ruin! hence I will excite their minds With more desire to know. Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidden Suspicious. under the flowing gold Of her loose tresses hid: he in delight Both of her beauty. The happier Eden. Still unfulfilled with pain of longing pines.Naked met his. one entrance high. shall enjoy their fill Of bliss on bliss. enjoy. Sight hateful. Where neither joy nor love. Live while ye may. and with right aspect Against the eastern gate of Paradise Levelled his evening rays: It was a rock Of alabaster. of knowledge called. Or in thick shade retired. Conspicuous far. and to reject Envious commands. his proud step he scornful turned. till I return. piled up to the clouds. through waste. and to himself thus plained. Smiled with superiour love. But with sly circumspection. Among our other torments not the least. as Jupiter On Juno smiles. Yet happy pair. Yet let me not forget what I have gained From their own mouths: All is not theirs. and no corner leave unspied. the setting sun Slowly descended. while I to Hell am thrust. One fatal tree there stands. o'er dale. his roam Mean while in utmost longitude. and pressed her matron lip With kisses pure: Aside the Devil turned For envy. o'er hill. Imparadised in one another's arms. 62 . Short pleasures. They taste and die: What likelier can ensue But first with narrow search I must walk round This garden. Why should their Lord Envy them that? Can it be sin to know? Can it be death? And do they only stand By ignorance? Is that their happy state.
that overhung Still as it rose. had left him there Arraying with reflected purple and gold The clouds that on his western throne attend. and spears. whose point now raised Bore him slope downward to the sun now fallen Beneath the Azores. and with gold. impossible to climb. Amid the sun's bright circle where thou sitst. but such as come Well known from Heaven. soon discerned his looks Alien from Heaven. helms. Chief of the angelick guards. that to this happy place No evil thing approach or enter in. Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat.The rest was craggy cliff. So promised he. But if within the circuit of these walks. About him exercised heroick games The unarmed youth of Heaven. by morrow dawning I shall know. Where he first lighted. whether the prime orb. have o'er-leaped these earthly bounds On purpose. See far and wide: In at this gate none pass The vigilance here placed. zealous. shields. had thither rolled Diurnal. and chiefly Man. Uriel. hard thou knowest it to exclude Spiritual substance with corporeal bar. or this less volubil earth. to thee thy course by lot hath given Charge and strict watch. swift as a shooting star In autumn thwarts the night. and since meridian hour No creature thence: If Spirit of other sort. but under shade Lost sight of him: One of the banished crew. Hung high with diamond flaming. God's latest image: I described his way Bent all on speed. and shows the mariner From what point of his compass to beware Impetuous winds: He thus began in haste. But in the mount that lies from Eden north. I fear. 63 . awaiting night. Thither came Uriel. to know More of the Almighty's works. This day at highth of noon came to my sphere A Spirit. of whom Thou tellest. By shorter flight to the east. when vapours fired Impress the air. to raise New troubles. and Uriel to his charge Returned on that bright beam. as he seemed. hath ventured from the deep. him thy care must be to find. In whatsoever shape he lurk. and marked his aery gait. So minded. To whom the winged warriour thus returned. but nigh at hand Celestial armoury. with passions foul obscured: Mine eye pursued him still. Gabriel. gliding through the even On a sun-beam. no wonder if thy perfect sight. Incredible how swift.
unsightly and unsmooth. To whom thus Eve. and their change. these to their nests Were slunk. With this her solemn bird. Mean while. And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw. her rising sweet. fruit. for beast and bird. Glistering with dew. that led The starry host. at length Apparent queen unveiled her peerless light. with perfect beauty adorned My Author and Disposer. all please alike. Silence was pleased: Now glowed the firmament With living sapphires: Hesperus. That lie bestrown. That mock our scant manuring. to reform Yon flowery arbours. and Twilight gray Had in her sober livery all things clad. Silence accompanied. God is thy law. Man hath his daily work of body or mind Appointed. and all things now retired to rest. Our walk at noon. the hour Of night. and this fair moon. and those dropping gums. then silent Night. since God hath set Labour and rest. as day and night. And the regard of Heaven on all his ways. Now falling with soft slumbrous weight. tree. all but the wakeful nightingale. While other animals unactive range. To-morrow. till the moon. and less need rest. rode brightest. 64 . and her praise. night bids us rest. as Nature wills. and require More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth: Those blossoms also. with branches overgrown. Mind us of like repose. All seasons. and sweet the coming on Of grateful Evening mild. to men Successive. She all night long her amorous descant sung.Now came still Evening on. Fair Consort. unemployed. When first on this delightful land he spreads His orient beams. Ask riddance. yonder alleys green. ere fresh morning streak the east With first approach of light. They to their grassy couch. what thou bidst Unargued I obey: So God ordains. And at our pleasant labour. When Adam thus to Eve. on herb. thou mine: To know no more Is woman's happiest knowledge. which declares his dignity. And of their doings God takes no account. Sweet is the breath of Morn. With thee conversing I forget all time. inclines Our eye-lids: Other creatures all day long Rove idle. With charm of earliest birds: pleasant the sun. fragrant the fertile earth After soft showers. if we mean to tread with ease. and the timely dew of sleep. Rising in clouded majesty. we must be risen. and flower.
roses. Thus talking. Singing their great Creator? oft in bands While they keep watch. hand in hand alone they passed On to their blissful bower: it was a place Chosen by the sovran Planter. which these soft fires Not only enlighten. Shine not in vain. and extinguish life In Nature and all things. That Heaven would want spectators. Iris all hues. but with kindly heat Of various influence foment and warm. accomplished Eve. though unbeheld in deep of night. Or glittering star-light. each beauteous flower. or nightly rounding walk. nor think. Daughter of God and Man. or in part shed down Their stellar virtue on all kinds that grow On earth. when he framed All things to Man's delightful use. Lest total Darkness should by night regain Her old possession. when she ascends With charm of earliest birds. though to nations yet unborn. and jessamin. Nor grateful Evening mild. their songs Divide the night. without thee is sweet. Sole. fruit. God want praise: Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth Unseen. and each odorous bushy shrub. nor silent Night. and wrought 65 . they set and rise.And these the gems of Heaven. But wherefore all night long shine these? for whom This glorious sight. Glistering with dew. Reared high their flourished heads between. nor rising sun On this delightful land. on either side Acanthus. With this her solemn bird. though men were none. and lift our thoughts to Heaven. Temper or nourish. or responsive each to others note. made hereby apter to receive Perfection from the sun's more potent ray. nor walk by moon. when sleep hath shut all eyes? To whom our general ancestor replied. These have their course to finish round the earth. the roof Of thickest covert was inwoven shade Laurel and myrtle. both when we wake. nor fragrance after showers. nor herb. These then. and what higher grew Of firm and fragrant leaf. With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds In full harmonick number joined. By morrow evening. Ministring light prepared. and from land to land In order. flower. her starry train: But neither breath of Morn. and when we sleep: All these with ceaseless praise his works behold Both day and night: How often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard Celestial voices to the midnight air. Fenced up the verdant wall.
true source 66 . and O! too like In sad event. And when we seek. who shall with us extol Thy goodness infinite. happy in our mutual help And mutual love. and sweet-smelling herbs. and thou the day. Thus. Maker Omnipotent. and innocence. Here. with rich inlay Broidered the ground. as now. nor turned. and. at their shady lodge arrived.Mosaick. both when we wake. Adam from his fair spouse. And heavenly quires the hymenaean sung. mysterious law. Defaming as impure what God declares Pure. Have finished. Which they beheld. Crocus. foe to God and Man? Hail. Bird. into their inmost bower Handed they went. underfoot the violet. in our appointed work employed. and under open sky adored The God that made both sky. nor Nymph Nor Faunus haunted. but adoration pure Which God likes best. and place. durst enter none. wedded Love. eased the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear. Such was their awe of Man. and uncropt falls to the ground. What day the genial Angel to our sire Brought her in naked beauty more adorned. where thy abundance wants Partakers. But thou hast promised from us two a race To fill the earth. and heaven. the crown of all our bliss Ordained by thee. the moon's resplendent globe. whom the Gods Endowed with all their gifts. than Pandora. Both turned. air. and commands to some. and this delicious place For us too large. beast. With flowers. Straight side by side were laid. In shadier bower More sacred and sequestered. more coloured than with stone Of costliest emblem: Other creature here. And starry pole: Thou also madest the night. and hyacinth. though but feigned. Our Maker bids encrease. More lovely. both stood. leaves free to all. earth. Which we. and other rites Observing none. garlands. thy gift of sleep. or worm. Espoused Eve decked first her nuptial bed. to be avenged On him who had stole Jove's authentick fire. who bids abstain But our Destroyer. insect. I ween. in close recess. Pan or Sylvanus never slept. nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refused: Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity. when to the unwiser son Of Japhet brought by Hermes. This said unanimous. she ensnared Mankind with her fair looks.
Assaying by his devilish art to reach 67 . which the starved lover sings To his proud fair. lulled by nightingales. on errand bad no doubt: Such. unendeared. half these draw off. not in the bought smile Of harlots. embracing slept. on he led his radiant files. Now laid perhaps asleep. sole propriety In Paradise of all things common else! By thee adulterous Lust was driven from men Among the bestial herds to range. Half wheeling to the shield. And from their ivory port the Cherubim. and gave them thus in charge. where ye find. Relations dear. that I should write thee sin or blame. and coast the south With strictest watch. Now had night measured with her shadowy cone Half way up hill this vast sublunar vault. if ye seek No happier state. loyal. which the morn repaired. here lights His constant lamp. as saints and patriarchs used. and O!yet happiest. and all the charities Of father. Who tells of some infernal Spirit seen Hitherward bent (who could have thought?) escaped The bars of Hell. So saying. Whose bed is undefiled and chaste pronounced. These. stood armed To their night watches in warlike parade. Casual fruition. just. and pure. Reigns here and revels. secure of harm. As flame they part. or midnight ball. or past. or wanton mask. with winged speed Search through this garden. Perpetual fountain of domestick sweets. and hither bring. son. these other wheel the north.Of human offspring. Or serenate. first were known. Mixed dance. these to the bower direct In search of whom they sought: Him there they found Squat like a toad. From these. and waves his purple wings. Far be it. Dazzling the moon. Present. This evening from the sun's decline arrived. loveless. Ithuriel and Zephon. And on their naked limbs the flowery roof Showered roses. Our circuit meets full west. and brother. Sleep on. and know to know no more. by thee Founded in reason. Or think thee unbefitting holiest place. Forth issuing at the accustomed hour. close at the ear of Eve. Uzziel. best quitted with disdain. half to the spear. joyless. two strong and subtle Spirits he called That near him stood. seise fast. When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. nor in court-amours. leave unsearched no nook. Here Love his golden shafts employs. But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge. Blest pair.
for thou. So started up in his own shape the Fiend. and his grave rebuke. added grace Invincible: Abashed the Devil stood. phantasms and dreams. And felt how awful goodness is. the smutty grain. when thou no more wast good. that from pure blood arise Like gentle breaths from rivers pure. Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate For you. inspiring venom. vain aims. Here watching at the head of these that sleep? Know ye not then said Satan. answering scorn with scorn. unmoved with fear. as he list. half amazed So sudden to behold the grisly king. Blown up with high conceits ingendering pride. Or undiminished brightness to be known. and thou resemblest now Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foul. That glory then. accost him soon. Back stept those two fair Angels. and with them forge Illusions. transformed. Think not. So spake the Cherub.The organs of her fancy. and superfluous begin Your message. thy shape the same. filled with scorn. If I must contend. discontented thoughts. shalt give account To him who sent us. if ye know. and pined His loss. be sure. like to end as much in vain? To whom thus Zephon. As when a spark Lights on a heap of nitrous powder. Departed from thee. But come. Yet thus. and saw Virtue in her shape how lovely. Why sat'st thou like an enemy in wait. Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear Touched lightly. or. but chiefly to find here observed His lustre visibly impaired. there sitting where ye durst not soar: Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. and these from harm. With sudden blaze diffused. but returns Of force to its own likeness: Up he starts Discovered and surprised. saw. for no falshood can endure Touch of celestial temper. As when thou stoodest in Heaven upright and pure. Vain hopes. laid Fit for the tun some magazine to store Against a rumoured war. escaped thy prison? and. whose charge is to keep This place inviolable. the sender. Which of those rebel Spirits adjudged to Hell Comest thou. said he. thence raise At least distempered. yet seemed Undaunted. Severe in youthful beauty. The lowest of your throng. 68 . Best with the best. not the sent. Or if. inordinate desires. Why ask ye. revolted Spirit. inflames the air. he might taint The animal spirits.
Thus he in scorn. Will save us trial what the least can do Single against thee wicked. But that implies not violence or harm. Thy fear. for in his look defiance lours. And brief related whom they brought. and now by glimpse discern Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade. and soonest recompense Dole with delight. Not likely to part hence without contest. but have power and right To question thy bold entrance on this place. and closing stood in squadron joined. To thee no reason. they found me where they say. Though thither doomed! Thou wouldst thyself. A waiting next command. To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. He scarce had ended. like a proud steed reined. to violate sleep. from the front thus called aloud. went haughty on. said Zephon bold. finding way. who approve not to transgress By thy example. awe from above had quelled His heart. who knowest only good. The Fiend replied not.Or all at once. Employed. O friends! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting this way. 69 . thus replied. Gabriel. broke the bounds prescribed To thy transgressions. And with them comes a third of regal port. The warlike Angel moved. How busied. not else dismayed. To whom their Chief. Why hast thou. Satan. break loose from Hell. who by his gait And fierce demeanour seems the Prince of Hell. when those two approached. But. more glory will be won. but this question asked Puts me in doubt. Now drew they nigh The western point. overcome with rage. And such I held thee. and thence weak. Stand firm. Or less be lost. Lives there who loves his pain! Who would not. and disturbed the charge Of others. Disdainfully half smiling. where found. Champing his iron curb: To strive or fly He held it vain. if he intends our stay In that dark durance: Thus much what was asked. and those Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss! To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow. where those half-rounding guards Just met. But faded splendour wan. Gabriel? thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of wise. it seems. no doubt And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain. where thou mightst hope to change Torment with ease. But evil hast not tried: and wilt object His will who bounds us! Let him surer bar His iron gates. which in this place I sought. The rest is true. in what form and posture couched.
or shrink from pain. not fight. whereof in Hell Fame is not silent. here in hope to find Better abode. Satan. But still thy words at random. And practised distances to cringe.O loss of one in Heaven to judge of wise Since Satan fell. Was this your discipline and faith engaged. I alone first undertook To wing the desolate abyss. or in mid air. Argues no leader but a liear traced. But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee Came not all hell broke loose? or thou than they Less hardy to endure? Courageous Chief! The first in flight from pain! hadst thou alleged To thy deserted host this cause of flight. pretending first Wise to fly pain. Not that I less endure. Whose easier business were to serve their Lord High up in Heaven. Insulting Angel! well thou knowest I stood Thy fiercest. fit body to fit head. when in battle to thy aid The blasting vollied thunder made all speed. with songs to hymn his throne. to dissolve 70 . And seconded thy else not dreaded spear. And now returns him from his prison 'scaped. professing next the spy. and spy This new created world. not to hazard all Through ways of danger by himself untried: I. Though for possession put to try once more What thou and thy gay legions dare against. and couldst thou faithful add? O name. Argue thy inexperience what behoves From hard assays and ill successes past A faithful leader. frowning stern. as before. To which the Fiend thus answered. Your military obedience. meet thy flight Sevenfold. and to 'scape his punishment! So judge thou still. and my afflicted Powers To settle here on earth. therefore. Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise Or not. and scourge that wisdom back to Hell. Which thou incurrest by flying. So wise he judges it to fly from pain However. O sacred name of faithfulness profaned! Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew? Army of Fiends. who ask what boldness brought him hither Unlicensed from his bounds in Hell prescribed. presumptuous! till the wrath. whom folly overthrew. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. To say and straight unsay. that no pain Can equal anger infinite provoked. Which taught thee yet no better. To whom the warriour Angel soon replied.
dilated stood. and kicked the beam. and thyself to reign? But mark what I arreed thee now. On the other side. unremoved: His stature reached the sky. Proud limitary Cherub! but ere then Far heavier load thyself expect to feel From my prevailing arm. Us'd to the yoke. the careful plowman doubting stands. Battles and realms: In these he put two weights. thus bespake the Fiend. and thou knowest mine. and began to hem him round With ported spears. Then when I am thy captive talk of chains. The pendulous round earth with balanced air In counterpoise.Allegiance to the acknowledged Power supreme? And thou. Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained. had not soon The Eternal. or all the elements At least had gone to wrack. but the starry cope Of Heaven perhaps. And seal thee so. who more than thou Once fawned. and thou with thy compeers. Satan. Hung forth in Heaven his golden scales. nor wanted in his grasp What seemed both spear and shield: Now dreadful deeds Might have ensued. who now wouldst seem Patron of liberty. sly hypocrite. and servily adored Heaven's awful Monarch? wherefore. 71 . now ponders all events. which way the wind Sways them. The sequel each of parting and of fight: The latter quick up flew. nor only Paradise In this commotion. Collecting all his might. yet seen Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign. Satan. sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx. alarmed. Like Teneriff or Atlas. Fly neither whence thou fledst! If from this hour Within these hallowed limits thou appear. the angelick squadron bright Turned fiery red. but Satan to no threats Gave heed. So threatened he. Avant. Wherein all things created first he weighed. to prevent such horrid fray. Left on the threshing floor his hopeless sheaves Prove chaff. I know thy strength. drawest his triumphant wheels In progress through the road of Heaven star-paved. but waxing more in rage replied. as henceforth not to scorn The facile gates of Hell too slightly barred. Which Gabriel spying. though Heaven's King Ride on thy wings. and cringed. and on his crest Sat Horrour plumed. While thus he spake. but in hope To dispossess him. disturbed and torn With violence of this conflict. as thick as when a field Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends Her bearded grove of ears.
my perfection! glad I see Thy face. which. Heaven's last best gift. If dreamed. The Fiend looked up. Lightly dispersed. so much the more His wonder was to find unwakened Eve With tresses discomposed.but fled Murmuring. my espoused. and morn returned. so customed. But of offence and trouble. how weak. but given: What folly then To boast what arms can do? since thine no more Than Heaven permits. we lose the prime. And read thy lot in yon celestial sign. whether waking or asleep. and what the balmy reed. which the only sound Of leaves and fuming rills. If thou resist. and the fresh field Calls us. how the bee Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet. whom embracing. sowed the earth with orient pearl. Where thou art weighed. with looks of cordial love Hung over her enamoured. my ever new delight! Awake: The morning shines. Such whispering waked her. My fairest. to mark how spring Our tender plants. Eve? now is the pleasant time. Her hand soft touching. thus she spake. nor mine. and knew His mounted scale aloft: Nor more. and with him fled the shades of night. on his side Leaning half raised.Neither our own. Aurora's fan. My glory. or morrow's next design. What drops the myrrh. When Adam waked. 'Why sleepest thou. Close at mine ear one called me forth to walk With gentle voice. for his sleep Was aery-light. and the shrill matin song Of birds on every bough. and beheld Beauty. from pure digestion bred. of thee. as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. though doubled now To trample thee as mire: For proof look up. O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose. for I this night (Such night till this I never passed) have dreamed. how blows the citron grove. not. And temperate vapours bland. Shot forth peculiar graces. then with voice Mild. Book V Now Morn. but with startled eye On Adam. Awake. whispered thus. which my mind Knew never till this irksome night: Methought. as I oft am wont. her rosy steps in the eastern clime Advancing. Works of day past. and shown how light. 72 . my latest found. How nature paints her colours. and glowing cheek. As through unquiet rest: He. I thought it thine: It said.
by merit thine. and to me held. To find thee I directed then my walk. as only fit 'For Gods. that I. 'with fruit surcharged. or what reserve forbids to taste? 'Forbid who will. methought. Forthwith up to the clouds With him I flew. with ravishment 'Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. since good.' I rose as at thy call. happy creature. it seems. and taste thy sweet. and with more pleasing light 'Shadowy sets off the face of things. but much more sweet thus cropt. 'Nor God. 'The author not impaired. as I wondering looked. worthier canst not be: 'Taste this. that now awake 'Tunes sweetest his love-laboured song. on that tree he also gazed. save where silence yields 'To the night-warbling bird. nor Man? Is knowledge so despised? 'Or envy. 'Forbidden here. he paused not. the pleasant savoury smell So quickened appetite. the silent. and see 'What life the Gods live there. the more 'Communicated. Heaven wakes with all his eyes. 'O fruit divine. happy though thou art. 'Whom to behold but thee. Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part Which he had plucked. yet able to make Gods of Men: 'And why not Gods of Men. me damp horrour chilled At such bold words vouched with a deed so bold: But he thus. overjoyed. a prospect wide And various: Wondering at my flight and change 73 . Nature's desire? 'In whose sight all things joy. as we. his dewy locks distilled Ambrosia. 'Happier thou mayest be. 'If none regard. 'But sometimes in the air. alone I passed through ways That brought me on a sudden to the tree Of interdicted knowledge: fair it seemed. beside it stood One shaped and winged like one of those from Heaven By us oft seen.' said he. but honoured more? 'Here. now reigns 'Full-orbed the moon.'The cool. he drew nigh. not to earth confined. why else set here? This said. fair angelick Eve! 'Partake thou also. but found thee not. in vain. 'Deigns none to ease thy load. 'Sweet of thyself. and be henceforth among the Gods 'Thyself a Goddess. Could not but taste. And on. and underneath beheld The earth outstretched immense. Much fairer to my fancy than by day: And. but with venturous arm He plucked. and such live thou!' So saying. And 'O fair plant. methought. sometimes 'Ascend to Heaven. he tasted. none shall from me withhold 'Longer thy offered good. more abundant grows.
as the gracious signs of sweet remorse And pious awe. and wiped them with her hair. With wheels yet hovering o'er the ocean-brim. And fell asleep. then retires Into her private cell. Ill matching words and deeds long past or late. Be not disheartened then.To this high exaltation. frames All what we affirm or what deny. when nature rests. Waking thou never will consent to do. methinks. and the sun. Wild work produces oft. 74 . scarce up-risen. he ere they fell Kissed. methought. but. aery shapes. and dearer half. But know that in the soul Are many lesser faculties. But silently a gentle tear let fall From either eye. Oft in her absence mimick Fancy wakes To imitate her. that feared to have offended. She forms imaginations. suddenly My guide was gone. Evil into the mind of God or Man May come and go. among these Fancy next Her office holds. That wont to be more cheerful and serene. and thus Adam answered sad. and the flowers That open now their choisest bosomed smells. in this thy dream. the fountains. But with addition strange. Two other precious drops that ready stood. so unreproved. and kept for thee in store. So all was cleared. who. and leave No spot or blame behind: Which gives me hope That what in sleep thou didst abhor to dream. I fear. and she was cheered. of all external things Which the five watchful senses represent. Best image of myself. yet be not sad. And let us to our fresh employments rise Among the groves. Reserved from night. nor cloud those looks. that serve Reason as chief. Some such resemblances. of evil sprung. and to the field they haste. Than when fair morning first smiles on the world. but O. I find Of our last evening's talk. nor can I like This uncouth dream. joining or disjoining. Each in their crystal sluice. and most in dreams. and I. The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally. misjoining shapes. from under shady arborous roof Soon as they forth were come to open sight Of day-spring. sunk down. So cheered he his fair spouse. Created pure. Which Reason. Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none. But first. and call Our knowledge or opinion. how glad I waked To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her night Related.
While day arises. day without night. Almighty! Thine this universal frame. last in the train of night. ye who best can tell. Whether to deck with clouds the uncoloured sky. Thou Sun. and began Their orisons. that crownest the smiling morn With thy bright circlet. Moon. With the fixed Stars. that now meetest the orient sun. Speak. both when thou climbest. Thus wonderous fair. And when high noon hast gained. and with songs And choral symphonies. In honour to the world's great Author rise. Acknowledge him thy greater. If better thou belong not to the dawn. praise him in thy sphere. Circle his throne rejoicing. Thyself how wonderous then! Unspeakable. Or wet the thirsty earth with falling showers. in prose or numerous verse. in fit strains pronounced. such prompt eloquence Flowed from their lips. and mix And nourish all things. multiform. and without end. yet these declare Thy goodness beyond thought. who out of darkness called up light. More tuneable than needed lute or harp To add more sweetness. These are thy glorious works. ye in Heaven On Earth join all ye Creatures to extol Him first. or dimly seen In these thy lowest works.Shot parallel to the earth his dewy ray. for neither various style Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise Their Maker. for ye behold him. And ye five other wandering Fires. Angels. or sung Unmeditated. resound His praise. sound his praise In thy eternal course. that sweet hour of prime. and when thou fallest. Rising or falling still advance his praise. and they thus began. the eldest birth Of Nature's womb. ye sons of light. him last. dusky or gray. Sure pledge of day. that move In mystick dance not without song. Till the sun paint your fleecy skirts with gold. and power divine. and ye Elements. him midst. Ye Mists and Exhalations. each morning duly paid In various style. Parent of good. Discovering in wide landskip all the east Of Paradise and Eden's happy plains. Lowly they bowed adoring. 75 . of this great world both eye and soul. Fairest of stars. that in quaternion run Perpetual circle. Air. fixed in their orb that flies. that now rise From hill or steaming lake. who sitst above these heavens To us invisible. let your ceaseless change Vary to our great Maker still new praise. now flyest.
His praise, ye Winds, that from four quarters blow, Breathe soft or loud; and, wave your tops, ye Pines, With every plant, in sign of worship wave. Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow, Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. Join voices, all ye living Souls: Ye Birds, That singing up to Heaven-gate ascend, Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise. Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep; Witness if I be silent, morn or even, To hill, or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Made vocal by my song, and taught his praise. Hail, universal Lord, be bounteous still To give us only good; and if the night Have gathered aught of evil, or concealed, Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark! So prayed they innocent, and to their thoughts Firm peace recovered soon, and wonted calm. On to their morning's rural work they haste, Among sweet dews and flowers; where any row Of fruit-trees over-woody reached too far Their pampered boughs, and needed hands to check Fruitless embraces: or they led the vine To wed her elm; she, spoused, about him twines Her marriageable arms, and with him brings Her dower, the adopted clusters, to adorn His barren leaves. Them thus employed beheld With pity Heaven's high King, and to him called Raphael, the sociable Spirit, that deigned To travel with Tobias, and secured His marriage with the seventimes-wedded maid. Raphael, said he, thou hearest what stir on Earth Satan, from Hell 'scaped through the darksome gulf, Hath raised in Paradise; and how disturbed This night the human pair; how he designs In them at once to ruin all mankind. Go therefore, half this day as friend with friend Converse with Adam, in what bower or shade Thou findest him from the heat of noon retired, To respite his day-labour with repast, Or with repose; and such discourse bring on, As may advise him of his happy state, Happiness in his power left free to will, Left to his own free will, his will though free, Yet mutable; whence warn him to beware He swerve not, too secure: Tell him withal His danger, and from whom; what enemy, Late fallen himself from Heaven, is plotting now The fall of others from like state of bliss; By violence? no, for that shall be withstood; 76
But by deceit and lies: This let him know, Lest, wilfully transgressing, he pretend Surprisal, unadmonished, unforewarned. So spake the Eternal Father, and fulfilled All justice: Nor delayed the winged Saint After his charge received; but from among Thousand celestial Ardours, where he stood Veiled with his gorgeous wings, up springing light, Flew through the midst of Heaven; the angelick quires, On each hand parting, to his speed gave way Through all the empyreal road; till, at the gate Of Heaven arrived, the gate self-opened wide On golden hinges turning, as by work Divine the sovran Architect had framed. From hence no cloud, or, to obstruct his sight, Star interposed, however small he sees, Not unconformed to other shining globes, Earth, and the garden of God, with cedars crowned Above all hills. As when by night the glass Of Galileo, less assured, observes Imagined lands and regions in the moon: Or pilot, from amidst the Cyclades Delos or Samos first appearing, kens A cloudy spot. Down thither prone in flight He speeds, and through the vast ethereal sky Sails between worlds and worlds, with steady wing Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan Winnows the buxom air; till, within soar Of towering eagles, to all the fowls he seems A phoenix, gazed by all as that sole bird, When, to enshrine his reliques in the Sun's Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies. At once on the eastern cliff of Paradise He lights, and to his proper shape returns A Seraph winged: Six wings he wore, to shade His lineaments divine; the pair that clad Each shoulder broad, came mantling o'er his breast With regal ornament; the middle pair Girt like a starry zone his waist, and round Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold And colours dipt in Heaven; the third his feet Shadowed from either heel with feathered mail, Sky-tinctured grain. Like Maia's son he stood, And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance filled The circuit wide. Straight knew him all the bands Of Angels under watch; and to his state, And to his message high, in honour rise; For on some message high they guessed him bound. Their glittering tents he passed, and now is come Into the blissful field, through groves of myrrh, And flowering odours, cassia, nard, and balm; 77
A wilderness of sweets; for Nature here Wantoned as in her prime, and played at will Her virgin fancies pouring forth more sweet, Wild above rule or art, enormous bliss. Him through the spicy forest onward come Adam discerned, as in the door he sat Of his cool bower, while now the mounted sun Shot down direct his fervid rays to warm Earth's inmost womb, more warmth than Adam needs: And Eve within, due at her hour prepared For dinner savoury fruits, of taste to please True appetite, and not disrelish thirst Of nectarous draughts between, from milky stream, Berry or grape: To whom thus Adam called. Haste hither, Eve, and worth thy sight behold Eastward among those trees, what glorious shape Comes this way moving; seems another morn Risen on mid-noon; some great behest from Heaven To us perhaps he brings, and will vouchsafe This day to be our guest. But go with speed, And, what thy stores contain, bring forth, and pour Abundance, fit to honour and receive Our heavenly stranger: Well we may afford Our givers their own gifts, and large bestow From large bestowed, where Nature multiplies Her fertile growth, and by disburthening grows More fruitful, which instructs us not to spare. To whom thus Eve. Adam, earth's hallowed mould, Of God inspired! small store will serve, where store, All seasons, ripe for use hangs on the stalk; Save what by frugal storing firmness gains To nourish, and superfluous moist consumes: But I will haste, and from each bough and brake, Each plant and juciest gourd, will pluck such choice To entertain our Angel-guest, as he Beholding shall confess, that here on Earth God hath dispensed his bounties as in Heaven. So saying, with dispatchful looks in haste She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent What choice to choose for delicacy best, What order, so contrived as not to mix Tastes, not well joined, inelegant, but bring Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change; Bestirs her then, and from each tender stalk Whatever Earth, all-bearing mother, yields In India East or West, or middle shore In Pontus or the Punick coast, or where Alcinous reigned, fruit of all kinds, in coat Rough, or smooth rind, or bearded husk, or shell, She gathers, tribute large, and on the board Heaps with unsparing hand; for drink the grape 78
She crushes, inoffensive must, and meaths From many a berry, and from sweet kernels pressed She tempers dulcet creams; nor these to hold Wants her fit vessels pure; then strows the ground With rose and odours from the shrub unfumed. Mean while our primitive great sire, to meet His God-like guest, walks forth, without more train Accompanied than with his own complete Perfections; in himself was all his state, More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits On princes, when their rich retinue long Of horses led, and grooms besmeared with gold, Dazzles the croud, and sets them all agape. Nearer his presence Adam, though not awed, Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek, As to a superiour nature bowing low, Thus said. Native of Heaven, for other place None can than Heaven such glorious shape contain; Since, by descending from the thrones above, Those happy places thou hast deigned a while To want, and honour these, vouchsafe with us Two only, who yet by sovran gift possess This spacious ground, in yonder shady bower To rest; and what the garden choicest bears To sit and taste, till this meridian heat Be over, and the sun more cool decline. Whom thus the angelick Virtue answered mild. Adam, I therefore came; nor art thou such Created, or such place hast here to dwell, As may not oft invite, though Spirits of Heaven, To visit thee; lead on then where thy bower O'ershades; for these mid-hours, till evening rise, I have at will. So to the sylvan lodge They came, that like Pomona's arbour smiled, With flowerets decked, and fragrant smells; but Eve, Undecked save with herself, more lovely fair Than Wood-Nymph, or the fairest Goddess feigned Of three that in mount Ida naked strove, Stood to entertain her guest from Heaven; no veil She needed, virtue-proof; no thought infirm Altered her cheek. On whom the Angel Hail Bestowed, the holy salutation used Long after to blest Mary, second Eve. Hail, Mother of Mankind, whose fruitful womb Shall fill the world more numerous with thy sons, Than with these various fruits the trees of God Have heaped this table!--Raised of grassy turf Their table was, and mossy seats had round, And on her ample square from side to side All autumn piled, though spring and autumn here Danced hand in hand. A while discourse they hold; 79
and their flowing cups With pleasant liquours crowned: O innocence Deserving Paradise! if ever. transpires Through Spirits with ease. The sun that light imparts to all. please to taste These bounties. And corporeal to incorporeal turn. As doth your rational. As from the mine. To us for food and for delight hath caused The earth to yield. digest. and as lowest first the moon. and vines Yield nectar. touch. So down they sat. Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold. the common gloss Of Theologians. unmeasured out. To whom the Angel. Nor doth the moon no nourishment exhale From her moist continent to higher orbs. and find the ground Covered with pearly grain: Yet God hath here Varied his bounty so with new delights. and to taste Think not I shall be nice. descends.No fear lest dinner cool. whatever was created. nor wonder. Whence in her visage round those spots. And to their viands fell.if by fire Of sooty coal the empirick alchemist Can turn. Therefore what he gives (Whose praise be ever sung) to Man in part Spiritual. Tasting concoct. Earth and the sea feed air. whereby they hear. though from off the boughs each morn We brush mellifluous dews. nor seemingly The Angel. unsavoury food perhaps To spiritual natures. which our Nourisher. and at even Sups with the ocean. from whom All perfect good. then. but with keen dispatch Of real hunger. Though in Heaven the trees Of life ambrosial fruitage bear. needs To be sustained and fed: Of elements The grosser feeds the purer. Mean while at table Eve Ministered naked. receives From all his alimental recompence In humid exhalations. That one celestial Father gives to all. only this I know. taste. unpurged Vapours not yet into her substance turned. see. nor in mist. and both contain Within them every lower faculty Of sense. assimilate. earth the sea. when thus began Our author. For know. 80 . the air those fires Ethereal. or holds it possible to turn. smell. and concoctive heat To transubstantiate: What redounds. As may compare with Heaven. Heavenly stranger. may of purest Spirits be found No ingrateful food: And food alike those pure Intelligential substances require.
or intuitive. of kind the same. whose high power. and pure. Man's nourishment. one first matter all. as you To proper substance. nor jealousy Was understood. in bounds Proportioned to each kind. Under whose lowly roof thou hast vouchsafed To enter. and his wary speech Thus to the empyreal minister he framed. so far Exceeded human. If not depraved from good. Thus when with meats and drinks they had sufficed. and find No inconvenient diet. of life. various degrees Of substance. Not burdened nature. Divine effulgence. when Men With Angels may participate. yet accepted so. Wonder not then. whose excellence he saw Transcend his own so far. what God for you saw good If I refuse not. Discursive. One Almighty is. and reason is her being. To intellectual. and of their being Who dwell in Heaven. the injured lover's hell. or nearer tending Each in their several active spheres assigned. sudden mind arose In Adam. And from these corporal nutriments perhaps Your bodies may at last turn all to spirit. Inhabitant with God. whose radiant forms. Time may come. by gradual scale sublimed. 81 . Endued with various forms. in things that live. to animal. nor too light fare. the latter most is ours. give both life and sense. As that more willingly thou couldst not seem At Heaven's high feasts to have fed: yet what compare To whom the winged Hierarch replied. more spiritous. but in those hearts Love unlibidinous reigned. last the bright consummate flower Spirits odorous breathes: flowers and their fruit. So from the root Springs lighter the green stalk. and up to him return. discourse Is oftest yours. and. Fancy and understanding. in this honour done to Man. created all Such to perfection. As nearer to him placed. from thence the leaves More aery. Food not of Angels. Differing but in degree. But more refined. whence the soul Reason receives. and these earthly fruits to taste.Then had the sons of God excuse to have been Enamoured at that sight. now know I well Thy favour. Till body up to spirit work. O Adam. from whom All things proceed. not to let the occasion pass Given him by this great conference to know Of things above his world. but convert. To vital spirits aspire.
our happy state Hold. whereon. By steps we may ascend to God. Not our necessitated. or possibly his love desert. or may. as in our will To love or not. be tried whether they serve Willing or no. while our obedience holds. owe to thyself. nor can find. and retain Unalterably firm his love entire. or strict necessity: Our voluntary service he requires. in this we stand or fall: And some are fallen. and all the angelick host. On other surety none: Freely we serve. In contemplation of created things. ascend Ethereal. not immutable. This was that caution given thee. That thou continuest such. Here or in heavenly Paradises dwell. That is. and with more delighted ear. incapable of more. that stand In sight of God. Whose progeny you are. than when Cherubick songs by night from neighbouring hills Aereal musick send: Nor knew I not 82 . owe to God. at choice. therein stand. for how Can hearts. Divine instructer. I have heard. and. If ye be found Obedient? Can we want obedience then To him. Thy words Attentive. O fall From what high state of bliss. as we. But say. Well hast thou taught the way that might direct Our knowledge. Because we freely love. propitious guest. Son of Heaven and Earth. O favourable Spirit. enthroned. such with him Finds no acceptance. God made thee perfect. Who formed us from the dust and placed us here Full to the utmost measure of what bliss Human desires can seek or apprehend? To whom the Angel. into what woe! To whom our great progenitor. What meant that caution joined. And so from Heaven to deepest Hell. to disobedience fallen. To whom the patriarch of mankind replied. to thy obedience.Improved by tract of time. Attend! That thou art happy. not over-ruled by fate Inextricable. If ye be found obedient. Mean while enjoy Your fill what happiness this happy state Can comprehend. and the scale of nature set From center to circumference. who will but what they must By destiny. and can no other choose? Myself. be advised. ordained thy will By nature free. but to persevere He left it in thy power. winged. not free. as you yours. And good he made thee.
which must needs be strange. 83 . Thus when in orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood. acts of zeal and love Recorded eminent. I shall delineate so. from all the ends of Heaven. and still assure: Though what thou tellest Hath passed in Heaven. Amidst as from a flaming mount. measures all things durable By present. whose top Brightness had made invisible. and degrees. and scarce begins His other half in the great zone of Heaven. applied To motion. more than on earth is thought? As yet this world was not. Thus Adam made request.To be both will and deed created free. By whom in bliss imbosomed sat the Son. Standards and gonfalons 'twixt van and rear Stream in the air. and things therein Each to other like. when on a day (For time. if thou consent. where Earth now rests Upon her center poised. appeared Under their Hierarchs in orders bright: Ten thousand thousand ensigns high advanced. perhaps Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy good This is dispensed. As may express them best. and Chaos wild Reigned where these Heavens now roll. High matter thou enjoinest me. Orb within orb. O prime of men. thus began. Innumerable before the Almighty's throne Forthwith. Sad task and hard: For how shall I relate To human sense the invisible exploits Of warring Spirits? how. for scarce the sun Hath finished half his journey. and obey him whose command Single is yet so just. thus spake.) on such day As Heaven's great year brings forth. my constant thoughts Assured me. Yet that we never shall forget to love Our Maker. the Father Infinite. of orders. Or in their glittering tissues bear imblazed Holy memorials. The ruin of so many glorious once And perfect while they stood? how last unfold The secrets of another world. And we have yet large day. and Raphael. some doubt within me move. After short pause assenting. and future. The full relation. though what if Earth Be but a shadow of Heaven. though in eternity. without remorse. and what surmounts the reach Of human sense. But more desire to hear. Worthy of sacred silence to be heard. the empyreal host Of Angels by imperial summons called. past. By likening spiritual to corporal forms. and for distinction serve Of hierarchies.
Tables are set. that God's own ear Listens delighted. Evening now approached. rejoicing in their joy. which unrevoked shall stand. and of fixed. when most irregular they seem. and in communion sweet Quaff immortality and joy. falls Into utter darkness. not need. breaks union. whence light and shade Spring both. (For we have also our evening and our morn. mazes intricate. all ye Angels. and that day. all seemed.) Forthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn Desirous. yet regular Then most. your head I him appoint. Eccentrick. they drink. without end. And in their motions harmony divine So smooths her charming tones. Mystical dance. and rubied nectar flows In pearl. all in circles as they stood. So spake the Omnipotent. We ours for change delectable. Thrones. to him shall bow All knees in Heaven. but were not all. And by myself have sworn. Dominations. and massy gold. deep ingulfed. (for night comes not there In darker veil. Hear my decree. Princedoms. in diamond. (Such are the courts of God) the angelick throng. Wide over all the plain. the face of brightest Heaven had changed To grateful twilight.) and roseat dews disposed All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest. the growth of Heaven. secure Of surfeit. This day I have begot whom I declare My only Son. On flowers reposed. and on this holy hill Him have anointed. whom ye now behold At my right hand. as one individual soul.Hear. 84 . in all her wheels Resembles nearest. and on a sudden piled With Angels food. and shall confess him Lord: Under his great vice-gerent reign abide United. Virtues. intervolved. his place Ordained without redemption. Fruit of delicious vines. which yonder starry sphere Of planets. before the all-bounteous King. and with his words All seemed well pleased. Cast out from God and blessed vision. where full measure only bounds Excess. Now when ambrosial night with clouds exhaled From that high mount of God. progeny of light. as other solemn days. who showered With copious hand. and with fresh flowerets crowned. and wider far Than all this globous earth in plain outspread. Powers. That day. Me disobeys. they spent In song and dance about the sacred hill. For ever happy: Him who disobeys. They eat.
New laws from him who reigns. Or several one by one. Homeward. could not bear Through pride that sight. Now ere dim night had disincumbered Heaven. that by command. Pavilions numberless. great in power. so late hath passed the lips Of Heaven's Almighty. where they slept Fanned with cool winds. ere yet dim night Her shadowy cloud withdraws. and proclaimed Messiah King anointed. 85 . who. Deep malice thence conceiving and disdain. Tell them. new minds may raise In us who serve. The great hierarchal standard was to move. and his new commands. and infused Bad influence into the unwary breast Of his associate: He together calls. where we possess The quarters of the north. save those. and sudden reared. Companion dear? What sleep can close Thy eye-lids? and rememberest what decree Of yesterday.Dispersed in bands and files. he resolved With all his legions to dislodge. their camp extend By living streams among the trees of life. how then can now Thy sleep dissent? New laws thou seest imposed. I mine to thee was wont to impart. that day Honoured by his great Father. Who speedily through all the hierarchies Intends to pass triumphant. Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour Friendliest to sleep and silence. The great Messiah. his former name Is heard no more in Heaven. and give laws. in their course. so call him now. If not the first Arch-Angel. Celestial tabernacles. thus to him in secret spake. and thought himself impaired. Melodious hymns about the sovran throne Alternate all night long: but not so waked Satan. new counsels to debate What doubtful may ensue: More in this place To utter is not safe. So spake the false Arch-Angel. Thou to me thy thoughts Wast wont. the throne supreme. and leave Unworshipt. Assemble thou Of all those myriads which we lead the chief. the regent Powers. And all who under me their banners wave. Sleepest thou. with flying march. In favour and pre-eminence. unobeyed. Both waking we were one. I am to haste. as he was taught. That the Most High commanding. he of the first. tells. Contemptuous. now ere night. yet fraught With envy against the Son of God. Under him Regent. and his next subordinate Awakening. there to prepare Fit entertainment to receive our King.
and high was his degree in Heaven. and all employ In our defence. dew-drops. Or stars of morning. smiling. thou thy foes Justly hast in derision. Adam. To whom the Son with calm aspect and clear. Laughest at their vain designs and tumults vain. our hill. Made answer. thou in whom my glory I behold In full resplendence. whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts. 86 . and with what arms We mean to hold what anciently we claim Of deity or empire: Such a foe Is rising. Nearly it now concerns us to be sure Of our Omnipotence. what our power is. to his only Son thus said. lest unawares we lose This our high place. or be found the worst in Heaven. Heir of all my might. and casts between Ambiguous words and jealousies. which the sun Impearls on every leaf and every flower. from forth his holy mount. and. allured them. as the morning-star that guides The starry flock. Regions they passed.Tells the suggested cause. and to this hazard draw With speed what force is left. the mighty regencies Of Seraphim. when they see all regal power Given me to quell their pride. And from within the golden lamps that burn Nightly before him. our sanctuary. Matter to me of glory. So spake the Son. and superiour voice Of their great Potentate. Let us advise. Son. His countenance. regions to which All thy dominion. and in event Know whether I be dextrous to subdue Thy rebels. to sound Or taint integrity: But all obeyed The wonted signal. secure. Mean while the Eternal eye. In their triple degrees. is no more Than what this garden is to all the earth. Far was advanced on winged speed. but Satan. saw in whom. who intends to erect his throne Equal to ours. saw without their light Rebellion rising. Mighty Father. serene. how spread Among the sons of morn. with his Powers. Lightning divine. what multitudes Were banded to oppose his high decree. hath in his thought to try In battle. and Thrones. Nor so content. and Potentates. an host Innumerable as the stars of night. or our right. and with lies Drew after him the third part of Heaven's host. for great indeed His name. ineffable. throughout the spacious north. And. whom their hate Illustrates.
and with calumnious art Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears. as a mount Raised on a mount. Thus far his bold discourse without controul 87 . and us eclipsed under the name Of King anointed. which having passed. To one. Pretending so commanded to consult About the great reception of their King. since by decree Another now hath to himself engrossed All power. The palace of great Lucifer. With what may be devised of honours new. if I trust To know ye right. If these magnifick titles yet remain Not merely titular. to the abuse Of those imperial titles. Who can in reason then. from one entire globose Stretched into longitude. Receive him coming to receive from us Knee-tribute yet unpaid. and if not equal all. or if ye know yourselves Natives and sons of Heaven possessed before By none. which assert Our being ordained to govern.) which not long after. Powers. And look for adoration. who without law Err not? much less for this to be our Lord. for orders and degrees Jar not with liberty. Equally free. The Mountain of the Congregation called. At length into the limits of the north They came. with pyramids and towers From diamond quarries hewn.And all the sea. Thither to come. if in power and splendour less. and rocks of gold. (so call That structure in the dialect of men Interpreted. not to serve. but well consist. or right. Thrones. Princedoms. Dominations. For thither he assembled all his train. assume Monarchy over such as live by right His equals. yet free. and to his image now proclaimed? But what if better counsels might erect Our minds. for whom all this haste Of midnight-march. and Satan to his royal seat High on a hill. and choose to bend The supple knee? Ye will not. This only to consult how we may best. Virtues. In freedom equal? or can introduce Law and edict on us. prostration vile! Too much to one! but double how endured. far blazing. and hurried meeting here. and teach us to cast off this yoke? Will ye submit your necks. In imitation of that mount whereon Messiah was declared in sight of Heaven. he Affecting all equality with God.
thou sayest. Or all angelick nature joined in one. as out of season judged. by task transferred 88 . While pardon may be found in time besought. pronounced and sworn. to bind with laws the free. than whom none with more zeal adored The Deity. and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heaven Expected. dost thou count. Ingrate. when among the Seraphim Abdiel. Essential Powers. And tempt not these. even thee. But to grant it thee unjust. we know how good. least of all from thee. O argument blasphemous. Crowned them with glory. So spake the fervent Angel. every soul in Heaven Shall bend the knee. Canst thou with impious obloquy condemn The just decree of God. nor by his reign obscured.Had audience. And equal over equals to let reign. and in that honour due Confess him rightful King? unjust. Virtues. Or singular and rash: Whereat rejoiced The Apostate. and formed the Powers of Heaven Such as he pleased. His laws our laws. As by his Word. One over all with unsucceeded power. Dominations. the Mighty Father made All things. more haughty. and divine commands obeyed. Cease then this impious rage. In place thyself so high above thy peers. and to their glory named Thrones. Powers. But more illustrious made. That equal over equals monarch reign: Thyself. That to his only Son. Flatly unjust. though great and glorious. but hasten to appease The incensed Father. Princedoms. under one head more near United. by experience taught. false. bent rather to exalt Our happy state. Stood up. but his zeal None seconded. who made Thee what thou art. That we were formed then sayest thou? and the work Of secondary hands. by right endued With regal scepter. and circumscribed their being? Yet. Equal to him begotten Son? by whom. thus replied. Shalt thou give law to God? shalt thou dispute With him the points of liberty. all honour to him done Returns our own. how far from thought To make us less. and the incensed Son. and all the Spirits of Heaven By him created in their bright degrees. And of our good and of our dignity How provident he is. since he the head One of our number thus reduced becomes. and in a flame of zeal severe The current of his fury thus opposed. and.
Nor number. Know none before us. Long way through hostile scorn. other decrees Against thee are gone forth without recall. with him wrought To swerve from truth. by proof to try Who is our equal: Then thou shalt behold Whether by supplication we intend Address. Distinguish not: For soon expect to feel His thunder on thy head. When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. unterrified. contagion spread Both of thy crime and punishment: Henceforth No more be troubled how to quit the yoke Of God's Messiah. his zeal. faithful only he. which he sustained Superiour. O alienate from God. devouring fire. unseduced. This report. Our puissance is our own. though alone Encompassed round with foes. self-begot. and.From Father to his Son? strange point and new! Doctrine which we would know whence learned: who saw When this creation was? rememberest thou Thy making. nor example. Hoarse murmur echoed to his words applause Through the infinite host. He said. And fly. those indulgent laws Will not be now vouchsafed. Among innumerable false. and thy hapless crew involved In this perfidious fraud. his love. These tidings carry to the anointed King. the birth mature Of this our native Heaven. ere evil intercept thy flight. faithful found Among the faithless. nor of violence feared aught. lest the wrath Impendent. That golden scepter. or change his constant mind. Yet not for thy advice or threats I fly These wicked tents devoted. From amidst them forth he passed. which thou didst reject. His loyalty he kept. Though single. raging into sudden flame. when fatal course Had circled his full orb. and to begirt the almighty throne Beseeching or besieging. as the sound of waters deep. while the Maker gave thee being? We know no time when we were not as now. So spake the Seraph Abdiel. Well thou didst advise. ethereal sons. O Spirit accursed. self-raised By our own quickening power. unmoved. 89 . nor less for that The flaming Seraph fearless. thus answered bold. Forsaken of all good! I see thy fall Determined. Is now an iron rod to bruise and break Thy disobedience. Then who created thee lamenting learn. Unshaken. our own right hand Shall teach us highest deeds.
and to subdue By force. who him received With joy and acclamations loud. which makes through Heaven Grateful vicissitude. fast by his throne. far worse to bear Than violence. And for the testimony of truth hast borne Universal reproach. who single hast maintained Against revolted multitudes the cause Of truth. well hast thou fought The better fight. who reason for their law refuse. and flaming arms. Book VI All night the dreadless Angel. and found Already known what he for news had thought To have reported: Gladly then he mixed Among those friendly Powers. That of so many myriads fallen.And. Well done. his back he turned On those proud towers to swift destruction doomed. On to the sacred hill They led him high applauded. first met his view: War he perceived. Reflecting blaze on blaze. From midst a golden cloud. though worlds Judged thee perverse: The easier conquest now Remains thee. Servant of God. with rosy hand Unbarred the gates of light. Where light and darkness in perpetual round Lodge and dislodge by turns. in military prowess next. Go. unpursued. war in procinct. with retorted scorn. though darkness there might well Seem twilight here: And now went forth the Morn Such as in highest Heaven arrayed in gold Empyreal. till Morn. Light issues forth. when all the plain Covered with thick embattled squadrons bright. and fiery steeds. Shot through with orient beams. 90 . thus mild was heard. And thou. from before her vanished Night. for this was all thy care To stand approved in sight of God. Chariots. aided by this host of friends. of celestial armies prince. There is a cave Within the mount of God. and present Before the seat supreme. who by right of merit reigns. yet one Returned not lost. and at the other door Obsequious darkness enters. in word mightier than they in arms. Waked by the circling Hours. like day and night. Back on thy foes more glorious to return. Right reason for their law. from whence a voice. and for their King Messiah. Through Heaven's wide champain held his way. Than scorned thou didst depart. that one. till her hour To veil the Heaven. Michael.
nor wood. So spake the Sovran Voice. in orderly array on wing. The banded Powers of Satan hasting on With furious expedition. for high above the ground Their march was. That stood for Heaven. Came summoned over Eden to receive Their names of thee. Far in the horizon to the north appeared From skirt to skirt a fiery region. who wont to meet So oft in festivals of joy and love Unanimous. the sign Of wrath awaked. Hymning the Eternal Father: But the shout 91 . moved on In silence their bright legions. that Angel should with Angel war. Tenfold the length of this terrene: At last. and helmets thronged. with boastful argument portrayed. reluctant flames. and the passive air upbore Their nimble tread. By thousands and by millions. drive them out from God and bliss. nor stream. stretched In battailous aspect. and many a province wide. And in fierce hosting meet. and shields Various. for they weened That self-same day. so over many a tract Of Heaven they marched. to the brow of Heaven Pursuing. in the cause Of God and his Messiah. Equal in number to that Godless crew Rebellious: Them with fire and hostile arms Fearless assault. by fight or by surprise. that breathed Heroick ardour to adventurous deeds Under their God-like leaders. On they move Indissolubly firm.Gabriel. the gulf Of Tartarus. lead forth to battle these my sons Invincible. lead forth my armed Saints. which ready opens wide His fiery Chaos to receive their fall. nor obvious hill. nor with less dread the loud Ethereal trumpet from on high 'gan blow: At which command the Powers militant. and clouds began To darken all the hill. and smoke to roll In dusky wreaths. and nearer view Bristled with upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears. the proud Aspirer. divides Their perfect ranks. as when the total kind Of birds. to the sound Of instrumental harmony. ranged for fight. To win the mount of God. in mighty quadrate joined Of union irresistible. but their thoughts proved fond and vain In the mid way: Though strange to us it seemed At first. Into their place of punishment. as sons of one great Sire. and. Nor straitening vale. and on his throne To set the Envier of his state.
yet so Most reason is that reason overcome. or with solitary hand Reaching beyond all limit. exalted as a God. where faith and realty Remain not: Wherefore should not strength and might There fail where virtue fails. Idol of majesty divine. Proud. in both disputes alike Victor. The throne of God unguarded. trusting in the Almighty's aid. High in the midst. I mean to try. and front to front Presented stood in terrible array Of hideous length: Before the cloudy van. On the rough edge of battle ere it joined. Should win in arms. at the terrour of thy power Or potent tongue: Fool!not to think how vain Against the Omnipotent to rise in arms. and whelmed Thy legions under darkness: But thou seest All are not of thy train. and rushing sound Of onset ended soon each milder thought. when I alone Seemed in thy world erroneous to dissent From all: My sect thou seest. and from his armed peers Forth stepping opposite.now learn too late 92 . without end. at this prevention more Incensed. who faith Prefer. for now "twixt host and host but narrow space was left. A dreadful interval. And thus his own undaunted heart explores. at one blow. and golden shields. Unaided. and piety to God. Came towering. Who out of smallest things could. whose reason I have tried Unsound and false. The Apostate in his sun-bright chariot sat. where he stood Among the mightiest. art thou met? thy hope was to have reached The highth of thy aspiring unopposed. could have finished thee. or weakest prove Where boldest. Then lighted from his gorgeous throne.Of battle now began. though to fight unconquerable? His puissance. nor is it aught but just. armed in adamant and gold. and his side Abandoned. half-way he met His daring foe. bent on highest deeds. Have raised incessant armies to defeat Thy folly. who in debate of truth hath won. and thus securely him defied. So pondering. though brutish that contest and foul. there be. O Heaven! that such resemblance of the Highest Should yet remain. Satan. with vast and haughty strides advanced. though then To thee not visible. When reason hath to deal with force. That he. Abdiel that sight endured not. enclosed With flaming Cherubim.
This greeting on thy impious crest receive. durst oppose A third part of the Gods. a noble stroke he lifted high. let me serve In Heaven God ever blest. Reign thou in Hell. Ministring Spirits. When he who rules is worthiest. Inspired with contradiction. seditious Angel! to receive Thy merited reward. Whom the grand foe. while they feel Vigour divine within them. from flight. Thyself not free. that no sight. or him who hath rebelled Against his worthier. Which hung not. when thousands err. ambitious to win From me some plume. the tenth on bended knee His massy spear upstaid. less could his shield. Such ruin intercept: Ten paces huge He back recoiled. So saying. To serve the unwise. Ill for thee. first sought for. thy kingdom. trained up in feast and song! Such hast thou armed. the first assay Of this right hand provoked. Servility with freedom to contend. Apostate! still thou errest. Or Nature: God and Nature bid the same. since first that tongue. Thus answered. that thy success may show Destruction to the rest: This pause between. At first I thought that Liberty and Heaven To heavenly souls had been all one. the minstrelsy of Heaven. as if on earth Winds under ground. Yet lewdly darest our ministring upbraid. nor end wilt find Of erring. not realms. This is servitude. Yet chains in Hell. To whom in brief thus Abdiel stern replied. but so swift with tempest fell On the proud crest of Satan. can allow Omnipotence to none. Nor motion of swift thought.How few sometimes may know. Half sunk with all his pines. (Unanswered lest thou boast) to let thee know. but to thyself enthralled. expect: Mean while From me returned. with scornful eye askance. as thine now serve thee. but in wished hour Of my revenge. and his divine Behests obey. But well thou comest Before thy fellows. Sidelong had pushed a mountain from his seat. worthiest to be obeyed. and excels Them whom he governs. As both their deeds compared this day shall prove. as erst thou saidst. thou returnest From flight. Amazement seised 93 . from the path of truth remote: Unjustly thou depravest it with the name Of servitude. who. in synod met Their deities to assert. but now I see that most through sloth had rather serve. to serve whom God ordains. or waters forcing way.
None of retreat. And flying vaulted either host with fire. expert When to advance. though numbered such As each divided legion might have seemed A numerous host. each on himself relied. but infinite. all Earth Had to her center shook. and met in arms No equal. sometimes on firm ground A standing fight. through the vast of Heaven It sounded. to see Thus foiled their mightiest. and the faithful armies rung Hosanna to the Highest: Nor stood at gaze The adverse legions. or turn the sway Of battle. and had Earth been then. And clamour such as heard in Heaven till now Was never. till Satan. high over-ruled And limited their might. in strength each armed hand A legion. over head the dismal hiss Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew. soaring on main wing. for wide was spread That war and various. ranging through the dire attack Of fighting Seraphim confused. and fierce desire Of battle: Whereat Michael bid sound The Arch-Angel trumpet. dire was the noise Of conflict.The rebel Thrones. their happy native seat. and shout. nor less hideous joined The horrid shock. who that day Prodigious power had shown. at length 94 . Tormented all the air. all air seemed then Conflicting fire. but greater rage. What wonder? when Millions of fierce encountering Angels fought On either side. ours joy filled. or stand. open when. Presage of victory. and the madding wheels Of brazen chariots raged. and when to close The ridges of grim war: No thought of flight. arms on armour clashing brayed Horrible discord. then. Had not the Eternal King Omnipotent. yet leader seemed Each warriour single as in chief. Now storming fury rose. and disturb. led in fight. So under fiery cope together rushed Both battles main. and arm him with the force Of all their regions: How much more of power Army against army numberless to raise Dreadful combustion warring. As only in his arm the moment lay Of victory: Deeds of eternal fame Were done. with ruinous assault And inextinguishable rage. All Heaven Resounded. Though not destroy. no unbecoming deed That argued fear. the least of whom could wield These elements. Long time in even scale The battle hung. From his strong hold of Heaven.
that so shall end The strife which thou callest evil. and both addressed for fight Unspeakable. the seat of bliss. winged from God. that may lift Human imagination to such highth 95 . as hoping here to end Intestine war in Heaven. his ample shield. So spake the Prince of Angels. Heaven. Hence then. Thou and thy wicked crew! there mingle broils. imperious. here however to dwell free. Nor think thou with wind Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds Thou canst not. the arch-foe subdued Or captive dragged in chains. hateful to all. or to what things Liken on earth conspicuous. or if to fall. Unnamed in Heaven. And thy adherents: How hast thou disturbed Heaven's blessed peace. and opposed the rocky orb Of tenfold adamant. Though heaviest by just measure on thyself. uncreated till the crime Of thy rebellion! how hast thou instilled Thy malice into thousands. Or some more sudden vengeance. unknown till thy revolt. Hell. for who. to the place of evil. At his approach The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toil Surceased. If not to reign: Mean while thy utmost force. the horrid edge came down Wide-wasting. Brooks not the works of violence and war. Thy offspring. and glad. and into nature brought Misery. though with the tongue Of Angels. now plenteous as thou seest These acts of hateful strife. which we mean to win. A vast circumference. Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom. but we style The strife of glory. Or turn this Heaven itself into the Hell Thou fablest. They ended parle. with huge two-handed sway Brandished aloft. Heaven casts thee out From all her confines. easier to transact with me That thou shouldst hope. to whom thus The Adversary. Author of evil. with hostile frown And visage all inflamed first thus began. and with threats To chase me hence? err not. now proved false! But think not here To trouble holy rest. but have sought thee far and nigh. I fly not. once upright And faithful. Precipitate thee with augmented pain. but that they rise Unvanquished.Saw where the sword of Michael smote. can relate. and evil go with thee along. Hast thou turned the least of these To flight. And join him named Almighty to thy aid. such destruction to withstand He hasted. and felled Squadrons at once.
such as. in mid sky Should combat. Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven. Among the constellations war were sprung. Where erst was thickest fight. two broad suns their shields Blazed opposite. rushing from aspect malign Of fiercest opposition.Of Godlike power? for likest Gods they seemed. all sense. Together both with next to almighty arm Up-lifted imminent. Cannot but by annihilating die. nor odds appeared In might or swift prevention: But the sword Of Michael from the armoury of God Was given him tempered so. all eye. liver or reins. 96 . and their jarring spheres confound. All intellect. all ear. To find himself not matchless. and in half cut sheer. as they please. Now waved their fiery swords. Stood they or moved. As not of power at once. so far beneath His confidence to equal God in power. the angelick throng. to set forth Great things by small. and his pride Humbled by such rebuke. Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run By Angels many and strong. and shame. heart of head. one stroke they aimed That might determine. nature's concord broke. and not need repeat. Two planets. And left large field. And writhed him to and fro convolved. so sore The griding sword with discontinuous wound Passed through him: But the ethereal substance closed. all head. who interposed Defence. in stature. not as frail man In entrails. And all his armour stained. if. nor staid. and in the air Made horrid circles. and from the gash A stream of necturous humour issuing flowed Sanguine. deep entering. with steep force to smite Descending. while others bore him on their shields Back to his chariot. But with swift wheel reverse. motion. Yet soon he healed. for Spirits that live throughout Vital in every part. and. ere while so bright. where it stood retired From off the files of war: There they him laid Gnashing for anguish. arms. Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound Receive. that neither keen Nor solid might resist that edge: it met The sword of Satan. unsafe within the wind Of such commotion. Not long divisible. such as celestial Spirits may bleed. no more than can the fluid air: All heart they live. shared All his right side: Then Satan first knew pain. while Expectation stood In horrour: From each hand with speed retired. and despite.
that to be less than Gods Disdained. their mightiest quelled. and Arioch. but anon Down cloven to the waist. Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail.They limb themselves. And fiery-foaming steeds. And at his chariot-wheels to drag him bound Threatened. advanced entire. contented with their fame in Heaven. and Asmadai. and Raphael. Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy The atheist crew. his vaunting foe. but with redoubled blow Ariel. the battle swerved. yet by doom Cancelled from Heaven and sacred memory. Such high advantages their innocence Gave them above their foes. but those elect Angels. Then first with fear surprised. with shattered arms And uncouth pain fled bellowing. or flight. overthrew. all the ground With shivered armour strown. furious king. Nor of renown less eager. 97 . And now. I might relate of thousands. and colour. condense or rare. Though huge. Two potent Thrones. Fled ignominious. yet to glory aspires Vain-glorious. Invulnerable. nor from the Holy One of Heaven Refrained his tongue blasphemous. Far otherwise the inviolable Saints. to such evil brought By sin of disobedience. and in a rock of diamond armed. where the might of Gabriel fought. or with pale fear surprised. and foul disorder. With many an inroad gored. and their names Eternize here on earth. Illaudable. nought merits but dispraise And ignominy. Vanquished Adramelech. recoiled O'er-wearied. Seek not the praise of men: The other sort. deformed rout Entered. Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell. In cubick phalanx firm. In might though wonderous and in acts of war. And with fierce ensigns pierced the deep array Of Moloch. through the faint Satanick host Defensive scarce. till that hour Not liable to fear. who him defied. and from just. or size Assume. as?kikes them best. and on a heap Chariot and charioteer lay overturned. and through infamy seeks fame: Therefore eternal silence be their doom. and the violence Of Ramiel scorched and blasted. shape. not to have sinned. and sense of pain. but meaner thoughts learned in their flight. On each wing Uriel. or pain. what stood. impenetrably armed. For strength from truth divided. Mean while in other parts like deeds deserved Memorial.
unobnoxious to be pained By wound. void of rest. and. glory. when next we meet. and understanding sound. as soon contemned. Or equal what between us made the odds. grateful truce imposed. now known in arms Not to be overpowered. Some disadvantage we endured and pain. Of evil then so small as easy think The remedy. Deliverer from new Lords. and. though pierced with wound. his riven arms to havock hewn. known. Cherubick waving fires: On the other part. over Heaven Inducing darkness. it seems. leader to free Enjoyment of our right as Gods. Too mean pretence! but what we more affect. Victor and vanquished: On the foughten field Michael and his Angels prevalent Encamping. and. And silence on the odious din of war: Under her cloudy covert both retired. Since now we find this our empyreal form Incapable of mortal injury. and worse our foes. Who have sustained one day in doubtful fight. His potentates to council called by night. Till now not known. Imperishable. And cloudy in aspect thus answering spake. In nature none: If other hidden cause Left them superiour.Not to have disobeyed. placed in guard their watches round. perhaps more valid arms. But proves not so: Then fallible. Of future we may deem him. Soon closing. He sat. Found worthy not of liberty alone. Now Night her course began. and renown. True is. of Principalities the prime. Honour. and too unequal work we find. Companions dear. though till now Omniscient thought. May serve to better us. As one he stood escaped from cruel fight. less firmly armed. why not eternal days?) What Heaven's Lord had powerfullest to send Against us from about his throne. Weapons more violent. O now in danger tried. Due search and consultation will disclose. and in the assembly next upstood Nisroch. but. Sore toiled. in fight they stood Unwearied. (And if one day. And in the midst thus undismayed began. 98 . though from their place by violence moved. and by native vigour healed. yet hard For Gods. while we can preserve Unhurt our minds. and judged Sufficient to subdue us to his will. Far in the dark dislodged. dominion. Satan with his rebellious disappeared.
The invention all admired. much less to be despaired. Thick rammed. Of spiritous and fiery spume. impassive. Whose eye so superficially surveys These things. as not to mind from whence they grow Deep under ground. and tempered. Which. and his words their drooping cheer Enlightened. till touched With Heaven's ray. Whereto with look composed Satan replied. which is the calmest life: But pain is perfect misery. into hollow engines. gems. and their languished hope revived. pregnant with infernal flame. opening to the ambient light? These in their dark nativity the deep Shall yield us. from which evil Ruin must needs ensue. quelled with pain Which all subdues. as shall dash To pieces. to me deserves No less than for deliverance what we owe. Nor long shall be our labour. the worst Of evils. and each. at the other bore with touch of fire Dilated and infuriate. which yet unfound most would have thought Impossible: Yet. and o'erwhelm whatever stands Adverse. Against unpained. Abandon fear. who therefore can invent With what more forcible we may offend Our yet unwounded enemies. shall send forth From far. among our foes Such implements of mischief. for what avails Valour or strength. materials dark and crude. Mean while revive. long and round. fruit. or inspired With devilish machination. to strength and counsel joined Think nothing hard. and not repine. haply. He. so easy it seemed Once found. He ended. Effect shall end our wish. and gold. of thy race In future days. I bring. that they shall fear we have disarmed The Thunderer of his only dreaded bolt. adorned With plant. overturns All patience. flower ambrosial. though matchless. and makes remiss the hands Of mightiest? Sense of pleasure we may well Spare out of life perhaps. might devise 99 . or arm Ourselves with like defence. But live content. This continent of spacious Heaven. how he To be the inventer missed. and. if malice should abound. they shoot forth So beauteous. with thundering noise. Not uninvented that. Some one intent on mischief. yet ere dawn. excessive.Against unequal arms to fight in pain. which thou aright Believest so main to our success. Which of us who beholds the bright surface Of this ethereous mould whereon we stand.
or whither fled. Where lodged. in a moment up they turned Wide the celestial soil. and into store conveyed: Part hidden veins digged up (nor hath this earth Entrails unlike) of mineral and stone.Like instrument to plague the sons of men For sin. quit of all impediment. in hollow cube Training his devilish enginery. Borne even or high. and scouts each coast light-armed scour. and. innumerable hands Were ready. Up rose the victor-Angels. arm for fight. Came flying. refulgent host. or if for fight. and settled in his face I see Sad resolution. Now when fair morn orient in Heaven appeared. and secure: Let each His adamantine coat gird well. And onward moved embattled: When behold! Not distant far with heavy pace the foe Approaching gross and huge. and each Fit well his helm. In motion or in halt: Him soon they met Under spread ensigns moving nigh. So all ere day-spring. aware themselves. Warriours. Forthwith from council to the work they flew. Instant without disturb they took alarm. in slow But firm battalion. None arguing stood. of Cherubim the swiftest wing. Whereof to found their engines and their balls Of missive ruin. sulphurous and nitrous foam They found. Soon banded. So warned he them. for this day will pour down. Each quarter to descry the distant foe. back with speediest sail Zophiel. Arm. and saw beneath The originals of nature in their crude Conception. But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire. no drizzling shower. Whom fled we thought. and soon In order. Concocted and adusted they reduced To blackest grain. will save us long pursuit This day. others from the dawning hills Look round. part incentive reed Provide. and in order set. on war and mutual slaughter bent. With silent circumspection. fear not his flight. and to arms The matin trumpet sung: In arms they stood Of golden panoply. impaled On every side with shadowing squadrons deep. under conscious night. pernicious with one touch to fire.so thick a cloud He comes. the foe at hand. At interview both stood 100 . gripe fast his orbed shield. and in mid air aloud thus cried. If I conjecture aught. To hide the fraud. with subtle art. they mingled. Secret they finished. unespied.
evaded swift By quick contraction or remove. In posture to displode their second tire Of thunder: Back defeated to return 101 . Portending hollow truce: At each behind A Seraph stood. witness thou anon! while we discharge Freely our part: ye. Though standing else as rocks. on the victor host Levelled.) Brass. and with open breast Stand ready to receive them. What should they do? if on they rushed. and loud that all may hear! So scoffing in ambiguous words. disgorging foul Their devilish glut. Or hollowed bodies made of oak or fir. Heaven! Heaven. if they like Our overture. how we seek Peace and composure. and turn not back perverse: But that I doubt. suspense. none on their feet might stand. in wood or mountain felled. Not long. and thus was heard commanding loud. and to a narrow vent applied With nicest touch. Immediate in a flame. and forced rout. A triple mounted row of pillars laid On wheels (for like to pillars most they seemed. and to either flank retired: Which to our eyes discovered. Angel on Arch-Angel rolled. And to their foes a laughter. From those deep-throated engines belched. to right and left the front unfold. and indecent overthrow Doubled. whose roar Embowelled with outrageous noise the air. With branches lopt. stony mould. when to right and left the front Divided. chained thunderbolts and hail Of iron globes.A while. had not their mouths With hideous orifice gaped on us wide. while we. That all may see who hate us. they might Have easily. but suddenly at head appeared Satan. That. repulse Repeated. however witness. he scarce Had ended. iron. whom they hit. unarmed. with such impetuous fury smote. new and strange. but down they fell By thousands. for sudden all at once their reeds Put forth. but now Foul dissipation followed. who appointed stand Do as you have in charge. Nor served it to relax their serried files. and briefly touch What we propound. Collected stood within our thoughts amused. The sooner for their arms. all Heaven appeared. And all her entrails tore. Vanguard. for in view Stood ranked of Seraphim another row. and in his hand a reed Stood waving tipt with fire. as Spirits. would render them yet more despised. But soon obscured with smoke. which.
Had need from head to foot well understand. Till on those cursed engines' triple-row They saw them whelmed. and of his thunder made a scorn. woods. Be sure. which wrought them pain 102 . and terrour. (what could we more?) propounded terms Of composition. which in the air Came shadowing. crushed in and bruised Into their substance pent. Forthwith (behold the excellence. As they would dance. Satan beheld their plight. in like gamesome mood. and when we. Rocks. From their foundations loosening to and fro. yet for a dance they seemed Somewhat extravagant and wild. So they among themselves in pleasant vein Stood scoffing. Of hard contents. And all his host derided. Flew off. waters. They plucked the seated hills. Not understood. the power. To entertain them fair with open front And breast. and on their heads Main promontories flung. seized the rebel host. they flew. hightened in their thoughts beyond All doubt of victory: Eternal Might To match with their inventions they presumed So easy. They show us when our foes walk not upright. and into strange vagaries fell. and by the shaggy tops Up-lifting bore them in their hands: Amaze. And to his mates thus in derision called. Such as we might perceive amused them all. straight they changed their minds. this gift they have besides. And stumbled many: Who receives them right. Leader! the terms we sent were terms of weight. with all their load. O Friends! why come not on these victors proud Ere while they fierce were coming. and to the hills (For Earth hath this variety from Heaven Of pleasure situate in hill and dale. When coming towards them so dread they saw The bottom of the mountains upward turned. while they stood A while in trouble: But they stood not long. and oppressed whole legions armed. perhaps For joy of offered peace: But I suppose. If our proposals once again were heard. Their armour helped their harm.) Light as the lightning glimpse they ran. and all their confidence Under the weight of mountains buried deep. and full of force urged home. Which God hath in his mighty Angels placed!) Their arms away they threw. We should compel them to a quick result. Rage prompted them at length.They worse abhorred. Themselves invaded next. To whom thus Belial. and found them arms Against such hellish mischief fit to oppose.
and no solution will be found: War wearied hath performed what war can do. And to disordered rage let loose the reins With mountains. in whose face invisible is beheld Visibly. as with weapons. since none but Thou Can end it. horrid confusion heaped Upon confusion rose: And now all Heaven Had gone to wrack. this perverse commotion governed thus. The rest. Second Omnipotence! two days are past. Consulting on the sum of things. the third is thine. To honour his anointed Son avenged Upon his enemies. Son beloved.Implacable. Infernal noise! war seemed a civil game To this uproar. That under ground they fought in dismal shade. Equal in their creation they were formed. For thee I have ordained it. though Spirits of purest light. which makes Wild work in Heaven. As likeliest was. Long struggling underneath. and the neighbouring hills uptore: So hills amid the air encountered hills. in imitation. and permitted all. and thus far Have suffered. Two days are therefore past. that all may know In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare. foreseen This tumult. where he sits Shrined in his sanctuary of Heaven secure. for I suspend their doom. and to be King 103 . The Assessour of his throne. that the glory may be thine Of ending this great war. which yet hath wrought Insensibly. Into thee such virtue and grace Immense I have transfused. Save what sin hath impaired. when two such foes met armed. and to declare All power on him transferred: Whence to his Son. Effulgence of my glory. Two days. Son. And. ere they could wind Out of such prison. now gross by sinning grown. as we compute the days of Heaven. and thou knowest. what by Deity I am. And in whose hand what by decree I do. armed. he thus began. Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last Endless. advised: That his great purpose he might so fulfil. Had not the Almighty Father. For to themselves I left them. Purest at first. Since Michael and his Powers went forth to tame These disobedient: Sore hath been their fight. to like arms Betook them. to be Heir. and many a dolorous groan. and dangerous to the main. with ruin overspread. Hurled to and fro with jaculation dire. To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir Of all things.
Over their heads a crystal firmament. with eyes the wheels Of beryl. and from the impure Far separate. when in the end Thou shalt be all in all. thou always seek'st To glorify thy Son. I hate. four faces each Had wonderous. Armed with thy might. Thou Mightiest. 104 . And thus the Filial Godhead answering spake. And gladlier shall resign. their bodies all And wings were set with eyes. and in me all whom thou lovest: But whom thou hatest. as with stars. Image of thee in all things. bring forth all my war. which to fulfil is all my bliss. thy deserved right. Unfeigned Halleluiahs to thee sing. and my whole delight. and shall soon. but convoyed By four Cherubick shapes. Flashing thick flames. and I in thee For ever. And the third sacred morn began to shine. guide the rapid wheels That shake Heaven's basis. rose From the right hand of Glory where he sat. Scepter and power. and careering fires between. That from thy just obedience could revolt. in me well pleased. To their prepared ill mansion driven down. inlaid with pure Amber. and colours of the showery arch. and on his Son with rays direct Shone full. he all his Father full expressed Ineffably into his face received. I always thee. As is most just: This I my glory account. Whom to obey is happiness entire. thy giving. he. Highest. Ascend my chariot. To chains of darkness. First. declarest thy will Fulfilled. O Supreme of heavenly Thrones. as I put thy mildness on. in thy Father's might. Dawning through Heaven. circling thy holy mount. He said. Holiest. and can put on Thy terrours. o'er his scepter bowing. and Messiah his anointed King. My exaltation. Itself instinct with Spirit. Whereon a sapphire throne. Hymns of high praise. My bow and thunder. I assume. to despise God. Best. Pursue these sons of darkness. and I among them Chief.By sacred unction. my almighty arms Gird on. and sword upon thy puissant thigh. O Father. Go then. Forth rushed with whirlwind sound The chariot of Paternal Deity. Then shall thy Saints unmixed. as likes them. drive them out From all Heaven's bounds into the utter deep: There let them learn. That thou. wheel within wheel undrawn. rid Heaven of these rebelled. and the undying worm. So said.
hardened more by what might most reclaim. Insensate. Grieving to see his glory. This saw his hapless foes. stand only. And as ye have received. Ascended. When the great ensign of Messiah blazed Aloft by Angels borne. And from about him fierce effusion rolled Of smoke. his sign in Heaven. Ye Angels armed. At his command the uprooted hills retired Each to his place. by force or fraud Weening to prosper. Or faint retreat. fearless in his righteous cause. and sparkles dire: Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints. Or wonders move the obdurate to relent? They. in celestial panoply all armed Of radiant Urim. Vengeance is his. disdaining flight. aspiring to his highth. and went Obsequious. and of God Accepted. Illustrious far and wide. at the sight Took envy. work divinely wrought. were seen.He. in sapphire throned. at his right hand Victory Sat eagle-winged. Invincibly: But of this cursed crew The punishment to other hand belongs. so have ye done. but stood obdured. Before him Power Divine his way prepared. and behold 105 . In heavenly Spirits could such perverseness dwell? But to convince the proud what signs avail. they heard his voice. Under their Head imbodied all in one. Under whose conduct Michael soon reduced His army. hope conceiving from despair. and now To final battle drew. Nor multitude. beside him hung his bow And quiver with three-bolted thunder stored. He onward came. or whose he sole appoints: Number to this day's work is not ordained. And twenty thousand (I their number heard) Chariots of God. and at length prevail Against God and Messiah. And with fresh flowerets hill and valley smiled. far off his coming shone. circumfused on either wing. Stand still in bright array. this day from battle rest: Faithful hath been your warfare. ye Saints. when the great Son of God To all his host on either hand thus spake. And to rebellious fight rallied their Powers. but by his own First seen: Them unexpected joy surprised. Stood re-embattled fierce. and. here stand. Heaven his wonted face renewed. or to fall In universal ruin last. and bickering flame. half on each hand. He on the wings of Cherub rode sublime On the crystalline sky.
down their idle weapons dropt: O'er shields. spiritless. but me. That wished the mountains now might be again Thrown on them. under his burning wheels The stedfast empyrean shook throughout. in his right hand Grasping ten thousand thunders. Rolled inward. All but the throne itself of God. Yet half his strength he put not forth. astonished. and helmed heads he rode Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim prostrate. that withered all their strength. such as in their souls infixed Plagues: They. which. Hath honoured me. afflicted. or of a numerous host. All courage. Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe. against me is all their rage. and with furies. And of their wonted vigour left them drained. they have despised. and every eye Glared lightning. Because the Father. and the orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled. Therefore to me their doom he hath assigned. as a shelter from his ire. and glory appertains. but checked His thunder in mid volley. from the fourfold-visaged Four Distinct with eyes. to try with me In battle which the stronger proves. and a spacious gap disclosed 106 . Or I alone against them. of other excellence Not emulous.God's indignation on these godless poured By me. which he sent Before him. and helms. One Spirit in them ruled. So spake the Son. That they may have their wish. opening wide. according to his will. Exhausted. and shot forth pernicious fire Among the accursed. for he meant Not to destroy. to whom in Heaven s'preme Kingdom. to the bounds And crystal wall of Heaven. and as a herd Of goats or timorous flock together thronged Drove them before him thunder-struck. He on his impious foes right onward drove. but root them out of Heaven: The overthrown he raised. not you. pursued With terrours. Full soon Among them he arrived. Gloomy as night. and into terrour changed His countenance too severe to be beheld. At once the Four spread out their starry wings With dreadful shade contiguous. they all. and from the living wheels Distinct alike with multitude of eyes. since by strength They measure all. Yet envied. as with the sound Of torrent floods. fallen. nor care who them excels. And full of wrath bent on his enemies. and power. Nor less on either side tempestuous fell His arrows. all resistance lost.
As a despite done against the Most High. as they went. Thus. let it profit thee to have heard. Disburdened Heaven rejoiced. Hell. Yet fell. Nine days they fell: Confounded Chaos roared. The discord which befel. and.Into the wasteful deep: The monstrous sight Struck them with horrour backward. he who envies now thy state. the house of woe and pain. and him sung victorious King. firm they might have stood. who into glory him received. their fit habitation. Hell saw Heaven ruining from Heaven. who silent stood Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts. Heir. and too fast had bound. into the courts And temple of his Mighty Father throned On high. eternal wrath Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. with him Bereaved of happiness. measuring things in Heaven by things on Earth. warn Thy weaker. Son. but strict Fate had cast too deep Her dark foundations. eternal misery. from the expulsion of his foes. 107 . and Lord. and on them closed. so huge a rout Incumbered him with ruin: Hell at last Yawning received them whole. celebrated. the reward Of disobedience. and that thou mayest beware By what is past. Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Worthiest to reign: He. to thee I have revealed What might have else to human race been hid. remember. and war in Heaven Among the angelick Powers. and the deep fall Of those too high aspiring. Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss. but far worse Urged them behind: Headlong themselves they threw Down from the verge of Heaven. that. Sole victor. to him dominion given. Which would be all his solace and revenge. But listen not to his temptations. At thy request. Messiah his triumphal chariot turned: To meet him all his Saints. By terrible example. Hell heard the unsufferable noise. rode Triumphant through mid Heaven. and would have fled Affrighted. And felt tenfold confusion in their fall Through his wild anarchy. Who now is plotting how he may seduce Thee also from obedience. Sung triumph. thou mayest partake His punishment. and fear to transgress. each Order bright. Shaded with branching palm. returning whence it rolled. With jubilee advanced. and soon repaired Her mural breach. who rebelled With Satan. fraught with fire Unquenchable.
And solitude. not the name. yet not alone. Urania. or when morn Purples the east: still govern thou my song. had forewarned Adam. lest the like befall In Paradise to Adam or his race. Urania. So fail not thou. where woods and rocks had ears To rapture. heavenly-born. and with dangers compassed round. by that name If rightly thou art called. and slight that sole command.Book VII Descend from Heaven. Before the hills appeared. to beware Apostasy. on the Aleian field I fall. but. and drawn empyreal air. (as once Bellerophon. what ensued when Raphael. but narrower bound Within the visible diurnal sphere. Say. pleased With thy celestial song.) Dismounted. On evil days though fallen. nor on the top Of old Olympus dwellest. by dire example. So easily obeyed amid the choice 108 . and with her didst play In presence of the Almighty Father. Standing on earth. while thou Visitest my slumbers nightly. not rapt above the pole. Charged not to touch the interdicted tree. An earthly guest. though few. In darkness. I call: for thou Nor of the Muses nine. and forlorn. unchanged To hoarse or mute. though from a lower clime. nor could the Muse defend Her son. till the savage clamour drowned Both harp and voice. above the Olympian hill I soar. Wisdom thy sister. More safe I sing with mortal voice. or fountain flowed. Above the flight of Pegasean wing! The meaning. But drive far off the barbarous dissonance Of Bacchus and his revellers. who thee implores: For thou art heavenly. If they transgress. The affable Arch-Angel. Up led by thee Into the Heaven of Heavens I have presumed. Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse. whose voice divine Following. Goddess. and fit audience find. she an empty dream. though fallen on evil days. by what befel in Heaven To those apostates. the race Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard In Rhodope. Thy tempering: with like safety guided down Return me to my native element: Lest from this flying steed unreined. Half yet remains unsung. Erroneous there to wander. and evil tongues.
with moving fires adorned Innumerable. the more we know. Great things. How first began this Heaven which we behold Distant so high. with his consorted Eve. and the work begun. for our instruction. the ambient air wide interfused Embracing round this floried Earth. not to explore the secrets ask Of his eternal empire. redounded as a flood on those From whom it sprung. things. with desire to know What nearer might concern him. Unknown. but the more To magnify his works. Whence Adam soon repealed The doubts that in his heart arose: and now Led on. as one whose drouth Yet scarce allayed still eyes the current stream. 109 . and this which yields or fills All space. with solemn purpose to observe Immutably his sovran will. yet sinless. and relate What may no less perhaps avail us known. which yet concerned Our knowing. to impart Things above earthly thought. was done Before his memory. to their thought So unimaginable. how this world Of Heaven and Earth conspicuous first began. to forewarn Us timely of what might else have been our loss. But since thou hast vouchsafed Gently. With such confusion: but the evil. and full of wonder in our ears. Far differing from this world. When. And the great light of day yet wants to run Much of his race though steep. Though wandering. how soon Absolved. as hate in Heaven. For which to the infinitely Good we owe Immortal thanks. as to highest wisdom seemed. or without. Proceeded thus to ask his heavenly guest. in his holy rest Through all eternity. so late to build In Chaos. He. Divine interpreter! by favour sent Down from the empyrean. for what cause. and his admonishment Receive. And war so near the peace of God in bliss. impossible to mix With blessedness. what cause Moved the Creator. if unforbid thou mayest unfold What we. Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites. What within Eden. to hear Of things so high and strange. The story heard attentive. the end Of what we are.Of all tastes else to please their appetite. and whereof created. and was filled With admiration and deep muse. thou hast revealed. soon Driven back. suspense in Heaven. which human knowledge could not reach. Deign to descend now lower.
yet populous. and needs no less Her temperance over appetite. after Lucifer from Heaven (So call him. To none communicable in Earth or Heaven: Enough is left besides to search and know. and soon turns Wisdom to folly. and the great Son returned Victorious with his Saints. us dispossessed. abstain To ask. with caution asked. to answer thy desire Of knowledge within bounds. But knowledge is as food. by whose aid This inaccessible high strength. Thus Adam his illustrious guest besought: And thus the Godlike Angel answered mild. and solemn rites: But. to know In measure what the mind may well contain. He trusted to have seised. Or heart of man suffice to comprehend? Yet what thou canst attain. as nourishment to wind. than that star the stars among. hath suppressed in night. he hears. brighter once amidst the host Of Angels. Know then. Or we can bid his absence. Their station.Held by thy voice. who thought All like himself rebellious. Obtain. till thy song End. and dismiss thee ere the morning shine. the seat Of Deity supreme. that. shall not be withheld Thy hearing. Oppresses else with surfeit. and this high temple to frequent With ministeries due. and infer Thee also happier. and into fraud Drew many. which the invisible King. though to recount almighty works What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice. which best may serve To glorify the Maker. thy potent voice. beyond. will watch. At least our envious Foe hath failed. nor let thine own inventions hope Things not revealed.) Fell with his flaming legions through the deep Into his place. lest his heart exalt him in the harm 110 . And longer will delay to hear thee tell His generation. and Sleep. This also thy request. whom their place knows here no more: Yet far the greater part have kept. Only Omniscient. Night with her will bring. and the rising birth Of Nature from the unapparent Deep: Or if the star of evening and the moon Haste to thy audience. I see. the Omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude. retains Number sufficient to possess her realms Though wide. listening to thee. Heaven. and to his Son thus spake. such commission from above I have received. Silence.
because I Am who fill Infinitude. and in a moment will create Another world. One kingdom. more swift Than time or motion. between two brazen mountains lodged 111 . instead Of Spirits malign. Though I. Potentates. ye Powers of Heaven. joy and union without end. nor vacuous the space. and Thrones. So spake the Almighty. under long obedience tried. whose wisdom had ordained Good out of evil to create. by degrees of merit raised. where stand of old Myriads. and be it done! My overshadowing Spirit and Might with thee I send along. with radiance crowned Of Majesty Divine. and in their dwellings peace. and bid the Deep Within appointed bounds be Heaven and Earth. till. good will To future men. whose just avenging ire Had driven out the ungodly from his sight And the habitations of the just. So sang the Hierarchies: Mean while the Son On his great expedition now appeared. to Him Glory and praise. Girt with Omnipotence. there to dwell. Boundless the Deep. retire. to have dispeopled Heaven. and Seraph. but to human ears Cannot without process of speech be told. Not here. Glory to Him. Immediate are the acts of God. Glory they sung to the Most High. and Heaven to Earth. a better race to bring Into their vacant room. When such was heard declared the Almighty's will. My damage fondly deemed. and chariots winged From the armoury of God. out of one man a race Of men innumerable. ride forth. And put not forth my goodness. and thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. sapience and love Immense. They open to themselves at length the way Up hither. speak thou. So told as earthly notion can receive. and to what he spake His Word. About his chariot numberless were poured Cherub. if such it be to lose Self-lost. and all his Father in him shone. Necessity and Chance Approach not me.Already done. Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heaven. begotten Son. and what I will is Fate. winged Spirits. by thee This I perform. the Filial Godhead. And thou my Word. I can repair That detriment. And Virtues. which is free To act or not. And Earth be changed to Heaven. uncircumscribed myself. gave effect. Mean while inhabit lax.
Then staid the fervid wheels. and from the shore They viewed the vast immeasurable abyss Outrageous as a sea. in paternal glory rode Far into Chaos. and in his hand He took the golden compasses. the rest to several place Disparted. And Earth self-balanced on her center hung. wasteful. prepared In God's eternal store. Attendant on their Lord: Heaven opened wide Her ever-during gates. This be thy just circumference. Silence. she in a cloudy tabernacle Sojourned the while. said God. and from her native east To journey through the aery gloom began. ye troubled Waves. And vital virtue infused. then conglobed Like things to like. first of things. for within them Spirit lived. Sphered in a radiant cloud. Thus far extend. Thus was the first day even and morn: 112 . thus the Earth. but. And said. and forthwith Light Ethereal. in his powerful Word And Spirit. and darkness Night. to assault Heaven's highth. Celestial equipage. He named. and now came forth Spontaneous. dark. And light from darkness by the hemisphere Divided: light the Day. harmonious sound On golden hinges moving. wild. Let there be light. to circumscribe This universe. as mountains. but downward purged The black tartareous cold infernal dregs. On heavenly ground they stood. thus far thy bounds. harnessed at hand. to let forth The King of Glory. to behold Creation. and vital warmth Throughout the fluid mass. Said then the Omnifick Word. and all created things: One foot he centered. on the wings of Cherubim Uplifted. Adverse to life: then founded. peace. your discord end! Nor staid. quintessence pure. for yet the sun Was not. God saw the light was good. O World! Thus God the Heaven created. and the world unborn. Matter unformed and void: Darkness profound Covered the abyss: but on the watery calm His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread. and thou Deep. and the wonders of his might. Sprung from the deep. For Chaos heard his voice: Him all his train Followed in bright procession. Up from the bottom turned by furious winds And surging waves. and with the center mix the pole.Against a solemn day. coming to create new worlds. and the other turned Round through the vast profundity obscure. and between spun out the air.
The Earth was formed. or circuit wide With serpent errour wandering. if through plain. so the watery throng. Again. not idle. but in the womb as yet Of waters. partition firm and sure. Satiate with genial moisture. Fermented the great mother to conceive. As drops on dust conglobing from the dry: Part rise in crystal wall. or under ground. in wide Crystalline ocean. Soft-ebbing. but. And touched their golden harps. Both when first evening was. embryon immature involved. pure. Appeared not: over all the face of Earth Main ocean flowed. Capacious bed of waters: Thither they Hasted with glad precipitance. Transparent. where way they found. Birth-day of Heaven and Earth. and when first morn. God said. nor withstood them rock or hill. uprolled. But they. and let dry land appear. and let it divide The waters from the waters. Let there be firmament Amid the waters. found their way. with torrent rapture. lest fierce extremes Contiguous might distemper the whole frame: And Heaven he named the Firmament: So even And morning chorus sung the second day. so he the world Built on circumfluous waters calm. expanse of liquid. elemental air. and God made The firmament. And on the washy oose deep channels wore. Immediately the mountains huge appear Emergent.Nor past uncelebrated. their tops ascend the sky: So high as heaved the tumid hills. and the loud misrule Of Chaos far removed. Creator him they sung. such flight the great command impressed On the swift floods: As armies at the call Of trumpet (for of armies thou hast heard) Troop to their standard. when God said. 113 . diffused In circuit to the uttermost convex Of this great round. If steep. with warm Prolifick humour softening all her globe. and hymning praised God and his works. nor unsung By the celestial quires. or ridge direct. so low Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep. Wave rolling after wave. and their broad bare backs upheave Into the clouds. with joy and shout The hollow universal orb they filled. Be gathered now ye waters under Heaven Into one place. For haste. The waters underneath from those above Dividing: for as earth. when orient light Exhaling first from darkness they beheld.
before it grew On the green stem: God saw that it was good: So even and morn recorded the third day. herb yielding seed. great for their use To Man. and it was so. ere it was in the Earth. Whose seed is in herself upon the Earth. And God made two great lights. and circling years. unadorned. unsightly. as in dance. and watered all the ground. and man to till the ground None was. With borders long the rivers: that Earth now Seemed like to Heaven. a seat where Gods might dwell. and every herb. and the humble shrub. that sudden flowered Opening their various colours. the greater to have rule by day. With tufts the valleys. he called Seas: And saw that it was good. and made the stars. when the bare Earth. To give light on the Earth. Brought forth the tender grass. The dry land. The less by night. and each Plant of the field. which. And set them in the firmament of Heaven To illuminate the Earth. Earth. and let them be for signs. and for days. and love to haunt Her sacred shades: though God had yet not rained Upon the Earth. smelling sweet: and. And bush with frizzled hair implicit: Last Rose. the stately trees. He scarce had said. as I ordain Their office in the firmament of Heaven. Let there be lights High in the expanse of Heaven. For seasons. whose verdure clad Her universal face with pleasant green. ere God had bid the ground be dry. till then Desart and bare. and rule the day In their vicissitude. and said. And light from darkness to divide. and the great receptacle Of congregated waters. Again the Almighty spake. forth crept The swelling gourd. and spread Their branches hung with copious fruit. altern. and rule the night. where rivers now Stream.Easy. Or wander with delight. up stood the corny reed Embattled in her field. these scarce blown. and made gay Her bosom. that it was good: For of celestial bodies first the sun 114 . Let the Earth Put forth the verdant grass. God saw. or gemmed Their blossoms: With high woods the hills were crowned. Forth flourished thick the clustering vine. Then herbs of every leaf. God made. All but within those banks. And let them be for lights. to divide The day from night. And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind. but from the Earth a dewy mist Went up. Surveying his great work. and each fountain side. and perpetual draw their humid train.
jocund to run His longitude through Heaven's high road. Graze the sea-weed their pasture. with diminution seen. His mirrour. the waters fill. And sowed with stars the Heaven. Regent of day. for other light she needed none In that aspect. in their golden urns draw light. living soul: And let fowl fly above the Earth. then in the east her turn she shines. though from human sight So far remote. With fry innumerable swarm. unlightsome first. Glide under the green wave. And God created the great whales. And God said. multiply. made porous to receive And drink the liquid light. And hence the morning-planet gilds her horns. and her reign With thousand lesser lights dividual holds. Transplanted from her cloudy shrine. on the Earth. Be fruitful. and in the seas. in sculls that oft Bank the mid sea: part single. Hither. great palace now of light. and placed In the sun's orb. and blessed them. or. Shedding sweet influence: Less bright the moon. And let the fowl be multiplied. saying. the gray Dawn. and still that distance keeps Till night. Let the waters generate Reptile with spawn abundant. And saw that it was good. firm to retain Her gathered beams. First in his east the glorious lamp was seen.A mighty sphere he framed. Forthwith the sounds and seas. and each Soul living. and all the horizon round Invested with bright rays. and every magnitude of stars. with wings Displayed on the open firmament of Heaven. and the Pleiades. each that crept. Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth day. and running streams. sporting with quick glance. with full face borrowing her light From him. thick as a field: Of light by far the greater part he took. By tincture or reflection they augment Their small peculiar. But opposite in levelled west was set. that then appeared Spangling the hemisphere: Then first adorned With their bright luminaries that set and rose. and shoals Of fish that with their fins. as to their fountain. And every bird of wing after his kind. which plenteously The waters generated by their kinds. and through groves Of coral stray. and shining scales. And lakes. 115 . Though of ethereal mould: then formed the moon Globose. With thousand thousand stars. before him danced. other stars Repairing. or with mate. each creek and bay. Revolved on Heaven's great axle.
enormous in their gait. perfect forms. on the deep Stretched like a promontory sleeps or swims. from the egg that soon Bursting with kindly rupture forth disclosed Their callow young. tower The mid aereal sky: Others on ground Walked firm. With clang despised the ground. high over seas Flying. bathed Their downy breast. Let the Earth bring forth soul living in her kind. there the eagle and the stork On cliffs and cedar tops their eyries build: Part loosely wing the region. when God said. yet oft they quit The dank. wedge their way. and of creation last. borne on winds. The sixth. on silver lakes and rivers. Cattle. and over lands. attend Moist nutriment. fanned with unnumbered plumes: From branch to branch the smaller birds with song Solaced the woods. and. part more wise In common. 116 . and at his gills Draws in. and the other whose gay train Adorns him. under a cloud In prospect. a sea. arose With evening harps and matin. the air Floats as they pass. but feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens. Hugest of living creatures. nor then the solemn nightingale Ceased warbling. Their brood as numerous hatch. Intelligent of seasons. and at his trunk spouts out. the crested cock whose clarion sounds The silent hours. and straight Opening her fertile womb teemed at a birth Innumerous living creatures. ranged in figure. And seems a moving land. The Earth obeyed. and. and creeping things. the swan with arched neck. or under rocks their food In jointed armour watch: on smooth the seal And bended dolphins play: part huge of bulk Wallowing unwieldy. rows Her state with oary feet. with mutual wing Easing their flight. The waters thus With fish replenished. Tempest the ocean: there leviathan. and spread their painted wings Till even. Limbed and full grown: Out of the ground up rose. and the air with fowl. in their pearly shells at ease. Between her white wings mantling proudly. soaring the air sublime. and beast of the Earth. coloured with the florid hue Of rainbows and starry eyes. Or. Mean while the tepid caves. but all night tun'd her soft lays: Others.Show to the sun their waved coats dropt with gold. Evening and morn solemnized the fifth day. rising on stiff pennons. and fens. and shores. Each in their kind. and set forth Their aery caravan. so steers the prudent crane Her annual voyage.
and the tiger. Wonderous in length and corpulence. beast. Now Heaven in all her glory shone. then springs as broke from bonds. First crept The parsimonious emmet. and in broad herds upsprung.As from his lair. involved Their snaky folds. the wild beast where he wons In forest wild. And rampant shakes his brinded mane. not all Minims of nature. the crumbled earth above them threw In hillocks: The swift stag from under ground Bore up his branching head: Scarce from his mould Behemoth biggest born of earth upheaved His vastness: Fleeced the flocks and bleating rose. a creature. azure and green: These. Among the trees in pairs they rose. in thicket. air. now half appeared The tawny lion. water. who. not prone And brute as other creatures. fish. and builds her waxen cells With honey stored: The rest are numberless. joined in her popular tribes Of commonalty: Swarming next appeared The female bee. pawing to get free His hinder parts. provident Of future. Streaking the ground with sinuous trace. The grassy clods now calved. as the great first Mover's hand First wheeled their course: Earth in her rich attire Consummate lovely smiled. subtlest beast of all the field. but obedient at thy call. these in flocks Pasturing at once. And thou their natures knowest. though to thee Not noxious. was flown. but endued 117 . they walked: The cattle in the fields and meadows green: Those rare and solitary. with brazen eyes And hairy mane terrifick. and scaly crocodile. the end Of all yet done. Pattern of just equality perhaps Hereafter. brake. and added wings. and gavest them names. Frequent. earth. the ounce. As plants: Ambiguous between sea and land The river-horse. was swum. their long dimension drew. The libbard. in small room large heart enclosed. and of the sixth day yet remained: There wanted yet the master-work. At once came forth whatever creeps the ground. By fowl. Of huge extent sometimes. that feeds her husband drone Deliciously. or den. nor unknown The serpent. as the mole Rising. was walked. some of serpent-kind. and smallest lineaments exact In all the liveries decked of summer's pride With spots of gold and purple. Insect or worm: those waved their limber fans For wings. as a line. Needless to thee repeated. and rolled Her motions.
and from thence Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven. So even and morn accomplished the sixth day: Yet not till the Creator from his work Desisting. then blessed mankind. lest Sin Surprise thee. and her black attendant Death. Let us make now Man in our image. Up he rode Followed with acclamation. This garden. and over all the Earth. This said. and fowl of the air. planted with the trees of God. his high abode. Wherever thus created. Here finished he. tasted. who made him chief Of all his works: therefore the Omnipotent Eternal Father (for where is not he Present?) thus to his Son audibly spake. and throughout dominion hold Over fish of the sea. and voice. and let them rule Over the fish and fowl of sea and air. thou diest. might erect His stature. Be fruitful. and said. Thou mayest not. Which. thither with heart. all sorts are here that all the Earth yields. how it showed In prospect from his throne. and thou becamest a living soul. He brought thee into this delicious grove. Adam. and fill the Earth. how good. up returned. O Man. as thou knowest. Man In our similitude. to adore And worship God Supreme. how fair. and eyes Directed in devotion. in the day thou eatest. and behold all was entirely good. Variety without end. in the image of God Express. but of the tree. thence. Subdue it. The addition of his empire. for race. he formed thee. in his own image he Created thee. But grateful to acknowledge whence his good Descends. thee. and in thy nostrils breathed The breath of life. for no place Is yet distinct by name. Male he created thee. Beast of the field. And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. And every living thing that moves on the Earth. Up to the Heaven of Heavens. Delectable both to behold and taste. self-knowing. works knowledge of good and evil. multiply.With sanctity of reason. and the sound 118 . but thy consort Female. And govern well thy appetite. Death is the penalty imposed. and all that he had made Viewed. beware. Answering his great idea. And freely all their pleasant fruit for food Gave thee. though unwearied. and upright with front serene Govern the rest. Thence to behold this new created world. Dust of the ground.
Open. All sounds on fret by string or golden wire. for the sun Was set. So sung The glorious train ascending: He through Heaven. Creation and the six days acts they sung: Great are thy works. and twilight from the east came on. thou seest Powdered with stars. and sat him down With his great Father. but to create Is greater than created to destroy. The planets in their station listening stood. the imperial throne Of Godhead. yet staid. blessed and hallowed the seventh day. for thou heardst. or bound Thy empire! Easily the proud attempt 119 . ye Heavens! your living doors. and. when at the holy mount Of Heaven's high-seated top. Jehovah! infinite Thy power! what thought can measure thee. led To God's eternal house direct the way. a World. from work Now resting. Delighted. Seen in the galaxy. that tuned Angelick harmonies: The earth. or tongue Relate thee! Greater now in thy return Than from the giant Angels: Thee that day Thy thunders magnified. Mighty King. Tempered soft tunings. Who can impair thee. And now on Earth the seventh Evening arose in Eden. hid the mount. That opened wide her blazing portals. the solemn pipe. The Filial Power arrived. Author and End of all things. ye everlasting gates! they sung. whose dust is gold And pavement stars. And dulcimer. Open. But not in silence holy kept: the harp Had work and rested not.let in The great Creator from his work returned Magnificent. A broad and ample road. Forerunning night.Symphonious of ten thousand harps. that milky way. for God will deign To visit oft the dwellings of just men. and henceforth oft. as stars to thee appear. As resting on that day from all his work. intermixed with voice Choral or unison: of incense clouds. fixed for ever firm and sure. and with frequent intercourse Thither will send his winged messengers On errands of supernal grace. Which nightly. (such privilege Hath Omnipresence) and the work ordained. for he also went Invisible. While the bright pomp ascended jubilant. as a circling zone.) The heavens and all the constellations rung. Fuming from golden censers. Open. the air Resounded. (thou rememberest. all organs of sweet stop. his six days work.
still stood fixed to hear. and persevere upright! So sung they. or what recompence Equal. and the empyrean rung With halleluiahs: Thus was sabbath kept. with stars Numerous. might know: If else thou seekest Aught. in sea. and from thee withdraw The number of thy worshippers. Earth. Who seeks To lessen thee. or air. Witness this new-made world. and in Adam's ear So charming left his voice. now heard With wonder. this world. Book VIII The Angel ended. Of amplitude almost immense. and. Their pleasant dwelling-place. another Heaven From Heaven-gate not far. When I behold this goodly frame. with her nether ocean circumfused. else by me unsearchable. And multiply a race of worshippers Holy and just: Thrice happy. but thou knowest Their seasons: among these the seat of Men. that posterity. Thrice happy Men. And sons of Men. and their counsels vain. and compute 120 . And thy request think now fulfilled. that asked How first this world and face of things began. Then. and from thence createst more good. as is due. Thou hast repelled. Informed by thee. divine Historian. founded in view On the clear hyaline. not surpassing human measure. there to dwell And worship him. have I to render thee. What thanks sufficient. that he a while Thought him still speaking. against his purpose serves To manifest the more thy might: his evil Thou usest. who thus largely hast allayed The thirst I had of knowledge. and every star perhaps a world Of destined habitation. as new waked. say. the glassy sea. With glory attributed to the high Creator! Something yet of doubt remains. and vouchsafed This friendly condescension to relate Things. but delight. And what before thy memory was done From the beginning. Which only thy solution can resolve. whom God hath thus advanced! Created in his image. Of Heaven and Earth consisting. and in reward to rule Over his works. if they know Their happiness.Of Spirits apostate. while impiously they thought Thee to diminish. on earth. thus gratefully replied.
while the sedentary Earth. as Queen. Not unattended. O! when meet now Such pairs. For aught appears. where she sat retired in sight. Her nursery. touched by her fair tendance. with superfluous hand So many nobler bodies to create. her warmth and light. she sole auditress. as not with such discourse Delighted. to wish her still in sight. a grain. in all her vast survey Useless besides. That better might with far less compass move. Rose. to this one use. A pomp of winning Graces waited still. Speed. for on her. One day and night. Benevolent and facile thus replied. With lowliness majestick from her seat.) merely to officiate light Round this opacous Earth. Her husband the relater she preferred Before the Angel. Greater so manifold. and went forth among her fruits and flowers. a spot. with the firmament compared And all her numbered stars. 121 . To visit how they prospered. to describe whose swiftness number fails.Their magnitudes. in love and mutual honour joined? With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went. and receives. would intermix Grateful digressions. he. And. So spake our sire. this punctual spot. And from about her shot darts of desire Into all eyes. this Earth. How Nature wise and frugal could commit Such disproportions. And Raphael now. An atom. and on their orbs impose Such restless revolution day by day Repeated. they at her coming sprung. she knew. gladlier grew. or not capable her ear Of what was high: such pleasure she reserved. Served by more noble than herself. As tribute. Yet went she not. such a sumless journey brought Of incorporeal speed. attains Her end without least motion. and their swift return Diurnal. that seem to roll Spaces incomprehensible. bud and bloom. to Adam's doubt proposed. and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses: from his lip Not words alone pleased her. And grace that won who saw to wish her stay. reasoning I oft admire. (for such Their distance argues. which Eve Perceiving. and of him to ask Chose rather. for Heaven Is as the book of God before thee set. To ask or search. and by his countenance seemed Entering on studious thoughts abstruse. Adam relating. I blame thee not.
perhaps to move His laughter at their quaint opinions wide Hereafter. if thou reckon right. there first received. Earth's habitant. And for the Heaven's wide circuit. and ere mid-day arrived In Eden. Who art to lead thy offspring. so small. Lodged in a small partition. and supposest That bodies bright and greater should not serve The less not bright. The swiftness of those circles attribute. An edifice too large for him to fill. to show Invalid that which thee to doubt it moved. in comparison of Heaven. Admitting motion in the Heavens. and his line stretched out so far. But this I urge. contrive To save appearances. or months. distance inexpressible By numbers that have name. or years: This to attain. Yet not to Earth are those bright luminaries Officious.Wherein to read his wonderous works. unactive else. orb in orb: Already by thy reasoning this I guess. and learn His seasons. though so it seem To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth. Whose virtue on itself works no effect. how gird the sphere With centrick and eccentrick scribbled o'er. let it speak The Maker's high magnificence. the rest From Man or Angel the great Architect Did wisely to conceal. Imports not. but to thee. and the rest Ordained for uses to his Lord best known. Earth sitting still. or. nor Heaven such journeys run. Though numberless. their vigour find. how build. that great Or bright infers not excellence: the Earth Though. he his fabrick of the Heavens Hath left to their disputes. or days. Not that I so affirm. Who since the morning-hour set out from Heaven Where God resides. hours. That Man may know he dwells not in his own. when they come to model Heaven And calculate the stars. and not divulge His secrets to be scanned by them who ought Rather admire. who built So spacious. Nor glistering. His beams. when she alone receives The benefit: Consider first. But in the fruitful Earth. 122 . unbuild. may of solid good contain More plenty than the sun that barren shines. whether Heaven move or Earth. Cycle and epicycle. to his Omnipotence. if they list to try Conjecture. That to corporeal substances could add Speed almost spiritual: Me thou thinkest not slow. how they will wield The mighty frame.
and clouds may rain. as him pleases best. and that swift Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb supposed. Leave them to God above. Insensibly three different motions move? Which else to several spheres thou must ascribe. and fear! Of other creatures. retrograde. industrious of herself. and other stars. Communicating male and female light. that earthly sight. her other part Still luminous by his ray. Placed Heaven from Earth so far. In six thou seest. then hid. if land be there.God. Or she from west her silent course advance. is obvious to dispute. or earth rise on the sun. And no advantage gain. which returns Light back to them. desart and desolate. conveyed so far Down to this habitable. and what if seventh to these The planet earth. 123 . dance about him various rounds? Their wandering course now high. as she by night This earth? reciprocal. For such vast room in Nature unpossessed By living soul. predominant in Heaven. With their attendant moons. while she paces even. yet scarce to contribute Each orb a glimpse of light. or whether not. fetch day Travelling east. Sollicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. Moved contrary with thwart obliquities. Or save the sun his labour. What if that light. so stedfast though she seem. Invisible else above all stars. If it presume. which needs not thy belief. By his attractive virtue and their own Incited. Enlightening her by day. might err in things too high. Fields and inhabitants: Her spots thou seest As clouds. now low. him serve. Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air. Only to shine. the wheel Of day and night. Rise on the earth. and other suns perhaps. With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps On her soft axle. To the terrestrial moon be as a star. Which two great sexes animate the world. Progressive. thou wilt descry. and with her part averse From the sun's beam meet night. Stored in each orb perhaps with some that live. He from the east his flaming road begin. or standing still. But whether the sun. But whether thus these things. And bears thee soft with the smooth hair along. If earth. What if the sun Be center to the world. to remove his ways from human sense. and rain produce Fruits in her softened soil for some to eat Allotted there.
to know That which before us lies in daily life. Nor are thy lips ungraceful. and still to seek. But apt the mind or fancy is to rove Unchecked. replied. what creatures there Live. By sufferance. Heaven is for thee too high To know what passes there. freed from intricacies. obscure and subtle. Thee I have heard relating what was done Ere my remembrance: now. Unpractised. Though pleasant. from labour. taught to live The easiest way. Or emptiness. joy thou In what he gives to thee. How fully hast thou satisfied me. while I sit with thee. let him dispose. till then thou seest How subtly to detain thee I devise. Sire of men. I seem in Heaven. Till warned. be lowly wise: Think only what concerns thee. they satiate. and thy being. Fond! were it not in hope of thy reply: For. Is the prime wisdom: What is more. cleared of doubt. or fond impertinence: And renders us. That. pure Intelligence of Heaven. And not molest us. at the hour Of sweet repast. and thy wonted favour. with grace divine Imbued. Dream not of other worlds. is fume. hear me relate My story. and notions vain. in what state. bring to their sweetness no satiety. but of highest Heaven.Wherever placed. not to know at large of things remote From use. And day is not yet spent. or degree. Nor tongue ineloquent. whence. for God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also poured 124 . mention may arise Of something not unseasonable to ask. Inviting thee to hear while I relate. from which God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares. in things that most concern. and speak of things at hand Useful. Contented that thus far hath been revealed Not of Earth only. she learn. To whom thus Adam. unprepared. Angel serene! And. unless we ourselves Seek them with wandering thoughts. Therefore from this high pitch let us descend A lower flight. To whom thus Raphael answered heavenly meek. but thy words. and of her roving is no end. deigned. nor with perplexing thoughts To interrupt the sweet of life. or by experience taught. but. this Paradise And thy fair Eve. which perhaps thou hast not heard. condition. haply. And sweeter thy discourse is to my ear Than fruits of palm-tree pleasantest to thirst And hunger both. and soon fill.
Creatures that lived and moved. while God was in his work. as lively vigour led: But who I was. Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. and thus our Sire. For Man to tell how human life began Is hard. In balmy sweat. and barricadoed strong. fast shut. all comeliness and grace Attends thee. With fragrance and with joy my heart o'erflowed. Birds on the branches warbling. Glad we returned up to the coasts of light Ere sabbath-evening: so we had in charge. for who himself beginning knew Desire with thee still longer to converse Induced me. Straight toward Heaven my wondering eyes I turned. Or enemy. and upright Stood on my feet: about me round I saw Hill. and each word. or flew. and set On Man his equal love: Say therefore on. which with his beams the sun Soon dried. Torment. Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure. all things smiled. Squared in full legion (such command we had) To see that none thence issued forth a spy. And liquid lapse of murmuring streams. raised By quick instinctive motion. and limb by limb Surveyed. and forthwith spake. dale. But thy relation now. or from what cause.Inward and outward both. So spake the Godlike Power. hath honoured thee. up I sprung. to speak I tried. his image fair: Speaking. And gazed a while the ample sky. Destruction with creation might have mixed. Far on excursion toward the gates of Hell. till. Myself I then perused. As thitherward endeavouring. we see. other than the sound of dance or song. For I that day was absent. But us he sends upon his high behests For state. as befel. and on the reeking moisture fed. Lest he. But long ere our approaching heard within Noise. and furious rage. as Sovran King. As new waked from soundest sleep. Knew not. by these. forms. or where. Fast we found. The dismal gates. and shady woods. and inquire Gladly into the ways of God with Man: For God. and to inure Our prompt obedience. and sometimes ran With supple joints. and loud lament. for I attend. Nor less think we in Heaven of thee on Earth Than of our fellow-servant. each motion. Pleased with thy words no less than thou with mine. 125 . Not that they durst without his leave attempt. and sometimes went. incensed at such eruption bold. and walked. and sunny plains. or mute.
with walks. 'First Man. A circuit wide. Ye Hills. said I. methought. and bowers. And feel that I am happier than I know.-While thus I called. count it thine 'To till and keep. as the dream Had lively shadowed: Here had new begun My wandering. Woods. from among the trees appeared. that what I saw Of Earth before scarce pleasant seemed. And said. rise. I come thy guide 'To the garden of bliss. From whom I have that thus I move and live. and forthwith to dissolve: When suddenly stood at my head a dream. And over fields and waters. though I thought I then was passing to my former state Insensible. if ye saw. Thou Sun. and strayed I knew not whither. tell. but with awe. and Plains. Tell. had not he. or beneath. 'Thy mansion wants thee. thy seat prepared. when. Whose inward apparition gently moved My fancy to believe I yet had being. so fresh and gay. by the hand he took me raised. and found Before mine eyes all real. ye Rivers. of men innumerable ordained 'First Father! called by thee. 'This Paradise I give thee. how adore. as in air Smooth-sliding without step.' Said mildly. Adam. and of the fruit to eat: 'Of every tree that in the garden grows 'Eat freely with glad heart. Presence Divine. In goodness and in power pre-eminent: Tell me.My tongue obeyed. fair Creatures. or round about thee. who was my guide Up hither.' So saying. In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss: He reared me. and Dales. whose high top was plain. how I came thus. and first beheld This happy light. stirred in me sudden appetite To pluck and eat. And lived: One came. whereat I waked. Pensive I sat me down: There gentle sleep First found me. 'Author of all this thou seest 'Above. how may I know him. last led me up A woody mountain. On a green shady bank. and with soft oppression seised My droused sense. of shape divine. fair light. Rejoicing. untroubled. fear here no dearth: 126 . Each tree. with goodliest trees Planted. Loaden with fairest fruit that hung to the eye Tempting. From where I first drew air. profuse of flowers. And thou enlightened Earth. and 'Whom thou soughtest I am. answer none returned. how here?-Not of myself. And ye that live and move. enclosed.--by some great Maker then. and readily could name Whate'er I saw.
What callest thou solitude? Is not the Earth With various living creatures. how may I Adore thee. Author of this universe. for thou above all these. who can enjoy alone. beast. these cowering low With blandishment. 'And shun the bitter consequence: for know. In solitude What happiness. As with a smile more brightened. Or. expelled from hence into a world 'Of woe and sorrow. and the air Replenished. 'Not hither summoned.' As thus he spake.'But of the tree whose operation brings 'Knowledge of good and ill.' Sternly he pronounced The rigid interdiction. what contentment find? Thus I presumptuous. or air. I named them. and all things that therein live. and the Vision bright. though in my choice Not to incur. and understood Their nature. Thou hast provided all things: But with me I see not who partakes. 'In sign whereof. with such knowledge God endued My sudden apprehension: But in these I found not what methought I wanted still. and gracious purpose thus renewed. fish. as lords 'Possess it. and fowl. by what name. each bird and beast behold 'After their kinds. all enjoying. And to the heavenly Vision thus presumed. to draw the thinner air. thus replied. I bring them to receive 'From thee their names. 'From that day mortal. each bird and beast behold Approaching two and two. 'Remember what I warn thee. but all the Earth 'To thee and to thy race I give. Above mankind. which I have set 'The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith. my sole command 'Transgressed. and with hands so liberal. and this happy state 'Shalt lose. 'Not only these fair bounds. and pay thee fealty 'With low subjection. but soon his clear aspect Returned. as they passed. which resounds Yet dreadful in mine ear. And all this good to man? for whose well being So amply. since they cannot change 'Their element. each bird stooped on his wing. 'Amid the garden by the tree of life. Surpassest far my naming. 'Or live in sea. 127 . understand the same 'Of fish within their watery residence. shun to taste. and all these at thy command To come and play before thee? Knowest thou not Their language and their ways? They also know. or aught than mankind higher. O. 'The day thou eatest thereof. inevitably thou shalt die.
A nice and subtle happiness. for none I know Second to me or like. the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help Or solace his defects. with leave of speech implored. fit to participate All rational delight: wherein the brute Cannot be human consort: They rejoice Each with their kind. or not? who am alone From all eternity. thus replied. thy realm is large. solitary. Worse then can man with beast. And through all numbers absolute. So fitly them in pairs thou hast combined: Much less can bird with beast. the other still remiss. Supreme of things! Thou in thyself art perfect. what harmony. What thinkest thou then of me. or true delight? Which must be mutual. and bear rule. already Infinite. in disparity The one intense. 128 . Heavenly Power. lion with lioness. So spake the Universal Lord. be propitious while I speak. not displeased. and those To me inferiour. My Maker. I see. and seemed So ordering: I. his image multiplied. but. and in thee Is no deficience found: Not so is Man. To attain The highth and depth of thy eternal ways All human thoughts come short. nor with the ox the ape. Adam! and wilt taste No pleasure. and beget Like of his like. and least of all. but soon prove Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak Such as I seek. though in pleasure. I lowly answered. in the choice Of thy associates. But in degree.And reason not contemptibly: With these Find pastime. Let not my words offend thee. or fish with fowl So well converse. equal much less. in proportion due Given and received. Thou to thyself proposest. And these inferiour far beneath me set? Among unequals what society Can sort. Hast thou not made me here thy substitute. No need that thou Shouldst propagate. Save with the creatures which I made. Whereto the Almighty answered. And humble deprecation. infinite descents Beneath what other creatures are to thee? He ceased. How have I then with whom to hold converse. Cannot well suit with either. and this my state? Seem I to thee sufficiently possessed Of happiness. though One: But Man by number is to manifest His single imperfection.
And no such company as then thou sawest Intended thee. Thy wish exactly to thy heart's desire. which requires Collateral love. And be so minded still: I. That what seemed fair in all the world. but of thyself. but different sex. deified: I. Thus I emboldened spake. Abstract as in a trance. Which thou hast rightly named. where I lay. and freedom used Permissive. and sought repair Of sleep. I was pleased. unfelt before. Adam. thy other self. To see how thou couldest judge of fit and meet: What next I bring shall please thee. Knew it not good for Man to be alone. or I heard no more. As with an object that excels the sense Dazzled and spent. My image. Mine eyes he closed. And life-blood streaming fresh. Thy likeness. 129 . ere thou spakest. Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike. Thou in thy secresy although alone. for now My earthly by his heavenly overpowered. cannot these erect From prone. wide was the wound. by conversing. so pleased. my internal sight. in her contained And in her looks. yet. and acceptance found. seekest not Social communication.In unity defective. And find thee knowing. Thus far to try thee. with cordial spirits warm. not of beasts alone. thy fit help. Though sleeping. methought I saw. so lovely fair. which gained This answer from the gracious Voice Divine. not imparted to the brute. seemed now Mean. But suddenly with flesh filled up and healed: The rib he formed and fashioned with his hands. nor in their ways complacence find. He ended. strained to the highth In that celestial colloquy sublime. called By Nature as in aid. be assured. Expressing well the spirit within thee free. Which it had long stood under. sunk down. by which. for trial only brought. Best with thyself accompanied. or in her summed up. which instantly fell on me. Man-like. and closed mine eyes. Canst raise thy creature to what highth thou wilt Of union or communion. which from that time infused Sweetness into my heart. Under his forming hands a creature grew. but open left the cell Of fancy. and saw the shape Still glorious before whom awake I stood: Who stooping opened my left side. and dearest amity. and took From thence a rib.
And into all things from her air inspired The spirit of love and amorous delight. She disappeared, and left me dark; I waked To find her, or for ever to deplore Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure: When out of hope, behold her, not far off, Such as I saw her in my dream, adorned With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow To make her amiable: On she came, Led by her heavenly Maker, though unseen, And guided by his voice; nor uninformed Of nuptial sanctity, and marriage rites: Grace was in all her steps, Heaven in her eye, In every gesture dignity and love. I, overjoyed, could not forbear aloud. This turn hath made amends; thou hast fulfilled Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, Giver of all things fair! but fairest this Of all thy gifts! nor enviest. I now see Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself Before me: Woman is her name;of Man Extracted: for this cause he shall forego Father and mother, and to his wife adhere; And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul. She heard me thus; and though divinely brought, Yet innocence, and virgin modesty, Her virtue, and the conscience of her worth, That would be wooed, and not unsought be won, Not obvious, not obtrusive, but, retired, The more desirable; or, to say all, Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought, Wrought in her so, that, seeing me, she turned: I followed her; she what was honour knew, And with obsequious majesty approved My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower I led her blushing like the morn: All Heaven, And happy constellations, on that hour Shed their selectest influence; the Earth Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill; Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs Whispered it to the woods, and from their wings Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub, Disporting, till the amorous bird of night Sung spousal, and bid haste the evening-star On his hill top, to light the bridal lamp. Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss, Which I enjoy; and must confess to find In all things else delight indeed, but such As, used or not, works in the mind no change, Nor vehement desire; these delicacies 130
I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flowers, Walks, and the melody of birds: but here Far otherwise, transported I behold, Transported touch; here passion first I felt, Commotion strange! in all enjoyments else Superiour and unmoved; here only weak Against the charm of Beauty's powerful glance. Or Nature failed in me, and left some part Not proof enough such object to sustain; Or, from my side subducting, took perhaps More than enough; at least on her bestowed Too much of ornament, in outward show Elaborate, of inward less exact. For well I understand in the prime end Of Nature her the inferiour, in the mind And inward faculties, which most excel; In outward also her resembling less His image who made both, and less expressing The character of that dominion given O'er other creatures: Yet when I approach Her loveliness, so absolute she seems And in herself complete, so well to know Her own, that what she wills to do or say, Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best: All higher knowledge in her presence falls Degraded; Wisdom in discourse with her Loses discountenanced, and like Folly shows; Authority and Reason on her wait, As one intended first, not after made Occasionally; and, to consummate all, Greatness of mind and Nobleness their seat Build in her loveliest, and create an awe About her, as a guard angelick placed. To whom the Angel with contracted brow. Accuse not Nature, she hath done her part; Do thou but thine; and be not diffident Of Wisdom; she deserts thee not, if thou Dismiss not her, when most thou needest her nigh, By attributing overmuch to things Less excellent, as thou thyself perceivest. For, what admirest thou, what transports thee so, An outside? fair, no doubt, and worthy well Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love; Not thy subjection: Weigh with her thyself; Then value: Oft-times nothing profits more Than self-esteem, grounded on just and right Well managed; of that skill the more thou knowest, The more she will acknowledge thee her head, And to realities yield all her shows: Made so adorn for thy delight the more, So awful, that with honour thou mayest love 131
Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least wise. But if the sense of touch, whereby mankind Is propagated, seem such dear delight Beyond all other; think the same vouchsafed To cattle and each beast; which would not be To them made common and divulged, if aught Therein enjoyed were worthy to subdue The soul of man, or passion in him move. What higher in her society thou findest Attractive, human, rational, love still; In loving thou dost well, in passion not, Wherein true love consists not: Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges; hath his seat In reason, and is judicious; is the scale By which to heavenly love thou mayest ascend, Not sunk in carnal pleasure; for which cause, Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. To whom thus, half abashed, Adam replied. Neither her outside formed so fair, nor aught In procreation common to all kinds, (Though higher of the genial bed by far, And with mysterious reverence I deem,) So much delights me, as those graceful acts, Those thousand decencies, that daily flow From all her words and actions mixed with love And sweet compliance, which declare unfeigned Union of mind, or in us both one soul; Harmony to behold in wedded pair More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose What inward thence I feel, not therefore foiled, Who meet with various objects, from the sense Variously representing; yet, still free, Approve the best, and follow what I approve. To love, thou blamest me not; for Love, thou sayest, Leads up to Heaven, is both the way and guide; Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask: Love not the heavenly Spirits, and how their love Express they? by looks only? or do they mix Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch? To whom the Angel, with a smile that glowed Celestial rosy red, Love's proper hue, Answered. Let it suffice thee that thou knowest Us happy, and without love no happiness. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoyest, (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy In eminence; and obstacle find none Of membrane, joint, or limb, exclusive bars; Easier than air with air, if Spirits embrace, Total they mix, union of pure with pure Desiring, nor restrained conveyance need, 132
As flesh to mix with flesh, or soul with soul. But I can now no more; the parting sun Beyond the Earth's green Cape and verdant Isles Hesperian sets, my signal to depart. Be strong, live happy, and love! But, first of all, Him, whom to love is to obey, and keep His great command; take heed lest passion sway Thy judgement to do aught, which else free will Would not admit: thine, and of all thy sons, The weal or woe in thee is placed; beware! I in thy persevering shall rejoice, And all the Blest: Stand fast;to stand or fall Free in thine own arbitrement it lies. Perfect within, no outward aid require; And all temptation to transgress repel. So saying, he arose; whom Adam thus Followed with benediction. Since to part, Go, heavenly guest, ethereal Messenger, Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore! Gentle to me and affable hath been Thy condescension, and shall be honoured ever With grateful memory: Thou to mankind Be good and friendly still, and oft return! So parted they; the Angel up to Heaven From the thick shade, and Adam to his bower. Book IX No more of talk where God or Angel guest With Man, as with his friend, familiar us'd, To sit indulgent, and with him partake Rural repast; permitting him the while Venial discourse unblam'd. I now must change Those notes to tragick; foul distrust, and breach Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt, And disobedience: on the part of Heaven Now alienated, distance and distaste, Anger and just rebuke, and judgement given, That brought into this world a world of woe, Sin and her shadow Death, and Misery Death's harbinger: Sad talk!yet argument Not less but more heroick than the wrath Of stern Achilles on his foe pursued Thrice fugitive about Troy wall; or rage Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous'd; Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long Perplexed the Greek, and Cytherea's son: 00482129 If answerable style I can obtain 133
And dictates to me slumbering. traversing each colure. or years. Where Tigris. The space of seven continued nights he rode With darkness. who deigns Her nightly visitation unimplor'd. sufficient of itself to raise That name. Into a gulf shot under ground. Me. Since Uriel. Not hers. Not sedulous by nature to indite Wars. thrice the equinoctial line He circled. and now from end to end Night's hemisphere had veil'd the horizon round: When satan. and beginning late. Not that which justly gives heroick name To person. maugre what might hap Of heavier on himself. damp my intended wing Depress'd. The sun was sunk.Of my celestial patroness. and foreworned the Cherubim That kept their watch. whose office is to bring Twilight upon the earth. then marshall'd feast Serv'd up in hall with sewers and seneshals. of these Nor skill'd nor studious. Impresses quaint. or to describe races and games. bent On Man's destruction. or to poem. or cold Climate. who brings it nightly to my ear. not time. till part 134 . cautious of day. unless an age too late. short arbiter "twixt day and night. fearless returned From compassing the earth. now improv'd In meditated fraud and malice. On the eighth returned. and. hitherto the only argument Heroick deem'd chief mastery to dissect With long and tedious havock fabled knights In battles feign'd. descried His entrance. at the foot of Paradise. The skill of artifice or office mean. imblazon'd shields. Now not. the better fortitude Of patience and heroick martyrdom Unsung. first wrought the change. thence full of anguish driven. Or tilting furniture. higher argument Remains. caparisons and steeds. who late fled before the threats Of Gabriel out of Eden. on the coast averse From entrance or Cherubick watch. There was a place. by stealth Found unsuspected way. regent of the sun. four times crossed the car of night From pole to pole. Bases and tinsel trappings. and much they may. and after him the star Of Hesperus. though sin. or inspires Easy my unpremeditated verse: Since first this subject for heroick song Pleas'd me long choosing. gorgeous knights At joust and tournament. if all be mine.
involved in rising mist. plant. and in length. Light above light. his final sentence chose Fit vessel. as seems. Doubt might beget of diabolick power Active within. up beyond the river Ob. irresolute Of thoughts revolved. sweet interchange Of hill. If I could joy in aught. West from Orontes to the ocean barred At Darien . More justly. all summed up in Man. From Eden over Pontus and the pool Maeotis. Centring. after better. and the more I see Pleasures about me. and with it rose Satan. which. dens. which of all Most opportune might serve his wiles. Rocks. and nobler birth Of creatures animate with gradual life Of growth. danced round by other Heavens That shine. woods. Him after long debate. and land. none would suspicious mark. as from the hateful siege Of contraries: all good to me becomes Bane. seat worthier of Gods. and with inspection deep Considered every creature. sense. for thee alone. With what delight could I have walked thee round. and plains. 135 . in other beasts observed. In thee concentring all their precious beams Of sacred influence! As God in Heaven Is center. thence to the land where flows Ganges and Indus: Thus the orb he roamed With narrow search. and his dark suggestions hide From sharpest sight: for. and caves! But I in none of these Find place or refuge. yet bear their bright officious lamps. Downward as far antarctick. receivest from all those orbs: in thee.Rose up a fountain by the tree of life: In with the river sunk. and valley. sea he had searched. Not in themselves. fittest imp of fraud. and found The Serpent subtlest beast of all the field. so thou. yet extends to all. in the wily snake Whatever sleights. As from his wit and native subtlety Proceeding. reason. all their known virtue appears Productive in herb. then sought Where to lie hid. how like to Heaven. beyond the sense of brute. now sea and shores with forest crowned. and in Heaven much worse would be my state. rivers. Thus he resolved. Now land. but first from inward grief His bursting passion into plaints thus poured. if not preferred For what God. worse would build? Terrestrial Heaven. reforming what was old! O Earth. in whom To enter. as built With second thoughts. so much more I feel Torment within me.
in whose mazy folds To hide me. This essence to incarnate and imbrute. Determined to advance into our room A creature formed of earth. Man he made. freed From servitude inglorious well nigh half The angelick name. Nor hope to be myself less miserable By what I seek. that destruction wide may range: To me shall be the glory sole among The infernal Powers. at first though sweet. or. no nor in Heaven To dwell. mixed with bestial slime. unless by mastering Heaven's Supreme. With heavenly spoils. and. For whom all this was made. and him endow. him destroyed. six nights and days Continued making. Revenge. but others to make such As I. He effected. must down as low As high he soared. and for him built Magnificent this world. back on itself recoils: Let it. O indignity! Subjected to his service angel-wings. all this will soon Follow. Bitter ere long. That to the highth of Deity aspired! But what will not ambition and revenge Descend to? Who aspires. and. obnoxious. to spite us more. if they at least Are his created. on him who next 136 . Exalted from so base original. in one day to have marred What he. am now constrained Into a beast. And to repair his numbers thus impaired. and who knows how long Before had been contriving? though perhaps Not longer than since I. thus wrapt in mist Of midnight vapour glide obscure. who erst contended With Gods to sit the highest. though thereby worse to me redound: For only in destroying I find ease To my relentless thoughts. O foul descent! that I. To basest things. Him lord pronounced. where hap may find The serpent sleeping. and earth his seat. so it light well aimed. and. Almighty styled. Since higher I fall short. Or won to what may work his utter loss. And flaming ministers to watch and tend Their earthly charge: Of these the vigilance I dread. Whether such virtue spent of old now failed More Angels to create.But neither here seek I. I reck not. to be avenged. and. first or last. In woe then. and thinner left the throng Of his adorers: He. to elude. and pry In every bush and brake. in one night. and the dark intent I bring. our spoils: What he decreed. as to him linked in weal or woe.
From the Earth's great altar send up silent praise To the Creator. when all things. herb. or where most needs. but. possessing. forth came the human pair. brought to little. Adam. and his brutal sense. while I.Provokes my envy. And joined their vocal worship to the quire Of creatures wanting voice. or direct The clasping ivy where to climb. while so near each other thus all day Our task we choose. what wonder if so near Looks intervene and smiles. this new favourite Of Heaven. well stored with subtile wiles: Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den. or object new Casual discourse draw on. till more hands Aid us. through each thicket dank or dry. soon inspired With act intelligential. well may we labour still to dress This garden. His head the midst. or prop. One night or two with wanton growth derides Tending to wild. where choice Leads thee. Thou therefore now advise. whether to wind The woodbine round this arbour. but. Our pleasant task enjoined. Whom. In heart or head. Nor nocent yet. and the hour of supper comes unearned? 137 . Fearless unfeared he slept: in at his mouth The Devil entered. that breathe. but his sleep Disturbed not. In yonder spring of roses intermixed With myrtle. waiting close the approach of morn. partake The season prime for sweetest scents and airs: Then commune. he held on His midnight-search. that breathed Their morning incense. when as sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the humid flowers. him fast-sleeping soon he found In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled. which intermits Our day's work. the work under our labour grows. though begun Early. what we by day Lop overgrown. and his nostrils fill With grateful smell. or prune. Like a black mist low-creeping. his Maker raised From dust: Spite then with spite is best repaid. find what to redress till noon: For. this man of clay. and flower. us the more to spite. still to tend plant. or bind. Luxurious by restraint. on the grassy herb. And Eve first to her husband thus began. son of despite. So saying. thou. that done. where soonest he might find The serpent. Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present: Let us divide our labours. how that day they best may ply Their growing work: for much their work out-grew The hands' dispatch of two gardening so wide. Now.
as to debar us when we need Refreshment. and some unkindness meets. and protects. As one who loves. And from the parting Angel over-heard. what malicious foe Envying our happiness. associate sole. Love. if much converse perhaps Thee satiate.To whom mild answer Adam thus returned. where each To other speedy aid might lend at need: Whether his first design be to withdraw Our fealty from God. Hopeless to circumvent us joined. Or this. and all Earth's Lord! That such an enemy we have. to me beyond Compare above all living creatures dear! Well hast thou motioned. Safest and seemliest by her husband stays. To brute denied. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands Will keep from wilderness with ease. For not to irksome toil. But. and are of love the food. for smiles from reason flow. and of his own Despairing. not the lowest end of human life. both by thee informed I learn. Sole Eve. And short retirement urges sweet return. still shades thee. or with her the worst endures. Yet not so strictly hath our Lord imposed Labour. or worse. He made us. And good works in her husband to promote. seeks to work us woe and shame By sly assault. for thou knowest What hath been warned us. and somewhere nigh at hand Watches. Food of the mind. who seeks Our ruin. or this sweet intercourse Of looks and smiles. than to study houshold good. to short absence I could yield: For solitude sometimes is best society. leave not the faithful side That gave thee being. but to delight. than which perhaps no bliss Enjoyed by us excites his envy more. no doubt. where danger or dishonour lurks. With sweet austere composure thus replied. or talk between. lest harm Befall thee severed from me. To whom the virgin majesty of Eve. well thy thoughts employed. whether food. The wife. How we might best fulfil the work which here God hath assigned us. and delight to reason joined. till younger hands ere long Assist us. Offspring of Heaven and Earth. or to disturb Conjugal love. with greedy hope to find His wish and best advantage. 138 . But other doubt possesses me. Who guards her. nor of me shalt pass Unpraised: for nothing lovelier can be found In woman. as wide As we need walk. us asunder.
Daughter of God and Man. being such As we. His violence thou fearest not. Just then returned at shut of evening flowers. Subtle he needs must be. best witness of thy virtue tried? So spake domestick Adam in his care And matrimonial love. How are we happy. Subtle or violent. Or daring. and thy trial choose With me. though in vain. though bold. His fraud is then thy fear. who could seduce Angels. or can repel. Why shouldst not thou like sense within thee feel When I am present. Adam. 139 . from sin and blame entire: Not diffident of thee do I dissuade Thy absence from my sight. at least asperses The tempted with dishonour foul. supposed Not incorruptible of faith. But. that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt To God or thee. more watchful. if need were Of outward strength. not capable of death or pain. Can either not receive. first on me the assault shall light. Thus her reply with accent sweet renewed. which plain infers Thy equal fear. Nor thou his malice and false guile contemn. which on us both at once The enemy. because we have a foe May tempt it. while shame. mis-thought of her to thee so dear? To whom with healing words Adam replied. Thoughts. and raised unite. from the influence of thy looks. but to avoid The attempt itself. immortal Eve! For such thou art. still in fear of harm? But harm precedes not sin: only our foe. Though ineffectual found: misdeem not then. nor think superfluous other's aid. receive Access in every virtue. I. we not endued Single with like defence. Would utmost vigour raise. For he who tempts. If this be our condition. but Eve. which how found they harbour in thy breast. If such affront I labour to avert From thee alone. not proof Against temptation: Thou thyself with scorn And anger wouldst resent the offered wrong. in thy sight More wise. thou looking on. thus to dwell In narrow circuit straitened by a foe. intended by our foe. who thought Less attributed to her faith sincere.As in a shady nook I stood behind. wherever met. that my firm faith and love Can by his fraud be shaken or seduced. will hardly dare. Shame to be overcome or over-reached. I expected not to hear. stronger.
if this be so. Go. Frail is our happiness. rely On what thou hast of virtue. our witness. So spake the patriarch of mankind. who attest? But. Firm we subsist. replied. and most likely if from me Thou sever not: Trial will come unsought. without exteriour help sustained? Let us not then suspect our happy state Left so imperfect by the Maker wise. Not then mistrust. but Eve Persisted.Tempting. yet submiss. Wouldst thou approve thy constancy. summon all! For God towards thee hath done his part. approve First thy obedience. Go in thy native innocence. O Woman. by some fair-appearing good surprised. Or aught that might his happy state secure. unassayed Alone. love. then wherefore shunned or feared By us? who rather double honour gain From his surmise proved false. thus exposed. and mis-inform the will To do what God expressly hath forbid. absents thee more. yet lies within his power: Against his will he can receive no harm. And Eden were no Eden. enjoins. As not secure to single or combined. which to avoid Were better. And what is faith. Since Reason not impossibly may meet Some specious object by the foe suborned. and mind thou me. but turns Foul on himself. for what obeys Reason. virtue. best are all things as the will Of God ordained them: His creating hand Nothing imperfect or deficient left Of all that he created. and still erect. though last. not free. Seek not temptation then. the other who can know. Not keeping strictest watch. and Reason he made right. Lest. Favour from Heaven. but tender love. if thou think. She dictate false. do thine. and thus forewarned 140 . Not seeing thee attempted. And fall into deception unaware. is free. That I should mind thee oft. But God left free the will. But bid her well be ware. within himself The danger lies. affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity: his foul esteem Sticks no dishonour on our front. Secure from outward force. yet possible to swerve. from the event. trial unsought may find Us both securer than thus warned thou seemest. much less Man. With thy permission then. find peace within. To whom thus Adam fervently replied. for thy stay. as she was warned.
Guiltless of fire. Of thy presumed return! event perverse! Thou never from that hour in Paradise Foundst either sweet repast. of faith. azure. the more shall shame him his repulse. Likest she seemed. The willinger I go. the Fiend. much failing. where she stood. or plantation for delight. In bower and field he sought. so thick the roses blushing round About her glowed. from her husband's hand her hand Soft she withdrew. but desiring more her stay. Eve separate he spies. Pomona when she fled Vertumnus. but wished his hap might find Eve separate. Beyond his hope. Such ambush. thus adorned. But with such gardening tools as Art yet rude. like a Wood-Nymph light. or of Delia's train. Mere serpent in appearance. And on his quest. hapless Eve. forth was come. nor much expect A foe so proud will first the weaker seek. or to Ceres in her prime. he wished. Yet virgin of Proserpina from Jove. Their tendance. that our trial. or sound repose. purple. Betook her to the groves. Oread or Dryad. though gay Carnation. Half spied. but not with hope Of what so seldom chanced. she to him as oft engaged To be returned by noon amid the bower. May find us both perhaps far less prepared. oft stooping to support Each flower of slender stalk. and since first break of dawn. O much deceived. So bent. hid among sweet flowers and shades. where any tuft Of grove or garden-plot more pleasant lay. To Pales. By fountain or by shady rivulet He sought them both. Waited with hellish rancour imminent To intercept thy way. And all things in best order to invite Noontide repast. had formed. or send thee back Despoiled of innocence. Oft he to her his charge of quick return Repeated. Her long with ardent look his eye pursued Delighted. 141 . whose head. Thus saying. or Pomona. when to his wish. Veiled in a cloud of fragrance. or Angels brought.Chiefly by what thy own last reasoning words Touched only. but in them The whole included race. Though not as she with bow and quiver armed. of bliss! For now. where likeliest he might find The only two of mankind. when least sought. or afternoon's repose. but Delia's self In gait surpassed. and Goddess-like deport. his purposed prey. or specked with gold. and.
gratulating. cedar. Nearer he drew. Save what is in destroying. where the sapient king Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse. her every air Of gesture. Or dairy. and feminine. or renowned Alcinous. let me not let pass Occasion which now smiles. and storm so nigh. And tortures him now more. overawed His malice. other joy To me is lost. from each thing met conceives delight. Forth issuing on a summer's morn.Hung drooping unsustained. Thoughts. for her now pleases more. pine. Or that. of enmity disarmed. Her graceful innocence. of envy. thus excites. and in her look sums all delight: Such pleasure took the Serpent to behold This flowery plat. or tedded grass. now seen. to forget What hither brought us! hate. host of old Laertes' son. and flowers Imbordered on each bank. The smell of grain. mindless the while Herself. or least action. and for the time remained Stupidly good. and all his thoughts Of mischief. and with rapine sweet bereaved His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought: That space the Evil-one abstracted stood From his own evil. not for him ordained: then soon Fierce hate he recollects. As one who long in populous city pent.nor hope Of Paradise for Hell. Of guile. soon ended his delight. them she upstays Gently with myrtle band. She most. or palm. and many a walk traversed Of stateliest covert. Though in mid Heaven. the sweet recess of Eve Thus early. Among thick-woven arborets. each rural sight. now hid. each rural sound. the person more. What pleasing seemed. thus alone: Her heavenly form Angelick. to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoined. Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air. If chance. Then. behold alone 142 . though fairest unsupported flower. not love. hope here to taste Of pleasure. the hand of Eve: Spot more delicious than those gardens feigned Or of revived Adonis. of hate. Then voluble and bold. but more soft. but all pleasure to destroy. whither have ye led me! with what sweet Compulsion thus transported. with nymph-like step. of revenge: But the hot Hell that always in him burns. or kine. fair virgin pass. Much he the place admired. the more he sees Of pleasure. From her best prop so far. not mystick.
so much hath Hell debased. side-long he works his way. or Capitoline. Her husband. erect Amidst his circling spires. inmate bad! and toward Eve Addressed his way: not with indented wave. But as in gaze admiring: oft he bowed His turret crest. for I view far round. as used To such disport before her through the field. a surging maze! his head Crested aloft. as one who sought access. His fraudulent temptation thus began. but feared To interrupt. not those that in Illyria changed. Whose higher intellectual more I shun. uncalled before her stood. Prone on the ground. 143 . heard the sound Of rusling leaves. with serpent-tongue Organick.The woman. the highth of Rome. glad Of her attention gained. Hermione and Cadmus. and pain Enfeebled me. and carbuncle his eyes. As when a ship. of courage haughty. that towered Fold above fold. From every beast. And strength. and of his tortuous train Curled many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve. as since. she. to what I was in Heaven. by skilful steersmen wrought Nigh river's mouth or foreland. more duteous at her call. and licked the ground whereon she trod. not nigh. under show of love well feigned. Foe not informidable! exempt from wound. opportune to all attempts. and shifts her sail: So varied he. though of terrestrial mould. but on his rear. His gentle dumb expression turned at length The eye of Eve to mark his play. Circular base of rising folds. He. though terrour be in love And beauty. and sleek enamelled neck. never since of serpent-kind Lovelier. that on the grass Floated redundant: pleasing was his shape And lovely. enclosed In serpent. was seen. or impulse of vocal air. fit love for Gods! Not terrible. Than at Circean call the herd disguised. as oft so steers. Hate stronger. He with Olympias. and of limb Heroick built. busied. where the wind Veers oft. Fawning. this with her who bore Scipio. bolder now. So spake the enemy of mankind. not approached by stronger hate. She fair. he. nor to which transformed Ammonian Jove. With burnished neck of verdant gold. With tract oblique At first. The way which to her ruin now I tend. or the god In Epidaurus. To lure her eye. I not. but minded not. divinely fair.
these beasts among. and his proem tuned: Into the heart of Eve his words made way. and human sense expressed? The first. Though at the voice much marvelling. Redouble then this miracle. or the teats Of ewe or goat dropping with milk at even. sovran Mistress. Not unamazed. at least. Serpent. Beholders rude. Created mute to all articulate sound: The latter I demur. Where universally admired. Who sees thee? and what is one? who should be seen A Goddess among Gods. Grateful to appetite. nor aught but food discerned Or sex. Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair. Thee all things living gaze on. but not with human voice endued. How camest thou speakable of mute. but here In this enclosure wild. What may this mean? language of man pronounced By tongue of brute. Thee. who art sole wonder! much less arm Thy looks. I thus single. she thus in answer spake. of abject thoughts and low. adored and served By Angels numberless. 144 . more awful thus retired. of these I thought denied To beasts.nor have feared Thy awful brow. subtlest beast of all the field I knew.Wonder not. To whom the guileful Tempter thus replied. all things thine By gift. the Heaven of mildness. As was my food. So glozed the Tempter. resplendent Eve! Easy to me it is to tell thee all What thou commandest. and gaze Insatiate. I chanced A goodly tree far distant to behold Loaden with fruit of fairest colours mixed. on their creation-day. for such wonder claims attention due. on a day roving the field. and right thou shouldst be obeyed: I was at first as other beasts that graze The trodden herb. at length. if perhaps Thou canst. and in their actions. one man except. with disdain. that daily are in sight? Say. Displeased that I approach thee thus. and thy celestial beauty adore With ravishment beheld! there best beheld. and say. for in their looks Much reason. thy daily train. When from the boughs a savoury odour blown. and apprehended nothing high: Till. more pleased my sense Than smell of sweetest fennel. Empress of this fair world. oft appears. and how To me so friendly grown above the rest Of brutal kind. and shallow to discern Half what in thee is fair. Ruddy and gold: I nearer drew to gaze. whom God.
At feed or fountain. said Eve. To whom the wily Adder. on a flat. urged me so keen. though to this shape retained. Serpent. never had I found. for. hunger and thirst at once. one small thicket past Of blowing myrrh and balm: if thou accept My conduct. and speech Wanted not long. and in thy beauty's heavenly ray. leading. blithe and glad.Unsucked of lamb or kid. Still hanging incorruptible. high from ground. Powerful persuaders. to pluck and eat my fill I spared not. Hope elevates. Amid the tree now got. I resolved Not to defer. Empress. and more hands Help to disburden Nature of her birth. but could not reach. Sated at length. ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me. Beyond a row of myrtles. the branches would require Thy utmost reach or Adam's: Round the tree All other beasts that saw. in thee first proved: But say. Fast by a fountain. He. About the mossy trunk I wound me soon. United I beheld. and not long. and made intricate seem straight. Yet more amazed. To satisfy the sharp desire I had Of tasting those fair apples. yet unknown To us. though importune perhaps. universal Dame! So talked the spirited sly Snake. that tend their play. to degree Of reason in my inward powers. with like desire Longing and envying stood. As leaves a greater store of fruit untouched. quickened at the scent Of that alluring fruit. or Middle. I can bring thee thither soon Lead then. For. and Eve. in such abundance lies our choice. such pleasure till that hour. Thenceforth to speculations high or deep I turned my thoughts. and joy 145 . thy overpraising leaves in doubt The virtue of that fruit. swiftly rolled In tangles. no fair to thine Equivalent or second! which compelled Me thus. To mischief swift. where plenty hung Tempting so nigh. and with capacious mind Considered all things visible in Heaven. and worship thee of right declared Sovran of creatures. till men Grow up to their provision. to come And gaze. and various. where grows the tree? from hence how far? For many are the trees of God that grow In Paradise. the way is ready. Or Earth. unwary thus replied. all things fair and good: But all that fair and good in thy divine Semblance.
the rest. Motion. lest ye die. not only to discern Things in their causes. all impassioned. nor shall ye touch it. though brief. Wonderous indeed. thus to her guide she spake. and oft through pond or pool. and into fraud Led Eve. The credit of whose virtue rest with thee. Compact of unctuous vapour. each act. from succour far. as when a wandering fire. Which oft. God so commanded. Misleads the amazed night-wanderer from his way To bogs and mires. deemed however wise. God hath said. Hovering and blazing with delusive light. through his zeal of right: So standing. As when of old some orator renowned. root of all our woe. they say. Yet Lords declared of all in earth or air$? To whom thus Eve. since mute! to some great cause addressed. and the cold environs round. To whom the Tempter guilefully replied. Sometimes in highth began. In Athens or free Rome. Queen of this universe! do not believe 146 . Stood in himself collected. we live Law to ourselves. if cause of such effects. O sacred. New part puts on. and. yet sinless. our reason is our law. to the tree Of prohibition.Brightens his crest. though fruit be here to excess. when now more bold The Tempter. as of some great matter to begin. which the night Condenses. Kindled through agitation to a flame. wise. won audience ere the tongue. or to highth up grown. but to trace the ways Of highest agents. some evil Spirit attends. thus began. There swallowed up and lost. and indignation at his wrong. She scarce had said. So glistered the dire Snake. But of the fruit of this fair tree amidst The garden. moving. The Tempter. Mother of science! now I feel thy power Within me clear. where eloquence Flourished. we might have spared our coming hither. Indeed! hath God then said that of the fruit Of all these garden-trees ye shall not eat. Serpent. our credulous mother. yet comely and in act Raised. Of the fruit Of each tree in the garden we may eat. as to passion moved. Which when she saw. Fluctuates disturbed. as no delay Of preface brooking. and wisdom-giving Plant. Fruitless to me. Ye shall not eat Thereof. and left that command Sole daughter of his voice. while each part. but with show of zeal and love To Man. But of this tree we may not taste nor touch.
is but proportion meet. participating God-like food? The Gods are first. how just? of evil. And life more perfect have attained than Fate Meant me. Why then was this forbid? Why. to put on Gods. by the threatener? look on me. or this tree Impart against his will. your eyes that seem so clear. since easier shunned? God therefore cannot hurt ye. and many more Causes import your need of this fair fruit. of human. Of good. That whoso eats thereof. whatever thing death be. which to behold 147 . why not known. whom the pain Of death denounced. Knowing both good and evil. of brute. not feared then. and ye shall be as Gods. I. reach then. Why. as they know. these. Them. Not just. and be just. His worshippers? He knows that in the day Ye eat thereof. yet both live. Internal Man. and his words. knowledge of good and evil. by venturing higher than my lot. but to awe. forthwith attains Wisdom without their leave? and wherein lies The offence. Goddess humane.Those rigid threats of death: ye shall not die: How should you? by the fruit? it gives you life To knowledge. Gods. if what is evil Be real. And what are Gods. Into her heart too easy entrance won: Fixed on the fruit she gazed. ye. shall perfectly be then Opened and cleared. Warmed by the sun. Yet are but dim. So ye shall die perhaps. since I as Man. which no worse than this can bring. that Man should thus attain to know? What can your knowledge hurt him. Shall that be shut to Man. nothing: if they all things. and that advantage use On our belief. nor obeyed: Your fear itself of death removes the fear. Deterred not from achieving what might lead To happier life. but to keep ye low and ignorant. who enclosed Knowledge of good and evil in this tree. for this fair earth I see. death to be wished. human. that all from them proceeds: I question it. which to the Beast Is open? or will God incense his ire For such a petty trespass? and not praise Rather your dauntless virtue. producing every kind. and freely taste! He ended. not God. Me. who have touched and tasted. that Man may not become As they. if all be his? Or is it envy? and can envy dwell In heavenly breasts? These. replete with guile. Though threatened. That ye shall be as Gods. by putting off Human.
best of fruits. Conceals not from us. is as not had at all. but brings with joy The good befallen him. naming thee the tree Of knowledge. Though kept from man. knowledge both of good and evil. too long forborn. our doom is. what forbids he but to know. doubtless. for beasts reserved? For beasts it seems: yet that one beast which first Hath tasted envies not. Fair to the eye. and well might. or. raised by the smell So savoury of that fruit. Back to the thicket slunk The guilty Serpent. author unsuspect. she plucked. and our want: For good unknown sure is not had. forbids us to be wise? Such prohibitions bind not. and taught The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise: Thy praise he also. Great are thy virtues. and with truth: Mean while the hour of noon drew on. to her seeming. at first assay Gave elocution to the mute. and worthy to be admired. and in her ears the sound Yet rung of his persuasive words.for Eve. what know to fear Under this ignorance of good and evil. And knows. Irrational till then. nought else 148 . which with desire. and reasons. That all was lost.Might tempt alone. she eat! Earth felt the wound. and Nature from her seat. and waked An eager appetite. this fruit divine. For us alone Was death invented? or to us denied This intellectual food. of law or penalty? Here grows the cure of all. But. Intent now wholly on her taste. and speaks. Solicited her longing eye. Forbids us then to taste! but his forbidding Commends thee more. and discerns. Friendly to man. if death Bind us with after-bands. her rash hand in evil hour Forth reaching to the fruit. and feed at once both body and mind? So saying. while it infers the good By thee communicated. Forbids us good. Of virtue to make wise: What hinders then To reach. we shall die! How dies the Serpent? he hath eaten and lives. far from deceit or guile. Sighing through all her works. thus to herself she mused. Inclinable now grown to touch or taste. who forbids thy use. yet first Pausing a while. Whose taste. What fear I then? rather. impregned With reason. inviting to the taste. Of God or death. had And yet unknown. what profits then Our inward freedom? In the day we eat Of this fair fruit. In plain then. gave signs of woe.
and other care perhaps May have diverted from continual watch Our great Forbidder. Though others envy what they cannot give: For. such delight till then. without him live no life. the more to draw his love. I grow mature In knowledge. A thing not undesirable. as to no end Created. Till. And I perhaps am secret: Heaven is high. it had not here Thus grown. whether true Or fancied so. and perhaps. or rather not. And render me more equal. sometime Superiour. that with him all deaths I could endure. So saying. as the Gods. And hightened as with wine. O sovran. had the gift been theirs. Greedily she ingorged without restraint. who is free This may be well: But what if God have seen. as seemed. Experience. though secret she retire. And thy fair fruit let hang. virtuous. to thee I owe. But to Adam in what sort Shall I appear? shall I to him make known As yet my change. wedded to another Eve. and remote to see from thence distinct Each thing on Earth. And knew not eating death: Satiate at length. precious of all trees In Paradise! of operation blest To sapience. not following thee. inferiour. next. Best guide. Thus to herself she pleasingly began. jocund and boon. thou openest wisdom's way. And givest access. infamed. as to the Power That dwelt within. dieted by thee. but henceforth my early care. I extinct. derived 149 . In fruit she never tasted. Not without song. A death to think! Confirmed then I resolve. each morning. hitherto obscured. for. whose presence had infused Into the plant sciential sap. High. from the tree her step she turned.Regarded. Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe: So dear I love him. But keeps the odds of knowledge in my power Without copartner? so to add what wants In female sex. and the fertile burden ease Of thy full branches offered free to all. through expectation high Of knowledge. not was Godhead from her thought. who all things know. safe with all his spies About him. and due praise. and give him to partake Full happiness with me. I had remained In ignorance. And death ensue? then I shall be no more! And Adam. Shall live with her enjoying. But first low reverence done. Shall tend thee.
dilated spirits. On the other side Adam. To him she hasted. Scarce from the tree returning. and I then too late renounce Deity for thee. Reasoning to admiration. and with me Persuasively hath so prevailed. as we are threatened. the way she took That morn when first they parted: by the tree Of knowledge he must pass. thou not tasting. Great joy he promised to his thoughts. or not obeying. different degree Disjoin us. when Fate will not permit. soon as he heard 150 . Hast thou not wondered. Thou therefore also taste. Adam the while. as thou hast part. The pain of absence from thy sight. which for thee Chiefly I sought. and apology too prompt. for never more Mean I to try. As reapers oft are wont their harvest-queen. Which. but thenceforth Endued with human voice and human sense. And growing up to Godhead. And hath been tasted such: The serpent wise. Lest. that equal lot May join us. Tedious. but of divine effect To open eyes. to adorn Her tresses. a tree Of danger tasted. nor to evil unknown Opening the way. agony of love till now Not felt. to me is bliss. opener mine eyes. Waiting desirous her return. with bland words at will. New gathered. and ambrosial smell diffused. without thee can despise. and is become. Misgave him. that I Have also tasted. she thus addressed. drink of Gods. Or not restrained as we. in her hand A bough of fairest fruit. unshared with thee. that downy smiled. For bliss. and new Solace in her return. so long delayed: Yet oft his heart. equal joy. what rash untried I sought. And forth to meet her went. in her face excuse Came prologue. had wove Of choicest flowers a garland.From nectar. and her rural labours crown. Hath eaten of the fruit. ampler heart. there he her met. Dim erst. at my stay? Thee I have missed. and odious soon. and thought it long. and have also found The effects to correspond. he the faltering measure felt. and wonderful to hear: This tree is not. Adam. Thus Eve with countenance blithe her story told. Not dead. But strange Hath been the cause. and make them Gods who taste. nor shall be twice. deprived Thy presence. divine of something ill. as equal love. as we are told. But in her cheek distemper flushing glowed.
and now to death devote! Rather. as likely tasting to attain Proportional ascent. Defaced. perhaps the fact Is not so heinous now.The fatal trespass done by Eve. as one from sad dismay Recomforted. till thus at length First to himself he inward silence broke. inducement strong To us. and love so dearly joined. or done undo? Not God Omnipotent. Lives. and all his joints relaxed. Nor yet on him found deadly. Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turned. and from thy state Mine never shall be parted. and unhallowed. deflowered. bliss or woe. will in earnest so destroy 151 . foretasted fruit. Holy. or sweet! How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost. ere our taste. amazed. And me with thee hath ruined. adventurous Eve. who thus hast dared. Creator wise. To live again in these wild woods forlorn! Should God create another Eve. Profaned first by the serpent. Creature in whom excelled Whatever can to sight or thought be formed. as thou saidst. for with thee Certain my resolution is to die: How can I live without thee! how forego Thy sweet converse. Nor can I think that God. Though threatening. But past who can recall. Bone of my bone thou art. as Man. how to violate The sacred fruit forbidden! Some cursed fraud Of enemy hath beguiled thee. Astonied stood and blank. and after thoughts disturbed Submitting to what seemed remediless. yet he lives. good. no!I feel The link of Nature draw me: flesh of flesh. while horrour chill Ran through his veins. or Angels. and I Another rib afford. sacred to abstinence. Higher degree of life. yet unknown. yet loss of thee Would never from my heart: no. Much more to taste it under ban to touch. nor Fate. and gains to live. Bold deed thou hast presumed. demi-Gods. which cannot be But to be Gods. Had it been only coveting to eye That sacred fruit. amiable. From his slack hand the garland wreathed for Eve Down dropt. O fairest of Creation. how hast thou yielded to transgress The strict forbiddance. last and best Of all God's works. yet so Perhaps thou shalt not die. divine. So having said. And peril great provoked. and all the faded roses shed: Speechless he stood and pale. by him first Made common.
for what thou art is mine. and harsh. who. yet would be loth Us to abolish. One heart. but life Augmented. one crime. Direct. we are one. new joys. whom will he next?" Matter of scorn. So faithful. not to be given the Foe. new hopes. whereof good proof This day affords. and labour lose. or by occasion. hath presented This happy trial of thy love. she embraced him. that what of sweet before Hath touched my sense. undo. So Adam. Dependant made. death is to me as life. short Of thy perfection. so God shall uncreate. flat seems to this. and say. My own in thee. or aught than death more dread. opened eyes. than oblige thee with a fact Pernicious to thy peace. If any be. chiefly assured Remarkably so late of thy so true. "Fickle their state whom God "Most favours. do. how shall I attain. which in our fall. and for joy 152 . Illustrious evidence. And gladly of our union hear thee speak. Not well conceived of God. Rather than death. one soul in both. So forcible within my heart I feel The bond of Nature draw me to my own. To undergo with me one guilt. For us created. However I with thee have fixed my lot. I would sustain alone The worst. rather die Deserted. example high! Engaging me to emulate. One flesh.Us his prime creatures. which else So eminently never had been known? Were it I thought death menaced would ensue This my attempt. now Mankind. So saying. Shall separate us. Set over all his works. dignified so high. love unequalled: but I feel Far otherwise the event. O glorious trial of exceeding love. and thus Eve to him replied. but. linked in love so dear. Certain to undergo like doom: If death Consort with thee. Whose virtue for of good still good proceeds. Adam. On my experience. to lose thee were to lose myself. Adam. who can please him long? Me first "He ruined. freely taste. not death. though his power Creation could repeat. And fear of death deliver to the winds. and not persuade thee. of tasting this fair fruit. declaring thee resolved. lest the Adversary Triumph. needs with us must fail. Taste so divine. Be frustrate. Our state cannot be severed. from whose dear side I boast me sprung.
that now. she him As wantonly repaid. Much pleasure we have lost. As with new wine intoxicated both. now I see thou art exact of taste. now let us play. in lust they burn: Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move. For never did thy beauty. Pansies. Since to each meaning savour we apply. and forbore not glance or toy Of amorous intent. as of choice to incur Divine displeasure for her sake. As meet is. But fondly overcome with female charm. that he his love Had so ennobled. They swim in mirth. muttering thunder. Sky loured. flowers were the couch. nor known till now True relish. In recompence for such compliance bad Such recompence best merits from the bough She gave him of that fair enticing fruit With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat. as again In pangs. and violets. But come. and. Earth trembled from her entrails. if such pleasure be In things to us forbidden. Wherewith to scorn the earth: But that false fruit Far other operation first displayed. or death. tasting. And elegant. Carnal desire inflaming. 153 .Tenderly wept. and to a shady bank. I the praise Yield thee. whose eye darted contagious fire. much won. well understood Of Eve. while we abstained From this delightful fruit. bounty of this virtuous tree! So said he. Thick over-head with verdant roof imbowered. so well this day thou hast purveyed. And palate call judicious. Eve. so inflame my sense With ardour to enjoy thee. and asphodel. Eating his fill. the more to sooth Him with her loved society. fairer now Than ever. of sapience no small part. Her hand he seised. adorned With all perfections. And hyacinth. after such delicious fare. so well refreshed. he on Eve Began to cast lascivious eyes. and Nature gave a second groan. it might be wished. since the day I saw thee first and wedded thee. He led her nothing loth. some sad drops Wept at completing of the mortal sin Original: while Adam took no thought. Earth's freshest softest lap. and fancy that they feel Divinity within them breeding wings. For this one tree had been forbidden ten. nor Eve to iterate Her former trespass feared. not deceived. Against his better knowledge.
Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained. impenetrable To star or sun-light. and in face Confounded. erst with joy And rapture so oft beheld? Those heavenly shapes Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Insufferably bright. and waked Shorn of his strength. that as a veil Had shadowed them from knowing ill. good lost. O Eve. ye Pines! Ye Cedars. and grosser sleep. was gone. Which leaves us naked thus. innocence. O! might I here In solitude live savage. naked left To guilty Shame. true in our fall. And honour. Herculean Samson. where I may never see them more!-But let us now. now had left them. if this be to know. up they rose As from unrest. of their mutual guilt the seal. spread their umbrage broad And brown as evening: Cover me. Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit. of purity. each the other viewing. Of innocence. but his robe Uncovered more. So rose the Danite strong. Even shame. They destitute and bare Of all their virtue: Silent. of the first Be sure then. and inmost powers Made err.There they their fill of love and love's disport Took largely. in some glade Obscured. with conscious dreams Incumbered. and native righteousness. in evil hour thou didst give ear To that false worm. from the harlot-lap Of Philistean Dalilah. At length gave utterance to these words constrained. with innumerable boughs Hide me. of whomsoever taught To counterfeit Man's voice. and find we know Both good and evil. The solace of their sin. And in our faces evident the signs Of foul concupiscence. wearied with their amorous play. Just confidence. Bad fruit of knowledge. since our eyes Opened we find indeed. of faith. Soon found their eyes how opened. was now exhaled. of honour void. That with exhilarating vapour bland About their spirits had played. where highest woods. and. as strucken mute: Till Adam. and their minds How darkened. long they sat. the last of evils. and evil got. Bred of unkindly fumes. False in our promised rising. he covered. from about them. though not less than Eve abashed.--How shall I behold the face Henceforth of God or Angel. till dewy sleep Oppressed them. devise What best may for the present serve to hide 154 . as in bad plight. whence evil store.
and daughters grow About the mother tree. to Indians known. their shame in part Covered. and both together went Into the thickest wood. and wild Among the trees on isles and woody shores. shamed. Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewed. as I besought thee. and tends his pasturing herds At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: Those leaves They gathered. with what skill they had. conclude. naked else. calm region once And full of peace. now tost and turbulent: For Understanding ruled not. Shelters in cool. Would thou hadst hearkened to my words. and. as they thought. together sewed. that this new comer. They sat them down to weep. suspicion. But such as at this day. Shame. There sit not. high passions. Mistrust. soon moved with touch of blame. and echoing walks between: There oft the Indian herdsman. this unhappy morn. hate. so girt With feathered cincture. a pillared shade High over-arched. we had then Remained still happy. naked. and the Will Heard not her lore. not. To whom. And girded on our loins. Thus fenced. whose broad smooth leaves together sewed. that in the ground The bended twigs take root. So counselled he. may cover round Those middle parts. I know not whence possessed thee. vain covering. 155 . and staid With me. despoiled Of all our good.The parts of each from other. that seem most To shame obnoxious. miserable! Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe. nor only tears Rained at their eyes. discord. they then begin to fail. as now. thus Eve. but high winds worse within Began to rise. In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms Branching so broad and long. Some tree. not that kind for fruit renowned. but not at rest or ease of mind. when that strange Desire of wandering. when earnestly they seek Such proof. who from beneath Usurping over sovran Reason claimed Superiour sway: From thus distempered breast. To gird their waist. both in subjection now To sensual Appetite. And. and reproach us as unclean. if to hide Their guilt and dreaded shame! O. there soon they chose The fig-tree. and unseemliest seen. anger. how unlike To that first naked glory! Such of late Columbus found the American. broad as Amazonian targe. shunning heat. estranged in look and altered style. Adam. and shook sore Their inward state of mind.
or will Of wandering. I admonished thee. Is this the love. But confidence then bore thee on. thou didst not much gainsay. secure Either to meet no danger. And. Thus it shall befall Him. Was I to have never parted from thy side? As good have grown there still a lifeless rib. She first his weak indulgence will accuse. Thus they in mutual accusation spent The fruitless hours. as thou saidst? Too facile then. thou couldst not have discerned Fraud in the Serpent. Going into such danger. Why he should mean me ill. Book X Mean while the heinous and despiteful act 156 . approve. And of their vain contest appeared no end. And thou the accuser. ingrateful Eve! expressed Immutable. which is become my crime. which who knows But might as ill have happened thou being by. and fair dismiss. if evil thence ensue. Nay. or to find Matter of glorious trial. or seek to harm. Lets her will rule: restraint she will not brook. Adam replied. as thou callest it. Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent. To whom.What words have passed thy lips. who. beyond this. that I thought No evil durst attempt thee. It seems. left to herself. to worth in women overtrusting. speaking as he spake. didst permit. in thy restraint: What could I more I warned thee. nor thou with me. had been force. Being as I am. when thou wert lost. Command me absolutely not to go. foretold The danger. but I rue The errour now. No ground of enmity between us known. then first incensed. Adam severe! Imputest thou that to my default. and joyed immortal bliss. Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there. and the lurking enemy That lay in wait. and perhaps I also erred. Who might have lived. why didst not thou. And force upon free will hath here no place. but neither self-condemning. Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing? Not enough severe. is this the recompence Of mine to thee. Neither had I transgressed. not I. the head. Or here the attempt. in overmuch admiring What seemed in thee so perfect.
Assembled Angels. to taste the fatal fruit. When first this tempter crossed the gulf from Hell. Was known in Heaven. believing lies Against his Maker. in the serpent. be not dismayed. mute.--death denounced that day? Which he presumes already vain and void. Accountable. had perverted Eve. Her husband she. but that the mortal sentence pass On his transgression. when the Most High Eternal Father. to make appear. and ought to have still remembered. Which your sincerest care could not prevent. violated not their bliss. in all things wise and just. with strength entire and free will armed. The high injunction. Man should be seduced. Because not yet inflicted. mixed With pity. By some immediate stroke. and how He. With righteous plea. to hear and know How all befel: They towards the throne supreme. About the new-arrived. Foretold so lately what would come to pass. Soon as the unwelcome news From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate. to her own inclining left In even scale. For Man. for of his state by this they knew. as he feared. But fallen he is. Complete to have discovered and repulsed Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. Much wondering how the subtle Fiend had stolen Entrance unseen. Up into Heaven from Paradise in haste The angelick guards ascended. which they not obeying. from his secret cloud. and ye Powers returned From unsuccessful charge. and now What rests. For still they knew. done in Paradise. but soon shall find 157 . Or touch with lightest moment of impulse His free will. displeased All were who heard. Whoever tempted. manifold in sin. in multitudes The ethereal people ran. no decree of mine Concurring to necessitate his fall. yet.Of Satan. deserved to fall. and sad. Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth. made haste. or deceive his heart Omniscient? who. Hindered not Satan to attempt the mind Of Man. And flattered out of all. their utmost vigilance And easily approved. not to taste that fruit. (Incurred what could they less?) the penalty. I told ye then he should prevail. and speed On his bad errand. dim sadness did not spare That time celestial visages. And. for what can 'scape the eye Of God all-seeing. Amidst in thunder uttered thus his voice.
but the judged. they heard. that thou in me. Princedoms. When time shall be. Mine. and. So spake the Father. though with swiftest minutes winged. both in Heaven and Earth. Thus saying. that I may mitigate their doom On me derived. this obtain Of right. Attendance none shall need. but thou knowest. yet I shall temper so Justice with mercy. and Intercessour both. thus to Adam called aloud. Those two. Father Eternal. by soft winds Brought to their ears. and Dominations ministrant. Now was the sun in western cadence low From noon. when he. from wrath more cool. But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee. Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferred All judgement. the third best absent is condemned. And destined Man himself to judge Man fallen. and Powers. and thus divinely answered mild. Down he descended straight. Convict by flight. thine is to decree. from his radiant seat he rose Of high collateral glory: Him Thrones. Whoever judged. as may illustrate most Them fully satisfied. and usher in The evening cool. or Hell. till God. both man and wife. and gentle airs. Mayest ever rest well pleased.Forbearance no acquittance. whether in Heaven. ere day end. I go to judge On earth these thy transgressours. Approaching. from whence Eden. To sentence Man: The voice of God they heard Now walking in the garden. sending thee Man's friend. and all the coast. on the Son Blazed forth unclouded Deity: He full Resplendent all his Father manifest Expressed. And from his presence hid themselves among The thickest trees. Came the mild Judge. nor train. Accompanied to Heaven-gate. his designed Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary. and. to do thy will Supreme. while day declined. thy Son beloved. in prospect lay. not repenting. Adam. due at their hour. Justice shall not return as bounty scorned. where none Are to behold the judgement. the speed of Gods Time counts not. Easy it may be seen that I intend Mercy colleague with justice. or Earth. and rebel to all law: Conviction to the serpent none belongs. Where art thou. for so I undertook Before thee. the worst on me must light. unfolding bright Toward the right hand his glory. wont with joy to meet 158 . To fan the earth now waked. his Mediator. and thee appease.
so divine. and hast not feared. the partner of my life. 159 . But still rejoiced. However insupportable. and despair. Superiour. be all Devolved. That from her hand I could suspect no ill. and hate. though should I hold my peace. as under government well seemed. Anger. And for thee. either to God. She gave me of the tree. or what change Absents thee. faltering long. Where obvious duty ere while appeared unsought: Or come I less conspicuous. to attract Thy love. whatever in itself. yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. thus entertained with solitude. and not expose to blame By my complaint: but strict necessity Subdues me. or what chance detains?--Come forth! He came. I should conceal. To whom The gracious Judge without revile replied. so good. So fit. or to accuse My other self. and calamitous constraint. though first To offend. and the place Wherein God set thee above her made of thee. hid myself. And shame. Not pleased. and obstinacy. Was she thy God. O Heaven! in evil strait this day I stand Before my Judge. and with him Eve. not thy subjection. Whence Adam. and guile. discountenanced both. Or to each other. so acceptable.-This Woman. who Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree. more loth. and discomposed. and of thy voice Afraid. being naked. and perturbation. Love was not in their looks. but apparent guilt. Lest on my head both sin and punishment. whose perfection far excelled Hers in all real dignity? Adorned She was indeed. either to undergo Myself the total crime. that her thou didst obey Before his voice? or was she made thy guide. thus answered brief. and I did eat. Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat? To whom thus Adam sore beset replied. I heard thee in the garden. And gavest me as thy perfect gift.My coming seen far off? I miss thee here. And what she did. while her faith to me remains. how is it now become So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked. whom thou madest to be my help. or but equal. Her doing seemed to justify the deed. and lovely. To whom the Sovran Presence thus replied. Whose failing. and her gifts Were such. My voice thou oft hast heard. that to her Thou didst resign thy manhood.
triumphed In open show. down from Heaven. Woman. Because thou hast done this. Son of Mary. And to the Woman thus his sentence turned. Even he. Between thee and the woman I will put Enmity. and polluted from the end Of his creation. So having said. which was thy part And person. who made him instrument Of mischief. children thou shalt bring In sorrow forth. and to thy husband's will Thine shall submit. long usurped. Saw Satan fall. And eaten of the tree. and between thine and her seed.Unseemly to bear rule. and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. (since he no further knew) Nor altered his offence. each beast of the field. then. justly then accursed. second Eve. yet God at last To Satan first in sin his doom applied. thou bruise his heel. Which when the Lord God heard. Confessing soon. Whom he shall tread at last under our feet. hadst thou known thyself aright. So spake this oracle. who now foretold his fatal bruise. Thou shalt not eat thereof: Cursed is the ground for thy sake. all the days of thy life. As vitiated in nature: More to know Concerned not Man. Thy sorrow I will greatly multiply By thy conception. and I did eat. then verified When Jesus. without delay To judgement he proceeded on the accused Serpent. concerning which I charged thee. thou art accursed Above all cattle. thou in sorrow Shalt eat thereof. And dust shalt eat all the days of thy life. Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife. with shame nigh overwhelmed. Upon thy belly groveling thou shalt go. saying. Prince of the air. Say. Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee forth Unbid. The Serpent me beguiled. what is this which thou hast done? To whom sad Eve. yet not before her Judge Bold or loquacious. like lightning. On Adam last thus judgement he pronounced. rising from his grave Spoiled Principalities and Powers. unable to transfer The guilt on him. Captivity led captive through the air. Her seed shall bruise thy head. and. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. he over thee shall rule. The realm itself of Satan. 160 . Though in mysterious terms. judged as then best: And on the Serpent thus his curse let fall. with ascension bright. he thus to Eve in few. thus abashed replied. though brute.
must with me along. his offspring dear? It cannot be But that success attends him. Wings growing. our great author. impervious. By secretest conveyance. things of like kind. Within the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death. or slain. denounced that day. whatever draws me on. Thou. ere thus was sinned and judged on Earth. mixing intercession sweet. For Death from Sin no power can separate. while Satan. Sin opening. thrives In other worlds. O Son. both Judge and Saviour sent.Till thou return unto the ground. if mishap. belching outrageous flame Far into Chaos. covered from his Father's sight. lest the difficulty of passing back Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Impassable. or some connatural force. And thought not much to clothe his enemies. or their revenge. In counterview within the gates. So judged he Man. to him appeased All. so now. Opprobrious. and dominion given me large Beyond this deep. As when he washed his servants feet. with fury driven By his avengers. that now Must suffer change. To him with swift ascent he up returned. Powerful at greatest distance to unite. but inward nakedness. why sit we here each other viewing Idly. yet to thy power and mine Not unagreeable. what had passed with Man Recounted. pitying how they stood Before him naked to the air. then. Removed far off. and shalt to dust return. Mean while. since no place like this Can fit his punishment. as of old. since the Fiend passed through. As father of his family. And the instant stroke of death. Nor he their outward only with the skins Of beasts. he clad Their nakedness with skins of beasts. Or sympathy. let us try Adventurous work. know thy birth. Into his blissful bosom reassumed In glory. disdained not to begin Thenceforth the form of servant to assume. Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid. for thou Out of the ground wast taken. that now Stood open wide. With secret amity. who thus now to Death began. though all-knowing. with his robe of righteousness. But. For dust thou art. my shade Inseparable. Ere this he had returned. to found a path 161 . and happier seat provides For us. much more. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise. Arraying.
together drive Mountains of ice. such a scent I draw Of carnage. lured With scent of living carcasses designed For death. blowing adverse Upon the Cronian sea. with delight he snuffed the smell Of mortal change on earth. As with a trident. damp and dark. Where Satan now prevails. broad as the gate. as their lot shall lead. the rest his look Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move. Flew diverse. as in raging sea Tost up and down. inoffensive. easy. to a field. thou leading. Go. Where armies lie encamped. the following day. smote. And with Asphaltick slime. I shall not lag behind. joining to the wall Immoveable of this now fenceless world. Xerxes. if great things to small may be compared. from hence a passage broad. to the rich Cathaian coast. As when a flock Of ravenous fowl. From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell. So saying. into the waste Wide anarchy of Chaos. Deep to the roots of Hell the gathered beach They fastened. down to Hell. Whom thus the meager Shadow answered soon. but afford thee equal aid. and inclination strong. Or transmigration. The aggregated soil Death with his mace petrifick. As when two polar winds. prey innumerable. nor err The way. the liberty of Greece to yoke. so strongly drawn By this new-felt attraction and instinct. Sagacious of his quarry from so far. cold and dry. and with power (their power was great) Hovering upon the waters. that stop the imagined way Beyond Petsora eastward.Over this main from Hell to that new world. Easing their passage hence. together crouded drove. whither Fate. and fixed as firm As Delos. Then both from out Hell-gates. what they met Solid or slimy. Smooth. and the mole immense wrought on Over the foaming deep high-arched. for intercourse. a bridge Of length prodigious. Leads thee. come flying. in bloody fight: So scented the grim Feature. a monument Of merit high to all the infernal host. Forfeit to Death. floating once. Nor can I miss the way. 162 . Against the day of battle. and upturned His nostril wide into the murky air. and taste The savour of death from all things there that live: Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Be wanting. though many a league remote. So.
on the left hand. that past. To observe the sequel. Thy trophies! which thou viewest as not thine own. after Eve seduced. following the track Of Satan to the self-same place where he First lighted from his wing. Over the vexed abyss. and various plaint. unminded slunk Into the wood fast by. over Hellespont Bridging his way. seconded Upon her husband. Came to the sea: and. Europe with Asia joined. saw their shame that sought Vain covertures. what his wrath Might suddenly inflict. to the outside bare Of this round world: With pins of adamant And chains they made all fast. thus the silence broke. though all unweeting. these are thy magnifick deeds. Thence gathered his own doom. and prime architect: For I no sooner in my heart divined. while the sun in Aries rose: Disguised he came. behold! Satan. terrified He fled. to Hell he now returned. And of this World. and landed safe From out of Chaos. And scourged with many a stroke the indignant waves. his fair Enchanting daughter. O Parent. in likeness of an Angel bright. Now had they brought the work by wonderous art Pontifical. near the foot Of this new wonderous pontifice. which by a secret harmony 163 . his offspring dear.From Susa. fearing. but shun The present. And now their way to Earth they had descried. three several ways In sight. which understood Not instant. but those his children dear Their parent soon discerned. not hoping to escape. and. And at the brink of Chaos. though in disguise. and listening where the hapless pair Sat in their sad discourse. changing shape. He. Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering His zenith. and. returned By night. saw his guileful act By Eve. his Memnonian palace high. till Sin. a ridge of pendant rock. but when he saw descend The Son of God to judge them. too fast they made And durable! And now in little space The confines met of empyrean Heaven. who to meet him came. when. but of future time. Long he admiring stood. My heart. with joy And tidings fraught. to each of these three places led. Great joy was at their meeting. To Paradise first tending. Thou art their author. guilty. Hell With long reach interposed. and at sight Of that stupendious bridge his joy encreased. unhoped Met.
thence on the earth Dominion exercise and in the air. Hell and this world. parted by the empyreal bounds. thou us impowered To fortify thus far. and thou Son and Grandchild both. sole lord of all declared. If your joint power prevail. and be strong! 164 . on your road with ease. while I Descend through darkness. and overlay. one realm. one continent Of easy thorough-fare. His quadrature. of all The infernal empire. here thou shalt monarch reign. and made one realm. Mine. Thine now is all this world. and with them rejoice. that so near Heaven's door Triumphal with triumphal act have met. Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne. That I must after thee. With this portentous bridge. There dwell. and lastly kill. by his own doom alienated. Therefore. right down to Paradise descend. but straight I felt. thy wisdom gained With odds what war hath lost. Fair Daughter.) Amply have merited of me. Through Sin to Death exposed by my exploit. yet felt. thy virtue hath won What thy hands builded not.Still moves with thine. There didst not. which thy looks Now also evidence. joined in connexion sweet. there let him still victor sway. Though distant from thee worlds between. and fully avenged Our foil in Heaven. That thou on earth hadst prospered. And henceforth monarchy with thee divide Of all things. the affairs of Hell No detriment need fear. Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure Detain from following thy illustrious track. from this new world Retiring. confined Within Hell-gates till now. them to acquaint With these successes. Him first make sure your thrall. Chiefly on Man. among these numerous orbs. with this thy son. Such fatal consequence unites us three! Hell could no longer hold us in our bounds. with this glorious work. and reign in bliss. My substitutes I send ye. Thou hast achieved our liberty. All yours. To my associate Powers. Antagonist of Heaven's Almighty King. and create Plenipotent on earth. High proof ye now have given to be the race Of Satan (for I glory in the name. of matchless might Issuing from me: on your joint vigour now My hold of this new kingdom all depends. As battle hath adjudged. the dark abyss. go. Whom thus the Prince of darkness answered glad. You two this way. from thy orbicular world.
Retires. Appointed to sit there. reduced in careful watch Round their metropolis. solicitous what chance Might intercept their emperour sent. they with speed Their course through thickest constellations held. There kept their watch the legions. Spreading their bane. the rest were all Far to the inland retired. for those. By Astracan. as from a cloud. had left their charge. in his retreat To Tauris or Casbeen: So these. And with rebounding surge the bars assailed. over the snowy plains. planet-struck. Flown to the upper world. and with these words attention. Down a while He sat. and they observed. or false glitter: All amazed At that so sudden blaze the Stygian throng Bent their aspect. or Bactrin Sophi. and whom they wished beheld. And planets. so by allusion called Of that bright star to Satan paragoned. passed. Thrones. Princedoms. won. left desart utmost Hell Many a dark league. city and proud seat Of Lucifer. and round about him saw unseen: At last. Dominations. which. Virtues. The other way Satan went down The causey to Hell-gate: On either side Disparted Chaos overbuilt exclaimed. Wide open and unguarded. or brighter. so he Departing gave command. leaves all waste beyond The realm of Aladule. real eclipse Then suffered. at the upper end Was placed in regal lustre. and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer.So saying he dismissed them. under state Of richest texture spread. And all about found desolate. That scorned his indignation: Through the gate. 165 . Powers. the late Heaven-banished host. invisible Ascended his high throne. Their mighty Chief returned: loud was the acclaim: Forth rushed in haste the great consulting peers. Satan passed. from the horns Of Turkish crescent. the blasted stars looked wan. clad With what permissive glory since his fall Was left him. while the Grand In council sat. about the walls Of Pandemonium. Raised from their dark Divan. and from the door Of that Plutonian hall. from the search Of foreign worlds: He through the midst unmarked. his fulgent head And shape star-bright appeared. who with hand Silence. As when the Tartar from his Russian foe. and with like joy Congratulant approached him. In show plebeian Angel militant Of lowest order.
For in possession such, not only of right, I call ye, and declare ye now; returned Successful beyond hope, to lead ye forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable, accursed, the house of woe, And dungeon of our tyrant: Now possess, As Lords, a spacious world, to our native Heaven Little inferiour, by my adventure hard With peril great achieved. Long were to tell What I have done; what suffered;with what pain Voyaged th' unreal, vast, unbounded deep Of horrible confusion; over which By Sin and Death a broad way now is paved, To expedite your glorious march; but I Toiled out my uncouth passage, forced to ride The untractable abyss, plunged in the womb Of unoriginal Night and Chaos wild; That, jealous of their secrets, fiercely opposed My journey strange, with clamorous uproar Protesting Fate supreme; thence how I found The new created world, which fame in Heaven Long had foretold, a fabrick wonderful Of absolute perfection! therein Man Placed in a Paradise, by our exile Made happy: Him by fraud I have seduced From his Creator; and, the more to encrease Your wonder, with an apple; he, thereat Offended, worth your laughter! hath given up Both his beloved Man, and all his world, To Sin and Death a prey, and so to us, Without our hazard, labour, or alarm; To range in, and to dwell, and over Man To rule, as over all he should have ruled. True is, me also he hath judged, or rather Me not, but the brute serpent in whose shape Man I deceived: that which to me belongs, Is enmity which he will put between Me and mankind; I am to bruise his heel; His seed, when is not set, shall bruise my head: A world who would not purchase with a bruise, Or much more grievous pain?--Ye have the account Of my performance: What remains, ye Gods, But up, and enter now into full bliss? So having said, a while he stood, expecting Their universal shout, and high applause, To fill his ear; when, contrary, he hears On all sides, from innumerable tongues, A dismal universal hiss, the sound Of publick scorn; he wondered, but not long Had leisure, wondering at himself now more, His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare; 166
His arms clung to his ribs; his legs entwining Each other, till supplanted down he fell A monstrous serpent on his belly prone, Reluctant, but in vain; a greater power Now ruled him, punished in the shape he sinned, According to his doom: he would have spoke, But hiss for hiss returned with forked tongue To forked tongue; for now were all transformed Alike, to serpents all, as accessories To his bold riot: Dreadful was the din Of hissing through the hall, thick swarming now With complicated monsters head and tail, Scorpion, and Asp, and Amphisbaena dire, Cerastes horned, Hydrus, and Elops drear, And Dipsas; (not so thick swarmed once the soil Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the isle Ophiusa,) but still greatest he the midst, Now Dragon grown, larger than whom the sun Ingendered in the Pythian vale or slime, Huge Python, and his power no less he seemed Above the rest still to retain; they all Him followed, issuing forth to the open field, Where all yet left of that revolted rout, Heaven-fallen, in station stood or just array; Sublime with expectation when to see In triumph issuing forth their glorious Chief; They saw, but other sight instead! a croud Of ugly serpents; horrour on them fell, And horrid sympathy; for, what they saw, They felt themselves, now changing; down their arms, Down fell both spear and shield; down they as fast; And the dire hiss renewed, and the dire form Catched, by contagion; like in punishment, As in their crime. Thus was the applause they meant, Turned to exploding hiss, triumph to shame Cast on themselves from their own mouths. There stood A grove hard by, sprung up with this their change, His will who reigns above, to aggravate Their penance, laden with fair fruit, like that Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve Used by the Tempter: on that prospect strange Their earnest eyes they fixed, imagining For one forbidden tree a multitude Now risen, to work them further woe or shame; Yet, parched with scalding thirst and hunger fierce, Though to delude them sent, could not abstain; But on they rolled in heaps, and, up the trees Climbing, sat thicker than the snaky locks That curled Megaera: greedily they plucked The fruitage fair to sight, like that which grew Near that bituminous lake where Sodom flamed; 167
This more delusive, not the touch, but taste Deceived; they, fondly thinking to allay Their appetite with gust, instead of fruit Chewed bitter ashes, which the offended taste With spattering noise rejected: oft they assayed, Hunger and thirst constraining; drugged as oft, With hatefullest disrelish writhed their jaws, With soot and cinders filled; so oft they fell Into the same illusion, not as Man Whom they triumphed once lapsed. Thus were they plagued And worn with famine, long and ceaseless hiss, Till their lost shape, permitted, they resumed; Yearly enjoined, some say, to undergo, This annual humbling certain numbered days, To dash their pride, and joy, for Man seduced. However, some tradition they dispersed Among the Heathen, of their purchase got, And fabled how the Serpent, whom they called Ophion, with Eurynome, the wide-Encroaching Eve perhaps, had first the rule Of high Olympus; thence by Saturn driven And Ops, ere yet Dictaean Jove was born. Mean while in Paradise the hellish pair Too soon arrived; Sin, there in power before, Once actual; now in body, and to dwell Habitual habitant; behind her Death, Close following pace for pace, not mounted yet On his pale horse: to whom Sin thus began. Second of Satan sprung, all-conquering Death! What thinkest thou of our empire now, though earned With travel difficult, not better far Than still at Hell's dark threshold to have sat watch, Unnamed, undreaded, and thyself half starved? Whom thus the Sin-born monster answered soon. To me, who with eternal famine pine, Alike is Hell, or Paradise, or Heaven; There best, where most with ravine I may meet; Which here, though plenteous, all too little seems To stuff this maw, this vast unhide-bound corps. To whom the incestuous mother thus replied. Thou therefore on these herbs, and fruits, and flowers, Feed first; on each beast next, and fish, and fowl; No homely morsels! and, whatever thing The sithe of Time mows down, devour unspared; Till I, in Man residing, through the race, His thoughts, his looks, words, actions, all infect; And season him thy last and sweetest prey. This said, they both betook them several ways, Both to destroy, or unimmortal make All kinds, and for destruction to mature Sooner or later; which the Almighty seeing, 168
From his transcendent seat the Saints among, To those bright Orders uttered thus his voice. See, with what heat these dogs of Hell advance To waste and havock yonder world, which I So fair and good created; and had still Kept in that state, had not the folly of Man Let in these wasteful furies, who impute Folly to me; so doth the Prince of Hell And his adherents, that with so much ease I suffer them to enter and possess A place so heavenly; and, conniving, seem To gratify my scornful enemies, That laugh, as if, transported with some fit Of passion, I to them had quitted all, At random yielded up to their misrule; And know not that I called, and drew them thither, My Hell-hounds, to lick up the draff and filth Which Man's polluting sin with taint hath shed On what was pure; til, crammed and gorged, nigh burst With sucked and glutted offal, at one sling Of thy victorious arm, well-pleasing Son, Both Sin, and Death, and yawning Grave, at last, Through Chaos hurled, obstruct the mouth of Hell For ever, and seal up his ravenous jaws. Then Heaven and Earth renewed shall be made pure To sanctity, that shall receive no stain: Till then, the curse pronounced on both precedes. He ended, and the heavenly audience loud Sung Halleluiah, as the sound of seas, Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways, Righteous are thy decrees on all thy works; Who can extenuate thee? Next, to the Son, Destined Restorer of mankind, by whom New Heaven and Earth shall to the ages rise, Or down from Heaven descend.--Such was their song; While the Creator, calling forth by name His mighty Angels, gave them several charge, As sorted best with present things. The sun Had first his precept so to move, so shine, As might affect the earth with cold and heat Scarce tolerable; and from the north to call Decrepit winter; from the south to bring Solstitial summer's heat. To the blanc moon Her office they prescribed; to the other five Their planetary motions, and aspects, In sextile, square, and trine, and opposite, Of noxious efficacy, and when to join In synod unbenign; and taught the fixed Their influence malignant when to shower, Which of them rising with the sun, or falling, Should prove tempestuous: To the winds they set 169
Boreas. and Caecias. though sinless. through fierce antipathy: Beast now with beast 'gan war. the thunder when to roll With terrour through the dark aereal hall. nor stood much in awe Of Man. And Thrascias. And fish with fish. twice ten degrees and more. as from Thyestean banquet. Sirocco and Libecchio. while the low sun. Daughter of Sin. To recompense his distance. As deep as Capricorn. Up to the Tropick Crab: thence down amain By Leo. and the Spartan Twins. From the sun's axle. Vapour. though slow. Eurus and Zephyr. produced Like change on sea and land. and not known Or east or west. to them day Had unbenighted shone. and Afer black with thunderous clouds From Serraliona. Equal in days and nights. and seas upturn. but fled him. armed with ice. but Discord first. as fierce. which had forbid the snow From cold Estotiland. and mist. rend the woods. with countenance grim. Some say. and hail. how had the world Inhabited. they with labour pushed Oblique the centrick globe: Some say. Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat? These changes in the Heavens. which Adam saw 170 . sideral blast. And snow. and the Samoed shore. and shore. and exhalation hot. and fowl with fowl. air. when with bluster to confound Sea. among the irrational Death introduced. to graze the herb all leaving. Glared on him passing. and stormy gust and flaw. With adverse blast upturns them from the south Notus. to bring in change Of seasons to each clime. except to those Beyond the polar circles. else. These were from without The growing miseries. turned His course intended. and the Scales. Thus began Outrage from lifeless things. more than now. thwart of these. with their lateral noise.Their corners. else had the spring Perpetual smiled on earth with vernant flowers. Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds. or. he bid his Angels turn ascanse The poles of earth. and Argestes loud. and south as far Beneath Magellan. in their sight Had rounded still the horizon. Corrupt and pestilent: Now from the north Of Norumbega. At that tasted fruit The sun. and the Virgin. Bursting their brazen dungeon. Devoured each other. the sun Was bid turn reins from the equinoctial road Like distant breadth to Taurus with the seven Atlantick Sisters.
by which I was to hold The good I sought not. his dreadful voice no more Would thunder in my ears. though hid in gloomiest shade. O fleeting joys Of Paradise. feeling The evil on him brought by me. who now become Accursed. no fear of worse To me. as on their natural center. why hast thou added The sense of endless woes? Inexplicable Why am I mocked with death. would torment me With cruel expectation. For this we may thank Adam! but his thanks Shall be the execration: so. of blessed? hide me from the face Of God. but curses on my head? Who of all ages to succeed. To sorrow abandoned. and me so late The glory of that glory. or shall beget. lest all I cannot die. whom to behold was then my highth Of happiness!--Yet well. the spirit of Man Which God inspired. On me. once heard Delightfully. all from me Shall with a fierce reflux on me rebound. and be earth Insensible! How glad would lay me down As in my mother's lap! There I should rest. And sleep secure. O miserable of happy! Is this the end Of this new glorious world. besides Mine own that bide upon me. Thus to disburden sought with sad complaint. Desirous to resign and render back All I received. Maker. will curse My head? Ill fare our ancestor impure. and lengthened out To deathless pain? How gladly would I meet Mortality my sentence. And. I deserved it. but. Lest that pure breath of life. but this will not serve: All that I eat or drink. it were but right And equal to reduce me to my dust. light Heavy. in a troubled sea of passion tost. O voice. or here place In this delicious garden? As my will Concurred not to my being. if here would end The misery. Is propagated curse. unable to perform Thy terms too hard. cannot together perish 171 . Sufficient penalty. and to my offspring. and would bear My own deservings. but worse felt within. though in their place. Yet one doubt Pursues me still. from my clay To mould me Man? did I solicit thee From darkness to promote me. Now death to hear! for what can I encrease. Encrease and multiply.Already in part. To the loss of that. Or multiply. dear bought with lasting woes! Did I request thee.
In punished Man. not of power. Sons! O. Satisfied never? That were to extend His sentence beyond dust and Nature's law. though through mazes. as I supposed. now your curse! Ah. which I feel begun Both in me.With this corporeal clod. thus guiltless be condemned. For though the Lord of all be infinite. and without me. to satisfy his rigour. though divided 172 . But all corrupt. Bereaving sense. Not to the extent of their own sphere. why should all mankind. whom death must end? Can he make deathless death? That were to make Strange contradiction. both Death and I Am found eternal. For anger's sake. what dies but what had life And sin? The body properly had neither. Or in some other dismal place. all the blame lights due. Is his wrath also? Be it. But mortal doomed. For one man's fault. And reasonings. and so last To perpetuity. in me all Posterity stands cursed: Fair patrimony That I must leave ye. were I able To waste it all myself. Than all the world much heavier. according still To the reception of their matter. finite to infinite. Nor I on my part single. how would you bless Me. It guiltless? But from me what can proceed. since human reach no further knows. act. and leave ye none! So disinherited. but endless misery From this day onward. both mind and will depraved Not to do only.--Ay me!that fear Comes thundering back with dreadful revolution On my defenceless head. then. Man is not so. who knows But I shall die a living death? O thought Horrid. lead me still But to my own conviction: first and last On me. if true! Yet why? It was but breath Of life that sinned. as argument Of weakness. How can he exercise Wrath without end on Man. but to will the same With me? How can they then acquitted stand In sight of God? Him. and incorporate both. in the grave. Will he draw out. me only. But say That death be not one stroke. after all disputes. By which all causes else. heavier than the earth to bear. So might the wrath! Fond wish!couldst thou support That burden. All of me then shall die: let this appease The doubt. as the source and spring Of all corruption. which to God himself Impossible is held. Forced I absolve: all my evasions vain.
-Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld. Fooled and beguiled. not now. as supernumerary 173 . hillocks. to warn all creatures from thee Henceforth. thyself as false And hateful. may show Thy inward fraud. had not thy pride And wandering vanity. but with black air Accompanied. nothing wants. with damps. proof against all assaults. since denounced The day of his offence. as now appears. snare them! But for thee I had persisted happy. by him thou. and mild. Rather than solid virtue. Rejected my forewarning. and disdained Not to be trusted. dales. and colour serpentine. Justice Divine not hasten to be just? But Death comes not at call. Out of my sight. Death as oft accused Of tardy execution. from deep to deeper plunged! Thus Adam to himself lamented loud. Wholesome. and dreadful gloom. O fountains. all but a rib Crooked by nature.With that bad Woman? Thus. but. Well if thrown out. and bowers! With other echo late I taught your shades To answer. and cool. and concludes thee miserable Beyond all past example and future. on the cold ground. with the serpent meeting. O woods. as ere Man fell. thou Serpent! That name best Befits thee with him leagued. but that thy shape. what thou desirest. I by thee To trust thee from my side. bent. from me drawn. O Conscience! into what abyss of fears And horrours hast thou driven me. And understood not all was but a show. Though by the Devil himself. And what thou fearest. Desolate where she sat. longing to be seen. Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed: But her with stern regard he thus repelled. Like his. Through the still night. Why comes not Death. imagined wise. pretended To hellish falshood. alike destroys all hope Of refuge. Said he. him overweening To over-reach. out of which I find no way. Constant. with one thrice-acceptable stroke To end me? Shall Truth fail to keep her word. when least was safe. and oft Cursed his creation. approaching nigh. Which to his evil conscience represented All things with double terrour: On the ground Outstretched he lay. and resound far other song. To Satan only like both crime and doom. More to the part sinister. lest that too heavenly form. mature. Justice Divine Mends not her slowest pace for prayers or cries.
and houshold peace confound. and reverence in my heart I bear thee. one enmity Against a foe by doom express assigned us. And strait conjunction with this sex: for either He never shall find out fit mate. where subsist? While yet we live. me only.but thou Against God only. sole cause to thee of all this woe. Thy counsel. As joined in injuries. Between us two let there be peace. scarce one short hour perhaps. just object of his ire! She ended weeping. Not so repulsed. me than thyself More miserable! Both have sinned. My only strength and stay: Forlorn of thee. as Angels. innumerable Disturbances on earth through female snares. besought His peace. Me. and thus proceeded in her plaint. this fair defect Of nature. at his feet Fell humble. from thy head removed. thy aid. I against God and thee. and from her turned. till peace obtained from fault 174 . may light On me. that peopled highest Heaven With Spirits masculine. O! why did God. Immoveable. or. Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain Through her perverseness. or mistake. embracing them. bereave me not. that all The sentence. Unhappily deceived! Thy suppliant I beg. Adam! witness Heaven What love sincere. He added not. but shall see her gained By a far worse. and clasp thy knees. without feminine. Creator wise. On me already lost.To my just number found. in this uttermost distress. if she love. but Eve. That cruel Serpent: On me exercise not Thy hatred for this misery befallen. create at last This novelty on earth. And to the place of judgement will return. or his happiest choice too late Shall meet. Whither shall I betake me. and not fill the world at once With Men. already linked and wedlock-bound To a fell adversary. Whereon I live. but such As some misfortune brings him. his hate or shame: Which infinite calamity shall cause To human life. Or find some other way to generate Mankind? This mischief had not been befallen. both joining. with tears that ceased not flowing And tresses all disordered. and. Forsake me not thus. withheld By parents. and unweeting have offended. And more that shall befall. and her lowly plight. There with my cries importune Heaven. thy gentle looks.
His counsel. Childless thou art.--let us no more contend. and sole delight. but strive In offices of love. And thus with peaceful words upraised her soon. who desirest The punishment all on thyself. whose thou feelest as yet least part. and of easier choice. Which must be born to certain woe. So now of what thou knowest not. if aught I see. blamed enough elsewhere. As in our evils. and of our loins to bring Into this cursed world a woeful race. his life so late. Restored by thee. nor blame Each other. devoured By Death at last. childless remain: so Death 175 . Creature so fair his reconcilement seeking.Acknowledged and deplored. in Adam wrought Commiseration: Soon his heart relented Towards her. And to our seed (O hapless seed!) derived. That on my head all might be visited. Tending to some relief of our extremes. and too desirous. Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven. yet ere conception to prevent The race unblest. recovering heart. in our share of woe. thence by just event Found so unfortunate: Nevertheless. and by me exposed. though sharp and sad. If care of our descent perplex us most. I to that place Would speed before thee. Or end. To whom thus Eve. in thy power It lies. To me committed. to place Of new acceptance. vile as I am. but a slow-paced evil. ill able to sustain His full wrath. from thee I will not hide What thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen. Adam. the sole contentment of my heart Living or dying. Will prove no sudden. to being yet unbegot. replied. Our own begotten. as before. and miserable it is To be to others cause of misery. and be louder heard. how we may lighten Each other's burden. And my displeasure bearest so ill. Now at his feet submissive in distress. his anger all he lost. to augment our pain. Found so erroneous. whom she had displeased. alas! Bear thine own first. Since this day's death denounced. If prayers Could alter high decrees. hopeful to regain Thy love. That after wretched life must be at last Food for so foul a monster. Unwary. yet tolerable. by sad experiment I know How little weight my words with thee can find. But rise. A long day's dying. his aid: As one disarmed.
Shall be deceived his glut, and with us two Be forced to satisfy his ravenous maw. But if thou judge it hard and difficult, Conversing, looking, loving, to abstain From love's due rights, nuptial embraces sweet; And with desire to languish without hope, Before the present object languishing With like desire; which would be misery And torment less than none of what we dread; Then, both ourselves and seed at once to free From what we fear for both, let us make short, -Let us seek Death; -- or, he not found, supply With our own hands his office on ourselves: Why stand we longer shivering under fears, That show no end but death, and have the power, Of many ways to die the shortest choosing, Destruction with destruction to destroy? -She ended here, or vehement despair Broke off the rest: so much of death her thoughts Had entertained, as dyed her cheeks with pale. But Adam, with such counsel nothing swayed, To better hopes his more attentive mind Labouring had raised; and thus to Eve replied. Eve, thy contempt of life and pleasure seems To argue in thee something more sublime And excellent, than what thy mind contemns; But self-destruction therefore sought, refutes That excellence thought in thee; and implies, Not thy contempt, but anguish and regret For loss of life and pleasure overloved. Or if thou covet death, as utmost end Of misery, so thinking to evade The penalty pronounced; doubt not but God Hath wiselier armed his vengeful ire, than so To be forestalled; much more I fear lest death, So snatched, will not exempt us from the pain We are by doom to pay; rather, such acts Of contumacy will provoke the Highest To make death in us live: Then let us seek Some safer resolution, which methinks I have in view, calling to mind with heed Part of our sentence, that thy seed shall bruise The Serpent's head; piteous amends! unless Be meant, whom I conjecture, our grand foe, Satan; who, in the serpent, hath contrived Against us this deceit: To crush his head Would be revenge indeed! which will be lost By death brought on ourselves, or childless days Resolved, as thou proposest; so our foe Shal 'scape his punishment ordained, and we Instead shall double ours upon our heads. 176
No more be mentioned then of violence Against ourselves; and wilful barrenness, That cuts us off from hope; and savours only Rancour and pride, impatience and despite, Reluctance against God and his just yoke Laid on our necks. Remember with what mild And gracious temper he both heard, and judged, Without wrath or reviling; we expected Immediate dissolution, which we thought Was meant by death that day; when lo!to thee Pains only in child-bearing were foretold, And bringing forth; soon recompensed with joy, Fruit of thy womb: On me the curse aslope Glanced on the ground; with labour I must earn My bread; what harm? Idleness had been worse; My labour will sustain me; and, lest cold Or heat should injure us, his timely care Hath, unbesought, provided; and his hands Clothed us unworthy, pitying while he judged; How much more, if we pray him, will his ear Be open, and his heart to pity incline, And teach us further by what means to shun The inclement seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow! Which now the sky, with various face, begins To show us in this mountain; while the winds Blow moist and keen, shattering the graceful locks Of these fair spreading trees; which bids us seek Some better shroud, some better warmth to cherish Our limbs benummed, ere this diurnal star Leave cold the night, how we his gathered beams Reflected may with matter sere foment; Or, by collision of two bodies, grind The air attrite to fire; as late the clouds Justling, or pushed with winds, rude in their shock, Tine the slant lightning; whose thwart flame, driven down Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine; And sends a comfortable heat from far, Which might supply the sun: Such fire to use, And what may else be remedy or cure To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought, He will instruct us praying, and of grace Beseeching him; so as we need not fear To pass commodiously this life, sustained By him with many comforts, till we end In dust, our final rest and native home. What better can we do, than, to the place Repairing where he judged us, prostrate fall Before him reverent; and there confess Humbly our faults, and pardon beg; with tears Watering the ground, and with our sighs the air
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign Of sorrow unfeigned, and humiliation meek Book XI Undoubtedly he will relent, and turn From his displeasure; in whose look serene, When angry most he seemed and most severe, What else but favour, grace, and mercy, shone? So spake our father penitent; nor Eve Felt less remorse: they, forthwith to the place Repairing where he judged them, prostrate fell Before him reverent; and both confessed Humbly their faults, and pardon begged; with tears Watering the ground, and with their sighs the air Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign Of sorrow unfeigned, and humiliation meek. Thus they, in lowliest plight, repentant stood Praying; for from the mercy-seat above Prevenient grace descending had removed The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh Regenerate grow instead; that sighs now breathed Unutterable; which the Spirit of prayer Inspired, and winged for Heaven with speedier flight Than loudest oratory: Yet their port Not of mean suitors; nor important less Seemed their petition, than when the ancient pair In fables old, less ancient yet than these, Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha, to restore The race of mankind drowned, before the shrine Of Themis stood devout. To Heaven their prayers Flew up, nor missed the way, by envious winds Blown vagabond or frustrate: in they passed Dimensionless through heavenly doors; then clad With incense, where the golden altar fumed, By their great intercessour, came in sight Before the Father's throne: them the glad Son Presenting, thus to intercede began. See$ Father, what first-fruits on earth are sprung From thy implanted grace in Man; these sighs And prayers, which in this golden censer mixed With incense, I thy priest before thee bring; Fruits of more pleasing savour, from thy seed Sown with contrition in his heart, than those Which, his own hand manuring, all the trees Of Paradise could have produced, ere fallen From innocence. Now therefore, bend thine ear To supplication; hear his sighs, though mute; Unskilful with what words to pray, let me Interpret for him; me, his advocate 178
And propitiation; all his works on me, Good, or not good, ingraft; my merit those Shall perfect, and for these my death shall pay. Accept me; and, in me, from these receive The smell of peace toward mankind: let him live Before thee reconciled, at least his days Numbered, though sad; till death, his doom, (which I To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse,) To better life shall yield him: where with me All my redeemed may dwell in joy and bliss; Made one with me, as I with thee am one. To whom the Father, without cloud, serene. All thy request for Man, accepted Son, Obtain; all thy request was my decree: But, longer in that Paradise to dwell, The law I gave to Nature him forbids: Those pure immortal elements, that know, No gross, no unharmonious mixture foul, Eject him, tainted now; and purge him off, As a distemper, gross, to air as gross, And mortal food; as may dispose him best For dissolution wrought by sin, that first Distempered all things, and of incorrupt Corrupted. I, at first, with two fair gifts Created him endowed; with happiness, And immortality: that fondly lost, This other served but to eternize woe; Till I provided death: so death becomes His final remedy; and, after life, Tried in sharp tribulation, and refined By faith and faithful works, to second life, Waked in the renovation of the just, Resigns him up with Heaven and Earth renewed. But let us call to synod all the Blest, Through Heaven's wide bounds: from them I will not hide My judgements; how with mankind I proceed, As how with peccant Angels late they saw, And in their state, though firm, stood more confirmed. He ended, and the Son gave signal high To the bright minister that watched; he blew His trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps When God descended, and perhaps once more To sound at general doom. The angelick blast Filled all the regions: from their blisful bowers Of amarantine shade, fountain or spring, By the waters of life, where'er they sat In fellowships of joy, the sons of light Hasted, resorting to the summons high; And took their seats; till from his throne supreme The Almighty thus pronounced his sovran will. O Sons, like one of us Man is become 179
To know both good and evil. And send him from the garden forth to till The ground whence he was taken. As I shall thee enlighten. From hallowed ground the unholy. and all my trees their prey. Dismiss them not disconsolate. this my behest have thou in charge. And guard all passage to the tree of life: Lest Paradise a receptacle prove To Spirits foul. and with fresh dews imbalmed 180 . and more wakeful than to drouse. some new trouble raise: Haste thee. Yet. fitter soil. And live for ever. reveal To Adam what shall come in future days. lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urged. and prays contrite. or his opiate rod. with him the cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim: four faces each Had. to remove him I decree. Happier! had it sufficed him to have known Good by itself. yet in peace: And on the east side of the garden place. Or in behalf of Man. though sorrowing. (For I behold them softened. longer than they move. Lest therefore his now bolder hand Reach also of the tree of life. Leucothea waked. like a double Janus. all their shape Spangled with eyes more numerous than those Of Argus. all approach far off to fright. and from the Paradise of God Without remorse drive out the sinful pair. His heart I know. and with tears Bewailing their excess. and the arch-angelick Power prepared For swift descent. and of a sword the flame Wide-waving. and evil got. So send them forth.) all terrour hide. Self-left. but let him boast His knowledge of good lost. the pastoral reed Of Hermes. since his taste Of that defended fruit. To re-salute the world with sacred light. He ceased. from thence Perpetual banishment. Cherubick watch. Charmed with Arcadian pipe. My motions in him. and evil not at all. how variable and vain. and eat. Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs. intermix My covenant in the Woman's seed renewed. Michael. dream at least to live For ever. repents. He sorrows now. and to their progeny. If patiently thy bidding they obey. Take to thee from among the Cherubim Thy choice of flaming warriours. Mean while. and denounce To them. With whose stolen fruit Man once more to delude. or to invade Vacant possession. lest the Fiend.
next favourable thou. but Fate Subscribed not: Nature first gave signs. while here we dwell. Though after sleepless night. Eve. Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewed. begins Her rosy progress smiling: let us forth. though now enjoined Laborious. persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour. since by thee Man is to live. to me reproach Rather belongs. Kneeled. for thee ordained A help. so wished much humbled Eve. mother of all mankind. Hard to belief may seem. yet this will prayer Or one short sigh of human breath. that from us aught should ascend to Heaven So prevalent as to concern the mind Of God high-blest. easily my faith admit. and we shall live. became thy snare. Methought I saw him placable and mild. joy. impressed On bird. for see!the morn. Far other name deserving. and to my memory His promise. who. All unconcerned with our unrest. and before him humbled all my heart. or to incline his will. Bending his ear. and all things live for Man. Which. upborne Even to the seat of God. Eve rightly called. now with sweat imposed. Whence hail to thee. Mother of all things living. So spake. and all dispraise: But infinite in pardon was my Judge. am graced The source of life. Ill-worthy I such title should belong To me transgressour. when Adam and first matron Eve Had ended now their orisons. stooped from his aery tour. But the field To labour calls us. who first brought death on all. To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek. air suddenly eclipsed. After short blush of morn. That I. But. nigh in her sight The bird of Jove. Where'er our day's work lies. that all The good which we enjoy from Heaven descends. air. till day droop. Who highly thus to entitle me vouchsaf'st. that thy seed shall bruise our foe. and found Strength added from above. 181 .The earth. For since I sought By prayer the offended Deity to appease. peace returned Home to my breast. new hope to spring Out of despair. distrust. though in fallen state. content. What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks? Here let us live. but with fear yet linked. I never from thy side henceforth to stray. Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. beast. yet now Assures me that the bitterness of death Is past. then not minded in dismay.
and morning-light More orient in yon western cloud. because from death released Some days: how long. or impose New laws to be observed. O Eve. he alone. 182 . Adam observed. thus spake. Not unperceived of Adam. Against the Syrian king. and with his eye the chase Pursuing. and thou retire. some great Potentate Or of the Thrones above. With reverence I must meet. shows Forerunners of his purpose. And slow descends with something heavenly fraught? He erred not. to Eve thus spake. had not doubt And carnal fear that day dimmed Adam's eye. As Raphael. such majesty Invests him coming! yet not terrible. While the great visitant approached. to seise Possession of the garden. when the Angels met Jacob in Mahanaim. The princely Hierarch In their bright stand there left his Powers. nor sociably mild. and o'er the ground. pursued a gentle brace. But solemn and sublime. of our discharge From penalty. covered with a camp of fire. Direct to the eastern gate was bent their flight. First hunter then. that we are dust. That I should fear. for I descry. some further change awaits us nigh. From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill. that draws O'er the blue firmament a radiant white. whom not to offend. Who knows? or more than this. who to surprise One man. or to warn Us. that I should much confide. and on a hill made halt. To find where Adam sheltered. hart and hind. Which Heaven. One way the self-same hour? why in the east Darkness ere day's mid-course. Eve$ now expect great tidings. where he saw The field pavilioned with his guardians bright.Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods. and. and be no more? Why else this double object in our sight Of flight pursued in the air. haply too secure. One of the heavenly host. for by this the heavenly bands Down from a sky of jasper lighted now In Paradise. A glorious apparition. not unmoved. took his way. by his gait. War unproclaimed. None of the meanest. Not that more glorious. had levied war. Nor that. assassin-like. which on the flaming mount appeared In Dothan. which perhaps Of us will soon determine. Goodliest of all the forest. by these mute signs in Nature. And thither must return. who to Eve. and what till then our life.
wherein thou mayest repent. and water from the ambrosial fount? Thee lastly. My early visitation. Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend. Eve. and in his hand the spear. the respite of that day That must be mortal to us both. Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim. Satan's dire dread. That all his senses bound. Iris had dipt the woof. hung the sword. That never will in other climate grow. which I bred up with tender hand From the first opening bud. and gave ye names! Who now shall rear ye to the sun. but as man Clad to meet man.He ended: and the Arch-Angel soon drew nigh. Adam bowed low. from his state Inclined not. appeased. or rank Your tribes. His starry helm unbuckled showed him prime In manhood where youth ended. Heaven's high behest no preface needs: Sufficient that thy prayers are heard. Adam. by his side. who unseen Yet all had heard. accustomed to immortal fruits? Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild. over his lucid arms A military vest of purple flowed. Lament not. native soil! these happy walks and shades. and my last . he. And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou wast taken. Not in his shape celestial. fitter soil. kingly. nuptial bower! by me adorned With what to sight or smell was sweet! from thee How shall I part. worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce. but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost. Defeated of his seisure many days Given thee of grace. with audible lament Discovered soon the place of her retire. for Adam at the news Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood. or the grain Of Sarra. And one bad act with many deeds well done Mayest cover: Well may then thy Lord. 183 . Quiet though sad. but his coming thus declared.t even. worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee$ Paradise? thus leave Thee. Eve. nor set thy heart. and whither wander down Into a lower world. He added not. O flowers. As in a glistering zodiack. O unexpected stroke. to this obscure And wild? how shall we breathe in other air Less pure. Livelier than Meliboean. and Death. But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not: to remove thee I am come. Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress.
and pile up every stone Of lustre from the brook. or foot-step trace? For though I fled him angry. which might else in telling wound. think there thy native soil. This most afflicts me. nor known: And. and every kind that lives. And in performing end us. what besides Of sorrow. and despair. and fruits. Or monument to ages. that. deprived His blessed countenance: Here I could frequent With worship place by place where he vouchsafed Presence Divine. To Michael thus his humble words addressed. and air. I now Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts Of glory. Celestial. whom to follow thou art bound. Departure from this happy place. thy tidings bring. among these pines his voice 'I heard. or named Of them the highest. and his scattered spirits returned. Adam. and to my sons relate. in memory. and desolate. and dejection. and all the Earth. for such of shape may seem Prince above princes! gently hast thou told Thy message. and far off his steps adore. if by prayer Incessant I could hope to change the will Of Him who all things can. Not this rock only. I would not cease To weary him with my assiduous cries: But prayer against his absolute decree No more avails than breath against the wind. To whom thus Michael with regard benign. Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth: Therefore to his great bidding I submit.Thus over-fond. 'On this mount he appeared. Adam. here with him at this fountain talked: So many grateful altars I would rear Of grassy turf. under this tree 'Stood visible. thou knowest Heaven his. with thee goes Thy husband. on that which is not thine: Thy going is not lonely. departing hence. Fomented by his virtual power and warmed: All the earth he gave thee to possess and rule. Nor knowing us. our sweet Recess. yet recalled To life prolonged and promised race. by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering. and flowers: In yonder nether world where shall I seek His bright appearances. his Omnipresence fills Land. Where he abides. As from his face I shall be hid. 184 . Our frailty can sustain. and only consolation left Familiar to our eyes! all places else Inhospitable appear. and theron Offer sweet-smelling gums. sea. whether among the Thrones.
and had hither come From all the ends of the earth. As once thou sleptst. let Eve (for I have drenched her eyes) Here sleep below. and will be found alike Present. as here.--Ascend This hill. nor wider looking round. I am sent To show thee what shall come in future days To thee. and be confirmed Ere thou from hence depart. for different cause. and of his presence many a sign Still following thee. His eye might there command wherever stood City of old or modern fame. But this pre-eminence thou hast lost. Of Paradise the highest. arming to overcome By suffering. and of his steps the track divine. equally inured By moderation either state to bear. in the wilderness. to the evil turn My obvious breast. supernal grace contending With sinfulness of men. from the destined walls Of Cambalu. And Samarchand by Oxus. Whereon. God is. and to the hand of Heaven submit. To Paquin of Sinaean kings. To show him all Earth's kingdoms.No despicable gift. the Tempter set Our second Adam. seat of Cathaian Can. and thence 185 . while she to life was formed. Ascend. Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead Safest thy life. from whence had spread All generations. brought down To dwell on even ground now with thy sons: Yet doubt not but in valley. surmise not then His presence to these narrow bounds confined Of Paradise. Which that thou mayest believe. still compassing thee round With goodness and paternal love. and best prepared endure Thy mortal passage when it comes. Stretched out to the amplest reach of prospect lay. in clearest ken. and in plain. and their glory. from whose top The hemisphere of earth. thereby to learn True patience. and earn rest from labour won. their great progenitor. To whom thus Adam gratefully replied. However chastening. his face Express. know. safe Guide. and to thy offspring: good with bad Expect to hear. Not higher that hill. the path Thou leadest me. Temir's throne. I follow thee. the seat Of mightiest empire. It was a hill. If so I may attain. while thou to foresight wakest.So both ascend In the visions of God. to celebrate And reverence thee. -. or Eden: this had been Perhaps thy capital seat. and to temper joy with fear And pious sorrow.
and his attention thus recalled. which thy original crime hath wrought In some to spring from thee. or where the Russian Ksar In Mosco. then. and all his spirits became entranced. And Cusco in Peru. the other part sheep-walks and folds.To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul. That Adam. But to nobler sights Michael from Adam's eyes the film removed. Down to the golden Chersonese. thither anon A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits. And Sofala. Fez and Sus. now ope thine eyes. Morocco. Adam. to the realm Of Congo. now enforced to close his eyes. Nor sinned thy sin. the seat of Montezume. sacrificing. of grassy sord. So deep the power of these ingredients pierced. and Tremisen. Which that false fruit that promised clearer sight Had bred. Sunk down. I' the midst an altar as the land-mark stood. and first behold The effects. nor could his eye not ken The empire of Negus to his utmost port Ercoco. or the Sultan in Bizance. and the yellow sheaf. and Algiers. nor with the snake conspired. and Angola farthest south. and Melind. and yet unspoiled Guiana. and all due rights performed: His offering soon propitious fire from Heaven 186 . to bring forth more violent deeds. Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount The kingdoms of Almansor. whereon were sheaves New reaped. Choicest and best. and Quiloa. and the less maritim kings Mombaza. Even to the inmost seat of mental sight. laid The inwards and their fat. came with the firstlings of his flock. But him the gentle Angel by the hand Soon raised. and where Rome was to sway The world: in spirit perhaps he also saw Rich Mexico. with incense strowed. On Europe thence. whose great city Geryon's sons Call El Dorado. yet from that sin derive Corruption. or since In Hispahan. a shepherd next. or where The Persian in Ecbatan sat. Part arable and tilth. for he had much to see. And from the well of life three drops instilled. Unculled. who never touched The excepted tree. then purged with euphrasy and rue The visual nerve. and beheld a field. His eyes he opened. as came to hand. More meek. the green ear. thought Ophir. Turchestan-born. Rustick. On the cleft wood. the richer seat Of Atabalipa.
and grateful steam. fierce catarrhs. as they talked. Alas! both for the deed. all feverous kinds. but delayed to strike. how horrible to feel! To whom thus Michael. than within. and thus in haste to the Angel cried. These two are brethren. Rolling in dust and gore. that thou mayest know What misery the inabstinence of Eve Shall bring on Men. Groaned out his soul with gushing blood effused. and asthmas. Demoniack phrenzy. he fell. famine. Some. though oft invoked 187 . qualms Of heart-sick agony. and joint-racking rheums. and. Immediately a place Before his eyes appeared. foul and ugly to behold.and. Lose no reward. and the other's faith. he also moved. Intestine stone and ulcer. for his was not sincere. sad. Dire was the tossing. The other's not. moaping melancholy. replied. which on the earth shall bring Diseases dire. To which our sire. or racking torture. epilepsies. Whereat he inly raged. and wide-wasting pestilence. yet to sense More terrible at the entrance. dark. all maladies Of ghastly spasm. by intemperance more In meats and drinks. pining atrophy. and to come Out of thy loins. By fire. flood. And over them triumphant Death his dart Shook. noisome. For envy that his brother's offering found From Heaven acceptance. Despair Tended the sick busiest from couch to couch. and many are the ways that lead To his grim cave. Dropsies. by violent stroke shall die. Much at that sight was Adam in his heart Dismayed. deep the groans. A lazar-house it seemed.Consumed with nimble glance. who well had sacrificed. Smote him into the midriff with a stone That beat out life. Convulsions. of which a monstrous crew Before thee shall appear. wherein were laid Numbers of all diseased. O Teacher. Marasmus. Adam. the unjust the just hath slain. deadly pale. as thou sawest. but the bloody fact Will be avenged. but many shapes Of Death. all dismal. Death thou hast seen In his first shape on Man. some great mischief hath befallen To that meek man. Horrid to think. though here thou see him die. colick-pangs. And moon-struck madness. and for the cause! But have I now seen Death? Is this the way I must return to native dust? O sight Of terrour. approved. Is piety thus and pure devotion paid? To whom Michael thus.
And. answered Michael. why Obtruded on us thus? who. till firmer thoughts restrained excess. thou must outlive Thy youth. thy senses then. nor harshly plucked. But is there yet no other way. Though not of woman born. or soon beg to lay it down. Disfiguring not God's likeness. weak. said Michael. and took His image whom they served. thy strength. but wept. and gave him up to tears A space. but then. To what thou hast. Till many years over thy head return: So mayest thou live. In what thou eatest and drinkest.With vows. but their own. Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. created once So goodly and erect. since they God's image did not reverence in themselves. Retaining still divine similitude In part. not gluttonous delight. besides These painful passages. for the air of youth. or be with ease Gathered. While they pervert pure Nature's healthful rules To loathsome sickness. then Forsook them. exempt? Their Maker's image. though faulty since. to what fall Degraded. and submit. like ripe fruit. to what wretched state reserved! Better end here unborn. and final hope. by themselves defaced. as their chief good. scarce recovering words. if thou well observe The rule of Not too much. seeking from thence Due nourishment. when themselves they vilified To serve ungoverned Appetite. if we knew What we receive. his plaint renewed. would either no accept Life offered. for his Maker's image sake. from such deformities be free. for death mature: This is Old Age. compassion quelled His best of man. which will change To withered. And. Sight so deform what heart of rock could long Dry-eyed behold? Adam could not. worthily. Obtuse. a brutish vice. how we may come To death. I yield it just. in thy blood will reign 188 . Glad to be so dismissed in peace. thou drop Into thy mother's lap. all taste of pleasure must forego. thy beauty. To such unsightly sufferings be debased Under inhuman pains? Why should not Man. and. by temperance taught. and gray. Therefore so abject is their punishment. O miserable mankind. Or if his likeness. and mix with our connatural dust? There is. Can thus The image of God in Man. Why is life given To be thus wrested from us? rather. said Adam. till. Hopeful and cheerful.
till the evening-star. Fairest and easiest. then. and all their study bent To worship God aright. they liked. of harp and organ. two massy clods of iron and brass Had melted. or short. and in dance came on: The men. which was their seat. that made melodious chime. but what thou livest Live well. till. when from the tents. Instinct through all proportions. bent rather. how long. by their guise Just men they seemed. to the harp they sung Soft amorous ditties. Such happy interview. in the amorous net Fast caught. Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. at the forge Labouring. garlands. In other part stood one who. what might else be wrought Fusil or graven in metal. then. and each his liking chose. Nor love thy life. Which I must keep till my appointed day Of rendering up. Was heard. which might preserve Freedom and peace to Men. or whether washed by stream From underground. permit to Heaven: And now prepare thee for another sight. Henceforth I fly not death. though grave. eyed them. they on the plain Long had not walked. appeared. and. But on the hither side. songs. were herds Of cattle grazing. Down to the veins of earth. and last consume The balm of life. nor would prolong Life much. thence gliding hot To some cave's mouth. and patiently attend My dissolution. others. Down to the plain descended. whence the sound Of instruments. and know his works Not hid. from which he formed First his own tools. flowers. was seen. 189 . then first to marriage rites invoked: With feast and musick all the tents resound. and bid invoke Hymen.A melancholy damp of cold and dry To weigh thy spirits down. He looked. of this cumbrous charge. nor hate. and saw a spacious plain. and let their eyes Rove without rein. behold! A bevy of fair women. how I may be quit. all in heat They light the nuptial torch. And now of love they treat. a different sort From the high neighbouring hills. Love's harbinger. by some. After these. who moved Their stops and chords. and fair event Of love and youth not lost.) the liquid ore he drained Into fit moulds prepared. richly gay In gems and wanton dress. his volant touch. To whom our ancestor. nor those things last. whereon Were tents of various hue. (whether found where casual fire Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale. low and high. Michael replied.
part curb the foaming steed. so smooth. but they his gifts acknowledged none. who should better hold his place By wisdom. and troll the tongue. nor idly mustering stood. To whom thus Adam. and saw wide territory spread Before him. Much better seems this vision. wherein shall dwell his race Who slew his brother. Said the Angel. for which The world erelong a world of tears must weep. Single or in array of battle ranged Both horse and foot. of short joy bereft. from Woman to begin. whose lives Religious titled them the sons of God. and more hope Of peaceful days portends. though to nature seeming meet. and now swim in joy. Shall yield up all their virtue. and rural works between. But now prepare thee for another scene. to the trains and to the smiles Of these fair atheists. To dress. Giants of mighty bone and bold emprise. conformity divine. 190 . Bred only and completed to the taste Of lustful appetence. Yet empty of all good wherein consists Woman's domestick honour and chief praise. From Man's effeminate slackness it begins. True opener of mine eyes. Unmindful of their Maker. though his Spirit Taught them. that seemed Of Goddesses. should turn aside to tread Paths indirect.And charming symphonies. towns. as thou art. studious they appear Of arts that polish life. Those tents thou sawest so pleasant. Judge not what is best By pleasure. and laugh. Created. and roll the eye: To these that sober race of men. all their fame Ignobly. Here Nature seems fulfilled in all her ends. who to live well Entered so fair. Cities of men with lofty gates and towers. or in the mid way faint! But still I see the tenour of Man's woe Holds on the same. and superiour gifts received. to sing. The bent of nature. to dance. He looked. inventers rare. Erelong to swim at large. which he thus expressed. so blithe. prime Angel blest. were the tents Of wickedness. that they. Those were of hate and death. fierce faces threatening war. than those two past. attached the heart Of Adam. To whom thus Michael. or pain much worse. so gay. Part wield their arms. Concourse in arms. soon inclined to admit delight. For that fair female troop thou sawest. O pity and shame. to nobler end Holy and pure. Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget.
men of high renown. and multiply Ten thousandfold the sin of him who slew His brother: for of whom such massacre Make they. Assemble. fair oxen and fair kine. Gods. but soon. spake much of right and wrong. Had not a cloud descending snatched him thence Unseen amid the throng: so violence Proceeded. Their booty. till at last. anon Gray-headed men and grave. and mine.One way a band select from forage drives A herd of beeves. by battery. In factious opposition. now scattered lies With carcasses and arms the ensanguined field. Where cattle pastured late. and sword-law. Through all the plain. which makes a bloody fray. But call in aid. to be styled great conquerours Patrons of mankind. who of themselves Abhor to join. and peace. and. with warriours mixed. truth. scarce with life the shepherds fly. Of middle age one rising. and sulphurous fire. Such were these giants. and for glory done Of triumph. stones. Assaulting. and gigantick deeds. encamped. And judgement from above: him old and young Exploded. by imprudence mixed. With cruel tournament the squadrons join. whom had not Heaven Rescued. O!what are these. On each hand slaughter. Produce prodigious births of body or mind. and sons of Gods. For in those days might only shall be admired. but of their brethren. and to his guide Lamenting turned full sad. and subdue Nations. In other part the sceptered heralds call To council. had in his righteousness been lost? To whom thus Michael. men of men But who was that just man. or fleecy flock. and refuge none was found. shall be held the highest pitch Of human glory. scale. Death's ministers. and oppression. Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain. and had seized with violent hands. eminent In wise deport. To overcome in battle. and bring home spoils with infinite Man-slaughter. and harangues are heard. others from the wall defend With dart and javelin. or religion. in the city-gates. And valour and heroick virtue called. not men? who thus deal death Inhumanly to men. From a fat meadow ground. Of justice. Where good with bad were matched. Deserted: Others to a city strong Lay siege. Adam was all in tears. 191 . These are the product Of those ill-mated marriages thou sawest.
the seventh from thee. down rushed the rain Impetuous. And of their doings great dislike declared. Marrying or prostituting. till the earth No more was seen: the floating vessel swum Uplifted. Smeared round with pitch. in silence hid. But he. Thus fame shall be achieved. The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar. as to souls In prison. receive. to show thee what reward Awaits the good. Exempt from death. from the mountain hewing timber tall. that God would come To judge them with his Saints. where passing fair Allured them. and entered in as taught Their order: last the sire and his three sons. Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. length. to walk with God High in salvation and the climes of bliss. with black wings Wide-hovering. as befel. all dwellings else 192 . whereso met. With their four wives. whom thou beheldst The only righteous in a world preverse. Sent up amain. and insect small. To luxury and riot. and plagues of men. and now the thickened sky Like a dark cieling stood. and breadth. he ceased Contending. Triumphs or festivals. the rest what punishment. therefore so beset With foes. Rape or adultery. and to them preached Conversion and repentance. and bird. Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. under judgements imminent: But all in vain: which when he saw. the hills to their supply Vapour. and pairs. a wonder strange! Of every beast. and continued. renown on earth. And what most merits fame. At length a reverend sire among them came. He looked.Destroyers rightlier called. and in the side a door Contrived. feast and dance. Mean while the south-wind rose. All now was turned to jollity and game. him the Most High Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds Did. and God made fast the door. Came sevens. Measured by cubit. and of provisions laid in large. And testified against their ways. For man and beast: when lo. and highth. Then. and. thence from cups to civil broils. all the clouds together drove From under Heaven. And therefore hated. he oft Frequented their assemblies. as thou sawest. and saw the face of things quite changed. for daring single to be just. and secure with beaked prow Rode tilting o'er the waves. And utter odious truth. and removed his tents far off. and exhalation dusk and moist.
as when a father mourns His children. sea covered sea. Where luxury late reigned. celestial Guide. Surfeit. How comes it thus? unfold. in one small bottom swum imbarked. And he the future evil shall no less In apprehension than in substance feel. what shall befall Him or his children. are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent And great exploits. each day's lot Enough to bear. but of true virtue void. sea-monsters whelped And stabled. and achieved thereby Fame in the world. Shall. till. All would have then gone well. Grievous to bear: but that care now is past. Though comfortless.Flood overwhelmed. high titles. and lust. ease. and rich prey. Depopulation! Thee another flood. having spilt much blood. Who. to behold The end of all thy offspring. Shall change their course to pleasure. Which neither his foreknowing can prevent. How didst thou grieve then. evil he may be sure. And scarce to the Angel utter'dst thus thy plaint. that were dispensed The burden of many ages. on thy feet thou stoodest at last. The conquered also. of mankind. all virtue lose 193 . But I was far deceived. And sunk thee as thy sons. Let no man seek Henceforth to be foretold. thee also drowned. all in view destroyed at once. and done much wast Subduing nations. Wandering that watery desart: I had hope. peace would have crowned With length of happy days the race of Man. Those. those now. and sloth. Man is not whom to warn: those few escaped Famine and anguish will at last consume. gently reared By the Angel. and in their palaces. When violence was ceased. To whom thus Michael. to torment me ere their being. with their freedom lost. All left. whom last thou sawest In triumph and luxurious wealth. on me light At once. Adam. O visions ill foreseen! Better had I Lived ignorant of future! so had borne My part of evil only. for now I see Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste. Sea without shore. and enslaved by war. till wantonness and pride Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. With thought that they must be. and war on earth. end so sad. by my foreknowledge gaining birth Abortive. and them with all their pomp Deep under water rolled. Of tears and sorrow a flood. And whether here the race of Man will end. so numerous late.
Against allurement. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. and before them set The paths of righteousness. whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh: There he dies. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea: To sojourn in that land He comes. with twelve sons encreased. a son. but of God observed The one just man alive. from amidst A world devote to universal wrack. against example good. See where it flows. if none be thither brought 194 . and sea-mews' clang: To teach thee that God attributes to place No sanctity. and a world Offended: fearless of reproach and scorn. No sooner he. forgot. and shall return Of them derided. to a land hereafter called Egypt. but all the cataracts Of Heaven set open on the Earth shall pour Rain. till inundation rise Above the highest hills: Then shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be moved Out of his place. and trees adrift. Broke up. the only son of light In a dark age. divided by the river Nile. custom. as inmate guests Or violence. how much more safe And full of peace. One man except. on what their lords Shall leave them to enjoy. and orcs. Down the great river to the opening gulf.And fear of God. invited by a younger son In time of dearth. all depraved. therefore. Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure. departs From Canaan. from whom their piety feigned In sharp contest of battle found no aid Against invaders. day and night. With all his verdure spoiled. Justice and temperance. for the earth shall bear More than enough. truth and faith. To save himself. all fountains of the deep. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. cooled in zeal. The haunt of seals. denouncing wrath to come On their impenitence. that temperance may be tried: So all shall turn degenerate. And sheltered round. by his command Shall build a wonderous ark. he of their wicked ways Shall them admonish. and houshold. And there take root an island salt and bare. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. shall in the ark be lodged. as thou beheldst. The grand-child. pushed by the horned flood. with them of man and beast Select for life. shall heave the ocean to usurp Beyond all bounds. Worldly or dissolute.
Grateful to Heaven. as the Heaven his windows shut. but seems on ground. heavenly Instructer! I revive At this last sight. Then with uplifted hands. Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies. Greatly rejoiced. as decayed. But say. in his bill An olive-leaf he brings. blowing dry. that. than I rejoice For one man found so perfect. appear. assured that Man shall live. Lest it again dissolve. Betokening peace from God. A dove sent forth once and again to spy Green tree or ground. Far less I now lament for one whole world Of wicked sons destroyed. who now had stopt His sluces. as a flowery verge. and covenant new. that stole With soft foot towards the deep. With clamour thence the rapid currents drive. which made their flowing shrink From standing lake to tripping ebb. with all his train. and all flesh 195 . And now the tops of hills. to bind The fluid skirts of that same watery cloud. erst so sad. The ark no more now floats. and eyes devout. and their seed preserve. and of the fresh wave largely drew. behold. and so just. O thou. Though late repenting him of Man depraved. Driven by a keen north-wind. as rocks. And now. Whereat the heart of Adam. their furious tide. Wrinkled the face of deluge. and all his anger to forget. what mean those coloured streaks in Heaven Distended. So willingly doth God remit his ire. for the clouds were fled. He looked. or therein dwell. what further shall ensue. whereon his foot may light: The second time returning. That God vouchsafes to raise another world From him. Which now abated. and shower the earth? To whom the Arch-Angel. the surer messenger. Dextrously thou aimest. Grieved at his heart. Fast on the top of some high mountain fixed. and in the cloud a bow Conspicuous with three lifted colours gay. when looking down he saw The whole earth filled with violence. and thus his joy broke forth. over his head beholds A dewy cloud. And the clear sun on his wide watery glass Gazed hot. Towards the retreating sea. As after thirst. as the brow of God appeased? Or serve they. And after him. who future things canst represent As present.By men who there frequent. With all the creatures. and saw the ark hull on the flood. pacifick sign: Anon dry ground appears. and from his ark The ancient sire descends.
And call to mind his covenant: Day and night. Corn. by families and tribes. And Man.Corrupting each their way. That he relents. And makes a covenant never to destroy The earth again by flood. and. and sacred feast. objects divine Must needs impair and weary human sense: Henceforth what is to come I will relate. Oft sacrificing bullock. while yet but few. not content With fair equality. when he brings Over the earth a cloud. Under paternal rule: till one shall rise Of proud ambitious heart. Seed-time and harvest. and hostile snare. so here the Arch-Angel paused Betwixt the world destroyed and world restored. Labouring the soil. Shall spend their days in joy unblamed. heat and hoary frost. not to blot out mankind. fraternal state. With large wine-offerings poured. Hunting (and men not beasts shall be his game) With war. If Adam aught perhaps might interpose. and oil. nor let the sea Surpass his bounds. And while the dread of judgement past remains Fresh in their minds. with transition sweet. and reaping plenteous crop. those removed. whereon to look. wine. nor rain to drown the world. and end. Shall hold their course. Both Heaven and Earth. and quite dispossess Concord and law of nature from the earth. as in despite of Heaven. from the herd or flock. This second source of Men. and multiply apace. Thou therefore give due audience. or kid. but. as from a second stock. With some regard to what is just and right Shall lead their lives. who. such as refuse Subjection to his empire tyrannous: A mighty hunter thence he shall be styled Before the Lord. Though bent on speed. Thus thou hast seen one world begin. Then. Much thou hast yet to see. till fire purge all things new. yet. fearing the Deity. With man therein or beast. proceed. will therein set His triple-coloured bow. but I perceive Thy mortal sight to fail. Such grace shall one just man find in his sight. Will arrogate dominion undeserved Over his brethren. lamb. wherein the just shall dwell. and dwell Long time in peace. 196 . new speech resumes. Book XII As one who in his journey bates at noon. and attend.
O execrable son! so to aspire Above his brethren. ere the tower Obstruct Heaven-towers. the mouth of Hell: Of brick. shall find The plain. who on the quiet state of men Such trouble brought. wherein a black bituminous gurge Boils out from under ground. He with a crew. which always with right reason dwells Twinned. lest. fowl. claiming second sovranty. to sustain Himself and his rash army. to see the hubbub strange. to God his tower intends Siege and defiance: Wretched man!what food Will he convey up thither. As mocked they storm: great laughter was in Heaven. fish. Justly thou abhorrest That son. Since thy original lapse. such title to himself Reserving. Among the builders. Dominion absolute. and. But God. Regardless whether good or evil fame. instead. if not of bread? To whom thus Michael. and all in rage. they cast to build A city and tower. and from her hath no dividual being: 197 . that right we hold By his donation. whose top may reach to Heaven. them beholding soon. from God not given: He gave us only over beast. fatherly displeased. And hear the din: Thus was the building left Ridiculous. to himself assuming Authority usurped. and the work Confusion named. where thin air Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross. And get themselves a name. yet know withal. whom like ambition joins With him or under him to tyrannize. Comes down to see their city. far dispersed In foreign lands. till hoarse. but man over men He made not lord. And famish him of breath.Or from Heaven. their memory be lost. But this usurper his encroachment proud Stays not on Man. to rase Quite out their native language. To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud. and in derision sets Upon their tongues a various spirit. affecting to subdue Rational liberty. Marching from Eden towards the west. human left from human free. And from rebellion shall derive his name. And looking down. Though of rebellion others he accuse. each to other calls Not understood. Whereto thus Adam. and of that stuff. who oft descends to visit men Unseen. and through their habitations walks To mark their doings. true liberty Is lost.
resolving from thenceforth To leave them to their own polluted ways. Yet sometimes nations will decline so low From virtue. but thou canst not. and false Gods. which is reason. Not wandering poor. Wearied with their iniquities. and native soil. Still tend from bad to worse. catch the government From reason. As to forsake the living God. passing now the ford To Haran. Subjects him from without to violent lords. on his vicious race. Who oft as undeservedly enthrall His outward freedom: Tyranny must be. as the former world. his friends. for the shame Done to his father. Not knowing to what land. but trusting all his wealth With God. that in his seed All nations shall be blest: he straight obeys. of whom to be invoked. heard this heavy curse. since he permits Within himself unworthy powers to reign Over free reason. and avert His holy eyes. God. Bred up in idol-worship: O. and fall To worship their own work in wood and stone For Gods! Yet him God the Most High vouchsafes To call by vision. after him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks. that men (Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid grown. or not obeyed. in judgement just. Their inward lost: Witness the irreverent son Of him who built the ark. and to servitude reduce Man. And one peculiar nation to select From all the rest. Deprives them of their outward liberty. and upon him shower His benediction so. and from him will raise A mighty nation. from his father's house. yet firm believes: I see him. Canaan he now attains. till then free. into a land Which he will show him. and the neighbouring plain 198 . that no wrong. While yet the patriarch lived. Thus will this latter. and some fatal curse annexed. in a land unknown. Immediately inordinate desires. A nation from one faithful man to spring: Him on this side Euphrates yet residing. who 'scaped the flood. with what faith He leaves his Gods. Therefore. and numerous servitude. withdraw His presence from among them. I see his tents Pitched about Sechem. who. His kindred. And upstart passions.Reason in man obscured. who called him. But justice. till God at last. Servant of servants. Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. Ur of Chaldaea.
And wheel on the earth. each place behold In prospect. or fruit. the double-founted stream. Like him in faith. departs From Canaan to a land hereafter called Egypt. (Things by their names I call. A darksome cloud of locusts swarming down Must eat. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss.) From Hermon east to the great western Sea. Frogs. and renown: The grandchild. here. And all his people. and on the ground leave nothing green. as inmate guests Too numerous. This patriarch blest. But first. Hail mixed with fire. whereof to thee anon Plainlier shall be revealed. herb. His cattle must of rot and murren die. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea. as I point them. divided by the river Nile See where it flows. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. yonder sea. must all his palace fill With loathed intrusion. A son. With glory and spoil. though yet unnamed. and flies. and kills their infant males: Till by two brethren (these two brethren call Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claim His people from enthralment. thunder mixed with hail. there by promise he receives Gift to his progeny of all that land. they return. and of his son a grand-child. There he dies. with twelve sons increased.Of Moreh. invited by a younger son In time of dearth. Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call. To sojourn in that land He comes. that long ridge of hills. From Hameth northward to the Desart south. who shall bruise The Serpent's head. that all nations of the earth Shall in his seed be blessed: By that seed Is meant thy great Deliverer. and fill all the land. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. This ponder. 199 . or message to regard. the lawless tyrant. What it devours not. leaves. Must be compelled by signs and judgements dire. Jordan. must rend the Egyptians sky. devouring where it rolls. back to their promised land. in wisdom. or grain. Darkness must overshadow all his bounds. lice. true limit eastward. whence of guests he makes them slaves Inhospitably. who denies To know their God. Mount Hermon. a son whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh. To blood unshed the rivers must be turned. but his sons Shall dwell to Senir. on the shore Mount Carmel.
200 . and remove Behind them. part. till his rescued gain their shore: Such wondrous power God to his saint will lend. till. To guide them in their journey. and fear Return them back to Egypt. by what means he shall achieve Mankind's deliverance. and the cloud. where rashness leads not on. with one midnight stroke. choosing rather Inglorious life with servitude. but his approach Darkness defends between till morning watch. by night a pillar of fire.Palpable darkness. the sea Swallows him with his host. by types And shadows. Lest. who shall go Before them in a cloud. for life To noble and ignoble is more sweet Untrained in arms. will himself In thunder. all the first-born Of Egypt must lie dead. while the obdurate king pursues: All night he will pursue. Then through the fiery pillar. Though present in his Angel. lightning. By day a cloud. such as appertain To civil justice. and their great senate choose Through the twelve tribes. informing them. the sea his rod obeys. he descending. to rule by laws ordained: God from the mount of Sinai. as ice More hardened after thaw. And craze their chariot-wheels: when by command Moses once more his potent rod extends Over the sea. between two crystal walls. there they shall found Their government. he grants what they besought. part. Thus with ten wounds The river-dragon tamed at length submits To let his sojourners depart. Ordain them laws. Awed by the rod of Moses so to stand Divided. On their embattled ranks the waves return. not the readiest way. This also shall they gain by their delay In the wide wilderness. but them lets pass. of that destined Seed to bruise The Serpent. whose gray top Shall tremble. and loud trumpets' sound. entering on the Canaanite alarmed. God looking forth will trouble all his host. and blot out three days. As on dry land. And overwhelm their war: The race elect Safe toward Canaan from the shore advance Through the wild Desart. and pillar of fire. in his rage Pursuing whom he late dismissed. religious rites Of sacrifice. And terrour cease. but still. War terrify them inexpert. and oft Humbles his stubborn heart. But the voice of God To mortal ear is dreadful: They beseech That Moses might report to them his will. Last.
Save when they journey. overlaid with gold. who thus shall Canaan win. 'Till Israel overcome! so call the third From Abraham. such delight hath God in Men Obedient to his will. and from him His whole descent. gracious things Thou hast revealed. and at length they come. Conducted by his Angel. to the land Promised to Abraham and his seed:--The rest Were long to tell. in whom all nations shall be blest. that he vouchsafes Among them to set up his tabernacle. And therefore was law given them. The records of his covenant. between the wings Of two bright Cherubim. son of Isaac. Thus. to evince Their natural pravity. Or how the sun shall in mid Heaven stand still A day entire.Instructed that to God is no access Without Mediator. This yet I apprehend not. and kingdoms won. Erewhile perplexed with thoughts. Enlightener of my darkness. over these A mercy-seat of gold. to introduce One greater. as of thee begot. why to those Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth So many and so various laws are given. which concern Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find Mine eyes true-opening. what would become Of me and all mankind: But now I see His day. a fiery gleam by night. The Holy One with mortal Men to dwell: By his prescript a sanctuary is framed Of cedar. those chiefly. Here Adam interposed. laws and rites Established. whose high office now Moses in figure bears. So many laws argue so many sins Among them. over the tent a cloud Shall rest by day. Man's voice commanding. Favour unmerited by me. who sought Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. and my heart much eased. O sent from Heaven. 'Sun. in Gibeon stand. therein An ark. Doubt not but that sin Will reign among them. and night's due course adjourn. how can God with such reside? To whom thus Michael. how many battles fought How many kings destroyed. 'And thou moon in the vale of Aialon. And all the Prophets in their age the times Of great Messiah shall sing. by stirring up Sin against law to fight: that when they see 201 . before him burn Seven lamps as in a zodiack representing The heavenly fires. of whose day he shall foretel. and in the ark his testimony.
Whose foul idolatries. and his holy ark. as in whom shall trust All nations. And his next son. The blood of bulls and goats. but not remove. disciplined From shadowy types to truth. and peace Of conscience. Such follow him. that his regal throne For ever shall endure. cannot live. the Woman's seed to thee foretold. Provoking God to raise them enemies. in full time. works of law to works of faith. and expose their land. both for piety renowned And puissant deeds. they may find Justification towards God. who shall quell The adversary-Serpent. Up to a better covenant. which the law by ceremonies Cannot appease. will so incense God. a long succession must ensue. The clouded ark of God. then under Kings. whom the Gentiles Jesus call. though of God Highly beloved. for wealth and wisdom famed. but when sins National interrupt their publick peace. a promise shall receive Irrevocable. as shall be registered Part good. his people into Canaan lead. Save by those shadowy expiations weak. From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace. His name and office bearing. nor Man the mortal part Perform. From whom as oft he saves them penitent By Judges first. So law appears imperfect. till then in tents Wandering. And therefore shall not Moses. being but the minister Of law. not performing. and bring back Through the world's wilderness long-wandered Man Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. and to kings foretold. the like shall sing All Prophecy. 202 . in their earthly Canaan placed. of whom The second. as to leave them. that. from flesh to spirit. of bad the longer scroll. and. that of the royal stock Of David (so I name this king) shall rise A Son. and but given With purpose to resign them. Long time shall dwell and prosper. of kings The last. for of his reign shall be no end. they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for Man. Mean while they. Foretold to Abraham. Just for unjust. part bad.Law can discover sin. But Joshua. shall in a glorious temple enshrine. But first. his temple. and other faults Heaped to the popular sum. in such righteousness To them by faith imputed. Their city. from servile fear To filial.
with more strength to foil Thy enemy. and gold: His place of birth a solemn Angel tells To simple shepherds. and should most Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings Upon the temple itself: at last they seise The scepter. till. or the local wounds Of head or heel: Not therefore joins the Son Manhood to Godhead. O prophet of glad tidings. yet at his birth a star. Then lose it to a stranger. To whom thus Michael. whose high walls thou sawest Left in confusion. and his covenant sworn To David. Unseen before in Heaven. Without the vent of words. Remembering mercy. a deadlier bruise. then brings them back. They gladly thither haste. the house of God They first re-edify. As of a duel. and by a quire Of squadroned Angels hear his carol sung. and bound his reign With Earth's wide bounds. discerning Adam with such joy Surcharged. myrrh. whom God disposed. as had like grief been dewed in tears. proclaims him come. and from thy womb the Son Of God Most High: so God with Man unites! Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain: Say where and when Their fight. nor so is overcome Satan. who inquire His place. whose fall from Heaven. Why our great Expectation should be called The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother. finisher Of utmost hope! now clear I understand What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in vain. a scorn and prey To that proud city. which these he breathed. Men who attend the altar. Dream not of their fight. High in the love of Heaven. But first among the priests dissention springs. yet from my loins Thou shalt proceed. grown In wealth and multitude. A virgin is his mother. factious they grow. that the true Anointed King Messiah might be born Barred of his right. hail. what stroke shall bruise the victor's heel. but his sire The power of the Most High: He shall ascend The throne hereditary. his glory with the Heavens. and for a while In mean estate live moderate. stablished as the days of Heaven. keeping watch by night. to offer incense. And guides the eastern sages. and regard not David's sons. He ceased. Returned from Babylon by leave of kings Their lords. Babylon thence called. There in captivity he lets them dwell The space of seventy years. 203 .With all his sacred things.
nailed to the cross By his own nation. as many as offered life Neglect not. slain for bringing life: But to the cross he nails thy enemies. his two main arms. with him there crucified. Seised on by force. be blasphemed. this act Shall bruise the head of Satan. The law that is against thee. Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth. but his works In thee. Not by destroying Satan. Never to hurt them more who rightly trust In this his satisfaction. And fix far deeper in his head their stings Than temporal death shall bruise the victor's heel. though love Alone fulfil the law. though legal. His death for Man. and suffering death. Death over him no power Shall long usurp. the stars of morn shall see him rise Out of his grave. Proclaiming life to all who shall believe In his redemption. by coming in the flesh To a reproachful life. a death. not their own. and the sins Of all mankind. The penalty to thy transgression due. A gentle wafting to immortal life. and the benefit embrace By faith not void of works: This God-like act Annuls thy doom. The law of God exact he shall fulfil Both by obedience and by love. But by fulfilling that which thou didst want. the death thou shouldest have died. Or theirs whom he redeems. so he dies. to them shall leave in charge To teach all nations what of him they learned And his salvation. And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: So only can high Justice rest appaid. his merits To save them. and in thy seed: Nor can this be. In sin for ever lost from life. the sign 204 . which Man from death redeems. fresh as the dawning light. and that his obedience. not to give thee thy death's wound: Which he. shall recure. men who in his life Still followed him. and cursed death. than certain times to appear To his disciples.Disabled. who comes thy Saviour. them who shall believe Baptizing in the profluent stream. Thy ransom paid. judged. thy punishment He shall endure. Obedience to the law of God. But soon revives. crush his strength. works. like sleep. imposed On penalty of death. Imputed. ere the third dawning light Return. For this he shall live hated. becomes theirs by faith. Defeating Sin and Death. and to death condemned A shameful and accursed.
who defend? Will they not deal Worse with his followers than with him they dealt? Be sure they will. and thence shall come. that much more good thereof shall spring. and occasioned. What man can do against them. But say. So in his seed all nations shall be blest. from that day. and receive them into bliss. far happier place Than this of Eden. and in mind prepared. but to reward His faithful. Replete with joy and wonder. and over wrath grace shall abound. Whether I should repent me now of sin By me done. more wonderful Than that which by creation first brought forth Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand. All nations they shall teach. thus replied. or rejoice Much more.Of washing them from guilt of sin to life Pure. more good-will to Men From God. The enemies of truth? Who then shall guide His people. said the Angel. and the law of faith. and resume His seat at God's right hand. When this world's dissolution shall be ripe. O Goodness infinite. for then the Earth Shall all be Paradise. To judge the unfaithful dead. As at the world's great period. So spake the Arch-Angel Michael. for. The promise of the Father. triumphing through the air Over his foes and thine. not afraid. who shall dwell His Spirit within them. and also arm With spiritual armour. Whether in Heaven or Earth. With glory and power to judge both quick and dead. able to resist Satan's assaults. Then enter into glory. prince of air. Working through love. left among the unfaithful herd. And evil turn to good. and drag in chains Through all his realm. Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins Salvation shall be preached. To guide them in all truth. For death. and our sire. upon their hearts shall write. To God more glory. if our Deliverer up to Heaven Must re-ascend. then paused. Goodness immense! That all this good of evil shall produce. there shall surprise The Serpent. exalted high Above all names in Heaven. and there confounded leave. and far happier days. 205 . and quench his fiery darts. what will betide the few His faithful. but from Heaven He to his own a Comforter will send. if so befall. but to the sons Of Abraham's faith wherever through the world. like that which the Redeemer died. Then to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend With victory.
from that pretence. laws which none shall find Left them inrolled. Places. Who against faith and conscience can be heard Infallible? yet many will presume: Whence heavy persecution shall arise On all. built by faith to stand. but in their room. on earth. grievous wolves. not another's? for. shall them with wonderous gifts endue To speak all tongues. and bind His consort Liberty? what. promised alike and given To all believers. obscurely then foretold. then on all Baptized. Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names. What will they then But force the Spirit of Grace itself. or what the Spirit within Shall on the heart engrave. To good malignant. Truth shall retire Bestuck with slanderous darts. and the truth With superstitions and traditions taint. and titles. Under her own weight groaning. to themselves appropriating The Spirit of God. the rest. Wolves shall succeed for teachers. at return Of him so lately promised to thy aid. Their doctrine and their story written left. Poured first on his Apostles. whom he sends To evangelize the nations. Thus they win Great numbers of each nation to receive With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: At length Their ministry performed. Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force On every conscience. against such cruelties With inward consolations recompensed. As did their Lord before them. far greater part. who in the worship persevere Of spirit and truth. Though not but by the Spirit understood. Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven To their own vile advantages shall turn Of lucre and ambition. They die. and with these to join Secular power. and. and works of faith Rarely be found: So shall the world go on. as they forewarn. but unbuild His living temples. and race well run. till the day Appear of respiration to the just. Their own faith. And oft supported so as shall amaze Their proudest persecutors: For the Spirit. and do all miracles. though feigning still to act By spiritual.Though to the death. 206 . The Woman's Seed. to bad men benign. And vengeance to the wicked. Now ampler known thy Saviour and thy Lord. Left only in those written records pure. Will deem in outward rites and specious forms Religion satisfied.
And all the riches of this world enjoyedst. And love with fear the only God. Seer blest. temperance. and see!the guards. How soon hath thy prediction. Founded in righteousness. though all the stars Thou knewest by name. to walk As in his presence. ever to observe His providence. by things deemed weak Subverting worldly strong. for the hour precise Exacts our parting hence. Measured this transient world. all Nature's works. All secrets of the deep. waves fiercely round: We may no longer stay: go. new Earth. ages of endless date. New Heavens. To bring forth fruits. Eternity. one empire. but shalt possess A Paradise within thee. Merciful over all his works. death the gate of life. And all the rule. Taught this by his example. the soul Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loth To leave this Paradise. at whose front a flaming sword. add faith. and all the ethereal powers. purged and refined.Last. Till time stand fixed! Beyond is all abyss. Henceforth I learn. By name to come called charity. from Heaven to be revealed In glory of the Father. with good Still overcoming evil. patience. hope no higher. air. whom I now Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest. waken Eve. Greatly in peace of thought. In signal of remove.-Let us descend now therefore from this top Of speculation. Beyond which was my folly to aspire. then raise From the conflagrant mass. happier far. Greatly-instructed I shall hence depart. in the clouds. Or works of God in Heaven. and have my fill Of knowledge. and love. and peace. and worldly wise By simply meek: that suffering for truth's sake Is fortitude to highest victory. expect Their motion. that to obey is best. and on him sole depend. To whom thus also the Angel last replied. joy and eternal bliss. This having learned. to the faithful. add love. or sea. earth. thou hast attained the sum Of wisdom. Add virtue. He ended. And. what this vessel can contain. to dissolve Satan with his perverted world. the race of time. Her also I with gentle dreams have calmed 207 . By me encamped on yonder hill. and by small Accomplishing great things. only add Deeds to thy knowledge answerable. and thus Adam last replied. whose end no eye can reach.
He ended. though all by me is lost. and to the eastern gate Led them direct. whereat In either hand the hastening Angel caught Our lingering parents. yet much more cheered With meditation on the happy end. With cause. though sad. all in bright array The Cherubim descended. Is to stay here. The world was all before them. so late their happy seat. and all her spirits composed To meek submission: thou. as evening-mist Risen from a river o'er the marish glides. Both in one faith unanimous. and whither wentest. where to choose 208 . on the ground Gliding meteorous. For God is also in sleep. By me the Promised Seed shall all restore. High in front advanced. all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise. and Adam heard Well pleased. So spake our mother Eve. The great deliverance by her seed to come (For by the Woman's seed) on all mankind: That ye may live. and dreams advise. without thee here to stay. The brandished sword of God before them blazed. some great good Presaging. since with sorrow and heart's distress Wearied I fell asleep: But now lead on. at season fit. Is to go hence unwilling. Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard. And gathers ground fast at the labourer's heel Homeward returning. Descended. They. In me is no delay. I know. all places thou. Began to parch that temperate clime. Chiefly what may concern her faith to know. thou to me Art all things under $Heaven. which will be many days. Such favour I unworthy am vouchsafed. And vapour as the Libyan air adust. but found her waked. and. then disappeared. Waved over by that flaming brand. Whence thou returnest. but answered not: For now. And thus with words not sad she him received.Portending good. for evils past. too nigh The Arch-Angel stood. Adam to the bower. Fierce as a comet. This further consolation yet secure I carry hence. and fiery arms: Some natural tears they dropt. and they both descend the hill. and down the cliff as fast To the subjected plain. from the other hill To their fixed station. which with torrid heat. the gate With dreadful faces thronged. with thee to go. Which he hath sent propitious. but wiped them soon. Who for my wilful crime art banished hence. ran before. where Eve Lay sleeping. looking back.
Through Eden took their solitary way. hand in hand.Their place of rest. with wandering steps and slow. and Providence their guide: They. [The End] 209 .