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Brought death into the World, and all our woe, With loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful seat, Sing, Heavenly Muse, that, on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the heavens and earth Rose out of Chaos: or, if Sion hill Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flowed Fast by the oracle of God, I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventurous song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme. And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for thou know'st; thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast Abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark Illumine, what is low raise and support; That, to the height of this great argument, I may assert Eternal Providence, And justify the ways of God to men. Say first--for Heaven hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of Hell--say first what cause Moved our grand parents, in that happy state, Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off From their Creator, and transgress his will For one restraint, lords of the World besides. Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? Th' infernal Serpent; he it was whose guile, Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from Heaven, with all his host Of rebel Angels, by whose aid, aspiring To set himself in glory above his peers, He trusted to have equalled the Most High, If he opposed, and with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy of God, Raised impious war in Heaven and battle proud, With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurled headlong flaming from th' ethereal sky, 1
With hideous ruin and combustion, down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In adamantine chains and penal fire, Who durst defy th' Omnipotent to arms. Nine times the space that measures day and night To mortal men, he, with his horrid crew, Lay vanquished, rolling in the fiery gulf, Confounded, though immortal. But his doom Reserved him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and lasting pain Torments him: round he throws his baleful eyes, That witnessed huge affliction and dismay, Mixed with obdurate pride and steadfast hate. At once, as far as Angels ken, he views The dismal situation waste and wild. A dungeon horrible, on all sides round, As one great furnace flamed; yet from those flames No light; but rather darkness visible Served only to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all, but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed. Such place Eternal Justice has prepared For those rebellious; here their prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set, As far removed from God and light of Heaven As from the centre thrice to th' utmost pole. Oh how unlike the place from whence they fell! There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelmed With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, He soon discerns; and, weltering by his side, One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and named Beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heaven called Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence, thus began:-"If thou beest he--but O how fallen! how changed From him who, in the happy realms of light Clothed with transcendent brightness, didst outshine Myriads, though bright!--if he whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprise Joined with me once, now misery hath joined In equal ruin; into what pit thou seest From what height fallen: so much the stronger proved He with his thunder; and till then who knew The force of those dire arms? Yet not for those, Nor what the potent Victor in his rage Can else inflict, do I repent, or change, 2
Though changed in outward lustre, that fixed mind, And high disdain from sense of injured merit, That with the Mightiest raised me to contend, And to the fierce contentions brought along Innumerable force of Spirits armed, That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power opposed In dubious battle on the plains of Heaven, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? All is not lost--the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: And what is else not to be overcome? That glory never shall his wrath or might Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace With suppliant knee, and deify his power Who, from the terror of this arm, so late Doubted his empire--that were low indeed; That were an ignominy and shame beneath This downfall; since, by fate, the strength of Gods, And this empyreal sybstance, cannot fail; Since, through experience of this great event, In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced, We may with more successful hope resolve To wage by force or guile eternal war, Irreconcilable to our grand Foe, Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven." So spake th' apostate Angel, though in pain, Vaunting aloud, but racked with deep despair; And him thus answered soon his bold compeer:-"O Prince, O Chief of many throned Powers That led th' embattled Seraphim to war Under thy conduct, and, in dreadful deeds Fearless, endangered Heaven's perpetual King, And put to proof his high supremacy, Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event That, with sad overthrow and foul defeat, Hath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and heavenly Essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, Though all our glory extinct, and happy state Here swallowed up in endless misery. But what if he our Conqueror (whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less Than such could have o'erpowered such force as ours) Have left us this our spirit and strength entire, Strongly to suffer and support our pains, 3
That we may so suffice his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right of war, whate'er his business be, Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire, Or do his errands in the gloomy Deep? What can it the avail though yet we feel Strength undiminished, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment?" Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-Fiend replied:-"Fallen Cherub, to be weak is miserable, Doing or suffering: but of this be sure-To do aught good never will be our task, But ever to do ill our sole delight, As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist. If then his providence Out of our evil seek to bring forth good, Our labour must be to pervert that end, And out of good still to find means of evil; Which ofttimes may succeed so as perhaps Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb His inmost counsels from their destined aim. But see! the angry Victor hath recalled His ministers of vengeance and pursuit Back to the gates of Heaven: the sulphurous hail, Shot after us in storm, o'erblown hath laid The fiery surge that from the precipice Of Heaven received us falling; and the thunder, Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage, Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe. Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, The seat of desolation, void of light, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves; There rest, if any rest can harbour there; And, re-assembling our afflicted powers, Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our enemy, our own loss how repair, How overcome this dire calamity, What reinforcement we may gain from hope, If not, what resolution from despair." Thus Satan, talking to his nearest mate, With head uplift above the wave, and eyes That sparkling blazed; his other parts besides Prone on the flood, extended long and large, Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian or Earth-born, that warred on Jove, 4
the clime. and wished morn delays. happy fields. Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet. "Is this the region. Deeming some island. haply slumbering on the Norway foam. Chained on the burning lake. So stretched out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay. since he Who now is sovereign can dispose and bid What shall be right: farthest from him is best Whom reason hath equalled. but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs. as seamen tell. and vengeance poured. or that sea-beast Leviathan. Farewell. Him. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature.Briareos or Typhon. till on dry land He lights--if it were land that ever burned With solid. "this the seat That we must change for Heaven?--this mournful gloom For that celestial light? Be it so. incumbent on the dusky air. this the soil. wrath. while he sought Evil to others.rolled In billows. 5 . grace. nor ever thence Had risen. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft. which God of all his works Created hugest that swim th' ocean-stream. but on himself Treble confusion. Moors by his side under the lee. Both glorying to have scaped the Stygian flood As gods. as the lake with liquid fire. and by their own recovered strength. That felt unusual weight. and. or heaved his head. or the shattered side Of thundering Etna. while night Invests the sea. Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff. oft. force hath made supreme Above his equals. leave i' th' midst a horrid vale. and mercy." Said then the lost Archangel. on each hand the flames Driven backward slope their pointing spires. aid the winds. Him followed his next mate. and enraged might see How all his malice served but to bring forth Infinite goodness. That with reiterated crimes he might Heap on himself damnation. And leave a singed bottom all involved With stench and smoke. shewn On Man by him seduced. Sublimed with mineral fury. thence conceiving fire. And such appeared in hue as when the force Of subterranean wind transprots a hill Torn from Pelorus. With fixed anchor in his scaly rind. whom the den By ancient Tarsus held. whose combustible And fuelled entrails.
his ponderous shield. Infernal world! and thou. till on the beach Of that inflamed sea he stood. and called 6 . horrors! hail. vaulted with fire. And call them not to share with us their part In this unhappy mansion. not like those steps On Heaven's azure. astounded and amazed. Receive thy new possessor--one who brings A mind not to be changed by place or time. and the torrid clime Smote on him sore besides. though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven. in my choice. in her spotty globe. As we erewhile. will not drive us hence: Here we may reigh secure. to be the mast Of some great ammiral. No wonder. or mountains. The broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the moon. Behind him cast. th' Almighty hath not built Here for his envy. from the top of Fesole. or once more With rallied arms to try what may be yet Regained in Heaven. Or in Valdarno. His spear--to equal which the tallest pine Hewn on Norwegian hills. Ethereal temper. to descry new lands. large. but th' Omnipotent. Th' associates and co-partners of our loss. to support uneasy steps Over the burning marl. if I be still the same. profoundest Hell. and on the perilous edge Of battle. To reign is worth ambition. a Hell of Heaven. And what I should be. and. though now they lie Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire. all but less than he Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at least We shall be free. their liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers--heard so oft In worst extremes. none could have foiled! If once they hear that voice. fallen such a pernicious height!" He scare had ceased when the superior Fiend Was moving toward the shore. whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views At evening.Where joy for ever dwells! Hail. were but a wand-He walked with. and him Beelzebub Thus answered:--"Leader of those armies bright Which. Lie thus astonished on th' oblivious pool. when it raged. massy. What matter where. in all assaults Their surest signal--they will soon resume New courage and revive. or what more lost in Hell?" So Satan spake. and in itself Can make a Heaven of Hell. Nathless he so endured. The mind is its own place. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends. Rivers. and round.
and up they sprung Upon the wing. sleeping found by whom they dread. and fill all the plain: A multitude like which the populous North 7 . warping on the eastern wind. nether. or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Awake. who lay entranced Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa. Potentates.His legions--Angel Forms. So numberless were those bad Angels seen Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell. Yet to their General's voice they soon obeyed Innumerable. or the fierce pains not feel. who now beholds Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood With scattered arms and ensigns. and were abashed. till anon His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates discern Th' advantage. tread us down Thus drooping. in even balance down they light On the firm brimstone. That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like Night. for the ease you find To slumber here. arise. in Egypt's evil day. While with perfidious hatred they pursued The sojourners of Goshen. as in the vales of Heaven? Or in this abject posture have ye sworn To adore the Conqueror. If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal Spirits! Or have ye chosen this place After the toil of battle to repose Your wearied virtue. 'Twixt upper. Warriors. Under amazement of their hideous change. as when men wont to watch On duty. where th' Etrurian shades High over-arched embower. Till. Abject and lost. Nor did they not perceive the evil plight In which they were. As when the potent rod Of Amram's son. covering the flood. or be for ever fallen!" They heard. So thick bestrown. or scattered sedge Afloat. who beheld From the safe shore their floating carcases And broken chariot-wheels. Waved round the coast. descending. the Flower of Heaven--once yours. Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. whose waves o'erthrew Busiris and his Memphian chivalry. as a signal given. and surrounding fires. lay these. and darkened all the land of Nile. now lost. th' uplifted spear Of their great Sultan waving to direct Their course. up-called a pitchy cloud Of locusts. He called so loud that all the hollow deep Of Hell resounded:--"Princes. and. when with fierce winds Orion armed Hath vexed the Red-Sea coast.
durst fix Their seats. The heads and leaders thither haste where stood Their great Commander--godlike Shapes. to the stream Of utmost Arnon. often placed Within his sanctuary itself their shrines. and spread Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands. Muse. throned Between the Cherubim. Him the Ammonite Worshiped in Rabba and her watery plain. form every squadron and each band. adorned With gay religions full of pomp and gold. princely Dignities. In Argob and in Basan. At their great Emperor's call. and parents' tears. and with cursed things His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. Roused from the slumber on that fiery couch. Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve Got them new names. wandering o'er the earth. till. By falsities and lies the greatest part Of mankind they corrupted to forsake God their Creator. and th' invisible Glory of him that made them to transform Oft to the image of a brute. besmeared with blood Of human sacrifice. Forthwith. Through God's high sufferance for the trial of man. blotted out and rased By their rebellion from the Books of Life. yea. their names then known. First. and durst abide Jehovah thundering out of Sion. gods adored Among the nations round. for the noise of drums and timbrels loud. horrid king. And devils to adore for deities: Then were they known to men by various names. And various idols through the heathen world.Poured never from her frozen loins to pass Rhene or the Danaw. Abominations. Moloch. Though on their names in Heavenly records now Be no memorial. And Powers that erst in Heaven sat on thrones. Nor content with such Audacious neighbourhood. next the seat of God. Say. Though. who first. when her barbarous sons Came like a deluge on the South. long after. the wisest heart Of Solomon he led by fraoud to build His temple right against the temple of God 8 . and Forms Excelling human. from the pit of Hell Roaming to seek their prey on Earth. Their altars by his altar. While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof? The chief were those who. And with their darkness durst affront his light. as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand. Their children's cries unheard that passed through fire To his grim idol. who last.
where stood Her temple on th' offensive mountain. fell To idols foul. lust hard by hate. for which their heads as low Bowed down in battle. And Eleale to th' Asphaltic Pool: Peor his other name. supposed with blood Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion's daughters with like heat. Next Chemos. had general names Of Baalim and Ashtaroth--those male. and unfrequented left His righteous altar. Dilated or condensed. but. Seon's real. Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged Even to that hill of scandal. queen of heaven. To do him wanton rites. With these in troop Came Astoreth. Beguiled by fair idolatresses. Can execute their airy purposes. with crescent horns. on their march from Nile. While smooth Adonis from his native rock Ran purple to the sea. bright or obscure. and made his grove The pleasant valley of Hinnom. which cost them woe. Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. th' obscene dread of Moab's sons. Thammuz came next behind. Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate In amorous ditties all a summer's day. when he enticed Israel in Sittim. For those the race of Israel oft forsook Their Living Strength. 9 . in what shape they choose. For Spirits. though large. whom the Phoenicians called Astarte. the type of Hell. so soft And uncompounded is their essence pure. From Aroar to Nebo and the wild Of southmost Abarim. bowing lowly down To bestial gods. These feminine. when they please. Like cumbrous flesh. by the grove Of Moloch homicide. With these came they who. in Hesebon And Horonaim. And works of love or enmity fulfil. In Sion also not unsung. Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones. sunk before the spear Of despicable foes. Not tried or manacled with joint or limb.On that opprobrious hill. from the bordering flood Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground. beyond The flowery dale of Sibma clad with vines. or both. built By that uxorious king whose heart. Can either sex assume. Tophet thence And black Gehenna called. To whose bright image nigntly by the moon Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs.
as did Eli's sons. He also against the house of God was bold: A leper once he lost. his sottish conqueror. who. Witness the streets of Sodom. who filled With lust and violence the house of God? In courts and palaces he also reigns. in Gath and Ascalon. sea-monster. than whom a Spirit more lewd Fell not from Heaven. in one night. under names of old renown-Osiris. and that night In Gibeah. on the grunsel-edge. Belial came last. whereon to burn His odious offerings.Whose wanton passions in the sacred proch Ezekiel saw. Isis. when their borrowed gold composed The calf in Oreb. and gained a king-Ahaz. by the vision led. on the fertile banks Of Abbana and Pharphar. when the captive ark Maimed his brute image. head and hands lopt off. His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. And injury and outrage. And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.upward man And downward fish. lucid streams. And in luxurious cities. when night Darkens the streets. when the priest Turns atheist. dreaded through the coast Of Palestine. Likening his Maker to the grazed ox-Jehovah. flown with insolence and wine. whom he drew God's altar to disparage and displace For one of Syrian mode. and adore the gods Whom he had vanquished. Next came one Who mourned in earnest. yet who more oft than he In temples and at altars. whose delightful seat Was fair Damascus. where the noise Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers. then wander forth the sons Of Belial. equalled with one stroke Both her first-born and all her bleating gods. and their train-With monstrous shapes and sorceries abused Fanatic Egypt and her priests to seek Their wandering gods disguised in brutish forms Rather than human. when. In his own temple. when the hospitable door 10 . Orus. Nor did Israel scape Th' infection. when he passed From Egypt marching. After these appeared A crew who. yet had his temple high Reared in Azotus. Where he fell flat and shamed his worshippers: Dagon his name. Him followed Rimmon. and. To him no temple stood Or altar smoked. or more gross to love Vice for itself. and the rebel king Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan.
which. Heaven's first-born. All these and more came flocking. These. yet such wherein appeared Obscure some glimpse of joy to have found their Chief Not in despair. be upreared His mighty standard. Seraphic arms and trophies. his wonted pride Soon recollecting. and serried shields in thick array Of depth immeasurable. and thronging helms Appeared. and beyond Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. That proud honour claimed Azazel as his right. all the while Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds: At which the universal host up-sent A shout that tore Hell's concave. Then straight commands that. Or in Dodona. His own and Rhea's son. Anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and soft recorders--such as raised To height of noblest temper heroes old Arming to battle. Their highest heaven. which on his countenance cast Like doubtful hue. Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind. or on the Delphian cliff. With orient colours waving: with them rose A forest huge of spears. and birthright seized By younger Saturn: he from mightier Jove. yet confessed later than Heaven and Earth. that bore Semblance of worth. gently raised Their fainting courage. but with looks Downcast and damp. and through all the bounds Of Doric land. firm. and instead of rage Deliberate valour breathed. like measure found. a Cherub tall: Who forthwith from the glittering staff unfurled Th' imperial ensign. first in Crete And Ida known. though far renowned Th' Ionian gods--of Javan's issue held Gods. But he. and dispelled their fears.Exposed a matron. All in a moment through the gloom were seen Ten thousand banners rise into the air. and unmoved With dread of death to flight or foul retreat. thence on the snowy top Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air. With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed. or who with Saturn old Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields. Their boasted parents. to avoid worse rape. to have found themselves not lost In loss itself. not substance. full high advanced. 11 . And o'er the Celtic roamed the utmost Isles.--Titan. at the warlike sound Of trumpets loud and clarions. These were the prime in order and in might: The rest were long to tell. So Jove usurping reigned. With his enormous brood. with high words.
Thus they. to behold The fellows of his crime. Stood like a tower. Breathing united force with fixed thought. In dim eclipse. He through the armed files Darts his experienced eye. Jousted in Aspramont. with ordered spear and shield. baptized or infidel. Their visages and stature as of gods. but cast Signs of remorse and passion. Cruel his eye. Damasco. Moved on in silence to soft pipes that charmed Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil. Glories: for never. Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore When Charlemain with all his peerage fell By Fontarabbia. from behind the moon. or Marocco. in guise Of warriors old. but under brows Of dauntless courage. or. Met such embodied force as. Darkened so. and soon traverse The whole battalion views--their order due. And now his heart Distends with pride.Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage With solemn touches troubled thoughts. nor appeared Less than Archangel ruined. hardening in his strength. and with fear of change Perplexes monarchs. and. His form had yet not lost All her original brightness. since created Man. and care Sat on his faded cheek. or Trebisond. Could merit more than that small infantry Warred on by cranes--though all the giant brood Of Phlegra with th' heroic race were joined That fought at Thebes and Ilium. And all who since. disastrous twilight sheds On half the nations. or Montalban. on each side Mixed with auxiliar gods. Begirt with British and Armoric knights. and what resounds In fable or romance of Uther's son. above the rest In shape and gesture proudly eminent. and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal or immortal minds. and considerate pride Waiting revenge. Their number last he sums. Thus far these beyond Compare of mortal prowess. the followers rather 12 . and th' excess Of glory obscured: as when the sun new-risen Looks through the horizontal misty air Shorn of his beams. yet shone Above them all th' Archangel: but his face Deep scars of thunder had intrenched. named with these. And now Advanced in view they stand--a horrid front Of dreadful length and dazzling arms. He. yet observed Their dread Commander. Awaiting what command their mighty Chief Had to impose.
shall fail to re-ascend. and half enclose him round With all his peers: attention held them mute. Thrice he assayed. by fraud or guile. and repossess their native seat? For me. and this dire change. though th' event was dire. or danger shunned By me. With singed top their stately growth. such as Angels weep. be witness all the host of Heaven. whose exile Hath emptied Heaven. though after loss. and his regal state Put forth at full. but with th' Almighth!--and that strife Was not inglorious. could ever know repulse? For who can yet believe. whereat their doubled ranks they bend From wing to wing. have lost our hopes. Forseeing or presaging. shall be perhaps Our first eruption--thither. Tears.(Far other once beheld in bliss). whereof so rife There went a fame in Heaven that he ere long Intended to create. What force effected not. That all these puissant legions. upheld by old repute. Self-raised. that he no less At length from us may find. in spite of scorn. Their glory withered. and therein plant A generation whom his choice regard Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven. He now prepared To speak. as. So as not either to provoke. though bare. Hateful to utter. burst forth: at last Words interwove with sighs found out their way:-"O myriads of immortal Spirits! O Powers Matchless. But what power of mind. Space may produce new Worlds. Stands on the blasted heath. For this infernal pit shall never hold 13 . condemned For ever now to have their lot in pain-Millions of Spirits for his fault amerced Of Heaven. or dread New war provoked: our better part remains To work in close design. Henceforth his might we know. who overcomes By force hath overcome but half his foe. Consent or custom. how such As stood like these. but still his strength concealed-Which tempted our attempt. if but to pry. and thrice. and wrought our fall. from the depth Of knowledge past or present. Thither. and know our own. But he who reigns Monarch in Heaven till then as one secure Sat on his throne. when heaven's fire Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines. or elsewhere. and from eteranl splendours flung For his revolt--yet faithful how they stood. could have feared How such united force of gods. As this place testifies. If counsels different.
And digged out ribs of gold. Ransacked the centre. and fierce with grasped arms Clashed on their sounding shields the din of war. The work of sulphur. and with impious hands Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth For treasures better hid. to confirm his words." He spake. the sudden blaze Far round illumined Hell. in many cells prepared. then. with spade and pickaxe armed. war Open or understood. whose grisly top Belched fire and rolling smoke. with incessant toil And hands innumerable. That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluiced from the lake. to trench a field. By him first Men also. trodden gold. for even in Heaven his looks and thoughts Were always downward bent. A third as soon had formed within the ground A various mould. Than aught divine or holy else enjoyed In vision beatific. a second multitude With wondrous art founded the massy ore. Severing each kind. Forerun the royal camp. and art. and the works of Memphian kings. winged with speed. Or cast a rampart. Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heaven. outflew Millions of flaming swords. nor th' Abyss Long under darkness cover. are easily outdone By Spirits reprobate. For who can think submission? War. And here let those Who boast in mortal things.Celestial Spirits in bondage. Soon had his crew Opened into the hill a spacious wound. admiring more The riches of heaven's pavement. Mammon led them on-Mammon. from one blast of wind. There stood a hill not far. and. As in an organ. that soil may best Deserve the precious bane. drawn from the thighs Of mighty Cherubim. Learn how their greatest monuments of fame And strength. scarce perform. and by his suggestion taught. and wondering tell Of Babel. must be resolved. Peace is despaired. the rest entire Shone with a glossy scurf--undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic ore. the least erected Spirit that fell From Heaven. Let none admire That riches grow in Hell. A numerous brigade hastened: as when bands Of pioneers. and from the boiling cells By strange conveyance filled each hollow nook. Thither. 14 . Nigh on the plain. Highly they raged Against the Highest. and scummed the bullion-dross. and in an hour What in an age they. But these thoughts Full counsel must mature.
and gave to rule. with the sound Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet-Built like a temple. when Egypt with Assyria strove In wealth and luxury. Erring. the Orders bright. nor aught aviled him now To have built in Heaven high towers. With his industrious crew. Not Babylon Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Equalled in all their glories. nor did there want Cornice or frieze. her ample spaces o'er the smooth And level pavement: from the arched roof. Meanwhile the winged Heralds. and with the setting sun Dropt from the zenith. fed With naptha and asphaltus. Pendent by subtle magic. The roof was fretted gold. throughout the host proclaim A solemn council forthwith to be held At Pandemonium. nor did he scape By all his engines. yielded light As from a sky.To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. Nor was his name unheard or unadored In ancient Greece. Anon out of the earth a fabric huge Rose like an exhalation. Thus they relate. with awful ceremony And trumpet's sound. to enshrine Belus or Serapis their gods. but was headlong sent. and the work some praise. and how he fell From Heaven they fabled. th' Aegaean isle. where pilasters round Were set. by command Of sovereign power. On Lemnos. And some the architect. wide Within. for he with this rebellious rout Fell long before. Each in his Hierarchy. to build in Hell. The hasty multitude Admiring entered. with bossy sculptures graven. whom the supreme King Exalted to such power. A summer's day. Where sceptred Angels held their residence. or seat Their kings. discover. from noon to dewy eve. Th' ascending pile Stood fixed her stately height. And sat as Princes. Their summons called From every band and squared regiment By place or choice the worthiest: they anon 15 . many a row Of starry lamps and blazing cressets. Opening their brazen folds. the high capital Of Satan and his peers. and straight the doors. like a falling star. thrown by angry Jove Sheer o'er the crystal battlements: from morn To noon he fell. and in Ausonian land Men called him Mulciber. and Doric pillars overlaid With golden architrave. His hand was known In Heaven by many a towered structure high.
Frequent and full. aspires Beyond thus high. Now less than smallest dwarfs. As bees In spring-time. from despair Thus high uplifted beyond hope. till. but chief the spacious hall (Though like a covered field. and nearer to the Earth Wheels her pale course: they. And in their own dimensions like themselves. by a forest-side Or fountain. insatiate to pursue 16 . both on the ground and in the air. while overhead the Moon Sits arbitress. the gates And porches wide. Or dreams he sees. Brushed with the hiss of rustling wings. After short silence then. where champions bold Wont ride in armed. or career with lance). The suburb of their straw-built citadel. on their mirth and dance Intent. the great consult began. the signal given. Satan exalted sat. Book II High on a throne of royal state.With hundreds and with thousands trooping came Attended. Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold. in narrow room Throng numberless--like that pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount. with jocund music charm his ear. amidst the hall Of that infernal court. The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim In close recess and secret conclave sat. by merit raised To that bad eminence. and were at large. New rubbed with balm. Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms Reduced their shapes immense. But far within. And summons read. some belated peasant sees. A thousand demi-gods on golden seats. they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro. All access was thronged. Thick swarmed. and. or on the smoothed plank. and confer Their state-affairs: so thick the airy crowd Swarmed and were straitened. or faery elves. which far Outshone the wealth or Ormus and of Ind. expatiate. when the Sun with Taurus rides. At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. Behold a wonder! They but now who seemed In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons. and at the Soldan's chair Defied the best of Paynim chivalry To mortal combat. Though without number still. Whose midnight revels. Pour forth their populous youth about the hive In clusters.
and firm faith. Surer to prosper than prosperity Could have assured us. with that care lost Went all his fear: of God. not now. We now debate. or Hell. and these words thereafter spake:-"My sentence is for open war. More than can be in Heaven. To union. then. More unexpert. Who can advise may speak. For. His proud imaginations thus displayed:-"Powers and Dominions. shall the rest-Millions that stand in arms. and the fixed laws of Heaven. or when they need. Stood up--the strongest and the fiercest Spirit That fought in Heaven. though oppressed and fallen. then. none whose portion is so small Of present pain that with ambitious mind Will covet more! With this advantage. and next him Moloch. His trust was with th' Eternal to be deemed Equal in strength. Of wiles. unenvied throne. Deities of Heaven!-For. while they sit contriving. I give not Heaven for lost: from this descent Celestial Virtues rising will appear More glorious and more dread than from no fall. I boast not: them let those Contrive who need. and firm accord. no strife can grow up there From faction: for none sure will claim in Hell Precedence. Heaven's fugitives. He recked not. And trust themselves to fear no second fate!-Me though just right. by success untaught. hath much more Established in a safe. now fiercer by despair. and condemns to greatest share Of endless pain? Where there is. or worse. and rather than be less Cared not to be at all. Yielded with full consent. we now return To claim our just inheritance of old. Whether of open war or covert guile. Did first create your leader--next." He ceased. which follows dignity. free choice With what besides in council or in fight Hath been achieved of merit--yet this loss. The happier state In Heaven. Thus far at least recovered. and by what best way. sceptred king. and longing wait The signal to ascend--sit lingering here. and. since no deep within her gulf can hold Immortal vigour. The prison of his ryranny who reigns 17 . and for their dwelling-place Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame. might draw Envy from each inferior. no good For which to strive. but who here Will envy whom the highest place exposes Foremost to stand against the Thunderer's aim Your bulwark.Vain war with Heaven.
some worse way his wrath may find To our destruction. when the scourge Inexorably. And cannot cease to be. But perhaps The way seems difficult. That in our porper motion we ascend Up to our native seat. His own invented torments. and steep to scale With upright wing against a higher foe! Let such bethink them. when. Armed with Hell-flames and fury. he seemed 18 . to meet the noise Of his almighty engine. descent and fall To us is adverse. if not victory. and battle dangerous To less than gods. and the torturing hour. if our substance be indeed divine. Though inaccessible. and his throne itself Mixed with Tartarean sulphur and strange fire. and his look denounced Desperate revenge. his fatal throne: Which. then. is yet revenge. condemned In this abhorred deep to utter woe! Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope of end The vassals of his anger. we are at worst On this side nothing. driven out from bliss. On th' other side up rose Belial. and pursued us through the Deep. With what compulsion and laborious flight We sunk thus low? Th' ascent is easy. if the sleepy drench Of that forgetful lake benumb not still. and. Turning our tortures into horrid arms Against the Torturer. see Black fire and horror shot with equal rage Among his Angels. and expire. if there be in Hell Fear to be worse destroyed! What can be worse Than to dwell here. When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear Insulting. We should be quite abolished. And with perpetual inroads to alarm. he shall hear Infernal thunder. in act more graceful and humane." He ended frowning. Who but felt of late. for lightning. Calls us to penance? More destroyed than thus. and reduce To nothing this essential--happier far Than miserable to have eternal being!-Or. Will either quite consume us.By our delay? No! let us rather choose. all at once O'er Heaven's high towers to force resistless way. and by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his Heaven. to the height enraged. Th' event is feared! Should we again provoke Our stronger. What fear we then? what doubt we to incense His utmost ire? which. A fairer person lost not Heaven.
could we break our way By force. Or. after some dire revenge. Sad cure! for who would lose. Those thoughts that wander through eternity. Will he. To perish rather. Yet he pleased the ear. and purge off the baser fire. Though full of pain. so wise. then?' Say they who counsel war. Victorious. But all was false and hollow. As not behind in hate. Devoid of sense and motion? And who knows. but to nobler deeds Timorous and slothful. To give his enemies their wish. would soon expel Her mischief. or will ever? How he can Is doubtful. And with persuasive accent thus began:-"I should be much for open war. yet our great Enemy. All incorruptible. that he never will is sure. and seem to cast Ominous conjecture on the whole success.For dignity composed. grounds his courage on despair And utter dissolution. First. that must be our cure-To be no more. if what was urged Main reason to persuade immediate war Did not dissuade me most. as the scope Of all his aim. and could make the worse appear The better reason. would on his throne Sit unpolluted. Incapable of stain. to perplex and dash Maturest counsels: for his thoughts were low-To vice industrious. that render all access Impregnable: oft on the bodering Deep Encamp their legions. whether our angry Foe Can give it. And that must end us. let loose at once his ire. or with obscure wing Scout far and wide into the realm of Night. O Peers. Scorning surprise. and at our heels all Hell should rise With blackest insurrection to confound Heaven's purest light. Let this be good. Thus repulsed. our final hope Is flat despair: we must exasperate Th' Almighty Victor to spend all his rage. what revenge? The towers of Heaven are filled With armed watch. Belike through impotence or unaware. though his tongue Dropped manna. and high exploit. When he who most excels in fact of arms. 'we are decreed. 19 . Reserved. swallowed up and lost In the wide womb of uncreated Night. and th' ethereal mould. and destined to eternal woe. and end Them in his anger whom his anger saves To punish endless? 'Wherefore cease we. In what he counsels and in what excels Mistrustful. this intellectual being.
whose eye Views all things at one view? He from Heaven's height All these our motions vain sees and derides. what can we suffer more. shrink. Or when we lay Chained on the burning lake? That sure was worse. nor the law unjust That so ordains. while we perhaps. the sport and prey Or racking whirlwinds. and this firmament Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire. Ages of hopeless end? This would be worse. thus far removed. What if the breath that kindled those grim fires. and besought The Deep to shelter us? This Hell then seemed A refuge from those wounds.Whatever doing. threatening hideous fall One day upon our heads. and so doubtful what might fall. satisfied 20 . or pain. then. unreprieved. If we were wise. since fate inevitable Subdues us. There to converse with everlasting groans. War. and perhaps. Not mind us not offending. By my advice. The Victor's will. Unrespited. Awaked. to suffer here Chains and these torments? Better these than worse. alike My voice dissuades. unpitied. if that fail them. This is now Our doom. Designing or exhorting glorious war. To suffer. then. Shall we. worst-Thus sitting. which if we can sustain and bear. Each on his rock transfixed. thus consulting. Impendent horrors. and omnipotent decree. or for ever sunk Under yon boiling ocean. and fear What yet they know must follow--to endure Exile. thus expelled. or who deceive his mind. thus in arms? What when we fled amain. open or concealed. Caught in a fiery tempest. live thus vile--the race of Heaven Thus trampled. The sentence of their Conqueror. This was at first resolved. should blow them into sevenfold rage. I laugh when those who at the spear are bold And venturous. Our Supreme Foe in time may much remit His anger. Not more almighty to resist our might Than wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles. shall be hurled. as to do. or igominy. or bonds. What can we suffer worse?' Is this. And plunge us in the flames. against so great a foe Contending. or from above Should intermitted vengeance arm again His red right hand to plague us? What if all Her stores were opened. Our strength is equal. wrapt in chains. pursued and struck With Heaven's afflicting thunder. for what can force or guile With him. therefore.
By force impossible. and receive Strict laws imposed. or. unless Heaven's Lord supreme We overpower? Suppose he should relent And publish grace to all. with what eyes could we Stand in his presence humble. If we procure not to ourselves more woe. while he lordly sits Our envied sovereign. Counselled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth. This horror will grow mild. if his breath stir not their flames. to celebrate his throne With warbled hyms. on promise made Of new subjection. Him to unthrone we then May hope. How wearisome Eternity so spent in worship paid To whom we hate! Let us not then pursue. Our greatness will appear Then most conspicuous when great things of small. or to regain Our own right lost. vain to hope. for ill not worst. inured. prosperous of adverse. and work ease out of pain Through labour and endurance. We can create. though in Heaven. argues as vain The latter. and his altar breathes Ambrosial odours and ambrosial flowers. and in what place soe'er Thrive under evil. though in this vast recess. Not peace. when everlasting Fate shall yield To fickle Chance. and to his Godhead sing Forced hallelujahs. This deep world Of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst 21 . for what place can be for us Within Heaven's bound. and Chaos judge the strife. with words clothed in reason's garb. Our servile offerings? This must be our task In Heaven. and from our own Live to ourselves. and to the place conformed In temper and in nature. The former. what change Worth waiting--since our present lot appears For happy though but ill. will receive Familiar the fierce heat. this darkness light. changed at length. preferring Hard liberty before the easy yoke Of servile pomp. by leave obtained Unacceptable. Useful of hurtful. Free and to none accountable. Our purer essence then will overcome Their noxious vapour. Or. Besides what hope the never-ending flight Of future days may bring." Thus Belial. what chance. our state Of splendid vassalage. if war be best. but rather seek Our own good from ourselves.With what is punished. and. not feel. this our delight. and after him thus Mammon spake:-"Either to disenthrone the King of Heaven We war. whence these raging fires Will slacken. void of pain.
Nor want we skill or art from whence to raise Magnificence. though in ruin. changing style. none higher sat--with grave Aspect he rose. anchors in a craggy bay After the tempest. And princely counsel in his face yet shone. and Heaven resembles Hell! As he our darkness. Majestic.Thick clouds and dark doth Heaven's all-ruling Sire Choose to reside. dismissing quite All thoughts of war. and no less desire To found this nether empire. gems and gold. Ethereal Virtues! or these titles now Must we renounce." He scarce had finished. Mustering their rage. Which when Beelzebub perceived--than whom. which all night long Had roused the sea. with regard Of what we are and where. Deep on his front engraven Deliberation sat. how in safety best we may Compose our present evils. be called Princes of Hell? for so the popular vote Inclines--here to continue. whose bark by chance Or pinnace. so much the fear Of thunder and the sword of Michael Wrought still within them. In emulation opposite to Heaven. and his sentence pleased. Ye have what I advise. Advising peace: for such another field They dreaded worse than Hell. And with the majesty of darkness round Covers his throne. and the settled state Of order. All things invite To peaceful counsels. while thus he spake:-"Thrones and Imperial Powers. By policy and long process of time. and in his rising seemed A pillar of state. our temper changed Into their temper. his look Drew audience and attention still as night Or summer's noontide air. which might rise. Offspring of Heaven. and build up here 22 . and public care. in length of time. Such applause was heard As Mammon ended. and. now with hoarse cadence lull Seafaring men o'erwatched. which must needs remove The sensible of pain. cannot we his light Imitate when we please? This desert soil Wants not her hidden lustre. from whence deep thunders roar. Become our elements. and what can Heaven show more? Our torments also may. Satan except. fit to bear The weight of mightiest monarchies. these piercing fires As soft as now severe. Sage he stood With Atlantean shoulders. his glory unobscured. when such murmur filled Th' assembly as when hollow rocks retain The sound of blustering winds.
though thus far removed. to learn What creatures there inhabit. doubtless! while we dream. Untamed reluctance. Under th' inevitable curb. The utmost border of his kingdom. And Heaven's high Arbitrator sit secure In his own strength. called Man. in new league Banded against his throne. as with his golden those in Heaven. or possess 23 . Some advantageous act may be achieved By sudden onset--either with Hell-fire To waste his whole creation. In height or depth. hostility and hate. not our safe retreat Beyond his potent arm. the happy seat Of some new race. but custody severe. Or ambush from the Deep. of what mould Or substance. What if we find Some easier enterprise? There is a place (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heaven Err not)--another World. And know not that the King of Heaven hath doomed This place our dungeon. Though Heaven be shut. to our power. whose high walls fear no assault or siege. though less In power and excellence. but favoured more Of him who rules above. Yet ever plotting how the Conqueror least May reap his conquest. and by an oath That shook Heaven's whole circumference confirmed. to be sure. Thither let us bend all our thoughts. What sit we then projecting peace and war? War hath determined us and foiled with loss Irreparable. this place may lie exposed. nor shall we need With dangerous expedition to invade Heaven. so was his will Pronounced among the Gods. how endued. about this time To be created like to us. and revenge. for what peace will be given To us enslaved. to live exempt From Heaven's high jurisdiction. though slow. and may least rejoice In doing what we most in suffering feel? Nor will occasion want. But. but over Hell extend His empire. perhaps. still first and last will reign Sole king. For he. reserved His captive multitude. And stripes and arbitrary punishment Inflicted? and what peace can we return. terms of peace yet none Vouchsafed or sought. left To their defence who hold it: here. but to remain In strictest bondage. and what their power And where their weakness: how attempted best. By force of subtlety.A growing empire. and of his kingdom lose no part By our revolt. and with iron sceptre rule Us here.
and at the brightening orient beam Purge off this gloom: the soft delicious air. and in part proposed: for whence. and Earth with Hell To mingle and involve. and our joy upraise In his disturbance. or. and with repenting hand Abolish his own works. Nearer our ancient seat--perhaps in view Of those bright confines. Secure. And opportune excursion." 24 . The puny habitants. or spread his airy flight. done all to spite The great Creator? But their spite still serves His glory to augment. and. for on whom we send The weight of all. we may chance Re-enter Heaven. which from the lowest deep Will once more lift us up. can then Suffice. whom shall we send In search of this new World? whom shall we find Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandering feet The dark. or else in some mild zone Dwell. when his darling sons. first. what art. The bold design Pleased highly those infernal States.All as our own. and drive. Hurled headlong to partake with us. shall curse Their frail original. But. and faded bliss-Faded so soon! Advise if this be worth Attempting. whence. and interrupt his joy In our confusion. that their God May prove their foe. in spite of fate. or to sit in darkness here Hatching vain empires. Seduce them to our party. Synod of Gods. Upborne with indefatigable wings Over the vast abrupt. Great things resolved. could spring So deep a malice. to confound the race Of mankind in one root." Thus beelzebub Pleaded his devilish counsel--first devised By Satan. if not drive. This would surpass Common revenge. as we were driven. infinite Abyss. not unvisited of Heaven's fair light. relies. But from the author of all ill. and our last hope. like to what ye are. Shall breathe her balm. And through the palpable obscure find out His uncouth way. or what evasion bear him safe. unbottomed. with neighbouring arms. Through the strict senteries and stations thick Of Angels watching round? Here he had need All circumspection: and we now no less Choice in our suffrage. To heal the scar of these corrosive fires. well ended long debate. and joy Sparkled in all their eyes: with full assent They vote: whereat his speech he thus renews:-"Well have ye judged. ere he arrive The happy Isle? What strength.
But all sat mute. While here shall be our home. what best may ease The present misery. and not refuse to reign. and so much to him due Of hazard more as he above the rest High honoured sits? Go. Our prison strong. with monarchal pride Conscious of highest worth. the dreadful voyage. if there be cure or charm To respite. intend at home.This said. plunged in that abortive gulf. till. and render Hell More tolerable. and gates of burning adamant. rose The Monarch. Pondering the danger with deep thoughts. Refusing to accept as great a share Of hazard as of honour." Thus saying. if any pass. and as hard escape? But I should ill become this throne. Barred over us. or oppose. awaiting who appeared To second. and with utter loss of being Threatens him. If thence he scape. if aught proposed And judged of public moment in the shape Of difficulty or danger. he sat. Long is the way And hard. Alone. Wide-gaping. Wherefore do I assume These royalties. 25 . unmoved thus spake:-"O Progeny of Heaven! Empyreal Thrones! With reason hath deep silence and demur Seized us. and each In other's countenance read his own dismay. prohibit all egress. into whatever world. These passed. at last. Astonished. though undismayed. and expectation held His look suspense. And this imperial sovereignty. therefore. whom now transcendent glory raised Above his fellows. could deter Me from attempting. the void profound Of unessential Night receives him next. mighty Powers. that out of Hell leads up to light. immures us round Ninefold. adorned With splendour. This enterprise None shall partake with me. armed with power. and prevented all reply. Terror of Heaven. or deceive. while I abroad Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek Deliverance for us all. Or unknown region. Satan. this huge convex of fire. what remains him less Than unknown dangers. though fallen. due alike To him who reigns. O Peers. None among the choice and prime Of those Heaven-warring champions could be found So hardy as to proffer or accept. or slack the pain Of this ill mansion: intermit no watch Against a wakeful foe. or undertake The perilous attempt. Outrageous to devour.
while the north wind sleeps. winning cheap the high repute Which he through hazard huge must earn. And god-like imitated state: him round A globe of fiery Seraphim enclosed With bright emblazonry. with pomp supreme. O shame to men! Devil with devil damned Firm concord holds.Prudent lest. Certain to be refused. Extend his evening beam. lest bad men should boast Their specious deeds on earth. Then of their session ended they bid cry With trumpet's regal sound the great result: Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy. Yet live in hatred. The birds their notes renew. and. By herald's voice explained. Their rising all at once was as the sound Of thunder heard remote. and seemed Alone th' antagonist of Heaven. from his resolution raised. Towards him they bend With awful reverence prone. God proclaiming peace. so refused. and bleating herds Attest their joy. Nor failed they to express how much they praised That for the general safety he despised His own: for neither do the Spirits damned Lose all their virtue. each other to destroy: As if (which might induce us to accord) Man had not hellish foes enow besides. the hollow Abyss 26 . and as a God Extol him equal to the Highest in Heaven. and strife Among themselves. nor less Than Hell's dread Emperor. though under hope Of heavenly grace. which glory excites. with farewell sweet. might in opinion stand His rivals. and horrent arms. and levy cruel wars Wasting the earth. and forth In order came the grand infernal Peers: Midst came their mighty Paramount. and at once with him they rose. rejoicing in their matchless Chief: As. when from mountain-tops the dusky clouds Ascending. what erst they feared. that hill and valley rings. But they Dreaded not more th' adventure than his voice Forbidding. men only disagree Of creatures rational. Others among the chief might offer now. the louring element Scowls o'er the darkened landscape snow or shower. the fields revive. That day and night for his destruction wait! The Stygian council thus dissolved. o'erspread Heaven's cheerful face. enmity. If chance the radiant sun. And. Or close ambition varnished o'er with zeal. Thus they their doubtful consultations dark Ended.
and somewhat raised By false presumptuous hope. And found no end. Hell scarce holds the wild uproar:-As when Alcides. Others. and armies rush To battle in the clouds. or arm th' obdured breast With stubborn patience as with triple steel. with vast Typhoean rage. each his several way Pursues. the ranged Powers Disband. with feats of arms From either end of heaven the welkin burns. and all the host of Hell With deafening shout returned them loud acclaim. Others. or shun the goal With rapid wheels. and took with ravishment The thronging audience. and false philosophy!-Yet. as inclination or sad choice Leads him perplexed. and reasoned high Of Providence. Song charms the Sense) Others apart sat on a hill retired. with a pleasing sorcery. And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw Into th' Euboic sea. and glory and shame: Vain wisdom all.Heard far adn wide. Part curb their fiery steeds. sing With notes angelical to many a harp Their own heroic deeds. 27 . or fronted brigades form: As when. from Oechalia crowned With conquest. As at th' Olympian games or Pythian fields. or in the air sublime. Rend up both rocks and hills. and entertain The irksome hours. and Fate-Fixed fate. Till thickest legions close. and ride the air In whirlwind. and excite Fallacious hope. Thence more at ease their minds. and tore Through pain up by the roots Thessalian pines. foreknowledge absolute. and. Passion and apathy. in wandering mazes lost. Of good and evil much they argued then. before each van Prick forth the airy knights. In discourse more sweet (For Eloquence the Soul. till his great Chief return. Will. In thoughts more elevate. and couch their spears. wandering. and complain that Fate Free Virtue should enthrall to Force or Chance. Of happiness and final misery. more mild. Upon the wing or in swift race contend. could charm Pain for a while or anguish. felt th' envenomed robe. Their song was partial. Retreated in a silent valley. but the harmony (What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?) Suspended Hell. to warn proud cities. Foreknowledge. and hapless fall By doom of battle. more fell. war appears Waged in the troubled sky. where he may likeliest find Truce to his restless thoughts. free will. Part on the plain.
to oppose th' attempt. but gathers heap. that disgorge Into the burning lake their baleful streams-Abhorred Styx. O'er many a frozen. the flood of deadly hate. and eyes aghast. all else deep snow and ice. But Fate withstands. and. th' adventurous bands. and so near the brink. and frozen round Periods of time. At certain revolutions all the damned Are brought. rolls Her watery labyrinth. bend Four ways their flying march. Lethe. Cocytus. as they pass. On bold adventure to discover wide That dismal world. and there to pine Immovable. Thus roving on In confused march forlorn. Where armies whole have sunk: the parching air Burns frore. They ferry over this Lethean sound Both to and fro. many a fiery alp. Far off from these. which on firm land Thaws not. All in one moment. and ruin seems Of ancient pile. pleasure and pain. by harpy-footed Furies haled. infixed. and cold performs th' effect of fire. named of lamentation loud Heard on the rueful stream. their sorrow to augment. From beds of raging fire to starve in ice Their soft ethereal warmth. whereof who drinks Forthwith his former state and being forgets-Forgets both joy and grief.Another part. black and deep. and found No rest. a slow and silent stream. and of itself the water flies All taste of living wight. Sad Acheron of sorrow. and many a region dolorous. beat with perpetual storms Of whirlwind and dire hail.--thence hurried back to fire. as once it fled The lip of Tantalus. if any clime perhaps Might yield them easier habitation. With shuddering horror pale. Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage. A gulf profound as that Serbonian bog Betwixt Damiata and Mount Casius old. fierce Phlegeton. extremes by change more fierce. And wish and struggle. and feel by turns the bitter change Of fierce extremes. to reach The tempting stream. Thither. Beyond this flood a frozen continent Lies dark and wild. Viewed first their lamentable lot. the river of oblivion. in squadrons and gross bands. with one small drop to lose In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe. 28 . Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards The ford. Through many a dark and dreary vale They passed. along the banks Of four infernal rivers.
And thrice threefold the gates. Perverse. and shades of death-A universe of death. bathing in the sea that parts Calabria from the hoarse Trinacrian shore. or the isles Of Ternate and Tidore. for evil only good. by equinoctial winds Close sailing from Bengala. As when far off at sea a fleet descried Hangs in the clouds. Obominable. Before the gates there sat On either side a formidable Shape. which God by curse Created evil. Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape. joint. yet there still barked and howled Within unseen. whence merchants bring Their spicy drugs. Meanwhile the Adversary of God and Man. then soars Up to the fiery concave towering high. Satan. three of adamantine rock. Puts on swift wings. Three iron. inutterable. they on the trading flood. About her middle round A cry of Hell-hounds never-ceasing barked With wide Cerberean mouths full loud. And kennel there. when they list. impaled with circling fire. and toward the gates of Hell Explores his solitary flight: sometimes He scours the right hand coast. The one seemed woman to the waist. and Nature breeds. Voluminous and vast--a serpent armed With mortal sting. and worse Than fables yet have feigned or fear conceived. Now shaves with level wing the deep. fens. 29 . Fierce as ten Furies. to dance With Lapland witches. If aught disturbed their noise. Impenetrable. yet. Or substance might be called that shadow seemed. or limb. death lives. and fair. would creep. when. Nor uglier follow the night-hag. caves. dens. Where all life dies. with thoughts inflamed of highest design. all prodigious things.Rocks. lakes. For each seemed either--black it stood as Night. Ply stemming nightly toward the pole: so seemed Far off the flying Fiend. sometimes the left. Lured with the smell of infant blood. three folds were brass. At last appear Hell-bounds. Yet unconsumed. and rung A hideous peal. and Chimeras dire. terrible as Hell. Far less abhorred than these Vexed Scylla. while the labouring moon Eclipses at their charms. riding through the air she comes. But ended foul in many a scaly fold. called In secret. into her womb. Gorgons. and Hydras. all monstrous. bogs. high reaching to the horrid roof. The other Shape-If shape it might be called that shape had none Distinguishable in member.
Who first broke peace in Heaven and faith. and pangs unfelt before. execrable Shape. are here condemned To waste eternal days in woe and pain? And reckon'st thou thyself with Spirits of Heaven Hell-doomed. came rattling on Over the Caspian. Created thing naught valued he nor shunned). On th' other side. and in proud rebellious arms Drew after him the third part of Heaven's sons. Th' undaunted Fiend what this might be admired-Admired. and such a frown Each cast at th' other as when two black clouds. though grim and terrible. Hell trembled as he strode. Each at the head Levelled his deadly aim. without leave asked of thee. full of wrath. and. That dar'st. Retire. and learn by proof. Thy king and lord? Back to thy punishment. Conjured against the Highest--for which both thou And they. and breath'st defiance here and scorn. For never but once more was wither like To meet so great a foe. till winds the signal blow To join their dark encounter in mid-air. Incensed with indignation. Hell-born. And now great deeds 30 . Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue Thy lingering. And with disdainful look thus first began:-"Whence and what art thou." To whom the Goblin. and to thy speed add wings. or with one stroke of this dart Strange horror seize thee. and from his seat The monster moving onward came as fast With horrid strides. More dreadful and deform. and in shape. not to contend with Spirits of Heaven. That be assured. so matched they stood. or taste thy folly. till then Unbroken. outcast from God. their fatal hands No second stroke intend." So spake the grisly Terror. to enrage thee more. So speaking and so threatening. and like a comet burned. So frowned the mighty combatants that Hell Grew darker at their frown. replied:-"Art thou that traitor Angel? art thou he. not feared (God and his Son except.And shook a dreadful dart: what seemed his head The likeness of a kingly crown had on. With heaven's artillery fraught.--then stand front to front Hovering a space. False fugitive. Where I reign king. and from his horrid hair Shakes pestilence and war. Satan was now at hand. Satan stood Unterrified. That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge In th' arctic sky. grew tenfold. advance Thy miscreated front athwart my way To yonder gates? Through them I mean to pass.
full oft Thyself in me thy perfect image viewing. and why. while thy head flames thick and fast Threw forth. "Against thy only son? What fury. then. "O father. familiar grown. till on the left side opening wide. and in the general fall 31 . Likest to thee in shape and countenance bright. whereof all Hell had rung. when at th' assembly. Out of thy head I sprung. I pleased. a goddess armed. I know thee not.Had been achieved. bids-His wrath. Possesses thee to bend that mortal dart Against thy father's head? And know'st for whom? For him who sits above. who." she cried. Meanwhile war arose. and do I seem Now in thine eye so foul?--once deemed so fair In Heaven. that my sudden hand. and at her words the hellish Pest Forbore: then these to her Satan returned:-"So strange thy outcry. Risen." T' whom thus the Portress of Hell-gate replied:-"Hast thou forgot me. till first I know of thee What thing thou art. nor ever saw till now Sight more detestable than him and thee. Then shining heavenly fair. Prevented. which one day will destroy ye both!" She spake. but. ordained his drudge to execute Whate'er his wrath. dim thine eyes and dizzy swum In darkness. thus double-formed. and called me Sin. to our part loss and rout Through all the Empyrean. and with hideous outcry rushed between. down Into this Deep. Amazement seized All th' host of Heaven. Driven headlong from the pitch of Heaven. which he calls justice. In this infernal vale first met. thou call'st Me father. Had not the snaky Sorceress. All on a sudden miserable pain Surprised thee. and for a sign Portentous held me. and thy words so strange Thou interposest. Down they fell. O son. and that phantasm call'st my son. that sat Fast by Hell-gate and kept the fatal key. and with attractive graces won The most averse--thee chiefly. back they recoiled afraid At first. spares to tell thee yet by deeds What it intends. and in sight Of all the Seraphim with thee combined In bold conspiracy against Heaven's King. Becam'st enamoured. what intends thy hand. And fields were fought in Heaven: wherein remained (For what could else?) to our Almighty Foe Clear victory. and such joy thou took'st With me in secret that my womb conceived A growing burden. and laughs the while At thee.
I also: at which time this powerful key Into my hands was given. but he pursued (though more. neither vainly hope To be invulnerable in those bright arms. into the womb That bred them they return. which none can pass Without my opening. Whenever that shall be: so Fate pronounced. my son and foe. Tore through my entrails. with sorrow infinite To me. shun His deadly arrow. Through tempered heavenly. and the subtle Fiend his lore Soon learned. their repast. that with ceaseless cry Surround me. Pregnant by thee. who set them on. when they list. with charge to keep These gates for ever shut. and joys Then sweet. and." She finished. through dire change Befallen us unforeseen. and now excessive grown. But thou. till my womb. all dismayed. for. for that mortal dint. And me. That rest or intermission none I find. would full soon devour For want of other prey. his parent. I forewarn thee. And my fair son here show'st me. and all the heavenly host 32 . that. it seems. of that rape begot These yelling monsters. Me overtook. none can resist. Thine own begotten. now sad to mention. all my nether shape thus grew Transformed: but he my inbred enemy Forth issued. O father. brandishing his fatal dart. Inflamed with lust than rage). And. with fear and pain Distorted. I come no enemy. and thus answered smooth:-"Dear daughter--since thou claim'st me for thy sire. At last this odious offspring whom thou seest. but to set free From out this dark and dismal house of pain Both him and thee. the dear pledge Of dalliance had with thee in Heaven. and back resounded Death! I fled. in embraces forcible and foul Engendering with me. but that he knows His end with mine involved. breaking violent way. swifter far. as thou saw'st--hourly conceived And hourly born. and howl. bursting forth Afresh. with conscious terrors vex me round. then. Save he who reigns above. I fled. his mother. and cried out Death! Hell trembled at the hideous name. but long I sat not. and gnaw My bowels. Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. and knows that I Should prove a bitter morsel. and sighed From all her caves. Before mine eyes in opposition sits Grim Death. now milder. unthought-of--know. Made to destroy. Pensive here I sat Alone. and his bane.
Inhabitant of Heaven and heavenly born-Here in perpetual agony and pain. a place foretold Should be--and. by him forbidden to unlock These adamantine gates. this once known. thou My being gav'st me. where I shall reign At thy right hand voluptuous." Thus saying. to supply Perhaps our vacant room. but herself. among The gods who live at ease. Lest Heaven. Sad instrument of all our woe. surcharged with potent multitude. as beseems Thy daughter and thy darling. with lonely steps to tread Th' unfounded Deep. not all the Stygian Powers 33 . thou my author. Who hates me. all things shall be your prey. by due And by command of Heaven's all-powerful King. and. I haste To know. From them I go This uncouth errand sole. and therein placed A race of upstart creatures. though more removed. by concurring signs. There ye shall be fed and filled Immeasurably. And bring ye to the place where thou and Death Shall dwell at ease. With terrors and with clamours compassed round Of mine own brood. and Death Grinned horrible a ghastly smile. But what owe I to his commands above. now designed. Might hap to move new broils.Of Spirits that. without end. against all force Death ready stands to interpose his dart. in our just pretences armed. ere now Created vast and round--a place of bliss In the purlieus of Heaven. and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom air. And. Be this. to hear His famine should be filled. No less rejoiced His mother bad. and thus bespake her sire:-"The key of this infernal Pit. or aught Than this more secret. and one for all Myself expose. I keep. with wandering quest. Fearless to be o'ermatched by living might. and blessed his maw Destined to that good hour. and through the void immense To search. shall soon return. embalmed With odours. Which. whom should I obey But thee? whom follow? Thou wilt bring me soon To that new world of light and bliss. for both seemed highly pleased. from her side the fatal key." He ceased. that on my bowels feed? Thou art my father. Forthwith the huge portcullis high up-drew. To sit in hateful office here confined. Fell with us from on high. she took. towards the gate rolling her bestial train. and hath hither thrust me down Into this gloom of Tartarus profound.
then in the key-hole turns Th' intricate wards. where eldest Night And Chaos. Swarm populous. for no narrow frith He had to cross. nor fire. Before their eyes in sudden view appear The secrets of the hoary Deep--a dark Illimitable ocean. and Dry. hold Eternal anarchy. where length. bent to rase Some capital city. and by confusion stand. nor air. and perhaps her grave. nor shore. For Hot. that the lowest bottom shook Of Erebus. Strive here for mastery. Under spread ensigns marching. and to battle bring Their embryon atoms: they around the flag Of each his faction. swift. and like a furnace-mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame. But all these in their pregnant causes mixed Confusedly. ancestors of Nature. and every bolt and bar Of massy iron or solid rock with ease Unfastens. And by decision more embroils the fray By which he reigns: next him. without bound. So wide they stood. sharp. in their several clans. four champions fierce. Without dimension. amidst the noise Of endless wars. Moist. and these elements In mutiny had from her axle torn 34 . With impetuous recoil and jarring sound. and on their hinges grate Harsh thunder. She opened. or slow. and poise Their lighter wings. but to shut Excelled her power: the gates wide open stood. smooth. Levied to side with warring winds. Th' infernal doors. high arbiter. To whom these most adhere He rules a moment: Chaos umpire sits. and height. On a sudden open fly. Unless th' Almighty Maker them ordain His dark materials to create more worlds-Into this wild Abyss the wary Fiend Stood on the brink of Hell and looked a while. Cold. unnumbered as the sands Of Barca or Cyrene's torrid soil. and place. Chance governs all. and which thus must ever fight.Could once have moved. mibht pass through With horse and chariots ranked in loose array. are lost. breadth. The womb of Nature. Of neither sea. or less than if this frame Of Heaven were falling. Light-armed or heavy. Into this wild Abyss. And time. Pondering his voyage. Nor was his ear less pealed With noises loud and ruinous (to compare Great things with small) than when Bellona storms With all her battering engines. That with extended wings a bannered host.
and to this hour Down had been falling. turning boldly. Instinct with fire and nitre. I come no spy With purpose to explore or to disturb The secrets of your realm.The steadfast Earth. all embroiled. All unawares. rough. when straight behold the throne Of Chaos. and Chance. thence many a league. wings. but. or creeps. And swims. hurried him As many miles aloft. and. dense. spurns the ground. As in a cloudy chair. and voices all confused. and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon. What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds Confine with Heaven. And Tumult. eldest of things. by ill chance. that seat soon failing. thus:--"Ye Powers And Spirtis of this nethermost Abyss. or flies. Chaos and ancient Night. As when a gryphon through the wilderness With winged course. or wades. That fury stayed-Quenched in a boggy Syrtis. At length a universal hubbub wild Of stunning sounds. 35 . of whom to ask Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies Bordering on light. half lost. plumb-down he drops Ten thousand fathom deep. I seek. Pursues the Arimaspian. neither sea. if some other place. as my way Lies through your spacious empire up to light. half on foot. The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud. Alone and without guide. Fluttering his pennons vain. With head. hands. Rumour next. to meet there whatever Power Or Spirit of the nethermost Abyss Might in that noise reside. in the surging smoke Uplifted. who by stealth Had from his wakeful custody purloined The guarded gold. And Discord with a thousand various mouths. The consort of his reign. Thither he plies Undaunted. or. by constraint Wandering this darksome desert. and by them stood Orcus and Ades. Borne through the hollow dark. but. so eagerly the Fiend O'er bog or steep. and Confusion. o'er hill or moory dale. Treading the crude consistence. T' whom Satan. had not. behoves him now both oar and sail. or feet. on he fares. meets A vast vacuity. pursues his way. assaults his ear With loudest vehemence. ascending rides Audacious. or rare. Half flying. and his dark pavilion spread Wide on the wasteful Deep! With him enthroned Sat sable-vested Night. At last his sail-broad vans He spread for flight. or sinks. through strait. Nor good dry land--nigh foundered.
and through the shock Of fighting elements. Strange alteration! Sin and Death amain. he once passed. Havoc. mine the revenge!" Thus Satan. But. and by th' other whirlpool steered. reduce To her original darkness and your sway (Which is my present journey). Confusion worse confounded. with difficulty and labour he. who thou art-.From your dominion won. Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunned Charybdis. for such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted Deep. and speed. and Heaven-gates Poured out by millions her victorious bands. glad that now his sea should find a shore. stranger. stretching far and wide beneath. Direct my course: Directed. I upon my frontiers here Keep residence. linked in a golden chain To that side Heaven from whence your legions fell! If that way be your walk. Hell. who of late Made head against Heaven's King. another world Hung o'er my realm. like a pyramid of fire. But. th' Ethereal King Possesses lately. 36 . Following his track (such was the will of Heaven) Paved after him a broad and beaten way Over the dark Abyss. With ruin upon ruin. So much the nearer danger. I saw and heard. Pursuing. harder beset And more endangered than when Argo passed Through Bosporus betwixt the justling rocks.*** That mighty leading Angel. rout on rout. if I that region lost. and ruin. on all sides round Environed. Encroached on still through our intestine broils Weakening the sceptre of old Night: first. wins his way. are my gain. With faltering speech and visage incomposed. and him thus the Anarch old. and spoil. Into the wild expanse." He ceased. Answered: "I know thee. All usurpation thence expelled. whose boiling gulf Tamely endured a bridge of wondrous length. soon after. no mean recompense it brings To your behoof. though overthrown. and once more Erect the standard there of ancient Night. Your dungeon. if all I can will serve That little which is left so to defend. and Satan stayed not to reply. Yours be th' advantage all. So he with difficulty and labour hard Moved on. Now lately Heaven and Earth. when Man fell. Go. thither to arrive I travel this profound. With fresh alacrity and force renewed Springs upward. you have not far.
With other notes than to the Orphean lyre I sung of Chaos and eternal Night. holy Light. Thither. With tumult less and with less hostile din. Before the Heavens thou wert. once his native seat. and Chaos to retire. As from her outmost works. except whom God and good Angels guard by special grace. Here Nature first begins Her farthest verge. Or hear"st thou rather pure ethereal stream. And. and up to re-ascend. though shrouds and tackle torn. Book III Hail. Weighs his spread wings. in bigness as a star Of smallest magnitude close by the moon. Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light. at leisure to behold Far off th' empyreal Heaven. and from the walls of Heaven Shoots far into the bosom of dim Night A glimmering dawn. and at the voice Of God. and now with ease. And never but in unapproached light Dwelt from eternity. Or in the emptier waste. he hies. offspring of Heaven firstborn. Taught by the heavenly Muse to venture down The dark descent. holds Gladly the port. Won from the void and formless infinite. reaching th' utmost orb Of this frail World.From Hell continued. And. Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing. dwelt then in thee Bright effluence of bright essence increate. Or of the Eternal coeternal beam May I express thee unblam'd? since God is light. extended wide In circuit. resembling air. But now at last the sacred influence Of light appears. as with a mantle. full fraught with mischievous revenge. while in my flight Through utter and through middle darkness borne. and in a cursed hour. Accursed. Whose fountain who shall tell? before the sun. 37 . fast by. Escap'd the Stygian pool. That Satan with less toil. like a weather-beaten vessel. a broken foe. undetermined square or round. by which the Spirits perverse With easy intercourse pass to and fro To tempt or punish mortals. With opal towers and battlements adorned Of living sapphire. hanging in a golden chain. though long detain'd In that obscure sojourn. This pendent World. didst invest *** The rising world of waters dark and deep.
Blind Thamyris. that roll in vain To find thy piercing ray. That wash thy hallow'd feet. And Tiresias. Nightly I visit: nor sometimes forget So were I equall'd with them in renown. but chief Thee. that Man should find grace. Sion. and find no dawn. Thus with the year Seasons return. that I may see and tell Of things invisible to mortal sight. Yet not the more Cease I to wander. In blissful solitude. as the wakeful bird Sings darkling. His only son. and the flowery brooks beneath. And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. or shady grove. Thy sovran command.Though hard and rare: Thee I revisit safe. Now had the Almighty Father from above. and ever-during dark Surrounds me. And feel thy sovran vital lamp. but not to me returns Day. So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their orbs. Smit with the love of sacred song. unrivall'd love. and Phineus. and blind Maeonides. From the pure empyrean where he sits High thron'd above all highth. Shine inward. Clear spring. he then survey'd Hell and the gulf between. and for the book of knowledge fair Presented with a universal blank Of nature's works to me expung'd and ras'd. and in shadiest covert hid Tunes her nocturnal note. there plant eyes. Or sight of vernal bloom. prophets old: Then feed on thoughts. from the cheerful ways of men Cut off. or summer's rose. Uninterrupted joy. Or dim suffusion veil'd. celestial Light. that voluntary move Harmonious numbers. on earth he first beheld Our two first parents. but thou Revisit'st not these eyes. all mist from thence Purge and disperse. or human face divine. and the mind through all her powers Irradiate. bent down his eye His own works and their works at once to view: About him all the Sanctities of Heaven Stood thick as stars. yet the only two Of mankind in the happy garden plac'd Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love. But cloud instead. or sunny hill. Or flocks. and Satan there Coasting the wall of Heaven on this side Night 38 . or the sweet approach of even or morn. and from his sight receiv'd Beatitude past utterance. where the Muses haunt. on his right The radiant image of his glory sat. So much the rather thou. and warbling flow. or herds.
present. Him God beholding from his prospect high. Not me? they therefore. So were created. so bent he seems On desperate revenge. worse. They trespass. in the precincts of light. and ready now To stoop with wearied wings. nor yet the main abyss Wide interrupt. Wherein past. what proof could they have given sincere Of true allegiance. that shall redound Upon his own rebellious head. he wings his way Not far off Heaven. Through all restraint broke loose. seest thou what rage Transports our Adversary? whom no bounds Prescrib'd no bars of Hell. And easily transgress the sole command. and fell who fell. Such I created all the ethereal Powers And Spirits. and shall pervert. Uncertain which. authors to themselves in all 39 . can hold. as to right belong$ 'd. Where only what they needs must do appear'd. Not free. that seem'd Firm land imbosom'd. So without least impulse or shadow of fate. if I foreknew. Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault. without firmament. Freely they stood who stood. and willing feet. On the bare outside of this world. or their fate. Not what they would? what praise could they receive? What pleasure I from such obedience paid. of freedom both despoil'd. Sole pledge of his obedience: So will fall He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault? Whose but his own? ingrate. Only begotten Son.In the dun air sublime. he had of me All he could have. both them who stood. nor all the chains Heap'd on him there. and them who fail'd. By some false guile pervert. though free to fall. Which had no less proved certain unforeknown. Directly towards the new created world. future. Made passive both. And man there plac'd. I made him just and right. with purpose to assay If him by force he can destroy. not I. nor can justly accuse Their Maker. Sufficient to have stood. he beholds. Or aught by me immutably foreseen. constant faith or love. in ocean or in air. And now. or. had serv'd necessity. When will and reason (reason also is choice) Useless and vain. Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake. or their making. As if predestination over-rul'd Their will dispos'd by absolute decree Or high foreknowledge they themselves decreed Their own revolt. For man will hearken to his glozing lies.
Son of my bosom. gracious was that word which clos'd Thy sovran command. For should Man finally be lost. ambrosial fragrance fill'd All Heaven. and without measure grace. By him corrupted? or wilt thou thyself Abolish thy creation. Or shall the Adversary thus obtain His end.Both what they judge. Through Heaven and Earth. thy youngest son. Yet with revenge accomplish'd. To whom the great Creator thus replied. Self-tempted. Thus while God spake. Son who art alone. what for thy glory thou hast made? So should thy goodness and thy greatness both Be question'd and blasphem'd without defence. in him all his Father shone Substantially express'd. wherewith thy throne Encompass'd shall resound thee ever blest. should Man. shall brightest shine. O son. The first sort by their own suggestion fell. my wisdom. That far be from thee. Till they enthrall themselves. thus he to his Father spake. for so I form'd them free: and free they must remain. Father. and frustrate thine? shall he fulfill His malice. all As my eternal purpose hath decreed. and unmake For him. though join'd With his own folly? that be from thee far. though to his heavier doom. Thy creature late so lov'd. deceiv'd By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace. who art judge Of all things made. so shall my glory excel. I else must change Their nature. and what they choose. and in his face Divine compassion visibly appear'd. 40 . which ordain'd $THeir freedom: they themselves ordain'd their fall. and to Hell Draw after him the whole race of mankind. and judgest only right. that Man should find grace. Love without end. . in whom my soul hath chief delight. Beyond compare the Son of God was seen Most glorious. O Father. with the innumerable sound Of hymns and sacred songs. and in the blessed Spirits elect Sense of new joy ineffable diffus'd. For which both Heaven and earth shall high extol Thy praises. Or proud return. All hast thou spoken as my thoughts are. and thy goodness bring to nought. first and last. self-deprav'd: Man falls. But Mercy. Which uttering. The other none: In mercy and justice both. eternal. Fall circumvented thus by fraud. and revoke the high decree Unchangeable. that Man should find grace. and effectual might. My word.
Elect above the rest. What may suffice. repent. And none but such from mercy I exclude. whom if they will hear. and to appease betimes The incensed Deity. mine eye not shut. This my long sufferance. death for death. and enthrall'd By sin to foul exorbitant desires. where shall we find such love? Which of you will be mortal. and obedience due. unless for him Some other able. And now without redemption all mankind Must have been lost. Affecting God-head. and oft be warn'd Their sinful state. and sins Against the high supremacy of Heaven. By me upheld. and. They who neglect and scorn. that he may know how frail His fallen condition is. adjudg'd to Death and Hell 41 . so losing all. Die he or justice must. so is my will: The rest shall hear me call. and ransom set. repentance. heavenly Powers. But hard be harden'd. That they may stumble on. And to the end. with his whole posterity. but sav'd who will. Some I have chosen of peculiar grace. Though but endeavour'd with sincere intent. persisting. safe arrive. and as willing. yet once more he shall stand On even ground against his mortal foe. He. blind be blinded more. well us'd. But yet all is not done. My umpire Conscience. Disloyal. To prayer. and deeper fall. pay The rigid satisfaction. and to none but me. Man disobeying. Much less that durst upon his own head draw The deadly forfeiture. Upheld by me. and to me owe All his deliverance. But to destruction sacred and devote. breaks his fealty. to redeem Man's mortal crime. Light after light. must die. once more I will renew His lapsed powers. but grace in me Freely vouchsaf'd. Mine ear shall not be slow. and just the unjust to save? Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? And silence was in Heaven: $ on Man's behalf He ask'd. Yet not of will in him. shall never taste. and soften stony hearts To pray. but all the heavenly quire stood mute. Say.Man shall not quite be lost. while offer'd grace Invites. for I will clear their senses dark. they shall attain. and bring obedience due. And I will place within them as a guide. though forfeit. and my day of grace. Patron or intercessour none appear'd. To expiate his treason hath nought left.
by thee raised. but soon th' Almighty thus replied. Wondering. and subdue My vanquisher. at the sight Pleased. Death last. but his meek aspect Silent yet spake. Death his death's wound shall then receive. on me let Death wreak all his rage. And shall grace not find means. Thou. out of Heaven shalt look down and smile. and for him lastly die Well pleased. that debt paid. but peace assured And reconcilement: wrath shall be no more Thenceforth. and this glory next to thee Freely put off. that finds her way. once dead in sins. Thou hast given me to possess Life in myself for ever. In whom the fulness dwells of love divine. hath none to bring. or offering meet. Account me Man. and am his due. life for life I offer: on me let thine anger fall. Man shall find grace. but in thy presence joy entire. unimplor'd. and stoop Inglorious. Admiration seized All Heaven. Indebted and undone. he attends the will Of his great Father. His dearest mediation thus renew'd. While. unsought? Happy for Man. by thee I live. The speediest of thy winged messengers. what this might mean. But I shall rise victorious. above which only shone Filial obedience: as a sacrifice Glad to be offered. Behold me then: me for him. and show The powers of darkness bound. of his mortal sting disarmed. His words here ended. he her aid Can never seek. and with his carcase glut the grave. thy word is past. I ruin all my foes. yet. Under his gloomy power I shall not long Lie vanquished. Though now to Death I yield. Then. so coming. spoiled of his vaunted spoil. with the multitude of my redeemed. and whither tend. I through the ample air in triumph high Shall lead Hell captive maugre Hell. Shall enter Heaven. and lost. had not the Son of God. nor suffer my unspotted soul For ever with corruption there to dwell.By doom severe. $ thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome grave His prey. Father. and return. I for his sake will leave Thy bosom. All that of me can die. to see thy face. and to all Comes unprevented. O thou in Heaven and Earth the only peace 42 . and breathed immortal love To mortal men. To visit all thy creatures. long absent. Atonement for himself. Father. wherein no cloud Of anger shall remain.
And dying rise. Shall satisfy for Man. though Adam's son. shall be restored As many as are restored. and rising with him raise His brethren. the whole race lost. Therefore thy humiliation shall exalt With thee thy manhood also to this throne: Here shalt thou sit incarnate. Because thou hast. His crime makes guilty all his sons. all power I give thee. By wondrous birth. lessen or degrade thine own. to save A world from utter loss. be thou in Adam's room The head of all mankind. Nor shalt thou. So Man. when time shall be. of virgin seed. shall absolve them who renounce Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds. though throned in highest bliss Equal to God. and equally enjoying God-like fruition. Imputed. or under Earth in Hell. that for him I spare Thee from my bosom and right hand. Made flesh. attended gloriously from Heaven. thy merit. and assume Thy merits. under thee. And be thyself Man among men on Earth. because in thee Love hath abounded more than glory abounds. When thou. by descending to assume Man's nature. and dying to redeem. therefore. As in him perish all men. Far more than great or high. as head supreme. nor Man the least. and hast been found By merit more than birthright Son of God. And live in thee transplanted. as is most just. By losing thee a while. 43 . to save. Though last created. Dominions. when they may. whom thou only canst redeem. so in thee. So heavenly love shall outdo hellish hate. Princedoms. Giving to death. be judged and die. O thou My sole complacence! Well thou know'st how dear To me are all my works. ransomed with his own dear life. accept not grace. here shalt reign Both God and Man. and still destroys In those who.Found out for mankind under wrath. I reduce: All knees to thee shall bow. reign for ever. Found worthiest to be so by being good. Thrones. Son both of God and Man. Anointed universal King. quitted all. or Earth. of them that bide In Heaven. 00021053 Thou. Their nature also to thy nature join. and from thee Receive new life. Powers. without thee none. So dearly to redeem what hellish hate So easily destroyed. As from a second root.
no voice but well could join Melodious part. fruitful of golden deeds. With joy and peace triumphing. sweet As from blest voices. and from her ashes spring New Heaven and Earth. Then. such a peal shall rouse their sleep. Father. thou shalt judge Bad Men and Angels. And where the river of bliss through midst of Heaven Rolls o'er Elysian flowers her amber stream. Thee. The living. and waken raptures high. all thy saints assembled. Immortal amarant. and loud Hosannas filled The eternal regions: Lowly reverent Towards either throne they bow. Infinite. and forthwith the cited dead Of all past ages. Adore him. where first it grew. that like a sea of jasper shone. Eternal King. with a shout Loud as from numbers without number. Hell. there grows. But. and fair truth. 44 .Shalt in the sky appear. who to compass all this dies. Impurpled with celestial roses smiled. wherein the just shall dwell. With these that never fade the Spirits elect Bind their resplendent locks inwreathed with beams. and to the ground With solemn adoration down they cast Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold. And flowers aloft shading the fount of life. and with preamble sweet Of charming symphony they introduce Their sacred song. God shall be all in all. and from thee send The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaim Thy dread tribunal. a flower which once In Paradise. Now in loose garlands thick thrown off. such concord is in Heaven. their golden harps they took. all ye Gods. they. and honour him as me. See golden days. crowned again. Harps ever tuned. Began to bloom. after all their tribulations long. Immortal. her numbers full. Adore the Son. Mean while The world shall burn. to the general doom Shall hasten. the Author of all being. forthwith from all winds. Then thou thy regal scepter shalt lay by. but all The multitude of Angels. fast by the tree of life. that glittering by their side Like quivers hung. first they sung Omnipotent. arraigned. Then. Immutable. the bright Pavement. Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Heaven rung With jubilee. but soon for man's offence To Heaven removed. No voice exempt. uttering joy. shall sink Beneath thy sentence. And. No sooner had the Almighty ceased. For regal scepter then no more shall need.
thou didst not doom So strictly. Son of God. and. Regardless of the bliss wherein he sat Second to thee. Nor stop thy flaming chariot-wheels. Divine Similitude. and ever-threatening storms 45 . the Almighty Father shines. nor from thy Father's praise disjoin. that shook Heaven's everlasting frame.Fonntain of light. Saviour of Men! Thy name Shall be the copious matter of my song Henceforth. Thee next they sang of all creation first. thyself invisible Amidst the glorious brightness where thou sit'st Throned inaccessible. that brightest Seraphim Approach not. under the frown of Night Starless exposed. Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appear. Satan alighted walks: A globe far off It seemed. Back from pursuit thy Powers with loud acclaim Thee only extolled. Their happy hours in joy and hymning spent. whose first convex divides The luminous inferiour orbs. and wild. Begotten Son. through a cloud Drawn round about thee like a radiant shrine. Father of mercy and grace. Thus they in Heaven. without cloud Made visible. Son of thy Father's might. and by thee threw down The aspiring Dominations: Thou that day Thy Father's dreadful thunder didst not spare. but with both wings veil their eyes. Whom else no creature can behold. He to appease thy wrath. Yet dazzle Heaven. offered himself to die For Man's offence. above the starry sphere. waste. O unexampled love. while o'er the necks Thou drovest of warring Angels disarrayed. Transfused on thee his ample Spirit rests. and end the strife Of mercy and justice in thy face discerned. but much more to pity inclined. Not so on Man: Him through their malice fallen. Mean while upon the firm opacous globe Of this round world. In whose conspicuous countenance. and the inroad of Darkness old. He Heaven of Heavens and all the Powers therein By thee created. enclosed From Chaos. on thee Impressed the effulgence of his glory abides. but when thou shadest The full blaze of thy beams. Love no where to be found less than Divine! Hail. but much more to pity incline: No sooner did thy dear and only Son Perceive thee purposed not to doom frail Man So strictly. now seems a boundless continent Dark. To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. and never shall my heart thy praise Forget.
Dislodging from a region scarce of prey To gorge the flesh of lambs or yeanling kids. the fruits Of painful superstition and blind zeal. As when a vultur on Imaus bred. had they wherewithal. None yet. Though distant far. inclement sky. or middle Spirits hold Betwixt the angelical and human kind. Cleombrotus. who. flies toward the springs Of Ganges or Hydaspes. wander here. eremites. to be found was none. and in vain. and gray. Alone. fleet hither. Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds. who. with all their trumpery. Translated Saints. and still with vain design. Nought seeking but the praise of men. Till final dissolution. empty as their deeds. leaped into the sea. All the unaccomplished works of Nature's hand. leaped fondly into Aetna flames. Empedocles. where Chineses drive With sails and wind their cany waggons light: So. and idiots. Or happiness in this or the other life. when sin With vanity had filled the works of men: Both all things vain. New Babels. and he. he. Those argent fields more likely habitants. black. and friars White. would build: Others came single. Dissolved on earth. for other creature in this place. but store hereafter from the earth Up hither like aereal vapours flew Of all things transitory and vain. on this windy sea of land. Not in the neighbouring moon as some have dreamed. On hills where flocks are fed. bent on his prey. to enjoy Plato's Elysium. Embryos. and many more too long. Save on that side which from the wall of Heaven. Living or lifeless. here find Fit retribution. to be deemed A God. and all who in vain things Built their fond hopes of glory or lasting fame. All who have their reward on earth. Indian streams. But in his way lights on the barren plains Of Sericana. the Fiend Walked up and down alone. Hither of ill-joined sons and daughters born First from the ancient world those giants came With many a vain exploit. some small reflection gains Of glimmering air less vexed with tempest loud: Here walked the Fiend at large in spacious field. or unkindly mixed. monstrous. Abortive.Of Chaos blustering round. Here pilgrims roam. though then renowned: The builders next of Babel on the plain Of Sennaar. that strayed so far to seek 46 .
then reliques. till at last a gleam Of dawning light turned thither-ward in haste His travelled steps: far distant he descries Ascending by degrees magnificent Up to the wall of Heaven a structure high. thick with sparkling orient gems The portal shone. And they. And now Saint Peter at Heaven's wicket seems To wait them with his keys. The stairs were then let down. Each stair mysteriously was meant. or aggravate His sad exclusion from the doors of bliss: Direct against which opened from beneath. dispenses. Just o'er the blissful seat of Paradise. or by shading pencil. beads. These stairs were such as whereon Jacob saw Angels ascending and descending. bands Of guardians bright. Or in Franciscan think to pass disguised. and pass the fixed. At top whereof. and now at foot Of Heaven's ascent they lift their feet. pardons. inimitable on earth By model. hoods. who to be sure of Paradise. tost And fluttered into rags. whether to dare The Fiend by easy ascent. or of liquid pearl. And that crystalling sphere whose balance weighs The trepidation talked. and untrod. Indulgences. with their wearers. All this dark globe the Fiend found as he passed. but far more rich. put on the weeds of Dominick.In Golgotha him dead. Dying. Fly o'er the backside of the world far off Into a Limbo large and broad. And long he wandered. and underneath a bright sea flowed Of jasper. when lo A violent cross wind from either coast Blows them transverse. and habits. This is the gate of Heaven. to few unknown Long after. and that first moved. ten thousand leagues awry Into the devious air: Then might ye see Cowls. now unpeopled. The sport of winds: All these. who lives in Heaven. appeared The work as of a kingly palace-gate. nor stood There always. 47 . drawn. They pass the planets seven. bulls. when he from Esau fled To Padan-Aram. failing arrived Wafted by Angels. but drawn up to Heaven sometimes Viewless. whereon Who after came from earth. in the field of Luz Dreaming by night under the open sky And waking cried. or flew o'er the lake Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. since called The Paradise of Fools. With frontispiece of diamond and gold Embellished. upwhirled aloft.
but much more envy seised. thither his course he bends Through the calm firmament. where the Holy Land Borders on Egypt and the Arabian shore. Or longitude. Round he surveys (and well might. By center. Wider by far than that of after-times Over mount Sion. The Spirit malign. Satan from hence. Looks down with wonder at the sudden view Of all this world at once. Fortunate fields. but who dwelt happy there He staid not to inquire: Above them all The golden sun. Like those Hesperian gardens famed of old. and without longer pause Down right into the world's first region throws His flight precipitant. but nigh hand seemed other worlds. (but up or down. such as bound the ocean wave. then from pole to pole He views in breadth.A passage down to the Earth. Over the Promised Land to God so dear. and winds with ease Through the pure marble air his oblique way Amongst innumerable stars. So wide the opening seemed. a passage wide.t?kast by break of cheerful dawn Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill. that shone Stars distant. to visit oft those happy tribes. Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams: Such wonder seised. Or other worlds they seemed.nd desart ways with?oeril gone All?might.) where the great luminary Aloof the vulgar constellations thick. That from his lordly eye keep distance due. where bounds were set To darkness.) from eastern point Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears Andromeda far off Atlantick seas Beyond the horizon. and. the fount of Jordan's flood. where he stood So high above the circling canopy Of night's extended shade. and groves. 48 . hard to tell. or happy isles. At sight of all this world beheld so fair. Allured his eye. though after Heaven seen. By which. or some renowned metropolis With glistering spires and pinnacles adorned. and flowery vales. To Beersaba. in splendour likest Heaven. Which to his eye discovers unaware The goodly prospect of some foreign land First seen. Thrice happy isles. Through dark?. and his eye with choice regard From Paneas. That scaled by steps of gold to Heaven-gate.?. or eccentrick. On high behests his angels to and fro Passed frequent. though that were large. now on the lower stair. As when a scout.
as when his beams at noon Culminate from the equator. If stone. and years. The same whom John saw also in the sun: His back was turned. as they move Their starry dance in numbers that compute Days. with terrestrial humour mixed. so far from us remote. whence no way round Shadow from body opaque can fall. but not his brightness hid. and rivers run Potable gold. In vain. Drained through a limbeck to his native form. and to each inward part With gentle penetration. when with one virtuous touch The arch-chemick sun. towards his all-cheering lamp Turn swift their various motions. 49 . Produces. Of beaming sunny rays a golden tiar Circled his head. nor shade. carbuncle most or chrysolite. they. that gently warms The universe. part silver clear. But all sun-shine. Here in the dark so many precious things Of colour glorious. and a stone besides Imagined rather oft than elsewhere seen. or like to that which here below Philosophers in vain so long have sought. nor less his locks behind Illustrious on his shoulders fledge with wings Lay waving round. part seemed gold. though unseen.Dispenses light from far. on some great charge employed He seemed. No where so clear. That stone. sharpened his visual ray To objects distant far. far and wide his eye commands. whereby he soon Saw within ken a glorious Angel stand. and the air. There lands the Fiend. Shoots invisible virtue even to the deep. Compared with aught on earth. months. though by their powerful art they bind Volatile Hermes. For sight no obstacle found here. and effect so rare? Here matter new to gaze the Devil met Undazzled. as glowing iron with fire. but all alike informed With radiant light. or fixed in cogitation deep. as they now Shot upward still direct. So wonderously was set his station bright. and call up unbound In various shapes old Proteus from the sea. to the twelve that shone In Aaron's breast-plate. Not all parts like. If metal. or are turned By his magnetick beam. What wonder then if fields and regions here Breathe forth Elixir pure. Ruby or topaz. a spot like which perhaps Astronomer in the sun's lucent orb Through his glazed optick tube yet never saw. metal or stone. The place he found beyond expression bright.
or down to the Earth Bear his swift errands over moist and dry. Which else might work him danger or delay: And now a stripling Cherub he appears. and know All these his wonderous works. and with secret gaze Or open admiration him behold. gloriously bright. yet such as in his face Youth smiled celestial. Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes To deepest Hell. Unspeakable desire to see. the Angel bright. nearest to his throne. tell In which of all these shining orbs hath Man His fixed seat.Glad was the Spirit impure. Admonished by his ear. And here art likeliest by supreme decree Like honour to obtain. The universal Maker we may praise. But first he casts to change his proper shape. The first art wont his great authentick will Interpreter through highest Heaven to bring. and straight was known The Arch-Angel Uriel. Stand ready at command. as is meet. On whom the great Creator hath bestowed Worlds. and to every limb Suitable grace diffused. sprinkled with gold. Ere he drew nigh. O'er sea and land: him Satan thus accosts. Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim Alone thus wandering. His chief delight and favour. him for whom All these his works so wonderous he ordained. or fixed seat hath none. for thou of those seven Spirits that stand In sight of God's high throne. but chiefly Man. and on whom hath all these graces poured. That I may find him. Uriel. 50 . and as his eye To visit oft this new creation round. as now in hope To find who might direct his wandering flight To Paradise. his radiant visage turned. Where all his sons thy embassy attend. That both in him and all things. one of the seven Who in God's presence. Brightest Seraph. His journey's end and our beginning woe. His habit fit for speed succinct. and are his eyes That run through all the Heavens. Created this new happy race of Men To serve him better: Wise are all his ways. so well he feigned: Under a coronet his flowing hair In curls on either cheek played. Not of the prime. He drew not nigh unheard. But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell. the happy seat of Man. and held Before his decent steps a silver wand. and. wings he wore Of many a coloured plume. to repair that loss.
or the wisdom infinite That brought them forth. Contented with report. but there the neighbouring moon So call that opposite fair star) her aid Timely interposes. which tends to know The works of God. and wild uproar Stood ruled. came to a heap: Confusion heard his voice. and to simplicity Resigns her charge. the only evil that walks Invisible. each his course. Fair Angel. For neither Man nor Angel can discern Hypocrisy. shines. Pleasant to know. And this ethereal quintessence of Heaven Flew upward. through Heaven and Earth: And oft. That rolled orbicular. Look downward on that globe. earth. but hid their causes deep? I saw when at his word the formless mass. except to God alone. Who to the fraudulent impostor foul.So spake the false dissembler unperceived. thy desire. and turned to stars Numberless. and how they move. air. With borrowed light her countenance triform Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth. fire. and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight. though wisdom wake. Till at his second bidding Darkness fled. That place is Earth. flood. that light His day. This world's material mould. that led thee hither From thy empyreal mansion thus alone. thereby to glorify The great Work-master. spirited with various forms. through mid Heaven. Each had his place appointed. Night would invade. and order from disorder sprung: Swift to their several quarters hasted then The cumbrous elements. To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps. the seat of Man. though regent of the sun. Light shone. as the other hemisphere. The rest in circuit walls this universe. By his permissive will. leads to no excess That reaches blame. and her monthly round Still ending. but rather merits praise The more it seems excess. and held The sharpest-sighted Spirit of all in Heaven. whose hither side With light from hence. which else. while goodness thinks no ill Where no ill seems: Which now for once beguiled Uriel. still renewing. stood vast infinitude confined. as thou seest. answer thus returned. hear only in Heaven: For wonderful indeed are all his works. 51 . But what created mind can comprehend Their number. though but reflected. suspicion sleeps At wisdom's gate. In his uprightness.
who saw The Apocalypse. horrour and doubt distract His troubled thoughts. now first inflamed with rage. to which I point. and Satan. Came furious down to be revenged on men. put to second rout. to thee I call. me mine requires. O thou. is Paradise. That slumbered. Thy way thou canst not miss. and the full-blazing sun. nor from Hell One step. Which now sat high in his meridian tower: Then. of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue. much revolving. sped with hoped success. Took leave. Down from the ecliptick. and from the bottom stir The Hell within him. Book IV O. Where honour due and reverence none neglects. wakes the bitter memory Of what he was. what is. Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel. Begins his dire attempt. bowing low. and what must be Worse. Haply so 'scaped his mortal snare: For now Satan. Thus said. those lofty shades. Lookest from thy sole dominion like the God Of this new world. But with no friendly voice. with surpassing glory crowned. 52 . Woe to the inhabitants on earth! that now. which now in his view Lay pleasant. Adam's abode. that. our first parents had been warned The coming of their secret foe. which nigh the birth Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast. and round about him. no more than from himself. and his flight to Hell: Yet. his grieved look he fixes sad. While time was. And like a devilish engine back recoils Upon himself. and toward the coast of earth beneath. heard cry in Heaven aloud. not rejoicing in his speed. though bold Far off and fearless. The tempter ere the accuser of mankind. Then when the Dragon. he turned. Sometimes towards Eden. till on Niphates' top he lights. thus in sighs began. and 'scaped.And in her pale dominion checks the night. That spot. As to superiour Spirits is wont in Heaven. Sometimes towards Heaven. nor with cause to boast. Nor staid. for within him Hell He brings. To wreak on innocent frail Man his loss Of that first battle. and add thy name. his bower. came down. can fly By change of place: Now conscience wakes despair. at whose sight all the stars Hide their diminished heads. which he. for that warning voice.
To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heaven. and me. How due! yet all his good proved ill in me. myself am Hell. and that word Disdain forbids me. no unbounded hope had raised Ambition! Yet why not some other Power As great might have aspired. The easiest recompence. But Heaven's free love dealt equally to all? Be then his love accursed. in the lowest deep. Forgetful what from him I still received. whom he created what I was In that bright eminence. So burdensome still paying. and my dread of shame Among the Spirits beneath. but stand unshaken. still to owe. nor was his service hard. what burden then O. to all temptations armed. wherefore! he deserved no such return From me. Drawn to his part. That bring to my remembrance from what state I fell. And wrought but malice. O. and thought one step higher Would set me highest. What could be less than to afford him praise. but other Powers as great Fell not. And understood not that a grateful mind By owing owes not. boasting I could subdue The Omnipotent.Of Sun! to tell thee how I hate thy beams. and in a moment quit The debt immense of endless gratitude. To me alike. at last relent: Is there no place Left for repentance. though mean. but still pays. a lower deep Still threatening to devour me opens wide. it deals eternal woe. lifted up so high I sdeined subjection. whom I seduced With other promises and other vaunts Than to submit. Ay me! they little know How dearly I abide that boast so vain. and infinite despair? Which way I fly is Hell. 53 . since love or hate. Me miserable! which way shall I fly Infinite wrath. from within Or from without. and with his good Upbraided none. Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand? Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse. I had stood Then happy. none for pardon left? None left but by submission. then. how glorious once above thy sphere. had his powerful destiny ordained Me some inferiour Angel. Nay. cursed be thou. since against his thy will Chose freely what it now so justly rues. And. and pay him thanks. at once Indebted and discharged. Till pride and worse ambition threw me down Warring in Heaven against Heaven's matchless King: Ah.
and betrayed Him counterfeit. his gestures fierce He marked and mad demeanour. in stead Mankind created. By thee. all unobserved. Where wounds of deadly hate have pierced so deep: Which would but lead me to a worse relapse And heavier fall: so should I purchase dear Short intermission bought with double smart. more than could befall Spirit of happy sort. The lower still I fall. Thus while he spake. But say I could repent. Cedar. the champaign head Of a steep wilderness. All hope excluded thus. shall know. and more than half perhaps will reign. and for him this world. where delicious Paradise. ire. While they adore me on the throne of Hell. fear. whose eye pursued him down The way he went. and overhead upgrew Insuperable height of loftiest shade. be thou my good. as I from begging. Now nearer. For never can true reconcilement grow. For heavenly minds from such distempers foul Are ever clear. This knows my Punisher. Deep malice to conceal. Farewell. how soon Would highth recall high thoughts. and fir. by thee at least Divided empire with Heaven's King I hold. 54 . my former state. and this new world. and could obtain. as the ranks ascend. couched with revenge: Yet not enough had practised to deceive Uriel once warned. A sylvan scene. then alone. whose hairy sides Access denied. Artificer of fraud.Under what torments inwardly I groan. As he supposed. behold. Whereof he soon aware. only supreme In misery: Such joy ambition finds. Each perturbation smoothed with outward calm. crowns with her enclosure green. So on he fares. as violent and void. As with a rural mound. peace. unseen. With diadem and scepter high advanced. and. hope. and branching palm. Which marred his borrowed visage. Evil. By act of grace. and on the Assyrian mount Saw him disfigured. each passion dimmed his face Thrice changed with pale. envy. if any eye beheld. As Man ere long. and with hope farewell. remorse! all good to me is lost. therefore as far From granting he. and despair. and was the first That practised falsehood under saintly show. how soon unsay What feigned submission swore? Ease would recant Vows made in pain. and to the border comes Of Eden. So farewell. and pine.
At one flight bound high over-leaped all bound Of hill or highest wall. When God hath showered the earth. there fast bound. Fanning their odoriferous wings. and to the heart inspires Vernal delight and joy. bent to unhoard the cash Of some rich burgher. And higher than that wall a circling row Of goodliest trees. able to drive All sadness but despair: Now gentle gales. Who came their bane. As when to them who fail Beyond the Cape of Hope. and sheer within Lights on his feet. a woody theatre Of stateliest view. from the spouse Of Tobit's son. and many a league Cheered with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles: So entertained those odorous sweets the Fiend. But further way found none. with gay enamelled colours mixed: On which the sun more glad impressed his beams Than in fair evening cloud. and with a vengeance sent From Media post to Egypt. in contempt. pensive and slow. One gate there only was. whose substantial doors. though enamoured. and. off at sea north-east winds blow Sabean odours from the spicy shore Of Araby the blest. 00081429 Which to our general sire gave prospect large Into his nether empire neighbouring round. and now are past Mozambick. 55 . with such delay Well pleased they slack their course. and whisper whence they stole Those balmy spoils. Blossoms and fruits at once of golden hue. As when a prowling wolf. Appeared. though with them better pleased Than Asmodeus with the fishy fume That drove him. dispense Native perfumes. Yet higher than their tops The verdurous wall of Paradise upsprung. As one continued brake. loaden with fairest fruit. Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. Due entrance he disdained. the undergrowth Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplexed All path of man or beast that passed that way. or humid bow. so thick entwined. so lovely seemed That landskip: And of pure now purer air Meets his approach.Shade above shade. Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve In hurdled cotes amid the field secure. and that looked east On the other side: which when the arch-felon saw. Now to the ascent of that steep savage hill Satan had journeyed on. Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold: Or as a thief.
Eden stretched her line From Auran eastward to the royal towers Of great Seleucia. Of where the sons of Eden long before Dwelt in Telassar: In this pleasant soil His far more pleasant garden God ordained. In at the window climbs. yet not true life Thereby regained. visiting each plant. Sat like a cormorant. but perverts best things To worst abuse. Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold. nor on the virtue thought Of that life-giving plant. and next to life. Our death. Beneath him with new wonder now he views. grew fast by. Which from his darksome passage now appears. taste. So little knows Any. or to their meanest use. Knowledge of good bought dear by knowing ill. by him in the east Of Eden planted. to value right The good before him. which. divided into four main streams. if Art could tell. smell. built by Grecian kings. what well used had been the pledge Of immortality. but sat devising death To them who lived. thence united fell Down the steep glade. To all delight of human sense exposed. whereof here needs no account. Rose a fresh fountain. Runs diverse. So since into his church lewd hirelings climb. High eminent. Out of the fertile ground he caused to grow All trees of noblest kind for sight. Thence up he flew. How from that sapphire fount the crisped brooks. and on the tree of life. wandering many a famous realm And country. or o'er the tiles: So clomb this first grand thief into God's fold. Nor changed his course. But rather to tell how. yea more. and met the nether flood. And all amid them stood the tree of life. And now. With mazy errour under pendant shades Ran nectar. fear no assault. blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. Southward through Eden went a river large.Cross-barred and bolted fast. The middle tree and highest there that grew. In narrow room. but through the shaggy hill Passed underneath ingulfed. but only used For prospect. and with many a rill Watered the garden. for God had thrown That mountain as his garden-mould high raised Upon the rapid current. and fed 56 . through veins Of porous earth with kindly thirst up-drawn. Nature's whole wealth. A Heaven on Earth: For blissful Paradise Of God the garden was. but God alone. the tree of knowledge.
Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance. for in their looks divine 57 . where the Fiend Saw. or the flowery lap Of some irriguous valley spread her store. enclosed with shining rock. all delight. while universal Pan. and plain. but Nature boon Poured forth profuse on hill.Flowers worthy of Paradise. and where the unpierced shade Imbrowned the noontide bowers: Thus was this place A happy rural seat of various view. Mount Amara. nor that Nyseian isle Girt with the river Triton. which cost Ceres all that pain To seek her through the world. and her florid son Young Bacchus. That to the fringed bank with myrtle crowned Her crystal mirrour holds. Godlike erect. and flocks Grazing the tender herb. nor that sweet grove Of Daphne by Orontes. new to sight. erect and tall. and strange Two of far nobler shape. here only. were interposed. where old Cham. with native honour clad In naked majesty seemed lords of all: And worthy seemed. Others whose fruit. Herself a fairer flower by gloomy Dis Was gathered. where Proserpine gathering flowers. A whole day's journey high. or in a lake. though this by some supposed True Paradise under the Ethiop line By Nilus' head. burnished with golden rind. but wide remote From this Assyrian garden. mean while murmuring waters fall Down the slope hills. from his stepdame Rhea's eye. airs. and dale. dispersed. Hid Amalthea. vernal airs. might with this Paradise Of Eden strive. and gently creeps Luxuriant. Led on the eternal Spring. all kind Of living creatures. Not that fair field Of Enna. Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. which not nice Art In beds and curious knots. umbrageous grots and caves Of cool recess. Flowers of all hue. and without thorn the rose: Another side. and the inspired Castalian spring. The birds their quire apply. unite their streams. Or palmy hillock. Both where the morning sun first warmly smote The open field. Breathing the smell of field and grove. attune The trembling leaves. o'er which the mantling vine Lays forth her purple grape. If true. Hung amiable. Hesperian fables true. Whom Gentiles Ammon call and Libyan Jove. or level downs. undelighted. and of delicious taste: Betwixt them lawns. Nor where Abassin kings their issue guard.
Nectarine fruits which the compliant boughs Yielded them. And by her yielded. as their sex not equal seemed. Sin-bred. which implied Subjection. linked in happy nuptial league. scoop the brimming stream.The image of their glorious Maker shone. by him best received. Truth. nor youthful dalliance. she for God in him: His fair large front and eye sublime declared Absolute rule. (Severe. Nor gentle purpose. Simplicity and spotless innocence! So passed they naked on. but not beneath his shoulders broad: She. 58 . mere shows of seeming pure. as a veil. sanctitude severe and pure. and. wholesome thirst and appetite More grateful. though both Not equal. Yielded with coy submission.) Whence true authority in men. for they thought no ill: So hand in hand they passed. down to the slender waist Her unadorned golden tresses wore Dishevelled. how have ye troubled all mankind With shows instead. amorous delay. and made ease More easy. For contemplation he and valour formed. wisdom. the loveliest pair. by a fresh fountain side They sat them down. About them frisking played All beasts of the earth. but in true filial freedom placed. and in the rind. modest pride. He for God only. as beseems Fair couple. and hyacinthine locks Round from his parted forelock manly hung Clustering. honour dishonourable. after no more toil Of their sweet gardening labour than sufficed To recommend cool Zephyr. Adam the goodliest man of men since born His sons. Alone as they. and of all chase In wood or wilderness. but required with gentle sway. For softness she and sweet attractive grace. forest or den. nor shunned the sight Of God or Angel. Still as they thirsted. dishonest shame Of nature's works. nor endearing smiles Wanted. side-long as they sat recline On the soft downy bank damasked with flowers: The savoury pulp they chew. the fairest of her daughters Eve. And sweet. but in wanton ringlets waved As the vine curls her tendrils. reluctant. Then was not guilty shame. Nor those mysterious parts were then concealed. Under a tuft of shade that on a green Stood whispering soft. since wild. And banished from man's life his happiest life. to their supper-fruits they fell. That ever since in love's embraces met.
Scarce thus at length failed speech recovered sad. wove with Gordian twine His braided train. for the sun. my dwelling haply may not please. her widest gates. he gave it me. So spake the Fiend. and such grace The hand that formed them on their shape hath poured. Or bedward ruminating. when all these delights Will vanish. whom I could pity thus forlorn. and deliver ye to woe. yet publick reason just. and this high seat your Heaven Ill fenced for Heaven to keep out such a foe As now is entered. was hasting now with prone career To the ocean isles. Which I as freely give: Hell shall unfold. 59 . More woe. By conquering this new world. To make them mirth. Gambolled before them. but for so happy ill secured Long to continue. Not Spirits. or you with me Henceforth.Sporting the lion ramped. O Hell! what do mine eyes with grief behold! Into our room of bliss thus high advanced Creatures of other mould. Though I unpitied: League with you I seek. I should abhor. pards. the more your taste is now of joy. close the serpent sly. though damned. as first he stood. yet to heavenly Spirits bright Little inferiour. Insinuating. Not like these narrow limits. so lively shines In them divine resemblance. the unwieldy elephant. as I do. And should I at your harmless innocence Melt. ye little think how nigh Your change approaches. there will be room. Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge On you who wrong me not for him who wronged. if no better place. bears. and could love. That I with you must dwell. whom my thoughts pursue With wonder. and in his paw Dandled the kid. earth-born perhaps. so close. compels me now To do what else. Happy. and now filled with pasture gazing sat. Like this fair Paradise. so strait. yet no purposed foe To you. used all his might. and in the ascending scale Of Heaven the stars that usher evening rose: When Satan still in gaze. ounces. tigers. and wreathed His?kithetmroboscis. and with necessity. yet such Accept your Maker's work. and of his fatal guile Gave proof unheeded. to receive Your numerous offspring. To entertain you two. Declined. your sense. Honour and empire with revenge enlarged. And send forth all her kings. Ah! gentle pair. And mutual amity. others on the grass Couched.
Then from his lofty stand on that high tree Down he alights among the sportful herd Of those four-footed kinds. Among so many signs of power and rule Conferred upon us. O thou for whom And from whom I was formed. So near grows death to life. of all these joys. planted by the tree of life. for well thou knowest God hath pronounced it death to taste that tree. changes oft His couchant watch. Whence rushing. yet with thee were sweet. Sole partner. of all the trees In Paradise that bear delicious fruit So various. Then let us not think hard One easy prohibition. as one who chose his ground. By word or action marked. The only sign of our obedience left. he might surest seize them both. he who requires From us no other service than to keep This one. and tend these flowers. Straight couches close. as their shape served best his end Nearer to view his prey. Be infinitely good. Griped in each paw: when. About them round A lion now he stalks with fiery glare. Now other. That raised us from the dust. and sole part.The tyrant's plea. then. Adam first of men To first of women Eve thus moving speech. flesh of thy flesh. and of his good As liberal and free as infinite. rising. and placed us here In all this happiness. and for us this ample world. To prune these growing plants. and dominion given Over all other creatures that possess Earth. 60 . Turned him. To mark what of their state he more might learn. To whom thus Eve replied. my guide And head! what thou hast said is just and right. not to taste that only tree Of knowledge. Which were it toilsome. who enjoy Free leave so large to all things else. this easy charge. who by chance hath spied In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play. all ear to hear new utterance flow. Dearer thyself than all. and sea. following our delightful task. and choice Unlimited of manifold delights: But let us ever praise him. who at his hand Have nothing merited. needs must the Power That made us. excused his devilish deeds. and. nor can perform Aught whereof he hath need. Some dreadful thing no doubt. himself now one. And without whom am to no end. unespied. Then as a tiger. and extol His bounty. whate'er death is. For we to him indeed all praises owe. air.
while thou Like consort to thyself canst no where find. much wondering where And what I was. So spake our general mother. whence thither brought. 'Substantial life. And meek surrender. But follow straight. and how. and thence be called 'Mother of human race. 'What thou seest. then stood unmoved Pure as the expanse of Heaven. to look into the clear Smooth lake. fair Eve. Bending to look on me: I started back. to have thee by my side 'Henceforth an individual solace dear. 'Part of my soul I seek thee. fair indeed and tall. I chiefly. when from sleep I first awaked. invisibly thus led? Till I espied thee. and spread Into a liquid plain. 'Whom flyest thou? whom thou flyest. And wisdom. and thy soft embraces. is thyself. and found myself reposed Under a shade on flowers. he 'Whose image thou art. 'Return. As I bent down to look. 'And I will bring thee where no shadow stays 'Thy coming. which alone is truly fair. that to me seemed another sky. yet methought less fair. half-embracing leaned On our first father. and pined with vain desire. 'With thee it came and goes: but follow me. nearest my heart.' What could I do. enjoying thee Pre-eminent by so much odds. and thee claim 'My other half:' With that thy gentle hand Seised mine: I yielded. less amiably mild. Thou following cryedst aloud. of him thou art. fair Creature. and laid me down On the green bank.and from that time see How beauty is excelled by manly grace. It started back. just opposite A shape within the watery gleam appeared. him thou shalt enjoy 'Inseparably thine. Under a platane. 'His flesh. half her swelling breast 61 . Pleased it returned as soon with answering looks Of sympathy and love: There I had fixed Mine eyes till now.And daily thanks. to give thee being I lent 'Out of my side to thee. who enjoy So far the happier lot. Had not a voice thus warned me. but pleased I soon returned. Than that smooth watery image: Back I turned. and with eyes Of conjugal attraction unreproved. I thither went With unexperienced thought. to him shalt bear 'Multitudes like thyself. 'What there thou seest. Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound Of waters issued from a cave. Less winning soft. his bone. That day I oft remember.
till I return. enjoy. but fierce desire. Among our other torments not the least. One fatal tree there stands. and no corner leave unspied. Yet let me not forget what I have gained From their own mouths: All is not theirs.Naked met his. Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidden Suspicious. and submissive charms. and to reject Envious commands. Live while ye may. and to himself thus plained. o'er hill. The proof of their obedience and their faith? O fair foundation laid whereon to build Their ruin! hence I will excite their minds With more desire to know. Or in thick shade retired. But with sly circumspection. the setting sun Slowly descended. reasonless. invented with design To keep them low. The happier Eden. Smiled with superiour love. under the flowing gold Of her loose tresses hid: he in delight Both of her beauty. and began Through wood. yet with jealous leer malign Eyed them askance. one entrance high. Sight hateful. They taste and die: What likelier can ensue But first with narrow search I must walk round This garden. of knowledge called. while I to Hell am thrust. winding with one ascent Accessible from earth. sight tormenting! thus these two. Why should their Lord Envy them that? Can it be sin to know? Can it be death? And do they only stand By ignorance? Is that their happy state. Conspicuous far. when he impregns the clouds That shed Mayflowers. A chance but chance may lead where I may meet Some wandering Spirit of Heaven by fountain side. through waste. Yet happy pair. 62 . it seems. his roam Mean while in utmost longitude. piled up to the clouds. and with right aspect Against the eastern gate of Paradise Levelled his evening rays: It was a rock Of alabaster. shall enjoy their fill Of bliss on bliss. as Jupiter On Juno smiles. from him to draw What further would be learned. whom knowledge might exalt Equal with Gods: aspiring to be such. his proud step he scornful turned. Short pleasures. and pressed her matron lip With kisses pure: Aside the Devil turned For envy. Imparadised in one another's arms. for long woes are to succeed! So saying. where Heaven With earth and ocean meets. Still unfulfilled with pain of longing pines. Where neither joy nor love. o'er dale.
or this less volubil earth. Gabriel. Thither came Uriel. but such as come Well known from Heaven. gliding through the even On a sun-beam. no wonder if thy perfect sight. and since meridian hour No creature thence: If Spirit of other sort. him thy care must be to find. and marked his aery gait. hard thou knowest it to exclude Spiritual substance with corporeal bar. awaiting night. By shorter flight to the east. See far and wide: In at this gate none pass The vigilance here placed. soon discerned his looks Alien from Heaven. God's latest image: I described his way Bent all on speed. and with gold. This day at highth of noon came to my sphere A Spirit. hath ventured from the deep. So promised he. zealous. Hung high with diamond flaming. to know More of the Almighty's works. In whatsoever shape he lurk. impossible to climb. to thee thy course by lot hath given Charge and strict watch. So minded. and shows the mariner From what point of his compass to beware Impetuous winds: He thus began in haste. To whom the winged warriour thus returned. But in the mount that lies from Eden north. whose point now raised Bore him slope downward to the sun now fallen Beneath the Azores. helms. and spears.The rest was craggy cliff. but under shade Lost sight of him: One of the banished crew. Chief of the angelick guards. with passions foul obscured: Mine eye pursued him still. and chiefly Man. but nigh at hand Celestial armoury. have o'er-leaped these earthly bounds On purpose. Amid the sun's bright circle where thou sitst. Uriel. that to this happy place No evil thing approach or enter in. by morrow dawning I shall know. had thither rolled Diurnal. Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat. and Uriel to his charge Returned on that bright beam. as he seemed. 63 . had left him there Arraying with reflected purple and gold The clouds that on his western throne attend. Incredible how swift. of whom Thou tellest. I fear. swift as a shooting star In autumn thwarts the night. when vapours fired Impress the air. About him exercised heroick games The unarmed youth of Heaven. shields. Where he first lighted. to raise New troubles. whether the prime orb. But if within the circuit of these walks. that overhung Still as it rose.
fruit. With thee conversing I forget all time. at length Apparent queen unveiled her peerless light. 64 . And of their doings God takes no account. what thou bidst Unargued I obey: So God ordains. rode brightest. And the regard of Heaven on all his ways. Ask riddance. Fair Consort. for beast and bird. and require More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth: Those blossoms also. She all night long her amorous descant sung. tree. and flower. Glistering with dew. God is thy law. that led The starry host. fragrant the fertile earth After soft showers. That mock our scant manuring. night bids us rest. her rising sweet. and all things now retired to rest. and sweet the coming on Of grateful Evening mild. Our walk at noon. we must be risen. the hour Of night. to men Successive. With charm of earliest birds: pleasant the sun. To-morrow. When first on this delightful land he spreads His orient beams. That lie bestrown. and less need rest. since God hath set Labour and rest. till the moon. and her praise. and their change. Rising in clouded majesty. which declares his dignity. And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw. When Adam thus to Eve. Sweet is the breath of Morn. all but the wakeful nightingale. And at our pleasant labour. with perfect beauty adorned My Author and Disposer. unsightly and unsmooth. inclines Our eye-lids: Other creatures all day long Rove idle. Now falling with soft slumbrous weight. all please alike. ere fresh morning streak the east With first approach of light. and those dropping gums. as Nature wills. and Twilight gray Had in her sober livery all things clad. Silence was pleased: Now glowed the firmament With living sapphires: Hesperus. unemployed. Man hath his daily work of body or mind Appointed. if we mean to tread with ease. these to their nests Were slunk. then silent Night. Mind us of like repose. thou mine: To know no more Is woman's happiest knowledge. and this fair moon. While other animals unactive range. They to their grassy couch. With this her solemn bird. All seasons. To whom thus Eve. yonder alleys green. with branches overgrown. Mean while. on herb. Silence accompanied.Now came still Evening on. as day and night. to reform Yon flowery arbours. and the timely dew of sleep.
Daughter of God and Man. Thus talking. and lift our thoughts to Heaven. her starry train: But neither breath of Morn. without thee is sweet. or nightly rounding walk. Glistering with dew. Sole. their songs Divide the night. flower. nor think. and jessamin. made hereby apter to receive Perfection from the sun's more potent ray. nor walk by moon. though men were none. These then. but with kindly heat Of various influence foment and warm. and each odorous bushy shrub. or in part shed down Their stellar virtue on all kinds that grow On earth. accomplished Eve. Temper or nourish. Fenced up the verdant wall. when sleep hath shut all eyes? To whom our general ancestor replied. nor fragrance after showers. they set and rise. the roof Of thickest covert was inwoven shade Laurel and myrtle. and from land to land In order. Singing their great Creator? oft in bands While they keep watch. roses. Reared high their flourished heads between. and extinguish life In Nature and all things. But wherefore all night long shine these? for whom This glorious sight. which these soft fires Not only enlighten. With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds In full harmonick number joined. Shine not in vain. Ministring light prepared. These have their course to finish round the earth. each beauteous flower.And these the gems of Heaven. Lest total Darkness should by night regain Her old possession. on either side Acanthus. when she ascends With charm of earliest birds. nor rising sun On this delightful land. both when we wake. By morrow evening. and what higher grew Of firm and fragrant leaf. when he framed All things to Man's delightful use. though to nations yet unborn. and when we sleep: All these with ceaseless praise his works behold Both day and night: How often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard Celestial voices to the midnight air. hand in hand alone they passed On to their blissful bower: it was a place Chosen by the sovran Planter. nor silent Night. Nor grateful Evening mild. fruit. God want praise: Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth Unseen. That Heaven would want spectators. Or glittering star-light. and wrought 65 . Iris all hues. With this her solemn bird. though unbeheld in deep of night. or responsive each to others note. nor herb.
she ensnared Mankind with her fair looks. I ween. who shall with us extol Thy goodness infinite. and under open sky adored The God that made both sky. and thou the day. with rich inlay Broidered the ground. and other rites Observing none. mysterious law. air. And heavenly quires the hymenaean sung. insect. and heaven. This said unanimous. into their inmost bower Handed they went. Thus. More lovely. foe to God and Man? Hail. as now. and innocence. and place. and O! too like In sad event. true source 66 . wedded Love. In shadier bower More sacred and sequestered.Mosaick. than Pandora. Straight side by side were laid. But thou hast promised from us two a race To fill the earth. both stood. Which we. Espoused Eve decked first her nuptial bed. and hyacinth. though but feigned. nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refused: Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity. in close recess. Such was their awe of Man. happy in our mutual help And mutual love. Pan or Sylvanus never slept. and this delicious place For us too large. whom the Gods Endowed with all their gifts. Which they beheld. who bids abstain But our Destroyer. to be avenged On him who had stole Jove's authentick fire. Have finished. Adam from his fair spouse. durst enter none. where thy abundance wants Partakers. and. Maker Omnipotent. and commands to some. And starry pole: Thou also madest the night. but adoration pure Which God likes best. Bird. With flowers. eased the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear. and sweet-smelling herbs. the crown of all our bliss Ordained by thee. both when we wake. thy gift of sleep. when to the unwiser son Of Japhet brought by Hermes. Our Maker bids encrease. earth. And when we seek. Both turned. Crocus. at their shady lodge arrived. nor Nymph Nor Faunus haunted. more coloured than with stone Of costliest emblem: Other creature here. the moon's resplendent globe. underfoot the violet. or worm. beast. and uncropt falls to the ground. nor turned. in our appointed work employed. garlands. leaves free to all. Here. What day the genial Angel to our sire Brought her in naked beauty more adorned. Defaming as impure what God declares Pure.
Present. Now had night measured with her shadowy cone Half way up hill this vast sublunar vault. These. lulled by nightingales. two strong and subtle Spirits he called That near him stood. Now laid perhaps asleep. best quitted with disdain. seise fast. that I should write thee sin or blame. with winged speed Search through this garden. Whose bed is undefiled and chaste pronounced. and brother. and gave them thus in charge. Our circuit meets full west. Relations dear. Ithuriel and Zephon. leave unsearched no nook. and waves his purple wings. and hither bring. So saying. or past. Casual fruition. Mixed dance. here lights His constant lamp. From these. Forth issuing at the accustomed hour. which the starved lover sings To his proud fair. Blest pair. loyal. unendeared. on errand bad no doubt: Such. nor in court-amours. embracing slept. on he led his radiant files. and coast the south With strictest watch. by thee Founded in reason. sole propriety In Paradise of all things common else! By thee adulterous Lust was driven from men Among the bestial herds to range. Uzziel. or wanton mask. and know to know no more. Who tells of some infernal Spirit seen Hitherward bent (who could have thought?) escaped The bars of Hell. stood armed To their night watches in warlike parade. Or think thee unbefitting holiest place. Here Love his golden shafts employs. Dazzling the moon. if ye seek No happier state. But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge. This evening from the sun's decline arrived. as saints and patriarchs used. and all the charities Of father. half these draw off.Of human offspring. and O!yet happiest. Sleep on. Perpetual fountain of domestick sweets. joyless. these to the bower direct In search of whom they sought: Him there they found Squat like a toad. Reigns here and revels. where ye find. son. not in the bought smile Of harlots. and pure. And from their ivory port the Cherubim. loveless. first were known. secure of harm. When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. And on their naked limbs the flowery roof Showered roses. which the morn repaired. As flame they part. Assaying by his devilish art to reach 67 . just. or midnight ball. Or serenate. Far be it. close at the ear of Eve. half to the spear. Half wheeling to the shield. these other wheel the north.
Yet thus. transformed. And felt how awful goodness is. half amazed So sudden to behold the grisly king. and pined His loss. inordinate desires. answering scorn with scorn. Think not. Or undiminished brightness to be known. or. and thou resemblest now Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foul. the sender. accost him soon. So spake the Cherub. Which of those rebel Spirits adjudged to Hell Comest thou. thy shape the same. As when thou stoodest in Heaven upright and pure. Why sat'st thou like an enemy in wait. So started up in his own shape the Fiend. Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate For you. revolted Spirit. and with them forge Illusions. Vain hopes. Blown up with high conceits ingendering pride. when thou no more wast good. Departed from thee. and superfluous begin Your message. and saw Virtue in her shape how lovely. The lowest of your throng. That glory then. If I must contend. Why ask ye. there sitting where ye durst not soar: Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. inspiring venom. for no falshood can endure Touch of celestial temper. Or if. As when a spark Lights on a heap of nitrous powder. the smutty grain. inflames the air. laid Fit for the tun some magazine to store Against a rumoured war. as he list. that from pure blood arise Like gentle breaths from rivers pure. shalt give account To him who sent us. whose charge is to keep This place inviolable. escaped thy prison? and. yet seemed Undaunted. filled with scorn. saw. not the sent. added grace Invincible: Abashed the Devil stood. but chiefly to find here observed His lustre visibly impaired. Best with the best. 68 . be sure. and these from harm. Back stept those two fair Angels.The organs of her fancy. he might taint The animal spirits. said he. but returns Of force to its own likeness: Up he starts Discovered and surprised. Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear Touched lightly. Severe in youthful beauty. if ye know. unmoved with fear. like to end as much in vain? To whom thus Zephon. But come. vain aims. thence raise At least distempered. and his grave rebuke. With sudden blaze diffused. phantasms and dreams. Here watching at the head of these that sleep? Know ye not then said Satan. for thou. discontented thoughts.
it seems. Lives there who loves his pain! Who would not. and those Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss! To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow. who approve not to transgress By thy example. and thence weak. Not likely to part hence without contest. How busied. Thus he in scorn. Will save us trial what the least can do Single against thee wicked. Why hast thou. not else dismayed. O friends! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting this way. And brief related whom they brought. and now by glimpse discern Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade. broke the bounds prescribed To thy transgressions. The Fiend replied not. but this question asked Puts me in doubt. Thy fear. when those two approached. Champing his iron curb: To strive or fly He held it vain. Satan. and closing stood in squadron joined. went haughty on. He scarce had ended. and disturbed the charge Of others. where found. Stand firm. Employed. break loose from Hell. Though thither doomed! Thou wouldst thyself. But faded splendour wan. more glory will be won. To thee no reason. from the front thus called aloud. finding way. who by his gait And fierce demeanour seems the Prince of Hell. if he intends our stay In that dark durance: Thus much what was asked. where those half-rounding guards Just met. no doubt And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain. who knowest only good. overcome with rage. Gabriel. To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. in what form and posture couched. for in his look defiance lours. they found me where they say. Disdainfully half smiling. where thou mightst hope to change Torment with ease. to violate sleep. but have power and right To question thy bold entrance on this place. and soonest recompense Dole with delight. awe from above had quelled His heart.Or all at once. But evil hast not tried: and wilt object His will who bounds us! Let him surer bar His iron gates. And with them comes a third of regal port. thus replied. The rest is true. Now drew they nigh The western point. Or less be lost. And such I held thee. But that implies not violence or harm. like a proud steed reined. The warlike Angel moved. 69 . But. A waiting next command. said Zephon bold. To whom their Chief. Gabriel? thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of wise. which in this place I sought.
and my afflicted Powers To settle here on earth. not fight. as before. Argues no leader but a liear traced. pretending first Wise to fly pain. that no pain Can equal anger infinite provoked. whom folly overthrew. with songs to hymn his throne. to dissolve 70 . But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee Came not all hell broke loose? or thou than they Less hardy to endure? Courageous Chief! The first in flight from pain! hadst thou alleged To thy deserted host this cause of flight. Was this your discipline and faith engaged. not to hazard all Through ways of danger by himself untried: I. O sacred name of faithfulness profaned! Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew? Army of Fiends. meet thy flight Sevenfold. or in mid air. or shrink from pain. when in battle to thy aid The blasting vollied thunder made all speed. To which the Fiend thus answered. But still thy words at random. whereof in Hell Fame is not silent. Insulting Angel! well thou knowest I stood Thy fiercest. fit body to fit head. Not that I less endure. Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise Or not. Though for possession put to try once more What thou and thy gay legions dare against. who ask what boldness brought him hither Unlicensed from his bounds in Hell prescribed. presumptuous! till the wrath. and spy This new created world. And seconded thy else not dreaded spear. professing next the spy. Satan. and to 'scape his punishment! So judge thou still. I alone first undertook To wing the desolate abyss. Whose easier business were to serve their Lord High up in Heaven. Argue thy inexperience what behoves From hard assays and ill successes past A faithful leader. And now returns him from his prison 'scaped. therefore.O loss of one in Heaven to judge of wise Since Satan fell. To whom the warriour Angel soon replied. Which taught thee yet no better. And practised distances to cringe. So wise he judges it to fly from pain However. Which thou incurrest by flying. and scourge that wisdom back to Hell. To say and straight unsay. frowning stern. here in hope to find Better abode. and couldst thou faithful add? O name. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. Your military obedience.
So threatened he. and thyself to reign? But mark what I arreed thee now. and cringed. Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained. but Satan to no threats Gave heed. dilated stood. and servily adored Heaven's awful Monarch? wherefore. the careful plowman doubting stands. which way the wind Sways them. but in hope To dispossess him. 71 . unremoved: His stature reached the sky. alarmed. now ponders all events. drawest his triumphant wheels In progress through the road of Heaven star-paved. Proud limitary Cherub! but ere then Far heavier load thyself expect to feel From my prevailing arm. and on his crest Sat Horrour plumed. had not soon The Eternal. as henceforth not to scorn The facile gates of Hell too slightly barred. as thick as when a field Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends Her bearded grove of ears. Which Gabriel spying. and thou with thy compeers. sly hypocrite. who more than thou Once fawned. Satan. but waxing more in rage replied. Us'd to the yoke. Like Teneriff or Atlas. Battles and realms: In these he put two weights. or all the elements At least had gone to wrack. Fly neither whence thou fledst! If from this hour Within these hallowed limits thou appear. and kicked the beam. The sequel each of parting and of fight: The latter quick up flew. and thou knowest mine. I know thy strength. Then when I am thy captive talk of chains. sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx. but the starry cope Of Heaven perhaps. While thus he spake. though Heaven's King Ride on thy wings. Left on the threshing floor his hopeless sheaves Prove chaff. Avant.Allegiance to the acknowledged Power supreme? And thou. Hung forth in Heaven his golden scales. yet seen Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign. And seal thee so. thus bespake the Fiend. nor wanted in his grasp What seemed both spear and shield: Now dreadful deeds Might have ensued. nor only Paradise In this commotion. Wherein all things created first he weighed. The pendulous round earth with balanced air In counterpoise. the angelick squadron bright Turned fiery red. disturbed and torn With violence of this conflict. Collecting all his might. On the other side. to prevent such horrid fray. Satan. who now wouldst seem Patron of liberty. and began to hem him round With ported spears.
for I this night (Such night till this I never passed) have dreamed. and morn returned. If dreamed. as I oft am wont. Close at mine ear one called me forth to walk With gentle voice. whom embracing. and the fresh field Calls us. we lose the prime. my ever new delight! Awake: The morning shines. how blows the citron grove. my perfection! glad I see Thy face. which the only sound Of leaves and fuming rills. sowed the earth with orient pearl. Book V Now Morn. with looks of cordial love Hung over her enamoured. though doubled now To trample thee as mire: For proof look up. And read thy lot in yon celestial sign. whether waking or asleep. and glowing cheek. and beheld Beauty. My glory. on his side Leaning half raised. from pure digestion bred. her rosy steps in the eastern clime Advancing. but given: What folly then To boast what arms can do? since thine no more Than Heaven permits. My fairest. and shown how light. Awake. But of offence and trouble. as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes.Neither our own. and the shrill matin song Of birds on every bough. how the bee Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet. and with him fled the shades of night. how weak. to mark how spring Our tender plants. How nature paints her colours. O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose. thus she spake. If thou resist. I thought it thine: It said. my latest found. of thee. Such whispering waked her. As through unquiet rest: He. Shot forth peculiar graces. so much the more His wonder was to find unwakened Eve With tresses discomposed. Works of day past. Eve? now is the pleasant time. Her hand soft touching. 72 . and knew His mounted scale aloft: Nor more. so customed. The Fiend looked up. Where thou art weighed. which my mind Knew never till this irksome night: Methought. Lightly dispersed. or morrow's next design. which. When Adam waked. 'Why sleepest thou. not. then with voice Mild. whispered thus. And temperate vapours bland. but with startled eye On Adam. and what the balmy reed. Aurora's fan. Heaven's last best gift. nor mine. my espoused. for his sleep Was aery-light.but fled Murmuring. What drops the myrrh.
or what reserve forbids to taste? 'Forbid who will. and such live thou!' So saying. 'The author not impaired. that I. happy though thou art. he drew nigh. his dewy locks distilled Ambrosia. Heaven wakes with all his eyes. save where silence yields 'To the night-warbling bird. by merit thine. and underneath beheld The earth outstretched immense. 'Nor God. now reigns 'Full-orbed the moon. alone I passed through ways That brought me on a sudden to the tree Of interdicted knowledge: fair it seemed. me damp horrour chilled At such bold words vouched with a deed so bold: But he thus. the silent. And on. 'But sometimes in the air.' said he. since good. beside it stood One shaped and winged like one of those from Heaven By us oft seen. none shall from me withhold 'Longer thy offered good. 'Forbidden here. 'Sweet of thyself. it seems. Much fairer to my fancy than by day: And. as I wondering looked. but with venturous arm He plucked. methought. on that tree he also gazed. sometimes 'Ascend to Heaven. but found thee not. but much more sweet thus cropt. 'If none regard. but honoured more? 'Here. Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part Which he had plucked. as only fit 'For Gods. he tasted. yet able to make Gods of Men: 'And why not Gods of Men. 'with fruit surcharged. the pleasant savoury smell So quickened appetite. Could not but taste.' I rose as at thy call. 'Happier thou mayest be. with ravishment 'Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. as we. and taste thy sweet. and see 'What life the Gods live there. and with more pleasing light 'Shadowy sets off the face of things. and be henceforth among the Gods 'Thyself a Goddess. not to earth confined. methought. fair angelick Eve! 'Partake thou also. nor Man? Is knowledge so despised? 'Or envy. that now awake 'Tunes sweetest his love-laboured song. 'O fruit divine. and to me held. 'Whom to behold but thee. Forthwith up to the clouds With him I flew. happy creature. he paused not. a prospect wide And various: Wondering at my flight and change 73 . worthier canst not be: 'Taste this. Nature's desire? 'In whose sight all things joy. in vain. 'Deigns none to ease thy load. why else set here? This said. more abundant grows. overjoyed.'The cool. And 'O fair plant. the more 'Communicated. To find thee I directed then my walk.
in this thy dream. nor cloud those looks. and the sun. That wont to be more cheerful and serene. I fear.To this high exaltation. Ill matching words and deeds long past or late. And let us to our fresh employments rise Among the groves. So cheered he his fair spouse. So all was cleared. and call Our knowledge or opinion. Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none. and wiped them with her hair. But know that in the soul Are many lesser faculties. Two other precious drops that ready stood. aery shapes. Best image of myself. sunk down. as the gracious signs of sweet remorse And pious awe. then retires Into her private cell. and leave No spot or blame behind: Which gives me hope That what in sleep thou didst abhor to dream. and dearer half. Be not disheartened then. She forms imaginations. and I. But with addition strange. Each in their crystal sluice. Waking thou never will consent to do. And fell asleep. Than when fair morning first smiles on the world. nor can I like This uncouth dream. methought. and kept for thee in store. when nature rests. Created pure. among these Fancy next Her office holds. Some such resemblances. of evil sprung. misjoining shapes. But silently a gentle tear let fall From either eye. who. scarce up-risen. joining or disjoining. With wheels yet hovering o'er the ocean-brim. 74 . I find Of our last evening's talk. yet be not sad. but O. of all external things Which the five watchful senses represent. methinks. Wild work produces oft. the fountains. But first. Oft in her absence mimick Fancy wakes To imitate her. he ere they fell Kissed. frames All what we affirm or what deny. and the flowers That open now their choisest bosomed smells. from under shady arborous roof Soon as they forth were come to open sight Of day-spring. Reserved from night. Evil into the mind of God or Man May come and go. and to the field they haste. how glad I waked To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her night Related. that serve Reason as chief. Which Reason. The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally. and she was cheered. suddenly My guide was gone. so unreproved. that feared to have offended. and most in dreams. and thus Adam answered sad. but.
him last. Moon. let your ceaseless change Vary to our great Maker still new praise. and when thou fallest. who sitst above these heavens To us invisible. Thou Sun. each morning duly paid In various style. Ye Mists and Exhalations. both when thou climbest. Air. Sure pledge of day.Shot parallel to the earth his dewy ray. such prompt eloquence Flowed from their lips. Fairest of stars. or dimly seen In these thy lowest works. that sweet hour of prime. that in quaternion run Perpetual circle. multiform. and power divine. ye who best can tell. Till the sun paint your fleecy skirts with gold. and without end. While day arises. Lowly they bowed adoring. And when high noon hast gained. Thus wonderous fair. If better thou belong not to the dawn. dusky or gray. Rising or falling still advance his praise. him midst. and with songs And choral symphonies. that move In mystick dance not without song. in prose or numerous verse. In honour to the world's great Author rise. Whether to deck with clouds the uncoloured sky. that now meetest the orient sun. day without night. fixed in their orb that flies. ye sons of light. praise him in thy sphere. Thyself how wonderous then! Unspeakable. Almighty! Thine this universal frame. last in the train of night. Discovering in wide landskip all the east Of Paradise and Eden's happy plains. that now rise From hill or steaming lake. in fit strains pronounced. Parent of good. for neither various style Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise Their Maker. 75 . for ye behold him. ye in Heaven On Earth join all ye Creatures to extol Him first. These are thy glorious works. resound His praise. and ye Elements. and they thus began. sound his praise In thy eternal course. Or wet the thirsty earth with falling showers. of this great world both eye and soul. and mix And nourish all things. yet these declare Thy goodness beyond thought. and began Their orisons. Speak. or sung Unmeditated. that crownest the smiling morn With thy bright circlet. Angels. the eldest birth Of Nature's womb. who out of darkness called up light. With the fixed Stars. More tuneable than needed lute or harp To add more sweetness. Acknowledge him thy greater. And ye five other wandering Fires. Circle his throne rejoicing. now flyest.
His praise, ye Winds, that from four quarters blow, Breathe soft or loud; and, wave your tops, ye Pines, With every plant, in sign of worship wave. Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow, Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. Join voices, all ye living Souls: Ye Birds, That singing up to Heaven-gate ascend, Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise. Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep; Witness if I be silent, morn or even, To hill, or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Made vocal by my song, and taught his praise. Hail, universal Lord, be bounteous still To give us only good; and if the night Have gathered aught of evil, or concealed, Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark! So prayed they innocent, and to their thoughts Firm peace recovered soon, and wonted calm. On to their morning's rural work they haste, Among sweet dews and flowers; where any row Of fruit-trees over-woody reached too far Their pampered boughs, and needed hands to check Fruitless embraces: or they led the vine To wed her elm; she, spoused, about him twines Her marriageable arms, and with him brings Her dower, the adopted clusters, to adorn His barren leaves. Them thus employed beheld With pity Heaven's high King, and to him called Raphael, the sociable Spirit, that deigned To travel with Tobias, and secured His marriage with the seventimes-wedded maid. Raphael, said he, thou hearest what stir on Earth Satan, from Hell 'scaped through the darksome gulf, Hath raised in Paradise; and how disturbed This night the human pair; how he designs In them at once to ruin all mankind. Go therefore, half this day as friend with friend Converse with Adam, in what bower or shade Thou findest him from the heat of noon retired, To respite his day-labour with repast, Or with repose; and such discourse bring on, As may advise him of his happy state, Happiness in his power left free to will, Left to his own free will, his will though free, Yet mutable; whence warn him to beware He swerve not, too secure: Tell him withal His danger, and from whom; what enemy, Late fallen himself from Heaven, is plotting now The fall of others from like state of bliss; By violence? no, for that shall be withstood; 76
But by deceit and lies: This let him know, Lest, wilfully transgressing, he pretend Surprisal, unadmonished, unforewarned. So spake the Eternal Father, and fulfilled All justice: Nor delayed the winged Saint After his charge received; but from among Thousand celestial Ardours, where he stood Veiled with his gorgeous wings, up springing light, Flew through the midst of Heaven; the angelick quires, On each hand parting, to his speed gave way Through all the empyreal road; till, at the gate Of Heaven arrived, the gate self-opened wide On golden hinges turning, as by work Divine the sovran Architect had framed. From hence no cloud, or, to obstruct his sight, Star interposed, however small he sees, Not unconformed to other shining globes, Earth, and the garden of God, with cedars crowned Above all hills. As when by night the glass Of Galileo, less assured, observes Imagined lands and regions in the moon: Or pilot, from amidst the Cyclades Delos or Samos first appearing, kens A cloudy spot. Down thither prone in flight He speeds, and through the vast ethereal sky Sails between worlds and worlds, with steady wing Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan Winnows the buxom air; till, within soar Of towering eagles, to all the fowls he seems A phoenix, gazed by all as that sole bird, When, to enshrine his reliques in the Sun's Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies. At once on the eastern cliff of Paradise He lights, and to his proper shape returns A Seraph winged: Six wings he wore, to shade His lineaments divine; the pair that clad Each shoulder broad, came mantling o'er his breast With regal ornament; the middle pair Girt like a starry zone his waist, and round Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold And colours dipt in Heaven; the third his feet Shadowed from either heel with feathered mail, Sky-tinctured grain. Like Maia's son he stood, And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance filled The circuit wide. Straight knew him all the bands Of Angels under watch; and to his state, And to his message high, in honour rise; For on some message high they guessed him bound. Their glittering tents he passed, and now is come Into the blissful field, through groves of myrrh, And flowering odours, cassia, nard, and balm; 77
A wilderness of sweets; for Nature here Wantoned as in her prime, and played at will Her virgin fancies pouring forth more sweet, Wild above rule or art, enormous bliss. Him through the spicy forest onward come Adam discerned, as in the door he sat Of his cool bower, while now the mounted sun Shot down direct his fervid rays to warm Earth's inmost womb, more warmth than Adam needs: And Eve within, due at her hour prepared For dinner savoury fruits, of taste to please True appetite, and not disrelish thirst Of nectarous draughts between, from milky stream, Berry or grape: To whom thus Adam called. Haste hither, Eve, and worth thy sight behold Eastward among those trees, what glorious shape Comes this way moving; seems another morn Risen on mid-noon; some great behest from Heaven To us perhaps he brings, and will vouchsafe This day to be our guest. But go with speed, And, what thy stores contain, bring forth, and pour Abundance, fit to honour and receive Our heavenly stranger: Well we may afford Our givers their own gifts, and large bestow From large bestowed, where Nature multiplies Her fertile growth, and by disburthening grows More fruitful, which instructs us not to spare. To whom thus Eve. Adam, earth's hallowed mould, Of God inspired! small store will serve, where store, All seasons, ripe for use hangs on the stalk; Save what by frugal storing firmness gains To nourish, and superfluous moist consumes: But I will haste, and from each bough and brake, Each plant and juciest gourd, will pluck such choice To entertain our Angel-guest, as he Beholding shall confess, that here on Earth God hath dispensed his bounties as in Heaven. So saying, with dispatchful looks in haste She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent What choice to choose for delicacy best, What order, so contrived as not to mix Tastes, not well joined, inelegant, but bring Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change; Bestirs her then, and from each tender stalk Whatever Earth, all-bearing mother, yields In India East or West, or middle shore In Pontus or the Punick coast, or where Alcinous reigned, fruit of all kinds, in coat Rough, or smooth rind, or bearded husk, or shell, She gathers, tribute large, and on the board Heaps with unsparing hand; for drink the grape 78
She crushes, inoffensive must, and meaths From many a berry, and from sweet kernels pressed She tempers dulcet creams; nor these to hold Wants her fit vessels pure; then strows the ground With rose and odours from the shrub unfumed. Mean while our primitive great sire, to meet His God-like guest, walks forth, without more train Accompanied than with his own complete Perfections; in himself was all his state, More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits On princes, when their rich retinue long Of horses led, and grooms besmeared with gold, Dazzles the croud, and sets them all agape. Nearer his presence Adam, though not awed, Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek, As to a superiour nature bowing low, Thus said. Native of Heaven, for other place None can than Heaven such glorious shape contain; Since, by descending from the thrones above, Those happy places thou hast deigned a while To want, and honour these, vouchsafe with us Two only, who yet by sovran gift possess This spacious ground, in yonder shady bower To rest; and what the garden choicest bears To sit and taste, till this meridian heat Be over, and the sun more cool decline. Whom thus the angelick Virtue answered mild. Adam, I therefore came; nor art thou such Created, or such place hast here to dwell, As may not oft invite, though Spirits of Heaven, To visit thee; lead on then where thy bower O'ershades; for these mid-hours, till evening rise, I have at will. So to the sylvan lodge They came, that like Pomona's arbour smiled, With flowerets decked, and fragrant smells; but Eve, Undecked save with herself, more lovely fair Than Wood-Nymph, or the fairest Goddess feigned Of three that in mount Ida naked strove, Stood to entertain her guest from Heaven; no veil She needed, virtue-proof; no thought infirm Altered her cheek. On whom the Angel Hail Bestowed, the holy salutation used Long after to blest Mary, second Eve. Hail, Mother of Mankind, whose fruitful womb Shall fill the world more numerous with thy sons, Than with these various fruits the trees of God Have heaped this table!--Raised of grassy turf Their table was, and mossy seats had round, And on her ample square from side to side All autumn piled, though spring and autumn here Danced hand in hand. A while discourse they hold; 79
As doth your rational. Tasting concoct. and at even Sups with the ocean. transpires Through Spirits with ease. may of purest Spirits be found No ingrateful food: And food alike those pure Intelligential substances require. Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold. Though in Heaven the trees Of life ambrosial fruitage bear. and both contain Within them every lower faculty Of sense. Mean while at table Eve Ministered naked. The sun that light imparts to all.No fear lest dinner cool. whatever was created. please to taste These bounties. nor in mist. whereby they hear. To whom the Angel. 80 . And to their viands fell. and their flowing cups With pleasant liquours crowned: O innocence Deserving Paradise! if ever. And corporeal to incorporeal turn. and to taste Think not I shall be nice. the air those fires Ethereal. receives From all his alimental recompence In humid exhalations. when thus began Our author. earth the sea. So down they sat. the common gloss Of Theologians. though from off the boughs each morn We brush mellifluous dews. Nor doth the moon no nourishment exhale From her moist continent to higher orbs. assimilate. then. unpurged Vapours not yet into her substance turned. Heavenly stranger. Therefore what he gives (Whose praise be ever sung) to Man in part Spiritual. unsavoury food perhaps To spiritual natures. descends. nor wonder. digest. smell. As may compare with Heaven. only this I know. nor seemingly The Angel. see. from whom All perfect good. For know. Earth and the sea feed air. but with keen dispatch Of real hunger. needs To be sustained and fed: Of elements The grosser feeds the purer. unmeasured out. and concoctive heat To transubstantiate: What redounds. As from the mine. Whence in her visage round those spots.if by fire Of sooty coal the empirick alchemist Can turn. and vines Yield nectar. or holds it possible to turn. To us for food and for delight hath caused The earth to yield. and as lowest first the moon. That one celestial Father gives to all. which our Nourisher. touch. taste. and find the ground Covered with pearly grain: Yet God hath here Varied his bounty so with new delights.
the latter most is ours. from whom All things proceed. now know I well Thy favour. If not depraved from good. and. but convert. Food not of Angels. and find No inconvenient diet. in this honour done to Man. to animal. Till body up to spirit work. when Men With Angels may participate. so far Exceeded human. from thence the leaves More aery. the injured lover's hell. and reason is her being. and these earthly fruits to taste. Endued with various forms. what God for you saw good If I refuse not. Thus when with meats and drinks they had sufficed. last the bright consummate flower Spirits odorous breathes: flowers and their fruit. To vital spirits aspire. and of their being Who dwell in Heaven. Inhabitant with God. Fancy and understanding. Not burdened nature. whence the soul Reason receives. give both life and sense. 81 . yet accepted so. of life. by gradual scale sublimed. sudden mind arose In Adam. whose high power. created all Such to perfection. nor too light fare. But more refined. discourse Is oftest yours. one first matter all. Man's nourishment. Differing but in degree. in things that live. but in those hearts Love unlibidinous reigned. As nearer to him placed. various degrees Of substance. in bounds Proportioned to each kind. So from the root Springs lighter the green stalk. or intuitive.Then had the sons of God excuse to have been Enamoured at that sight. and his wary speech Thus to the empyreal minister he framed. whose excellence he saw Transcend his own so far. as you To proper substance. not to let the occasion pass Given him by this great conference to know Of things above his world. Wonder not then. One Almighty is. of kind the same. Divine effulgence. nor jealousy Was understood. As that more willingly thou couldst not seem At Heaven's high feasts to have fed: yet what compare To whom the winged Hierarch replied. And from these corporal nutriments perhaps Your bodies may at last turn all to spirit. more spiritous. O Adam. and up to him return. To intellectual. Discursive. whose radiant forms. or nearer tending Each in their several active spheres assigned. Under whose lowly roof thou hast vouchsafed To enter. Time may come. and pure.
and all the angelick host. who will but what they must By destiny. In contemplation of created things. not over-ruled by fate Inextricable. or possibly his love desert. ascend Ethereal. not immutable. or may. That thou continuest such. and. propitious guest. And so from Heaven to deepest Hell. or strict necessity: Our voluntary service he requires. to thy obedience. But say. Who formed us from the dust and placed us here Full to the utmost measure of what bliss Human desires can seek or apprehend? To whom the Angel. into what woe! To whom our great progenitor. Well hast thou taught the way that might direct Our knowledge. O fall From what high state of bliss. be tried whether they serve Willing or no. as you yours. nor can find. in this we stand or fall: And some are fallen. not free. be advised. And good he made thee. Here or in heavenly Paradises dwell. than when Cherubick songs by night from neighbouring hills Aereal musick send: Nor knew I not 82 . God made thee perfect. To whom the patriarch of mankind replied. for how Can hearts. as we. while our obedience holds. O favourable Spirit. enthroned. This was that caution given thee. owe to thyself. incapable of more. If ye be found obedient. whereon. By steps we may ascend to God. our happy state Hold. and retain Unalterably firm his love entire. Thy words Attentive. Mean while enjoy Your fill what happiness this happy state Can comprehend. Son of Heaven and Earth. ordained thy will By nature free. I have heard. that stand In sight of God. owe to God. and with more delighted ear. winged. That is. If ye be found Obedient? Can we want obedience then To him. such with him Finds no acceptance. to disobedience fallen. Not our necessitated. Attend! That thou art happy. but to persevere He left it in thy power.Improved by tract of time. and can no other choose? Myself. Because we freely love. What meant that caution joined. as in our will To love or not. On other surety none: Freely we serve. Divine instructer. therein stand. and the scale of nature set From center to circumference. Whose progeny you are. at choice.
O prime of men.To be both will and deed created free.) on such day As Heaven's great year brings forth. and Chaos wild Reigned where these Heavens now roll. By whom in bliss imbosomed sat the Son. I shall delineate so. from all the ends of Heaven. the empyreal host Of Angels by imperial summons called. Innumerable before the Almighty's throne Forthwith. my constant thoughts Assured me. thus began. Amidst as from a flaming mount. After short pause assenting. The full relation. which must needs be strange. thus spake. and scarce begins His other half in the great zone of Heaven. and Raphael. Thus when in orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood. if thou consent. Sad task and hard: For how shall I relate To human sense the invisible exploits Of warring Spirits? how. without remorse. and for distinction serve Of hierarchies. 83 . Standards and gonfalons 'twixt van and rear Stream in the air. and degrees. perhaps Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy good This is dispensed. when on a day (For time. the Father Infinite. High matter thou enjoinest me. where Earth now rests Upon her center poised. The ruin of so many glorious once And perfect while they stood? how last unfold The secrets of another world. and still assure: Though what thou tellest Hath passed in Heaven. and what surmounts the reach Of human sense. Or in their glittering tissues bear imblazed Holy memorials. for scarce the sun Hath finished half his journey. whose top Brightness had made invisible. acts of zeal and love Recorded eminent. Orb within orb. and things therein Each to other like. appeared Under their Hierarchs in orders bright: Ten thousand thousand ensigns high advanced. As may express them best. and obey him whose command Single is yet so just. some doubt within me move. though what if Earth Be but a shadow of Heaven. and future. But more desire to hear. Worthy of sacred silence to be heard. of orders. And we have yet large day. past. measures all things durable By present. Thus Adam made request. Yet that we never shall forget to love Our Maker. By likening spiritual to corporal forms. though in eternity. more than on earth is thought? As yet this world was not. applied To motion.
Thrones. deep ingulfed. all seemed. but were not all. And by myself have sworn. whom ye now behold At my right hand. (For we have also our evening and our morn. Virtues. and massy gold. without end. 84 . they drink. all in circles as they stood. For ever happy: Him who disobeys. your head I him appoint. the face of brightest Heaven had changed To grateful twilight. Me disobeys. breaks union. secure Of surfeit. and with his words All seemed well pleased.Hear. Mystical dance. which yonder starry sphere Of planets. Wide over all the plain. Fruit of delicious vines. (for night comes not there In darker veil. before the all-bounteous King. yet regular Then most. his place Ordained without redemption. and of fixed. Cast out from God and blessed vision. and with fresh flowerets crowned. where full measure only bounds Excess. mazes intricate. Powers. to him shall bow All knees in Heaven. and on a sudden piled With Angels food. This day I have begot whom I declare My only Son. They eat. And in their motions harmony divine So smooths her charming tones. as one individual soul. Now when ambrosial night with clouds exhaled From that high mount of God. and rubied nectar flows In pearl. On flowers reposed.) and roseat dews disposed All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest. falls Into utter darkness. the growth of Heaven.) Forthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn Desirous. in all her wheels Resembles nearest. Evening now approached. progeny of light. Hear my decree. That day. who showered With copious hand. Tables are set. not need. and in communion sweet Quaff immortality and joy. in diamond. which unrevoked shall stand. We ours for change delectable. (Such are the courts of God) the angelick throng. and on this holy hill Him have anointed. whence light and shade Spring both. they spent In song and dance about the sacred hill. as other solemn days. and shall confess him Lord: Under his great vice-gerent reign abide United. when most irregular they seem. all ye Angels. and wider far Than all this globous earth in plain outspread. that God's own ear Listens delighted. intervolved. Princedoms. rejoicing in their joy. Eccentrick. So spake the Omnipotent. and that day. Dominations.
where they slept Fanned with cool winds. he resolved With all his legions to dislodge. Homeward. and sudden reared. The great hierarchal standard was to move. Contemptuous. New laws from him who reigns. 85 . Pavilions numberless. ere yet dim night Her shadowy cloud withdraws. yet fraught With envy against the Son of God. their camp extend By living streams among the trees of life. Sleepest thou. and infused Bad influence into the unwary breast Of his associate: He together calls. and leave Unworshipt. could not bear Through pride that sight. That the Most High commanding. and proclaimed Messiah King anointed. Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour Friendliest to sleep and silence. now ere night. that day Honoured by his great Father. And all who under me their banners wave. unobeyed. in their course. thus to him in secret spake. as he was taught. If not the first Arch-Angel. save those. Melodious hymns about the sovran throne Alternate all night long: but not so waked Satan. great in power. that by command. Companion dear? What sleep can close Thy eye-lids? and rememberest what decree Of yesterday.Dispersed in bands and files. Under him Regent. Who speedily through all the hierarchies Intends to pass triumphant. Or several one by one. and his next subordinate Awakening. Assemble thou Of all those myriads which we lead the chief. how then can now Thy sleep dissent? New laws thou seest imposed. Both waking we were one. tells. and thought himself impaired. there to prepare Fit entertainment to receive our King. In favour and pre-eminence. new minds may raise In us who serve. The great Messiah. Deep malice thence conceiving and disdain. he of the first. I mine to thee was wont to impart. with flying march. so call him now. Thou to me thy thoughts Wast wont. Celestial tabernacles. and his new commands. and give laws. new counsels to debate What doubtful may ensue: More in this place To utter is not safe. the throne supreme. I am to haste. the regent Powers. Tell them. who. Now ere dim night had disincumbered Heaven. So spake the false Arch-Angel. his former name Is heard no more in Heaven. so late hath passed the lips Of Heaven's Almighty. where we possess The quarters of the north.
ineffable. an host Innumerable as the stars of night. And from within the golden lamps that burn Nightly before him. regions to which All thy dominion. and in event Know whether I be dextrous to subdue Thy rebels. In their triple degrees. what multitudes Were banded to oppose his high decree. allured them. is no more Than what this garden is to all the earth. And. and high was his degree in Heaven. Adam. Lightning divine. saw without their light Rebellion rising. and all employ In our defence. to his only Son thus said. our sanctuary. as the morning-star that guides The starry flock. secure. Matter to me of glory. what our power is. when they see all regal power Given me to quell their pride. Let us advise. and. and Potentates. throughout the spacious north. Heir of all my might. saw in whom. smiling. from forth his holy mount. or our right. Nor so content. lest unawares we lose This our high place. hath in his thought to try In battle. serene. To whom the Son with calm aspect and clear. Far was advanced on winged speed. thou thy foes Justly hast in derision. and superiour voice Of their great Potentate. which the sun Impearls on every leaf and every flower. how spread Among the sons of morn. whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts. and Thrones. or be found the worst in Heaven. and casts between Ambiguous words and jealousies. and to this hazard draw With speed what force is left. Laughest at their vain designs and tumults vain. with his Powers. the mighty regencies Of Seraphim. and with what arms We mean to hold what anciently we claim Of deity or empire: Such a foe Is rising. Mighty Father. Made answer. Mean while the Eternal eye. dew-drops. our hill. Regions they passed. but Satan. Son.Tells the suggested cause. thou in whom my glory I behold In full resplendence. to sound Or taint integrity: But all obeyed The wonted signal. Nearly it now concerns us to be sure Of our Omnipotence. Or stars of morning. 86 . So spake the Son. for great indeed His name. and with lies Drew after him the third part of Heaven's host. who intends to erect his throne Equal to ours. whom their hate Illustrates. His countenance.
which having passed. assume Monarchy over such as live by right His equals.) which not long after. from one entire globose Stretched into longitude. but well consist. and Satan to his royal seat High on a hill. and teach us to cast off this yoke? Will ye submit your necks. and with calumnious art Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears. Thus far his bold discourse without controul 87 . Thrones. to the abuse Of those imperial titles. At length into the limits of the north They came. which assert Our being ordained to govern. With what may be devised of honours new. Who can in reason then. Virtues. Dominations. For thither he assembled all his train. if in power and splendour less. since by decree Another now hath to himself engrossed All power. as a mount Raised on a mount. Thither to come. (so call That structure in the dialect of men Interpreted. and hurried meeting here. If these magnifick titles yet remain Not merely titular. or if ye know yourselves Natives and sons of Heaven possessed before By none. he Affecting all equality with God. and rocks of gold. Receive him coming to receive from us Knee-tribute yet unpaid. Pretending so commanded to consult About the great reception of their King. or right.And all the sea. not to serve. and us eclipsed under the name Of King anointed. prostration vile! Too much to one! but double how endured. far blazing. Powers. for whom all this haste Of midnight-march. Princedoms. if I trust To know ye right. and to his image now proclaimed? But what if better counsels might erect Our minds. and if not equal all. Equally free. This only to consult how we may best. and choose to bend The supple knee? Ye will not. To one. And look for adoration. In freedom equal? or can introduce Law and edict on us. for orders and degrees Jar not with liberty. with pyramids and towers From diamond quarries hewn. The palace of great Lucifer. yet free. In imitation of that mount whereon Messiah was declared in sight of Heaven. who without law Err not? much less for this to be our Lord. The Mountain of the Congregation called.
Flatly unjust. by right endued With regal scepter. though great and glorious. and divine commands obeyed. So spake the fervent Angel. false. Crowned them with glory. Or singular and rash: Whereat rejoiced The Apostate. But more illustrious made. by experience taught. but hasten to appease The incensed Father. and formed the Powers of Heaven Such as he pleased. That equal over equals monarch reign: Thyself. Canst thou with impious obloquy condemn The just decree of God. But to grant it thee unjust. and. And of our good and of our dignity How provident he is. but his zeal None seconded. bent rather to exalt Our happy state. and in a flame of zeal severe The current of his fury thus opposed. nor by his reign obscured. Ingrate. and all the Spirits of Heaven By him created in their bright degrees. the Mighty Father made All things. least of all from thee. In place thyself so high above thy peers. Stood up. and circumscribed their being? Yet. and the incensed Son. by task transferred 88 . thus replied. And tempt not these. Shalt thou give law to God? shalt thou dispute With him the points of liberty. That we were formed then sayest thou? and the work Of secondary hands. Equal to him begotten Son? by whom. While pardon may be found in time besought. than whom none with more zeal adored The Deity. dost thou count. Princedoms. and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heaven Expected. And equal over equals to let reign. Or all angelick nature joined in one. under one head more near United. when among the Seraphim Abdiel. since he the head One of our number thus reduced becomes. One over all with unsucceeded power. more haughty. we know how good. As by his Word. Essential Powers. Virtues. thou sayest. His laws our laws. O argument blasphemous. and to their glory named Thrones. to bind with laws the free. Powers. as out of season judged. every soul in Heaven Shall bend the knee. even thee. Dominations. and in that honour due Confess him rightful King? unjust. Cease then this impious rage. how far from thought To make us less.Had audience. That to his only Son. pronounced and sworn. all honour to him done Returns our own. who made Thee what thou art.
ere evil intercept thy flight. nor of violence feared aught. Hoarse murmur echoed to his words applause Through the infinite host. as the sound of waters deep. which thou didst reject. with him wrought To swerve from truth. and. or change his constant mind. nor less for that The flaming Seraph fearless. which he sustained Superiour. He said. Among innumerable false. ethereal sons. contagion spread Both of thy crime and punishment: Henceforth No more be troubled how to quit the yoke Of God's Messiah. and to begirt the almighty throne Beseeching or besieging. unmoved. This report. though alone Encompassed round with foes. These tidings carry to the anointed King. faithful only he. Yet not for thy advice or threats I fly These wicked tents devoted. when fatal course Had circled his full orb. Forsaken of all good! I see thy fall Determined. his zeal. Nor number. Our puissance is our own. Unshaken. self-raised By our own quickening power. thus answered bold. Distinguish not: For soon expect to feel His thunder on thy head. When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. From amidst them forth he passed. raging into sudden flame. those indulgent laws Will not be now vouchsafed. Long way through hostile scorn. That golden scepter. unseduced. by proof to try Who is our equal: Then thou shalt behold Whether by supplication we intend Address.From Father to his Son? strange point and new! Doctrine which we would know whence learned: who saw When this creation was? rememberest thou Thy making. O Spirit accursed. and thy hapless crew involved In this perfidious fraud. Though single. So spake the Seraph Abdiel. Is now an iron rod to bruise and break Thy disobedience. lest the wrath Impendent. devouring fire. the birth mature Of this our native Heaven. self-begot. other decrees Against thee are gone forth without recall. O alienate from God. 89 . our own right hand Shall teach us highest deeds. while the Maker gave thee being? We know no time when we were not as now. nor example. his love. faithful found Among the faithless. Know none before us. And fly. His loyalty he kept. Well thou didst advise. unterrified. Then who created thee lamenting learn.
and found Already known what he for news had thought To have reported: Gladly then he mixed Among those friendly Powers. unpursued. 90 . and present Before the seat supreme. Shot through with orient beams. who by right of merit reigns. till her hour To veil the Heaven. thus mild was heard. Light issues forth. with rosy hand Unbarred the gates of light. yet one Returned not lost. from before her vanished Night. and for their King Messiah. aided by this host of friends. that one. till Morn. of celestial armies prince. And thou. in military prowess next.And. Chariots. Servant of God. Through Heaven's wide champain held his way. Where light and darkness in perpetual round Lodge and dislodge by turns. his back he turned On those proud towers to swift destruction doomed. and fiery steeds. though darkness there might well Seem twilight here: And now went forth the Morn Such as in highest Heaven arrayed in gold Empyreal. who him received With joy and acclamations loud. Than scorned thou didst depart. like day and night. from whence a voice. Right reason for their law. And for the testimony of truth hast borne Universal reproach. Back on thy foes more glorious to return. From midst a golden cloud. first met his view: War he perceived. On to the sacred hill They led him high applauded. Book VI All night the dreadless Angel. There is a cave Within the mount of God. Waked by the circling Hours. though worlds Judged thee perverse: The easier conquest now Remains thee. well hast thou fought The better fight. with retorted scorn. in word mightier than they in arms. and flaming arms. Go. That of so many myriads fallen. which makes through Heaven Grateful vicissitude. fast by his throne. who single hast maintained Against revolted multitudes the cause Of truth. and to subdue By force. far worse to bear Than violence. for this was all thy care To stand approved in sight of God. who reason for their law refuse. when all the plain Covered with thick embattled squadrons bright. and at the other door Obsequious darkness enters. Michael. Well done. Reflecting blaze on blaze. war in procinct.
Into their place of punishment. to the sound Of instrumental harmony. with boastful argument portrayed. reluctant flames. in mighty quadrate joined Of union irresistible. and clouds began To darken all the hill. lead forth to battle these my sons Invincible. in the cause Of God and his Messiah. The banded Powers of Satan hasting on With furious expedition. and nearer view Bristled with upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears. the gulf Of Tartarus. in orderly array on wing. and on his throne To set the Envier of his state. as sons of one great Sire. Nor straitening vale. Came summoned over Eden to receive Their names of thee. for high above the ground Their march was. By thousands and by millions. And in fierce hosting meet. Far in the horizon to the north appeared From skirt to skirt a fiery region. divides Their perfect ranks. To win the mount of God. so over many a tract Of Heaven they marched. On they move Indissolubly firm. moved on In silence their bright legions. that Angel should with Angel war. and many a province wide. Tenfold the length of this terrene: At last. that breathed Heroick ardour to adventurous deeds Under their God-like leaders. That stood for Heaven. the proud Aspirer. which ready opens wide His fiery Chaos to receive their fall. Equal in number to that Godless crew Rebellious: Them with fire and hostile arms Fearless assault. and helmets thronged. and the passive air upbore Their nimble tread. nor stream. for they weened That self-same day. as when the total kind Of birds. by fight or by surprise. to the brow of Heaven Pursuing. So spake the Sovran Voice. but their thoughts proved fond and vain In the mid way: Though strange to us it seemed At first. nor obvious hill. and smoke to roll In dusky wreaths. ranged for fight. drive them out from God and bliss.Gabriel. nor wood. the sign Of wrath awaked. and shields Various. and. nor with less dread the loud Ethereal trumpet from on high 'gan blow: At which command the Powers militant. who wont to meet So oft in festivals of joy and love Unanimous. Hymning the Eternal Father: But the shout 91 . stretched In battailous aspect. lead forth my armed Saints.
art thou met? thy hope was to have reached The highth of thy aspiring unopposed. Satan. I mean to try. Should win in arms. where faith and realty Remain not: Wherefore should not strength and might There fail where virtue fails. On the rough edge of battle ere it joined. though then To thee not visible. and his side Abandoned. enclosed With flaming Cherubim. nor is it aught but just. Abdiel that sight endured not. and piety to God. trusting in the Almighty's aid. without end. half-way he met His daring foe.Of battle now began. A dreadful interval. for now "twixt host and host but narrow space was left. That he. or with solitary hand Reaching beyond all limit. Have raised incessant armies to defeat Thy folly. with vast and haughty strides advanced. though to fight unconquerable? His puissance. and from his armed peers Forth stepping opposite. where he stood Among the mightiest. there be. and rushing sound Of onset ended soon each milder thought. in both disputes alike Victor. O Heaven! that such resemblance of the Highest Should yet remain. or weakest prove Where boldest. Idol of majesty divine. could have finished thee. at one blow. High in the midst. The throne of God unguarded. Then lighted from his gorgeous throne. exalted as a God. So pondering. at this prevention more Incensed. The Apostate in his sun-bright chariot sat. Came towering. Proud. When reason hath to deal with force. whose reason I have tried Unsound and false. who faith Prefer. Who out of smallest things could. And thus his own undaunted heart explores. at the terrour of thy power Or potent tongue: Fool!not to think how vain Against the Omnipotent to rise in arms. and whelmed Thy legions under darkness: But thou seest All are not of thy train.now learn too late 92 . Unaided. though brutish that contest and foul. and front to front Presented stood in terrible array Of hideous length: Before the cloudy van. armed in adamant and gold. and golden shields. and thus securely him defied. yet so Most reason is that reason overcome. who in debate of truth hath won. bent on highest deeds. when I alone Seemed in thy world erroneous to dissent From all: My sect thou seest.
worthiest to be obeyed. Such ruin intercept: Ten paces huge He back recoiled. since first that tongue. but to thyself enthralled. Thyself not free. a noble stroke he lifted high. less could his shield. Sidelong had pushed a mountain from his seat. who. as if on earth Winds under ground. can allow Omnipotence to none. durst oppose A third part of the Gods. So saying. Reign thou in Hell. expect: Mean while From me returned. Yet chains in Hell. the first assay Of this right hand provoked. When he who rules is worthiest. but now I see that most through sloth had rather serve. To whom in brief thus Abdiel stern replied. This greeting on thy impious crest receive. the minstrelsy of Heaven. or waters forcing way. first sought for. Inspired with contradiction. ambitious to win From me some plume. let me serve In Heaven God ever blest. when thousands err. To serve the unwise. from flight. while they feel Vigour divine within them. But well thou comest Before thy fellows. thy kingdom. but in wished hour Of my revenge. As both their deeds compared this day shall prove. Or Nature: God and Nature bid the same. Yet lewdly darest our ministring upbraid. nor end wilt find Of erring. or him who hath rebelled Against his worthier. Nor motion of swift thought. with scornful eye askance. that no sight. in synod met Their deities to assert. Ill for thee. that thy success may show Destruction to the rest: This pause between. the tenth on bended knee His massy spear upstaid. Which hung not. At first I thought that Liberty and Heaven To heavenly souls had been all one.How few sometimes may know. thou returnest From flight. Thus answered. Apostate! still thou errest. not realms. This is servitude. to serve whom God ordains. (Unanswered lest thou boast) to let thee know. Ministring Spirits. and excels Them whom he governs. and his divine Behests obey. seditious Angel! to receive Thy merited reward. as thine now serve thee. Whom the grand foe. Amazement seised 93 . Half sunk with all his pines. trained up in feast and song! Such hast thou armed. from the path of truth remote: Unjustly thou depravest it with the name Of servitude. but so swift with tempest fell On the proud crest of Satan. as erst thou saidst. Servility with freedom to contend.
So under fiery cope together rushed Both battles main. open when. the least of whom could wield These elements. dire was the noise Of conflict. As only in his arm the moment lay Of victory: Deeds of eternal fame Were done. All Heaven Resounded. From his strong hold of Heaven. and the faithful armies rung Hosanna to the Highest: Nor stood at gaze The adverse legions. What wonder? when Millions of fierce encountering Angels fought On either side. all Earth Had to her center shook. through the vast of Heaven It sounded. and when to close The ridges of grim war: No thought of flight. ranging through the dire attack Of fighting Seraphim confused. Now storming fury rose. expert When to advance. though numbered such As each divided legion might have seemed A numerous host. Tormented all the air. or stand. for wide was spread That war and various. Presage of victory. and arm him with the force Of all their regions: How much more of power Army against army numberless to raise Dreadful combustion warring. nor less hideous joined The horrid shock. but greater rage. each on himself relied. And flying vaulted either host with fire. with ruinous assault And inextinguishable rage. then. no unbecoming deed That argued fear. their happy native seat. and the madding wheels Of brazen chariots raged. in strength each armed hand A legion. Though not destroy. None of retreat. Had not the Eternal King Omnipotent. led in fight. ours joy filled. and had Earth been then. all air seemed then Conflicting fire. at length 94 . and disturb. over head the dismal hiss Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew. Long time in even scale The battle hung. And clamour such as heard in Heaven till now Was never.The rebel Thrones. high over-ruled And limited their might. arms on armour clashing brayed Horrible discord. or turn the sway Of battle. and fierce desire Of battle: Whereat Michael bid sound The Arch-Angel trumpet. who that day Prodigious power had shown. and met in arms No equal. till Satan. to see Thus foiled their mightiest. and shout. yet leader seemed Each warriour single as in chief. sometimes on firm ground A standing fight. but infinite. soaring on main wing.
hateful to all. the horrid edge came down Wide-wasting. as hoping here to end Intestine war in Heaven. to whom thus The Adversary. though with the tongue Of Angels. and both addressed for fight Unspeakable. but that they rise Unvanquished. such destruction to withstand He hasted. unknown till thy revolt. the seat of bliss. Hast thou turned the least of these To flight. Or some more sudden vengeance. here however to dwell free. They ended parle. imperious. Thy offspring. but we style The strife of glory. And thy adherents: How hast thou disturbed Heaven's blessed peace. winged from God. the arch-foe subdued Or captive dragged in chains. Hence then. At his approach The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toil Surceased. Author of evil. and evil go with thee along. and glad. Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom. now plenteous as thou seest These acts of hateful strife. but have sought thee far and nigh. If not to reign: Mean while thy utmost force. and opposed the rocky orb Of tenfold adamant. his ample shield. And join him named Almighty to thy aid. with hostile frown And visage all inflamed first thus began. and with threats To chase me hence? err not.Saw where the sword of Michael smote. Hell. now proved false! But think not here To trouble holy rest. So spake the Prince of Angels. Heaven casts thee out From all her confines. which we mean to win. and into nature brought Misery. with huge two-handed sway Brandished aloft. uncreated till the crime Of thy rebellion! how hast thou instilled Thy malice into thousands. Or turn this Heaven itself into the Hell Thou fablest. Though heaviest by just measure on thyself. that may lift Human imagination to such highth 95 . A vast circumference. for who. or to what things Liken on earth conspicuous. or if to fall. and felled Squadrons at once. Precipitate thee with augmented pain. once upright And faithful. to the place of evil. easier to transact with me That thou shouldst hope. can relate. Nor think thou with wind Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds Thou canst not. Heaven. that so shall end The strife which thou callest evil. Brooks not the works of violence and war. I fly not. Unnamed in Heaven. Thou and thy wicked crew! there mingle broils.
nor staid. Where erst was thickest fight. while others bore him on their shields Back to his chariot. and despite. All intellect. and not need repeat. so sore The griding sword with discontinuous wound Passed through him: But the ethereal substance closed. where it stood retired From off the files of war: There they him laid Gnashing for anguish. Among the constellations war were sprung. such as. As not of power at once. all eye. not as frail man In entrails. Now waved their fiery swords. deep entering. in mid sky Should combat. Cannot but by annihilating die. ere while so bright. and shame. for Spirits that live throughout Vital in every part. all head. all ear.Of Godlike power? for likest Gods they seemed. and their jarring spheres confound. and in half cut sheer. and in the air Made horrid circles. if. Not long divisible. motion. Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven. and his pride Humbled by such rebuke. such as celestial Spirits may bleed. shared All his right side: Then Satan first knew pain. two broad suns their shields Blazed opposite. and. rushing from aspect malign Of fiercest opposition. while Expectation stood In horrour: From each hand with speed retired. all sense. Yet soon he healed. so far beneath His confidence to equal God in power. and from the gash A stream of necturous humour issuing flowed Sanguine. one stroke they aimed That might determine. arms. as they please. And left large field. And all his armour stained. with steep force to smite Descending. to set forth Great things by small. in stature. who interposed Defence. nor odds appeared In might or swift prevention: But the sword Of Michael from the armoury of God Was given him tempered so. no more than can the fluid air: All heart they live. Together both with next to almighty arm Up-lifted imminent. Two planets. liver or reins. Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run By Angels many and strong. To find himself not matchless. that neither keen Nor solid might resist that edge: it met The sword of Satan. And writhed him to and fro convolved. Stood they or moved. nature's concord broke. 96 . unsafe within the wind Of such commotion. the angelick throng. Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound Receive. heart of head. But with swift wheel reverse.
Seek not the praise of men: The other sort. but those elect Angels. and colour. I might relate of thousands. shape. and through infamy seeks fame: Therefore eternal silence be their doom. advanced entire. Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy The atheist crew. all the ground With shivered armour strown. And with fierce ensigns pierced the deep array Of Moloch. and the violence Of Ramiel scorched and blasted. and Arioch. their mightiest quelled. For strength from truth divided. And fiery-foaming steeds. to such evil brought By sin of disobedience. Vanquished Adramelech. till that hour Not liable to fear. where the might of Gabriel fought. overthrew. Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell. And at his chariot-wheels to drag him bound Threatened. Nor of renown less eager. as?kikes them best. and in a rock of diamond armed. and their names Eternize here on earth. yet by doom Cancelled from Heaven and sacred memory. and Raphael. and foul disorder. Far otherwise the inviolable Saints. In might though wonderous and in acts of war. or pain. Mean while in other parts like deeds deserved Memorial. but anon Down cloven to the waist. furious king. that to be less than Gods Disdained. through the faint Satanick host Defensive scarce. recoiled O'er-wearied. deformed rout Entered. impenetrably armed. and on a heap Chariot and charioteer lay overturned. and sense of pain. what stood. Such high advantages their innocence Gave them above their foes. yet to glory aspires Vain-glorious. his vaunting foe. the battle swerved. not to have sinned. nor from the Holy One of Heaven Refrained his tongue blasphemous. contented with their fame in Heaven. or size Assume. Invulnerable. With many an inroad gored. Fled ignominious. 97 . Though huge. who him defied. condense or rare. but meaner thoughts learned in their flight. or flight.They limb themselves. Then first with fear surprised. or with pale fear surprised. and from just. And now. On each wing Uriel. Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail. nought merits but dispraise And ignominy. In cubick phalanx firm. but with redoubled blow Ariel. with shattered arms And uncouth pain fled bellowing. Illaudable. Two potent Thrones. and Asmadai.
but. Found worthy not of liberty alone. Since now we find this our empyreal form Incapable of mortal injury. (And if one day. while we can preserve Unhurt our minds. Satan with his rebellious disappeared. He sat. known. glory. True is. Due search and consultation will disclose. dominion. Till now not known. over Heaven Inducing darkness. Of evil then so small as easy think The remedy. and. less firmly armed. Honour. and renown. May serve to better us. And in the midst thus undismayed began. Companions dear. 98 . yet hard For Gods. unobnoxious to be pained By wound. Far in the dark dislodged. and too unequal work we find. leader to free Enjoyment of our right as Gods. and by native vigour healed. Sore toiled. perhaps more valid arms. and understanding sound. Too mean pretence! but what we more affect. his riven arms to havock hewn. as soon contemned. But proves not so: Then fallible. and in the assembly next upstood Nisroch. when next we meet. and. Cherubick waving fires: On the other part. Who have sustained one day in doubtful fight. O now in danger tried. and. though pierced with wound. though till now Omniscient thought. Of future we may deem him. Weapons more violent.Not to have disobeyed. and worse our foes. Imperishable. void of rest. though from their place by violence moved. And cloudy in aspect thus answering spake. grateful truce imposed. In nature none: If other hidden cause Left them superiour. Some disadvantage we endured and pain. As one he stood escaped from cruel fight. And silence on the odious din of war: Under her cloudy covert both retired. it seems. Or equal what between us made the odds. Now Night her course began. in fight they stood Unwearied. Deliverer from new Lords. His potentates to council called by night. placed in guard their watches round. and judged Sufficient to subdue us to his will. now known in arms Not to be overpowered. Soon closing. why not eternal days?) What Heaven's Lord had powerfullest to send Against us from about his throne. Victor and vanquished: On the foughten field Michael and his Angels prevalent Encamping. of Principalities the prime.
into hollow engines. might devise 99 . impassive.Against unequal arms to fight in pain. from which evil Ruin must needs ensue. though matchless. I bring. how he To be the inventer missed. which thou aright Believest so main to our success. and. as not to mind from whence they grow Deep under ground. Against unpained. Some one intent on mischief. which is the calmest life: But pain is perfect misery. fruit. opening to the ambient light? These in their dark nativity the deep Shall yield us. long and round. so easy it seemed Once found. The invention all admired. and each. and makes remiss the hands Of mightiest? Sense of pleasure we may well Spare out of life perhaps. flower ambrosial. to strength and counsel joined Think nothing hard. among our foes Such implements of mischief. Whose eye so superficially surveys These things. with thundering noise. Thick rammed. gems. Not uninvented that. Abandon fear. He. of thy race In future days. pregnant with infernal flame. This continent of spacious Heaven. much less to be despaired. shall send forth From far. the worst Of evils. who therefore can invent With what more forcible we may offend Our yet unwounded enemies. overturns All patience. and tempered. Mean while revive. to me deserves No less than for deliverance what we owe. But live content. Of spiritous and fiery spume. and his words their drooping cheer Enlightened. Which of us who beholds the bright surface Of this ethereous mould whereon we stand. or inspired With devilish machination. as shall dash To pieces. haply. if malice should abound. till touched With Heaven's ray. Nor long shall be our labour. at the other bore with touch of fire Dilated and infuriate. for what avails Valour or strength. excessive. Effect shall end our wish. quelled with pain Which all subdues. yet ere dawn. which yet unfound most would have thought Impossible: Yet. and gold. and not repine. Whereto with look composed Satan replied. Which. and their languished hope revived. materials dark and crude. and o'erwhelm whatever stands Adverse. adorned With plant. or arm Ourselves with like defence. He ended. they shoot forth So beauteous. that they shall fear we have disarmed The Thunderer of his only dreaded bolt.
aware themselves. Came flying. With silent circumspection.so thick a cloud He comes. or if for fight. Instant without disturb they took alarm. back with speediest sail Zophiel. of Cherubim the swiftest wing. Concocted and adusted they reduced To blackest grain. others from the dawning hills Look round. Borne even or high. So all ere day-spring. gripe fast his orbed shield. Secret they finished. If I conjecture aught. Whereof to found their engines and their balls Of missive ruin. Forthwith from council to the work they flew. Whom fled we thought. pernicious with one touch to fire. they mingled. None arguing stood. and each Fit well his helm. in hollow cube Training his devilish enginery. arm for fight. the foe at hand. and. under conscious night. So warned he them. innumerable hands Were ready. And onward moved embattled: When behold! Not distant far with heavy pace the foe Approaching gross and huge. will save us long pursuit This day. and saw beneath The originals of nature in their crude Conception. with subtle art. and settled in his face I see Sad resolution. in slow But firm battalion. on war and mutual slaughter bent. and to arms The matin trumpet sung: In arms they stood Of golden panoply. To hide the fraud. refulgent host. Where lodged. But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire. and scouts each coast light-armed scour. Each quarter to descry the distant foe. for this day will pour down. quit of all impediment. fear not his flight. Now when fair morn orient in Heaven appeared. Arm. Soon banded. in a moment up they turned Wide the celestial soil. unespied. or whither fled. and in order set. Up rose the victor-Angels. and soon In order. At interview both stood 100 . no drizzling shower. and in mid air aloud thus cried. impaled On every side with shadowing squadrons deep. part incentive reed Provide.Like instrument to plague the sons of men For sin. Warriours. and into store conveyed: Part hidden veins digged up (nor hath this earth Entrails unlike) of mineral and stone. In motion or in halt: Him soon they met Under spread ensigns moving nigh. and secure: Let each His adamantine coat gird well. sulphurous and nitrous foam They found.
whom they hit. which. to right and left the front unfold. with such impetuous fury smote. Or hollowed bodies made of oak or fir. In posture to displode their second tire Of thunder: Back defeated to return 101 . he scarce Had ended. unarmed. What should they do? if on they rushed. stony mould. and loud that all may hear! So scoffing in ambiguous words. That. however witness. as Spirits. all Heaven appeared. but suddenly at head appeared Satan. From those deep-throated engines belched. and in his hand a reed Stood waving tipt with fire. for in view Stood ranked of Seraphim another row. iron. they might Have easily. Immediate in a flame. on the victor host Levelled. and to either flank retired: Which to our eyes discovered. evaded swift By quick contraction or remove. if they like Our overture. would render them yet more despised. Angel on Arch-Angel rolled. repulse Repeated. Not long. and thus was heard commanding loud. none on their feet might stand. new and strange. Collected stood within our thoughts amused. disgorging foul Their devilish glut. and indecent overthrow Doubled. And all her entrails tore. in wood or mountain felled. and briefly touch What we propound. had not their mouths With hideous orifice gaped on us wide. whose roar Embowelled with outrageous noise the air. when to right and left the front Divided. suspense. for sudden all at once their reeds Put forth. Nor served it to relax their serried files. and forced rout. Portending hollow truce: At each behind A Seraph stood.A while.) Brass. The sooner for their arms. With branches lopt. and with open breast Stand ready to receive them. That all may see who hate us. witness thou anon! while we discharge Freely our part: ye. And to their foes a laughter. Though standing else as rocks. and turn not back perverse: But that I doubt. but down they fell By thousands. Heaven! Heaven. how we seek Peace and composure. who appointed stand Do as you have in charge. A triple mounted row of pillars laid On wheels (for like to pillars most they seemed. while we. but now Foul dissipation followed. and to a narrow vent applied With nicest touch. chained thunderbolts and hail Of iron globes. Vanguard. But soon obscured with smoke.
Rocks. and oppressed whole legions armed. in like gamesome mood. Leader! the terms we sent were terms of weight. and on their heads Main promontories flung. seized the rebel host. To entertain them fair with open front And breast. Till on those cursed engines' triple-row They saw them whelmed. Satan beheld their plight. Of hard contents. hightened in their thoughts beyond All doubt of victory: Eternal Might To match with their inventions they presumed So easy. We should compel them to a quick result. woods. Flew off. (what could we more?) propounded terms Of composition. and all their confidence Under the weight of mountains buried deep. with all their load. and found them arms Against such hellish mischief fit to oppose. Be sure. And all his host derided. and into strange vagaries fell. Forthwith (behold the excellence. Not understood. They plucked the seated hills. the power. To whom thus Belial. And stumbled many: Who receives them right. Their armour helped their harm. If our proposals once again were heard. From their foundations loosening to and fro. So they among themselves in pleasant vein Stood scoffing. yet for a dance they seemed Somewhat extravagant and wild. and full of force urged home. perhaps For joy of offered peace: But I suppose. which in the air Came shadowing. and terrour. while they stood A while in trouble: But they stood not long. and to the hills (For Earth hath this variety from Heaven Of pleasure situate in hill and dale. and of his thunder made a scorn.They worse abhorred. When coming towards them so dread they saw The bottom of the mountains upward turned. they flew. They show us when our foes walk not upright. which wrought them pain 102 . straight they changed their minds. Had need from head to foot well understand. Rage prompted them at length. and by the shaggy tops Up-lifting bore them in their hands: Amaze. Such as we might perceive amused them all. And to his mates thus in derision called. Themselves invaded next. waters. As they would dance. Which God hath in his mighty Angels placed!) Their arms away they threw. and when we. crushed in and bruised Into their substance pent. this gift they have besides.) Light as the lightning glimpse they ran. O Friends! why come not on these victors proud Ere while they fierce were coming.
which yet hath wrought Insensibly. where he sits Shrined in his sanctuary of Heaven secure. in imitation. and many a dolorous groan. Consulting on the sum of things. since none but Thou Can end it. Had not the Almighty Father. That under ground they fought in dismal shade. The rest. he thus began. Since Michael and his Powers went forth to tame These disobedient: Sore hath been their fight. Son. Purest at first. Into thee such virtue and grace Immense I have transfused. and to declare All power on him transferred: Whence to his Son. to like arms Betook them. advised: That his great purpose he might so fulfil. and permitted all. as we compute the days of Heaven. which makes Wild work in Heaven. and no solution will be found: War wearied hath performed what war can do. For thee I have ordained it. For to themselves I left them. that all may know In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare. The Assessour of his throne. though Spirits of purest light. armed. To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir Of all things. Effulgence of my glory. horrid confusion heaped Upon confusion rose: And now all Heaven Had gone to wrack. Second Omnipotence! two days are past. in whose face invisible is beheld Visibly. As likeliest was. Long struggling underneath. as with weapons. and to be King 103 . Hurled to and fro with jaculation dire. and the neighbouring hills uptore: So hills amid the air encountered hills. that the glory may be thine Of ending this great war. And to disordered rage let loose the reins With mountains. Equal in their creation they were formed. ere they could wind Out of such prison.Implacable. Save what sin hath impaired. now gross by sinning grown. what by Deity I am. And. with ruin overspread. Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last Endless. for I suspend their doom. to be Heir. and thus far Have suffered. when two such foes met armed. the third is thine. this perverse commotion governed thus. foreseen This tumult. Two days. To honour his anointed Son avenged Upon his enemies. Two days are therefore past. Son beloved. Infernal noise! war seemed a civil game To this uproar. and dangerous to the main. and thou knowest. And in whose hand what by decree I do.
four faces each Had wonderous. To chains of darkness. he. And gladlier shall resign. Holiest. as likes them. Itself instinct with Spirit. Unfeigned Halleluiahs to thee sing. when in the end Thou shalt be all in all. Thou Mightiest. First. and shall soon. and from the impure Far separate. Forth rushed with whirlwind sound The chariot of Paternal Deity. declarest thy will Fulfilled. Ascend my chariot. And the third sacred morn began to shine. Scepter and power. As is most just: This I my glory account. inlaid with pure Amber. That thou. 104 . Pursue these sons of darkness. wheel within wheel undrawn. And thus the Filial Godhead answering spake. as with stars. and I in thee For ever. and on his Son with rays direct Shone full. and careering fires between. My exaltation. and the undying worm. O Supreme of heavenly Thrones. I hate. rid Heaven of these rebelled. My bow and thunder. thy deserved right. and in me all whom thou lovest: But whom thou hatest. but convoyed By four Cherubick shapes. I assume. Best. bring forth all my war. in thy Father's might. to despise God. Image of thee in all things. with eyes the wheels Of beryl. as I put thy mildness on. and my whole delight. Hymns of high praise. circling thy holy mount. Armed with thy might. Go then. he all his Father full expressed Ineffably into his face received. That from thy just obedience could revolt. which to fulfil is all my bliss. and sword upon thy puissant thigh. Over their heads a crystal firmament. guide the rapid wheels That shake Heaven's basis. rose From the right hand of Glory where he sat. Dawning through Heaven. Then shall thy Saints unmixed. Highest. thou always seek'st To glorify thy Son. my almighty arms Gird on. I always thee. He said. and I among them Chief. O Father. and can put on Thy terrours. o'er his scepter bowing. To their prepared ill mansion driven down. Whereon a sapphire throne. Flashing thick flames. thy giving. and Messiah his anointed King. in me well pleased. their bodies all And wings were set with eyes.By sacred unction. Whom to obey is happiness entire. drive them out From all Heaven's bounds into the utter deep: There let them learn. and colours of the showery arch. So said.
Invincibly: But of this cursed crew The punishment to other hand belongs. this day from battle rest: Faithful hath been your warfare. and sparkles dire: Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints. at his right hand Victory Sat eagle-winged. but stood obdured. Ascended. This saw his hapless foes. and of God Accepted. Before him Power Divine his way prepared. And to rebellious fight rallied their Powers. disdaining flight. they heard his voice. and went Obsequious. Or wonders move the obdurate to relent? They. and at length prevail Against God and Messiah. at the sight Took envy. fearless in his righteous cause. At his command the uprooted hills retired Each to his place. half on each hand. And with fresh flowerets hill and valley smiled. and now To final battle drew. far off his coming shone. Vengeance is his. aspiring to his highth. Stand still in bright array. Insensate. but by his own First seen: Them unexpected joy surprised. and bickering flame. And as ye have received. so have ye done. And twenty thousand (I their number heard) Chariots of God. He on the wings of Cherub rode sublime On the crystalline sky. beside him hung his bow And quiver with three-bolted thunder stored. Ye Angels armed. Illustrious far and wide. In heavenly Spirits could such perverseness dwell? But to convince the proud what signs avail. his sign in Heaven. And from about him fierce effusion rolled Of smoke. in celestial panoply all armed Of radiant Urim. Nor multitude. stand only. and. ye Saints. Under whose conduct Michael soon reduced His army. by force or fraud Weening to prosper. Or faint retreat. when the great Son of God To all his host on either hand thus spake. here stand. work divinely wrought. and behold 105 . in sapphire throned. hope conceiving from despair. He onward came. hardened more by what might most reclaim. or whose he sole appoints: Number to this day's work is not ordained. Heaven his wonted face renewed. circumfused on either wing. were seen.He. Stood re-embattled fierce. Under their Head imbodied all in one. Grieving to see his glory. When the great ensign of Messiah blazed Aloft by Angels borne. or to fall In universal ruin last.
and glory appertains. as with the sound Of torrent floods. in his right hand Grasping ten thousand thunders. Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe. and with furies. nor care who them excels. that withered all their strength. and into terrour changed His countenance too severe to be beheld. and as a herd Of goats or timorous flock together thronged Drove them before him thunder-struck. and helmed heads he rode Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim prostrate. but checked His thunder in mid volley. they have despised. spiritless. such as in their souls infixed Plagues: They. fallen. or of a numerous host. That they may have their wish. astonished. but me. Therefore to me their doom he hath assigned. Yet half his strength he put not forth. One Spirit in them ruled. Nor less on either side tempestuous fell His arrows. they all. That wished the mountains now might be again Thrown on them. which he sent Before him. afflicted. to try with me In battle which the stronger proves.God's indignation on these godless poured By me. At once the Four spread out their starry wings With dreadful shade contiguous. Full soon Among them he arrived. since by strength They measure all. and a spacious gap disclosed 106 . Gloomy as night. Or I alone against them. down their idle weapons dropt: O'er shields. Yet envied. but root them out of Heaven: The overthrown he raised. And full of wrath bent on his enemies. Rolled inward. opening wide. as a shelter from his ire. against me is all their rage. from the fourfold-visaged Four Distinct with eyes. under his burning wheels The stedfast empyrean shook throughout. So spake the Son. according to his will. All but the throne itself of God. All courage. pursued With terrours. He on his impious foes right onward drove. which. And of their wonted vigour left them drained. and power. to the bounds And crystal wall of Heaven. and from the living wheels Distinct alike with multitude of eyes. Because the Father. all resistance lost. and the orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled. Hath honoured me. for he meant Not to destroy. and helms. to whom in Heaven s'preme Kingdom. Exhausted. and every eye Glared lightning. of other excellence Not emulous. not you. and shot forth pernicious fire Among the accursed.
firm they might have stood. Hell saw Heaven ruining from Heaven.Into the wasteful deep: The monstrous sight Struck them with horrour backward. At thy request. Nine days they fell: Confounded Chaos roared. eternal wrath Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. from the expulsion of his foes. Heir. Son. celebrated. he who envies now thy state. thou mayest partake His punishment. warn Thy weaker. but far worse Urged them behind: Headlong themselves they threw Down from the verge of Heaven. each Order bright. Sole victor. who silent stood Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts. The discord which befel. Thus. Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Disburdened Heaven rejoiced. returning whence it rolled. and would have fled Affrighted. Hell. With jubilee advanced. and fear to transgress. and on them closed. remember. and. Shaded with branching palm. and him sung victorious King. who into glory him received. to thee I have revealed What might have else to human race been hid. and war in Heaven Among the angelick Powers. and soon repaired Her mural breach. rode Triumphant through mid Heaven. and the deep fall Of those too high aspiring. Which would be all his solace and revenge. As a despite done against the Most High. eternal misery. as they went. Worthiest to reign: He. with him Bereaved of happiness. Yet fell. the house of woe and pain. who rebelled With Satan. Hell heard the unsufferable noise. and too fast had bound. fraught with fire Unquenchable. And felt tenfold confusion in their fall Through his wild anarchy. measuring things in Heaven by things on Earth. so huge a rout Incumbered him with ruin: Hell at last Yawning received them whole. Who now is plotting how he may seduce Thee also from obedience. and that thou mayest beware By what is past. their fit habitation. and Lord. Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss. let it profit thee to have heard. that. Sung triumph. Messiah his triumphal chariot turned: To meet him all his Saints. By terrible example. but strict Fate had cast too deep Her dark foundations. But listen not to his temptations. to him dominion given. into the courts And temple of his Mighty Father throned On high. the reward Of disobedience. 107 .
and forlorn.) Dismounted. whose voice divine Following. Urania. and with her didst play In presence of the Almighty Father. pleased With thy celestial song. yet not alone. or when morn Purples the east: still govern thou my song. who thee implores: For thou art heavenly. but narrower bound Within the visible diurnal sphere. Urania. though fallen on evil days. So fail not thou. by what befel in Heaven To those apostates. what ensued when Raphael. while thou Visitest my slumbers nightly. not the name. Up led by thee Into the Heaven of Heavens I have presumed. But drive far off the barbarous dissonance Of Bacchus and his revellers. and evil tongues. had forewarned Adam. Above the flight of Pegasean wing! The meaning. where woods and rocks had ears To rapture. An earthly guest. Goddess. Thy tempering: with like safety guided down Return me to my native element: Lest from this flying steed unreined. she an empty dream. to beware Apostasy. The affable Arch-Angel. lest the like befall In Paradise to Adam or his race. In darkness. unchanged To hoarse or mute. Erroneous there to wander. Charged not to touch the interdicted tree. Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse. heavenly-born. And solitude. On evil days though fallen. above the Olympian hill I soar. (as once Bellerophon. and drawn empyreal air. though from a lower clime. by that name If rightly thou art called. and slight that sole command. Standing on earth. on the Aleian field I fall. by dire example. If they transgress. or fountain flowed. till the savage clamour drowned Both harp and voice.Book VII Descend from Heaven. but. More safe I sing with mortal voice. nor could the Muse defend Her son. nor on the top Of old Olympus dwellest. Before the hills appeared. and fit audience find. I call: for thou Nor of the Muses nine. and with dangers compassed round. So easily obeyed amid the choice 108 . not rapt above the pole. Half yet remains unsung. though few. Wisdom thy sister. the race Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard In Rhodope. Say.
with his consorted Eve. thou hast revealed. the end Of what we are. impossible to mix With blessedness. Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites. in his holy rest Through all eternity. was done Before his memory. with desire to know What nearer might concern him. and whereof created. or without. as one whose drouth Yet scarce allayed still eyes the current stream. and relate What may no less perhaps avail us known. which yet concerned Our knowing. Though wandering. and was filled With admiration and deep muse. How first began this Heaven which we behold Distant so high. to impart Things above earthly thought. and his admonishment Receive. and full of wonder in our ears. Unknown. with solemn purpose to observe Immutably his sovran will. Great things. 109 . things. But since thou hast vouchsafed Gently. how this world Of Heaven and Earth conspicuous first began. Whence Adam soon repealed The doubts that in his heart arose: and now Led on. as hate in Heaven. Deign to descend now lower. soon Driven back. not to explore the secrets ask Of his eternal empire. what cause Moved the Creator. how soon Absolved. With such confusion: but the evil. yet sinless. Far differing from this world. as to highest wisdom seemed. which human knowledge could not reach. The story heard attentive. for our instruction. redounded as a flood on those From whom it sprung. He. so late to build In Chaos. and this which yields or fills All space. suspense in Heaven. to their thought So unimaginable. but the more To magnify his works. Proceeded thus to ask his heavenly guest. the more we know. with moving fires adorned Innumerable. if unforbid thou mayest unfold What we. the ambient air wide interfused Embracing round this floried Earth. to forewarn Us timely of what might else have been our loss. Divine interpreter! by favour sent Down from the empyrean.Of all tastes else to please their appetite. When. And war so near the peace of God in bliss. to hear Of things so high and strange. and the work begun. What within Eden. And the great light of day yet wants to run Much of his race though steep. for what cause. For which to the infinitely Good we owe Immortal thanks.
and this high temple to frequent With ministeries due. This also thy request. though to recount almighty works What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice. and soon turns Wisdom to folly. the seat Of Deity supreme. and into fraud Drew many. as nourishment to wind. he hears. by whose aid This inaccessible high strength. Their station. Oppresses else with surfeit. Night with her will bring. shall not be withheld Thy hearing. Know then. after Lucifer from Heaven (So call him. that. Only Omniscient. abstain To ask. retains Number sufficient to possess her realms Though wide. and Sleep. And longer will delay to hear thee tell His generation. yet populous. I see. whom their place knows here no more: Yet far the greater part have kept. who thought All like himself rebellious. thy potent voice. and to his Son thus spake. lest his heart exalt him in the harm 110 . to know In measure what the mind may well contain. and infer Thee also happier. But knowledge is as food. the Omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude. such commission from above I have received. brighter once amidst the host Of Angels. hath suppressed in night.) Fell with his flaming legions through the deep Into his place. and the great Son returned Victorious with his Saints. Thus Adam his illustrious guest besought: And thus the Godlike Angel answered mild. than that star the stars among. Heaven. and needs no less Her temperance over appetite. To none communicable in Earth or Heaven: Enough is left besides to search and know. will watch. listening to thee. At least our envious Foe hath failed. Or we can bid his absence. nor let thine own inventions hope Things not revealed. and dismiss thee ere the morning shine. He trusted to have seised. and the rising birth Of Nature from the unapparent Deep: Or if the star of evening and the moon Haste to thy audience. Or heart of man suffice to comprehend? Yet what thou canst attain. which the invisible King.Held by thy voice. us dispossessed. till thy song End. to answer thy desire Of knowledge within bounds. beyond. and solemn rites: But. which best may serve To glorify the Maker. Silence. Obtain. with caution asked.
nor vacuous the space. Immediate are the acts of God.Already done. to have dispeopled Heaven. between two brazen mountains lodged 111 . Boundless the Deep. a better race to bring Into their vacant room. with radiance crowned Of Majesty Divine. whose wisdom had ordained Good out of evil to create. but to human ears Cannot without process of speech be told. Glory they sung to the Most High. winged Spirits. And thou my Word. by degrees of merit raised. which is free To act or not. My damage fondly deemed. because I Am who fill Infinitude. if such it be to lose Self-lost. Glory to Him. and all his Father in him shone. joy and union without end. Necessity and Chance Approach not me. Potentates. ye Powers of Heaven. good will To future men. sapience and love Immense. retire. ride forth. They open to themselves at length the way Up hither. more swift Than time or motion. and in a moment will create Another world. where stand of old Myriads. And put not forth my goodness. and be it done! My overshadowing Spirit and Might with thee I send along. begotten Son. Mean while inhabit lax. the Filial Godhead. and to what he spake His Word. till. So sang the Hierarchies: Mean while the Son On his great expedition now appeared. Girt with Omnipotence. gave effect. Though I. When such was heard declared the Almighty's will. And Earth be changed to Heaven. and in their dwellings peace. uncircumscribed myself. One kingdom. So spake the Almighty. and Thrones. and chariots winged From the armoury of God. And Virtues. under long obedience tried. there to dwell. and thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. About his chariot numberless were poured Cherub. speak thou. So told as earthly notion can receive. out of one man a race Of men innumerable. instead Of Spirits malign. whose just avenging ire Had driven out the ungodly from his sight And the habitations of the just. and what I will is Fate. Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heaven. and bid the Deep Within appointed bounds be Heaven and Earth. to Him Glory and praise. Not here. and Seraph. and Heaven to Earth. I can repair That detriment. by thee This I perform.
your discord end! Nor staid. Matter unformed and void: Darkness profound Covered the abyss: but on the watery calm His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread. ye troubled Waves. wasteful. and in his hand He took the golden compasses. And said. Thus was the first day even and morn: 112 . Adverse to life: then founded. and now came forth Spontaneous. and between spun out the air. Sprung from the deep. and from the shore They viewed the vast immeasurable abyss Outrageous as a sea. Silence. and vital warmth Throughout the fluid mass. and the other turned Round through the vast profundity obscure.Against a solemn day. and the world unborn. And vital virtue infused. Attendant on their Lord: Heaven opened wide Her ever-during gates. for within them Spirit lived. harnessed at hand. For Chaos heard his voice: Him all his train Followed in bright procession. on the wings of Cherubim Uplifted. in his powerful Word And Spirit. And Earth self-balanced on her center hung. and darkness Night. Thus far extend. but downward purged The black tartareous cold infernal dregs. the rest to several place Disparted. said God. coming to create new worlds. for yet the sun Was not. Let there be light. she in a cloudy tabernacle Sojourned the while. and forthwith Light Ethereal. peace. God saw the light was good. and from her native east To journey through the aery gloom began. and all created things: One foot he centered. quintessence pure. Sphered in a radiant cloud. and thou Deep. dark. This be thy just circumference. Then staid the fervid wheels. and with the center mix the pole. thus the Earth. as mountains. first of things. in paternal glory rode Far into Chaos. to circumscribe This universe. prepared In God's eternal store. harmonious sound On golden hinges moving. and the wonders of his might. He named. Celestial equipage. Up from the bottom turned by furious winds And surging waves. then conglobed Like things to like. to let forth The King of Glory. O World! Thus God the Heaven created. but. Said then the Omnifick Word. to assault Heaven's highth. wild. to behold Creation. And light from darkness by the hemisphere Divided: light the Day. thus far thy bounds. On heavenly ground they stood.
when orient light Exhaling first from darkness they beheld. and when first morn. where way they found. Be gathered now ye waters under Heaven Into one place. Let there be firmament Amid the waters. and let dry land appear. Again. and hymning praised God and his works. with torrent rapture. Capacious bed of waters: Thither they Hasted with glad precipitance. or ridge direct. so the watery throng. in wide Crystalline ocean. but in the womb as yet Of waters. Immediately the mountains huge appear Emergent. expanse of liquid. nor withstood them rock or hill. and God made The firmament. Creator him they sung. uprolled. Soft-ebbing. pure. with joy and shout The hollow universal orb they filled. Transparent. and the loud misrule Of Chaos far removed. Both when first evening was. And on the washy oose deep channels wore. such flight the great command impressed On the swift floods: As armies at the call Of trumpet (for of armies thou hast heard) Troop to their standard. and their broad bare backs upheave Into the clouds. lest fierce extremes Contiguous might distemper the whole frame: And Heaven he named the Firmament: So even And morning chorus sung the second day. Fermented the great mother to conceive. or circuit wide With serpent errour wandering. their tops ascend the sky: So high as heaved the tumid hills. not idle.Nor past uncelebrated. If steep. but. embryon immature involved. when God said. if through plain. The waters underneath from those above Dividing: for as earth. But they. God said. For haste. or under ground. 113 . Wave rolling after wave. Satiate with genial moisture. nor unsung By the celestial quires. so he the world Built on circumfluous waters calm. elemental air. As drops on dust conglobing from the dry: Part rise in crystal wall. found their way. diffused In circuit to the uttermost convex Of this great round. partition firm and sure. Birth-day of Heaven and Earth. The Earth was formed. and let it divide The waters from the waters. with warm Prolifick humour softening all her globe. Appeared not: over all the face of Earth Main ocean flowed. And touched their golden harps. so low Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep.
Forth flourished thick the clustering vine. the greater to have rule by day. and the humble shrub. and for days. and made the stars. and made gay Her bosom. For seasons. With borders long the rivers: that Earth now Seemed like to Heaven. and each fountain side. whose verdure clad Her universal face with pleasant green. and every herb. and the great receptacle Of congregated waters. Let there be lights High in the expanse of Heaven. And bush with frizzled hair implicit: Last Rose. a seat where Gods might dwell. herb yielding seed. and watered all the ground. God made. the stately trees. and it was so. And let them be for lights. as in dance. but from the Earth a dewy mist Went up. till then Desart and bare. and perpetual draw their humid train. Again the Almighty spake. and love to haunt Her sacred shades: though God had yet not rained Upon the Earth. to divide The day from night. that sudden flowered Opening their various colours. up stood the corny reed Embattled in her field. Or wander with delight. and man to till the ground None was. And set them in the firmament of Heaven To illuminate the Earth. these scarce blown. or gemmed Their blossoms: With high woods the hills were crowned. where rivers now Stream. which. All but within those banks. And God made two great lights. ere it was in the Earth. unadorned. great for their use To Man. God saw. altern. Whose seed is in herself upon the Earth. when the bare Earth. The dry land. and said. he called Seas: And saw that it was good. before it grew On the green stem: God saw that it was good: So even and morn recorded the third day. as I ordain Their office in the firmament of Heaven. that it was good: For of celestial bodies first the sun 114 . and circling years. To give light on the Earth. and let them be for signs. He scarce had said. Surveying his great work. and rule the day In their vicissitude.Easy. Then herbs of every leaf. Let the Earth Put forth the verdant grass. And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind. And light from darkness to divide. and spread Their branches hung with copious fruit. ere God had bid the ground be dry. With tufts the valleys. Earth. forth crept The swelling gourd. unsightly. smelling sweet: and. and rule the night. The less by night. Brought forth the tender grass. and each Plant of the field.
which plenteously The waters generated by their kinds. and placed In the sun's orb. Hither. in their golden urns draw light. Revolved on Heaven's great axle. unlightsome first. in sculls that oft Bank the mid sea: part single. But opposite in levelled west was set. And let the fowl be multiplied. And saw that it was good. with wings Displayed on the open firmament of Heaven. and running streams. Regent of day. sporting with quick glance. First in his east the glorious lamp was seen. and shining scales. before him danced. with full face borrowing her light From him. each creek and bay.A mighty sphere he framed. and shoals Of fish that with their fins. and every magnitude of stars. 115 . and still that distance keeps Till night. Let the waters generate Reptile with spawn abundant. living soul: And let fowl fly above the Earth. And God created the great whales. jocund to run His longitude through Heaven's high road. or with mate. and blessed them. And every bird of wing after his kind. Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth day. firm to retain Her gathered beams. and the Pleiades. And sowed with stars the Heaven. And hence the morning-planet gilds her horns. Shedding sweet influence: Less bright the moon. With fry innumerable swarm. thick as a field: Of light by far the greater part he took. And God said. And lakes. By tincture or reflection they augment Their small peculiar. or. and through groves Of coral stray. His mirrour. Graze the sea-weed their pasture. Though of ethereal mould: then formed the moon Globose. that then appeared Spangling the hemisphere: Then first adorned With their bright luminaries that set and rose. other stars Repairing. and her reign With thousand lesser lights dividual holds. made porous to receive And drink the liquid light. multiply. Be fruitful. great palace now of light. Transplanted from her cloudy shrine. With thousand thousand stars. the gray Dawn. then in the east her turn she shines. Glide under the green wave. saying. for other light she needed none In that aspect. and all the horizon round Invested with bright rays. each that crept. and each Soul living. and in the seas. Forthwith the sounds and seas. as to their fountain. on the Earth. though from human sight So far remote. the waters fill. with diminution seen.
The Earth obeyed. and beast of the Earth. enormous in their gait. so steers the prudent crane Her annual voyage. rising on stiff pennons. and spread their painted wings Till even. in their pearly shells at ease. the crested cock whose clarion sounds The silent hours. arose With evening harps and matin. perfect forms. or under rocks their food In jointed armour watch: on smooth the seal And bended dolphins play: part huge of bulk Wallowing unwieldy. a sea. when God said. yet oft they quit The dank. and at his trunk spouts out. Tempest the ocean: there leviathan. high over seas Flying. and fens. and set forth Their aery caravan. Each in their kind. and creeping things. and of creation last. the air Floats as they pass. from the egg that soon Bursting with kindly rupture forth disclosed Their callow young. The sixth. Hugest of living creatures. Mean while the tepid caves.Show to the sun their waved coats dropt with gold. with mutual wing Easing their flight. rows Her state with oary feet. and straight Opening her fertile womb teemed at a birth Innumerous living creatures. and the other whose gay train Adorns him. soaring the air sublime. bathed Their downy breast. part more wise In common. Evening and morn solemnized the fifth day. Cattle. and at his gills Draws in. tower The mid aereal sky: Others on ground Walked firm. Their brood as numerous hatch. but all night tun'd her soft lays: Others. under a cloud In prospect. nor then the solemn nightingale Ceased warbling. borne on winds. attend Moist nutriment. wedge their way. the swan with arched neck. on the deep Stretched like a promontory sleeps or swims. and the air with fowl. Between her white wings mantling proudly. coloured with the florid hue Of rainbows and starry eyes. Let the Earth bring forth soul living in her kind. and. and over lands. Or. Limbed and full grown: Out of the ground up rose. The waters thus With fish replenished. there the eagle and the stork On cliffs and cedar tops their eyries build: Part loosely wing the region. but feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens. and shores. on silver lakes and rivers. And seems a moving land. ranged in figure. With clang despised the ground. Intelligent of seasons. 116 . and. fanned with unnumbered plumes: From branch to branch the smaller birds with song Solaced the woods.
And rampant shakes his brinded mane. the ounce. water. as the great first Mover's hand First wheeled their course: Earth in her rich attire Consummate lovely smiled. azure and green: These. in thicket. And thou their natures knowest. that feeds her husband drone Deliciously. now half appeared The tawny lion. Pattern of just equality perhaps Hereafter. as a line. nor unknown The serpent. the end Of all yet done. who. they walked: The cattle in the fields and meadows green: Those rare and solitary. then springs as broke from bonds. The libbard. the crumbled earth above them threw In hillocks: The swift stag from under ground Bore up his branching head: Scarce from his mould Behemoth biggest born of earth upheaved His vastness: Fleeced the flocks and bleating rose. fish. Insect or worm: those waved their limber fans For wings. First crept The parsimonious emmet. Of huge extent sometimes. was flown. was swum. was walked. and in broad herds upsprung. with brazen eyes And hairy mane terrifick. air. Among the trees in pairs they rose. and the tiger. Streaking the ground with sinuous trace. joined in her popular tribes Of commonalty: Swarming next appeared The female bee. the wild beast where he wons In forest wild. not prone And brute as other creatures. pawing to get free His hinder parts. involved Their snaky folds. Wonderous in length and corpulence. as the mole Rising. and of the sixth day yet remained: There wanted yet the master-work. these in flocks Pasturing at once. subtlest beast of all the field. brake. Frequent. a creature. in small room large heart enclosed.As from his lair. beast. and rolled Her motions. not all Minims of nature. but endued 117 . At once came forth whatever creeps the ground. By fowl. Now Heaven in all her glory shone. their long dimension drew. and added wings. but obedient at thy call. earth. provident Of future. The grassy clods now calved. and smallest lineaments exact In all the liveries decked of summer's pride With spots of gold and purple. or den. and gavest them names. As plants: Ambiguous between sea and land The river-horse. and scaly crocodile. Needless to thee repeated. though to thee Not noxious. and builds her waxen cells With honey stored: The rest are numberless. some of serpent-kind.
Beast of the field. works knowledge of good and evil. and over all the Earth. Variety without end. Here finished he. Thou mayest not. Let us make now Man in our image. and behold all was entirely good. The addition of his empire. beware. tasted. Up he rode Followed with acclamation. thither with heart. and from thence Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven. Wherever thus created. And govern well thy appetite. and let them rule Over the fish and fowl of sea and air. This garden. Up to the Heaven of Heavens. multiply. and the sound 118 . And freely all their pleasant fruit for food Gave thee. in his own image he Created thee. might erect His stature. and thou becamest a living soul. but thy consort Female. and voice. planted with the trees of God. lest Sin Surprise thee. his high abode. Delectable both to behold and taste. as thou knowest. And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. for no place Is yet distinct by name. and eyes Directed in devotion. thence. he formed thee. Death is the penalty imposed. and said. Subdue it. but of the tree. and throughout dominion hold Over fish of the sea. Which. then blessed mankind. self-knowing. how fair. in the day thou eatest. thou diest. and in thy nostrils breathed The breath of life. and fill the Earth.With sanctity of reason. up returned. in the image of God Express. thee. how it showed In prospect from his throne. to adore And worship God Supreme. Adam. O Man. But grateful to acknowledge whence his good Descends. though unwearied. and all that he had made Viewed. who made him chief Of all his works: therefore the Omnipotent Eternal Father (for where is not he Present?) thus to his Son audibly spake. And every living thing that moves on the Earth. Be fruitful. Male he created thee. and her black attendant Death. Thence to behold this new created world. Dust of the ground. and upright with front serene Govern the rest. Answering his great idea. how good. and fowl of the air. He brought thee into this delicious grove. for race. So even and morn accomplished the sixth day: Yet not till the Creator from his work Desisting. Man In our similitude. all sorts are here that all the Earth yields. This said.
for the sun Was set. Mighty King. Delighted. the air Resounded. or tongue Relate thee! Greater now in thy return Than from the giant Angels: Thee that day Thy thunders magnified. and with frequent intercourse Thither will send his winged messengers On errands of supernal grace. But not in silence holy kept: the harp Had work and rested not. yet staid. that tuned Angelick harmonies: The earth. fixed for ever firm and sure. and henceforth oft. The planets in their station listening stood. his six days work. a World. The Filial Power arrived. All sounds on fret by string or golden wire. And dulcimer. and twilight from the east came on. and.let in The great Creator from his work returned Magnificent. While the bright pomp ascended jubilant. Jehovah! infinite Thy power! what thought can measure thee. Fuming from golden censers. And now on Earth the seventh Evening arose in Eden. (thou rememberest. all organs of sweet stop. Seen in the galaxy. for he also went Invisible. led To God's eternal house direct the way. the imperial throne Of Godhead. Open. A broad and ample road.) The heavens and all the constellations rung. the solemn pipe. Open. So sung The glorious train ascending: He through Heaven. Open. when at the holy mount Of Heaven's high-seated top. whose dust is gold And pavement stars. That opened wide her blazing portals. Tempered soft tunings. Who can impair thee. as stars to thee appear. that milky way. as a circling zone. Forerunning night.Symphonious of ten thousand harps. Creation and the six days acts they sung: Great are thy works. but to create Is greater than created to destroy. thou seest Powdered with stars. (such privilege Hath Omnipresence) and the work ordained. hid the mount. intermixed with voice Choral or unison: of incense clouds. for thou heardst. Author and End of all things. blessed and hallowed the seventh day. Which nightly. for God will deign To visit oft the dwellings of just men. As resting on that day from all his work. from work Now resting. ye everlasting gates! they sung. and sat him down With his great Father. ye Heavens! your living doors. or bound Thy empire! Easily the proud attempt 119 .
there to dwell And worship him. say. with stars Numerous. and in reward to rule Over his works. the glassy sea. Witness this new-made world. and every star perhaps a world Of destined habitation. Their pleasant dwelling-place. while impiously they thought Thee to diminish. And multiply a race of worshippers Holy and just: Thrice happy. and the empyrean rung With halleluiahs: Thus was sabbath kept. founded in view On the clear hyaline. What thanks sufficient. or air. and vouchsafed This friendly condescension to relate Things. and persevere upright! So sung they. Of Heaven and Earth consisting. this world. Who seeks To lessen thee. as new waked. and from thee withdraw The number of thy worshippers. And sons of Men. Book VIII The Angel ended. and in Adam's ear So charming left his voice. in sea. With glory attributed to the high Creator! Something yet of doubt remains. Which only thy solution can resolve. if they know Their happiness. Thrice happy Men. Of amplitude almost immense. not surpassing human measure. that he a while Thought him still speaking. When I behold this goodly frame. and their counsels vain. divine Historian. and compute 120 . might know: If else thou seekest Aught. thus gratefully replied. or what recompence Equal. that posterity. have I to render thee. with her nether ocean circumfused. And thy request think now fulfilled. but thou knowest Their seasons: among these the seat of Men. And what before thy memory was done From the beginning. who thus largely hast allayed The thirst I had of knowledge. as is due. another Heaven From Heaven-gate not far. Informed by thee. Thou hast repelled. still stood fixed to hear. that asked How first this world and face of things began. and from thence createst more good. on earth. else by me unsearchable. Then. against his purpose serves To manifest the more thy might: his evil Thou usest.Of Spirits apostate. Earth. and. but delight. now heard With wonder. whom God hath thus advanced! Created in his image.
with the firmament compared And all her numbered stars. 121 . Greater so manifold. and their swift return Diurnal. such a sumless journey brought Of incorporeal speed. Not unattended. A pomp of winning Graces waited still. Adam relating. would intermix Grateful digressions. That better might with far less compass move. How Nature wise and frugal could commit Such disproportions. touched by her fair tendance. and receives. Yet went she not. For aught appears. To ask or search. her warmth and light. And Raphael now. And from about her shot darts of desire Into all eyes. I blame thee not. and by his countenance seemed Entering on studious thoughts abstruse. reasoning I oft admire. bud and bloom. and went forth among her fruits and flowers. for on her. and on their orbs impose Such restless revolution day by day Repeated. with superfluous hand So many nobler bodies to create. Her husband the relater she preferred Before the Angel. in all her vast survey Useless besides. Served by more noble than herself. while the sedentary Earth. she sole auditress. gladlier grew. O! when meet now Such pairs. he. Benevolent and facile thus replied. that seem to roll Spaces incomprehensible. and of him to ask Chose rather. (for such Their distance argues. Her nursery. to this one use. for Heaven Is as the book of God before thee set. in love and mutual honour joined? With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went. And. To visit how they prospered. An atom. to Adam's doubt proposed.) merely to officiate light Round this opacous Earth. With lowliness majestick from her seat. or not capable her ear Of what was high: such pleasure she reserved. as not with such discourse Delighted. Speed.Their magnitudes. and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses: from his lip Not words alone pleased her. as Queen. to describe whose swiftness number fails. As tribute. they at her coming sprung. a spot. a grain. attains Her end without least motion. which Eve Perceiving. to wish her still in sight. this Earth. One day and night. And grace that won who saw to wish her stay. where she sat retired in sight. she knew. Rose. So spake our sire. this punctual spot.
distance inexpressible By numbers that have name. The swiftness of those circles attribute. Nor glistering. to his Omnipotence. That to corporeal substances could add Speed almost spiritual: Me thou thinkest not slow. His beams. to show Invalid that which thee to doubt it moved. But in the fruitful Earth. may of solid good contain More plenty than the sun that barren shines. and the rest Ordained for uses to his Lord best known. so small. or years: This to attain. An edifice too large for him to fill. Earth sitting still. Not that I so affirm. and supposest That bodies bright and greater should not serve The less not bright. orb in orb: Already by thy reasoning this I guess. he his fabrick of the Heavens Hath left to their disputes. Earth's habitant. when they come to model Heaven And calculate the stars. Though numberless. or months. Whose virtue on itself works no effect. Imports not. whether Heaven move or Earth. and learn His seasons. or days. contrive To save appearances. unactive else. how gird the sphere With centrick and eccentrick scribbled o'er. when she alone receives The benefit: Consider first. let it speak The Maker's high magnificence. if they list to try Conjecture. Who since the morning-hour set out from Heaven Where God resides. And for the Heaven's wide circuit. hours. Yet not to Earth are those bright luminaries Officious. Cycle and epicycle. who built So spacious. if thou reckon right.Wherein to read his wonderous works. perhaps to move His laughter at their quaint opinions wide Hereafter. their vigour find. Admitting motion in the Heavens. there first received. though so it seem To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth. 122 . how build. and his line stretched out so far. That Man may know he dwells not in his own. and ere mid-day arrived In Eden. unbuild. Lodged in a small partition. nor Heaven such journeys run. or. how they will wield The mighty frame. that great Or bright infers not excellence: the Earth Though. in comparison of Heaven. but to thee. the rest From Man or Angel the great Architect Did wisely to conceal. But this I urge. and not divulge His secrets to be scanned by them who ought Rather admire. Who art to lead thy offspring.
Insensibly three different motions move? Which else to several spheres thou must ascribe. fetch day Travelling east. thou wilt descry. Leave them to God above. if land be there. and what if seventh to these The planet earth. What if that light. Enlightening her by day. and other suns perhaps. as him pleases best. Only to shine. now low. In six thou seest. But whether the sun. What if the sun Be center to the world. To the terrestrial moon be as a star. to remove his ways from human sense. With their attendant moons. yet scarce to contribute Each orb a glimpse of light. 123 . or whether not. Or she from west her silent course advance. him serve. For such vast room in Nature unpossessed By living soul. the wheel Of day and night. dance about him various rounds? Their wandering course now high. or standing still. and fear! Of other creatures. Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air. and rain produce Fruits in her softened soil for some to eat Allotted there. Progressive. predominant in Heaven. so stedfast though she seem. Or save the sun his labour. Moved contrary with thwart obliquities. conveyed so far Down to this habitable. and with her part averse From the sun's beam meet night. Communicating male and female light. Sollicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. and other stars. Stored in each orb perhaps with some that live. If it presume. that earthly sight. is obvious to dispute. And bears thee soft with the smooth hair along. By his attractive virtue and their own Incited. Placed Heaven from Earth so far. With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps On her soft axle. If earth. her other part Still luminous by his ray. and clouds may rain. And no advantage gain. desart and desolate. or earth rise on the sun. which returns Light back to them. He from the east his flaming road begin. Invisible else above all stars. Fields and inhabitants: Her spots thou seest As clouds. retrograde. Which two great sexes animate the world. Rise on the earth. But whether thus these things. while she paces even. which needs not thy belief. and that swift Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb supposed. as she by night This earth? reciprocal. might err in things too high. industrious of herself. then hid.God.
at the hour Of sweet repast. whence. and soon fill. Nor tongue ineloquent. freed from intricacies. That. but of highest Heaven. unprepared. this Paradise And thy fair Eve. Dream not of other worlds. Contented that thus far hath been revealed Not of Earth only. Sire of men. or fond impertinence: And renders us. To whom thus Raphael answered heavenly meek. condition. let him dispose. mention may arise Of something not unseasonable to ask. pure Intelligence of Heaven. not to know at large of things remote From use. hear me relate My story. replied. But apt the mind or fancy is to rove Unchecked. but thy words. while I sit with thee. taught to live The easiest way. joy thou In what he gives to thee. in things that most concern. and of her roving is no end. And day is not yet spent. and thy being. bring to their sweetness no satiety. or by experience taught. or degree. Heaven is for thee too high To know what passes there. with grace divine Imbued. deigned. And not molest us. How fully hast thou satisfied me. unless we ourselves Seek them with wandering thoughts. Is the prime wisdom: What is more. in what state. till then thou seest How subtly to detain thee I devise. Nor are thy lips ungraceful. By sufferance. cleared of doubt. from which God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares. Therefore from this high pitch let us descend A lower flight. to know That which before us lies in daily life. Unpractised. Though pleasant. from labour. Or emptiness. which perhaps thou hast not heard. Fond! were it not in hope of thy reply: For. and thy wonted favour. Thee I have heard relating what was done Ere my remembrance: now. what creatures there Live. she learn. and still to seek. they satiate. To whom thus Adam. I seem in Heaven. And sweeter thy discourse is to my ear Than fruits of palm-tree pleasantest to thirst And hunger both. obscure and subtle. Inviting thee to hear while I relate. be lowly wise: Think only what concerns thee. is fume. and speak of things at hand Useful. for God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also poured 124 . haply. and notions vain.Wherever placed. nor with perplexing thoughts To interrupt the sweet of life. Angel serene! And. Till warned. but.
forms. which with his beams the sun Soon dried. and shady woods. Not that they durst without his leave attempt. Or enemy. In balmy sweat.Inward and outward both. Pleased with thy words no less than thou with mine. and barricadoed strong. while God was in his work. With fragrance and with joy my heart o'erflowed. Lest he. to speak I tried. fast shut. and on the reeking moisture fed. all things smiled. Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure. 125 . and inquire Gladly into the ways of God with Man: For God. and sometimes went. up I sprung. Birds on the branches warbling. and sunny plains. Creatures that lived and moved. and furious rage. and limb by limb Surveyed. Myself I then perused. As new waked from soundest sleep. all comeliness and grace Attends thee. Destruction with creation might have mixed. And liquid lapse of murmuring streams. and loud lament. we see. or from what cause. incensed at such eruption bold. So spake the Godlike Power. for I attend. his image fair: Speaking. as lively vigour led: But who I was. dale. But us he sends upon his high behests For state. and each word. or where. And gazed a while the ample sky. and upright Stood on my feet: about me round I saw Hill. hath honoured thee. As thitherward endeavouring. and set On Man his equal love: Say therefore on. Torment. But thy relation now. Fast we found. Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. as Sovran King. and forthwith spake. For Man to tell how human life began Is hard. raised By quick instinctive motion. as befel. and walked. by these. and to inure Our prompt obedience. or mute. Straight toward Heaven my wondering eyes I turned. each motion. Squared in full legion (such command we had) To see that none thence issued forth a spy. The dismal gates. But long ere our approaching heard within Noise. and sometimes ran With supple joints. other than the sound of dance or song. and thus our Sire. for who himself beginning knew Desire with thee still longer to converse Induced me. or flew. For I that day was absent. Knew not. Nor less think we in Heaven of thee on Earth Than of our fellow-servant. Glad we returned up to the coasts of light Ere sabbath-evening: so we had in charge. till. Far on excursion toward the gates of Hell.
but with awe. and Plains. In goodness and in power pre-eminent: Tell me. how here?-Not of myself. fair Creatures. fear here no dearth: 126 .My tongue obeyed. how adore. how I came thus. as the dream Had lively shadowed: Here had new begun My wandering. profuse of flowers. or round about thee. as in air Smooth-sliding without step. of men innumerable ordained 'First Father! called by thee. whose high top was plain. 'This Paradise I give thee. and readily could name Whate'er I saw. Adam. and bowers. count it thine 'To till and keep. Loaden with fairest fruit that hung to the eye Tempting. whereat I waked. that what I saw Of Earth before scarce pleasant seemed. And lived: One came. 'Thy mansion wants thee. and forthwith to dissolve: When suddenly stood at my head a dream. how may I know him. last led me up A woody mountain. ye Rivers. by the hand he took me raised. Rejoicing. Each tree. stirred in me sudden appetite To pluck and eat.' Said mildly. said I. who was my guide Up hither.-While thus I called.--by some great Maker then. and with soft oppression seised My droused sense. so fresh and gay. answer none returned. Whose inward apparition gently moved My fancy to believe I yet had being. though I thought I then was passing to my former state Insensible. and Dales. with walks. Presence Divine. and found Before mine eyes all real. methought. had not he. enclosed. rise. From where I first drew air. Woods. In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss: He reared me. and first beheld This happy light. and of the fruit to eat: 'Of every tree that in the garden grows 'Eat freely with glad heart. and strayed I knew not whither. I come thy guide 'To the garden of bliss. And feel that I am happier than I know. thy seat prepared. tell. with goodliest trees Planted. or beneath. From whom I have that thus I move and live. A circuit wide. And said. Ye Hills. On a green shady bank. untroubled. of shape divine. Thou Sun.' So saying. from among the trees appeared. Pensive I sat me down: There gentle sleep First found me. fair light. And over fields and waters. and 'Whom thou soughtest I am. 'First Man. 'Author of all this thou seest 'Above. if ye saw. And thou enlightened Earth. And ye that live and move. when. Tell.
Thou hast provided all things: But with me I see not who partakes. each bird stooped on his wing. 'Remember what I warn thee.'But of the tree whose operation brings 'Knowledge of good and ill. 'Amid the garden by the tree of life. I bring them to receive 'From thee their names. all enjoying. 'And shun the bitter consequence: for know. and with hands so liberal. since they cannot change 'Their element. as they passed. What callest thou solitude? Is not the Earth With various living creatures. and fowl. beast. and understood Their nature. and gracious purpose thus renewed. but all the Earth 'To thee and to thy race I give. each bird and beast behold Approaching two and two. these cowering low With blandishment. understand the same 'Of fish within their watery residence. though in my choice Not to incur. 'In sign whereof. 127 . And all this good to man? for whose well being So amply. with such knowledge God endued My sudden apprehension: But in these I found not what methought I wanted still. expelled from hence into a world 'Of woe and sorrow. which resounds Yet dreadful in mine ear. And to the heavenly Vision thus presumed. my sole command 'Transgressed. 'Or live in sea. but soon his clear aspect Returned. and this happy state 'Shalt lose. and pay thee fealty 'With low subjection. Or. to draw the thinner air. Surpassest far my naming. inevitably thou shalt die. each bird and beast behold 'After their kinds. and the Vision bright. or air. or aught than mankind higher. In solitude What happiness. which I have set 'The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith. what contentment find? Thus I presumptuous. Author of this universe. 'From that day mortal. by what name. fish. Above mankind. As with a smile more brightened. who can enjoy alone. thus replied. as lords 'Possess it.' As thus he spake. 'Not only these fair bounds. for thou above all these. and all these at thy command To come and play before thee? Knowest thou not Their language and their ways? They also know. I named them. O. 'Not hither summoned.' Sternly he pronounced The rigid interdiction. how may I Adore thee. 'The day thou eatest thereof. and the air Replenished. and all things that therein live. shun to taste.
And these inferiour far beneath me set? Among unequals what society Can sort. with leave of speech implored. what harmony. So fitly them in pairs thou hast combined: Much less can bird with beast. A nice and subtle happiness. Cannot well suit with either. Heavenly Power. And through all numbers absolute. solitary. and bear rule. though in pleasure. No need that thou Shouldst propagate. in disparity The one intense. and in thee Is no deficience found: Not so is Man. I lowly answered. the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help Or solace his defects. not displeased. 128 . and those To me inferiour. nor with the ox the ape. Hast thou not made me here thy substitute.And reason not contemptibly: With these Find pastime. and this my state? Seem I to thee sufficiently possessed Of happiness. So spake the Universal Lord. And humble deprecation. Adam! and wilt taste No pleasure. lion with lioness. the other still remiss. Worse then can man with beast. be propitious while I speak. To attain The highth and depth of thy eternal ways All human thoughts come short. or not? who am alone From all eternity. thy realm is large. I see. already Infinite. Let not my words offend thee. his image multiplied. in the choice Of thy associates. How have I then with whom to hold converse. and least of all. fit to participate All rational delight: wherein the brute Cannot be human consort: They rejoice Each with their kind. equal much less. but soon prove Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak Such as I seek. Save with the creatures which I made. Supreme of things! Thou in thyself art perfect. but. in proportion due Given and received. for none I know Second to me or like. infinite descents Beneath what other creatures are to thee? He ceased. and seemed So ordering: I. and beget Like of his like. thus replied. or fish with fowl So well converse. Thou to thyself proposest. What thinkest thou then of me. though One: But Man by number is to manifest His single imperfection. Whereto the Almighty answered. or true delight? Which must be mutual. My Maker. But in degree.
seekest not Social communication. but open left the cell Of fancy. Under his forming hands a creature grew. by which. but of thyself. He ended. where I lay. for now My earthly by his heavenly overpowered. which from that time infused Sweetness into my heart. unfelt before. by conversing. wide was the wound. I was pleased. or I heard no more. cannot these erect From prone. with cordial spirits warm. 129 . Mine eyes he closed. As with an object that excels the sense Dazzled and spent. Canst raise thy creature to what highth thou wilt Of union or communion. Though sleeping. and took From thence a rib. not imparted to the brute. Thy wish exactly to thy heart's desire. Thus I emboldened spake. Thy likeness. and saw the shape Still glorious before whom awake I stood: Who stooping opened my left side. My image. And be so minded still: I. called By Nature as in aid. or in her summed up. and closed mine eyes. Best with thyself accompanied. be assured. so lovely fair. Which thou hast rightly named. sunk down. seemed now Mean. Adam. but different sex. thy fit help. Thus far to try thee. not of beasts alone. in her contained And in her looks. deified: I. And no such company as then thou sawest Intended thee. And life-blood streaming fresh. so pleased. my internal sight. for trial only brought. Expressing well the spirit within thee free. and sought repair Of sleep. nor in their ways complacence find. yet. strained to the highth In that celestial colloquy sublime. ere thou spakest. To see how thou couldest judge of fit and meet: What next I bring shall please thee. which requires Collateral love. Man-like. and acceptance found. which gained This answer from the gracious Voice Divine. That what seemed fair in all the world. Knew it not good for Man to be alone. which instantly fell on me. and freedom used Permissive. Thou in thy secresy although alone. thy other self. And find thee knowing. Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike. But suddenly with flesh filled up and healed: The rib he formed and fashioned with his hands. Which it had long stood under.In unity defective. methought I saw. and dearest amity. Abstract as in a trance.
And into all things from her air inspired The spirit of love and amorous delight. She disappeared, and left me dark; I waked To find her, or for ever to deplore Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure: When out of hope, behold her, not far off, Such as I saw her in my dream, adorned With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow To make her amiable: On she came, Led by her heavenly Maker, though unseen, And guided by his voice; nor uninformed Of nuptial sanctity, and marriage rites: Grace was in all her steps, Heaven in her eye, In every gesture dignity and love. I, overjoyed, could not forbear aloud. This turn hath made amends; thou hast fulfilled Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, Giver of all things fair! but fairest this Of all thy gifts! nor enviest. I now see Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself Before me: Woman is her name;of Man Extracted: for this cause he shall forego Father and mother, and to his wife adhere; And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul. She heard me thus; and though divinely brought, Yet innocence, and virgin modesty, Her virtue, and the conscience of her worth, That would be wooed, and not unsought be won, Not obvious, not obtrusive, but, retired, The more desirable; or, to say all, Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought, Wrought in her so, that, seeing me, she turned: I followed her; she what was honour knew, And with obsequious majesty approved My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower I led her blushing like the morn: All Heaven, And happy constellations, on that hour Shed their selectest influence; the Earth Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill; Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs Whispered it to the woods, and from their wings Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub, Disporting, till the amorous bird of night Sung spousal, and bid haste the evening-star On his hill top, to light the bridal lamp. Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss, Which I enjoy; and must confess to find In all things else delight indeed, but such As, used or not, works in the mind no change, Nor vehement desire; these delicacies 130
I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flowers, Walks, and the melody of birds: but here Far otherwise, transported I behold, Transported touch; here passion first I felt, Commotion strange! in all enjoyments else Superiour and unmoved; here only weak Against the charm of Beauty's powerful glance. Or Nature failed in me, and left some part Not proof enough such object to sustain; Or, from my side subducting, took perhaps More than enough; at least on her bestowed Too much of ornament, in outward show Elaborate, of inward less exact. For well I understand in the prime end Of Nature her the inferiour, in the mind And inward faculties, which most excel; In outward also her resembling less His image who made both, and less expressing The character of that dominion given O'er other creatures: Yet when I approach Her loveliness, so absolute she seems And in herself complete, so well to know Her own, that what she wills to do or say, Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best: All higher knowledge in her presence falls Degraded; Wisdom in discourse with her Loses discountenanced, and like Folly shows; Authority and Reason on her wait, As one intended first, not after made Occasionally; and, to consummate all, Greatness of mind and Nobleness their seat Build in her loveliest, and create an awe About her, as a guard angelick placed. To whom the Angel with contracted brow. Accuse not Nature, she hath done her part; Do thou but thine; and be not diffident Of Wisdom; she deserts thee not, if thou Dismiss not her, when most thou needest her nigh, By attributing overmuch to things Less excellent, as thou thyself perceivest. For, what admirest thou, what transports thee so, An outside? fair, no doubt, and worthy well Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love; Not thy subjection: Weigh with her thyself; Then value: Oft-times nothing profits more Than self-esteem, grounded on just and right Well managed; of that skill the more thou knowest, The more she will acknowledge thee her head, And to realities yield all her shows: Made so adorn for thy delight the more, So awful, that with honour thou mayest love 131
Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least wise. But if the sense of touch, whereby mankind Is propagated, seem such dear delight Beyond all other; think the same vouchsafed To cattle and each beast; which would not be To them made common and divulged, if aught Therein enjoyed were worthy to subdue The soul of man, or passion in him move. What higher in her society thou findest Attractive, human, rational, love still; In loving thou dost well, in passion not, Wherein true love consists not: Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges; hath his seat In reason, and is judicious; is the scale By which to heavenly love thou mayest ascend, Not sunk in carnal pleasure; for which cause, Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. To whom thus, half abashed, Adam replied. Neither her outside formed so fair, nor aught In procreation common to all kinds, (Though higher of the genial bed by far, And with mysterious reverence I deem,) So much delights me, as those graceful acts, Those thousand decencies, that daily flow From all her words and actions mixed with love And sweet compliance, which declare unfeigned Union of mind, or in us both one soul; Harmony to behold in wedded pair More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose What inward thence I feel, not therefore foiled, Who meet with various objects, from the sense Variously representing; yet, still free, Approve the best, and follow what I approve. To love, thou blamest me not; for Love, thou sayest, Leads up to Heaven, is both the way and guide; Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask: Love not the heavenly Spirits, and how their love Express they? by looks only? or do they mix Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch? To whom the Angel, with a smile that glowed Celestial rosy red, Love's proper hue, Answered. Let it suffice thee that thou knowest Us happy, and without love no happiness. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoyest, (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy In eminence; and obstacle find none Of membrane, joint, or limb, exclusive bars; Easier than air with air, if Spirits embrace, Total they mix, union of pure with pure Desiring, nor restrained conveyance need, 132
As flesh to mix with flesh, or soul with soul. But I can now no more; the parting sun Beyond the Earth's green Cape and verdant Isles Hesperian sets, my signal to depart. Be strong, live happy, and love! But, first of all, Him, whom to love is to obey, and keep His great command; take heed lest passion sway Thy judgement to do aught, which else free will Would not admit: thine, and of all thy sons, The weal or woe in thee is placed; beware! I in thy persevering shall rejoice, And all the Blest: Stand fast;to stand or fall Free in thine own arbitrement it lies. Perfect within, no outward aid require; And all temptation to transgress repel. So saying, he arose; whom Adam thus Followed with benediction. Since to part, Go, heavenly guest, ethereal Messenger, Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore! Gentle to me and affable hath been Thy condescension, and shall be honoured ever With grateful memory: Thou to mankind Be good and friendly still, and oft return! So parted they; the Angel up to Heaven From the thick shade, and Adam to his bower. Book IX No more of talk where God or Angel guest With Man, as with his friend, familiar us'd, To sit indulgent, and with him partake Rural repast; permitting him the while Venial discourse unblam'd. I now must change Those notes to tragick; foul distrust, and breach Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt, And disobedience: on the part of Heaven Now alienated, distance and distaste, Anger and just rebuke, and judgement given, That brought into this world a world of woe, Sin and her shadow Death, and Misery Death's harbinger: Sad talk!yet argument Not less but more heroick than the wrath Of stern Achilles on his foe pursued Thrice fugitive about Troy wall; or rage Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous'd; Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long Perplexed the Greek, and Cytherea's son: 00482129 If answerable style I can obtain 133
fearless returned From compassing the earth. not time. whose office is to bring Twilight upon the earth. and after him the star Of Hesperus. hitherto the only argument Heroick deem'd chief mastery to dissect With long and tedious havock fabled knights In battles feign'd. Since Uriel. or cold Climate. regent of the sun. and foreworned the Cherubim That kept their watch. The skill of artifice or office mean. or to poem. and now from end to end Night's hemisphere had veil'd the horizon round: When satan.Of my celestial patroness. of these Nor skill'd nor studious. Not hers. sufficient of itself to raise That name. damp my intended wing Depress'd. bent On Man's destruction. then marshall'd feast Serv'd up in hall with sewers and seneshals. imblazon'd shields. The space of seven continued nights he rode With darkness. four times crossed the car of night From pole to pole. Into a gulf shot under ground. traversing each colure. short arbiter "twixt day and night. There was a place. who brings it nightly to my ear. thence full of anguish driven. cautious of day. Not that which justly gives heroick name To person. first wrought the change. Or tilting furniture. descried His entrance. till part 134 . or inspires Easy my unpremeditated verse: Since first this subject for heroick song Pleas'd me long choosing. higher argument Remains. or years. thrice the equinoctial line He circled. on the coast averse From entrance or Cherubick watch. Bases and tinsel trappings. who late fled before the threats Of Gabriel out of Eden. at the foot of Paradise. the better fortitude Of patience and heroick martyrdom Unsung. and beginning late. unless an age too late. and. The sun was sunk. now improv'd In meditated fraud and malice. or to describe races and games. maugre what might hap Of heavier on himself. And dictates to me slumbering. gorgeous knights At joust and tournament. though sin. Where Tigris. Not sedulous by nature to indite Wars. On the eighth returned. caparisons and steeds. Impresses quaint. if all be mine. who deigns Her nightly visitation unimplor'd. by stealth Found unsuspected way. and much they may. Me. Now not.
in other beasts observed. woods. and in Heaven much worse would be my state. after better. More justly. in whom To enter. sense. then sought Where to lie hid. in the wily snake Whatever sleights. and plains. receivest from all those orbs: in thee. and with it rose Satan. From Eden over Pontus and the pool Maeotis. as built With second thoughts. as seems. how like to Heaven. so thou. Light above light. involved in rising mist. danced round by other Heavens That shine. yet bear their bright officious lamps. Now land. Rocks. so much more I feel Torment within me. and the more I see Pleasures about me. worse would build? Terrestrial Heaven. which of all Most opportune might serve his wiles. now sea and shores with forest crowned. as from the hateful siege Of contraries: all good to me becomes Bane. If I could joy in aught. and valley. rivers. yet extends to all.Rose up a fountain by the tree of life: In with the river sunk. and found The Serpent subtlest beast of all the field. beyond the sense of brute. With what delight could I have walked thee round. all their known virtue appears Productive in herb. 135 . fittest imp of fraud. and his dark suggestions hide From sharpest sight: for. Him after long debate. his final sentence chose Fit vessel. and caves! But I in none of these Find place or refuge. Thus he resolved. Not in themselves. all summed up in Man. plant. which. for thee alone. but first from inward grief His bursting passion into plaints thus poured. As from his wit and native subtlety Proceeding. thence to the land where flows Ganges and Indus: Thus the orb he roamed With narrow search. sea he had searched. Centring. irresolute Of thoughts revolved. if not preferred For what God. sweet interchange Of hill. and with inspection deep Considered every creature. up beyond the river Ob. and nobler birth Of creatures animate with gradual life Of growth. dens. Doubt might beget of diabolick power Active within. In thee concentring all their precious beams Of sacred influence! As God in Heaven Is center. reforming what was old! O Earth. and land. and in length. none would suspicious mark. seat worthier of Gods. reason. Downward as far antarctick. West from Orontes to the ocean barred At Darien .
And to repair his numbers thus impaired. in one night. obnoxious. Him lord pronounced. freed From servitude inglorious well nigh half The angelick name. and who knows how long Before had been contriving? though perhaps Not longer than since I. though thereby worse to me redound: For only in destroying I find ease To my relentless thoughts. and him endow. on him who next 136 . Almighty styled. to be avenged. all this will soon Follow. Since higher I fall short. to spite us more. but others to make such As I. And flaming ministers to watch and tend Their earthly charge: Of these the vigilance I dread. O indignity! Subjected to his service angel-wings. O foul descent! that I. He effected. unless by mastering Heaven's Supreme. and pry In every bush and brake. where hap may find The serpent sleeping. For whom all this was made. Man he made.But neither here seek I. Exalted from so base original. Bitter ere long. With heavenly spoils. no nor in Heaven To dwell. in whose mazy folds To hide me. and earth his seat. at first though sweet. and thinner left the throng Of his adorers: He. first or last. must down as low As high he soared. Or won to what may work his utter loss. I reck not. or. Revenge. and the dark intent I bring. In woe then. That to the highth of Deity aspired! But what will not ambition and revenge Descend to? Who aspires. To basest things. thus wrapt in mist Of midnight vapour glide obscure. am now constrained Into a beast. who erst contended With Gods to sit the highest. Whether such virtue spent of old now failed More Angels to create. back on itself recoils: Let it. our spoils: What he decreed. and. so it light well aimed. and for him built Magnificent this world. and. if they at least Are his created. and. Determined to advance into our room A creature formed of earth. and. This essence to incarnate and imbrute. that destruction wide may range: To me shall be the glory sole among The infernal Powers. mixed with bestial slime. him destroyed. to elude. Nor hope to be myself less miserable By what I seek. six nights and days Continued making. as to him linked in weal or woe. in one day to have marred What he.
us the more to spite. possessing. Now. or prop. which intermits Our day's work. whether to wind The woodbine round this arbour. and his brutal sense. Thou therefore now advise. he held on His midnight-search. while so near each other thus all day Our task we choose. and flower. that breathed Their morning incense. Fearless unfeared he slept: in at his mouth The Devil entered. this man of clay. soon inspired With act intelligential. where choice Leads thee. Our pleasant task enjoined. that breathe. partake The season prime for sweetest scents and airs: Then commune. him fast-sleeping soon he found In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled. well stored with subtile wiles: Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den. though begun Early. how that day they best may ply Their growing work: for much their work out-grew The hands' dispatch of two gardening so wide. One night or two with wanton growth derides Tending to wild. where soonest he might find The serpent. Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present: Let us divide our labours. brought to little. forth came the human pair. From the Earth's great altar send up silent praise To the Creator. on the grassy herb. Adam. but his sleep Disturbed not. His head the midst. or prune. or object new Casual discourse draw on. when as sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the humid flowers. Whom. and his nostrils fill With grateful smell. well may we labour still to dress This garden. his Maker raised From dust: Spite then with spite is best repaid. till more hands Aid us. Nor nocent yet. and the hour of supper comes unearned? 137 . herb. So saying. In heart or head. the work under our labour grows. In yonder spring of roses intermixed With myrtle. still to tend plant. waiting close the approach of morn. Like a black mist low-creeping. what we by day Lop overgrown. or bind. son of despite. but. that done. while I. find what to redress till noon: For. And joined their vocal worship to the quire Of creatures wanting voice. what wonder if so near Looks intervene and smiles. And Eve first to her husband thus began. Luxurious by restraint. or where most needs. but.Provokes my envy. or direct The clasping ivy where to climb. thou. when all things. this new favourite Of Heaven. through each thicket dank or dry.
or talk between. He made us. To whom the virgin majesty of Eve. or with her the worst endures. nor of me shalt pass Unpraised: for nothing lovelier can be found In woman. but to delight. or to disturb Conjugal love. leave not the faithful side That gave thee being. not the lowest end of human life. Love. where danger or dishonour lurks. But. as wide As we need walk. still shades thee. than which perhaps no bliss Enjoyed by us excites his envy more. to short absence I could yield: For solitude sometimes is best society. To brute denied. whether food. And good works in her husband to promote. and all Earth's Lord! That such an enemy we have. if much converse perhaps Thee satiate. Yet not so strictly hath our Lord imposed Labour. And short retirement urges sweet return. till younger hands ere long Assist us. With sweet austere composure thus replied. who seeks Our ruin. Safest and seemliest by her husband stays. and of his own Despairing. as to debar us when we need Refreshment. or this sweet intercourse Of looks and smiles. no doubt. for smiles from reason flow. Offspring of Heaven and Earth. associate sole. to me beyond Compare above all living creatures dear! Well hast thou motioned. and somewhere nigh at hand Watches. The wife. Or this. As one who loves. For not to irksome toil. and are of love the food. seeks to work us woe and shame By sly assault. where each To other speedy aid might lend at need: Whether his first design be to withdraw Our fealty from God. and protects. Hopeless to circumvent us joined. Food of the mind. lest harm Befall thee severed from me. what malicious foe Envying our happiness. Sole Eve. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands Will keep from wilderness with ease. than to study houshold good. And from the parting Angel over-heard. for thou knowest What hath been warned us. us asunder. and delight to reason joined. Who guards her. or worse.To whom mild answer Adam thus returned. and some unkindness meets. How we might best fulfil the work which here God hath assigned us. 138 . both by thee informed I learn. with greedy hope to find His wish and best advantage. But other doubt possesses me. well thy thoughts employed.
which plain infers Thy equal fear. who thought Less attributed to her faith sincere. For he who tempts. mis-thought of her to thee so dear? To whom with healing words Adam replied. but Eve. Shame to be overcome or over-reached. or can repel. if need were Of outward strength. Thus her reply with accent sweet renewed. Would utmost vigour raise. If this be our condition. stronger. immortal Eve! For such thou art. If such affront I labour to avert From thee alone.As in a shady nook I stood behind. that my firm faith and love Can by his fraud be shaken or seduced. receive Access in every virtue. thus to dwell In narrow circuit straitened by a foe. Subtle or violent. first on me the assault shall light. at least asperses The tempted with dishonour foul. supposed Not incorruptible of faith. in thy sight More wise. and raised unite. Can either not receive. Subtle he needs must be. and thy trial choose With me. Thoughts. His fraud is then thy fear. Daughter of God and Man. Adam. more watchful. 139 . nor think superfluous other's aid. still in fear of harm? But harm precedes not sin: only our foe. wherever met. I expected not to hear. Though ineffectual found: misdeem not then. Or daring. from sin and blame entire: Not diffident of thee do I dissuade Thy absence from my sight. best witness of thy virtue tried? So spake domestick Adam in his care And matrimonial love. Why shouldst not thou like sense within thee feel When I am present. not capable of death or pain. His violence thou fearest not. Nor thou his malice and false guile contemn. while shame. being such As we. will hardly dare. intended by our foe. though in vain. But. which how found they harbour in thy breast. which on us both at once The enemy. How are we happy. because we have a foe May tempt it. that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt To God or thee. but to avoid The attempt itself. who could seduce Angels. we not endued Single with like defence. Just then returned at shut of evening flowers. from the influence of thy looks. though bold. thou looking on. not proof Against temptation: Thou thyself with scorn And anger wouldst resent the offered wrong. I.
and thus forewarned 140 . do thine. Or aught that might his happy state secure. rely On what thou hast of virtue. though last. by some fair-appearing good surprised. But bid her well be ware. from the event. and mis-inform the will To do what God expressly hath forbid. as she was warned. With thy permission then. Wouldst thou approve thy constancy. which to avoid Were better. Frail is our happiness. unassayed Alone. Go. Not then mistrust. for thy stay. the other who can know. trial unsought may find Us both securer than thus warned thou seemest. then wherefore shunned or feared By us? who rather double honour gain From his surmise proved false. Secure from outward force. thus exposed. is free. virtue. Not seeing thee attempted.Tempting. love. without exteriour help sustained? Let us not then suspect our happy state Left so imperfect by the Maker wise. affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity: his foul esteem Sticks no dishonour on our front. approve First thy obedience. yet lies within his power: Against his will he can receive no harm. but tender love. But God left free the will. Go in thy native innocence. And what is faith. And Eden were no Eden. find peace within. Lest. if this be so. Favour from Heaven. summon all! For God towards thee hath done his part. our witness. Not keeping strictest watch. To whom thus Adam fervently replied. As not secure to single or combined. She dictate false. yet possible to swerve. Firm we subsist. enjoins. but turns Foul on himself. yet submiss. best are all things as the will Of God ordained them: His creating hand Nothing imperfect or deficient left Of all that he created. So spake the patriarch of mankind. not free. who attest? But. much less Man. for what obeys Reason. and still erect. Seek not temptation then. replied. within himself The danger lies. if thou think. and most likely if from me Thou sever not: Trial will come unsought. Since Reason not impossibly may meet Some specious object by the foe suborned. And fall into deception unaware. O Woman. and mind thou me. and Reason he made right. absents thee more. That I should mind thee oft. but Eve Persisted.
Their tendance. but not with hope Of what so seldom chanced. Pomona when she fled Vertumnus. or specked with gold. 141 . hid among sweet flowers and shades. or Pomona. The willinger I go. Veiled in a cloud of fragrance. or plantation for delight. Oft he to her his charge of quick return Repeated. Though not as she with bow and quiver armed. or send thee back Despoiled of innocence. And all things in best order to invite Noontide repast.Chiefly by what thy own last reasoning words Touched only. purple. O much deceived. Mere serpent in appearance. Half spied. Beyond his hope. In bower and field he sought. Such ambush. though gay Carnation. Waited with hellish rancour imminent To intercept thy way. where she stood. but wished his hap might find Eve separate. the more shall shame him his repulse. and. much failing. forth was come. like a Wood-Nymph light. Oread or Dryad. nor much expect A foe so proud will first the weaker seek. his purposed prey. oft stooping to support Each flower of slender stalk. when to his wish. where any tuft Of grove or garden-plot more pleasant lay. of faith. and since first break of dawn. Guiltless of fire. that our trial. To Pales. Her long with ardent look his eye pursued Delighted. or to Ceres in her prime. of bliss! For now. hapless Eve. the Fiend. she to him as oft engaged To be returned by noon amid the bower. whose head. but Delia's self In gait surpassed. or of Delia's train. but desiring more her stay. when least sought. Betook her to the groves. thus adorned. and Goddess-like deport. he wished. or afternoon's repose. but in them The whole included race. Yet virgin of Proserpina from Jove. so thick the roses blushing round About her glowed. And on his quest. azure. Of thy presumed return! event perverse! Thou never from that hour in Paradise Foundst either sweet repast. had formed. May find us both perhaps far less prepared. So bent. Thus saying. or Angels brought. from her husband's hand her hand Soft she withdrew. By fountain or by shady rivulet He sought them both. But with such gardening tools as Art yet rude. Eve separate he spies. Likest she seemed. or sound repose. where likeliest he might find The only two of mankind.
but all pleasure to destroy. or renowned Alcinous. of hate. As one who long in populous city pent. Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air. each rural sound. Her graceful innocence. with nymph-like step. Though in mid Heaven. Or that. the person more. or tedded grass. and for the time remained Stupidly good. thus excites. now seen. Thoughts. now hid. behold alone 142 . not mystick. The smell of grain. and flowers Imbordered on each bank. the hand of Eve: Spot more delicious than those gardens feigned Or of revived Adonis. to forget What hither brought us! hate. hope here to taste Of pleasure. for her now pleases more. the more he sees Of pleasure. Then voluble and bold. but more soft. thus alone: Her heavenly form Angelick. though fairest unsupported flower. host of old Laertes' son. and in her look sums all delight: Such pleasure took the Serpent to behold This flowery plat. and storm so nigh. cedar. Much he the place admired. fair virgin pass. If chance. or least action. and many a walk traversed Of stateliest covert. let me not let pass Occasion which now smiles. them she upstays Gently with myrtle band. Of guile.Hung drooping unsustained. of enmity disarmed. Or dairy. soon ended his delight. pine. not love. What pleasing seemed. or palm.nor hope Of Paradise for Hell. whither have ye led me! with what sweet Compulsion thus transported. And tortures him now more. each rural sight. and with rapine sweet bereaved His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought: That space the Evil-one abstracted stood From his own evil. Save what is in destroying. Among thick-woven arborets. not for him ordained: then soon Fierce hate he recollects. of envy. the sweet recess of Eve Thus early. Nearer he drew. of revenge: But the hot Hell that always in him burns. Forth issuing on a summer's morn. other joy To me is lost. mindless the while Herself. From her best prop so far. and all his thoughts Of mischief. or kine. and feminine. Then. from each thing met conceives delight. to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoined. gratulating. her every air Of gesture. overawed His malice. where the sapient king Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse. She most.
that towered Fold above fold. he. Hate stronger. As when a ship. enclosed In serpent. erect Amidst his circling spires. to what I was in Heaven. Than at Circean call the herd disguised. Circular base of rising folds. a surging maze! his head Crested aloft. though terrour be in love And beauty. and shifts her sail: So varied he. was seen.The woman. So spake the enemy of mankind. or Capitoline. more duteous at her call. With tract oblique At first. not approached by stronger hate. From every beast. but minded not. as oft so steers. opportune to all attempts. this with her who bore Scipio. busied. and pain Enfeebled me. I not. by skilful steersmen wrought Nigh river's mouth or foreland. as one who sought access. that on the grass Floated redundant: pleasing was his shape And lovely. To lure her eye. the highth of Rome. inmate bad! and toward Eve Addressed his way: not with indented wave. not those that in Illyria changed. fit love for Gods! Not terrible. and carbuncle his eyes. with serpent-tongue Organick. Hermione and Cadmus. glad Of her attention gained. and of limb Heroick built. for I view far round. she. but feared To interrupt. His gentle dumb expression turned at length The eye of Eve to mark his play. and sleek enamelled neck. He. not nigh. Whose higher intellectual more I shun. uncalled before her stood. divinely fair. nor to which transformed Ammonian Jove. Fawning. side-long he works his way. But as in gaze admiring: oft he bowed His turret crest. so much hath Hell debased. She fair. Prone on the ground. or the god In Epidaurus. never since of serpent-kind Lovelier. as used To such disport before her through the field. Foe not informidable! exempt from wound. His fraudulent temptation thus began. and of his tortuous train Curled many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve. bolder now. though of terrestrial mould. of courage haughty. Her husband. under show of love well feigned. where the wind Veers oft. And strength. and licked the ground whereon she trod. or impulse of vocal air. He with Olympias. The way which to her ruin now I tend. 143 . as since. but on his rear. With burnished neck of verdant gold. heard the sound Of rusling leaves.
but not with human voice endued. Where universally admired. on their creation-day. I chanced A goodly tree far distant to behold Loaden with fruit of fairest colours mixed. Not unamazed. whom God. Displeased that I approach thee thus. I thus single. Ruddy and gold: I nearer drew to gaze. one man except. So glozed the Tempter. and how To me so friendly grown above the rest Of brutal kind. Beholders rude. with disdain. Who sees thee? and what is one? who should be seen A Goddess among Gods. and right thou shouldst be obeyed: I was at first as other beasts that graze The trodden herb. Empress of this fair world. resplendent Eve! Easy to me it is to tell thee all What thou commandest. 144 . Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair.nor have feared Thy awful brow. When from the boughs a savoury odour blown. and gaze Insatiate. adored and served By Angels numberless. all things thine By gift. and shallow to discern Half what in thee is fair. and apprehended nothing high: Till. sovran Mistress. How camest thou speakable of mute. What may this mean? language of man pronounced By tongue of brute. Thee all things living gaze on. and say. and his proem tuned: Into the heart of Eve his words made way. who art sole wonder! much less arm Thy looks. these beasts among. at length. To whom the guileful Tempter thus replied. on a day roving the field. the Heaven of mildness.Wonder not. or the teats Of ewe or goat dropping with milk at even. Created mute to all articulate sound: The latter I demur. and human sense expressed? The first. if perhaps Thou canst. As was my food. more pleased my sense Than smell of sweetest fennel. more awful thus retired. Serpent. Though at the voice much marvelling. subtlest beast of all the field I knew. and in their actions. of abject thoughts and low. thy daily train. but here In this enclosure wild. Redouble then this miracle. oft appears. at least. for such wonder claims attention due. she thus in answer spake. nor aught but food discerned Or sex. Thee. for in their looks Much reason. that daily are in sight? Say. Grateful to appetite. and thy celestial beauty adore With ravishment beheld! there best beheld. of these I thought denied To beasts.
though importune perhaps. but could not reach. in thee first proved: But say. or Middle. and joy 145 . and with capacious mind Considered all things visible in Heaven. where plenty hung Tempting so nigh. To whom the wily Adder. Fast by a fountain. Beyond a row of myrtles. I resolved Not to defer. one small thicket past Of blowing myrrh and balm: if thou accept My conduct. to degree Of reason in my inward powers. yet unknown To us. leading. such pleasure till that hour. that tend their play. United I beheld. and not long. all things fair and good: But all that fair and good in thy divine Semblance. To mischief swift. to pluck and eat my fill I spared not. Thenceforth to speculations high or deep I turned my thoughts. About the mossy trunk I wound me soon. unwary thus replied. to come And gaze. for. no fair to thine Equivalent or second! which compelled Me thus.Unsucked of lamb or kid. swiftly rolled In tangles. Still hanging incorruptible. He. and speech Wanted not long. Or Earth. with like desire Longing and envying stood. Sated at length. the way is ready. in such abundance lies our choice. till men Grow up to their provision. Serpent. quickened at the scent Of that alluring fruit. and made intricate seem straight. At feed or fountain. For. Yet more amazed. and in thy beauty's heavenly ray. though to this shape retained. Empress. never had I found. hunger and thirst at once. I can bring thee thither soon Lead then. As leaves a greater store of fruit untouched. urged me so keen. Powerful persuaders. on a flat. high from ground. where grows the tree? from hence how far? For many are the trees of God that grow In Paradise. and various. ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me. Amid the tree now got. Hope elevates. and worship thee of right declared Sovran of creatures. To satisfy the sharp desire I had Of tasting those fair apples. thy overpraising leaves in doubt The virtue of that fruit. and Eve. said Eve. the branches would require Thy utmost reach or Adam's: Round the tree All other beasts that saw. and more hands Help to disburden Nature of her birth. universal Dame! So talked the spirited sly Snake. blithe and glad.
or to highth up grown. Fluctuates disturbed. Misleads the amazed night-wanderer from his way To bogs and mires. God hath said.Brightens his crest. and the cold environs round. deemed however wise. In Athens or free Rome. which the night Condenses. as to passion moved. yet sinless. Indeed! hath God then said that of the fruit Of all these garden-trees ye shall not eat. as of some great matter to begin. won audience ere the tongue. Serpent. while each part. There swallowed up and lost. they say. though brief. though fruit be here to excess. Motion. Fruitless to me. root of all our woe. to the tree Of prohibition. Sometimes in highth began. and. all impassioned. The Tempter. some evil Spirit attends. Hovering and blazing with delusive light. our reason is our law. The credit of whose virtue rest with thee. but to trace the ways Of highest agents. and oft through pond or pool. So glistered the dire Snake. and wisdom-giving Plant. Compact of unctuous vapour. Stood in himself collected. our credulous mother. Which when she saw. Queen of this universe! do not believe 146 . wise. Yet Lords declared of all in earth or air$? To whom thus Eve. To whom the Tempter guilefully replied. moving. Which oft. but with show of zeal and love To Man. and left that command Sole daughter of his voice. Mother of science! now I feel thy power Within me clear. Kindled through agitation to a flame. She scarce had said. where eloquence Flourished. yet comely and in act Raised. But of this tree we may not taste nor touch. since mute! to some great cause addressed. if cause of such effects. when now more bold The Tempter. each act. New part puts on. we might have spared our coming hither. the rest. through his zeal of right: So standing. nor shall ye touch it. God so commanded. thus began. not only to discern Things in their causes. As when of old some orator renowned. lest ye die. as no delay Of preface brooking. thus to her guide she spake. Ye shall not eat Thereof. and into fraud Led Eve. Of the fruit Of each tree in the garden we may eat. as when a wandering fire. we live Law to ourselves. and indignation at his wrong. Wonderous indeed. from succour far. But of the fruit of this fair tree amidst The garden. O sacred.
death to be wished. not feared then. So ye shall die perhaps. Shall that be shut to Man. which to the Beast Is open? or will God incense his ire For such a petty trespass? and not praise Rather your dauntless virtue. Why. why not known. Deterred not from achieving what might lead To happier life. that Man should thus attain to know? What can your knowledge hurt him. producing every kind. Of good. participating God-like food? The Gods are first. who enclosed Knowledge of good and evil in this tree. Me. is but proportion meet. by the threatener? look on me. of human. human. nothing: if they all things. not God. these. shall perfectly be then Opened and cleared. your eyes that seem so clear. Goddess humane. I. that Man may not become As they. which to behold 147 . or this tree Impart against his will. yet both live. ye. if what is evil Be real. Warmed by the sun. Internal Man. and freely taste! He ended. Knowing both good and evil. how just? of evil. Yet are but dim. since I as Man. That ye shall be as Gods. whom the pain Of death denounced. knowledge of good and evil. since easier shunned? God therefore cannot hurt ye. nor obeyed: Your fear itself of death removes the fear. replete with guile.Those rigid threats of death: ye shall not die: How should you? by the fruit? it gives you life To knowledge. but to keep ye low and ignorant. if all be his? Or is it envy? and can envy dwell In heavenly breasts? These. by putting off Human. whatever thing death be. who have touched and tasted. Them. Not just. for this fair earth I see. Why then was this forbid? Why. reach then. of brute. Though threatened. which no worse than this can bring. that all from them proceeds: I question it. and ye shall be as Gods. and his words. to put on Gods. Into her heart too easy entrance won: Fixed on the fruit she gazed. His worshippers? He knows that in the day Ye eat thereof. Gods. by venturing higher than my lot. forthwith attains Wisdom without their leave? and wherein lies The offence. but to awe. That whoso eats thereof. And what are Gods. and many more Causes import your need of this fair fruit. And life more perfect have attained than Fate Meant me. and that advantage use On our belief. as they know. and be just.
is as not had at all. Of God or death. Whose taste. and speaks. author unsuspect. which with desire. Sighing through all her works. and feed at once both body and mind? So saying. who forbids thy use. or. her rash hand in evil hour Forth reaching to the fruit. too long forborn. But. doubtless. what profits then Our inward freedom? In the day we eat Of this fair fruit. What fear I then? rather. if death Bind us with after-bands. Forbids us good. For us alone Was death invented? or to us denied This intellectual food. of law or penalty? Here grows the cure of all. forbids us to be wise? Such prohibitions bind not. at first assay Gave elocution to the mute.Might tempt alone. this fruit divine. Fair to the eye. Of virtue to make wise: What hinders then To reach. for beasts reserved? For beasts it seems: yet that one beast which first Hath tasted envies not. and our want: For good unknown sure is not had. had And yet unknown. Intent now wholly on her taste. and taught The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise: Thy praise he also. our doom is. and waked An eager appetite. and in her ears the sound Yet rung of his persuasive words. but brings with joy The good befallen him. far from deceit or guile. Solicited her longing eye. and discerns. Conceals not from us. impregned With reason. Back to the thicket slunk The guilty Serpent. yet first Pausing a while. while it infers the good By thee communicated. and with truth: Mean while the hour of noon drew on. and well might.for Eve. knowledge both of good and evil. what forbids he but to know. and reasons. And knows. raised by the smell So savoury of that fruit. and Nature from her seat. Great are thy virtues. and worthy to be admired. nought else 148 . to her seeming. best of fruits. Irrational till then. she eat! Earth felt the wound. In plain then. That all was lost. Inclinable now grown to touch or taste. she plucked. inviting to the taste. gave signs of woe. we shall die! How dies the Serpent? he hath eaten and lives. naming thee the tree Of knowledge. Friendly to man. Forbids us then to taste! but his forbidding Commends thee more. Though kept from man. thus to herself she mused. what know to fear Under this ignorance of good and evil.
the more to draw his love. And hightened as with wine. I extinct. wedded to another Eve. though secret she retire. or rather not. not was Godhead from her thought. not following thee. But keeps the odds of knowledge in my power Without copartner? so to add what wants In female sex. as to the Power That dwelt within. who all things know. infamed. from the tree her step she turned. such delight till then. hitherto obscured. Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe: So dear I love him. But to Adam in what sort Shall I appear? shall I to him make known As yet my change. But first low reverence done. who is free This may be well: But what if God have seen. thou openest wisdom's way. Shall live with her enjoying. without him live no life. each morning. And knew not eating death: Satiate at length. Shall tend thee. as the Gods. inferiour. So saying. sometime Superiour.Regarded. for. and due praise. and give him to partake Full happiness with me. A thing not undesirable. And givest access. A death to think! Confirmed then I resolve. Till. And I perhaps am secret: Heaven is high. and perhaps. to thee I owe. as seemed. and remote to see from thence distinct Each thing on Earth. Not without song. and other care perhaps May have diverted from continual watch Our great Forbidder. Though others envy what they cannot give: For. whether true Or fancied so. I grow mature In knowledge. Experience. Greedily she ingorged without restraint. I had remained In ignorance. virtuous. through expectation high Of knowledge. dieted by thee. safe with all his spies About him. it had not here Thus grown. had the gift been theirs. And death ensue? then I shall be no more! And Adam. Best guide. jocund and boon. precious of all trees In Paradise! of operation blest To sapience. Thus to herself she pleasingly began. but henceforth my early care. that with him all deaths I could endure. And thy fair fruit let hang. whose presence had infused Into the plant sciential sap. And render me more equal. next. O sovran. and the fertile burden ease Of thy full branches offered free to all. derived 149 . as to no end Created. In fruit she never tasted. High.
As reapers oft are wont their harvest-queen. and ambrosial smell diffused. and with me Persuasively hath so prevailed. Thou therefore also taste. unshared with thee. as equal love. she thus addressed. Lest. the way she took That morn when first they parted: by the tree Of knowledge he must pass. to adorn Her tresses. On the other side Adam. for never more Mean I to try. to me is bliss. For bliss. agony of love till now Not felt. soon as he heard 150 . which for thee Chiefly I sought. a tree Of danger tasted. But in her cheek distemper flushing glowed. that downy smiled. but thenceforth Endued with human voice and human sense. when Fate will not permit. Tedious. Not dead. so long delayed: Yet oft his heart. Hast thou not wondered. ampler heart. The pain of absence from thy sight. and odious soon. And hath been tasted such: The serpent wise. equal joy. or not obeying. and make them Gods who taste. dilated spirits. and is become. without thee can despise. that equal lot May join us. different degree Disjoin us. he the faltering measure felt.From nectar. in her face excuse Came prologue. Which. what rash untried I sought. that I Have also tasted. Great joy he promised to his thoughts. nor to evil unknown Opening the way. deprived Thy presence. Adam. divine of something ill. Dim erst. New gathered. thou not tasting. but of divine effect To open eyes. Waiting desirous her return. opener mine eyes. And forth to meet her went. had wove Of choicest flowers a garland. Hath eaten of the fruit. as we are threatened. as we are told. Thus Eve with countenance blithe her story told. and her rural labours crown. Reasoning to admiration. and new Solace in her return. and apology too prompt. and thought it long. Misgave him. And growing up to Godhead. with bland words at will. at my stay? Thee I have missed. To him she hasted. Scarce from the tree returning. there he her met. But strange Hath been the cause. and wonderful to hear: This tree is not. drink of Gods. Adam the while. Or not restrained as we. as thou hast part. in her hand A bough of fairest fruit. nor shall be twice. and I then too late renounce Deity for thee. and have also found The effects to correspond.
as one from sad dismay Recomforted. and from thy state Mine never shall be parted. adventurous Eve. or done undo? Not God Omnipotent. yet he lives. And peril great provoked. Defaced. and love so dearly joined. Much more to taste it under ban to touch. perhaps the fact Is not so heinous now. amazed. nor Fate. demi-Gods. yet unknown.The fatal trespass done by Eve. And me with thee hath ruined. while horrour chill Ran through his veins. for with thee Certain my resolution is to die: How can I live without thee! how forego Thy sweet converse. and all his joints relaxed. Had it been only coveting to eye That sacred fruit. Bone of my bone thou art. Creator wise. as thou saidst. sacred to abstinence. So having said. who thus hast dared. and now to death devote! Rather. But past who can recall. Astonied stood and blank. by him first Made common. divine. and gains to live. will in earnest so destroy 151 . good. foretasted fruit. To live again in these wild woods forlorn! Should God create another Eve. Higher degree of life. From his slack hand the garland wreathed for Eve Down dropt. or sweet! How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost. which cannot be But to be Gods. O fairest of Creation. deflowered. as Man. Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turned. till thus at length First to himself he inward silence broke. Nor can I think that God. Though threatening. amiable. how to violate The sacred fruit forbidden! Some cursed fraud Of enemy hath beguiled thee. ere our taste. and I Another rib afford. yet loss of thee Would never from my heart: no. as likely tasting to attain Proportional ascent. bliss or woe. Lives. how hast thou yielded to transgress The strict forbiddance. and unhallowed. yet so Perhaps thou shalt not die. last and best Of all God's works. Nor yet on him found deadly. Bold deed thou hast presumed. or Angels. inducement strong To us. Holy. no!I feel The link of Nature draw me: flesh of flesh. and all the faded roses shed: Speechless he stood and pale. Profaned first by the serpent. and after thoughts disturbed Submitting to what seemed remediless. Creature in whom excelled Whatever can to sight or thought be formed.
And gladly of our union hear thee speak. Be frustrate. that what of sweet before Hath touched my sense. love unequalled: but I feel Far otherwise the event. One heart. On my experience. Adam. Rather than death. Shall separate us. and thus Eve to him replied. who. Taste so divine. she embraced him. to lose thee were to lose myself. but life Augmented. which else So eminently never had been known? Were it I thought death menaced would ensue This my attempt. declaring thee resolved. dignified so high. yet would be loth Us to abolish. for what thou art is mine. and for joy 152 . so God shall uncreate. undo. hath presented This happy trial of thy love. linked in love so dear. how shall I attain. of tasting this fair fruit. Dependant made. For us created. Not well conceived of God. To undergo with me one guilt. than oblige thee with a fact Pernicious to thy peace. whom will he next?" Matter of scorn. So Adam. and labour lose. And fear of death deliver to the winds. one soul in both.Us his prime creatures. O glorious trial of exceeding love. though his power Creation could repeat. new hopes. we are one. but. My own in thee. and say. Direct. flat seems to this. lest the Adversary Triumph. "Fickle their state whom God "Most favours. not to be given the Foe. from whose dear side I boast me sprung. Adam. or by occasion. Illustrious evidence. chiefly assured Remarkably so late of thy so true. Our state cannot be severed. needs with us must fail. I would sustain alone The worst. One flesh. However I with thee have fixed my lot. not death. So saying. one crime. If any be. whereof good proof This day affords. short Of thy perfection. death is to me as life. opened eyes. freely taste. rather die Deserted. now Mankind. which in our fall. new joys. Certain to undergo like doom: If death Consort with thee. who can please him long? Me first "He ruined. and not persuade thee. So faithful. So forcible within my heart I feel The bond of Nature draw me to my own. and harsh. or aught than death more dread. do. Set over all his works. Whose virtue for of good still good proceeds. example high! Engaging me to emulate.
For never did thy beauty. it might be wished. flowers were the couch. that now. and. Earth trembled from her entrails. Eating his fill. But come. she him As wantonly repaid. and asphodel. Eve. But fondly overcome with female charm. Against his better knowledge. Since to each meaning savour we apply. well understood Of Eve. Thick over-head with verdant roof imbowered. He led her nothing loth. so inflame my sense With ardour to enjoy thee. after such delicious fare. bounty of this virtuous tree! So said he. For this one tree had been forbidden ten. that he his love Had so ennobled. They swim in mirth.Tenderly wept. as of choice to incur Divine displeasure for her sake. as again In pangs. Carnal desire inflaming. Earth's freshest softest lap. whose eye darted contagious fire. Pansies. I the praise Yield thee. tasting. so well this day thou hast purveyed. Sky loured. or death. in lust they burn: Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move. and fancy that they feel Divinity within them breeding wings. he on Eve Began to cast lascivious eyes. fairer now Than ever. and Nature gave a second groan. and forbore not glance or toy Of amorous intent. and violets. not deceived. In recompence for such compliance bad Such recompence best merits from the bough She gave him of that fair enticing fruit With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat. As meet is. if such pleasure be In things to us forbidden. Wherewith to scorn the earth: But that false fruit Far other operation first displayed. some sad drops Wept at completing of the mortal sin Original: while Adam took no thought. and to a shady bank. muttering thunder. As with new wine intoxicated both. And palate call judicious. And hyacinth. nor known till now True relish. now let us play. And elegant. now I see thou art exact of taste. since the day I saw thee first and wedded thee. Much pleasure we have lost. adorned With all perfections. Her hand he seised. much won. so well refreshed. of sapience no small part. 153 . nor Eve to iterate Her former trespass feared. while we abstained From this delightful fruit. the more to sooth Him with her loved society.
though not less than Eve abashed. Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained. and their minds How darkened. if this be to know. And in our faces evident the signs Of foul concupiscence. and find we know Both good and evil. Herculean Samson. from about them. in some glade Obscured. that as a veil Had shadowed them from knowing ill. Bred of unkindly fumes. till dewy sleep Oppressed them. and. and evil got. False in our promised rising. of whomsoever taught To counterfeit Man's voice. naked left To guilty Shame. with innumerable boughs Hide me. Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit. Of innocence. true in our fall. spread their umbrage broad And brown as evening: Cover me. The solace of their sin. long they sat. was now exhaled. of the first Be sure then. Bad fruit of knowledge. but his robe Uncovered more. from the harlot-lap Of Philistean Dalilah. and in face Confounded. O! might I here In solitude live savage. Soon found their eyes how opened. erst with joy And rapture so oft beheld? Those heavenly shapes Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Insufferably bright. each the other viewing. up they rose As from unrest. where I may never see them more!-But let us now. So rose the Danite strong. of purity.There they their fill of love and love's disport Took largely. in evil hour thou didst give ear To that false worm. Which leaves us naked thus. he covered. as in bad plight. Just confidence. and native righteousness. Even shame.--How shall I behold the face Henceforth of God or Angel. impenetrable To star or sun-light. of their mutual guilt the seal. now had left them. of faith. since our eyes Opened we find indeed. O Eve. and grosser sleep. of honour void. innocence. where highest woods. And honour. They destitute and bare Of all their virtue: Silent. ye Pines! Ye Cedars. and waked Shorn of his strength. was gone. good lost. wearied with their amorous play. with conscious dreams Incumbered. That with exhilarating vapour bland About their spirits had played. At length gave utterance to these words constrained. devise What best may for the present serve to hide 154 . the last of evils. as strucken mute: Till Adam. and inmost powers Made err. whence evil store.
naked else. But such as at this day. they then begin to fail. and the Will Heard not her lore. nor only tears Rained at their eyes. hate. estranged in look and altered style. Mistrust. There sit not. suspicion. this unhappy morn. may cover round Those middle parts. now tost and turbulent: For Understanding ruled not. To whom. Shelters in cool. and unseemliest seen. and shook sore Their inward state of mind. anger. and staid With me. shunning heat. and tends his pasturing herds At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: Those leaves They gathered. Shame. miserable! Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe. there soon they chose The fig-tree. And. not. So counselled he. To gird their waist. but not at rest or ease of mind. broad as Amazonian targe.The parts of each from other. They sat them down to weep. shamed. calm region once And full of peace. Thus fenced. not that kind for fruit renowned. with what skill they had. to Indians known. discord. vain covering. Would thou hadst hearkened to my words. if to hide Their guilt and dreaded shame! O. and both together went Into the thickest wood. we had then Remained still happy. so girt With feathered cincture. and reproach us as unclean. how unlike To that first naked glory! Such of late Columbus found the American. and echoing walks between: There oft the Indian herdsman. when that strange Desire of wandering. that in the ground The bended twigs take root. thus Eve. soon moved with touch of blame. who from beneath Usurping over sovran Reason claimed Superiour sway: From thus distempered breast. as now. Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewed. that this new comer. and daughters grow About the mother tree. and. despoiled Of all our good. when earnestly they seek Such proof. naked. Adam. high passions. In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms Branching so broad and long. their shame in part Covered. a pillared shade High over-arched. but high winds worse within Began to rise. as they thought. as I besought thee. conclude. And girded on our loins. both in subjection now To sensual Appetite. together sewed. I know not whence possessed thee. and wild Among the trees on isles and woody shores. Some tree. whose broad smooth leaves together sewed. 155 . that seem most To shame obnoxious.
Adam severe! Imputest thou that to my default. but neither self-condemning.What words have passed thy lips. then first incensed. foretold The danger. Was I to have never parted from thy side? As good have grown there still a lifeless rib. To whom. had been force. Neither had I transgressed. No ground of enmity between us known. in thy restraint: What could I more I warned thee. speaking as he spake. and fair dismiss. left to herself. Nay. to worth in women overtrusting. or will Of wandering. Thus they in mutual accusation spent The fruitless hours. I admonished thee. And of their vain contest appeared no end. But confidence then bore thee on. Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing? Not enough severe. and the lurking enemy That lay in wait. as thou saidst? Too facile then. Lets her will rule: restraint she will not brook. And. when thou wert lost. Adam replied. not I. Who might have lived. if evil thence ensue. And thou the accuser. as thou callest it. nor thou with me. which is become my crime. She first his weak indulgence will accuse. Thus it shall befall Him. is this the recompence Of mine to thee. Or here the attempt. It seems. thou couldst not have discerned Fraud in the Serpent. thou didst not much gainsay. approve. Why he should mean me ill. Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there. and joyed immortal bliss. which who knows But might as ill have happened thou being by. Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent. Book X Mean while the heinous and despiteful act 156 . didst permit. Being as I am. secure Either to meet no danger. in overmuch admiring What seemed in thee so perfect. who. that I thought No evil durst attempt thee. Is this the love. ingrateful Eve! expressed Immutable. or seek to harm. and perhaps I also erred. or to find Matter of glorious trial. Going into such danger. the head. Command me absolutely not to go. beyond this. why didst not thou. but I rue The errour now. And force upon free will hath here no place.
and ye Powers returned From unsuccessful charge. and speed On his bad errand. Whoever tempted. Because not yet inflicted. violated not their bliss. Was known in Heaven. made haste. I told ye then he should prevail. to make appear. Foretold so lately what would come to pass. Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth. displeased All were who heard. for of his state by this they knew. Man should be seduced. Much wondering how the subtle Fiend had stolen Entrance unseen. when the Most High Eternal Father. for what can 'scape the eye Of God all-seeing. and now What rests. or deceive his heart Omniscient? who. mixed With pity. Her husband she. About the new-arrived. and how He. Complete to have discovered and repulsed Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. to her own inclining left In even scale. not to taste that fruit. Up into Heaven from Paradise in haste The angelick guards ascended. With righteous plea. from his secret cloud. For Man. When first this tempter crossed the gulf from Hell. Assembled Angels. dim sadness did not spare That time celestial visages.--death denounced that day? Which he presumes already vain and void. Soon as the unwelcome news From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate. For still they knew. Which your sincerest care could not prevent. their utmost vigilance And easily approved. which they not obeying. And flattered out of all. but that the mortal sentence pass On his transgression. be not dismayed. done in Paradise. Amidst in thunder uttered thus his voice. in multitudes The ethereal people ran. to taste the fatal fruit. The high injunction. (Incurred what could they less?) the penalty. believing lies Against his Maker. with strength entire and free will armed. but soon shall find 157 . and sad. manifold in sin. mute. Or touch with lightest moment of impulse His free will.Of Satan. had perverted Eve. in the serpent. deserved to fall. in all things wise and just. yet. Accountable. But fallen he is. no decree of mine Concurring to necessitate his fall. and ought to have still remembered. as he feared. to hear and know How all befel: They towards the throne supreme. And. Hindered not Satan to attempt the mind Of Man. By some immediate stroke.
due at their hour. Mine. but thou knowest. Down he descended straight. the worst on me must light. and Powers. thus to Adam called aloud. or Earth. though with swiftest minutes winged. this obtain Of right. Thus saying. wont with joy to meet 158 . ere day end. Now was the sun in western cadence low From noon. Father Eternal. and thus divinely answered mild. Easy it may be seen that I intend Mercy colleague with justice. And destined Man himself to judge Man fallen. as may illustrate most Them fully satisfied. and all the coast. So spake the Father. and thee appease. Convict by flight. and Dominations ministrant. Justice shall not return as bounty scorned. Princedoms. unfolding bright Toward the right hand his glory. yet I shall temper so Justice with mercy. And from his presence hid themselves among The thickest trees. Accompanied to Heaven-gate. Attendance none shall need. I go to judge On earth these thy transgressours. and gentle airs. from his radiant seat he rose Of high collateral glory: Him Thrones. when he. Approaching. from whence Eden. To fan the earth now waked. Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferred All judgement. not repenting. and Intercessour both. his designed Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary. on the Son Blazed forth unclouded Deity: He full Resplendent all his Father manifest Expressed. and rebel to all law: Conviction to the serpent none belongs. To sentence Man: The voice of God they heard Now walking in the garden. When time shall be. But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee. his Mediator. but the judged. Came the mild Judge. Adam. Where art thou. sending thee Man's friend. the third best absent is condemned. by soft winds Brought to their ears. to do thy will Supreme. that I may mitigate their doom On me derived. Those two. while day declined. where none Are to behold the judgement. thy Son beloved. whether in Heaven. in prospect lay.Forbearance no acquittance. Mayest ever rest well pleased. both in Heaven and Earth. both man and wife. or Hell. that thou in me. and. and usher in The evening cool. for so I undertook Before thee. and. from wrath more cool. the speed of Gods Time counts not. thine is to decree. nor train. Whoever judged. they heard. till God.
That from her hand I could suspect no ill. Anger. and with him Eve. yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. how is it now become So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked. hid myself. though should I hold my peace. Whence Adam. And gavest me as thy perfect gift. the partner of my life. Not pleased.My coming seen far off? I miss thee here. Love was not in their looks. and I did eat. more loth. Her doing seemed to justify the deed. and guile. faltering long. that her thou didst obey Before his voice? or was she made thy guide. I heard thee in the garden. and not expose to blame By my complaint: but strict necessity Subdues me. be all Devolved. or to accuse My other self. and of thy voice Afraid. thus entertained with solitude. but apparent guilt. To whom The gracious Judge without revile replied. Or to each other.-This Woman. discountenanced both. while her faith to me remains. and obstinacy. She gave me of the tree. though first To offend. However insupportable. and lovely. as under government well seemed. and perturbation. And what she did. so good. Whose failing. whatever in itself. either to God. 159 . or what chance detains?--Come forth! He came. O Heaven! in evil strait this day I stand Before my Judge. and calamitous constraint. being naked. I should conceal. that to her Thou didst resign thy manhood. either to undergo Myself the total crime. To whom the Sovran Presence thus replied. or what change Absents thee. not thy subjection. So fit. Where obvious duty ere while appeared unsought: Or come I less conspicuous. And for thee. Lest on my head both sin and punishment. Superiour. thus answered brief. Was she thy God. and her gifts Were such. whom thou madest to be my help. and hast not feared. and discomposed. But still rejoiced. Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat? To whom thus Adam sore beset replied. And shame. so divine. so acceptable. My voice thou oft hast heard. and the place Wherein God set thee above her made of thee. to attract Thy love. whose perfection far excelled Hers in all real dignity? Adorned She was indeed. who Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree. and despair. or but equal. and hate.
though brute. who now foretold his fatal bruise. and to thy husband's will Thine shall submit. he thus to Eve in few. Upon thy belly groveling thou shalt go. and polluted from the end Of his creation. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. each beast of the field. yet God at last To Satan first in sin his doom applied. Between thee and the woman I will put Enmity. unable to transfer The guilt on him. thus abashed replied. So spake this oracle. with shame nigh overwhelmed. with ascension bright. And to the Woman thus his sentence turned. judged as then best: And on the Serpent thus his curse let fall. rising from his grave Spoiled Principalities and Powers. Though in mysterious terms. So having said. On Adam last thus judgement he pronounced. thou art accursed Above all cattle. The realm itself of Satan. and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. all the days of thy life. Prince of the air. As vitiated in nature: More to know Concerned not Man. thou in sorrow Shalt eat thereof. and I did eat. down from Heaven. without delay To judgement he proceeded on the accused Serpent. Her seed shall bruise thy head. Thou shalt not eat thereof: Cursed is the ground for thy sake. concerning which I charged thee. Whom he shall tread at last under our feet. who made him instrument Of mischief. Because thou hast done this. then. children thou shalt bring In sorrow forth. yet not before her Judge Bold or loquacious. Confessing soon. Thy sorrow I will greatly multiply By thy conception. what is this which thou hast done? To whom sad Eve. Son of Mary. triumphed In open show. 160 . thou bruise his heel. and. Woman. Which when the Lord God heard. and between thine and her seed. hadst thou known thyself aright. then verified When Jesus. Saw Satan fall. The Serpent me beguiled.Unseemly to bear rule. Even he. And eaten of the tree. like lightning. (since he no further knew) Nor altered his offence. Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee forth Unbid. saying. second Eve. Captivity led captive through the air. Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife. Say. And dust shalt eat all the days of thy life. which was thy part And person. he over thee shall rule. justly then accursed. long usurped.
then. As father of his family. For Death from Sin no power can separate. if mishap. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise. Nor he their outward only with the skins Of beasts. but inward nakedness. Opprobrious. Mean while. what had passed with Man Recounted. while Satan. yet to thy power and mine Not unagreeable. Removed far off. so now. and happier seat provides For us. pitying how they stood Before him naked to the air. both Judge and Saviour sent. By secretest conveyance. why sit we here each other viewing Idly. and dominion given me large Beyond this deep. mixing intercession sweet. Arraying. lest the difficulty of passing back Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Impassable. As when he washed his servants feet. his offspring dear? It cannot be But that success attends him. that now Must suffer change. Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid. impervious. Within the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death. know thy birth. Sin opening. for thou Out of the ground wast taken. since no place like this Can fit his punishment. belching outrageous flame Far into Chaos. Thou. though all-knowing. Or sympathy. So judged he Man. with his robe of righteousness. disdained not to begin Thenceforth the form of servant to assume. who thus now to Death began. or their revenge. With secret amity. Ere this he had returned. But. let us try Adventurous work. as of old. to him appeased All. he clad Their nakedness with skins of beasts. denounced that day. my shade Inseparable. Wings growing. to found a path 161 . whatever draws me on. thrives In other worlds. In counterview within the gates. Powerful at greatest distance to unite. To him with swift ascent he up returned. with fury driven By his avengers. and shalt to dust return. And thought not much to clothe his enemies. covered from his Father's sight. For dust thou art. much more. or some connatural force. must with me along.Till thou return unto the ground. since the Fiend passed through. our great author. O Son. Into his blissful bosom reassumed In glory. or slain. things of like kind. ere thus was sinned and judged on Earth. that now Stood open wide. And the instant stroke of death.
broad as the gate. and taste The savour of death from all things there that live: Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Be wanting. prey innumerable. as in raging sea Tost up and down. that stop the imagined way Beyond Petsora eastward. the liberty of Greece to yoke. The aggregated soil Death with his mace petrifick. to a field. a bridge Of length prodigious. together crouded drove. for intercourse. As with a trident. to the rich Cathaian coast. nor err The way. down to Hell. Smooth. a monument Of merit high to all the infernal host. 162 . I shall not lag behind. So saying. Where armies lie encamped. floating once. Leads thee. in bloody fight: So scented the grim Feature. whither Fate. and fixed as firm As Delos. and with power (their power was great) Hovering upon the waters. Nor can I miss the way. easy. As when a flock Of ravenous fowl. blowing adverse Upon the Cronian sea. From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell. Deep to the roots of Hell the gathered beach They fastened. and the mole immense wrought on Over the foaming deep high-arched. And with Asphaltick slime. into the waste Wide anarchy of Chaos. with delight he snuffed the smell Of mortal change on earth. the following day. what they met Solid or slimy. As when two polar winds. thou leading. inoffensive. Then both from out Hell-gates. though many a league remote. cold and dry. Forfeit to Death. so strongly drawn By this new-felt attraction and instinct. come flying. such a scent I draw Of carnage. lured With scent of living carcasses designed For death. Easing their passage hence. Against the day of battle. and inclination strong. and upturned His nostril wide into the murky air.Over this main from Hell to that new world. but afford thee equal aid. Sagacious of his quarry from so far. smote. Or transmigration. joining to the wall Immoveable of this now fenceless world. if great things to small may be compared. Flew diverse. So. Whom thus the meager Shadow answered soon. damp and dark. as their lot shall lead. together drive Mountains of ice. the rest his look Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move. Xerxes. Where Satan now prevails. from hence a passage broad. Go.
and prime architect: For I no sooner in my heart divined. but those his children dear Their parent soon discerned. three several ways In sight. though all unweeting. Hell With long reach interposed. And scourged with many a stroke the indignant waves. which understood Not instant. these are thy magnifick deeds. returned By night. And of this World. seconded Upon her husband. Over the vexed abyss. To Paradise first tending. what his wrath Might suddenly inflict. Thence gathered his own doom. who to meet him came. not hoping to escape. too fast they made And durable! And now in little space The confines met of empyrean Heaven. fearing. saw their shame that sought Vain covertures. guilty. unhoped Met. which by a secret harmony 163 . thus the silence broke. To observe the sequel. Great joy was at their meeting. Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering His zenith. and at sight Of that stupendious bridge his joy encreased. after Eve seduced. My heart. in likeness of an Angel bright. Came to the sea: and. and various plaint. but when he saw descend The Son of God to judge them. Long he admiring stood. following the track Of Satan to the self-same place where he First lighted from his wing. till Sin. And now their way to Earth they had descried. his Memnonian palace high. when. changing shape. and. but of future time. and. And at the brink of Chaos. and landed safe From out of Chaos. behold! Satan. Europe with Asia joined. that past. to the outside bare Of this round world: With pins of adamant And chains they made all fast. though in disguise. Thy trophies! which thou viewest as not thine own. on the left hand. a ridge of pendant rock.From Susa. but shun The present. over Hellespont Bridging his way. terrified He fled. to each of these three places led. with joy And tidings fraught. Now had they brought the work by wonderous art Pontifical. while the sun in Aries rose: Disguised he came. to Hell he now returned. He. unminded slunk Into the wood fast by. his fair Enchanting daughter. Thou art their author. saw his guileful act By Eve. O Parent. near the foot Of this new wonderous pontifice. and listening where the hapless pair Sat in their sad discourse. his offspring dear.
from this new world Retiring. go. joined in connexion sweet. Him first make sure your thrall. Whom thus the Prince of darkness answered glad. Though distant from thee worlds between. Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne. That I must after thee. with this glorious work. of all The infernal empire.Still moves with thine. His quadrature. while I Descend through darkness. but straight I felt. and be strong! 164 . thy virtue hath won What thy hands builded not. and with them rejoice. sole lord of all declared. Such fatal consequence unites us three! Hell could no longer hold us in our bounds. To my associate Powers. them to acquaint With these successes. Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure Detain from following thy illustrious track.) Amply have merited of me. and thou Son and Grandchild both. which thy looks Now also evidence. Therefore. thence on the earth Dominion exercise and in the air. and reign in bliss. parted by the empyreal bounds. Mine. of matchless might Issuing from me: on your joint vigour now My hold of this new kingdom all depends. by his own doom alienated. As battle hath adjudged. Through Sin to Death exposed by my exploit. There didst not. on your road with ease. and fully avenged Our foil in Heaven. among these numerous orbs. That thou on earth hadst prospered. There dwell. confined Within Hell-gates till now. You two this way. and made one realm. All yours. Thine now is all this world. My substitutes I send ye. With this portentous bridge. High proof ye now have given to be the race Of Satan (for I glory in the name. and lastly kill. there let him still victor sway. right down to Paradise descend. If your joint power prevail. one continent Of easy thorough-fare. Thou hast achieved our liberty. that so near Heaven's door Triumphal with triumphal act have met. from thy orbicular world. thy wisdom gained With odds what war hath lost. one realm. the dark abyss. Chiefly on Man. Fair Daughter. and overlay. yet felt. the affairs of Hell No detriment need fear. And henceforth monarchy with thee divide Of all things. Antagonist of Heaven's Almighty King. with this thy son. thou us impowered To fortify thus far. and create Plenipotent on earth. Hell and this world. here thou shalt monarch reign.
clad With what permissive glory since his fall Was left him. and from the door Of that Plutonian hall. There kept their watch the legions. about the walls Of Pandemonium. reduced in careful watch Round their metropolis. in his retreat To Tauris or Casbeen: So these. Dominations. and whom they wished beheld. who with hand Silence. for those. As when the Tartar from his Russian foe. at the upper end Was placed in regal lustre. over the snowy plains. as from a cloud. Thrones. so by allusion called Of that bright star to Satan paragoned. Princedoms. and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer. invisible Ascended his high throne. had left their charge. the blasted stars looked wan. Powers. which. In show plebeian Angel militant Of lowest order. or brighter. from the horns Of Turkish crescent. won. under state Of richest texture spread. And with rebounding surge the bars assailed. from the search Of foreign worlds: He through the midst unmarked. Their mighty Chief returned: loud was the acclaim: Forth rushed in haste the great consulting peers. Raised from their dark Divan. and they observed. so he Departing gave command. Appointed to sit there. and with these words attention. the rest were all Far to the inland retired. passed. they with speed Their course through thickest constellations held. Spreading their bane. and round about him saw unseen: At last.So saying he dismissed them. his fulgent head And shape star-bright appeared. By Astracan. Flown to the upper world. Down a while He sat. while the Grand In council sat. and with like joy Congratulant approached him. or Bactrin Sophi. Virtues. the late Heaven-banished host. city and proud seat Of Lucifer. or false glitter: All amazed At that so sudden blaze the Stygian throng Bent their aspect. leaves all waste beyond The realm of Aladule. left desart utmost Hell Many a dark league. The other way Satan went down The causey to Hell-gate: On either side Disparted Chaos overbuilt exclaimed. Satan passed. Wide open and unguarded. And all about found desolate. 165 . And planets. real eclipse Then suffered. planet-struck. That scorned his indignation: Through the gate. Retires. solicitous what chance Might intercept their emperour sent.
For in possession such, not only of right, I call ye, and declare ye now; returned Successful beyond hope, to lead ye forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable, accursed, the house of woe, And dungeon of our tyrant: Now possess, As Lords, a spacious world, to our native Heaven Little inferiour, by my adventure hard With peril great achieved. Long were to tell What I have done; what suffered;with what pain Voyaged th' unreal, vast, unbounded deep Of horrible confusion; over which By Sin and Death a broad way now is paved, To expedite your glorious march; but I Toiled out my uncouth passage, forced to ride The untractable abyss, plunged in the womb Of unoriginal Night and Chaos wild; That, jealous of their secrets, fiercely opposed My journey strange, with clamorous uproar Protesting Fate supreme; thence how I found The new created world, which fame in Heaven Long had foretold, a fabrick wonderful Of absolute perfection! therein Man Placed in a Paradise, by our exile Made happy: Him by fraud I have seduced From his Creator; and, the more to encrease Your wonder, with an apple; he, thereat Offended, worth your laughter! hath given up Both his beloved Man, and all his world, To Sin and Death a prey, and so to us, Without our hazard, labour, or alarm; To range in, and to dwell, and over Man To rule, as over all he should have ruled. True is, me also he hath judged, or rather Me not, but the brute serpent in whose shape Man I deceived: that which to me belongs, Is enmity which he will put between Me and mankind; I am to bruise his heel; His seed, when is not set, shall bruise my head: A world who would not purchase with a bruise, Or much more grievous pain?--Ye have the account Of my performance: What remains, ye Gods, But up, and enter now into full bliss? So having said, a while he stood, expecting Their universal shout, and high applause, To fill his ear; when, contrary, he hears On all sides, from innumerable tongues, A dismal universal hiss, the sound Of publick scorn; he wondered, but not long Had leisure, wondering at himself now more, His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare; 166
His arms clung to his ribs; his legs entwining Each other, till supplanted down he fell A monstrous serpent on his belly prone, Reluctant, but in vain; a greater power Now ruled him, punished in the shape he sinned, According to his doom: he would have spoke, But hiss for hiss returned with forked tongue To forked tongue; for now were all transformed Alike, to serpents all, as accessories To his bold riot: Dreadful was the din Of hissing through the hall, thick swarming now With complicated monsters head and tail, Scorpion, and Asp, and Amphisbaena dire, Cerastes horned, Hydrus, and Elops drear, And Dipsas; (not so thick swarmed once the soil Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the isle Ophiusa,) but still greatest he the midst, Now Dragon grown, larger than whom the sun Ingendered in the Pythian vale or slime, Huge Python, and his power no less he seemed Above the rest still to retain; they all Him followed, issuing forth to the open field, Where all yet left of that revolted rout, Heaven-fallen, in station stood or just array; Sublime with expectation when to see In triumph issuing forth their glorious Chief; They saw, but other sight instead! a croud Of ugly serpents; horrour on them fell, And horrid sympathy; for, what they saw, They felt themselves, now changing; down their arms, Down fell both spear and shield; down they as fast; And the dire hiss renewed, and the dire form Catched, by contagion; like in punishment, As in their crime. Thus was the applause they meant, Turned to exploding hiss, triumph to shame Cast on themselves from their own mouths. There stood A grove hard by, sprung up with this their change, His will who reigns above, to aggravate Their penance, laden with fair fruit, like that Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve Used by the Tempter: on that prospect strange Their earnest eyes they fixed, imagining For one forbidden tree a multitude Now risen, to work them further woe or shame; Yet, parched with scalding thirst and hunger fierce, Though to delude them sent, could not abstain; But on they rolled in heaps, and, up the trees Climbing, sat thicker than the snaky locks That curled Megaera: greedily they plucked The fruitage fair to sight, like that which grew Near that bituminous lake where Sodom flamed; 167
This more delusive, not the touch, but taste Deceived; they, fondly thinking to allay Their appetite with gust, instead of fruit Chewed bitter ashes, which the offended taste With spattering noise rejected: oft they assayed, Hunger and thirst constraining; drugged as oft, With hatefullest disrelish writhed their jaws, With soot and cinders filled; so oft they fell Into the same illusion, not as Man Whom they triumphed once lapsed. Thus were they plagued And worn with famine, long and ceaseless hiss, Till their lost shape, permitted, they resumed; Yearly enjoined, some say, to undergo, This annual humbling certain numbered days, To dash their pride, and joy, for Man seduced. However, some tradition they dispersed Among the Heathen, of their purchase got, And fabled how the Serpent, whom they called Ophion, with Eurynome, the wide-Encroaching Eve perhaps, had first the rule Of high Olympus; thence by Saturn driven And Ops, ere yet Dictaean Jove was born. Mean while in Paradise the hellish pair Too soon arrived; Sin, there in power before, Once actual; now in body, and to dwell Habitual habitant; behind her Death, Close following pace for pace, not mounted yet On his pale horse: to whom Sin thus began. Second of Satan sprung, all-conquering Death! What thinkest thou of our empire now, though earned With travel difficult, not better far Than still at Hell's dark threshold to have sat watch, Unnamed, undreaded, and thyself half starved? Whom thus the Sin-born monster answered soon. To me, who with eternal famine pine, Alike is Hell, or Paradise, or Heaven; There best, where most with ravine I may meet; Which here, though plenteous, all too little seems To stuff this maw, this vast unhide-bound corps. To whom the incestuous mother thus replied. Thou therefore on these herbs, and fruits, and flowers, Feed first; on each beast next, and fish, and fowl; No homely morsels! and, whatever thing The sithe of Time mows down, devour unspared; Till I, in Man residing, through the race, His thoughts, his looks, words, actions, all infect; And season him thy last and sweetest prey. This said, they both betook them several ways, Both to destroy, or unimmortal make All kinds, and for destruction to mature Sooner or later; which the Almighty seeing, 168
From his transcendent seat the Saints among, To those bright Orders uttered thus his voice. See, with what heat these dogs of Hell advance To waste and havock yonder world, which I So fair and good created; and had still Kept in that state, had not the folly of Man Let in these wasteful furies, who impute Folly to me; so doth the Prince of Hell And his adherents, that with so much ease I suffer them to enter and possess A place so heavenly; and, conniving, seem To gratify my scornful enemies, That laugh, as if, transported with some fit Of passion, I to them had quitted all, At random yielded up to their misrule; And know not that I called, and drew them thither, My Hell-hounds, to lick up the draff and filth Which Man's polluting sin with taint hath shed On what was pure; til, crammed and gorged, nigh burst With sucked and glutted offal, at one sling Of thy victorious arm, well-pleasing Son, Both Sin, and Death, and yawning Grave, at last, Through Chaos hurled, obstruct the mouth of Hell For ever, and seal up his ravenous jaws. Then Heaven and Earth renewed shall be made pure To sanctity, that shall receive no stain: Till then, the curse pronounced on both precedes. He ended, and the heavenly audience loud Sung Halleluiah, as the sound of seas, Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways, Righteous are thy decrees on all thy works; Who can extenuate thee? Next, to the Son, Destined Restorer of mankind, by whom New Heaven and Earth shall to the ages rise, Or down from Heaven descend.--Such was their song; While the Creator, calling forth by name His mighty Angels, gave them several charge, As sorted best with present things. The sun Had first his precept so to move, so shine, As might affect the earth with cold and heat Scarce tolerable; and from the north to call Decrepit winter; from the south to bring Solstitial summer's heat. To the blanc moon Her office they prescribed; to the other five Their planetary motions, and aspects, In sextile, square, and trine, and opposite, Of noxious efficacy, and when to join In synod unbenign; and taught the fixed Their influence malignant when to shower, Which of them rising with the sun, or falling, Should prove tempestuous: To the winds they set 169
produced Like change on sea and land. With adverse blast upturns them from the south Notus. Eurus and Zephyr. and fowl with fowl. when with bluster to confound Sea. and exhalation hot. he bid his Angels turn ascanse The poles of earth. Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat? These changes in the Heavens. with countenance grim. nor stood much in awe Of Man. while the low sun. and not known Or east or west. At that tasted fruit The sun. air. more than now. Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds. and the Scales. Up to the Tropick Crab: thence down amain By Leo. thwart of these. to bring in change Of seasons to each clime. which had forbid the snow From cold Estotiland. Devoured each other. and mist. which Adam saw 170 . else. Thus began Outrage from lifeless things. they with labour pushed Oblique the centrick globe: Some say. armed with ice. Sirocco and Libecchio. Boreas. but fled him. except to those Beyond the polar circles. Daughter of Sin. and Argestes loud. As deep as Capricorn. and seas upturn. the sun Was bid turn reins from the equinoctial road Like distant breadth to Taurus with the seven Atlantick Sisters. or. and stormy gust and flaw. Glared on him passing. These were from without The growing miseries. as fierce. and Afer black with thunderous clouds From Serraliona. To recompense his distance. and the Samoed shore. Vapour. but Discord first. to graze the herb all leaving. in their sight Had rounded still the horizon. how had the world Inhabited. the thunder when to roll With terrour through the dark aereal hall. twice ten degrees and more. and the Virgin. to them day Had unbenighted shone. though sinless. with their lateral noise. turned His course intended. and Caecias. through fierce antipathy: Beast now with beast 'gan war. and hail. Corrupt and pestilent: Now from the north Of Norumbega. and shore. and south as far Beneath Magellan. Bursting their brazen dungeon. rend the woods. And fish with fish. and the Spartan Twins. And Thrascias. Some say. Equal in days and nights. though slow. From the sun's axle. among the irrational Death introduced. as from Thyestean banquet. And snow. sideral blast.Their corners. else had the spring Perpetual smiled on earth with vernant flowers.
but this will not serve: All that I eat or drink. it were but right And equal to reduce me to my dust. but worse felt within. no fear of worse To me. O fleeting joys Of Paradise. For this we may thank Adam! but his thanks Shall be the execration: so. and me so late The glory of that glory. dear bought with lasting woes! Did I request thee. and would bear My own deservings. Yet one doubt Pursues me still. and be earth Insensible! How glad would lay me down As in my mother's lap! There I should rest. and lengthened out To deathless pain? How gladly would I meet Mortality my sentence. from my clay To mould me Man? did I solicit thee From darkness to promote me. Thus to disburden sought with sad complaint. or here place In this delicious garden? As my will Concurred not to my being. To the loss of that. I deserved it. but curses on my head? Who of all ages to succeed. if here would end The misery. feeling The evil on him brought by me. cannot together perish 171 . though hid in gloomiest shade. or shall beget. once heard Delightfully. Or multiply. though in their place. Sufficient penalty. unable to perform Thy terms too hard. besides Mine own that bide upon me. of blessed? hide me from the face Of God. by which I was to hold The good I sought not. would torment me With cruel expectation. all from me Shall with a fierce reflux on me rebound. the spirit of Man Which God inspired. O voice.Already in part. whom to behold was then my highth Of happiness!--Yet well. his dreadful voice no more Would thunder in my ears. And sleep secure. light Heavy. will curse My head? Ill fare our ancestor impure. Maker. Encrease and multiply. On me. and to my offspring. Is propagated curse. lest all I cannot die. as on their natural center. why hast thou added The sense of endless woes? Inexplicable Why am I mocked with death. And. To sorrow abandoned. but. Lest that pure breath of life. in a troubled sea of passion tost. Now death to hear! for what can I encrease. O miserable of happy! Is this the end Of this new glorious world. who now become Accursed. Desirous to resign and render back All I received.
though divided 172 . and without me. which to God himself Impossible is held. finite to infinite. as I supposed. if true! Yet why? It was but breath Of life that sinned. who knows But I shall die a living death? O thought Horrid. For anger's sake. But all corrupt.With this corporeal clod. and so last To perpetuity. But mortal doomed. heavier than the earth to bear. Or in some other dismal place. were I able To waste it all myself. Will he draw out. Bereaving sense. In punished Man. Forced I absolve: all my evasions vain. both mind and will depraved Not to do only. what dies but what had life And sin? The body properly had neither. then. By which all causes else. And reasonings. Sons! O. Not to the extent of their own sphere. Is his wrath also? Be it. which I feel begun Both in me. It guiltless? But from me what can proceed. how would you bless Me. For though the Lord of all be infinite. all the blame lights due. though through mazes. thus guiltless be condemned. and incorporate both. Nor I on my part single. lead me still But to my own conviction: first and last On me. as argument Of weakness. as the source and spring Of all corruption. Than all the world much heavier. All of me then shall die: let this appease The doubt. So might the wrath! Fond wish!couldst thou support That burden. How can he exercise Wrath without end on Man. since human reach no further knows.--Ay me!that fear Comes thundering back with dreadful revolution On my defenceless head. in the grave. after all disputes. in me all Posterity stands cursed: Fair patrimony That I must leave ye. to satisfy his rigour. but to will the same With me? How can they then acquitted stand In sight of God? Him. according still To the reception of their matter. not of power. Satisfied never? That were to extend His sentence beyond dust and Nature's law. For one man's fault. why should all mankind. But say That death be not one stroke. and leave ye none! So disinherited. now your curse! Ah. whom death must end? Can he make deathless death? That were to make Strange contradiction. me only. Man is not so. act. both Death and I Am found eternal. but endless misery From this day onward.
what thou desirest. and dreadful gloom. as now appears. proof against all assaults. hillocks. had not thy pride And wandering vanity. I by thee To trust thee from my side. but with black air Accompanied. out of which I find no way. thou Serpent! That name best Befits thee with him leagued. Desolate where she sat. imagined wise. to warn all creatures from thee Henceforth. with damps. Justice Divine not hasten to be just? But Death comes not at call. thyself as false And hateful. as supernumerary 173 . lest that too heavenly form. not now. alike destroys all hope Of refuge. with the serpent meeting. Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed: But her with stern regard he thus repelled. Through the still night. Which to his evil conscience represented All things with double terrour: On the ground Outstretched he lay. Out of my sight. may show Thy inward fraud. Like his. and disdained Not to be trusted. Rather than solid virtue. from me drawn. and colour serpentine. Why comes not Death. O fountains. Constant. on the cold ground. and cool. all but a rib Crooked by nature. since denounced The day of his offence. Said he. bent. And what thou fearest. Fooled and beguiled. longing to be seen. nothing wants.-Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld. him overweening To over-reach. from deep to deeper plunged! Thus Adam to himself lamented loud. and resound far other song. Justice Divine Mends not her slowest pace for prayers or cries. but that thy shape. and oft Cursed his creation. To Satan only like both crime and doom. dales. pretended To hellish falshood. Death as oft accused Of tardy execution. Though by the Devil himself. and concludes thee miserable Beyond all past example and future. approaching nigh. Wholesome. and bowers! With other echo late I taught your shades To answer. by him thou. Rejected my forewarning. More to the part sinister.With that bad Woman? Thus. mature. O Conscience! into what abyss of fears And horrours hast thou driven me. Well if thrown out. but. O woods. and mild. with one thrice-acceptable stroke To end me? Shall Truth fail to keep her word. snare them! But for thee I had persisted happy. when least was safe. as ere Man fell. And understood not all was but a show.
and clasp thy knees. And more that shall befall. may light On me. and not fill the world at once With Men. as Angels. that all The sentence. create at last This novelty on earth.To my just number found. Or find some other way to generate Mankind? This mischief had not been befallen. in this uttermost distress. and. Me. O! why did God. sole cause to thee of all this woe. and reverence in my heart I bear thee. but Eve. embracing them. Not so repulsed. That cruel Serpent: On me exercise not Thy hatred for this misery befallen. without feminine. if she love. but such As some misfortune brings him. Unhappily deceived! Thy suppliant I beg. or his happiest choice too late Shall meet. or mistake. And to the place of judgement will return. at his feet Fell humble. Adam! witness Heaven What love sincere. Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain Through her perverseness. from thy head removed. where subsist? While yet we live. withheld By parents. Creator wise. As joined in injuries. There with my cries importune Heaven. He added not. with tears that ceased not flowing And tresses all disordered. On me already lost. me only. and thus proceeded in her plaint. scarce one short hour perhaps. thy gentle looks. his hate or shame: Which infinite calamity shall cause To human life. Whither shall I betake me. Between us two let there be peace. both joining.but thou Against God only. but shall see her gained By a far worse. Forsake me not thus. that peopled highest Heaven With Spirits masculine. innumerable Disturbances on earth through female snares. thy aid. one enmity Against a foe by doom express assigned us. and from her turned. and unweeting have offended. this fair defect Of nature. bereave me not. already linked and wedlock-bound To a fell adversary. and her lowly plight. Whereon I live. besought His peace. and houshold peace confound. or. till peace obtained from fault 174 . Thy counsel. And strait conjunction with this sex: for either He never shall find out fit mate. I against God and thee. me than thyself More miserable! Both have sinned. Immoveable. just object of his ire! She ended weeping. My only strength and stay: Forlorn of thee.
to place Of new acceptance. recovering heart. if aught I see. That after wretched life must be at last Food for so foul a monster. and of our loins to bring Into this cursed world a woeful race. Will prove no sudden. devoured By Death at last. to augment our pain. Since this day's death denounced. And thus with peaceful words upraised her soon. As in our evils. replied. Adam. And my displeasure bearest so ill. That on my head all might be visited. Creature so fair his reconcilement seeking. His counsel. To whom thus Eve. Childless thou art. vile as I am. who desirest The punishment all on thyself. but a slow-paced evil. blamed enough elsewhere. as before. Found so erroneous. but strive In offices of love. whose thou feelest as yet least part. thence by just event Found so unfortunate: Nevertheless. his life so late. Now at his feet submissive in distress. his anger all he lost. in our share of woe. and sole delight. And to our seed (O hapless seed!) derived. yet tolerable. and miserable it is To be to others cause of misery. Tending to some relief of our extremes. the sole contentment of my heart Living or dying. and by me exposed. though sharp and sad. Unwary. Which must be born to certain woe. hopeful to regain Thy love. his aid: As one disarmed. how we may lighten Each other's burden. in Adam wrought Commiseration: Soon his heart relented Towards her. nor blame Each other. ill able to sustain His full wrath.Acknowledged and deplored. Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven. in thy power It lies. to being yet unbegot.--let us no more contend. alas! Bear thine own first. Or end. whom she had displeased. To me committed. So now of what thou knowest not. If prayers Could alter high decrees. childless remain: so Death 175 . Our own begotten. and too desirous. by sad experiment I know How little weight my words with thee can find. from thee I will not hide What thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen. But rise. yet ere conception to prevent The race unblest. If care of our descent perplex us most. and be louder heard. and of easier choice. I to that place Would speed before thee. Restored by thee. A long day's dying.
Shall be deceived his glut, and with us two Be forced to satisfy his ravenous maw. But if thou judge it hard and difficult, Conversing, looking, loving, to abstain From love's due rights, nuptial embraces sweet; And with desire to languish without hope, Before the present object languishing With like desire; which would be misery And torment less than none of what we dread; Then, both ourselves and seed at once to free From what we fear for both, let us make short, -Let us seek Death; -- or, he not found, supply With our own hands his office on ourselves: Why stand we longer shivering under fears, That show no end but death, and have the power, Of many ways to die the shortest choosing, Destruction with destruction to destroy? -She ended here, or vehement despair Broke off the rest: so much of death her thoughts Had entertained, as dyed her cheeks with pale. But Adam, with such counsel nothing swayed, To better hopes his more attentive mind Labouring had raised; and thus to Eve replied. Eve, thy contempt of life and pleasure seems To argue in thee something more sublime And excellent, than what thy mind contemns; But self-destruction therefore sought, refutes That excellence thought in thee; and implies, Not thy contempt, but anguish and regret For loss of life and pleasure overloved. Or if thou covet death, as utmost end Of misery, so thinking to evade The penalty pronounced; doubt not but God Hath wiselier armed his vengeful ire, than so To be forestalled; much more I fear lest death, So snatched, will not exempt us from the pain We are by doom to pay; rather, such acts Of contumacy will provoke the Highest To make death in us live: Then let us seek Some safer resolution, which methinks I have in view, calling to mind with heed Part of our sentence, that thy seed shall bruise The Serpent's head; piteous amends! unless Be meant, whom I conjecture, our grand foe, Satan; who, in the serpent, hath contrived Against us this deceit: To crush his head Would be revenge indeed! which will be lost By death brought on ourselves, or childless days Resolved, as thou proposest; so our foe Shal 'scape his punishment ordained, and we Instead shall double ours upon our heads. 176
No more be mentioned then of violence Against ourselves; and wilful barrenness, That cuts us off from hope; and savours only Rancour and pride, impatience and despite, Reluctance against God and his just yoke Laid on our necks. Remember with what mild And gracious temper he both heard, and judged, Without wrath or reviling; we expected Immediate dissolution, which we thought Was meant by death that day; when lo!to thee Pains only in child-bearing were foretold, And bringing forth; soon recompensed with joy, Fruit of thy womb: On me the curse aslope Glanced on the ground; with labour I must earn My bread; what harm? Idleness had been worse; My labour will sustain me; and, lest cold Or heat should injure us, his timely care Hath, unbesought, provided; and his hands Clothed us unworthy, pitying while he judged; How much more, if we pray him, will his ear Be open, and his heart to pity incline, And teach us further by what means to shun The inclement seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow! Which now the sky, with various face, begins To show us in this mountain; while the winds Blow moist and keen, shattering the graceful locks Of these fair spreading trees; which bids us seek Some better shroud, some better warmth to cherish Our limbs benummed, ere this diurnal star Leave cold the night, how we his gathered beams Reflected may with matter sere foment; Or, by collision of two bodies, grind The air attrite to fire; as late the clouds Justling, or pushed with winds, rude in their shock, Tine the slant lightning; whose thwart flame, driven down Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine; And sends a comfortable heat from far, Which might supply the sun: Such fire to use, And what may else be remedy or cure To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought, He will instruct us praying, and of grace Beseeching him; so as we need not fear To pass commodiously this life, sustained By him with many comforts, till we end In dust, our final rest and native home. What better can we do, than, to the place Repairing where he judged us, prostrate fall Before him reverent; and there confess Humbly our faults, and pardon beg; with tears Watering the ground, and with our sighs the air
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign Of sorrow unfeigned, and humiliation meek Book XI Undoubtedly he will relent, and turn From his displeasure; in whose look serene, When angry most he seemed and most severe, What else but favour, grace, and mercy, shone? So spake our father penitent; nor Eve Felt less remorse: they, forthwith to the place Repairing where he judged them, prostrate fell Before him reverent; and both confessed Humbly their faults, and pardon begged; with tears Watering the ground, and with their sighs the air Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign Of sorrow unfeigned, and humiliation meek. Thus they, in lowliest plight, repentant stood Praying; for from the mercy-seat above Prevenient grace descending had removed The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh Regenerate grow instead; that sighs now breathed Unutterable; which the Spirit of prayer Inspired, and winged for Heaven with speedier flight Than loudest oratory: Yet their port Not of mean suitors; nor important less Seemed their petition, than when the ancient pair In fables old, less ancient yet than these, Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha, to restore The race of mankind drowned, before the shrine Of Themis stood devout. To Heaven their prayers Flew up, nor missed the way, by envious winds Blown vagabond or frustrate: in they passed Dimensionless through heavenly doors; then clad With incense, where the golden altar fumed, By their great intercessour, came in sight Before the Father's throne: them the glad Son Presenting, thus to intercede began. See$ Father, what first-fruits on earth are sprung From thy implanted grace in Man; these sighs And prayers, which in this golden censer mixed With incense, I thy priest before thee bring; Fruits of more pleasing savour, from thy seed Sown with contrition in his heart, than those Which, his own hand manuring, all the trees Of Paradise could have produced, ere fallen From innocence. Now therefore, bend thine ear To supplication; hear his sighs, though mute; Unskilful with what words to pray, let me Interpret for him; me, his advocate 178
And propitiation; all his works on me, Good, or not good, ingraft; my merit those Shall perfect, and for these my death shall pay. Accept me; and, in me, from these receive The smell of peace toward mankind: let him live Before thee reconciled, at least his days Numbered, though sad; till death, his doom, (which I To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse,) To better life shall yield him: where with me All my redeemed may dwell in joy and bliss; Made one with me, as I with thee am one. To whom the Father, without cloud, serene. All thy request for Man, accepted Son, Obtain; all thy request was my decree: But, longer in that Paradise to dwell, The law I gave to Nature him forbids: Those pure immortal elements, that know, No gross, no unharmonious mixture foul, Eject him, tainted now; and purge him off, As a distemper, gross, to air as gross, And mortal food; as may dispose him best For dissolution wrought by sin, that first Distempered all things, and of incorrupt Corrupted. I, at first, with two fair gifts Created him endowed; with happiness, And immortality: that fondly lost, This other served but to eternize woe; Till I provided death: so death becomes His final remedy; and, after life, Tried in sharp tribulation, and refined By faith and faithful works, to second life, Waked in the renovation of the just, Resigns him up with Heaven and Earth renewed. But let us call to synod all the Blest, Through Heaven's wide bounds: from them I will not hide My judgements; how with mankind I proceed, As how with peccant Angels late they saw, And in their state, though firm, stood more confirmed. He ended, and the Son gave signal high To the bright minister that watched; he blew His trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps When God descended, and perhaps once more To sound at general doom. The angelick blast Filled all the regions: from their blisful bowers Of amarantine shade, fountain or spring, By the waters of life, where'er they sat In fellowships of joy, the sons of light Hasted, resorting to the summons high; And took their seats; till from his throne supreme The Almighty thus pronounced his sovran will. O Sons, like one of us Man is become 179
with him the cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim: four faces each Had. And live for ever. Lest therefore his now bolder hand Reach also of the tree of life. repents. reveal To Adam what shall come in future days. yet in peace: And on the east side of the garden place.) all terrour hide. And guard all passage to the tree of life: Lest Paradise a receptacle prove To Spirits foul. though sorrowing. If patiently thy bidding they obey. and of a sword the flame Wide-waving. fitter soil. since his taste Of that defended fruit. and evil not at all. longer than they move. And send him from the garden forth to till The ground whence he was taken. So send them forth. He sorrows now. Cherubick watch. Yet. He ceased. As I shall thee enlighten. how variable and vain. all their shape Spangled with eyes more numerous than those Of Argus. or his opiate rod. and all my trees their prey. and denounce To them. lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urged. His heart I know. Michael.To know both good and evil. like a double Janus. Charmed with Arcadian pipe. all approach far off to fright. to remove him I decree. Take to thee from among the Cherubim Thy choice of flaming warriours. and the arch-angelick Power prepared For swift descent. and prays contrite. from thence Perpetual banishment. Dismiss them not disconsolate. and evil got. Happier! had it sufficed him to have known Good by itself. but let him boast His knowledge of good lost. lest the Fiend. dream at least to live For ever. With whose stolen fruit Man once more to delude. Mean while. and eat. Leucothea waked. Or in behalf of Man. the pastoral reed Of Hermes. and with fresh dews imbalmed 180 . and from the Paradise of God Without remorse drive out the sinful pair. Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs. Self-left. this my behest have thou in charge. To re-salute the world with sacred light. some new trouble raise: Haste thee. intermix My covenant in the Woman's seed renewed. and to their progeny. and with tears Bewailing their excess. From hallowed ground the unholy. (For I behold them softened. My motions in him. and more wakeful than to drouse. or to invade Vacant possession.
Far other name deserving. that all The good which we enjoy from Heaven descends. air. though now enjoined Laborious. mother of all mankind. persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour. Ill-worthy I such title should belong To me transgressour. That I. so wished much humbled Eve. to me reproach Rather belongs. air suddenly eclipsed. easily my faith admit. begins Her rosy progress smiling: let us forth. Eve. since by thee Man is to live. I never from thy side henceforth to stray. After short blush of morn. while here we dwell. distrust. So spake. But the field To labour calls us. upborne Even to the seat of God. for see!the morn. and all things live for Man. but with fear yet linked. To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek. Bending his ear. All unconcerned with our unrest. Who highly thus to entitle me vouchsaf'st. who. Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewed. yet now Assures me that the bitterness of death Is past. and all dispraise: But infinite in pardon was my Judge. 181 . beast. Methought I saw him placable and mild. Kneeled. and before him humbled all my heart. impressed On bird. new hope to spring Out of despair. Mother of all things living.The earth. Where'er our day's work lies. joy. Though after sleepless night. became thy snare. though in fallen state. stooped from his aery tour. for thee ordained A help. Hard to belief may seem. What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks? Here let us live. now with sweat imposed. Eve rightly called. But. For since I sought By prayer the offended Deity to appease. nigh in her sight The bird of Jove. peace returned Home to my breast. till day droop. when Adam and first matron Eve Had ended now their orisons. Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. and to my memory His promise. that thy seed shall bruise our foe. next favourable thou. and we shall live. Which. then not minded in dismay. but Fate Subscribed not: Nature first gave signs. or to incline his will. and found Strength added from above. who first brought death on all. that from us aught should ascend to Heaven So prevalent as to concern the mind Of God high-blest. content. yet this will prayer Or one short sigh of human breath. am graced The source of life. Whence hail to thee.
where he saw The field pavilioned with his guardians bright. And slow descends with something heavenly fraught? He erred not. that we are dust.Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods. Eve$ now expect great tidings. nor sociably mild. Adam observed. Nor that. A glorious apparition. for I descry. which perhaps Of us will soon determine. for by this the heavenly bands Down from a sky of jasper lighted now In Paradise. and what till then our life. by his gait. that I should much confide. That I should fear. First hunter then. hart and hind. to Eve thus spake. pursued a gentle brace. One of the heavenly host. took his way. covered with a camp of fire. when the Angels met Jacob in Mahanaim. War unproclaimed. who to Eve. thus spake. assassin-like. and morning-light More orient in yon western cloud. to seise Possession of the garden. 182 . by these mute signs in Nature. Against the Syrian king. To find where Adam sheltered. Direct to the eastern gate was bent their flight. Goodliest of all the forest. The princely Hierarch In their bright stand there left his Powers. he alone. haply too secure. and on a hill made halt. But solemn and sublime. or impose New laws to be observed. and be no more? Why else this double object in our sight Of flight pursued in the air. not unmoved. With reverence I must meet. whom not to offend. and o'er the ground. None of the meanest. some great Potentate Or of the Thrones above. and thou retire. Not unperceived of Adam. O Eve. While the great visitant approached. such majesty Invests him coming! yet not terrible. some further change awaits us nigh. One way the self-same hour? why in the east Darkness ere day's mid-course. shows Forerunners of his purpose. who to surprise One man. Not that more glorious. of our discharge From penalty. or to warn Us. which on the flaming mount appeared In Dothan. had not doubt And carnal fear that day dimmed Adam's eye. As Raphael. and. had levied war. Who knows? or more than this. because from death released Some days: how long. And thither must return. Which Heaven. From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill. and with his eye the chase Pursuing. that draws O'er the blue firmament a radiant white.
My early visitation. and in his hand the spear. by his side. But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not: to remove thee I am come. to this obscure And wild? how shall we breathe in other air Less pure. He added not. nuptial bower! by me adorned With what to sight or smell was sweet! from thee How shall I part. Iris had dipt the woof. 183 . O flowers. and whither wander down Into a lower world. worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee$ Paradise? thus leave Thee. which I bred up with tender hand From the first opening bud. Lament not. for Adam at the news Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood. nor set thy heart. Defeated of his seisure many days Given thee of grace. His starry helm unbuckled showed him prime In manhood where youth ended. Eve. Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim. O unexpected stroke. or the grain Of Sarra. who unseen Yet all had heard. Not in his shape celestial.t even. over his lucid arms A military vest of purple flowed. wherein thou mayest repent. he. Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress. but as man Clad to meet man. fitter soil. Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend. but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost. That never will in other climate grow. As in a glistering zodiack. And one bad act with many deeds well done Mayest cover: Well may then thy Lord. and water from the ambrosial fount? Thee lastly. Adam. Livelier than Meliboean. appeased. and my last . Satan's dire dread. from his state Inclined not. with audible lament Discovered soon the place of her retire.He ended: and the Arch-Angel soon drew nigh. but his coming thus declared. worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce. Quiet though sad. kingly. That all his senses bound. and gave ye names! Who now shall rear ye to the sun. And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou wast taken. or rank Your tribes. Eve. the respite of that day That must be mortal to us both. and Death. Adam bowed low. native soil! these happy walks and shades. accustomed to immortal fruits? Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild. hung the sword. Heaven's high behest no preface needs: Sufficient that thy prayers are heard.
and despair. and dejection. Fomented by his virtual power and warmed: All the earth he gave thee to possess and rule. and only consolation left Familiar to our eyes! all places else Inhospitable appear. To whom thus Michael with regard benign. what besides Of sorrow. Nor knowing us. whether among the Thrones. and to my sons relate. and flowers: In yonder nether world where shall I seek His bright appearances. for such of shape may seem Prince above princes! gently hast thou told Thy message. that. and every kind that lives. in memory. and all the Earth. and pile up every stone Of lustre from the brook. or foot-step trace? For though I fled him angry. among these pines his voice 'I heard. This most afflicts me. deprived His blessed countenance: Here I could frequent With worship place by place where he vouchsafed Presence Divine. Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth: Therefore to his great bidding I submit. and fruits. and theron Offer sweet-smelling gums. thy tidings bring. which might else in telling wound. and far off his steps adore. if by prayer Incessant I could hope to change the will Of Him who all things can. Celestial. Our frailty can sustain. our sweet Recess. To Michael thus his humble words addressed. Adam. and his scattered spirits returned. here with him at this fountain talked: So many grateful altars I would rear Of grassy turf. think there thy native soil. As from his face I shall be hid. Departure from this happy place. Or monument to ages.Thus over-fond. I now Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts Of glory. on that which is not thine: Thy going is not lonely. Not this rock only. or named Of them the highest. whom to follow thou art bound. Adam. 184 . yet recalled To life prolonged and promised race. thou knowest Heaven his. And in performing end us. nor known: And. and desolate. 'On this mount he appeared. his Omnipresence fills Land. with thee goes Thy husband. sea. Where he abides. departing hence. under this tree 'Stood visible. I would not cease To weary him with my assiduous cries: But prayer against his absolute decree No more avails than breath against the wind. and air. by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering.
equally inured By moderation either state to bear. let Eve (for I have drenched her eyes) Here sleep below. and best prepared endure Thy mortal passage when it comes. while she to life was formed. thereby to learn True patience.--Ascend This hill. However chastening. If so I may attain. -. the path Thou leadest me. Not higher that hill. I am sent To show thee what shall come in future days To thee. and thence 185 . from whence had spread All generations. and to the hand of Heaven submit. God is. while thou to foresight wakest. and be confirmed Ere thou from hence depart. from the destined walls Of Cambalu. arming to overcome By suffering. know. It was a hill. or Eden: this had been Perhaps thy capital seat. His eye might there command wherever stood City of old or modern fame. Which that thou mayest believe. But this pre-eminence thou hast lost. To Paquin of Sinaean kings. nor wider looking round. and earn rest from labour won.So both ascend In the visions of God. in the wilderness. his face Express. and to temper joy with fear And pious sorrow. seat of Cathaian Can. and to thy offspring: good with bad Expect to hear. and had hither come From all the ends of the earth. To show him all Earth's kingdoms. safe Guide. Whereon. from whose top The hemisphere of earth. and in plain. Temir's throne. the seat Of mightiest empire. To whom thus Adam gratefully replied. as here.No despicable gift. and their glory. brought down To dwell on even ground now with thy sons: Yet doubt not but in valley. As once thou sleptst. I follow thee. surmise not then His presence to these narrow bounds confined Of Paradise. Stretched out to the amplest reach of prospect lay. and will be found alike Present. still compassing thee round With goodness and paternal love. for different cause. Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead Safest thy life. in clearest ken. and of his presence many a sign Still following thee. to celebrate And reverence thee. and of his steps the track divine. And Samarchand by Oxus. the Tempter set Our second Adam. supernal grace contending With sinfulness of men. to the evil turn My obvious breast. Of Paradise the highest. Ascend. their great progenitor.
and Quiloa. More meek. His eyes he opened. thither anon A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits. and where Rome was to sway The world: in spirit perhaps he also saw Rich Mexico. laid The inwards and their fat. now ope thine eyes. Down to the golden Chersonese. the seat of Montezume. then. a shepherd next. Rustick. and Algiers. and the yellow sheaf. came with the firstlings of his flock. I' the midst an altar as the land-mark stood. which thy original crime hath wrought In some to spring from thee.To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul. and Angola farthest south. So deep the power of these ingredients pierced. the richer seat Of Atabalipa. sacrificing. Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount The kingdoms of Almansor. nor could his eye not ken The empire of Negus to his utmost port Ercoco. or where the Russian Ksar In Mosco. and all his spirits became entranced. Sunk down. Unculled. thought Ophir. Turchestan-born. And Sofala. then purged with euphrasy and rue The visual nerve. and the less maritim kings Mombaza. whose great city Geryon's sons Call El Dorado. for he had much to see. as came to hand. On Europe thence. Nor sinned thy sin. Even to the inmost seat of mental sight. and all due rights performed: His offering soon propitious fire from Heaven 186 . and beheld a field. who never touched The excepted tree. with incense strowed. nor with the snake conspired. Fez and Sus. That Adam. the other part sheep-walks and folds. to the realm Of Congo. But him the gentle Angel by the hand Soon raised. or the Sultan in Bizance. Morocco. Which that false fruit that promised clearer sight Had bred. of grassy sord. and first behold The effects. and his attention thus recalled. and Melind. On the cleft wood. and yet unspoiled Guiana. Part arable and tilth. And Cusco in Peru. But to nobler sights Michael from Adam's eyes the film removed. whereon were sheaves New reaped. now enforced to close his eyes. Adam. and Tremisen. or where The Persian in Ecbatan sat. the green ear. Choicest and best. or since In Hispahan. yet from that sin derive Corruption. And from the well of life three drops instilled. to bring forth more violent deeds.
and many are the ways that lead To his grim cave. Whereat he inly raged. and the other's faith. Is piety thus and pure devotion paid? To whom Michael thus. but the bloody fact Will be avenged. wherein were laid Numbers of all diseased. who well had sacrificed.Consumed with nimble glance. by intemperance more In meats and drinks. Intestine stone and ulcer. famine. Adam. And over them triumphant Death his dart Shook. all feverous kinds. and to come Out of thy loins. replied. Convulsions. and. but delayed to strike. as thou sawest. the unjust the just hath slain. and for the cause! But have I now seen Death? Is this the way I must return to native dust? O sight Of terrour. foul and ugly to behold. and grateful steam. how horrible to feel! To whom thus Michael. pining atrophy. as they talked. though here thou see him die. Death thou hast seen In his first shape on Man. And moon-struck madness. for his was not sincere. Despair Tended the sick busiest from couch to couch. which on the earth shall bring Diseases dire. deadly pale. Demoniack phrenzy. he fell. Much at that sight was Adam in his heart Dismayed. or racking torture. A lazar-house it seemed. and joint-racking rheums. Lose no reward. and asthmas. sad. he also moved. though oft invoked 187 . Some. and wide-wasting pestilence. Rolling in dust and gore. Smote him into the midriff with a stone That beat out life. Alas! both for the deed. For envy that his brother's offering found From Heaven acceptance. all maladies Of ghastly spasm. Groaned out his soul with gushing blood effused. Dropsies. Dire was the tossing. dark. epilepsies. By fire. moaping melancholy. Immediately a place Before his eyes appeared. approved. noisome. deep the groans. qualms Of heart-sick agony. of which a monstrous crew Before thee shall appear. than within. but many shapes Of Death. Marasmus. fierce catarrhs. Horrid to think. The other's not. yet to sense More terrible at the entrance. and thus in haste to the Angel cried. by violent stroke shall die. To which our sire.and. colick-pangs. These two are brethren. some great mischief hath befallen To that meek man. flood. that thou mayest know What misery the inabstinence of Eve Shall bring on Men. O Teacher. all dismal.
thy beauty. nor harshly plucked. which will change To withered. besides These painful passages. And. compassion quelled His best of man. created once So goodly and erect. how we may come To death. since they God's image did not reverence in themselves. but then. for his Maker's image sake. and. a brutish vice. Obtuse. seeking from thence Due nourishment. And. exempt? Their Maker's image. and mix with our connatural dust? There is. Glad to be so dismissed in peace. for the air of youth. though faulty since. Therefore so abject is their punishment. Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. But is there yet no other way. in thy blood will reign 188 . as their chief good. not gluttonous delight. scarce recovering words.With vows. and submit. I yield it just. his plaint renewed. if we knew What we receive. all taste of pleasure must forego. Disfiguring not God's likeness. to what fall Degraded. and gave him up to tears A space. for death mature: This is Old Age. Retaining still divine similitude In part. To what thou hast. or soon beg to lay it down. like ripe fruit. would either no accept Life offered. and gray. thy strength. or be with ease Gathered. thou drop Into thy mother's lap. but wept. and took His image whom they served. if thou well observe The rule of Not too much. by temperance taught. answered Michael. thou must outlive Thy youth. thy senses then. Hopeful and cheerful. then Forsook them. O miserable mankind. from such deformities be free. to what wretched state reserved! Better end here unborn. said Adam. and final hope. said Michael. In what thou eatest and drinkest. weak. till firmer thoughts restrained excess. To such unsightly sufferings be debased Under inhuman pains? Why should not Man. Can thus The image of God in Man. Though not of woman born. While they pervert pure Nature's healthful rules To loathsome sickness. by themselves defaced. worthily. Sight so deform what heart of rock could long Dry-eyed behold? Adam could not. why Obtruded on us thus? who. when themselves they vilified To serve ungoverned Appetite. Till many years over thy head return: So mayest thou live. but their own. Why is life given To be thus wrested from us? rather. till. Or if his likeness.
from which he formed First his own tools. low and high. then. To whom our ancestor. behold! A bevy of fair women. others. were herds Of cattle grazing. eyed them. and in dance came on: The men. appeared. that made melodious chime. two massy clods of iron and brass Had melted. how I may be quit. whereon Were tents of various hue. Which I must keep till my appointed day Of rendering up. After these. and. 189 . In other part stood one who. Down to the veins of earth. when from the tents. all in heat They light the nuptial torch. Love's harbinger. and bid invoke Hymen. by some. till. and know his works Not hid. thence gliding hot To some cave's mouth. and fair event Of love and youth not lost. Michael replied. garlands. Instinct through all proportions. how long. at the forge Labouring. they on the plain Long had not walked. they liked. Nor love thy life. then first to marriage rites invoked: With feast and musick all the tents resound. richly gay In gems and wanton dress. Was heard. nor hate. and saw a spacious plain. which was their seat. his volant touch. what might else be wrought Fusil or graven in metal.A melancholy damp of cold and dry To weigh thy spirits down. songs. or short. and each his liking chose. Henceforth I fly not death. But on the hither side. bent rather. of this cumbrous charge. (whether found where casual fire Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale. or whether washed by stream From underground. and patiently attend My dissolution. till the evening-star. by their guise Just men they seemed. who moved Their stops and chords. in the amorous net Fast caught. and all their study bent To worship God aright. He looked. of harp and organ. to the harp they sung Soft amorous ditties. nor those things last. And now of love they treat. but what thou livest Live well. a different sort From the high neighbouring hills. Down to the plain descended. Such happy interview. Fairest and easiest. and let their eyes Rove without rein. nor would prolong Life much.) the liquid ore he drained Into fit moulds prepared. flowers. though grave. was seen. permit to Heaven: And now prepare thee for another sight. then. which might preserve Freedom and peace to Men. Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. whence the sound Of instruments. and last consume The balm of life.
Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget. wherein shall dwell his race Who slew his brother. but they his gifts acknowledged none. though to nature seeming meet. O pity and shame. and saw wide territory spread Before him. He looked. Created. should turn aside to tread Paths indirect. To dress. for which The world erelong a world of tears must weep. of short joy bereft. Those tents thou sawest so pleasant. prime Angel blest. or pain much worse. Giants of mighty bone and bold emprise. attached the heart Of Adam. Yet empty of all good wherein consists Woman's domestick honour and chief praise. and troll the tongue. Much better seems this vision. towns. from Woman to begin. The bent of nature. Those were of hate and death. so smooth. Said the Angel. to sing. than those two past. to the trains and to the smiles Of these fair atheists. 190 . To whom thus Adam. Cities of men with lofty gates and towers. From Man's effeminate slackness it begins. But now prepare thee for another scene. Shall yield up all their virtue. Unmindful of their Maker. that they. who to live well Entered so fair. to nobler end Holy and pure. and roll the eye: To these that sober race of men. Single or in array of battle ranged Both horse and foot. and more hope Of peaceful days portends. inventers rare. as thou art. and rural works between. or in the mid way faint! But still I see the tenour of Man's woe Holds on the same. studious they appear Of arts that polish life. so blithe. whose lives Religious titled them the sons of God. all their fame Ignobly. Concourse in arms. Part wield their arms. nor idly mustering stood. and superiour gifts received. fierce faces threatening war. Bred only and completed to the taste Of lustful appetence.And charming symphonies. who should better hold his place By wisdom. True opener of mine eyes. and laugh. Here Nature seems fulfilled in all her ends. soon inclined to admit delight. were the tents Of wickedness. and now swim in joy. though his Spirit Taught them. For that fair female troop thou sawest. conformity divine. Erelong to swim at large. which he thus expressed. to dance. To whom thus Michael. that seemed Of Goddesses. part curb the foaming steed. so gay. Judge not what is best By pleasure.
Gods. Assemble. eminent In wise deport. whom had not Heaven Rescued. and gigantick deeds. by battery. now scattered lies With carcasses and arms the ensanguined field. Through all the plain. truth. but of their brethren. O!what are these. till at last. Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain. And valour and heroick virtue called. who of themselves Abhor to join. Deserted: Others to a city strong Lay siege. On each hand slaughter. or fleecy flock. men of high renown. Their booty. These are the product Of those ill-mated marriages thou sawest. and sons of Gods. which makes a bloody fray. and sulphurous fire. by imprudence mixed. and mine. and harangues are heard. scale. Where cattle pastured late. or religion. From a fat meadow ground. Death's ministers. but soon. And judgement from above: him old and young Exploded. But call in aid. and multiply Ten thousandfold the sin of him who slew His brother: for of whom such massacre Make they. and to his guide Lamenting turned full sad. to be styled great conquerours Patrons of mankind. and peace. not men? who thus deal death Inhumanly to men. and. For in those days might only shall be admired. In factious opposition. Of middle age one rising. 191 . anon Gray-headed men and grave. To overcome in battle. Such were these giants. In other part the sceptered heralds call To council. and oppression. had in his righteousness been lost? To whom thus Michael. with warriours mixed. stones. Assaulting. fair oxen and fair kine. and subdue Nations. scarce with life the shepherds fly. Produce prodigious births of body or mind. Adam was all in tears. Of justice. shall be held the highest pitch Of human glory. With cruel tournament the squadrons join. and sword-law. and for glory done Of triumph. in the city-gates. and refuge none was found. others from the wall defend With dart and javelin. and bring home spoils with infinite Man-slaughter. spake much of right and wrong. Had not a cloud descending snatched him thence Unseen amid the throng: so violence Proceeded. encamped.One way a band select from forage drives A herd of beeves. men of men But who was that just man. and had seized with violent hands. Where good with bad were matched.
and exhalation dusk and moist. All now was turned to jollity and game. as thou sawest. Then. a wonder strange! Of every beast. And of their doings great dislike declared. and to them preached Conversion and repentance. Measured by cubit. where passing fair Allured them. Exempt from death. with black wings Wide-hovering. he oft Frequented their assemblies. receive. and now the thickened sky Like a dark cieling stood. therefore so beset With foes. and bird. and removed his tents far off. For man and beast: when lo. He looked. in silence hid. and plagues of men. and insect small. renown on earth. the hills to their supply Vapour. whereso met. that God would come To judge them with his Saints. he ceased Contending. And testified against their ways. With their four wives. from the mountain hewing timber tall. and secure with beaked prow Rode tilting o'er the waves. as befel. all the clouds together drove From under Heaven. At length a reverend sire among them came. Thus fame shall be achieved. feast and dance.Destroyers rightlier called. Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. the seventh from thee. down rushed the rain Impetuous. And therefore hated. for daring single to be just. and breadth. And what most merits fame. under judgements imminent: But all in vain: which when he saw. To luxury and riot. length. and in the side a door Contrived. and pairs. and continued. to walk with God High in salvation and the climes of bliss. Rape or adultery. and entered in as taught Their order: last the sire and his three sons. him the Most High Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds Did. Came sevens. whom thou beheldst The only righteous in a world preverse. Mean while the south-wind rose. and. The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar. But he. Smeared round with pitch. the rest what punishment. and of provisions laid in large. And utter odious truth. Sent up amain. Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. and God made fast the door. and saw the face of things quite changed. thence from cups to civil broils. Triumphs or festivals. Marrying or prostituting. as to souls In prison. and highth. all dwellings else 192 . till the earth No more was seen: the floating vessel swum Uplifted. to show thee what reward Awaits the good.
but of true virtue void. for now I see Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste.Flood overwhelmed. Man is not whom to warn: those few escaped Famine and anguish will at last consume. to torment me ere their being. till wantonness and pride Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. and lust. Those. each day's lot Enough to bear. gently reared By the Angel. as when a father mourns His children. Where luxury late reigned. All left. and done much wast Subduing nations. When violence was ceased. and sloth. end so sad. of mankind. Depopulation! Thee another flood. Surfeit. Which neither his foreknowing can prevent. and in their palaces. till. Let no man seek Henceforth to be foretold. and achieved thereby Fame in the world. and enslaved by war. Sea without shore. all virtue lose 193 . whom last thou sawest In triumph and luxurious wealth. what shall befall Him or his children. To whom thus Michael. high titles. How comes it thus? unfold. And sunk thee as thy sons. Of tears and sorrow a flood. And scarce to the Angel utter'dst thus thy plaint. O visions ill foreseen! Better had I Lived ignorant of future! so had borne My part of evil only. Wandering that watery desart: I had hope. and them with all their pomp Deep under water rolled. with their freedom lost. The conquered also. all in view destroyed at once. sea-monsters whelped And stabled. And whether here the race of Man will end. thee also drowned. With thought that they must be. But I was far deceived. peace would have crowned With length of happy days the race of Man. and war on earth. are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent And great exploits. Grievous to bear: but that care now is past. on me light At once. Adam. in one small bottom swum imbarked. having spilt much blood. that were dispensed The burden of many ages. and rich prey. And he the future evil shall no less In apprehension than in substance feel. celestial Guide. so numerous late. How didst thou grieve then. on thy feet thou stoodest at last. Shall change their course to pleasure. ease. to behold The end of all thy offspring. All would have then gone well. Though comfortless. those now. by my foreknowledge gaining birth Abortive. sea covered sea. Who. Shall. evil he may be sure.
Down the great river to the opening gulf. but of God observed The one just man alive. therefore. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. all depraved. forgot. for the earth shall bear More than enough. To save himself. shall in the ark be lodged. how much more safe And full of peace. the only son of light In a dark age. Worldly or dissolute.And fear of God. but all the cataracts Of Heaven set open on the Earth shall pour Rain. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. as thou beheldst. and shall return Of them derided. With all his verdure spoiled. The haunt of seals. custom. Broke up. departs From Canaan. And sheltered round. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea: To sojourn in that land He comes. And there take root an island salt and bare. and sea-mews' clang: To teach thee that God attributes to place No sanctity. cooled in zeal. denouncing wrath to come On their impenitence. against example good. invited by a younger son In time of dearth. and a world Offended: fearless of reproach and scorn. from amidst A world devote to universal wrack. he of their wicked ways Shall them admonish. whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh: There he dies. from whom their piety feigned In sharp contest of battle found no aid Against invaders. till inundation rise Above the highest hills: Then shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be moved Out of his place. One man except. The grand-child. with twelve sons encreased. No sooner he. a son. and orcs. divided by the river Nile. all fountains of the deep. shall heave the ocean to usurp Beyond all bounds. pushed by the horned flood. and before them set The paths of righteousness. on what their lords Shall leave them to enjoy. and houshold. and trees adrift. Justice and temperance. day and night. to a land hereafter called Egypt. that temperance may be tried: So all shall turn degenerate. See where it flows. Against allurement. if none be thither brought 194 . truth and faith. Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure. by his command Shall build a wonderous ark. as inmate guests Or violence. with them of man and beast Select for life.
and thus his joy broke forth. And now the tops of hills. and all his anger to forget. when looking down he saw The whole earth filled with violence. which made their flowing shrink From standing lake to tripping ebb. and from his ark The ancient sire descends. blowing dry. with all his train. Lest it again dissolve. and their seed preserve. what mean those coloured streaks in Heaven Distended. who future things canst represent As present. Betokening peace from God. and shower the earth? To whom the Arch-Angel. Dextrously thou aimest. and all flesh 195 . He looked. With all the creatures. And the clear sun on his wide watery glass Gazed hot. that. Whereat the heart of Adam. And after him. and saw the ark hull on the flood.By men who there frequent. Then with uplifted hands. erst so sad. but seems on ground. Far less I now lament for one whole world Of wicked sons destroyed. whereon his foot may light: The second time returning. and in the cloud a bow Conspicuous with three lifted colours gay. A dove sent forth once and again to spy Green tree or ground. pacifick sign: Anon dry ground appears. The ark no more now floats. Which now abated. or therein dwell. that stole With soft foot towards the deep. to bind The fluid skirts of that same watery cloud. the surer messenger. Fast on the top of some high mountain fixed. Grieved at his heart. as a flowery verge. With clamour thence the rapid currents drive. and of the fresh wave largely drew. and so just. over his head beholds A dewy cloud. their furious tide. Wrinkled the face of deluge. Grateful to Heaven. as the Heaven his windows shut. as the brow of God appeased? Or serve they. what further shall ensue. Though late repenting him of Man depraved. for the clouds were fled. Greatly rejoiced. and covenant new. And now. assured that Man shall live. As after thirst. Towards the retreating sea. than I rejoice For one man found so perfect. appear. So willingly doth God remit his ire. O thou. behold. Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies. But say. who now had stopt His sluces. heavenly Instructer! I revive At this last sight. Driven by a keen north-wind. in his bill An olive-leaf he brings. as rocks. That God vouchsafes to raise another world From him. and eyes devout. as decayed.
Under paternal rule: till one shall rise Of proud ambitious heart. while yet but few. such as refuse Subjection to his empire tyrannous: A mighty hunter thence he shall be styled Before the Lord.Corrupting each their way. objects divine Must needs impair and weary human sense: Henceforth what is to come I will relate. This second source of Men. nor rain to drown the world. not content With fair equality. heat and hoary frost. or kid. wherein the just shall dwell. whereon to look. as in despite of Heaven. nor let the sea Surpass his bounds. yet. and attend. and end. and sacred feast. Such grace shall one just man find in his sight. And while the dread of judgement past remains Fresh in their minds. but. till fire purge all things new. by families and tribes. and hostile snare. And call to mind his covenant: Day and night. proceed. Book XII As one who in his journey bates at noon. as from a second stock. And makes a covenant never to destroy The earth again by flood. who. Then. With some regard to what is just and right Shall lead their lives. That he relents. with transition sweet. will therein set His triple-coloured bow. And Man. If Adam aught perhaps might interpose. Will arrogate dominion undeserved Over his brethren. from the herd or flock. those removed. lamb. new speech resumes. fearing the Deity. Oft sacrificing bullock. Seed-time and harvest. when he brings Over the earth a cloud. Much thou hast yet to see. and dwell Long time in peace. Though bent on speed. With man therein or beast. and multiply apace. but I perceive Thy mortal sight to fail. Corn. and. Shall spend their days in joy unblamed. and reaping plenteous crop. fraternal state. so here the Arch-Angel paused Betwixt the world destroyed and world restored. Labouring the soil. Both Heaven and Earth. With large wine-offerings poured. and quite dispossess Concord and law of nature from the earth. wine. Thus thou hast seen one world begin. 196 . Shall hold their course. Hunting (and men not beasts shall be his game) With war. not to blot out mankind. and oil. Thou therefore give due audience.
O execrable son! so to aspire Above his brethren. but man over men He made not lord. As mocked they storm: great laughter was in Heaven. fowl. But God. And famish him of breath. them beholding soon. Regardless whether good or evil fame. they cast to build A city and tower. which always with right reason dwells Twinned. to rase Quite out their native language. whom like ambition joins With him or under him to tyrannize. Among the builders. Whereto thus Adam. and through their habitations walks To mark their doings.Or from Heaven. And from rebellion shall derive his name. ere the tower Obstruct Heaven-towers. to himself assuming Authority usurped. to God his tower intends Siege and defiance: Wretched man!what food Will he convey up thither. that right we hold By his donation. till hoarse. yet know withal. Though of rebellion others he accuse. to see the hubbub strange. and from her hath no dividual being: 197 . where thin air Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross. Dominion absolute. to sustain Himself and his rash army. each to other calls Not understood. affecting to subdue Rational liberty. whose top may reach to Heaven. shall find The plain. from God not given: He gave us only over beast. To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud. Justly thou abhorrest That son. and in derision sets Upon their tongues a various spirit. who on the quiet state of men Such trouble brought. human left from human free. And get themselves a name. And hear the din: Thus was the building left Ridiculous. and all in rage. fish. the mouth of Hell: Of brick. Comes down to see their city. fatherly displeased. and of that stuff. instead. and the work Confusion named. But this usurper his encroachment proud Stays not on Man. true liberty Is lost. who oft descends to visit men Unseen. if not of bread? To whom thus Michael. and. Marching from Eden towards the west. far dispersed In foreign lands. such title to himself Reserving. Since thy original lapse. And looking down. He with a crew. claiming second sovranty. wherein a black bituminous gurge Boils out from under ground. lest. their memory be lost.
that no wrong. Their inward lost: Witness the irreverent son Of him who built the ark. on his vicious race. till God at last. and upon him shower His benediction so. While yet the patriarch lived. Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. And upstart passions. but thou canst not. Canaan he now attains. and from him will raise A mighty nation. who 'scaped the flood. that in his seed All nations shall be blest: he straight obeys. Wearied with their iniquities. God. with what faith He leaves his Gods. into a land Which he will show him. passing now the ford To Haran. or not obeyed. Who oft as undeservedly enthrall His outward freedom: Tyranny must be. and the neighbouring plain 198 . from his father's house. His kindred. that men (Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid grown. in judgement just. and numerous servitude.Reason in man obscured. who called him. And one peculiar nation to select From all the rest. As to forsake the living God. and native soil. Not knowing to what land. after him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks. Subjects him from without to violent lords. his friends. till then free. Thus will this latter. Ur of Chaldaea. Still tend from bad to worse. But justice. and some fatal curse annexed. and to servitude reduce Man. who. I see his tents Pitched about Sechem. and fall To worship their own work in wood and stone For Gods! Yet him God the Most High vouchsafes To call by vision. and false Gods. resolving from thenceforth To leave them to their own polluted ways. Bred up in idol-worship: O. which is reason. Yet sometimes nations will decline so low From virtue. withdraw His presence from among them. of whom to be invoked. Deprives them of their outward liberty. Not wandering poor. yet firm believes: I see him. A nation from one faithful man to spring: Him on this side Euphrates yet residing. Therefore. and avert His holy eyes. Servant of servants. for the shame Done to his father. catch the government From reason. as the former world. heard this heavy curse. since he permits Within himself unworthy powers to reign Over free reason. but trusting all his wealth With God. Immediately inordinate desires. in a land unknown.
must all his palace fill With loathed intrusion. Mount Hermon. and renown: The grandchild. a son whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh. whereof to thee anon Plainlier shall be revealed. or fruit. Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. here. Darkness must overshadow all his bounds. each place behold In prospect. (Things by their names I call. or grain. devouring where it rolls. they return. whence of guests he makes them slaves Inhospitably. must rend the Egyptians sky. And all his people. Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss. What it devours not. and flies. With glory and spoil. Frogs. His cattle must of rot and murren die. and kills their infant males: Till by two brethren (these two brethren call Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claim His people from enthralment. This ponder. Hail mixed with fire. and of his son a grand-child. A son. Must be compelled by signs and judgements dire. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. but his sons Shall dwell to Senir. or message to regard. A darksome cloud of locusts swarming down Must eat. Like him in faith. who shall bruise The Serpent's head. This patriarch blest. herb. divided by the river Nile See where it flows. lice. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. There he dies. 199 . To blood unshed the rivers must be turned. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea. thunder mixed with hail.Of Moreh. the lawless tyrant. as I point them. and on the ground leave nothing green. that all nations of the earth Shall in his seed be blessed: By that seed Is meant thy great Deliverer. Jordan. yonder sea. in wisdom. on the shore Mount Carmel. To sojourn in that land He comes. there by promise he receives Gift to his progeny of all that land. departs From Canaan to a land hereafter called Egypt. But first. as inmate guests Too numerous. leaves. From Hameth northward to the Desart south. with twelve sons increased. back to their promised land. true limit eastward. the double-founted stream. that long ridge of hills. who denies To know their God. invited by a younger son In time of dearth. and fill all the land. though yet unnamed.) From Hermon east to the great western Sea. And wheel on the earth.
such as appertain To civil justice. will himself In thunder. part. Awed by the rod of Moses so to stand Divided. Though present in his Angel. and loud trumpets' sound. by types And shadows. there they shall found Their government. by night a pillar of fire. On their embattled ranks the waves return. Last. while the obdurate king pursues: All night he will pursue. who shall go Before them in a cloud. whose gray top Shall tremble.Palpable darkness. till. and the cloud. between two crystal walls. the sea his rod obeys. and remove Behind them. choosing rather Inglorious life with servitude. till his rescued gain their shore: Such wondrous power God to his saint will lend. informing them. and blot out three days. as ice More hardened after thaw. by what means he shall achieve Mankind's deliverance. all the first-born Of Egypt must lie dead. but them lets pass. to rule by laws ordained: God from the mount of Sinai. And overwhelm their war: The race elect Safe toward Canaan from the shore advance Through the wild Desart. not the readiest way. he descending. To guide them in their journey. with one midnight stroke. 200 . But the voice of God To mortal ear is dreadful: They beseech That Moses might report to them his will. And craze their chariot-wheels: when by command Moses once more his potent rod extends Over the sea. God looking forth will trouble all his host. he grants what they besought. of that destined Seed to bruise The Serpent. and their great senate choose Through the twelve tribes. and oft Humbles his stubborn heart. but his approach Darkness defends between till morning watch. Thus with ten wounds The river-dragon tamed at length submits To let his sojourners depart. Ordain them laws. Lest. the sea Swallows him with his host. By day a cloud. Then through the fiery pillar. but still. for life To noble and ignoble is more sweet Untrained in arms. in his rage Pursuing whom he late dismissed. religious rites Of sacrifice. And terrour cease. War terrify them inexpert. part. and pillar of fire. entering on the Canaanite alarmed. This also shall they gain by their delay In the wide wilderness. where rashness leads not on. and fear Return them back to Egypt. As on dry land. lightning.
and in the ark his testimony. overlaid with gold. Favour unmerited by me. and kingdoms won. before him burn Seven lamps as in a zodiack representing The heavenly fires. who sought Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. therein An ark. 'And thou moon in the vale of Aialon. Thus. a fiery gleam by night. who thus shall Canaan win. This yet I apprehend not. that he vouchsafes Among them to set up his tabernacle. what would become Of me and all mankind: But now I see His day. to evince Their natural pravity. as of thee begot. and from him His whole descent. to introduce One greater. how many battles fought How many kings destroyed. between the wings Of two bright Cherubim. in whom all nations shall be blest. Here Adam interposed. Conducted by his Angel. Doubt not but that sin Will reign among them. Man's voice commanding. Enlightener of my darkness. And all the Prophets in their age the times Of great Messiah shall sing. to the land Promised to Abraham and his seed:--The rest Were long to tell. how can God with such reside? To whom thus Michael.Instructed that to God is no access Without Mediator. And therefore was law given them. in Gibeon stand. Save when they journey. such delight hath God in Men Obedient to his will. and at length they come. whose high office now Moses in figure bears. over these A mercy-seat of gold. gracious things Thou hast revealed. So many laws argue so many sins Among them. O sent from Heaven. laws and rites Established. son of Isaac. those chiefly. Erewhile perplexed with thoughts. 'Sun. over the tent a cloud Shall rest by day. which concern Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find Mine eyes true-opening. why to those Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth So many and so various laws are given. The records of his covenant. and night's due course adjourn. of whose day he shall foretel. by stirring up Sin against law to fight: that when they see 201 . The Holy One with mortal Men to dwell: By his prescript a sanctuary is framed Of cedar. 'Till Israel overcome! so call the third From Abraham. Or how the sun shall in mid Heaven stand still A day entire. and my heart much eased.
And therefore shall not Moses. and expose their land. Foretold to Abraham. and other faults Heaped to the popular sum. Whose foul idolatries. Up to a better covenant. both for piety renowned And puissant deeds. and peace Of conscience. and but given With purpose to resign them. for wealth and wisdom famed. From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace. till then in tents Wandering. disciplined From shadowy types to truth. though of God Highly beloved. in their earthly Canaan placed. but not remove. for of his reign shall be no end. in such righteousness To them by faith imputed. 202 . and. as in whom shall trust All nations. nor Man the mortal part Perform. Their city. but when sins National interrupt their publick peace. of kings The last. as shall be registered Part good. his temple. Save by those shadowy expiations weak. Long time shall dwell and prosper. works of law to works of faith. not performing. But first. being but the minister Of law. a long succession must ensue.Law can discover sin. Mean while they. shall in a glorious temple enshrine. the like shall sing All Prophecy. they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for Man. cannot live. which the law by ceremonies Cannot appease. will so incense God. And his next son. as to leave them. So law appears imperfect. his people into Canaan lead. Provoking God to raise them enemies. whom the Gentiles Jesus call. The blood of bulls and goats. that of the royal stock Of David (so I name this king) shall rise A Son. and bring back Through the world's wilderness long-wandered Man Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. The clouded ark of God. of bad the longer scroll. who shall quell The adversary-Serpent. Such follow him. from flesh to spirit. of whom The second. they may find Justification towards God. and to kings foretold. and his holy ark. part bad. But Joshua. the Woman's seed to thee foretold. from servile fear To filial. a promise shall receive Irrevocable. His name and office bearing. that his regal throne For ever shall endure. then under Kings. in full time. From whom as oft he saves them penitent By Judges first. Just for unjust. that.
O prophet of glad tidings. what stroke shall bruise the victor's heel. finisher Of utmost hope! now clear I understand What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in vain. but his sire The power of the Most High: He shall ascend The throne hereditary. a deadlier bruise. a scorn and prey To that proud city. whose fall from Heaven. and from thy womb the Son Of God Most High: so God with Man unites! Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain: Say where and when Their fight. Dream not of their fight. and for a while In mean estate live moderate. whom God disposed. Babylon thence called. till. who inquire His place. yet at his birth a star. As of a duel. keeping watch by night. But first among the priests dissention springs. nor so is overcome Satan. proclaims him come. discerning Adam with such joy Surcharged. and bound his reign With Earth's wide bounds.With all his sacred things. myrrh. Men who attend the altar. Then lose it to a stranger. then brings them back. A virgin is his mother. To whom thus Michael. and regard not David's sons. Unseen before in Heaven. Returned from Babylon by leave of kings Their lords. with more strength to foil Thy enemy. Why our great Expectation should be called The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother. factious they grow. hail. 203 . and by a quire Of squadroned Angels hear his carol sung. Without the vent of words. to offer incense. And guides the eastern sages. and should most Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings Upon the temple itself: at last they seise The scepter. the house of God They first re-edify. He ceased. yet from my loins Thou shalt proceed. stablished as the days of Heaven. They gladly thither haste. which these he breathed. that the true Anointed King Messiah might be born Barred of his right. There in captivity he lets them dwell The space of seventy years. as had like grief been dewed in tears. or the local wounds Of head or heel: Not therefore joins the Son Manhood to Godhead. Remembering mercy. grown In wealth and multitude. his glory with the Heavens. whose high walls thou sawest Left in confusion. and gold: His place of birth a solemn Angel tells To simple shepherds. High in the love of Heaven. and his covenant sworn To David.
and to death condemned A shameful and accursed. who comes thy Saviour. crush his strength. Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth. The law that is against thee. and cursed death. And fix far deeper in his head their stings Than temporal death shall bruise the victor's heel. not to give thee thy death's wound: Which he. his two main arms. a death. And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: So only can high Justice rest appaid. Never to hurt them more who rightly trust In this his satisfaction. and in thy seed: Nor can this be. but his works In thee. them who shall believe Baptizing in the profluent stream. imposed On penalty of death. and the sins Of all mankind. Seised on by force. Thy ransom paid. his merits To save them. works. thy punishment He shall endure. judged. Not by destroying Satan. the stars of morn shall see him rise Out of his grave. Death over him no power Shall long usurp. fresh as the dawning light. His death for Man. by coming in the flesh To a reproachful life. than certain times to appear To his disciples. The penalty to thy transgression due. nailed to the cross By his own nation. Defeating Sin and Death. Imputed. which Man from death redeems. A gentle wafting to immortal life. as many as offered life Neglect not. But by fulfilling that which thou didst want. with him there crucified. In sin for ever lost from life. ere the third dawning light Return. slain for bringing life: But to the cross he nails thy enemies. the sign 204 . But soon revives. the death thou shouldest have died. not their own. and that his obedience. shall recure. though love Alone fulfil the law. Proclaiming life to all who shall believe In his redemption. For this he shall live hated. so he dies. and the benefit embrace By faith not void of works: This God-like act Annuls thy doom. be blasphemed. becomes theirs by faith. The law of God exact he shall fulfil Both by obedience and by love. like sleep.Disabled. men who in his life Still followed him. Or theirs whom he redeems. and suffering death. to them shall leave in charge To teach all nations what of him they learned And his salvation. this act Shall bruise the head of Satan. though legal. Obedience to the law of God.
All nations they shall teach. that much more good thereof shall spring. upon their hearts shall write. So in his seed all nations shall be blest. So spake the Arch-Angel Michael. left among the unfaithful herd. and receive them into bliss. To guide them in all truth. and thence shall come. then paused. if so befall. Then to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend With victory. Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins Salvation shall be preached. triumphing through the air Over his foes and thine. With glory and power to judge both quick and dead. and far happier days.Of washing them from guilt of sin to life Pure. and also arm With spiritual armour. Replete with joy and wonder. and the law of faith. And evil turn to good. more good-will to Men From God. When this world's dissolution shall be ripe. but from Heaven He to his own a Comforter will send. But say. and occasioned. The promise of the Father. able to resist Satan's assaults. if our Deliverer up to Heaven Must re-ascend. and quench his fiery darts. To God more glory. there shall surprise The Serpent. and over wrath grace shall abound. who defend? Will they not deal Worse with his followers than with him they dealt? Be sure they will. or rejoice Much more. As at the world's great period. who shall dwell His Spirit within them. and in mind prepared. What man can do against them. for then the Earth Shall all be Paradise. like that which the Redeemer died. O Goodness infinite. Goodness immense! That all this good of evil shall produce. Whether I should repent me now of sin By me done. 205 . but to the sons Of Abraham's faith wherever through the world. Then enter into glory. what will betide the few His faithful. prince of air. but to reward His faithful. and resume His seat at God's right hand. Whether in Heaven or Earth. from that day. The enemies of truth? Who then shall guide His people. thus replied. and drag in chains Through all his realm. Working through love. said the Angel. far happier place Than this of Eden. To judge the unfaithful dead. for. not afraid. and there confounded leave. more wonderful Than that which by creation first brought forth Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand. and our sire. For death. exalted high Above all names in Heaven.
and works of faith Rarely be found: So shall the world go on. obscurely then foretold. They die. Their own faith. Will deem in outward rites and specious forms Religion satisfied.Though to the death. and bind His consort Liberty? what. Wolves shall succeed for teachers. Their doctrine and their story written left. Though not but by the Spirit understood. Left only in those written records pure. Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven To their own vile advantages shall turn Of lucre and ambition. as they forewarn. Thus they win Great numbers of each nation to receive With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: At length Their ministry performed. As did their Lord before them. built by faith to stand. grievous wolves. at return Of him so lately promised to thy aid. not another's? for. Who against faith and conscience can be heard Infallible? yet many will presume: Whence heavy persecution shall arise On all. on earth. Poured first on his Apostles. 206 . and the truth With superstitions and traditions taint. whom he sends To evangelize the nations. and race well run. but unbuild His living temples. and. What will they then But force the Spirit of Grace itself. promised alike and given To all believers. to themselves appropriating The Spirit of God. and titles. laws which none shall find Left them inrolled. till the day Appear of respiration to the just. to bad men benign. from that pretence. Truth shall retire Bestuck with slanderous darts. Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force On every conscience. against such cruelties With inward consolations recompensed. And vengeance to the wicked. And oft supported so as shall amaze Their proudest persecutors: For the Spirit. who in the worship persevere Of spirit and truth. but in their room. and with these to join Secular power. the rest. shall them with wonderous gifts endue To speak all tongues. or what the Spirit within Shall on the heart engrave. and do all miracles. Under her own weight groaning. though feigning still to act By spiritual. far greater part. Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names. Places. Now ampler known thy Saviour and thy Lord. The Woman's Seed. then on all Baptized. To good malignant.
ages of endless date. To whom thus also the Angel last replied. earth. temperance. Measured this transient world. the soul Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loth To leave this Paradise. only add Deeds to thy knowledge answerable. for the hour precise Exacts our parting hence. This having learned. then raise From the conflagrant mass. And all the riches of this world enjoyedst. Add virtue. death the gate of life. Taught this by his example. Founded in righteousness. To bring forth fruits. In signal of remove. New Heavens. And love with fear the only God. waken Eve. And. whom I now Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest. or sea. Greatly-instructed I shall hence depart.-Let us descend now therefore from this top Of speculation. and thus Adam last replied. He ended. whose end no eye can reach. in the clouds. Greatly in peace of thought. one empire. Her also I with gentle dreams have calmed 207 . hope no higher. How soon hath thy prediction. and peace. All secrets of the deep. though all the stars Thou knewest by name. purged and refined. new Earth. patience. Or works of God in Heaven. to the faithful. add love. Beyond which was my folly to aspire. expect Their motion. to walk As in his presence. Merciful over all his works. thou hast attained the sum Of wisdom. waves fiercely round: We may no longer stay: go. air. what this vessel can contain. and on him sole depend. the race of time. Seer blest. By name to come called charity. joy and eternal bliss. by things deemed weak Subverting worldly strong. Henceforth I learn. Till time stand fixed! Beyond is all abyss. and have my fill Of knowledge. happier far. from Heaven to be revealed In glory of the Father. with good Still overcoming evil. at whose front a flaming sword. and see!the guards. And all the rule. that to obey is best. add faith. and worldly wise By simply meek: that suffering for truth's sake Is fortitude to highest victory. to dissolve Satan with his perverted world.Last. and love. and by small Accomplishing great things. all Nature's works. ever to observe His providence. Eternity. By me encamped on yonder hill. and all the ethereal powers. but shalt possess A Paradise within thee.
Is to go hence unwilling. the gate With dreadful faces thronged. I know. Whence thou returnest. Began to parch that temperate clime. which will be many days. Waved over by that flaming brand. They. Who for my wilful crime art banished hence. and Adam heard Well pleased. The brandished sword of God before them blazed.Portending good. looking back. which with torrid heat. though all by me is lost. and they both descend the hill. and all her spirits composed To meek submission: thou. and down the cliff as fast To the subjected plain. as evening-mist Risen from a river o'er the marish glides. High in front advanced. So spake our mother Eve. though sad. ran before. so late their happy seat. on the ground Gliding meteorous. yet much more cheered With meditation on the happy end. Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard. and to the eastern gate Led them direct. and whither wentest. too nigh The Arch-Angel stood. In me is no delay. and dreams advise. but found her waked. Both in one faith unanimous. Adam to the bower. The world was all before them. but wiped them soon. since with sorrow and heart's distress Wearied I fell asleep: But now lead on. And gathers ground fast at the labourer's heel Homeward returning. And vapour as the Libyan air adust. thou to me Art all things under $Heaven. and. but answered not: For now. Descended. Fierce as a comet. Is to stay here. The great deliverance by her seed to come (For by the Woman's seed) on all mankind: That ye may live. with thee to go. then disappeared. some great good Presaging. for evils past. all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise. Chiefly what may concern her faith to know. And thus with words not sad she him received. This further consolation yet secure I carry hence. With cause. By me the Promised Seed shall all restore. at season fit. He ended. all places thou. whereat In either hand the hastening Angel caught Our lingering parents. all in bright array The Cherubim descended. Which he hath sent propitious. For God is also in sleep. and fiery arms: Some natural tears they dropt. from the other hill To their fixed station. without thee here to stay. Such favour I unworthy am vouchsafed. where to choose 208 . where Eve Lay sleeping.
Through Eden took their solitary way.Their place of rest. with wandering steps and slow. and Providence their guide: They. hand in hand. [The End] 209 .
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