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1.

Dados los datos de precipitación anual en mm, calcular la media, varianza, desviación estandar,
coeficientee de variación, coeficiente de sesgo y coeficiente de curtosis.

n° Año Q (m3/s) (𝑥−𝑥  ̅) 〖 (�−� )  〗 〖


^2 (�−�  ) 〗 ^3 〖 (�−�  ) 〗 ^4
1 1971 1418.6 131.93 17,405.73 2,296,351.07 302,959,362.68
2 1972 1527.3 240.63 57,903.17 13,933,283.64 3,352,776,760.28
3 1973 1108.6 -178.07 31,708.65 -5,646,335.08 1,005,438,544.86
4 1974 1084.2 -202.47 40,993.79 -8,299,981.01 1,680,490,770.05
5 1975 1509.1 222.43 49,475.45 11,004,861.76 2,447,819,865.80
6 1976 1394.9 108.23 11,713.90 1,267,804.34 137,215,439.35
7 1977 1334.4 47.73 2,278.23 108,741.50 5,190,315.22
8 1978 1441.5 154.83 23,972.57 3,711,691.00 574,683,973.39
9 1979 1133.2 -153.47 23,552.80 -3,614,630.83 554,734,613.61
10 1980 891 -395.67 156,554.14 -61,943,656.22 24,509,198,806.72
11 1981 1429.8 143.13 20,486.42 2,932,236.64 419,693,285.62
12 1982 1141.5 -145.17 21,074.11 -3,059,311.69 444,117,925.24
13 1983 1312.6 25.93 672.40 17,435.97 452,128.21
sumatoria: 16726.70 457,791.35 -47,291,508.92 35,434,771,791.03
Muestra Población

n= 13 n= 13
Media: 𝑥  ̅= 1286.67 m3/s μ= 1286.67 m3/s
Varianza S2= 38149.278974359 σ2= 35214.7190532544
Desv. Est. S= 195.3184040851 m3/s σ= 187.6558527018 m3/s
Coef. Var. CV= 0.1518015659 CV= 0.145846227
Coef. Sesgo. M3= -3637808.37821209 μ3= -3637808.37821209
S3= 7451256.28626989 σ3= 6608248.13159417
n2/(n-1)(n+2) 1.2803030303
Cs= -0.6250619911 ϒ= -0.5504951245
Coef. Curt. M4= 2725751676.23 μ4= 2725751676.23
S4= 1455367486.26347 σ4= 1240076437.99964
n3/(n-1)(n-2)(n-3)= 1.6643939394
Ck= 3.1172364458 κ= 2.19805134
1. Dadas las descargas medias del mes de mayo, de un rio en m3/s M

n° Año Q (m3/s) (𝑥−𝑥  ̅) 〖 (�−�  ) 〗 ^2


〖 (�−�  ) 〗〖
^3(�−� )  〗 ^4 Media:
1 1971 3.99 0.82 0.671 0.54924736 0.44980468 Varianza:
2 1972 2.96 -0.21 0.045 -0.009401 0.0019841 Desv. Est.:
3 1973 1.79 -1.38 1.907 -2.6340905 3.63781759 Coef. Var.:
4 1974 1.55 -1.62 2.628 -4.259821 6.90539399 Coef. Sesgo.:
5 1975 2.48 -0.69 0.478 -0.3300148 0.22805757
6 1976 2.61 -0.56 0.315 -0.1766082 0.09908648
7 1977 2.27 -0.90 0.812 -0.7315609 0.65917486
8 1978 1.86 -1.31 1.719 -2.2535146 2.95447627 Coef. Curt.:
9 1979 2.07 -1.10 1.212 -1.3348247 1.46971226
10 1980 2.70 -0.47 0.222 -0.1045221 0.04923543 n3/(n-1)(n-2)(n-
11 1981 4.52 1.35 1.820 2.45462422 3.31115889
12 1982 3.09 -0.08 0.007 -0.0005325 4.3159E-05
13 1983 5.00 1.83 3.345 6.11791761 11.1893493
14 1984 6.03 2.86 8.174 23.3678352 66.8074109
15 1985 2.73 -0.44 0.195 -0.0857968 0.03784092
16 1986 3.13 -0.04 0.002 -6.9187E-05 2.8403E-06
17 1987 4.18 1.01 1.018 1.02708299 1.03627268
18 1988 3.26 0.09 0.008 0.00070372 6.2594E-05
19 1989 4.03 0.86 0.738 0.63372328 0.54433494
sumatoria: 60.25 25.31 22.23 99.38
Muestra Población
n= 19 n= 19
𝑥  ̅= 3.17 m3/s μ= 3.17 m3/s
S2= 1.40624327 σ2= 1.33223047
S= 1.18585129 m3/s σ= 1.15422289 m3/s
CV= 0.3739614 CV= 0.3639873
M3= 1.1700199 μ3= 1.1700199
S3= 1.6675954 σ3= 1.5376909
n2/(n-1)(n+2)= 1.17973856
Cs= 0.82772932 ϒ= 0.76089408
M4= 5.23 μ4= 5.23
S4= 1.97752015 σ4= 1.77483803
n3/(n-1)(n-2)(n-3)= 1.40093954
Ck= 3.7055203 κ= 2.94708048
1. Dadas las descargas medias del mes de mayo, de un rio en m3/s

n° Caudal Q (m3/s)
1 1971 3.99 Intervalo de clase Marca de Frec. xifi〖 〖
〖�_� (�−�  ) 〗
〖�_� 〗�_�
^2(�−�  ) 〖
〖 ^3(�−�  ) 〗 ^4
2 1972 2.96 Q (m3/s) clase Abs.
3 1973 1.79 1 2 1.5 3 3 4.5 8.5096953 -14.33212 24.138305
4 1974 1.55 2 3 2.5 10 7 17.5 3.2770083 -2.242164 1.5341119
5 1975 2.48 3 4 3.5 14 4 14 0.398892 0.1259659 0.0397787
6 1976 2.61 4 5 4.5 18 4 18 6.9252078 9.1121155 11.989626
7 1977 2.27 5 6 5.5 18 0 0 0 0 0
8 1978 1.86 6 7 6.5 19 1 6.5 10.99446 36.455314 120.87815
9 1979 2.07 60.5 30.105263 29.119114 158.57997
10 1980 2.70
11 1981 4.52
12 1982 3.09
13 1983 5.00
14 1984 6.03
15 1985 2.73
16 1986 3.13
17 1987 4.18
18 1988 3.26
19 1989 4.03
sumatoria: 60.25
Muestra Población
n= 19 n= 19
Media: 𝑥  ̅= 3.18 m3/s μ= 3.18 m3/s
Varianza: S2= 1.67251462 σ2= 1.58448753
Desv. Est.: S= 1.29325737 m3/s σ= 1.25876429 m3/s
Coef. Var.: CV= 0.40614694 CV= 0.3953144
Coef. Sesgo.: M3= 1.53258492 μ3= 1.53258492
S3= 2.16299186 σ3= 1.99449632
n2/(n-1)(n+2)= 1.17973856
Cs= 0.83590215 ϒ= 0.76840699
Coef. Curt.: M4= 158.58 μ4= 158.58
S4= 2.79730515 σ4= 2.51060075
n3/(n-1)(n-2)(n-3)= 1.40093954
Ck= 79.4196326 κ= 63.1641523
3. Se tiene una cuenca en la qie se han instalado 8 pluviometros. Las precipitaciones promedios
anuales registradas, en mm, para el periodo 1970-1991, y las áreas de infulencia, en km2, de
esas estaciones se muestran en la siguiente tabla.

Estación Area km2 Prec. (mm) AxP


1 150 2915.00 437250.00
2 300 2563.00 768900.00
3 187 3241.00 606067.00
4 600 4017.00 2410200.00
5 550 5321.00 2926550.00
6 145 4621.00 670045.00
7 278 5002.00 1390556.00
8 110 4932.00 542520.00
sumatoria: 2320.00 32612.00 9752088.00

Precip. Prom
AP= 299.03 km2
PP= 4203.49 mm
4. Dada la serie historica de caudales medios anuales en m3/s, de la estacion Salinar Del rio
Chicama, para el periodo 1911-1980. Calcule las frecuencais absolutas , relativa, acumulada
funcion densidad, y funcion acumulada.

Intervalo de
n° Año Q (m3/s) clase
1 1911 7.91 0
2 1912 8.01 Max: 80.83 12
3 1913 13.27 Min: 3.14 24
4 1914 16.39 36
5 1915 80.83 1. Calculo del rango 48
6 1916 60.08 60
7 1917 21.55 �=𝑚á𝑥−𝑚í� 72
8 1918 27.71 R= 77.69
9 1919 28.63
10 1920 30.27 2. Cálculo de número de intervalos NC
11 1921 33.43
𝑁�=1,33 ln 𝑁+1
12 1922 35.16
13 1923 27.21 N= 70
14 1924 15.84 NC= 6.65049867
15 1925 64.81
16 1926 51.26 3. Cálculo de ∆x
17 1927 33.48 ∆𝑥=�/(𝑁�−1)
18 1928 25.79
19 1929 25.80
20 1930 18.93 ∆x= 11.6818308
21 1931 16.15 ∆x= 12
22 1932 38.3
23 1933 54.54 4. Calculo de limites de clase
24 1934 59.4 𝐿��=𝑚��−∆𝑥/2
25 1935 24.58
26 1936 28.49
27 1937 10.05 LCI= -2.86
28 1938 28.01 LCI= 0
29 1939 34.92
𝐿��=𝑚á𝑥+∆𝑥/2
30 1940 31.36
31 1941 42.74
32 1942 12.94 LCS= 74.83
33 1943 41.16 LCI= 0
34 1944 35.9
35 1945 33.76
36 1946 29.28
37 1947 19.17
38 1948 29.37
39 1949 30.06
40 1950 9.67
41 1951 10.42
42 1952 23.99
43 1953 42.17
44 1954 16
45 1955 22.78
46 1956 32.69
47 1957 34.28
48 1958 20.24
49 1959 22.88
50 1960 17.57
51 1961 14.6
52 1962 31.14
53 1963 18.2
54 1964 24.69
55 1965 22.99
56 1966 11.78
57 1967 32.26
58 1968 4.76
59 1969 12.7
60 1970 16.19
61 1971 30.14
62 1972 30.57
63 1973 45.38
64 1974 18.91
65 1975 34.99
66 1976 21.49
67 1977 29.26
68 1978 4.58
69 1979 12.46
70 1980 3.14
Intervalo de Marca de Frecuencia Frecuencia Frecuencia Función Función
clase clase absoluta Abs. Acum. relativa acumulada densidad
12 6 9 9 0.13 0.13 0.0107
24 18 22 31 0.31 0.44 0.0262
36 30 28 59 0.40 0.84 0.0333
48 42 5 64 0.07 0.91 0.0060
60 54 3 67 0.04 0.96 0.0036
72 66 2 69 0.03 0.99 0.0024
84 78 1 70 0.01 1.00 0.0012

Histograma
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0 12 24 36 48 60 72